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  • 1. Boström, P.K.
    et al.
    Broberg, M.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier.
    Parents' descriptions and experiences of young children recently diagnosed with intellectual disability2010Inngår i: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 93-100Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of the present study was to explore the variation of parents' descriptions and experiences of their child that was recently identified to have an intellectual disability (ID). Methods: The study applied interpretative phenomenological analysis and analysis of narrative style looking at content and form of parental narratives. Data was collected from nine fathers and eight mothers through semi-structured interviews within 6 months following diagnosis. Results: Analysis revealed three factors indicating the parents' level of processing: (1) emotional expressions regarding the child - varying between limited (distanced or idealized) and balanced/affectionate; (2) experience of the disability - varying between preoccupation and acceptance; and (3) time orientation - varying in terms of flexibility and temporal focus. Conclusions: Although parents of children with ID describe negative emotions in relation to the child and the disability, most of these parents also describe positive emotions that seemed to balance the negative experiences. © 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  • 2.
    Duvander, Ann-Zofie
    et al.
    Stockholm universitet.
    Haas, Linda
    Indiana University.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier. Göteborgs Universitet.
    Sweden Country Note2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Duvander, Ann-Zofie
    et al.
    Stockholm universitet.
    Haas, Linda
    Indiana University.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Sweden country note2017Inngår i: International Review of Leave Policies and Research 2017 / [ed] Koslowski A., Blum S. and Moss P. (eds.), Wien: Austrian Institute for Family Studies University of Vienna , 2017, s. 1-9Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 4.
    Frisén, Ann
    et al.
    Göteborgs Universitet, Göteborg.
    Hwang, PhilipHögskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi. Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg.
    Ungdomar och identitet2020Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Antologin beskriver centrala teman som kön och genus, kropp och sexualitet, etnicitet, språk samt identitet på internet. Avslutningsvis diskuteras hur identiteten utvecklas i övergången mellan ungdom och ung vuxen. Många citat och exempel levandegör innehållet – och låter ungdomarnas egna röster komma till tals.

    Målgruppen är studerande och yrkesverksamma inom psykologi, socialt arbete, pedagogik, sociologi, barn- och ungdomsvetenskap samt alla andra som vill lära sig mer om ungdomars identitetsskapande i dagens samhälle.

  • 5. Frisén, Ann
    et al.
    Lunde, Carolina
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier.
    Peer Victimisation and Its Relationships with Perceptions of Body Composition2009Inngår i: Educational Studies, ISSN 0013-1946, E-ISSN 1532-6993, Vol. 35, nr 3, s. 337-348Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examined the links between children's exposure to peer victimisation, in terms of type and frequency, their body composition and subjective perceptions of body composition. A total of 960 Swedish 10-year-olds (515 girls and 445 boys) completed questionnaires about their peer victimisation experiences, weight and height, and perceptions of shape and stature. Results showed that whereas overweight girls reported exposure to both appearance-teasing and bullying, overweight boys mainly reported repeated experiences of appearance-teasing. When examining the relative importance of body composition (weight and height) and perceptions of body composition on peer victimisation experiences, children's negative body perceptions were more strongly associated with the outcome than were body composition. This study hence stresses that children who are victimised also seem to battle unfavourable attitudes towards their physical selves, which may cause increasing concern as the child enters adolescence.

  • 6.
    Haas, Linda
    et al.
    Indiana University-Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    “It's About Time!”: Company Support for Fathers' Entitlement to Reduced Work Hours in Sweden2016Inngår i: Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society, ISSN 1072-4745, E-ISSN 1468-2893, Vol. 23, nr 1, s. 142-167Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Fifteen nations offer fathers the right to reduce work hours to care for children. Incorporating a gender perspective, this study uses a mixed-methods approach to examine the implementation of this policy in the first nation to offer it, Sweden. It investigates whether the institutional and cultural environment exerts pressure on companies to facilitate fathers' hours reduction, companies' levels of support for fathers' use of this entitlement and correlates of company support. The persistence of the “male model of work” appears to be an important barrier to implementation of a policy that offers promise in offering fathers time to care.

  • 7.
    Haas, Linda
    et al.
    Department of Sociology, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi. Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Policy is not enough: the influence of the gendered workplace on fathers' use of parental leave in Sweden2019Inngår i: Community, Work and Family, ISSN 1366-8803, E-ISSN 1469-3615, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 58-76Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Paid parental leave for fathers is a promising social policy tool for degendering the division of labor for childcare. Swedish fathers have had the right to paid parental leave since 1974, but they take only one-fourth of leave days parents take. There are strong cultural norms supporting involved fatherhood, so couples typically want to share leave more than they do. This article explores how workplaces can constrain Swedish fathers' use of state leave policy, in ways that fathers can take for granted, a topic that has received less attention than individual or family-related obstacles. Based on interviews with 56 employees in five large private companies, we found that masculine workplace norms can make it difficult for fathers to choose to take much leave, while aspects of traditional workplace structure building on these norms can negatively affect fathers' capabilities of taking much leave. Workplace culture and structure seemed to be based on assumptions that the ideal worker should prioritize work and has limited caregiving responsibilities, setting limits to fathers' ability to share leave with mothers. Gender theorists suggest such assumptions persist because of male dominance at the workplace and the endurance of gendered assumptions about the roles of men and women.

  • 8.
    Haas, Linda
    et al.
    Department of Sociology, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
    Hwang, Philip
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden ABSTRACT Paid parental leave for fathers is a promising social policy tool.
    Policy is not enough–the influence of the gendered workplace on fathers’ use of parental leave in Sweden2019Inngår i: Community, Work and Family, ISSN 1366-8803, E-ISSN 1469-3615, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 58-76Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Paid parental leave for fathers is a promising social policy tool for degendering the division of labor for childcare. Swedish fathers have had the right to paid parental leave since 1974, but they take only one-fourth of leave days parents take. There are strong cultural norms supporting involved fatherhood, so couples typically want to share leave more than they do. This article explores how workplaces can constrain Swedish fathers’ use of state leave policy, in ways that fathers can take for granted, a topic that has received less attention than individual or family-related obstacles. Based on interviews with 56 employees in five large private companies, we found that masculine workplace norms can make it difficult for fathers to choose to take much leave, while aspects of traditional workplace structure building on these norms can negatively affect fathers’ capabilities of taking much leave. Workplace culture and structure seemed to be based on assumptions that the ideal worker should prioritize work and has limited caregiving responsibilities, setting limits to fathers’ ability to share leave with mothers. Gender theorists suggest such assumptions persist because of male dominance at the workplace and the endurance of gendered assumptions about the roles of men and women. © 2018, © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 9.
    Haas, Linda
    et al.
    Indiana University.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    "Who will stay home today?" What do we know...What do we need to know about parental sharing of leave to care for sick children?2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 10.
    Haas, Linda
    et al.
    Department of Sociology, Indiana University, Indianapolis, USA.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi. b Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Workplace support and European fathers' use of state policies promoting shared childcare2019Inngår i: Community, Work and Family, ISSN 1366-8803, E-ISSN 1469-3615, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 1-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Social policies such as paternity leave and parental leave offer fathers the opportunity to be more involved in childcare than earlier generations of fathers. While such policies are increasingly offered by governments around the world, research by the International Network on Leave Policies and Research shows that many European fathers do not take advantage of these benefits, despite fathers' growing interest in participation in early childcare. This article introduces a special issue devoted to understanding how the workplace can impact European fathers' interest in and abilities to take leave, a topic that has received relatively little research attention. The articles in the special issue suggest that barriers to European fathers' leavetaking are deeply embedded in workplace culture and work practices and will be difficult to eradicate without a dramatic challenge to the concept of the male ideal worker, who prioritizes work above family.

  • 11.
    Hallberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och socialpedagogik. Department of Psychology University of Gothenburg.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi. University of Gothenburg.
    Swedish adolescents’ exposure to pornographic, violent, and hateful content online.Inngår i: Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 12.
    Helsing, Bo
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och socialpedagogik. University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Frisén, Ann
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi. University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sexual risk-taking among young Swedish men testing for STI2021Inngår i: European journal of contraception & reproductive health care, ISSN 1362-5187, E-ISSN 1473-0782, nr 2, s. 155-159Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: This study investigates sexual risk-taking among young men testing for sexually transmitted infections (STI).

    SAMPLING METHOD: 452 participants (aged 18-30) completed surveys concerning their backgrounds, sexual risk-taking, and experience with STI.

    RESULTS: Over one-third had used alcohol during their last sexual encounter, one-fifth were reluctant to use condoms due to concerns about erection difficulties, 14.7% had experienced sexual coercion and one-fifth reported having had contracted the most common STI, chlamydia trachomatis (CT). Older participants (aged 25-30) were more reluctant to use condoms because of erection worries and to report having had CT. Immigrant men reported more unprotected sex while men who have sex with men (MSM) were more exposed to sexual coercion than others, but less likely to use alcohol when having sex.

    CONCLUSIONS: There are important differences in sexual risk-taking within the group of young men testing for sexually transmitted infections which need to be taken into account in developing effective counselling and promotion strategies in sexual and reproductive health care. Further research on young men's sexual risk-taking is needed to broaden understanding of factors associated with young men's sexual health.

  • 13.
    Helsing, Bo
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och socialpedagogik. University of Gothenburg, Psychology Department, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi. University of Gothenburg, Psychology Department, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Frisén, Ann
    University of Gothenburg, Psychology Department, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    How social networks influence young men to seek psychological help2021Inngår i: Nordic Psychology, ISSN 1901-2276, E-ISSN 1904-0016, Vol. 73, nr 2, s. 153-174Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing body of literature that recognizes young men's reluctance to seek psychological help. However, how young men perceive the role of their social networks in their decision to seek help has received limited attention in research. Using thematic analysis, this study investigated 30 young men's description of how members from three categories of their social networks: partner, family and friends have influenced them to seek psychological help and how they have experienced this influence. The results show that certain themes recur between various members of men's social networks while others were unique to roles in the social network. How this information can be used to make it easier for young men to seek psychological help is discussed.

  • 14.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier. University of Gothenburg.
    Family policies and practices2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier. University of Gothenburg.
    Family policy and practices in Scandinavia2014Inngår i: Men as Fathers: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Fatherhood in the Context of the Family, Öhningen, Germany, May 7-9, 2014, 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 16.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier. University of Gothenburg.
    Fatherhood and parental leave in Sweden2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 17.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Fatherhood: Organizational Change and Gender Equity2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Framing Childhood: Century of the Child2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 19.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Förord2018Inngår i: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap: grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Johansson, Thomas & Sorbring, Emma, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, 1. uppl.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Förord2018Inngår i: Moderna familjer: barn och föräldrar i nya konstellationer, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2018Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 21. Hwang, Philip
    Informella arbetsplatskulturer: ett hinder för pappors familjeliv2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 22.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier. University of Gothenburg.
    Parental leave and gender equity2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 23.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi. Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg.
    Psykosocialt perspektiv2020Inngår i: Ungdomar och identitet / [ed] Ann Frisén och Philip Hwang, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2020, 2, , s. 269s. 23-48Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 24.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Frisén, Ann
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Barns psykologiska utveckling: från nyfödd till skola2017Inngår i: Förskolan och barns utveckling: Grundbok för förskollärare / [ed] Pramling, N., Lindgren, A-L.& Säljö, R., Malmö: Gleerups , 2017, s. 75-90Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 25.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi. Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg.
    Frisén, Ann
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg.
    Barns psykologiska utveckling: från nyfödd till skola2020Inngår i: Förskolan och barns utveckling: grundbok för förskollärare / [ed] Anne-Li Lindgren, Niklas Pramling & Roger Säljö, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2020, 2, , s. 269s. 77-92Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 26.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi. Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg.
    Frisén, Ann
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg.
    Inledning och översikt2020Inngår i: Ungdomar och identitet / [ed] Ann Frisén och Philip Hwang, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2020, 2, , s. 269s. 13-22Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 27.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Frisén, Ann
    Göteborgs universitet, Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Nilsson, Björn
    Göteborgs universitet, Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Ungdomar och unga vuxna: utveckling och livsvillkor2018Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier. Göteborgs universitet Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten. Psykologiska institutionen.
    Nilsson, Björn
    Göteborgs universitet Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten. Psykologiska institutionen.
    Gruppsykologi: för skola, arbetsliv och fritid2014 (oppl. 1. utg)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Nilsson, Björn
    Utvecklingspsykologi2019Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 30.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier.
    Wängqvist, Maria
    Göteborgs universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Ungdomar och unga vuxnas identitetsskapande i relation till familjen2014Inngår i: Att förstå ungdomars identitetsskapande: en inspirations- och metodbok / [ed] Sorbring, E., Andersson, Å. & Molin, M., Stockholm: Liber, 2014, 1, s. 20-42Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I kapitlet beskrivs familjen som kontext och dess betydelse under ungdomsperioden, men också efter det att individen som ung vuxen flyttat hemifrån.

  • 31.
    Massoudi, Pamela
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier.
    Wickberg, Birgitta
    Depression and distress in Swedish fathers during the postnatal period2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 32.
    Massoudi, Pamela
    et al.
    Department of Research and Development, Region Kronoberg, Sweden, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi. University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Sweden.
    Wickberg, Birgitta
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fathers' depressive symptoms in the postnatal period: Prevalence and correlates in a population-based Swedish study2016Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 44, nr 7, s. 688-694Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and correlates of depression in new fathers. Methods: A population-based sample of 885 Swedish fathers and their partners completed a questionnaire, including the EdinburghPostnatal Depression Scale at three months postpartum. Correlates of depressive symptoms were analysed with univariate andmultiple variable regression models. Results: Symptoms of depression were found in 6.3% of the fathers and 12.0% of themothers, and the point prevalence of major depression in fathers was 1.3%. The strongest correlates of depressive symptoms in fathers were problems in the partner relationship, a low educational level, previous depression, stressful life events and low partner support. The cross-sectional design could affect the magnitude of the results, and causal inferences cannot be made. Conclusions: Although the rate of depressive symptoms is lower in fathers than in mothers at three months postpartum, the associated factors are similar to those found in studies of mothers. The first visits at the childhealth centre could include a discussion with both parents about normal transition problems; balancing work,personal and family needs; and distress. When signs of distress or partner relationship difficulties are picked up,this should be followed up and support interventions offered.

  • 33.
    Syed, Moin
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities. USA (USA).
    Eriksson, Py Liv
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg (SWE).
    Frisén, Ann
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg (SWE).
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi. Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg (SWE).
    Lamb, Michael E.
    Department of Psychology, University of Cambridge (GBR).
    Personality development from age 2 to 33: Stability and change in ego resiliency and ego control and associations with adult adaptation2020Inngår i: Developmental Psychology, ISSN 0012-1649, E-ISSN 1939-0599, Vol. 56, nr 4, s. 815-832Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the developmental course and implications of the personality metatraits ego resiliency and ego control across the first 3 decades of life. The sample consisted of 139 participants who were assessed 9 times between ages 2 and 33. Participants completed measures of ego resiliency, ego control, Big Five personality traits, identity development, and positive and negative well-being. The findings indicated strong stability of ego resiliency, in terms of both rank-order and mean-level change. Ego control also demonstrated stability over the full time span, but there was greater change in childhood relative to adolescence and adulthood. Ego resiliency and control were associated with adult well-being, but these associations were generally accounted for by the Big Five traits. Finally, there were small relations between ego resiliency and control in childhood and later adult identity development processes.

  • 34. Wängqvist, M.
    et al.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Father involvement across the lifespan: An identity perspective2019Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 35.
    Wängqvist, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Frisén, Ann
    University of Gothenburg.
    Carlsson, Johanna
    University of Gothenburg.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier. University of Gothenburg.
    How identity status interviews may be used for in-depth studies of identity development: two wave longitudinal study of identity in emerging adulthood2014Inngår i: : A, 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this presentation is to illustrate how the identity status interview may be used to study process, content, and contexts of identity development. To do so we draw on published (e.g., Frisén, Carlsson, & Wängqvist, 2014; Frisén & Wängqvist, 2011; Wängqvist & Frisén, 2011) and unpublished results from a longitudinal project (GoLD) with identity status interviews (Marcia, Waterman, Mattesson, Archer, & Orlofsky, 1993) with emerging adults. The interviews focused on occupation, romantic relationships, parenthood, and work/family priorities, with 136 Swedish 25-year-olds and four years later with 124 of these participants. The semi-structured interview format and coding procedure used enable both quantitative and qualitative analyse of identity development in emerging adulthood. This mixed methods approach (e.g., Lieber & Weisner, 2010) offers opportunity to study identity development in depth. For example, quantitative analyses showed that it was much less common for the 25-year-old participants to explore issues concerning romantic relationships and parenthood than it was to explore occupational choices and work/family priorities (Frisén & Wängqvist, 2011). Further qualitative analyses revealed that compared to occupational choices issues concerning romantic relationships were viewed more as facts than as issues that need to be considered from several perspectives (Wängqvist, Frisén, Ignell, & Fernros, 2011). Similar results were found in thematic analyses of how the participants talked about parenthood (Frisén et al., 2014). In the second wave the question: If, besides from the issues relating to work and family, there was something else in their lives that were salient to their views of themselves, revealed a variety of life areas that emerging adults view as important to their sense of identity besides issues of love and work. These life areas involved, for example, watching and practicing different sports, friendships, and music. In line with other Swedish studies (Bergh & Erling, 2005) religion and politics were uncommon. Another example of the explanatory mixed methods approach is the longitudinal analyses of the interviews. These analyses have revealed that there is continued identity development among individuals whose identities appear stable in identity status. This development involved people’s approach to changing life conditions, their tendency to continue to make meaning of their experiences, and their development of a personal life direction. The conclusions from our work within GoLD are that identity status interviews combined with a mixed methods approach would be useful for in depth studies of identity development in adolescence as well as in emerging adulthood.

  • 36.
    Wängqvist, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Lamb, M.E.
    University of Cambridge.
    Frisén, A,
    University of Gothenburg.
    Hwang, Philip
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier. University of Gothenburg.
    Child and Adolescent Predictors of Personality in Early Adulthood2015Inngår i: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 86, nr 4, s. 1253-1261Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated development of the Big Five personality traits from early childhood into adulthood. An initial group of 137 Swedish children were assessed eight times between ages 2 and 29 years. Initial decreases in extraversion leveled off in early adulthood; agreeableness and conscientiousness increased from ages 2 to 29; neuroticism initially increased, leveled off in later childhood and adolescence, and decreased throughout early adulthood; while openness to experience showed an initial increase, then decreased and leveled off in early adulthood. Individual developmental trajectories varied significantly, particularly in relation to gender. Personality traits became increasingly stable, and the fact that childhood scores predicted scores in adulthood indicated that personalities are fairly stable across this portion of the life span

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