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  • 1.
    Berg, Agne
    et al.
    Campus Västervik.
    Creelman, Alastair
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Henriksson, Katarina
    Umeå universitet.
    Holmberg, Jörgen
    Högskolan i Gävle.
    Tell, Joakim
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Master Östlund, Christian
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Distansutbildning och e-lärande: utmaningar, möjligheter och alternativa modeller. WP2 delrapport inom K3-projektet ”Nya vägar”2020Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 2.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Effekter av högre utbildning på regional utveckling: WP4 delrapport inom K3-projektet ”Nya vägar”2020Rapport (Refereegranskat)
  • 3.
    Nehls, Eddy
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Hur blir högre studier högre?: om skillnaden mellan elever och studenter, trampolinhögskolor och katapulthögskolor2020 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur blir högre studier högre? är en bok om lärande som är tänkt att inspirera studenter och blivande studenter att utveckla en egen förståelse för högre studier och för vad som krävs för att studierna inte bara ska bli framgångsrika, utan även meningsfulla i ett lite längre perspektiv. Boken är ett försök att främja utvecklingen av ett antal generiska kunskaper och färdigheter som krävs för att studenterna dels ska kunna ta sig igenom en högre utbildning och få sin examen, dels lära sig vad det innebär att tänka och agera akademiskt även i andra sammanhang. Studenternas framgång i högre studier står i direkt relation till deras grad av självständighet och tålamod, samt till deras förmåga att utveckla ett kritiskt förhållningssätt i och till studierna. Med rätt inställning kan till och med misslyckanden leda till lärande och fördjupad kunskap. Utgångspunkten för bokens resonemang är att det inte finns en väg eller ett sätt att lyckas som student, utan att det finns lika många sätt och vägar som det finns studenter. Det gör att det gäller för den enskilda att hitta sin väg. I boken diskuteras även skillnaden mellan att vara och agera som elev och student, liksom vad som kännetecknar en trampolinhögskola och en katapulthögskola

  • 4.
    Cerna, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Education, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Weilenmann, Alexandra
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Education, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ivarsson, Jonas
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Education, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rysedt, Hans
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Education, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Lundin, Johan
    University of Gothenberg, Department of Applied IT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Steineck, Gunnar
    Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Nurses' work practices in design: managing the complexity of pain2020Ingår i: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, E-ISSN 1758-7859Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to understand the activities in nurses'€™ work practices in relation to the design process of a self-monitoring application. Design/methodology/approach: A design ethnographic approach was applied in this study. Findings: To solve the problem of translating highly qualitative phenomena, such as pain, into the particular abstract features of a self-monitoring application, design participants had to balance these two aspects by managing complexity. In turn, the nurses'€™ work practices have changed because it now involves a new activity based on a different logic than the nurses’ traditional work practices. Originality/value: This study describes a new activity included in nurses’ work practices when the nurses became part of a design process. This study introduces a novel way on how to gain a deeper understanding of existing professional practice through a detailed study of activities taking place in a design process. This study explores the possible implications for nurses’ professional practices when they participate in a self-monitoring application design process. Â2020, Emerald Publishing Limited.

  • 5.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Revitalizing thoughts on Theory, Theorizing, and Philosophizing in Information Systems2020Ingår i: Advancing Information Systems Theories / [ed] Leslie Wilcox Nik och Hassan Rushdi, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This book chapter provides revitalizing thoughts on the meaning of theory, theorizing, and philosophizing in the field of Information Systems (IS). More specifically, the chapter scrutinizes and explicates central definitions of theory, theorizing, philosophy, and philosophizing, in the context of developing theoretical implications as a part of a larger theory development project. Additionally, the chapter introduces the concept of kernel philosophiesand conceptualizes different spaces for theory development projects in IS. Finally, the chapter ends with concluding remarks on philosophy and philosophizing as supportive medium for the theorizing process in IS.

  • 6.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Gustafsson, Mariana
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Hedström, Karin
    Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Sefyrin, Johanna
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    A digital society for all?: Meanings, practices and policies for digital diversity2019Ingår i: Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2019, 2019, s. 3067-3076Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of digital divides has been on the agenda in research and policy making for at least the last 20 years. But it is still, a challenge to grasp this concept that is so elusive and transforming. Inclusion, access and equality are still key values for democratic governance and must be addressed in particular when forming and contributing to a digital government. This paper seeks to intervene in current debates on digital divides and digital inclusion by analyzing two cases of responses among street-level public administration in relation to e-government services in Sweden. The case studies are strategically chosen and conducted in national agencies and in local public libraries. Three lines of contributions are discussed, firstly thei mportance to care for equality secondly the need to seethe non-users, and thirdly to discuss the potential of putting focus on digital diversity.

  • 7.
    Högberg, Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    A Learning Process In Organizational Social Media Use: A Longitudinal Case Study2019Ingår i: INTED2019 Proceedings: 13th International Technology, Education and Development Conference, Valencia, Spain. 11-13 March, 2019., The International Academy of Technology, Education and Development, 2019, s. 4970-4976Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Social media has rapidly created a need for organizations to gain new knowledge and ability to quickly adapt to a changing environment in order to keep up with competitors. This has also created a pressure on organizational members to gain new competence and knowledge and to be able to learn these new technologies in a workplace environment. Workplace learning has therefore become important for professional development and learning. The present study has conducted over five years (2013-2018) within an international hotel chain. The data collection is based on 40 interviews with hotel employees who are using and who are in charge of the social media use in 14 hotels within the international hotel chain. In addition, data from online observations, workplace observations and written documents have been collected. The analysis identified the employees learning strategies, barriers facilitators and outcomes of workplace learning related to social media use.

  • 8.
    Larsson, Lena G
    et al.
    Närhälsan Kungshamn Health Centre, Region Västra Götaland, Kungshamn, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Medicine, Gothenburg, Sweden ; Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Region Västra Götaland, Fyrbodal, Sweden.
    Bäck-Pettersson, Siv
    Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Region Västra Götaland, Fyrbodal, Sweden.
    Kylén, Sven
    Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Region Västra Götaland, Fyrbodal, Sweden; Chalmers University of Technology, Centre on Health Care Improvement and Innovation, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Marklund, Bertil
    University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Medicine, Gothenburg, Sweden ; Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Region Västra Götaland, Fyrbodal, Sweden.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Carlström, Eric
    University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Medicine, Gothenburg, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Academy of Sahlgrenska, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden; University of South-East Norway, Notodden, Norway.
    A national study on collaboration in care planning for patients with complex needs2019Ingår i: International Journal of Health Planning and Management, ISSN 0749-6753, E-ISSN 1099-1751, Vol. 34, nr 1, s. E646-E660Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate inter-organisational collaboration on care planning for patients with complex care needs. Internationally, and in Sweden where the data for this study was collected, difficulties in care planning and transition of patients between the main health care providers, hospitals, municipal care, and primary care are well known.

    METHOD: A survey of a total population of care managers in hospitals, municipalities, and primary care in Sweden was conducted. The study assessed accessibility, willingness, trustworthiness, and collaboration between health care providers. Data were analysed with descriptive statistics, bivariate, and multivariate regressions.

    RESULTS: The results indicate that Swedish health care providers show strong self-awareness, but they describe each other's ability to collaborate as weak. Primary care stands out, displaying the highest discrepancy between self-awareness and displayed accessibility, willingness, trustworthiness, and collaboration.

    CONCLUSION: Inability to collaborate in patient care planning may be due to shortcomings in terms of trust between caregivers in the health care organisation at a national level. Organisations that experience difficulties in collaboration tend to defend themselves with arguments about their own excellence and insufficiency of others.

  • 9.
    Luthfa, Sabrina
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    A study of how uncertainty emerges in theuncertainty-embedded innovation process2019Ingår i: International Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1363-9196, E-ISSN 1757-5877, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 46--79Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to understand about how uncertainty emerges in the innovation process. Since uncertainty is embedded in the innovation process, to understand how uncertainty emerges in the process one needs to understand how innovation process unfolds over time. Since an innovation process involves various resource recombination activities occurring in several phases, to understand how innovation process unfolds one needs understand “how do various resource recombination activities occur over time for the creation of novelty?” This knowledge would enable us to understand the conditions under which vital activities of resource recombination can/cannot be undertaken and coordinated as well as would allow us to understand the underlying decisions made by the innovators for their efficient undertaking and coordination. This paper investigates the innovation process in two companies through performing qualitative study. The innovation processes are analysed in the light of a conceptual model developed based on the Dubois’ (1994) End-product related activity structure model, Håkansson’s (1987) “ARA model” and Goldratt’s (1997) “Critical chain concept”. The findings suggest that uncertainty emerges in the innovation process in a cycle of interaction with resource void, activity void and actors’ limited cognition due to lack of knowledge, undue optimism, and rationally justified reason for disregarding information. Accordingly, a great deal of compromises is made while undertaking the activities.

  • 10.
    Ajanović, Midhat
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Animated Documentary – Documentary Animation2019Ingår i: Contemporary Animation JournalArtikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna artikels primära ämne är en tämligen okänd filmgenre, den så kallades animerade dokumentär vars utveckling under senare decennier fick ny fart tack vare moderna tekniska möjligheter. Med filmens inträde i den digitala eran blir denna genre allt mer vanligt inom de recenta rörliga bildproduktionerna. Förutom att ringa in grundläggande kännetecken av en specifik filmform grundad på genretraditionen som växt fram kring hybridiseringen mellan olika genrer är artikeln samtidigt ett försök till en samtidshistorisk kontextualisering. För att illustrera hur animerade dokumentärer synliggör några dolda aspekter av våra liv genom att behandla den mänskliga existensen i ett stort socio-politiskt sammanhang analyseras svensk animerad film i form av en specifik fallstudie.

  • 11.
    Samuelson, Sarah
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Att bädda för ny kunskap2019Ingår i: VILÄR 5-6 december 2019, University West, Trollhättan: Abstracts / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: University West , 2019, s. 15-16Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Användningen av testbäddar inom näringsliv och offentlig sektor blir allt viktigare i takt med att introduktionen av ny och mer komplex teknik i samhället ökar. Hälso- och sjukvården och äldreomsorgen är en viktig del av samhällsekonomin, där primärvården är en outnyttjad miljö för innovation. Samhället står inför utmaningar, där sjukvårdens begränsade resurser ska räcka till att ta hand om en åldrande befolkning. Testbäddar diskuteras inom hälso- och sjukvård, som ett redskap till att utveckla innovativa produkter och tjänster som kan bidra till att vårdens resurser används på ett mer effektivt sätt. Nya och innovativa produkter och tjänster som företag utvecklar för att bättre kunna tillgodose människors behov av hälso- och sjukvård, kommer att förändra primärvården.

    Arbetsmetoder kommer att förändras och professioner som arbetar inom primärvården behöver lära sig om ny teknik. Universiteten behöver förbereda vårdstudenterna på de nya arbetssätten. Det är därför viktigt att utforska lärande i testbäddar, i relation till samarbete mellan primärvård, företag samt akademin, för att testa och implementera digital teknik för en effektivare sjukvård.Testbädden används av företag för att testa sina produkter och tjänster i en verklig praxis. Testbädden ger också möjligheter för professionerna inom primärvården att testa ny teknik och nya arbetsmetoder som följer användningen av ny teknik inom vården. Forskarna tillhandahåller aktuell forskning och kunskap om användning av teknik i primärvården.

    Således blir testbädden en arena för lärande mellan vårdprofessioner, företag och forskare som samarbetar för att lära sig och utveckla ny kunskap om hur patienterna kan erbjudas en mer tillgänglig och effektiv primärvård.

  • 12.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Ekström, Sara
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Barendregt, Wolmet
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied IT, IT Faculty,Sweden .
    Serholt, Sofia
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied IT, IT Faculty,Sweden .
    Kiesewetter, Svea
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied IT, IT Faculty,Sweden .
    Augmenting Game-Based Learning With a Robot Tutee2019Ingår i: Proceedings of the European conference on games-based learning, Reading: Academic Publishing International, 2019, s. 560-568Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the initial design of an educational setup where a humanoid robot is used as a game companionto a child while they play an educational arithmetic game together. Drawing on the learning-by-teaching paradigm, therobot’s purpose is to act as the child’s tutee and ask questions related to gameplay and the arithmetic content of the game. The original version of the game utilized a virtual teachable agent, which was shown to be effective for children’s learning in previous studies. Here we replace the virtual agent with a social robot to explore if and how the embodiment and social-like behaviour of robots can augment game-based learning further. Our aim is to design a robot tutee that will enhance the game experience and stimulate elaboration of the game’s learning material. So far we have conducted two design workshops with 81 schoolchildren in grades 2 and 4 where they experienced the robot and the game in their classrooms. In this paper, we present the results of two post-workshop questionnaires, where the children were asked about desired behaviour for learning companions and their experiences with the robot as a game playing tutee. The first post-workshop questionnaire revealed that children would like to have a robot tutee that behaves as a kind and helpful human peer, but with improved capacities such as being kind to everyone, providing better explanations, and giving more compliments. The second postworkshop questionnaire revealed that the children accepted the tutor–tutee role-division and that a majority of children were able to hear, but less so, understand, the robot’s questions. Implications of these findings for design of the robot tutee are discussed

  • 13.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping Univeristy, Linköping.
    Automation of Digital Public Services: Challenges when Working with Automated Systems and Striving for Inclusion of End-Users2019Ingår i: Uddevalla Symposium 2019: Unlocking the Potential of Regions Through Entrepreneurship and Innovation. Revised papers presented at the 22nd Uddevalla Symposium, 27–29 June, 2019, L'Aquila, Italy / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2019, s. 91-105Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing use of automated systems for decision making and decision supportin public administration is forming new practices and challenging public values. Automated decision-making systems are mainly used in administrative systems but require end-users of services to submit relevant data in correct ways to make the services functional. However, not all potential or intended users of these services have the competence and capacity to use them. There is a pressing need to uncover and analyze how professional staff at public agencies respond to users' problems caused by digitalization in general and automation in particular for those who have problems using the services since there is a legal requirement to provide impartial public services. The case study presented in this paper builds on a bottom-up qualitative study including in-depth interviews and observations at two Swedish authorities, the Swedish Public Employment Agency and the Swedish Social Insurance Agency, in two Swedish municipalities. The main contribution by the case study shows how challenges that the professional staff face when they have to support everyone when the main management method is to use automated systems. The first way of addressing risk of exclusion is improved personalized support by the professional "street-level" bureaucrats, and the second is the important support also provided by other citizens and users of the services that enhances inclusion. The study indicates the importance of forming new support structures when public services are digitalized with ambitions to be more efficient.

  • 14.
    Gustafsson, Mariana S.
    et al.
    Unit for Political Science, Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping university, Sweden.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik. Unit for Political Science, Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping university, Sweden.
    Automation of Income Support in the Public Social Services: A Case Study of an Innovation that is Still Struggling2019Ingår i: Uddevalla Symposium 2019: : Unlocking the Potential of Regions Through Entrepreneurship and Innovation. Revised papers first presented at the 22nd Uddevalla Symposium 27-29 June, 2019, L'Aquila, Italy / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2019, s. 187-204Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization of public services has been high up on the political agenda in Sweden, with considerable efforts that accompany other initiatives to reform and modernize production of welfare services and their administration. Digital solutions are usedto build both technical and organizational innovations in public services, as well asin bureaucratic decision-making. The "Digital first principle" is guiding the European policies in the field and is also central in the Swedish digitalization strategy for public administration. This means that the contact between the citizens,the companies or other society actors, and the public sector authorities shall initially and to largest possible extent occur digitally.

    A digital innovation that is currently spreading among Swedish municipalities is automatizing social assistance services mainly addressing income support for vulnerable citizens. In a context of nationally highly regulated income support schemes, the municipalities manage the digitalization of services highly differently, coping with inherent tensions in relation to their local autonomy. We have conducted a long-term case study following such an implementation case in amedium size Swedish municipality. Based on interviews, observations and workshops we can conclude that the implementation is hampered since it is not focusing on the core to coach for self-support and that it even made the system less transparent. This indicates that the principle 'digital first' has to be embedded into the core focus of the service and not address shallow interfaces.

  • 15.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Bachelor students in research projects: boosting WIL and University-Society Collaboration2019Ingår i: INTED2019 Proceedings / [ed] , L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, 2019, s. 3015-3021Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing from the experiences of student projects organized and developed in accordance with work integrated learning, this paper contributes to the understanding of conditions necessary for successful implementation and sharing of knowledge in such projects as well as perceived benefits of university society collaboration. A case study was carried out focusing on student research projects on two parallelbusiness administration courses on Bachelor level. Students applied their skills in information literacy searching for and critically interpreting current research as well use of digital tools and social media platforms for data collection in their studies. The projects were initiated and presented by an external organization, which both supported the students in various ways during their work and received the completed results by the end of the courses. Students focused on themes such as the challenges of internal and external organizational communication, digital divides, inter-organizational collaboration,youth perspectives and sustainability. The empirical material of this study was collected from sourcess uch as course syllabi and instructions, observations, student reports and reflections, presentations,meetings, conversations and interviews members of the principal organization. The results show that the students perceived their tasks as stimulating and important due to the interaction and feedback received from the external principal, utilization of their course assignments as well as the opportunity to relate theory to practice. The external organization in turn received reports that may be used for decision-making purposes at a low cost, however what was perceived as most rewarding was the interaction and dialogue with students to get their perspectives on contemporary issues. Furthermore, collaboration with students was also viewed as means for future recruitment. In can thus be concluded that students, if allowed to interact and work with external organizations, play an important part in disseminating both results from and understanding for academic research in society. However, to realize successful student research projects this paper also discusses the need of legitimacy, access to external networks and organizations willing and able to deliver relevant topics for student research as well asstudent support along the way.

  • 16.
    Norström, Livia
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Boundaries of Logics in Municipality Communicators' Facebook Practice: Towards a New Public Service Competence2019Ingår i: Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences 2019, 2019, s. 3097-3106Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    With an increased use of external online platforms, digital government logics are gradually intertwined with external, algorithmic, crowd-influenced value logics of social media platforms. This new scene especially affects administration, which can no longer neutrally deliver public service, but becomes involved in processes of consideration and judging what rules and traditions seem most appropriate in the situation.Through deep interviews and workshops with municipal communicators, we examine this balancing act when communicators use social media for external communication. We use a practice perspective to characterize and conceptualize an emerging approach to public service.

  • 17.
    Svensson, Ann
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Challenges in Using IT Systems for Collaboration in Healthcare Services2019Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, nr 10, artikel-id E1773Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Frail elderly people refer to multi-diseased and vulnerable patients in need of medication and healthcare. These patients require healthcare from several different healthcare organizations, including hospital care, primary care, and municipal care services. This situation is challenging the capacity of healthcare organizations to manage inter-professional collaboration for person-centered care. This paper aims to identify challenges associated with collaboration between different healthcare organizations, related to the use of IT systems in the daily work practice. The paper was based on a qualitative study, which included three focus group interviews, each lasting for two hours. Each focus group consisted of a hospital physician, a primary care physician, a hospital nurse, a primary care nurse, a municipal home care nurse or an assistant officer, a physical or occupational therapist, and a family member representative. The interviews were analyzed with thematic analysis. Challenges identified in the study include insufficient information exchange, inconsistencies in communication, differences in the use of IT systems, and deficient coordination. The work processes that aim to promote collaboration between different healthcare organizations need to be better organized, and the use of IT systems needs to be better aligned.

  • 18.
    Spante, Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Change laboratories for all schools in a Swedish municipality: A systematic approach2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 19.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Lundin, Johan
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied IT, IT Faculty, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Steineck, Gunnar
    University of Gothenburg, Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Co-Designing a Digital Platform with Boundary Objects: Bringing Together Heterogeneous Users in Healthcare2019Ingår i: Health and Technology, ISSN 2190-7188, E-ISSN 2190-7196, Vol. 9, nr 4, s. 425-438Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Healthcare is increasingly permeated with digital platforms supporting cooperative care involving different professional groups and also patients. New mobile technologies allow for patients to continuously monitor and document their symptoms to support better healthcare, as well as self-care. The successful design of such multi-user platforms calls for new design approaches involving heterogeneous conditions and goals. This paper analyzes theuse of boundary objects in design as a mediator for different users' needs and conditions. Our research is conducted at a clinic supporting cancer survivors in their struggles with treatment induced illnesses, a treatment heavily dependent on new medical research as well as on patient involvement. The data is collected ethnographically over two years following a design project that developed a digital platform to support the care provided by the clinic. We describe how useful boundary objects transform over time, from rich narratives, to conceptual formulations and finally into concrete prototypes of the platform. We argue that understanding such a transformation can inform the design of healthcare platforms and guide future design processes, where co-designing with boundary objects can be especially useful as a design approach when doing design complex settings, such as healthcare settings.

  • 20.
    Siverbo, Sven
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Cäker, Mikael
    Trondheim Business School, NTNU, Trondheim, Norway; University of Gothenburg, School of Business, Economics and Law, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Åkesson, Johan
    University of Gothenburg, School of Business, Economics and Law, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Conceptualizing dysfunctional consequences of performance measurement in the public sector2019Ingår i: Public Management Review, ISSN 1471-9037, E-ISSN 1471-9045, Vol. 21, nr 12, s. 1801-1823Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Performance measurement (PM) has become increasingly popular in the management of public sector organizations (PSOs). This is somewhat paradoxical considering that PM has been criticized for having dysfunctional consequences. Although there are reasons to believe that PM may have dysfunctional consequences, when they occur has not been clarified. The aim of this research is to conceptualize the dysfunctional consequences of PM in PSOs. Based on complementarity theory and contingency theory we conclude that dysfunctional consequences of PM are a matter of interactions between PM design and PM use, between control practices in the control system and between PM and context. © 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 21.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology,Division of Digital Learning, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Olofsson, Anders D.
    Umeå University, Department of Applied Educational Science, Umeå, Sweden.
    Arkenback, Charlotte
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied IT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ekström, Sara
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Ericsson, Elin
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied IT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fransson, Göran
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Gävle, Sweden.
    Jaldemark, Jimmy
    Mid Sweden University, Department of Education, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Ryberg, Thomas
    Aalborg University, Department of Communication and Psychology, Aalborg, Denmark.
    Öberg, Lena-Maria
    Mid Sweden University, Department of Computer and System Science, Östersund, Sweden.
    Fuentes, Ana
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it.
    Gustafsson, Ulrika
    Umeå University, Department of Applied Educational Science, Umeå, Sweden.
    Humble, Niklas
    Mid Sweden University, Department of Computer and System Science, Östersund, Sweden.
    Mozelius, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Department of Computer and System Science, Östersund, Sweden.
    Sundgren, Marcus
    Mid Sweden University, Department of Education,Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Utterberg, Marie
    University of Gothenburg,Department of Applied IT, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Critical Imaginaries and Reflections on Artificial Intelligence and Robots in Postdigital K-12 Education2019Ingår i: Postdigital Science and Education, ISSN 2524-485X, Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 427-445Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is commonly suggested that emerging technologies will revolutionize education. In this paper, two such emerging technologies, artificial intelligence (AI) and educational robots (ER), are in focus. The aim of the paper is to explore how teachers, researchers and pedagogical developers critically imagine and reflect upon how AI and robots could be used in education. The empirical data were collected from discussion groups that were part of a symposium. For both AI and ERs, the need for more knowledge about these technologies, how they could preferably be used, and how the emergence of these technologies might affect the role of the teacher and the relationship between teachers and students, were outlined. Many participants saw more potential to use AI for individualization as compared with ERs. However, there were also more concerns, such as ethical issues and economic interests, when discussing AI. While the researchers/developers to a greater extent imagined ideal future technology-rich educational practices, the practitioners were more focused on imaginaries grounded in current practice.

  • 22.
    Nehls, Eddy
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Cross-Border Alcohol Contacts: Anders Gustavsson, Historical Changes in Alcohol Contacts across the Swedish-Norwegian Border.Novus Press, Oslo, 2019. 61 pp. Ill. 978-82-8390-010-12019Ingår i: Ethnologia Scandinavica, ISSN 0348-9698, E-ISSN 0348-9698, Vol. 49, s. 224-225Artikel, recension (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 23.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Design Principles for E-Learning that Support Integration Work: A Case of Action Design Research2019Ingår i: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349, Vol. 11491 LNCS, s. 300-316Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Design principles are prescriptive knowledge that offers theory-based guidelines for Design Science Research in Information Systems. This paper introduces and proposes a set of design principles for e-learning that support integration work. The design principles are proposed based on two cycles of Action Design Research. The cycles were conducted in the organizational setting of stakeholders and end-users known as integration workers, which are responsible for supporting the integration process of newly arrived immigrants of society. Overall, the contributions of this paper are (1) e-learning technologies that support integration work, (2) prescriptive knowledge in form of design principles for designing e-learning technologies that support integration work, and (3) an explicit case of Action Design Research that demonstrates the process of shaping and re-shaping design principles through two different cycles. © 2019, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

  • 24.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Willermark, Sara
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Högberg, Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Designing For An Active Learning Classroom: How Technology Makes A Difference In Higher Education2019Ingår i: ICERI2019 Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres IATED Academy, 2019, s. 4109-4116Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Active Learning Classroom (ALC) has been introduced in many universities designed to promote active, student-centered learning to facilitate new teaching and learning situations. However, it is well known that technology per se do not create new teaching practices. The aim of this paper is to explore the role of technology in instructional design created for an active learning classroom. We explore a case of instructional design in an ALC, within the context of a university in Sweden and students at a bachelor's degree program in informatics. An action oriented research approach was applied. Data includes; engaged classroom observations; a student survey; and teachers’ interviews. The results show that technology came to play an important role in the instructional design in terms of affecting the engagement and pace in the teaching situation. Contributions includes unpacking how the functionality of technology can affect the teaching situation in a technology intense ALC environment as well as instructional design suggestions created for a ALC and that is considered fruitful by students and teachers.

  • 25.
    Lundqvist-Westin, Wilma
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Development of an International Master's Programme in Work Integrated Political Studies: Perspectives from Prospective Students and Employers2019Ingår i: Uddevalla Symposium 2019: Unlocking the Potential of Regions Through Entrepreneurship and Innovation. Revised papers first presented at the 22nd Uddevalla Symposium 27-29 June, 2019, L'Aquila, Italy. / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2019, s. 351-371Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to get a reflective understanding of what prospective students and potential host organisations regard as pros and cons of a new International Master's Programme in Work Integrated Political Studies (WIPS), that is to be implemented jointly by University West (Sweden) and the University of the Western Cape (South Africa). Furthermore, the paper thereby also aspires to contribute to the theoretical discussion regarding work integrated learning (WIL) and contradictions between theory and practice, as well as academia and the real world. More specifically, the paper examines; (1) What are the positive and negative thoughts of prospective students regarding the Master's Programme in Work Integrated Political Studies? (2) What are the positive and negative thoughts of potential host organisations regarding the Master's Programme in Work Integrated Political Studies? (3) How do the respondents see the contradictions between theory-practice and the academia-real world in relation to the Master's Programme in Work Integrated Political Studies?

    This paper is built on two parts, one is the creation and evaluation of the new WIPS master and the second part highlights previous research in the field of WIL and theoretical contradictions. It is a qualitative small-n study of Sweden and South Africa. Through focus group interviews with students and semi-structured interviews with organisations, it is shown that the interest in the programme is high. A majority of both prospective students and potential host organisations would like to be a part of this new master's programme. The reason is the combination of work and studies, which is valuable for both the students and the host organisations. The programme aims to better prepare students for the labour market, which the students' desire and the organisations are sure of. However, the Master's Programme in Work Integrated Political Studies faces a challenge regarding being acknowledged as a third place-based design to overcome the theoretical contradictions. Respondents are still separating theory and practice as well as the academia and the real world, even if some can see and acknowledge the integrating aspects between the contradictions.

  • 26.
    Assmo, Per
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Development of international collaborations in WIL for post-graduate and PhD programmes2019Ingår i: VILÄR 5-6 december 2019, University West, Trollhättan: Abstracts / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: University West , 2019, s. 5-5Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation discuss the development a long term collaboration between University West and universities in South Africa. With a focus on developing the field of WIL in research and higher education, University West is developing two main components.Together with University of the Western Cape (UWC) we develop an International Master Programme in Work Integrated Political Studies. The programme will provide a Master degree in work Integrated Learning, and the programme will be implemented through jointly organised teaching and supervision, conducted in a combined campus/on-line mode, and working closely with the civil society in both countries.Furthermore, together with Central University of technology (CUT) we embark on a collaboration on a third party agreement for PhD students from CUT to study and receive a PhD degree in WIL from University West.

  • 27.
    Spante, Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Digital creativity: learning by story driven digital production2019Ingår i: The international journal of information and learning technology, ISSN 2056-4880, E-ISSN 2056-4899, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 182-191Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The goal to stimulate perspective taking and inference making on social phenomena, such as gender roles in society, has proven to be difficult to achieve in general and in particular for primary school students. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to develop creative models and concepts for learning that provide guidance addressing these challenges. Design/methodology/approach A case study methodology, including classroom observations, teacher interviews and analysis of videos created by students, was applied within a large-scale action research project related to cross-border collaboration for educational purposes supported by information and communication technologies among Danish, Norwegian and Swedish schools. FindingsThis study reports on how teachers organized group work for their sixth grades students to reimagine and videoing fairy tales endings of Cinderella in order to explore and learn about gender roles in society in a cross-border setting. The personal, emotional and social negotiations of working with peers and giving feedback to students in other schools from other countries enhanced their learning. Results suggest that adding the framework of boundary object-driven design helps to improve the process by its focus on a shared understanding, common practice and sense-making. Originality/value The study incorporates the framework on boundary objects as a "€œmental design device"€ into a story-driven digital production project, suggesting that creativity in combination with a specific yet open task for student group work enhances learning in social science.

  • 28.
    Politis, Diamanto
    et al.
    Sten K. Johnson Centre for Entrepreneurship, Lund University, School of Economics and Management, Lund, Sweden.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden.
    Galan, Nataliya
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Akele Abebe, Solomon
    Sten K. Johnson Centre for Entrepreneurship, School of Economics and Management, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurial learning in venture acceleration programs2019Ingår i: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905, Vol. 26, nr 6, s. 588-603Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study aims to better understand entrepreneurial learning in the context of venture acceleration programs. Design/methodology/approach: A qualitative research strategy was used based on multiple in-depth interviews with 21 lead entrepreneurs complemented with participatory observations and secondary sources. The data were inductively analysed following the Gioia methodology (Gioia et al., 2012). Findings: The authors build on experiential learning theory to generate a process-focussed model exploring the learning dynamics that venture acceleration programs can facilitate. In this model, the authors identify three catalysts that trigger processes of experiential learning and two contingencies that alleviate the effects of the catalysts on learning outcomes. The findings suggest that the potential of venture acceleration programs to be effective learning environments pends on the presence and quality of these catalysts and contingencies. Originality/value: The findings provide novel insights on how venture acceleration programs trigger entrepreneurial learning, thereby offering a deeper understanding of the learning dynamics in this setting. © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited.

  • 29.
    Ajanović, Midhat
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Filmska Lutka. Estetika, žanrovske konvencije i hibridiziranje u modelskoj animaciji2019Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns varierande definitioner av ordet "docka" som utgår ifrån dockornas ursprung, deras form och funktion, tekniska aspekter etc. Vanligtvis gör man distinktionen mellan olika sorter dockor som exempelvis leksaksdocka (doll), marionett (puppet), handdocka ("glove puppet") och så vidare. I det här arbetet ligger betoningen på den så kallade föreställande dockan som med hjälp av dockteaterns spelteknik, filmisk eller digital animation framställs som en särskild sorts "skådespelare". För att kunna kalla ett föremål för docka måste man alltså urskilja en människa i den även om det handlar om en antropomorf djurdocka eller en på annat sätt stiliserad docka. Både dockteatern och dockfilmen för vuxna är ofta knutna till människans värld och framstår därmed som ett relevant material för att studera förhållanden knutna till livsvillkor i en samtid. Genom undersökningar och analys av de animerade filmernas genrekonventioner, estetik, berättar- och montagestrategier kan man närma sig en förståelse av de historiska, ideologiska, teknologiska, och politiska klimaten och maktförhållandena vid tidpunkten för deras tillblivelse. Den föreställande dockan är i regel en kulturell symbios – resultatet av mellanfolkliga blandningar. Dockfilmens estetik, teknik, motivkretsar, genrekonventioner och hybridiseringar förflyttar sig över tiden och i geografin via internationella kontakter och relationer mellan olika film- och kulturkretsar. Det här arbetet är således en filmvetenskaplig studie i animerad film vars huvudämne är dockfilmen, en filmgenre som framförallt kännetecknas av ett animerat, personifierat och människoliknande föremål som används som rollfigur inom ramen för en bildberättelse. Denna diskussion om dockfilmen är tänkt som en fortsättning till min tidigare forskning. Men detta menar jag framförallt böckerna Animation och realism (utgiven 2004 på engelska och kroatiska) och Den rörliga skämtteckningen (utgiven 2009 på svenska).

  • 30.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Norström, Livia
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Andersson, Mikael
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Flipped And Open Seminars As A Method For Work Integrated Learning2019Ingår i: INTED2019 Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres (eds), Valencia: The International Academy of Technology, Education and Development, 2019, s. 4458-4466Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 2002 University West, Sweden has had a mission from the Swedish government to develop methods for work integrated learning (WIL). WIL is thus a “trademark” of the university and the university is continuously developing teaching models to enhance a synergy between theory and practice with the goal to improve education and students’ lifelong learning. A challenge in such work is a decreasing engagement among students to participate in seminars at campus, especially during periods of internship. In the study underlying this paper we therefore explore a new teaching and learning method that aims to stimulate students to come to campus and to discuss their experiences with peer students and teachers during their internship.The internship and the seminars are organized as a ‘WIL course’ in the fifth semester of the candidate program ‘Digital Media’. As part of the course the students spend four days a week in a workplace where they contribute substantially to the work at the workplace. One day a week they spend at campus to reflect, write and discuss topics related to the work and organization at the workplace e.g. organizational culture, how a work day is organized, how design work is organized, and how the workplace treats its customers. The students and teachers meet once every second week for a seminar where they discuss the above-mentioned themes. The reflections made at the seminars and the conversations are important for the learning goals at the course. However, the teachers experience a moderate interest from the students’ side to participate and the students tend to be ill prepared.To increase the value and learning for the students, a new approach for better structure and engagement has been introduced, where students in beforehand writtenly reflect on questions about their workplace in relation to the theme of the week. They write in open and shared documents so that all students before the seminare can take part of each others reflections and as such come to the seminar with a wider perspective on the particular theme. The seminar is then held at the campus where the themes are discussed and workplaces compared with help of a shared matrix where the students can place their workplace regarding level of structure, formality, creativity etc . As such the seminar has a ‘flipped’ character and the ICT tools for learning used are open and editable over time for all participants.The empirical material is based on 24 hours participant observations, 10 students’ written reflections and the course curricula. The findings show that the flipped and open approach to the seminars has made the students more engaged in reflections about their workplace, not only during the seminar at campus but also during their work at the workplace. The shared document stimulates reflections of differences between workplaces that has not been so clear before, and the matrix has helped the students to take the reflections to a higher level by reflecting over organizational culture and workplace conditions. By comparing each other’s experiences from a spectrum of different aspects/themes they get a more nuanced picture of the skills and competences needed in the workplace, and they get more strengthened in their professional role. The recurrent discussions over time during the course therefore contribute to make the students more experienced than they would had been by only having got the experience from their own workplace.

  • 31.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik. NU Hospital Group, Sweden.
    Hansson, Anders
    Örebro University, University Health Care Research Center, Faculty of Medicin and Health, Sweden.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Flipped healthcare for better or worse2019Ingår i: Health Informatics Journal, ISSN 1460-4582, E-ISSN 1741-2811, Vol. 25, nr 3, s. 587-597Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The medical profession is highly specialized, demanding continuous learning, while also undergoing rapid development in the rise of data-driven healthcare. Based on clinical scenarios, this study explores how resident physicians view their roles and practices in relation to informed patients and patient-centric digital technologies. The paper illustrates how the new role of patients alters physicians’ work and use of data to learn and update their professional practice. It suggests new possibilities for developing collegial competence and using patient experiences more systematically. Drawing on the notion of flipped healthcare, we argue that there is a need for new professional competencies in everyday data work, along with a change in attitudes, newly defined roles, and better ways to identify and develop reliable online sources. Finally, the role of patients, not only as consumers but also producers of healthcare, is a rather formidable and complex cultural change to be addressed. © The Author(s) 2019.

  • 32.
    Forsman, Berit
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå.
    Svensson, Ann
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Frail Older Persons' Experiences of Information and Participation in Hospital Care2019Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, nr 16, artikel-id E2829Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to describe frail older persons' experiences of hospital care of information and participation when being an inpatient at a hospital. A qualitative method was used. Data were collected at the hospital from 20 interviews with frail older patients, together with observations in the environment at the hospital ward. A content analysis was performed. Patients experienced not receiving information about their care and rehabilitation, or receiving such information in noisy surroundings. They experienced situations of misunderstanding related to their medication, which indicates the need for appropriate discharge calls for frail older patients. They expressed feelings of distress concerning the future, caused by hasty admissions or relatives' problems to handle the situation. The results highlight the need to receive appropriate information and to participate in decision-making. The level of health literacy should be taken notice of when giving information, using peaceful and quiet environments when informing frail older persons. Person-centered care should be recognized to a greater extent in order for healthcare professionals to give information to frail older people in a health literacy-friendly way. This might make it easier for frail older persons to participate in a partnership in care.

  • 33.
    Högberg, Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Framing organizational social media: a longitudinal study of a hotel chain2019Ingår i: Information Technology & Tourism, ISSN 1098-3058, E-ISSN 1943-4294, Vol. 21, nr 2, s. 209-236Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of social media in the past decade has transformed the hospitality and tourism industry. There is, however, limited empirical research on how individual employees and groups of employees within organizations make sense of new technology, such as social media, over time. In this paper we focus on the individual and organizational level by exploring how hotel employees and managers make sense of organizational social media over a 4-year period. The perceived usefulness of social media is studied in an organizational setting by applying technological frames as a theoretical framework. The study is a longitudinal case study that includes time both during and after the implementation of social media in an international hotel chain in Europe. A total of 37 in-depth qualitative interviews were conducted at 14 hotels as well as additional observations on site and on social media platforms. The study contributes to existing literature by investigating organizational social media use over time.

  • 34.
    Nehls, Eddy
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Framtiden oviss för folkkär forskning2019Ingår i: Svenska Dagbladet, nr 20191220Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Samtidigt som folklivsforskningen i Sverige firar 100 år som akademiskt ämne riskerar disciplinen att gå samma öde till mötes som det bondesamhälle vars försvinnande en gång var den tändande gnistan. Ändå har behovet av etnologisk kulturanalys sällan varit mer akut än idag.

  • 35.
    Fuentes Martinez, Ana
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Gender and prior knowledge factors in pupils’ beliefs about programming in mathematics2019Ingår i: ICERI2019 Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, The International Academy of Technology, Education and Development, 2019, s. 5703-5703Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent introduction of computer programming in all Swedish school curricula is a significant addition that came along together with several revisions aiming at enhancing pupils’ ICT skills. One of the reasons behind this implementation model was to accelerate the rate at which substantial results would be noticeable. It was also expected that teaching algorithmic thinking from early years would help to reduce the gender gap that has largely been observed in technology and engineering programs in higher education. In this study we wanted to explore students’ beliefs and performance in programming in relation to gender and previous experience. This paper reports on data obtained from first year high school students whose teachers actively attempted to incorporate programming into their mathematics lessons over the course of a school semester during the first year after the reform. We address three questions: a) Is there a difference in in attitudes or beliefs toward programming between students that had programming experience and those who had not? b) Is there a difference in attitudes or beliefs toward programming between male and female students? and c) Is there a difference in code understanding between male and female students? The third question is further analyzed to test the confidence gap hypothesis, which holds that women feel less confident than men in their own abilities. Five student groups from schools across Sweden were selected for the survey among those whose teachers were actively using programming in mathematics. A cross-sectional study was designed addressing the research questions based on data gathered from a group administered questionnaire (N=138). In order to assess students’ understanding of code, three programming exercises in increasing level of difficulty, concluded the survey. Alongside each programming exercise, the respondent had the possibility to express how confident he or she felt about the given answer. For the purposes of data comparison, the chi-squared test of independence was used. The analysis of the data indicates that there are relevant gender differences in students’ views and attitudes towards programming but not in their actual performance when answering code questions. In this case, differences could be attributed to previous programming experience which also seems to influence students’ anxiety toward the reform. However, previous programming instruction did not seem to influence pupil’s beliefs about how useful they thought programming will be in their upcoming education or professional life. Female students were on average less positive regarding how useful they think programming might be for them in the future. We could also confirm the tendency for women to underestimate their programming achievements. Most relevant, female students were more likely to state that they were unsure when the answer was right, whereas male students often felt sure about their wrong answers.

  • 36.
    Lanamäki, Arto
    et al.
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Grounded Theory Methodology as a Resource for Pluralist Information Systems Research2019Ingår i: Proceedings of the 27th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), Stockholm & Uppsala, Sweden, June 8-14, 2019, AIS Electronic Library (AISel) , 2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    MIS Quarterly recently published an extensive review of the Grounded Theory Methodology (GTM) inInformation Systems research (Wiesche et al., 2017). Our paper contributes to the IS research methodsliterature by reflecting on, commenting on, and elaborating on their review. Even though our paper isa commentary to a single paper, we provide it as a general argument in support of pluralist GTM researchpractice. Specifically, we argue that Wiesche et al. have omitted paradigmatic assumptions fromtheir considerations, which hides their positivist/functionalist single-paradigm framing. Paradigmaticassumptions are important, because what it is means for a 'theory' to be 'grounded' is a matter ofontology and epistemology. We make four arguments to advance GTM pluralism: 1) identification ofdifferent GTM generations may not be purposeful; 2) abduction should be acknowledged in addition toinduction; 3) GTM procedures are resources not necessities; and 4) theorization should be grounded inlocal meanings in the context of explanation.

  • 37.
    Sandblad, Anders
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Går det att bli erfaren snabbare?2019Ingår i: VILÄR 5-6 december 2019, University West, Trollhättan: Abstracts / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhätttan: University West , 2019, s. 16-16Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ingenjörer, som är nya i arbetslivet, är väl skolade i teknik och teknisk problemlösning. Men utmaningarna och fallgroparna i tekniskt utvecklingsarbete handlar inte så mycket om att lösa svåra tekniska problem, som om mänsklig interaktion, samarbete och ansvarstagande, vilket unga ingenjörer i allmänhet inte är tränade i. De har goda teoretiska och tekniska kunskaper från skolan, men saknar praktisk erfarenhet.

    Frågan är om det är möjligt att hjälpa de oerfarnas erfarenhet på traven: Går det att bli erfaren snabbare?I en pågående fallstudie, som ingår i ett avhandlingsprojekt vid Högskolan Väst, studeras effekterna av ett tvåårigt utbildningsprogram för unga ingenjörer som bedrivs i regi av teknikkonsultföretaget Combitech. Fallstudien handlar om att bättre förstå unga ingenjörers utveckling under deras första tid i arbetslivet, dvs det första stadiet i uppbyggnaden av deras professionella erfarenhet och omdöme.Företagets avsikt med utbildningsprogrammet är att hjälpa deltagarna i deras utveckling att bli skickliga ingenjörer och konsulter, så att de snabbare blir effektiva i sitt arbete. Den aktuella fallstudien kan därför ses som en utvärdering.

    Programmet har genomförts med drygt 30 grupper á 6-12 konsulter sedan 2006. Parallellt med att de har sina första konsultuppdrag, genomgår de interna utbildningar av olika slag. Kärnan är ett koncept för erfarenhetsutveckling omfattande en serie á 9 seminarier på olika teman med koppling till arbetslivet, där deltagarna reflekterar över sina erfarenheter från det arbete de utför.Vid ett avslutande seminarium skriver och reflekterar deltagarna över sin egen utveckling. Deltagarnas texter och reflektioner utgör fallstudiens empiriska material. Hur har de utvecklats under programmet? Vad har de lärt sig och hur har de lärt sig? Analyser av materialet har inletts under hösten 2019. Resultaten förväntas kunna ge implikationer på utformningen av såväl yrkesinriktad utbildning som introduktion av unga i arbetslivet.

    Programmets seminarier bygger på en strukturerad metod för reflektion över praktisk erfarenhet genom läsande, skrivande och dialog, kallad dialogseminariemetoden. Metoden är ett av resultat av mångårig forskning om yrkeskunnande vid KTH, där man studerat den praktiska erfarenhetsbaserade kunskapens särart och sökt metoder att med hjälp av bl a konst och litteratur utveckla och överföra denna.

  • 38.
    Spante, Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Varga, Anita
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för utbildningsvetenskap och språk.
    Korp, Helena
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för utbildningsvetenskap och språk.
    Hitta drivet: Studiemotivation och genusmönster i grundskolan2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 39.
    Högberg, Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Willermark, Sara
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    In an urban food desert: A study of mobile farmers markets and social entrepreneurship in Washington, DC2019Ingår i: Uddevalla Symposium 2019: Unlocking the Potential of Regions Through Entrepreneurship and Innovation. Revised papers first presented at the 22nd Uddevalla Symposium 27-29 June, 2019, L'Aquila, Italy. / [ed] Irene Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2019, s. 205-216Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Food deserts, i.e., socially distressed neighborhoods with little access to healthy food, constitute a growing concern in the United States. In this pilot case study, we explore a non-profit organization dedicated to creating a more equitable and sustainable local food system in the Washington, DC area from a social entrepreneurship perspective. In total, six interviews with employees at the non-profit organization were carried out between September 2017 and January 2019. Additionally, quantitative data from sales and education programs has been used as supplementary data sources. The paper contributes to the literature of social entrepreneurship by analyzing how mobile farmers markets are developed and organized through the theoretical lens of social entrepreneurship.

  • 40.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Incentives for Inclusive E-Government: The Implementation of Contact Centers in Swedish Municipalities2019Ingår i: Open Government: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications / [ed] Mehdi Khosrow-Pour, Information Resources Management Association , 2019, s. 60-85Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, the focus is on incentives for inclusive e-government. Five case studies of the implementation of contact centers in Swedish municipalities are described and discussed. The research methods used are mainly qualitative interviews with different categories of municipal personnel and with citizens. The main conclusion is that the implementation seems to contribute to increased accessibility of municipal services, even for those citizens who might have problems using Internet services. The study indicates a development towards increased equal treatment of citizens and a contribution to reducing problems related to the "digital divide." Municipal services became more adapted to citizens' needs by using citizen-centric methods during the development process and in the daily work of the contact centers. The implementation of municipal contact centers can thus be seen as indicating incentives for local e-democracy and a step towards inclusive e-government, although there is still a need to go further in this direction.

  • 41.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Wynn, Eleanor
    Ronin Institute, United States.
    Information Integrity and Human Infrastructure in Digital Health Care2019Ingår i: AMCIS 2019 PROCEEDINGS, Association for Information Systems, 2019, s. 1-10Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Healthcare informatics is undergoing major changes due to new infrastructures like social media that allow patients to proactively bring information to the physician consultation. We use the concept of infrastructuring to describe these changes, referring to the social practice of adapting human infrastructure for specific contexts. This poses informational and social challenges to providers, as they negotiate new boundaries with patients. Information integrity is essential because of risks to both parties. Infrastructuring in this case is the maintenance of information privacy and accuracy, or information integrity. The tasks of vetting information integrity and managing patient expectations add complexity to provider work even as physicians are positive about patients taking responsibility for their own health. The paper addresses infrastructure transformations, the process of infrastructuring, and a concept of information integrity. Using qualitative data from a medical setting, the study illustrates the contradictions physicians face in accommodating social media to their practice.

  • 42.
    Nehls, Eddy
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Interpreting the brain in society. Cultural reflections on neuroscientific practices. Hansson, Kristoffer & Idvall, Marcus (eds.) Lund: Arkiv Förlag, 2017 (Svenska)2019Ingår i: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, s. 180-183Artikel, recension (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 43.
    Asal, Maher
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Is there a bubble in the Swedish housing market?2019Ingår i: Journal of European Real Estate Research, ISSN 1753-9269, E-ISSN 1753-9277, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 32-61Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose This paper aims to investigate the presence of a housing bubble using Swedish data from 1986Q1-2016Q4 by using various methods. Design/methodology/approachFirst, the authors use affordability indicators and asset-pricing approaches, including the price-to-income ratio, price-to-rent ratio and user cost, supplemented by a qualitative discussion of other factors affecting house prices. Second, the authors use cointegration techniques to compute the fundamental (or long-run) price, which is then compared with the actual price to test the degree of Sweden'€™s housing price bubble during the studied period. Third, they apply the univariate right-tailed unit root test procedure to capture bursting bubbles and to date-stamp bubbles. Findings The authors find evidence for rational housing bubbles with explosive behavioral components beginning in 2004. These bubbles do not continuously diverge but instead periodically revert to their fundamental value. However, the deviation is persistent, and without any policy correction, it takes decades for real house prices to return to equilibrium.Originality/value The policy implication is that monetary policy designed to contain mortgage demand and thereby prevent burst episodes in the housing market must address external imbalances, as revealed in real exchange rate undervaluation. It is unlikely that current policies will stop the rise of house prices, as the growth of mortgage credit, improvement in Sweden’s international competitiveness and the path of interest rates are much more important factors.

  • 44.
    Borg, Margareta
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    "It´s Not For Real": The Tablet as Palette in Early Childhood Education2019Ingår i: International Journal of Education and the Arts, ISSN 1529-8094, E-ISSN 1529-8094, Vol. 20, nr 14, s. 1-21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study investigated how a group of three-year-old preschool children use the drawing application Doodlecast on iPads. The smoothness, rapid response, and distinctive digital visual expressions of the tablet provided visual feedback that influenced the children's preferences for colors. Doodlecast seemed to encourage the children to explore colors and superimpose and fill-in the iPad's screen. In addition, they painted very precise shapes and lines, which seemed to facilitate pattern making and discovery of signs and relations. The children used the eraser tool to correct, reveal, remove, and create shapes. Irrespective of the method –erasing, superimposing, or filling-in the screen – the clear and professional result seemed to provide a visual confirmation that the children were able to master formulas.

  • 45.
    Kittelmann Flensner, Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för utbildningsvetenskap och språk.
    Larsson, Göran
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Literature, History of Ideas and Religion, Box 200, Gothenburg, S-405 30, Sweden.
    Säljö, Roger
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi. University of Gothenburg, Department of Education, Communication and Learning, Box 100, Gothenburg, S-405 30, Sweden.
    Jihadists and refugees at the theatre: Global conflicts in classroom practices in Sweden2019Ingår i: Education Sciences, E-ISSN 2227-7102, Vol. 9, nr 2, artikel-id 80Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In democratic societies schools have an obligation to address complex societal issues such as ethnic/religious tensions and social conflicts. The article reports an exploratory study of how theatre plays were used in upper-secondary schools to generate pedagogically relevant platforms for addressing the current Middle East conflicts and their impact on European societies in the context of religious education and civics. The schools are situated in areas with substantive migrant populations of mixed backgrounds, and this has implications for how these issues are understood as a lived experience. In the same classrooms, there were students who had refugee backgrounds, who represented different interpretations of Islam, and religion more generally, and whose families were victims of terrorism. There were also students with strong nationalist views. The study is ethnographic documenting theatre visits and classroom activities in relation to two plays about the Middle East situation. The results show that plays may open up new opportunities for addressing these issues, but that they may also be perceived as normative and generate opposition. An interesting observation is that a play may generate space for students to tell their refugee story in class, which personalized the experience of what it means to be a refugee. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

  • 46.
    Siverbo, Sven
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Kan medarbetare styras med beröm?: Teori, litteraturgenomgång och forskningsförslag2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten handlar om i vilken utsträckning det går att styra medarbetare med hjälp av beröm. Mer precist handlar rapporten om de möjligheter, risker, fördelar och nackdelar som är förknippade med att berömma medarbetare för att de ska bli vägledda och motiverade att uppnå sina organisationers mål. Syftet med rapporten är att utveckla en struktur för att beskriva olika berömpraktiker, att utveckla teori om beröm som styrinstrument och att sammanställa befintliga empiriska studier om beröm på arbetsplatser. Syftet är också att identifiera kunskaps-luckor avseende beröm som styrinstrument och ge förslag på fortsatt forskning.

    Av rapporten framgår att beröm kan ges för olika slags prestationer, utifrån olika kriterier och för individuella eller kollektiva prestationer. Det framgår också att beröm kan vara mer eller mindre framträdande på arbetsplatser. Hur framträdande beröm är beror på förutsägbarhet, styrka, frekvens, vem som delar ut berömmet, om det delas ut offentligt eller enskilt, om det baseras på objektiva eller subjektiva bedömning och (kanske) om det är skriftligt eller muntligt.

    Teoriutvecklingen baseras i huvudsak på självbestämmandeteori men även agent-principalteori, förväntansteori, stewardshipteori, socialkognitiv teori och det uppmärksamhetsbaserade synsättet. Resultatet av teoretiseringen är att beröm har potential att motivera och vägleda men att effekten beror på hur beröm ges och i vilken kontext det ges. Den genomförda litteraturgenomgången bekräftar i flera avseenden teoretiseringen men det dominerande intrycket är att det behövs mer empiriska studier, särskilt av sambanden mellan beröm och autonom motivation och mellan beröm och vägledning men även av kollektivt beröm och beröm i komplex verksamhet. Konkreta förslag till forskningsuppgifter ges avslutningsvis i rapporten.

  • 47.
    Sunnemark, Fredrik
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Knowledge and Negotiation: Theoretical Observations in Relation to the Development of a Master Program in Work Integrated Political Studies and Beyond.2019Ingår i: VILÄR 5-6 december 2019, University West, Trollhättan: Abstracts / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: University West , 2019, s. 20-21Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The term Work Integrated Learning (WIL) is connected to knowledge production. It is as central in organizing ways of combining academic studies with working life as in abstract reasonings on how knowledge in itself should be understood. Any facilitation of WIL-based education carries an idea of knowledge production and its relation to what knowledge is, while any theory of knowledge and knowledge production include, implicitly or explicitly, understandings of what processes knowledge and knowledge production are related to. Even though it may not always make it to the surface, the negotiation between these different strands is unavoidable in any WIL endeavor.

    This presentation is concerned with such a negotiation over time. It concerns the development and construction of a master program in work integrated political studies. The program is a collaboration between University West in Sweden and the University of the Western Cape in South Africa. After several years of work, both collaborative and independently, the program is set to be launched in the fall of 2020. In this sense we now have a result of the first part of the negotiation (it will naturally continue in the actual realization of the program). But how did we get to where we are? Why did we get to where we are? What was involved in the construction of WIL in the field of political studies?

    From the theoretical perspective of the social construction and character of science, I analyze – through participatory observations and close readings of documents – both how definitions and understandings came to be and what these definitions came to include. The analysis shows that a multilayered collective process, not even always made conscious or manifest, is involved and that it is set in everyday surroundings. This discussion is then taken a step further. WIL has now been installed as a discipline in which you can receive a doctoral degree at University West. I argue that the process behind the establishment of this degree and WIL's disciplinary status as well as content constitute a relevant and fruitful case from the perspective of theory of science. Big questions often loom large in small proceedings.

  • 48.
    Isaksson, Charlotta
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Pongolini, Malin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Björkum, Klara
    Campus Västervik, Västervik.
    Kommunikation för hållbar energianvändning i bostäder2019Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    En effektivare användning av energi och minskat resursslöseri är viktigt för att begränsa klimatförändringar och arbeta mot en mer hållbar utveckling, inte minst inom bostadssektorn. Bostadens energianvändning är beroende av både de professionellas och hushållens agerande. I dag finns teknisk kunskap om hur vi utvecklar och producerar energieffektivaoch smarta energilösningar till bostäder och till den teknik som hushållen använder. Det finns också forskning om hur hushållen agerar och bör agera för att spara och effektivisera användningen av energi i hemmet. Ett mer angeläget problem är hur dessa grupper ska samverka med varandra så att energieffektivisering och besparing också genomförs. Det gäller såväl kommunikationen mellan professionella och hushåll, som de senares interaktion med den energiteknik som de professionella tillhandahåller.Syftet är att undersöka hur kommunikationen mellan professionella och hushåll kan utvecklas för att uppnå en hållbar energianvändning i bostäder. Rapporten baseras på en sammanställning av beteende- och samhällsvetenskaplig forskning som på olika sätt har behandlat kommunikation om energiteknik, energibesparing och effektivisering. Vi har även genomfört intervjuer med olika professionella aktörer vid ett energibolag. Avsikten har då varit att undersöka hur energibolaget kommunicerar om miljö- och energifrågor med hushållen. Vår bakgrundsförståelse utgår från tre olika kommunikationsstrategier; informations-, respons och medverkansstrategier, som grundar sig i delvis olika sätt att förstå vad kommunikationenmellan professionella och hushåll kan innebära.Resultatet från kunskapssammanställningen pekar på vikten av att, i kommunikationen med hushåll, utgå från deras egen energianvändning, energirelaterade vanor och val av energiteknik, liksom deras intresse och motiv till att spara energi. För att kommunikation om energifrågor ska upplevas som relevant och meningsfull för hushållen så räcker dock inte detta.Man bör även identifiera och/eller skapa adekvata tillfällen för kommunikation och sträva efter att budskapet liksom kommunikationen kan anses som trovärdig. För att nå fram är det också av vikt att tänka igenom hur man talar eller skriver om energifrågor, exempelvis att det som sägs och skrivs är tillräckligt begripligt. De professionellas kommunikation medhushållen sker även via tekniken. Att designa tekniken för god användbarhet och effektivare energianvändning är därför viktigt.Resultatet från intervjuerna med professionella aktörer på energibolaget VMEAB visar på olika former av kommunikationsaktiviteter såsom allmänt informationsmaterial som skickas till hushåll, digital kommunikation, reklam, evenemang och personlig kontakt. Intervjupersonerna lyfter fram vikten av att det som kommuniceras är begripligt för hushållen och att den information som ges ut varken är för omfattande eller knapphändig. Personlig kontakt medhushållen är eftersträvansvärt, men det är resursmässigt svårt att tillgodose. Energibolaget har en ambition att ytterligare utveckla kommunikationen med hushållen för att öka deras intresse och medvetenhet för energianvändningen. Insatser som då nämns är att synliggöra energianvändningen via en personlig hemsida, utveckla funktioner som ska ge direkt återkoppling mellan kund och bolag, samt se över möjligheten att vara mer informell i kommunikationen med hushållen.

  • 49.
    Olsen, Lena
    et al.
    Uppsala Universitet, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Forzelius, Jens
    Wikström & Partners Advokatbyrå, Sverige.
    Gustavsson, Daniel
    Sverige.
    Hammarén, Anna
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Holmqvist, Lena
    Uppsala Universitet, Uppsala, Sverige.
    Larsson, Magnus
    Sverige.
    Pettersson, Tord
    Sverige.
    Stenlund, Anders
    Svenskt Näringsliv, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Kommunikationsrätt: från avsändare till mottagare via internet, radio/tv eller telefoni2019 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 50.
    Karlsson, Erika
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Lundqvist-Westin, Wilma
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Assmo, Per
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Kompetensutveckling för kunskapsförsörjning inom skola och utbildning2019Ingår i: VILÄR 5-6 december 2019, University West, Trollhättan: Abstracts / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: University West , 2019, s. 11-12Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet Kompetensutveckling för kunskapsförsörjning inom skola och utbildning syftar till att belysa behov av nya kompetenser och yrkesinriktningar för att möta utmaningar inom skola och utbildning i framtidens mer mångkulturella samhälle. Barnkullarna ökar och det är brist på legitimerade lärare. Det har under de senaste åren presenterats flera prognoser kring lärare och lärarbristen, tillsammans pekar alla rapporter på att behovet av fler lärare är stort. Enligt Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting behövs det ungefär 15 000 nyexaminerade lärare varje år för att tillgodose det behov som skolan står inför. Enligt samma prognos innebär detta att det i genomsnitt varje år kommer att examineras 5000 - 7000 lärare för lite.

    Lärarutbildningen är högskolans största yrkesutbildning med fler sökande än juristutbildningen och läkarutbildningen. På grund av att dessa andra yrkesutbildningar också behövs i samhället är det en utmaning att öka antalet lärarstudenter. I samarbete med Sotenäs och Uddevalla kommun genomför detta pilotprojekt under hösten 2019 en första kartläggningsstudie där rektorer och skolledare intervjuas om skolans utmaningar och resurser kopplat till den framtida kompetensförsörjningen. Projektets initiala resultat visar på att det i dagsläget finns flera stödfunktioner som saknar fastställd yrkes- och arbetsbeskrivning och därmed överlappar varandra. Det finns därmed ett behov av att förtydliga yrkesroller för att effektivisera arbetssätt och resurser för att möta elevers och lärares utmaningar.

    Det har påvisats att det är allt mer heterogena elevgrupper där exempelvis psykosocial ohälsa och skillnader i kunskapsnivå ökar. Därtill upplever rektorerna att lärarens uppdrag har blivit med tidskrävande och de behöver avlastas för att kunna fokusera på det faktiska läraruppdraget. Slutligen uttrycks ett behov av ändamålsenliga lokaler och större samverkan med omgivande samhälle.

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