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  • 751.
    Zackrisson, Simon
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Westman, Emelie
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Upplevelserna av det första året som yrkesverksam sjuksköterska: En litteraturbaserad studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Registered nurses is a profession with long tradition and the profession has undergone many changes over time. In Sweden, today, nursing education leads to an academic degree but also provides a vocational degree. Profession as a nurse requires much of the practitioner for this to be considered competent to maintain credentials. The path from novice to expert is long while the lack of nurses is large and many choose to leave the profession. Aim: The aim was to describe how newly graduated nurses’ experience their first year as professional nurses. Method: A literature-based study was conducted in which ten qualitative studies were retrieved from the databases Cinahl, Proquest and Pubmed. The studies were subjected to quality assurance and Friberg's five-step analysis.  Result: Through the analysis, the results of the articles were compiled into a new result, in which three themes, and nine subthemes were formed. The main themes were “unreasonable expectations about the new profession”, “the first year - a reality shock” and “the need for support in the workplace”. Conclusion: The first year of occupational nurses was experienced a difficult period and was lined with feelings of unpreparedness for what the profession meant and expectations of the profession that did not really correspond. The need for support was considered important for transition from education to professional nurse to be successful. The workplace of the graduates graduated was crucial for whether the nurse came to stay in the profession or not.

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  • 752.
    Zahirovic, Semra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Kvinnors upplevelse av att diagnostiseras och behandlas förbröstcancer samt sjukdomens påverkan på livssituationen: En litteraturbaserad studie2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer in women. It is considered anappalling disease with its high mortality, demanding treatment and major impact on selfimageand body perception.

    Aim: The aim of this study is to describe women's experiences of being diagnosed and treatedfor breast cancer and how the breast cancer affects their life situation.

    Method: The method used was a literature study based on qualitative research. Eleven studieswere analysed according to the five-step model by Friberg.

    Results: The analysis resulted in three main themes and sex subthemes. The main themeswere: The life is threatened, Suffer from disease and Life continues.

    Conclusion: Suffering from breast cancer imposes changes on all aspects of the women's life,both physically, mentally and socially and evokes various individual coping strategies. In thisprocess it is vital that the nurse, which is closest to the patient, has a good understanding ofthe various patterns of crisis reaction to be able to deliver a good professional care andindividual support to the women.

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  • 753.
    Zakrisson, Julia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Ålander, Sara
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Väntan på att få återgå till livet: Personers upplevelser i väntan på en njurtransplantation2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Kidney transplantation is the most common transplant globally and nationally, which is seen as the most efficient treatment for kidney failure. The demand for a new kidney is greater than the supply and many people have to wait several years before a compatible kidney is found. Diabetes, prolonged hypertension and inflammatory diseases can contribute to kidney failure, and dialysis is a common treatment for people who suffer from kidney failure and are waiting for a kidney transplant.

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to examine people's experiences while waiting for a kidney transplant.

    Method: A literature-based study based on analysis of qualitative research.

    Results: The main result in this study tells that people experiences while waiting for a kidney transplant was stressful. Many of the people described feelings of hopelessness and the future felt uncertain. Feelings of limitations in the daily life due to dialysis treatment was stressful both physically and mentally. People experienced the need for support from both family and healthcare. 

    Conclusion: To receive a kidney transplant was seen as a key for a normal life. Regardless of the continent, there were similar feelings about the long wait for a kidney transplant. The limitations and uncertainty that comes with being on a waiting list contributed to feelings of being out of context. Through good care, the nurse can guide people through the challenges that the uncertain wait entails and help people find a meaningful context.

  • 754.
    Zander, Fatima
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Nilsson, Judith
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att leva med diabetes typ 2: En litteraturbaserad studie2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes mellitus is increasing rapidly and will be one of the future leading causesof death globally. Diabetes mellitus type 2 (DMT2) is the most common type of diabetes and is a chronic and lifelong illness that can affect people of all ages. The disease causes suffering and affects the patient's quality of life. Ability to self-care is very important to avoid complications associated with the illness.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to illuminate patient´s experience of living with DMT2

    Method: A literature-based study consisting of twelve articles based on qualitative research was conducted and analyzed with the help of the five-stage model of Friberg.

    Results: The result show that people`s experiences of living with type 2 diabetes are initially about being a disease where emotional emotions dominated and where health care and the support of relatives was important. The experiences were also about managing one´s self-care with the impact of diet, creating activity in everyday life and dealing with one´s treatment. They tried to find a new identity through acceptance, living with limitations in everyday life and a concern for the future. 

    Conclusion: The results show that the experiences of living with diabetes type 2 varies from person to person and every person have to live with challenges like lifestyle change. A diabetic needs help, motivation, understanding, instruction and support from health professionals as well as family and friends to manage the illness, improve their well-being, overcome and deal with the challenges. 

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  • 755.
    Åberg, Christèl
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Hellström, Lisbeth
    Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall (SWE).
    Avatar i klassrummet.2022Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 756.
    Åberg Jansson, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Sangya, Melina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Arbetsrelaterad stress hos nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor: En litteraturöversikt2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The transition from student to nursing profession can be experienced as both challenging and frightening. Stress is a common feeling that newly graduated nurses experience in the beginning of their career. The new role as registered nurse is knowledge-intensive and entails increased responsibility for others. Difficult and unexpected situations can arise and can be difficult to handle, with stress and uncertainty as a result. In the worst case, a care injury can occur because patient safety is endangered. The aim of this study was to describe work-related stress in newly graduated nurses. The research method was a litterateur review based on qualitative and quantitative articles. Friberg’s three-step model were used to analyze the articles. The analysis resulted in three themes and six subthemes. The first theme was Feeling unprepared which described lack of knowledge and skills, lack of self-confidence. The second theme was Workload which described understaffed and time pressure, fatigue and stress. The third theme was Loneliness which described horizontal violence, lack of support and encouragement. The results of this study show that newly graduated nurses experience the transition from student to registered nurse as stressful. They experience difficulties during the first period of their career, where they face several problems. Continuous help and support should be available for newly graduated nurses in order to contribute to professional development and improve clinical learning.

  • 757.
    Åhlund, Camilla
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Åström, Linda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att vara medvandrare i en andlig och existentiell livsvärld: En kvalitativ litteraturbaserad studie om sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av andliga och existentiella möten vid livets slut.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: About 91000 people died in Sweden in 2016 and of those who died an estimate of 70000-75000 needed palliative care. When facing one’s own death it actualises questions about life and death and what happens thereafter. An important aspect of caring for patients at the end of life is the existential and spiritual dimension and therefore it is important that nurses have adequate knowledge and insight to be able to provide the best possible spiritual care for the patients. Aim: The aim of this study was to illustrate nurses’ different experiences of existential and spiritual encounters with patients at the end-of-life. Method: A method to contribute to evidence-based nursing with ground in analysis of qualitative research was used. An analysis of thirteen qualitative articles was carried out and resulted in 3 main themes and 12 subthemes. Results: The results of the study showed that some important factors with regards to existential encounters were courage, good communication skills, presence and the ability to care with love and compassion and to instill a sense of hope. For the nurses the encounters fostered a process of inner growth as they started to reflect on their own sense of spirituality and on issues of death and dying. Barriers included lack of time, knowledge and staff shortages. Conclusion: There is a need for sufficient time, education and support for the nurses to feel more prepared and comfortable in meeting the existential needs of the patients. Keywords: Palliative care, existential, spiritual, experience, nurse

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  • 758.
    Åhs Hultgren, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Suslova Olsson, Anna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    En litteraturbaserad studie med syfte att belysa personers upplevelser efter en organtransplantation2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: When a person suffers from organ failure, an organ transplantation can save life. Persons on the waiting list often have mixed feelings like uncertainty and hope for the future. Even the time after transplantation is described like a period of physical and mental challenges during the recovering.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to highlight persons´ experiences after an organ transplantation.

    Method: The method used was a literature-based study based on qualitative articles. A total of eight articles were analyzed with a Qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The results from the study showed that people experienced mixed feelings after transplantation and these were described in three main themes: A new reality, New strategies and Emotional roller coaster.

    Conclusion: People who have undergone an organ transplant experience both physical and mental stress during recovery.

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  • 759.
    Årstrand, Frida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Östlind,  , Marie
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av barn som misstänks fara illa eller som far illa.: En litteraturbaserad studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Child maltreatment has since 1979 been a punishable crime according to Swedish law but is still occurring in society today. All sorts of physical, psychological, sexual violence, neglect and exploitation of an individual under 18 years old was qualified as child maltreatment. Previous research has found an insecurity among nurses when they met children exposed to maltreatment. Nurses can encounter these children and are obligated through duty to notify and report when they suspect child maltreatment.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to illustrate nurses´ experiences of suspected child maltreatment or child maltreatment.

    Method: A literature review was conducted with a qualitative approach. Ten qualitative studies from Cinahl and Pubmed was reviewed for quality assurance and analyzed by Friberg's five-step analysis.

    Result: The analyze of the study resulted in three themes and eight subthemes. The first theme, Complex meetings, was about experiences in being a professional and challenges in the meeting. The second theme, Complicated assignments, described how nurse's experienced to assess the child's situation, to make a report and the cooperation with authorities. The third and last theme, Inhibitory and promotional activities, exposed the nurse's view on receiving support and education and the support for children and parents.

    Conclusion: Nurses experienced that it was important to be available and to build a relation with the child so the child could feel safe to tell about the mistreatment. It has also been shown that the nurse experienced complex emotions in the meeting with both the child and the parents and that it was not always clear to the nurse when to report child maltreatment. There was a need for more information and education for the nurse within the topic of child maltreatment. Also, the nurse experienced a need for better cooperation with the authorities that oversees cases of child maltreatment.

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  • 760.
    Örtgren, Isabelle
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Fullerton, Janita
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskans arbetsförhållanden och dess konsekvenser i omvårdnaden: En litteraturbaserad studie2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nursing is a demanding occupation, both physically and mentally, where working conditions are an increasing problem affecting nursing care. Previous research established that organizational factors such as lack of personnel, resources and lack of support from leadership and colleagues increase the possibility of work-related stress and worsened working conditions. There is a risk that poor working conditions affect nursing care in a negative way.

    Aim: To shed light on how the nurse's working conditions can affect the care of the patient. Method: Qualitative literature review based on eight articles found through systematic and nonsystematic searches in Cinahl. Articles were reviewed critically and analysed according to Friberg’s five step method.

    Results: Three themes and seven subthemes were identified after analyzing the articles. The first theme identifies the cause and effect of stressful working conditions. The second theme discusses the organizational factors that play a role in nurses’working conditions and work-related stress and the third theme considers the role of colleagues and coping strategies in managing stress to improve working conditions. Conclusion: There is a clear connection between poor working conditions and nurse's perception of their ability to provide quality care. 

13141516 751 - 760 of 760
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