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  • 551.
    Svensson, Olof
    et al.
    National Board of Forensic Medicine, Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sörman, Karolina
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Durbeej, Natalie
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lichtenstein, Paul
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Anckarsäter, Henrik
    University of Gothenburg, Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental Health, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Nilsson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental Health, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Associations Between Conduct Disorder, Neurodevelopmental Problems and Psychopathic Personality Traits in a Swedish Twin Youth Population2018In: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, ISSN 0882-2689, E-ISSN 1573-3505, Vol. 40, no 4, p. 586-592Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has found a complex relationship between psychopathic traits, neurodevelopmental problems (NDPs), and conduct disorder (CD) in children. This study explores associations between psychopathic traits, assessed with the Child Problematic Traits Inventory—Short Version (CPTI-SV), and CD in children with and without coexisting NDPs (i.e., attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD] and autism spectrum disorder [ASD]) in a community-based sample of Swedish twins (n = 8762). Findings indicate weak to moderately strong correlations between psychopathic traits and CD, ADHD, and ASD, respectively. Furthermore, in univariable analyses, both psychopathic traits and NDPs displayed significant positive associations with being screened positive for CD, though only the grandiose-deceitful dimension of CPTI-SV and the ADHD domain concentration and attention deficits remained significantly associated with CD in a multivariable regression model. The results are relevant to screening and assessment in child and youth psychiatry, as a grandiose and deceitful interpersonal style may also be a valid sign of children at risk of developing CD.

  • 552.
    Svensson, Ylva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Syed, Moin
    University of Minnesota, Psychology Department, Minneapolis, United States.
    Linking self and society: Identity and the immigrant experience in two macro-contexts2019In: Journal of applied developmental psychology, ISSN 0193-3973, E-ISSN 1873-7900, Vol. 64, article id 101056Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to compare identity processes associated with the immigrant experience in two macro-contexts, the U.S and Sweden. Using a qualitative narrative approach, we explored how immigrant and non-immigrant youth negotiate their identities in the intersection between individual selves and society, by studying how they experience deviations from societal expectations and whether such deviations were associated with alternative group belonging. The sample consisted of 59 narratives written by 1st and 2nd generation immigrants and non-immigrants (age 16–25). Results indicated that the U.S. participants were more likely to define themselves using racial and multi-ethnic categories, whereas Swedish participants relied on national labels. Additionally, U.S. participants showed clear evidence of deviations from societal norms, but also found belonging in social groups from those deviations. Swedish participants showed some deviations, but little evidence of group belonging. The findings highlight the contextual nature of identity development within an immigrant context. © 2019 Elsevier Inc.

  • 553.
    Taher Ahmed, Hamsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Janine, Sheyma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Lärare och lärarvikariers upplevelse och hantering av mobbning2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bullying is relatively new concepts that Dan Olweus founded in 1969 and the young research that already exists has awakened an interest to study the subject. Most available research about bullying is based on how children and adults are experiencing it. Very few deals with how teachers and substitutes both work and experience this phenomenon. Central to the study was to immerse in employee management and also the approach to bullying. The method used for this qualitative study was based on interviews with five teachers and four substitutes where teachers had a varying age from 25 up to 50. Additionally, their experiences in the profession ranged from 1.5 years to 18 years. For the substitutes the age difference was more even and all of them were between 20-23 years. The experience varied no more than a year between them. The study included a total of three men and six women. It followed the IPA method where both the participants' voices and the theoretical points come forward. The results are presented in three different variations in descriptions called (A) The role of teacher and substitute, (B) Standards and how to behave and (C) The importance of experience in the work against bullying. The study shows a strong connection between experience and self-esteem in which the more experience an employee has, the more confident they were in dealing with bullying. Discoveries were also made in variations among teachers and substitutes’ in their working methods. Teachers usually had a more professional approach to the children and the substitutes had a more friendly and close relationship with the children. Both variations in methodology and the pedagogical approach aisles have been informative for the study by answering more than asked. The whole study can be summarized by saying that it has shed a new light to the world of research in a way that teachers and substitute’s variations have been informed.

  • 554.
    Tajima-Fäger, Shizuka
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Öppna och stängda dörrar: En studie om identitetsomformningsprocessen hos ensamstående mödrar med invandrarbakgrund2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this qualitative deep interview study was to gain deeper understanding of single immigrant mothers´life situation. Grounded Theory was the method of analysis. Repeated interviews with five immigrant women from different parts of the world showed that women were in need of wider and deeper social networks in order to reconstruct their identities. Social support and social networks benefit, not only reconstruction of identity, but also personal well-being. Yet it is difficult for them to create social networks in the new country, because of single motherhood. Using the idea of "fictive kinship", two alternatives of socioemotional support system were suggested in this study.

  • 555.
    Talimy, Sanam
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Risker med användandet av mobiltelefon under bilkörning: En kvalitativ studie om ungdomars risktagande2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study highlights what some young drivers stated to be risks with the use of mobile phones while driving. The study is performed using a qualitative method. Six informants (three girls and three boys) aged 20-25 years were interviewed with semi-structured interviews. To analyze the data, thematic analysis were used. The result out of this study showed that a greater proportion of the respondents felt that the use of mobile phones while driving was something that was distracting and the focus was not only on the actual driving. It was also shown that all the respondents use mobile phone while driving a car with the intention that it is a large part of their daily lives and it is something they depend on. The informants believe that the use of mobile phones while driving is distracting but that society is so built around technology that it is a problem not to be connected constantly.

  • 556.
    Terzic, Ena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Konflikthantering ur ett genusperspektiv: Hanterar kvinnor och män konflikter på olika sätt i olika situationer?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines if men and women have different conflict resolution styles in different situations. There are several studies in this area, but the results are contradictive and they don’t take consideration to the context. The study is an explorative, quantitative examine in the form of a self-report questionnaire, where different scenarios are described. These scenarios are based on the parts of the context that this study focuses on; the relationship to the other part, the perception of treatment and the place where the conflict occurs. 120 students from the university West have participated in the study. The results show that there, in some situations, are significant gender-differences in conflict resolution styles. In most situations women use the compromising strategy more often then men, who are more likely then women to use the competing strategy. Although, this area needs to be further examined, especially whit regards on that our society is in constant change, and whit it so are our sex-roles.

  • 557.
    Tordell, Helena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bärkroth, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Arbetstillfredsställelse: En undersökning om arbetstillfredsställelse kopplat till Employer Branding och det psykologiska kontraktet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The staffing industry is an increasingly competitive market and the demand for staff is growing in many sectors. In order to reach and attract suitable candidates, Employer Branding can be used as a marketing strategy. This strategy should be based on the company's values and what characterizes the organization as an attractive workplace, which creates expectations concerning the potential employment.

    The purpose of this study was to examine an organization within the staffing industry, with a focus on the employees' job satisfaction, to look into how the psychological contract was related to it, and how Employer Branding can be an influencing factor. The emphasis was on employees' experiences linked to these factors.

    The data collection was based on eight employees with the role as consultant manager and semi-structured interviews were conducted.

    The survey indicated that the staff had a coherent view of the company's Employer Branding, that the psychological contract was based on the marketing strategy, and that the employees' job satisfaction could be affected if the psychological contract was fulfilled or not.

  • 558.
    Trulsson, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Psykisk ohälsa på arbetsplatsen: En kvalitativ studie om psykisk ohälsa utifrån fyra chefers perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Psykisk ohälsa är en ledande orsak till sjukskrivningar i Sverige idag. Trots det så fortsätter många att arbeta vilket ställer krav på chefens kunskap och bemötande. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka chefers perspektiv på psykisk ohälsa bland medarbetare. Studien utgick ifrån två frågeställningar (a) Hur hanterar chefer psykisk ohälsa på arbetsplatsen? (b) Vilken kunskap upplever chefer att de har om psykisk ohälsa bland medarbetare? Fyra semistrukturerade intervjuer med chefer inom två olika typer av organisationer genomfördes. För att få kunskap om chefernas upplevelser av psykisk ohälsa bland medarbetare, analyserades empiri enligt Tolkningsfenomenologisk analys. Resultaten visade att cheferna har erfarenheter av psykisk ohälsa bland medarbetare samt hanterar och får kunskap och inblick om medarbetarnas psykiska ohälsa genom en kombination av att ge socialt stöd och att visa engagemang. Chefernas bemötande av psykisk ohälsa på arbetsplatsen tyder på ett hälsofrämjande ledarskap och det Salutogena perspektivet då de såg till medarbetarnas resurser. Individuella hinder i privatlivet samt organisatoriska hinder ansågs av cheferna som faktorer vilka försämrar medarbetarnas psykiska välmående. Slutsatsen blev att chefer behöver få ökad kunskap om hur man känner igen signaler på psykisk ohälsa samt förbättrade förutsättningar att ge adekvat stöd.

  • 559. Trygg, Linda
    et al.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    Stockholms universitet.
    Wiklund, Nils
    Örebro universitet.
    Wirsén Meurling, Ann
    Lunds universitet.
    Lindgren, May
    Lunds universitet.
    Lidberg, Lars
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Levander, Sten
    Universitetssjukhuset MAS, Malmö.
    Projektiva test inom rättspsykiatrin medför risker för rättssäkerheten: Endast metoder med god empirisk förankring bör användas2001In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 98, no 26-27, p. 3118-3123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    En rättspsykiatrisk utredning innebär ett etiskt och juridiskt ansvar mot den enskilde och samhället. Därför måste de test som används av psykologer vid rättspsykiatriska utredningar vara väl prövade. Ändå användes projektiva test med ifrågasatt tillförlitlighet när man vid rättspsykiatriska avdelningen i Stockholm (Huddingeenheten) genomförde psykologiska utredningar av en grupp män med multipla psykiatriska diagnoser. Empiriskt utprövade neuropsykologiska testbatterier (t ex Halstead-Reitan eller Luria-Nebraska) användes trots detta inte. Utifrån vetenskapliga kriterier måste nuvarande utbredda användning av projektiva test och psykodynamiska bedömningar av patienter med omfattande neuropsykologiska funktionsnedsättningar ifrågasättas. De mest frekvent använda metoderna ger utrymme för omfattande subjektivt baserade tolkningar.

  • 560.
    Tryggvason, Nina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Unga föräldrar: identitet, möjligheter och utmaningar2012 (ed. 1. uppl.)Book (Other academic)
  • 561.
    Törner, Marianne
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Arbets- och miljömedicin, Inst. f. medicin, Sahlgrenska akademin.
    Posette, Anders
    Göteborgs universitet, Arbets- och miljömedicin, Inst. f. medicin, Sahlgrenska akademin.
    Vega Matuszczyk, Josefa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Björk, Kenneth
    Swedavia, Göteborg Landvetter Airport.
    Organisationsklimat för högt luftfartsskydd vid flygplatsarbete: Utveckling av Airdrome Security Climate Questionnaire (ADSECQ)2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En viktig förutsättning för att flygtrafiken ska kunna bedrivas säkert är att personer och farliga, förbjudna föremål som kan hota luftfartsskyddet inte ges tillträde till flygplatsens behörighetsområden eller till flygplanen eller utrustning eller funktioner som är betydelsefulla för flygplanens säkerhet. För att säkerställa detta finns säkerhetsledningssystem på flygplatserna. Dessa system omfattar såväl tekniska delsystem för säkerhetskontroll, som rutiner och procedurer för upprätthållande och utveckling av hög nivå på luftfartsskyddet. De anställda på flygplatsen har därmed en avgörande betydelse för luftfartsskyddet, och alltså blir inte bara tekniska och strukturella utan även individuella och sociala fenomen viktiga att beakta. De sociala förutsättningarna handlar om hur sociala normer med betydelse för luftfartsskyddet ser ut och utvecklas på arbetsplatsen. Sådana normer utvecklas på basis av vad de anställda uppfattar som viktiga värden i organisationen och gruppen, och dessa bedömningar baseras i hög grad på perceptioner (det man kan uppfatta med sina sinnen) och erfarenheter från det dagliga arbetet. Här blir fenomen som organisationskultur och organisationsklimat betydelsefulla. En förutsättning för att kunna arbeta med att utveckla organisationsklimatet så att det än bättre stöder en hög nivå på luftfartsskyddet vid flygplatsarbetet är att man kan skaffa sig en uppfattning om karaktären på säkerhetsklimatet för luftfartsskydd. Är det högt eller lågt? Vilka är de svaga punkterna, som behöver utvecklas? Och vilka är de starka sidorna, som man bör gynna ytterligare? Ett sätt att mäta säkerhetsklimat är genom enkät. Denna rapport ger en teoretisk bakgrund till begreppet säkerhetsklimat och beskriver utvecklingen av ett enkätinstrument för att mäta luftfartsskyddsklimat vid flygplatsarbete; Airdrome Security Climate Questionnaire, ADSECQ.

  • 562.
    Törner, Marianne
    et al.
    Arbets- och miljömedicin, Institutionen för medicin, Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Pousette, Anders
    Arbets- och miljömedicin, Institutionen för medicin, Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Vega Matuszczyk, Josefa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Björk, Kenneth
    Swedavia, Landvetter.
    Airdrome Aviation Safety Climate Questionnaire (ADASCQ): Utveckling av enkätinstrument för att mäta organisationsklimat för hög flygsäkerhet vid flygplatsarbete2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att de flygplan som används i flygtrafiken är oskadade är självklart en viktig förutsättning för flygsäkerheten. När flygplanen befinner sig på mark sker en mängd olika operativa moment i och omkring planen, ofta under tidspress, och som involverar ett stort antal individer, organisationer, och olika typer av teknisk apparatur. För att flygplanen inte ska komma till skada i dessa operationer måste de utföras enligt tydliga procedurer, med kunskap och noggrannhet och med hög grad av koordinering av olika moment och aktörer. Detta ställer höga krav på de formella säkerhetssystemen. Men flygsäkerheten påverkas även av individuella och sociala fenomen. De sociala förutsättningarna handlar om hur sociala normer ser ut och utvecklas på arbetsplatsen. Här blir fenomen som säkerhetskultur och säkerhetsklimat betydelsefulla. En förutsättning för att kunna arbeta med att utveckla flygsäkerhetsklimatet så att det än bättre stöder en hög flygsäkerhet vid flygplatsarbetet är att man kan skaffa sig en uppfattning om kvaliteten på säkerhetsklimatet. Är det högt eller lågt? Vilka är de svaga punkterna, som behöver åtgärdas? Och vilka är de starka sidorna, som man bör gynna ytterligare? Ett sätt att mäta säkerhetsklimatet är genom enkät. Denna delrapport ger en teoretisk bakgrund till begreppet säkerhetsklimat och beskriver sedan utvecklingen av ett enkätinstrument för att mäta flygsäkerhetsklimat vid flygplatsarbete; Airdrome Aviation Safety Climate Questionnaire, ADASCQ.

  • 563.
    Vega Matuszczyk, Josefa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Enhanced feminine sexual behavior and infertility in female rats prenatally treated with an antiestrogen2003In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 251-6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An attempt to elucidate the possible role of prenatal estrogen on the development of feminine sexual behavior and reproductive function was made by treating females with the antiestrogen CI628 prenatally on days 13-19. Control females were prenatally treated with saline or remained untreated. The animals were delivered by caesarian section on day 22 of pregnancy and placed with foster mothers whose newborn pups had been previously removed. Intact peripubertal females in each treatment group were observed for several reproductive measures, including the capacity to become pregnant. Other females were ovariectomized in adulthood and treated with estradiol benzoate (EB) (1, 1.5, 2 or 4 micro g/rat) and 0.5 mg progesterone and tested for receptivity, proceptivity and sexual partner preference. Two weeks after the completion of these tests, the females were injected daily for 7 days with 0.25 mg testosterone and tested for sexual partner preference and mounting behavior. The results obtained showed accelerated vaginal opening, and infertility in the antiestrogen-treated intact females and enhanced receptivity and proceptivity in response to 1 micro g EB in the antiestrogen ovariectomized females. Sexual partner preference and mounting behavior did not differ between groups. These results suggest an involvement of prenatal estrogen on the development of female reproductive function, but not on behavioral differentiation.

  • 564.
    Vega Matuszczyk, Josefa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ågmo, Anders
    University of Tromsø, Department of Psychology.
    From rat sexual behavior to schizophrenia: A tribute to Professor Emeritus Knut Larsson2003In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 169-171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In July of 2002 Knut Larsson celebrated his 80th birthday. He could by then have looked back at a long and distingusihed career in the field of biological psychology. His research on sexual behavior had contributed to a basic understanding of many behavioral, endocrine and neural phenomena associated with or underlying sexual activity. Instead of looking back at his past achievements, Knut has preferred to look forward, constantly trying to find ways to stimulate interest in his own field and in biological psychology in general. This issue is a humble contribution to the noble end of enhancing the standing of biological psychology, particularly in Scandinavia. Foremost, however, it is a homage to a man of outstanding vision and intellectual integrity: Knut Larsson.

  • 565.
    Vivien, Caroline
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Walldén, Carolina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Work – Family conflict och Family – Work conflict: en studie om personlighetens betydelse2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate if there was a connection between the dependent variables Work – Family conflict/Family – Work conflict and the independent personality variables Extraversion, Conscientiousness and Openness to Experience, also socio-economic status, happiness and sex as variables on behalf of control. The earlier research that has been done concerning the subject has been focusing on the personality traits as domains, we wanted to dig deeper and therefore chose to do the research on facet level as well. We wanted to see which facets it was in the domains that had a connection with Work – Family conflict/Family – Work conflict. The research data were collected by a questionnaire and we used a convenience sample to attain a large group of people in various different situations. In the survey there were 110 respondents, 58 of them were women and 52 were men, the ages of the respondents were 22- 70 years old. The results did not show a connection between Work – Family conflict, Family – Work conflict and Extraversion, Conscientiousness and Openness to Experience, though there were a connection on facet level. Work – Family conflict had a significant connection with cautiousness (rs = -.20). Work – Family conflict had a significant connection with selfefficacy (rs = -.20) orderliness (rs = -.22), fantasy (rs = .22), emotionality (rs = -.25). The results also show that Work – Family conflict had a significant connection with happiness (rs = -.24) which consists with previous research. Family – Work conflict had a significant connection with happiness (rs = -.23) as well. The results also showed that Work- Family conflict had a negative connection with happiness which previous research also showed. The conclusion we did of the study was that there are various variables that matters, such as happiness, socio-economic status, rather than just the investigated personality traits in the experience of Work – Family conflict/Family – Work conflict for an individual. In order to be able to work more effectively with the problem, it is important to investigate the subject in a deeper level, today more than ever as the boundaries between work life and privacy erases with the world-wide digitalization.

  • 566.
    Wassén, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Svensson, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Den ultimata expatriaten: En kvalitativ studie om uppfattningar av relevanta faktorer2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As organizations become more globalized, the occurance of sending employees abroad increases. These employees are called expatriates. To secure the success rate of these assignments, a well-established preparation process is required. This study intends to investigate perceptions about the content of this process through in-depth interviews with people who work in this field. Five informants, four women and one man, who worked with the preparing process where interviewed. The interviews where semi-structured. Differences in opinions regarding the factors important to keep in mind concerning the assignments were found. Some of the informants argued that differences in culture do not have any essential impact on who is to be considered as the most appropriate candidate. Others claim that cultural factors could have big influence on the assignment and the organizational culture is affected by the national values and perceptions; thereby important to keep in mind in the selection of a candidate. Research has shown that national culture may have influence on the culture within an organization, while it is still possible that this differs from the general values and perceptions in the country. A larger consideration to the national context could be more profitable to the organization. Even though a person seems to be the perfect candidate cultural differences could make it hard to succeed.

  • 567.
    Wennerberg, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Högfungerande autism: En intervjustudie om psykiatripersonalens tankar kring behandling av dessa personer2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study has been to focus on the interventions that members of staff consider to the most appropriate for patients with High Functioning Autism. Interviews have been conducted in a psychiatric clinic in the Västra Götaland region concerning the opinions of four different categories of personnel: psychiatrists, psychologists, occupational therapists and nurses. The results show several common opinions about persons with High Functioning Autism, for example what are the psychic limits of these persons, the importance of a trustful relation and a high degree of continuity. One reflection on the results could be that there is a need of a serious discussion, not only in relation to where these patients should be treated, but also in terms of the competence, skills and resources that is needed. This study thus hopefully provides a small contribution to the process of making persons with High Functioning Autism more visible and also an attempt to identify possible ways of improving treatment for persons with High Functioning Autism.

  • 568.
    Wickman, Shiela
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Karlsson, Madeleine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Chefer och förändringsmotstånd: Hur chefer kan förebygga, hantera och vända förändringsmotstånd2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Change management has constantly been a challenge for organizations to keep up with trends and stay competitive. Resistance to change is considered a natural reaction to change management. However, resistance to change has been a problem for organizations and has proven to be both costly and to some extent detrimental to the development of organizations. The purpose of this study was to investigate managers' views on change resistance in both the public and private sectors. The main issues of the study were thus "how can managers prevent, manage and turn resistance to change into something productive". The study used a qualitative method in which semi-structured interviews with six managers from different organizations were conducted using an interview guide. The informants consisted of both women and men of varying ages from both public and private sector and the selection was based on convenience. The analysis method used was thematic analysis with the development of overall and underlying themes. The results and conclusions found by the study were that managers with the help of participation can prevent, manage and reverse change resistance. They can prevent resistance by informing, constantly working on improvement work and creating good relationships. Managers can handle resistance through individual calls, communication and termination. They can turn resistance to change into something productive by giving employees responsibility in bringing about change. It was found that managers play an important role in preventing, managing and reversing resistance to change.

  • 569.
    Widen, Stephen E.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Holmes, A. E.
    Univ Florida, Dept Communicat Disorders.
    Johnson, T.
    Elmira Coll, New York.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly I.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hearing, use of hearing protection, and attitudes towards noise among young American adults2009In: International Journal of Audiology, Vol. 48, no 8, p. 537-545Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate possible associations between college students' attitudes, risk-taking behaviour related to noisy activities, and hearing problems such as threshold shifts or self-experienced hearing symptoms. The sample included 258 students aged between 17 and 21 enrolled at the University of Pennsylvania, USA. A questionnaire measuring attitudes towards noise, use of hearing protection, and self-reported hearing symptoms was distributed among the students. After completing the questionnaire a hearing screening, including pure-tone audiometry and tympanometry, was conducted. The result revealed that 26% had thresholds poorer than the screening level of 20 dBHL. Attitudes were significantly related to self-experienced hearing symptoms, but not to threshold shifts. Attitudes and noise sensitivity was, significantly related to use of hearing protection. Hearing protection use was found in activities such as using firearms, mowing lawns, and when using noisy tools but was less reported for concerts and discotheques. It can be concluded that the young adults in this study expose themselves to hearing risks, since the use of hearing protection is in general very low. © 2009 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved.

  • 570.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Noise and music: a matter of risk perception2006Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The prevalence of tinnitus and hearing impairments among adolescents seems to increase as a consequence of exposure to loud noise. Several studies have highlighted the negative auditory effects of exposure to loud music at concerts and discotheques, environments in which young people today spend considerable periods of time. The appreciation of loud music clearly involves health-risks. Previous research suggests that patterns of health risk behaviours differ in relation to socio-economic status. The purpose of this thesis is to gain a better insight into adolescents’ and young adults’ attitudes and health-risk behaviours regarding exposure to loud music. Four empirical studies were conducted. Permanent tinnitus and noise sensitivity were not found to be significantly related to socio-economic status, although significant age-related differences in the prevalence of experienced tinnitus and noise sensitivity were found, which might indicate that the problem increases with age. Of 1285 subjects a larger number (30%) reported the use of hearing protection when attending concerts. Our finding that adolescents’ attitudes and behaviours regarding the use of hearing protection differed between levels of socio-economic status and age is of considerable interest. Adolescents from low socio- economic backgrounds express more positive attitudes towards noise and report less use of hearing protection, in comparison to those with high SES. These differences in attitudes and behaviour may indicate future socio-economic differences in ear health. Comparisons between Swedish and American young adults revealed that attitudes towards noise differed significantly due to gender and country. Men had more positive attitudes towards noise than women, and men from the USA had the most positive attitudes. Least positive were the women from Sweden. In Sweden the use of hearing protection at concerts was substantially higher than in the USA, a result that can be explained by cultural and attitudinal differences between the countries. Young people’s experiences, attitudes and beliefs concerning risk-taking in musical settings have been investigated in a qualitative study. In a theoretical model, we suggest that background variables, such as gender, culture and social status may have an impact on the individual’s self-image, risk consideration, social norms and ideals. These variables, together with attitudes and experience of risk-behaviour, are considered as important factors in the understanding of health-risk behaviour.

  • 571.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ungdomars attityder till hög musik och risk för hörselskador2008In: Barnbladet : tidskrift för Sveriges barnsjuksköterskor, ISSN 0349-1994, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 11-13Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 572.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department School of Health and Medical Sciences, Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gender perspectives in psychometrics related to leisure time noise exposure and use of hearing protection2011In: Noise and Health, ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 13, no 55, p. 407-414Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate possible gender differences regarding psychometric scales measuring risk perception in noisy situations, attitudes towards loud music, perceived susceptibility to noise, and individual norms and ideals related to activities where loud music is played. In addition the purpose was to analyze whether these variables are associated with protective behavior such as the use of hearing protection. A questionnaire was administered to a Swedish sample including 543 adolescents aged 16 to 20. The result revealed significant gender differences for all the psychometric scales. In addition, all psychometric measures were associated with hearing protection use in musical settings. Contrary to previous studies, gender did not contribute to any explanation of protective behavior by itself in the analysis. One conclusion is that although gender does not contribute by itself for the explanation of protective behavior, gender may affect psychological variables such as risk perception, attitudes and perceived susceptibility and that these variables may in turn be valuable for decision-making and protective behavior in noisy situations. Although women tend to be more ′careful′ psychologically, they nevertheless tend to behave in the same way as men as regards actual noise-related risk taking.

  • 573.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Risk perception in musical settings: a qualitative study2007In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being, ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 33-44Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 574.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly I
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Self-reported tinnitus and noise sensitivity among adolescents in Sweden2004In: Noise & Health, ISSN 1463-1741, E-ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 7, no 25, p. 29-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It seems to be a common opinion among researchers within the field of audiology that the prevalence of tinnitus will increase as a consequence of environmental factors, for example exposure to loud noise. Young people are exposed to loud sounds, more than any other age group, especially during leisure time activities, i.e. at pop concerts, discotheques and gyms. A crucial factor for the prevention of hearing impairments and hearing-related symptoms in the young population is the use of hearing protection. The focus of the present study is use of hearing protection and self-reported hearing-related symptoms, such as tinnitus and noise sensitivity in a young population of high-school students (N=1285), aged 13 to 19 years. The results show that the prevalence of permanent tinnitus and noise sensitivity, reported in the total group, was 8.7% and 17.1% respectively. Permanent tinnitus was not significantly related to level of socio-economic status, but age-related differences in the prevalence rates of experienced tinnitus and noise sensitivity were found to be significant. Older students reported such symptoms to a greater extent than younger students did. Those who reported tinnitus and other hearing-related symptoms protected their hearing to the highest extent and were the ones most worried.

  • 575.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Holmes, A. E.
    Department of Communicative Disorders, University of Florida, USA.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Reported hearing protection use in young adults from Sweden and the USA: Effects of attitude and gender2006In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 45, no 5, p. 273-280Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigates differences between a Swedish and an American sample of young students regarding attitudes towards noise and the use of hearing protection at concerts. The study population was comprised of 179 participants from Sweden and 203 participants from the United States, who ranged in age from 17 to 21 years. Questionnaires were used to gather information on hearing symptoms and attitudes towards noise (Youth Attitude to Noise Scale). Multivariate analysis of variance revealed that attitudes towards noise differed significantly due to gender and country. Men had slightly more positive attitude towards noise than women, and men from the USA had more positive attitudes than men from Sweden. Least positive were the women from Sweden (except regarding attitudes towards the ability to concentrate in noisy environments). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine the influence of attitudes towards noise and country on young people's use of hearing protection at concerts. The results indicated that attitudes and country explained 50% of the variance in use of hearing protection.

  • 576.
    Wikström, Cassandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nyman, Micaela
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Högskolestudenters attityd till arbete: samband mellan attityd till arbete, kön och personlighet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden´s labour market is currently facing a matching problem, which means that there is both unemployment and labour shortage at the same time. Many employers state difficulties in finding workforce who has the "right attitude" as the young workforce seems to have higher demands and expectations of work than previous generations.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate materialistic and individualistic attitudes towards work of college students belonging to Generation Y (individuals born between 1980-2000) and possible gender- and personality differences. A materialistic attitude means that one puts great value in material success while an individualistic attitude means that one values the content of work itself such as interesting work tasks and flexibility. College students was considered an interesting target group since they are the workforce of the future.

    Based on this purpose, the following questions were constructed: 1. Do men have a more materialistic attitude towards work than women? 2. Do women have a more individualistic attitude towards work than men? 3. What is the relationship between attitude towards work and personality? The quantitative study was conducted on 79 university students at University West, age between 19-36, using a survey.

    The result showed that men tended to have a somewhat more materialistic attitude towards work than women although the gender differences were small, d = .51. Women had a somewhat more individualistic attitude towards work than men, d = .38. This result was in line with previous research although previous studies have shown clearer gender differences.

    The conclusion of the study is that Generation Y mainly have high demands on the context of work itself, but they also wish for materialistic rewards. This may imply that individuals belonging to Generation Y have high expectations on work.

  • 577.
    Willig Azallali, Adam
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Arbetsengagemang, personlighet och yttre incitament2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Being a committed coworker in today's work environment has become more and more important. Individuals are expected to be both productive and attendant in their duties. Yet, what is it actually that predicts work commitment?

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which personality and external incitement can explain how committed an individual is in his employment.

    The study used validated tests that measured labor commitment (UWES9) and personality (TIPI). A separate questionnaire form was prepared for measuring external incentives. A question sheet consisting of these three instruments was compiled. The collected data was analyzed using correlations and regression analyses. The study included 30 people, of whom 6 (20%) were women and 24 (80%) were men. All participants had different backgrounds, and the only inclusion criterion was full-time employment.

    The results showed that the personality dimension conscientiousness was the personality that to the greatest extent predicted work commitment. It was also found that external incitement in the form of feedback, salary, careers and satisfied customers / patients / students, etc. widely could anticipate employment commitment. External incentive had the R-value 0.61.

    The conclusion in the present study showed that personality and external incitement are both good predictors of employment commitment.

  • 578.
    Wängqvist, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Frisén, Ann
    University of Gothenburg.
    Carlsson, Johanna
    University of Gothenburg.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    How identity status interviews may be used for in-depth studies of identity development: two wave longitudinal study of identity in emerging adulthood2014In: : A, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this presentation is to illustrate how the identity status interview may be used to study process, content, and contexts of identity development. To do so we draw on published (e.g., Frisén, Carlsson, & Wängqvist, 2014; Frisén & Wängqvist, 2011; Wängqvist & Frisén, 2011) and unpublished results from a longitudinal project (GoLD) with identity status interviews (Marcia, Waterman, Mattesson, Archer, & Orlofsky, 1993) with emerging adults. The interviews focused on occupation, romantic relationships, parenthood, and work/family priorities, with 136 Swedish 25-year-olds and four years later with 124 of these participants. The semi-structured interview format and coding procedure used enable both quantitative and qualitative analyse of identity development in emerging adulthood. This mixed methods approach (e.g., Lieber & Weisner, 2010) offers opportunity to study identity development in depth. For example, quantitative analyses showed that it was much less common for the 25-year-old participants to explore issues concerning romantic relationships and parenthood than it was to explore occupational choices and work/family priorities (Frisén & Wängqvist, 2011). Further qualitative analyses revealed that compared to occupational choices issues concerning romantic relationships were viewed more as facts than as issues that need to be considered from several perspectives (Wängqvist, Frisén, Ignell, & Fernros, 2011). Similar results were found in thematic analyses of how the participants talked about parenthood (Frisén et al., 2014). In the second wave the question: If, besides from the issues relating to work and family, there was something else in their lives that were salient to their views of themselves, revealed a variety of life areas that emerging adults view as important to their sense of identity besides issues of love and work. These life areas involved, for example, watching and practicing different sports, friendships, and music. In line with other Swedish studies (Bergh & Erling, 2005) religion and politics were uncommon. Another example of the explanatory mixed methods approach is the longitudinal analyses of the interviews. These analyses have revealed that there is continued identity development among individuals whose identities appear stable in identity status. This development involved people’s approach to changing life conditions, their tendency to continue to make meaning of their experiences, and their development of a personal life direction. The conclusions from our work within GoLD are that identity status interviews combined with a mixed methods approach would be useful for in depth studies of identity development in adolescence as well as in emerging adulthood.

  • 579.
    Wängqvist, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Lamb, M.E.
    University of Cambridge.
    Frisén, A,
    University of Gothenburg.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    Child and Adolescent Predictors of Personality in Early Adulthood2015In: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 86, no 4, p. 1253-1261Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated development of the Big Five personality traits from early childhood into adulthood. An initial group of 137 Swedish children were assessed eight times between ages 2 and 29 years. Initial decreases in extraversion leveled off in early adulthood; agreeableness and conscientiousness increased from ages 2 to 29; neuroticism initially increased, leveled off in later childhood and adolescence, and decreased throughout early adulthood; while openness to experience showed an initial increase, then decreased and leveled off in early adulthood. Individual developmental trajectories varied significantly, particularly in relation to gender. Personality traits became increasingly stable, and the fact that childhood scores predicted scores in adulthood indicated that personalities are fairly stable across this portion of the life span

  • 580.
    Ydergren, Jan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ericson, Oscar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Work-life balance och verkstadschefer2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research suggests that to have a good relationship between work and private life it is important to experience a-good mental health and success at work. The industrial managers’ in this study were undergoing a major change at their workplace and this study found examined how five male managers’ perception of their work-life balance. One of the aims of this study was to examine how the managers’ roles at home affects work-life balance (WLB), to what degree support at home affects WLB, and the impact that a balance or a conflict could have. The study was conducted qualitatively with a semi-structured interview guide and every manager was affected by the change at the workplace. The results showed that some of the managers were experiencing work-life conflicts where others were on the other hand experiencing a good WLB. The most common reason for feeling conflict between work-life was the uneven amount of workload, which occurred to a greater extent due to the change. These periods of uneven workload caused the managers to feel less control. One of the things that caused the managers to feel frustration is that they had limited resources and authority to handle the demands at work. The situation at home also had a very big impact on whether the managers’ experienced a good WLB or not.

  • 581.
    Zannakis, Mathias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Molander, Sverker
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Technology Management and Economics, Division of Environmental Systems Analysis, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    On the Relationship between Pro-Environmental Behavior, Experienced Monetary Costs, and Psychological Gains2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 19, p. 1-14, article id 5467Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on the emerging scarcity, abundance, and sufficiency (SAS) framework, this study explores how various consumer behaviors with potential environmental impacts relate to subjective evaluations of psychological resources such as economic resources, time, social networks, and emotional support. Assuming that individuals may "trade" the costs and efforts of green consumption, including the buying of eco-labeled goods, altered eating habits, and choice of transportation mode, against such psychological resources, we investigate the relationships between green consumer choices and resource evaluations using hierarchical regression analysis of data from an online panel survey. The results suggest that green consumer behaviors are positively related to subjectively evaluated resources such as feelings of economic sufficiency and other, more "relational" resources, including social networks and emotional support. Performing such behaviors may therefore lead to psychological gains. These findings do paint a rather positive picture of environmental behaviors, since they may thus be viewed as having a personal positive trade-off. Although directional effects cannot be firmly established, our study suggests that pro-environmental behavior may increase wellbeing and experienced prosperity. Future studies should further investigate these causalities and implications of these suggested relationships.

  • 582.
    Zouini, Btissame
    et al.
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Senhaji, Meftaha
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences,Tetouan, Morocco.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Self-reported aggressive and antisocial behaviors in Moroccan high school students2019In: Psihologija, ISSN 1451-9283, Vol. 52, no 3, p. 235-247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of the present study were to map the level and distribution of aggressive and antisocial behaviors in a sample of Moroccan high school students and to define the level of these behaviors in adolescents who reported parental alcohol use problems and/or experienced abuse. In total, 375 high school students completed the "Mental and Somatic Health without borders (MeSHe)" survey that includes the Life History of Aggression scale. Male students had significantly higher scores for aggression and antisocial behaviors than female. The students who reported experience of abuse or parental alcohol use problems scored significantly higher for aggression, self-directed aggression, and antisocial behaviors compared to students not reporting these negative psychosocial factors. Previously shown gender-specific patterns in aggressive and antisocial behaviors, but not in self-harm behaviors were confirmed in these Moroccan high school students. Reported experience of abuse and/or parental alcohol use problems were associated with increased frequency of aggressive and antisocial behaviors.

  • 583.
    Zouini, Btissame
    et al.
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Sfendla, Anis
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Senhaji, Meftaha
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Råstam, Maria
    Lund University, Department of Clinical Sciences,Lund, Sweden.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Somatic health and its association with negative psychosocial factors in a sample of Moroccan adolescents2019In: SAGE Open Medicine, E-ISSN 2050-3121, Vol. 7, article id 2050312119852527Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Adolescence is a distinct developmental phase characterized by multiple physical and psychological changes andby an increased vulnerability to somatic and mental health problems. These risk and vulnerability factors are part of a complexbiopsychosocial matrix, encompassing multiple factors, such as inherited biological determinants and psychological, societal,and cultural influences, which affect an adolescent's overall wellbeing. In Morocco, similar to other developing countries,adolescents (young people aged from 15 to 19years) constitute a substantial proportion of the population (almost 9%).However, studies about adolescents' health in developing countries are scarce. In this study, we describe adolescents' somatichealth in a sample of high school students from the city of Tetouan, Morocco, and investigate how negative psychosocialfactors, such as parental alcohol use problems and/or the experience of abuse, may influence them.Methods: The study sample included 655 adolescents (315 boys and 340 girls, M=16.64years, range=15–18years) fromconviniently selected classes of four high schools in the city of Tetouan in Morocco. The students responded to a survey thatassessed the prevalence of somatic complaints/disorders. They also indicated whether they had ever experienced physicaland/or psychological abuse and whether they had parents with alcohol use problems.Results: More than half of the adolescents suffered from headaches and one-third had substantial problems with diarrhea orconstipation. Both problems were more common in female students. The third most frequent somatic problem, affecting onein four in both genders, was allergy. Almost one-third of Moroccan adolescents (significantly more boys than girls; p=0.004)reported no somatic complaints. In adolescents who reported parental alcohol use problems and/or experience of physicaland/or psychological abuse, the prevalence of several somatic complaints (epilepsy, migraine, headache, diarrhea/constipation,gluten intolerance, allergy, and skin or thyroid disease) increased highly significantly compared to the adolescents whoreported no such psychosocial environmental factors.Conclusion: The results suggest that only 3 in 10 urban-living Moroccan adolescents are free of somatic complaints, whilethe majority suffer from some somatic problems, most often headaches and diarrhea/constipation. The association of certainnegative psychosocial factors with adolescents' somatic health suggests the need of a holistic approach to the treatment of affectedadolescents.

  • 584.
    Zöger, Sigyn
    et al.
    Göteborg University, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Section of Psychiatry.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Svedlund, Jan
    Göteborg University, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Section of Psychiatry.
    Holgers, Kajsa-Mia
    Göteborg University, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Section of Audiology.
    Benefits from group psychotherapy in the treatment of severe refractory tinnitus2008In: Audiological Medicine, ISSN 1651-386X, E-ISSN 1651-3835, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 62-72Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 585.
    Åkerwall, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Johansson, Morgan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Psykosocial arbetsmiljö och lärarens vardag2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last years there have been many discussions in election debates and in the press about school and teachers work situation. The result in the Swedish school has been decreasing in international studies and a lack of competent teachers has become more common according to the OECD (2015). In what way is the psychosocial work environments affected and are the teachers able to meet the demands without loss of health? Are the challenges realistic and is there an awareness of how this influences the health? This qualitative study consists of interviews with seven teachers in different ages between thirty-three and fifty-two years old in different counties in western Sweden. Three men and four women participated in semi-structured interviews that was based on an interview guide and thematically analyzed. The most important result was that the teachers perceived that their work strain was too high in many cases. The health was affected for many teachers due to stress and pains. Support from the colleagues is necessary to function well and have the strength to go on. Economic cut backs decrease the amount of support personnel and increase the demands further. The study shows that there is an opinion among teachers that if the administrative chores would be decreased their ability to do their work would increase. The results of the study are well in line with the OECD report (2015).

  • 586.
    Öberg, Hannah
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Från kunskap till praktiskt handlande: Anställdas upplevelse av personalutbildning och organisatoriskt stöd. En kvalitativ studie.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Workplace training is considered being of great importance for developing the skills of the most important resource of the organization – the staff. The higher organizational capacity, the greater competitiveness in the market. The aim of all workplace training is that the knowledge and skills learned will transfer to the work. Evaluations of courses are often carried out but fewer resources are devoted to follow-up on the results and effects of training. Previous research shows several factors that affect the training transfer, such as perceived organizational support, work motivation before training, self-efficacy and work climate. The aim of the study was to investigate customer service employees' perceived results and/or effects of training on their workmanship and their perception of themselves. The effects of perceived organizational support on the results and effects were also explored. The study was conducted in a customer service center in a transport company in Gothenburg, Sweden. Employees who had passed a customer care course were asked to participate in the study. Five employees chose to participate. 1Semi-structured interviews were conducted and transcribed literally. The data was analyzed with a thematic analysis and five themes were identified. These were: changed thinking , common language, personal development, training and follow-up and daring to evolve. The participants of the study perceived organizational support such as feedback and discussion after training as important for the training transfer. Therefore one conclusion of the study was that focus should be placed on this kind of organizational support. For future research focus could be placed on the importance of the individual factors for training transfer.

  • 587. Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Barns nej - ett steg mot ett hållbart samhälle2018In: Motstånd, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 55-76Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 588. Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Samuelsson, MarcusUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Motstånd2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 589. Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Möte med motstånd är en existentiell fråga": Intervju med Gert Biesta2018In: Motstånd / [ed] Øksnes, M., & Samuelsson, M., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 143-160Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 590. Øksnes, Maria
    et al.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Nej, jag gör det på mitt sätt!" Motstånd i förskolan2018In: Motstånd / [ed] Øksnes, M., & Samuelsson, M., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 11-37Chapter in book (Other academic)
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