Change search
Refine search result
1234567 51 - 100 of 807
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 51.
    Basińska, Beata A.
    et al.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Poland.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Work Values of Police Officers and their Relationship with Job Burnout and Work Engagement2019In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 10, article id 442Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Values represent people’s highest priorities and are cognitive representations of basic motivations. Work values determine what is important for employees in their work and what they want to achieve in their work. Past research shows that levels of both aspects of job-related well-being, job burnout and work engagement, are related to work values. The policing profession is associated with high engagement and a risk of burnout. There is a gap in the literature regarding the hierarchy of work values in police officers, how work values are associated with job burnout and work engagement in this group, and whether work values in police officers are sensitive to different levels of job burnout and work engagement. Therefore, the aim of our study was to examine the relationships between work values and job burnout and work engagement, in a group of experienced police officers. We investigated: (a) the hierarchy of work values based on Super’s theory of career development, (b) relationships between work values and burnout and work engagement, and (c) differences between the work values in four groups (burned-out, strained, engaged, and relaxed). A group of 234 Polish police officers completed the Work Values Inventory (WVI) modeled upon Super’s theory, the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. The results show that police officers gave the highest priority to extrinsic work values. Job burnout was negatively correlated with the cognitive intrinsic work values (Creativity, Challenge, and Variety), while work engagement was positively correlated with the largest group of intrinsic work values (Creativity, Challenge, Variety, Altruism, and Achievement), as well as with the extrinsic work values (Prestige and Co-workers). The police officers showed significant differences, between levels of job burnout and work engagement, for intrinsic work values such as Variety, Challenge, and Creativity (large effects), and for Altruism and Prestige (moderate effects). The findings are discussed within the context of the Conservation of Resources theory, which explains how people invest and protect their personal resources, and how this is connected with preferred work values. We conclude that intrinsic work values are sensitive to different levels of burnout and engagement.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 52.
    Bavey, Jasemin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ny på jobbet?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om nyanställdas upplevelse av socialisation inom den privata sektorn2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Starting a new job can be experienced as a challenging since emotions such as joy and anticipation can occur, but also insecurity and stress. There are several factors that affect the experience for the newly hired employee because organizations work differently with introductory programs, which in turn has an impact on the new employee's opportunity for organizational socialization. Since all new employees go through a period of creating an understanding of the norms that prevail within the organization and its culture, which includes organizational socialization, the purpose of the study was to, through semi-structured interviews, examine how socialization is experienced for new employees within the private sector. Through semi-structured interviews, the material has been processed thematically and analyzed based on organizational socialization and The Uncertainty Reduction Theory. The results showed that new employees have a need for both a clear and structured introduction plan in the workplace but also access to an inclusive work community where social interactions with supervisors, colleagues and other employees are significant in new hires. The study shows that new employees in the private sector have different experiences about the organization's way of meeting the needs of new employees before the roles that would be taken and the tasks that would be handled. They felt that other factors such as social meetings, relationships, and community beneficial to get into the organization and be involved in the work. The respondents experienced that with a clear planning in combination with a supervisor in the organization who was available during the first period of the new employment, a security and safety was created which in turn reduced the degree of initial uncertainty. Finally, the results presented the value of the social community in the form of social integration in the workplace where role clarity was achieved through organizational socialization.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 53.
    Berg, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Engblom, Johanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En kvalitativ studie om hur BVC sköterskor hanterar förlossningsdepression2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kvalitativa studien var att ta reda på hur barnhälsovårdens sköterskor hanterar förlossningsdepression i sitt yrke och hur organisationens riktlinjer ser ut. En nybliven mamma kan drabbas av en förlossnings-depression, men även av en ledsenhet. BVC sköterskors arbete består av hembesök, att informera föräldrarna om psykisk ohälsa och när barnet är 6-8 veckor får mamman fylla i en självskattningsskala – EPDS. De teorier vi utgått ifrån är Stigma och Värdeteorin men även begreppen skam, skuld, normer och värderingar har en stor betydelse i studien. Resultatet visar att sköterskornas arbetar med att få ett bra förhållande till föräldrarna är mycket viktigt och att EPDS är ett verktyg av stor betydelse i många avseenden.

  • 54.
    Berggren, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundgren, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Man kan ju inte vara ensam:: En kvalitativ studie om våld i nära relation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Violence in close relationship occurs in all social classes. The purpose of the study was to gain in-depth knowledge of the work of various social institutions concerning violence and particularly violence in close relationships, as well as how they work to reduce violence. Interviews were conducted with eight different actors in society to find out more and to investigate violence in close relationships. Using a norm-critical perspective, the study investigated whether the results support the assumption that a society-breaking behavior stems from norms. The interviews were semi-structured with an open-ended interview guide. The empirical material was analyzed with thematic analysis. The result shows that the violence in close relationship is physical violence, often combined with other forms of sexual and psychological violence. The violence in close relationships leads in addition to physical injuries and mental disorders, to long-term consequences for the individual individuals, society and the family. Violence in close relationship is considered a major social problem both internationally and in Sweden and is an infringement of human rights. The responsibility of Swedish society is to work against violence in close relation while supporting the citizens who are and have been exposed to violence in a close relation. The result showed that Trollhättan's city collaborates with several different social institutions to counter men's violence in close relationships and that they are at the forefront in Sweden in preventing and at the same time reducing the consequences of violence in close relationships while reducing social costs.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 55.
    Berglund Gustafsson, Matilda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hammarberg, Cia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Leva med IBS: kvalitativ studie om upplevd livskvalité hos personer med IBS2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Irritable bowel syndrome is a functional bowel disorder characterized by various symptoms (bloating, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and constipation) that impact the lives of those affected. Since there is no treatment and cure, many learn how to accept and live with their condition.

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the experience of quality of life in people with IBS, from a health psychology perspective.

    Semistructured interviews were conducted using an interview guide. A total of seven women who were between 19 and 62-years-old were interviewed. Data were analyzed by thematic analysis. After analysis, four themes; strategies, emotions, diagnosis and social support, emerged.

    The results showed that the participants established strategies for managing their IBS. A feeling of inadequacy emerged when participants felt that they could not live up to the role of mother and friend because of their symptoms. Many of the participants experienced a feeling of relief when they were diagnosed as this meant they could rule out being affected by a serious illness. Furthermore, differences in the subjective experience of the quality of care emerged depending on whether the participants had access to private health insurance or not.

    Overall, the results show that IBS impacts the quality of life of those affected both physically, mentally and socially.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 56.
    Bergqvist Nordholm, Viktoria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Jarl, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ungdomars kunskap och förhållningssätt kring premenstruellt syndrom2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine young people's knowledge and approach about premenstrual syndrome based on the category gender and the residence. A survey was made, that 209 not entirely randomly picked high school students, between the age of 16 and 20, from three different cities replied in. One conclusion was that there was a significant difference on how the males and the females responded concerning general knowledge about premenstrual syndrome. This indicated that the women had higher general knowledge about PMS than the men. This applied as well to the knowledge of physical symptoms. The survey also showed that there was a difference in knowledge about physical symptoms between large city and medium size city. The respondents from the large city had higher knowledge about physical symptoms than the respondents from the medium size city. The results correspond to earlier studies that indicate that men have lower levels of knowledge than women about premenstrual syndromes and that men perceives the physical symptoms different than women.

  • 57.
    Bergström, Elon
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nilsson, Tobias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    KASAM och individuell arbetsprestation: En kvantitativ studie om sambandet mellan KASAM och individuell arbetsprestation2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Health and individual work performance are a challenge for organizations around the world and the health of their employees should be considered in long-term and strategic decisions. Well-being in relation to good performance is the basis for the organization's profitability and efficiency. The purpose of this study was to investigate how the concept of individual work performance related to SOC (Sense of Coherence). Similar to our hypotheses, we believed that there would be a link between health and work performance under control for informal learning and most other control-variables. A quantitative study was conducted with web-based tools where a total of 56 questions were asked. The number of respondents reached 101 respondents, of which 60% were women, 39% men and 1% non-binary. The study is based on a deductive approach to measuring health and individual work performance. The instruments used are SOC-13 and Individual Work Performance Questionnaire [IWPQ]. Both instruments have a high validity, resulting in a high reliability. However, the study is not generalizable due to the selection method in the form of a convenience sample and snowball sample. The results showed that counterproductive work behaviour had the greatest significance for an individual's level of SOC (β = -.388, ρ = .004). The relationship between SOC and task-based performance disappeared in connection with the control-variables being included in a regression analysis (ρ = .525). Contextual performance did not achieve any statistical significance (r = .19, ρ = .063) with SOC of logical derivation as this type of performance is linked to specific situations. Our conclusion is that this study advocates how SOC influences the counterproductive work behaviour to 47.4%. This value can be seen as a predictor of individual work performance.

  • 58.
    Bergström, Gabriella
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Andersson, Josefine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vad gör en arbetsgivare attraktiv?: En fenomenologisk studie om vad juniora personalvetare värderar hos en framtida arbetsgivare2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The labor market has been and always will be a dynamic process. Especially since it is regularly affected by the surrounding world, politics and economy. In periods it's shifting back and forward from being a market for the employer to become a market for the employee. For the employer it's important to profile themselves in the right way to attract good employees to the company but also to drive a good corporate culture to keep the already hired employees. But what is it then that makes the employer attractive and what are the valuables for a junior human resource specialist with academic background within human resources management and working life related questions? There are lots of studies connected to the employer attractiveness where the employer's perspective is the representative. We are lacking the employee perspective and what they value at a future employer. The purpose with the present study is therefore to get an insight to what makes an employer attractive and what junior human resource specialist values in their choice of a new employer. We can see a gap in today's research in this field where the perspective of the employee is missing and at the same time we are able to relate to the topic and find it interesting. This study is conducted with qualitative method through eight semi-structured interviews through skype. The gathered material was thereafter analyzed according thematic analyze method. The result of the study is showing that there are four core valuables: personal development, functional leadership, nice and transparent corporate culture and freedom. To summarize it the junior human resource specialist values the soft attributes such as corporate culture and good working conditions higher than high salaries and role titles when choosing a working place. With this study we wish to complement the previous research from another perspective and in such a way add new and useful information to employers in their strategic and operative work towards new and future employees.

  • 59.
    Berner, Karolina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Collin, Tone
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Arbetstillfredsställelse vid distansarbete inom vården: En kvalitativ studie på en vårdcentral2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Job satisfaction is one of the most important factors for the employees to increase motivation and engagement. The Two-factor theory, developed by Herzberg, Musner and Snyderman (1959), is frequently used as a framework for research within healthcare. Originating from the Two-factor theory, this study intends to contribute to the knowledge of how telecommuting impacts job satisfaction for the employees at a healthcare center. The purpose of the study wasto investigate what positive and negative outcomes the employees experience by telecommuting and how they view the opportunity to work remotely in the future. The study was based on seven semi-structured interviews and conducted digitally. The result indicates that the respondents perceive that telecommuting contributes to a relaxed and productive work environment as well as more work-life balance. The respondents highlight that they are negatively affected by the poor ergonomic situation and the lack of social interactions. Most of the respondents emphasize that they prefer to work remotely a maximum of two days a week, for the perceived job satisfaction to be optimal.

  • 60.
    Berner, Sofie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Skånberg, Sanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Relationen mellan lärande, arbetsrelaterad stress och arbetstillfredsställelse: Privat respektive offentlig sektor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How important is really work satisfaction? Research shows inter alia that employee's worksatisfaction is the fundamental for the employee to be motivated to perform better. If employees don't thrive at work, they will probably not last long, which means that the company needs to recruit new personnel, which in turn is hugely expensive. This means that if employees experience a high level of work satisfaction, they will be more productive, which will be of benefit for the company in form of economic gains. In our opinion, the existing research on the relationship between learning, work-related stress and work satisfaction is insufficient, and there is a lack of research on differences between blue-collar workers and educators in relation to the three aforementioned factors. However, there is research that shows that learning relates positively to work satisfaction and that there is a negative correlation between learning and stress, while some studies points at a negative correlation between stress and work-satisfaction. The purpose with our study was to examine the relation between learning, work-related stress and work satisfaction for both blue-collar workers consisting of workers and officials (N = 43) and primary educators (N =25) respectively. This was done by applying a quantitative method and the data collection (N= 68) was done through a survey constructed in Google Survey, based on questions from COPSOQ II and on (Seppälä et al., 2008;I-shuo (2017). The study showed differences between the two groups when it came to work satisfaction. Workrelated stress was barely non-significant in relation to job satisfaction between the two groups. However, the study didn't hardly show any differences when it came to learning. In addition, the study showed significant negative correlations within both groups when it came to the relationship between work-related stress and work satisfaction. Finally, a significant positive correlation was found between learning and job satisfaction for blue-collar workers. The conclusion of the study was that there were some differences between the different professions.

  • 61.
    Bertilsson, Angelika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Varela, Alejandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Anknytningsmönster:: En kvalitativ studie om anknytningens påverkan på kärleksrelationer som vuxen2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to study how love relationships are affected for an adult depending on the experience of attachment the individual has gained in his early childhood. How the quality of a love relationship became, had a great influence on what different connecting patterns people use. What connection you have gained through the parent/guardian affect how safe an individual becomes in adulthood and how their love relationships become (Bowlby, 2010). The method used was a hermeneutic qualitative study conducted using semistructured interviews. An interview guide was designed where it was open for the interviewee to ask follow-up questions. Semi-structured means that the questions are openand they can be reformulated during the interview. In the results, the authors came up with five main themes during the analysis of the material. These were emotional accessibility, trust, sense of security, affirmation needs and self- effacing. Respondents who had experienced a secure connection in their early childhood, had easier to get a good quality in a love relationship in adulthood than individuals with perceived insecure connections. The conclusion one can draw from the study is that individuals with experienced secure attachment have easier to feel trust in a relationship than those with unsecure connections. If a person has a secure or insecure connection has a great influence on how the quality of their love relationships in adulthood become. 

  • 62.
    Bertrandsson, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Selin, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Inställning till brottslighet i förhållande till arv och miljö: en attitydundersökning2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The inspiration for this essay comes from the ”Dunedin study” which presents a significant amount of data from a far-going lucubration. What caught us the most was the science off actors that contribute to one becoming an inmate. Considering the fact that the correctional system now has a high pressure on inmates, there is a ongoing discussion in media on who to ”run” the correctional system the best way. With this as a base, the purpose of this task is to study which approach and knowledge the selection (that we have talked to) of correctional system workers have about the imprisoned inmates.

    In the study, we present, the central notions that are described are attitude, criminality, heritage, environment, unsafe growth or adolescence and self-resistant. The ”Dunedin study” is the base for this study, but also attachment theory, evolution criminology and selective theory are represented here.

    Our study has used the quantity method of digital questionnaires. Totally there were 253 people who answered (M = 43,6 år, range 15 - 84 år, 75% women).

    The conclusion from our study is that the comprehension of the individuals who have been a part of this study and of what they know about crime, related research correlates with negative attitudes towards inmates. We have also got the opportunity to include thoughts of how to reduce youth-crime. For future research, the control of variable of gender and age, would have a supplement of education and we then think that the outcome would have shown grater differences.

  • 63.
    Bessouda, Monia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kotorcic, Jasmina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sexuellt våld eller våldsamt sex?: En kvalitativ studie om hur barnmorskor och kuratorer på ungdomsmottagningar upplever fenomenet med unga tjejer som får skador efter samtyckt sex2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the media it has been brought to attention that more and more young girls that visit youth clinics show injuries after having consensual intercourse. The purpose of the study was to investigate the phenomenon by answering two questions relating to how youth clinics work with young girls (13-25 yrs) who are suspected of having or showing injuries after consensual sex, and what causes they attribute these injuries. This was done through a qualitative approach based on semi-structured interviews with six professionals who work at various youth clinics in Sweden. The interviews were analyzed through thematic analysis. The results showed that physiological disorders can be exacerbated by penetrating sex or by lack of preparation before intercourse. On the other hand, the result emphasized gray areas in young people's practice of consent, such as that young people's consent can be undermined by lack of communication, mental illness or by sex being used self-destructively. Sexualized media and pornography can also socialize young people in skewed notions of sex and gendered sexual scripts can be a coercive force for young girls to consent to intercourse. The respondents work with the phenomenon (1) preventively and normatively through the dissemination of knowledge, (2) individually adapted through physical examinations, counselling and referral to specialist care, and (3) probing to reveal sexually vulnerable young people. The study's conclusions are that the extent of the phenomenon is difficult to determine, as well as to distinguish the causes of the injuries that seem to be based on the interaction between individual risk factors and structural or normative societal conditions.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 64.
    Bilger, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kostet, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Upplevda svårigheter att kombinera arbetsliv och privatliv: En kvantitativ studie om konflikter mellan arbetsliv och privatliv, arbetstillfredsställelse samt antal barn2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals of today have different roles in their work and in their private lives that are competing for an individual's time and energy, which can create difficulties in achieving balance between these two areas. This study investigates the relationship between conflicts between work and private life and job satisfaction. The individual's roles and the commitments these contain can make it difficult to find balance between work and private life. This makes it interesting to also investigate a particularly valuable aspect of private life, namely the number of children and its relationship with the conflicts. The study's participants consisted of 87 employees, of which 52 were women and 35 were men aged 26-58 years (M = 48). The instruments used to measure the conflicts were Work-Family and Family-Work Scales and to measure aspects of job satisfaction, parts of Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire Version II were used. The study found a significant negative correlation between experienced work-private life conflict and satisfaction with work (r = -.31, p = .004), which is in line with results of previous research. Between the number of children and experienced private life-work conflict, a positive relationship was found (r = .39, p = < .001). The results indicate that experienced difficulty in combining work with private life indicates a lower degree of satisfaction with work, while more children may indicate a higher experienced difficulty in combining the commitments of private life with work. Experienced conflicts between work and private life predicted satisfaction with work to 10%.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 65.
    Bjurhult, Christofer
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Constructions of Unaccompanied Children: A study on how concepts of Unaccompanied children become credible on an online forum2016In: Nordic Youth Research Symposium: Youth Moves – Voices – Spaces – Subjectivities, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016, p. 136-136Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Constructions of unaccompanied children have been researched to some extent. Concepts of the children have been studied in media and policy documents amongst others. How the children are constructed within an "everyday context", in form of an open online discussion forum and how the constructions become credible, are regarded as under-researched. Aim: The aim of the present study was to identify different discourses concerning unaccompanied children on the Flashback Forum, with regard to their rhetorical organization. Discourse is meant as a way to talk about and understand the world that constructs an object or phenomenon in a particular way. Method: To answer the aim, a discursive psychological approach was used, which focuses on how credibility and truth are created in communication. Based on a theoretical model, including the four rhetorical techniques category entitlement, empirical repertoire, consensus and extreme case formulations, it was examined how the writers at the forum created truth and responded to others' beliefs about the children. Result: The results showed that unaccompanied children are surrounded by the discourses: the adults, the children,the rapists, the special treated, the sexually vulnerable and the discourse of the biological male sex. Discourses were used in parallel in the speeches and to back up arguments at the forum. The writers used the studied rhetorical techniques to build credibility in the statements. With specific expression, facts about unaccompanied children were created.

  • 66.
    Bjurström, Erik
    et al.
    Mälardalen University (SWE).
    Schüler, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Strömberg, Anette
    Mälardalen University (SWE).
    Roxström, Git
    Swedish Defence Research Agency (SWE).
    Data quality and analysts’ role in AI enhanced C22023In: International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS) proceedings, 2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Command and Control (C2) raises questions about the interaction between operators on different levels on the one hand and AI-supported information systems on the other. For some purposes, the aggregation and analysis of large “big data”-sets creates potential for prediction and calculations of probabilities, while for other purposes human heuristics may be as promising depending on the situation. What has been more rarely discussed, is the very quality of data underpinning such calculations, and thus also operators’ awareness of the validity of predictions in relation to any specific situation. This is an urgent debate, considering the fact that full transparency may be impossible and underpinning data may be based on exercises, simulations, real-time data, or a mix thereof. Based on a fundamental classification of different kinds of uncertainties, this article discusses how data of different origins and quality can be managed and communicated to allow for operators to assess on what basis predictions are made. The article further suggests that looking at other fields of research may be useful for exploring unconventional ways of highlighting the existence and quality of different kinds of data of different origins in order to assess its predictive power. Finally, the article discusses how AI may change the role of analysts with regard to such issues.

  • 67.
    Björck, Ville
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. University of Gothenburg, Rigshospitalet, Umea University, University of California San Francisco.
    Problematising the theory-practice terminology: a discourse analysis of students  statements on Work-integrated Learning2019In: Journal of Further and Higher Education, ISSN 0309-877X, E-ISSN 0013-1326, Vol. 43, no 10, p. 1363-1375Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study uses a Foucault-inspired discourse analysis to examine two ideas about learning which reinforce the terminology whereby theory means campus-based training and practice means work placements. The purpose is to problematise this theory–practice terminology and provide scope for a non-dualistic alternative. The ideas examined are the idea of theory vs. practice as the point of departure for learning and the idea of theory and practice as harmonious points of departure for learning. These ideas were voiced by interviewed students who discussed the usual design of Work-integrated Learning (WIL) whereby students go to university to learn ‘theory’ and into working life to learn ‘practice’. The analysis shows how the ideas are formed by different ranking orders between theory and practice which are mutually exclusive, while also working together to reinforce the theory–practice terminology. The discussion on how a non-dualistic terminology can emerge highlights how the usual WIL design forms a dualistic setting where the theory–practice terminology thrives and how designing WIL at a third place between university and working life can provide scope for the terminology we seek.

  • 68.
    Björkman, Josefin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Renlund, Louise
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Går det att lita på resultaten i personlighetstester?: En skönmålningsstudie av det arbetspsykologiska testet JobMatch Talent2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Questions have emerged about the reliability of personality tests which is related to the increased interest of these tests. The main part of these questions are related to whether test participants can manipulate the test to their advantage by responding dishonestly, i.e. to perform faking. Faking has proven to be a common problem especially in certain situations, such as selection processes. A lot of personality tests totally or partially lack defence-systems against faking. To contribute knowledge about personality tests' reliability this study investigated if JobMatch Talent is possible to fake, in addition it tested the test's ability to detect any possible faking. There are no current studies of JobMatch Talent that has addressed the issue of faking, therefore the study was important for increasing the understanding of the phenomenon and its effects on JobMatch Talent. 21 participants performed JobMatch Talent at two separate occasions with different instructions. At first, they received the instruction to answer honestly and at the second occasion they were instructed to perform faking. The collected data was analyzed based on a dependent t-test where the mean of each main scale was compared. The result showed that the mean of the majority of the main scales had increased the second time, which showed that it was possible to fake the test. The test also proved to be able to detect faking. Cohen's d showed small effect sizes. The result of this study regarding the ability to fake a personality tests is in line with the results of previous research.

  • 69.
    Björkman, Therese
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dark triad och empati:: Individer med mörka personlighetsdrag har förmåga att empatisera men låg benägenhet att göra så2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Empathy is fundamental to social interaction and relationships. People are expected to understand and relate to the feelings of others. The personality traits psychopathy, Machiavellianism and narcissism, together called the Dark Triad (DT), are characterized by hostile features. Individuals with high levels of DT are often described as individuals with low levels of empathy. However, previous research has shown varying results for the relationship between DT and empathy, largely due to measuring instruments. Therefore, the present study aim to investigate whether individuals with these dark personality traits that constitute DT lack the ability or disposition, or both to empathize. Through a web-based survey, data was collected for 278 participants. The survey consisted of following scales: SD3 measuring DT, eight items from ICAR16 measuring intelligence, a five item Turn-Out scale for measuring every day (empathic) behaviour, IRI measuring empathy and MET, also measuring empathy. The results from the analysis show that DT has a negative relationship with disposition-empathy and a weak positive relationship with ability. The results also demonstrate that different measuring instruments capture different aspects of empathy. Based on the results of the study, the conclusion is that individuals with high levels of DT has normal ability to empathize but low inclination to do so. 

  • 70.
    Björkum, Klara
    et al.
    Campus Västervik, Västervik kommun (SWE).
    Henriksson, Gerd
    Barn- och utbildningsförvaltningen Västervik kommun (SWE).
    Bergnehr, Disa
    Linnéuniversitetet (SWE).
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att motverka och förebygga problematisk skolfrånvaro2023In: Skolhälsan, ISSN 0284-284X, no 2, p. 28-30Article in journal (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 71.
    Björner Brauer, Hanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Håkansson, Maria
    Division of Built Environment RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Göteborg (SWE).
    Willis, Morgan
    Division of Built Environment RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Göteborg (SWE).
    The Ghost in the Heat Pump: Examining social flexibility potential in thermal comfort practices through an experiment of remote-controlled heating in detached houses2023In: Conference Proceedings  BEHAVE 2023 the 7th European Conference on Behaviour Change for Energy Efficiency / [ed] Marta Lopes, Kaisa Matschoss, Thijs Bouman, European Energy Network; Netherlands Enterprise Agency , 2023, p. 240-251Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Utilizing energy flexibility in households through smart steering of appliances has received attention as one way to reduce power peaks and adapt demand to a renewable energy system. Heating is a big part of the electricity consumption in households, and heat pump technology is growing in popularity for heating detached houses. While there is ongoing research calculating the technical potential for energy flexibility from heat pumps, few studies combine remote control of heat pumps with qualitative research on how households experience this control. The purpose of this study is to find out how long-term steering of heat pumps is experienced by households, how it affects their heating practices, and how they make sense of remote steering as a service. The data originates from an interdisciplinary project combining a field trial where heat pumps of selected Swedish households were remotely controlled for two winter periods, with qualitative interviews with the households. We conducted interviews with 12 participants, before and after the trial.The results show that households were overall positive towards offering flexibility through remote-controlled heat pumps, and that the steering of the heating blended well with normal temperature variation associated with having a villa in Sweden. However, the respondents were mystified by the procedure, which created a ghost in the heat pump. Furthermore, remote steering as a service comes with challenges related to reliability, security, and agency over the heat pump. Important social conditions for adopting flexibility through remote steering of heat pumps are discussed.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 72.
    Björnström, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Pettersson, Mathilda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hur upplever personal inom kvinnojourer sin psykosociala arbetsmiljö?: En kvalitativ studie om deras egna erfarenheter2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Every fifth woman in Sweden is at some point during her life exposed to crimes in close relationships, where men's violence against women is strongly over-represented. Research has shown that treating women who have been subjected to violence after a trauma is one of the most difficult and hard treatment work, mainly due to exposure of the vulnerable woman's difficult life situation. In Sweden, there are about 200 women's shelters working to provide support and protection to vulnerable women.

    Structured interviews were conducted with seven women at women's shelters, focusing on how they experience their work environment. Five themes emerged in the results of the thematic analysis: (1) work tasks, (2) resources, (3) strains (4) success and (5) support.

    The results of the study provide an understanding of how staff in women's shelters can experience their working environment based on their own experiences, and that it can be useful knowledge for women's shelters in the development of their organizations. The study constitutes a psychological contribution to the research on experiences of work and working conditions in women's shelters.

  • 73.
    Bladh, Moa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nilzén, Charlotte
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Stereotyper och fördomar i rekrytering: en studie om påverkan av attraktivt respektive oattraktivt utseende2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, companies are investing more in recruitment than ever before, and the importance of a well-functioning recruitment process has been recognized to get the right candidate for the position. Attempts have been made for a long time to discover and eliminate prejudice in recruitment processes. The purpose of the study was to investigate whether two different photos with different looks, stereotypical attractive respectively stereotypical less attractive looks, but with identical CVs can have an impact if the person is called for an interview. The study was conducted with an instrument containing two online surveys that consisted of an information letter, a job description, a CV with a photo and a total of 17 questions. A total of 130 participants participated in which 69 participants answered the questionnaire on CV 1 and 61 participants answered the questionnaire on CV 2. The participants willingness to employ the applicant who was more stereotypically attractive had a significant higher mean than on the applicant whose picture was less stereotypically attractive. There was a statistically significant difference on the variables; skilled, intelligence, good salesman, able to handle the role, hire, positive, friendly and attractive except competence and reliability. Results showed that the participants would rather interview the more stereotypically attractive person than the stereotypically less attractive one. Since people today tend to judge how a person's personality reflects on their appearance, this could lead to companies would miss competent workforce if they do not know about these psychological processes.

  • 74.
    Blom, Filippa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Palmér, Jennifer
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mobbning inom arbetslivet: En kvantitativ studie om sambanden mellan mobbning, neuroticism och stress2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Work-related bullying is a major and growing problem today. The bullying can manifest itself in both physical and verbal attacks and intends to lead to fear for the victim. Studying the phenomenon is relevant as the number of victims is large. Previous research has studied all variables but not in relation to each other and how they are affected by one another. The study thus aims to find out if there is a connection between bullying, neuroticism and stress. The study is tested using a survey that studies the relationship between bullying, neuroticism and stress. The questions in the survey have been formulated through the validated instruments Mini-IPIP6 (measures neuroticism) and COPSOQ II (measures stress and bullying). The questionnaire was sent out to various workplaces, our acquaintances and via social media. 237 people answered the questionnaire, of which 162 were women, 74 men and one who stated other. There was a significant positive association between bullying and neuroticism, bullying and stress, and between neuroticism and stress. The results show that those who have been subjected to bullying also results in high values of neuroticism and feel more stressed than those who have not been exposed. The results also show that those who show high values of neuroticism feel more stressed than those with low values of neuroticism. The variable that has the greatest impact on bullying is stress. No significant results were shown when the variables gender, age, number of years in the industry or number of years in the company was put in place while the links between bullying and neuroticism as well as between bullying and stress persisted. These had no significant impact on the results. Through an investigation like this, improvement can be done where an understanding of the problem is built up and a future job to combat work-related bullying can be improved.

  • 75.
    Blom, Ida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sköld, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Utmaningen att kombinera arbete med privatliv: med fokus på könsskillnad2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's society increasingly requires high demands on flexibility, which leads to more limitless work. Today, digitization allows employees to take their work home as well. This entails an increased risk of conflict between work and private life.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether perceived conflict is based on whether it is work life or private life that adversely affects the other and whether there are any gender differences regarding the experience of conflict. The study also aims to investigate whether there is a correlation between Work Interference with Family (WIF), Family Interference with Work (FIW), workaholism and life satisfaction and which of the FIW, workaholism, life satisfaction and gender that predicts WIF most strongly.

    The study was conducted with a quantitative method using an electronic survey within a governmental organization in 9 municipalities in Sweden. The participants were active in the organization in the specific municipalities (256 potential participants, of which 56% were women and 44% were men). A total of 162 people participated, of which 67% were women, 32% were men and 1% identified themselves as other. Data were analyzed using Wilcoxon's signed rank test, t-test and multiple regression analysis.

    The result showed that WIF was stronger than FIW. There were no significant gender differences in WIF and FIW, which may indicates that in today's society it is more equal between the genders in terms of conflict between work and private life. FIW was positively correlated with WIF and workaholism but negatively correlated with life satisfaction. WIF was positively correlated with workaholism and negatively correlated with life satisfaction. The correlation between workaholism and life satisfaction was negative. The variable that predicts WIF the strongest was workaholism.

  • 76.
    Blomqvist, Lukas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Fysisk aktivitet på fritidshem i syfte att motverka stillasittande: En kvalitativ studie om barns rörelse i fritidshem2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bakgrund Stillasittande beteenden blir vanligare i dagens samhälle och WHO (2010) beskriver att det är den fjärde största faktorn till dödlighet globalt. WHO har i sina rekommendationer föreslagit att barn ska vara fysiskt aktiva 60 minuter om dagen för att motverka hälsorisker. På grund av detta blir det alltmer aktuellt för fritidshemmet att bli ett forum för fysisk aktivitet. Fysisk aktivitet bidrar till ökad kognitiv förmåga och ökade resultat i andra ämnen menar Ericsson (2003). Syfte Syftet med studien är att undersöka vilka förutsättningar och hinder det finns med att utöva rörelse i fritidshem i syfte att bidra till en bättre hälsa och motverka stillasittande. Metod Studien är av kvalitativ utformning och utgår ifrån observationer och intervjuer. Observationerna har utförts på två olika fritidshem och dessa riktar sig mot att undersöka fritidslärares utformning av fysisk aktivitet i undervisningen samt barns möjlighet till rörelse och att känna rörelseglädje. Utöver detta utförde jag även fyra semi-strukturerade intervjuer som var utformade efter analysen av observationerna för att jämföra lärares syn på fritidslärares uppmuntran till fysisk aktivitet med hur det faktiskt ser ut. Resultat Barns möjligheter till fysisk aktivitet är relativt god när det kommer till utevistelse och tillgång till idrottshall. Lärares syn på hur de uppmuntrar till rörelse skiljer sig ifrån hur det ser ut i praktiken visar resultatet. De barn som är aktiva i barninitierade lekar uppnår rörelseglädje genom att göra samma sak varje dag. De barn som inte deltar i barninitierade aktiviteter deltar ofta i lärarinitierade aktiviteter men dessa är sällan förekommande på fritidshemmet. Barns möjligheter till att uppnå målen som beskrivs som centrala begrepp i studien är därför begränsad.

  • 77.
    Blomsterberg, Maja
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Besättningsmedlemmars och fackliga representanters upplevelser av och syn på det organisatoriska och sociala arbetsmiljöarbetet ombord på fartyg2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    More recently, mental illness and its consequences have become increasingly focused in society. The media as well as authorities and politicians pay attention to the problem and the topic is frequently discussed in many different contexts. Folkhälsomyndigheten (2018) reports that over the past 10 years, mental illness and reduced well-being have become more common. This problem is believed by many researchers to be due to problems in the working environment, which in turn leads to work-related mental illness.

    This fact motivated the purpose of the study: to investigate the experience and view of work environment work on board among crew members and union representatives.

    The method has been based on qualitative interviews that have been phenomenographically analyzed with a deductive approach.

    The results showed a uniform experience and view of the work environment work among both crew members and trade union representatives. The data processing and analysis work led to categories that reflect the experience and view of the work environment work: factors affecting the mental well-being, the organizational and social work environment work on board, the experience and view of the legislation, lack of knowledge and education and a complex issue. Eventually, the experience and view of the working-environment work was discussed based on legislation and previous research in the area as well as the findings. Among other things, there are some shortcomings that occur, but also the consequences of such a lack of working-environment work.

    Conclusions that can be drawn from this study are: there is great potential for improvement among the workplaces involved in this particular study, but also: there is still little research that investigates the working environment on board ships and the importance of prioritizing this issue in order to improve the working environment for onboard employees.

  • 78.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ungdomars risktagande i en existentiell och genusordnad värld2018In: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap: grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Johansson, Thomas & Sorbring, Emma, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 290-305Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 79.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att leva i transithallen: en fenomenologisk studie om arbetssökande kvinnor med utländsk bakgrund och med funktionshinder2002Report (Other academic)
  • 80.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Risk behaviour and noise exposure among adolescents2007In: Noise & Health, ISSN 1463-1741, E-ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 9, no 36, p. 55-63Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 81.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kapetanovic, Sabina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Adolescents’ voices on organization via social media2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Adolescents are industrious users of social media (i.e. Facebook, Instagram, Twitter) and most of 9-16 years old in EU´s 25 countries have a profile on a social network where they can socialize, express their thoughts and feelings. In Sweden there have been recent actions where adolescents have organized themselves with help from social media very quickly and with many participators. Studies have shown both positive and negative effects of using social media. Positive, since almost everyone can share experiences or make their voice heard. Negative, since young people can expose themselves and others to situations that can be difficult to manage. There are concerns that adolescents online can be socially isolated from their friends in “real life”, while others mean that social media increases the possibility for adolescent to make new friends and develop existing relationships. Significance: Earlier studies have focused on use of social media in school and social resisting gatherings, but not as many studies on adolescents’ use of social media for organizing their activities in everyday life. Young people can be considered to be digital natives and adults, that constitute a certain power in the society, can be considered as digital immigrants. From that perspective it is important to let young people’s own voices be heard on a central arena for daily activities. Hence, the aim the presented study was to examine how adolescents describe social media as an arena for organizing themselves and how the organizational actions affect their everyday life. Data derives from interviews with 13-19-year old pupils, and were recruited from the Western part of Sweden. The interviews were analyzed with thematic analysis in several steps. Results revealed that social media is perceived both positive and negative. Social media was described as an arena where young people can experience feelings of being free, but also as an arena that contributes to major problems. The adolescents describe social media as a platform where social power is performed, but that the users are unaware about the responsibilities that follow such power. Conclusions drawn from this study is that young people reason about the complexity of what social media means for organizing events and relationships in everyday life and social medias are seen as both problematic and enabling. The study contributes, by letting young people´s own voices being heard, a better understanding of adolescents’ experience of social organization in new medias.

    Adolescents' voices on organization via social media. Available from: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/281280719_Adolescents'_voices_on_organization_via_social_media [accessed Oct 29, 2015].

  • 82.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hed, Mia
    Åmåls kommun.
    Exempel 8: Lättillgängligt stöd för ökat välbefinnande2019In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 89-95Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 83.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kapetanovic, Sabina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Risk discourses in Swedish tabloids2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: People of all ages participate in activities that can pose a risk to their health. However, it is important not only to see risks as threats, but also something that can enhance positive experiences and opportunities. The media has a huge influence on young people and thus there are good reasons to investigate how risks and risk-taking are portrayed. Significance: The communication in the media can be described as bi-directional, with subjects covered from many different perspectives, for example the reporting of views and values held by the authorities, politicians, residents and other community stakeholders. The human identity is constructed from self-experiences, but also through the different public discourses (collectively agreed discussions or arguments) that are present in the media and in everyday speech. For adolescents in particular, contact with the media affects their lives and the development of their identity. Hence, the media plays an important role in the presentation of how the world is constituted. The aim of this study was therefore to explore how risks and risk taking are described in media targeting young people in Sweden. Methods: 270 adolescents aged 15-20 years were surveyed on which newspapers they primarily read. Two daily tabloids were identified, both in paper format and on the Internet. Hence, the data consisted of two daily tabloids, each studied over a 14 day period. Each article that mentioned risks and risk taking was analyzed using discourse analysis from three perspectives: 1) what is stated, 2) by whom and 3) how such statements are articulated. Results showed that risks were mainly addressed in four ways; 1) News reports by journalists and press spokespersons articulating the theme “offender, heroes and victims”, e.g. news about crimes and accidents. 2) Reports about sports by athletes, coaches, doctors and columnists on the theme “enduring punches and injuries”, e.g. reports about violence and injuries in sports. 3) Reports, about entertainment by actors, performers, presenters and columnists about “Idols, drugs and confessions”, e.g. celebrities’’ confession stories, and 4) Expert- and opinion reports by journalists, experts, panels about “opinions and influence”, e.g. columnists writing about current events. The Conclusion drawn is the importance of discussing the discourses media create and reproduce, and that all levels of society need to take responsibility for what risks are reported, how and, by whom. For example, the media can reproduce outdated gender roles and may obstruct equal opportunities for young men and women. This study contributes in several ways, one being to bring awareness on how discourses are presented in the media and the impact on young peoples’ opportunities to create balanced and conscious attitudes to risk.

    Risk discourses in Swedish tabloids. Available from: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/281280598_Risk_discourses_in_Swedish_tabloids [accessed Oct 29, 2015].

  • 84.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Malm, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Saura, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Riskdiskurser i kvällspressen2014In: Att förstå ungdomars identitetsskapande: en inspirations- och metodbok / [ed] Sorbring, E., Andersson, Å. & Molin, M., Stockholm: Liber, 2014, 1, p. 166-187Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet fokuserar på vanligt förekommande sätt att beskriva risker i olika medier.

  • 85.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Widen, Stephen E.
    Örebro University, Institute for Disability Research, School of Health and Medical Sciences.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Risks and music - Patterns among young women and men in Sweden2011In: Noise & Health, ISSN 1463-1741, E-ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 13, no 53, p. 310-319Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Music and high levels of sound have not traditionally been associated with risk-taking behaviors. Loud music may intensify and bring more power and meaning to the musical experience, but it can at the same time be harmful to hearing. The present study aims to increase the knowledge about young women′s and men′s risk judgement and behaviour by investigating patterns in adolescent risk activities among 310 adolescents aged 15-20 (143 women; 167 men). The Australian instrument ARQ was used with additional questions on hearing risks and a factor analysis was conducted. The main results showed that the factor structure in the judgement and behavior scale for Swedish adolescents was rather different from the factor structure in the Australian sample. Also, the factor structure was not similar to the Australian sample split on gender. The results are discussed from a gender- and existential perspective on risk taking, and it is emphasized that research on risk behavior needs to reconceptualize stereotypical ideas about gender and the existential period in adolescence.

  • 86.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Upplevelser av ekonomisk utsatthet: barns och ungas aktörskap och strategier2018In: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap: grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Johansson, Thomas; Sorbring, Emma, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 597-607Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 87.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    An early-response, police-social work collaborative intervention: Perspectives of young participants2023Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    For society, measures targeted at early crime prevention pose a dilemma. On the one hand, there is a risk that an early intervention can label a young person as a criminal, and have negative consequences on identity formation. On the other, lack of an intervention can have the consequence of a continued lifestyle involving crime. Many are the stories from former prisoners who claim that an earlier intervention could have disrupted an identity trajectory leading to becoming a ‘criminal’ (Kacprzak, 2019). Other research indicates that young people – particularly those from ethnic minority groups – relate to police preventative practices with dissatisfaction (Wästerfors & Burcar Alm, 2020). However, there are also studies which demonstrate that young people experience interventions from police and social services as legitimate and valuable. 

    The current study seeks to explore the perceptions of young people aged between 11–17 who received an early intervention following the commission of a crime. In this collaborative project between police and social services, the young person received a coordinated chain of interventions involving first the police, thereafter a social worker, and, finally a qualified youth support worker. Each of the three elements occurred within a two-week period following the commission of the crime. The crime committed could range in severity from shoplifting to a drug offence, or a robbery. 

    Participation in the research was voluntary. Those taking part (N=21) were interviewed on a minimum of one and a maximum of three occasions during and after the intervention period. In total, 40 interviews were conducted. The interviews sought to elicit the young people’s perceptions of police practices, the practices of the social and youth workers, the effects on the young people’s attitudes, and their thoughts about the future. Data was analyzed using a narrative approach (Riessman, 2001). Focus was directed to how the young person perceived and understood the actions and practices of professionals involved in the project. In this respect, the interview functioned not only as a means of providing insights, but also a space for self-presentation and the construction of understanding. 

    Drawing on theories about procedural justice (Bradford, B. & Jackson, 2015) results reveal, firstly, that the participants experienced the intervention as an opportunity to reflect on the future. While the rapid response – from the police, the social workers, and the youth workers – came as a surprise, participants were positive about this swift reaction. In relation to the police practice of forcibly intervening when the crime had happened (frequently involving a shorter detention), this was perceived in a wider global context of police violence. For example, references were made to the George Floyd case (“I can’t breathe”). Frequently, police actions created a tangible sense of fear. Many participants perceived the intervention as reflective of society’s reaction to criminality. For some, experiences of being ‘labelled’ were prominent. While the results point to the value of a swift response, they also warn of the dangers attached to early labelling.

  • 88.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att organisera stöd så att barns och ungas aktörskap tas till vara2018In: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap: grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Johansson, Thomas & Sorbring, Emma, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 638-651Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 89.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Economic Support, Migration and Agency: The Experiences of Young People in Newly Arrived Families from Syria2020In: Young - Nordic Journal of Youth Research, ISSN 1103-3088, E-ISSN 1741-3222, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 157-174, article id 1103308820966432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on young people’s perceptions of economic disadvantage has not focused on specific groups, or adversity connected to demographic phenomena such as migration. The current study seeks to explore perceptions about receiving state economic support among young people in newly arrived families from Syria. Participants were young people in families who arrived in Sweden between 2014 and 2016 and were in receipt of social assistance. Analysing interview data using a thematic approach (Braun & Clarke, 2006, Qualitative Research in Psychology, vol. 3, pp. 77–101) and applying Kuczynski and De Mol’s (2015) model of children’s agency reveal how participants’ experiences of social assistance in this study differ from those of young people in previous studies. Rather than connecting social assistance with hardship, limitations, stigma and shame, participants viewed social assistance as sufficient for current needs and providing opportunities to improve the family’s  situation. Reciprocity was also highlighted, with participants expressing the desire to contribute to a welfare system from which they currently benefitted.

  • 90.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nyman, Johanna
    Trollhättans Stad, Trollhättan (SWE).
    Socialtjänstens brottsförebyggande arbete ur ungas perspektiv2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har en lång historia av brottsförebyggande initiativ för att tidigt upptäcka ungdomar som är involverade i brottslighet eller befinner sig i kriminella miljöer. På operativ nivå involverar samarbetet främst socialtjänst och polis. Socialtjänsten i Trollhättans Stad har under 2021–2022 genomfört brottsförebyggande insatser inom ramen för projektet Tidig upptäckt – tidig insats (TUTI). Den här rapporten redovisar den följeforskning som bedrivits i anslutning till arbetet.TUTI bygger på tidiga interventioner, delaktighet och samverkan, såväl övergripande som i det enskilda fallet. Ambitionen med projektet var att minska risken för att unga 9–17 år utvecklar en kriminell livsstil samt förebygga risk för kriminalitet, missbruk, psykisk ohälsa och utanförskap. Detta genom att systematisera det arbete med brottsförebyggande insatser gällande unga förstagångslagöverträdare som sker i samverkan mellan socialtjänst, polis, åklagare och civilsamhälle.Följeforskningen har kartlagt typ av och bakgrund till orosanmälningar för unga 9–17 år i Trollhättans Stad samt undersökt ungas egna erfarenheter och förståelse av socialtjänstens brottsförebyggande insatser (TUTI-insatser). I studien har både kvantitativa och kvalitativa datainsamlingsmetoder använts. Data har tagits fram dels på aggregerad nivå gällande orosanmälningar i Trollhättans Stad under perioden 2017–2022, dels gällande de 196 unga som under perioden 2021–2022 erbjöds socialtjänstens brottsförebyggande insatser. Orsaker till orosanmälan var främst ringa stöld (30%), misshandel/våld/hot (20%) samt ringa narkotikabrott (20%). Ungefär hälften av de som erbjöds brottsförebyggande insatser tackade ja till insats. 21 av dessa deltog i återkommande kvalitativa intervjuer. Totalt genomfördes 41 intervjuer.Majoriteten av de intervjuade uppger vid uppföljningen cirka ett år efter den första intervjun att de inte har haft någon ny kontakt med socialtjänsten och att TUTI-stödet har förstärkt deras kapacitet att inte begå någon ny lagöverträdelse. Alla vittnar om att de redan vid tidpunkten för händelsen bestämt sig för att det var dumt gjort, men för några av dem var rentav det väsentligt att de fick stöd att vidmakthålla beslutet. De unga berättar att de har lärt sig mer om sig själva och utvecklat sin förmåga att ta positiva snarare än negativa beslut.För att förstå unga som för första gången kommer i kontakt med samhällets representanter när de misstänks för ett brott, har materialet analyserats med hjälp av modellen för proceduriell rättvisa (Tyler & Blader, 2003). Resultaten visar att de unga har högt förtroende för samhällets reaktion och ger legitimitet till det stöd som ges i kedjan av insatser: polis, mottagningsgrupp och familjebehandlare. Sammantaget kan vi konstatera att unga som genomgått hela TUTI-kedjan upplever samhällets reaktion vid sin första lagöverträdelse som positiv.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 91.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ottosson, Emma
    Västerviks kommun;Campus Västervik.
    Holm, Daniel
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Poulios Nordenberg, Alexandra
    Västerviks kommun.
    Barn och unga i försörjningsstödsärenden: en studie med fokus på myndigheternas dokumentation samt barn och ungas vardag, strategier och syn på försörjningsstöd2020Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett flertal studier har beskrivit de omedelbara och långsiktiga effekter som ekonomisk utsatthet har på barns och ungas livssituation och möjligheter att utvecklas.Betydligt färre studier har fokus på barn och unga vars föräldrar erhåller någon form av ekonomiskt bistånd, såsom försörjningsstöd, och vilken plats barn och unga har i denna situation. Den aktuella forskningsstudien ger med sina tre delar en breddad och fördjupad bild av vilken plats barn och unga ges i försörjningsstödsärenden samt vilken syn och vilka strategier de själva ger uttryck för. En utgångspunkt för samtliga delar i studien är att barn och unga är aktiva aktörer, med egna behov och resurser, som bör beaktas vid handläggning av försörjningsstödsärenden.Del 1 har som syfte att beskriva hur barns och ungas situation dokumenteras i sambandmed försörjningsstödsärenden, dels generellt, dels beroende på om ärendepersonenär född i Sverige eller utomlands. Dokumentationsakter för en mindre kommuns samtliga biståndsärenden gällande familjer med minst ett barn i åldern0–21 år (N=147 ärenden; 368 barn) har granskats med avseende på den dokumentation som rör barn och unga.Del 2 har som syfte att undersöka barns och ungas syn på försörjningsstöd. Intervjuer har genomförts med 36 barn och unga i åldern 9–20 år vars föräldrar erhåller försörjningsstöd.Samtliga deltagare är födda i Syrien och kom som nyanlända till Sverige under 2014–2016.Del 3 har som syfte att undersöka barns och ungas vardag och strategier i relation till att familjen erhåller långvarigt försörjningsstöd. Intervjuer har genomförts med tolv barn och unga i åldern 10–21 år vars föräldrar erhållit försörjningsstöd under en längre tid. Deltagarna är antingen födda i Sverige eller har levt här under lång tid.Resultaten pekar på att barn och unga i familjer som erhåller försörjningsstöd tar ett stort eget ansvar samt utformar sina strategier utifrån det. Det kan finnas konflikter och svårigheter i familjerelationerna, men också förståelse och empati. Hur barns meningsskapande ser ut påverkas av familjens ekonomiska och relationella resurser. Barn utvecklaren ekonomisk kompetens med medvetenhet och kunskap om pengars värde.Vardagen formas genom de strategier som både barnen och föräldrarna använder sig av. Att bli sedd som avvikande kan leda till utanförskap och barn i familjer som erhåller ekonomiskt bistånd löper större risk att inte känna delaktighet.Synen på att erhålla försörjningsstöd skiljer sig åt mellan de två grupper av barn som vi har intervjuat, även om strategierna för att hantera situationen delvis överlappar. Bland barnen i nyanlända familjer ger många uttryck för att pengarna de erhåller är tillräckligtför att tillgodose familjens behov samt att försörjningsstödet ger dem och deras familj möjlighet att bygga nya liv. Även dokumentationen av barns och ungas situation i samband med försörjningsstödsärenden skiljer sig åt, eventuellt på grund av att anledningarna bakom föräldrarnas behov av försörjningsstöd är olika. Forskningen har genomförts i samarbete med Campus Västervik.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 92.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ymefors, Mattias
    Teambaserat skolsocialt arbete: fördjupad och utökad elevhälsa2017In: Skolsocialt arbete: Skolan som plats för och del i det sociala arbetet / [ed] Backlund, Åsa, Högdin, Sara & Weitz, Ylva Spånberger (red.), Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017, p. 183-194Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 93.
    Bolins, Mathias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johansson, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vilka copingstrategier upplever restaurangägare att de tillämpat för att hantera konsekvenserna av covid-19?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate what coping strategies restaurant owners have applied during the current pandemic crisis as a result of the Covid-19 outbreak and the following consequences. It does not have an intention of finding a solution since every unique restaurant has different ways of applying coping solutions. Through a qualitative research approach in terms of semi-structured interviews this study is closing in on the subject, to capture the restaurant owners' experiences and strategies. This study is primarily considered in the direction of to owners of, and or others in the restaurant business. The pandemic outbreak has been closely followed by an economic recession and mass redundancies inside of the service industry. In the forefront you have the owners who are highly responsible for their staff and businesses. Current situation has a strong significance to the future labor market. Therefore, this study will brighten the importance of applying a well-organized strategic plan since it might be decisive for the survival of the restaurant business. This study has taken its foundation from the three coping strategies: problem focused coping, non-productive coping and passive coping. These strategies take different expressions with the respondents and has shown to have a great impact on whether they will be standing tall when this blows over or not. The conclusion drawn is that coping strategies to deal with the crisis are rarely reflected separately. Coping can prove to be in parallel dependent on each other and its context. There is a balance between what the respondents apply to achieve desirable results and succeed in financially surviving the crisis.

  • 94.
    Boman, Helena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Jonsson, Therese
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Empati och arbetsbelastningens samband med hälsa hos personal inom frivården2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To achieve successful treatment in mental health care professions empathy is required. Thefour dimensions of empathy; fantasy, empathic concern, personal distress and perspectivetaking, as well as workload are important for the health of staff who perform conversational treatments in probation. The purpose of this study was to study how empathy and workload are experienced by the staff who have contact with clients in probation and its significance for their self-rated health. To achieve this, a specially designed instrument was used that measures health, Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) test that measures the four dimensions of empathy, Quantitative Workload Inventory (QWI) test that measures workload and a form regarding background of the participants. Data were collected electronically during the second wave of the Covid-19 pandemic. The study involved 73 employees in the probation service. The study indicates that there was a significant correlation between workload and personal distress (r = .50), health and personal distress (r = -.40), workload and empathic concern (r = .40) and between health and workload (r = .48). It was also shown that personal distress and empathic concern predict workload (R2 = .31) and that workload predicts health (R2 = .27). A preliminary conclusion is that empathy and workload can affect the perceived health of the staff in the probation service, especially during the current pandemic situation which makes interpersonal meetings more difficult.

  • 95.
    Boman, Pernilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Effektivitet i projektteam:: -En kvalitativ studie utifrån tjänstemän inom en byggorganisation2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For a team to work in the best possible way and to be able to work efficiently, several factors are required. The complexity and need for different skills in the construction industry often requires teamwork to achieve success. The purpose is to get a deeper understanding of the factors for employees in project teams in the construction industry experience are crucial to the effectiveness of a team and how to work to improve team efficiency. To investigate this, I have chosen a qualitative research and semi-structured in-depth interviews with white collars in an organization within the construction industry working in project teams. I used thematic analysis. The results of the study show that clear communication, motivated team members as well as direct problems and conflict management are factors that the respondents consider to be decisive factors for team effectiveness in the building organization. According to the respondents in this study, team effectiveness can be improved by paying attention to and working with these factors.

  • 96.
    Boman, Åse
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Eklöf, Mats
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Forsander, Gun
    The Queen Silvia Children’s Hospital, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Munthe, Christian
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Törner, Marianne
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Health care to empower self-care in adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus and an immigrant minority background2017In: SAGE Open Medicine, E-ISSN 2050-3121, Vol. 5, article id 2050312117700056Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The pediatric diabetes team aims to support health, quality of life, and normal growth and development among adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Adolescents with an immigrant background have been found less successful in self-care. Previous research indicated that adolescents who had integrated the disease as a part of their self-image reasoned differently about their self-care to those who had not.

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify elements in the patient-pediatrician consultations that might influence such integration of the disease among adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

    METHODS: A total of 12 pediatrician-adolescent consultations were video-recorded and analyzed. The adolescents all had an immigrant background.

    RESULTS: Integration of the disease appeared enabled when responsibility was shared; when hope, autonomy, and emotions were confirmed; and when the pediatrician asked probing questions. Letting objective data dominate the adolescent's experiences, using risk as a motivator, neutralizing emotions in relation to having diabetes, and confirming forgetfulness, may instead inhibit disease integration.

    CONCLUSION: An extended person-centered approach with focus on the adolescent's experiences of everyday life with a chronic disease and less attention on physical parameters in the pediatrician-adolescent consultations may increase integration of the disease.

  • 97.
    Boniati, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Zaytoun, Ornina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Från passage till flexibel mötesplats: En kvalitativ studie om professionellas upplevelse av en renovering2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate how the staff experience the change in the physical work environment with the newly renovated lounge and what affects the staff's experience with the change in the physical work environment. Twelve employees with different professions were selected. The strategic requirements where that they have different professions and have seen how it looked before the change and after. Semi-structured interviews were performed at the respondent's workplace and the collected material was then analyzed with a thematic analysis.

    The result showed that the information has been well thought out and that the managers has been straightforward. The staff felt that they needed all the information to be open to change and it was considered positive that the managers was straight forward in the decision making process. It was also shown that inspiration from the outside world affects the staff's openness to change. This may be because the modernization of the surface has made the company seen as modern and kept up with the development, but also that a sense of pride has been created by having customers reacted positively. It has been perceived that the new lounge has created new flexible workspaces and new meeting places that can be used for both formal and informal occasions.

  • 98.
    Book, Lise-Lott
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ekström Laihanen, Thérèse
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Feminism under förändring: En diskursanalys ur olika feministiska perspektiv2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Feminism is challenged today by conservative forces. The purpose of our study is to investigate how to talk about feminism in conservative/liberal media after the impact of metoo 2017. We also look at how women differ between conservative/liberal views and the radical perspective.

    The conservative views contribute to a more biological starting point in our gender debates where men and women become an important division. This leaves the social construction aside and the traditional gender norm becomes more given. The discussion about feminism that deserves earlier was more radical than what is going on today. There are more actors who now speak out about feminism than when feminism's debate started. Now men are allowed to participate in discussions in a way that may not have been allowed. The word that often recurs in the debates rather than feminism is gender equality as it is an easier word to relate to. It includes more people.

    We used discourse analysis as a method to explore the phenomenon of feminism more deeply. A discourse defines a phenomenon and thereby closes other other assumptions about the phenomenon. I a discourse determines who can talk and what can be said but also what is taboo. During the early 2000s, there was an awakening around sexual harassment that Tarana Burke started through the metoo movement and got her boost in 2017. It was now allowed to think and think highly about the debate and feminism together and of course place.

    By looking at three newspapers and one news site, we will explore how liberal and conservative media relate to the phenomenon of feminism. To get answers to our questions while we have two different questions "How do you talk about feminists after metoo in conservative/liberal media" and "How does the conservative / liberal view of feminism differ from the radical feminist perspective".

    In our results we found about the conversation about feminism that differs between the conservative / liberal view and the radical feminist perspective.

  • 99.
    Borg, Anna-Lena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Delaktighet och inflytande: ungas definition, erfarenheter och upplevelser2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay was to try to understand young people's experiences of participation and influence. The purpose has been to define participation and influence with young people's own words, and with the definition as a basis explore young people's experiences of participation and influence. The purpose has also been to seek understanding for young people's experiences of participation and influence by discuss young people's descriptions at different levels. There have been three research questions: How do young people define participation and influence?; Which experiences in life about participation and influence do young people narrate?; How do young people experience participation and influence and how do that come to expression? The first research question was answered by asking (n=13) secondary youth with methodological support of vignettes. The second and the third research question has been answered by collecting young people's narratives on the Internet. The (n=37) narratives were analyzed by support of content analysis and narrative analysis. The result was a definition of participation and influence put together from young people's own defining words. The result also shows that young people's experiences of participated and influence is about both having and not having participation and influence. Young people narrate more often about experiences of not participated and influence. Finally, the result show us that young people's experiences of participation and influence come to expression in three different ways were the young actor's agency has a central role.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 100.
    Borgstedt, Emelie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En kvalitativ studie om den upplevda motivationen bland tjejer till att utöva idrott2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is at the forefront when it comes to the number of members in sports- and exercise associations and the gender equality work in relation to other European countries. Swedish girls at the age of 16–18 engage in physical activity to a lesser extent, unlike boys.

    The purpose of the study’s was to gain a deeper understanding and knowledge of what motivates girls at the ages of 16–18 to practice sports regularly. The study was based on the theory of self-determination by Deci and Ryan.

    Eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with an interview guide and the sample was sports girls at the said age. The data analysis was carried out through a thematic analysis.

    The results were divided into three main themes that described what motivates girls to play sports: Comparison and positioning, the impact of social interaction and conscious inner positive affective reactions. The results are based on discussions around internal and external motivation and the psychological needs. The study can add knowledge and understanding of the motivated factors for girls to do sports.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
1234567 51 - 100 of 807
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf