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  • 701.
    Wolmesjö, Cecilia
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Östman, Caroline
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Bostadsbrist: En kvantitativ undersökning om vilka faktorer som orsakar bristen på lägenheter i Stor-Göteborg2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A report on the lack of apartments in Sweden's second largest city, Gothenburg. The study aims to analyze the causes of the housing shortage that is current in Gothenburg and how the selected factors have contributed to the lack of apartments. The study has been done quarterly between 2000 and 2017 and limited to Greater-Gothenburg, which includes the following municipalities: Kungälv, Stenungsund, Tjörn, Öckerö, Gothenburg, Mölndal, Partille, Härryda, Lerum, Ale, Alingsås, Lilla Edet and Kungsbacka. Four variables selected based on the presented scientific articles have been examined for unit roots and cointegration to further investigate its short and long-term impact on the dependent variable using an Error Correction Model. The result confirms the population, price of apartment and production cost for apartment as the most influential number of apartments in Greater Gothenburg in the long term. In the short term, the number of apartments in the form of a historical value from the previous quarter is confirmed as an important factor in explaining the current range of apartments and also the price of the apartments and the error term. All variables with the exception of the lending rate together have a high R2 value of 99.4%, which indicates a high degree of explanation of the dependent variable.

  • 702.
    Wretmo, Tim
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Milovanovic, Viktor
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hur påverkar hushållens disponibla inkomster bostadspriser i Sverige?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate how household disposable income affects housing prices in Sweden, as housing price developments have long been a hot debate in the country. Claussen (2012) argues that households' disposable income and falling mortgage rates are the explanatory factors for price developments, on which a model with this has been formulated, with the addition of control variables. A quantitative method with a multiple regression analysis was performed using the collected time series data for the period 1991, quarters 1 to 2019, quarter 3 and contained a total of 115 observations. First, a Dickey-Fuller test was performed to test if the time series was stationary. When the test was complete, tests for multicollinearity were made to eventually pass to a regression analysis. The result shows a positive relationship between housing prices and household disposable income. Furthermore, it is also read out in agreement with what previous studies have presented that additional variables affect the dependent variable in the model. This result is in line with what previous research in the subject has reported.

  • 703.
    Wynn, Eleanor Herasimchuk
    et al.
    Ronin Institute, Montclair, NJ, (USA).
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. NU Hospital Group, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Platforms and the public sphere2020In: 26th Americas Conference on Information Systems, AMCIS 2020, 2020Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Internet-based platforms present new opportunities for theory and design in Information Systems. The social implications of technological change have always been important, but new platforms, with their changes in negotiated social order and contending opportunities for freedom and control, require an explicitly critical perspective. If democratization is to be a feature of platforms, we need adequate distinctions for the design of these social/organizational spaces. Critical theory provides such a framework, and a way to sort out the disconnects between intent and implementation. Habermas’s concepts of the system, public sphere, and lifeworld provide a social philosophy that can directly influence IS research and design. Using health care trends that bring patient lifeworld and hospital system into closer contact, we illustrate a gap in conventions that arises, and recommend this gap be formatted as a public sphere. 

  • 704.
    Wynn, Eleanor
    et al.
    Ronin Institute, USA.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Qualitative and Critical Research in Information Systems and Human-Computer Interaction: Divergent and Convergent Paths2019In: Foundations and Trends® in Information Systems, ISSN 2331-1231, Vol. 3, no 1-2, p. 1-233Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information Systems (IS) and Human Computer Interaction(HCI)–including Computer-Supported Cooperative Work(CSCW)–address the development and adoption of computingsystems by organizations, individuals, and teams. Whileeach has its own emphasis, the timelines for adopting qualitativeand critical research differ dramatically. IS used bothin the late 1980s, but critical theory appeared in HCI onlyin 2000. Using a hermeneutic literature review, the papertraces these histories; it applies academic cultures theoryas an explanatory framework. Institutional factors includeepistemic bases of source disciplines, number and centralityof publication outlets, and political and geographic contexts.Key innovations in IS are covered in detail. The rise ofplatformization drives the fields toward a common scopeof study with an imperative to address societal issues thatemerge at scale.

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  • 705.
    Wynn, Eleanor
    et al.
    Ronin Institute, USA.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Qualitative and Critical Research in Information Systems and Human-Computer Interaction: Divergent and Convergent Paths2019Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Qualitative and Critical Research in Information Systems and Human Computer Interaction explores the history and adoption of qualitative and critical research in Information Systems (IS) and contrasts it with the growth of similar methods/theories in Human Computer Interaction (HCI) and, to a lesser, extent Computer Supported Collaborative Work (CSCW). The supposition behind the comparison was that the areas overlap in subject matter and would overlap in methods and authors. However, marked differences were observed in the structure of publications, conferences, and on social media that led to questions about the extent to which the fields shared a common framework. The authors find that the history of each discipline reflects institutional factors that affected the respective timelines for the use of these approaches. This leads them to consider a sociological epistemic framework, which explains the differences quite well. It also supports characterizations of the culture of IS made by members, as having open paradigm and high collegiality, described as an adhocracy. The authors propose that qualitative and critical research developed interdependently in IS. Aside from institutional factors, a further difference in uptake of methods and critical framework comes from the US/Europe divide in research traditions and the political/epistemic climates affecting research in the respective regions. Research from beyond the transatlantic traditions postdates the developments covered here but is touched on at the end of the monograph. The primary goal of Qualitative and Critical Research in Information Systems and Human Computer Interaction is to better understand the ways the IS research community differentiates itself into diverse constituencies, and how these constituencies interact in the field's complex processes of knowledge creation and dissemination. Another goal is to create cross-disciplinary discussion and build on related work in the fields. This is important in the era of platforms with global reach, and the concurrent development of powerful AI and analytics capabilities that both intrude on daily life and try to emulate human intelligence.

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  • 706.
    Wynn, Eleanor
    et al.
    Ronin Institute; United States.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Reputation Control and Theoretical Innovation in Two Academic Cultures2019In: Twenty-fifth Americas Conference on Information Systems, Atlanta, GA, USA: Association for Information Systems ( AIS ) , 2019, p. 1-10Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A meta-review of the history of qualitative and critical theory in Information Systems (IS) and HumanComputer Interaction (HCI) illustrates how source disciplines and publication outlets can filter reputation and affect methodological diversity. An academic cultures framework allows us to compare disciplines and explain different timelines for methods and theories. IS has many publication outlets, while HCI reputations depend on publication in the ACM Conference on Computer-Human Interaction (CHI). The fields deal with similar topics but are shaped by different institutional contexts. Qualitative research and critical theory arose in Information Systems during the 1980s and 1990s, while a search of HCI literature shows no critical theory until the 2000s. An open field of journals may create affordances for new approaches, whereas filtering reputation through a core conference may constrain them. The rise of platforms may blur domain distinctions through a common focus on AI, privacy and information integrity.

  • 707.
    Yemen, Alias
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Jernberg, Joakim
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sambandet mellan den ekonomiska tillväxten och arbetsmarknaden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between GDP-growth and Unemployment as a two-variable equation was established by Arthur Okun in the 1960´s. The equation was later called Okun´s law because it provided a fitting description of the relation between GDP-growth and unemployment. Studies in the late 2000´s has shown that the relationship is diminishing as the markets for GDP-growth and Unemployment becomes more complex.

    This studies purpose is to examine the relation between GDP-growth and unemployment, and which form of GDP that explains unemployment levels the best. The authors of this paper will use three models, the difference version, the levels version and the gap version that each describes the relationship between various forms of GDP and unemployment. The countries the relationship will be tested for is Sweden and the U.S for the time period 2001-2018 by using quarterly data for the countries and see if the relationship differs between the countries and the plausible explanations on why it differs.

    Results from the studies show that the relationship is best described by the levels version and that the countries in this paper don´t differ a lot from each other and the studies that was conducted by Okun in the 1960´s.

  • 708.
    Ylijärvi, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Djebbar, Louisa
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Tourism – Fair enough?: Evaluating empowerment and the implementation of FTTSA principles in hotels, in Cape Town2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor's thesis tries to find out the most significant differences between Fair Trade Tourism (FTT) -hotels and conventional hotels in Cape Town, through a descriptive comparative study, done with semi-structured interviews. More in detail, the study finds out do the principles of Fair Trade Tourism in South Africa (FTTSA), implemented by the FTT hotels, provide the wanted outcomes, and how do these outcomes empower the staff working in the hotels. The same perspective is used on the conventional hotels in terms of the principles, to see the significance of difference. This research uses a qualitative method, and applies the theories of policy implementation and empowerment to analyze the results. The analysis is done as a content analysis based on the results gained from the interviews. The content analysis discloses, that even though the FTT hotels did not completely follow all the principles of FTTSA, nor produced the exact wanted outcomes, they offered the best well-being for the employees. The well-being again, on many levels, was able to cause empowerment for the staff. In addition, what is revealed from the analysis is that the information and knowledge were often unbalanced between the management and the employees. Due to this, it could be concluded that the flow of communication is asymmetric at the hotels. For FTTSA -principles and FTT labels to be more politically relevant and significant, they should be implemented on a larger scale.

  • 709.
    Yosefi, Delvin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Mogart, Linus
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    How has Covid-19 affected the Stock Market?: An empirical study on the Scandinavian countries Stock Indices2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the effect of Covid-19 on the Scandinavian countries: Sweden, Norway and Denmark and their stock market indices. This research is done with a time frame betweenthe beginning of 2016 until the second quarter of 2021. The method used in this paper is the OLS- regression and it is performed on the three different countries. The purpose of the studyis to identify how the different government measures as well as stimulus packages haveaffected the stock market in the different countries and to identify if there are any differences between the countries. The results showed that in Sweden and Denmark, the death cases hada negative effect on the stock market but in Denmark, death cases were not statistically significant. Norway´s death cases did not have an effect on the stock market price index. The conclusion from the study is that a higher number of deaths leads to more effect on the stockmarket. Sweden had a much higher death number, and this gave the most effect on the stockmarket index. This indicates that a country may choose a strategy that reduces the number of death cases in order to have a minimal effect on the stock price index.

  • 710.
    Younis, Sara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Representing the underlying causes of racial disparities in covid-19 mortality rates in Sweden: A critical analysis of how the underlying causes of racial disparities in covid-19 mortality rates is represented by the Swedish Public Health Agency2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The disproportionate burden of covid-19 pandemic on racialized groups in developed countries has made socio-political and socio-economic inequalities even more apparent. This thesis utilizes critical race thoery (CRT), framing theory and the ”What’s the ’problem’ represented to be?”-approach to conduct a critical analysis of how the representation of the underlying causes of racial disparities in covid-19 mortality framed by the Swedish Public Health Agency.

    The published report on migrants and covid-19 ”Migrants and COVID-19 – Confirmed cases, ICU-cases and mortality from 13 March 2020 to 15 February 2021 among foreign-born in Sweden” is analyzed through qualitative content analysis. In the report, the Swedish Public Health Agency analyzes underlying causes to differences of covid-19 outcome based on country of birth, which suggests that the population born in other countries is affected by the covid-19 more than the population born in Sweden. The content analysis of the official document on foreign-borns and covid-19 mortality, released by the Swedish Public Health agency, suggests that the agency has represented the underlying causes of racial disparities in covid-19 mortality in Sweden with a socio-economic inequality frame, and from a CRT perspective, the representation is guided by colorblind ideology that does not problematize the role of racism in the society.

    The knowledge produced in this thesis aims to contribute to the field of CRT studies in Sweden with empirical knowledge about problematization of the covid-19 pandemic outcomes in Sweden

  • 711.
    Yurtsever Magnusson, Jonathan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The representation of Brexit before and after the referendum in 2016: A comparative descriptive study about the media representation of Brexit in the Pro-EU newspaper, The Guardian2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research is a bachelor's thesis on the representation of Brexit in the Guardian. The research identifies problems represented by the Guardian in order to see how the representations have changed. The analytical framework is based on the WPR-approach to be able to identify problems. Since the WPR-approach is based on Framing-theory, frames set towards Brexit is also identified in order to indicate a change. Agenda-setting will be used in the conclusion to give the reader an understanding of the importance of examining newspapers. The research shows that the problem representation has shifted from in the beginning identifying the problem to be based on the European officials' way of handling the European Union. In later years, this thesis shows that the Guardian represents the main problem to be nationalism and therefor sets the frames very negative towards Brexit.

  • 712.
    Yüksel, Antonio
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Berglund, Torbjörn
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Prissättning på bostadsrätter i Göteborg: Vilka egenskaper är det som påverkar priserna och hur mycket påverkar dem?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out which characteristics that's affecting the prices of condominiums in Gothenburg and by how much each of them affect. It is widely known that there are many factors that can increase the price of a condominium, the question is to what extent? By using the hedonic pricing model and multiple regression analyzes, we have been able to estimate how much each of these factors affect the price. The study is a cross-sectional study comprising 100 observations in Gothenburg city (downtown, east, west and Hisningen) collected from two different brokerage firms in Gothenburg during 2013-2014. These observations have been divided into a total of 23 variables, which includes living area , number of rooms (RoK) , fee, area/location , year of construction , balcony and elevator which are independent variables aimed at explaining the dependent variable, residential price. The results showed that 11 of the 23 variables showed statistical significance which includes living area, fee, and several of the location variables showed the expected results. Features such as number of rooms, elevator, balcony and floor is something that is constantly in demand by speculators but showed insignificance in the study, which means that, according to this study, that they do not have an impact on the final price. This may be due to multicollinearity and the shortage of observations. As the study is the first of its kind for condominium market in Gothenburg, we believe that there is now a good foundation that simply and clearly shows the significant property influences on housing price

  • 713.
    Zackrisson, Martina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Apelberg, Amanda
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Empowerment: A word of coherence?: a comparative study about the representations of empowerment by South Africa's B-BBEE act, Fairtrade South Africa, and the target group of black empowerment within the implementation process2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor's thesis is conducted with semi-structured interviews and texts and is analyzing how the concept empowerment is represented in South Africa. More specifically, this case study investigates, (1) how do the national South-African policy of empowerment, Fairtrade South Africa, and the target group describe what the goal of empowerment is? (2) How do the national South-African policy of empowerment, Fairtrade South Africa, and the target group describe the problem, causes and solutions in relation to empowerment? (3) What are the similarities and differences of the actors' representations of empowerment, and what implications may potential conflicts have for the prospect to successfully achieve the national goal of black empowerment? This research has a qualitative approach and uses implementation theory in relation to representation. The content analysis of our data illustrates that the representations of empowerment made by the different actors in the implementation process have many differences and yet not many similarities. The analysis illustrates that three main conflicts are evident when comparing the different actors' representations of empowerment. These are related to critical thinking, the conflicting individual and collective perspectives, and if the problem of disempowerment is caused by past or present structures. These conflicts in the three actors' representations of empowerment can cause bias and delay or possible failure in the policy implementation of black empowerment, yet all actors agreed on the goal of empowerment to be self-determination.

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  • 714.
    Zaia, Dani
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Rask, Jonatan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sponsring på lokal nivå: Företags syften med idrottssponsring2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sponsorship has long been involved and supported the sport in Sweden, and has over the years developed from pure donations to be more professional. Today turnover of sport sponsorship in Sweden 6.5 billion crowns. Unions, both large and small, are more or less dependent on revenues from the sponsoring company. In some sports, this income is absolutely critical that the association continued to operate its business. A useful tool in the sponsorship is the ERK model, a model designed to provide an overview of the concept of sponsorship and what effects it may cause. The purpose of the study is to analyze the motives behind the company's decision to sponsor the local sport, and if the ERK model can be applied at this level. The study is based on a qualitative approach with a hermeneutic view. Data collections have been performed by personal semi structure interviews with respondents from different companies with positions which imply a sponsorship responsibility. In the study have data been collected by using help of four participating companies. In our theoretical rame of reference we present our approach in the literature collection, with motivation for the selected theory and problems in literature collection. Furthermore, it defines the concept of sponsorship, followed by theories on the spon-sorship purposes in sport and the smaller companies perspective. The theoretical rame of refer-ence ends with the study's interpretation model. Study results show that companies purposes with their sponsorship in some parts differ, while even some common patterns can be seen. It shows that the motives for sponsorship in earlier research raises, even to some extent, can be applied to the study's participating companies. The ERK model appears to miss some parts to be a complete tool. Finally we can determine that the motive for sponsorship varies from com-pany to company. By taking this into consideration in sponsorship work both the companies and the associations can get more in exchange of each other. The study's main contribution is to give an overview on which motives companies in Trollhättan and Vänersborg have with their local sports sponsorship. An interesting suggestion for future research is to continue to investi-gate the sports sponsorship at the local level, in the way of union's perspective

  • 715.
    Zamir, Safa
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Zamir, Saba
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    How does Amnesty International portray victims of sexual violence during armed conflicts?: - The role of gender in the construction of victimhood2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following Bachelor’s thesis is a descriptive single case study on how Amnesty International portrays victims of CRSV. More specifically, it examines how victim portrayal is connected to the conceptualizations of masculinity and femininity through applying a social constructionist gender perspective combined with the ideal victim theory. The analysis has been conducted through a careful examination of Amnesty reports treating the issue of sexual victimization within the context of conflicts collected from Amnesty International’s webpage. The research findings indicate that Amnesty International relies on a gendered understanding concerning who can be an ideal victim of sexualized violence. It mainly portrays victims in the light of female gender, i.e., with feminine assumptions, relying on the essentialist perception of vulnerable/weak women and dominant/aggressive men. While efforts by Amnesty to acknowledge male victimization has not happened in isolation, the acknowledgment has however been only limited to recognition rather than a detailed consideration of the issue.

  • 716.
    Zetterström, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Floden, David
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Price determinants of the Swedish housing market2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Several studies have been carried out the last decades trying to identify key factors that contribute to the surge in housing prices. Since the deregulation of the Swedish credit market in 1985, the prices have risen more than the CPI and have failed to provide an increased production of real estate. Studies on both domestic market and abroad points out two key variables: GDP and mortgage rates. This study uses an error correction model to find the long run and short term relationship between the variables and prices. The ECM results suggest that the deviation of disequilibrium between housing prices and their fundamentals is corrected over time by roughly 28 per cent per year with GDP and the interest rate as the main influencers in the short term

  • 717.
    Zetterström, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Njoku, Nnamdi
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Economic Impact on the Swedish banking sector by the Swedbank Money Laundering Scandal2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studied the impact that the Swedbank money laundering scandal of 2019 on the Swedish banking sector and Swedbank in particular. The study used the market model and an event study approach to calculate the abnormal and cumulative abnormal returns for each of the four major banks in Sweden with an event window of 20 days. In addition to this the study also examined the impact on both the financials of the companies and its reputation. From the study we were able to find significant negative abnormal returns due to the scandal for both SEB and Swedbank where Swedbank had a CAR of -19.89 ten days after the study. On the other hand, this study also showed that while the effect on the stock returns were significant for Swedbank and SEB there were no significant effects on the financial well-being or reputation of any bank except Swedbank. Further we conclude that regulators should increase the size of the fines for these types of cases as the benefit of not countering money laundering might well overweigh the costs of being caught.

  • 718.
    Zhou, Xudong
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Chinese Coffee Market Forecast2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the "2018 China coffee industry insight report", Chinese annual per capita consumption of coffee in 2017 is only 0.03 kg, which is far lower than the EU (5.6 kg per people) and the U.S. (4.6 kg per people) and the global average (1.25 kg per people), coffee consumption in China is still in the initial stage. With the continuous development of the national economy, there is an unlimited space for the development of the "coffee economy".

    If every Chinese drink a cup of coffee every day, the benefit for coffee bean market alone will reach 50 billion US dollars every year, and the entire industry chain will generate hundreds of billions of dollars. It can be predicted that China will become the world's largest coffee consumer. It seems like a good chance to develop "coffee economy" in China, but does the coffee market really have a bright future?

  • 719.
    Ziegler, Jessica
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Is there an EMU effect on trade inside the Eurozone?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A major economic reason for the development towards Economic and Monetary union of European union (EMU) was the extensive view that it would enhance trade between the member countries. The aim of this paper is to estimate if there is an EMU effect on trade for the countries inside the Eurozone, and in addition look how trade is affected between EMU members and countries outside the currency union. A panel data set has been used, covering bilateral trade from 10 developed countries, for the years 1995 to 2013. The regression is run on two different groups, one including all OECD countries in the sample, and one using data from only the European Union countries in the sample. I estimated that the adoption of the Euro inside the Eurozone has increased trade between 16 and 17,5 percent. Furthermore, i found that trade from Eurozone to outside countries has increased between 9,4 to 21 percent. After implemented yearly dummy variables for the Eurozone it can be detected that the EMU effect on trade has increased over time, from 10,3 percent in 1999 to 29 percent in 2013.

  • 720.
    Zinkia, Cornelius
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Perception of Racism and Experiences of Racial Discrimination against Black immigrants in Sweden.: Case Study: Cameroonians in Gothenburg2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is one of Europe's fastest growing multiethnic countries because of high immigration rate (Runblom, 1994; Tawat, 2019). Many Africans over the last few decades have moved to Sweden for a better life. In a bid to live and feel like regular inhabitants within the new society, these immigrants face challenges, including various types of discriminations (Pettigrew and Meertens, 1995; Reskin, 2012; Wamala, Boström and Nyqvist, 2007). The main aim of the thesis is to study how Cameroonians immigrants in Gothenburg experience racism, and to what extent the racist actions and prejudices they experience are related to visual difference. Cameroonians that I have interviewed are "black," and as my study shows, it is in part due to this shared visual attribute that they say that they have experienced racism. Previous researches have explored racism and Afrophobia in Sweden but have not identified different forms of racisms according to Mile's and Blank's (2003) categorizations in regard to black immigrants in Sweden (Rex, 1983; Hübinette and Tigervall, 2009; Hansson, Näslund and Rasmussen, 2010). Using Miles' concept of racialization (Miles and Brown, 2003) and theories for measuring racial discrimination by Blank (2004), I identify different forms of racial discrimination as experienced by this group.

  • 721.
    Zubonja, Filip
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nilsson, Gabriel
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Bitcoin: En diversifiering mot S&P500?2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In line with digitalization and dissatisfaction with the financial system in 2008, new types of currencies have been introduced, cryptocurrencies. The most widely recognized, Bitcoin (BTC). According to previous research, Bitcoin is not defined as it was intended to function as, a currency. Instead, Bitcoin has been considered a speculative investment due to extreme volatility and is defined as an asset rather than a currency. The purpose of this paper is to find out if Bitcoin can be used as a diversifier against the US stock index Standard & Poor's (S&P500). This study examines the time frame January 1, 2018, to March 31, 2021, investigating optimal weights of the respective assets in the portfolio. A simulation of the weights of each asset against each other is made by applying the mean variance optimization model combined with a trial and error process with the risk adjusted return excluded. By applying the model it gave optimal weights for Bitcoin and S&P500. To minimize standard deviation of the portfolio and overperforming S&P500 a weight distribution should consist of 8,48% Bitcoin and S&P500 91,52% Bitcoin. The weighting of a portfolio that maximizes Sharpe Quota and the risk-adjusted return apart from the risk-free interest rate should consist of 31,50% Bitcoin and 68,50% S&P500. The results of the study show that Bitcoin can be used as a diversifier against the S&P500. 

  • 722.
    Åberg, Linnea
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The arguing processes of developing standards: to win hearts and minds of the users2016In: Nordic ISCAR 7th conference: A Nordic Perspective on the Cultural and the Activity Approach in Theory and Practice, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 723.
    Åhagen, Marcus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nilsson, Johan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gendered Rhetoric in the UN General Assembly?: The Rhetorical Styles of Male and Female Representatives of Sweden and the United States2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last few decades the academic re-gendering has reached the field of rhetorical discourse and differences of speech and rhetoric has been determined. Another gender shift has occurred during the last few decades in the appointments of foreign policy representatives, from being one of the last patriarchal strongholds the change towards equality has been remarkably swift. However, the norms of masculinity and formality within the sphere of foreign policy are still persistent. The first aim of this thesis was to determine if the rhetorical style of men and women differed even in a context heavily laden with norms, such as the UNGA. The secondary aim is based upon the concept of masculinity and femininity in culture, to determine if the gender of culture influenced the speaker’s rhetorical style, even in the UNGA. This thesis generates its own theoretical framework from the works of rhetoric and linguistics to separate masculine and feminine rhetorical style. The method used is a qualitative textual analyze applied to transcribed speeches held by Swedish and U.S. representatives in UNGA. The analysis proved that there is a difference in rhetorical style between genders and culture, even in a context such as the UNGA, but only a small one.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Gendered Rhetoric in the UN General Assembly
  • 724.
    Åkesson, Ellen
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Klevensparr, Viktoria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    'Race to the Bottom': A Case Study of Sweden's Corporate Tax Policies2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe the justification by the government for lowering the corporate tax rate in Sweden. The lowering of corporate tax is an accurate issue since it is currently a policy that is being debated in the majority of market economies due to its importance of affecting a state's income.

    To be able to study how the governments have justified the taxation rate, the study is looking at the two major ideologies in Sweden from 1980 to 2018. The left-wing bloc and the right-wing bloc and its respective ideological concepts which sets the analytical framework for the analysis. The thesis concentrates on literature regarding Swedish policy traditions and corporate tax where our contribution is a combination of these two fields of study where the aim is to describe how the government justify the corporate tax. The description is focusing on government propositions from 1980-2018, combined with research from The National Institute of Economic Research.

    The study shows mainly supporting arguments for the reduction of corporate tax in the derived concepts of deregulation, decommodification and globalisation. The thesis concludes that the main arguments for a tax reduction are mainly impacts from other states reducing theirs. The thesis draws on the conclusion that impact from globalisation creates arguments, that to remain competitive, and attract companies and investments, a lower tax in comparison to other states is preferable.

    Hence, in this study, the analytical framework used to analyse the empirical data has resulted in a conclusion that the defined concepts of neoliberalism such as, deregulation, free trade and globalisation mainly describes government's justification of a corporate tax cut.

  • 725.
    Åström, Elin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Josefsson, Madeleine
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Will target company's shareholders experience abnormal returns in the short-run due to an announcement of a M&A?2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How will shareholders of a target company react to a M&A? In this study, the aim was to analyze the impact of an announcement of a merger or an acquisition in the pharmaceutical sector. This sector is special since it is high cost including research, development, and patent. Moreover, the industry has a big role when it comes to how important it is to manufacture a vaccine and bring to the market. Which is currently an important topic during the ongoing pandemic of covid-19. Mergers and acquisitions are mechanisms for companies to obtain more control and achieve success.

    This report examined the short-term effect on share prices due to announcements of mergers and acquisitions during 2019-2020 of 14 companies. The method used is the market model and event study approach where abnormal returns are determined for each company for the event window (-7, +20). The results showed that all target companies achieved positive abnormal returns after the announcement day. The effect lasted the entire event period for all companies but one. The report concluded that positive abnormal returns are present in the short run for the pharmaceutical industry in 2019-2020. 

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