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  • 1.
    Norström, Livia
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Social Media as Sociomaterial Service: On Practicing Public Service Innovation in Municipalities2019Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Governments are in need to innovate public service. They struggle with complex societal problems, decreased citizen trust and the work of adapting to new demands related to how service should be delivered to fit contemporary living. Inspired by success stories from the private sector's "open innovation" approaches, governments are complementing internal competence with knowledge resources of external actors such as citizens. One increasingly growing strategy for knowledge expansion beyond government boundaries has been to use social media platforms, e.g. Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. This strategy has been shown to be especially effective at a local government level (henceforth municipality) where citizens are geographically close to the government and where government manages activities that citizens rely on in their daily lives.

    Despite an expansive rise of social media use in municipalities, and efforts to see beyond a traditional and New Public Management approach to public service, there is little knowledge about the participatory and innovative capacity of social media in a government context. This knowledge gap is reflected in researchers' and municipal administrators' uncertainty as to how to make use of social media for improvement of public service and how to handle tensions about what is possible to do with social media and what is legitimate to do as a public servant.

    The aim of the thesis is thus to map, unpack and conceptualize social media practice by municipal communicators to understand how tensions and dynamics between social media mechanisms and government rationales are shaping the practice and how new emerging practices can be understood as public service innovation. The research questions of the thesis are: RQ1: How are social mediamechanisms supporting different public service rationales?; RQ2: How is public service enacted in the social media practice by municipal communicators?; RQ 3: How can social media practice by municipal communicators be understood as public service innovation?

    With an engaged scholarship research approach, related research on social medialogic, e-government, e-governance and digital public service innovation, and with the help of the theoretical perspectives "service innovation," "practice perspective" and "sociomateriality," the thesis contributes extended insights into how social media platform mechanisms support different government rationales in processes of sociomaterial service, and how such practice can be understood as creative processes towards public service innovation.

    As a practical contribution I propose that both communicators and managers in government engage together in networks of others working with social media and to discuss for instance the mission of the government in relation to the aim of using social media, what tensions arise in the social media practice and why, and how algorithms are shaping the social media practice.

  • 2.
    Wihlborg, Clas
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Khoury, Sarkis J.
    University of California at Riverside, Riverside, USA.
    Trust in the Euro and the EU’s Banking Union After the Financial Crisis: Interdisciplinary European Studies2019Ingår i: Trust in the European Union in Challenging Times: Interdisciplinary European Studies / [ed] Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Antonina; Bremberg, Niklas; Michalski, Anna; Oxelheim, Lars, Springer, 2019, s. 111-138Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Wihlborg and Khoury examine whether greater institutional flexibility can strengthen confidence in the euro and the European banking union. The authors highlight the costs and benefits of harmonization as compared with those arising from competition among national regulatory frameworks. Greater trust requires either that some EU member states abandon the euro as their currency, or that they effect far-reaching structural reforms. Politically, it is advantageous to divide the euro zone into two different currency areas. Regarding the EU’s banking union, Wihlborg and Khoury contend that market discipline with regard to banks’ risk-taking improves national regulatory frameworks through institutional competition. Mutual recognition between national supervisory authorities requires harmonization of rules for dealing with troubled banks, as well as for banking regulation and supervision.

  • 3.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Babaheidari, Said Morad
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    A first step towards a model for teachers' adoption of ICT pedagogy in schools.2018Ingår i: Heliyon, ISSN 2405-8440, Vol. 4, nr 9, artikel-id e00786Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is important to identify and understand important factors underpinning the integration of information and communication technology (ICT) in schools. And, it is important that ICT is adopted in a sound pedagogical manner. The aim with this study was to suggest a model for the actual use of ICT in schools and how it may be related to important factors such as technological pedagogical expectations. The design of the model was inspired by TAM2 and UTAUT models, but with some modifications. We have developed a model which highlight the pedagogical aspects beyond the technical ones. Furthermore, our suggested model also include the adoption of digital techniques in everyday life as a potential predictor of adoption of ICT at work. The sample consists of 122 teachers and we analyzed the model with a structural equation model. This study contributes with a suggested model including a new construct for measuring expected performance from a technological pedagogical point of view. This new construct was a significant predictor to actual use of ICT in school. Furthermore we also developed a new construct for adoption of ICT in everyday life, which also was a significant predictor to actual use of ICT in school.

  • 4.
    Larsson, Lena G
    et al.
    Närhälsan Kungshamn Health Centre, Region Västra Götaland, Kungshamn, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Medicine, Gothenburg, Sweden ; Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Region Västra Götaland, Fyrbodal, Sweden.
    Bäck-Pettersson, Siv
    Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Region Västra Götaland, Fyrbodal, Sweden.
    Kylén, Sven
    Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Region Västra Götaland, Fyrbodal, Sweden; Chalmers University of Technology, Centre on Health Care Improvement and Innovation, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Marklund, Bertil
    University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Medicine, Gothenburg, Sweden ; Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Region Västra Götaland, Fyrbodal, Sweden.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Carlström, Eric
    University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Medicine, Gothenburg, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden; University of South-East Norway, Notodden, Norway.
    A national study on collaboration in care planning for patients with complex needs2018Ingår i: International Journal of Health Planning and Management, ISSN 0749-6753, E-ISSN 1099-1751Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate inter-organisational collaboration on care planning for patients with complex care needs. Internationally, and in Sweden where the data for this study was collected, difficulties in care planning and transition of patients between the main health care providers, hospitals, municipal care, and primary care are well known.

    METHOD: A survey of a total population of care managers in hospitals, municipalities, and primary care in Sweden was conducted. The study assessed accessibility, willingness, trustworthiness, and collaboration between health care providers. Data were analysed with descriptive statistics, bivariate, and multivariate regressions.

    RESULTS: The results indicate that Swedish health care providers show strong self-awareness, but they describe each other's ability to collaborate as weak. Primary care stands out, displaying the highest discrepancy between self-awareness and displayed accessibility, willingness, trustworthiness, and collaboration.

    CONCLUSION: Inability to collaborate in patient care planning may be due to shortcomings in terms of trust between caregivers in the health care organisation at a national level. Organisations that experience difficulties in collaboration tend to defend themselves with arguments about their own excellence and insufficiency of others.

  • 5. Shubber, Mohammed
    et al.
    Östlind, Tomas
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Svensson, Ann
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Larsson, Lena
    Sahlgrenska Academy.
    Acceptance of Video Conferencing in Healthcare Planning in Hospitals2018Ingår i: AMCIS 2018 Proceedings, Association for Information Systems, 2018, s. 1-10Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Health information technology has become one of the most important resources for the development and improved efficiency of healthcare services. Frail elderly patients is a growing group of people that that requires healthcare. Different care providers have to participate in healthcare planning for frail elderly patients to ensure that the patient is provided with suitable care in his or her home. The use of video conferencing offers great potential for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of healthcare planning sessions, as well as reducing travel expenses. This paper reports from a qualitative study aiming at identifying and analyzing attitudes of hospital professionals, when using video conferencing for healthcare planning. The result indicates that the attitude toward using video conference tools is exclusively positive. The intention to use is high, due to the ability of the technology to make professionals ’ work more efficient, and that the technology can improve patient care.

  • 6.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Purao, Sandeep
    Bentley University, Bentley, USA.
    Rossi, Matti
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Action Design Research in Practice: Lessons and Concerns2018Ingår i: Proceedings ECIS 2018, 2018, artikel-id 1755Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on the results of a study of how scholars engage with and use the action designresearch (ADR) method. Since its publication, ADR has been acknowledged as an importantvariant of DSR, and has been adopted by a number of researchers. It has been adopted as theprimary research method for doctoral dissertations as well as research projects in severaldisciplines. With the increasing use of ADR, the research community is also learning about how toapply ADR in different contexts. In this paper, we focus on how researchers are using the method.Drawing on primary data from researchers who have recently engaged in or finished an ADRproject, we identify several recurring themes: managing expectations with actual outcomes ofADR-projects, coordinating work across different ADR-stages, and balancing the focus on probleminstance versus class of problems. Our work contributes a greater understanding about how ADRprojects are carried out in practice, how researchers can avoid some of the common pitfalls, andhow the method can be applied more effectively.

  • 7.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    An eye for an I: a framework with focus on the integration of work and learning in higher education2018Ingår i: INTED 2018: Proceedings, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education plays a new role in the society and the highly specialized labor market, and higher education institutes are expected to interact with and contribute to the surrounding society. University West in Sweden is since 2002 commissioned by the government to develop the pedagogical strategy called work-integrated learning (WIL) and WIL is the “trade mark” for the University. This means that pedagogical methods are based on WIL and that the faculty is working on further refinement and development in order to maximize the pedagogical gain offered by using the synergy between theory and practice.

    Work-integrated-learning activities are often implemented in a course as methods aligned to the learning outcomes regarding knowledge in the specific subject. However, another perspective is that the capacity to reflect and understand the integration of theory and practice could actually be a learning outcome in itself. From this perspective, it is vital to theoretically frame and formulate stringent learnings outcomes. To have a clear framework for this is important for curriculum design, course delivery and assessment, as well.

    In a self-evaluation conducted at the University, including focus groups with, both undergraduate and post graduate students, teachers, researchers and managers, a call for a framework has been expressed.

    In this conceptual paper, we propose a framework to support, design, delivery and assessment of work-integrated-learning progression, i.e. understanding of the integration between theory and practice. This framework is inspired by theories regarding constructive alignment [3], the SOLO taxonomy, agentic learning, SAMR-model and the RAT-model. RAT means Replacement, Amplifying and Replacement [4] while SAMR is the acronym for Substitution, Augmentation, Modification and Redefinition [5]. Our WIL-4U has also been inspired by SOLO taxonomy [6]

    In short, the framework for progression includes a progression from being descriptive regarding the observed practice, skills for comparing and evaluating practices, to be agentic in how theory and practice could be used in synergy for evolving, new theory and development of practice. Thereby, putting on eye on the “i” in WiL.

    Ultimately such a framework could support the progression of “WiL-understanding” through an educational program, and that students after graduation have developed readiness for “life-long-learning” and could be agentic at workplaces in the sense that practice and theory are used in synergy.

  • 8.
    Ajanović, Midhat
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Animerad verklighet2018Ingår i: Tecknaren, ISSN 0347-7673, nr 6, s. 24-27Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 9.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Friedrichs, Yvonne von
    Mittuniversitetet, Östersund, Sverige.
    Approaches to inclusive networking in place development: an illustration from six smaller Scandinavian cities2018Ingår i: International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development, ISSN 1753-0660, E-ISSN 1753-0679, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 259-280Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to further explore and deepen research in place development with focus on inclusive networking related to renewal processes in smaller harbour cities in Scandinavia. The results are based on a multiple case study comprising in-depth interviews with driving network actors, document studies and observations from six different harbour cities in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The research questions focus on the characteristics of networks and inclusiveness, knowledge sharing and renewal processes related to networking. This study illustrates different inclusive network approaches for place development. Smaller harbour cities are dynamic places for cross-sector collaboration and networking, although driving network actors struggle with underlying mechanisms related to network characteristics, inclusiveness and governance. Furthermore, findings stress that communication, a sharing culture, transparency and democratic values are vital to enable trust, knowledge sharing and legitimacy for inclusive networking in place development.

  • 10.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Att utveckla Lysekils centrum tillsammans: utmaningar och möjligheter2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie designades och analyserades av Högskolan Väst 2016-2017. Undersökningen kompletterar den besökar- och boendestudie som Högskolan Väst tidigare genomförde inom projektet i Lysekil under sensommaren 2016 (se Högskolan Väst Rapport 2 Urban Platsinnovation Besökar- och boendestudie i Lysekil sensommaren 2017). Denna studie genomfördes under tiden 26 maj - 11 augusti 2017 med 363 svarande respondenter, varav 165 var besökare och 198 permanent boende i Lysekil. Syftet med studien var att öka kunskapen om både besökares och boendes uppfattningar om Lysekil. Högskolan Väst har även genomfört en intervjustudie med centrumaktörer i Lysekil under 2017 (se Högskolan Väst Rapport 4 Urban Platsinnovation Att utveckla Lysekils centrum tillsammans - utmaningar och möjligheter). Studierna1 avser även att bidra gränsöverskridande inspiration samt vara ett underlag för planering och utveckling av kommande centrumutvecklande aktiviteter såväl inom som utanför projektets regi.Undersökningen visar att besökare framför allt kommer till Lysekil för att koppla av och är nöjda med sitt besök i Lysekil samt med service och utbud, stadsmiljö och faciliteter. En stor majoritet av besökarna har besökt Lysekil innan och anger att de kommer att besöka Lysekil igen. Av de besökare är det 88% som sannolikt kommer rekommendera andra ett besök i Lysekil. Ungefär hälften av besökarna bor mer än 10 mil från Lysekil.De permanent boende i Lysekil är också nöjda med utbudet av restauranger, kvalitén på både maten och servicen. De boende var också nöjda med servicen i butikerna men ställde sig neutrala till utbudet av butiker. Det största missnöjet bland de permanent boende i Lysekil finns kring parkeringssituationen.Studien är i stort samstämmig med den besökar- och boendeundersökning som genomfördes 2016.Ett stort antal förbättringsförslag ges av respondenterna och finns redovisade i rapporten. Dessa förslag är allt från konkreta till visionära.Det är vår rekommendation att denna rapport ihop med rapporten från undersökningen 2016 (se Högskolan Västs Rapport 2) delges och diskuteras med de aktörer och nätverk som finns i Lysekil i arbetet i att ta fram nya centrumutvecklande aktiviteter.

  • 11.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Besökar- och boendestudie i Lysekil sommaren 20172018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie designades och analyserades av Högskolan Väst 2016-2017. Undersökningen kompletterar den besökar- och boendestudie som Högskolan Väst tidigare genomförde inom projektet i Lysekil under sensommaren 2016 (se Högskolan Väst Rapport 2 Urban Platsinnovation Besökar- och boendestudie i Lysekil sensommaren 2017). Denna studie genomfördes under tiden 26 maj - 11 augusti 2017 med 363 svarande respondenter, varav 165 var besökare och 198 permanent boende i Lysekil. Syftet med studien var att öka kunskapen om både besökares och boendes uppfattningar om Lysekil. Högskolan Väst har även genomfört en intervjustudie med centrumaktörer i Lysekil under 2017 (se Högskolan Väst Rapport 4 Urban Platsinnovation Att utveckla Lysekils centrum tillsammans - utmaningar och möjligheter). Studierna1 avser även att bidra gränsöverskridande inspiration samt vara ett underlag för planering och utveckling av kommande centrumutvecklande aktiviteter såväl inom som utanför projektets regi. Undersökningen visar att besökare framför allt kommer till Lysekil för att koppla av och är nöjda med sitt besök i Lysekil samt med service och utbud, stadsmiljö och faciliteter. En stor majoritet av besökarna har besökt Lysekil innan och anger att de kommer att besöka Lysekil igen. Av de besökare är det 88% som sannolikt kommer rekommendera andra ett besök i Lysekil. Ungefär hälften av besökarna bor mer än 10 mil från Lysekil. De permanent boende i Lysekil är också nöjda med utbudet av restauranger, kvalitén på både maten och servicen. De boende var också nöjda med servicen i butikerna men ställde sig neutrala till utbudet av butiker. Det största missnöjet bland de permanent boende i Lysekil finns kring parkeringssituationen. Studien är i stort samstämmig med den besökar- och boendeundersökning som genomfördes 2016. Ett stort antal förbättringsförslag ges av respondenterna och finns redovisade i rapporten. Dessa förslag är allt från konkreta till visionära. Det är vår rekommendation att denna rapport ihop med rapporten från undersökningen 2016 (se Högskolan Västs Rapport 2) delges och diskuteras med de aktörer och nätverk som finns i Lysekil i arbetet i att ta fram nya centrumutvecklande aktiviteter

  • 12.
    Ajanovic, Midhat
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Beyond Self-images: The Context and Development of Animated Documentaries, the Cornerstones of Modern Animation in Sweden.2018Ingår i: Global Animation Theory / [ed] Franziska Bruckner et al., New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2018, s. 99-116Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It seems that the first decades of the new millennium have brought about a small renaissance of documentaries, especially those that combine live action and animated pictures and even those visualiezd totally by employment of various animation techniques. My concern in the following chapter is the conspicuous propensity in Swedish animation towards animated documentary. In my view Sweden is the country that, besides Canada and Great Britain, has developed the most prolific production of films that merge documentary purposes and animated imagery.

    In this chapter I define animated documentary, as I understand it. I will also take a look into the history of Swedish animation and documentary, with an emphasis on the features that might be the base for the development of the animated documentary. The text will also focus on some factors in the production and social background that, at least partly, explain why the animated documentary is such a prominent feature on the Swedish animation scene and, lastly, it will point at some films and filmmakers that eminently represent the genre. 

  • 13.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Collaboration Model for Work-Integrated Learning in Higher Education 3rd Cycle2018Ingår i: INTED 2018: Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, 2018, Vol. 1, s. 5509-5515Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Universities need to constantly accommodate new forms of collaboration with society. Interaction with and impacts on society and practice are of crucial importance. University West (UW) in Sweden has a profile area in work-integrated learning (WIL), which generally aims to address issues on integrating theory and practice in a coherent and sustainable way. In this paper we base our arguments on a research education (3rd cycle) in informatics with specialization in work-integrated learning. The aim with the paper is to evaluate UW’s research education and research environment from a WIL perspective. We will adopt an informing science model in order to conduct a current state analysis, in which we identify and visualize collaboration activities within and between the research education/environment and the UWs key stakeholders; society/practices, research community and PhD students. Concrete implications show how collaboration and informing flows are connected and how they can be improved. General reflections are given on the model as a useful means for quality development and assurance beyond learning outcomes, including aspects of collaboration and interaction that can be regarded as paths of societal and practical impacts.

  • 14.
    Siverbo, Sven
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Cäker, Mikael
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Åkesson, Johan
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Conceptualizing dysfunctional consequences of performance measurement in public sector organizations2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 15.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Conceptualizing University-Society Collaboration: A Literature Review Focusing on Drivers of Collaboration2018Ingår i: ICERI2018 Proceedings, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration and learning are vital for development in all sectors of society and there is a constantneed for new ideas, innovation and development. Previous research addresses several approaches for university-society collaboration, e.g. Work-Integrated Learning (WIL), University-Industry Government (Triple-helix), University Community Partnership (UCP), and Public Private Academic Partnership (PPAP). These are all aiming at planning, performing, compiling and leveraging knowledge exchange and co-creating sustainable results. This conceptual paper draws on an initial literature review on how established frameworks and models in the field of university-society collaboration are related to contemporary drivers of collaboration, such as co-creation, trust and relationship building. The aim of the paper is to gain deeper insights in the complex dynamics of collaboration by exploring relevant research literature and to suggest future directions for research in university-society collaboration. Hence, the research questions to be addressed in this paper are: What are the key drivers that underlie the dynamics of university-society collaboration? How can university-society collaboration be approached in order to facilitate co-creating results? The results suggest that the key driver for university-society collaboration is trust. However, there are several underlying triggers and mechanisms facilitating trust. As trust is context and actor dependent and need to be approached in an open and continuous way in order to co-create sustainable results. Emergent drivers of collaboration and universities roles are also discussed.

  • 16.
    Walladbegi, Java
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Oral Medicine & Pathology, Institute of Odontology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Box 450, 405 30, Gothenburg, Swede.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik. Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Svanberg, Anncarin
    ppsala University, Department of Hematology, Institute for Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Uppsala University Hospital, U751 85, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Jontell, Mats
    University of Gothenburg,Department of Oral Medicine & Pathology, Institute of Odontology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Box 450, 405 30, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Correction to Innovative intraoral cooling device better tolerated and equally effective as ice cooling2018Ingår i: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology, ISSN 0344-5704, E-ISSN 1432-0843, Vol. 81, nr 1, s. 225-225Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Unfortunately, the online published article has error in Table 1. The correct Table 1 is given in the following page.

  • 17.
    Holst, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Primary Health Care/Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Björkelund, Cecilia
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Primary Health Care/Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Metsini, Alexandra
    County Council of Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Madsen, Jens-Henrik
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Hange, Dominique
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Primary Health Care/Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Petersson, Eva-Lisa L.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Primary Health Care/Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden Region Västra Götaland, Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Maria C. M.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Primary Health Care/Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kivi, Marie
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Andersson, Per-Åke A.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Svensson, Mikael
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Health Metrics, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Cost-effectiveness analysis of internet-mediated cognitive behavioural therapy for depression in the primary care setting: results based on a controlled trial2018Ingår i: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 8, nr 6, artikel-id e019716Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective To perform a cost-effectiveness analysis of a randomised controlled trial of internet-mediated cognitive behavioural therapy (ICBT) compared with treatment as usual (Tall) for patients with mild to moderate depression in the Swedish primary care setting. In particular, the objective was to assess from a healthcare and societal perspective the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of ICBT versus TaU at 12 months follow-up. Design A cost-effectiveness analysis alongside a pragmatic effectiveness trial. Setting Sixteen primary care centres (PCCs) in south-west Sweden. Participants Ninety patients diagnosed with mild to moderate depression at the PCCs. Main outcome measure ICERs calculated as (Cost(ICBT)-Cost(TaU))/(Health outcome(ICBT)-Health outcome(TaU))=Delta Cost/Delta Health outcomes, the health outcomes being changes in the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) score and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs). Results The total cost per patient for ICBT was 4044 Swedish kronor (SEK) ((sic)426) (healthcare perspective) and SEK47679 ((sic)5028) (societal perspective). The total cost per patient for TaU was SEK4434 ((sic)468) and SEK50 343 ((sic)5308). In both groups, the largest cost was associated with productivity loss. The differences in cost per patient were not statistically significant. The mean reduction in BDI-ll score was 13.4 and 13.8 units in the ICBT and Tall groups, respectively. The mean QALYs per patient was 0.74 and 0.79 in the ICBT and TaU groups, respectively. The differences in BDI-11 score reduction and mean QALYs were not statistically significant. The uncertainty of the study estimates when assessed by bootstrapping indicated that no firm conclusion could be drawn as to whether ICBT treatment compared with Tall was the most cost-effective use of resources. Conclusions ICBT was regarded to be as cost-effective as TaU as costs, health outcomes and cost-effectiveness were similar for ICBT and TaU, both from a healthcare and societal perspective.

  • 18.
    Galan, Nataliya
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Crossing the Border in a Cross-border Region: The Role of Networks in Small Firms' Internationalization2018Ingår i: "Sustainable entrepreneurship: A win-win strategy for the future", Toledo, 2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 19.
    Cerna, Katerina
    et al.
    Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Lundin, Johan
    Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Steineck, Gunnar
    The Sahlgrenska Academy, Jubileumsklininken, Sweden.
    Decision-support System for Cancer Rehabilitation: Designing for Incorporating of Quantified Data into an Existing Practice2018Ingår i: Proceedings of the 10th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction / [ed] Gerd Berget, ACM Publications, 2018, s. 747-753Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent development in self-monitoring devices indicates that using quantified data in clinical practicesupporting chronic diseases management holds a big potential. However, exploration of this design space also suggests that some unattended challenges still exist, such as a low adoption rate of self-monitoring tools in existing clinical practice. In this text, wetherefore focus on the ways healthcare professionalsuse quantified data in their practice. We draw onempirical data from an ethnographic study of a cancer rehabilitation center. Our preliminary findings suggestthat the self-monitoring tool supported the nurses'work because it became a functional complement totheir work by allowing them to appropriate the deviceto their and the patients' needs.

  • 20.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Norström, Livia
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Degree of Digitalization and Citizen Satisfaction: A Study of the Role of Local e-Government in Sweden2018Ingår i: Electronic Journal of e-Government, ISSN 1479-439X, E-ISSN 1479-439X, Vol. 16, s. 59-71Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to investigate whether there is a relationship between degree of e-government in Swedish municipalities and perceived satisfaction among citizens generally. This is a large-scale quantitative study based on validand reliable Swedish national surveys. Based on these surveys, a new comprehensive index for measuring "degree of digitalization" was constructed. Citizen satisfaction was measured using established indices covering three dimensions:satisfaction with living in the municipality, satisfaction with performance of government activities (delivered services), and satisfaction with transparency and influence. The results show that there is a relationship between the degree of digitalization in a municipality and the perceived satisfaction among its citizens. The degree of digitalization is related to all three dimensions of citizen satisfaction. Additionally, this study indicates that the strength of this relationship is in parity with or even stronger than the relationship between citizen satisfaction and other crucial factors such as educational level and median income

  • 21.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Designing for Adaptable Learning2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The research in this thesis emphasizes the endeavor of designing for adaptable learning. Designing for adaptable learning is understood as an overall response to designing for integration work. Designing for integration work is thus classified as a special case of designing for adaptable learning. Integration work in this research is understood as a professional practice that aims to improve and support the integration process of newly arrived immigrants (referred to as newcomers) in society. As professional practitioners of integration work, integration workers face daily challenges that are wicked by nature. In order to understand and problematize these challenges, the empirical work of this research was organized and performed within a case of digitalizing the civic orientation program in Sweden. The civic orientation program is a special case of integration work in Sweden, where integration workers organize and provide civic orientation to newcomers in Sweden. Different groups of newcomers are subsequently participating in a required 60 hours of civic orientation and are provided sessions through their native language. The integration workers are responsible for organizing and performing civic orientation through a dynamic process of dialogues, exercises, and more. Integration work as a practice, however, does not incorporate a standardized knowledge base, which provides integration workers a unified way of organizing and performing civic orientation. Instead, different counties and municipalities in Sweden organize and perform civic orientation in various ways. Furthermore, due to the extreme heterogeneity among newcomers as participants in civic orientation, the integration workers are forced to adapt. In turn, the integration workers themselves are heterogeneous due to their different roles, areas of responsibilities, and more essentially, worldviews. In order to understand and problematize the aspects of designing for integration work, an explorative approach was adopted through three consecutive cycles of Action Design Research. The cycles were performed from 2013 until completion of this thesis. The thesis was subsequently governed through three research questions: (1) How to design for integration work? (2)What makes designing for integration work significant? (3) Why do design for integration work? There search questions were addressed and answered through a body of produced knowledge that captures and provides the essential contributions of the thesis. The contributions of the thesis highlight different aspects of designing for integration work, as a special case of designing for adaptable learning. Thus, the contributions are presented and discussed with an explicit bearing toward designing for adaptable learning,as the general class of problems and solutions of this research. The contributions are consequently provided through: (1) an ensemble artifact that is termed a digital platform for civic orientation; (2) an Information Systems Design Theory for adaptable e-learning; (3) a design research methodology that incorporates work-integrated learning; (4) the meta-design of an open learning platform that supports the social integration of newcomers in society; and (5) a philosophical concept that problematizes and conceptualizes the essence of presence in e-learning. Ultimately, the research contributes to the research domains of information systems and work-integrated learning, by providing findings that problematize core aspects of designing for adaptable learning. Furthermore, the thesis extensively discusses the findings of this research by emphasizing a philosophical perspective toward core aspects of the research contributions. Finally, the thesis concludes with a set of limitations of the current research and a brief discussion about potential endeavours of future research.

  • 22.
    Monneret, Denis
    et al.
    Department of Metabolic Biochemistry, La Pitié Salpêtrière-Charles Foix University Hospital, Paris, France.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik. Department of Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Scandinavian Surgical Outcomes Research Group, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bonnefont-Rousselot, Dominique
    Paris Descartes University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Biochemistry, Paris, France.
    Determination of age- and sex-specific 99th percentiles for high-sensitive troponin T from patients: An analytical imprecision- and partitioning-based approach2018Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, ISSN 1434-6621, E-ISSN 1437-4331, Vol. 56, nr 5, s. 818-829Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Detection of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is mainly based on a rise of cardiac troponin with at least one value above the 99th percentile upper reference limit (99th URL). However, circulating high-sensitive cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) concentrations depend on age, sex and renal function. Using an analytical imprecision-based approach, we aimed to determine age- A nd sex-specific hs-cTnT 99th URLs for patients without chronic kidney disease (CKD). A 3.8-year retrospective analysis of a hospital laboratory database allowed the selection of adult patients with concomitant plasma hs-cTnT (<300 ng/L) and creatinine concentrations, both assayed twice within 72 h with at least 3 h between measurements. Absence of AMI was assumed when the variation between serial hs-cTnT values was below the adjusted-analytical change limit calculated according to the inverse polynomial regression of analytical imprecision. Specific URLs were determined using Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) methods, and partitioning was tested using the proportion method, after adjustment for unequal prevalences. After outlier removal (men: 8.7%; women: 6.6%), 1414 men and 1082 women with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2 were assumed as non-AMI. Partitioning into age groups of 18-50, 51-70 and 71-98 years, the hs-cTnT 99th URLs adjusted on French prevalence were 18, 33, 66 and 16, 30, 84 ng/L for men and women, respectively. Age-partitioning was clearly required. However, sex-partitioning was not justified for subjects aged 18-50 and 51-70 years for whom a common hs-cTnT 99th URLs of about 17 and 31 ng/L could be used. Based on a laboratory approach, this study supports the need for age-specific hs-cTnT 99th URLs. © 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH.

  • 23.
    Spante, Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Sofkova Hashemi, Sylvana
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Lundin, Mona
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Algers, Anne
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Digital competence and digital literacy in higher education research: Systematic review of concept use2018Ingår i: Cogent Education, E-ISSN 2331-186X, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 1-21Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital competence and digital literacy are concepts that are increasingly used in public discourse. However, how the concepts are used and how they are defined remains unclear. This paper presents a systematic review of research where these concepts are used in higher education research. The aim is to establish an understanding of referencing strategy to digital literacy and digital competence over time, disciplines, countries, methods and level of analysis. Three databases were used in the systematic literature review: Web of Science, Scopus and Education Resources Information Centre. We delimited the search to title, abstract and keywords in the databases. Inclusion criteria were peer-reviewed publications written in English. Initially 107 publications between 1997 and 2017 were found, with 28 addressing digital competence and 79 digital literacy. Our review demonstrates that there is a range of definitions used in higher education research. They vary depending on if the concepts are defined by policy, research or both and whether they focus on technical skills or social practices. This review indicates directions for further research in higher education i) do more research based on critical perspectives to avoid commonsensical use of the concepts, ii) take the development of definitions of these concepts seriously iii) avoid cross-referencing incompatibilities and finally iv) engage in critical investigations regarding the legitimacy of policy over research in the domain of higher education research.

  • 24.
    Spante, Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Digital Creativity: Enabling Learning Of Gender Roles In Society In Primary School By Story Driven Digital Production2018Ingår i: The Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Communication Technologies in Education 2018 / [ed] Linda Morris,Costas Tsolakidis, ICICTE , 2018, s. 213-224Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To achieve knowledge and understanding in social science, students' ability to discuss and reflect is important. However, the goal to stimulate perspective taking and inference making upon social phenomena has proven to be difficult in general and in particular for primary school students. Thus, there is a need to develop models and concepts for learning that provide guidance that address these challenges. This study reports on how 6th grade students in a Swedish school successfully worked with gender roles in society with a storydriven didactical design linked to digital competence development and creativity in a cross-border setting.

  • 25.
    Willermark, Sara
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Digital Didaktisk Design: Att utveckla undervisning i och för en digitaliserad skola2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna avhandling undersöks grundskollärares arbete med att utveckla sin undervisningspraktik med digital teknik. Mer precist undersöks hur en sådan utveckling kan identifieras, förstås och stödjas. Empirin härstammar primärt från ett treårigt aktionsorienterat skolutvecklingsprojekt i nordisk grundskola. Inom projektet samarbetade lärare från Sverige, Norge och Danmark för att utveckla nya undervisningsaktiviteter över nationsgränserna med stöd av digital teknik. Lärare organiserades inom olika ämnesspecifika designteam för att planera, implementera och utvärdera undervisningsaktiviteter, så kallad digital didaktisk design, vilket avser utformandet av en undervisningssekvens, som adresserar ett specifikt ämne inom ett visst ämnesområde. Det empiriska underlaget utgörs av dokumentation över den digitala didaktiska designen, deltagande observationer, intervjuer och innehållsanalyser samt en enkätundersökning. Två teoretiska ramverk används, TPACK (akronym för Technological Pedagogical And Content Knowledge) och verksamhetsteori. Resultaten påvisar en utveckling av lärares undervisningspraktik. Med stöd av digital teknik skapar lärare digital didaktisk design över nationsgränser, som ger upphov till nya aktiviteter, situationer och möten. Det krävdes dock både omfattande arbetsinsatser och ett praktiskt experimenterande under lång tid, för att lärarna skulle kunna utveckla digital didaktisk design som upplevdes meningsfull i den nya kontexten. Motsättningar och organisatoriska gränser mellan de samverkande lärarna identifierades som avgörande för utvecklingen, genom att ge upphov till förhandlingar, kompromisser och reflektion. Avhandlingen bidrar med ett verktyg för att identifiera och stödja lärares arbetemed att utveckla sin undervisningspraktik med digital teknik. Vidare föreslås en strategi för att identifiera och analysera lärares utveckling över tid. Avhandlingen bidrar också med kunskap om hur olika typer av spänningar och gränser vid samarbete kan stimulera till lärande för en digitaliserad undervisningspraktik, liksom rekommendationer för hur utbildningsinsatser för lärare kan utformas i syfte att stödja lärares utveckling av undervisningspraktiken.

  • 26.
    Winman, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Spante, Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Willermark, Sara
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Digitaliseringen i skolan: möjligheter och utmaningar2018Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 27.
    Cäker, Mikael
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Siverbo, Sven
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Effects of performance measurement system inconsistency on managers' role clarity and well-being2018Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 34, nr 3, s. 256-266Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we explore the impact of PMS inconsistency on managerial role clarity and well-being. In addition,we investigate if problems with PMS inconsistency can be dealt with by convincing superiors to loosen their control reactions to variances, giving managers job autonomy and providing managers with support from superiors, peers and staff functions. Based on survey responses from 799 managers in one public sector organizationand 187 managers in one private sector organization we conclude that PMS inconsistency has negative effects on managers' role clarity and well-being. This situation does not improve if superiors practice loose control; on the contrary, it seems to make managers' work situation worse. Job autonomy and support appear to be better coping methods since they have direct positive impacts on managers' role clarity and well-being that counteracts the negative effects of PMS inconsistency.

  • 28.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Employment and economic activity in different Swedish border regions2018Ingår i: Globalization, International Spillovers and Sectoral Changes: Implications for Regions and Industries / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Andreas P. Cornett and Tina Wallin, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, s. 265-290Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 29.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Engaged in digital service innovation2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The research in this thesis has digital services innovation to support Human-Centred Service Systems (HCSSs) from a practice theory perspective as a foundation. Digital service innovation is understood as service system reconfiguration due to digitalization, with the aim to change the service systemsin a way that increases the value for the involved actors. There are several challenges in digital service innovation; one of the challenges is to address value for a Human-Centered Service System (HCSS), especially since value is the outcome that is determined by the beneficiary. Another challenge is the complexity of sharing and translation of knowledge among heterogeneous actors. The interaction among the involved actors is crucial to understand because it is through human interaction that knowledge is shared and generated.The research has been guided by two research questions: (1) What constitutes value in HCSSs? And (2) How can perceptions of value be aligned in digital service innovation? The presented research expands our understanding of digital service innovation in HCSSs supporting everyday life from a practice perspective. The overall research approach has been engaged scholarship, where the attached insider perspective has been the main focus. The empirical data is collected in two innovation projects (FIND and Free2Ride), the data comes from activities within the projects such as workshops and interviews. One finding in the thesis is the interplay between different levels of value during digital service innovation. Another finding is that beneficiaries and developer stake initiatives to share and translate knowledge. The main contribution of the research is a set of digital service innovation principles. Temporal brokering that leads to leaps in the process of reaching a common understanding and the importance of a learning dimension regarding the roles taken by service beneficiaries are also contributions in this thesis. The research also contributes an exemplification of how learning theories have been applied in order to understand digital service innovation. There are also practical contributions directed to those involved in digital service innovation on a tactical or strategic level. Future research could approach digital service innovation of HCSSs inother service systems and with other perspectives from the practice theory research.

  • 30.
    Nehls, Eddy
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Ett sätt att utbilda för interkulturell dialog2018Ingår i: Interkulturell dialog: teori och praktik / [ed] Rasoul Nejadmehr, Göteborg: NordienT Förslag , 2018Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 31.
    Ajanović, Midhat
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Film i strip2018Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 32.
    Ahmadi, Ahmad
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Lind, B.
    Firms success factors or corporate competitiveness2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 33.
    Hansson, Anders
    et al.
    University Health Care Research Centre, Region Örebro County; Örebro University, School of Medical Sciences, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Medicine, Sweden.
    Svensson, Ann
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen for hälsopromotion och vårdvetenskap.
    Larsson, Lena G.
    University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Medicine, Sweden.
    Forsman, Berit
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå.
    Alsén, Pia
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - avancerad nivå.
    Flawed communications: Health professionals’ experience of collaboration in the care of frail elderly patients2018Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 46, nr 7, s. 680-689Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: Frail elderly patients who have multiple illnesses do not fare well in modern health care systems, mainly due to a lack of care planning and flawed communication between health professionals in different care organisations. This is especially noticeable when patients are discharged from hospital. The aim of this study was to explore health care professionals’ experience of obstacles and opportunities for collaboration. Methods: Health professionals were invited to participate in three focus groups, each consisting of a hospital physician, a primary care physician, a hospital nurse, a primary care nurse, a municipal home care nurse or an assistant officer, a physical or occupational therapist and a patient or a family member representative. These individual people were then asked to discuss the obstacles and opportunities for communication between themselves and with the patients and their relatives when presented with the case report of a fictitious patient. Content analysis was used to identify categories. Results: Several obstacles were identified for effective communication and care planning: insufficient communication with patients and relatives; delayed collaboration between care-givers; the lack of an adequate responsible person for care planning; and resources not being distributed according to the actual needs of patients. The absence of an overarching responsibility for the patient, beyond organisational borders, was a recurring theme. These obstacles could also be seen as opportunities. Conclusions: Obstacles for collaboration were found on three levels: societal, organisational and individual. As health care professionals are well aware of the problems and also see solutions, management for health care should support employees’ own initiatives for changes that are of benefit in the care of frail elderly patients with multiple illnesses.

  • 34.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    From Co-Design to Co-Care: Designing a Collaborative Practice in Care2018Ingår i: Systems, Signs & Actions, ISSN 1652-8719, E-ISSN 1652-8719, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 1-24Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The design of digital artifacts in general and mobile apps in particular has not been investigated fully from a practice perspective. Mobile apps are commonly designed from a distant, armslength relationship where they are developed without taking the users' practices into account.This paper problematizes this notion and takes the point of departure from a collaborative design (co-design) process where the goal was to design a mobile app supporting grocery shopping forthe home care sector. We analyse the role of designing a mobile app as a facilitator for collaboration between the elderly's everyday practice and the caregivers work practice and investigatehow these two practices become intertwined. The research questions are: How can the design process be organized in order to foster the formation of a prospective collaborative care practice? What aspects are important to consider when designing with a boundary practice perspective? The findings of this study indicate that organizing the design activities in a certain collaborative manner empowered the elderly and their caregivers and led to the formation of a common, collaborative care practice (herein called co-care). The focus of the design process thereby shifted from designing the digital artifact (framed as a boundary object) to designing the co-carepractice (framed as a boundary practice). Our contribution is discussed in terms of design considerations,which can be applied for the facilitation of a collaborative boundary practice. The considerations are of particular relevance for settings where two or more practices are to collaborate and where new conditions are to be created for future co-practice.

  • 35.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Steineck, G.
    University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Academy, Clinical Science, Sweden.
    Lundin, J.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied IT, Sweden.
    From narratives to numbers: Data work and patient-generated health data in consultations2018Ingår i: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics / [ed] Klein G.O.,Karlsson D.,Moen A.,Ugon A., IOS Press, 2018, Vol. 247, s. 491-495Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents preliminary findings on how the introduction of patient-generated health data (PGHD) triggers changes during patient-nurse consultations. This article builds on a two-year case study, examining the work practice at a cancer rehabilitation clinic at a Swedish Hospital using PGHD. The study focuses on how nurses’ use data, gathered by patients with a mobile phone app, during consultations. The use of PGHD introduce a change in the translation work, the work of turning rich patient descriptions and transform them into data, during the consultation for documentation and clinical decision-making. This change affects precision, questions asked and the use of visualizations as well as the patient-nurse decision making. © 2018 European Federation for Medical Informatics (EFMI) and IOS Press.

  • 36.
    Nehls, Eddy
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Föränderliga ordningar utan centrum och hierarki: Förslag till kunskapsteori för ett hållbart samhälle2018Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 37.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Karlsson, CharlieHögskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik. Professor Emeritus of the Economics of Technological Change, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University and Professor Emeritus, Blekinge Institute of Technology.Bernhard, IréneHögskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Geography, Open Innovation and Entrepreneurship: New Horizons in Regional Science series2018Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Developed countries must be incredibly innovative to secure incomes and welfare so that they may successfully compete against international rivals. This book focuses on two specific but interrelated aspects of innovation by incumbent firms and entrepreneurs, the role of geography and of open innovation.

  • 38.
    Svensson, Ann
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    How to Evaluate Collaboration within Research and Innovation2018Ingår i: Proceedings Cross-Cultural Business Conference 2018 / [ed] Margarethe Überwimmer, Robert Füreder, Martina Gaisch, Shaker Verlag, 2018, s. 319-327Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    To improve and strengthen regional development is often subject of political decisions. This is thesituation within the European Union, to increase innovation in SMEs. SMEs need access to knowledge,competence and collaboration, in order to increase their opportunities to develop competitiveness inproducts higher up in the value chain. The increasing rate of change in society also creates needs ofdecreasing the time from knowledge development to ready products to the market. Ongoing evaluationis prevalent in many research and development projects today in order to follow up the intended results.The ongoing evaluation could contribute to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of a specificinnovation project by highlight areas of improvement and needs of development. The purpose of thispaper is to analyze how collaboration within research and innovation can be evaluated, using a specificinnovation project as an example. Qualitative methods have been used for the data collection andanalysis, based on documents, interviews and participation in various activities. An intervention theory iscreated, as interpreted and structured based on information from documents and interviews. Theintervention theory should be further refined, and could be used to select important aspects of theinnovation project for the further evaluation. The intervention theory can be used to evaluate the causesand effects, and if the innovation project is reaching its intended final achievements and results.

  • 39.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Identifying Summer Season Segments on the Swedish West Coast: the Case of Lysekil2018Ingår i: Uddevalla Symposium 2018: Diversity, Innovation, Entrepreneurship – Regional, Urban, National and International Perspectives: Revised papers presented at the 21st Uddevalla Symposium, 14–16 June, 2018, Luleå, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2018, s. 59-73Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to identify tourist segments present during the summer season in a northern European seaside resort setting. Demographic changes on a global scale bring with them dramatic changes in tourist demand and behavior. This poses new challenges for places that have a history of being attractive summer tourist destinations, challenges that can only be dealt with by informed actors. The small coastal town of Lysekil was chosen as the case of study since it has a history as a traditional northern European seaside resort, experiencing problems with adjusting to changing tourist demand and behavior. In addition, it is geographically separated from other similar towns which facilitates data collection. Data was collected during the summer season, from May to September, with a structured survey. The results identify five segments, what characterize them and when they are present.

  • 40.
    Jobe, William
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Bernhardsson, Patrik
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Rask, Anders Bindslev
    University College Nordjylland, Energi- og miljøuddannelserne, Professionshøjskolen University Colleges.
    Improving the creation, curation and discovery of open educational resources for work integrated and lifelong learning2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns open education (OER) resources, and more specifically the process of publishing OER material to make it easier to find on the web. The overarching goals are to improve the creation and discovery of OER material for workplace learning as well as strive towards UNESCO’s Sustainable Development Goal 4, which aims to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. As we see it, there are two key challenges. The first challenge regards the content creation and curation side; i.e. the process of making OER material available to the general public, how to maintain the resource and how to get feedback on it. The second challenge regards discovery i.e. for OER consumers to easily find OER material and discern its usefulness in their specific learning context. We are in the process of developing a web based system that aids content creators in publishing and maintaining their OER material. The system helps the content creator by generating semantic metadata about the resource based on the Dublin Core system and creates a package of the material itself along with said metadata in a search engine optimized HTML5 file, ready for publishing on a web server or a video streaming site like YouTube, or other media sharing sites. This approach primarily utilizes common search engines to find the material, thus making the OER material decentralized and not necessarily specific to a specific OER repository. The metadata created by the system does, however, enable developers to create systems specialized in collecting and aggregating OER material, further enhancing the capability of the decentralized ecosystem of OER resources to be used by learning management systems. The key contribution is a suggestion as to how to automatically generate and use an OERID so that all resources can be discovered, curated, and reused.

  • 41.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Indicators of economic development: an exploratory study using Swedish municipal data contrasting economic development and growth2018Ingår i: Geography, Open Innovation and Entrepreneurship: New Horizons in Regional Science series / [ed] Gråsjö, U., Karlsson, C. och Bernhard, I., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, s. 359-376Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores possible measures of economic development and how they relate to measures commonly used for studying economic growth. Since potential factors for measuring economic development typically differ greatly over large geographical areas, we will study the indicators on a municipality level to avoid large geographical units of analysis. The data is from 2013 and 2014 and is found in official Swedish data repositories, and include variables such as gross pay per employee, citizen satisfaction with the municipality and Gini-coefficient for Swedish municipals. The results indicate that trying to find one overall measure for economic development is not feasible. Our main conclusions are that indicators for economic growth and economic development in some cases move in opposite directions. There is a need for more direct and harmonized, national and international data to further drive the research in the field of economic development.

  • 42.
    Galan, Nataliya
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi. University West.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi. University West.
    Internationalization by means of networks: A case study of small firms in a cross-border region2018Ingår i: Book of Abstracts: The 22nd McGill International Entrepreneurship Conference, Halmstad: Högskolan i Halmstad , 2018, s. 21-22Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at gaining a deeper understanding of the role of networks in internationalization of small firms originating from a cross-border region. Internationalization is viewed as the process of identification and exploitation of international opportunities. The present study specifically seeks to understand how different kind of networks enable small firms to identify and exploit their first and subsequent international opportunities and where (within or beyond the cross-border region). The study employs a multiple-case study design and is built on empirical evidence mainly collected via face-to-face semi-structured interviews with managers/owners/founders of five small firms located in the cross-border region Northern Fyrbodal (Sweden) – Southern Østfold (Norway). Preliminary findings suggest that the roles of business, institutional and social networks as well as regional and international networks differ with regard to i) international opportunities identification and exploitation; ii) geographically/institutionally proximate and distant markets as well as iii) discovery or creation as a means of international opportunities formation.

  • 43.
    Galan, Nataliya
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Internationalization of small firms originating from a cross-border region: The role of social and business networks2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Firms’ small size is commonly considered as a disadvantage in internationalization (Jansson, 2007), which is mainly associated with the lack of resources needed to expand internationally (Jansson & Sandberg, 2008). Consequently, internationalization of small firms differs noticeably from that of large firms (Musteen et al., 2010). In particular, compared to large firms, small firms rely more extensively on networks relationships, thus trying to overcome barriers to internationalization related to their size (Zahra, 2005). Previous research reports a wide use of different kinds of networks (business vs. social, local vs. foreign) by small firms in the process of their internationalization (e.g., Kuhlmeier and Knight, 2010; Musteen et al., 2010, Dubois, 2016). Fletcher (2004) and Dubois (2016) stress the need to further investigate the relational context of small firms’ internationalization in order to understand how these firms start and manage their international expansion. Further, Dubois (2016) arguments for bringing in a geographical context for conceptualising the process of small firms’ internationalization and calls for more research to be done in order to get a better understanding of how the contextual elements influence the actions of individual actors.The proposed study takes into focus the context of cross-border regions, which implies that the firms located in such areas benefit from a spatial proximity to a neighbouring foreign market and its potential (Niebuhr and Stiller, 2004). However, the empirical evidence, obtained for various cross-border regions, often shows the contrary, i.e. that these areas are characterised with weak economic dynamism involving local firms, which do not benefit remarkably from a spatial proximity to a neighbouring foreign market (Leick, 2012). The purpose of this study is to generate a better understanding of the internationalization process of small firms originating from a cross-border region using the network perspective (Johansson and Matsson, 1988). In particular, the study aims to examine the role of relationships in the process of international expansion of firms located in the cross-border region Northern Fyrbodal (Sweden) – Southern Ostfold (Norway), with regard to their choice of the first and consequent markets, mode and time of internationalization.The study uses a multiple-case study design (Yin, 2014) and is built on empirical evidence collected via face-to-face semi-structured interviews with managers/owners/founders of seven small firms located both in Sweden and Norway in a relative proximity to the Swedish-Norwegian border. Preliminary findings suggest that both business and social networks are of extreme importance for small firms from a cross-border region with regards to the identification of international opportunities in foreign markets, making a decision to internationalize as well as the choice of mode of internationalization. It is found that local networks are equally important for small firms from cross border regions to reach distant markets as foreign networks. Reliance on social networks seem to contribute to exploring international opportunities by small firms in the neighbouring markets while reliance on business networks appear to help them to reach distant markets at early stages of internationalization.

  • 44.
    Spante, Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Näverå, Elisabeth
    Högskolan Väst, Högskolan Västs bibliotek.
    Interprofessional learning as work integrated learning: when conversations regarding databases and information literacy create a common base for professional learning2018Ingår i: VILÄR Abstraktbok / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2018, s. 7-7Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    How librarians and teachers in higher education collaborate in their workplace and how inter-professional learning is arranged for and experienced are understudied. This study will present a case where a librarian and a teacher held continuous meetings. The purpose of the case study is to demonstrate and emphasize the value of interprofessional learning as work integrated learning and suggest models for competence development and educational development for students regarding information seeking in higher education. The case includes three three-hour meetings between a librarian and a teacher where conversations and hands-on activities initially focused on databases, search tools and techniques for improved search quality. Individual experiences were documented as separate texts of reflections from a unique professional point of view. Every reflection brought on new questions and ideas that were discussed during the following meeting. The comprehensive documentation were analyzed and used for modelling courses for students' progression in information literacy. The courses were then implemented and evaluated on basic and advanced levels. Furthermore, experiences were used for modelling competence development in a University setting. Interprofessional learning arose while combining role specific practice and knowledge between a librarian and a teacher during their conversations. The emergent learning drove model creation that benefitted students, teachers, researchers and librarians. This study recommends the university management to support interprofessional encounters at work. Continuous meetings at Universities between librarians and teachers are rare and, thus, not often reflected upon or systematically documented and analyzed. Value is found in course development for students and professional development for librarians, teachers and researchers.

  • 45.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Introduction: Geography, Open Innovation and Entrepreneurship2018Ingår i: Geography, Open Innovation and Entrepreneurship: New Horizons in Regional Science series / [ed] Gråsjö, U., Karlsson, C. och Bernhard, I., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, s. 1-18Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 46.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Willermark, Sara
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    "Just in Time": Tidig feedback för ökat lärande2018Ingår i: VILÄR Abstraktbok / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2018, s. 7-7Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Genomströmning är ett begrepp som ofta används för att mäta hur lönsam en kursär för lärosätet. Det ger ett ekonomiskt mått på en kurs. Det är också ett mått på kvaliteten i studenternas arbeten. Ju bättre kvalitet och måluppfyllelse en inlämningsuppgift har desto större sannolikhet för ett godkänt betyg. Samtidigt kan det också ge en indikation på huruvida innehållet är svårt att ta till sig eller om kursmål är svåra att uppnå. Kursen Integritet och demokrati i Digitala Media vid Mediaavdelningen, Högskolan väst, har under flera år kämpat med relativt lågt antal godkända examinationsuppgifter vid första examinationstillfälle. Problemet diskuterades i lärarlaget och för att åtgärda problemet bestämde lärarna sig för att lämna feedback till studenterna i ett tidigare skede av kursen, med ett tydlig fokus på vad som behövde förbättras för att bli godkänd. Åtgärden resulterade i en ökad genomströmning och i denna text diskuteras vikten av att ge feedback i tid. Metoden för iterativ feedback ser vi också kan användas vid utbildningstillfällen där arbetsintegrerat lärande är ett kursmål.

  • 47.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Kernel Philosophy: A Way of Inspiring and Making Sense of Design in Information Systems Research?2018Ingår i: SIGPrag's proceedings, American Information Society , 2018, s. 1-19Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This research in progress introduces the concept of kernel philosophy to advance prior discussions concerning design, meta-design, the underlying rationale of design, and the assumptions and values of which a design rationale rests upon. Consequently, the present research proposes philosophy as a kernel that ingrains the assumptions and values of a design rationale, and how an active use of kernel philosophy may establish a reflective attitude to-wards design in information systems research, through two main features (1) sense-making of design/meta-design and (2) inspiring the design/meta-design process. Finally, the paper pro-vides a brief demonstration of kernel philosophy in use and ends with a brief discussion con-cerning limitations and future research.

  • 48.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Hedman, E.
    NU Healthcare, Sweden.
    Knowledge management for operations management within health care2018Ingår i: Proceedings of the ... European conference on knowledge management, ISSN 2048-8971, E-ISSN 2048-8963, Vol. 2, s. 847-854Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aging population of the western world poses a medical challenge for the society of today and of the future. In hospitals, healthcare professionals manage health care with the objective to provide care of high quality using the limited available resources. The decision-making in production and capacity planning decisions requires coordination and management of knowledge in different hierarchical levels and in different time-frames. Thus, this knowledge management is also needed between various health care services within a hospital, as well as with other healthcare providers, at a horizontal level. This paper is based on a qualitative study, conducted as a case study at a hospital in western Sweden. Eleven managers together with their production controllers were interviewed. This paper aims to analyze the challenges the health care at the hospital face related to the knowledge management in the production and capacity planning and control of activities performed. The difficulties found refers to limitations in knowledge management according to three different themes identified. These themes are the influence of political decisions, coordination and participation, and methods and IT-systems. 

  • 49.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Lessons Learned From A Cross-Sector Development Project: An Integrative Research Approach2018Ingår i: INTED 2018: Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, 2018, s. 3914-3922Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper draws on the experiences of work-integrated learning from a Swedish-Norwegian cross-sector research project where actors from university, industry, government and volunteer sector collaborate on city center development. The empirical setting of the present study consists of six smaller cities in rural municipalities with limited resources and experiences of collaboration with higher education institutions. The following research question is addressed: How can research and development projects serve as a vehicle for facilitating mutual knowledge exchange between academia and society in cross-sector and rural collaboration contexts? The aim is hence to suggest a tentative collaboration model that identify and integrate knowledge flows between actors involved in cross-sector collaborations in such setting. To gain deep insights in the complex dynamics of project collaboration we applied a mixed methods approach including surveys, structured, in-depth qualitative interviews, observations, workshops and student projects. The data collection was performed during 2016-2017. Findings indicate that trust, continuity, and relationship building are the basis vital for successful creation, development and maintenance of knowledge flows. Furthermore, there is a need to develop an integrative tool box with different methodological tools, work practices and strategies to plan, perform, compile to leverage the knowledge flows and coproduce sustainable results. Our tentative model aims to illustrate conceptualize lessons learned on work-integrated learning and collaboration with academia. We discuss how the model may support co-creative and mutual results over time. 

  • 50.
    Högberg, Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Linking Technological Frames to Social Media Implementation: An International Study of Hotels2018Ingår i: Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism 2018: Proceedings of the International Conference in Jönköping, Sweden, January 24-26, 2018, Cham: Springer, 2018, s. 270-282Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Social media have transformed the hospitality and tourism industry and affected how customers interact and take decisions, but have also affected organisations’ business strategies and processes. Prior research has shown that a key understanding of IT implementation in organisations is how individuals adopt, use and make sense of technologies. Despite the increased use of social media in hotel organisations there is a research gap and little is known about how individuals’ sense-making affects organisational use over time. The aim of the present study is to contribute to the research field by using Orlikowski and Gash’s (ACM Trans Inf Syst 12(2):174–207, 1994) framework of Technological Frames. The interpretative case study follows social media use in 14 hotel organisations within an international hotel chain in seven European countries over four years. The study finds incongruence and lack of dominant frames and discusses the related organisational implications.

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