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  • 51.
    Hellekant, Alexandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Hagberg, Jennie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Missuppfattningar om psykologi bland de som borde veta: sambandet mellan Öppenhet för intellekt och psykologisk (o)kunskap2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research has shown that there are a number of misconceptions in the psychological field of knowledge. The aim of our study was to examine the relationship between personality and misconceptions about psychology, and contingent differences between two groups with different amounts of psychology courses in their education; human resource management students and psychologist students (N = 65). The study was performed by a questionnaire consisting of Five- Factor model of personality (IPIP-120) and Test of misconceptions about psychology (TMP). Our study showed that the personality characteristic Openness to intellect was significantly negatively correlated with individuals' misconceptions about psychology. This means that those who had lower Openness to intellect had more misconceptions about psychology. The results also showed that human resource management students had lower Openness to intellect and more misconceptions about psychology than psychology students. The results showed that the Openness to intellect alone may explain individual misconceptions about psychology by 28%, which is considered a large effect.

  • 52.
    Höglund, Gina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Sebelius, Mathilda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Att använda magkänslan vid rekrytering: en kvantitativ studie om rekryterares inställning till användandet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Within the recruitment industry decisions made daily on which candidates best suited for the specific jobs recruiter intends to appoint. The decision-making process varies depending on the recruiter's decisions style. Some recruiters prefer, what research recommends, standardized selection methods such as structured interviews, intelligence tests and personality tests. Yet many continue to use non-standardized methods that allow gut feeling in the decision making process of who of the candidate that is most suitable for a specific post. The interest of the authors lay by examining why so many recruiters persist to use the non-standard methods when research advocates the standardized selection procedures. The variables personality, education and experience were used to examine in which extent the recruiters attitude affects the use of gut feeling in the hiring process. The study aimed to investigate the covariation between personality and attitude towards using gut feeling in a greater degree in the recruitment process. The authors also intended to examine whether the experience and training had an impact on recruiters use of gut feeling. The collection method was a questionnaire, which included a personality test and questions regarding recruiter’s perception of their gut feeling, experience and training. The results showed that the personality trait emotional stability measured the strongest relationship when it came to have a more positive attitude towards using gut feeling in the recruitment process. The result was considered interesting because it was linked to what previous research on emotional stability and decision-making claimed. The conclusion was drawn that emotionally stable recruiters that are characterized by their internal stability and the ability to remain calm, assumed to deviate from the structured recruitment framework. For example in situation when the recruiter need to make fast decision to save time. The results also showed that recruiters who scored high on the dimension Agreeableness tended to have a more positive attitude of using gut feeling in a greater extent. A putative conclusion to the result described as agreeable recruiters base their decisions on the basis of good relations and friendly interview sessions.

  • 53.
    Icenogle, Grace
    et al.
    Temple University.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University and King Abdulaziz University.
    Olino, Thomas.M.
    Temple University.
    Shulman, Elizabeth.P.
    Brock University.
    Chein, Jason
    Temple University.
    Alampay, Liane P.
    Ateneo de Manila University.
    Al-Hassan, Suha.M.
    Hashemite University.
    Takash, Hanan S.
    Hashemite University.
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples.
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau.
    Chaudhary, Nandita
    University of Delhi.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University.
    Fanti, Kostas A.
    University of Cyprus.
    Lansford, Jennifer .E
    Duke University.
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University.
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana M.
    Universidad San Buenaventura.
    Puberty Predicts Approach But Not Avoidance on the Iowa Gambling Task in a Multinational Sample2017In: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 88, no 5, p. 598-1614Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to the dual systems model of adolescent risk taking, sensation seeking and impulse control follow different developmental trajectories across adolescence and are governed by two different brain systems. The authors tested whether different underlying processes also drive age differences in reward approach and cost avoidance. Using a modified Iowa Gambling Task in a multinational, cross-sectional sample of 3,234 adolescents (ages 9-17; M = 12.87, SD = 2.36), pubertal maturation, but not age, predicted reward approach, mediated through higher sensation seeking. In contrast, age, but not pubertal maturation, predicted increased cost avoidance, mediated through greater impulse control. These findings add to evidence that adolescent behavior is best understood as the product of two interacting, but independently developing, brain systems. © 2016 The Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.

  • 54.
    Innervik, Marina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Kan ett datoriserat arbetspsykologiskt UPP-test genomskåda skönmålning?: resultaten är inte så optimistiska2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social desirability in personality tests which are often used as the selection method for recruitment is a big problem. Faked responses and unrealistic results can lead to wrong decisions and unsuccessful recruitment. This thesis was written in the context of a research project "Studies on a new Swedish labor psychological test Understanding Human Potential (UPP)". The author of the UPP test claims that the test reduces over 90% of the effect of social desirability (Sjöberg, 2015). The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether the UPP test can detect social desirability. The study had an experimental design and was conducted in 2011-2012. Out of the 60 people who were recruited to the study, 48 took the UPP test on two occasions; the majority were students in the course Human Factors from an individual perspective at University West. At the first test session the participants were asked to honestly answer the test questions. At the second test session they were asked to try to portray themselves as good as possible in order to get their dream job. A paired samples t-test was used to measure the mean difference in all scales between these two occasions. The results showed that the UPP test was not able to correct for social desirability effectively. In 15 of the 24 scales the mean difference between the scores from the first and the second rounds had a large or moderate effect (d). The results are difficult to discuss in relation to previous research because previous studies on the UPP test are not peer reviewed and are often difficult to interpret. The results are discussed in relation to previous research on alternative ways to "get at" the problem of social desirability.

  • 55.
    Jansson, Paulina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Ekborg, Åsa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    En pilotstudie om balansen mellan arbetsliv och privatliv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this pilot study, the correlation between the conflicts that can arise between work life-personal life conflict, personal life-work life conflict, and organizational identification (OI) were investigated. The study was conducted in two heating, ventilation and sanitation (VVS) organizations in which survey data were collected from 40 employees, men and women aged 19-65 + asked. The results of this pilot study showed no statistically significant relationships. The conclusion that can be drawn after the completion of the study is that the results are not statistically significant and that it is not in line with previous research. Lack of statistical significance may be due to the sample size of this pilot study and that previous studies were performed in other sectors and countries. Based on this non-statistically significant pilot study continued future research concerning the relationship between work and private and organizational identification is suggested as previous research actually showed statistically significant results.

  • 56.
    Jarawan, Nour
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Utbildning för mig är allt: En kvalitativ studie om syriska föräldrars förhållningssätt till utbildning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka syriska föräldrars förhållningssätt till utbildning och få en förståelse för hur de resonerar kring sina barns utbildning. Detta blir intressant då en stor del av invandringen under de senaste åren dominerats av syrier. Då Syrien är ett av arabländerna med utbyggt utbildningssystem och som till stor del fokuserar på disciplin, skapar därför brist på skolplatser en frustration bland den syriska gruppen migranter. Avsikten med studien är att skapa en förståelse för och förtydliga tankar och resonemang som ligger bakom denna frustration men även synliggöra de underliggande strukturerna för dem.

    För att besvara studiens frågeställningar, användes kvalitativa intervjuer med en semistrukturerad intervjuguide. Utifrån ett systematiskt urval intervjuas fyra par föräldrar som varit bosatta i Sverige mellan ett och fyra år, som växt upp och varit bosatta i Syrien innan de kommit till Sverige. Efter bearbetning av data framkommer tre huvudteman som ger uttryck för föräldrarnas förhållningssätt till utbildning, vilka är följande: Tvång kontra frihet, Då och nu, Multinationalism.

    Studiens resultat visar att föräldrarna oavsett utbildningsbakgrund har samma mål, det vill säga att deras barn ska utbilda sig. För att lyckas med sina studier och bli framgångsrika skiljer sig däremot resonemangen åt beroende på vilken utbildningsbakgrund föräldrarna har. Föräldrarna med högre utbildningsbakgrund lägger vikt vid sociala nätverk och en aktiv föräldraroll, medan de med lägre utbildningsbakgrund fokuserar på att ta tillvara på möjligheten att utbilda sig i ett land som möjliggör skolgång oavsett socioekonomisk bakgrund. Normer och traditioner visar sig vara två faktorer som påverkar möjligheten till och val av utbildning. Gemensamt för alla föräldrar är slutligen att utbildning främjar delaktighet och ger möjligheten att bidra med kunskap i samhället. Även självständighet, trygghet och valmöjligheter i livet kunde vara ett resultat av en bra utbildning.

  • 57.
    Johansson, Alexandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Johansson, Hilda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Från ord till handling: En kvalitativ studie om organisationers värdeord och dess implementering i praktiken2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is common for organizations to state and communicate their internal values, both externally and internally. All the more organizations strive to be grounded in their values as a way of standing out; they provide a clear vision and increase the level of motivation and commitment amongst their employees. However, research has shown implications concerning if stated organizational values are in fact able to generate anything of value for the organization. Empirical results have shown that a number of factors within an organization can contribute to a gap between talking and doing. Therefore this qualitative study aimed to explore how and if stated organizational values were resepcted in the organizations or not. This was achieved by investigating how our chosen organization was able to convert their values in to action. The study investigated how both employees and managers experienced the implementation and use of their stated organizational values. The study was conducted in a company who had four clearly stated value words that originated from their core values. The result showed that the experience concerning the use and implementation of value words varied depending on the informant's position within the company. Concerning how well the value words were implemented in their daily routine seemed to depend mostly on the leadership and the communication within the organization. The majority of the informants claimed that the organization would probably stay the same, with or without the stated value words.

  • 58.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Principal´s Work: The Conditions, Obstacles and Opportunities for Learning in the Daily Activities2016In: Uddevalla Symposium 2016: Geography, Open Innovation,Diversity and Entrepreneurship. Revised papers presented at the 19th Uddevalla Symposium, 30 June- 2 July, 2016, London, UK / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2016, p. 435-450Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    School is often described as a complex organization with multiple challenges and expectations, where many studies have focused on teachers´ and students´ the situations. In these studies the principal's role are often described as changing from an educational leader to being and becoming organizational manager. But what the principal's daily work consists of and what competences leadership requires, are not as clearly studied area. Especially not in relation to how the introduction of ICT in education challenges established routines. The aim of this study is to reveal how ICT influence principal´s everyday workload. Data consists of includes audio-recorded interviews with ten secondary school principals. All interviews were transcribed and analyzed based on principals' views on the leadership, peer-support, ongoing change, scope of action and management of their unexpected. The results show that principals has a complex role, both presuppose and develop other skills than teachers often need. The conditions for learning, individually of collectively, in these studied organizations can be said to be good, and even though ICT is a mean for information, communication and administrative tasks, it is seldom seen as a way for reflection or learning. Despite that, they express that ICT has a potential for reducing some administrative tasks and make discussions, decisions, goals and ongoing dilemmas transparent and inclusive over time and place. The results indicate what characterizes principal´s professional knowledge to a great extent is multifaceted but consist of physical meetings with different purposes. As ICT is introduced this challenges the historical established routines that frames the work, but simultaneously it opens up for new possibilities, which in all will change the role for principal's work.

  • 59.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Rektorer styr och ställer: Synen och utövande av ledarskap styr pedagogik och skolutveckling2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 60.
    Johansson, Kristina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Sandström, Kristina
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    European co-coperative education- can we formulate an mutual understanding2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 61.
    Juntikka, Jaana
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Bolander, Henrietta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Välmående bland ledare kan förutsägas av (o)välvillig personlighet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the help of personality tests and by knowing the individual's personality, research has shown that it's possible to predict behavior and perceived mental health to some extent. The present study aimed to examine whether and how the personality trait agreeableness relates to perceived well-being among leaders. Furnham, Richards and Paulhus (2013) argue that Dark Triad, socially deviant personality traits, is an extension of agreeableness. Therefore Dark Triad was used in this study and in order to possibly obtain more connections for perceived well-being. Instruments used were IPIP-NEO-120 (α=.87), based on the Big Five theory, the most common theory among personality research. To measure Dark Triad traits Dirty Dozen (α=.86) was used. To measure well-being GHQ-12 (General Health Questionnaire) (α=.87) was used. The study was conducted by an online survey that was answered by respondents who have or have had a leader position (N=99). Respondents age ranged from 25-67, the gender distribution was 54% male and 46% female. Insignificant results were found between agreeableness and perceived well-being. Significant results were found between Dark Triad and perceived well-being (r=.22*), which is further interpreted to mean that people tend to feel better if they possess deviant personality traits, and particularly narcissism. A reasonable conclusion from the study is that it's not possible, based on our sample, to predict how well-being is perceived in the role of leader with agreeableness but to some extent with the help of Dark Triad.

  • 62.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. School of Health and Education and Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Honesty-Humility predicting self-estimated academic performance2016In: International Journal of Personality Psychology, E-ISSN 2451-9243, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 1-6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has established relationships between the Big Five personality factors, cognitive ability, and aca-demic performance. A more recent personality trait, Honesty-Humility with its four facets (Sincerity, Fairness, Greed-avoidance and Modesty) is suggested to have predictive value especially in self-promoting behaviors. The aim of the present study was to find out whether lower Honesty-Humility would predict higher self-reported academic performance, and account for additional variance, after controlling for the Big Five and cognitive ability. The partic-ipants were Swedish 17-19 year-old students (N = 154) in late secondary high school. The results revealed a signifi-cant negative correlation between Honesty-Humility and self-estimated academic performance, mainly through low scores in the facets Sincerity and Modesty, as well as an additional 7% accounted for variance. The discussion con-cludes that the new trait Honesty-Humility may be a welcomed addition to the understanding of how students use self-promoting strategies in contemporary school

  • 63.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    The Big Five Factors in Perceived Elderly Care Quality: An Evaluation Model in the Behavioral Sciences for User-Oriented Professions2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Perceived care quality (i.e., how care is enacted by a care worker toward a client at the interpersonal level) is a strong predictor of satisfaction in a wide range of health care services. The present research aimed at compiling a model containing the basic elements of care quality from a behavioral science perspective. Specifically, such a model could help reveal how and why quality in user-oriented care professions vary.

    Design –We interviewed, observed, and took notes about care workers’ interactions with the older persons in both home care and nursing homes during two weeks.

    Findings – A model for categorising perceived quality variation, the Big Five of user-oriented care (Task-focus, Person-focus, Affect, Cooperation, and Time-use; T-PACT) was discerned with help of thematic analysis.

    Value – The proposed model may be useful for describing general user-oriented quality and its variations (see Table 1). These Big Five categories (TPACT) can be of relevance for future quality developments of user-oriented professions, as well as be implemented in educational programs.

  • 64.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    The Learning Organization (and the Not-Learning Organization) within the Context of Elderly Care2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december, Vänersborg, Sweden / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016, p. 1-1Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Previous research has shown that user-oriented care quality predicts satisfaction with elderly care. What is yet to be researched is how management facilitates the user-oriented care process in the organization. The present study set out to investigate the learning principles and management climate characterizing successful elderly care.

    Design – The department in one highly ranked municipality was compared with a more average municipality. On-site, semi-structured in-depth interviews with department managers and participatory observations at managers’ meetings were conducted in both municipalities.

    Findings – The results revealed three important learning principles for a successful care organization: 1) organizing from the viewpoint of the needs and wants of the older person, 2) recruiting and training autonomous employees, 3) instilling a vision for the mission that guide operations in all situations.

    Using climate theory to interpret the material, the highly successful management was characterized by affective support and cognitive autonomy, in contrast to a more instrumental work climate primarily focusing on structure and doing things right, in the more average municipality.

    Discussion – We propose that management climate is intertwined with learning principles (see Table 1). These results can facilitate quality developments and increase understanding of the learning organization. 

  • 65.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    The Quality Agents Model: A Generalized Model for How to Evaluate Service Organizations2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Service-oriented quality (i.e., how a service is enacted by a worker toward a customer) is a strong predictor of satisfaction in a wide range of customer services. The present research aimed at describing the organization and impact of various levels of the service organization on customer satisfaction.

    Design –In an attempt to gain a deeper understanding of how and why perceived quality in terms of service-orientation varies, we conducted interviews with care workers and care unit managers in the context of elderly care.

    Results – A new model for understanding the impact of various levels of the organization on customer satisfaction, the Quality Agents Model, is proposed. Perceived reasons for quality variation suggest that service evaluations may be explained from at multiple levels (e.g., older person, care worker-, unit-, department-, and municipality-level; see Figure 1). The Quality Agents Model suggests that the closer the agent is to the center (i.e., the customer), the larger the impact on satisfaction evaluations.

    Discussion – The proposed model may be useful for describing customer-related service quality. The strength of the model is that it acknowledges the many contextual inputs involved in forming an opinion about service quality, and thus might be a useful tool for most service-organizations.

    Empirical testing – We subsequently were able to test the model empirically with 95,000 respondents from national care service surveys, statistically showing that the level (agent) closest to the customer has the most influence on service-satisfaction (50%), while the surrounding organization only 5% (See Figure 1).

  • 66.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Dåderman, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Conceptualizing the Structure of FFM Personality Disorders with Empathy2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The new section III in DSM-5 suggests pathological personality traits and impairments in personality functioning such as empathy to be used for identifying personality disorders (PDs). Previous research has also theoretically and empirically advocated that psychopathology is related to the general Five Factor Model (FFM) of personality traits. The objective of the present study was to investigate the hierarchical structure of the 10 DSM PD categories using the FFM count technique (Miller et al., 2008), and to conceptualize PDs with empathy dimensions. We measured PDs and 4 dimensions of empathy (emphatic concern, perspective-taking, fantasy, and distress) in a medium-sized community sample. The results showed that higher order factors such as externalizing and internalizing could be applied to PDs based on FFM scores. PD could furthermore be conceptualized using two of the empathy dimensions, low emphatic concern and high distress, and specific PD categories could be conceptualized by using distinct dimensions of empathy (e.g., histrionic PD with high fantasy, or dependent PD with high distress). The discussion concludes that PDs based on self-reported FFM show conceptual validity, and that the presence of symptoms of PDs potentially may be screened in the community population by using empathy measures.   

  • 67.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kazemi, Ali
    School of Health and Education, University of Skövde.
    Cost and Satisfaction Trends in Swedish Elderly Home Care2016In: Home Health Care Management & Practice, ISSN 1084-8223, E-ISSN 1552-6739, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 250-255Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a widespread belief among the public and policy makers that quality of care in terms of user satisfaction can beimproved with increased spending. However, recent research indicates that structural resources (e.g., budget per elderly)in elderly home care do not predict quality of care in terms of older persons’ satisfaction with care. In the present study,we analyzed the longitudinal trends in costs and perceived quality of care across 3 years using nationwide data in Swedishelderly home care. The results showed that although costs have been steadily increasing, perceived quality of interpersonaltreatment in care has remained at the same level. An important implication is that future research and policy efforts toimprove quality should more directly target the mechanisms generating satisfaction.

  • 68.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University of Gothenburg; University of Skövde.
    Magnus, Roos
    University of Gothenburg; University of Skövde, Sweden.
    The Personality Map of Sweden2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Research indicates that personality traits are unevenly distributed geographically, with some traits being more prevalent in certainplaces than in others. The majority of research in this field has focused on cross-national comparisons, while less attention has beengiven to variations in personality traits within countries (Rentfrow, Jokela & Lamb, 2015). More recently, regional personalitydifferences have been mapped in both United States and Great Britain (Rentfrow, Gosling, Jokela, Stillwell, Kosinki & Potter,2013; Rentfrow, Kokela & Lamb, 2015). The aim of the present study is to map regional personality differences in Sweden. Usinga representative sample of Swedish residents (N = 6154), we mapped the geographical distribution of the Big Five Personality traitsacross eight national areas (e.g. Stockholm, East Middle Sweden, South Småland and the Islands, South Sweden, West Sweden,North Middle Sweden, Middle Norrland and Upper Norrland). The result revealed statistically significant associations on nationalareas and the degree of agreeableness [F (7, 6154) = 4.63, p < .01, partial ƞ² =.005]. Employing the Bonferroni post-hoc test,significant differences (p < .01) were found between South Sweden (M = 2.74) and the Upper Norrland (M = 2.93), and betweenSouth Sweden and North Middle Sweden (M = 2.88). Descriptive statistics illustrate a stepwise change toward higher degree ofagreeableness, from the South of Sweden to the North of Sweden (Figure 1). The result revealed statistically significant associationson national areas and the degree of conscientiousness (F (7, 6164) = 2,51, p < .05, partial ƞ² =.003). Employing the Bonferronipost-hoc test, significant (p < .05) differences were found only between Stockholm (M = 2.94) and the Upper Norrland (M = 3.06).Insights about regional personality differences within a nation are useful, because such differences are associated with political,economic, social and health outcomes and thereby linked to a regions history, culture and ability to change.

  • 69.
    Kajonius, Petri
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Department of Social Psychology, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Persson, Björn N.
    Department of Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden; Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rosenberg, Patricia
    Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Garcia, Danilo
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden; Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The (mis)measurement of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen: exploitation at the core of the scale2016In: PeerJ, ISSN 2167-8359, E-ISSN 2167-8359Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background.

    The dark side of human character has been conceptualized in the Dark Triad Model: Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism. These three dark traits are often measured using single long instruments for each one of the traits. Nevertheless, there is a necessity of short and valid personality measures in psychological research. As an independent research group, we replicated the factor structure, convergent validity and item response for one of the most recent and widely used short measures to operationalize these malevolent traits, namely, Jonason’s Dark Triad Dirty Dozen. We aimed to expand the understanding of what the Dirty Dozen really captures because the mixed results on construct validity in previous research.

    Method. We used the largest sample to date to respond to the Dirty Dozen (N = 3,698). We firstly investigated the factor structure using Confirmatory Factor Analysis and an exploratory distribution analysis of the items in the Dirty Dozen. Secondly, using a sub-sample (n = 500) and correlation analyses, we investigated the Dirty Dozen dark traits convergent validity to Machiavellianism measured by the MachIV, psychopathy measured by Eysenck’s Personality Questionnaire Revised, narcissism using the Narcissism Personality Inventory, and both neuroticism and extraversion from the Eysenck’s questionnaire. Finally, besides these Classic Test Theory analyses, we analyzed the responses for each Dirty Dozen item using Item Response Theory (IRT).

    Results. The results confirmed previous findings of a bi-factor model fit: one latent core dark trait and three dark traits. All three Dirty Dozen traits had a striking bi-modal distribution, which might indicate unconcealed social undesirability with the items. The three Dirty Dozen traits did converge too, although not strongly, with the contiguous single Dark Triad scales (r between .41 and .49). The probabilities of filling out steps on the Dirty Dozen narcissism-items were much higher than on the Dirty Dozen items for Machiavellianism and psychopathy. Overall, the Dirty Dozen instrument delivered the most predictive value with persons with average and high Dark Triad traits (theta > −0.5). Moreover, the Dirty Dozen scale was better conceptualized as a combined Machiavellianism-psychopathy factor, not narcissism, and is well captured with item 4: ‘I tend to exploit others towards my own end.

    Conclusion. The Dirty Dozen showed a consistent factor structure, a relatively convergent validity similar to that found in earlier studies. Narcissism measured using the Dirty Dozen, however, did not contribute with information to the core of the Dirty Dozen construct. More importantly, the results imply that the core of the Dirty Dozen scale, a manipulative and anti-social trait, can be measured by a Single Item Dirty Dark Dyad (SIDDD).

  • 70.
    Kapetanovic, Sabina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Impact of parent-child communication and adolescent interpretation of parental monitoring efforts on risk behavior in early adolescence.2016In: Nordic Youth Research Symposium: Youth Moves – Voices – Spaces – Subjectivities, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016, p. 75-75Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Study investigates how interaction between parents and early adolescent boys and girls, influences different types of risk behaviour. Special focus is given to parental knowledge and monitoring strategies, as well as adolescent interpretation of parental efforts. Usinga sample of 1520 early adolescent boys and girls, we examine the structures in relations between adolescent disclosure parental control, solicitation and knowledge and adolescent feelings of being overly controlled

  • 71.
    Karlsson, Erik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Wall, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Upplevd stress och upplevd egenförmåga: en undersökning av lärare, socialsekreterare och vårdpersonal2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier research has found that there is a relationship between perceived stress and perceived self-efficacy. Studies has also found that number of years in the profession may affect the perceived self-efficacy. The purpose of this study was to research professions where people work with people since earlier studies have found that these professions are particularly exposed to stress. The following questions were investigated A) Does age and number of children predict individual's levels of perceived stress? B) Does number of years in the profession predict individual's perceived self-efficacy? C) Is there a difference in perceived stress and perceived self-efficacy between the three different professions? D) Is there a difference in perceived stress and perceived self-efficacy between women and men? The study had 137 participants, 110 women and 26 men, one participant didn´t state gender. The participants included the following professions; teachers, health professionals and social service workers. The participant's ages varied between 21 and 64 years old. Two well established questionnaires were used; Perceived Stress Scale and General Self-Efficacy Scale. Regression analysis, one-way ANOVA, correlation analysis and t-test were conducted. There was no statistic significant relationship between perceived stress and perceived self-efficacy. The t-test found no statistically significant differences between men and women. The one-way ANOVA didn´t show statistic significant differences between the different professions. The regression analyses were not statistic significant. These results did not confirm earlier research.

  • 72.
    Karlsson, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Den förutsägbara oförutsägbarheten: om flexibilitet, kompetens och lärande i skolans arbetsliv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study aimed to examine the organization of two schools by the term flexibility. School personnel was interviewed, using six semi-structured interviews, about their experiences of possible latitude and the breadth and variety of tasks. The study's purpose was to find out which learning processes and competences developed to cope with the requirement for flexibility.

    The study showed that school personnel work was unpredictable, changeable, diverse and demanding from different directions. The respondents had more tasks of an administrative nature nowadays and their professional roles have become complex and broadened. Many worked in their spare time to feel they "catch up" on work. It was felt that the organization wasn't flexible, but that it expected that employees were flexible and worked to achieve the goals with limited latitude. Respondents believed that a greater synergy between education and employment was required, so that the programs are more reality-based and updated.Colleagues, along with experience, appeared to be the most important to manage the requirements for flexibility.

    Teachers experienced, to a greater extent than other employees, more freedom and more time with colleagues and thus had greater opportunities for development-oriented learning and competence development, rather than adaptation-oriented learning. Other professionals believe that planning time and involvement in work teams is required to a greater extent for competence and learning development. This study has some similarities to earlier research, but it also shows that there is a need for more research in this area. There is a need for learning - and skills development strategies for complex jobs and how they should be managed in an empowering way. My study could be a contribution to a basis for such research.

  • 73.
    Kivinen, Therese
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Wiberg, Jeanette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Upplevd stress hos vård- och omsorgspersonal: En sambandsstudie om upplevd stress och personlighet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows that care workers are at a generally higher risk of unhealthy work related stress as a result of the demanding and often emotional client relationships (Maslach & Schaufeli, 1993). A survey with 155 participants working in health care was conducted in order to answer the following questions: Can you predict the degree of perceived stress based on the personality items extraversion, neuroticism and openness to new experiences? Is there any difference between different types of employment when it comes to the degree of perceived stress? Is there any difference between groups with different amount of working years when it comes to the degree of perceived stress? The well-established instrument used was the Perceived Stress Scale 10 item (PSS-10) and the personality test Mini-IPIP6. Data were analyzed using multiple regression analysis, the Mann-Whitney U test and independent T-test. The results showed, in line with previous research, a statistically significant negative relationship between the variables stress and extraversion and a statistically significant positive relationship between stress and neuroticism, however, the study demonstrated no statistically significant relationship between the variables stress and openness. Regarding employment status, results showed a significant difference where permanent employees experienced a lower level of stress than those with other forms of employment. The number of years in current position did not show any significant difference in perceived stress and no previous research was neither found in the field.

  • 74.
    Lorén, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Windolf, Isabella
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Sociala mediers påverkan på arbetslivet för personal på boende för ensamkommande ungdomar: En kvalitativ studie kring personalens upplevelser av sociala mediers roll bland ungdomarna, och dess påverkan i arbetslivet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to increase understanding on the staff working in shelters for unaccompanied refugee youths and how they are affected by the young people's use of social media. Changes in working life can mean stress, where some suffer health consequences and some does not suffer. Research on social media and migration is extensive, but studies examining refugee young people's use of social media linked to the staff's working life are more rare. The aim of the present study was to contribute to this knowledge gap. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with ten people who worked or are working with unaccompanied refugee youth, and the instrument used was an interview guide. Data were analyzed with the analytical method IPA. The results of the analysis demonstrated four themes: (1) Forums for Community and vulnerability, (2) information, integration and organization, (3) digital immigrants and natives, and (4) the staff's handling of young people using social media.

    The result showed that the professional role has been affected with the availability of social media, where staff believe that young people are vulnerable and thus are concerned about what the young people experience in social media. The conclusion of the study shows that the informants' 'experiences of young people's use of social media and its impact on the informants' work situation tend to be ambivalent. Just as social media, among other things, can help young people to know the community and participation in society and thereby give a positive feel to the staff, social media can also create conflicts and contribute to reduced contact between youth and staff. Proposals for future research is to highlight young people's experiences of the use of social media and then put this in comparison with the results of this study, in order to get more understanding and knowledge.

  • 75.
    Lundgren, Linea
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Prenici, Sengylj
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Stress, socialt stöd och tillit till sin egen förmåga: en kvantitativ studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows that stress is related to social support and self-efficacy, and that stress has increased in today's society (Lundberg, 2014). Based on this, the aim of this study was to investigate whether stress, social support and self-efficacy has any associations with students at a university in west Sweden. The following questions were formulated: Are there correlations between stress, social support, and self-efficacy? Can stress be predicted by social support and self-efficacy? Is there a difference between women's and men's experience of stress, social support and self-efficacy? Is there any difference depending on whether you live alone or with others in the experiences of stress, social support and self-efficacy? Participants were 21 women and 21 men, totaling 42 participants, with a mean of 23.9 years. Three well-established questionnaires were filled out by the participants in order to measure stress, social support and self-efficacy. Cronbach's alphas were measured which showed social support α = .92, self-efficacy α = .89 and stress α = .84. The results of the correlational analysis showed a correlation between stress and social support, r = -.32, p = .05. The correlation between stress and self-efficacy showed r = - .73, p = .001, and between social support and self-efficacy r = .50, p = .001. The regression analysis reported B = .06 and p = .64 between social support and stress. The regression analysis also showed B = - .76 and p = .001 between stress and self-efficacy. The t-tests showed no significant results between women and men, nor depending on the living situation they had.

  • 76.
    Lundgren, Linea
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Prenici, Sengylj
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Stress, socialt stöd och tillit till sin egen förmåga: en kvantitativ studie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows that stress is related to social support and self-efficacy, and that stress has increased in today's society (Lundberg, 2014). Based on this, the aim of this study was to investigate whether stress, social support and self-efficacy has any associations, with students at a university in west Sweden. The following questions were formulated: Are there correlations between stress, social support, and self-efficacy? Can stress be predicted by social support and self-efficacy? Is there a difference between women's and men's experience of stress, social support and self-efficacy? Is there any difference depending on whether you live alone or with others in the experiences of stress, social support and self-efficacy? Participants were 21 women and 21 men, totaling 42 participants, with a mean of 23.9 years. Three well-established questionnaires were filled out by the participants in order to measure stress, social support and self-efficacy. Cronbach's alphas were measured which showed social support α = .92, self-efficacy α = .89 and stress α = .84. The results of the correlational analysis showed a correlation between stress and social support, r = -.32, p = .05. The correlation between stress and self-efficacy showed r = - .73, p = .001, and between social support and self-efficacy r = .50, p = .001. The regression analysis reported B = .06 and p = .64 between social support and stress. The regression analysis also showed B = - .76 and p = .001 between stress and self-efficacy. The t-tests showed no significant results between women and men, nor depending on the living situation they had.

  • 77.
    Lövgren, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Andersson, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Brandmäns arbetsmotivation: utifrån ett riskperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Working as a firefighter involves risks such as burns and increased risk of post-traumatic stress and cancer. This is only a few risks that the firefighters can be exposed to. Considering this, the purpose of this qualitative research study was to investigate what motivates firefighters despite the fact of the risks. We got the answer by interviewing six firemen which was between 27 and 60 years old. They were from two stations located in the western part of Sweden and they had been working between 3 to 27 years. The questions were based on our own interview guide and we analyzed our material through thematic analysis. Four themes were crystallized; meaningful work, exercises and community, safety and stress - more motivating than salary. The collection of data was based on an inductive approach and because of that we connected these themes to already existing motivation theories and previous research. The results showed that firefighters were motivated to perform work assignments that have a meaningful purpose and to do some good work for other people. The tasks were perceived as exciting and there is also a good friendship between colleagues, both important aspects. There is a high awareness of the risks that the work may bring, but it does not prevent the firefighters from performing their duties because they feel they can control their own safety. Though, the research study showed that there is a source of concern about traffic accidents and the fact that three colleagues lost their lives already this year. This is not in focus in our study, but we provide this as a suggestion for future research.

  • 78.
    Mattsson, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Ottosson, Claes
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Personlighet och hotbilder inom rättsväsendet: Skillnader mellan poliser och kriminalvårdare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Work related threat and violence has increased during the last years. Threat and violence do not only affect police and correctional officers but also impose consequences for those those individuals whom are set out to protect. This increases the relevance of getting ahead of the problem. The police and the correctional care agencies have formulated descriptions about competent police and correctional officer, like beeing responsive, commited and communicative. This is in line with the previous research on the topic. In this study, these expressions are linked to personality traits and the occurence of experienced threat and violence. This study used a quantitative survey involving the Mini-International Personality Item Pool (IPIP), the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) and the Short Dark Triad (SD3), combined with items concerning the experience of threat and violence. The sample consisted of 60 correctional officers in the age 23 to 63 whereof 58% were women and 42% were men, and 126 police officers in the age 23 to 53 where the distribution of sex were made out of 40% women and 60% men. Regression- and correlation analyses were performed which did show a relationship between personality traits and the experience of threat and violence. Independent t-test were performed which did reveal the differences in experienced threat and violence between the police- and the correctional officers. The conclusion to be made is that personality traits, although in a modest way, can predict the experience of threat and violence and that this experience differ between the two groups of professionals. Denoting for the study was that the personality trait of extraversion, which arepointed out as an important quality in order to succeed in these occupations also had a positive relation with the experience of threat and violence. The study's conclusion is that a high degree of extraversion also may be the factor that increases the risk of experiencing threat and violence.

  • 79.
    Mikkonen, Timo
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Personalansvarigas reflektioner kring rekrytering av olikheter: En studie med vinjetter som metod2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this study was to get a better understanding of how human resource managers reflect about recruiting persons with special needs. Human resource managers from six small and midsize organizations participated in the study and represented different sectors of working life. Vignettes was chosen as a tool to make it easier to talk about the subject. The vignettes represented four persons with special needs and pre-conditions: woman with foreign background, man with disability, single mother and elderly man. A phenomenological method for analysis called thematic analysis was used to analyze the interviews. Within the mutual phenomenon "Reflections about recruiting", six different aspects was defined for the four vignettes. For example: Knowledge, Language and View of man. The thematic analysis of the interviews showed that human resource managers often found it difficult to integrate their own personal values about ethnicity, disability, equality and age, with the values of the organization and the values of society. It was also apparent that the human resource managers required more support from authorities to make it easier to offer employment to persons with special needs. Finally, it also emerged that women and men are being judged differently.

  • 80.
    Mogren, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Nordsjö, Karolina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    En kvantitativ studie om den psykosociala arbetsmiljön hos anställda inom äldreomsorgen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that sickdays tends to constantly increase and has shown be linked to psychosocial work environment. The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between the variables of stress, demands, control, support and sickdays for employees in homecare. In the study a total of 37 informants participated, 22 women and 15 men. The average age was 44 years (SD = 14.6). The selection of informants was done by a head of one homecare team in western Sweden who was contacted by mail with the purpose to conduct a study on the psychosocial working environment of the employees. To measure the homecare employees’ perceived level of Stress, the Swedish translations of perceived stress scale (PSS) and the Swedish demand controll support questionnaire (DCSQ) were used. The study was conducted using correlation analysis, standard multiple regression analysis, and independent t-test. The results showed that demand was the variable with the highest explanatory value and statistical significance predicting stress. None of the three variables demand, control, or support could predict sickdays. The results showed statistically significant differences between men and women regarding the variables demand and stress. Women were the group that tended to feel more stressed than men and experienced a higher level of demand.

  • 81.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Löfgren- Mårtenson, Lotta
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Risks and opportunities in new emancipatory landscapes?: On young people with intellectual disabilities, Internet use and identification processes2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although research on young peoples identity formation processes on the Internet is a growing field, there are few studies that illustrate conditions for pupils with intellectual disabilities (ID). Recent Scandinavian studies have indicated that there is a new generation of young people with ID who has developed alternative ways of relating to issues of participation and identity. It's about how they choose to present themselves and how they navigate the various social media. By presenting themselves through descriptions of their own interests and personal characteristics instead of exposing the disability so-called alternative identities can be developed, where disability is not necessarily put in focus. Young people with ID often have different degrees of communicative constraints, which on the one hand implicates that the value of new social arenas can be of great importance. On the other hand, the use of the Internet could also be problematic in different contexts. An on-going Swedish research project aims to investigate these processes based on the perspectives of young people with ID, school staff and parents. In a pilot study based on focus group interviews we found that professionals (teachers, n=8) expressed a concern that young people will get hurt and end up in undesirable situations (such as being cheated or abused), while parents (n=5) mainly consider the Internet as a possible future venue for the development of new and on-going social relations. This paper presentation will report preliminary findings from interviews conducted with young people in upper secondary special programme for pupils with ID (n=30). The experiences of the informants will be discussed in relation to results from the pilot study and relative to a conceptual framework of social identity,participation and emancipation.

  • 82.
    Nyhus, Andreas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Sjöström, Kristofer
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Går det att mäta ett arbetsklimat med 17 items?: Validering av en ny klimatskala2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the field of organizational climate research there are three problematic areas of confusion regarding (1) what organization climate emerges from, (2) how the concept of climate should be defined, and (3) at which level of analysis climate measures should be conducted. This study thus aims to validate a new climate scale composed of 17 items. The climate scale to be validated is a development from the Perceived Organization Support theory (POS), originally developed by Eisenberger et al. (1986). POS is an individual-level scale which pertains to measure the reciprocal relationship between the employee and the organization. The authors have modified POS and developed it into a climate scale according to Schneider's (1975) climate theory and guidelines from Glick (1985). To validate the POS-climate scale it should, in resonance with earlier research, show similar relationships as between POS and team effectiveness, team creativity, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, intention to leave as well, as personality traits. To examine these relationships several companies in different lines of businesses were asked to participate in the study. The number of participants totaled at 108, whose answers were analyzed in relation to important organizational outcomes and personality traits. Results shows that the POS-climate scale, after being modified, has strong relationships with important organizational outcomes as well as with personality traits. The study suggests that Lewins (1951) field theory is still relevant for organizational climate research.

  • 83.
    Persson, Björn N.
    et al.
    University of Skövde.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University of Skövde.
    Empathy and universal values explicated by the empathy-altruism hypothesis2016In: Journal of Social Psychology, ISSN 0022-4545, E-ISSN 1940-1183, Vol. 156, no 6, p. 610-619Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research reports that empathy is on the decline in present-day society, together with an increasing trend in self-enhancing values. Based on the empathy-altruism hypothesis, we investigated whether these constructs are interlinked by analyzing the relationships between emotional and cognitive empathy and 10 universal values. In the first study, using a middle-aged U.S. sample, the results showed that empathy was strongly and positively related to altruistic values and negatively to self-enhancing values in a pattern that aligned with the empathy-altruism hypothesis. In a second confirmation study, these findings were replicated and extended, while also controlling for the Big Five personality traits, to discount that empathy is only captured by basic personality. Only emotional empathy, not cognitive empathy, accounted for up to 18% additional variance in altruistic values, which further confirmed the emphasis on feelings, as postulated by the empathy-altruism hypothesis. 

  • 84.
    Persson, Björn N.
    et al.
    Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Gothenburg, Sweden; 2Department of Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy, University of Skövde, Sweden .
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Rosenberg, Patricia
    Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Garcia, Danilo
    Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden 6Centre for Ethics, Law, and Mental Health (CELAM), University of Gothenburg, Sweden Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden; m. fl..
    The Single Item Dirty Dark Triad (SIDDT): Exploitation of Others2016In: Association for Psychological Science (APS) 28th Annual ConventionMay 26 - 29, 2016, Chicago, Illinois, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    A short measure of the Dark Triad (Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism) showed consistent factorstructure and convergent validity. Narcissism, however, didn’t contribute with information to the coreconstitution of the Dark Triad. Instead, a Single Item Dirty Dark Triad (SIDDT: exploitation of others),accounted for the core of the measure.

    Supporting summary

    Background: The dark side of human character has been conceptualized in the Dark Triad Model:Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism. These three dark traits are often measured using single longinstruments for each one of the traits. Nevertheless, there is a necessity of short and valid personality measuresin psychological research. As an independent research group, we replicated the factor structure, convergentvalidity and item response for one of the most recent and widely used short measures to operationalize thesemalevolent traits, namely, the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen. We aimed to expand the understanding of what the DirtyDozen really captures because the mixed results on construct validity in previous research.

    Method: We used the largest sample to date to respond to the Dirty Dozen (N = 3,698). We firstly investigatedthe Dirty Dozen’s factor structure using Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Secondly, using sub-sample (n = 500)and correlation analyses, we investigated the Dirty Dozen dark traits convergent validity to Machiavellianismmeasured by the Mach-IV, psychopathy measured by Eysenck’s Personality Questionnaire Revised, narcissismsusing the Narcissism Personality Inventory, and both neuroticism and extraversion from the Eysenck’squestionnaire. Finally, besides these Classic Test Theory analyses, we analyzed the responses for each DirtyDozen item using Item Response Theory (IRT).

    Results: The results confirmed previous findings of a bi-factor model fit: one latent core dark trait, plus thethree dark traits. An additional exploratory distribution analysis showed that all three Dirty Dozen traits had astriking bi-modal distribution, which might indicate unconcealed social undesirability with the items. The threeDirty Dozen traits did converge to, although not strongly, with the contiguous single Dark Triad scales (rbetween .41-.49). The probabilities of filling out steps on the Dirty Dozen narcissism-items were much higherthan on the Dirty Dozen items for Machiavellianism and psychopathy. Overall, the Dirty Dozen instrumentdelivered the most predictive value with persons with average and high Dark Triad traits (Theta > -0.5).Moreover, the Dirty Dozen scale was better conceptualized as measured of a combined Machiavellianismpsychopathyfactor, not narcissism, that can be replaced with item 4: ‘I tend to exploit others towards my ownend’.

    Conclusion: The Dirty Dozen showed a consistent factor structure, a relatively convergent validity similar tothat found in earlier studies. Narcissism measured using the Dirty Dozen, however, did not contribute withinformation to the core constitution of the Dirty Dozen construct. More importantly, the results imply a SingleItem Dirty Dark Triad (SIDDT) measure of a manipulative and anti-social core as the content of the DirtyDozen scale.

  • 85. Roos, John Magnus
    et al.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Big Five Manga: a non-verbal pathway to personality?2016In: 31st International Congress of Psychology, Yokohama, Japan, 24-29 July: Diversity in Harmony : Insights from Psychology, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 86.
    Ryding, Jennie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Changing attitudes to dating violence: a game based intervention2016In: Nordic Youth Research Symposium: Youth Moves – Voices – Spaces – Subjectivities, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016, p. 123-123Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The prevalence of dating violence is increasing, and effective prevention and intervention methods are needed to address this growing social problem. The use of online, game-based intervention programs opens up new possibilities for large-scale interventions through social work as well as individual outreach work. The aim of this EU project was to design a primary intervention using innovative Serious Games technologies aimed at raising awareness and knowledge about the nature and consequences of dating violence behaviours, as well as providing education regarding the appropriateness of responses to dating conflict scenarios, and avenues for help-seeking for those directly and indirectly affected by these issues. Swedish youths (N=12), aged 17-18, who took part in the intervention programme were interviewed in focus groups. The aim of the study was to examine young people s experience of the online game-based intervention programme.The interpretation of the results was based on theories of learning through digital media. The study indicates that young people s perception is that they are engaged by and learn about dating violence through online games. Using a serious game method in a school setting offers social workers an effective method of working with dating violence, both from the perspective of prevention and intervention. It is clear that young people today belong to the digital-gaming generation. New methods need to be used to attract their attention and to make social learning possible in an interesting and interactive way. Socialworkers can use games to increase the motivation of players so that, through motivation, knowledge can be acquired and attitudes be changed.

  • 87.
    Sahlin, Eva
    et al.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Work Sci Business Econ & Environm Psychol.
    Ahlborg, Gunnar Jr.
    Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad.
    Vega Matuszczyk, Josefa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Grahn, Patrik
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Work Sci Business Econ & Environm Psychol.
    Nature-Based Stress Management Course for Individuals at Risk of Adverse Health Effects from Work-Related Stress-Effects on Stress Related Symptoms, Workability and Sick Leave2014In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 11, no 6, p. 6586-6611Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sick leave due to stress-related disorders is increasing in Sweden after a period of decrease. To avoid that individuals living under heavy stress develop more severe stress-related disorders, different stress management interventions are offered. Self-assessed health, burnout-scores and well-being are commonly used as outcome measures. Few studies have used sick-leave to compare effects of stress interventions. A new approach is to use nature and garden in a multimodal stress management context. This study aimed to explore effects on burnout, work ability, stress-related health symptoms, and sick leave for 33 women participating in a 12-weeks nature based stress management course and to investigate how the nature/garden activities were experienced. A mixed method approach was used. Measures were taken at course start and three follow-ups. Results showed decreased burnout-scores and long-term sick leaves, and increased work ability; furthermore less stress-related symptoms were reported. Tools and strategies to better handle stress were achieved and were widely at use at all follow-ups. The garden and nature content played an important role for stress relief and for tools and strategies to develop. The results from this study points to beneficial effects of using garden activities and natural environments in a stress management intervention.

  • 88.
    Sahlin, Eva
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in Alnarp.
    Vega Matuszczyk, Josefa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Ahlborg, Gunnar Jr
    University of Gothenburg.
    Grahn, Patrik
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in Alnarp.
    How do Participants in Nature-Based Therapy Experience and Evaluate Their Rehabilitation?2012In: Journal of Therapeutic Horticulture, ISSN 1088-3487, no 1, p. 9-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nature-Based Therapeutic (NBT) programs have increased in number in Sweden during the past decade. These programs often comprise two parts: (1) traditional medical rehabilitation methods used for stress-related disorders which are professionally integrated into a nature context; and (2) activities, or simply being, in a garden and/or nature. This study aims to increase the knowledge of how to develop effective rehabilitation programs for individuals suffering from stress-related mental disorders by exploring how participants in an NBT program experienced, explained, and evaluated their rehabilitation.

    Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight women and three men participating in the NBT program, and were further analyzed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Three superordinate themes emerged: being in the right or wrong phase; experiencing existential dimensions; and changing dysfunctional patterns of thoughts/behaviors.

    Experiencing nature’s pace and participating in activities in the garden allowed practice in doing one thing at a time, not rushing things, and allowing oneself to take breaks. Belonging to a social context was important, as was seeing oneself in other´s similar situations. Support from the multi-disciplinary team was vital for developing tools and strategies to better manage everyday demands. Sufficient time for a first recovery period at home to rest before starting rehabilitation is necessary for this group of patients, and a garden or nature may be a supportive environment for stress recovery and rehabilitation for them.

  • 89.
    Sand, Cornelia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Schnaufer, Elise
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Internet och föräldrabarnrelationen: En kvantitativ studie om föräldrars Internetvanor, PSE och anknytning till barnet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the Internet use in Sweden is increasing every year (Davidsson & Findahl, 2016), it is current to examine whether parents' Internet habits have an impact on the parent-child-relationship. Attachment is an important cornerstone of human development (Bandura, 1997) and it is of importance to explore possible consequences on both social and individual levels. This study was made in order to examine whether parents' Internet habits are related to his or her perceived relationship and closeness to the child (1-6 years) and his or her parental self-efficacy (PSE). The study was of a quantitative design and questionnaires were distributed to parents. There were 36 participants, 24 women and 11 males. Average age was 34.4 (SD = 5.7). The study consisted of the validated Mother to infant relation and feelings-scale, measuring the perceived relationship and closeness to the child, and Tool to Measure Parenting Self-efficacy-scale which measured PSE. The questionnaire also consisted self-constructed questions about Internet habits. Data weren’t normally distributed, hence the analyze were made by Spearman's correlation analysis. As mentioned in Davidsson and Findahls report (2016), parents use Internet 0-2 hours a day at home wich were presented by frequency tables. The attachment, the feeling of a strong relationship and closeness to the child, related positively to PSE. One of the findings in this study was that time spent on the Internet correlated negatively with PSE. This was in the authors' knowledge A new finding within the research field. The conclusion is that since Internet use is a current and growing habit of Sweden's population, the knowledge of its impact on parent’s PSE should be expanded. This is to avoid the risk of children being raised in poor attachment relationships.

  • 90.
    Sandström, Kristina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    A small scaled study on pro and cons with the educational design of Co-operative Education2016In: Engineering 4 Society 2016 Raising awareness for the societal role of engineering. Leuven, Belgium 15 - 16 September 2016: Proceedings,, Leuven, 2016, p. 87-90Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For 25 years University West has been the leading university in Sweden when it comes to Work Integrated Learning (WIL) and Co-operative Education (Co-op). This paper describes mainly the sustainable and mutual benefit between the companies and the students. How ever, Co-operative education is a model that does not only benefit the students – it's described as a win-win situation for all partners. This study will provide some explanatory examples from using Co-operative Education as a networking and bridging model between the students, the universities and industry. This model aims to enhance life long learning in the work place. It also provides an opportunity for the university staff to catch up the needs from the industry in their ongoing work – such as new competency development modules, research and development etc. The paper uses an educational design that describes the benefits for participants, as well as it provides an opportunity to scrutinise the possible obstacles that lie within this model. A questionnaire has been distributed to the persons that have the overall responsibility for introducing the student at the company, students that were in their first Co-op placement and students that had finished their second Co-op placement. The results were analysed with a content analysis focusing on text material.

  • 91.
    Sarzynska, Joanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Lipcsey Moberg, Helena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Personalens upplevelse av att arbeta med ensamkommande flyktingbarn: En kvalitativ studie ur ett personalperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka vilka upplevelser personalen har som behandlar och bemöter de ensamkommande flyktingbarnen som kommer till Sverige. Vi har använt oss av en kvalitativ metod, där vi har utgått ifrån semistrukturerade intervjuer. Vi har även tillämpat litteraturstudier för att få mer djupgående svar på vårt arbetes frågeställningar. De semistrukturerade intervjuerna har genomförts med 10 deltagare. Det samlade materialet har sedan analyserats med hjälp av en fenomenologisk metod, Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Resultaten har sedan presenterats i sex teman: "Förundran över barnens kapacitet till läkning", "Att skapa mening i arbete", "Dålig samverkan mellan myndigheterna", "Stödjande miljö", "Egna behov" och "Ovisshet". De huvudteman som framkom under intervjuerna och i analysen var hur personalen upplever barnens situation och vilka förutsättningar de har för att få en bra framtid i det nya landet, Sverige. Ytterligare ett tema som framkom var hur komplex barnens situation är samt barnens förmågor att hantera denna komplexitet. Personalen lyfte fram en beundran inför barnens förmågor att klara av flyktens svåra omständigheter samt förmågan till återhämtning efter traumatiska upplevelser. Vidare betonade personalen även barnens förmåga att skapa relationer till nya människor. Studien lyfter även fram problematiken kring ovissheten. En oviss situation omkring barnen gör det svårt att tillfredsställa deras behov av trygghet, tillit och framtidstro. Det lyfts upp i intervjuerna att den långa asylprocessen samt bristande samarbete mellan olika myndigheter är ett stort hinder i återhämtningsprocessen. Deltagarna lyfte fram att det är viktigt att skapa mening i sitt arbete, ha tillgång till kunskap samt känna sig trygg i sin roll. Vår studie visade även att handledning kring arbetet med ensamkommande barn är av stor betydelse och tas väl tillvara på av personal, där kunskap och utveckling har en betydande roll.

  • 92.
    Schüler, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Utveckling av en enkät för mätning av riskperception hos soldater och officerare: Vikten av kunskap och erfarenhet för att bedöma risker2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigated whether a revised version of the scale Risk Perception Self (RPS) and the Hazard Perception Other (RPO) that Hunter (2002) developed from Imhoff and Levine (1981) to measure the risk perception of pilots, also measures risk perception among military personnel. Hunters scale consisted of (RPS=26, RPO=17) scenarios divided in 2 perspectives depicting typical risk situations that pilots faced in their work. The scale was translated into Swedish and the scenarios adjusted to risk situations of general military nature as military personnel would understand and encounter in their work. The revised scale was answered by 153 servicemen, 20-66 years old, average age 32.5; 17% women. The participants' experience of military operations varied: Experienced individuals were soldiers who had undergone basic military training and specific military training (n = 93). Novices were soldiers who had recently started their training (n = 60). The scale had good reliability (Cronbach α = 0.88 for RPS, RPO = 0.89) and the factor-structure of Hunter’s scale replicated reasonably well in the revised scale. The revised risk perception scale was then used to investigate whether the study participants´ knowledge, experience, gender and age affected risk perception and if the respondents’ contexts affected the participants´ risk perception.

    The results showed that Experienced participants assessed risks as less dangerous. Women and older people assessed risks as more dangerous, and personnel associated with combat units assessed risks as less dangerous than personnel in supporting units. These results are generally in line with previous research and suggest that the revised scale is capable of measuring the risk perception among military personnel. An interesting result was that the context in which the participants answered the questionnaire also affected risk perception. Generally, Novices assessed risks as more dangerous than experienced in self-made hazards, external threats and risk-prone decisions regardless of what context they were in when they filled in the questionnaire.

  • 93.
    Sjödin, Madeleine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Svensson, Christoffer
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Har du valt rätt utbildning?: En studie om sambandet mellan personlighet och utbildningsval2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research on the relationship between personality and academic majors has been conducted in some countries, but not in Sweden to the extent of our knowledge. Our aim with this study is therefore to cover this knowledge gap in Swedish academy. Another purpose was to explore if there was a relationship between a students' personality traits and how difficult they found their education. The following questions were formulated: 1) Does personality differ between groups in various academic majors? 2) Is there a connection between a student's personality and the perceived difficulty? The participants were students and former students at Swedish universities. The total number of participants was 114 (56% women). The survey used consisted of two personality-tests: IPIP-120 (International Personality Item Pool) (chronbachs alpha α ranged from .87 to .90) that measures personality according the Big-five theory, and PID-5 (The Personality Inventory for DSM-5) (chronbachs alpha α ranged from .76 to .89). The collected data was analyzed with SPSS and the statistical tools: One-way ANOVA, independent t-test, Pearsons correlation (r) and regression analysis. Our results showed that, 1) the personality dimension that differentiated the most were openness, this between behavioral science students and computer science students, where the behavioral science students had the highest openness scores. 2) The result also demonstrated that the trait neuroticism was the best predictor of how difficult the students experienced their education. The results of this study could be very useful in the development and improvement of future universities and educations.

  • 94.
    Skoglund, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Virdstedt, Johanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Chefers förhållningssätt till social önskvärdhet: en kvalitativ studie kring socialt önskvärda svar vid anställningsintervjuer2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research has shown that people tend to respond in a socially desirable manner at job interviews. Socially desirable answers mean that a person tries to accentuate their positive features to increase the chance of employment. This study's purpose was to examine how managers reason about and judge socially desirable response at job interviews. The aim was also to investigate whether managers feel that there is a difference between extroverts and introverts in relation to socially desirable answers. The study was conducted with a qualitative approach in which semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven managers in Gothenburg. The interviews were transcribed and processed with a thematic analysis. After the thematic analysis we analyzed the results by using previous research and theories of social desirability and Impression Management (IM). The results showed that the respondents have a relatively wide acceptance for socially desirable answers and they say that it is a part of the social interaction. They experience no major difference between extroverts and introverts when it comes to socially desirable answers. By asking the candidates to give examples and describe situations the respondents can reduce and manage socially desirable answers.

  • 95.
    Sohrabpour, Anahita
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Gustafsson, Louise
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Rekrytering med magkänsla och dess koppling till Big Five personlighetsdrag2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recruiting the right person to the right position is crucial for organizations worldwide. A mistake in the recruitment process may not only be expensive but it may also affect the work ethics and the work environment negatively. To avoid mistakes in the recruitment process, science points out the positive effects of structured methods and the negative aspects in recruiting with gut feeling, even though intuition based recruitment is a faster method. A gut feeling is a belief which is not based on conscious or rational reasoning; it is rather based on insight within the individual. But who is recruiting with gut feeling and who uses structured methods, and what kind of connection does the recruiting process have with the Big Five personality traits? In this study a quantitative analysis has been concluded on 41 recruiters. The recruiters worked at both private and public companies. Through an electronic survey that were sent out to the recruiters, attitude towards recruiting with gut feeling was measured along with the variables age, knowledge and the Big Five personality traits. The results that emerged throughout this study were not statistical significant but point towards that individuals who has high levels of extroversion tends to be more positive towards recruiting with gut feeling, whilst individuals who has high levels of openness to experience tend to have a more negative attitude. Older individuals and individuals with relatively high knowledge also tend to have a more negative attitude towards recruiting with gut feeling.

  • 96.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Attitudes towards dating violence among young people2016In: Nordic Youth Research Symposium: Youth Moves – Voices – Spaces – Subjectivities, 2016, p. 71-71Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adolescent dating violence refers to interpersonal violence which occurs during young people s romantic relationships. Although current research has focused primarily on physical and sexual violence, it is typically agreed that such violence reflects a range of behaviours that includes physical, sexual, and psychological violence, and coercive control. Current international prevalence estimates vary considerably due to variations in definition, but broadly suggest that between 10% - 30% of both adolescent girls and boys experience physical violence in dating relationships. The aim of the study was to examine young people s attitudes toward dating violence. Swedish, British, German and Dutch young people (N=86), aged 12-18, were interviewed in focus groups. Four superordinate themes were identified from thematic analyses: gender identities, television as the educator, perceived acceptability of dating violence, and the decision to seek help/tell someone. Although violence in relationships was generally not condoned, when violence was used by females, was unintended (despite its consequences), or was in retaliation for infidelity, violence was perceived as acceptable. Young peoples indicated that their views were stereotypical and based solely on stereotypical television portrayals of violence in relationships. Stereotypical beliefs and portrayals generate barriers for victimized males to seek help because of fear of embarrassment. Our findings provide further support for double standards of perceptions of violence used by males and females with female violence perceived as less serious and consequently more acceptable than that of males.Furthermore, as a consequence of the above finding, young peoples reported that males would be too embarrassed to approach anyone for help with this issue.

  • 97.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Team Agera: Ett utökat och fördjupat barn- och elevhälsoarbete genom tvärprofessionell samverkan2016Report (Other academic)
  • 98.
    Strömberg, Fanny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Lind, Felicia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Kan NOSACQ-50 mäta säkerhetsklimat inom grundskoleverksamhet?: en explorativ studie med Nordic Safety Climate Questionnaire NOSACQ-50 som verktyg2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The elementary school in Sweden is the largest organization in the country and the risks of attacks and other devastating events can occur. The school attack in Trollhattan in the autumn of 2015 is an example of such an attack that occurred in the Swedish school activity. During closer examination it was discovered that there are very few published studies about the safety climate in school activities, which created an interest to investigate this further. The aim of the present study was to investigate the quantitative approach of the Nordic Safety Climate Questionnaire, which is an instrument that can measure the security climate in primary activities. The measuring instrument NOSACQ-50 consists of 50 claims that are divided into 7 security climate dimensions and 2 study areas. When children and young people characterize schools, the staff has a great responsibility for their security and therefore it was those who were present studies survey participants. In the present study a convenience sample was made and the study was restricted to primary business since there were available contacts and therefore a good opportunity to facilitate data collection. The sample consisted of 60 study participants from 3 primary schools in southern Sweden. Study participants were between the ages of 22 years old to 68 years old, where 17 were men, 43 were women and where 5 have a managerial position. The study results showed that NOSACQ-50 could measure the security climate in primary activities. NOSACQ-50 showed a high reliability but 2 dimensions (4 and 5) exhibited a lower alpha value. It may be due to issues in these dimensions may be less suited for measuring safety climate in primary activities. NOSACQ-50 could not distinguish the security climate levels from primary schools.

  • 99.
    Svensson, Melinda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Wilck, Sara
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Att presentera en akademisk verksamhet för allmänheten: En kvalitativ studie av rekrytering ur ett intersektionellt perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Colleges and universities are at the cutting edge based on the principle that all individuals should have equal value (SFS 1992: 1434). (In) equality of gender in the academic field is a subject studied with a focus directed on the study of individuals in homogeneous groups. Gender in interaction with age and ethnicity from an intersectional perspective, is not exhaustively explored. The study therefore, starting with the Discrimination Act (SFS 2008: 567), aimed to investigate how a selected university in Sweden presents itself to the public through their public documents in view of social categories such as gender, age and ethnicity (intersectionality). A qualitative approach was chosen where the selected public documents were examined with discourse analysis (Fairclough, 2012). The results showed differences between the theoretical and practical discourses where the access by the public differ. The selected university has unconsciously not, taken account of an intersectional perspective in the design of public documents, which are in line with previous research. It is therefore important that the university presents itself intersectionally to the public to be able to recruit different skills, as previously homogeneous societies tend to become increasingly heterogeneous.

  • 100.
    Taher Ahmed, Hamsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Janine, Sheyma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Lärare och lärarvikariers upplevelse och hantering av mobbning2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bullying is relatively new concepts that Dan Olweus founded in 1969 and the young research that already exists has awakened an interest to study the subject. Most available research about bullying is based on how children and adults are experiencing it. Very few deals with how teachers and substitutes both work and experience this phenomenon. Central to the study was to immerse in employee management and also the approach to bullying. The method used for this qualitative study was based on interviews with five teachers and four substitutes where teachers had a varying age from 25 up to 50. Additionally, their experiences in the profession ranged from 1.5 years to 18 years. For the substitutes the age difference was more even and all of them were between 20-23 years. The experience varied no more than a year between them. The study included a total of three men and six women. It followed the IPA method where both the participants' voices and the theoretical points come forward. The results are presented in three different variations in descriptions called (A) The role of teacher and substitute, (B) Standards and how to behave and (C) The importance of experience in the work against bullying. The study shows a strong connection between experience and self-esteem in which the more experience an employee has, the more confident they were in dealing with bullying. Discoveries were also made in variations among teachers and substitutes’ in their working methods. Teachers usually had a more professional approach to the children and the substitutes had a more friendly and close relationship with the children. Both variations in methodology and the pedagogical approach aisles have been informative for the study by answering more than asked. The whole study can be summarized by saying that it has shed a new light to the world of research in a way that teachers and substitute’s variations have been informed.

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