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  • 1.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    An eye for an I: a framework with focus on the integration of work and learning in higher education2018Ingår i: INTED 2018: Proceedings, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education plays a new role in the society and the highly specialized labor market, and higher education institutes are expected to interact with and contribute to the surrounding society. University West in Sweden is since 2002 commissioned by the government to develop the pedagogical strategy called work-integrated learning (WIL) and WIL is the “trade mark” for the University. This means that pedagogical methods are based on WIL and that the faculty is working on further refinement and development in order to maximize the pedagogical gain offered by using the synergy between theory and practice.

    Work-integrated-learning activities are often implemented in a course as methods aligned to the learning outcomes regarding knowledge in the specific subject. However, another perspective is that the capacity to reflect and understand the integration of theory and practice could actually be a learning outcome in itself. From this perspective, it is vital to theoretically frame and formulate stringent learnings outcomes. To have a clear framework for this is important for curriculum design, course delivery and assessment, as well.

    In a self-evaluation conducted at the University, including focus groups with, both undergraduate and post graduate students, teachers, researchers and managers, a call for a framework has been expressed.

    In this conceptual paper, we propose a framework to support, design, delivery and assessment of work-integrated-learning progression, i.e. understanding of the integration between theory and practice. This framework is inspired by theories regarding constructive alignment [3], the SOLO taxonomy, agentic learning, SAMR-model and the RAT-model. RAT means Replacement, Amplifying and Replacement [4] while SAMR is the acronym for Substitution, Augmentation, Modification and Redefinition [5]. Our WIL-4U has also been inspired by SOLO taxonomy [6]

    In short, the framework for progression includes a progression from being descriptive regarding the observed practice, skills for comparing and evaluating practices, to be agentic in how theory and practice could be used in synergy for evolving, new theory and development of practice. Thereby, putting on eye on the “i” in WiL.

    Ultimately such a framework could support the progression of “WiL-understanding” through an educational program, and that students after graduation have developed readiness for “life-long-learning” and could be agentic at workplaces in the sense that practice and theory are used in synergy.

  • 2.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Collaboration Model for Work-Integrated Learning in Higher Education 3rd Cycle2018Ingår i: INTED 2018: Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, 2018, Vol. 1, s. 5509-5515Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Universities need to constantly accommodate new forms of collaboration with society. Interaction with and impacts on society and practice are of crucial importance. University West (UW) in Sweden has a profile area in work-integrated learning (WIL), which generally aims to address issues on integrating theory and practice in a coherent and sustainable way. In this paper we base our arguments on a research education (3rd cycle) in informatics with specialization in work-integrated learning. The aim with the paper is to evaluate UW’s research education and research environment from a WIL perspective. We will adopt an informing science model in order to conduct a current state analysis, in which we identify and visualize collaboration activities within and between the research education/environment and the UWs key stakeholders; society/practices, research community and PhD students. Concrete implications show how collaboration and informing flows are connected and how they can be improved. General reflections are given on the model as a useful means for quality development and assurance beyond learning outcomes, including aspects of collaboration and interaction that can be regarded as paths of societal and practical impacts.

  • 3.
    Walladbegi, Java
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Oral Medicine & Pathology, Institute of Odontology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Box 450, 405 30, Gothenburg, Swede.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik. Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Svanberg, Anncarin
    ppsala University, Department of Hematology, Institute for Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Uppsala University Hospital, U751 85, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Jontell, Mats
    University of Gothenburg,Department of Oral Medicine & Pathology, Institute of Odontology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Box 450, 405 30, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Correction to Innovative intraoral cooling device better tolerated and equally effective as ice cooling2018Ingår i: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology, ISSN 0344-5704, E-ISSN 1432-0843, Vol. 81, nr 1, s. 225-225Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Unfortunately, the online published article has error in Table 1. The correct Table 1 is given in the following page.

  • 4.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Designing for Adaptable Learning2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The research in this thesis emphasizes the endeavor of designing for adaptable learning. Designing for adaptable learning is understood as an overall response to designing for integration work. Designing for integration work is thus classified as a special case of designing for adaptable learning. Integration work in this research is understood as a professional practice that aims to improve and support the integration process of newly arrived immigrants (referred to as newcomers) in society. As professional practitioners of integration work, integration workers face daily challenges that are wicked by nature. In order to understand and problematize these challenges, the empirical work of this research was organized and performed within a case of digitalizing the civic orientation program in Sweden. The civic orientation program is a special case of integration work in Sweden, where integration workers organize and provide civic orientation to newcomers in Sweden. Different groups of newcomers are subsequently participating in a required 60 hours of civic orientation and are provided sessions through their native language. The integration workers are responsible for organizing and performing civic orientation through a dynamic process of dialogues, exercises, and more. Integration work as a practice, however, does not incorporate a standardized knowledge base, which provides integration workers a unified way of organizing and performing civic orientation. Instead, different counties and municipalities in Sweden organize and perform civic orientation in various ways. Furthermore, due to the extreme heterogeneity among newcomers as participants in civic orientation, the integration workers are forced to adapt. In turn, the integration workers themselves are heterogeneous due to their different roles, areas of responsibilities, and more essentially, worldviews. In order to understand and problematize the aspects of designing for integration work, an explorative approach was adopted through three consecutive cycles of Action Design Research. The cycles were performed from 2013 until completion of this thesis. The thesis was subsequently governed through three research questions: (1) How to design for integration work? (2)What makes designing for integration work significant? (3) Why do design for integration work? There search questions were addressed and answered through a body of produced knowledge that captures and provides the essential contributions of the thesis. The contributions of the thesis highlight different aspects of designing for integration work, as a special case of designing for adaptable learning. Thus, the contributions are presented and discussed with an explicit bearing toward designing for adaptable learning,as the general class of problems and solutions of this research. The contributions are consequently provided through: (1) an ensemble artifact that is termed a digital platform for civic orientation; (2) an Information Systems Design Theory for adaptable e-learning; (3) a design research methodology that incorporates work-integrated learning; (4) the meta-design of an open learning platform that supports the social integration of newcomers in society; and (5) a philosophical concept that problematizes and conceptualizes the essence of presence in e-learning. Ultimately, the research contributes to the research domains of information systems and work-integrated learning, by providing findings that problematize core aspects of designing for adaptable learning. Furthermore, the thesis extensively discusses the findings of this research by emphasizing a philosophical perspective toward core aspects of the research contributions. Finally, the thesis concludes with a set of limitations of the current research and a brief discussion about potential endeavours of future research.

  • 5.
    Monneret, Denis
    et al.
    Department of Metabolic Biochemistry, La Pitié Salpêtrière-Charles Foix University Hospital, Paris, France.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik. Department of Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Scandinavian Surgical Outcomes Research Group, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bonnefont-Rousselot, Dominique
    Paris Descartes University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Biochemistry, Paris, France.
    Determination of age- and sex-specific 99th percentiles for high-sensitive troponin T from patients: An analytical imprecision- and partitioning-based approach2018Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, ISSN 1434-6621, E-ISSN 1437-4331, Vol. 56, nr 5, s. 818-829Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Detection of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is mainly based on a rise of cardiac troponin with at least one value above the 99th percentile upper reference limit (99th URL). However, circulating high-sensitive cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) concentrations depend on age, sex and renal function. Using an analytical imprecision-based approach, we aimed to determine age- A nd sex-specific hs-cTnT 99th URLs for patients without chronic kidney disease (CKD). A 3.8-year retrospective analysis of a hospital laboratory database allowed the selection of adult patients with concomitant plasma hs-cTnT (<300 ng/L) and creatinine concentrations, both assayed twice within 72 h with at least 3 h between measurements. Absence of AMI was assumed when the variation between serial hs-cTnT values was below the adjusted-analytical change limit calculated according to the inverse polynomial regression of analytical imprecision. Specific URLs were determined using Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) methods, and partitioning was tested using the proportion method, after adjustment for unequal prevalences. After outlier removal (men: 8.7%; women: 6.6%), 1414 men and 1082 women with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2 were assumed as non-AMI. Partitioning into age groups of 18-50, 51-70 and 71-98 years, the hs-cTnT 99th URLs adjusted on French prevalence were 18, 33, 66 and 16, 30, 84 ng/L for men and women, respectively. Age-partitioning was clearly required. However, sex-partitioning was not justified for subjects aged 18-50 and 51-70 years for whom a common hs-cTnT 99th URLs of about 17 and 31 ng/L could be used. Based on a laboratory approach, this study supports the need for age-specific hs-cTnT 99th URLs. © 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH.

  • 6.
    Spante, Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Digital Creativity: Enabling Learning Of Gender Roles In Society In Primary School By Story Driven Digital Production2018Ingår i: The Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Communication Technologies in Education 2018 / [ed] Linda Morris,Costas Tsolakidis, ICICTE , 2018, s. 213-224Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To achieve knowledge and understanding in social science, students' ability to discuss and reflect is important. However, the goal to stimulate perspective taking and inference making upon social phenomena has proven to be difficult in general and in particular for primary school students. Thus, there is a need to develop models and concepts for learning that provide guidance that address these challenges. This study reports on how 6th grade students in a Swedish school successfully worked with gender roles in society with a storydriven didactical design linked to digital competence development and creativity in a cross-border setting.

  • 7.
    Willermark, Sara
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Digital Didaktisk Design: Att utveckla undervisning i och för en digitaliserad skola2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna avhandling undersöks grundskollärares arbete med att utveckla sin undervisningspraktik med digital teknik. Mer precist undersöks hur en sådan utveckling kan identifieras, förstås och stödjas. Empirin härstammar primärt från ett treårigt aktionsorienterat skolutvecklingsprojekt i nordisk grundskola. Inom projektet samarbetade lärare från Sverige, Norge och Danmark för att utveckla nya undervisningsaktiviteter över nationsgränserna med stöd av digital teknik. Lärare organiserades inom olika ämnesspecifika designteam för att planera, implementera och utvärdera undervisningsaktiviteter, så kallad digital didaktisk design, vilket avser utformandet av en undervisningssekvens, som adresserar ett specifikt ämne inom ett visst ämnesområde. Det empiriska underlaget utgörs av dokumentation över den digitala didaktiska designen, deltagande observationer, intervjuer och innehållsanalyser samt en enkätundersökning. Två teoretiska ramverk används, TPACK (akronym för Technological Pedagogical And Content Knowledge) och verksamhetsteori. Resultaten påvisar en utveckling av lärares undervisningspraktik. Med stöd av digital teknik skapar lärare digital didaktisk design över nationsgränser, som ger upphov till nya aktiviteter, situationer och möten. Det krävdes dock både omfattande arbetsinsatser och ett praktiskt experimenterande under lång tid, för att lärarna skulle kunna utveckla digital didaktisk design som upplevdes meningsfull i den nya kontexten. Motsättningar och organisatoriska gränser mellan de samverkande lärarna identifierades som avgörande för utvecklingen, genom att ge upphov till förhandlingar, kompromisser och reflektion. Avhandlingen bidrar med ett verktyg för att identifiera och stödja lärares arbetemed att utveckla sin undervisningspraktik med digital teknik. Vidare föreslås en strategi för att identifiera och analysera lärares utveckling över tid. Avhandlingen bidrar också med kunskap om hur olika typer av spänningar och gränser vid samarbete kan stimulera till lärande för en digitaliserad undervisningspraktik, liksom rekommendationer för hur utbildningsinsatser för lärare kan utformas i syfte att stödja lärares utveckling av undervisningspraktiken.

  • 8.
    Winman, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Spante, Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Willermark, Sara
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Digitaliseringen i skolan: möjligheter och utmaningar2018Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Employment and economic activity in different Swedish border regions2018Ingår i: Globalization, International Spillovers and Sectoral Changes: Implications for Regions and Industries / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Andreas P. Cornett and Tina Wallin, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, s. 265-290Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 10.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Engaged in digital service innovation2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The research in this thesis has digital services innovation to support Human-Centred Service Systems (HCSSs) from a practice theory perspective as a foundation. Digital service innovation is understood as service system reconfiguration due to digitalization, with the aim to change the service systemsin a way that increases the value for the involved actors. There are several challenges in digital service innovation; one of the challenges is to address value for a Human-Centered Service System (HCSS), especially since value is the outcome that is determined by the beneficiary. Another challenge is the complexity of sharing and translation of knowledge among heterogeneous actors. The interaction among the involved actors is crucial to understand because it is through human interaction that knowledge is shared and generated.The research has been guided by two research questions: (1) What constitutes value in HCSSs? And (2) How can perceptions of value be aligned in digital service innovation? The presented research expands our understanding of digital service innovation in HCSSs supporting everyday life from a practice perspective. The overall research approach has been engaged scholarship, where the attached insider perspective has been the main focus. The empirical data is collected in two innovation projects (FIND and Free2Ride), the data comes from activities within the projects such as workshops and interviews. One finding in the thesis is the interplay between different levels of value during digital service innovation. Another finding is that beneficiaries and developer stake initiatives to share and translate knowledge. The main contribution of the research is a set of digital service innovation principles. Temporal brokering that leads to leaps in the process of reaching a common understanding and the importance of a learning dimension regarding the roles taken by service beneficiaries are also contributions in this thesis. The research also contributes an exemplification of how learning theories have been applied in order to understand digital service innovation. There are also practical contributions directed to those involved in digital service innovation on a tactical or strategic level. Future research could approach digital service innovation of HCSSs inother service systems and with other perspectives from the practice theory research.

  • 11.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    From Co-Design to Co-Care: Designing a Collaborative Practice in Care2018Ingår i: Systems, Signs & Actions, ISSN 1652-8719, E-ISSN 1652-8719, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 1-24Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The design of digital artifacts in general and mobile apps in particular has not been investigated fully from a practice perspective. Mobile apps are commonly designed from a distant, armslength relationship where they are developed without taking the users' practices into account.This paper problematizes this notion and takes the point of departure from a collaborative design (co-design) process where the goal was to design a mobile app supporting grocery shopping forthe home care sector. We analyse the role of designing a mobile app as a facilitator for collaboration between the elderly's everyday practice and the caregivers work practice and investigatehow these two practices become intertwined. The research questions are: How can the design process be organized in order to foster the formation of a prospective collaborative care practice? What aspects are important to consider when designing with a boundary practice perspective? The findings of this study indicate that organizing the design activities in a certain collaborative manner empowered the elderly and their caregivers and led to the formation of a common, collaborative care practice (herein called co-care). The focus of the design process thereby shifted from designing the digital artifact (framed as a boundary object) to designing the co-carepractice (framed as a boundary practice). Our contribution is discussed in terms of design considerations,which can be applied for the facilitation of a collaborative boundary practice. The considerations are of particular relevance for settings where two or more practices are to collaborate and where new conditions are to be created for future co-practice.

  • 12.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Karlsson, CharlieHögskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik. Professor Emeritus of the Economics of Technological Change, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University and Professor Emeritus, Blekinge Institute of Technology.Bernhard, IréneHögskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Geography, Open Innovation and Entrepreneurship: New Horizons in Regional Science series2018Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Developed countries must be incredibly innovative to secure incomes and welfare so that they may successfully compete against international rivals. This book focuses on two specific but interrelated aspects of innovation by incumbent firms and entrepreneurs, the role of geography and of open innovation.

  • 13.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Indicators of economic development: an exploratory study using Swedish municipal data contrasting economic development and growth2018Ingår i: Geography, Open Innovation and Entrepreneurship: New Horizons in Regional Science series / [ed] Gråsjö, U., Karlsson, C. och Bernhard, I., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, s. 359-376Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores possible measures of economic development and how they relate to measures commonly used for studying economic growth. Since potential factors for measuring economic development typically differ greatly over large geographical areas, we will study the indicators on a municipality level to avoid large geographical units of analysis. The data is from 2013 and 2014 and is found in official Swedish data repositories, and include variables such as gross pay per employee, citizen satisfaction with the municipality and Gini-coefficient for Swedish municipals. The results indicate that trying to find one overall measure for economic development is not feasible. Our main conclusions are that indicators for economic growth and economic development in some cases move in opposite directions. There is a need for more direct and harmonized, national and international data to further drive the research in the field of economic development.

  • 14.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Introduction: Geography, Open Innovation and Entrepreneurship2018Ingår i: Geography, Open Innovation and Entrepreneurship: New Horizons in Regional Science series / [ed] Gråsjö, U., Karlsson, C. och Bernhard, I., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, s. 1-18Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 15.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Lessons Learned From A Cross-Sector Development Project: An Integrative Research Approach2018Ingår i: INTED 2018: Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, 2018, s. 3914-3922Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper draws on the experiences of work-integrated learning from a Swedish-Norwegian cross-sector research project where actors from university, industry, government and volunteer sector collaborate on city center development. The empirical setting of the present study consists of six smaller cities in rural municipalities with limited resources and experiences of collaboration with higher education institutions. The following research question is addressed: How can research and development projects serve as a vehicle for facilitating mutual knowledge exchange between academia and society in cross-sector and rural collaboration contexts? The aim is hence to suggest a tentative collaboration model that identify and integrate knowledge flows between actors involved in cross-sector collaborations in such setting. To gain deep insights in the complex dynamics of project collaboration we applied a mixed methods approach including surveys, structured, in-depth qualitative interviews, observations, workshops and student projects. The data collection was performed during 2016-2017. Findings indicate that trust, continuity, and relationship building are the basis vital for successful creation, development and maintenance of knowledge flows. Furthermore, there is a need to develop an integrative tool box with different methodological tools, work practices and strategies to plan, perform, compile to leverage the knowledge flows and coproduce sustainable results. Our tentative model aims to illustrate conceptualize lessons learned on work-integrated learning and collaboration with academia. We discuss how the model may support co-creative and mutual results over time. 

  • 16.
    Högberg, Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Linking Technological Frames to Social Media Implementation: An International Study of Hotels2018Ingår i: Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism 2018: Proceedings of the International Conference in Jönköping, Sweden, January 24-26, 2018, Cham: Springer International Publishing , 2018, s. 270-282Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Social media have transformed the hospitality and tourism industry and affected how customers interact and take decisions, but have also affected organisations’ business strategies and processes. Prior research has shown that a key understanding of IT implementation in organisations is how individuals adopt, use and make sense of technologies. Despite the increased use of social media in hotel organisations there is a research gap and little is known about how individuals’ sense-making affects organisational use over time. The aim of the present study is to contribute to the research field by using Orlikowski and Gash’s (ACM Trans Inf Syst 12(2):174–207, 1994) framework of Technological Frames. The interpretative case study follows social media use in 14 hotel organisations within an international hotel chain in seven European countries over four years. The study finds incongruence and lack of dominant frames and discusses the related organisational implications.

  • 17.
    Asal, Maher
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Long-run drivers and short-term dynamics of Swedish real house prices2018Ingår i: International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, ISSN 1753-8270, E-ISSN 1753-8289, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 45-72Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    This paper aims to assess the long-run drivers and short-term dynamics of real house prices in Sweden for 1986Q1 to 2016Q4. More specifically, the author examines the extent to which real house prices are determined by affordability, demographics and asset price factors.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The author conducts a cointegration analysis and applies a vector autoregression model to examine the long- and short-run responsiveness of Swedish real house prices to a number of key categories of fundamental variables.

    Findings

    The empirical results indicate that house prices will increase in the long run by 1.04 per cent in response to a 1 per cent increase in household real disposable income, whereas real after-tax mortgage interest and real effective exchange rates show average long-term effects of approximately – 8 and – 0.7 per cent, respectively. In addition, the results show that the growth of real house prices is affected by growth in mortgage credit, real after-tax mortgage interest rates and disposable incomes in the short run, whereas the real effective exchange rate is the most significant determinant of Swedish real house appreciation.

    Originality/value

    The impact of the two lending restrictions been implemented after the financial crisis – the mortgage cap in October 2010 and the amortization requirement in June 2016 – are ineffective to stabilize the housing market. This suggests that macroprudential measures designed to ease pressure on housing prices and reduce risks to financial stability need to focus on these fundamentals and address the issues of tax deductibility on mortgage rates and the gradual implementation of debt-to-income limits to contain mortgage demand and improve households' resilience to shocks.

  • 18.
    Pennbrant, Sandra
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad - grundnivå.
    Svensson, Lars
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Nursing and learning: healthcare pedagogics and work-integrated learning2018Ingår i: Higher Education, Skills and Work-based Learning, ISSN 2042-3896, E-ISSN 2042-390XArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is twofold: to describe work-integrated learning (WIL) related to healthcare pedagogics, and to describe the distinctive aspects of research on WIL with specialization in healthcare pedagogics. Design/methodology/approach The general purpose of this theoretical paper is to define and formulate a research agenda within WIL with specialization in healthcare pedagogics. Findings WIL with specialization in healthcare pedagogics is a multidisciplinary field of knowledge encompassing education, health sciences and social sciences, and focuses on research and knowledge-creation involving nursing schools in higher education, healthcare organizations and the surrounding community. Originality/value The starting point of the research environment is the ambition to gain knowledge about the conditions, processes and outcomes in healthcare education and healthcare organizations, both individually and collectively, intra- and inter-professionally, in the perspective of life-long learning. WIL with specialization in healthcare pedagogics is a research area that can carry out important research in healthcare education and healthcare organization and, thus, contribute to high-quality care meeting current and future needs.

  • 19.
    Galan, Nataliya
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    " One foot in industry, the other in academia ": Why professional services want adjunct professors as employees?2018Ingår i: Baltic Journal of Management, ISSN 1746-5265, E-ISSN 1746-5273, Vol. 4, nr 13, s. 433-450Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine professional service firms'€™ (PSFs) motives and benefits related to their engagement in knowledge transfer interactions with universities via their employees also acting as adjunct professors (APs).Design/methodology/approach The study adopts a qualitative approach relying mainly on data collected via semi-structured interviews with both top managers and APs employed by five engineering consultancies operating in Sweden. Findings The findings suggest that, while seeking stability is the major determinant of engagement in relations with universities via APs, PSFs highpoint the significance of reciprocity and legitimacy motives. The most substantial benefits appear to be related to firms’ access to academic research, core competencies and human resource development as well as marketing outcomes. Benefits are found to be dynamic in character with higher-order benefits being generated by low-order over time. Research limitations/implications The findings rely on a small sample of PSFs and should be verified by future research with larger samples of PSFs operating in a broader range of industries and national contexts. Practical implications The study results may be of interest to managers of both firms and universities interested in establishing, formalising or broadening university-industry interactions. Originality/value The study advances the current knowledge on the rationales of service firms engaged in various university-industry knowledge transfer interactions by making empirical and conceptual contributions to the understanding of adjunct professorship as a particular form of such interactions.

  • 20.
    Högberg, Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Organizational Social Media: A Literature Review and Research Agenda2018Ingår i: 51st Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS 2018): Proceedings of a meeting held 2-6 January 2018, Waikoloa Village, Hawaii, USA., Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences ( HICSS ) , 2018, s. 3832-3841Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Social media refers to online tools that make it possible for users to create content, publish, share and communicate online. Social media use by and in organizations is a developing research field still in its infancy. The present paper presents a literature reviewon the subject of Organizational Social Media (OSM), starting and proceeding from van Osch and Coursaris's literature review extending to 2011. There view contributes to the IS research field by describing how the IS research field defines and categorizes social media, identifying what topics are currently interesting and suggesting future researchtopics. The findings suggest that to a great extent the IS research field focuses on internal activities e.g.communication and knowledge sharing made possible by social media and that a common definition of social media is lacking

  • 21.
    Spante, Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Organizing Digitalization In School: How A Municipality In Sweden Arranged For New Curriculum Implementation  Emphasizing Digitalization2018Ingår i: The Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Communication Technologies in Education 2018 / [ed] Linda Morris, Costas Tsolakidis, ICICTE , 2018, s. 382-390Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focused on how a municipality in Sweden organized for a new curriculum implementation with the focus on digitalization following the demands from politicians. A compulsory competence development course was initiated for all 40 school leaders in the municipality. The course followed the structure and form provided from the Swedish National Agency for Education.The results showed vast variation among school leaders regarding the understanding of digitalization and how they led processes in their schools.The results call for a thoughtful model of how to capture and act on these differences to secure equal quality of education in the municipality.

  • 22.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Performing Independence. The Apolitical Image of Polish Think Tanks2018Ingår i: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 70, nr 3, s. 345-364Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Think tanksnon-governmental policy institutes engaged in both research and advocacyoccupy a position at the intersection of different societal fields. This interstitial position determines how they operate and what language they use. Their claim to expertise hinges upon their successful presentation as independent actors. In this endeavour, an apolitical image is crucial. This article studies the role of language in legitimising the position of think tanks. How do think tanks negotiate their apolitical image? What organisational and historical reasons sustain their claim to be apolitical? These questions will be addressed here, through original empirical material based on semi-structured interviews with Polish think tank leaders.

  • 23.
    Högberg, Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Persistent Digital Service Encounters: Challenges of organizational use of social media in a hotel chain2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The emergence of social media has in many ways changed how individuals interact, communicate and also consume online. Due to the massive, world wide use of social media, organizations are starting to use social media in order to be present where their customers are. Earlier research has studied social media from different, rather fragmented perspectives such as social media use for marketingor for internal communication. However, research on the organizational implications and challenges from a more general organizational social media use is lacking. This thesis explores organizational implications and challenges of social media use over time. Hence the focus lies on both internal and external organizational activities related to social media use. The consequences of social media have been particularly striking in service industries, e.g. banks, restaurants and travel agencies. Social media has fundamentally changed how we (can) buy services, and also how service is provided. For example, we can ask a question or make a complaint directly on a specific social media platform. Hence, social media have had implications for the relationship between service organizations and their customers and thus changed the context in which service is delivered and experienced. The service encounter, i.e., the actual meeting between the customer and employees, has come to take place on social media platforms. The expansion of social media has affected the hotel industry in several ways. Hotel guests are using social media platforms in order to review and share experiences about hotels, and hotel organizations use social media to keep up with competitors and customer demands. The aim of this thesis is to describe and understand the challenges social media use brings to organizations in the service industry, inparticular hotel organizations. The following research question is addressed:Why and how does the use of social media platforms represent organizational challenges? The empirical data focuses on the introduction and use of social media in one international hotel chain over a four-year period. Furthermore, data was collected from other, independent hotels. The empirical data was collected through interviews, online observations, workplace observations and written documents. VIIIA multifaceted theoretical framework was used, including the Technology-Organization-Environment framework, the concept of technological frames, andthe concepts of functional simplification and closure. These theoretical frameworks capture the drivers behind organizational social media use and how individual employees interpret and use social media, but also how social media attributes create the need for new organizational routines and management of social media content created outside organizational boundaries.The analysis illustrates how social media use creates challenges for the studied organizations. Five main organizational challenges have been identified: the nature of social media versus organizational structure: how organizations and individuals make sense of social media over time; how private use of social mediahas implications for professional use; how social media creates stretched service encounters; and pseudo-relationships and roboticization of service

  • 24.
    Bernhardsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Personal Learning Environment For Learning After University2018Ingår i: INTED 2018: Proceedings, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is becoming increasingly common for universities and schools to use some form of digital system between teachers and students. They usually use a Learning Management System (LMS). Watson [1] discusses the concept and systems used today and believes that the intentions with LMS are good but they lack valuable functions. They have most often been used to distribute instructions to students. It is a unified information that applies to all participants and is not in any way individualized or gives the individual student the unique support that may be needed for a good learning environment.

    Learning in the digital era requires new skills focusing on different digital artefacts [2]. Learning is also a lifelong process that not only happens in an institutional context. Learning takes place in both formal and informal contexts. Learning and work-related activities are connected today, and education needs to be shaped to support a continued process even after completion of formal learning [3].

    Instead of standardized one-way solutions for transferring instructions, in which is the way many LMS are used, students should during their time at the college learn tools that support learning and communication with others. By using the tools used in working life during the study time, the boundary is blurred between the school's LMS and tools commonly used in working life. [3]. Many LMS used in higher education is not used in business and the skills gained by students through LMS cannot easily be transformed into knowledge of the tools that companies use. By introducing tools that are widely used in business, students can create their own set of tools for communication, project management and information retrieval. The tools can then contribute to encouraging their own critical search of information based on which they can shape their unique knowledge and to act as an "agentic learner" [4]. The use of an LMS that students cannot use after completing studies does not give the same opportunities for continued learning as a set of ‘open tools’. They need to create a Personal Learning Environment (PLE) so that they can then continue to use same tools after completed studies. [5]

    Richards et al [6] describes a driven student as an "agentic learner". A self-employed individual with both pleasure and ability to learn as such can determine what needs to be learned from knowledge goals in a syllabus related to the individual's existing knowledge. In order to become such a driven student, a larger "toolbox" for learning is needed than a standardized LMS solution often offers.

    It is not new tools within LMS, adjustments and minor changes, which are needed. It is a whole new perspective where the focus is shifted from LMS to PLE. It is difficult to create understanding among students how tools locked in an LMS provide knowledge for an upcoming work life. A whole new set of tools is needed or what is described as a system change by Reigeluth [7]. A whole new perspective on what tools that support lifelong learning and not only university studies. Since the LMS is connected to the university the LMS is closed for external access and the student cannot access it after they leave the University.

    In this paper we discuss, based on a theoretical perspective, whether open cloud-based tools can form the student's PLE to replace the university's LMS.

  • 25.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Platformization: Co-Designing Digital Platforms in Practice2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Digital platforms are slowly becoming an important part of both research and everyday work. However, much of the research focus has been on platforms that are already established. Little focus has been on platformization (i.e., design, development and use of platforms in the nascent phases) and the socio-technical aspects of designing platforms for specific practices or purposes, i.e., practicebased platforms. While it is truly important to understand technological aspects and market logics of platform efforts, it is also to understand how platforms become platforms, when designing them alongside end-users. This thesis contributes to the platform discussion with research that focuses both on the technological sides of building platforms while also unpacking the social aspectsof the collaborative design situation (i.e., co-design) and development where endusers meet and later use the platforms. This thesis explores the research questions:How can practice-based platforms be designed and developed? What impact does end-user engagement in platformization have on the practices involved? How can platformization efforts be approached and researched? through a study of the design of platforms in care settings, one 2.5–year study within home care and one 2.5–year study within cancer rehabilitation where the end-users' practices involved in the co-design processes are caregivers and care recipients in bothstudies. This thesis thereby unpacks the platformization process through a roughly five–year longitudinal AR project, based on these two studies. With thehelp of the boundary literature, the design, development and use of platforms inthe nascent phases of platformization is analysed in these two studies. Through aco-design effort in both studies, the practices that are going to use the platforms contribute to a) the design of which boundary resources (i.e., modules in terms of code blocks) will be developed within the platform; b) the design of the boundary object (i.e., working tools in terms of apps) that they are using together inconsensus; and c) the design of a boundary practice in which they will later use the digital artifacts together. The end-users' practices had impact on the design of all layers of the platform through the co-design approach, including an influence on the boundary resources that were developed within the platform. The platforms also had impact on the practices, which designed new ways of interacting. The results thereby both show the impact of the end-users' practices (caregivers and care recipients, which are heterogeneous) on the platform design, as well as the impact of the platform on the design of their boundary practice. In this thesis, the design and development of the two platforms is thereby researched and the design of the platforms is validated by studying the use of the platformsas well. The main contribution of this thesis is a conceptualization of the platformization process where the key characteristics of designing such platforms with heavy user engagement are illustrated in a platformization model and in seven platformization principles.

  • 26.
    Sjöström, J.
    et al.
    University, Uppsala, Department of Informatics and Media, Uppsala Sweden.
    Kruse, L. C.
    University of Liechtenstein, Institute of Information Systems, Vaduz, Liechtenstein.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Flensburg, Per
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Software-embedded evaluation support in design science research2018Ingår i: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349, Vol. 10844 LNCS, s. 348-362Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Even though the practice of integrating evaluative features into software has long been applied in commercially available software, it is still underrepresented in the Information Systems (IS) community. This paper presents a framework for embedded evaluation support. We are aware of the challenges of evaluation of socio-technical systems and take this issue into consideration in our framework. Our framework is the result of conceptualizations drawing from the evaluation discourse discussion on the topics of artifact evaluation in DSR. We also demonstrate our ideas through two examples of embedded evaluation support mechanisms designed and used in a DSR project in the Swedish healthcare sector. © Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018.

  • 27.
    Spante, Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Jacquet, Ewa
    Stockholms Universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Lindqvist, Eva
    Swedish National Agency for Education, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Story-driven Design Using Mobile Technologies in Transmedia Practice for Multiliteracy Development2018Ingår i: SITE 2018. 29th International Conference, March 26-30, 2018, The Westin Alexandria, Washington, DC, Washington D.C., 2018, s. 1-10, artikel-id 51824Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the article is to highlight and explore challenges and possibilities for literacies development within a story-driven transmedia game using mobile technology. Two classes of 7th grade students from two different schools in Sweden participated in the game. During the game, groups of students are supposed to solve a mystery, while being active and finding clues connected to physical places, and to engage in various literacy activities. The participants interpret texts and interactions produced by the game master in the role of different characters within the game. To solve the mystery the participants also have to produce blog texts, photos, films, podcasts and other media. Data from game sessions was collected though participant observations and blog analyses, focusing on signs of engagement and involvement. The study concludes that major drivers for being motivated by transmedia game activities were to be found in the interaction with the game master, collaboration among group participants, number of postings as well as complexity in utterances in written language, pictorial contributions and compositions, entering an imaginary "as if" gaming mode. Hence, transmedia games provide an educational structure that involves the majority of students in their multiliteracy development. The game enables teachers to target those who would benefit from specific multiliteracy guidance while playing to enhance learning. Further transmedia game designs should therefore explicitly incorporate a teacher role in games.

  • 28.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Towns, Ann
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Taming feminism?: The place of gender equality in the "Progressive Sweden" brand2018Ingår i: Place Branding and Public Diplomacy, ISSN 1751-8040, E-ISSN 1751-8059, s. 1-9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As prior work on nation branding in Japan, Canada and Iceland has shown, gender can be an important component in nation branding. This article looks at the evolution of the idea of gender equality as a “Swedish” trait, from the initial incorporation of gender equality in Swedish state identity in the 1990s to contemporary nation branding. Based on standard discourse analysis of branding documents, branding websites and social media presence administered by the public diplomacy agency, the Swedish Institute, we show that gender equality remains a central pillar in the “Progressive Sweden” brand. In contrast with other national brands, “Progressive Sweden” is devoid of the more androcentric narratives and sexually objectifying representations of women. However, the “Progressive Sweden” narrative sports its own peculiarities, as it presents a liberal dreamscape that slides between utopian ideals and generalizations about “Sweden” as a unified actor whose population shares behaviors and goals. Discord and political struggle are written out of this narrative. Despite its rhetorical centrality in Swedish foreign policy, feminism thus disappears from view in the “Progressive Sweden” brand. The article ends with some considerations for the future of Swedish nation branding.

  • 29.
    Willermark, Sara
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Technological Pedagogical and Content Knowledge: A Review of Empirical Studies Published From 2011 to 20162018Ingår i: Journal of educational computing research (Print), ISSN 0735-6331, E-ISSN 1541-4140, Vol. 56, nr 3, s. 315-343Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Technological Pedagogical and Content Knowledge (TPACK) has been introduced asa conceptual framework for the knowledge domains teachers need to master to teach successfully using technology, and has drawn much attention across the educational field. Yet, the framework has been criticized for not being practically useful, due to inaccurate and insufficient definitions. To better understand the critics and the usefulness of the framework, an investigation of how the framework has been applied to show teacher TPACK is needed. This study is a systematic literature review of107 peer-reviewed journal articles concerning the use of TPACK in empirical studies published from 2011 to 2016. The study supplements previous review studies with more recent work on general characteristics of TPACK studies as well as contributes an analysis of how the framework has been applied to identify teacher TPACK inrecent literature. Findings show a variety of approaches and instruments to examine teacher TPACK. Most common is to identify teacher TPACK via self-reporting, while performance evaluations of teaching activities are rare. Additionally, the ways TPACK is operationalized as a measuring instrument are often implicit and make comparison of results difficult. Future directions for research are discussed.

  • 30.
    Ajanovic, Midhat
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    The Context and Development of Animated Documentaries, the Cornerstones of Modern Animation in Sweden2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    It seems that the first decades of the new millennium has brought a small renaissance of documentaries, especially those that combine live action and animated pictures and even those visualised totally by employment of some animation technique. The main concern in this paper is a conspicuous propensity in Swedish animation toward animated documentary. Arguably, Sweden is the country that, besides Canada and Great Britain, has developed the most prolific production of films that merge documentary purposes and animated imagery. The paper is composed of three parts. In the beginning the paper defines animated documentary. Swedish animation and documentary history is roughed out in the second part putting emphasis on certain features that might be the base for the development of the animated documentary. Finally, the last part focuses first on some factors in its production and social background that, at least partly, explain why the animated documentary is a prominent feature on the Swedish animation scene and, lastly, some films and filmmakers that eminently represent the genre are pointed up.  

  • 31.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    University of Borås, PreHospen - Centre for Prehospital Researc Borås, Sweden; University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare, Borås, Sweden.
    Axelsson, Christer
    University of Borås, PreHospen - Centre for Prehospital Researc Borås, Sweden; University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare, Borås, Sweden.
    Larsson, Anna
    Ambulance Department, South Älvsborg's Hospital, Borås, Sweden.
    Bremer, Anders
    University of Borås, PreHospen - Centre for Prehospital Researc Borås, Sweden; Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Växjö, Sweden.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Bång, Angela
    University of Borås, PreHospen - Centre for Prehospital Researc Borås, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, PreHospen - Centre for Prehospital Researc Borås, Sweden; University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare, Borås, Sweden.
    Ljungström, Lars
    Skaraborg Hospital, Infection Disease Department, Skövde, Sweden.
    The early chain of care in bacteraemia patients: Early suspicion, treatment and survival in prehospital emergency care.2018Ingår i: American Journal of Emergency Medicine, ISSN 0735-6757, E-ISSN 1532-8171, artikel-id S0735-6757(18)30279-1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Bacteraemia is a first stage for patients risking conditions such as septic shock. The primary aim of this study is to describe factors in the early chain of care in bacteraemia, factors associated with increased chance of survival during the subsequent 28days after admission to hospital. Furthermore, the long-term outcome was assessed.

    METHODS: This study has a quantitative design based on data from Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and hospital records.

    RESULTS: In all, 961 patients were included in the study. Of these patients, 13.5% died during the first 28days. The EMS was more frequently used by non-survivors. Among patients who used the EMS, the suspicion of sepsis already on scene was more frequent in survivors. Similarly, EMS personnel noted the ESS code "fever, infection" more frequently for survivors upon arriving on scene. The delay time from call to the EMS and admission to hospital until start of antibiotics was similar in survivors and non-survivors. The five-year mortality rate was 50.8%. Five-year mortality was 62.6% among those who used the EMS and 29.5% among those who did not (p<0.0001).

    CONCLUSION: This study shows that among patients with bacteraemia who used the EMS, an early suspicion of sepsis or fever/infection was associated with improved early survival whereas the delay time from call to the EMS and admission to hospital until start of treatment with antibiotics was not. 50.8% of all patients were dead after five years.

  • 32.
    Johansson, Tobias
    et al.
    Örebro University Business School,Örebro University,Örebro,Sweden.
    Siverbo, Sven
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    The relationship between supplier control and competition in public sector outsourcing2018Ingår i: Financial Accountability and Management, ISSN 0267-4424, E-ISSN 1468-0408Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to develop theory and contribute to empirical studies about how the effectiveness of bureaucratic controls in public sector outsourcing is contingent upon supplier competition, and why and how this interaction plays out differently for hard and soft types of outsourced services. In previous inter-organizational management control (IOMC) research there is a contradiction between theory and empirical results concerning how bureaucratic control and supplier competition interacts in aligning suppliers. While IOMC theory suggests competition reduces the need for bureaucratic control, empirical studies clearly indicate the opposite. We extend previous research and theorizing by differing between the outsourcing of hard and soft types of services and by testing the joint effect of bureaucratic control and competition on supplier alignment. The empirical case for testing theory is outsourcing by competitive tendering in the public sector. We use transaction level data from 166 local government suppliers in Sweden. In accordance with our prediction, the effect of bureaucratic control in aligning suppliers decreases with supplier competition when hard types of services are outsourced. For soft types of services, our results indicate that bureaucratic control is not contingent upon supplier competition. Furthermore, we show that when supplier competition is low the effect of bureaucratic control on supplier alignment is stronger for hard than for soft types of services. These results constitute an important contribution to the central notion of the interplay between bureaucratic control and competition in the IOMC literature. © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  • 33.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Willermark, Sara
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    TPACK in situ: A Design-based Approach Supporting Professional Development in Practice2018Ingår i: Journal of educational computing research (Print), ISSN 0735-6331, E-ISSN 1541-4140, Vol. 0, nr 0, s. 1-41Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Technological pedagogical and content knowledge (TPACK) is a well-known conceptual framework for what knowledge teachers need in order to teach successfully using technology. Most recent TPACK studies address assessment of teacher TPACK by quantitative self-reporting surveys. Such an approach provides little guidance for teachers in how to develop their everyday teaching practice. We argue for a revival of the original TPACK design-based approach and propose a design-based, operationalization of the framework that is situated in action, context specific, and integrated in practical teaching. The approach has been developed, evaluated, and validated in a school development project in a Nordic Elementary School context using design-based research. The project engaged more than 100 professionals: in-service elementary teachers, school administrators and researchers, and more than 1,000 students during 3 years. The theoretical development evolved from rich descriptions of 38 didactic design as delimited units of teaching including planning, implementation, and evaluation of specified learning tasks acted out in practice. Contributions include framing teaching practice as design activity and a TPACK in situ model and methods targeting reflective practitioners. Our proposed approach addresses current limitations of TPACK and is aligned with advocated professional development methods.

  • 34.
    Nehls, Eddy
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    A Conversation about Work Integrated Learning as a Way to Manage Complexity and Promote Sustainability2017Ingår i: Uddevalla Symposium 2017: Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Industrial Dynamics in Internationalized Regional Economies: Revised papers first presented at the 20th Uddevalla Symposium 15-17 June, 2017, Trollhättan, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2017, s. 375-389Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To be able to release the creative power of Work Integrated Learning and to handle the challenges that contemporary society struggles with, a more conversation focused mindset is needed, I argue in this paper. Society is not about either or, it's always about both and. New and different, creative concepts to promote sustainability and knowledge development cannot be something that arises in the mind of a few experts; more people and competences must be engaged in the process. To learn more about and to be able to handle both the process as such and the outcome of the joint work it is important to develop a more elaborated view on knowledge. This article presents analytical tools and discuss examples to think with to make way for that. This is a theoretical paper grounded in the work of Deleuze and Guattari. Conversation is the key concept, and it is used to emphasize the I in WIL.

  • 35.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Purao, Sandeep
    Information and Process Management, Bentley University, USA.
    Rossi, Matti
    Information Systems, Aalto University, Finland.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Action Design Research as a Method-in-Use: Problems and Opportunities2017Ingår i: Designing the Digital Transformation: DESRIST 2017 Research in Progress Proceedings / [ed] Maedche, Alexander [Hrsg.]; Brocke, Jan vom [Hrsg.]; Hevner, Alan [Hrsg.], Karlsruhe: KIT Publishers, 2017, s. 110-118Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on the results of a study to investigate how scholars engage with and use the action design research (ADR) approach. ADR has been acknowledged as an important variant of the Design Science Research approach, and has been adopted by a number of scholars, as the methodological basis for doctoral dissertations as well as multidisciplinary research projects. With thisuse, the research community is learning about how to apply ADR's central tenets in different contexts. In this paper, we draw on primary data from researchers who have recently engaged in or finished an ADR project to identify recurring problems and opportunities related to working in different ADR stages, balancing demands from practice and research, and addressing problem instance vs. class of problems. Our work contributes a greater understanding of how ADR projects are carried out in practice, how researchers use ADR, and pointers to possibilities for extending ADR.

  • 36.
    Galan, Nataliya
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Adjunct professors at professional service firms: Just links between the industry and the academy or…?2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study aims at contributing to the literature on university-industry relations by examining professional service firms’ motives and beneficial outcomes related to their involvement in relations with universities. As a study context a specific form of such relations – appointment of firms’ key employees as adjunct professors – is chosen. The study adopts a qualitative research strategy and relies mainly on collecting data via semi-structured interviews with both top managers and adjunct professors employed by five engineering consultancy firms operating in the construction industry in Sweden.

    Preliminary findings suggest that motives and benefits of professional service firms, related to engagement in this particular type of interactions with universities, differ from those which have been reported for manufacturing firms in university-industry relations literature. While stability seeking motives are major determinants for professional services to engage in such partnerships with universities, which is quite similar to previous evidence reported in the literature for manufacturing firms, professional service firms highpoint the significance of reciprocity and legitimacy motives, which have been reported to be of lower importance for manufacturing firms. When it comes to benefits, professional service firms seem to benefit substantially from engagement in such a partnership with universities, both in terms of tangible and intangible outcomes. The most significant outcomes are attributed to firms’ core capabilities development.

  • 37.
    Rawshani, Nina
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Östra Sjukhuset, Department of Emergency Medicine, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Rawshani, Araz
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Medicine, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Gelang, Carita
    University of Borås, The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen, Borås, Sweden.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen, Borås, Sweden.
    Bång, Angela
    University of Borås, School of Health Science, Borås, Sweden.
    Andersson, Jan-Otto
    Department of Ambulance and Prehospital Emergency Care, Skaraborg, Sweden.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Association between use of pre-hospital ECG and 30-day mortality: A large cohort study of patients experiencing chest pain2017Ingår i: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 248, nr 1 December, s. 77-81Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    In the assessment of patients with chest pain, there is support for the use of pre-hospital ECG in the literature and in the care guidelines. Using propensity score methods, we aim to examine whether the mere acquisition of a pre-hospital ECG among patients with chest pain affects the outcome (30-day mortality).

    Methods

    The association between pre-hospital ECG and 30-day mortality was studied in the overall cohort (n = 13151), as well as in the one-to-one matched cohort with 2524 patients not examined with pre-hospital ECG and 2524 patients examined with pre-hospital ECG.

    Results

    In the overall cohort, 21% (n = 2809) did not undergo an ECG tracing in the pre-hospital setting. Among those who had pain during transport, 14% (n = 1159) did not undergo a pre-hospital ECG while 32% (n = 1135) of those who did not have pain underwent an ECG tracing. In the overall cohort, the OR for 30-day mortality in patients who had a pre-hospital ECG, as compared with those who did not, was 0.63 (95% CI 0.05-0.79; p &lt; 0.001). In the matched cohort, the OR was 0.65 (95% CI 0.49-0.85; p &lt; 0.001). Using the propensity score, in the overall cohort, the corresponding HR was 0.65 (95% CI 0.58-0.74).

    Conclusion

    Using propensity score methods, we provide real-world data demonstrating that the adjusted risk of death was considerably lower among the cases in whoma pre-hospital ECG was used. The PH-ECG is underused among patients with chest discomfort and the mere acquisition of a pre-hospital ECG may reduce mortality.

  • 38.
    Flensburg, Per
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Becoming Professor: With Almost no Publications2017Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems, ISSN 0905-0167, E-ISSN 1901-0990, Vol. 29, nr 1, s. 135-160Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract. I consider my career as rather exceptional. I think I am the only living person in Sweden who achieved a professor chair with only one international journal publication; a publication I use as an example of a totally incomprehensible text! The following is the storyof how I achieved this. I first describe two important issues that have governed my decisionsin the career: Being interpretivist in a dominating positivist research paradigm and my decision not to publish. This is important for understanding my interpretation of what was happening. Then I describe the four universities where I have worked, first by providing the story, then describing how the discipline developed at that place and finally some reflections on the research we conducted. I summarize by giving an historic overview of informatics as Iperceive it after 44 years of teaching and finally I reflect upon my career according to my goals.

  • 39.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Challenges of collaboration in old townscapes2017Ingår i: 26th Nordic Symposium of Tourism and Hospitality Research, October 4-6 2017, Falun, Sweden. Book of Abstract: Tourism in a Hyper-Connected World: Challenges of Interactivity and Connectedness / [ed] Dalarna University, Falun, 2017, Vol. 1, s. 30-30Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Challenges of collaboration in old townscapes

    Contemporary cities are increasingly viewing cultural/heritage tourism as an area of tourism with great potential in city development, building city brands as well a local community. The relationship between heritage and tourism is complex since preservation and commercialization often are viewed as contrasts .Heritage tourism is among the most significant types of tourism and includes visits to sites of historical importance.  The concept of heritage is wide hence in this paper focus is on old town areas and the development of old townscapes. A townscape is here to be viewed as a holistic entity although there may be differences regarding the preservation, spatially and social objectives of the area. . An old townscape is sometimes a site for visitors (a destination), as well as a site for business (a workplace) and residents (a home). There are stakeholders from public, private and nonprofit sectors involved in the development of old townscapes. Hence there is a need for dialogue and cross-sector collaboration among stakeholders in order to develop heritage tourism that is beneficial to all. Existing research show that the inclusion of stakeholders in planning and implementation is crucial.  There are calls for further research to understand how collaboration work in different heritage sites. The purpose of this paper is to study the stakeholders’ challenges and views of collaboration and co-shaping of cultural heritage, here an old town in a fortress city. The data collection includes interviews with stakeholders and observations. Findings point out the importance of inclusion, communication, shared visions and strategies in order to balance the attractiveness of the old townscape for visitors, business and residents.

  • 40.
    Högberg, Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Challenges of social media marketing: an explorative international study of hotels2017Ingår i: International Journal of Technology Marketing, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 127-141Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    With the worldwide increased usage of social media, organisations are experiencing great pressure to implement social media into their existing marketing strategies. Due to this development, social media has rapidly become an important marketing tool. The study focuses on social media marketing implementation, with the aim to develop an increased understanding of the challenges concerning how hotels adapt social media into their marketing activities by investigating social media marketing usage in hotels. The result suggests that most hotels are reactive in their social media usage and do not actively seek interaction, and that individual knowledge needs to be spread throughout organisations to a greater extent in order to achieve interaction with customers in social media channels.

  • 41.
    Marcu, Gabriela
    et al.
    Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    China, Alexis D.
    Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Findley, Hannah
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Waligora, Anna
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Collecting and Managing Data in Public Health Research on Autism2017Ingår i: Proceedings of the 2017 CHI Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM , 2017, s. 2767-2773Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Significant efforts in the CHI community have focused on supporting autism research through intervention-based work. For example, applications of mobile systems, therapeutic games, gesture-based interaction, and capture and access have been studied in the context of therapy, care, and interventions for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. In this paper, we discuss how HCI can support population-focused strategies, or a public health approach, to autism research. Public health research is focused on collecting and managing large amounts of data at the population level in order to understand aspects of autism such as early detection, lifespan outcomes, and risk factors. We discuss a research agenda for HCI that involves opportunities for innovative multidisciplinary autism research at the population level rather than the individual level.

  • 42.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för medier och design.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Combining pedagogical strategies and ICT support for fostering the digitalized agentic learner2017Ingår i: INTED2017 Proceedings, 2017, s. 1433-1441Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education is facing exceptional challenges due to an increased complexity on the labour market. The work life of today is highly specialized and demands continuous education, i.e. lifelong learning. Higher education must focus on developing competencies for work life, beyond traditional theoretical knowledge [1]. To cater for these demands, higher education must adopt more application-oriented and trans-disciplinary research [2]. Moreover, colleges and universities could more systematically take responsibility for career development and adjust curricula for both traditional and non-traditional students [3]. A crucial question to address is how higher education could foster a student to become a “lifelong learner”? From a pedagogical perspective, it is of course vital to teach a student how to learn [4], aiming at achieving the skill to become a self-directed learner. Interestingly, it is argued that the qualities for being a proactive and agentic learner in higher education are the very same abilities required for effective professional practice [5]. We need to use educational strategies, e.g. work-integrated learning (WiL), as a part of the preparation of becoming an agentic learner, that permit them to successfully negotiate, engage and learn from what they are afforded, for both personal and professional outcomes [6]. Furthermore, we need to adopt important key factors that support fostering agentic learners [7]. 

    In parallel to pedagogical strategies and key factors, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) could play an important role for continuous learning [8-10]. Research shows that over the recent years, social media has been pointed out as a tool, not only for external communication, but also for informal learning within organizations [11-14]. 

    In this paper we wish to suggest a combination where important pedagogical strategies are combined with ICT-support. Moreover, we wish to suggest a strategy for how this combination could be practiced in higher education, making the transfer to work life smoother. 

    We acknowledge that students of today most often have good knowledge of the use of various digital tools such as Facebook, Youtube etc. This is however often constrained to the use of various platforms and tools for entertainment and social contacts. How these tools can be used for learning portfolios, both during their studies and for lifelong learning, is less known and used. We suggest that students during their education choose digital tools based on individual preferences and build a personal learning environment (PLE) [15]. The PLE should include “open tools”, such tools are available outside closed systems within organizations, in order to be useful also after graduation. The student has the possible to develop and re-use knowledge of tools and platforms to work in the new context, working life. However, the use of a PLE will not in itself do the trick. 

    Portfolio is one of many tools to assess learning. When the digital development progressed and applications on the Internet has expanded, the portfolio characteristics can be changed to the e-portfolio [16]. We advocate that both teachers and student need support for developing pedagogical strategies that optimize the use of ICT and aims at fostering agentic learners. We suggest that an e-portfolio may constitute such a joint support. 

    In this paper we will show that an e-portfolio and PLE can support important factors for fostering agentic learners who in an efficient way take advantage of modern ICT. In sum, we suggest an approach for fostering “digitalized agentic learners”. 

  • 43.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Flensburg, Per
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Conceptualizing the Essence of Presence in Distance Education through Digital Dasein2017Ingår i: International Journal on E-learning, ISSN 1537-2456, E-ISSN 1943-5932, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 149-173Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: In order to learn, presence is necessary. If we experience a genuinely rich presence, exams, tests and other forms of evaluating knowledge are not crucial for learning. In distance learning, the concept of presence is not obvious. Presence in distance and network contexts usually means being active on social media. However, in distance and network learning, something more is needed. It is the face-to-face interaction that needs to be "digitalized". In order to investigate this, we have turned to Heidegger (1927) and the concept of Dasein. The concept of Dasein means to apprehend the existence of the world and not only the world itself. Digital Dasein means to transcend the digital medium and reveal the essence of presence for a more translucent form of e-learning. The need for an artefact mediating Digital Dasein has been identified.

  • 44.
    Flensburg, Per
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Holl, Alfred
    Technische Hochschule Nürnberg Georg Simon Ohm / University Nuremberg, Germany.
    Das älteste gedruckte schwedische Rechenbuch (Aegidius Aurelius, Arithmetica, Uppsala 1614): (Aegidius Aurelius, Arithmetica, Uppsala 1614)2017Ingår i: Tagungsband zum wissenschaftlichen Kolloquium vom 21.–23. April 2017 in der Berg- und Adam-Ries-Stadt Annaberg-Buchholz / [ed] Gebhardt, Rainer, Annaberg-Buchholz: Adam-Ries-Bund , 2017, s. 313-326Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 45.
    Östlund, Christian
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Design for e-training2017Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about designing technology that supports and enhances learning in and for the workplace. This is realized through an e-training system of web lectures. Designing e-training means designing for interaction in a user friendly way while accommodating for the pedagogical and instructional strategies that are inherent in learning systems. The objective of this thesis is to inform how technology can be designed to support workplace training by acknowledging the context demands of every day work. The context for this thesis is the government authority in Sweden called the county administration. The research in this thesis follows the approach of design science research and design principles for e-training through web lectures emerged in collaboration with members of the county administration through four design cycles of problem awareness: conceptual suggestion, system development, and evaluation. The perspective on learning adopts that of socio-cultural learning since it acknowledges the importance of context by stressing the relationship between learning and the context in which the learning occurs. A framework called authentic e-learning with nine core design principles was chosen as a kernel theory. The first version of the web lecture application was based on the unchanged design principles of authentic e-learning. The design principles were then evaluated in the context of a work place and after four design cycles some of the original design principles was still unaltered, some was adapted to the conditions of work place learning and new principles emerged from the evaluation process. The thesis concludes with eight design principles for e-training through web lectures.

  • 46.
    Rawshani, Araz
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Medicine, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Rawshani, Nina
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Medicine, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Gelang, Carita
    The Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Andersson, Jan-Otto
    The Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Anna
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Medicine, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Bång, Angela
    University College of Borås, The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen, Borås, Sweden.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University College of Borås, The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen, Borås, Sweden.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Emergency medical dispatch priority in chest pain patients due to life threatening conditions: A cohort study examining circadian variations and impact of the education2017Ingår i: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 236, nr I June, s. 43-48Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aims: We examined the accuracy in assessments of emergency dispatchers according to their education and time of the day. We examined this in chest pain patients who were diagnosed with a potentially life-threatening condition (LTC) or died within 30 days. Methods: Among 2205 persons, 482 died, 1631 experienced an acute coronary syndrome (ACS), 1914 had a LTC.Multivariable logistic regression was used to study how time of the call and the dispatcher's education were associated with the risk of missing to give priority 1 (the highest). Results: Among patients who died, a 7-fold increase in odds of missing to give priority 1 was noted at 1.00 pm, as compared with midnight. Compared with assistant nurses, odds ratio for dispatchers with no (medical) training was 0.34 (95% CI 0.14 to 0.77). Among patients with an ACS, odds ratio for calls arriving before lunch was 2.02 (95% CI 1.22 to 3.43), compared with midnight. Compared with assistant nurses, odds ratio for operators with no training was 0.23 (95% CI 0.13 to 0.40). Similar associations were noted for those with any LTC. Dispatcher's education was not associated with the patient's survival. Conclusions: In this group of patients, which experience substantial mortality and morbidity, the risk of not obtaining highest dispatch priority was increased up to 7-fold during lunchtime. Dispatch operators without medical education had the lowest risk, compared with nurses and assistant nurses, of missing to give priority 1, at the expense of lower positive predictive value. Key messages: What is already known about this subject? Use of the emergency medical service (EMS) increases survival among patients with acute coronary syndromes. It is unknown whether the efficiency – as judged by the ability to identify life-threatening cases among patients with chest pain – varies according to the dispatcher's educational level and the time of day.What does this study add? We provide evidence that the dispatcher's education does not influence survival among patients calling the EMS due to chest discomfort. However, medically educated dispatchers are at greatest risk of missing to identify life threatening cases, which is explained by more parsimonious use of the highest dispatch priority. We also show that the risk of missing life-threatening cases is at highest around lunch time.How might this impact on clinical practice? Dispatch centers are operated differently all over the world and chest discomfort is one of the most frequent symptoms encountered; we provide evidence that it is safe to operate a dispatch center without medically trained personnel, who actually miss fewer cases of acute coronary syndromes. However, non-medically trained dispatchers consume more pre-hospital resources.

  • 47.
    Svensson, Lars
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    Utriainen, C.
    Göteborgs Universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Winman, Thomas
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för informatik.
    E-quality in infrastructures for learning in higher education2017Ingår i: ICERI2017 Proceedings, Sevilla, 2017, s. 408-413Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher Education has through the last decades been increasingly dependent on digital infrastructures (e.g. Svensson, 2002a; Guribye, 2005). The first generations of learning management systems (LMS) was originally designed to support distance education but quickly became the de-facto standard for supporting and developing also the practices of campus-based higher education. In this development we have noticed a tension between the desire to design closed LMS's that aims at providing "all-inclusive-support" for university education and more open and flexible solutions that support open infrastructures for personal learning. Consequently, it is time to re-visit the questions on what constitute the central values of a contemporary LMS seamlessly integrated with open digital infrastructures for learning. In an exploratory study in a Scandinavian University, a series of workshops and focus-group interviews with central informants from faculty as well as representatives from administrative support has addressed the issue of "E-Quality" in higher education. The result indicate that a set of inter-related core values should be stressed. These are briefly outlined below as principles for a framework of e-quality in higher education. (i) The principle of open participationAn LMS should support flexible integration of Open Educational resources (OERs) provided by an open community. Furthermore, the system should invite open access for participants from the surrounding society (i.e. practitioners, students from other universities, and relevant special interest groups) (Berhardsson et al., 2017)(ii) The principle of collaborative creation An LMS should embrace the notion of students as co-producers of instruction, content and learning outcomes. In particular, it should support collaborative authoring and peer-to-peer sharing.(iii) The principle of data-driven developmentA central aspect is the ability to personalize the support for each individual participant, which could be addresses quantitatively through learning analytics (Vallo Hult et al., 2017) and qualitatively through the use of e-portfolios and study diaries.(iv) The principle of work-integrated learningFinally, all priciples should be aligned to support an overarching goal of reducing the borders between studies in higher education, the introduction to a professional career, and the lifelong learning required to develop professionally (Svensson 2004).Further research will shed further light on the validity and the reliability of these principles, and set the path towards a nascent design theory for E-Quality in Digital Infrastructures for learning in Higher Education.

  • 48.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Explaining Variations in Regional Housing Prices: An Accessibility Approach2017Ingår i: Uddevalla Symposium 2017: Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Industrial Dynamics in Internationalized Regional Economies: Revised papers first presented at the 20th Uddevalla Symposium 15-17 June, 2017, Trollhättan, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2017, s. 259-273Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues that the relative geographical position of a municipality needs to be accounted for when explaining variations in housing prices. In particular, the paper aim to show that travel time distance to important economic centers have an impact on the spatial variation in housing prices across municipalities. A suitableway to model this possible impact is to use the accessibility concept, which takes into account both the time distance and the size of the economic opportunity, measured by gross pay, that can be realized in a another municipality. The model will be estimated for average municipality level housing prices using data on Swedish municipalities in 2015. To a large extent, the expectations are confirmed by the econometric estimation results. Geographical time distance have a negative effect on local housing prices. Good access to economic centers increases average housing prices, even after taking into account a large number of other determinants.

  • 49.
    Högberg, Karin
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för företagsekonomi.
    Exploring How Hotel Organizations Use Social Media: An International Qualitative Study2017Ingår i: MCIS 2017 Proceedings, Association for Information Systems, 2017, artikel-id 26Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Social media has changed how both individuals and organizations communicate and interact online. It is argued that social media has had major effects on the hospitality and tourism industry, changing how organizations market themselves, provide service and create relationships with customers. Over- all, there is little empirical evidence on how and why organizations use social media. Existing re- search is rather fragmented, focusing on specific social media use such as marketing or internal communication. More research with a holistic view on social media usage is therefore needed. The present study investigates how 14 hotel organizations in seven European countries within an international hotel chain use social media and what effects the use has on the organizations. The result shows that the hotels use social media for both internal and external communication. However, there is a large focus on managing User-Generated Content

  • 50.
    Hammarén, Anna
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, ekonomi, statistik och politik.
    Fotografirätt: Särskilt om skyddet för fotografier utan verkshöjd2017Ingår i: NIR: Nordiskt immateriellt rättsskydd, ISSN 0027-6723, nr 3Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
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