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  • 1.
    Wihlborg, Clas
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Khoury, Sarkis J.
    University of California at Riverside, Riverside, USA.
    Trust in the Euro and the EU’s Banking Union After the Financial Crisis: Interdisciplinary European Studies2019Ingår i: Trust in the European Union in Challenging Times: Interdisciplinary European Studies / [ed] Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Antonina; Bremberg, Niklas; Michalski, Anna; Oxelheim, Lars, Springer, 2019, s. 111-138Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Wihlborg and Khoury examine whether greater institutional flexibility can strengthen confidence in the euro and the European banking union. The authors highlight the costs and benefits of harmonization as compared with those arising from competition among national regulatory frameworks. Greater trust requires either that some EU member states abandon the euro as their currency, or that they effect far-reaching structural reforms. Politically, it is advantageous to divide the euro zone into two different currency areas. Regarding the EU’s banking union, Wihlborg and Khoury contend that market discipline with regard to banks’ risk-taking improves national regulatory frameworks through institutional competition. Mutual recognition between national supervisory authorities requires harmonization of rules for dealing with troubled banks, as well as for banking regulation and supervision.

  • 2.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Babaheidari, Said Morad
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    A first step towards a model for teachers' adoption of ICT pedagogy in schools.2018Ingår i: Heliyon, ISSN 2405-8440, Vol. 4, nr 9, artikel-id e00786Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is important to identify and understand important factors underpinning the integration of information and communication technology (ICT) in schools. And, it is important that ICT is adopted in a sound pedagogical manner. The aim with this study was to suggest a model for the actual use of ICT in schools and how it may be related to important factors such as technological pedagogical expectations. The design of the model was inspired by TAM2 and UTAUT models, but with some modifications. We have developed a model which highlight the pedagogical aspects beyond the technical ones. Furthermore, our suggested model also include the adoption of digital techniques in everyday life as a potential predictor of adoption of ICT at work. The sample consists of 122 teachers and we analyzed the model with a structural equation model. This study contributes with a suggested model including a new construct for measuring expected performance from a technological pedagogical point of view. This new construct was a significant predictor to actual use of ICT in school. Furthermore we also developed a new construct for adoption of ICT in everyday life, which also was a significant predictor to actual use of ICT in school.

  • 3.
    Larsson, Lena G
    et al.
    Närhälsan Kungshamn Health Centre, Region Västra Götaland, Kungshamn, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Medicine, Gothenburg, Sweden ; Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Region Västra Götaland, Fyrbodal, Sweden.
    Bäck-Pettersson, Siv
    Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Region Västra Götaland, Fyrbodal, Sweden.
    Kylén, Sven
    Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Region Västra Götaland, Fyrbodal, Sweden; Chalmers University of Technology, Centre on Health Care Improvement and Innovation, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Marklund, Bertil
    University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Medicine, Gothenburg, Sweden ; Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Region Västra Götaland, Fyrbodal, Sweden.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Carlström, Eric
    University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Medicine, Gothenburg, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden; University of South-East Norway, Notodden, Norway.
    A national study on collaboration in care planning for patients with complex needs2018Ingår i: International Journal of Health Planning and Management, ISSN 0749-6753, E-ISSN 1099-1751Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate inter-organisational collaboration on care planning for patients with complex care needs. Internationally, and in Sweden where the data for this study was collected, difficulties in care planning and transition of patients between the main health care providers, hospitals, municipal care, and primary care are well known.

    METHOD: A survey of a total population of care managers in hospitals, municipalities, and primary care in Sweden was conducted. The study assessed accessibility, willingness, trustworthiness, and collaboration between health care providers. Data were analysed with descriptive statistics, bivariate, and multivariate regressions.

    RESULTS: The results indicate that Swedish health care providers show strong self-awareness, but they describe each other's ability to collaborate as weak. Primary care stands out, displaying the highest discrepancy between self-awareness and displayed accessibility, willingness, trustworthiness, and collaboration.

    CONCLUSION: Inability to collaborate in patient care planning may be due to shortcomings in terms of trust between caregivers in the health care organisation at a national level. Organisations that experience difficulties in collaboration tend to defend themselves with arguments about their own excellence and insufficiency of others.

  • 4. Shubber, Mohammed
    et al.
    Östlind, Tomas
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Svensson, Ann
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Larsson, Lena
    Sahlgrenska Academy.
    Acceptance of Video Conferencing in Healthcare Planning in Hospitals2018Ingår i: AMCIS 2018 Proceedings, Association for Information Systems, 2018, s. 1-10Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Health information technology has become one of the most important resources for the development and improved efficiency of healthcare services. Frail elderly patients is a growing group of people that that requires healthcare. Different care providers have to participate in healthcare planning for frail elderly patients to ensure that the patient is provided with suitable care in his or her home. The use of video conferencing offers great potential for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of healthcare planning sessions, as well as reducing travel expenses. This paper reports from a qualitative study aiming at identifying and analyzing attitudes of hospital professionals, when using video conferencing for healthcare planning. The result indicates that the attitude toward using video conference tools is exclusively positive. The intention to use is high, due to the ability of the technology to make professionals ’ work more efficient, and that the technology can improve patient care.

  • 5.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Purao, Sandeep
    Bentley University, Bentley, USA.
    Rossi, Matti
    Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Action Design Research in Practice: Lessons and Concerns2018Ingår i: Proceedings ECIS 2018, 2018, artikel-id 1755Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on the results of a study of how scholars engage with and use the action designresearch (ADR) method. Since its publication, ADR has been acknowledged as an importantvariant of DSR, and has been adopted by a number of researchers. It has been adopted as theprimary research method for doctoral dissertations as well as research projects in severaldisciplines. With the increasing use of ADR, the research community is also learning about how toapply ADR in different contexts. In this paper, we focus on how researchers are using the method.Drawing on primary data from researchers who have recently engaged in or finished an ADRproject, we identify several recurring themes: managing expectations with actual outcomes ofADR-projects, coordinating work across different ADR-stages, and balancing the focus on probleminstance versus class of problems. Our work contributes a greater understanding about how ADRprojects are carried out in practice, how researchers can avoid some of the common pitfalls, andhow the method can be applied more effectively.

  • 6.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    An eye for an I: a framework with focus on the integration of work and learning in higher education2018Ingår i: INTED 2018: Proceedings, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education plays a new role in the society and the highly specialized labor market, and higher education institutes are expected to interact with and contribute to the surrounding society. University West in Sweden is since 2002 commissioned by the government to develop the pedagogical strategy called work-integrated learning (WIL) and WIL is the “trade mark” for the University. This means that pedagogical methods are based on WIL and that the faculty is working on further refinement and development in order to maximize the pedagogical gain offered by using the synergy between theory and practice.

    Work-integrated-learning activities are often implemented in a course as methods aligned to the learning outcomes regarding knowledge in the specific subject. However, another perspective is that the capacity to reflect and understand the integration of theory and practice could actually be a learning outcome in itself. From this perspective, it is vital to theoretically frame and formulate stringent learnings outcomes. To have a clear framework for this is important for curriculum design, course delivery and assessment, as well.

    In a self-evaluation conducted at the University, including focus groups with, both undergraduate and post graduate students, teachers, researchers and managers, a call for a framework has been expressed.

    In this conceptual paper, we propose a framework to support, design, delivery and assessment of work-integrated-learning progression, i.e. understanding of the integration between theory and practice. This framework is inspired by theories regarding constructive alignment [3], the SOLO taxonomy, agentic learning, SAMR-model and the RAT-model. RAT means Replacement, Amplifying and Replacement [4] while SAMR is the acronym for Substitution, Augmentation, Modification and Redefinition [5]. Our WIL-4U has also been inspired by SOLO taxonomy [6]

    In short, the framework for progression includes a progression from being descriptive regarding the observed practice, skills for comparing and evaluating practices, to be agentic in how theory and practice could be used in synergy for evolving, new theory and development of practice. Thereby, putting on eye on the “i” in WiL.

    Ultimately such a framework could support the progression of “WiL-understanding” through an educational program, and that students after graduation have developed readiness for “life-long-learning” and could be agentic at workplaces in the sense that practice and theory are used in synergy.

  • 7.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Att utveckla Lysekils centrum tillsammans: utmaningar och möjligheter2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie designades och analyserades av Högskolan Väst 2016-2017. Undersökningen kompletterar den besökar- och boendestudie som Högskolan Väst tidigare genomförde inom projektet i Lysekil under sensommaren 2016 (se Högskolan Väst Rapport 2 Urban Platsinnovation Besökar- och boendestudie i Lysekil sensommaren 2017). Denna studie genomfördes under tiden 26 maj - 11 augusti 2017 med 363 svarande respondenter, varav 165 var besökare och 198 permanent boende i Lysekil. Syftet med studien var att öka kunskapen om både besökares och boendes uppfattningar om Lysekil. Högskolan Väst har även genomfört en intervjustudie med centrumaktörer i Lysekil under 2017 (se Högskolan Väst Rapport 4 Urban Platsinnovation Att utveckla Lysekils centrum tillsammans - utmaningar och möjligheter). Studierna1 avser även att bidra gränsöverskridande inspiration samt vara ett underlag för planering och utveckling av kommande centrumutvecklande aktiviteter såväl inom som utanför projektets regi.Undersökningen visar att besökare framför allt kommer till Lysekil för att koppla av och är nöjda med sitt besök i Lysekil samt med service och utbud, stadsmiljö och faciliteter. En stor majoritet av besökarna har besökt Lysekil innan och anger att de kommer att besöka Lysekil igen. Av de besökare är det 88% som sannolikt kommer rekommendera andra ett besök i Lysekil. Ungefär hälften av besökarna bor mer än 10 mil från Lysekil.De permanent boende i Lysekil är också nöjda med utbudet av restauranger, kvalitén på både maten och servicen. De boende var också nöjda med servicen i butikerna men ställde sig neutrala till utbudet av butiker. Det största missnöjet bland de permanent boende i Lysekil finns kring parkeringssituationen.Studien är i stort samstämmig med den besökar- och boendeundersökning som genomfördes 2016.Ett stort antal förbättringsförslag ges av respondenterna och finns redovisade i rapporten. Dessa förslag är allt från konkreta till visionära.Det är vår rekommendation att denna rapport ihop med rapporten från undersökningen 2016 (se Högskolan Västs Rapport 2) delges och diskuteras med de aktörer och nätverk som finns i Lysekil i arbetet i att ta fram nya centrumutvecklande aktiviteter.

  • 8.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Besökar- och boendestudie i Lysekil sommaren 20172018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie designades och analyserades av Högskolan Väst 2016-2017. Undersökningen kompletterar den besökar- och boendestudie som Högskolan Väst tidigare genomförde inom projektet i Lysekil under sensommaren 2016 (se Högskolan Väst Rapport 2 Urban Platsinnovation Besökar- och boendestudie i Lysekil sensommaren 2017). Denna studie genomfördes under tiden 26 maj - 11 augusti 2017 med 363 svarande respondenter, varav 165 var besökare och 198 permanent boende i Lysekil. Syftet med studien var att öka kunskapen om både besökares och boendes uppfattningar om Lysekil. Högskolan Väst har även genomfört en intervjustudie med centrumaktörer i Lysekil under 2017 (se Högskolan Väst Rapport 4 Urban Platsinnovation Att utveckla Lysekils centrum tillsammans - utmaningar och möjligheter). Studierna1 avser även att bidra gränsöverskridande inspiration samt vara ett underlag för planering och utveckling av kommande centrumutvecklande aktiviteter såväl inom som utanför projektets regi. Undersökningen visar att besökare framför allt kommer till Lysekil för att koppla av och är nöjda med sitt besök i Lysekil samt med service och utbud, stadsmiljö och faciliteter. En stor majoritet av besökarna har besökt Lysekil innan och anger att de kommer att besöka Lysekil igen. Av de besökare är det 88% som sannolikt kommer rekommendera andra ett besök i Lysekil. Ungefär hälften av besökarna bor mer än 10 mil från Lysekil. De permanent boende i Lysekil är också nöjda med utbudet av restauranger, kvalitén på både maten och servicen. De boende var också nöjda med servicen i butikerna men ställde sig neutrala till utbudet av butiker. Det största missnöjet bland de permanent boende i Lysekil finns kring parkeringssituationen. Studien är i stort samstämmig med den besökar- och boendeundersökning som genomfördes 2016. Ett stort antal förbättringsförslag ges av respondenterna och finns redovisade i rapporten. Dessa förslag är allt från konkreta till visionära. Det är vår rekommendation att denna rapport ihop med rapporten från undersökningen 2016 (se Högskolan Västs Rapport 2) delges och diskuteras med de aktörer och nätverk som finns i Lysekil i arbetet i att ta fram nya centrumutvecklande aktiviteter

  • 9.
    Ajanovic, Midhat
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Beyond Self-images: The Context and Development of Animated Documentaries, the Cornerstones of Modern Animation in Sweden.2018Ingår i: Global Animation Theory / [ed] Franziska Bruckner et al., New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2018, s. 99-116Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It seems that the first decades of the new millennium have brought about a small renaissance of documentaries, especially those that combine live action and animated pictures and even those visualiezd totally by employment of various animation techniques. My concern in the following chapter is the conspicuous propensity in Swedish animation towards animated documentary. In my view Sweden is the country that, besides Canada and Great Britain, has developed the most prolific production of films that merge documentary purposes and animated imagery.

    In this chapter I define animated documentary, as I understand it. I will also take a look into the history of Swedish animation and documentary, with an emphasis on the features that might be the base for the development of the animated documentary. The text will also focus on some factors in the production and social background that, at least partly, explain why the animated documentary is such a prominent feature on the Swedish animation scene and, lastly, it will point at some films and filmmakers that eminently represent the genre. 

  • 10.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Collaboration Model for Work-Integrated Learning in Higher Education 3rd Cycle2018Ingår i: INTED 2018: Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, 2018, Vol. 1, s. 5509-5515Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Universities need to constantly accommodate new forms of collaboration with society. Interaction with and impacts on society and practice are of crucial importance. University West (UW) in Sweden has a profile area in work-integrated learning (WIL), which generally aims to address issues on integrating theory and practice in a coherent and sustainable way. In this paper we base our arguments on a research education (3rd cycle) in informatics with specialization in work-integrated learning. The aim with the paper is to evaluate UW’s research education and research environment from a WIL perspective. We will adopt an informing science model in order to conduct a current state analysis, in which we identify and visualize collaboration activities within and between the research education/environment and the UWs key stakeholders; society/practices, research community and PhD students. Concrete implications show how collaboration and informing flows are connected and how they can be improved. General reflections are given on the model as a useful means for quality development and assurance beyond learning outcomes, including aspects of collaboration and interaction that can be regarded as paths of societal and practical impacts.

  • 11.
    Siverbo, Sven
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Cäker, Mikael
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Åkesson, Johan
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Conceptualizing dysfunctional consequences of performance measurement in public sector organizations2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 12.
    Walladbegi, Java
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Oral Medicine & Pathology, Institute of Odontology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Box 450, 405 30, Gothenburg, Swede.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik. Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Svanberg, Anncarin
    ppsala University, Department of Hematology, Institute for Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Uppsala University Hospital, U751 85, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Jontell, Mats
    University of Gothenburg,Department of Oral Medicine & Pathology, Institute of Odontology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Box 450, 405 30, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Correction to Innovative intraoral cooling device better tolerated and equally effective as ice cooling2018Ingår i: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology, ISSN 0344-5704, E-ISSN 1432-0843, Vol. 81, nr 1, s. 225-225Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Unfortunately, the online published article has error in Table 1. The correct Table 1 is given in the following page.

  • 13.
    Holst, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Primary Health Care/Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Björkelund, Cecilia
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Primary Health Care/Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Metsini, Alexandra
    County Council of Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Madsen, Jens-Henrik
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Hange, Dominique
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Primary Health Care/Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Petersson, Eva-Lisa L.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Primary Health Care/Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden Region Västra Götaland, Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Maria C. M.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Primary Health Care/Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kivi, Marie
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Andersson, Per-Åke A.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Svensson, Mikael
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Health Metrics, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Cost-effectiveness analysis of internet-mediated cognitive behavioural therapy for depression in the primary care setting: results based on a controlled trial2018Ingår i: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 8, nr 6, artikel-id e019716Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective To perform a cost-effectiveness analysis of a randomised controlled trial of internet-mediated cognitive behavioural therapy (ICBT) compared with treatment as usual (Tall) for patients with mild to moderate depression in the Swedish primary care setting. In particular, the objective was to assess from a healthcare and societal perspective the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of ICBT versus TaU at 12 months follow-up. Design A cost-effectiveness analysis alongside a pragmatic effectiveness trial. Setting Sixteen primary care centres (PCCs) in south-west Sweden. Participants Ninety patients diagnosed with mild to moderate depression at the PCCs. Main outcome measure ICERs calculated as (Cost(ICBT)-Cost(TaU))/(Health outcome(ICBT)-Health outcome(TaU))=Delta Cost/Delta Health outcomes, the health outcomes being changes in the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) score and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs). Results The total cost per patient for ICBT was 4044 Swedish kronor (SEK) ((sic)426) (healthcare perspective) and SEK47679 ((sic)5028) (societal perspective). The total cost per patient for TaU was SEK4434 ((sic)468) and SEK50 343 ((sic)5308). In both groups, the largest cost was associated with productivity loss. The differences in cost per patient were not statistically significant. The mean reduction in BDI-ll score was 13.4 and 13.8 units in the ICBT and Tall groups, respectively. The mean QALYs per patient was 0.74 and 0.79 in the ICBT and TaU groups, respectively. The differences in BDI-11 score reduction and mean QALYs were not statistically significant. The uncertainty of the study estimates when assessed by bootstrapping indicated that no firm conclusion could be drawn as to whether ICBT treatment compared with Tall was the most cost-effective use of resources. Conclusions ICBT was regarded to be as cost-effective as TaU as costs, health outcomes and cost-effectiveness were similar for ICBT and TaU, both from a healthcare and societal perspective.

  • 14.
    Cerna, Katerina
    et al.
    Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Lundin, Johan
    Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Steineck, Gunnar
    The Sahlgrenska Academy, Jubileumsklininken, Sweden.
    Decision-support System for Cancer Rehabilitation: Designing for Incorporating of Quantified Data into an Existing Practice2018Ingår i: Proceedings of the 10th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, ACM Publications, 2018, s. 747-753Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent development in self-monitoring devices indicates that using quantified data in clinical practicesupporting chronic diseases management holds a big potential. However, exploration of this design space also suggests that some unattended challenges still exist, such as a low adoption rate of self-monitoring tools in existing clinical practice. In this text, wetherefore focus on the ways healthcare professionalsuse quantified data in their practice. We draw onempirical data from an ethnographic study of a cancer rehabilitation center. Our preliminary findings suggestthat the self-monitoring tool supported the nurses'work because it became a functional complement totheir work by allowing them to appropriate the deviceto their and the patients' needs.

  • 15.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Norström, Livia
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Degree of Digitalization and Citizen Satisfaction: A Study of the Role of Local e-Government in Sweden2018Ingår i: Electronic Journal of e-Government, ISSN 1479-439X, E-ISSN 1479-439X, Vol. 16, nr 59, artikel-id 71Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to investigate whether there is a relationship between degree of e-government in Swedish municipalities and perceived satisfaction among citizens generally. This is a large-scale quantitative study based on validand reliable Swedish national surveys. Based on these surveys, a new comprehensive index for measuring "degree of digitalization" was constructed. Citizen satisfaction was measured using established indices covering three dimensions:satisfaction with living in the municipality, satisfaction with performance of government activities (delivered services), and satisfaction with transparency and influence. The results show that there is a relationship between the degree of digitalization in a municipality and the perceived satisfaction among its citizens. The degree of digitalization is related to all three dimensions of citizen satisfaction. Additionally, this study indicates that the strength of this relationship is in parity with or even stronger than the relationship between citizen satisfaction and other crucial factors such as educational level and median income

  • 16.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Designing for Adaptable Learning2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The research in this thesis emphasizes the endeavor of designing for adaptable learning. Designing for adaptable learning is understood as an overall response to designing for integration work. Designing for integration work is thus classified as a special case of designing for adaptable learning. Integration work in this research is understood as a professional practice that aims to improve and support the integration process of newly arrived immigrants (referred to as newcomers) in society. As professional practitioners of integration work, integration workers face daily challenges that are wicked by nature. In order to understand and problematize these challenges, the empirical work of this research was organized and performed within a case of digitalizing the civic orientation program in Sweden. The civic orientation program is a special case of integration work in Sweden, where integration workers organize and provide civic orientation to newcomers in Sweden. Different groups of newcomers are subsequently participating in a required 60 hours of civic orientation and are provided sessions through their native language. The integration workers are responsible for organizing and performing civic orientation through a dynamic process of dialogues, exercises, and more. Integration work as a practice, however, does not incorporate a standardized knowledge base, which provides integration workers a unified way of organizing and performing civic orientation. Instead, different counties and municipalities in Sweden organize and perform civic orientation in various ways. Furthermore, due to the extreme heterogeneity among newcomers as participants in civic orientation, the integration workers are forced to adapt. In turn, the integration workers themselves are heterogeneous due to their different roles, areas of responsibilities, and more essentially, worldviews. In order to understand and problematize the aspects of designing for integration work, an explorative approach was adopted through three consecutive cycles of Action Design Research. The cycles were performed from 2013 until completion of this thesis. The thesis was subsequently governed through three research questions: (1) How to design for integration work? (2)What makes designing for integration work significant? (3) Why do design for integration work? There search questions were addressed and answered through a body of produced knowledge that captures and provides the essential contributions of the thesis. The contributions of the thesis highlight different aspects of designing for integration work, as a special case of designing for adaptable learning. Thus, the contributions are presented and discussed with an explicit bearing toward designing for adaptable learning,as the general class of problems and solutions of this research. The contributions are consequently provided through: (1) an ensemble artifact that is termed a digital platform for civic orientation; (2) an Information Systems Design Theory for adaptable e-learning; (3) a design research methodology that incorporates work-integrated learning; (4) the meta-design of an open learning platform that supports the social integration of newcomers in society; and (5) a philosophical concept that problematizes and conceptualizes the essence of presence in e-learning. Ultimately, the research contributes to the research domains of information systems and work-integrated learning, by providing findings that problematize core aspects of designing for adaptable learning. Furthermore, the thesis extensively discusses the findings of this research by emphasizing a philosophical perspective toward core aspects of the research contributions. Finally, the thesis concludes with a set of limitations of the current research and a brief discussion about potential endeavours of future research.

  • 17.
    Monneret, Denis
    et al.
    Department of Metabolic Biochemistry, La Pitié Salpêtrière-Charles Foix University Hospital, Paris, France.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik. Department of Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Scandinavian Surgical Outcomes Research Group, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bonnefont-Rousselot, Dominique
    Paris Descartes University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Biochemistry, Paris, France.
    Determination of age- and sex-specific 99th percentiles for high-sensitive troponin T from patients: An analytical imprecision- and partitioning-based approach2018Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, ISSN 1434-6621, E-ISSN 1437-4331, Vol. 56, nr 5, s. 818-829Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Detection of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is mainly based on a rise of cardiac troponin with at least one value above the 99th percentile upper reference limit (99th URL). However, circulating high-sensitive cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) concentrations depend on age, sex and renal function. Using an analytical imprecision-based approach, we aimed to determine age- A nd sex-specific hs-cTnT 99th URLs for patients without chronic kidney disease (CKD). A 3.8-year retrospective analysis of a hospital laboratory database allowed the selection of adult patients with concomitant plasma hs-cTnT (<300 ng/L) and creatinine concentrations, both assayed twice within 72 h with at least 3 h between measurements. Absence of AMI was assumed when the variation between serial hs-cTnT values was below the adjusted-analytical change limit calculated according to the inverse polynomial regression of analytical imprecision. Specific URLs were determined using Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) methods, and partitioning was tested using the proportion method, after adjustment for unequal prevalences. After outlier removal (men: 8.7%; women: 6.6%), 1414 men and 1082 women with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2 were assumed as non-AMI. Partitioning into age groups of 18-50, 51-70 and 71-98 years, the hs-cTnT 99th URLs adjusted on French prevalence were 18, 33, 66 and 16, 30, 84 ng/L for men and women, respectively. Age-partitioning was clearly required. However, sex-partitioning was not justified for subjects aged 18-50 and 51-70 years for whom a common hs-cTnT 99th URLs of about 17 and 31 ng/L could be used. Based on a laboratory approach, this study supports the need for age-specific hs-cTnT 99th URLs. © 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH.

  • 18.
    Spante, Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Sofkova Hashemi, Sylvana
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Lundin, Mona
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Algers, Anne
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Digital competence and digital literacy in higher education research: Systematic review of concept use2018Ingår i: Cogent Education, E-ISSN 2331-186X, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 1-21Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital competence and digital literacy are concepts that are increasingly used in public discourse. However, how the concepts are used and how they are defined remains unclear. This paper presents a systematic review of research where these concepts are used in higher education research. The aim is to establish an understanding of referencing strategy to digital literacy and digital competence over time, disciplines, countries, methods and level of analysis. Three databases were used in the systematic literature review: Web of Science, Scopus and Education Resources Information Centre. We delimited the search to title, abstract and keywords in the databases. Inclusion criteria were peer-reviewed publications written in English. Initially 107 publications between 1997 and 2017 were found, with 28 addressing digital competence and 79 digital literacy. Our review demonstrates that there is a range of definitions used in higher education research. They vary depending on if the concepts are defined by policy, research or both and whether they focus on technical skills or social practices. This review indicates directions for further research in higher education i) do more research based on critical perspectives to avoid commonsensical use of the concepts, ii) take the development of definitions of these concepts seriously iii) avoid cross-referencing incompatibilities and finally iv) engage in critical investigations regarding the legitimacy of policy over research in the domain of higher education research.

  • 19.
    Spante, Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Digital Creativity: Enabling Learning Of Gender Roles In Society In Primary School By Story Driven Digital Production2018Ingår i: The Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Communication Technologies in Education 2018 / [ed] Linda Morris,Costas Tsolakidis, ICICTE , 2018, s. 213-224Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To achieve knowledge and understanding in social science, students' ability to discuss and reflect is important. However, the goal to stimulate perspective taking and inference making upon social phenomena has proven to be difficult in general and in particular for primary school students. Thus, there is a need to develop models and concepts for learning that provide guidance that address these challenges. This study reports on how 6th grade students in a Swedish school successfully worked with gender roles in society with a storydriven didactical design linked to digital competence development and creativity in a cross-border setting.

  • 20.
    Willermark, Sara
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Digital Didaktisk Design: Att utveckla undervisning i och för en digitaliserad skola2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna avhandling undersöks grundskollärares arbete med att utveckla sin undervisningspraktik med digital teknik. Mer precist undersöks hur en sådan utveckling kan identifieras, förstås och stödjas. Empirin härstammar primärt från ett treårigt aktionsorienterat skolutvecklingsprojekt i nordisk grundskola. Inom projektet samarbetade lärare från Sverige, Norge och Danmark för att utveckla nya undervisningsaktiviteter över nationsgränserna med stöd av digital teknik. Lärare organiserades inom olika ämnesspecifika designteam för att planera, implementera och utvärdera undervisningsaktiviteter, så kallad digital didaktisk design, vilket avser utformandet av en undervisningssekvens, som adresserar ett specifikt ämne inom ett visst ämnesområde. Det empiriska underlaget utgörs av dokumentation över den digitala didaktiska designen, deltagande observationer, intervjuer och innehållsanalyser samt en enkätundersökning. Två teoretiska ramverk används, TPACK (akronym för Technological Pedagogical And Content Knowledge) och verksamhetsteori. Resultaten påvisar en utveckling av lärares undervisningspraktik. Med stöd av digital teknik skapar lärare digital didaktisk design över nationsgränser, som ger upphov till nya aktiviteter, situationer och möten. Det krävdes dock både omfattande arbetsinsatser och ett praktiskt experimenterande under lång tid, för att lärarna skulle kunna utveckla digital didaktisk design som upplevdes meningsfull i den nya kontexten. Motsättningar och organisatoriska gränser mellan de samverkande lärarna identifierades som avgörande för utvecklingen, genom att ge upphov till förhandlingar, kompromisser och reflektion. Avhandlingen bidrar med ett verktyg för att identifiera och stödja lärares arbetemed att utveckla sin undervisningspraktik med digital teknik. Vidare föreslås en strategi för att identifiera och analysera lärares utveckling över tid. Avhandlingen bidrar också med kunskap om hur olika typer av spänningar och gränser vid samarbete kan stimulera till lärande för en digitaliserad undervisningspraktik, liksom rekommendationer för hur utbildningsinsatser för lärare kan utformas i syfte att stödja lärares utveckling av undervisningspraktiken.

  • 21.
    Winman, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Spante, Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Willermark, Sara
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Digitaliseringen i skolan: möjligheter och utmaningar2018Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 22.
    Cäker, Mikael
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Siverbo, Sven
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Effects of performance measurement system inconsistency on managers' role clarity and well-being2018Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 34, nr 3, s. 256-266Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we explore the impact of PMS inconsistency on managerial role clarity and well-being. In addition,we investigate if problems with PMS inconsistency can be dealt with by convincing superiors to loosen their control reactions to variances, giving managers job autonomy and providing managers with support from superiors, peers and staff functions. Based on survey responses from 799 managers in one public sector organizationand 187 managers in one private sector organization we conclude that PMS inconsistency has negative effects on managers' role clarity and well-being. This situation does not improve if superiors practice loose control; on the contrary, it seems to make managers' work situation worse. Job autonomy and support appear to be better coping methods since they have direct positive impacts on managers' role clarity and well-being that counteracts the negative effects of PMS inconsistency.

  • 23.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Employment and economic activity in different Swedish border regions2018Ingår i: Globalization, International Spillovers and Sectoral Changes: Implications for Regions and Industries / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Andreas P. Cornett and Tina Wallin, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, s. 265-290Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 24.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Engaged in digital service innovation2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The research in this thesis has digital services innovation to support Human-Centred Service Systems (HCSSs) from a practice theory perspective as a foundation. Digital service innovation is understood as service system reconfiguration due to digitalization, with the aim to change the service systemsin a way that increases the value for the involved actors. There are several challenges in digital service innovation; one of the challenges is to address value for a Human-Centered Service System (HCSS), especially since value is the outcome that is determined by the beneficiary. Another challenge is the complexity of sharing and translation of knowledge among heterogeneous actors. The interaction among the involved actors is crucial to understand because it is through human interaction that knowledge is shared and generated.The research has been guided by two research questions: (1) What constitutes value in HCSSs? And (2) How can perceptions of value be aligned in digital service innovation? The presented research expands our understanding of digital service innovation in HCSSs supporting everyday life from a practice perspective. The overall research approach has been engaged scholarship, where the attached insider perspective has been the main focus. The empirical data is collected in two innovation projects (FIND and Free2Ride), the data comes from activities within the projects such as workshops and interviews. One finding in the thesis is the interplay between different levels of value during digital service innovation. Another finding is that beneficiaries and developer stake initiatives to share and translate knowledge. The main contribution of the research is a set of digital service innovation principles. Temporal brokering that leads to leaps in the process of reaching a common understanding and the importance of a learning dimension regarding the roles taken by service beneficiaries are also contributions in this thesis. The research also contributes an exemplification of how learning theories have been applied in order to understand digital service innovation. There are also practical contributions directed to those involved in digital service innovation on a tactical or strategic level. Future research could approach digital service innovation of HCSSs inother service systems and with other perspectives from the practice theory research.

  • 25.
    Ajanović, Midhat
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Film i strip2018Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 26.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    From Co-Design to Co-Care: Designing a Collaborative Practice in Care2018Ingår i: Systems, Signs & Actions, ISSN 1652-8719, E-ISSN 1652-8719, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 1-24Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The design of digital artifacts in general and mobile apps in particular has not been investigated fully from a practice perspective. Mobile apps are commonly designed from a distant, armslength relationship where they are developed without taking the users' practices into account.This paper problematizes this notion and takes the point of departure from a collaborative design (co-design) process where the goal was to design a mobile app supporting grocery shopping forthe home care sector. We analyse the role of designing a mobile app as a facilitator for collaboration between the elderly's everyday practice and the caregivers work practice and investigatehow these two practices become intertwined. The research questions are: How can the design process be organized in order to foster the formation of a prospective collaborative care practice? What aspects are important to consider when designing with a boundary practice perspective? The findings of this study indicate that organizing the design activities in a certain collaborative manner empowered the elderly and their caregivers and led to the formation of a common, collaborative care practice (herein called co-care). The focus of the design process thereby shifted from designing the digital artifact (framed as a boundary object) to designing the co-carepractice (framed as a boundary practice). Our contribution is discussed in terms of design considerations,which can be applied for the facilitation of a collaborative boundary practice. The considerations are of particular relevance for settings where two or more practices are to collaborate and where new conditions are to be created for future co-practice.

  • 27.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Steineck, G.
    University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Academy, Clinical Science, Sweden.
    Lundin, J.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied IT, Sweden.
    From narratives to numbers: Data work and patient-generated health data in consultations2018Ingår i: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics / [ed] Klein G.O.,Karlsson D.,Moen A.,Ugon A., IOS Press, 2018, Vol. 247, s. 491-495Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents preliminary findings on how the introduction of patient-generated health data (PGHD) triggers changes during patient-nurse consultations. This article builds on a two-year case study, examining the work practice at a cancer rehabilitation clinic at a Swedish Hospital using PGHD. The study focuses on how nurses’ use data, gathered by patients with a mobile phone app, during consultations. The use of PGHD introduce a change in the translation work, the work of turning rich patient descriptions and transform them into data, during the consultation for documentation and clinical decision-making. This change affects precision, questions asked and the use of visualizations as well as the patient-nurse decision making. © 2018 European Federation for Medical Informatics (EFMI) and IOS Press.

  • 28.
    Nehls, Eddy
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Föränderliga ordningar utan centrum och hierarki: Förslag till kunskapsteori för ett hållbart samhälle2018Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 29.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Karlsson, CharlieHögskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik. Professor Emeritus of the Economics of Technological Change, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University and Professor Emeritus, Blekinge Institute of Technology.Bernhard, IréneHögskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Geography, Open Innovation and Entrepreneurship: New Horizons in Regional Science series2018Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Developed countries must be incredibly innovative to secure incomes and welfare so that they may successfully compete against international rivals. This book focuses on two specific but interrelated aspects of innovation by incumbent firms and entrepreneurs, the role of geography and of open innovation.

  • 30.
    Svensson, Ann
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    How to Evaluate Collaboration within Research and Innovation2018Ingår i: Proceedings Cross-Cultural Business Conference 2018 / [ed] Margarethe Überwimmer, Robert Füreder, Martina Gaisch, Shaker Verlag, 2018, s. 319-327Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    To improve and strengthen regional development is often subject of political decisions. This is thesituation within the European Union, to increase innovation in SMEs. SMEs need access to knowledge,competence and collaboration, in order to increase their opportunities to develop competitiveness inproducts higher up in the value chain. The increasing rate of change in society also creates needs ofdecreasing the time from knowledge development to ready products to the market. Ongoing evaluationis prevalent in many research and development projects today in order to follow up the intended results.The ongoing evaluation could contribute to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of a specificinnovation project by highlight areas of improvement and needs of development. The purpose of thispaper is to analyze how collaboration within research and innovation can be evaluated, using a specificinnovation project as an example. Qualitative methods have been used for the data collection andanalysis, based on documents, interviews and participation in various activities. An intervention theory iscreated, as interpreted and structured based on information from documents and interviews. Theintervention theory should be further refined, and could be used to select important aspects of theinnovation project for the further evaluation. The intervention theory can be used to evaluate the causesand effects, and if the innovation project is reaching its intended final achievements and results.

  • 31.
    Jobe, William
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Bernhardsson, Patrik
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Rask, Anders Bindslev
    University College Nordjylland, Energi- og miljøuddannelserne, Professionshøjskolen University Colleges.
    Improving the creation, curation and discovery of open educational resources for work integrated and lifelong learning2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns open education (OER) resources, and more specifically the process of publishing OER material to make it easier to find on the web. The overarching goals are to improve the creation and discovery of OER material for workplace learning as well as strive towards UNESCO’s Sustainable Development Goal 4, which aims to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. As we see it, there are two key challenges. The first challenge regards the content creation and curation side; i.e. the process of making OER material available to the general public, how to maintain the resource and how to get feedback on it. The second challenge regards discovery i.e. for OER consumers to easily find OER material and discern its usefulness in their specific learning context. We are in the process of developing a web based system that aids content creators in publishing and maintaining their OER material. The system helps the content creator by generating semantic metadata about the resource based on the Dublin Core system and creates a package of the material itself along with said metadata in a search engine optimized HTML5 file, ready for publishing on a web server or a video streaming site like YouTube, or other media sharing sites. This approach primarily utilizes common search engines to find the material, thus making the OER material decentralized and not necessarily specific to a specific OER repository. The metadata created by the system does, however, enable developers to create systems specialized in collecting and aggregating OER material, further enhancing the capability of the decentralized ecosystem of OER resources to be used by learning management systems. The key contribution is a suggestion as to how to automatically generate and use an OERID so that all resources can be discovered, curated, and reused.

  • 32.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Indicators of economic development: an exploratory study using Swedish municipal data contrasting economic development and growth2018Ingår i: Geography, Open Innovation and Entrepreneurship: New Horizons in Regional Science series / [ed] Gråsjö, U., Karlsson, C. och Bernhard, I., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, s. 359-376Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores possible measures of economic development and how they relate to measures commonly used for studying economic growth. Since potential factors for measuring economic development typically differ greatly over large geographical areas, we will study the indicators on a municipality level to avoid large geographical units of analysis. The data is from 2013 and 2014 and is found in official Swedish data repositories, and include variables such as gross pay per employee, citizen satisfaction with the municipality and Gini-coefficient for Swedish municipals. The results indicate that trying to find one overall measure for economic development is not feasible. Our main conclusions are that indicators for economic growth and economic development in some cases move in opposite directions. There is a need for more direct and harmonized, national and international data to further drive the research in the field of economic development.

  • 33.
    Galan, Nataliya
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi. University West.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi. University West.
    Internationalization by means of networks: A case study of small firms in a cross-border region2018Ingår i: Book of Abstracts: The 22nd McGill International Entrepreneurship Conference, Halmstad, 2018, s. 21-22Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at gaining a deeper understanding of the role of networks in internationalization of small firms originating from a cross-border region. Internationalization is viewed as the process of identification and exploitation of international opportunities. The present study specifically seeks to understand how different kind of networks enable small firms to identify and exploit their first and subsequent international opportunities and where (within or beyond the cross-border region). The study employs a multiple-case study design and is built on empirical evidence mainly collected via face-to-face semi-structured interviews with managers/owners/founders of five small firms located in the cross-border region Northern Fyrbodal (Sweden) – Southern Østfold (Norway). Preliminary findings suggest that the roles of business, institutional and social networks as well as regional and international networks differ with regard to i) international opportunities identification and exploitation; ii) geographically/institutionally proximate and distant markets as well as iii) discovery or creation as a means of international opportunities formation.

  • 34.
    Galan, Nataliya
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi. University West.
    Internationalization of small firms originating from a cross-border region: The role of social and business networks2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Firms’ small size is commonly considered as a disadvantage in internationalization (Jansson, 2007), which is mainly associated with the lack of resources needed to expand internationally (Jansson & Sandberg, 2008). Consequently, internationalization of small firms differs noticeably from that of large firms (Musteen et al., 2010). In particular, compared to large firms, small firms rely more extensively on networks relationships, thus trying to overcome barriers to internationalization related to their size (Zahra, 2005). Previous research reports a wide use of different kinds of networks (business vs. social, local vs. foreign) by small firms in the process of their internationalization (e.g., Kuhlmeier and Knight, 2010; Musteen et al., 2010, Dubois, 2016). Fletcher (2004) and Dubois (2016) stress the need to further investigate the relational context of small firms’ internationalization in order to understand how these firms start and manage their international expansion. Further, Dubois (2016) arguments for bringing in a geographical context for conceptualising the process of small firms’ internationalization and calls for more research to be done in order to get a better understanding of how the contextual elements influence the actions of individual actors.The proposed study takes into focus the context of cross-border regions, which implies that the firms located in such areas benefit from a spatial proximity to a neighbouring foreign market and its potential (Niebuhr and Stiller, 2004). However, the empirical evidence, obtained for various cross-border regions, often shows the contrary, i.e. that these areas are characterised with weak economic dynamism involving local firms, which do not benefit remarkably from a spatial proximity to a neighbouring foreign market (Leick, 2012). The purpose of this study is to generate a better understanding of the internationalization process of small firms originating from a cross-border region using the network perspective (Johansson and Matsson, 1988). In particular, the study aims to examine the role of relationships in the process of international expansion of firms located in the cross-border region Northern Fyrbodal (Sweden) – Southern Ostfold (Norway), with regard to their choice of the first and consequent markets, mode and time of internationalization.The study uses a multiple-case study design (Yin, 2014) and is built on empirical evidence collected via face-to-face semi-structured interviews with managers/owners/founders of seven small firms located both in Sweden and Norway in a relative proximity to the Swedish-Norwegian border. Preliminary findings suggest that both business and social networks are of extreme importance for small firms from a cross-border region with regards to the identification of international opportunities in foreign markets, making a decision to internationalize as well as the choice of mode of internationalization. It is found that local networks are equally important for small firms from cross border regions to reach distant markets as foreign networks. Reliance on social networks seem to contribute to exploring international opportunities by small firms in the neighbouring markets while reliance on business networks appear to help them to reach distant markets at early stages of internationalization.

  • 35.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Introduction: Geography, Open Innovation and Entrepreneurship2018Ingår i: Geography, Open Innovation and Entrepreneurship: New Horizons in Regional Science series / [ed] Gråsjö, U., Karlsson, C. och Bernhard, I., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, s. 1-18Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 36.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Hedman, E.
    NU Healthcare, Sweden.
    Knowledge management for operations management within health care2018Ingår i: Proceedings of the ... European conference on knowledge management, ISSN 2048-8971, E-ISSN 2048-8963, Vol. 2, s. 847-854Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aging population of the western world poses a medical challenge for the society of today and of the future. In hospitals, healthcare professionals manage health care with the objective to provide care of high quality using the limited available resources. The decision-making in production and capacity planning decisions requires coordination and management of knowledge in different hierarchical levels and in different time-frames. Thus, this knowledge management is also needed between various health care services within a hospital, as well as with other healthcare providers, at a horizontal level. This paper is based on a qualitative study, conducted as a case study at a hospital in western Sweden. Eleven managers together with their production controllers were interviewed. This paper aims to analyze the challenges the health care at the hospital face related to the knowledge management in the production and capacity planning and control of activities performed. The difficulties found refers to limitations in knowledge management according to three different themes identified. These themes are the influence of political decisions, coordination and participation, and methods and IT-systems. 

  • 37.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Lessons Learned From A Cross-Sector Development Project: An Integrative Research Approach2018Ingår i: INTED 2018: Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, 2018, s. 3914-3922Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper draws on the experiences of work-integrated learning from a Swedish-Norwegian cross-sector research project where actors from university, industry, government and volunteer sector collaborate on city center development. The empirical setting of the present study consists of six smaller cities in rural municipalities with limited resources and experiences of collaboration with higher education institutions. The following research question is addressed: How can research and development projects serve as a vehicle for facilitating mutual knowledge exchange between academia and society in cross-sector and rural collaboration contexts? The aim is hence to suggest a tentative collaboration model that identify and integrate knowledge flows between actors involved in cross-sector collaborations in such setting. To gain deep insights in the complex dynamics of project collaboration we applied a mixed methods approach including surveys, structured, in-depth qualitative interviews, observations, workshops and student projects. The data collection was performed during 2016-2017. Findings indicate that trust, continuity, and relationship building are the basis vital for successful creation, development and maintenance of knowledge flows. Furthermore, there is a need to develop an integrative tool box with different methodological tools, work practices and strategies to plan, perform, compile to leverage the knowledge flows and coproduce sustainable results. Our tentative model aims to illustrate conceptualize lessons learned on work-integrated learning and collaboration with academia. We discuss how the model may support co-creative and mutual results over time. 

  • 38.
    Högberg, Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Linking Technological Frames to Social Media Implementation: An International Study of Hotels2018Ingår i: Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism 2018: Proceedings of the International Conference in Jönköping, Sweden, January 24-26, 2018, Cham: Springer International Publishing , 2018, s. 270-282Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Social media have transformed the hospitality and tourism industry and affected how customers interact and take decisions, but have also affected organisations’ business strategies and processes. Prior research has shown that a key understanding of IT implementation in organisations is how individuals adopt, use and make sense of technologies. Despite the increased use of social media in hotel organisations there is a research gap and little is known about how individuals’ sense-making affects organisational use over time. The aim of the present study is to contribute to the research field by using Orlikowski and Gash’s (ACM Trans Inf Syst 12(2):174–207, 1994) framework of Technological Frames. The interpretative case study follows social media use in 14 hotel organisations within an international hotel chain in seven European countries over four years. The study finds incongruence and lack of dominant frames and discusses the related organisational implications.

  • 39.
    Asal, Maher
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Long-run drivers and short-term dynamics of Swedish real house prices2018Ingår i: International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, ISSN 1753-8270, E-ISSN 1753-8289, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 45-72Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    This paper aims to assess the long-run drivers and short-term dynamics of real house prices in Sweden for 1986Q1 to 2016Q4. More specifically, the author examines the extent to which real house prices are determined by affordability, demographics and asset price factors.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The author conducts a cointegration analysis and applies a vector autoregression model to examine the long- and short-run responsiveness of Swedish real house prices to a number of key categories of fundamental variables.

    Findings

    The empirical results indicate that house prices will increase in the long run by 1.04 per cent in response to a 1 per cent increase in household real disposable income, whereas real after-tax mortgage interest and real effective exchange rates show average long-term effects of approximately – 8 and – 0.7 per cent, respectively. In addition, the results show that the growth of real house prices is affected by growth in mortgage credit, real after-tax mortgage interest rates and disposable incomes in the short run, whereas the real effective exchange rate is the most significant determinant of Swedish real house appreciation.

    Originality/value

    The impact of the two lending restrictions been implemented after the financial crisis – the mortgage cap in October 2010 and the amortization requirement in June 2016 – are ineffective to stabilize the housing market. This suggests that macroprudential measures designed to ease pressure on housing prices and reduce risks to financial stability need to focus on these fundamentals and address the issues of tax deductibility on mortgage rates and the gradual implementation of debt-to-income limits to contain mortgage demand and improve households' resilience to shocks.

  • 40.
    Pennbrant, Sandra
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Nursing and learning: healthcare pedagogics and work-integrated learning2018Ingår i: Higher Education, Skills and Work-based Learning, ISSN 2042-3896, E-ISSN 2042-390XArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is twofold: to describe work-integrated learning (WIL) related to healthcare pedagogics, and to describe the distinctive aspects of research on WIL with specialization in healthcare pedagogics. Design/methodology/approach The general purpose of this theoretical paper is to define and formulate a research agenda within WIL with specialization in healthcare pedagogics. Findings WIL with specialization in healthcare pedagogics is a multidisciplinary field of knowledge encompassing education, health sciences and social sciences, and focuses on research and knowledge-creation involving nursing schools in higher education, healthcare organizations and the surrounding community. Originality/value The starting point of the research environment is the ambition to gain knowledge about the conditions, processes and outcomes in healthcare education and healthcare organizations, both individually and collectively, intra- and inter-professionally, in the perspective of life-long learning. WIL with specialization in healthcare pedagogics is a research area that can carry out important research in healthcare education and healthcare organization and, thus, contribute to high-quality care meeting current and future needs.

  • 41.
    Galan, Nataliya
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    " One foot in industry, the other in academia ": Why professional services want adjunct professors as employees?2018Ingår i: Baltic Journal of Management, ISSN 1746-5265, E-ISSN 1746-5273, Vol. 4, nr 13, s. 433-450Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine professional service firms'€™ (PSFs) motives and benefits related to their engagement in knowledge transfer interactions with universities via their employees also acting as adjunct professors (APs).Design/methodology/approach The study adopts a qualitative approach relying mainly on data collected via semi-structured interviews with both top managers and APs employed by five engineering consultancies operating in Sweden. Findings The findings suggest that, while seeking stability is the major determinant of engagement in relations with universities via APs, PSFs highpoint the significance of reciprocity and legitimacy motives. The most substantial benefits appear to be related to firms’ access to academic research, core competencies and human resource development as well as marketing outcomes. Benefits are found to be dynamic in character with higher-order benefits being generated by low-order over time. Research limitations/implications The findings rely on a small sample of PSFs and should be verified by future research with larger samples of PSFs operating in a broader range of industries and national contexts. Practical implications The study results may be of interest to managers of both firms and universities interested in establishing, formalising or broadening university-industry interactions. Originality/value The study advances the current knowledge on the rationales of service firms engaged in various university-industry knowledge transfer interactions by making empirical and conceptual contributions to the understanding of adjunct professorship as a particular form of such interactions.

  • 42.
    Högberg, Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Organizational Social Media: A Literature Review and Research Agenda2018Ingår i: 51st Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS 2018): Proceedings of a meeting held 2-6 January 2018, Waikoloa Village, Hawaii, USA., Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences ( HICSS ) , 2018, s. 3832-3841Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Social media refers to online tools that make it possible for users to create content, publish, share and communicate online. Social media use by and in organizations is a developing research field still in its infancy. The present paper presents a literature reviewon the subject of Organizational Social Media (OSM), starting and proceeding from van Osch and Coursaris's literature review extending to 2011. There view contributes to the IS research field by describing how the IS research field defines and categorizes social media, identifying what topics are currently interesting and suggesting future researchtopics. The findings suggest that to a great extent the IS research field focuses on internal activities e.g.communication and knowledge sharing made possible by social media and that a common definition of social media is lacking

  • 43.
    Spante, Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Organizing Digitalization In School: How A Municipality In Sweden Arranged For New Curriculum Implementation  Emphasizing Digitalization2018Ingår i: The Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Communication Technologies in Education 2018 / [ed] Linda Morris, Costas Tsolakidis, ICICTE , 2018, s. 382-390Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focused on how a municipality in Sweden organized for a new curriculum implementation with the focus on digitalization following the demands from politicians. A compulsory competence development course was initiated for all 40 school leaders in the municipality. The course followed the structure and form provided from the Swedish National Agency for Education.The results showed vast variation among school leaders regarding the understanding of digitalization and how they led processes in their schools.The results call for a thoughtful model of how to capture and act on these differences to secure equal quality of education in the municipality.

  • 44.
    Grisot, Miria
    et al.
    Kristiania University College, Oslo, Norway.
    Lindroth, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Patient Generated Data And Affordances: Conversation Cues In Clinical Decision Making2018Ingår i: Proceedings from the annual NOKOBIT conference held at Svalbard the 18th-20th of September 2018, 2018, Vol. 26, s. 1-10, artikel-id 542Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An increasing number of systems support the use of patient-generated data in patient-provider collaboration.However, there is yet limited understanding of how patient-generated data impact the way healthpersonnel work with data in clinical decision-making processes, and whether patient-generated data mightbe able to support clinical processes, for instance by providing evidence for diagnoses, treatment monitoring,or recovery. In this paper, we explore the use of patient-generated data in clinical decisions in twocase studies. In the first case an App is used by patients in cancer rehabilitation to track their pain levels,frequency of specific events, and symptoms. Rather than requiring patients to remember past events at thetime of the visit, patients can use the App to register events as they happen. In the second case an App isused in conjunction with a set of digital medical devices to track a defined set of parameters in remote carefor patients with chronic conditions. Both Apps are designed with the aim to improve data accuracy andensure data quality. Our findings show that beside gaining data quality and accuracy, patient generateddata work as conversational cues in the context of the interaction between patients and health personnel.This finding is relevant as it shows that patient generated data need to be treated not just as facts but ascues or as an affordance for patient-provider dialogue. Based on this understanding, we identify threedesign implications for Apps for patient-generated data to support patient-provider dialogue.

  • 45.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Performing Independence. The Apolitical Image of Polish Think Tanks2018Ingår i: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 70, nr 3, s. 345-364Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Think tanksnon-governmental policy institutes engaged in both research and advocacyoccupy a position at the intersection of different societal fields. This interstitial position determines how they operate and what language they use. Their claim to expertise hinges upon their successful presentation as independent actors. In this endeavour, an apolitical image is crucial. This article studies the role of language in legitimising the position of think tanks. How do think tanks negotiate their apolitical image? What organisational and historical reasons sustain their claim to be apolitical? These questions will be addressed here, through original empirical material based on semi-structured interviews with Polish think tank leaders.

  • 46.
    Högberg, Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Persistent Digital Service Encounters: Challenges of organizational use of social media in a hotel chain2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The emergence of social media has in many ways changed how individuals interact, communicate and also consume online. Due to the massive, world wide use of social media, organizations are starting to use social media in order to be present where their customers are. Earlier research has studied social media from different, rather fragmented perspectives such as social media use for marketingor for internal communication. However, research on the organizational implications and challenges from a more general organizational social media use is lacking. This thesis explores organizational implications and challenges of social media use over time. Hence the focus lies on both internal and external organizational activities related to social media use. The consequences of social media have been particularly striking in service industries, e.g. banks, restaurants and travel agencies. Social media has fundamentally changed how we (can) buy services, and also how service is provided. For example, we can ask a question or make a complaint directly on a specific social media platform. Hence, social media have had implications for the relationship between service organizations and their customers and thus changed the context in which service is delivered and experienced. The service encounter, i.e., the actual meeting between the customer and employees, has come to take place on social media platforms. The expansion of social media has affected the hotel industry in several ways. Hotel guests are using social media platforms in order to review and share experiences about hotels, and hotel organizations use social media to keep up with competitors and customer demands. The aim of this thesis is to describe and understand the challenges social media use brings to organizations in the service industry, inparticular hotel organizations. The following research question is addressed:Why and how does the use of social media platforms represent organizational challenges? The empirical data focuses on the introduction and use of social media in one international hotel chain over a four-year period. Furthermore, data was collected from other, independent hotels. The empirical data was collected through interviews, online observations, workplace observations and written documents. VIIIA multifaceted theoretical framework was used, including the Technology-Organization-Environment framework, the concept of technological frames, andthe concepts of functional simplification and closure. These theoretical frameworks capture the drivers behind organizational social media use and how individual employees interpret and use social media, but also how social media attributes create the need for new organizational routines and management of social media content created outside organizational boundaries.The analysis illustrates how social media use creates challenges for the studied organizations. Five main organizational challenges have been identified: the nature of social media versus organizational structure: how organizations and individuals make sense of social media over time; how private use of social mediahas implications for professional use; how social media creates stretched service encounters; and pseudo-relationships and roboticization of service

  • 47.
    Bernhardsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Personal Learning Environment For Learning After University2018Ingår i: INTED 2018: Proceedings, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is becoming increasingly common for universities and schools to use some form of digital system between teachers and students. They usually use a Learning Management System (LMS). Watson [1] discusses the concept and systems used today and believes that the intentions with LMS are good but they lack valuable functions. They have most often been used to distribute instructions to students. It is a unified information that applies to all participants and is not in any way individualized or gives the individual student the unique support that may be needed for a good learning environment.

    Learning in the digital era requires new skills focusing on different digital artefacts [2]. Learning is also a lifelong process that not only happens in an institutional context. Learning takes place in both formal and informal contexts. Learning and work-related activities are connected today, and education needs to be shaped to support a continued process even after completion of formal learning [3].

    Instead of standardized one-way solutions for transferring instructions, in which is the way many LMS are used, students should during their time at the college learn tools that support learning and communication with others. By using the tools used in working life during the study time, the boundary is blurred between the school's LMS and tools commonly used in working life. [3]. Many LMS used in higher education is not used in business and the skills gained by students through LMS cannot easily be transformed into knowledge of the tools that companies use. By introducing tools that are widely used in business, students can create their own set of tools for communication, project management and information retrieval. The tools can then contribute to encouraging their own critical search of information based on which they can shape their unique knowledge and to act as an "agentic learner" [4]. The use of an LMS that students cannot use after completing studies does not give the same opportunities for continued learning as a set of ‘open tools’. They need to create a Personal Learning Environment (PLE) so that they can then continue to use same tools after completed studies. [5]

    Richards et al [6] describes a driven student as an "agentic learner". A self-employed individual with both pleasure and ability to learn as such can determine what needs to be learned from knowledge goals in a syllabus related to the individual's existing knowledge. In order to become such a driven student, a larger "toolbox" for learning is needed than a standardized LMS solution often offers.

    It is not new tools within LMS, adjustments and minor changes, which are needed. It is a whole new perspective where the focus is shifted from LMS to PLE. It is difficult to create understanding among students how tools locked in an LMS provide knowledge for an upcoming work life. A whole new set of tools is needed or what is described as a system change by Reigeluth [7]. A whole new perspective on what tools that support lifelong learning and not only university studies. Since the LMS is connected to the university the LMS is closed for external access and the student cannot access it after they leave the University.

    In this paper we discuss, based on a theoretical perspective, whether open cloud-based tools can form the student's PLE to replace the university's LMS.

  • 48.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Platformization: Co-Designing Digital Platforms in Practice2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital platforms are slowly becoming an important part of both research and everyday work. However, much of the research focus has been on platforms that are already established. Little focus has been on platformization (i.e., design, development and use of platforms in the nascent phases) and the socio-technical aspects of designing platforms for specific practices or purposes, i.e., practicebased platforms. While it is truly important to understand technological aspects and market logics of platform efforts, it is also to understand how platforms become platforms, when designing them alongside end-users. This thesis contributes to the platform discussion with research that focuses both on the technological sides of building platforms while also unpacking the social aspectsof the collaborative design situation (i.e., co-design) and development where endusers meet and later use the platforms. This thesis explores the research questions:How can practice-based platforms be designed and developed? What impact does end-user engagement in platformization have on the practices involved? How can platformization efforts be approached and researched? through a study of the design of platforms in care settings, one 2.5–year study within home care and one 2.5–year study within cancer rehabilitation where the end-users' practices involved in the co-design processes are caregivers and care recipients in bothstudies. This thesis thereby unpacks the platformization process through a roughly five–year longitudinal AR project, based on these two studies. With thehelp of the boundary literature, the design, development and use of platforms inthe nascent phases of platformization is analysed in these two studies. Through aco-design effort in both studies, the practices that are going to use the platforms contribute to a) the design of which boundary resources (i.e., modules in terms of code blocks) will be developed within the platform; b) the design of the boundary object (i.e., working tools in terms of apps) that they are using together inconsensus; and c) the design of a boundary practice in which they will later use the digital artifacts together. The end-users' practices had impact on the design of all layers of the platform through the co-design approach, including an influence on the boundary resources that were developed within the platform. The platforms also had impact on the practices, which designed new ways of interacting. The results thereby both show the impact of the end-users' practices (caregivers and care recipients, which are heterogeneous) on the platform design, as well as the impact of the platform on the design of their boundary practice. In this thesis, the design and development of the two platforms is thereby researched and the design of the platforms is validated by studying the use of the platformsas well. The main contribution of this thesis is a conceptualization of the platformization process where the key characteristics of designing such platforms with heavy user engagement are illustrated in a platformization model and in seven platformization principles.

  • 49.
    Walladbegi, Java
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Oral Medicine and Pathology, Institute of Odontology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Svanberg, Anncarin
    Uppsala University Hospital, Department of Hematology, Faculty of Medicine, Institute for Medical Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Protocol for a randomised controlled trial to study cryoprevention of chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis after autologous stem cell transplantation.2018Ingår i: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 8, nr 10, artikel-id e021993Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: A majority of patients who receive myeloablative therapy prior to hematopoetic stem cell transplantation develop oral mucositis (OM). This adverse cytotoxic effect manifests as oral mucosal erythema and ulcerations and frequently necessitates high doses of morphine for pain alleviation. OM may also interfere with food intake and result in parenteral nutrition, weight loss and impaired quality of life. To date, there have been a few studies of evidence-based interventions for prevention of OM. Cooling the oral mucosa using ice chips in conjunction with chemotherapy is known to reduce the severity of OM although clinical application is still limited due to several disadvantages. The primary endpoint of this study is therefore to evaluate the efficacy of an innovative intraoral cooling device (Cooral) compared with ice cooling in reducing the degree of OM, in patients with myeloma or lymphoma.

    METHOD AND ANALYSIS: A total of 180 patients from four different university hospitals in Sweden will be randomised to ice or Cooral in a proportion of 1:1. The degree of OM will be assessed at eight intraoral locations, in accordance with the Oral Mucositis Assessment Scale and WHO scale. Patients will be registered beginning at admission and will continue until discharge or until day +28. The primary variable is analysed in a multiple linear regression model. The significance level used is 5%.

    ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study protocol, questionnaire, diaries and letter of invitation to participants have been reviewed by the local ethical board in Göteborg. The trial results will be published in a peer-reviewed journal and disseminated to participants.

    TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03203733; Pre-results.

    PROTOCOL VERSION: Version 4, 2017-06-05.

  • 50.
    Inal, Tuba
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Smith, Merril D.
    Rape Cultures and Survivors: An International Perspective2018Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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