Change search
Refine search result
1234 1 - 50 of 190
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Jessica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kobel, Carolin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tro det eller ej: en kvantitativ studie om värderingar och moralvitalism2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has demonstrated correlations between values and religiosity in the aspect of propensity to believe. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the research in moral vitalism, which includes an approach to good and evil forces.

    The participants in the study were 122 individuals; the age range was 18 – 68 of which 84 women, 37 men, and one who identified themselves as other. They filled in the Portrait Value Questionnaire to measure values and the newly developed questionnaire Moral Vitalism Scale for the measurement of moral vitalism. Data was analyzed using Pearson's correlation (r), multiple linear regression, and independent t-test. The study shows a positive correlation between moral vitalism and the value safety. A negative correlation is shown between moral vitalism and the value achievement.

    The result indicates that individuals who value achievement have lower propensity to believe in moral vitalism, unlike individuals who generally cherish stability, which show higher propensity to believe in moral vitalism. No differences were found in how a person's individual values affect the degree of moral vitalism. No gender differences in moral vitalism were detected in the study.

  • 2.
    Agestad, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lindgren, Mia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kan kreativitet manipuleras?: En experimentell studie om hur prestationskrav under tidspress påverkar kreativiteten2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Creativity is a popular term that frequently occurs in the working life. Despite its popularity, the possibility to be creative varies a lot between work places, and many employees feel that they do not have a creative outlet in their work role. The purpose of the present study was to examine how different conditions could affect creativity. The two questions that this study intended to answer was: a) Can individuals' creative performance be manipulated by performance requirements during explicit time constraint? b) Can individuals' self-rated creativity be manipulated by performance requirements during explicit time constraint? An experimental study was conducted with a total of 89 participants randomly distributed into two groups. Experimental group 1 had a total of 47 participants, of which 23 women (48.9%) and Experimental group 2 had a total of 42 participants, of which 15 women (35.7%). The experiments were conducted individually with one participant at a time. The measuring instruments used were Guilford's (1967) Alternative Uses Task to measure creativity and Mini-IPIP6 to control for personality. The current item used in Alternative Uses Task was a coffee mug that the participants were assigned to write down as many alternative uses for as possible. Experimental group 1 had a performance requirement to write down a minimum of 15 alternative uses and an explicit time constraint. Experimental group 2 did the same task, but without performance requirement and no explicit time constraint. The collected data was analysed with IBM SPSS and the tools used for the analyses was Pearson's correlation (r), independent t-test and Repeated Measures ANOVA. The results showed a) that Experimental group 1 produced a higher number of creative ideas than Experimental group 2, but that Experimental group 2 had a significantly higher creative quality on their ideas than Experimental group 1. Further the results showed b) that it was not possible to manipulate the self-rated creativity when the personality trait Openness was controlled for.

  • 3.
    Alampay, Liane Pena
    et al.
    Ateneo de Manila University, Philippines..
    Godwin, Jennifer
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, USA..
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, USA..
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Universita di Roma La Sapienza, Italy..
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, MD, USA..
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, China..
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA..
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Universita di Roma La Sapienza, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, USA..
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, USA..
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Kenya..
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Universita di Roma La Sapienza, Italy..
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Thailand..
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana M.
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Colombia..
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Jordan, and Emirates College for Advanced Education, UAE..
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Italy..
    Severity and justness do not moderate the relation between corporal punishment and negative child outcomes: A multicultural and longitudinal study2017In: International Journal of Behavioral Development, ISSN 0165-0254, E-ISSN 1464-0651, Vol. 41, no 4, p. 491-502Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is strong evidence of a positive association between corporal punishment and negative child outcomes, but previous studies have suggested that the manner in which parents implement corporal punishment moderates the effects of its use. This study investigated whether severity and justness in the use of corporal punishment moderate the associations between frequency of corporal punishment and child externalizing and internalizing behaviors. This question was examined using a multicultural sample from eight countries and two waves of data collected one year apart. Interviews were conducted with 998 children aged 7–10 years, and their mothers and fathers, from China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Thailand, and the United States. Mothers and fathers responded to questions on the frequency, severity, and justness of their use of corporal punishment; they also reported on the externalizing and internalizing behavior of their child. Children reported on their aggression. Multigroup path models revealed that across cultural groups, and as reported by mothers and fathers, there is a positive relation between the frequency of corporal punishment and externalizing child behaviors. Mother-reported severity and father-reported justness were associated with child-reported aggression. Neither severity nor justness moderated the relation between frequency of corporal punishment and child problem behavior. The null result suggests that more use of corporal punishment is harmful to children regardless of how it is implemented, but requires further substantiation as the study is unable to definitively conclude that there is no true interaction effect.

  • 4.
    Algsten, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Agardius, Isabella
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Här knackar vi inte längre: En kvalitativ studie om skolpersonalens upplevelse av sin arbetsmiljö på Kronan skola2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how school personnel have reacted in regard to their mental, physical, and social working environments one year after the Kronan School attack in Trollhättan. The study's results are based on semi-structured interviews with five staff members. The qualitative method of Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (I.P.A) has been used to analyse the material. The results show which factors the staff members have considered to be the reasons for their recovery and setbacks when returning to work after the event. Five comprehensive themes presented themselves as being the most prominent after analysis. The comprehensive themes are based on the interviewees' experiences of social support, security, the lost meeting place, social strains, and mental processing. The results present how important the component's safety, security, and social support has been for the interviewees' processing of the traumatic event, as well as their return to work. The conclusion emphasises the interviewees' experience in a workgroup, where solidarity has developed and strengthened after experiencing crisis.

  • 5.
    Almér, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundberg, SaraMarie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kan flextid och distansarbete minska konflikten mellan arbetsliv och privatliv?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, flexible ways of working such as flextime and telework are a common occurrence, which could result in a conflict between work life and private life. The purpose of this study was therefore to investigate whether there was a relation between the attitude to flextime and telework as well as in what way an individual experiences a conflict between work life and personal life and finally, if flextime and telework affects the extent an individual experiences a conflict between work life and private life. This study had a quantitative approach and consisted of a survey with questions regarding flextime, telework and the conflict between work life and private life. The respondents of the study consisted of 92 administrative officials working at a municipality (67% women och 33% men), (year of birth, M = 1970, SD = 11,05). Every respondent was bound by the same flextime contract and none of them had a leading position. To interpret the results, previous research was used as well as result analyses, specifically Pearson correlations and t-tests. The results indicated that the majority of the respondents considered flextime and telework positively. The results also showed that those that had a positive attitude to telework also experienced the conflict between work life and private life to higher level. Furthermore, the more positive an individual is towards flextime the more positive is an individual towards telework. In the free-text answers it was possible to find answers from the respondents that showed some of the negative aspects of flextime and telework.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Annika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lindström, Berner
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Making collaboration work: Developing boundary work and boundary awareness in emergency exercises2017In: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, E-ISSN 1758-7859, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 286-303Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration in emergency work is challenging on many levels. The unforeseen and temporary nature of incidents presents basic challenges. Another important challenge is boundaries between specialized and autonomous emergency service organizations. We need to know more about how exercises are performed to increase the individuals and organizations preparedness for future joint response work. The aim of this study was to explore how boundary work is carried out at the incident site during exercises, and how boundary awareness is developed based on this boundary work. The analytic focus was on how boundaries were identified, negotiated and managed in the participants work. Empirically, full-scale exercises involving police, ambulance and rescue services and with repetition of practical scenarios and joint-reflection seminars are studied. Much of the work in the exercises was performed within distinct areas of expertise, in accordance with concrete routines, skills and responsibilities. Boundary work was often organized in the form of distribution of labour or creating chains of actions. The exercises shed light on challenges related to other aspects of emergency response,such as a lack of resources, diverging primary responsibilities, time-criticality and hazardous environments. The design allowed participants to explicate boundaries, test and discuss alternative solutions, and to visualize the effects of different solutions as the scenarios were repeated. The boundaries that were identified were often of institutional character, and were also related to the specific scenarios and to the actions taken in the activities. By integrating real-life experiences of collaborative work in the exercise, the exercise gained a certain meaning that was essential for the participants to develop boundary awareness.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nord, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Växa upp i ett beroende: En studie om yrkesverksammas upplevelser omatt växa upp i en miljö präglad av ett beroende2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine how professional caretakers perceive the effects on children with parents who suffers from substance- or alcohol abuse. The results of the study was based on eight semi-casual interviews that were conducted with professional caretakers who had relevant experience within childcare. The data that was gathered through the study was analyzed through the qualitative method of thematic analysis. The study was presented with six constructed themes which were recurring throughout the interviews. The themes could indicatehow a child could get affected by an addiction-induced environment. The themes were: ''child confidentiality'', ''early responsibility'', ''lack of trust and security'', ''stress and anxiety'', ''low self-esteem'' and ''apathy''. The results illuminate that the caretakers addiction has a negative effect on the child's development. The child tends to not develop an ability to cope with their feelings and suffer from a general lack of trust. The children of caretakers who suffers from addiction tendto result in a childhood were the child has to take a large amount of responsibility whilst they at the same time tend to get a low amount of appreciation for their efforts which tends to lead to low self-esteem

  • 8.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sankoh, Satina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Intuitionsbaserade beslut inom rekrytering: En studie om intuition, personlighet och emotionell intelligens2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a recruitment process, recruiters make daily decision on which candidates are best suited for specific position. Research shows that standardized recruitment methods have a high predictive value that can explain individuals' future performance. Nevertheless, many professionals prefer intuition-based working methods. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the connection between personality, emotional intelligence and the attitude of using intuition in recruitment decisions. When collecting empirical data, a web-survey was constructed consisting of three tests that measured personality (Big-Six), Emotional Intelligence (TEIque-SF) and intuition methods when hiring. The sample consisted of 100 recruitment professionals within Human Resource. The results of the study indicate that people who are positively committed to the use of intuition in recruitment decisions are more extroverted. The result also indicates that people who are negative to the use of intuition in recruitment decisions are more emotional stable and honest-humility.

  • 9.
    Aronsson, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Milic´, Gordana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ålder, socialt stöd och självrapporterad stress hos poliser2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The police profession is a profession exposed to stress related problems. Because of high demands at work it creates risks for stress to arise. Social support is a factor which can reduce individuals' stress because it contributes to increased wealth and functions as a protection against stress. The study used the demand, control and support model and the purpose was to find out how general stress with police officers could be explained by the variables demand, control and social support. The purpose was also to investigate if any of the variables gender, age or number of years on work could explain general stress with the police officers. To answer the questions a quantitative approach was chosen. The questionnaire was created online but was also handed out in paper format at local police stations. It was 32 police officers in Västra Götaland who participated in the study, 21 men and 11 women. The result in the study showed a negative strong relationship between social support and stress. This indicated that when police officers experienced less social support they experienced more stress. Another strong positive relationship showed between demand and stress which meant that when police officers experienced high demand at work they experienced more stress. The variables control, age and years within work had strong negative relationships with stress.

  • 10.
    Arvidsson, Mia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Larsson, Viktor
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Rädsla för att misslyckas: En kvantitativ studie om personlighetens påverkan på "Fear of Failure" i arbetslivet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fear of failure (FF) has a negative impact on individuals' motivation, choice of occupation, ability to work and general well-being and can occur when people make different decisions.

    Our study was designed to investigate whether fear of failure can be explained by personality and whether there were other factors of influence such as socioeconomic status, age and sex.

    A quantitative method was used, and data collection was conducted via a web-based survey containing 62 questions. The participants in the study (N = 153) consisted of 115 women (75%) and 38 men (25%). IPIP-30 was used to measure personality and the Performance Failure Appraisal Inventory (PFAI) was used to measure fear of failure.

    The result showed in regression analysis a very strong statistically significant relationship (r = .69) between fear of failure and the personality factor neuroticism, and that it could explain ≈ 53% of the variance in fear of failure. The result was surprisingly strong and clear and showed convincingly that personality explained a large part of the content of the term called "fear of failure".

    Our conclusion is therefore that fear of failure as a concept, together with the associated measuring instrument (PFAI scale) becomes superfluous and can instead be replaced by the personality in the five-factor model.

  • 11.
    Axelsson, Linnea
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dabäck, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Alla passar inte här": En kvalitativ studie om medarbetares upplevelse av att socialiseras in i en stark organisationskultur2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study nine relatively new employees within a staffing company were interviewed about their experience of entering into a strong organizational culture. The company that was subject to the study has a recognized strong organizational culture that characterizes the daily life at the workplace. The people we interviewed had been employed between 3 to 18 months.

    The purpose of the study is to investigate employees' experience of socializing into a strong organizational culture, and to what extent they have internalized cultural norms and values.

    The result of the study shows that the respondents to different extents have embraced the organizational culture and feel comfortable with it, even though socializing into the new culture has been a process. Finally there is a discussion about the importance of person - organization fit as a significant requisite for organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and intent to stay in the company.

  • 12.
    Balder, Christina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    IT relaterad stress och personlighet: hur ser relationen mellan femfaktormodellen och IT relaterad stress ut?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We humans live in an increasingly digitized world and this affects both our private and working lives. Regardless of occupation, modern technology has resulted in a digitized work life. Even if the change that has happened within the latest years has resulted in what many would regard as positive aspects such as flexibility, availability and mobility, it is not a work situation that suits everyone.

    This study intended to investigate the associations between IT related stress in the working life and personality, based on the five-factor model (FFM). Previous research has established that out of the five personality traits that constitutes FFM, it is neuroticism and conscientiousness that has strong association with different forms of stress and stress-related phenomena.

    Data was collected from 170 participants using an online survey. The survey that the participants answered to consisted partly of a scale developed with the purpose of capturing IT related stress in work life and partly of a mini scale for FFM (IPIP30).

    The results showed, that the individuals least affected by IT related stress, or potential factors that affect how an individual copes with IT related stress, are individuals with high levels of conscientiousness.

  • 13.
    Balder, Christina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Björkman, Therese
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dark Triad: De mörka personlighetsdragen och upplevd stress2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In our time, stress is a factor that greatly influences our lives. Previous research has examined individual differences in relation to stress mainly through Costa and McCrae's (1985) five factor model (FFM). New research indicates that the current construct of Dark Triad consisting of narcissism, psychopathy and Machiavellianism needs further research. Research regarding the dark personality traits in relation to stress is limited. The purpose of the present study was to investigate possible correlations between the dark personality traits vulnerable narcissism and grandiose narcissism and psychopathy and Machiavellianism as well as the possible correlations between these dark personality traits and perceived stress. The number of participants was 346. The participants answered a questionnaire using different scales for each of the dark personality traits as well as one for perceived stress. PSS-10 for perceived stress, HSNS for vulnerable narcissism and NPI-13 for grandiose narcissism, EPA-SSF for psychopathy and MACH-IV for Machiavellianism. The results from the analyses show a significantly strong, positive correlation between vulnerable narcissism and perceived stress, as well as a negative correlation between grandiose narcissism and perceived stress. One conclusion of this study is that we suggest that narcissism should be treated as two separate personality traits in future research related to stress. The results also showed that we cannot draw any conclusions regarding differences between psychopathy and Machiavellianism in relation to perceived stress.Based on the results, we also suggest that primary and secondary psychopathy should be used in future research to investigate possible correlations between perceived stress.

  • 14.
    Berg, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Engblom, Johanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En kvalitativ studie om hur BVC sköterskor hanterar förlossningsdepression2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kvalitativa studien var att ta reda på hur barnhälsovårdens sköterskor hanterar förlossningsdepression i sitt yrke och hur organisationens riktlinjer ser ut. En nybliven mamma kan drabbas av en förlossnings-depression, men även av en ledsenhet. BVC sköterskors arbete består av hembesök, att informera föräldrarna om psykisk ohälsa och när barnet är 6-8 veckor får mamman fylla i en självskattningsskala – EPDS. De teorier vi utgått ifrån är Stigma och Värdeteorin men även begreppen skam, skuld, normer och värderingar har en stor betydelse i studien. Resultatet visar att sköterskornas arbetar med att få ett bra förhållande till föräldrarna är mycket viktigt och att EPDS är ett verktyg av stor betydelse i många avseenden.

  • 15.
    Berggren, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundgren, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Man kan ju inte vara ensam:: En kvalitativ studie om våld i nära relation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Violence in close relationship occurs in all social classes. The purpose of the study was to gain in-depth knowledge of the work of various social institutions concerning violence and particularly violence in close relationships, as well as how they work to reduce violence. Interviews were conducted with eight different actors in society to find out more and to investigate violence in close relationships. Using a norm-critical perspective, the study investigated whether the results support the assumption that a society-breaking behavior stems from norms. The interviews were semi-structured with an open-ended interview guide. The empirical material was analyzed with thematic analysis. The result shows that the violence in close relationship is physical violence, often combined with other forms of sexual and psychological violence. The violence in close relationships leads in addition to physical injuries and mental disorders, to long-term consequences for the individual individuals, society and the family. Violence in close relationship is considered a major social problem both internationally and in Sweden and is an infringement of human rights. The responsibility of Swedish society is to work against violence in close relation while supporting the citizens who are and have been exposed to violence in a close relation. The result showed that Trollhättan's city collaborates with several different social institutions to counter men's violence in close relationships and that they are at the forefront in Sweden in preventing and at the same time reducing the consequences of violence in close relationships while reducing social costs.

  • 16.
    Bergqvist Nordholm, Viktoria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Jarl, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ungdomars kunskap och förhållningssätt kring premenstruellt syndrom2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine young people's knowledge and approach about premenstrual syndrome based on the category gender and the residence. A survey was made, that 209 not entirely randomly picked high school students, between the age of 16 and 20, from three different cities replied in. One conclusion was that there was a significant difference on how the males and the females responded concerning general knowledge about premenstrual syndrome. This indicated that the women had higher general knowledge about PMS than the men. This applied as well to the knowledge of physical symptoms. The survey also showed that there was a difference in knowledge about physical symptoms between large city and medium size city. The respondents from the large city had higher knowledge about physical symptoms than the respondents from the medium size city. The results correspond to earlier studies that indicate that men have lower levels of knowledge than women about premenstrual syndromes and that men perceives the physical symptoms different than women.

  • 17.
    Bilger, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kostet, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Upplevda svårigheter att kombinera arbetsliv och privatliv: En kvantitativ studie om konflikter mellan arbetsliv och privatliv, arbetstillfredsställelse samt antal barn2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals of today have different roles in their work and in their private lives that are competing for an individual's time and energy, which can create difficulties in achieving balance between these two areas. This study investigates the relationship between conflicts between work and private life and job satisfaction. The individual's roles and the commitments these contain can make it difficult to find balance between work and private life. This makes it interesting to also investigate a particularly valuable aspect of private life, namely the number of children and its relationship with the conflicts. The study's participants consisted of 87 employees, of which 52 were women and 35 were men aged 26-58 years (M = 48). The instruments used to measure the conflicts were Work-Family and Family-Work Scales and to measure aspects of job satisfaction, parts of Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire Version II were used. The study found a significant negative correlation between experienced work-private life conflict and satisfaction with work (r = -.31, p = .004), which is in line with results of previous research. Between the number of children and experienced private life-work conflict, a positive relationship was found (r = .39, p = < .001). The results indicate that experienced difficulty in combining work with private life indicates a lower degree of satisfaction with work, while more children may indicate a higher experienced difficulty in combining the commitments of private life with work. Experienced conflicts between work and private life predicted satisfaction with work to 10%.

  • 18.
    Bjurhult, Christofer
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Constructions of Unaccompanied Children: A study on how concepts of Unaccompanied children become credible on an online forum2016In: Nordic Youth Research Symposium: Youth Moves – Voices – Spaces – Subjectivities, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016, p. 136-136Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Constructions of unaccompanied children have been researched to some extent. Concepts of the children have been studied in media and policy documents amongst others. How the children are constructed within an "everyday context", in form of an open online discussion forum and how the constructions become credible, are regarded as under-researched. Aim: The aim of the present study was to identify different discourses concerning unaccompanied children on the Flashback Forum, with regard to their rhetorical organization. Discourse is meant as a way to talk about and understand the world that constructs an object or phenomenon in a particular way. Method: To answer the aim, a discursive psychological approach was used, which focuses on how credibility and truth are created in communication. Based on a theoretical model, including the four rhetorical techniques category entitlement, empirical repertoire, consensus and extreme case formulations, it was examined how the writers at the forum created truth and responded to others' beliefs about the children. Result: The results showed that unaccompanied children are surrounded by the discourses: the adults, the children,the rapists, the special treated, the sexually vulnerable and the discourse of the biological male sex. Discourses were used in parallel in the speeches and to back up arguments at the forum. The writers used the studied rhetorical techniques to build credibility in the statements. With specific expression, facts about unaccompanied children were created.

  • 19.
    Björck, Ville
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Problematising the theory€-practice terminology: a discourse analysis of students'€™ statements on Work-integrated Learning2018In: Journal of Further and Higher Education, ISSN 0309-877X, E-ISSN 0013-1326Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study uses a Foucault-inspired discourse analysis to examine two ideas about learning which reinforce the terminology whereby theory means campus-based training and practice means work placements. The purpose is to problematise this theory–practice terminology and provide scope for a non-dualistic alternative. The ideas examined are the idea of theory vs. practice as the point of departure for learning and the idea of theory and practice as harmonious points of departure for learning. These ideas were voiced by interviewed students who discussed the usual design of Work-integrated Learning (WIL) whereby students go to university to learn ‘theory’ and into working life to learn ‘practice’. The analysis shows how the ideas are formed by different ranking orders between theory and practice which are mutually exclusive, while also working together to reinforce the theory–practice terminology. The discussion on how a non-dualistic terminology can emerge highlights how the usual WIL design forms a dualistic setting where the theory–practice terminology thrives and how designing WIL at a third place between university and working life can provide scope for the terminology we seek.

  • 20.
    Björkman, Josefin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Renlund, Louise
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Går det att lita på resultaten i personlighetstester?: En skönmålningsstudie av det arbetspsykologiska testet JobMatch Talent2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Questions have emerged about the reliability of personality tests which is related to the increased interest of these tests. The main part of these questions are related to whether test participants can manipulate the test to their advantage by responding dishonestly, i.e. to perform faking. Faking has proven to be a common problem especially in certain situations, such as selection processes. A lot of personality tests totally or partially lack defence-systems against faking. To contribute knowledge about personality tests' reliability this study investigated if JobMatch Talent is possible to fake, in addition it tested the test's ability to detect any possible faking. There are no current studies of JobMatch Talent that has addressed the issue of faking, therefore the study was important for increasing the understanding of the phenomenon and its effects on JobMatch Talent. 21 participants performed JobMatch Talent at two separate occasions with different instructions. At first, they received the instruction to answer honestly and at the second occasion they were instructed to perform faking. The collected data was analyzed based on a dependent t-test where the mean of each main scale was compared. The result showed that the mean of the majority of the main scales had increased the second time, which showed that it was possible to fake the test. The test also proved to be able to detect faking. Cohen's d showed small effect sizes. The result of this study regarding the ability to fake a personality tests is in line with the results of previous research.

  • 21.
    Björkman, Therese
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dark triad och empati:: Individer med mörka personlighetsdrag har förmåga att empatisera men låg benägenhet att göra så2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Empathy is fundamental to social interaction and relationships. People are expected to understand and relate to the feelings of others. The personality traits psychopathy, Machiavellianism and narcissism, together called the Dark Triad (DT), are characterized by hostile features. Individuals with high levels of DT are often described as individuals with low levels of empathy. However, previous research has shown varying results for the relationship between DT and empathy, largely due to measuring instruments. Therefore, the present study aim to investigate whether individuals with these dark personality traits that constitute DT lack the ability or disposition, or both to empathize. Through a web-based survey, data was collected for 278 participants. The survey consisted of following scales: SD3 measuring DT, eight items from ICAR16 measuring intelligence, a five item Turn-Out scale for measuring every day (empathic) behaviour, IRI measuring empathy and MET, also measuring empathy. The results from the analysis show that DT has a negative relationship with disposition-empathy and a weak positive relationship with ability. The results also demonstrate that different measuring instruments capture different aspects of empathy. Based on the results of the study, the conclusion is that individuals with high levels of DT has normal ability to empathize but low inclination to do so. 

  • 22.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ungdomars risktagande i en existentiell och genusordnad värld2018In: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap: grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Johansson, Thomas & Sorbring, Emma, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 290-305Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att organisera stöd så att barns och ungas aktörskap tas till vara2018In: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap: grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Johansson, Thomas & Sorbring, Emma, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 638-651Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Upplevelser av ekonomisk utsatthet: barns och ungas aktörskap och strategier2018In: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap: grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Johansson, Thomas; Sorbring, Emma, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 597-607Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ymefors, Mattias
    Teambaserat skolsocialt arbete: fördjupad och utökad elevhälsa2017In: Skolsocialt arbete: Skolan som plats för och del i det sociala arbetet / [ed] Backlund, Åsa, Högdin, Sara & Weitz, Ylva Spånberger (red.), Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017, p. 183-194Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Boman, Åse
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Eklöf, Mats
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Forsander, Gun
    The Queen Silvia Children’s Hospital, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Munthe, Christian
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Törner, Marianne
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Health care to empower self-care in adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus and an immigrant minority background2017In: SAGE Open Medicine, E-ISSN 2050-3121, Vol. 5, article id 2050312117700056Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The pediatric diabetes team aims to support health, quality of life, and normal growth and development among adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Adolescents with an immigrant background have been found less successful in self-care. Previous research indicated that adolescents who had integrated the disease as a part of their self-image reasoned differently about their self-care to those who had not.

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify elements in the patient-pediatrician consultations that might influence such integration of the disease among adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

    METHODS: A total of 12 pediatrician-adolescent consultations were video-recorded and analyzed. The adolescents all had an immigrant background.

    RESULTS: Integration of the disease appeared enabled when responsibility was shared; when hope, autonomy, and emotions were confirmed; and when the pediatrician asked probing questions. Letting objective data dominate the adolescent's experiences, using risk as a motivator, neutralizing emotions in relation to having diabetes, and confirming forgetfulness, may instead inhibit disease integration.

    CONCLUSION: An extended person-centered approach with focus on the adolescent's experiences of everyday life with a chronic disease and less attention on physical parameters in the pediatrician-adolescent consultations may increase integration of the disease.

  • 27.
    Bornstein, Marc H
    et al.
    Child and Family Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Bethesda, MD, USA..
    Putnick, Diane L
    Child and Family Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Bethesda, MD, USA..
    Lansford, Jennifer E
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan..
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Rome University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy..
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, Macau, China.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA..
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Rome University La Sapienza, Department of Psychology, Rome, Italy..
    Dodge, Kenneth A
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA..
    Malone, Patrick S
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA..
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya..
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Rome University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy..
    Skinner, Ann T
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA..
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand..
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Rome University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy..
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Rome, Italy.
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Mixed blessings: parental religiousness, parenting, and child adjustment in global perspective.2017In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, ISSN 0021-9630, E-ISSN 1469-7610, Vol. 58, no 8, p. 880-892Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Most studies of the effects of parental religiousness on parenting and child development focus on a particular religion or cultural group, which limits generalizations that can be made about the effects of parental religiousness on family life.

    METHODS: We assessed the associations among parental religiousness, parenting, and children's adjustment in a 3-year longitudinal investigation of 1,198 families from nine countries. We included four religions (Catholicism, Protestantism, Buddhism, and Islam) plus unaffiliated parents, two positive (efficacy and warmth) and two negative (control and rejection) parenting practices, and two positive (social competence and school performance) and two negative (internalizing and externalizing) child outcomes. Parents and children were informants.

    RESULTS: Greater parent religiousness had both positive and negative associations with parenting and child adjustment. Greater parent religiousness when children were age 8 was associated with higher parental efficacy at age 9 and, in turn, children's better social competence and school performance and fewer child internalizing and externalizing problems at age 10. However, greater parent religiousness at age 8 was also associated with more parental control at age 9, which in turn was associated with more child internalizing and externalizing problems at age 10. Parental warmth and rejection had inconsistent relations with parental religiousness and child outcomes depending on the informant. With a few exceptions, similar patterns of results held for all four religions and the unaffiliated, nine sites, mothers and fathers, girls and boys, and controlling for demographic covariates.

    CONCLUSIONS: Parents and children agree that parental religiousness is associated with more controlling parenting and, in turn, increased child problem behaviors. However, children see religiousness as related to parental rejection, whereas parents see religiousness as related to parental efficacy and warmth, which have different associations with child functioning. Studying both parent and child views of religiousness and parenting are important to understand the effects of parental religiousness on parents and children.

  • 28.
    Bowen, Erica
    et al.
    University of Worcester, Institute of Health and Society, United Kingdom.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Meeting adolescents 'where they're at': the use of technology to prevent violence and abuse in adolescent romantic relationships2017In: Eliminating gender-based violence / [ed] A. Taket & B.R. Crisp (red), Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, p. 54-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Bozsodi, Judit
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kan sex timmars arbetstid skapa ett hållbart arbetsliv?: En kvalitativ studie baserad på några medarbetares erfarenhet av sex timmars arbetsdag.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Working time reduction can be a means of reducing stress in society. Having a reasonable working time for wage workers is important in order to get the job done today. Today's problem is to create a sustainable working life for people in the future. According to the Ministry of Labor, several factors show that working life is not adapted to people's ability and needs. Work-related ill health is growing, which has been shown in increasing sick leave and stress in working life. Even the recovery time has decreased which leads to wear damage (Ds 2000: 22, p.14). The study aims at examining employee's experience of working time shortening thirteen years after organizational reform and see what this type of working-time reduction has meant for internal values such as: motivation, participation, requirements and learning that are indicators of a sustainable working life. Data gathering has helped with semi structured interview questions combined with open questions to get a more detailed answer. The study is based on a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. The interview includes eight workshop staff in a car company that has worked with both eight hours and six hours of work since 2002. The results showed that six hours of work with retained pay create motivation for employees who increase their productivity unemployment and efficiency even after thirteen years. This may be because they are experiencing their psychosocial work environment positively, which are the main motivational factors, indicating sustainable working life. Furthermore, the requirement has increased after the shortening of working hours, as the pressures to perform in a short period of time are experienced stressful. However, despite this picture, there is no risk of ill health when the employee's absence due to illness is not increased. Six-hour working day with retained salary contributes to reduced sick leave for long-term sickness who work full time instead of being partially ill-treated. The role of organizations is to create greater conditions for recovery for individuals to work longer and to have a sustainable working life. The result is consistent with previous research that has been done in a shorter period of time, where self-perceived health is increasing. Furthermore, the result shows that the activities and focuses on people's learning and skills development can thus maintain a sustainable working life. The theoretical frame of reference for the study contains the requirements -control-support model, experience theory, organization's change, Kasam.

  • 30.
    Bravo Vera, Evelyn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Behrami, Vjollca
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Vi springer in och ut": En kvalitativ studie om NPM införandet i hemtjänsten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate and increase our understanding of what the New Public Management reform has resulted for the employees of the municipal home care service and if they feel that the work has changed. The study is based on a qualitative research methodology and empirical material was collected through semi-structured interviews. In the study six respondents participated. All worked as assistant nurses in municipal home care services in Västra Götaland County. In order to analyze the collected material, Foucault's theories about discipline, power and monitoring were used. These theories can be interpreted as a power-using tool. Who are exercised to create committed bodies with the purpose of socializing the individual to adapt to norms and rules that will lead to efficiency in the work. The results of the study shows that the respondents feel controlled and supervised. It has also had a negative impact on the quality of care and social relations with the care providers.

  • 31.
    Brorsson, Karolina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vestin, Eric
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En utforskande sambandsstudie om moralisk vitalism och värderingar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Some people imagine, and believe, that good and evil exist as active forces that can influence people and events and also determine actions as morally right or wrong. This conception is called moral vitalism. The study examined connections between belief in moral vitalism and values. Values refer to the individual's personal estimation of the value of something, in the results of an action. The study had a wide angle and 188 respondents answered the webb questionnaire. The questionnaire had a normal distribution and of the respondents 74.2 % was women, 24.7% men and 1.1% answered being another sex. The largest part of the respondents were 26–35 (36%) and 79% had some kind of college or university education. The instrument from Schwartz values model (2012) and Bastian, Bain, Buhrmester, Gómez, Vásquez, Knight and Swann´s (2015) instrument to measure the degree of belief in moral vitalism were used in collecting data. Pearson’s correlation analysis was used to explore the connections. The study show two weak correlations between having conservation values or universal values and belief in moral vitalism, i.e. the belief that evil and good power have influence over people and events.

  • 32.
    Bäckman, Beata
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samordnarens upplevelse av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön på en bemanningsenhet i kommunal regi: En kvalitativ studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research project aims to examine the psychosocial working environment within a communal staffing unit, the experience of the coordinators working there, as well as the contributing factors affecting the psychosocial working environment. The information used in the research was extracted from semi-structured interviews with five individual coordinators. Each coordinator was working with allocating employees in the leave of absence due to various sickness, annual leave and/or flexible working hours; as well as child care, home care services, group homes, retirement homes and personal assistance. The material was analyzed using a thematic analysis approach and these four overarching patterns emerged: feedback, clear objectives in the workplace, working in an open plan office and collaboration. The results clearly show which factors the informants perceive to be the most meaningful for a favorable and less propitious psychosocial work environment. By demonstrating a greater understanding for what improvement that are needed, the results contribute to future enhancements which could provide an improved psychosocial working environment for the coordinators.

  • 33.
    Bång, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Närmande som försvar: En kvantitativ studie om närmandemotivation och personlighet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Employers would benefit from increased knowledge in approcah motivation, to aid employees in directing their drive toward constructive goals.

    The purpose of this paper was to examine if there where differences in how people use approach motivation as a defensive mechanism when experiencing goal conflict (when the pursuit of one goal hinders the pursuit of other goals) in the goal domains of work life and personal life.

    Goal conflict was operationalized by randomly assigning participants into two groups, asking one group to describe a personal dilemma concerning their personal life, and the other group to describe a dilemma concerning their professional life. Personality according to the five factor model was then measured, as well as approach motivation towards the two goal domains.

    The conducted study could not show any significant differences between groups in approach motivation towards the two goal domains. A regression analysis showed that the personality factors explaining most of the variance in approach motivation were conscientiousness (β = .43), extroversion (β = .32) and openness to experience3(β = .18).

    Following these results, connections between personality and approach motivation are discussed based on the assumption that human beings are cybernetic (goal directed and self regulating) systems (DeYoung, 2014).

  • 34.
    Coster, Matilda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johnsson, Rebecca
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tillfredsställelse med livet bland svenskar: En kvantitativ studie om vad som predicerar tillfredsställelse med livet.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are many psychological factors that affect how satisfied a person is with his life, and many studies have investigated whether it is possible to predict life satisfaction. To achieve a high level of life satisfaction is a relevant goal that concerns everyone. In this study, life satisfaction was examined and the aim of this study was to study how much of the variance in life satisfaction that could be explained by the variables: income, age, gender and to what extent the participants had creative- and independent work.

    An analysis was performed on already collected data from the World Value Survey. Data consisted of 1204 participants, of which 50 percent were women and 50 percent were men, aged 18-85 years.

    The results revealed that all the variables together accounted for 9 percent of the variance in life satisfaction. Consistent with the other studies in the literature, findings indicate that income could predict the most variance in life satisfaction. Results also revealed that having independent work was important. Furthermore findings also suggest that self-reported creative work was not a vital variable when predicting life satisfaction.

    This study concluded, similar to previous research, that there is a strong relationship between income and self-reported life satisfaction.

  • 35.
    Dafgård, Pia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Edvardsen, Catrin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Du är huvudpersonen i ditt liv, eller?: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnors upplevelser av empowerment dimensioner på kvinnodominerade arbetsplatser2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background of this study is to promote women in working life and to find methods for preventing ill health and sick leave, as well as highlighting women's experiences of empowerment processes in their area regarding their work situations. The purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate what strengthens women in their professional role. Do women have the opportunity to participate in empowerment processes and influence their skills development? Do women experience powerlessness in the women-dominated workplaces? The vision of the ideal work in which organization and employees are prioritized equally is the human relation theory where organization and employees need each other. Seven workplaces are represented by fifteen informants interviewed with a hermeneutic approach and interpreted through the IPA model. The result showed differences in the different workplaces that gave empowerment the dimensions of empowerment, powerlessness and strengthening through skills development. Where more knowledge gives more power.

  • 36.
    Dahlström, Ellen
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Swedén, Emelie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Alltså den här gillningen eller kommentaren liksom, det ger en viss bekräftelse...": En kvalitativ studie om ungdomars meningsskapande på Instagram2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to increase the understanding for the meaning-making that comes to expression when adolescents uses the social network Instagram. Specific focus is directed on what defines meaning-making in relation to adolescents experiences of the images on body ideal and health that is portrayed on Instagram. To answer the purpose we have used a qualitative research method, inspired by a phenomenological approach. We have completed three group interviews with a total of 16 adolescents in the last year of high school and then analyzed the data with inspiration from a qualitative content analysis. The result shows that Instagram are used as a tool to maintain the social interaction, on and beside of the media. By being interesting and show your best side the users also seek confirmation, which they get from likes and comments. The results also shows that adolescents are aware that the image of body ideal and health that exists on Instagram only shows a part of the whole picture. To be healthy the adolescents express that it's important to love yourself and have a balance in life.

  • 37. Daneback, Kristian
    et al.
    Sorbring, EmmaUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Socialt arbete och internet: att förstå och hantera sociala problem på nya arenor2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    et al.
    University of Poitiers, CAPS-EA4050, Department of Psychology, Poitiers, France.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Albarracin, Dolores
    University of Poitiers, CAPS-EA4050, Department of Psychology, Poitiers, France.
    Dauman, Rene
    University of Bordeaux, INCIA, UMR Centre Nationnal de la Recherche Scientifique, Bordeaux, France.
    Exploring Tinnitus-Induced Disablement by Persistent Frustration in Aging Individuals: A Grounded Theory Study2017In: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, ISSN 1663-4365, E-ISSN 1663-4365, Vol. 9, p. 1-18, article id 272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Qualitative research can help to improve the management of patients, meet their expectations and assist physicians in alleviating their suffering. The perception of moment-to-moment variability in tinnitus annoyance is an emerging field of exploration. This study sought to enlighten variability in tinnitus-induced disablement using a qualitative approach. Methods: Twelve participants (six females, six males, aged 51-79) were recruited via the French Tinnitus Association Journal for participation in recorded semi-structured interviews. Each participant had three interviews lasting 1 h, the sessions being separated one from the other by 2 weeks. Following recommendations of Charmaz (2014), the second and third interviews were aimed at gathering rich data, by enhancing the participants’ reflexivity in the circumstances of distress caused by tinnitus. After transcription, the data (n = 36 interviews) were analyzed using the approach to Grounded Theory proposed by Strauss and Corbin (1998). Results: Tinnitus as persistent frustration emerged as being the core category uniting all the other categories of the study. Hence, the core category accounted for the broader scope in participants’ experience of chronic tinnitus. It is suggested that tinnitus-induced disablement varied according to the degree of frustration felt by the participants in not being able to achieve their goals. The implications of this were analyzed using the following categories: “Losing body ownership,” “ Lacking perspectives,” and “Persevering through difficulties.” Based on these findings, we draw a substantive theory of tinnitus tolerance that promotes an active, disciplined and individualized approach to tinnitus-induced disablement. The model distinguishes pathways from sustained suffering to reduced annoyance (i.e., emerging tolerance). It accounts for difficulties that the participants experienced with a perceived unchanged annoyance over time. Furthermore, this model identifies a set of new attitudes toward oneself and others that tinnitus tolerance would entail. Conclusion: The subjective experience of frustration enlightens tinnitus-induced disablement, offering new perspectives for long-term self-management. Modulation of frustration, rather than moderation of tinnitus interference, is suggested as a new approach to the clinical management of tinnitus-related distress.

  • 39.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    et al.
    University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA.
    Godwin, Jennifer
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Caserta, Italy.
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, Rome, Italy.
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, USA.
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, China.
    Giunta, Laura Di
    Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Medellín, Colombia.
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome “Foro Italico”, Rome, Italy.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan.
    Within- and between-person and group variance in behavior and beliefs in cross-cultural longitudinal data2018In: Journal of Adolescence, ISSN 0140-1971, E-ISSN 1095-9254, Vol. 62, p. 2017-217Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract This study grapples with what it means to be part of a cultural group, from a statistical modeling perspective. The method we present compares within- and between-cultural group variability, in behaviors in families. We demonstrate the method using a cross-cultural study of adolescent development and parenting, involving three biennial waves of longitudinal data from 1296 eight-year-olds and their parents (multiple cultures in nine countries). Family members completed surveys about parental negativity and positivity, child academic and social-emotional adjustment, and attitudes about parenting and adolescent behavior. Variance estimates were computed at the cultural group, person, and within-person level using multilevel models. Of the longitudinally consistent variance, most was within and not between cultural groups—although there was a wide range of between-group differences. This approach to quantifying cultural group variability may prove valuable when applied to quantitative studies of acculturation.

  • 40.
    Dragin, Apilou
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Harlos Lundin, Camilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Är resiliens en framgångsfaktor på arbetsmarknaden?: - Personlighet som prediktor för resiliens2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the Swedish labor market jobseekers are largely judged based on their CV, despite the fact that employers increasingly require personal qualities like resistance to stress and ability to handle complex situations. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether personality factors or common recruitment factors have the highest predictive validity for resilience in work life. A digital questionnaire was compiled to quickly and easily reach respondents online. Measuring instruments IPIP30, COPSOQ II and The Resilience Scale were used to measure personality, perceived stress, quantitative requirements at work, risk of burnout and resilience. Data regarding age, sex, education level, grades, time in current employment and occupational area as well as total work experience were collected in order to collect classical recruitment factors. Data was analyzed from 252 professionals in the ages 17-62 (M = 34, SD = 10), 62% women and 38% men. At the time of the study the majority of the respondents worked full-time and their education level was primarily a secondary education or a bachelor's degree. To calculate the predictability for the current factors, a two-step hierarchical linear regression analysis was implemented. Results showed that personality factors can predict an individual's ability to handle work-related stress more reliably than common recruitment factors. Our analysis also indicated that classical recruitment methods such as CV review could not contribute with a reliable resilience assessment. Hopefully, our results could help enhancing

  • 41.
    Duell, Natasha
    et al.
    Temple University, Department of Psychology, United States.
    Icenogle, Grace
    Temple University, Department of Psychology, United States.
    Silva, Karol
    Temple University, Department of Psychology, United States.
    Chein, Jason
    Temple University, Department of Psychology, United States.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Banich, Marie T.
    University of Colorado at Boulder, Department of Psychology & Neuroscience, United States.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Rome University ‘La Sapienza", Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy .
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Fanti, Kostas A.
    University of Cyprus, Department of Psychology, Cyprus.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Consultorio Psicológico Popular, Medellín, Colombia .
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan.
    Takash, Hanan M. S.
    Hashemite University, Queen Rania Faculty for Childhood, Jordan.
    Bacchini, Dario
    University of Naples “Federico II”, Department of Psychology, Italy.
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, Department of Psychology, China.
    Chaudhary, Nandita
    University of Delhi, Department of Human Development and Childhood Studies, Lady Irwin College, India.
    A cross-sectional examination of response inhibition and working memory on the Stroop task2018In: Cognitive development, ISSN 0885-2014, E-ISSN 1879-226X, Vol. 47, p. 19-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors examined the association between working memory and response inhibition on the Stroop task using a cross-sectional, international sample of 5099 individuals (49.3% male) ages 10–30 (M = 17.04 years; SD = 5.9). Response inhibition was measured using a Stroop task that included "equal" and "unequal" blocks, during which the relative frequency of neutral and incongruent trials was manipulated. Competing stimuli in incongruent trials evinced inhibitory functioning, and having a lower proportion of incongruent trials (as in unequal blocks) placed higher demands on working memory. Results for accuracy indicated that age and working memory were independently associated with response inhibition. Age differences in response inhibition followed a curvilinear trajectory, with performance improving into early adulthood. Response inhibition was greatest among individuals with high working memory. For response time, age uniquely predicted response inhibition in unequal blocks. In equal blocks, age differences in response inhibition varied as a function of working memory, with age differences being least pronounced among individuals with high working memory. The implications of considering the association between response inhibition and working memory in the context of development are discussed.

  • 42.
    Duell, Natasha
    et al.
    Temple University, Department of Psychology,Philadelphia, USA.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University,Department of Psychology, Philadelphia, PA, USA and King Abdulaziz University.
    Icenogle, Grace
    Temple University, Department of Psychology,Philadelphia, USA.
    Chein, Jason
    Temple University, Department of Psychology,Philadelphia, USA.
    Chaudhary, Nandita
    University of Delhi, Department of Human Development and Childhood Studies, Lady Irwin College, New Delhi, India..
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Università di Roma, "La Sapienza", Department of Psychology, Roma, RM, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA..
    Fanti, Kostas A.
    University of Cyprus, Department of Psychology, Kallipoleos, Cyprus..
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA..
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Department of Educational Psychology, Maseno, Kenya..
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma, "La Sapienza", Department of Psychology, Roma, RM, Italy.
    Skinner, Anne T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Department of Psychiatry, Chiang Mai, Thailand..
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Consultorio Psicológico Popular, Medellín, Colombia .
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Department of Psychology, Metro Manila, Philippines.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University and Emirates College for Advanced Education, Al Zafranah, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
    Takash, Hanan M. S.
    Hashemite University, Queen Rania Faculty for Childhood, Zarqa, Jordan..
    Bacchini, Dario
    University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Department of Psychology, Caserta, CE, Italy .
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, Department of Psychology,Zhuhai Shi, China..
    Age patterns in risk taking across the world2018In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, ISSN 0047-2891, E-ISSN 1573-6601, Vol. 47, no 5, p. 1052-1072Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Epidemiological data indicate that risk behaviors are among the leading causes of adolescent morbidity and mortality worldwide. Consistent with this, laboratory-based studies of age differences in risk behavior allude to a peak in adolescence, suggesting that adolescents demonstrate a heightened propensity, or inherent inclination, to take risks. Unlike epidemiological reports, studies of risk taking propensity have been limited to Western samples, leaving questions about the extent to which heightened risk taking propensity is an inherent or culturally constructed aspect of adolescence. In the present study, age patterns in risk-taking propensity (using two laboratory tasks: the Stoplight and the BART) and real-world risk taking (using self-reports of health and antisocial risk taking) were examined in a sample of 5,227 individuals (50.7% female) ages 10-30 (M = 17.05 years, SD = 5.91) from 11 Western and non-Western countries (China, Colombia, Cyprus, India, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the US). Two hypotheses were tested: (1) risk taking follows an inverted-U pattern across age groups, peaking earlier on measures of risk taking propensity than on measures of real-world risk taking, and (2) age patterns in risk taking propensity are more consistent across countries than age patterns in real-world risk taking. Overall, risk taking followed the hypothesized inverted-U pattern across age groups, with health risk taking evincing the latest peak. Age patterns in risk taking propensity were more consistent across countries than age patterns in real-world risk taking. Results suggest that although the association between age and risk taking is sensitive to measurement and culture, around the world, risk taking is generally highest among late adolescents

  • 43.
    Dunkel, Caroline
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Eriksen, Liv
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Generationsskillnader och work-life balance2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Work-life balance has been found to be of importance to the physical and mental well-being, and statistics show that sick leave due to stress and mental illness has increased in Sweden in recent years.

    Generational differences are a debated topic, let alone in an occupational context. Therefore, this study aims at investigating if there are differences between how generation X and generation Y in Sweden, experience the ability to balance work and private life.

    To investigate this, a quantitative survey was conducted in the form of a questionnaire based on an already validated instrument for measuring work-life balance and some background questions. A total of 324 individuals in the ages 20-53, evenly distributed between generation X and Y, participated.

    The result shows that there is no difference between the generations concerning experienced work-life balance. However, the result shows that work and private life affect each other in both generations, and that it is to a greater extent the work that inhibits the balance between work and private life. Other factors that prove to correlate with work-life balance are weekly working hours, level of education and gender. More worked hours/week and higher completed education meant higher levels of perceived imbalance between work and private life of both generations. The women of generation X were found to experience a greater degree of imbalance than men. The study shows that there is no need to take into account generation in the prevention of imbalance, but also the importance of employers' awareness of the impact of work for the individual's ability to maintain balance between work and private life.

  • 44.
    Duvander, Ann-Zofie
    et al.
    Stockholm universitet.
    Haas, Linda
    Indiana University.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sweden country note2017In: International Review of Leave Policies and Research 2017 / [ed] Koslowski A., Blum S. and Moss P. (eds.), Wien: Austrian Institute for Family Studies University of Vienna , 2017, p. 1-9Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Basinska, Beata A.
    Faculty of Management and Economics, Gdansk University of Technology, Gdansk, Poland; Faculty of Psychology, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Warsaw, Poland.
    Job Demands, Engagement, and Turnover Intentions in Polish Nurses: The Role of Work-Family Interface2018In: Psychosocial job dimensions and distress/well-being: issues and challenges in occupational health psychology / [ed] Renato Pisanti, James Campbell Quick, Montgomery Anthony, Frontiers Media S.A., 2018, 1, p. 91-104Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Poland has lower ratios of employed registered nurses per 1,000 inhabitants than the EU average. Polish nurses work under miserable conditions without assisting personnel, and they reconcile their professional demands with responsibilities for their families; 96% of them are women.

    Rationale/Aims:

    This study uses Hobfoll's conservation of resources (CORs) theory to explain the role of various resources in the improvement of work conditions in the nursing profession. Work-family conflict (WFC) and family work conflict (FWC) threaten to deplete nurses' resources. This paper set out to (1) examine the extent to which perceived job demands (workload and interpersonal conflicts at work) and engagement (vigor, dedication, and absorption) are associated with turnover intentions (the intention to leave the present workplace and the intention to leave the nursing profession); (2) attempt to determine whether levels of WFC and FWC moderate these associations.

    Design/Method:

    This study comprised 188 female registered nurses. The inclusion criterion was to live with a partner and/or have children.

    Results:

    WFC was moderately related to FWC. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that only high job demands and low vigor were significantly associated with turnover intentions. WFC was experienced more intensively than FWC. Job demands, vigor, dedication, and turnover intentions had a strong effect on WFC, while absorption had a strong effect on FWC. However, levels of WFC and FWC did not significantly moderate these associations.

    Originality/Conclusion:

    The study produces new knowledge by examining a constellation of job demands, work engagement and WFC, which reflect the management of personal resources. Results from such a constellation in nurses from countries with a post-transformational economic system have not previously been discussed in the light of COR theory. Most importantly, we conclude that WFC does not intensify turnover intentions.

  • 46.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hellström, Åke
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Interrater Reliability of Psychopathy Checklist-Revised: Results on Multiple Analysis Levels for a Sample of Patients Undergoing Forensic Psychiatric Evaluation2018In: Criminal Justice and Behavior, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 234-263Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scores from the Psychopathy Checklist–Revised (PCL-R) are used to support decisions regarding personal liberty. In our study, performed in an applied forensic psychiatric setting, intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) for absolute agreement, single rater (ICCA1) were .89 for the total score, .82 for Factor 1, .88 for Factor 2, and .78 to .86 for the four facets. These results stand in contrast to lower reliabilities found in a majority of field studies. Disagreement among raters made a low contribution (0%-5%) to variability of scores on the total score, factor, and facet level. For individual items, ICCA1 varied from .38 to .94, with >.80 for seven of the 20 items. Items 17 (“Many short-term marital relationships”) and 19 (“Revocation of conditional release”) showed very low reliabilities (.38 and .43, respectively). The importance of knowledge about factors that can affect scoring of forensic instruments (e.g., education, training, experience, motivation, raters’ personality, and quality of file data) is emphasized.

  • 47.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ragnestål Impola, Carina
    Basinska, Beata A.
    Some Bright And Dark Sides Of Personality May Be Adaptive For Well-Being In Face Of Workplace Bullying2017In: Enabling Change Through Work and Organizational Psychology : Opportunities and Challenges for Research and Practice, Dublin, Irland, 2017, article id Th-OR-S36-2Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose Targets of workplace bullying tend to have poor health, and we set out to determine whether personality may predict their health quality. 

    Design/Methodology We collected data from 172 people (98 women); social workers, engineers and restaurant employees. To measure health, we used parts of EQ-5D (usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression), and EQ VAS, a visual analogue scale. Bright (Big-Six) and dark (Machiavellianism, subclinical psychopathy, and narcissism) personality traits were measured by MiniIPIP6 and Short-D3. NAQ-R was used to determine who feel bullied. The relationships of the traits and bullying with health (outcome) were analyzed using 3-step hierarchical linear regressions, controlling for gender, age and social desirability.

    Results In face of workplace bullying low extraversion, humility-sincerity and low narcissism significantly predicted poor health related to both discomfort and usual activities. Separate regression models regarding both bright and dark sides of personality predicting depression/anxiety became non-significant when NAQ-R was entered.

    Limitations Cross-sectional design and Swedish population.

    Research/Practical Implications These results imply that high extraversion and narcissism may protect aspects of health important for working life in face of workplace bullying, while low levels of these traits make a target’s health more sensitive. 

    Originality/Value The study is the first to analyze different dimensions of health quality with predictors of both bright and dark personality in face of workplace bullying, discussing the results in the light of Hobfoll’s COR theory and evolution theory. 

  • 48.
    Eklund, Annika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Skyvell Nilsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Kliniskt basår för nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor inom Västra Götalandsregionen: en utvärderingsrapport2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Newly graduate nurses (NGN) transition between basic education and work in a complex health care practice, as well as their intention of leaving the profession during the first year of work and how this can be prevented, is a global concern. NGN experience difficulties integrating workplace environment, expectations, and educational experiences. This is an evaluation study of a one-year transition program, which was implemented as a project during 2016-17, at six hospitals in Sweden.

    An explorative research design was used and data consist of focus group and individual interviews with NGNs, interviews with first-line managers, observations of simulation training, and survey material from the hospitals. Data was analyzed using thematic analysis. Results show an overarching structure for all hospitals in the region, the NGNs are engaged in the following learning activities; introduction at the ward and a senior RN as preceptor, lectures and/or simulations, change of ward, process-oriented reflection seminars and mentorship.

    The different learning activities contribute to the overall learning in different ways. Continuous supervision and structured reflection are central to NGNs professional learning. Organizational conditions create prerequisites for learning during the transition program and a change of ward is a particular challenge to get organized. The results, also provides a deeper understanding of the foundational components in NGNs early development of expertise, security as professionals, and essential knowledge for bridging the practices of the first cycle program and healthcare practice at hospitals.

  • 49.
    Ekmekҫi, Karolin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Leandersson, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Är alla svenskar kalla, tråkiga och osociala?: En kvalitativ studie om ensamkommande flyktingbarns upplevelser av det svenska samhället2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our purpose with this study is to highlight the elements of civil society that can help newly arrived youths a sense of connection and belonging in the new society and what impact this may have on their future in the new country. The study is a qualitative method where four semi-structured interviews were conducted. The youths we interviewed are young men from Afghanistan who came to Sweden as an unaccompanied refugee children. The study is based on a phenomenological / hermeneutical approach and empirical data have been analyzed in the analytical unit with IPA. The study is abductive. We have analyzed the empirical basis and in cooperation with Antonovsky's theory of SOC. And the concepts of social inclusion and exclusion. Giddens' theory of ontological security and självreflexivitet have also been used and at last we choose to problematize change of culture using to describe two different society models. The results of our study show that civil society is significant because the youths felt a sense of community and social inclusion within organizations and associations in the community. The importance of having a job is seen as a key aspect of social inclusion. The biggest setback was the loss of their family and culture at home and try to find a new sense of community and belonging in Sweden. Young people tell us that they have encountered limitations in the Swedish society, which means that they sometimes feel excluded. While mention the other situations where they experience social inclusion. Youths feel that they are in Sweden have greater opportunities to influence their own life choices which gives them the motivation to find new challenges and goals to aim for in life. The youths we interviewed strive to feel involved in various ways in the social community.

  • 50.
    Ekmekҫi, Karolin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Leandersson, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Är alla svenskar kalla, tråkiga och osociala?: En kvalitativ studie om ensamkommande flyktingbarns upplevelser av det svenska samhället2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our purpose with this study is to highlight the elements of civil society that can help newly arrived youths a sense of connection and belonging in the new society and what impact this may have on their future in the new country. The study is a qualitative method where four semi-structured interviews were conducted. The youths we interviewed are young men from Afghanistan who came to Sweden as an unaccompanied refugee children. The study is based on a phenomenological / hermeneutical approach and empirical data have been analyzed in the analytical unit with IPA. The study is abductive. We have analyzed the empirical basis and in cooperation with Antonovsky's theory of SOC. And the concepts of social inclusion and exclusion. Giddens' theory of ontological security and självreflexivitet have also been used and at last we choose to problematize change of culture using to describe two different society models. The results of our study show that civil society is significant because the youths felt a sense of community and social inclusion within organizations and associations in the community. The importance of having a job is seen as a key aspect of social inclusion. The biggest setback was the loss of their family and culture at home and try to find a new sense of community and belonging in Sweden. Young people tell us that they have encountered limitations in the Swedish society, which means that they sometimes feel excluded. While mention the other situations where they experience social inclusion. Youths feel that they are in Sweden have greater opportunities to influence their own life choices which gives them the motivation to find new challenges and goals to aim for in life. The youths we interviewed strive to feel involved in various ways in the social community

1234 1 - 50 of 190
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf