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  • 1.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Gustafsson, Mariana
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Hedström, Karin
    Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Sefyrin, Johanna
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    A digital society for all?: Meanings, practices and policies for digital diversity2019Ingår i: Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2019, 2019, s. 3067-3076Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of digital divides has been on the agenda in research and policy making for at least the last 20 years. But it is still, a challenge to grasp this concept that is so elusive and transforming. Inclusion, access and equality are still key values for democratic governance and must be addressed in particular when forming and contributing to a digital government. This paper seeks to intervene in current debates on digital divides and digital inclusion by analyzing two cases of responses among street-level public administration in relation to e-government services in Sweden. The case studies are strategically chosen and conducted in national agencies and in local public libraries. Three lines of contributions are discussed, firstly thei mportance to care for equality secondly the need to seethe non-users, and thirdly to discuss the potential of putting focus on digital diversity.

  • 2.
    Larsson, Lena G
    et al.
    Närhälsan Kungshamn Health Centre, Region Västra Götaland, Kungshamn, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Medicine, Gothenburg, Sweden ; Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Region Västra Götaland, Fyrbodal, Sweden.
    Bäck-Pettersson, Siv
    Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Region Västra Götaland, Fyrbodal, Sweden.
    Kylén, Sven
    Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Region Västra Götaland, Fyrbodal, Sweden; Chalmers University of Technology, Centre on Health Care Improvement and Innovation, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Marklund, Bertil
    University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Medicine, Gothenburg, Sweden ; Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Region Västra Götaland, Fyrbodal, Sweden.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Carlström, Eric
    University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Medicine, Gothenburg, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden; University of South-East Norway, Notodden, Norway.
    A national study on collaboration in care planning for patients with complex needs2019Ingår i: International Journal of Health Planning and Management, ISSN 0749-6753, E-ISSN 1099-1751, Vol. 34, nr 1, s. E646-E660Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate inter-organisational collaboration on care planning for patients with complex care needs. Internationally, and in Sweden where the data for this study was collected, difficulties in care planning and transition of patients between the main health care providers, hospitals, municipal care, and primary care are well known.

    METHOD: A survey of a total population of care managers in hospitals, municipalities, and primary care in Sweden was conducted. The study assessed accessibility, willingness, trustworthiness, and collaboration between health care providers. Data were analysed with descriptive statistics, bivariate, and multivariate regressions.

    RESULTS: The results indicate that Swedish health care providers show strong self-awareness, but they describe each other's ability to collaborate as weak. Primary care stands out, displaying the highest discrepancy between self-awareness and displayed accessibility, willingness, trustworthiness, and collaboration.

    CONCLUSION: Inability to collaborate in patient care planning may be due to shortcomings in terms of trust between caregivers in the health care organisation at a national level. Organisations that experience difficulties in collaboration tend to defend themselves with arguments about their own excellence and insufficiency of others.

  • 3.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Bachelor students in research projects: boosting WIL and University-Society Collaboration2019Ingår i: INTED2019 Proceedings / [ed] , L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, 2019, s. 3015-3021Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing from the experiences of student projects organized and developed in accordance with work integrated learning, this paper contributes to the understanding of conditions necessary for successful implementation and sharing of knowledge in such projects as well as perceived benefits of university society collaboration. A case study was carried out focusing on student research projects on two parallelbusiness administration courses on Bachelor level. Students applied their skills in information literacy searching for and critically interpreting current research as well use of digital tools and social media platforms for data collection in their studies. The projects were initiated and presented by an external organization, which both supported the students in various ways during their work and received the completed results by the end of the courses. Students focused on themes such as the challenges of internal and external organizational communication, digital divides, inter-organizational collaboration,youth perspectives and sustainability. The empirical material of this study was collected from sourcess uch as course syllabi and instructions, observations, student reports and reflections, presentations,meetings, conversations and interviews members of the principal organization. The results show that the students perceived their tasks as stimulating and important due to the interaction and feedback received from the external principal, utilization of their course assignments as well as the opportunity to relate theory to practice. The external organization in turn received reports that may be used for decision-making purposes at a low cost, however what was perceived as most rewarding was the interaction and dialogue with students to get their perspectives on contemporary issues. Furthermore, collaboration with students was also viewed as means for future recruitment. In can thus be concluded that students, if allowed to interact and work with external organizations, play an important part in disseminating both results from and understanding for academic research in society. However, to realize successful student research projects this paper also discusses the need of legitimacy, access to external networks and organizations willing and able to deliver relevant topics for student research as well asstudent support along the way.

  • 4.
    Norström, Livia
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Boundaries of Logics in Municipality Communicators' Facebook Practice: Towards a New Public Service Competence2019Ingår i: Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences 2019, 2019, s. 3097-3106Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    With an increased use of external online platforms, digital government logics are gradually intertwined with external, algorithmic, crowd-influenced value logics of social media platforms. This new scene especially affects administration, which can no longer neutrally deliver public service, but becomes involved in processes of consideration and judging what rules and traditions seem most appropriate in the situation.Through deep interviews and workshops with municipal communicators, we examine this balancing act when communicators use social media for external communication. We use a practice perspective to characterize and conceptualize an emerging approach to public service.

  • 5.
    Svensson, Ann
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Challenges in Using IT Systems for Collaboration in Healthcare Services2019Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, nr 10, artikel-id E1773Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Frail elderly people refer to multi-diseased and vulnerable patients in need of medication and healthcare. These patients require healthcare from several different healthcare organizations, including hospital care, primary care, and municipal care services. This situation is challenging the capacity of healthcare organizations to manage inter-professional collaboration for person-centered care. This paper aims to identify challenges associated with collaboration between different healthcare organizations, related to the use of IT systems in the daily work practice. The paper was based on a qualitative study, which included three focus group interviews, each lasting for two hours. Each focus group consisted of a hospital physician, a primary care physician, a hospital nurse, a primary care nurse, a municipal home care nurse or an assistant officer, a physical or occupational therapist, and a family member representative. The interviews were analyzed with thematic analysis. Challenges identified in the study include insufficient information exchange, inconsistencies in communication, differences in the use of IT systems, and deficient coordination. The work processes that aim to promote collaboration between different healthcare organizations need to be better organized, and the use of IT systems needs to be better aligned.

  • 6.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Lundin, Johan
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied IT, IT Faculty, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Steineck, Gunnar
    University of Gothenburg, Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Co-Designing a Digital Platform with Boundary Objects: Bringing Together Heterogeneous Users in Healthcare2019Ingår i: Health and Technology, ISSN 2190-7188, E-ISSN 2190-7196, s. 1-14Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Healthcare is increasingly permeated with digital platforms supporting cooperative care involving different professional groups and also patients. New mobile technologies allow for patients to continuously monitor and document their symptoms to support better healthcare, as well as self-care. The successful design of such multi-user platforms calls for new design approaches involving heterogeneous conditions and goals. This paper analyzes theuse of boundary objects in design as a mediator for different users' needs and conditions. Our research is conducted at a clinic supporting cancer survivors in their struggles with treatment induced illnesses, a treatment heavily dependent on new medical research as well as on patient involvement. The data is collected ethnographically over two years following a design project that developed a digital platform to support the care provided by the clinic. We describe how useful boundary objects transform over time, from rich narratives, to conceptual formulations and finally into concrete prototypes of the platform. We argue that understanding such a transformation can inform the design of healthcare platforms and guide future design processes, where co-designing with boundary objects can be especially useful as a design approach when doing design complex settings, such as healthcare settings.

  • 7.
    Siverbo, Sven
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Cäker, Mikael
    Trondheim Business School, NTNU, Trondheim, Norway; University of Gothenburg, School of Business, Economics and Law, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Åkesson, Johan
    University of Gothenburg, School of Business, Economics and Law, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Conceptualizing dysfunctional consequences of performance measurement in the public sector2019Ingår i: Public Management Review, ISSN 1471-9037, E-ISSN 1471-9045Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Performance measurement (PM) has become increasingly popular in the management of public sector organizations (PSOs). This is somewhat paradoxical considering that PM has been criticized for having dysfunctional consequences. Although there are reasons to believe that PM may have dysfunctional consequences, when they occur has not been clarified. The aim of this research is to conceptualize the dysfunctional consequences of PM in PSOs. Based on complementarity theory and contingency theory we conclude that dysfunctional consequences of PM are a matter of interactions between PM design and PM use, between control practices in the control system and between PM and context. © 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 8.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology,Division of Digital Learning, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Olofsson, Anders D.
    Umeå University, Department of Applied Educational Science, Umeå, Sweden.
    Arkenback, Charlotte
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied IT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ekström, Sara
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Ericsson, Elin
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied IT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fransson, Göran
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Gävle, Sweden.
    Jaldemark, Jimmy
    Mid Sweden University, Department of Education, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Ryberg, Thomas
    Aalborg University, Department of Communication and Psychology, Aalborg, Denmark.
    Öberg, Lena-Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Department of Computer and System Science, Östersund, Sweden.
    Fuentes, Ana
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it.
    Gustafsson, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Department of Applied Educational Science, Umeå, Sweden.
    Humble, Niklas
    Mid Sweden University, Department of Computer and System Science, Östersund, Sweden.
    Mozelius, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Department of Computer and System Science, Östersund, Sweden.
    Sundgren, Marcus
    Mid Sweden University, Department of Education,Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Utterberg, Marie
    University of Gothenburg,Department of Applied IT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Critical Imaginaries and Reflections on Artificial Intelligence and Robots in Postdigital K-12 Education2019Ingår i: Postdigital Science and Education, ISSN 2524-485X, s. 1-19Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is commonly suggested that emerging technologies will revolutionize education. In this paper, two such emerging technologies, artificial intelligence (AI) and educational robots (ER), are in focus. The aim of the paper is to explore how teachers, researchers and pedagogical developers critically imagine and reflect upon how AI and robots could be used in education. The empirical data were collected from discussion groups that were part of a symposium. For both AI and ERs, the need for more knowledge about these technologies, how they could preferably be used, and how the emergence of these technologies might affect the role of the teacher and the relationship between teachers and students, were outlined. Many participants saw more potential to use AI for individualization as compared with ERs. However, there were also more concerns, such as ethical issues and economic interests, when discussing AI. While the researchers/developers to a greater extent imagined ideal future technology-rich educational practices, the practitioners were more focused on imaginaries grounded in current practice.

  • 9.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Design Principles for E-Learning that Support Integration Work: A Case of Action Design Research2019Ingår i: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349, Vol. 11491 LNCS, s. 300-316Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Design principles are prescriptive knowledge that offers theory-based guidelines for Design Science Research in Information Systems. This paper introduces and proposes a set of design principles for e-learning that support integration work. The design principles are proposed based on two cycles of Action Design Research. The cycles were conducted in the organizational setting of stakeholders and end-users known as integration workers, which are responsible for supporting the integration process of newly arrived immigrants of society. Overall, the contributions of this paper are (1) e-learning technologies that support integration work, (2) prescriptive knowledge in form of design principles for designing e-learning technologies that support integration work, and (3) an explicit case of Action Design Research that demonstrates the process of shaping and re-shaping design principles through two different cycles. © 2019, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

  • 10.
    Spante, Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Digital creativity: learning by story driven digital production2019Ingår i: The international journal of information and learning technology, ISSN 2056-4880, E-ISSN 2056-4899Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The goal to stimulate perspective taking and inference making on social phenomena, such as gender roles in society, has proven to be difficult to achieve in general and in particular for primary school students. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to develop creative models and concepts for learning that provide guidance addressing these challenges. Design/methodology/approach A case study methodology, including classroom observations, teacher interviews and analysis of videos created by students, was applied within a large-scale action research project related to cross-border collaboration for educational purposes supported by information and communication technologies among Danish, Norwegian and Swedish schools. FindingsThis study reports on how teachers organized group work for their sixth grades students to reimagine and videoing fairy tales endings of Cinderella in order to explore and learn about gender roles in society in a cross-border setting. The personal, emotional and social negotiations of working with peers and giving feedback to students in other schools from other countries enhanced their learning. Results suggest that adding the framework of boundary object-driven design helps to improve the process by its focus on a shared understanding, common practice and sense-making. Originality/value The study incorporates the framework on boundary objects as a "€œmental design device"€ into a story-driven digital production project, suggesting that creativity in combination with a specific yet open task for student group work enhances learning in social science.

  • 11.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Lund University,School of Economics and Management, Lund, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Galan, Nataliya
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Abebe, Solomon
    Lund Universitet Ekonomihogskolan, Lund, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurial learning in venture acceleration programs2019Ingår i: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study aims to better understand entrepreneurial learning in the context of venture acceleration programs. Design/methodology/approach: A qualitative research strategy was used based on multiple in-depth interviews with 21 lead entrepreneurs complemented with participatory observations and secondary sources. The data were inductively analysed following the Gioia methodology (Gioia et al., 2012). Findings: The authors build on experiential learning theory to generate a process-focussed model exploring the learning dynamics that venture acceleration programs can facilitate. In this model, the authors identify three catalysts that trigger processes of experiential learning and two contingencies that alleviate the effects of the catalysts on learning outcomes. The findings suggest that the potential of venture acceleration programs to be effective learning environments pends on the presence and quality of these catalysts and contingencies. Originality/value: The findings provide novel insights on how venture acceleration programs trigger entrepreneurial learning, thereby offering a deeper understanding of the learning dynamics in this setting. © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited.

  • 12.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Norström, Livia
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Andersson, Mikael
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Flipped And Open Seminars As A Method For Work Integrated Learning2019Ingår i: INTED2019 Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres (eds), Valencia: The International Academy of Technology, Education and Development, 2019, s. 4458-4466Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 2002 University West, Sweden has had a mission from the Swedish government to develop methods for work integrated learning (WIL). WIL is thus a “trademark” of the university and the university is continuously developing teaching models to enhance a synergy between theory and practice with the goal to improve education and students’ lifelong learning. A challenge in such work is a decreasing engagement among students to participate in seminars at campus, especially during periods of internship. In the study underlying this paper we therefore explore a new teaching and learning method that aims to stimulate students to come to campus and to discuss their experiences with peer students and teachers during their internship.The internship and the seminars are organized as a ‘WIL course’ in the fifth semester of the candidate program ‘Digital Media’. As part of the course the students spend four days a week in a workplace where they contribute substantially to the work at the workplace. One day a week they spend at campus to reflect, write and discuss topics related to the work and organization at the workplace e.g. organizational culture, how a work day is organized, how design work is organized, and how the workplace treats its customers. The students and teachers meet once every second week for a seminar where they discuss the above-mentioned themes. The reflections made at the seminars and the conversations are important for the learning goals at the course. However, the teachers experience a moderate interest from the students’ side to participate and the students tend to be ill prepared.To increase the value and learning for the students, a new approach for better structure and engagement has been introduced, where students in beforehand writtenly reflect on questions about their workplace in relation to the theme of the week. They write in open and shared documents so that all students before the seminare can take part of each others reflections and as such come to the seminar with a wider perspective on the particular theme. The seminar is then held at the campus where the themes are discussed and workplaces compared with help of a shared matrix where the students can place their workplace regarding level of structure, formality, creativity etc . As such the seminar has a ‘flipped’ character and the ICT tools for learning used are open and editable over time for all participants.The empirical material is based on 24 hours participant observations, 10 students’ written reflections and the course curricula. The findings show that the flipped and open approach to the seminars has made the students more engaged in reflections about their workplace, not only during the seminar at campus but also during their work at the workplace. The shared document stimulates reflections of differences between workplaces that has not been so clear before, and the matrix has helped the students to take the reflections to a higher level by reflecting over organizational culture and workplace conditions. By comparing each other’s experiences from a spectrum of different aspects/themes they get a more nuanced picture of the skills and competences needed in the workplace, and they get more strengthened in their professional role. The recurrent discussions over time during the course therefore contribute to make the students more experienced than they would had been by only having got the experience from their own workplace.

  • 13.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik. NU Hospital Group, Sweden.
    Hansson, Anders
    Örebro University, University Health Care Research Center, Faculty of Medicin and Health, Sweden.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Flipped healthcare for better or worse2019Ingår i: Health Informatics Journal, ISSN 1460-4582, E-ISSN 1741-2811Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The medical profession is highly specialized, demanding continuous learning, while also undergoing rapid development in the rise of data-driven healthcare. Based on clinical scenarios, this study explores how resident physicians view their roles and practices in relation to informed patients and patient-centric digital technologies. The paper illustrates how the new role of patients alters physicians’ work and use of data to learn and update their professional practice. It suggests new possibilities for developing collegial competence and using patient experiences more systematically. Drawing on the notion of flipped healthcare, we argue that there is a need for new professional competencies in everyday data work, along with a change in attitudes, newly defined roles, and better ways to identify and develop reliable online sources. Finally, the role of patients, not only as consumers but also producers of healthcare, is a rather formidable and complex cultural change to be addressed. © The Author(s) 2019.

  • 14.
    Forsman, Berit
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå.
    Svensson, Ann
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Frail Older Persons' Experiences of Information and Participation in Hospital Care2019Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, nr 16, artikel-id E2829Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to describe frail older persons' experiences of hospital care of information and participation when being an inpatient at a hospital. A qualitative method was used. Data were collected at the hospital from 20 interviews with frail older patients, together with observations in the environment at the hospital ward. A content analysis was performed. Patients experienced not receiving information about their care and rehabilitation, or receiving such information in noisy surroundings. They experienced situations of misunderstanding related to their medication, which indicates the need for appropriate discharge calls for frail older patients. They expressed feelings of distress concerning the future, caused by hasty admissions or relatives' problems to handle the situation. The results highlight the need to receive appropriate information and to participate in decision-making. The level of health literacy should be taken notice of when giving information, using peaceful and quiet environments when informing frail older persons. Person-centered care should be recognized to a greater extent in order for healthcare professionals to give information to frail older people in a health literacy-friendly way. This might make it easier for frail older persons to participate in a partnership in care.

  • 15.
    Högberg, Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Framing organizational social media: a longitudinal study of a hotel chain2019Ingår i: Information Technology & Tourism, ISSN 1098-3058, E-ISSN 1943-4294Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of social media in the past decade has transformed the hospitality and tourism industry. There is, however, limited empirical research on how individual employees and groups of employees within organizations make sense of new technology, such as social media, over time. In this paper we focus on the individual and organizational level by exploring how hotel employees and managers make sense of organizational social media over a 4-year period. The perceived usefulness of social media is studied in an organizational setting by applying technological frames as a theoretical framework. The study is a longitudinal case study that includes time both during and after the implementation of social media in an international hotel chain in Europe. A total of 37 in-depth qualitative interviews were conducted at 14 hotels as well as additional observations on site and on social media platforms. The study contributes to existing literature by investigating organizational social media use over time.

  • 16.
    Spante, Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Varga, Anita
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för utbildningsvetenskap och språk.
    Korp, Helena
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för utbildningsvetenskap och språk.
    Hitta drivet: Studiemotivation och genusmönster i grundskolan2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 17.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Wynn, Eleanor
    Ronin Institute, United States.
    Information Integrity and Human Infrastructure in Digital Health Care2019Ingår i: AMCIS 2019 PROCEEDINGS, Association for information systems , 2019, s. 1-10Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Healthcare informatics is undergoing major changes due to new infrastructures like social media that allow patients to proactively bring information to the physician consultation. We use the concept of infrastructuring to describe these changes, referring to the social practice of adapting human infrastructure for specific contexts. This poses informational and social challenges to providers, as they negotiate new boundaries with patients. Information integrity is essential because of risks to both parties. Infrastructuring in this case is the maintenance of information privacy and accuracy, or information integrity. The tasks of vetting information integrity and managing patient expectations add complexity to provider work even as physicians are positive about patients taking responsibility for their own health. The paper addresses infrastructure transformations, the process of infrastructuring, and a concept of information integrity. Using qualitative data from a medical setting, the study illustrates the contradictions physicians face in accommodating social media to their practice.

  • 18.
    Asal, Maher
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Is there a bubble in the Swedish housing market?2019Ingår i: Journal of European Real Estate Research, ISSN 1753-9269, E-ISSN 1753-9277Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose This paper aims to investigate the presence of a housing bubble using Swedish data from 1986Q1-2016Q4 by using various methods. Design/methodology/approachFirst, the authors use affordability indicators and asset-pricing approaches, including the price-to-income ratio, price-to-rent ratio and user cost, supplemented by a qualitative discussion of other factors affecting house prices. Second, the authors use cointegration techniques to compute the fundamental (or long-run) price, which is then compared with the actual price to test the degree of Sweden'€™s housing price bubble during the studied period. Third, they apply the univariate right-tailed unit root test procedure to capture bursting bubbles and to date-stamp bubbles. Findings The authors find evidence for rational housing bubbles with explosive behavioral components beginning in 2004. These bubbles do not continuously diverge but instead periodically revert to their fundamental value. However, the deviation is persistent, and without any policy correction, it takes decades for real house prices to return to equilibrium.Originality/value The policy implication is that monetary policy designed to contain mortgage demand and thereby prevent burst episodes in the housing market must address external imbalances, as revealed in real exchange rate undervaluation. It is unlikely that current policies will stop the rise of house prices, as the growth of mortgage credit, improvement in Sweden’s international competitiveness and the path of interest rates are much more important factors.

  • 19.
    Borg, Margareta
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    "It´s Not For Real": The Tablet as Palette in Early Childhood Education2019Ingår i: International Journal of Education and the Arts, ISSN 1529-8094, E-ISSN 1529-8094, Vol. 20, artikel-id 14Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study investigated how a group of three-year-old preschool children use the drawing application Doodlecast on iPads. The smoothness, rapid response, and distinctive digital visual expressions of the tablet provided visual feedback that influenced the children's preferences for colors. Doodlecast seemed to encourage the children to explore colors and superimpose and fill-in the iPad's screen. In addition, they painted very precise shapes and lines, which seemed to facilitate pattern making and discovery of signs and relations. The children used the eraser tool to correct, reveal, remove, and create shapes. Irrespective of the method –erasing, superimposing, or filling-in the screen – the clear and professional result seemed to provide a visual confirmation that the children were able to master formulas.

  • 20.
    Kittelmann Flensner, Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för utbildningsvetenskap och språk.
    Larsson, Göran
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Literature, History of Ideas and Religion, Box 200, Gothenburg, S-405 30, Sweden.
    Säljö, Roger
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi. University of Gothenburg, Department of Education, Communication and Learning, Box 100, Gothenburg, S-405 30, Sweden.
    Jihadists and refugees at the theatre: Global conflicts in classroom practices in Sweden2019Ingår i: Education Sciences, E-ISSN 2227-7102, Vol. 9, nr 2, artikel-id 80Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In democratic societies schools have an obligation to address complex societal issues such as ethnic/religious tensions and social conflicts. The article reports an exploratory study of how theatre plays were used in upper-secondary schools to generate pedagogically relevant platforms for addressing the current Middle East conflicts and their impact on European societies in the context of religious education and civics. The schools are situated in areas with substantive migrant populations of mixed backgrounds, and this has implications for how these issues are understood as a lived experience. In the same classrooms, there were students who had refugee backgrounds, who represented different interpretations of Islam, and religion more generally, and whose families were victims of terrorism. There were also students with strong nationalist views. The study is ethnographic documenting theatre visits and classroom activities in relation to two plays about the Middle East situation. The results show that plays may open up new opportunities for addressing these issues, but that they may also be perceived as normative and generate opposition. An interesting observation is that a play may generate space for students to tell their refugee story in class, which personalized the experience of what it means to be a refugee. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

  • 21.
    Siverbo, Sven
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Kan medarbetare styras med beröm?: Teori, litteraturgenomgång och forskningsförslag2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten handlar om i vilken utsträckning det går att styra medarbetare med hjälp av beröm. Mer precist handlar rapporten om de möjligheter, risker, fördelar och nackdelar som är förknippade med att berömma medarbetare för att de ska bli vägledda och motiverade att uppnå sina organisationers mål. Syftet med rapporten är att utveckla en struktur för att beskriva olika berömpraktiker, att utveckla teori om beröm som styrinstrument och att sammanställa befintliga empiriska studier om beröm på arbetsplatser. Syftet är också att identifiera kunskaps-luckor avseende beröm som styrinstrument och ge förslag på fortsatt forskning.

    Av rapporten framgår att beröm kan ges för olika slags prestationer, utifrån olika kriterier och för individuella eller kollektiva prestationer. Det framgår också att beröm kan vara mer eller mindre framträdande på arbetsplatser. Hur framträdande beröm är beror på förutsägbarhet, styrka, frekvens, vem som delar ut berömmet, om det delas ut offentligt eller enskilt, om det baseras på objektiva eller subjektiva bedömning och (kanske) om det är skriftligt eller muntligt.

    Teoriutvecklingen baseras i huvudsak på självbestämmandeteori men även agent-principalteori, förväntansteori, stewardshipteori, socialkognitiv teori och det uppmärksamhetsbaserade synsättet. Resultatet av teoretiseringen är att beröm har potential att motivera och vägleda men att effekten beror på hur beröm ges och i vilken kontext det ges. Den genomförda litteraturgenomgången bekräftar i flera avseenden teoretiseringen men det dominerande intrycket är att det behövs mer empiriska studier, särskilt av sambanden mellan beröm och autonom motivation och mellan beröm och vägledning men även av kollektivt beröm och beröm i komplex verksamhet. Konkreta förslag till forskningsuppgifter ges avslutningsvis i rapporten.

  • 22.
    Olsen, Lena
    et al.
    Uppsala Universitet, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Forzelius, Jens
    Wikström & Partners Advokatbyrå, Sverige.
    Gustavsson, Daniel
    Sverige.
    Hammarén, Anna
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Holmqvist, Lena
    Uppsala Universitet, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Larsson, Magnus
    Sverige.
    Pettersson, Tord
    Sverige.
    Stenlund, Anders
    Svenskt Näringsliv, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Kommunikationsrätt: från avsändare till mottagare via internet, radio/tv eller telefoni2019 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 23.
    Pennbrant, Sandra
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå.
    Nunstedt, Håkan
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Learning Through Reflection: The Portfolio Method As A Tool To Promote Work-Integrated Learning In Higher Education2019Ingår i: INTED2019 Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, Valencia: The International Academy of Technology, Education and Development, 2019, s. 729-739Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Students need to develop meta-reflection to strengthen their learning process and to be able to manage the continuous changes encountered both higher education and in workplaces. Reflection is the most important for achieving progress within work integrated learning. For students to develop meta-reflection and achieve progression within work integrated learning, they need a systematic structure and conscious tools. The Portfolio method can be one of those tools.In this article we are going to discuss, from a theoretical standpoint, how teachers can develop a better structure for students so that they can strengthen their learning-process and progression of work integrated learning in higher education during internships which in turn promote lifelong learning. This progression of work integrated learning will be discussed in relation to the “WIL4U” model together with examples of reflection questions, learning outcomes, learning activities and examination forms. The “WIL4U” model was developed from the “AIL 4E (DUCATION)” model created by Bernhardsson, Gellerstedt and Svensson.The purpose of this conceptual discussion article is to highlight the portfolio method as a structure and tool for progress work integrated learning by reflection.With support of the portfolio method, the students can develop their ability to make well-balanced, and reflected choices in planning actions for work integrated learning. This requires well-developed self-regulation and the ability to meta-cognition and systematic meta-reflection to evaluate the effects of various actions. The portfolio method can also improve the reflection-process to develop the student's ability to emphasize strengths and increase the ability to achieve the learning outcomes in higher education.

  • 24.
    Ajanović, Midhat
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Little Man at the Turn of the Worlds: A View of the Origin, History and the Ideological Foundation of the Phenomenon of the Zagreb School of Animated Film2019Ingår i: Propaganda, Ideology, Animation: Twisted Dreams of History / [ed] Olga Bobrowska, Michał Bobrowski, Bogusław Zmudziński, AGH University of Science and Technology Press , 2019, s. 154-174Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 25.
    Spante, Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Johansson, Kristina
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Jaldemark, Jimmy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    MakerSpaces in schools: networked learning among teachers to support curriculum-driven pupil learning in programming2019Ingår i: Networked Professional Learning: Emerging and Equitable Discourses for Professional Development / [ed] Allison Littlejohn, Jimmy Jaldemark, Emmy Vrieling-Teunter, and Femke Nijland, Cham: Springer, 2019, s. 223-237Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, many countries have introduced programming as contentin their national educational strategies. This study focussed on how teachers from various K-6 schools met regularly in learning groups to discuss their experiences integrating programming in MakerSpace settings, places equipped with various materials that can be used to construct things to enhance creativity and cross disciplinary collaboration. The project focussed on studying the activities in an established network in a Swedish municipality (i.e. how teachers experienced the value of network meetings and how they incorporated lessons learned from other participants in the teacher learning group [TLG]). The study addressed the following research question: What are the learning experiences of teachers in K-6 schools that participate in a top-down networked professional development project that focusses on integrating computer programming into the curriculum? A narrative written method was applied to collect data from seven teachers in the network. The results indicated that teachers found it useful to participate in a top-down networked professional development project. They experienced that participating in the TLG helped them develop their professional attitudes, knowledge and practices.

  • 26.
    Sjölie, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Badylak, Sebastian
    Falmouth University Falmouth, United Kingdom.
    Mind tricks for presence2019Ingår i: ACM International Conference Proceeding Series: 14th International Conference on the Foundations of Digital Games, FDG 2019, ACM Publications, 2019, artikel-id 47Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As virtual and mixed reality (VR/MR) technology moves steadily towards general availability accessible descriptions of the surrounding theory is desirable. An initial focus on high-level concepts can provide common language for diverse teams, including artists, designers and engineers, helping them to quickly get a sense of basic principles and gain a familiarity with related research for further study. The concepts of synchronized reality and grounded simulation are introduced as helpful starting points for thinking about the design and development of mixed reality systems with optimal presence. This paper provides case studies where recent commercial VR applications are analyzed with the proposed principles in mind, in an attempt to illustrate to developers how to think about design of mixed reality games for optimal presence. © 2019 ACM.

  • 27.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Network collaboration for local and regional development the case of Swedish women entrepreneurs2019Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, ISSN 1476-1297, E-ISSN 1741-8054Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore women entrepreneurs participation in networks with focus on local community collaboration. In recent years interest in the importance of women entrepreneurship worldwide has increased, especially from the viewpoint of local and regional development. Previous studies show that local competitors coordinated in networks can gain cross sector knowledge sharing and boost the attractiveness of a region. Using case study methodology with 14 qualitative semi-structured in-depth interviews in two phases with business counselors and women entrepreneurs, participatory observations and document studies, this study explores women entrepreneurs in smaller cities and their collaboration in networks with particular reference to a Swedish context. Results state that women entrepreneurs are active and participate in various local community networks and that networks are viewed as valuable assets for business development. Women entrepreneurs strategically choose to join strong networks that have an impact on local community development. Challenges faced by women entrepreneurs are mainly related to the role as entrepreneur and running a business in a smaller city. However, some specific gendered challenges are lack of trust or respect from other business and public actors, especially in contact with authorities. The women entrepreneurs have mixed experiences of local community support hence the main sources for renewal processes and knowledge sharing are co-owners, staff, digital tools, networks partners, families and friends.

  • 28.
    Norström, Livia
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Arghavan Shahlaei, Charlotte
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    Reykjavik University, School of Computer Science, Iceland.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    New Logics of Ethics in the Age of Digital Platforms: Design Fictions of Autonomous Cars2019Ingår i: Proceedings of the 17th European Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work-Demos and Posters, European Society for Socially Embedded Technologies (EUSSET) , 2019, Vol. 3Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Autonomous cars are the first major examples of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in everyday life. When cars are transformed into platforms,new service relationships emerge between car companies and the car users. These relationships generate gains and catches for both parts related to how physical and non-physical resources are exchanged in the sharing economy; how integrity is negotiated; and how responsibility is delegated when AI enables the car to take over most of the driving. With a "car as a platform approach", in this paper, we present a design fiction on ethical implications for citizens' daily lives with autonomous cars

  • 29.
    Kolbaek, Ditte
    et al.
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Online learning: "In between" University studies and professional work2019Ingår i: Nordic Studies in Education, ISSN 1891-5914, E-ISSN 1891-5949, Vol. 39, nr 2, s. 164-180Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores learning when professionals return to education and use their professional work experience to fulfil their study objectives. The research question is: How do students learn from experiences in two contexts-a master’s course at a university and their organisations of employment-by attending a blended learning course? The study builds on Engeström’s (2001) expansive learning model of two interacting activity systems, namely, the students’ master’s degree programme and their professional workplaces. As the study context is an online learning environment it follows a "netnographic" approach. The findings show that the students integrated requirements from their university studies with interventions in their professional work situations. The online learning environment enabled reification of reflections which the students could use later in their study and supported them to become more skilled professionals and influencers in their organisations of employment. © Universitetsforlaget.

  • 30.
    Arghavan Shahlaei, Charlotte
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Stenmark, Dick
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied Information Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Organizing in the age of digital product platforms: The work of integrated vehicle control engineers2019Ingår i: CEUR Workshop Proceedings, ISSN 1613-0073, E-ISSN 1613-0073, Vol. 2398, s. 17-25Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As flexibility and generativity of digitized information continuously afford new possibilities, a significant challenge for organizations becomes pinpointing practices that are befitting from various aspects. Two overarching digitization eras have so far determined the greatness of the challenge for organizations; 'computerization', and 'the Internet'. Today, a third era of digitization is marked by the emergence of digitized products. As increasing numbers of code line and software are being incorporated in previously physical products such as cars, they can be used as complete products on one layer, and simultaneously turn into platforms enabling other firms to develop and integrate new components, content, or services on another layer. As digital product platform's multiple design layers need to be open to various applications and agendas, their development requires new justifications and approaches for organizing work. By applying a Neo Socio-Technical Systems frame of reference on the work of engineers as they engage in developing digitized products, we 1. discuss changes of work and organizing along three eras of digitization, 2. provide a rich empirical instance by identifying what steps engineers take in preparation for developing digital product platforms, and 3. discuss the implications of these steps for the literature on practice and organizing. ©Copyright held by the author(s).

  • 31.
    Monneret, Denis
    et al.
    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, South Lyon Hospital Group, Hospices Civils de Lyon (HCL), 165 Chemin du Grand Revoyet, Pierre-Bénite, 69495, France.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Roche, Frédéric
    Department of Clinical and Exercise Physiology, University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne, France; EA 4607 SNA-EPIS, PRES Lyon, Saint-Etienne, France .
    Bonnefont-Rousselot, Dominique
    Department of Metabolic Biochemistry, La Pitié Salpêtrière-Charles Foix University Hospital (AP-HP), Paris, France; CNRS UMR8258, INSERM U1022, Faculty of Pharmacy, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris Descartes University, Paris, France.
    Outlier removal methods for skewed data: Impact on age-specific high-sensitive cardiac troponin T 99th percentiles2019Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, ISSN 1434-6621, E-ISSN 1437-4331, Vol. 57, nr 10, s. E244-E247Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 32.
    Wynn, Eleanor
    et al.
    Ronin Institute, USA.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Qualitative and Critical Research in Information Systems and Human-Computer Interaction: Divergent and Convergent Paths2019Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Qualitative and Critical Research in Information Systems and Human Computer Interaction explores the history and adoption of qualitative and critical research in Information Systems (IS) and contrasts it with the growth of similar methods/theories in Human Computer Interaction (HCI) and, to a lesser, extent Computer Supported Collaborative Work (CSCW). The supposition behind the comparison was that the areas overlap in subject matter and would overlap in methods and authors. However, marked differences were observed in the structure of publications, conferences, and on social media that led to questions about the extent to which the fields shared a common framework. The authors find that the history of each discipline reflects institutional factors that affected the respective timelines for the use of these approaches. This leads them to consider a sociological epistemic framework, which explains the differences quite well. It also supports characterizations of the culture of IS made by members, as having open paradigm and high collegiality, described as an adhocracy. The authors propose that qualitative and critical research developed interdependently in IS. Aside from institutional factors, a further difference in uptake of methods and critical framework comes from the US/Europe divide in research traditions and the political/epistemic climates affecting research in the respective regions. Research from beyond the transatlantic traditions postdates the developments covered here but is touched on at the end of the monograph. The primary goal of Qualitative and Critical Research in Information Systems and Human Computer Interaction is to better understand the ways the IS research community differentiates itself into diverse constituencies, and how these constituencies interact in the field's complex processes of knowledge creation and dissemination. Another goal is to create cross-disciplinary discussion and build on related work in the fields. This is important in the era of platforms with global reach, and the concurrent development of powerful AI and analytics capabilities that both intrude on daily life and try to emulate human intelligence.

  • 33.
    Wynn, Eleanor
    et al.
    Ronin Institute, USA.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Qualitative and Critical Research in Information Systems and Human-Computer Interaction: Divergent and Convergent Paths2019Ingår i: Foundations and Trends® in Information Systems, ISSN 2331-1231, Vol. 3, nr 1-2, s. 1-233Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Information Systems (IS) and Human Computer Interaction(HCI)–including Computer-Supported Cooperative Work(CSCW)–address the development and adoption of computingsystems by organizations, individuals, and teams. Whileeach has its own emphasis, the timelines for adopting qualitativeand critical research differ dramatically. IS used bothin the late 1980s, but critical theory appeared in HCI onlyin 2000. Using a hermeneutic literature review, the papertraces these histories; it applies academic cultures theoryas an explanatory framework. Institutional factors includeepistemic bases of source disciplines, number and centralityof publication outlets, and political and geographic contexts.Key innovations in IS are covered in detail. The rise ofplatformization drives the fields toward a common scopeof study with an imperative to address societal issues thatemerge at scale.

  • 34.
    Wynn, Eleanor
    et al.
    Ronin Institute; United States.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Reputation Control and Theoretical Innovation in Two Academic Cultures2019Ingår i: Twenty-fifth Americas Conference on Information Systems, 2019, s. 1-10Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A meta-review of the history of qualitative and critical theory in Information Systems (IS) and HumanComputer Interaction (HCI) illustrates how source disciplines and publication outlets can filter reputation and affect methodological diversity. An academic cultures framework allows us to compare disciplines and explain different timelines for methods and theories. IS has many publication outlets, while HCI reputations depend on publication in the ACM Conference on Computer-Human Interaction (CHI). The fields deal with similar topics but are shaped by different institutional contexts. Qualitative research and critical theory arose in Information Systems during the 1980s and 1990s, while a search of HCI literature shows no critical theory until the 2000s. An open field of journals may create affordances for new approaches, whereas filtering reputation through a core conference may constrain them. The rise of platforms may blur domain distinctions through a common focus on AI, privacy and information integrity.

  • 35.
    Rangraz, Masood
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Pareto, Lena
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Robotics and quality: A sociomaterial analysis of assembly line2019Ingår i: CEUR Workshop Proceedings, ISSN 1613-0073, E-ISSN 1613-0073, Vol. 2398, s. 123-136Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Automation of manufacturing industry has been on agenda for nearly five decades now. Today, the affordability and efficiency of automated solutions make them increasingly relevant to Small and Medium-size Enterprises (SMEs). Their continued survival depends on the quality of the end product and as much as any SME might intend to increase its business potential, it can’t afford to lose quality by the time it turns to automated solutions. Here, we focus on an assembly line soon to leave its manual processes to automation. It is a case from a manufacturing plant, and we ask what happens to quality once the automation solutions are in place? Exploiting the five notions of Sociomateriality, we explore the changes in the socio-technical configurations of the workplace each of which, we discuss, are consequential for quality. We show while quality is an ultimate business goal for any SME; it is first and foremost a practical problem at the shop-floor. We discuss how quality originates from socio material configurations and distinguish the process-quality from product-quality while attending to working-life quality. We address the challenge of translating the quality which once was in hands, tools, and the relationship among them, to the quality of exact calculations of automated solutions. ©Copyright held by the author(s).

  • 36.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik. Reykjavik University, School of Computer Science, Iceland.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lundin, Johan
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Steineck, Gunnar
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Shift in translations: Data work with patient-generated health data in clinical practice2019Ingår i: Health Informatics Journal, ISSN 1460-4582, E-ISSN 1741-2811Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports on how the introduction of patient-generated health data affects the nurses’ and patients’ data work and unpacks how new forms of data collection trigger shifts in the work with data through translation work. The article is based on a 2.5-year case study examining data work of nurses and patients at a cancer rehabilitation clinic at a Swedish Hospital in which patient-generated health data are gathered by patients and then used outside and within clinical practice for decision-making. The article reports on how data are prepared and translated, that is, made useful by the nurses and patients. Using patient-generated health data alters the data work and how the translation of data is performed. The shift in work has three components: (1) a shift in question tactics, (2) a shift in decision-making, and (3) a shift in distribution. The data become mobile, and the data work becomes distributed when using patient-generated health data as an active part of care

  • 37.
    Norström, Livia
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Social Media as Sociomaterial Service: On Practicing Public Service Innovation in Municipalities2019Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Governments are in need to innovate public service. They struggle with complex societal problems, decreased citizen trust and the work of adapting to new demands related to how service should be delivered to fit contemporary living. Inspired by success stories from the private sector's "open innovation" approaches, governments are complementing internal competence with knowledge resources of external actors such as citizens. One increasingly growing strategy for knowledge expansion beyond government boundaries has been to use social media platforms, e.g. Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. This strategy has been shown to be especially effective at a local government level (henceforth municipality) where citizens are geographically close to the government and where government manages activities that citizens rely on in their daily lives.

    Despite an expansive rise of social media use in municipalities, and efforts to see beyond a traditional and New Public Management approach to public service, there is little knowledge about the participatory and innovative capacity of social media in a government context. This knowledge gap is reflected in researchers' and municipal administrators' uncertainty as to how to make use of social media for improvement of public service and how to handle tensions about what is possible to do with social media and what is legitimate to do as a public servant.

    The aim of the thesis is thus to map, unpack and conceptualize social media practice by municipal communicators to understand how tensions and dynamics between social media mechanisms and government rationales are shaping the practice and how new emerging practices can be understood as public service innovation. The research questions of the thesis are: RQ1: How are social mediamechanisms supporting different public service rationales?; RQ2: How is public service enacted in the social media practice by municipal communicators?; RQ 3: How can social media practice by municipal communicators be understood as public service innovation?

    With an engaged scholarship research approach, related research on social medialogic, e-government, e-governance and digital public service innovation, and with the help of the theoretical perspectives "service innovation," "practice perspective" and "sociomateriality," the thesis contributes extended insights into how social media platform mechanisms support different government rationales in processes of sociomaterial service, and how such practice can be understood as creative processes towards public service innovation.

    As a practical contribution I propose that both communicators and managers in government engage together in networks of others working with social media and to discuss for instance the mission of the government in relation to the aim of using social media, what tensions arise in the social media practice and why, and how algorithms are shaping the social media practice.

  • 38.
    Winman, Thomas
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    The cultural brokering power of social pedagogy in education for Roma students2019Ingår i: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 5-17Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout history, people have concerned themselves with how people can live and work together in an inclusive society that encourages cooperative and productive bonds. This question is highly relevant in contemporary society that is characterized by growing migration and social differentiation. One, maybe obvious, solution is to provide people the opportunity to participate in education, creating conditions for a more inclusive society. In that context, questions are often raised about the relation between education and integration of immigrants. Social pedagogy aims to combine educational and social interventions. This study takes place at a school for adult Roma students and the aim is to identify and explain social pedagogical strategies with respect to inclusion processes. The results show how theoretical foundations of social pedagogy works as a €˜facilitator€™ and guide the teachers’ actions. By taking cultural belonging into account, shed light on issues relating to learning processes as well as mobilization and inclusion.

  • 39.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    The impact of word of mouth when booking a hotel: could a good friend's opinion outweigh the online majority?2019Ingår i: Information Technology & Tourism, ISSN 1098-3058, E-ISSN 1943-4294Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Online user generated reviews are transforming business and customer behavior and could have a major impact on sales. The primary aim of this study was to measure the impact of online reviews in comparison with the impact of a good friend's opinion. The question in focus was: to what extent could a single review made by a good friend compensate the opinion of the online majority? Subjects were randomly allocated to different versions of guest reviews of a fictive hotel: either constituting a positive or a negative online majority. After reading the reviews, respondents were asked about their booking intention. The respondents were also asked to re-evaluate booking intention given the additional information that a good friend has given a recommendation or an advice against booking the hotel. The study design was experimental and based on a survey which included 1319 respondents who were randomized to the different versions of guest reviews. The results showed that the overall valence of reviews is crucial for booking intention, also the latest two reviews were important even though the effect was much smaller. If the overall valence was negative the latest two reviews had no importance, no matter if these were positive or negative. But, if the overall valence was positive, then the booking intention could be diluted if the two latest reviews were negative. Concerning the primary aim of the study, it is concluded that a good friend’s word of mouth could outweigh the online majority. This means that a negative online majority could be outweigh by a good friend's recommendation and that a positive online majority could be outweigh by a goods friend's recommendation against booking the hotel. 

  • 40.
    Inal, Tuba
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    The role of the European court of human rights in changing gender norms in Turkey: the case of women’s maiden names2019Ingår i: Turkish Studies, ISSN 1468-3849, E-ISSN 1743-9663Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The diffusion of international human rights norms through the enforcement of international human rights law by courts has been explored by both scholars of international relations and international law. Turkey, which has been a state party to most international human rights treaties despite being a major violator of human rights, is the case in this paper. It examines norm diffusion in the area of women’s rights through court action in a patriarchal culture protected and represented by a deeply patriarchal state and judiciary. By looking at the legal processes, domestic and international, through which the issue of the right of Turkish women to keep their maiden names after marriage has gone, this paper argues that norm diffusion through court action can be triggered even in difficult cases such as changing gendered norms and describes the conditions and mechanisms that make these changes more likely.

  • 41.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik. Reykjavik University, School of Computer Science, Reykjavik , Iceland.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Lundin, Johan
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied IT, Gothenburg , Sweden.
    Cerna, Katerina
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Education, Communication and Learning, Gothenburg , Sweden.
    Steineck, Gunnar
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Oncology, Gothenburg , Sweden.
    The Virtual Clinic: Two-sided Affordances in Consultation Practice2019Ingår i: Computer Supported Cooperative Work, ISSN 0925-9724, E-ISSN 1573-7551, Vol. 28, nr 3-4, s. 435-468Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Telecare has the potential to increase the quality of care while also decreasing costs. However, despite great potential, efficiency in care practices and cost reduction remain hypothetical. Within computer supported cooperative work (CSCW), one focus of telecare research has been on awareness support in distributed real-time communication in comparison to physical meetings since face-to-face consultations have been known as the “gold standard” of conducting care. Research has shown that it is hard to maintain qualities such as awareness through video-mediated meetings. In this research, the goal has not been to mimic the qualities of face-to-face consultations but rather to document the qualities of three types of patient meetings (consultations) and to understand in what kinds of situations each consultation type is a viable option. In this paper, we focus on the essential qualities of i) face-to-face consultations, ii) video-based consultations, and iii) telephone consultations and shed light on their affordances. The research contribution includes an extension of the affordance lens to incorporate socio-technical, two-sided affordances, that constitute important aspects for understanding complexity when heterogeneous actors co-existing in a practice, where affordances can differ for different “sides” in the complex practice—a view that is fruitful when dealing with heterogeneous actors and a set of analog and digital tools in a practice.

  • 42.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Näverå, Elisabeth
    Högskolan Väst, Högskolan Västs bibliotek.
    The Way to the Wave: To Integrate Media and Information Literacy in the "Scientific Wave" Throughout a Bachelor Program in Business Administration2019Ingår i: INTED2019 Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, 2019, s. 3536-3546Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Media and information literacy is of increasing importance and viewed as a necessary life skill for all ages, social groups and professional sectors of contemporary digital society, hence also affecting the approaches and strategies for higher education. This paper illustrates the background and process of building a successful library-faculty partnership initiated as a quality improvement measure for a bachelor's program in business administration at University West, Sweden. According to the Higher Education Act, Swedish higher education should rest on scientific or artistic basis and on proven experience, research and development. The process started in 2012 as a response to criticism from the Swedish Authority for Higher Education regarding learning outcomes focused on students' skills and abilities to seek, collect, evaluate and critically interpret relevant information within the field of business administration. The quality improvement process entitled "A Scientific Wave" aims at supporting student development during the study period to develop and strengthen skills in critical and analytical approaches, written and oral presentation, and media and information literacy skills to provide the prerequisites for achieving the learning outcomes for a bachelor's degree in business administration. The Scientific Wave includes several different quality aspects and applies a holistic approach to improve the quality and progression of knowledge throughout all courses of the program. In addition, work integrated learning (WIL) is applied as an educational and pedagogic model throughout the program to enhance the link between work life and learning, theory and practice. This paper will focus on how to build a successful library-faculty collaboration to improve students' media and information literacy skills. Earlier research states that successful integration of media and information literacy in higher education should be based on close collaboration between librarians and discipline faculty, strategic anchoring and visualization in curricula, syllabi, learning outcomes and examinations, and developed in line with the mission of the university. The Scientific Wave is here viewed as a co-creative, continuous framework based on the separate but complementary skills of librarians and faculty to provide students with tools for critical and creative thinking, research skills as well as lifelong learning in today's digital society.

  • 43.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Willermark, Sara
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    TPACK in situ: A Design-based Approach Supporting Professional Development in Practice2019Ingår i: Journal of educational computing research (Print), ISSN 0735-6331, E-ISSN 1541-4140, Vol. 57, nr 5, s. 1186-1226Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Technological pedagogical and content knowledge (TPACK) is a well-known conceptual framework for what knowledge teachers need in order to teach successfully using technology. Most recent TPACK studies address assessment of teacher TPACK by quantitative self-reporting surveys. Such an approach provides little guidance for teachers in how to develop their everyday teaching practice. We argue for a revival of the original TPACK design-based approach and propose a design-based, operationalization of the framework that is situated in action, context specific, and integrated in practical teaching. The approach has been developed, evaluated, and validated in a school development project in a Nordic Elementary School context using design-based research. The project engaged more than 100 professionals: in-service elementary teachers, school administrators and researchers, and more than 1,000 students during 3 years. The theoretical development evolved from rich descriptions of 38 didactic design as delimited units of teaching including planning, implementation, and evaluation of specified learning tasks acted out in practice. Contributions include framing teaching practice as design activity and a TPACK in situ model and methods targeting reflective practitioners. Our proposed approach addresses current limitations of TPACK and is aligned with advocated professional development methods.

  • 44.
    Wihlborg, Clas
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Khoury, Sarkis J.
    University of California at Riverside, Riverside, USA.
    Trust in the Euro and the EU’s Banking Union After the Financial Crisis: Interdisciplinary European Studies2019Ingår i: Trust in the European Union in Challenging Times: Interdisciplinary European Studies / [ed] Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Antonina; Bremberg, Niklas; Michalski, Anna; Oxelheim, Lars, Springer, 2019, s. 111-138Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Wihlborg and Khoury examine whether greater institutional flexibility can strengthen confidence in the euro and the European banking union. The authors highlight the costs and benefits of harmonization as compared with those arising from competition among national regulatory frameworks. Greater trust requires either that some EU member states abandon the euro as their currency, or that they effect far-reaching structural reforms. Politically, it is advantageous to divide the euro zone into two different currency areas. Regarding the EU’s banking union, Wihlborg and Khoury contend that market discipline with regard to banks’ risk-taking improves national regulatory frameworks through institutional competition. Mutual recognition between national supervisory authorities requires harmonization of rules for dealing with troubled banks, as well as for banking regulation and supervision.

  • 45.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Östlund, Christian
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Rossi, Matti
    Aalto University, Information Systems, Helsinki, Finland.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Work-Integrated Learning as an Outcome of Using Action Design Research in Practice2019Ingår i: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349, Vol. 11491, s. 92-107Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper highlights Work-Integrated Learning (WIL) as an outcome of using Action Design Research (ADR) in practice. We argue that ADRis a subtype of Design Science Research (DSR) and a prominent method forfacilitating mutually beneficial collaboration between academia and practice.Subsequently, we tie our work around ADR and WIL to the Scandinavianschool of IS-research and worker participation, by emphasizing reflectivepractice on both researcher and practitioner side. We demonstrate this throughtwo empirical cases and four case episodes. Consequently, the cases highlightbuilding, intervention, and evaluation in the areas of civic orientation and countyadministration. The narrative around each case focuses on ADR-activities thatmediate reflection and learning through iterative cycles. Outcomes from thecases are reported as WIL-outcomes and finally, we conclude this paper bybriefly suggesting two implications for future relevant research

  • 46.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Gellerstedt, Victoria
    Bernhard, Iréne
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Work-Integrated Learning: Impact of Individual and organizational Digitalization on Knowledge management and Expertise Sharing2019Ingår i: INTED2019 Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, 2019, s. 3601-3609Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The primary aim with this study was to examine the impact of digitalization and the use of ICT for knowledge sharing in an organization. A secondary aim was to further develop knowledge management models to also include collaborative knowledge production and expertise sharing. Based on such a model, we developed a questionnaire answered by 265 respondents. We found that the relationship between using ICT for knowledge sharing was correlated to knowledge sharing also when adjusted for established factors like organisational climate and social norms. We conclude that digitalization, both individually and on an organisational level is an important asset for knowledge management, and that the use of ICT could support knowledge sharing beyond known and established important factors.

  • 47.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Babaheidari, Said Morad
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    A first step towards a model for teachers' adoption of ICT pedagogy in schools.2018Ingår i: Heliyon, E-ISSN 2405-8440, Vol. 4, nr 9, artikel-id e00786Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is important to identify and understand important factors underpinning the integration of information and communication technology (ICT) in schools. And, it is important that ICT is adopted in a sound pedagogical manner. The aim with this study was to suggest a model for the actual use of ICT in schools and how it may be related to important factors such as technological pedagogical expectations. The design of the model was inspired by TAM2 and UTAUT models, but with some modifications. We have developed a model which highlight the pedagogical aspects beyond the technical ones. Furthermore, our suggested model also include the adoption of digital techniques in everyday life as a potential predictor of adoption of ICT at work. The sample consists of 122 teachers and we analyzed the model with a structural equation model. This study contributes with a suggested model including a new construct for measuring expected performance from a technological pedagogical point of view. This new construct was a significant predictor to actual use of ICT in school. Furthermore we also developed a new construct for adoption of ICT in everyday life, which also was a significant predictor to actual use of ICT in school.

  • 48. Shubber, Mohammed
    et al.
    Östlind, Tomas
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Svensson, Ann
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Larsson, Lena
    Sahlgrenska Academy.
    Acceptance of Video Conferencing in Healthcare Planning in Hospitals2018Ingår i: AMCIS 2018 Proceedings, Association for Information Systems, 2018, s. 1-10Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Health information technology has become one of the most important resources for the development and improved efficiency of healthcare services. Frail elderly patients is a growing group of people that that requires healthcare. Different care providers have to participate in healthcare planning for frail elderly patients to ensure that the patient is provided with suitable care in his or her home. The use of video conferencing offers great potential for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of healthcare planning sessions, as well as reducing travel expenses. This paper reports from a qualitative study aiming at identifying and analyzing attitudes of hospital professionals, when using video conferencing for healthcare planning. The result indicates that the attitude toward using video conference tools is exclusively positive. The intention to use is high, due to the ability of the technology to make professionals ’ work more efficient, and that the technology can improve patient care.

  • 49.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Purao, Sandeep
    Bentley University, Bentley, USA.
    Rossi, Matti
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Action Design Research in Practice: Lessons and Concerns2018Ingår i: Proceedings ECIS 2018 / [ed] Frank U.,Kautz K.,Bednar P.M., 2018, artikel-id 1755Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on the results of a study of how scholars engage with and use the action designresearch (ADR) method. Since its publication, ADR has been acknowledged as an importantvariant of DSR, and has been adopted by a number of researchers. It has been adopted as theprimary research method for doctoral dissertations as well as research projects in severaldisciplines. With the increasing use of ADR, the research community is also learning about how toapply ADR in different contexts. In this paper, we focus on how researchers are using the method.Drawing on primary data from researchers who have recently engaged in or finished an ADRproject, we identify several recurring themes: managing expectations with actual outcomes ofADR-projects, coordinating work across different ADR-stages, and balancing the focus on probleminstance versus class of problems. Our work contributes a greater understanding about how ADRprojects are carried out in practice, how researchers can avoid some of the common pitfalls, andhow the method can be applied more effectively.

  • 50.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    An eye for an I: a framework with focus on the integration of work and learning in higher education2018Ingår i: INTED 2018: Proceedings, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education plays a new role in the society and the highly specialized labor market, and higher education institutes are expected to interact with and contribute to the surrounding society. University West in Sweden is since 2002 commissioned by the government to develop the pedagogical strategy called work-integrated learning (WIL) and WIL is the “trade mark” for the University. This means that pedagogical methods are based on WIL and that the faculty is working on further refinement and development in order to maximize the pedagogical gain offered by using the synergy between theory and practice.

    Work-integrated-learning activities are often implemented in a course as methods aligned to the learning outcomes regarding knowledge in the specific subject. However, another perspective is that the capacity to reflect and understand the integration of theory and practice could actually be a learning outcome in itself. From this perspective, it is vital to theoretically frame and formulate stringent learnings outcomes. To have a clear framework for this is important for curriculum design, course delivery and assessment, as well.

    In a self-evaluation conducted at the University, including focus groups with, both undergraduate and post graduate students, teachers, researchers and managers, a call for a framework has been expressed.

    In this conceptual paper, we propose a framework to support, design, delivery and assessment of work-integrated-learning progression, i.e. understanding of the integration between theory and practice. This framework is inspired by theories regarding constructive alignment [3], the SOLO taxonomy, agentic learning, SAMR-model and the RAT-model. RAT means Replacement, Amplifying and Replacement [4] while SAMR is the acronym for Substitution, Augmentation, Modification and Redefinition [5]. Our WIL-4U has also been inspired by SOLO taxonomy [6]

    In short, the framework for progression includes a progression from being descriptive regarding the observed practice, skills for comparing and evaluating practices, to be agentic in how theory and practice could be used in synergy for evolving, new theory and development of practice. Thereby, putting on eye on the “i” in WiL.

    Ultimately such a framework could support the progression of “WiL-understanding” through an educational program, and that students after graduation have developed readiness for “life-long-learning” and could be agentic at workplaces in the sense that practice and theory are used in synergy.

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