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  • 551. Steed, Anthony
    et al.
    Spante, Maria
    Chalmers Tekniska högskola(Institutionen för teknik och samhälle) .
    Heldal, Ilona
    Axelsson, Ann-Sofie
    Chalmers Tekniska högskola(Institutionen för teknik och samhälle) .
    Schroeder, Ralph
    Strangers and Friends in Caves: An Exploratory Study of Collaboration in Networked IPT Systems for Extended Periods of Time2003In: Proceedings of Interactive 3D Graphics, Monterey, ACM, 2003, p. 51-54Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 552.
    Stjernkvist, Algot
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Framväxten av distansarbete inom IT: Utmaningar och möjligheter för samarbete bland systemutvecklare med hjälp av digitala verktyg2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Remote work has increased significantly in recent years due to technological advancements and the influence of the Covid-19 pandemic. System developers have experienced good opportunities to work from home. Collaboration plays a crucial role for development teams and remote work presents both challenges and opportunities regarding collaboration. It is essential to use digital tools effectively to promote collaboration. This study aims to investigate how remote work affects collaboration among system developers and which aspects of digital tools that either promote or challenge collaboration in remote work among system developers. The study employed a qualitative research approach and data were collected through six semi-structured interviews with system developers with varying experiences and from different companies. The common denominator is that their work has been conducted remotely to some extent. A thematic analysis was used to answer the research questions based on the collected empirical data. The results from the study indicate that remote work has both positive and negative effects on collaboration, such as increased flexibility and productivity, but also reduced informal communication and social interaction. Digital tools promote collaboration within development work but do not entirely replace the social aspects of collaboration. A hybrid work model that combines remote and office work appears to be the most desirable work arrangement to balance the benefits of remote work and the need for social interaction and spontaneous communication to maintain good collaboration among system developers.

  • 553.
    Stolt, Axel
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Självkörande bil med hjälp av Q-learning2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Machine learning is a branch of artificial intelligence where a program is given a set of data and, based on this data, generates predictions of what should or will happen next. This allows the program to make its own decisions. As the use of machine learning and AI is constantly increasing, so is the need for expertise in the field. To help increase this competence, I chose to formulate this research question: Can a program learn to control a virtual car? To limit the task, it was decided that the program should only be able to control a virtual car by accelerating in the positive direction, accelerating in the negative direction or not accelerating.

    To decide whether machine learning could be used to control a car, I chose to program a simple program that uses Q-learning. The program was based on the "MountainCarv0" environment from OpenAI's gym. The environment "MountainCar-v0" consists of a car that stands between two hills. The car needs to build up momentum to get up the right hill to a flag.

    In the result, tests are presented that show how different values for constants affect the result. After these tests, the best values for the constants were used to show how well the program can learn to control the car.

    The result shows that a program can learn to control a virtual car provided the car can only accelerate in the positive or negative direction. If the car and the environment are more advanced, I think there is a high probability that a program could learn to control the car as well. However, it would probably be necessary to use Deep Q-learning instead of "regular" Q-learning.

  • 554.
    Strand, Emil
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Rapp, Anna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Instagram, to like or dislike: En studie om Instagrams påverkan på unga människor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The usage of Instagram has a continues growth amongst teenagers in Sweden and is the fastest growing social media platform. Teenagers who use Instagram usually browse the application several times a day. Simultaneously there is a debate going on whether Instagram and other social media platforms affect teenagers' wellbeing and mental health. Recent research focuses mainly on teenagers regardless of their social economical background. In conclusion to this the effects amongst teenagers in relation to their social media usage shows to be both positive and negative.

    This study examines high school students from a higher social economical background. The purpose is to receive deeper insight in how this group experiences their own well-being in relation to their Instagram usage.

    A qualitative research approach was used during this study where open and closed questions were used. High school students (n=90) participated though an online survey that contained questions regarding their well-being in relation to their Instagram usage. The students that participated were considered to come from a higher social economical background because the schools rating cut was on or above average upon graduation compared to the national rating cut. The analysis of the qualitative data was analyzed through content analysis and the quantitative data through analyzing one variable. Parts of the collected data was analyzed through Goffmans theory, impression management.

    The frequent usage of Instagram showed to have both positive and negative effects. The teenagers were affected mostly by social comparison, both positively and negatively. The positive aspects of their Instagram usage showed a greater impact on the teenagers compared to the negative aspects.

  • 555.
    Sundberg, Alfred
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Karlsson, Albin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Smarttelefonens betydelse för ungdomars relationer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The intention of this study is to examine adolescents' perceptions around the effect that their smartphone has on their relations. The reason for the interest in this subject is based on the ambiguous research included in this study.

    Adolescents carry their smartphones wherever they go which gives them the ability to constantly keep in touch with friends and family. The fact that adolescents today have the ability to constantly interact with friends and family is something that´s been observed in research where you want to look at how it affects the young people. The research regarding the effects on the adolescents is ambiguous, where some of the research shows the positive effects of constantly having the opportunity to interact with friends and family. Research regarding negative effects indicates that smartphone use among adolescents results in solitude and insulation rather than socialization. The analytical framework used in the study is a bit similar to the research regarding negative consequences where digital artefacts are considered to act as a screening against its environment. Based on the disagreement that prevails in the research, we were interested in investigating how young people think that the smartphone affects their relationships.

    Much of the previous research that´s been reviewed has had a quantitative research approach where the focus has been on larger populations and a lot of statistical data. As this research resulted in ambiguous conclusions, we wanted to carry out a qualitative study to compare similarities and differences with existing research. The study was conducted through semistructured interviews within focus groups to generate qualitative data in the form of opinions, perceptions and values.

    The result indicated that smartphones had a big impact in adolescents' living and relationships. The constant interaction that could be maintained through smartphones also generated an increased face to face interaction that was considered important to the adolescents. According to the adolescents there were times when smartphone use was not considered as appropriate since they were raised to rather pay attention face to face.

    The Smartphone is something that stands for the benefits of relationships for adolescents. The smartphone contributes to interaction that have not been possible due to the geographical distance where the constant interaction ensures that relationships are maintained to a greater extent in the lives of adolescents. The digital artefact that is always close at hand for adolescents always ensures that one is not alone and generates a great deal of confidence and social confirmation.

  • 556.
    Sundberg, Bodil
    et al.
    School of Science and Technology, Örebro University, Örebro.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Stenlund, Jörgen
    School of Science and Technology, Örebro University, Örbro.
    Disparity in practice: diverse strategies among teachers implementing interactive whiteboards into teaching practice in two Swedish primary school2012In: Learning, Media & Technology, ISSN 1743-9884, E-ISSN 1743-9892, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 253-270Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a project aimed at identifying and exploring the development and implementation processes of teaching practices with interactivewhiteboards (IWBs) in two Swedish K-6 schools. The purpose of theproject was to generate results and insights of value when preparingstudent teachers for professional use of IWBs and to give school leadersguidelines when implementing IWBs. A range of methods were used tocollect rich and varied empirical materials in this exploratory project.Judging from our data, it was obvious that the implementation process ofIWBs, just like other information and communication technology initiatives, is very technology-oriented, but also dependent on attitudes. Overthe course of time in the project, different strategies emerged among the teachers regarding whether and how they used the IWBs in their lectures. Italso became increasingly clear during the study that there is a distinctionbetween technical interactivity and pedagogical interactivity. Our resultsfurther suggest that training is needed when introducing these boards forfuture users. This training should include both technical instructions andpedagogical discussions.Keywords: interactive whiteboards; primary teaching; ICT; implementationproces

  • 557.
    Svedäng, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Att utveckla scientific literacy tillsammans med hjälp av IKT2016In: Kollaborativ undervisning i digital skolmiljö / [ed] Sylvana Sofkova Hashemi & Maria Spante, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, p. 89-108Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 558.
    Svedäng, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Collaborative Work and ICT Tools Enabling Science Teaching and Learning in a Cross-Border Context2015In: The European Conference on Technology in the Classroom 2015: Official Conference Proceedings, 2015, p. 125-137Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The collaboration and cross-border communication of 14–16-year-old students from Sweden and Denmark working with various science assignments using ICT was followed in an action-influenced project. The students collaborated in a complex learning context, including searching for information, planning, executing, and reporting experiments, posing questions, collecting facts, and communicating, using the Internet, shared documents and presentations, Blog, Skype, and Adobe Connect. The asynchronousICT communication tools used in the project enabled the teachers to include information and instructions for the students in the documents as well as following the students work online. The synchronous communication tools were importantfor the students to get to know each other and make friends.Most of the student groupswere successful in using the ICTs provided, in executing the experiments, communicating, and sharing information. Generally the students appreciated the possibility ofworking with fellow students from another country; they showed good ability to work autonomously, collaborate, and communicate about science issues. The ICT tool that were most popular among the students were Google docs and Skype.The complex learning situations created within the project enabled the students to interact regardless of physical borders and to trainin important key competencessuch as using scientific methods, developing digital skills, and communicating in the mother tongue as well as in foreign languages.

  • 559.
    Svedäng, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Doing cross-border science experiments using ICT for co-planning, documentation and evaluation as a method for increased motivation to participate in and learn about science experiments2014In: Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference / [ed] M. Searson & M. Ochoa, Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, 2014, p. 2332-2340Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two ninth grade classes – one Swedish and one Danish worked together doing chemistry experiments. Their assignment was to seek out and choose an experiment to perform, then plan for and execute the experiment while making a videotape of the experiment to upload onto their mutual blog, and finally, to give feedback on the videos. Analysis of the students’ activities and the material they produced indicated that they attained the goals in relation to planning and documenting a science experiment. Their level of enthusiasm was deemed to be high, and they were apparently motivated by working with students from another school in another country. However, a deeper analysis of the experimental content showed that the specifically scientific learning was rather superficial, and would have benefitted from greater teacher guidance during the experiment.

  • 560.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Attitudes to Information Technology Among Healthcare Professions, 20092009In: 17th European Conference on Information Systems / [ed] Newell, S, Whitley, E A, Pouloudi, N, Wareham, J, Mathiassen, L, 2009, p. 2541-2554Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose is to explore attitudes towards IT among various categories of health care staff; health care professions. We will identify problem areas that may be the reasons for why different attitudes among different professions at a healthcare organisation exist, and subsequently we will analyse how this may have impact on how to understand and use IT. The research question is: What factors may explain differences regarding attitudes to IT among different professions in a health care organisation? The paper reports from a particular study of the “NU” healthcare organisation in west Sweden. The results reveal two main problem areas: the infrastructural and the socio-organisational, which are discussed as analytical implications for bridging the gaps between different professions in health care organisations.

  • 561.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Competence Development for Teachers Within a Digital Inter-professional Community2021In: Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation, ISSN 2195-4968, Vol. 37, p. 99-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Competence development for teachers is of increasing importance as the use of digital tools poses a challenge to the pedagogical approach within the teaching context in schools. Schools are responsible for ensuring that students are able to use modern technology as tools for searching for knowledge and for communication, as well as for creation and learning. Hence, teachers need to develop their competence in integrating digital technologies into their pedagogical practices. Digital tools function as resources for interaction and collaboration across space and time, and also considerably facilitate inter-professional work and communication. This paper is based on an action-based qualitative study of a Nordic education project that focused on competence development among teachers, and where inter-professional collaboration and the use of digital tools was of great importance. The aim of this paper is to analyze how teachers’ competence development with regard to innovative pedagogical skills can be supported in an inter-professional community of practice, using digital technologies. Different pedagogical approaches, curricular contents, digital resources and organizational conditions were produced in the virtual collaboration within this community of practice.

  • 562.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Creating Innovations by Building Demonstrator Arenas2020In: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference in Accounting and Finance Innovation Business Innovation and Digital Transformation / [ed] Maria Anunciação Bastos, Rui Pedro Marques, Cristina Peguinho & Sandra Caçador, UA Editora , 2020, p. 381-388Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovations and sustainable businesses are important driving forces in the society. Projects are sometimes financed by the European Union to support universities in developing knowledge based on the needs of the regional society, where small and medium-sized companies as well as public organizations play a vital role for the local employment. This means that universities can strengthen the private companies and public organizations in this digitalization era, based on its specific knowledge and the potential of its competence. This paper reports from a project conducted in a regionof the south west part of Sweden. The aim of the paper is to explore how a university can contribute to the regional society characterized by industrial small and medium-sized companies, in order to reach a more sustainable production and consumption and a healthy population in the society. The creation of simulators and demonstrators have made it possible to design test- and demonstrator arenas, where new ideas can be transformed into practical use.

    The demonstrators have been created based on a resource-effective and a user-friendly perspective, so the products and services should be easy to understand, access, use and maintain. Moreover, an equality perspective has been pervading all the innovations in the project. A university can thereby attract more students and researchers, to increase its collaboration with both national and international universities companies and public organizations, and position its research in an international competitive context. The collaboration between companies, public organizations and academia has made it possible to create competence, and to get ideas for new and innovative business missions and to develop prototypes based on digital simulators.  

  • 563.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    How to Evaluate Collaboration within Research and Innovation2020In: Journal of International Business Research and Marketing, ISSN 1849-8558, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 21-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To improve and strengthen regional development is often subject of political decisions. This is the situation within the European Union, to increase innovation in SMEs. SMEs need access to knowledge, competence and collaboration, in order to increase their opportunities to develop competitiveness in products higher up in the value chain. The increasing rate of change in society also creates needs of decreasing the time from knowledge development to ready products to the market. Ongoing evaluation is prevalent in many research and development projects today in order to follow up the intended results. The ongoing evaluation could contribute to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of a specific innovation project by highlight areas of improvement and needs of development. The purpose of this paper is to analyze how collaboration within research and innovation can be evaluated, using a specific innovation project as an example. Qualitative methods have been used for the data collection and analysis, based on documents, interviews and participation in various activities. An intervention theory is created, as interpreted and structured based on information from documents and interviews. The intervention theory should be further refined, and could be used to select important aspects of the innovation project for the further evaluation. The intervention theory can be used to evaluate the causes and effects, and if the innovation project is reaching its intended final achievements and results.

  • 564.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    On organization of professions related to IS use2013In: Proceedings IRIS 36:: August 11-14 2013 at Gran, Norway University of Oslo, department of informatics / [ed] Bratteteig, Tone, Aanestad, Margunn & Skorve, Espen, 2013, p. 67-84Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations have been more knowledge-intensive and professional during the last decades. Professional work has generally certain specific properties related to its working context. Two different case studies have been conducted within two different work disciplines; aircraft maintenance and emergency health care. The two different types of professions are called T(hing)- and L(ife)-professions. This paper analyses the importance of management and organization of T and L-professions respectively, for their use of information systems. The aim of this paper is to highlight the specific characteristics for two different types of professions, T and L, and how they are affected by the organization and management. The aim is also to derive general challenges according to professionals' use of information systems, related to the way of managing and organizing the professional work.

  • 565.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    The Teachers' Perspective on School Leadership for ICT2015In: European Conference on Knowledge Management, Kidmore End: Academic Conferences International Limited , 2015, p. 742-748Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    School leaders have the pedagogical, as well as the financial, responsibility at the school. It is the school leader's task to manage the competence development of the pedagogical use of ICT at school. Digital tools are being more used in teaching activities in those days, and the teachers have to develop their competence in order to guide the students in their learning. This paper is based on a case study conducted within the GNU project (Cross Border Nordic Education). The GNU project is an ongoing Nordic educational project between classes in grades 5-9 in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The project is based on virtual communication between teachers and students, conducted with support of digital technology. The aim of the paper is to analyze the four dimensions of school leadership; 1) building vision and setting direction, 2) understanding and developing people, 3) redesigning the organization, and 4) managing the teaching and learning programme. The result shows that all of the school leadership dimensions work properly in one out of four different municipalities in order to support the teachers with the integration of digital tools in their teaching practices.

  • 566.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    The Use of Information Systems in Professional Healthcare Work Practices2014In: International Journal of Sociotechnology and Knowledge Development (IJSKD), ISSN 1941-6253, E-ISSN 1941-6261, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 51-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last decades, organisations have increasingly been more knowledge intensive and professional. Professional work generally has certain specific properties related to its working context. In this paper, a case study conducted within emergency healthcare, in which professional groups like for example physicians and nurses were the objects of study, will be presented. This paper explores different characteristics of these professions in the time and life critical work practice performed within emergency healthcare. The aim of this paper is partly to analyse specific characteristics of the healthcare professions and their use of information systems, partly to identify the implications and challenges that the professions face while using information systems. Characteristics related to a certain healthcare profession can be seen as having an impact on its professionals' attitudes and use of information systems, both on an individual and on a collective level. Some challenges in the use of information systems can also be due to how the development of the system and implementation processes are organised.

  • 567.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Gjellebæk, Camilla
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Förord2021In: Organisering, implementering och användning av välfärdsteknologi: Resultat från eTeam-projektet / [ed] Ann Svensson, Camilla Gjellebæk, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2021, p. 7-8Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 568.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Gjellebæk, Camilla
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Introduktion2021In: Organisering, implementering och användning av välfärdsteknologi: Resultat från eTeam-projektet / [ed] Ann Svensson, Camilla Gjellebæk, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2021, p. 17-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 569.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Gjellebæk, CamillaUniversity West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics. Högskolan i Östfold (NOR).
    Organisering, implementering och användning av välfärdsteknologi: Resultat från eTeam-projektet2021Collection (editor) (Other academic)
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  • 570.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Hedman, Eva
    NU sjukvården, Trollhättan.
    Operations Knowledge Management in Health Care2020In: Operations Management: Emerging Trend in the Digital Era [Working Title] / [ed] Dr. Antonella Petrillo, Prof. Fabio De Felice, Prof. Germano Lambert-Torres and Dr. Erik Leandro Bonaldi, IntechOpen , 2020Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aging population of the western world poses a medical challenge for the society of today and the future. The pressure on health care and its organization is increasing as the demand for health care is growing at the same time as the costs are continuously rising. There seems to be consensus regarding bottlenecks in health-care production systems, and that knowledge is needed in order to increase insights about operational decisions. This chapter is based on a qualitative case study conducted at a hospital in western Sweden. Eleven CEOs together with their production controllers were interviewed. The chapter aims to analyze knowledge management mechanisms in the infrastructure of a health-care organization. The analysis shows how mechanisms have significant impacts on the knowledge management practice in the operations management. A learning and knowledge creation culture, together with an organizational architecture for adaptive and exaptive capacity, and a business model for knowledge capitalization could support the production of smooth and effective health care in society, which is of high quality.

  • 571.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Karlsson, Christina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Utvärdering av införande av tillsynskameror på äldreboenden2021In: Organisering, implementering och användning av välfärdsteknologi: Resultat från eTeam-projektet / [ed] Ann Svensson, Camilla Gjellebæk, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2021, p. 61-66Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 572.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics. Fyrbodal Health Academy, Sweden.
    Larsson, Lena
    Fyrbodal Health Academy, Sweden.
    Hansson, Anders
    University Health Care Research Center, Sweden.
    IT systems for collaboration in healthcare for frail elderly people2016In: Proceedings of the European Conference on Knowledge Management, ECKM / [ed] Galbraith B.,Moffett S.,Galbraith B., Reading, UK: Academic Conferences Limited, 2016, Vol. 2016-January, p. 859-866Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ageing population of the western world poses a medical challenge for society of today and of the future. Frail elderly people are described as multi-diseased and vulnerable patients who are in need of medication and hospital care. These patients require healthcare from several different caregivers within the health services, including hospital-based acute care services, primary care services and community care services. This situation will challenge the capacity of the health services to manage inter-professional collaboration for patient-centered care. The aim of this paper is to identify challenges that caregivers within the health services face in relation to the IT systems that are used in their daily work practice, in their collaborative work and for sharing of information and knowledge. The paper is based on a qualitative study which includes three focus group interviews that were conducted within a healthcare organization in the western part of Sweden. The focus groups consisted of all types of professionals who can be found within each of the included healthcare organizations, as well as representatives of relatives of frail elderly people. Each one of the three focus group interviews conducted lasted for two hours. Afterwards, the interviews were analyzed with thematic analysis. The study identifies challenges within the following themes related to the use of IT systems: insufficient information, incoherent communication, differing uses of IT systems and deficient coordination.

  • 573. Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    How to Fix How to Fix Airplanes: Why aircraft maintenance is said to be complex and risky1998In: Proceedings of the 21st Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia : IRIS 21, "Information Systems Research in Collaboration with Industry" :, 1998, Vol. 21Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 574.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svanberg, Pia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Assessing the business value of electronic order-to-payment cycle2009In: ECIS 2009 Proceedings, 2009, article id 50Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we build an evaluation tool for assessing the business impacts of an electronic order-topayment cycle. Based on a literature review and expert interviews, we formulate a three-stage model which includes performance indicators for electronic order, electronic invoice, and electronic payment processes. In addition, we pinpoint the inter-process linkages. We test the proposed evaluation tool in a business context and find that the impacts of automating the order-to-payment cycle relate closely to cost avoidance. However, a strong emphasis on asset utilization can be observed as well – better use of IT could enhance utilization of existing human resources and capital, affecting company profitability.

  • 575.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Sofkova Hashemi, Sylvana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Steffensen, Tom
    Roskilde University, Denmark.
    Rustand, Kari Anne
    Vestfold University College, NOrway.
    Students’ Use of Semiotic Structures in Synchronous Computer-Mediated Communication: An Inter-Scandinavian Study2013In: The European Conference on Technology in the Classroom, Brighton, UK 2013, The European Conference on Technology in the Classroom Conference Proceedings 2013, Nagoya, Japan: The International Academic Forum (IAFOR) , 2013, p. 150-163Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Synchronous computer-mediated communication is often used as a means to achieve activelearning through collaboration. This paper is based on an ethnographic case study ofsynchronous communication. The synchronous communication is carried out between students in lower secondary school collaborating in a cross-border project involving the native language subjects Danish, Norwegian and Swedish. The project is aimed at promoting the students` Scandinavian inter-comprehension skills. The objective is for the students to use their own native languages in their communication whilst trying to understand the neighbouring languages used by their interlocutors. The aim of this paper is to analyse the students` use of situated semiotic structures in order to solve comprehension difficulties as well as emergent technical problems. In the emergent situations where the students face technical or language-based problems they use an interplay of different semiotic structures. They creatively and spontaneously use oral and written communication in different ways by using smileys, colours, gestures, grimaces, talking slowly and by sending smartphone pictures. Furthermore, they make use of different conversational forms such as online chats, Google Translate, and webcams. Synchronous communication is vulnerable because of the dependency relationship arising between the connected classrooms in different schools and countries. The multiple forms of conversation are dependent on the emergent situation and are dominated by the written mode.

  • 576.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Thoss, Alexander
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Risk Factors When Implementing ERP Systems in Small Companies2021In: Information, E-ISSN 2078-2489, Vol. 12, no 11, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Implementation of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems often aims to improve the companies' processes in order to gain competitive advantage on the market. Especially, small companies need to integrate systems with suppliers and customers; hence, ERP systems often become a requirement. ERP system implementation processes in small enterprises contain several risk factors. Research has concluded that ERP implementation projects fail to a relatively high degree. Small companies are found to be constrained by limited resources, limited IS (information systems) knowledge and lack of IT expertise in ERP implementation. There are relatively few empirical research studies on implementing ERP systems in small enterprises and there is a large gap in research that could guide managers of small companies. This paper is based on a case study of three small enterprises that are planning to implement ERP systems that support their business processes. The aim of the paper is to identify the risk factors that can arise when implementing ERP systems in small enterprises. The analysis shows that an ERP system is a good solution to avoid using many different, separate systems in parallel. However, the study shows that it is challenging to integrate all systems used by suppliers and customers. An ERP system can include all information in one system and all information can also easily be accessed within that system. However, the implementation could be a demanding process as it requires engagement from all involved people, especially the managers of the companies.

  • 577.
    Svensson, Ann
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Leading and organizing workplace learning in healthcare digital transformation: The proposal of a conceptual model2022In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings: 8th International Workshop on Socio-Technical Perspective in Information Systems Development, STPIS 2022 / [ed] Bednar P., Bednar P., Islind A.S., Hult H.V., Hult H.V., Nolte A., Nolte A., Rajanen M., Zaghloul F., Ravarini A., Braccini A.M., CEUR-WS , 2022, Vol. 3239, p. 147-154Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Developing the digital health environment for the future is an important and prioritized initiative to meet increasing demands and requirements for high-quality healthcare. The digital transformation of healthcare not only entails changes in the IT environment but also affects the healthcare professionals’ daily clinical work, as it includes changes that require learning and the development of new working methods. The challenges are thus both complex and sociotechnical, which calls for holistic approaches and a better understanding of existing practices and new competencies required in response to current changes associated with digitalization. In this context, workplace learning plays a vital role. This paper draws from initial experiences of a digitalization initiative at two hospitals in Sweden, which partly focuses on the management and organization of digital transformation. By studying the development, implementation, and use of digital technologies from a learning perspective, the main focus is to contribute to better knowledge about how to lead and organize workplace learning for healthcare professionals, which also benefits the patients. The aim is to identify key activities associated with learning in healthcare digital transformation. Hence, we propose a conceptual model that illustrates and exemplifies activities and roles related to learning through digital change. In conclusion, we argue that a better understanding is needed of i) how management and organization can facilitate change in working methods and related processes, and ii) how learning in everyday work can be integrated with digital transformation in order to achieve the full potential of digitalization. © 2022 Copyright for this paper by its authors.

  • 578.
    Svensson, Isac
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Tillgänglig webbutveckling med ramverk2022Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The web is an important media with essential information. It is therefore important that websites are accessible so that everyone can access the information. In this essay, I examine how popular frameworks help developers build accessible web applications. Itis a comparative study between three popular frameworks: React, Vue and Angular. The purpose of the report was to see if the frameworks detected accessibility problems. I tested by creating pages where each page represented an accessibility issue from the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG). The frameworks were tested in their default configuration, then existing Node packages were installed to create an accessible development environment to compare with. The results showed that only React in its default configuration detected accessibility issues. The configured versions, however, detected all the tested accessibility issues. My conclusion is that frameworks are not accessible in their default configuration, but that it is possible with existing tools to create development environments that automatically detect accessibility issues

  • 579. Svensson, Lars
    et al.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Design Concepts for Semi-Formal Learning in Network Organizations2008In: NU-konferensen, Kalmar, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 580.
    Svensson, Lars
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Designing large scale work-integrated e-learning2005In: WSEAS Transactions on Information Science and Applications, ISSN 1790-0832, E-ISSN 2224-3402, Vol. 2, no 12, p. 2281-2287Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Large-scale e-learning initiatives are increasingly becoming an important strategy for organization-wide competence development projects. Such ventures are often primarily motivated by an ambition to cut costs and reduce the time between the identification of an organizational need and the launch of the educational initiative that addresses that need. However, there is a growing body of research that identifies several problems and obstaclesattacted to work-integrated e-learning. This paper reports from a large-scale e-learning initiative where a nation wide project was launched to address the challenges raised by geographical information systems to the public administrations of Sweden. The analysis identifies two interrelated challenges for large scale e-learning projects: Heterogeneity of participant and the situated nature of practice. It is concluded that these challenges needs to be addressed with a techno-pedagogical design approach where technological and pedagogical aspects are closely integrated with the existing and the future work practices.

  • 581.
    Svensson, Lars
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Heterogeneity and situatedness: challenges for work-integrated e-learning2005In: Proceedings of the 5th WSEAS International Conference on Applied Informatics and Communications / [ed] A. Y. Al-Zoubi, Ioannis O. Vardiambasis, World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society (WSEAS) , 2005, p. 132-137Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports from a large-scale e-learning initiative where a nation wide project was launched to address the challenges raised by geographical information systems to the public administrations of Sweden.. The analysis identifies two interrelated challenges for large scale e-learning projects: Heterogeneity of participant and thesituated nature of practice. It is concluded that these challenges needs to be addressed with a techno-pedagogicaldesign approach where technological and pedagogical aspects are closely integrated with the existing and the futurework practices

  • 582. Svensson, Lars
    et al.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Integrating Work, Learning and Research: The Case of Laboratorium for Interaction Technology2004In: Journal of Cooperative Education, ISSN 0022-0132, Vol. 16, no 8Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 583.
    Svensson, Lars
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Techno-pedagogical design for work-integrated elearning: Challenges for large-scale projects.2004In: Proceedings of the Third IASTED International Conference on Communications, Internet, and Information Technology / [ed] Hamza M.H, 2004, p. 239-244, article id 433-219Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports from a large-scale e-learning initiative where a nation wide project was launched to address the challenges raised by geographical information systems to the public administrations of Sweden.. The analysis identifies two interrelated challenges for large scale e learning projects: Heterogeneity of participant and the situated nature of practice. It is concluded that these challenges needs to be addressed with an techno pedagogical design approach where technological and pedagogical aspects are closely integrated with the existing and the future work practices

  • 584.
    Svensson, Lars
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Lundh Snis, UlrikaUniversity West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.Sørensen, CarstenUniversity West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.Fägerlind, H.Lindroth, TomasUniversity West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.Magnusson, M.Östlund, ChristianUniversity West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Proceedings of IRIS 23. Laboratorium for Interaction Technology2000Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 585.
    Svensson, Lars
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lundin, Johan
    University of Gothenburg, St Xavier Univ.
    Measuring teacher's use of IT in higher education2016In: Inted2016, 10Th International Technology, Education And Development Conference / [ed] Chova, LG; Martinez, AL; Torres, IC, IATED-INT ASSOC TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION A& DEVELOPMENT , 2016, p. 8438-8438Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper proposes metrics for measuring higher education teacher’s use of information technology. Understanding adoption of technology, within any context, demands a way of defining what adoption or use actually is. Teachers within higher education possibly engage with e-mail, learning management systems (LMS), and other technologies in various ways and to various extents. One possible way to define adoption is through e.g. how much a particular application is used, number of e-mails sent, use of LMS in hours or times used, and other metrics focusing magnitude of use. It is also possible to define use through the scope of the use, i.e. how many different information technology tools a teacher uses. Based on a large survey (1800 responders) we propose a metric for measuring and operationalizing levels of use within this setting. However, what can be considered a high level of use needs to be mapped onto a regular use pattern of information technology. This means that a high level use of a LMS in the 1990:s might be different from a high level use of a LMS in 2010:s. Thus, we also suggest that such a metric necessarily needs to be dynamic and updated regularly. Furthermore, the results indicate that teachers adoption of ICT in their profession is less a question of adopting artefacts and services, and more a question of adopting practices as digitalised educators.

  • 586.
    Svensson, Lars
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lundin, Johan
    Gothenburg University.
    Understanding the adoption of digitalized pratices2016In: ICERI2016 Proceedings: 9th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation Seville, Spain. 14-16 November, 2016 / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, IATED Academy , 2016, p. 1593-1593Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decades, digital technologies has become an increasingly important part of our private and professional life. Consequently, researchers have been occupied with understanding the conditions under witch digital technologies are accepted or rejected. Theoretical frameworks such as the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) (ref) and the UTAUT model (ref) have tried to address these issues primarily with a factorial approach. In the beginning of societal digitalization, the objects of adoption were fairly simple and one-dimensional (e.g. digital watches, calculators and word processors) and with limited impact on the society, but gradually digitalization became more complex thereby challenging and evolving what it means to be a citizen, a professional and an individual. In this paper we argue that we need an analytical shift in order to understand contemporary digitalization of society. A shift from focusing on the adoption of digital artefacts to a focus on adoption of digitalized practices. For instance, when someone purchase a smart phone – the interesting thing to understand is not if it is perceived as useful or easy to use, but rather to understand what digital practices that develops as a consequence. Furthermore, new digital practices are not depending on singular artefacts or software. Instead, a digital practice relies on a dynamic socio-material ensemble of activities (ref).Our argumentation draws on data collected in three projects on the digitalization of higher education with complementary focus: (i) students' use of IT, (ii) teachers' use of IT, and (iii) emerging digital practices in higher education. Data consists of questionnaires, interviews and IT-use-log data.Our analysis reveals how the digitalized student, that utilize their personal IT into their "student practice" adopts practices regarding:

    • coordination and collaboration of learning.

    • administration of studies.

    • extracurricular interests.

    Similarly, teachers adopt to a range of digital practices affecting how they:

    • conduct instructional design and preparations for work.

    • collaborate with peers and experts inside and outside their university.

    • asses and evaluate students' performances.Perhaps more interesting, we also find evidence of digital practices that challenged the traditional student-teacher relationship:

    • students becoming co-creators of instructional design.

    • work-integrated learning, where professional challenges became resources for education.

    • students and teachers becoming "prosumers" of open educational resources.

    In conclusion, we argue that a theoretical shift from focusing on the adoption of digital artefacts, to a focus on the adoption of digitalized practices can further our understanding of the digitalization of society in general, and the the digitalization of education in particular.

  • 587.
    Svensson, Lars
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Lundin, Johan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Vad gör dom duktiga duktiga?: Att artikulera kompetens i informationssystem och samtal2009In: Samhälle, teknik och lärande / [ed] Thomas Karlsohn, Stockholm: Carlsson , 2009, p. 104-121Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 588.
    Svensson, Lars
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Svanberg, Pia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Halmstad University, Halmstad.
    From Tutor to Producer: Changes in the design space of online education2010In: Proceedings of the 33rd IRIS Seminar. 2010. / [ed] Hanne Westh Nicolajsen, John Persson, Lise Heeager, Gitte Tjørnehøj, Karlheinz Kautz, Peter Axel Nielsen, Rebild, Denmark, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years online and blended learning has scaled up from being a pilot endeavour driven by pioneers, to constituting a large portion of many institutions of higher education. In the process, the conditions for the online teacher has gradually changed, and the situation of today is in many ways problematic where student interaction and dialogue has to stand back in favour of time consuming content production, material delivery, and technical problem solving. This paper draws on the experiences from a Scandinavian University to illustrate how this transition can be understood in the light of rapid technological development in combination with slow evolution of pedagogical models for online education.

  • 589.
    Svensson, Lars
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Utriainen, Callisto
    Göteborgs Universitet, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    E-quality in infrastructures for learning in higher education2017In: ICERI2017 Proceedings, Sevilla, 2017, p. 408-413Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher Education has through the last decades been increasingly dependent on digital infrastructures (e.g. Svensson, 2002a; Guribye, 2005). The first generations of learning management systems (LMS) was originally designed to support distance education but quickly became the de-facto standard for supporting and developing also the practices of campus-based higher education. In this development we have noticed a tension between the desire to design closed LMS's that aims at providing "all-inclusive-support" for university education and more open and flexible solutions that support open infrastructures for personal learning. Consequently, it is time to re-visit the questions on what constitute the central values of a contemporary LMS seamlessly integrated with open digital infrastructures for learning. In an exploratory study in a Scandinavian University, a series of workshops and focus-group interviews with central informants from faculty as well as representatives from administrative support has addressed the issue of "E-Quality" in higher education. The result indicate that a set of inter-related core values should be stressed. These are briefly outlined below as principles for a framework of e-quality in higher education. (i) The principle of open participationAn LMS should support flexible integration of Open Educational resources (OERs) provided by an open community. Furthermore, the system should invite open access for participants from the surrounding society (i.e. practitioners, students from other universities, and relevant special interest groups) (Berhardsson et al., 2017)(ii) The principle of collaborative creation An LMS should embrace the notion of students as co-producers of instruction, content and learning outcomes. In particular, it should support collaborative authoring and peer-to-peer sharing.(iii) The principle of data-driven developmentA central aspect is the ability to personalize the support for each individual participant, which could be addresses quantitatively through learning analytics (Vallo Hult et al., 2017) and qualitatively through the use of e-portfolios and study diaries.(iv) The principle of work-integrated learningFinally, all priciples should be aligned to support an overarching goal of reducing the borders between studies in higher education, the introduction to a professional career, and the lifelong learning required to develop professionally (Svensson 2004).Further research will shed further light on the validity and the reliability of these principles, and set the path towards a nascent design theory for E-Quality in Digital Infrastructures for learning in Higher Education.

  • 590.
    Svensson, Lars
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Öberg, Lena-Maria
    Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Teknik och medier, Institutionen för data- och systemvetenskap, Mittuniversitetet, Sundsvall (SWE).
    Olofsson, Anders
    Umeå Universitet, Umeå (SWE).
    Towards Excellence in Flexible Education: Identifying Challenges for the Digital University2019In: 12th International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation (Iceri 2019) / [ed] Chova, LG Martinez, AL Torres, IC, International Association for Technology, Education and Development, 2019, p. 3223-3223Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The research presented in this paper draws on data from the early phases of a unique development program at a Scandinavian University. In 2018, the University launched an ambitious program aiming at preparing all courses and programs for flexible mode of delivery. After an internal process, 13 projects were selected and funded. The authors of this paper were chosen as evaluators of the program. So far, the evaluation is based on two sources of data: (i) document analysis of the project applications, and (ii) Status reports from June 2019 indicating the progress and the inter-project cooperation. Each project have been classified with respect to - Pedagogical innovation, Technological maturity, Work integrated Learning, and Strategies for diffusion of results. The results indicate that early barriers to the digitalization program involves Development of a joint infrastructure, Lack of resources for technopedagogical support, Organizational routines for admission of distance education students, and Lack of innovation with respect to secure and fair assessment via distance.

  • 591.
    Svensson Tynkkynen, Carolin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Karlsson Farias, Nicole
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Ett ramverk för utveckling av hållbara inbyggda system: Med fokus på de tre pelarna för hållbarhet2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a framework for the development of sustainable embedded systems basedon the three pillars of sustainability - economic, social and environmental aspects. To createthe framework, a general literature study and interviews were conducted with employees atvarious companies and researchers who work in different ways within sustainability. Theseefforts helped to identify various sustainability practices and tools that can contribute to thedevelopment of sustainable embedded systems. The developed framework can serve asguidance for companies that want to develop their embedded systems in a more sustainableway. The recommendations presented can help reduce negative environmental impacts andincrease social and economic benefits, which promotes sustainable development. Byintegrating sustainability practices and tools into the development process of embeddedsystems, companies can have a positive impact on the environment, promote social benefitsand create economic value. Overall, this paper contributes to the ongoing work to achievesustainability in technology development. The framework presented can serve as a startingpoint for companies to make positive changes in their development processes and contributeto a more sustainable future. 

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  • 592.
    Sörensen, Carsten
    et al.
    Department of Information Systems, The London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Innovation through knowledge codification2001In: JIT. Journal of information technology (Print), ISSN 0268-3962, E-ISSN 1466-4437, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 83-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Academics and business professionals are currently showing a significant interest in understanding the management of knowledge and the roles to be played therein by information and communication technology (ICT). This paper takes a closer look at one of the primary issues raised when supporting the management of knowledge: how to understand the role of knowledge classification and codification as means for further organizational learning and innovation. Two manufacturing cases are analysed using particular perspectives from current theories on classification, namely the management of knowledge and organizational innovation. It is concluded that a more complex understanding of the interplay between cognitive and community models for knowledge management as informed by research on the social processes of classification can inform our understanding of both the role of classification of knowledge for organizational innovation and the viability of providing ICT support based on codified knowledge

  • 593.
    Taghizadeh, Pedram
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Cyberbullying in social media in Iran: The rate of perpetration and victimization among adults2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study used quantitative data to address two gaps in cyberbullying research. First, to examine the Prevalence rate of cyberbullying on social media in Iran. Second, despite investigating the prevalence rate from a main effects perspective, the present study extended research by examining to what extent adults are engaging with cyberbullying. Cyberbullying is a controversial debate in Iran nowadays. A total of 90 adults participated from age 18 to 65+ in this study. The study first addresses the initial definitions of cyberbullying and examine the results of previous researches. After researching through a questionnaire among Iranian adults, we achieved interesting results. Women are more likely to experience cyberbullying than men in Iran. Result also showed the highest rate of cyberbullying are in WhatsApp and Telegram in comparison with other social media platforms.

  • 594.
    Tengblad, Oskar
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Needs regarding the implementation of selfmonitoring in Swedish healthcare2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aging population poses significant economic, social, and medical challenges in today's society. Current demographic trends indicate substantial growth in the older population, raising concerns for healthcare in Sweden in the coming decade. While e-health is recognized as a groundbreaking approach in healthcare, its implementation is still in its early stages with limited organizational adoption. Self-monitoring, the process of observing and recording one's health status, is gaining traction as a solution for chronic disease management. However, introducing self-monitoring can challenge healthcare professionals' professional identity and their beliefs about the importance of personal contact in healthcare. This case study examines the adoption of self-monitoring in Swedish healthcare from the perspective of digitalization coordinators. The findings highlight the potential negative impact on healthcare professionals' professional identity and emphasize the need to consider their requirement for human interaction when designing and implementing self-monitoring. Providing education and support to healthcare professionals is crucial to help them adapt to and benefit from self-monitoring while maintaining their caregiving role and personal interaction with patients. Balancing technology and personal contact is essential to ensure quality care and patient outcomes. The study also identifies challenges related to healthcare professionals' resistance to technology, resistance to change, and perception of increased complexity in implementing self-monitoring. To address these challenges, education, training, and involving healthcare professionals in the implementation process are vital. The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the adoption of digital tools in healthcare, underscoring the need for increased understanding and awareness of e-health. Convincing uncertain or skeptical healthcare professionals about the benefits of selfmonitoring requires providing sufficient information, education, and engagement. Overcoming these challenges can facilitate the successful implementation of self-monitoring, enhance staff's technological proficiency, and improve healthcare outcomes. Providing comprehensive information and engaging key stakeholders are necessary steps to address resistance and foster a positive attitude toward e-health. These findings contribute to understanding the implementation of self-monitoring in Swedish healthcare and highlight the importance of preserving the human element in healthcare while leveraging the benefits of technology

  • 595.
    Tengblad, Oskar
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Exploring socio-technical challenges in patient self-monitoring: a qualitative case study2023In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings 2023 9th International Conference on Socio-Technical Perspective in Information Systems Development, STPIS 2023, Portsmouth 27 October   through 28 October 2023 / [ed] Bednar P., Bednar P., Zaghloul F., Welch C., Nolte A., Nolte A., Rajanen M., Islind A.S., Hult V.H., Hult H.V., Ravarini A., Braccini A.M., CEUR-WS , 2023, Vol. 3598, p. 121-130Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Current demographic trends, characterized by an aging population and the prevalence of chronic illnesses, pose significant challenges for healthcare in Sweden and globally. Digital health, including patient self-monitoring of health data, is acknowledged as a promising approach to address these issues. However, self-monitoring also presents various socio-technical challenges from the perspective of healthcare professionals, as the integration of technology influences work tasks, professional roles, and clinical interactions. This case study examines the introduction of self-monitoring within the Swedish healthcare context, specifically focusing on the role of digitalization coordinators and their perceptions and insights regarding the integration of self-monitoring into daily clinical practice. The study identifies critical challenges and suggests solutions. First, it highlights the impact of self-monitoring on professional identity and patient interactions, emphasizing that balancing technology and personal contact is essential to ensure quality care and patient outcomes. Secondly, it also addresses issues related to perceived complexity, resistance to technology, and resistance to change, emphasizing the importance of education and stakeholder engagement to facilitate awareness, enhance staff’s technological proficiency, and improve healthcare outcomes. In conclusion, findings from this study contribute to understanding the implementation of self-monitoring in Swedish healthcare and highlight the importance of preserving the human element in healthcare while leveraging the benefits of technology

  • 596.
    Thomée, Sara
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Allard, Karin
    Department of Sociology and Work Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Gunnarsson, Mattias
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Martinsson, Per
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Larsman, Pernilla
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Phubbing at work: Mobile phone behavior in social contexts at the workplace and associations with the psychosocial work environment2022In: 15th EAOHP Conference 2022: Supporting Knowledge comparison to promote good practice in occupational health psychology. Book of Proceedings. / [ed] Kevin Teoh, Fiona Frost, Jasmeet Singh, Maria Charalampuos, Miguel Muñoz, 2022, p. 589-589Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Phubbing (from phone and snubbing) is the phenomenon of interacting with one'ssmartphone rather than with physically present persons. The smartphone entices multitasking,we can quickly find ourselves mentally elsewhere and in communication with others than wherewe physically are. This means changed behaviors also in traditionally social contexts at work.Breaks at work give an opportunity to recover, but also to chat and socialize with co-workers –a social exchange that seems to be positive for developing collegial cohesion and trust, andfacilitates access to collegial social support. In pilot interviews with safety representatives in the electrical trade, concerns were raised that preoccupation with mobile phones in the breakrooms contributed to reduced social communication in working groups, impaired communication aboutwork tasks and the work environment, less commitment to work, and reduced access to socialsupport. These factors, by extension, may have significance for occupational safety and health,socialization, and productivity. In this research project granted by the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, we explore mobile phone behaviors, especially phubbing, in social contexts of working life.

    Objectives: To explore the occurrence of phubbing in social contexts at workplaces, e.g., in thebreakrooms, how phubbing at work is perceived on different levels in the organization andwhich norms are at play. Further objectives include whether phubbing is associated with socialwork environment factors such as organizational commitment and social support, and whetheror not phubbing at work is an issue that needs to be addressed.

    Methods: The project has an exploratory approach and combines qualitative and quantitativemethods. Ongoing studies include a) surveys in workplaces in the electrical trade, health careand dentistry, b) interviews with employees, managers, and HR, in the said trades, and c) asurvey to members of the Swedish Electrical worker union (N=13000). Studies a-c map mobilephone behaviors during the working day, perceptions about these behaviors, their causes andconsequences, and the presence of norms and policies regarding mobile phone use at work.Based on these studies, a longitudinal survey in a random sample from the Swedish workingpopulation (n=6000) is planned to examine associations between “phubbing” at work and socialenvironment factors, at baseline and after 6 months.

    Results: This is an ongoing study. Preliminary results will be presented at the conference, ifaccepted.

  • 597.
    Thota, Srinath
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Access Control Security Challenges in Cloud Computing for Small and Medium Enterprises: A Qualitative Study2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Cloud computing (CC) has transformed the way businesses store and process data, offering various advantages such as scalability, cost-efficiency, and flexibility. However, ensuring secure access to cloud-based resources remains a critical concern, especially for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). This qualitative study aims to address the access control security challenges faced by SMEs in CC through a comprehensive analysis of existing literature and semi-structured interviews with SME owners, managers, and staff. This study's main goal is to examine and classify the access control security issues SMEs face while using CC. Semi-structured interviews with SME owners, managers, and employees provide insightful information on the particular problems SMEs have while managing access control in the cloud. The study's findings add to the body of knowledge by identifying the particular difficulties encountered by SMEs in this field.giving significant insights for enhancing access control security in CC for SMEs. Understanding these challenges allows SMEs to devise effective strategies and put in place robust access control systems to safeguard their sensitive data and resources. This study aims to bridge the gap in understanding and provide practical recommendations to enhance access control security in CC for the SME sector.

  • 598.
    Thörnberg, Jesper
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Olsson, Victor
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Autonoma bilar:: Är kunskap nyckeln till den framtida bilen?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I trafiken omkommer nästan 1.3 miljoner människor årligen i samband med olyckor längs vägarna runt om i världen (World Health Organization, 2018). Genom att låta autonoma system ta över framförandet av personbilar och transportfordon skulle miljontals liv potentiellt kunna räddas. Denna studie ämnar besvara hur ansvar och förtroende påverkar svenska trafikanters motivation och vilja att bruka autonoma bilar. Resultatet av vår studie indikerar på att kunskap har en central roll i detta. Låg kunskap över hur autonoma bilars beslutssystem förväntas agera, tenderar framkalla rädsla och oro som i sin tur resulterar i bristande förtroende för tekniken. Vid lågt förtroende tenderar även benägenheten att stå som ansvarig vara låg. Detta kan medföra att motivationen och viljan att bruka autonoma bilar riskerar bli lidande. Genom att öka trafikanternas kunskaper om hur autonoma bilar och dess beslutssystem fungerar, ser vi möjligheter att även kunna öka benägenheten att bära ansvar, samt generera högre tillit till tekniken bakom autonoma bilar. Därigenom ser vi möjligheter att kunna nå en starkare motivation och vilja att bruka dessa fordon i framtiden

  • 599.
    Thörnquist, Stefan Andreas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Färgernas effekt på en webbsida och hur det påverkar besökarens val -: En intervjustudie kring färgers effekter på en hemsidebesökare2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies have attempted to test hypotheses about congruence between how colour and text on websites can affect its effectiveness. Different colours in different combinations affect how a person experiences the message. Previous studies talk about whether some colours can be perceived as positive by some people while others get a negative feeling. By combining text and colour we can have an impact on the visitor's choice. Through gaining an understanding of how the interaction between colour and content works, we can develop a more efficient and well-functioning product. The first impression of a web page can be crucial to make the visitor stay, by choosing the right colours this can affect the experience. Through this project we are going to look at the impact of colours and how the combinations of colours and texts affect a visitor's choice of navigation, as well as the emotional experience of a web page. Through user tests and qualitative interviews, we will try to get data which demonstrates the impact that colours have on a website.

  • 600.
    Tideman, Thobias
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Sköld, Erik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Blockkedjeteknik i systemutvecklingsprojekt: En kvalitativ studie om projektmetodik i systemutvecklingsprojekt där Blockkedjeteknik används2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This case study investigates how Swedish system development companies that develop blockchain applications can work with agile project methods. The purpose of this study is to investigate the advantages and disadvantages of using agile methods within blockchain development and gain an insight into how Swedish companies can handle the problems that arises when using agile methods in blockchain development. The study focuses on the following three main areas: agile methods within blockchain development, test-driven development and current knowledge of blockchain in Swedish system development companies today.

    The case study was conducted on the system development company Superblocks, of which three interviews were carried out with three key persons from superblocks. This material was analyzed and processed to interpret how the system development company works with blockchain development using agile methods and to study how the company's approach compares with the study's theories: Agile project methods in blockchain development and test-driven development. The first theory deals with agile project methods in general and shows the advantages and disadvantages of using blockchain development with agile methods. Test-driven development is an agile method that is well-suited for blockchain development and shows approaches to dealing with the problems that arise in blockchain development with agile methods.

    This case study shows that test-driven development is preferable when developing blockchain applications with agile methods and that the tools and frameworks that currently exists are insufficient. The study also indicates that the understanding of blockchain technology in Swedish system development companies are low and needs more developing.

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