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  • 1.
    Alabaf, Setareh
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology,Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gillberg, Christopher
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology,Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lundström, Sebastian
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology,Gothenburg, Sweden. Center for Ethics, Law and Mental health (CELAM), Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lichtenstein, Paul
    Karolinska Institute, Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Råstam, Maria
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden. Lund University, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Lund, Sweden..
    Anckarsäter, Henrik
    University of Gothenburg, Center for Ethics, Law and Mental health (CELAM), Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Correction to: Physical health in children with neurodevelopmental disorders.2018In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in Fig. 2 part labels, the label "d" was incorrectly labelled as "c" and the subsequent labels should be corrected as d, e, and f. The corrected Fig. 2 is given below.

  • 2.
    Alabaf, Setareh
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gillberg, Christopher
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lundström, Sebastian
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden. Center for Ethics, Law and Mental health (CELAM), Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lichtenstein, Paul
    Karolinska Institute, Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Råstam, Maria
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden. Lund University, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Lund, Sweden.
    Anckarsäter, Henrik
    University of Gothenburg, Center for Ethics, Law and Mental health (CELAM), Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Physical health in children with neurodevelopmental disorders.2018In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With increasing numbers of children being diagnosed with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) attention has been drawn to these children's physical health. We aimed to identify the prevalence of defined physical problems (epilepsy, migraine, asthma, cancer, diabetes, psoriasis, lactose intolerance, celiac disease, diarrhea, constipation, daytime enuresis, encopresis) in a nationwide population of 9- and 12-year-old twins subdivided into those with and without indications of NDDs. Parents of 28,058 twins participated in a well-validated telephone interview regarding their children's mental health and answered questions about their physical problems. The results indicate a high rate of physical problems in children with NDDs, particularly in those with indications of the presence of combinations of several NDDs.

  • 3.
    Alfredsson, Anna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    "Detta är en hård nöt att knäcka": Sexualupplysning till nyanlända ungdomar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we explore more closely how different organizations in society work and do their business to learn about sex and social information for newly arrived young people. In the study, the participants' own stories will provide an insight into how it may appear to work with sex and social information for newly arrived young people. These organizations work to provide sex education to newly arrived young people in diverse ways, which made it interesting to rigorously compare the organizations work methods with each other and then highlight the forces in the diverse ways of working. The purpose of this study is to investigate how some organizations in society work with sex and social information aimed at newly arrived young people. Furthermore, an aim is to investigate these organizations own perceptions of this work and look at similarities and differences in their way of working. In this qualitative study, interviews have been chosen as data collection methods. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze data for this study. The main result of the study was presented in the form of "Change". The theme Change shows the informants' desire for change in both working methods and perceptions. The theme consists of two domains. The first domain is "Way of working" and represents how the different organizations look at the work, and what are the shortcomings. For example, more resources and continuity at work are needed, and generally how the work on sex and cohabitation information looks. Under the domain of Work, there are four categories "more resources", "continuity", "grouping" and "participation and interaction". The second domain is "Knowledge Situation and Needs", which represent the actors' perceptions of how the knowledge situation among the youths. Under the Knowledge and Requirements domain, there are two categories, "ignorance" and "attitudes". In these categories, the group's attitudes towards sexual and social information and the meetings with the organizations, as well as the attitudes of the activities, are emphasized. An illumination of the lack of knowledge of the group is in the category of ignorance, deviant ignorance compared to young people in general. In conclusion, it is generally necessary to add more resources and the theme 'Change' summarizes the whole of how the organizations work with sex and social information or how they want to work with it. More resources should be invested in the field and they need to work continuously with this area for a lengthy period. A common picture and perception was established regarding that more involvement and cooperation between organizations. The organizations consider that diverse ways of grouping at the meeting with young people are needed and constructive work with the attitudes of young people and the ignorance that the organizations consider is associated with sex and cohabitation among young people.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Emelie
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    "Jag är ingen psykolog, så det är som det är": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om förskolepersonals erfarenheter av att identifiera psykisk ohälsa hos barn i förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background According to the Public Health Agency of Sweden, mental ill-health is increasing in Sweden and the affected are becoming younger and younger. There is therefore an increasing need for more research on children and their mental ill-health. To be able to stop this negative development it is of foremost importance that children get help as early as possible. Preschool staff members play a vital role in the identification of mental ill-health among young children and making sure that the right help is given. Aim The aim of the study is to illustrate preschool staff member´s experience of identifying children with mental illhealth. Method The method used is qualitative interview study. Six female preschool staff members have been interviewed and a content analysis has been applied on the answers. Results Children´s mental ill-health is a very complex subject and something that is not included in the Swedish curriculum. Additionally, the education of preschool staff members does not include anything concerning children's mental ill-health. Consequently, preschool staff members battle with a situation where they play a crucial role in the identification of mental ill-health among the children however they do not possess neither the knowledge nor the skills to do so. Conclusion Mental ill-health among children in preschool is a very complex subject. Preschool staff members face a very tough responsibility in identifying the signs of mental ill-health among the children and the reasons for this are many.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Börjesson, Oliver
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Att identifiera resursfaktorer för arbetsnärvaro i en västsvensk kommun: En fenomenografisk ansats2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sickness absence in Swedish municipalities have increased during the past five years. This is a trend that follows all Swedish municipalities. A municipality in Western Sweden has worked much to prevent sickness absence through rehabilitation. However, the municipality now wants to shift focus and work more with those who are healthy by investigating what creates health among their employees.

    Purpose & Issue: This study aims to investigate which resource factors of health that contributes to the working presence in a municipality in Western Sweden. Method: A qualitative method with inspiration from phenomenography has been used for the study design, for gathering data and for the data analysis.

    Result – Outcome space & Conclusions: Four main categories emerged identifying The result shows four categories identified as the most important resource factors for health among for the informants. These four categories were: job satisfaction, morale, opportunity to influence and wholeness.

  • 6.
    Appelt, Kalle
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Karlsson, Rasmus
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Motivation till fysisk aktivitet: Skillnader och bidragande faktorer2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Different kinds of physical activity were and had been of interest to both of us for the larger part of our lives. This made us decide to create a quantitative survey study. The focus of this study would be on motivation for being physically active. The reason for this decision being, that we both thought it would be interesting to study what motivates gym-goers to be and stay physically active. The positive effects of physical activity are well documented in today’s society. It helps diminish the effects of heart problems, strengthens the immune system, and makes the individual more energetic.

    Purpose & Issues: The purpose of this study, was to investigate, and try to pinpoint what makes people motivated to be and stay physically active. Further important topics and issues that were to be investigated in this study, was if there were any differences regarding gender, and how motivation could differentiate between subgroups regarding the subject of physical activity.

    Method: This study has been a quantitative cross-sectional study, using a survey to collect data.

    Results: The result shows that most people who responded to this survey, indicated that the health and pleasure that exists within physical activity are the main motivational factors. Further comparisons also show that there are some differences in what men and women prefer to do in correlation of physical activity, and how the level of motivation may differ from earlier exercise experiences. Our results showed, that in general strength training was more popular among men, while endurance training was more popular among women.

    Conclusion: After the analysis of the result of this study, the conclusion could be made that people are motivated by what they think is fun. To preserve the health and joy in their physical activity, was what appeared to be the main motivation sources. A further conclusion was also that people became more motivated, the longer they had been regularly physically active. A slight difference was also observed between men and women regarding training habits. Men engage more in strength training, whilst women are more active regarding endurance training.

  • 7.
    Aregård, Alicia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Har man nära till naturen har man nära till lugnet: En studie av landsbygdsbors förhållande till naturen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka landsbygdsbors förhållande till naturen, med fokus på dess betydelse för det mentala välbefinnandet. Studien har en kvalitativ ansats och material har samlats in i form av självrapporter, i vilka informanter i olika delar av landet har delat med sig av tankar om sin vardag på landsbygden och naturens roll i vardagen. Resultatet visar att närheten till naturen har stor betydelse för informanternas dagliga välbefinnande och deras förmåga att hantera vardagen. Naturen utgör en källa till rekreation och fungerar även som en slags terapeut för bearbetning av tankar och känslor. Den andel av informanterna som både bor och arbetar på landsbygden lägger något större fokus på upplevelsen av att ha naturen ständigt närvarande, jämfört med den grupp som arbetar i tätorter och fokuserar på att de söker sig till naturen i rekreationssyfte. Det framkommer att närheten till naturen har stor betydelse för livskvaliteten, genom att stämma överens med informanternas uppfattningar om vad ett gott liv innebär. Vikten av att leva ett liv som överensstämmer med de egna värderingarna är potentiellt den främsta slutsatsen som kan dras av resultatet. Det tredje och sista temat som framträder visar en medvetenhet kring miljöfrågor och hållbarhet, både kring den fysiska miljön och de strukturella förutsättningar som råder på landsbygden. En viss oro för framtiden lyfts och man understryker hur viktigt det är med en levande landsbygd. Resultatet har tolkats utifrån teorier om livskvalitet, rekreation och miljöengagemang.

  • 8.
    Aronsson, Jennifer
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Sikström, Lina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    De osynliga barnen: En kvalitativ litteraturbaserad studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: One-third of patients in psychiatric care were also parents who lived with their children. There is a connection between mental illness among parents and mental illness among children. Mental illness may affect the parental ability. Despite laws and regulation that exists to protect and support children who were living with a parent suffering from mental illness, these children are often forgotten. Children's needs are sometimes not recognized and met. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate children's experience of living with a parent who suffers from mental illness. Method: A qualitative literature study based on 13 qualitative studies was conducted. Results: The result of this study is divided in two themes of experiences. The results shows that children who were living with a parent who suffers from mental illness experiences a different everyday life and feelings of being different and alone. A life full of fear and worries, a shifting parenting role, lack of knowledge and feeling of being invisible constitute the first theme. The second theme shows children's experiences of being on the outside, alone with thoughts and living in uncertainty. Conclusion: The result shows that children who lived with a parent with mental illness are affected in one or another way. An interpretation of the result is that parents who suffers from mental illness deficits to vouch for the children and that children are forced to handle strenuous situations on their own.

  • 9.
    Aronsson, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Brobeck, Matilda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Sociala mediers påverkan på ungdomars psykiska hälsa: en litteraturöversikt2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Adolescents mental health has increased during the past decade, meanwhile social media has expanded in our society. High standards and idealistic expectations for appearance, health and lifestyle are created and maintained through social media. The aim of this study was to describe how social media impact on adolescents mental health. To provide an overwiew of social medias impact on adolescents mental health this study were conducted as a literature review. The search for studies were made in different databases using words like adolescents, mental health and social media. The inclusion criterias were adolescents of both gender, depressive symptoms and social medias. The analysis was conducted by a thematic analysis where the similarities and differences were identified and created themes. The results showed that social media had an impact on adolescents mental health. The impact was made through victimization on social medias and the usage frequency of social medias. Victimization on and usage frequency of social medias showed a relationship to social comparison, lower self-esteem and increased depressive symptoms among adolescents. Social medias impaired adolescents mental health. It needs further research to create future direction how healthcare organizations manage the effects of adolescents social media use.

  • 10.
    Arveklev Höglund, Susanna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg.
    Drama and Learning in Nursing Education: A study in first and second cycle2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The overall aim of this thesis was to explore and describe the nature of students learning through drama in nursing education, in first and second cycle. Methods: Study I was conducted as an integrative review of the literature. Study II was performed as a qualitative phenomenographic study were 16 nursing students was interviewed. In study III 43 group assignment by nursing students in first cycle were analyzed using Qualitative content Analysis. Study IV was conducted as a qualitative phenomenographic study where 15 nursing students in second cycle was individually interviewed. Results: The findings in study I showed that drama can be used effectively in nursing education to enhance students' learning. The summarized results of the empirical studies (II–IV) showed that drama enabled the students to learn about themselves and develop a higher self-awareness. Learning through drama also gave the students opportunities to learn about others by exploring the perspectives of colleagues, patients, and patients' next of kin in fictive nursing situations. The findings showed in addition that drama could make the theoretical course content more concrete and easier to grasp. Learning through drama activated the students' learning by offering them the possibility to be active and explore various roles and scenarios, and by promoting reflection in which they could share experiences with their peers. By participating in drama, the students reached an evolving identification with the profession of a nurse (II–III) and of a specialist nurse in paediatric care (IV). Conclusion: Drama in nursing education has the unique potential to prepare nursing students in both first and second cycle for their future nursing role. Through drama, students are given the opportunity to explore and gain knowledge about how to use theoretical knowledge in practice, about their inner selves, and about other person's perspectives.

  • 11.
    Arveklev Höglund, Susanna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Drama and Learning in nursing education-A Study in first and second cycle2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Arveklev Höglund, Susanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. Sahlgrenska Academy.
    Wigert, Helena
    nstitute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Box 457, 40530 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Berg, Linda
    nstitute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Box 457, 40530 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Lepp, Margret
    Østfold University College, Halden, Norway.
    Specialist nursing students experiences of learning about paediatric care through dramaManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Bador, Kourosh
    et al.
    Agera Sweden ACT AB, Borås Sweden.
    Bador, Nima
    Agera Sweden ACT AB, Borås Sweden.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Partnership Interacts with the Association between Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Positive Affect2016In: Psychology, ISSN 2152-7180, Vol. 7, no 6, p. 768-775Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Subjective well-being is a central concept of positive psychology, and is directly coupled with a high level of positive affect and a low level of negative affect. Positive affect is associated with enthusiasm, activity, hope and inspiration, while negative affect is associated with emotions such as anger, contempt, guilt, shame, fear, anxiety, depression, and stress. Physical activityis crucial for both physical and mental health and is positively associated with well-being. Gender and social factors (e.g., parenthood or partnership) have complex relations with well-being and affect. In the present study we aimed to 1) examine the association between leisure-time physical activity and affect and 2) investigate whether or not social factors interact with this association. Method: The study included information from 155 Swedish university students: 64 men (mean age 23 years) and 91 women (mean age 27 years). Students were asked to estimate their usual engagement in physical activity during their leisure-time by responding to the Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire. They also reported the level of positive and negative emotions experienced during past weeks by completing the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule instrument. Results: In the Swedish student population leisure-time physical activity correlated only with positive and not with negative affect. Students' gender, age or whether or not they had children did not influence this association. However, this correlation differed significantly between those who lived with a partner and those who were single. Conclusion: Leisure-time physical activityis positively correlated with an overall subjective well-being, and this correlation is modifiedby the social factor of partnership

  • 14.
    Bandic, Mia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Baban, Vian
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Attityder gentemot sexualförbrytare inom kriminalvården2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Professionals' attitude towards sex offenders is a field that requires more research. Former studies, made in other countries, have shown that the public and often even professionals have negative attitudes towards this type of offenders. In Sweden there is no previous study that investigates professionals' attitudes towards sex offenders. The aims of the present study were to describe the general perception of attitudes towards sex offenders among prison personnel in Sweden, and to investigate if these attitudes affect their professional work. Respondents in this study participated through a web based inquiry. The participants were professionals working closely with sex offenders. The results show that personnel with good knowledge about sex crimes are motivated in their work with sex offenders. Furthermore, the results also show that personnel are optimistic to treating individuals who have been convicted of sex offending. They also consider that attitudes, among the personnel, affect the treatment of the offenders and in that way it can also affect the nursing of them. Because of the low number of participants in this study, caused by a relatively great external dropout, one should be cautious in interpreting the results and not generalize the results to represent prison wards in Sweden.

  • 15. Bauer, G.F. et al.
    et al.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Future directions for the concept of salutogenesis: A position paperIn: Health Promotion International, ISSN 0957-4824, E-ISSN 1460-2245Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Bength, Cathrine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Edwartz, Linus
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Samband mellan drogberoende och aggressivt antisocialt beteende, sant eller falskt?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Adolescents tend to be more impulsive and more prone to take risks compared to adults, which can be related to immaturity in the brain structure. This often leads to impulsive acts without thinking about the consequences of their actions. This also means that adolescents are more prone to try new things, like drugs for example. Drug misuse often leads to antisocial behavior (that is often aggressive, but doesn't have to be), mental illness and criminality. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is a difference in aggressive antisocial behavior in Moroccan adolescents who are drug dependent compared to nondrug dependent Moroccan adolescents. To answer this question a quantitative empirical study design with comparative statistical analysis was used. The result of the study showed that Moroccan adolescents with drug dependence have higher scores in aggressive and antisocial behaviors and also more prone to self-harm than those Moroccan adolescents who have no drug dependence. These results support previous findings, which have shown that adolescents with a drug dependence tend to have aggressive antisocial behavior to a greater extent compared to adolescents who do not have a drug dependence.

  • 17.
    Björck, Ville
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    The idea of academia and the real world and its ironic role in the discourse on Work-integrated Learning2018In: Studies in Continuing Education, ISSN 0158-037X, E-ISSN 1470-126XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Work-integrated Learning (WIL) seeks to bridge the gap between ‘scholastic’ training and work. This study explores the ironic fact that the WIL discourse remains formed by the idea of academia and the real world, an idea that in decisive ways creates this gap. A genealogical discourse analysis of how this idea operates in 79 present and past official documents promoting the Cooperative Education (Co-op) WIL model is used to explore this ironic fact. Two accounts of this idea are dominant in both present and past documents – the deficit account, which merely creates the stated gap, and the collaborative account, which both creates and bridges this gap. I emphasise that the Co-op and other standard WIL models embody and (re)produce the stated idea because they locate ‘scholastic’ training outside the ‘real world’. This separation dates back to scholè – the ancient Greek school that aimed to disconnect ‘school’ from ‘work’. Because WIL has the opposite aim, I argue that this separation is in fact counterproductive for WIL. Finally, I argue that locating WIL in a third place outside university and working life can be a way of avoiding the separation that (re)produces the idea of academia and the real world.

  • 18.
    Björck, Ville
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Problematising the theory€-practice terminology: a discourse analysis of students'€™ statements on Work-integrated Learning2018In: Journal of Further and Higher Education, ISSN 0309-877X, E-ISSN 0013-1326Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study uses a Foucault-inspired discourse analysis to examine two ideas about learning which reinforce the terminology whereby theory means campus-based training and practice means work placements. The purpose is to problematise this theory–practice terminology and provide scope for a non-dualistic alternative. The ideas examined are the idea of theory vs. practice as the point of departure for learning and the idea of theory and practice as harmonious points of departure for learning. These ideas were voiced by interviewed students who discussed the usual design of Work-integrated Learning (WIL) whereby students go to university to learn ‘theory’ and into working life to learn ‘practice’. The analysis shows how the ideas are formed by different ranking orders between theory and practice which are mutually exclusive, while also working together to reinforce the theory–practice terminology. The discussion on how a non-dualistic terminology can emerge highlights how the usual WIL design forms a dualistic setting where the theory–practice terminology thrives and how designing WIL at a third place between university and working life can provide scope for the terminology we seek.

  • 19.
    Boraghi, Ramina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Föräldrars uppfattningar om Familjecentralens stöd till familjer i Västsverige: ett lärandeperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In today's society it is more important than ever to focus on families. The family's daily life is characterized by numerous commitments, there is stress in different situations and a sense of not having the necessary skills and expertise needed for parenting. The Family Center has focus on the collaboration with social services. The Family Center is an arena for both the children but also their parents. Another purpose with the Family Center is the daily interaction with parents who may be perceived to have more struggle than others. The Family Center gives these parents extra support in parenting skills.

    Purpose & Issue: The purpose of this study is to investigate parents' perceptions of Family Center support to parents with a particular focus on parents' learning. The questions of issues in the study are: Do the families benefit from the Family Center? Does the Family Center correspond to parents needs for support? How does the parents advantage the Family Center? What do they learn by attending the activities at the Family Center?

    Method: This study is inspired by phenomenography for the study design, for gathering data and for the data analysis.

    Results- Outcome space: The study resulted in four different categories. The first category is professionalism, the interviewees feel that the staff at the family center has skills and that they are professional. The information the parents received shows a variety in everything from general information about children and parenting to more personal knowledge. The second category was the support which made the parents feel safe and supported by the staff at the Family Center. The third category is learning, where the parents talked about how the Family Center is a learning environment where the parents learn from the staff but also from each other's experiences and stories. The fourth category is about the parents' desire for change in the Family Center.

  • 20.
    Boström, Annika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Mehmedovic, Edina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Rättspsykiatriska vårdares attityder till patienter diagnostiserade med Antisocialt personlighetssyndrom2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: About 4 % of the Swedish population meet the criteria for the diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). Individuals with ASPD are a difficult patient group to work with. Their personality can trigger different attitudes among the health care staff. The attitudes among the personnel can have an effect on the quality of the care that is given. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe forensic care staff attitudes toward patients diagnosed with ASPD.Method: A quantitative descriptive study has been performed. Forensic care staff completed a questionnaire about their attitudes towards patients diagnosed with ASPD. Data was analysed with Mann-Whitney test. Two main scales, "Work-satisfaction" and "Motivation" were created and with their help the study subject were categorized as "Satisfied" or "Unsatisfied" and "Motivated" or "Unmotivated". The impact of these categories on attitudes was studied in the sample.Results: The overall attitude of caregivers toward patients with ASPD was from neutral to negative. Only 12% of respondents indicated a positive attitude to this specific patient group and 65% of them had only low motivation to work with them. Those who were satisfied with their job had a neutral attitude toward patients with ASPD and they considered these patients dangerous. The result showed also that the motivated caregiving members actually had a low level of belief that their work is useful or that ASPD-patients can be treated, and these caregivers had a more negative attitude towards patients with ASPD. Conclusion: The conclusion of this study is that forensic caregiver have a neutral attitude towards patients diagnosed with ASPD. Low motivation and work-satisfaction was identified among the respondents and these factors do not correlate with each other.

  • 21.
    Bouchatta, Otmane
    et al.
    Cadi Ayyad University, Laboratory of Pharmacology, Neurobiology and Behavior (URAC-37), Faculty of Sciences, Marrakesh, Morocco. 2 Bordeaux University, Bordeaux, France. 3 Interdisciplinary Institute of Neuroscience, CNRS UMR 5297, Centre Paul Broca-Nouvelle Aquitaine, Bordeaux, France.
    Manouze, Houria
    Cadi Ayyad University, Laboratory of Pharmacology, Neurobiology and Behavior (URAC-37), Faculty of Sciences,Marrakesh, Morocco.
    Bouali-Benazzouz, Rabia
    Bordeaux University, Bordeaux, France; Interdisciplinary Institute of Neuroscience, CNRS UMR 5297, Centre Paul Broca-Nouvelle Aquitaine, Bordeaux, France.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Ba-M'hamed, Saadia
    Cadi Ayyad University, Laboratory of Pharmacology, Neurobiology and Behavior (URAC-37), Faculty of Sciences, Marrakesh, Morocco.
    Fossat, Pascal
    Bordeaux University, Bordeaux, France; Interdisciplinary Institute of Neuroscience, CNRS UMR 5297, Centre Paul Broca-Nouvelle Aquitaine, Bordeaux, France.
    Landry, Marc
    Bordeaux University, Bordeaux, France; Interdisciplinary Institute of Neuroscience, CNRS UMR 5297, Centre Paul Broca-Nouvelle Aquitaine, Bordeaux, France.
    Bennis, Mohamed
    Cadi Ayyad University, Laboratory of Pharmacology, Neurobiology and Behavior (URAC-37), Faculty of Sciences, Marrakesh, Morocco.
    Neonatal 6-OHDA lesion model in mouse induces Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)-like behaviour2018In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 8, no 1, article id 15349Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired attention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. The "neonatal 6-hydroxydopamine" (6-OHDA) lesion is a commonly used model of ADHD in rat. However, a comprehensive assessment of ADHD-like symptoms is still missing, and data in mouse remain largely unavailable. Our aim was to analyse symptoms of ADHD in the mouse neonatal 6-OHDA model. 6-OHDA mice exhibited the major ADHD-like symptoms, i.e. hyperactivity (open field), attention deficit and impulsivity (five-choice serial reaction time task). Further, the model revealed discrete co-existing symptoms, i.e. anxiety-like (elevated plus maze test) and antisocial (social interaction) behaviours and decreased cognitive functioning (novel object recognition). The efficacy of methylphenidate, a classical psychostimulant used in the treatment of ADHD, was also evaluated. A histological analysis further supports the model validity by indicating dopamine depletion, changes in cortical thickness and abnormalities in anterior cingulate cortex neurons. A principal component analysis of the behaviour profile confirms that the 6-OHDA mouse model displayed good face and predictive validity. We conclude that neonatal dopamine depletion results in behavioural and morphological changes similar to those seen in patients and therefore could be used as a model for studying ADHD pathophysiological mechanisms and identifying therapeutic targets.

  • 22.
    Bouchatta, Otmane
    et al.
    Cadi Ayyad University, Lab of Pharmacology, Neurobiology and Behavior (URAC-37), Faculty of Sciences Semlalia, Marrakech, Morocco.
    Ouhaz, Zakaria
    Cadi Ayyad University, Lab of Pharmacology, Neurobiology and Behavior (URAC-37), Faculty of Sciences Semlalia, Marrakech, Morocco.
    Ba-Mhamed, Saadia
    Cadi Ayyad University, Lab of Pharmacology, Neurobiology and Behavior (URAC-37), Faculty of Sciences Semlalia, Marrakech, Morocco.
    Kerekes, Nóra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. University of Gothenburg, Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental Health (CELAM), Institute for Neuroscience and Physiology, Sweden; Swedish Prison and Probation Service, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bennis, Mohamed
    Cadi Ayyad University, Lab of Pharmacology, Neurobiology and Behavior (URAC-37), Faculty of Sciences Semlalia, Marrakech, Morocco.
    Acute and chronic glue sniffing effects and consequences of withdrawal on aggressive behavior2016In: Life Sciences, ISSN 0024-3205, E-ISSN 1879-0631, Vol. 152, p. 14-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drug abuse act on brain mechanisms that cause a high-risk individual to engage in aggressive and violent behavior. While a drug-violence relationship exists, the nature of this relationship is often complex, with intoxication, neurotoxic, and withdrawal effects often being confused and/or confounded. Glue sniffing is often a springboard to the abuse of more addictive drugs. Despite its high prevalence and serious consequences, we know relatively little about the aggressive behavioral effects of volatile inhalants abuse, especially glue. The aim of the present study was to investigate the link between the duration of glue exposure, a common substance abuse problem in Morocco, and the level of aggressive behavior during withdrawal. For this we used the isolation-induced aggression model "residents" in three groups of mice. The first group served as control resident animals (n=10, without exposure); the second group as experimental resident mice (n=10) tested before and after acute (first day) and chronic exposure to the glue, and at 1 and 2weeks of withdrawal; and the third group of 10 intruder animals. The results showed that the number of attacks decreased (halved) and the latency of the first attack increased (doubled) following acute glue sniffing. However, the effects of chronic exposure and of 1week of withdrawal led to an increase in the intensity of agonistic encounters. After 2weeks of withdrawal, the intensity of aggressive behavior decreased again. These results indicated that chronic glue exposure and the first week of withdrawal are associated with increased aggression in mice.

  • 23.
    Canelo Rojas, Andrea
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Barksten, Lina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Högskolestudier, stress och fysisk aktivitet: En kvantitativ studie om studenters upplevda stress i relation till fysisk aktivitet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background Stress has become more common in Sweden in recent years, and physical activity has a great impact on stress in research. The study will focus on college students as college studies mean big pressures in the form of inter alia, economics, school, health, and other.

    Aim The aim of the study is to study students stress in relation to physical activity.

    Method The study has used a quantitative method of descriptive and analytical statistics. Data has been collected from student surveys.

    Results The results showed that male students were more physically active than the female students. The majority of male students were physically active and these had a significantly lower overall stress level, as well as lower levels of school-related stress and stress related to other. The result for female students showed no significant differences between stress and physical activity.

    Conclusion Male students perform more exhausting physical activity while reporting a lower stress level.

  • 24.
    Carlström, Eric. D.
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, PO Box 457, SE-405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fredén, Lars
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    The first single responders in Sweden: Evaluation of a pre-hospital single staffed unit2017In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 32, no S1, p. 15-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Single responder (SR) systems have been implemented in several countries. When the very first SR system in Sweden was planned, it was criticised because of concerns about sending single emergency nurses out on alerts. In the present study, the first Swedish SR unit was studied in order to register waiting times and assess the working environment.

    METHOD: Quantitative data were collected from the ambulance dispatch register. Data on the working environment were collected using a questionnaire sent to the SR staff.

    RESULTS: The SR system reduced the average patient waiting time from 26 to 13min. It also reduced the number of ambulance transports by 35% following triage of patient(s) priority determined by the SR. The staff perceived the working environment to be adequate.

    CONCLUSION: The SR unit was successful in that it reduced waiting times to prehospital health care. Contrary to expectations, it proved to be an adequate working environment. There is good reason to believe that SR systems will spread throughout the country. In order to enhance in depth the statistical analysis, additional should be collected over a longer time period and from more than one SR unit.

  • 25.
    Chahine, Rayan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Racho, Matilda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Ett liv efter flykt: En empirisk studie med fokus på hur personal bemöter ungdomar med traumatisk kris efter flykt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In recent years multiple refugees has arrived to Sweden with traumatic experiences such as war, persecution and torture. This means that many victims of trauma can later develop post-traumatic stress disorder. Refugees who are traumatized after fleeing is a vulnerable group and those who come to Sweden need the support of health professionals. Aim: The aims of the present study are to illustrate how staff treats teenagers with traumatic crisis after fleeing. Method: The study has a qualitative design based on four qualitative group interviews. Totally, eight healthcare professionals were interviewed (six females and two males) from three residential care homes for refugees and one children and youth psychiatry, a specific asylum operation. These are located in two different cities in Sweden. Results: The results of this study shows that the approaching and way of treating plays a major role for caring affects in the work with refugees who end up in traumatic crises. The categories revealed was health promoting care and health staff attendance with the subcategories create motivation, actively listening, create security and approachment as a tool. Conclusions: The conclusion of this study is that the health staff attendance and health promoting care are two essential aspects of dealing with teenagers with traumatic post-flight crisis. Good treatment is of decisive importance for good care and is about the staff's knowledge and abilities for communication. Increased knowledge leads to attention for individual needs and those being treated in a respectful manner.

  • 26.
    Colakovic, Senada
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Hussein, Donia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Mitt nya land: en studie om nyanlända kvinnors möte med det svenska samhället2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is an essay about the newly arrived women meeting with the Swedish society. We have collected material through interviews that will address the integration process on the basis of the newly arrived immigrants' perspective. The purpose of this paper is to examine how the immigrant women in Sweden perceive their situation in the Swedish society. How do the women experience the language? What do they think of the response from the community? What is their opinion of the inclusion and participation? Our method has been half a structured qualitative interview where the interview responses are analyzed by using the concepts culture, ethnicity and identity.

    We saw how women feel about their living in the community and that they have a positive view when it comes to their future and integration in Sweden. Expectations are high among most women when it comes to choice of job and future plans. The most important aspects for successful integration are according to the women integration, language, the response from the community and participation in Swedish society. The results also showed a complex picture in which women experience difficulties and possibilities of their situation and struggle to vary between their adaption with the two cultures. The situation that the women find themselves in, and their worry about their future, is a process that changes their perspective on life.

  • 27.
    Elabed, Fatin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    I hederns namn: En studie om länsstyrelsens arbete mot hedersrelaterat våld och dess betydelse utifrån sex tjänstemän.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det förekommer, enligt Amnesty International (amnesty.se) cirka 5000 hedersmord årligen runt om i världen. Hedersmord sker i hopp om att återupprätta familjens och släktens heder. Enligt Förenta Nationerna definieras begreppet hedersrelaterat våld på ett sätt som förklarar att det förekommer i ett patriarkalt samhälle där kvinnor befinner sig i en underlägsen position. Exempel på hedersrelaterat våld kan vara tvångsgifte, könsstympning, blodshämnd, våld och förtryck. Detta sker i samhällen/grupper som har hierarkisk struktur, styrda familjer och att de äldre familjemedlemmarnas inflytande är dominerande över familjen/gruppen och släkten. Denna studie är byggd på kvalitativa intervjuer med sex tjänstemän på Länsstyrelsen i sex olika län. I intervjuerna har frågor ställts om hur tjänstemännen utifrån sina yrkespraktiker, resonerar om hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck. Samtliga informanter är eniga om att skillnaden mellan olika våldstyper är att hedersrelaterat våld, till skillnad mot förtryck och våld i nära relationer, utgår från ett kollektiv och att inte en ensam utövare ligger bakom våldet. Hedersbegreppet förklaras utifrån ett intersektionellt perspektiv. Diskussioner förs om vilken betydelse genus, etnicitet, kultur och klass har för att förstå de centrala dimensioner som skiljer hedersrelaterat våld från mäns våld mot kvinnor. Dessa begrepp lyfts upp utifrån hur de tolkas, samt den negativa innebörd som uppstår när man förbinder begreppet hedersrelaterat våld till föreställningar om och stigmatisering av vissa etniska grupper. I studien lyfts även synen på manligt och kvinnligt när det gäller hedersrelaterat våld, detta utifrån en heteronormativ förklaringsmodell och en diskussion förs om varför kvinnan framställs som ett förtryckt offer som behöver utbildas, medan mannen framställs som förövare och obildbar. Hedersrelaterat våld är ett komplext internationellt problem som ifrågasätter den lagstiftning som är uppbyggd utifrån ett individualistiskt sekulariserat perspektiv. Ett sådant perspektiv blir problematiskt eftersom de centrala aspekterna i våld bygger på en kollektivistisk livsåskådning med dimensioner av religion, tradition och kultur.

  • 28.
    Eliasson, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Olsson, Katarina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Även det minsta lärandet har betydelse: en kvalitativ studie kring upplevelser av lärande hos individer som arbetar med utsatta kvinnor2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In occupations where encounters with people who have been exposed in some way and are in need of support in a process of change, competence is required to meet the needs of that person. Every encounter with people in vulnerable situations generates situations of learning also for the person that is expected to give support and encourage change.

    The present study aims to examine the experiences of learning within individuals who work with women victims of domestic violence. Six women in a medium-sized municipality in Sweden participated in the study. They either work with salaries or voluntarily in two collaborative units with abused women. A total of eleven interviews were conducted where the approach had a qualitative alignment. The collected material was analyzed with an interpretative phenomenological analysis and the result consists of the three following themes: Unconscious/conscious learning, formal learning and informal learning. The result also shows how the participants experience different conditions for learning and the importance learning adress to the daily worklife. Furthermore, the participants experience a constant learning from both other individuals and herself, where cooperation and collaboration are essential for the function of daily work. Learning is important for development of the workplace, personal development and so that the abused woman will get the help she need. To be able to learn, there are necessary preconditions such as commitment and interest. And for these to be met, other conditions are required such as receptivity and space, which are provided and obtained partly by the individual herself but mostly by individuals in the network surrounding the work places.

  • 29.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Perspectives on salutogenesis of scholars writing in Swedish2016In: The Handbook of Salutogenesis / [ed] Mittelmark, M. B. et al., New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2016, 1, p. 1-467Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Research Supervision as a Mutual Learning Process: Introducing Salutogenesis into supervision using "The Collegial Model"2018In: Health Promotion International, ISSN 0957-4824, E-ISSN 1460-2245, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research using salutogenic factors to promote health is extensive. Salutogenesis, and its coreconcept 'sense of coherence' (SOC), is a resource-oriented theory and framework, applicable indifferent contexts. Research combining health promotion and doctoral supervision in higher educationis scarce. This article places research supervision in a broader context of sustainable workinglife by focusing on stress management. It is about health promotion in an area of research supervision,a new approach not described earlier. Research on supervision in general is extensive,focusing on co-generative mentoring, counselling and coaching. A new salutogenic model, 'TheCollegial Model', is presented as an example of practical application. The aim of the present articleis to introduce and discuss how the salutogenic theory and model of health can be applied to researchsupervision of postgraduate students. Knowledge about how SOC impacts health andlearning has benefit from a systematic review on salutogenic research covering published papersfrom 1992 to 2003 and until today. 'The Collegial Model' examines fundamental characteristics ofsupervision related to ethics and sense of coherence: relations, communication, processes, reciprocity,reflection, learning, comprehensibility, manageability, meaningfulness and coherence.Principles for carrying out supervision 'the salutogenic way' are suggested. The conclusion is thatdoctoral supervision involves mutual learning processes between colleagues in the supervisoryteam. Supervision has to be theory driven, implying that supervisors could benefit from applyinga salutogenic way of thinking and working, particularly in development of guidelines for researchsupervision.

  • 31.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung - från forskning till praktisk tillämpning2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna bok ger ett vetenskapligt perspektiv på salutogenes - det goda livets ursprung. Forskningsfältet salutogenes beskrivs här med utgångspunkt i människors strävan efter det goda livet, mitt i arbete med att ta hand om barn och familj och att göra en fullödig insats inom arbetslivet antingen man är ledare eller medarbetare. Principer för tillämpning i arbetslivet diskuteras också.Läs merForskningsfältet salutogenes beskrivs här med utgångspunkt i människors strävan efter det goda livet, mitt i arbete med att ta hand om barn och familj och att göra en fullödig insats inom arbetslivet antingen som ledare eller medarbetare. Principer för tillämpning i arbetslivet diskuteras också. Boken är skriven av forskare med god kännedom på området och bidrar med ny kunskap då salutogenes sätts i ett sammanhang. Författarna relaterar kunskapsområdet till hälsofrämjande och visar hur viktiga människors olika förmågor och resurser för hälsa och välbefinnande är för hälsofrämjande.Om författarnaMonica Eriksson är politices doktor och docent i socialpolitik med inriktning hälsofrämjande. Författarna är verksamma vid Högskolan Väst och Centrum för Salutogenes och arbetar dagligen med frågor kring hälsa i olika sammanhang.

  • 32.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Alsén, Pia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Lycke, Liselott
    University West, Department of Engineering Science.
    Tano, Ingrid
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    ARK: modell för att systematiskt arbeta med hållbart arbetsliv inom universitet och högskola (UoH)2018In: FALF 2018 - program och abstraktbok / [ed] Per Lindberg, Gävle: University Press , 2018, p. 123-123Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund

    Hållbart arbetsliv är idag ledord för arbetslivets förändrade villkor. Inom UoH i Sverige fanns i slutet av 2017 omkring 75 000 anställda varav ca 35 000 inom forskning och undervisning (UKÄ, 2017). Det är en sektor med stor betydelse för samhällsutvecklingen i Sverige. Arbetsmiljön inom sektorn ställer särskilda krav på personalen. Förvånansvärt få studier har gjorts i Sverige om arbetsmiljön för personal inom UoH. Med förebild från Norge implementeras nu för första gången i Sverige en forskningsbaserad (krav-resurs-modellen) och sektorsspecifik ny modell för att systematiskt arbeta med arbetsmiljön, den s.k. Ark-modellen (arbeidsmiljø- og klimaundersøkelser, se figur) vid Högskolan Väst. Arbetsmiljöverkets föreskrift 2015:4 betonar den organisatoriska och sociala arbetsmiljön, vilket väl tillgodoses i denna modell.

    Syfte

    Att systematiskt och långsiktigt arbeta med arbetsmiljön ur ett främjande, förebyggande och rehabiliterande perspektiv på såväl individ- som organisatorisk nivå för att utveckla förhållanden som bidrar till ett hållbart arbetsliv.

    Metod

    Genom KIWEST (Knowledge Intensive Work Environment Survey Target) kartläggs arbetsmiljön utifrån 28 olika dimensioner. Kategorier som belyses är t.ex. sociala, uppgiftsbaserade och organisatoriska resurser samt jobbkrav och tillhörighet till jobbet. Organisatoriska förhållanden mäts med FaktaARK 1 medan genomförda insatser mäts med FaktaARK 2.

    Resultat

    KIWEST sändes till all personal med 20 % anställning eller mer. Utav 539 tillfrågade personer svarade 376, vilket ger en svarsfrekvens på 69,8 %. Resultatet visar att specifikt för sektorn är upplevelsen av tidspress samtidigt som arbetet upplevs som meningsfullt och viktigt. Nu följer analyser, planering, genomförande och utvärdering av insatser på olika nivåer inom högskolan. KIWEST-formuläret sänds till personalen med 3-års intervall. I förbättringsarbetet ingår även att granska och utvärdera genomförandet, därvid ingår även metodutveckling. Förbättringsarbetet sätts in i ett större organisatoriskt perspektiv och är en naturlig del i kvalitetssäkringsprocessen och ledningssystemet. ARK-processen förväntas bidra till teoriutveckling av krav- och resursmodellen samt öka kunskapen om arbetsmiljön inom UoH.

  • 33.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Arvidsson, Susann
    Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Ekström, Anette
    University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Jormfeldt, Henrika
    Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Lundgren, Ingela
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Roxberg, Åsa
    Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Conceptual Clarification of Wellness and Sense of Coherence (SOC).: Rodgers' evolutionary concept analysis in health care settings2018In: Nordic Conference in Nursing Research Methods and Networks for the future: Programme - Abstracts 2018 13-15 June Oslo, 2018, p. 31-31Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Clarification of concepts is important in the process of developing theories and concepts. The concept of «wellness» is frequently used, but the content is still unclear. Is the content of «wellness» the same as «health»,«sense of coherence», «wellbeing», «spirituality», «quality oflife» or another content

    Objective: To conceptually explore the concept of«wellness» in health care settings, and relate the results to the salutogenic core concept SOC.

    Method: Rodger's evolutionary concept analysis is used for the theoretical analysis of the data. The focus has been on attributes, related concepts, consequences, antecedents,references, exemplars and implications. The literature search has been performed through manual review of reference lists and online search in databases for relevant papers. The abstracts has been examined to identify relevant studies for further review. The inclusion criteria was peer reviewed papers in English, published in scientific journals using the keywords wellness/health/health care/healthcare and wellness/sense of coherence/salutogenesis, discussing and/or defining the concept of wellness. The search was run in Cinahl and PubMed via EBSCO and in ProQuest. Results: Fifty studies met the inclusion criteria. Preliminary results confirm a multidimensional property of «wellness». It seems to be used interchangeable with related concepts such as «health», «SOC», «wellbeing», «spirituality» or«quality of life» without a deeper clarification of theoretical aspects. A general impression is that wellness is strongly related to individual lifestyle and health behavior.

  • 34.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Wennerberg, Mia M.T.
    Lundgren, Solveig M.
    Danielson, Ella
    "Self-Employed" in Caregivinghood: The Contribution of Swedish Informal Caregivers' Environmental and Contextual Resistance Resources and Deficits2017In: Societies, ISSN 1090-9389, E-ISSN 2075-4698, Vol. 7, no 3, article id 19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Informal caregivers provide the majority of care for older adults residing in their own homes. Caregivinghood, a new evidence-based concept, describes a time of life when relatives provide care at home. These caregivers need knowledge regarding resources to help them resolve the challenges they encounter. The theoretical framework underpinning this study is Antonovsky's salutogenic theory of health. This study had two aims: (1) to examine the salutogenic core concepts Generalized and Specific Resistance Resources and Deficits (GRRs/SRRs and GRDs/SRDs) described by Swedish informal caregivers as originating from the environmental and contextual domain of caregivinghood and (2) to discuss how this new knowledge might contribute to the development of health promotion initiatives. This qualitative and theory driven study used inductive and deductive data analysis. Data were gathered through salutogenically guided face-to-face interviews of 32 Swedish informal caregivers. In addition, the study relied on the salutogenic core concepts Specific and Generalized Resistance Resources and Deficits originating from their environment and context. Being in empowering surroundings reflects the presence of usable SRRs/GRRs, whereas Struggling in impeding surroundings reflects the presence of SRDs/GRDs. The results indicate that health-enhancing support has to be individualized (SRRs/SRDs) and generalized (GRRs/GRDs). This study's salutogenic approach and the methodology enhance the understanding of the mechanisms behind the development of Sense of Coherence. The results contribute both empirically and theoretically to strengthen health promotion research and practice when developing activities and support for caregivers in stressful situations, such as informal caregiving.

  • 35.
    Falk, Örjan
    et al.
    ntal Health), University of Gothenburg, CELAM (Centre for Ethics, Law and MeSweden; Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sfendla, Anis
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Brändström, Sven
    Center for Well-being Washington University, School of Medicine in St. Louis, MO, USA.
    Anckarsäter, Henrik
    CELAM (Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental Health), University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Thomas
    CELAM (Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental Health), University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. Swedish Prison and Probation Services, R&E, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Personality and trait aggression profiles of male and female prison inmates2017In: Psychiatry Research, ISSN 0165-1781, E-ISSN 1872-7123, Vol. 250, p. 302-307Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender specific personality profiles in association with the level of aggressive antisocial behavior in offenders have not been previously investigated. In the present study we analyzed data collected from 65 male and 50 female offenders using structured protocols regarding criminal history (by criminal register data), trait aggression (by the Life History of Aggression (LHA) questionnaire), and personality profiles (by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)). Prison inmates differed significantly on several personality dimensions, most pronouncedly were they characterized with low character maturity (low scores in the Self-Directedness and Cooperativeness dimensions of TCI) when compared to gender and age matched controls of the general population. The majority of offenders scored distinctively high on trait aggression. There were moderate to strong associations between the personality dimensions and each of the subscales of LHA (Aggression, Self-directed Aggression and Antisocial behavior). These associations were stronger in the female offender sample. Trait aggression could be best explained by a model, which included male gender, younger age, high novelty seeking temperament and low character maturity. Our results suggest that therapies aiming at strengthening self-governance and increasing cooperativeness (focusing on character maturity) may alleviate aggressive antisocial behavior in offenders.

  • 36.
    Floodh, Hanna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Upplevelser kring arbetsmiljö: En fenomenologisk studie bland hemtjänstpersonal2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has been conducted on a personal group who works in the home service in a municipality in western Sweden. The employees who participated in the study are assistant nurses. This studies purpose is to investigate how the employees in the home service experience the work environment. In what way can the workplace develop and become healthier? Interviews have been used as a method of obtaining the empirical material, a total of ten interviews have been conducted with employees belonging to the staff group. All interviews have been transcribed and then analysed with a phenomenological approach. Ten themes have been published in the results and these are work environment, group cohesion, strength and weaknesses in the group, work structure, meaningfulness, aid, job satisfaction, change, health and obstacles at work. Subheadings to themes have also been created where participants' experiences have been gathered. The results show that the health factors in the workplace that contribute to increased health are well-being, joy, colleagues support, informal learning, meaningfulness in the work with the elderly, and feedback from the elderly. The factors the workplace need to develop to become a healthier workplace is communication, balance between requirements and control, support from boss and staff, and learning and development.

  • 37.
    Forsgren, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Wodniok, Natalia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    "Man känner igen missbrukets ansikte efter ett tag...": En kvalitativ studie om kompetens och bemötande av patienter som är drogpåverkade på rättspsykiatriska avdelningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Research shows that 91.2% of inpatients at forensic psychiatric wards have a history of drug use and a third of those patients use drugs frequently. To be able to confront and address patients with substance abuse on the ward, the working staff needs to have adequate competence concerning the ability to understand who the patients are.

    Aim. The aim of this study was to explore how the working staff use their competence when interacting with patients who are influenced by drugs on forensic psychiatric wards.

    Method. The study was conducted in the western parts of Sweden and at three forensic psychiatric wards. The study was designed after a qualitative design and based on an empirical approach with interviews. The data was collected by interviewing a total of six informants through semi-structured interviews. The interviews were analysed using a qualitative content analysis.

    Results. The result ended up in eight themes, showing that informants in this study used their competence to recognize substance abuse, to help the patients navigating around potential dangers and create a caring relation. Further they trusted their experience, but all informants requested further education.

    Conclusion. The informants in this study expressed that they had good strategies in terms of supporting and rehabilitating patients with substance abuse. All informants requested further education about preventing relapse, knowledge about drug abuse and knowing how to work after a relapse.

  • 38.
    Førland, Georg
    et al.
    Høgskulen på Vestlandet, Avdeling for helsefag, Haugesund, Norway.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Silén, Charlotte
    Karolinska Institutet, Institutionen för Lärande, Informatik, Management och Etik, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ringsberg, Karin C.
    Göteborgs Universitet, Institutionen för Vårdvetenskap og Hälsa, Sahlgrenska Akademin,Göteborg, Sweden.
    Sense of Coherence: learning to live with chronic illness through health education2018In: Health Education Journal, ISSN 0017-8969, E-ISSN 1748-8176, Vol. 77, no 1, p. 96-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: This study examines people's experiences of how to live with a chronic disease, their learning needs and their reasons for participating in a health education programme. The aim of the study was to examine if and how a Sense of Coherence (SOC) might guide an understanding of learning processes inhealth education. Methods: This study has a qualitative study design with data collected through five group interviews. Interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis to identify principal categories of response. Directed content analysis was then used to reference the categories emerging in the first step to the study's theoretical framework. Results: Three main categories were found: (1) the ability to cope with daily life, (2) assets for a better lifeboth in the present and for the future, and (3) the need for knowledge. A synthesis of empirical findings with reference to the first stage of analysis, the three main aspects of learning, and the three dimensions of a SOC revealed that a SOC may be useful in guiding an understanding of learning processes in health education asa life-oriented mastering resource. Conclusion: SOC offers a useful framework for informing health education. Research is needed to deepen an understanding of how salutogenic theory can strengthen the development of health education programmes and understanding of participants' learning

  • 39.
    Førland, Georg
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Silén, Charlotte
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Ringsberg, Karin C
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Health and Care Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Searching and dealing, confirmation and feeling: Participants’ approaches to learning in a Health Education setting2017In: Health Education Journal, ISSN 0017-8969, E-ISSN 1748-8176, Vol. 76, no 3, p. 326-336Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Health care is far from reaching the goal of people being part of their own care, and research is lacking on how to understand their perspective. This study explores people's intentions with the act of learning before attending a health education programme at a Learning and Mastery Centre (LMC) in Norway. The aim of this study was to understand participants' learning strategies for learning about their own health care in a health education setting.Methods: Data were collected through five group interviews and analysed using qualitative content analysis.Results: Findings revealed that participants' intentions of how and what to learn were influenced by their life experiences and interactions with the health care system. Three main categories of experience emerged: (1) sharing experiences, (2) second opinion and (3) capturing the news, brought together under the comprehensive theme: searching and dealing, confirmation and feeling, which reflects the underlying meaning of the categories.Conclusion: Results encourage us to see learning as an active construction process underpinned by health literacy, including both people's competencies and the health care system. If LMCs and similar health education initiatives are to make an important contribution to improving people's health literacy, significant attention should be given in the planning and implementation of initiatives

  • 40.
    Gao, Han
    et al.
    Jinzhou Medical University, College of Nursing, Jinzhou City, Liaoning Province, China..
    Söderhamn, Ulrika
    University of Agder, Center for Caring Research-Southern Norway, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, Kristiansand, Norway..
    Cliffordson, Christina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Guo, Lina
    Jinzhou Medical University, College of Nursing, Jinzhou City, Liaoning Province, China..
    Guo, Qiyun
    Jinzhou Medical University, College of Nursing, Jinzhou City, Liaoning Province, China..
    Liu, Kun
    Jinzhou Medical University, College of Nursing, Jinzhou City, Liaoning Province, China..
    Reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly2017In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 26, no 23-24, p. 4489-4497Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To translate the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly into Simplified Chinese, and to test the Chinese version of the scale regarding its reliability and validity among older people.

    BACKGROUND: Self-care is an important topic in nursing. When assessing older people's self-care ability, it is essential that a reliable and valid instrument is used.

    DESIGN: This study employed across-sectional design.

    METHODS: We translated the English version of the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly into Simplified Chinese according to Brislin's translation guidelines, and carried out a questionnaire survey among 610 older people, including both community-dwelling people and hospital patients, in Jinzhou City, People's Republic of China. Eighty participants completed the instrument twice for test-retest reliability. Data analyses were performed using SPSS 17.0 and Mplus, version 5 to assess reliability and validity.

    RESULTS: A Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.89 and statistically significant item-to-total correlations showed evidence of homogeneity. An intra-class correlation coefficient of 0.99 for the test-retest between total scores and intra-class correlation coefficients between 0.87 and 0.99 for the test-retest scores of each item explained the almost perfect test-retest reliability noted in this study. Content validity was found to be good, and a three-factor model was obtained in an exploratory factor analysis, (explaining a variance of 57%), and modified in a confirmatory factor analysis (χ(2) =261.559, df=98, RMSEA=0.074; SRMR=0.059), which reflected an acceptable construct validity.

    CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that the Chinese version of the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly has sufficient psychometric properties for assessing self-care ability among older people in China.

    RELEVANCE FOR PRACTICE: A reliable and valid instrument is available to assess the self-care ability of older Chinese people. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  • 41.
    Gren, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Karlsson, Anna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Känsla av sammanhang hos intagna som arbetar med lantbruksdjur2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background. In the United States and other countrys, farm animals are used for rehabilitation purposes in different prison-based programs. In Swedish prisons, farm animals are only used as an occupation for the inmates, without any therapeutic or rehabilitation purposes. Aim The aim of the study was to examine if there was a change in the inmates sence of coherence during the institution´s stay and to study the effect of the work with farm animals on the inmates’ sence of coherence. Method The method used in the study was of quantitative approach with an quasi-experimental design. At the start and at the end of a 6-12 weeks-period in three selected low security prisons in Sweden, 81 male inmates` sence of coherence was measured by a self-rated instrument that assesses aspects of comprehensibility, manageability, meaningfulness. Results The result of this study showed an general increase of sense of coherence on the inmates during the institution´s stay. The farm animal group had an positive increase in the subscale comprehensibility and in the KASAM total scale. Between group analyses shown no significant differences. The proportion of inmates with increased KASAM was dubble as many in the group who worked with farm animals, compared to those not working with farm animals. Conclusion Occupation of inmates increases their sence of coherence, while work with farm animals as occupation has a specific and stronger effect on inmates’ sence of coherence than other occupation possibilities within the prison environment.

  • 42.
    Grönlund, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Vinqvist, Stephanie
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Vad är det som prasslar?": En kvalitativ studie om stressrelaterad psykisk ohälsa iarbetslivet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose and issues: The purpose of the study was to examine, from a salutogenic perspective, professionals' perceptions and work experiences of detecting early signals on stress in working life and how they can be managed. The questions to be answered are: I)What are the expressions of mental illness in working life today? II) How can the individual discover early warning signals on stress? III) What strategies can the individual apply to promote his/her ability to cope with stress? IV) What is considered to be a health promotionfor the different system levels? Methods: The study design is qualitative inspired by the phenomenographic approach. Semistructured interviews were used for collecting data. Results: Four main categories emerged - Borderless work, Early warning signals of stress, Managing stress, Working in a health promotion manner. Eight subcategories were found –An individualistic society, Demands and achievements, Underlying causes, An unsustainable situation, The individual's own choices, Individual- and group level, Organizational level and environmental- and societal level. Conclusion: Symptoms such as fatigue, anxious and insomnia are warning signals of stress. Working in a health promotion manner in early stages is a success factor mentioned by the respondents. It is important to be responsive to early symptoms and underlying causes, that is, to examine "what is the rustle".

  • 43.
    Gustafsson, Sofie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Kamperin Wallin, Niclas
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    "Går du till jobbet på morgonen har du ju ingen aning om vad som händer under dagen": Enhetschefers upplevelse av arbetsmiljön inom socialförvaltningen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to catch unit managers' experience of the working environment for workers within social services. Also, the aim of the study was to examine how come the number of sickness absence is high, and what it takes to improve the situation. The interest comes from the Swedish Work Environment Authority, who from the desire of the government regarding the high amount of sickness absence, designed work environment regulations. The sample group of the study have been unit managers from social service, in the areas of care and support and support and services for the disabled. The methodology of the study has been qualitative, with an inspiration of a phenomenological approach. The empirical data collected, consist of 10 recorded semi-structured interviews. The questions have been open to capture respondents' personal experiences and thoughts. The interviews have been transcribed and analyzed, and finally resulted in four themes; Demands and decisions, the weight of unit managers, learning and private life.

    The study results in that high workload in social management is a fact. Demands varies between every patient, and the workers experiences the demands differently. The workload is high for the unit managers as well. Which results in that the unit managers can't be as supporting as desired. Learning is shown in thus study to be an important aspect to handle the work and its duties. Something that all the unit managers experiences to be a contributing factor of the sickness absence, is the private life of the workers which is located outside of the work environment.

  • 44.
    Gustafsson, Sofie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Kamperin Wallin, Niclas
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    "Går du till jobbet på morgonen har du ju ingen aning om vad som händer under dagen": Enhetschefers upplevelse av arbetsmiljön inom socialförvaltningen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to catch unit managers' experience of the working environment for workers within social services. Also, the aim of the study was to examine how come the number of sickness absence is high, and what it takes to improve the situation. The interest comes from the Swedish Work Environment Authority, who from the desire of the government regarding the high amount of sickness absence, designed work environment regulations.

    The sample group of the study have been unit managers from social service, in the areas of care and support and support and services for the disabled. The methodology of the study has been qualitative, with an inspiration of a phenomenological approach. The empirical data collected, consist of 10 recorded semi-structured interviews. The questions have been open to capture respondents' personal experiences and thoughts. The interviews have been transcribed and analyzed, and finally resulted in four themes; Demands and decisions, the weight of unit managers, learning and private life.

    The study results in that high workload in social management is a fact. Demands varies between every patient, and the workers experiences the demands differently. The workload is high for the unit managers as well. Which results in that the unit managers can't be as supporting as desired. Learning is shown in thus study to be an important aspect to handle the work and its duties. Something that all the unit managers experiences to be a contributing factor of the sickness absence, is the private life of the workers which is located outside of the work environment.

  • 45.
    Hansson, Carolina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Zackrisson, Mikaela
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Musik i äldreomsorgen: Äldreomsorgspersonalens uppfattningar om lärande av musikaktiviteter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how healthcare professionals perceive the importance of music as part of care in elderly care. The study has been inspired by the phenomenographic methodology aimed at detecting variations in caregivers' perceptions of music in elderly care. The data collection methods used in this study are participatory observations conducted during a music activity, as well as semi-structured interviews with caregivers. The analysis has been conducted based on a phenomenographic analysis model and has resulted in three descriptive categories:functional ability, emotions and learning together with associated subcategories. The result shows that music can improve old people´s memory, mobility and affect their mood. Music in elderly care can also increase the well-being and quality of life of elderly people, as well as contribute to the learning of staff that can increase the quality of care for the elderly.

  • 46.
    Haraldsson, Julia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Wallin, Millan
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Personalens kompetens inom HVB hem för ensamkommande flyktingbarn2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background Unaccompanied minors are children who travel or enter a host country alone or separated from their parents. Working with this group of children requires a high level of competence to make sure that the care they are receving is of good quality.

    Aim The aim of this study is to describe staff competence in designated residential centres for unaccompanied minors seeking asylum.

    Method The used method is of quantitative design utilizing an anonymous Internet based survey.

    Results The results show that the personal working with asylum seeking children generally has education combined with a considerably low level of experience. Majority of participants expressed the need of further education.

    Conclusion While earlier reports suggested that personal working with asylum seeking children in Sweden has low competence, our results show that today most of the personal has higher education however still only one-two years of experience.

  • 47.
    Haraldsson, Katarina
    et al.
    Department of Research and Development, Region Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Isaksson, Pernilla
    Regional Office, Region Halland, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    "Happy when they arrive, happy when they go home": Focusing on promoting children's mental health creates a sense of trust at preschools2017In: Early years, ISSN 0957-5146, E-ISSN 1472-4421, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 386-399Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A need for research on young children’s mental health has been identified. Moreover, there is a need to enhance teachers’ skills regarding health promotion work in preschool. The aim of the study is to examine the impact of a specific course on mental health promotion among Swedish preschool teachers. Data were gathered through interviews and documentation. A qualitative content analysis was used. Three categories: ‘attention’, ‘belonging’ and ‘personal growth’ – and six subcategories emerged from the analysis. The latent content of these categories is described in the theme: ‘Increased awareness, in thoughts and actions, of promoting mental health may create a sense of trust at preschools’. The results show that a specific course to promote mental health enhanced the teachers’ awareness of mental health which improved their work with children. This contributed to the development of a sense of trust at preschools, which is important to children’s mental health.

  • 48.
    Hassler, Sven
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    MiniMili2017Report (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Hassler, Sven
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    The bidirectional agency in therapeutic alliance: an investigation of the relational resources between a social worker and a client in social work with young people that use drugs2016In: Nordic Youth Research Symposium: Youth Moves – Voices – Spaces – Subjectivities, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016, p. 124-124Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the therapeutic effect of the alliance between the social worker and the client is widely recognized, the knowledge on what actually constitutes a successful alliance is limited. The factors at stake are mostly referred to as common factors and include the ability of the social worker to be warm, personal, caring and devoted towards the client. With a bidirectional perspective on the construct of agency Ester Goh (2015) among others has shown that the relationship between the social worker and the client could be regarded as a resource for therapeutic success that enable the client to bean active agent in the process in his or her process of change. The aim of this study is to increase the understanding of what resources a successful relationship between a socialworker and a young client carries in the respect of enabling agentic behavior in the young client. Method In a collaboration with a drug prevention program in the municipality of Ale in the south-western part of Sweden, young clients in the age between 14 and 18 will be interviewed together with their social worker regarding their mutual relationship. Rather than addressing the social issues, the interview will focus on the relationship as such in search for the narratives of the nature of their relationship. Each paired interview will be followed up by individual interviews with the social worker and the young client respectively. Expected results The study is expected to expand the knowledge on how social workers establish functional relationship with young clients, relationships that in turn represents an important resource for the voice of the young client in his or her own process of change.

  • 50.
    Hast, Michaela
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Efter suicid: efterlevandes erfarenheter av att mista en närstående till följd av suicid2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Suicide is a global health problem. It is the cause of numerous people's death and leaves many suicide survivors with grief. The grief after suicide is hard to manage and suicide survivors often have a great need of support.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe suicide survivors experiences of losing a next of kin, due to suicide.

    Method: A literature-based study that was based on research findings from 15 qualitative studies.

    Results: The result is presented in three themes and eight subthemes. The themes, in this study, were emotionally overwhelmed, shame and blaming aswell as life goes on.

    Conclusion: Losing a next of kin through suicide is a tragic and traumatic experience. The result shows that suicide survivors go through a difficult grieving process, that they often have a need of support to manage. A better understanding of suicide survivors experiences may lead to improved support, which can reduce the consequences for suicide survivors, after the suicide of a next of kin.

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