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  • 551.
    Wennerberg, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Högfungerande autism: En intervjustudie om psykiatripersonalens tankar kring behandling av dessa personer2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study has been to focus on the interventions that members of staff consider to the most appropriate for patients with High Functioning Autism. Interviews have been conducted in a psychiatric clinic in the Västra Götaland region concerning the opinions of four different categories of personnel: psychiatrists, psychologists, occupational therapists and nurses. The results show several common opinions about persons with High Functioning Autism, for example what are the psychic limits of these persons, the importance of a trustful relation and a high degree of continuity. One reflection on the results could be that there is a need of a serious discussion, not only in relation to where these patients should be treated, but also in terms of the competence, skills and resources that is needed. This study thus hopefully provides a small contribution to the process of making persons with High Functioning Autism more visible and also an attempt to identify possible ways of improving treatment for persons with High Functioning Autism.

  • 552.
    Wickman, Shiela
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Karlsson, Madeleine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Chefer och förändringsmotstånd: Hur chefer kan förebygga, hantera och vända förändringsmotstånd2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Change management has constantly been a challenge for organizations to keep up with trends and stay competitive. Resistance to change is considered a natural reaction to change management. However, resistance to change has been a problem for organizations and has proven to be both costly and to some extent detrimental to the development of organizations. The purpose of this study was to investigate managers' views on change resistance in both the public and private sectors. The main issues of the study were thus "how can managers prevent, manage and turn resistance to change into something productive". The study used a qualitative method in which semi-structured interviews with six managers from different organizations were conducted using an interview guide. The informants consisted of both women and men of varying ages from both public and private sector and the selection was based on convenience. The analysis method used was thematic analysis with the development of overall and underlying themes. The results and conclusions found by the study were that managers with the help of participation can prevent, manage and reverse change resistance. They can prevent resistance by informing, constantly working on improvement work and creating good relationships. Managers can handle resistance through individual calls, communication and termination. They can turn resistance to change into something productive by giving employees responsibility in bringing about change. It was found that managers play an important role in preventing, managing and reversing resistance to change.

  • 553.
    Widen, Stephen E.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Holmes, A. E.
    Univ Florida, Dept Communicat Disorders.
    Johnson, T.
    Elmira Coll, New York.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly I.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hearing, use of hearing protection, and attitudes towards noise among young American adults2009In: International Journal of Audiology, Vol. 48, no 8, p. 537-545Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate possible associations between college students' attitudes, risk-taking behaviour related to noisy activities, and hearing problems such as threshold shifts or self-experienced hearing symptoms. The sample included 258 students aged between 17 and 21 enrolled at the University of Pennsylvania, USA. A questionnaire measuring attitudes towards noise, use of hearing protection, and self-reported hearing symptoms was distributed among the students. After completing the questionnaire a hearing screening, including pure-tone audiometry and tympanometry, was conducted. The result revealed that 26% had thresholds poorer than the screening level of 20 dBHL. Attitudes were significantly related to self-experienced hearing symptoms, but not to threshold shifts. Attitudes and noise sensitivity was, significantly related to use of hearing protection. Hearing protection use was found in activities such as using firearms, mowing lawns, and when using noisy tools but was less reported for concerts and discotheques. It can be concluded that the young adults in this study expose themselves to hearing risks, since the use of hearing protection is in general very low. © 2009 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved.

  • 554.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Noise and music: a matter of risk perception2006Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The prevalence of tinnitus and hearing impairments among adolescents seems to increase as a consequence of exposure to loud noise. Several studies have highlighted the negative auditory effects of exposure to loud music at concerts and discotheques, environments in which young people today spend considerable periods of time. The appreciation of loud music clearly involves health-risks. Previous research suggests that patterns of health risk behaviours differ in relation to socio-economic status. The purpose of this thesis is to gain a better insight into adolescents’ and young adults’ attitudes and health-risk behaviours regarding exposure to loud music. Four empirical studies were conducted. Permanent tinnitus and noise sensitivity were not found to be significantly related to socio-economic status, although significant age-related differences in the prevalence of experienced tinnitus and noise sensitivity were found, which might indicate that the problem increases with age. Of 1285 subjects a larger number (30%) reported the use of hearing protection when attending concerts. Our finding that adolescents’ attitudes and behaviours regarding the use of hearing protection differed between levels of socio-economic status and age is of considerable interest. Adolescents from low socio- economic backgrounds express more positive attitudes towards noise and report less use of hearing protection, in comparison to those with high SES. These differences in attitudes and behaviour may indicate future socio-economic differences in ear health. Comparisons between Swedish and American young adults revealed that attitudes towards noise differed significantly due to gender and country. Men had more positive attitudes towards noise than women, and men from the USA had the most positive attitudes. Least positive were the women from Sweden. In Sweden the use of hearing protection at concerts was substantially higher than in the USA, a result that can be explained by cultural and attitudinal differences between the countries. Young people’s experiences, attitudes and beliefs concerning risk-taking in musical settings have been investigated in a qualitative study. In a theoretical model, we suggest that background variables, such as gender, culture and social status may have an impact on the individual’s self-image, risk consideration, social norms and ideals. These variables, together with attitudes and experience of risk-behaviour, are considered as important factors in the understanding of health-risk behaviour.

  • 555.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ungdomars attityder till hög musik och risk för hörselskador2008In: Barnbladet : tidskrift för Sveriges barnsjuksköterskor, ISSN 0349-1994, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 11-13Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 556.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department School of Health and Medical Sciences, Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gender perspectives in psychometrics related to leisure time noise exposure and use of hearing protection2011In: Noise and Health, ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 13, no 55, p. 407-414Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate possible gender differences regarding psychometric scales measuring risk perception in noisy situations, attitudes towards loud music, perceived susceptibility to noise, and individual norms and ideals related to activities where loud music is played. In addition the purpose was to analyze whether these variables are associated with protective behavior such as the use of hearing protection. A questionnaire was administered to a Swedish sample including 543 adolescents aged 16 to 20. The result revealed significant gender differences for all the psychometric scales. In addition, all psychometric measures were associated with hearing protection use in musical settings. Contrary to previous studies, gender did not contribute to any explanation of protective behavior by itself in the analysis. One conclusion is that although gender does not contribute by itself for the explanation of protective behavior, gender may affect psychological variables such as risk perception, attitudes and perceived susceptibility and that these variables may in turn be valuable for decision-making and protective behavior in noisy situations. Although women tend to be more ′careful′ psychologically, they nevertheless tend to behave in the same way as men as regards actual noise-related risk taking.

  • 557.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Risk perception in musical settings: a qualitative study2007In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being, ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 33-44Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 558.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly I
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Self-reported tinnitus and noise sensitivity among adolescents in Sweden2004In: Noise & Health, ISSN 1463-1741, E-ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 7, no 25, p. 29-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It seems to be a common opinion among researchers within the field of audiology that the prevalence of tinnitus will increase as a consequence of environmental factors, for example exposure to loud noise. Young people are exposed to loud sounds, more than any other age group, especially during leisure time activities, i.e. at pop concerts, discotheques and gyms. A crucial factor for the prevention of hearing impairments and hearing-related symptoms in the young population is the use of hearing protection. The focus of the present study is use of hearing protection and self-reported hearing-related symptoms, such as tinnitus and noise sensitivity in a young population of high-school students (N=1285), aged 13 to 19 years. The results show that the prevalence of permanent tinnitus and noise sensitivity, reported in the total group, was 8.7% and 17.1% respectively. Permanent tinnitus was not significantly related to level of socio-economic status, but age-related differences in the prevalence rates of experienced tinnitus and noise sensitivity were found to be significant. Older students reported such symptoms to a greater extent than younger students did. Those who reported tinnitus and other hearing-related symptoms protected their hearing to the highest extent and were the ones most worried.

  • 559.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Holmes, A. E.
    Department of Communicative Disorders, University of Florida, USA.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Reported hearing protection use in young adults from Sweden and the USA: Effects of attitude and gender2006In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 45, no 5, p. 273-280Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigates differences between a Swedish and an American sample of young students regarding attitudes towards noise and the use of hearing protection at concerts. The study population was comprised of 179 participants from Sweden and 203 participants from the United States, who ranged in age from 17 to 21 years. Questionnaires were used to gather information on hearing symptoms and attitudes towards noise (Youth Attitude to Noise Scale). Multivariate analysis of variance revealed that attitudes towards noise differed significantly due to gender and country. Men had slightly more positive attitude towards noise than women, and men from the USA had more positive attitudes than men from Sweden. Least positive were the women from Sweden (except regarding attitudes towards the ability to concentrate in noisy environments). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine the influence of attitudes towards noise and country on young people's use of hearing protection at concerts. The results indicated that attitudes and country explained 50% of the variance in use of hearing protection.

  • 560.
    Wikström, Cassandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nyman, Micaela
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Högskolestudenters attityd till arbete: samband mellan attityd till arbete, kön och personlighet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden´s labour market is currently facing a matching problem, which means that there is both unemployment and labour shortage at the same time. Many employers state difficulties in finding workforce who has the "right attitude" as the young workforce seems to have higher demands and expectations of work than previous generations.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate materialistic and individualistic attitudes towards work of college students belonging to Generation Y (individuals born between 1980-2000) and possible gender- and personality differences. A materialistic attitude means that one puts great value in material success while an individualistic attitude means that one values the content of work itself such as interesting work tasks and flexibility. College students was considered an interesting target group since they are the workforce of the future.

    Based on this purpose, the following questions were constructed: 1. Do men have a more materialistic attitude towards work than women? 2. Do women have a more individualistic attitude towards work than men? 3. What is the relationship between attitude towards work and personality? The quantitative study was conducted on 79 university students at University West, age between 19-36, using a survey.

    The result showed that men tended to have a somewhat more materialistic attitude towards work than women although the gender differences were small, d = .51. Women had a somewhat more individualistic attitude towards work than men, d = .38. This result was in line with previous research although previous studies have shown clearer gender differences.

    The conclusion of the study is that Generation Y mainly have high demands on the context of work itself, but they also wish for materialistic rewards. This may imply that individuals belonging to Generation Y have high expectations on work.

  • 561.
    Willig Azallali, Adam
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Arbetsengagemang, personlighet och yttre incitament2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Being a committed coworker in today's work environment has become more and more important. Individuals are expected to be both productive and attendant in their duties. Yet, what is it actually that predicts work commitment?

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which personality and external incitement can explain how committed an individual is in his employment.

    The study used validated tests that measured labor commitment (UWES9) and personality (TIPI). A separate questionnaire form was prepared for measuring external incentives. A question sheet consisting of these three instruments was compiled. The collected data was analyzed using correlations and regression analyses. The study included 30 people, of whom 6 (20%) were women and 24 (80%) were men. All participants had different backgrounds, and the only inclusion criterion was full-time employment.

    The results showed that the personality dimension conscientiousness was the personality that to the greatest extent predicted work commitment. It was also found that external incitement in the form of feedback, salary, careers and satisfied customers / patients / students, etc. widely could anticipate employment commitment. External incentive had the R-value 0.61.

    The conclusion in the present study showed that personality and external incitement are both good predictors of employment commitment.

  • 562.
    Wängqvist, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Frisén, Ann
    University of Gothenburg.
    Carlsson, Johanna
    University of Gothenburg.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    How identity status interviews may be used for in-depth studies of identity development: two wave longitudinal study of identity in emerging adulthood2014In: : A, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this presentation is to illustrate how the identity status interview may be used to study process, content, and contexts of identity development. To do so we draw on published (e.g., Frisén, Carlsson, & Wängqvist, 2014; Frisén & Wängqvist, 2011; Wängqvist & Frisén, 2011) and unpublished results from a longitudinal project (GoLD) with identity status interviews (Marcia, Waterman, Mattesson, Archer, & Orlofsky, 1993) with emerging adults. The interviews focused on occupation, romantic relationships, parenthood, and work/family priorities, with 136 Swedish 25-year-olds and four years later with 124 of these participants. The semi-structured interview format and coding procedure used enable both quantitative and qualitative analyse of identity development in emerging adulthood. This mixed methods approach (e.g., Lieber & Weisner, 2010) offers opportunity to study identity development in depth. For example, quantitative analyses showed that it was much less common for the 25-year-old participants to explore issues concerning romantic relationships and parenthood than it was to explore occupational choices and work/family priorities (Frisén & Wängqvist, 2011). Further qualitative analyses revealed that compared to occupational choices issues concerning romantic relationships were viewed more as facts than as issues that need to be considered from several perspectives (Wängqvist, Frisén, Ignell, & Fernros, 2011). Similar results were found in thematic analyses of how the participants talked about parenthood (Frisén et al., 2014). In the second wave the question: If, besides from the issues relating to work and family, there was something else in their lives that were salient to their views of themselves, revealed a variety of life areas that emerging adults view as important to their sense of identity besides issues of love and work. These life areas involved, for example, watching and practicing different sports, friendships, and music. In line with other Swedish studies (Bergh & Erling, 2005) religion and politics were uncommon. Another example of the explanatory mixed methods approach is the longitudinal analyses of the interviews. These analyses have revealed that there is continued identity development among individuals whose identities appear stable in identity status. This development involved people’s approach to changing life conditions, their tendency to continue to make meaning of their experiences, and their development of a personal life direction. The conclusions from our work within GoLD are that identity status interviews combined with a mixed methods approach would be useful for in depth studies of identity development in adolescence as well as in emerging adulthood.

  • 563.
    Wängqvist, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Lamb, M.E.
    University of Cambridge.
    Frisén, A,
    University of Gothenburg.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    Child and Adolescent Predictors of Personality in Early Adulthood2015In: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 86, no 4, p. 1253-1261Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated development of the Big Five personality traits from early childhood into adulthood. An initial group of 137 Swedish children were assessed eight times between ages 2 and 29 years. Initial decreases in extraversion leveled off in early adulthood; agreeableness and conscientiousness increased from ages 2 to 29; neuroticism initially increased, leveled off in later childhood and adolescence, and decreased throughout early adulthood; while openness to experience showed an initial increase, then decreased and leveled off in early adulthood. Individual developmental trajectories varied significantly, particularly in relation to gender. Personality traits became increasingly stable, and the fact that childhood scores predicted scores in adulthood indicated that personalities are fairly stable across this portion of the life span

  • 564.
    Ydergren, Jan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ericson, Oscar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Work-life balance och verkstadschefer2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research suggests that to have a good relationship between work and private life it is important to experience a-good mental health and success at work. The industrial managers’ in this study were undergoing a major change at their workplace and this study found examined how five male managers’ perception of their work-life balance. One of the aims of this study was to examine how the managers’ roles at home affects work-life balance (WLB), to what degree support at home affects WLB, and the impact that a balance or a conflict could have. The study was conducted qualitatively with a semi-structured interview guide and every manager was affected by the change at the workplace. The results showed that some of the managers were experiencing work-life conflicts where others were on the other hand experiencing a good WLB. The most common reason for feeling conflict between work-life was the uneven amount of workload, which occurred to a greater extent due to the change. These periods of uneven workload caused the managers to feel less control. One of the things that caused the managers to feel frustration is that they had limited resources and authority to handle the demands at work. The situation at home also had a very big impact on whether the managers’ experienced a good WLB or not.

  • 565.
    Zouini, Btissame
    et al.
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Senhaji, Meftaha
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Self-reported aggressive and antisocial behaviors in Moroccan high school students*2019In: Psihologija, ISSN 1451-9283, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of the present study were to map the level and distribution of aggressive and antisocial behaviors in a sample of Moroccan high school students and to define the level of these behaviors in adolescents who reported parental alcohol use problems and/or experienced abuse. In total, 375 high school students completed the "Mental and Somatic Health without borders (MeSHe)" survey that includes the Life History of Aggression scale. Male students had significantly higher scores for aggression and antisocial behaviors than female. The students who reported experience of abuse or parental alcohol use problems scored significantly higher for aggression, self-directed aggression, and antisocial behaviors compared to students not reporting these negative psychosocial factors. Previously shown gender-specific patterns in aggressive and antisocial behaviors, but not in self-harm behaviors were confirmed in these Moroccan high school students. Reported experience of abuse and/or parental alcohol use problems were associated with increased frequency of aggressive and antisocial behaviors.

  • 566.
    Zouini, Btissame
    et al.
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Sfendla, Anis
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Senhaji, Meftaha
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Råstam, Maria
    Lund University, Department of Clinical Sciences,Lund, Sweden.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Somatic health and its association with negative psychosocial factors in a sample of Moroccan adolescents2019In: SAGE Open Medicine, E-ISSN 2050-3121, Vol. 7, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Adolescence is a distinct developmental phase characterized by multiple physical and psychological changes andby an increased vulnerability to somatic and mental health problems. These risk and vulnerability factors are part of a complexbiopsychosocial matrix, encompassing multiple factors, such as inherited biological determinants and psychological, societal,and cultural influences, which affect an adolescent's overall wellbeing. In Morocco, similar to other developing countries,adolescents (young people aged from 15 to 19years) constitute a substantial proportion of the population (almost 9%).However, studies about adolescents' health in developing countries are scarce. In this study, we describe adolescents' somatichealth in a sample of high school students from the city of Tetouan, Morocco, and investigate how negative psychosocialfactors, such as parental alcohol use problems and/or the experience of abuse, may influence them.Methods: The study sample included 655 adolescents (315 boys and 340 girls, M=16.64years, range=15–18years) fromconviniently selected classes of four high schools in the city of Tetouan in Morocco. The students responded to a survey thatassessed the prevalence of somatic complaints/disorders. They also indicated whether they had ever experienced physicaland/or psychological abuse and whether they had parents with alcohol use problems.Results: More than half of the adolescents suffered from headaches and one-third had substantial problems with diarrhea orconstipation. Both problems were more common in female students. The third most frequent somatic problem, affecting onein four in both genders, was allergy. Almost one-third of Moroccan adolescents (significantly more boys than girls; p=0.004)reported no somatic complaints. In adolescents who reported parental alcohol use problems and/or experience of physicaland/or psychological abuse, the prevalence of several somatic complaints (epilepsy, migraine, headache, diarrhea/constipation,gluten intolerance, allergy, and skin or thyroid disease) increased highly significantly compared to the adolescents whoreported no such psychosocial environmental factors.Conclusion: The results suggest that only 3 in 10 urban-living Moroccan adolescents are free of somatic complaints, whilethe majority suffer from some somatic problems, most often headaches and diarrhea/constipation. The association of certainnegative psychosocial factors with adolescents' somatic health suggests the need of a holistic approach to the treatment of affectedadolescents.

  • 567.
    Zöger, Sigyn
    et al.
    Göteborg University, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Section of Psychiatry.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Svedlund, Jan
    Göteborg University, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Section of Psychiatry.
    Holgers, Kajsa-Mia
    Göteborg University, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Section of Audiology.
    Benefits from group psychotherapy in the treatment of severe refractory tinnitus2008In: Audiological Medicine, ISSN 1651-386X, E-ISSN 1651-3835, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 62-72Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 568.
    Åkerwall, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Johansson, Morgan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Psykosocial arbetsmiljö och lärarens vardag2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last years there have been many discussions in election debates and in the press about school and teachers work situation. The result in the Swedish school has been decreasing in international studies and a lack of competent teachers has become more common according to the OECD (2015). In what way is the psychosocial work environments affected and are the teachers able to meet the demands without loss of health? Are the challenges realistic and is there an awareness of how this influences the health? This qualitative study consists of interviews with seven teachers in different ages between thirty-three and fifty-two years old in different counties in western Sweden. Three men and four women participated in semi-structured interviews that was based on an interview guide and thematically analyzed. The most important result was that the teachers perceived that their work strain was too high in many cases. The health was affected for many teachers due to stress and pains. Support from the colleagues is necessary to function well and have the strength to go on. Economic cut backs decrease the amount of support personnel and increase the demands further. The study shows that there is an opinion among teachers that if the administrative chores would be decreased their ability to do their work would increase. The results of the study are well in line with the OECD report (2015).

  • 569.
    Öberg, Hannah
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Från kunskap till praktiskt handlande: Anställdas upplevelse av personalutbildning och organisatoriskt stöd. En kvalitativ studie.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Workplace training is considered being of great importance for developing the skills of the most important resource of the organization – the staff. The higher organizational capacity, the greater competitiveness in the market. The aim of all workplace training is that the knowledge and skills learned will transfer to the work. Evaluations of courses are often carried out but fewer resources are devoted to follow-up on the results and effects of training. Previous research shows several factors that affect the training transfer, such as perceived organizational support, work motivation before training, self-efficacy and work climate. The aim of the study was to investigate customer service employees' perceived results and/or effects of training on their workmanship and their perception of themselves. The effects of perceived organizational support on the results and effects were also explored. The study was conducted in a customer service center in a transport company in Gothenburg, Sweden. Employees who had passed a customer care course were asked to participate in the study. Five employees chose to participate. 1Semi-structured interviews were conducted and transcribed literally. The data was analyzed with a thematic analysis and five themes were identified. These were: changed thinking , common language, personal development, training and follow-up and daring to evolve. The participants of the study perceived organizational support such as feedback and discussion after training as important for the training transfer. Therefore one conclusion of the study was that focus should be placed on this kind of organizational support. For future research focus could be placed on the importance of the individual factors for training transfer.

  • 570. Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Barns nej - ett steg mot ett hållbart samhälle2018In: Motstånd, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 55-76Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 571. Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Samuelsson, MarcusUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Motstånd2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 572. Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Möte med motstånd är en existentiell fråga": Intervju med Gert Biesta2018In: Motstånd / [ed] Øksnes, M., & Samuelsson, M., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 143-160Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 573. Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Nej, jag gör det på mitt sätt!" Motstånd i förskolan2018In: Motstånd / [ed] Øksnes, M., & Samuelsson, M., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 11-37Chapter in book (Other academic)
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