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  • 601.
    Andersson, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlingfors, Caroline
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Medel för att bidra till jämnare könsfördelningar inom yrkesgrupper och avdelningar: En kvalitativ studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of gender and equality in organizations is a highly relevant topic of investigation. Organizations are according to Swedish law (SFS 1991:433, §9 & Diskrimineringsombudsmannen, 2009) obliged to constantly work to achieve equal work conditions for their employees. The aim of this study is to investigate how the company work and can be able to work with gender and equality in order to eventually get equal groups and departments. The was carried out by means of interviews with people working in a company in West Sweden. Codes and themes have been identified through thematic analysis of the material. The results show that recruitment is a salient factor that the respondents pointed out as significant with regard to gender and equality work in the company. Commitment and focus are additional factors that respondents believe are important to create a significant foundation for implementing such a major change. We conclude that it is important that organizations work actively to create more equal workgroups and departments.

  • 602.
    Andersson, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Nilsson, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Läxor eller fritid: En studie om vad elever anser om läxor2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning om läxor är relativt begränsad. Eftersom eleven är skolans viktigaste aktör är det betydelsefullt att undersöka läxor utifrån elevperspektivet för att de ska få möjlighet till inflytande och påverkan. Det finns mer forskning som utgår från föräldrar- och lärarperspektivet än vad det finns tidigare och aktuell forskning som utgår från elevens perspektiv vid läxarbetet. Syftet med denna studie var därför att undersöka vad eleven anser om läxor utifrån fyra forskningsfrågor:

    • Hur ofta har eleven läxor?

    • Anser eleven att han/hon behöver och får stöd vid läxläsning?

    • Anser eleven att han/hon gynnas kunskapsmässigt genom arbetet med läxor?

    • Vilka känslor förknippar eleven med läxarbetet?

    För att få svar på undersökningens syfte och forskningsfrågor användes kvantitativ enkätmetod. Ett bekvämlighetsurval, icke slumpmässigt urval, gjordes av såväl kostnadsmässiga som tidsmässiga skäl. Enkäten besvarades av 80 elever i årkurs tre.

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar att majoriteten av eleverna beskriver att kunskapsutvecklingen gynnas genom arbetet med läxor men att det är på bekostnad av att de tvingas avstå från andra fritidsaktiviteter. Resultatet visar att majoriteten av eleverna har två eller tre läxor i veckan samt att cirka 90 % av eleverna får stöd vid läxläsningen. Undersökningen visar även att de flesta eleverna är lugna vid läxarbetet, dock förknippar cirka 80 % av eleverna någon form av negativ känsla med läxarbetet

  • 603.
    Andersson, Lisa-Marie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Karpeby Johansson, Clara
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Jag kanske inte är lika engagerad som Greta till exempel, men...": En jämförande studie om val av nyhetsmedia påverkar några unga vuxnas uppfattningar om klimatförändringarna2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Forskning visar att människor blir påverkade av media när det kommer till att bilda sig uppfattningar om klimatförändringarna. Samtidigt beskrivs TV ha en särskild viktig roll som informationskälla.

    Syfte: Syftet med detta arbete är jämföra hur några unga vuxna i Sverige konsumerar nyheter och om det påverkar dem vad gäller deras uppfattningar om klimatförändringarna.

    Metod: Studien är en jämförelse mellan de som regelbundet konsumerar TV-nyheter och de som sällan eller aldrig gör det utan endast konsumerar nyheter på internet och sociala medier. Jämförelsen bygger på kvalitativa samtalsintervjuer.

    Resultat: Resultatet visar att de grupper som undersöktes inte skiljer sig i uppfattningar om klimatförändringarna. Däremot finns det skillnader inom grupperna som skulle kunna förklaras med andra variabler som denna undersökning inte behandlar. Gemensamt för samtliga deltagare är att de ser klimatförändringarna som ett problem, förr eller senare i tid samt att de upplever sig bli påverkade av media vilken skulle kunna förklaras med dagordningsteorin.

  • 604.
    Andersson, Liselotte
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Jakum, Päivi
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Inte som i Gökboet: sjuksköterskors beskrivningar av omvårdnadsprocessen inom den rättspsykiatriska vården : en kvalitativ studie2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Forensic psyhiatric care protects the society by giving patients care to diminish risks of serious crimes. In their work the nurses use different care methods to help and support the patient in managing his or her life situation. To clarify how a group of nurses describe the nursing process in forensic psychiatric care. A qualitative study based on interviews. Six nurses were interviewed about their work in four different forensic psychiatric care units. The nursing process in is divided into four categories: evaluation, planning, implementation and assessment. The results are based on the way the interviewed nurses described the essential roles of nurse-patient relationship and structured routines in nursing process. The study also shows some specific difficulties in nursing work, for example the mental dysfunctions of patients, the level of competence among staff and the patients need for social interaction and existence beyond their specific needs.

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  • 605.
    Andersson, Lisette
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Bengtsson, Christian
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Behovet av ett mobilt informations- och dokumentationsverktyg i hemtjänsten: Personalens perspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Although the work in home care businesses most often are mobile, the documentation and information management often occurs in information systems through desktop computers. The need for mobile solutions have become more relevant as they may contribute to increased safety, improved quality and time savings. However, research shows that business knowledge is often overlooked in the development of health systems, which contributes to IT support that are not adapted to the business needs. This study aims to increase understanding on how home care staff believes that mobile IT support the care work and organization routines.

    The study was conducted in a home care business through qualitative interviews of six respondents and a thematic analysis model has been used, containing three theoretical areas: Efficiency, Ease of use and Usability, Satisfaction and Motivation. The results show that a mobile IT support would represent a clear advantage in the business and that the existing information system could either be supplemented or replaced. However, the staff still have fears and negative attitudes towards the obstacles and risks of what new technologies can bring to the table.

  • 606.
    Andersson, Liza
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Axelsson, Lovisa
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att vara närstående till en äldre person med demenssjukdom: En litteraturstudie med kvalitativ ansats2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Dementia not only affects the individual patient, but also healthcare professionals and the relatives. It is an increasing incurable disease that affects the mind of the afflicted person. He or she will experience difficulties with either expressing oneself, recognizing daily things, performing tasks that he or she previously were able to managed or the ability to plan, initiate or complete various tasks.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to illuminate experiences of being a relative of an older person afflicted of dementia.

    Method: A literature based study was performed, analyzing 10 qualitative articles.

    Results: The results consist of two main themes, relatives experiences of support, with two subthemes, support in the care relationship and support from others in the same situation. The second theme progression of the disease and its affects on relations and feelings, with three subthemes, the partners behavioral change, a new kind of relationship and impact of the disease on feelings. These highlight significant experiences the relatives go through in relation to the disease. Support was something that may be given in different ways and the need for support was necessary. The behavioral change that comes with the disease, results in a new form of relationship with the affected. Feelings of sadness, guilt and shame were constantly present.

    Conclusion: The results shows that the relatives need support through the entire disease progression when the behavior of the affected changes and a new relationship is formed. When accepting the disease, the relatives found it easier to deal with life in general. Nurses need to have the means to respond to these relatives and to know how they experience their situation, to be able to support them in the best possible way.

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  • 607.
    Andersson, Louise
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Božić, Sandra
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Western Cinematic Representations of Sub-Saharan Post-Colonial Africa: An in-depth qualitative content analysis of Blood Diamond, Hotel Rwanda and The Last King of Scotland2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to analyze the representation of how the colonial past, in itself and in its consequences, is portrayed in Blood Diamond, Hotel Rwanda and The Last King of Scotland. All three movies are produced in Hollywood and they will be analyzed in an in-depth Small-N study. Our analytical framework is drawn from theories on how film creates meaning, postcolonial theory that includes concepts from Fanon, Said and Young, colonial patterns regarding Sub-Saharan Africa and finally Eurocentrism. Our three movies which serve as data, are analyzed with a qualitative content analysis through themes extracted from our theories in order for us to see how the colonial past is represented. Our findings show that in all three movies it was a representation of a colonial past portrayed in different ways regarding which theme that was being analyzed. The analysis further shows that the representation of the colonial past was seen as an underlying meaning, in the portrayal in the direct dialogues, or it was represented differently depending on whose perspective that was being told in all three movies. The intention of this thesis is to contribute to the field of Western representation of “the other” in movies and the representation of its colonial heritage.

  • 608.
    Andersson, Louise
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Lindmark, Erica
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Vårdpersonals upplevelser och erfarenheter av att utföra tvångsåtgärder inom sluten psykiatrisk tvångsvård: En litteraturstudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The adult inpatient psychiatric care is regulated by law and allows certain amount of coercion, most commonly restraint, forced medication and seclusion. To be treated according to this law you need to suffer from a serious mental disorder, oppose to the care and have an indispensable need of care. Many studies describe patients experiences to be treated with coercion but few about health care workers experiences.

    Aim:

    To describe health care workers experiences of performing coercion in psychiatric compulsory care.

    Method:

    A literature review was made and eight articles is the basis for the result.

    Results:

    From the articles used inthis study four themes were created. These are coercions impact on relations, health care workers feelings during coercion, coercion as a necessary evil and health care workers need for reflection. The themes are presented as headlines in the result.

    Conclusion:

    To use coercive measures brings out many different feelings among health care workers. There are both positive and negative aspects about coercive measures, but not enough support and time for reflection for the health care workers that execute them. The health care workers needto be acknowledged and feel that they have made the right decision and that they used coercion as a last resort. The result shows that there is a need for reflection and support among health care workers.

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    Kandidatuppsats Erica & Louise
  • 609.
    Andersson, Louise
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Olofsson, Martina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Särskilda behov i matematik: matematisk begåvning och matematiksvårigheter2006Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning:Vi har undersökt hur pedagoger arbetar med de elever som har matematiksvårigheter samt de matematiskt begåvade eleverna. Vi presenterar olika metoder för hur man kan hjälpa dessa elever och diskuterar kring begreppet "elever med särskilda behov". Vår enkätundersökning är riktad till pedagoger som undervisar matematik i skolans tidiga år. Redovisningen av resultatet sker genom stapeldiagram och sammanfattningar. Bakgrund: Vårt intresse för matematik väcktes när vi deltog i kursen didaktisk matematik. Vårt intresse har även ökat efter att vi mött ämnet ute i verksamheten. Matematik är ett ämne som tyvärr ofta uppfattas som tråkigt och jobbigt, vilket kan bero på att eleverna inte får arbeta med lämpligt material. Detta vill vi försöka ändra på i våra kommande yrkesroller. Syfte:Syftet med vår uppsats är att avgöra vilka skillnader som finns i pedagogers val av arbetssätt och arbetsformer i matematikundervisningen, med hänsyn till hur eleverna presterar gentemot de lokala målen, det vill säga de matematiskt begåvade och de elever med matematiksvårigheter. Metod:Vi har gjort en litteraturstudie för att få en bättre bakgrund på ämnet. Fortsättningsvis valde vi att skapa en enkät som är både kvalitativ och kvantitativ eftersom vi har blandat öppna och slutna frågor. Utdelning av enkäter har skett i fem kommunala skolor. Enkäternas frågor utgick från våra frågeställningar. Resultat:Pedagogerna arbetar mer med individanpassad undervisning än vad vi förväntat oss innan undersökningen. De flesta pedagogerna i vår enkätundersökning arbetar för att stimulera både de elever med svårigheter och de begåvade inom ämnet. Begreppet elever med särskilda behov uppfattades av pedagogerna som de elever som inte når målen

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  • 610.
    Andersson, Lovisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Olsson, Elvira
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Att vara en annan människa: Upplevelsen av att överleva ett hjärtstopp utanför sjukhus2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Previous studies conducted on people surviving Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) focus on measuring health and quality of life with instruments, while little is still known about the survivors' individual experiences. To survive an OHCA is a life changing event, affecting the survivors' physical as well as psychological well-being. Aim: The aim was to illuminate the experiences of surviving an OHCA. Method: The method used was a literature review, with searches performed in the database CINAHL. Eight articles were reviewed and analyzed with a qualitative content analysis. Result: The result shows that the physical changes that emerge after a cardiac arrest gives a feeling of not being the same person as before the event. The survivors express a need to fill in the memory gap that occurred during the arrest. There was a need to remain in contact with health care providers during the recovery phase, since the survivors experience loneliness and insecurity when the contact with the health care providers is ceased. To survive an OHCA leads to insight and a deepened reflection about life and death. Conclusion: In consensus with previous studies conducted on the subject, this literature review confirms that the expe-rience of surviving an OHCA is a life changing event. It includes physical and psychological changes as well as the awakening of existential questions. To survive an Out-of-Hospital cardiac arrest means to become another person and the survivors need to receive full support from the health care providers to retain security in a changed life situation

  • 611. Andersson, M.
    et al.
    Heldal, R.
    Christiernin, Linn G.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Applying task-based division in multi-layered design: an industrial case study2005In: Human-Computer Interaction 2005: Proceeding of The IASTED International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (IASTED-HCI)Phoenix, USA, November 14 - 16, 2005, Acta Press , 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 612.
    Andersson, Madeleine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Bjurulf, Hanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lärares tankar om och arbete med skriftlig feedback i engelskundervisning: en kvalitativ studie2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skriftlig feedback är en form av bedömning som används kontinuerligt av lärare. Forskare menar att feedback är ett av de mest effektiva tillvägagångssätt för att påverka elevens prestation och inlärning, därför är feedback ett aktuellt ämne att diskutera. Det finns tidigare forskning om feedback i klassrummet, men om just skriftlig feedback finns det mindre. Grunden till denna studie ligger i ett intresse för skriftlig feedback i engelskämnet och lärares synsätt på detta. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur lärare ger och resonerar kring skriftlig feedback i engelska. Vi har använt oss av en kvalitativ metod, där vi inhämtat skriftlig feedback som tre grundskollärare har gett på elevarbeten i årskurs 5 och 6. Vi har sedan intervjuat lärarna med den inhämtade feedbacken som underlag. Resultatet har jämförts med den tidigare forskningen. Studien visar att samtliga lärare finner ett tydligt samband mellan feedback, motivation och lärande då alla de lärare vi intervjuat fokuserat starkt på motivation i förhållande till den feedback de ger. Alla lärare föredrog även att lämna muntlig feedback framför skriftlig eftersom de ansåg skriftlig feedback ge mindre möjlighet till kommunikation med eleverna, något lärarna värderade högt. Lärarna hade olika tankar kring hur grammatik i elevtexterna skulle kommenteras i den feedback de gav, och studien visar hur det inte finns ett självklart svar för hur grammatiska fel skall behandlas. Uppgiftsrelaterad feedback lämnades i högst grad av lärarna, men vi fann även flera exempel på personlighetsrelaterad feedback.

  • 613.
    Andersson, Madeleine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Bjurulf, Hanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Praktisk och teoretisk undervisnings inverkan på elevers motivation i NO: En kvantitativ och kvalitativ studie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Det finns ett stort samhällsintresse i att utbilda naturvetare, men intresset för att utbilda sig inom de naturvetenskapliga ämnena är bland ungdomar lågt. Forskning visar att motivationen bland elever att lära sig NO-ämnen är låg, och den tenderar att sjunka ju högre upp i ålder de kommer. Enligt elevernas egen utsago motiveras de av att få experimentera och laborera, medan teoretisk undervisning i form av lärarföreläsningar inte är lika motiverande. Eleverna som intervjuats i tidigare forskning nämner flera aspekter som de anser vara viktiga för motivationen att lära naturvetenskap, men då motivationen i ämnet ändå är låg finns anledning att ifrågasätta hur väl undervisningen idag förmår att uppfylla dessa motivationsaspekter.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien har varit att undersöka i vilken utsträckning praktisk gentemot teoretisk undervisning främjar de fem motivationsaspekterna intresse, glädje, förståelse, meningsfullhet och delaktighet, aspekterna är framtagna från tidigare forskning och teorier om motivation.

    Metod: I studien har enkäter och semistrukturerade fokusgruppsintervjuer används. Enkäterna bidrog till att kunna jämföra elevers generella motivation till NO-ämnena med deras motivation i praktisk gentemot teoretisk undervisning, i förhållande till de fem motivationsaspekterna. Intervjuerna har bidragit till att få fram elevers tankar kring de olika aspekterna och att jämföra dem utifrån de olika undervisningsformerna. Det var 20 respektive 21 elever från de två klasserna som besvarade enkäterna och fem elever från varje klass som intervjuades.

    Resultat: De aspekter som främjades mest i den teoretiska undervisningen var förståelse och delaktighet. Dessa aspekter främjades genom diskussion i klassrummet mellan elever och läraren samt elever sinsemellan utifrån frågor som eleverna svarade på. Även meningsfullhet främjades något mer av teoretisk undervisning än av praktisk undervisning. De aspekter som främjades mest av praktisk undervisning var intresse och glädje. Detta eftersom att de själva fick göra experiment som de inte visste utfallet av, vilket enligt eleverna var spännande och roligt, men även för att de uppskattade att få utföra experiment snarare än att lyssna eller läsa om dem.

  • 614.
    Andersson, Madeleine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Ståhl, Sandra
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Att stödja patienter med diabetes typ II till egenvård2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes type II is a chronic disease and the most common form of diabetes. It is a metabolic disease that involves chronic hyper glycemia. The disease is a global health concern given the risks of developing complications and high mortality. To understandthe disease andknow whatself-caremeans is important to be able to manage the disease in an independent way. To get a good self-care the patient needs to be motivated and have a willingness to take responsibility for their own self-care.

    Aim:

    The purpose of this study was to describe how the district nurses support patients with diabetes type II to get self-care.

    Method: An inductive and qualitative study was set up. Twelve districts nurses were interviewed and a qualitative content analysis was chosen as the method of analysis for this study.

    Results: The results of the study resulted in six main categories; listening to see the person, support for change, conditions for a good self-care, individualizing information and cooperate for good self-care. And one main theme: Self-care- take control over your own life.

    Conclusion: The conclusion of the study's results describe that: to promote a good self-care requires that the district nurses create a good relationship with patients by seeing the patient as a whole with a personal responsibility for their health.

  • 615.
    Andersson, Magdalena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Franzén, Malin
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Föräldrars livsvärld vänds upp och ner: att vara förälder till ett barn med en cancersjukdom2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    About 300 children are diagnosed with cancer disease in Sweden every year. It's not only the child that suffers from the effects of cancer, it´s the whole family. The parents undergo a crisis process which is very important to know for the nurse to be able to understand the reactions that the parents may have and support the family.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study was to describe parents´ experiences of living with a child with a cancer diagnoses.

    Method:

    In this literature study ten qualitative articles were analyzed.

    Results:

    The results of this study showed four different themes, Losing their foothold, Emotionaly shattered, Parents' needs from the surroundings, New life-world.

    Conclusion:

    Parents described that it was an emotional roller coaster that they had to go through when their child was diagnosed with a cancer disease. This study can give a deeper understanding of parents' feelings and how the nurse can provide support, guidance and give a good quality nursing to parents and relatives.

  • 616.
    Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Olander, Karl
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Supermanteorin: När vårdpersonal tror att de inte kan bära på smitta2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Healthcare associated infections (HCAIs) stands for 34% of all the adverse events in Sweden. In Swedish hospitals 65 000 patients suffer from HCAIs every year, whereas approximately 30-50% could have been avoided by compliance in hygiene precautions. Every year worldwide hundreds of millions of patients are affected with HCAI, that is the most common adverse event in healthcare and its overall effects are still not fully understood.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the compliance in hygiene precautions in healthcare.

    Method: The method used was a literature study based on qualitative research. The articles were analysed according to Fribergs five step model and resulted in two main themes and five sub-themes.

    Results: The main themes were- difficulties in the organization of the workplace and working atmosphere. The main themes consisted of sub themes that described what determined compliance to hygiene precautions.

    Conclusion: The result showed that compliance in hygiene precautions is a complex matter. The result showed big differences globally in what determine the compliance in hygiene precautions. Even if compliance in hygiene precautions is the single most effective action in preventing HCAIs the compliance is not yet fully implemented.

  • 617.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Karlsson, Sara
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Maktens och maktlöshetens uttryck i hälso- och sjukvården2005Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
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  • 618.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Larsson, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Feminina män och maskulina kvinnor: En kvalitativ text- och diskursanalys av PAX-barnboksseriens litterära karaktärer utifrån ett genusperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I samhället finns normer som styr hur vi ska vara för att falla inom ramen för vad som anses vara rätt. Skolan ska motverka de traditionella idealen för vad som betraktas vara manligt och kvinnligt. Som lärare finns behovet av ett granskande perspektiv på vad eleverna möter i litteraturens domän.

    Syftet med vår studie är att åskådliggöra könsmönster i bokserien PAX (Larsson & Korsell, 2014–2017), en nutida populär bokserie. Vi har granskat karaktärers tillskrivna egenskaper utifrån ett genusperspektiv för att synliggöra normer som finns i böckerna. Normbrytande egenskaperna som karaktärerna har uppvisat har analyserats över tid, hur de karaktärerna har bemötts, genom hela bokserien.

    Metod: Utifrån syftet med vår studie valdes en kvalitativ text- och diskursanalys som metod. Till hjälp har vi utgått från Maria Nikolajevas motsatsschema, om manliga och kvinnliga egenskaper och hennes diskussioner kring genus och könsdikotomier för att uppnå syftet och svara på studiens frågeställningar.

    Resultat: Utifrån vad vi fått fram i vår analys kan vi se att vissa karaktärer bryter mot de traditionella könsmönstren, två män och två kvinnor. Men under seriens gång går de kvinnliga karaktärerna tillbaka till det stereotypiskt kvinnliga egenskaperna. Resultatet visade också att det var dessa två kvinnor som förändrades över seriens gång. Utifrån vår analys fick vi också fram att kvinnliga egenskaper ses som något positivt, medan manliga ses som något negativt.

  • 619.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Nilsson, Jasmine
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    När livet vänder- att få en bröstcancerdiagnos2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer among women in Sweden. The cancer diagnosis has under the past few years increased and are expected to increase even more in the future. As cancer diagnosis increases, the ability to survive a cancer disease becomes more apparent with the help of advanced treatments. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe women´s emotional reactions when receiving a breast cancer diagnosis. Metod: A literature-based study was performed in order to describe women´s experience about their emotional reactions towards a breast cancer diagnosis. To analyse the result of the 11 included articles, a five step qualitative analytical method was used. The analysis resulted in one major theme and five subthemes. Results: To receive a breast cancer diagnosis was a huge change in life that affected women´s emotional reactions in many different ways. The result showed that women was chocked, they denied the breast cancer diagnosis, felt anger and grief. The women also felt hopefulness to fight and conquer the breast cancer disease. Conclusion: According to the result this study showed that a breast cancer diagnosis transforms a women´s life, from a healthy life to a life in illness. A breast cancer diagnosis did not only bring out negative feelings like frustration and hopelessness. It´s also bring out positive feelings like relief and fighting spirit.

  • 620.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nord, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Växa upp i ett beroende: En studie om yrkesverksammas upplevelser omatt växa upp i en miljö präglad av ett beroende2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine how professional caretakers perceive the effects on children with parents who suffers from substance- or alcohol abuse. The results of the study was based on eight semi-casual interviews that were conducted with professional caretakers who had relevant experience within childcare. The data that was gathered through the study was analyzed through the qualitative method of thematic analysis. The study was presented with six constructed themes which were recurring throughout the interviews. The themes could indicatehow a child could get affected by an addiction-induced environment. The themes were: ''child confidentiality'', ''early responsibility'', ''lack of trust and security'', ''stress and anxiety'', ''low self-esteem'' and ''apathy''. The results illuminate that the caretakers addiction has a negative effect on the child's development. The child tends to not develop an ability to cope with their feelings and suffer from a general lack of trust. The children of caretakers who suffers from addiction tendto result in a childhood were the child has to take a large amount of responsibility whilst they at the same time tend to get a low amount of appreciation for their efforts which tends to lead to low self-esteem

  • 621.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    svensson, Emilia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    skapandet av den demokratiska medborgaren: en diskursanalys av hur elever tilltalas i läroböcker i SO samt hur böckerna framställer den ideala eleven2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund

    Ett av skolans uppdrag är fostra elever till demokratiska medborgare. Det finns ingen enig definition av hur en ideal medborgare framställs. De medel som används för att forma demokratiska medborgare i skolan är bland annat läroböcker där texterna har bakomliggande värderingar som elever kan påverkas av.

    Syfte

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka vilken typ av medborgarfostran läroböcker i SO praktiserar. Syftet bryts ner i två forskningsfrågor som berör hur den ideala eleven skrivs fram i läroböcker och på vilket sätt den mottagande eleven tilltalas.

    Teori och metod

    Metoden och teorin som används i studien är diskursanalys med en inriktning på identitetskonstruktion. Teorin utgår från att det alltid finns bakomliggande tankar och värderingar i texter. Metoden går ut på att hitta mönster i de två valda läroböckerna genom ekvivalenskedjor och begreppen medborgarskap, makt och perspektiv. De två läroböckerna som analyseras är de två mest använda läroböckerna i SO i en medelstor kommun i Västra Götaland. De signifikanter som hittads i läroböckerna och bildade ekvivalenskedjor bevisas och förklaras med hjälp av citat i uppsatsens resultatdel. Studien redovisar inte sanningar, utan det är tolkningar av forskningsfrågorna i ett specifikt sammanhang som undersöks.

    Resultat

    Studiens resultat visar att det tydligt skrivs fram en ideal elev i båda böckerna. Den ideala eleven skiljer sig något böckerna mellan. De signifikanter som bygger upp den ideala eleven är exempelvis att följa lagar och regler, reflektera och att ha ett moraliskt rätt bemötande. Det framkom också i diskursanalysen att elever inte alltid tilltalas som reflekterande elever, utan mer som tomma kärl redo att fyllas med kunskap som inte alltid motiveras.

  • 622.
    Andersson, Marcus
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Kartläggning och automatisering av den interna varuförsörjningskedjan: en fallstudie på Lindex AB2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den snabbt ökande digitaliseringen som sker i dagens samhälle påverkar såväl människor som teknik. Utvecklingen av digitala kanaler låter oss idag kommunicera och handla på helt nya sätt samtidigt som robotar är på väg att bli en del i vardagen. Inom e-handel har utveckling av automatiserade system och robotliknande teknik kommit långt och kan bidra till effektivare processer i företag. Lindex AB är ett av Sveriges största modeföretag och konkurrera ständigt med andra företag på marknaden för att uppfylla kunders behov och krav på service. Något som blivit allt viktigare på detaljhandelsmarknaden är försäljning genom digitala kanaler och e-handel där ordrarna ökar samtidigt som det ställs högre krav på kortare ledtider.

    Lindex har i denna studie en central del där syftet är att undersöka möjligheter och hinder för automatiserade lösningar i lager genom att studera orderhanteringen i Lindex e-handelsmiljö. Studien innefattar en teoridel som introducerar läsaren till automatisering av lagerprocesser där flera exempel på robotlösningar och avancerade lagersystem presenteras. Att ha robotar som transporterar varor till personalen istället för den traditionella versionen där personalen plockar varor från stationära plockplatser är idag en möjlighet. Detta kan innebära effektivare processer och slutligen kortare ledtider till kund.

    Intervjuer och observationer ligger till grund för studiens kvalitativa undersökningsansats som ger följd till ett resultat med mycket bilder. Totalt har sex observationer och tre intervjuer genomförts för att noggrant studera företagets processer. Deltagande observationerna har genomförts där författaren fått möjligheten att följa och studera nyckelprocesserna i Lindex varuflöde på en lagernivå.

    Slutsatsen visar på att det skulle vara svårt att automatisera processer på grund av flera hinder men tyder på att en av processerna som observerats har god möjlighet till automatisering på grund av dess starka koppling till lagersystem.

  • 623.
    Andersson, Marcus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Stalfors, Malin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Sambandsanalys av risk och avkastning: finns det ett samband mellan fondernas riskindex och avkastning på fondinstitutet Robur?2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
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  • 624.
    Andersson, Marcus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Wessman, Viktor
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Faktorer som påverkar följsamheten av egenvård hos personer med diabetes typ 2: Ett patientperspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes type 2 is a global, growing chronic illness. The treatment primary involves lifestyle changes and self-care concerning food intake and exercise and requires compliance of the self-care treatment from the patient. Previous studies show that there is a lack of compliance from people in the self-care treatment of diabetes type 2.

    Aim: This study aims to explore people with diabetes type 2's perceived factors influencing the compliance of the self-care treatment of diabetes type 2.

    Method: A literature based study with a qualitative approach based on 11 science articles.

    Results: Two themes and four subthemes emerged from the study. The themes Lonely is not always strong and ability to new orientation was found and contained both possibilities and barriers of the compliance in the self-care treatment of diabetes type 2.

    Conclusion: This study shows that social factors and lack of knowledge is barriers of the compliance in the self-care treatment. Support from relatives, friends and nurses, and a feeling of belonging in a social context is important for compliance.

  • 625.
    Andersson, Mari
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Drogtester på arbetet: tillit eller misstro2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
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  • 626.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    Uddevalla Hospital, Palliative Care Nurse.
    Gustafsson, Elisabeth
    Bengtsfors Community,Home Health Care,.
    Hansson, Kristina
    Dals Ed Community,Home Health Care.
    Karlsson, Margareta
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    External mirroring of inner chaos: Blogging as experienced by the relatives of people with cancer2013In: International Journal of Palliative Nursing, ISSN 1357-6321, E-ISSN 2052-286X, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 16-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Relatives of a person suffering from cancer risk being affected both physically and psychologically. Blogging has become increasingly popular as a forum for communicating experiences, but few studies have focused on what blogging about a relative's cancer journey means to the author. Aim: To illuminate relatives' experiences of blogging when a family member is in the end-of-life phase of cancer. Method: Telephone interviews were conducted with 12 people about their experiences of blogging during and after their family member's illness. The data was analysed using qualitative content analysis. Findings: Blogging facilitated everyday life, introduced the relatives to new friends with similar experiences, helped them in their grief process, and helped them to preserve memories. The negative aspects were being misunderstood and publicly criticised as well as the feeling of providing readers with 'reality show' entertainment. Conclusion: Blogging was seen as a complement to professional care that contributed to the prevention of ill health.

  • 627.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Inselberg, Katarina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Att utgå från patienten som person i det hälsofrämjande arbetet: En grupp distriktssköterskors erfarenheter2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Health promotion is part of the district nurse's duties and shall be based on an ethical and holistic approach. According to the WHO the focus of care is in favor of a more health-promoting direction and according to Swedish law, health care is based on respect for patient autonomy and strive for the patients to become involved in their care. Still, there is a paternalistic approach in health promotion, although social Board emphasizes that healthcare should be person-centered in order to make the patient more involved.

    Aim:

    To describe the district nurse experience of work in health promotion from the person seeking care in primary care.

    Method:

    The study is a qualitative study. Seven district nurses who worked in primary care for at least one year were interviewed, and the interview text was analyzed with focus on the texts manifest content.

    Results:

    The analysis resulted in an overall theme, To control with a gentle hand, and five main categories, Ensuring the individual, To motivate and reinforce, To work with the person, To know what is best, To feel conflicting emotions, and nine subcategories

    Conclusion:

    Health promotion having a person centered approach differed between the interviewed nurses. Everyone had a keen interest in health promotion but they focused on different aspects. Some nurses focused on their messages to the patients while the interest of the patient's personal wishes not got much room. Paternalist elements were seen in all the interviews. Studies are sought which explore how management in primary care are working to improve the participation of the person seeking care.

  • 628.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Johansson, Carina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Borderline personlighetsstörning: vad händer efter det att diagnosen givits?2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
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  • 629.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health.
    Karlsson, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health.
    SKF Göteborg det självklara valet?2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
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  • 630.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Klang, Anette
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Gustafsson, Carina
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Anpassning av befintligt stomnät för GPS-mätning i Åmåls kommun2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
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  • 631.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sankoh, Satina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Intuitionsbaserade beslut inom rekrytering: En studie om intuition, personlighet och emotionell intelligens2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a recruitment process, recruiters make daily decision on which candidates are best suited for specific position. Research shows that standardized recruitment methods have a high predictive value that can explain individuals' future performance. Nevertheless, many professionals prefer intuition-based working methods. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the connection between personality, emotional intelligence and the attitude of using intuition in recruitment decisions. When collecting empirical data, a web-survey was constructed consisting of three tests that measured personality (Big-Six), Emotional Intelligence (TEIque-SF) and intuition methods when hiring. The sample consisted of 100 recruitment professionals within Human Resource. The results of the study indicate that people who are positively committed to the use of intuition in recruitment decisions are more extroverted. The result also indicates that people who are negative to the use of intuition in recruitment decisions are more emotional stable and honest-humility.

  • 632.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Stark, Claes
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Implementering och vidmakthållande av kompetensutvecklingsinsatser: Friktion och möjligheter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to gain an understanding of how managers within two SiS institutions feel that they are working with competence development initiatives regarding MI.

    The result shows that the competence development initiative becomes part of the implementation and the mainteanace of the method, since employees through training in MI receive a common approach with a common language.

    The study is a qualitative study that is based on interviews with managers at two institutions within the State Department Board. The results are reported on the basis of interviews with eight unit managers. The interviews were conducted with the help of semi-structured interview questions that opened up the informants' own stories and gave the researchers the opportunity to ask supplementary questions. The informants were interviewed individually and the interviews were recorded to ensure that the researchers got everything that was said.

    The phenomenological approach of the study wanted to reach the core of the phenomenon how managers at two SiS institutions feel that they are working on competence development initiatives concerning MI. Continued learning and development of MI takes place in everyday life at the workplace where learning in the method needs to be structured so as not to be forgotten. The structure of MI increases the quality of the organization for both young people and staff, as the common approach gives a security. The implementation of MI is a shared responsibility where the managers structure for a good and developing learning environment and employees are responsible for using MI in everyday life through reflection and feedback.

  • 633.
    Andersson, Marianne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lindholm, Carola
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Reggio Emilia i tanke och handling i en svensk förskolekontext: - Pedagogers förståelser av begreppen "Det rika barnet"och "Miljön som den tredje pedagogen"2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Studien syftar till att få kunskap om hur centrala begrepp inom Reggio Emilias filosofi omsätts i tanke och handling i tre svenska Reggio Emilia förskolor. Med hjälp av ett fenomenografiskt perspektiv vill vi få kunskap om pedagogers uppfattningar kring begreppens innebörd och hur de i så fall menar att det inverkar på barn i praktiken. Det gör vi genom att undersöka hur begreppen "det rika barnet" och "miljön som den tredje pedagogen" uttrycks i tanke och handling. Metod:Intervjuer, observationer av miljöer, fotografier av miljöer, visuell metod, fenomenografisk analysmetod. Resultat: Det framgår av resultatet att innebörden av begreppet ”det rika barnet” inte diskuterats på de förskolor som ingår i studien. Istället har ”det kompetenta barnet” blivit synonymt med begreppet och med deras barnsyn. Pedagogens roll handlar till stor del om att erbjuda material och miljöer som möter barns behov och intressen. Att barns olikheter ses som en tillgång kopplas till de möjligheter miljön erbjuder att utforska. Det är också viktigt att barn tillåts vara olika i miljön. Det finns en tro på det självgående barnet som resulterar i att barn visar vägen i projekt. Miljön stöttar när barn kan fungera självgående, utan att vara beroende av en vuxen. Barns intressen ska återspeglas i miljön, som ändras utifrån deras processer. En tillgänglig och tillåtande miljö möjliggör att barn kan agera självständigt och miljön stöttar på så vis pedagogerna. En väl förberedd miljö kompenserar närvaron av en pedagog och lockar barn genom att vara inspirerande och tilltalande. Att barn ska lära sig något och utvecklas i miljöerna har en framåtsyftande funktion. Det anses också att miljön kan bidra till barns möjligheter att verka i ett demokratiskt sammanhang.

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  • 634.
    Andersson, Marie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundell, Catharina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Men lyssna på mig! Jag känner mitt barn bäst...: Upplevelsen av bemötandets betydelse för anhöriga till barn med neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe and seek understanding of how relatives to children with neuropsychiatric disabilities experience the treatment from professionals in social services. The focus is on the knowledge and relational aspects that can be said to form the basis of professionals' treatment expertise. To illustrate these questions about treatment can inspire discussions that there should be a deeper ethical awareness among the professionals. That awareness provides a richer understanding of the relatives’ situation and an insight into what good treatment is all about, which also seeks more and more in today's welfare society. The issues which the study is based on are: How do the relatives describe the concept of treatment? How important are the professionals knowledge in the field neuropsychiatric disorders, for the relatives experience of treatment? How important are the professionals ability to create a relationship, for the relatives experience of treatment? The method used in the study has a qualitative approach and is based on focus group interviews. The selected theoretical key concept was symbolic interactionism, which together with the concept of treatment and explains and analyzes the treatments significance of the interaction between the individual and professional. The result is presented, analyzed and reflected upon using the study's theoretical key concepts and previous research. The result of the study demonstrates that the informants experience the treatment from the professional as inadequate, as it does not match the informants’ descriptions of the concept of treatment. The result also shows that the informants experience that the professionals do not have direct knowledge of neuropsychiatric disorders. The result illustrates that all informants experience that they are not being listened to and that the informants feel powerless. The result shows that the informants experience that the premise of being able to create a relationship with the professional has not been shown, that is because as the informants denounce that they had to change social workers on several occasions. The conclusion is that professionals’ knowledge in the field of neuropsychiatric disabilities and professionals ability to create a relationship is very important for the relatives’ experience of treatment

  • 635.
    Andersson, Marie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Stalerova, Marina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Elevers trygghet och tillgänlighet till elevhälsan: Ur skolpersonalens perspektiv2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to investigate how school personnel experience available student support. The study was conducted at a school in western Sweden, using interviews with six participants from the school personnel. Participants in the study were six people with different professions at the school where the professions: school nurse, school curator and teachers were included. The method used was a qualitative method. There are very few research reports that highlight issues of availability of student health, from a personnel-related perspective with the qualitative research method. With quantitative research method, there are more available research reports but they are still relatively few. This study resulted in six different themes that describe how and to what extent school personnel feel that they are available to students. This essay for the most part used the term student health, which includes the work of school personnel involved for the students’ well-being, both physically and mentally, following existing laws and regulations. The essay concludes with a discussion on essential elements and ideas about future work with these issues.

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  • 636.
    Andersson, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health.
    Stein, Elisabeth
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health.
    Det balanserade styrkortet: Quality Hotel 112003Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
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  • 637.
    Andersson, Marina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Individuell anpassning och uppföljning av fysisk aktivitet på recept (FaR): en kvalitativ studie med fokus på patienters erfarenheter2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Physical activity on prescription, so-called FaR is an important task for the district nurse in order to promote the individual´s health. Physical activity can relieve pain and symptoms as well as lead to reduced medication. The purpose of this study was to examine adult patients’ experiences of having been prescribed FaR. An interview study using an inductive qualitative approach was set up and ten patients were interviewed. The interviews were analyzed using content analysis according to Graneheim and Lundman’s description of the method. The results show that those who received tailored FaR had, in different ways, been offered, given to reason and discuss, agree and given the choice of activity and degree of activity the following individual condition and disease. To be asked to increase activity was almost as common as getting tailored FaR. Monitoring and support varied from close contacts if necessary to no follow-up at all. Those who had close contact described they had been met with a motivational interview. Some patients had no need of frequent follow-ups and were pleased to have received encouragement to the increased activity. The medical staff need ongoing training in motivational interviewing and in being flexible when there is a prescribed FaR to be consistent in patients undergoing treatment. To get repeated encouragement at follow-ups was one of the main categories that made the patients motivated progressively, increased activity and reduced resistance.

  • 638.
    Andersson, Markus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Jonsson, Fredrik
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Säkerhetsanalys av interna IT-säkerheten på ett mellanstort företag2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about a security analysis of a company's use of IT and their internal network security. The company is a midsized with about 100 employees and half of them use IT in their daily work. The company is active within industrial manufacturing and is located in western Swe-den. They want to develop in IT and are curious about how secure their network is today.

    A review of the layer 2 network security and computers used in the daily work was performed and evaluated. Anonymous interview of employees were made to find out how IT is used at work. A risk analysis was filled in by the responsible employees at the company to get an overview of how they think about risks and vulnerabilities in the use of IT. All this was done to bring recommendations to the company about how they can improve their security compared to what it is today.

    The results from the analysis of the network indicates weaknesses in the layer 2 security and that no security features are currently used to stop attacks from the inside of the net-work. The company has no high demands on the network or the security on the in-side but has given priority to flexibility and physical security.

  • 639.
    Andersson, Markus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Ljunggren, Patrik
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Kontrollreducering2005Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
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  • 640.
    Andersson, Marlena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Larsson, Malin
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Tolwers, Malin
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Betydelsen av organisatoriskt lärande: en fallstudie över volymplaneringsprocessen på Volvo Cars2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
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  • 641.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Andreasson, Kristofer
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Parameterization of a B-pillar2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis work has been performed at Benteler Engineering Service in Gothenburg in cooperation with Benteler Aluminium System Norway AS in Raufoss. Since the requirements on a product are changed several times during a product development process in the automotive industry, the desire to develop parts faster has increased. Components with complex geometries can take a large amount of time to design and when requirements on the design are changed the CAD-model has to be remade. A model with a complex geometry, which often is exposed to changes, is the B-pillar in the car. To achieve a more time efficient process for the B-pillar, an investigation was made to see if parameterization of the CAD-model could be made to save time in the development process. The result of this has shown that if the model is supposed to be changed more than three times parameterization is something that should be considered.

    Different strategies for parameterization that could support the development process of the CAD-model of a B-pillar have been compared to investigate which strategy that was best suited for this project.

    The goal to create a CAD-model of a generic B-pillar as a showpiece where parameters control the geometry and where changes of the main dimensions can be implemented faster than in a model without parameterization, has been fulfilled.

  • 642.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Spatial dependence and the representation of space in empirical models2009In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 159-180Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 643.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Hägerström, Martin
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Sammanställning av utbildningsmaterial om reservkraft med inriktning dieselaggregat2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's society is composed of a constant energy dependency to get all functions of the modern society to function, a power failure can be devastating. Even though Sweden has a strong power grid, the requirement to always have access to electricity has opened up a market for back-up power. The aim of this work was to create material that could be used in educational purpose and for the reader to get a basic understanding of back-up power with focus on diesel generated power. The course material consists of recommendation of content in the form of page references from sources that fit well in the compilation ofeducation material in the form of a compendium. The compendium is supplemented with a layout of a PowerPoint presentation that can be used for educational purposes. By studying the relevant sources, we have deepened in our topic diesel generated power and have picked out page references, in accordance with the agreement regarding the school copy law, which we consider to be a good fit for the creation of a compendium. We have also created a foundation to a PowerPoint that can facilitate the creation of lecture material. This report explains the structure of a diesel power generator and what is important to consider when sizing a power system. The report also discusses recommended maintenance as well as the requirements placed on a diesel power generator.

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  • 644.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Olofsson, Marcus
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Olofsson, Philippa
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Utvärdering av Ronnums Herrgårds nätverk2003Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
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  • 645.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology.
    Svensson, Martin
    University West, Department of Technology.
    Nd YAG laser welding in Titanium-62422003Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
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  • 646.
    Andersson, Mats
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Åhman, Andreas
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Brandväggens arkitektur och filtrering2005Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 647.
    Andersson, Mats
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology.
    Åkerlind, Anders
    University West, Department of Technology.
    Utredning av fastighetsförhållandena i sjön Dättern i Vänersborgs kommun: avsöndrade fastigheter vilka utgöres av stamfastighetens andel i sjön med botten2002Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 648.
    Andersson, Mattias
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    UDO: ett steg närmre friheten2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
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  • 649.
    Andersson, Mattias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Björkman, Jenny
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Förebyggande åtgärder mot obstipation: en litteraturbaserad studie Författare:2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Constipation is a common problem in all areas of health care and leads to unnecessary suffering for the patient and a decreased wellbeing. This study aims to make a summary of preventative measures as increased fibre intake, massage, and alternate methods which can be used in preventative care by the nurse to prevent constipation and maintain the patient’s wellbeing. Aim: To describe which measures the nurse can use to prevent constipation and maintaining the patient’s wellbeing. Method: A literature-based study based on ten quantative scientific articles. Results: A high fibre diet, abdominal massage, pear juice, lactic acid bacteria, bran and planned nursing interventions are effective in preventing constipation and maintaining the patient’s wellbeing. Conclusion: There are many methods besides laxatives which the nurse can use to prevent constipation and maintain the patient’s wellbeing.

  • 650.
    Andersson, Mattias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sundemo, Markus
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Identitetsstärkande lösningar på hemmaplan2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background to our research is a common interest in adolescent identity development. We have found no previous studies of how home solutions can contribute to a positive identity development so we considered it interesting to do such a study. The purpose of the research is based on a staff point of view to increase understanding of the meaning to the work with home solutions when it comes to taking advantage of and strengthen young people's positive identity processes. In order to answer this purpose, we have chosen to problematize questions about how identity formation takes place in their activities and how they with home solutions can strengthen these young people in a positive direction.

    We have used a social constructionist point of view throughout this research. To collect our material we have done six individual qualitative interviews that have been analyzed and processed using a qualitative content analysis. Our results shows that the staff group describes identity as socially constructed with and by the individuals context. They also describe that home solutions can contribute to a stronger identity development through their work, their view of man and ways of being. Our interpretation and conclusion is that the staff considers their work with home solutions contributes to influence young people's identity development in a positive direction. Since our study has a staff point of view it would be interesting to do further research on a youth perspective.

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