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  • Hassan, Nasra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hafsa, Nuura Hassan
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelse av att genomgå hemodialysbehandling: En litteraturbaserad studie2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The kidneys have important functions in the body. When the kidneys stop working, a dialysis treatment is required. There are two types of dialysis treatments: peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis. This study focuses on how patients experience hemodialysis treatment.

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to describe the patients' experience of treatment with hemodialysis.

    Method: A literature-based study was conducted where a total of nine qualitative articles were reviewed and analysed with the use of Friberg’s (2017) five-step model.

    Results: The results of this study consist of two themes. The first theme describes the perceived effects of hemodialysis treatment while the second theme describes the importance of the support that they get from their family, friends and other patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment.

    Conclusion: Patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment experiences radical changes in their everyday life that limits their social life and make them dependent on others. These patients value the support of family, friends, nurses, and other patients undergoing this treatment.

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  • Jenssen, Angelica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Maxhuni, Besjana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Läs- och skrivutveckling hos flerspråkiga elever på högstadiet: En kvalitativ studie av fem SVA-lärares arbetssätt och hur de bemöter elevers modersmål i klassrummet2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete handlar om hur svenska som andraspråkslärare arbetar med läs- och skrivutveckling hos flerspråkiga elever i undervisningen. Dessutom handlar det om svenska som andraspråkslärares inställning till flerspråkiga elevers modersmål i klassrummet. I den här studien har vi använts oss av kvalitativ forskningsmetod där syftet var att intervjua svenska som andraspråkslärare på högstadiet. För att analysera vårt material använde vi oss av Clarke och Brauns (2013) modell där vi färgkodade materialet efter modellens koncept. Resultatet visade att flera av respondenterna hade samsyn på en del frågor, exempelvis att modersmålet är en viktig resurs för elevernas språkliga utveckling och för många en förutsättning att uppnå kunskapskraven för behörighet till gymnasiet. Vidare visade resultatet att de flesta respondenterna hade samma arbetssätt kring läs- och skrivutveckling.

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  • Åhs, Jill W.
    et al.
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences, and Society, Division of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge (SWE); Department of Health Sciences, Swedish Red Cross University, Huddinge (SWE).
    Eriksson, Henrik
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Mazaheri, Monir
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences, and Society, Division of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge (SWE); Department of Nursing Sciences, Sophiahemmet University, Stockholm (SWE).
    Distant suffering: A Concept Analysis2023In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 151, p. 1-9, article id 104672Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Patients who are suffering may be commonly encountered in health care. Growing use of telehealth implies that encounters with patients who are suffering may increasingly take place at a distance. “Distant suffering” is a concept coined within sociology to describe the suffering of far-away others. It is conceptualized as a paradox, as distance changes the relation between the witness of suffering and the suffering encountered. Impacts may include potential detriment for the sufferer and ethical implications for the witness. 

    Objective: to explore the concept of distant suffering and any relevance, implications, or important avenues for potential research within the health care sciences.Design: Rodgers’ evolutionary concept analysis.

    Data Sources: Databases of Web of Science, Medline, CINAHL and PsycInfo were searched for the terms “distant suffering” or “mediated suffering”. 

    Review method: Attributes, surrogate or related terms, antecedents, consequences, and uses of the concept were extracted and synthesized.Results: Thirty articles published within the past ten years were selected for review from the search results. “Distant suffering” was characterized as comprising 1) mediated far-away suffering, 2) a “recognizer” or witness, 3) and a potential role of a moderator. Antecedents include shared understandings and socially-influenced responses. Consequences include responses like empathy, compassion, pity, also indifference, cynicism and compassion fatigue.

    Conclusions: Further research to explore distant suffering from a health care sciences perspective could uncover valuable insights for those suffering, for health care workers, and any who are exposed to it. An improved understanding of how distant suffering is conveyed and moderated could enable targeted reduction of exposure or improve response to distant suffering. Such knowledge could help diminish negative consequences for those suffering, for health care workers who are caring at a distance for those suffering, or for others who encounter distant suffering in their occupations or in daily life via media, social media, or digital communications.

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  • Kisielewicz, Agnieszka
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Mi, Yongcui
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Sikström, Fredrik
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Ancona, Antonio
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems. Physics Department, University of Bari, Bari (ITA).
    Multi sensor monitoring  of the wire-melt pool interaction inhot-wire directed energy deposition using laser beam2023In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, IOP Publishing , 2023, Vol. 1296, p. 1-11, article id 012011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the combination of three sensors to improve in-process monitoring of the liquid bridge between the feedstock wire and melt pool in hot-wire Directed Energy Deposition using Laser Beam. The stability of the deposition process relies on the transfer of metal between the molten feedstock wire and melt pool. Therefore, monitoring the condition of the liquid bridge and the interaction between the feedstock wire and melt pool is crucial. By utilizing a laser-optics-integrated visible range optical spectrometer and electrical sensors measuring voltage and current, relevant process changes and indications of instabilities were detected. Combined information from the current sensor and the spectrometer provided a better understanding of the process and helped to identify deviations leading to unstable deposition modes.

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  • Lind, Simon
    et al.
    Department of Rheumatology and Inflammation Research, Institute of Medicine, University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg , Sweden.
    Dahlgren, Claes
    Department of Rheumatology and Inflammation Research, Institute of Medicine, University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg (SWE).
    Holmdahl, Rikard
    Medical Inflammation Research, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institute , Stockholm (SWE).
    Olofsson-Sahl, Peter
    University West, Grants and Innovation Office (GIO). Medical Inflammation Research, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institute , Stockholm (SWE).
    Forsman, Huamei
    Department of Rheumatology and Inflammation Research, Institute of Medicine, University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg , Sweden.
    Functional selective FPR1 signaling in favor of an activation of the neutrophil superoxide generating NOX2 complex2020In: Journal of Leukocyte Biology, ISSN 0741-5400, E-ISSN 1938-3673, Vol. 109, no 6, p. 1105-1120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The formyl peptide receptors FPR1 and FPR2 are abundantly expressed by neutrophils, in which they regulate proinflammatory tissue recruitment of inflammatory cells, the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and resolution of inflammatory reactions. The unique dual functionality of the FPRs makes them attractive targets to develop FPR-based therapeutics as novel anti-inflammatory treatments. The small compound RE-04-001 has earlier been identified as an inducer of ROS in differentiated HL60 cells but the precise target and the mechanism of action of the compound was has until now not been elucidated. In this study, we reveal that RE-04-001 specifically targets and activates FPR1, and the concentrations needed to activate the neutrophil NADPH-oxidase was very low (EC50 ∼1 nM). RE-04-001 was also found to be a neutrophil chemoattractant, but when compared to the prototype FPR1 agonist N-formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLF), the concentrations required were comparably high, suggesting that signaling downstream of the RE-04-001-activated-FPR1 is functionally selective. In addition, the RE-04-001-induced response was strongly biased toward the PLC-PIP2 -Ca2+ pathway and ERK1/2 activation but away from β-arrestin recruitment. Compared to the peptide agonist fMLF, RE-04-001 is more resistant to inactivation by the MPO-H2 O2 -halide system. In summary, this study describes RE-04-001 as a novel small molecule agonist specific for FPR1, which displays a biased signaling profile that leads to a functional selective activating of human neutrophils. RE-04-001 is, therefore, a useful tool, not only for further mechanistic studies of the regulatory role of FPR1 in inflammation in vitro and in vivo, but also for developing FPR1-specific drug therapeutics.

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  • Hattinger, Monika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Stylidis, Kostas
    Chalmers University of Technology, Division of Product Development, Department of Industrial and Materials Science, SE-412 96, Göteborg (SWE).
    Transforming Quality 4.0 towards Resilient Operator 5.0 needs2023In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 120, p. 1600-1605Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Quality is one of the most important contributors to products’ success in the market and essential input for design and manufacturing. Historically, quality definitions evolved over time but with significant domain-specific differences. One example of these emerging differences is the human-centric, subjective approach to quality. Current Quality 4.0 models, in most cases, are derivatives from the Total Quality Management (TQM) way, solely based on hopes for Data-Driven approaches to solving problems, with the lack of a human-centric operator approach. Industry 4.0 and its associated digital technologies promise to change this notion and make formerly subjective quality dimensions measurable on a scale as input for design and manufacturing. This leads to an opportunity to bridge the current gap and streamline the Quality and Operator in a holistic, data-informed, and digital technology-enabled way. This paper introduces a Quality 4.0 transformation as a vision for the future of Human – Machine symbiosis in the context of Operator 5.0 for intelligent manufacturing systems. We discuss what needs to be added to Quality 4.0 to achieve the requirements set for Operator 5.0 This work suggests how to enrich smart manufacturing systems from a human-centric perspective with Operator 5.0 making own, informed decisions based on data, experience, and tacit knowledge.

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  • Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Johannesson, Elias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Emilsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Region Västra Götaland, Intensive Care Unit, NU Hospital Group, SE-46173 Trollhättan (SWE).
    Pennbrant, Sandra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Nunstedt, Håkan
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Development and Psychometric Test of the Salutogenic Survey on Sustainable Working Life for Nurses: Identifying Resistance Resources against Stress2024In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Extensive research shows nurses’ work environment to be particularly stressful. This study develops, explores, and psychometrically tests a new profession-specific questionnaire identifying generalised and specific resistance resources, that make it possible to measure resources to manage work-related stress. An exploratory study design was employed. The questionnaire development was inspired by the MEASURE approach and the salutogenic theory of health. Building on the results from a literature review of nursing research and salutogenesis, supplemented by twelve interviews with hospital nurses, an item pool was generated. The first version was pilot-tested in a group of nurses who were studying to become specialist nurses. The second version of the questionnaire was psychometrically tested on a sample of registered nurses in close patient care (n = 475), analysed using confirmatory factor analysis to test seven predefined domains of the questionnaire. The analysis revealed a first order seven-domain model of 21 items: job satisfaction, professional role, work motivation, commitment, belonging in the workplace, factors and conditions for remaining in the profession, and workload. The structure of the questionnaire indicates its usefulness in clinical practice for measuring resistance resources.

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  • Aggestam, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of industrial engineering.
    Johansson, Madeleine
    Department of Adult Psychiatry, NU-Care Hospital, Lärketorpsvägen, 461 73 Trollhättan (SWE).
    Kylén, Erik
    MedFilm AB, Staveredsgatan 20, 461 31 Trollhättan (SWE).
    Stenholm, Joel
    MedFilm AB, Staveredsgatan 20, 461 31 Trollhättan (SWE).
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics. School of Business Economics and IT, University West, Gustava Melins Gata 2, 461 32 Trollhättan, Sweden.
    The Development and Evaluation of an Animated Video for Pre- and Postoperative Instructions for Patients with Osteoarthritis: A Design Science Research Approach2024In: Geriatrics, E-ISSN 2308-3417, Vol. 9, no 19, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is a condition in the hip or knee joints that develops during a long period of time and sometimes needs hip or knee joint replacement surgery when pain gets too intense for the patient. This paper describes how an animated video for pre- and postoperative instructions for patients with osteoarthritis was designed. The design science research (DSR) approach was followed by creating a web-based animated video. The web-based animated video is used to support surgical departments with education for patients suffering from OA. In the web-based animated video, information about OA surgical treatment and its pre- and post-arrangements was included. The relevance, the rigor, and the design cycles were focused on, with some iterations of and improvements in the animations. Even after implementation, there was a feedback-loop with comments from the surgeons and their patients. Moreover, as more departments will use the web-based animated video, they want to make their special mark on it, so that further changes will be made. This paper presents the design and successful implementation of an animated video for pre- and postoperative instructions for patients with osteoarthritis, tightly linked to the patient journey and the workflow of healthcare professionals. The animated video serves not only as a tool to improve care but also as a basis for further scientific research studies. 

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  • Tolf, Andreas
    et al.
    Department of Medical Sciences, Neurology, Uppsala University, Uppsala (SWE); Department of Neurology, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala (SWE).
    Gauffin, Helena
    Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences (BKV), Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping (SWE); Department of Neurology, Linköping University Hospital, Region Östergötland, Linköping (SWE).
    Burman, Joachim
    Department of Medical Sciences, Neurology, Uppsala University, Uppsala (SWE); Department of Neurology, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala (SWE).
    Landtblom, Anne-Marie
    Department of Medical Sciences, Neurology, Uppsala University, Uppsala (SWE); Department of Neurology, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala (SWE).
    Flensner, Gullvi
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Experiences of being treated with autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation for aggressive multiple sclerosis: A qualitative interview study2024In: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 19, no 2, p. e0297573-e0297573Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) is increasingly used as a treatment for aggressive multiple sclerosis (MS) and has the potential to induce long-term remission and resolution of disease activity. Despite the extensive research on treatment outcome after AHSCT, the experience of living with MS after AHSCT has not been previously described in the scientific literature. The aim of this study was to explore long-term lived experience of people with MS treated with AHSCT.

    Methods and findings

    To exclude selection bias, all persons treated with AHSCT for MS at Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden, between 2004 and 2007 (n = 10), were asked to participate in the study, and all accepted. Open-ended interviews were conducted, digitally recorded, transcribed verbatim, and then subjected to qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach. Five main themes emerged from the interviews: (I) being diagnosed with MS–an unpredictable existence; (II) a new treatment–a possibility for a new life; (III) AHSCT–a transition; (IV) reclaiming life; and (V) a bright future accompanied by insecurity. AHSCT was described by the participants in terms of a second chance and an opportunity for a new life. The treatment became a transition from a state of illness to a state of health, enabling a previous profound uncertainty to wane and normality to be restored. Although participants of different age and sex were included, the main limitation of this study is the relatively small number of participants. Also, the inclusion of persons from one centre alone could restrict transferability of the results.

    Conclusions

    The results give a first insight into lived experience following a highly effective induction treatment for MS, and the experience of not having MS anymore. Underpinned by previously described outcome following AHSCT, the results of this study challenge the current view on MS as a chronic disease with no possible cure.

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  • Lager, Karin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Gustafsson Nyckel, Jan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Sjöberg, Lena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Varför vill jag bli lärare i fritidshem?: Lärarstudenter skriver om meningsskapande2023In: Professionsuddannelser i krise? Rekrutteringsproblemer, meningstab, och meningsdannelse i nordiske laerer- och paedagogguddannelser / [ed] Jakob Ditlev Bøje, Aslaug Kristiansen, Jan Gustafsson Nyckel & Jan Jaap Rothuizen, Odense: Syddansk universitetsforlag , 2023, p. 66-83Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim of this book

    This book represents a more delimited interest in some of aspects of the care crisis. We focus on what is called loss of meaning and shaping of meaning in Nordic teacher training programmes. This involves an attempt to study and strengthen the professional norms, standards and ideals, which have historically developed within the Nordic teacher training programmes and professions. These norms, standards and ideals are diverse, but they can be summarized as a professional ethos aimed at ‘making a difference’ in children’s and young people’s lives. We are concerned that this very basic helper motivation is increasingly lost, forgotten, or neglected as part of the care crisis, and we are interested in finding ways to reinstate and reshape its crucial meaning. [...] 

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  • Lager, Karin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Gustafsson Nyckel, Jan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Sjöberg, Lena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Larsson, Johanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Vad är en bra fritidshemslärare?: Nya fritidshemslärarstudenters diskursiva konstruktioner av fritidshemslärarprofessionen och fritidshemslärarkompetenser2023In: Professionsuddannelser i krise?: Rekrutteringsproblemer, meningstab, och meningsdannelse i nordiske laerer- och paedagogguddannelser / [ed] Jakob Ditlev Bøje, Aslaug Kristiansen, Jan Gustafsson Nyckel & Jan Jaap Rothuizen, Odense: Syddansk universitetsforlag , 2023, p. 84-107Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim of this book

    This book represents a more delimited interest in some of aspects of the care crisis. We focus on what is called loss of meaning and shaping of meaning in Nordic teacher training programmes. This involves an attempt to study and strengthen the professional norms, standards and ideals, which have historically developed within the Nordic teacher training programmes and professions. These norms, standards and ideals are diverse, but they can be summarized as a professional ethos aimed at ‘making a difference’ in children’s and young people’s lives. We are concerned that this very basic helper motivation is increasingly lost, forgotten, or neglected as part of the care crisis, and we are interested in finding ways to reinstate and reshape its crucial meaning. [...]

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  • Ben Ayad, Hatim
    et al.
    UAE/U24FS, FS, Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Tetouan (MAR).
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Sfendla, Anis
    UAE/U24FS, FS, Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Tetouan (MAR); High Institute of Nursing Professions and Health Techniques, Fez, (MAR).
    Najdi, Adil
    Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Tangier, Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Tangier (MAR).
    Senhaji, Meftaha
    UAE/U24FS, FS, Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Tetouan (MAR).
    Psychometric Properties of Update Arabic Version of the Trait Hope Scale and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale2024In: Indonesian Psychological Research, ISSN 2655-9013, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hope and self-esteem are crucial components of positive psychology, and there is a lack of tools to assess these concepts in Morocco. Therefore, this study aims to provide the necessary instruments for evaluating hope and self-esteem among Moroccan college students. A total of 1150 college students (444 males, 703 females) completed an updated Arabic version of the Trait Hope Scale (THS) and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). The data underwent factorial and reliability analyses, with test-retest reliability assessed using responses from 26 students. Both the THS and RSES revealed a two-factor solution, and Multigroup Confirmatory Factor Analysis (MGCFA) demonstrated measurement invariance with respect to gender. Furthermore, the results indicated good and acceptable internal consistency (α = .85 for THS and α = .70 for RSES) and acceptable temporal stability (r = .72 for THS and r = .76 for RSES). In conclusion, the updated Arabic versions of the THS and RSES exhibited strong psychometric properties and stability. They have been established as valid and reliable tools for assessing hope and self-esteem among Moroccan college students.

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  • Kapetanovic, Sabina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Turner, Russell
    Department of Social Work, Gothenburg University, 405 30 Göteborg (SWE).
    Interplay between Parental Knowledge and Adolescent Inebriation, and Their Links to Parent–Child Relationships over Time2024In: Youth, E-ISSN 2673-995X, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 163-176Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While parental knowledge of adolescents’ whereabouts is generally considered to be a key protective factor for adolescent alcohol use, the developmental links during adolescence are unclear. Focusing on within-family processes on a sample of Swedish early to late adolescents (n = 782; 49% female) over four waves of data, we (1) tested the interplay between parental knowledge and adolescent alcohol inebriation, (2) investigated whether changes over time in parental knowledge and adolescent inebriation were linked to the parent–child relationship, and (3) tested the moderating role of adolescent gender and SES on these potential links. The results from random intercept cross-lagged panel models showed that increases in parental knowledge predicted decreases in frequencies of adolescent inebriation the following year as well a more positive parent–child relationship over time. Increases in adolescent inebriation were predicted by less parental knowledge only in late adolescence. These links were not moderated by adolescent gender or SES. The results emphasize the importance of increasing parental knowledge of adolescent activities in order to reduce adolescent involvement in heavy alcohol use as well as the importance of parent–child closeness.

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  • Haraldsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Occupational Safety and Health Care, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping (SWE); School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping (SWE).
    Nylander, Elisabeth
    Jönköping University Library, Jönköping University, Jönköping (SWE).
    Jonker, Dirk
    Occupational Safety and Health Care, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping (SWE); School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping (SWE).
    Ros, Axel
    School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping (SWE); Futurum –Academy for Healthcare, Region Jönköping County, Jönköping (SWE).
    Areskoug Josefsson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping (SWE); Department of Behavioural Science, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo (NOR).
    Workplace interventions focusing on how to plan, organize and design the work environment in hospital settings: A systematic review2024In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Occupational Health Service (OHS) is a service that should support employers and employees with theirwork environment. Previous research indicates the need for deeper knowledge about the effect of workplace interventionswith a focus on planning, organizing and designing the workplace to improve work conditions in hospital settings.

    OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the outcomes, workplace interventions and intervention strategies in hospital settings.

    METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted. CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycInfo, Scopus, and Web of ScienceCore Collection were searched in September 2021. The Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool was used to evaluate the quality ofthe included studies. Study results are presented through a narrative synthesis. A protocol for this study was registered onthe Open Science Framework.

    RESULTS: Twenty-six studies, published between 2010 and 2021, were included. These included randomized controlledtrials (RCTs), non-RCTs, and mixed methods reports with moderate to good quality. The results support the use of workplaceinterventions to improve work conditions, health, and well-being in hospital settings. Combinations of different interventions,tailored to the specific organization, were used. Important intervention strategies commonly used in the start-up, evaluation,and intervention of successful workplace interventions, were identified. Using a pragmatist complexity approach in workplaceinterventions can improve outcomes by providing clear intervention strategies and combinations of tailored interventions,related to context specific problems.

    CONCLUSION: OHS support in workplace interventions with clear intervention strategies will contribute to improve workconditions, health and well-being in hospital settings.

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