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  • 51.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Ragnestål-Impola, Carina
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Workplace bullies, not their victims, score high on the Dark Triad and Extraversion, and low on Agreeableness and Honesty-Humility2019Ingår i: Heliyon, Vol. 5, artikel-id e02609Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Most past research has focused mainly on the personality of the victims of bullying and not on the personality of workplace bullies. Some researchers have suggested that bullies and their victims may share bully-typifying personality traits. The aims of this study were to find out what characterizes the personalities of workplace bullies and their victims, and to investigate the relationship between the Dark Triad, HEXACO and workplace bullying. We tested three hypotheses. H1: Machiavellianism and Psychopathy, but not Narcissism, predict the use of bullying tactics (i.e., bullying perpetration). H2: (Low) Honesty-Humility, (low) Agreeableness and (high) Extraversion predict the use of bullying tactics. H3: Honesty-Humility moderates the association between Machiavellianism and the use of bullying tactics. Employees in southwestern Sweden (N = 172; 99 women) across various occupations and organizations were surveyed. Negative Acts Questionnaire-Perpetrators (NAQ-P) and Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised (NAQ-R) were used to assess the use of bullying tactics and victimization. NAQ-P was correlated with NAQ-R (r = .27), indicating some overlap between the use of bullying tactics and victimization. NAQ-P was correlated with Machiavellianism (.60), Psychopathy (.58), Narcissism (.54), Agreeableness (-.34), Honesty-Humility (-.29) and Extraversion (.28). The results of linear regressions confirmed H1, but only partially confirmed H2: Machiavellianism, Psychopathy, (low) Agreeableness and (high) Extraversion explained 32%, 25%, 27% and 19%, respectively, of the variation in the NAQ-P. Replicating past research, NAQ-R was correlated with Neuroticism (.27), Extraversion (-.22), Openness (-.19) and Conscientiousness (-.16). Neuroticism explained 25% and (low) Extraversion 17% of the variation in the NAQ-R. Confirming H3, Honesty-Humility moderated the relationship between the NAQ-P and Machiavellianism. We conclude that bullies, but not their victims, are callous, manipulative, extravert and disagreeable, and that dishonest Machiavellians are the biggest bullies of all. In practice, the victims of workplace bullying need strong and supportive leadership to protect them from bullies with exploitative and manipulative personality profiles.

  • 52.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier.
    Ragnestål-Impola, Carina
    Msc, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, University West, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Workplace Bullies, Not Their Victims, Score High in Dark Triad, but Both Tend Toward Introvert Neuroticism2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This investigation set out to compare levels of the Dark Triad traits and the Big-Six personality factors in workplace bullies and their victims in 171 people (98 women); social workers, engineers and restaurant employees in Sweden. Two questionnaires, NAQ-R and NAQ-P, were used to determine who feel bullied and who are bullies. The Dark Triad traits were measured using the Short-D3, while the Big-Six were measured by the MiniIPIP6. The relationships of the traits with bullying were analyzed using 2-step hierarchical linear regression. The first step included the Dark Triad––Machiavellianism, subclinical psychopathy, and narcissism. The model explained about half of the variation in bullying. In the next step, the Big-Six factors–honesty-humility, conscientiousness, agreeableness, extraversion, neuroticism, openness–as well as social desirability were entered. This added 9% in explained variance. Machiavellianism and psychopathy were significant positive predictors of bullying in both steps. In step 2, narcissism, neuroticism and honesty-humility were significant positive predictors, while extraversion was a significantly negative predictor. Regression models with the same predictors, but with victimization as the dependent variable, explained only 4% of the variation in step 1, narcissism being the only significant (negative) predictor. In step 2, including the Big-Six factors in the model explained an extra 14%. Significant predictors of victimization were high neuroticism and low extraversion. These were the only traits shared by bullies and bullied. Personality traits may give an indication of who in an organization is most likely to become a target of bullying, as well as who is most likely to bully others.

     

  • 53. Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    Ronthy, Marika
    Amfora Samtal & Ledarskap AB, Stockholm.
    Psykometriska egenskaper hos ett frågeformulär som avser mäta en ny svensk ledarskapsmodell som bygger på en teori om ledarintelligens2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet är att presentera och diskutera några preliminära resultat från ett projekt ”Studier om en ny svensk ledarskapsmodell". Syftet med föreliggande studie var att empiriskt pröva och utveckla en praktiskt tillämpbar ledarskapsmodell som bygger på teorin om ledarintelligens.

    Teoretiskt ramverk och bakgrund. Organisationspsykologen Marika Ronthy utvecklade en ny förklaringsmodell för ledarskap som kallas Ledarintelligens (LQ) (Ronthy, 2006). Ledarintelligens består av ett antal kompetenser, färdigheter och egenskaper. Ledarintelligens är en kombination av människans logiska och analytiska förmåga (IQ) och hennes förmåga att hantera egna och andras känslor (EQ) och slutligen hennes djupare önskan och vilja till att se meningen med det hon gör (SQ). Den senare intelligensen hör till det existentiella frågeområdet och svarar på frågan VARFÖR. Idag arbetar chefer utifrån VAD, lite HUR och sällan VARFÖR. Ledarskapets helhet utgör alla dessa tre dimensioner.

    Summering av resultaten och slutsatser. Över 300 ledare i åldern 21 till 69 år från tjänsteföretag, landsting, statliga organisationer, kommuner och industriföretag gjorde självuppskattning via inloggning på Internet med hjälp av ett nykonstruerat frågeformulär för hur chefer upplever sitt ledarskap. Traditionella statistiska metoder (komponent och faktoranalyser) visar på en tänkbar överensstämmelse mellan teorin och empirin. Resultat visar på att LQ består av fyra, och inte tre, intelligenser; den emotionella, rationella, sociala och själens intelligens.

    Praktiska och teoretiska implikationer. Nya arbetssätt och nya organisationsstrukturer behöver ledare med en balanserad ledarintelligens. Den nya modellen för ledarintelligens kan vidareutvecklas för att kunna appliceras i praktiska situationer.

  • 54.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier.
    Ronthy, Marika
    Amfora Samtal & Ledarskap AB, Stockholm.
    Samtidig validitet hos en nyutvecklad svensk ledarskapsmodell om ledarintelligens och ledarens arbetsuppgifter2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att validera en ny svensk ledarskapsmodell genom att studera möjliga samband mellan ledarintelligens och ledarnas uppfattning om vad de lägger ner sin arbetstid på.

    Teoretiskt ramverk och bakgrund. Studien utgår från en tankemodell vid namn Komfortgränsen® (Ronthy & Rosendahl, 1993). Modellen visar att det ska finnas en balans mellan VAD man ska GÖRA och HUR man ska VARA. Det senare är svårare att lära sig och det ligger utanför de flestas komfortzon. Erfarenheten visar att idag arbetar chefer utifrån VAD, lite HUR och sällan VARFÖR. Studiens ramverk är en teori om ledarintelligens (LQ) (Ronthy, 2006), som nyligen prövats empiriskt och även vidareutvecklats av oss. Den vidareutvecklade modellen består av fyra ledarintelligenser som kan mätas på ett reliabelt sätt med hjälp av ett självskattat frågeformulär; en emotionell (EQ), rationell (IQ), social (SoQ) och själens intelligens (SjQ).

    Summering av resultaten. Över 300 ledare i åldern 21 till 69 år skattade såväl sin LQ som procentuell uppdelning av sin arbetstid via inloggning på Internet. En tredjedel av deras arbetstid ägnas åt möten och en femtedel åt operativ verksamhet. Resterade arbetstid fördelas till planering (12%), egen utveckling (11%), coaching (11%), måluppföljning (8%) och reflektion (6%). Som väntat, fanns det ett positivt samband mellan IQ och planering, samt mellan EQ och coaching.  Oväntat, fanns det ett negativt samband mellan IQ och operativ verksamhet.

    Slutsatser: Resultaten från denna kvantitativa studie är i linje med studier genomförda med hjälp av kvalitativa metoder (t.ex. skuggning). Chefer ägnar mest av sin tid åt arbetsmöten.

    Praktiska och/eller teoretiska implikationer. Nya arbetssätt och nya organisationsstrukturer skulle behöva chefer med en balanserad ledarintelligens med större utrymme för EQ och SjQ. Moderna chefer skulle behöva ägna mer av sin arbetstid åt coaching av sina medarbetare, samt åt egen utveckling och reflektion, men även åt den operativa verksamheten för att inte komma ifrån verkligheten. Den beprövade erfarenheten visar att de flesta chefer lär sig ledarskap utifrån modeller sprungna från industrialismens tid. Fokus ligger mer på VAD man som chef ska GÖRA och mindre på HUR man ska VARA. LQ-modellen behöver utvecklas och valideras mot andra arbetspsykologiska variabler än arbetstid.

  • 55.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier.
    Ronthy, Marika
    Ekegren, Maria
    Studieförbundet Vuxenskolan.
    Mårdberg, Bertil
    Lpdata AB.
    "You have to use your brain, heart and soul": A new model of Leadership Intelligence2012Ingår i: ViLär Konferens 2012 ABSTRACT / [ed] Lind, Ove, 2012, s. 18-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership intelligence is a new Swedish leadership model (Ronthy, 2006; in press). The aim of this presentation is to present and discuss some results from a project “Studies on a new Swedish leadership model.” The aim of this project was to empirically test and develop a practicable management model based on the theory of leadership intelligence. Leadership intelligence consists of a number of competencies, skills and attributes. Leadership intelligence is a combination of the leader’s logical and analytical skills, his/her ability to manage his own and others’ emotions, and finally his deeper desire and willingness to see the meaning of what he is doing. The latter intelligence belongs to the existential query field and answers the question WHY. Today, according to Ronthy, executives focus on WHAT, very little on HOW, and rarely on WHY. Leadership should include all these three dimensions. Over 400 leaders, aged 21 to 69 years, from different organizations and companies made self-reports by logging on to the Internet using a recently designed questionnaire for how managers perceive their leadership. Traditional statistical methods (factor analyses, SEM) as well as qualitative interviews with leaders, suggest a possible relationship between theory and empirical data. We have focused on developing of a relatively short, reliable and valid self-report measure of leadership intelligence that can be further developed and applied in different practical situations.

  • 56.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier.
    Ronthy, Marika
    Amfora Future Dialogue AB, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ekegren, Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier. Studieförbundet Vuxenskolan, Sweden.
    Mårdberg, Emanuel Bertil
    LPADATA AB, Göteborg, Sweden.
    "Managing with my Heart, Brain and Soul": The Development of the Leadership Intelligence Questionnaire2013Ingår i: Journal of Cooperative Education and Internships, ISSN 1933-2130, Vol. 47, nr 1, s. 61-77Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A new Swedish leadership theory of "leadership intelligence" (Ronthy, 2006; 2013) is characterized by a work integrated learning approach. This theory arose from analysis of the experiences of managers trained in performance appraisals, and describes the balance between being a leader and being a manager. A leader develops and uses, in an integrative good balance, leadership intelligence, which comprises emotional intelligence, rational intelligence and spiritual intelligence. The aim of this study was to further develop the Leadership Intelligence Questionnaire (LIQ) created by Ronthy (which has been developed to measure leadership intelligence), and to examine its reliability. Over 400 leaders, aged 21 to 69 years completed the 71-item LIQ. A shorter, 32-item version of the LIQ was developed by confirmatory factor analysis thorough excluding psychometrically "poor" items. The internal consistency measured by Cronbach’s alpha was high (> .80), and we conclude that leadership intelligence may be reliably measured with both versions of the questionnaire. Future studies should examine the internal and external validity of the LIQ before its introduction into education or into managerial practice.

  • 57.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier.
    Wennberg, Peter
    Stockholm University, Department of Psychology.
    Hellström, Åke
    Stockholm University, Department of Psychology.
    Törestad, Bertil
    Stockholm University, Department of Psychology.
    Using the Karolinska Scales of Personality on male juveniles in correctional institutions: some psychometric issuesManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The overriding aim of the present study was to psychometrically evaluate the Karolinska Scales of Personality (KSP) in a delinquent sample. The KSP was administered to a group of male juvenile delinquents (N = 47, mean age 17 years; SD = 1.2) from four representative Swedish national correctional institutions for serious offenders with conduct disorder, and evaluated by means of statistical methods. As expected, reliability in terms of internal consistency, measured by Cronbach's alpha, for some basic scales (Socialization, Muscular Tension, Somatic Anxiety, and Impulsiveness) was high (> .70). However, according to previous research, all aggressiveness and hostility-related scales, with the exception of Verbal aggression scale, showed low reliability. Reliability in terms of homogeneity, measured by mean interitem correlations, was acceptable (> .20) for 6 out of 15 scales. Factor analysis (maximum likelihood) arrived in this sample at a four-factor solution. Issues regardingthe interpretation of reliability, in terms of Cronbach's alpha or scale homogeneity, are highlighted. The concepts of reliability of personality measures in deviant groups are discussed and also possible guidelines for the construction of personality inventories in groups of this kind. The results are  briefly discussed from a cultural perspective.

  • 58.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University and Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Wirsén Meurling, Ann
    Lunds universitet.
    Hallman, Jarmila
    Uppsala universitet .
    Different Personality Patterns in Non-Socialized (Juvenile Delinquents) and Socialized (Air Force Pilot Recruits) Sensation Seekers2001Ingår i: European Journal of Personality, ISSN 0890-2070, E-ISSN 1099-0984, Vol. 15, s. 239-252Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Young delinquents are known to be sensation seekers. Not all sensation seekers become delinquents: many engage in socially accepted activities, such as mountaineering or parachute jumping. The present study compares 47 juvenile delinquents (mean age 17 years) with 18 Swedish air force pilot recruits (mean age 23 years) and 19 conscripts (mean age 18 years) as a control group. Sensation-seeking behaviour, impulsiveness, and psychiatric/psychological vulnerability were measured by the Zuckerman Sensation-Seeking Scales (SSS), the Karolinska Scales of Personality, and the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. Two separate multivariate analyses of variance were performed, followed up by stepdown analyses to identify those personality scale scores that contributed uniquely. In order to clarify the relationships, the pooled within-group correlations among scales were computed. Juvenile delinquents and pilot recruits were both high in sensation seeking, but on different subscales. Delinquents were high in impulsiveness, somatic anxiety, and extraversion–sociability, and low in socialization, suggesting psychiatric/psychological vulnerability. The findings may have implications for the treatment of juvenile delinquents. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd

  • 59.
    Dåderman, Anna
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier.
    Strindlund, Hans
    Wiklund, Nils
    Örebro University.
    Fredriksen, Svend-Otto
    Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Gothenburg.
    Lidberg, Lars
    Karolinska Institutet.
    The importance of a urine sample in persons intoxicated with flunitrazepam: legal issues in a forensic psychiatric case study of a serial murderer2003Ingår i: Forensic Science International, ISSN 0379-0738, E-ISSN 1872-6283, Vol. 137, nr 1, s. 21-27Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The sedative–hypnotic benzodiazepine flunitrazepam (FZ) is abused worldwide. The purpose of our study was to investigate violence and anterograde amnesia following intoxication with FZ, and how this was legally evaluated in forensic psychiatric investigations with the objective of drawing some conclusions about the importance of urine sample in a case of a suspected intoxication with FZ. The case was a 23-year-old male university student who, intoxicated with FZ (and possibly with other substances such as diazepam, amphetamines or cannabis), first stabbed an acquaintance and, 2 years later, two friends to death. The police investigation files, including video-typed interviews, the forensic psychiatric files, and also results from the forensic autopsy of the victims, were compared with the information obtained from the case. Only partial recovery from anterograde amnesia was shown during a period of several months. Some important new information is contained in this case report: a forensic analysis of blood sample instead of a urine sample, might lead to confusion during police investigation and forensic psychiatric assessment (FPA) of an FZ abuser, and in consequence wrong legal decisions. FZ, alone or combined with other substances, induces severe violence and is followed by anterograde amnesia. All cases of bizarre, unexpected aggression followed by anterograde amnesia should be assessed for abuse of FZ. A urine sample is needed in case of suspected FZ intoxication. The police need to be more aware of these issues, and they must recognise that they play a crucial role in an assessment procedure. Declaring FZ an illegal drug is strongly recommended.

  • 60. Ekegren, Maria
    et al.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier.
    Leadership Intelligence Before and After Participation in UGL Leadership Training2015Ingår i: International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, ISSN 1321-0122, E-ISSN 1942-3241, Vol. 34, nr 1-2, s. 23-33Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine whether there was a difference in three types of leadership intelligence (spiritual intelligence, emotional intelligence, and rational intelligence) before and after participation in a specific leadership training course. Leadership intelligence was assessed with the aid of the Leadership Intelligence Questionnaire (LIQ; Dåderman, Ronthy, Ekegren, & Mårdberg, 2013). The study included 125 participants (M = 38 years, SD = 8), 82 of whom were women. The participants achieved significantly higher mean scores in the three types of leadership intelligence after participation in leadership training, than their mean scores before the training. This professional development program may have contributed to the increase in leaders’ mean scores in leadership intelligence, hopefully leading to a higher quality of leadership.

  • 61.
    Ekegren, Maria
    et al.
    Studieförbundet Vuxenskolan.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier.
    Leadership intelligence, self-esteem and personality traits before and after participation in UGL2012Ingår i: ViLär Konferens 2012 / [ed] Lind, Ove, 2012, s. 17-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1981 the leadership training UGL (Understanding Group and Leader) has been used as a basic course for new officers, and it´s today a frequently applied concept even in the commercial sector and public administration. The objectives of the course is, in accordance with the invitation to improve the participants’ abilities working with reflections, understanding the influence of emotions, providing developing feedback, understanding how our values influence leadership as well as understanding the needs of different leadership styles. The aim of the present study was to evaluate if there was a difference in the following variables: leadership intelligence (emotional, rational and spiritual intelligence), self-esteem (basic, earning and performance-based) and personality traits, before and after participating in UGL. The leadership intelligence is a new leadership model (Ronthy, 2006), and a questionnaire based on this theory is in progress. An additional aim of this study was to investigate the construct validity of this instrument. The study included 125 participants (M = 38,5 years, SD = 7,8), whereof 82 women. Everyone participated in the leadership development program UGL in 2011. Three self-assessment forms were used in the study. Before and 2 immediately after the leadership training all variables were evaluated, after six months only leadership intelligence was evaluated. The results showed significant differences before and after participation in emotional intelligence, rational intelligence, spiritual intelligence, basic self-esteem, embitterment, psychic trait anxiety, stress susceptibility and social desirability. The self-estimated increases in leadership intelligence were still at similar levels after six months. Results from correlation tests indicated theoretical plausible correlations. In the present study the self-rated emotional, the logical, as well as the spiritual intelligence measured higher after participation in UGL. This professional development program may have contributed in a positive direction to increase employees’ leadership intelligence.

  • 62.
    Eriksson, T. Gerhard
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, SE-291 88 Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Masche-No, Johanna G.
    Kristianstad University, Department of Psychology, Building 14, SE-291 88 Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och organisationsstudier.
    Personality traits of prisoners as compared to general populations: Signs of adjustment to the situation?2017Ingår i: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 107, s. 237-245Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Two recent studies have challenged the well-established belief that offending behaviors are inversely related to the personality trait of conscientiousness. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore prisoners’ levels of traits according to the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality compared to control groups, with a focus on conscientiousness. Two separate samples of inmates in Swedish high-security prisons were investigated in three studies. Inmates and non-inmates completed a Swedish-language translation of Goldberg’s (1999) International Personality Item Pool questionnaire (IPIP-NEO, Bäckström, 2007). Male inmates (n = 46) in Studies 1 and 2 scored higher on conscientiousness than non-inmates (norm data based on approximately 800 males, and a students’ sample), which conflicts with previous results. Study 3 further explored the conscientiousness differences on the facet level. Male and female inmates (n = 131) scored higher on order and self-discipline (even after an adjustment for social desirability) than students (n = 136). In conjunction with previous findings, these differences are interpreted as being either temporal or enduring adjustments to the prison environment. It is suggested that researchers and clinical teams should cautiously interpret the FFM factor of conscientiousness (and its facets) when planning the further treatment of inmates.

  • 63.
    Iseland, Tobias
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Johansson, Emma
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Human Behaviour and Perception, M1.6, Götaverksgatan 10, SE-405 08 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Skoog, Siri
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Product Design, ABN, Götaverksgatan 10, SE-405 08 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    An exploratory study of long-haul truck drivers' secondary tasks and reasons for performing them.2018Ingår i: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 117, s. 154-163, artikel-id S0001-4575(18)30149-0Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on drivers has shown how certain visual-manual secondary tasks, unrelated to driving, increase the risk of being involved in crashes. The purpose of the study was to investigate (1) if long-haul truck drivers in Sweden engage in secondary tasks while driving, what tasks are performed and how frequently, (2) the drivers' self-perceived reason/s for performing them, and (3) if psychological factors might reveal reasons for their engaging in secondary tasks. The study comprised 13 long-haul truck drivers and was conducted through observations, interviews, and questionnaires. The drivers performed secondary tasks, such as work environment related "necessities" (e.g., getting food and/or beverages from the refrigerator/bag, eating, drinking, removing a jacket, face rubbing, and adjusting the seat), interacting with a mobile phone/in-truck technology, and doing administrative tasks. The long-haul truck drivers feel bored and use secondary tasks as a coping strategy to alleviate boredom/drowsiness, and for social interaction. The higher number of performed secondary tasks could be explained by lower age, shorter driver experience, less openness to experience, lower honesty-humility, lower perceived stress, lower workload, and by higher health-related quality of life. These explanatory results may serve as a starting point for further studies on large samples to develop a safer and healthier environment for long-haul truck drivers.

  • 64.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier. Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier.
    Gymnasierektors ledarskapsparadox: att vara verksamhetschef och pedagogisk utvecklare2014Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 1-19Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning om rektors ledarskap är omfattande, men studier som undersöker gymnasierektors arbetssituation och ledarskap är mer sällsynta. Avsikten med den föreliggande studien var att bidra till att denna kunskapslucka fylls igen. Semistrukturerade intervjuer med tio gymnasierektorer genomfördes med fokus på rektors arbetsuppgifter, möjlighet att planera och styra arbetet, förväntningar kring ledarskapet, samt möjlighet att utvecklas och lära i arbetet. I resultaten av den tematiska analysen framträdde fyra teman: (1) ledarskapsideal, (2) kollegialt stöd, (3) ledarskap i en förändringsbenägen organisation, och (4) begränsat utrymme för reflektion. Ett övergripande, gemensamt tema: ”Ledarskapsparadox” speglar de högst varierande omständigheter och förhållanden i vardagen som en gymnasierektor ska kunna hantera, vilka också präglar resultatet av analysen. Ett något oväntat resultat var att gymnasierektor upplevde stort, eget ansvar för elevernas bästa. Studien kastar nytt ljus på gymnasierektorers ledarskap, och bidrar till ökad förståelse för vad rollen som ledare för en komplex organisation som gymnasieskolan kan innebära. Genom att knyta an till en arbetspsykologisk ledarskapsteori och formulera en arbetspsykologisk hypotes kan studien bidra till forskningen om arbetsintegrerat lärande (AIL).

  • 65.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och organisationsstudier.
    Dåderman, Anna
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och organisationsstudier.
    Conceptualizing the Structure of FFM Personality Disorders with Empathy2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The new section III in DSM-5 suggests pathological personality traits and impairments in personality functioning such as empathy to be used for identifying personality disorders (PDs). Previous research has also theoretically and empirically advocated that psychopathology is related to the general Five Factor Model (FFM) of personality traits. The objective of the present study was to investigate the hierarchical structure of the 10 DSM PD categories using the FFM count technique (Miller et al., 2008), and to conceptualize PDs with empathy dimensions. We measured PDs and 4 dimensions of empathy (emphatic concern, perspective-taking, fantasy, and distress) in a medium-sized community sample. The results showed that higher order factors such as externalizing and internalizing could be applied to PDs based on FFM scores. PD could furthermore be conceptualized using two of the empathy dimensions, low emphatic concern and high distress, and specific PD categories could be conceptualized by using distinct dimensions of empathy (e.g., histrionic PD with high fantasy, or dependent PD with high distress). The discussion concludes that PDs based on self-reported FFM show conceptual validity, and that the presence of symptoms of PDs potentially may be screened in the community population by using empathy measures.   

  • 66.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och sociologi.
    Conceptualizations of Personality Disorders with the Five Factor Model-count and Empathy Traits2017Ingår i: International Journal of Testing, ISSN 1530-5058, E-ISSN 1532-7574, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 141-157Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has long advocated that emotional and behavioral disorders are related to general personality traits, such as the Five Factor Model (FFM). The addition of section III in the latest Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) recommends that extremity in personality traits together with maladaptive interpersonal functioning, such as lack of empathy, are used for identifying psychopathology and particularly personality disorders (PD). The objective of the present study was to measure dispositions for DSM categories based on normal personality continuums, and to conceptualize these with empathy traits. We used a validated FFM-count method based on the five personality factors (neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness), and related these to 4 empathy traits (emphatic concern, perspective-taking, fantasy, and personal distress). The results showed that FFM-based PD scores overall could be conceptualized using only two of the empathy traits, low emphatic concern and high personal distress. Further, specific dispositions for personality disorders were characterized with distinct empathy traits (e.g., histrionic with high fantasy, and paranoid with low perspective-taking). These findings may have both theoretical and practical implications in capturing potential for personality disorders with ease and efficiency. © 2017, Copyright © International Test Commission.

  • 67.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier.
    Exploring the Relationship Between Honesty-Humility, the Big Five, and Liberal Values in Swedish Students2014Ingår i: Europe's Journal of Psychology, ISSN 1841-0413, E-ISSN 1841-0413, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 104-117Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research on the Five-Factor model (Big Five) reports a relationship between personality traits and liberal values, and the trait  Agreeableness has demonstrated the strongest relationship. The HEXACO model offers a complement to the Five-factor model with an additional sixth trait of Honesty-Humility. Previous research on the Honesty-Humility trait has reported mixed results with liberal values, and this study set out to resolve this. The work presented here explored the relationship between the Honesty-Humility trait on facet-level (Sincerity, Fairness, Greed-avoidance and Modesty) and liberal values (equality for women, minorities, and socio-economical groups). Data from Swedish students (N = 202), known for their individualistic and liberal mindset, were sampled. There was an overall positive correlation between Honesty-Humility and the strength of liberal values (r = .36), and Honesty-Humility predicted liberal values beyond Agreeableness. We discuss these results in terms of the significance of traits and values in a culture that promotes both individualism and equality.

  • 68. Lidberg, Lars
    et al.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Nedsatt serotoninhalt predisponerar för våld: Enkelt blodprov förutsäger farlighet1997Ingår i: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 94, nr 39, s. 3385-3388Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    En nedsatt serotonerg funktion har visat sig vara förenad med impulsivt destruktivt beteende, såsom mord, anstiftan till mordbrand och våldsamma självmord. Halten av monoaminoxidas (MAO) är kopplad till hjärnans serotonerga kapacitet, och är av central betydelse för att förutsäga farlighet. Genom ett enkelt blodprov kan MAO-halten i trombocyter mätas, en undersökning som bör ingå i varje rättspsykiatrisk undersökning.

  • 69. Lidberg, Lars
    et al.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Resurser saknas ännu för psykiskt störda kriminella: Fängelserna överfulla i Litauen1999Ingår i: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 96, nr 11, s. 1330-1334Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Fängelserna i Litauen är överfulla. Gulag-perioden ligger inte mer än 10 år tillbaka i tiden. Kriminaliteten har ökat. Psykiatrin lider av gamla lokaler och ter sig som hos oss på 1950-talet. Medicineringen däremot är modern.

  • 70. Trygg, Linda
    et al.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    Stockholms universitet.
    Wiklund, Nils
    Örebro universitet.
    Wirsén Meurling, Ann
    Lunds universitet.
    Lindgren, May
    Lunds universitet.
    Lidberg, Lars
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Levander, Sten
    Universitetssjukhuset MAS, Malmö.
    Projektiva test inom rättspsykiatrin medför risker för rättssäkerheten: Endast metoder med god empirisk förankring bör användas2001Ingår i: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 98, nr 26-27, s. 3118-3123Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    En rättspsykiatrisk utredning innebär ett etiskt och juridiskt ansvar mot den enskilde och samhället. Därför måste de test som används av psykologer vid rättspsykiatriska utredningar vara väl prövade. Ändå användes projektiva test med ifrågasatt tillförlitlighet när man vid rättspsykiatriska avdelningen i Stockholm (Huddingeenheten) genomförde psykologiska utredningar av en grupp män med multipla psykiatriska diagnoser. Empiriskt utprövade neuropsykologiska testbatterier (t ex Halstead-Reitan eller Luria-Nebraska) användes trots detta inte. Utifrån vetenskapliga kriterier måste nuvarande utbredda användning av projektiva test och psykodynamiska bedömningar av patienter med omfattande neuropsykologiska funktionsnedsättningar ifrågasättas. De mest frekvent använda metoderna ger utrymme för omfattande subjektivt baserade tolkningar.

  • 71.
    Wennberg, Peter
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    Stockholm University; Karolinska Institutet.
    Alcohol-related symptoms in a sample of male forensic psychiatric patients and a normal representative cohort of Swedish males2000Ingår i: German Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 1433-1055, E-ISSN 1433-1055, Vol. 3, s. 21-26Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to compare alcohol habits in a forensic psychiatric sample to those of a normal representative one with respect to alcohol-related symptoms. Two male samples were compared with respect to self-reported alcohol-related symptoms, a forensic psychiatric sample (n=60; mean age 27 years) and a control sample (n=106; mean age 36 years). As expected, there was a higher proportion of alcohol-related symptoms in the forensic psychiatric sample. The frequencies of specific symptoms were compared between the samples.

  • 72.
    Wiklund, Nils
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    Stockholms universitet.
    Trygg, Linda
    Wirsén Meurling, Ann
    Lunds universitet.
    Lindgren, May
    Lunds universitet.
    Törestad, Bertil
    Stockholms universitet.
    Levander, Sten
    Universitetssjukhuset MAS, Malmö.
    Rorschach används fortfarande projektivt inom svensk rättspsykiatri [Rorchach test is still used projectively within Swedish forensic psychiatry]2002Ingår i: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 99, nr 12, s. 1369-1372Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den fortsatta användningen av Rorschachmetoden som projektivt test gör svensk rättspsykiatri alltmer unik. Förespråkare för metoden hävdar att den i modern tillämpning har god tillförlitlighet, därför att den inte längre är ett projektivt test. Enligt det s k Exnersystemet eller RCS, Rorschach Comprehensive System, används Rorschach som ett psykometriskt test med valideringsdata från enskilda variabler. Enligt RCS bygger det inte längre på psykodynamisk teori utan betraktas som ett ateoretiskt, perceptuellt empiriskt test. Problemen kvarstår dock inom svensk rättspsykiatri, där testet fortfrande används projektivt.

  • 73.
    Wilczek-Ruzyczka, Ewa
    et al.
    Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland.
    Basinska, Beata A.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Faculty of Management and Economics, Poland.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier.
    How I manage home and work together: occupational demands, engagement, and work-family conflict among nurses2012Ingår i: Book of Proceedings: Proceedings of the 10th European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology Conference / [ed] Jain, Aditya,Hollis, David, Andreou, Nicholas, Wehrle, Flavia, Nottingham: I-WHO, International House, Jubilee Campus , 2012, s. 201-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nursing is an accountable profession due to the concern with patient safety (Aiken et al., 2002). In recent years, growth requirements and a reduction in rewards within this profession have been observed (Basinska & Wilczek-Ruzyczka, 2011). Most nurses are women and it is known that women often try to put together professional duties and family life. The conflict between private and professional life is bidirectional in nature. The negative impact of work on private life is observed more frequently than the reversed relation (Greuters et al., 2003).

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of conflict work-family and family-work on the perception of occupational stress and engagement. Professional demands were defined as work overload and interpersonal conflicts at work. Positive engagement was characterized by vigor, dedication and absorption (Schaufeli et al., 2002).

    Methods: The following methods were used: Interpersonal Conflict at Work Scale and Quantitative Overload Inventory (Spector & Jex, 1998), Utrecht Work Engagement Scale – short version (Schaueli, Bakker, & Salanova, 2006), and Work-Family Conflict and Family-Work Scales (Netemeyer, Boles, & McMurrian, 1996). The study consisted of 98 nurses from southern Poland (mean age 41 years, SD = 5.7) with an average seniority of 19 years (range 1.5 – 30). Most of them were married (85%) and had a working partner (82%); 10% didn’t have any children.

    Results: The value of work-family conflict was stronger than the family-work conflict. Job demands were higher in the group of nurses who felt a greater negative impact of work on the family. Moreover, they felt less vigor, dedication, but more absorption (d =.42 - .85). Nurses who had a stronger negative impact of family on work also experienced a greater influence of the job at home (d = .62). Additionally they were more absorbed by their work (d = 2.04).

    Conclusion: Our results confirm that the work-family conflict is stronger than the family-work conflict. The negative impact of work on private life shows in the differences in perception of occupational stress and engagement in work. However, we have observed that the family-work conflict is more frequent in nurses with high absorption. We suggest to longitudinally investigate the reciprocal relationships between work and private life among nurses.

  • 74.
    Wilczek-Rużyczka, Ewa
    et al.
    Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Collegium Medicum, Kraków, Polska.
    Basinska, Beata A.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Faculty of Management and Economics, Poland.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avd för psykologi och organisationsstudier.
    Jak pogodzić życie zawodowe i prywatne? – stres zawodowy i zaangażowanie a konflikt praca - dom wśród pielęgniarek [How to balance professional involvement with private life? – job-related stress and professional responsibilities in the light of the conflict between job and private life in the nursing  profession].2012Ingår i: Conference "Patient-friendly medicine", Warsaw, 19-20.05.2012: XX Jubilee Conference of Psychosomatic Medicine, Section of the Polish Medicine Association / [ed] Szewczyk, Leszek, 2012, s. 2-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [pl]

    Wprowadzenie: Większość pielęgniarek to kobiety, które tradycyjnie często godzą profesjonalne obowiązki z życiem rodzinnym. Konflikt pomiędzy sferą prywatną i zawodową ma dwustronną naturę. Negatywny wpływ pracy na życie prywatne jest odnotowywany częściej niż relacja odwrotna (Greuters et al., 2003).

    Celem pracy była ocena konfliktu praca – dom i dom – praca na percepcję stresu zawodowego i zaangażowania w pracę. Wymagania zawodowe zdefiniowano jako przeciążenie pracą i konflikty interpersonalne (Spector & Jex, 1998). Zaangażowanie charakteryzowano jako wigor i poświęcenie (Schaufeli et al., 2002).

    Metody: Zastosowano następujące metody: Skala Konfliktu Interpersonalnego i Ilościowego Przeciążenia Pracą (Spector & Jex, 1998), Utrechtska Skala Zaangażowania w Pracę – wersja skrócona (Schaueli, Bakker, & Salanova, 2006), Skale Konflikt Praca – Rodzina i Rodzina Praca (Netemeyer, Boles, & McMurrian, 1996).

    W badaniu wzięło udział 98 pielęgniarek (średnia wieku 41 lat SD = 5,9) pracujące w zawodzie przeciętnie od 19 lat (zakres1,5 – 33). Większość byłą zamężna (85%), a ich partnerzy pracowali zawodowo (82%).

    Wyniki: Konflikt praca – rodzina był silniejszy niż konflikt rodzina – praca wśród badanych pielęgniarek. Negatywne oddziaływania pracy na życie prywatne, różnicuje percepcję stresu zawodowego (przeciążenie pracą i konflikty interpersonalne) i zaangażowania w pracę (wigor i poświęcenie).  Pielęgniarki, które odczuwały większy konflikt na linii dom – praca doświadczały większego konfliktu praca dom.

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