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  • 51.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ledarskap och beslutsfattande i psykiatriska team: om sammanhållning, sortering och kontroll2015 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about leadership and decision-making in psychiatric teams. To manage healthcare, cross-organisational work has been used as a working method in teamwork.

    The overall aim of the study was to study how leadership and decision-making are applied in psychiatric teams. The issues addressed are: to describe and to understand how leadership in psychiatric teams is applied, to describe and to understand how decision-making in psychiatric teams is applied, explain why there are potential differences between talk and practice, and to explain why teamwork is applied in psychiatry.

    The study's theoretical framework is based on the challenges that arise when teamwork is organised in a multi-professional context. In the study, decision theory, leadership theory and new institutional theory are used to help to link together and provide explanations for behaviour patterns of professions.

    The study's data were collected between 2008–2011 through interviews, observations and document studies. Total study consists of 101 interviews with 111 informants. Observations have been done of 10 teams on 132 occasions for a total of 230 hours. Observations have focused on the teamwork carried out in the treatment conferences.

    The study shows that: 1) there is an informal contract in teams that governs who does what in different situations, 2) doctors applied a reversible leadership where they alternated between the involuntary and the self-imposed, 3) teams used decision norms that are governed by situation-specific micro-codes, 4) there is an episodic culture which decreased the incentive to provide preventive and long-term treatment, 5) teamwork was used to provide the opportunity for solidarity, classification and control, and 6) there was no striving for perfection in decision-making; instead, the teams were satisfied with an acceptable level that everyone could agree on.

  • 52.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Läran om management – föreställningar i ett organisationssamhälle, K. Holmblad-Brunsson. Studentlitteratur, Lund (2013), 230 pp.2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Management, ISSN 0956-5221, E-ISSN 1873-3387, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 257-258Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 53.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mellan offentligt och privat: om styrning, praktik och intressen i hälso- och sjukvården2010In: Nordiske organisasjonsstudier, ISSN 1501-8237, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 90-95Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 54.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Recension av: En illusion av frihet? Företag och organisationer i regelsamhället.2006In: Nordiske organisasjonsstudier, ISSN 1501-8237, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 113-117Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 55.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Synchronous work - myth or reality?: a critical study of teams in health and medical care2010In: Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice, ISSN 1356-1294, E-ISSN 1365-2753, Vol. 16, no 6, p. 1314-1321Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Rationale, aims and objectives  In this article, ideal conceptions about teamwork are tested. The research question posed is: How are teams in psychiatry formed? Three theoretical concepts that distinguish groups from teams are presented: sequentiality, parallelism and synchronicity. The presumption is that groups cooperate sequentially and teams synchronously, while the parallel work mode is a transitional form between group and team. Methods  Three psychiatric outpatient teams at a university hospital specialist clinic were studied. Data were collected through 25 personal interviews and 82 hours of observations. The data collection was carried out over 18 months (2008–2009). Results  Results show: (1) that the three theoretical distinctions between group and team need to be supplemented with two intermediate forms, semiparallel and semisynchronous teamwork; and (2) that teamwork is not characterized by striving towards a synchronous ideal but instead is marked by an adaptive interaction between sequential, parallel and synchronous working modes. Conclusions  The article points to a new intermediate stage between group and team. This intermediate stage is called semiparallel teamwork. The study shows that practical teamwork is not characterized by a synchronous ideal, but rather is about how to adaptively find acceptable solutions to a series of practical problems. The study emphasizes the importance of the team varying between different working modes, so-called semisystematics.

  • 56.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Åhlström, Pär (red.) (2010). Verksamhetsutveckling i världsklass. 1. uppl. Lund: Studentlitteratur2012In: Nordiske organisasjonsstudier, ISSN 1501-8237, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 91-96Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Blåljusorganisationer på olycksplatsen: om samverkansminimering2009In: Offentlig sektor och komplexitet: om hantering av mål, strategier och professioner / [ed] Adolfsson, Petra & Solli, Rolf, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, p. 59-79Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 58.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric
    Sahlgrenska Akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Collaboration Exercises: the lack of collaborative benefits2014In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, ISSN 2095-0055, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 192-205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to study what professional emergency personnel learn during collaboration exercises and the benefits of what they have learned. Observations (n=19) and semistructured interviews (n=32) were carried out in conjunction with major exercises held in Sweden (2007–2012). The results show that exercises tend to be based on its own logic, which differs from actual events. Exercise participants believe that they mainly learn single-track, parallel and path-dependent behavior. The exercises do not facilitate the use of cross-boundary activities. This means that learning as well as benefits of the exercises for actual events is limited. The exercises would be more appropriate if those participating had the opportunity to identify weaknesses, try alternative ways as well as had the opportunity to have comprehensive organizational analyses at the conclusion of the exercises. Based on the results of the study, alternative models for the exercises are suggested that contain elements, which develop collaboration and contribute to learning.

  • 59.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Dolda artefakters betydelse: -En kritisk studie av kulturella uttryck inom psykiatrin2010In: Nordiske organisasjonsstudier, ISSN 1501-8237, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 27-44Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 60.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    From artefact to effect: the organising effects of artefacts on teams2010In: Journal of Health Organisation & Management, ISSN 1477-7266, E-ISSN 1758-7247, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 412-427Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Earlier studies have identified artefacts, but have only to a lesser degree looked at theireffects. The purpose of this paper is to investigate how artefacts contribute to organisation. Design/methodology/approach – A trauma team at a university hospital has been observed andits members interviewed. Findings – The trauma team showed itself to be rich on artefacts since it had strong internal drivingforces, high legitimacy, and tried to live up to high expectations from the outside. Its members were motivated to be in the forefront of trauma care. Through renewal, the team succeeded in maintaining demarcation. It also succeeded in systemising internal work tasks and made for itself a position in relation to the outside. The team's capacity, however, came to be limited by internal conflicts and battles for prestige. Practical implications – The study shows that informal logic has a strong influence on teams.Teamwork contributed to the development of organisational structure and motivation for the personnel. Originality/value – Earlier studies advocate the important role of artefacts in order to communicate, collaborate, negotiate or coordinate activities. The conclusion is that artefacts also have an organising and developing effect on teams in a fragmented and differentiated healthcare.

  • 61.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric
    Sahlgrenska Akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Från mekanistisk till organisk samverkan mellan blåljusorganisationer2013In: Om samverkan: för utveckling av hälsa och välfärd / [ed] Axelsson, Runo, Bihari Axelsson, Susanna, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, 1, p. 237-254Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 62.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Specialist Nursing programme. University of Gothenburg.
    Learning and usefulness of collaboration exercises: A study of the three level collaboration (3LC) exercises between the police, ambulance and rescue services2015In: International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, ISSN 0280-7270, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 428-467Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we studied collaboration exercises (3LC) between the rescue services, ambulance services, and police force, which were developed to enhance learning and usefulness. The exercises’ structure was based on identified deficiencies in previous collaboration exercises. The purpose was to test the exercise model in terms of learning and usefulness. Ten 3LC exercises were observed. A total of 65 semi-structured interviews were conducted (2011–2014) in connection with the exercises. The exercises contained across-boundary elements, seminars, and interactive documentation. The participants were given the opportunity to discuss, analyze, and critically reflect on their efforts. During the seminars, the individual actions were analyzed, which led to alternative strategies that were subsequently tested in a repeated exercise. Our results demonstrate that repetitive features and seminars during collaboration exercises promote learning toward an organic behavior and usefulness in the actual incident work.

  • 63.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Samverkan mellan blåljusorganisationer2011 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Samverkan mellan olika yrkesprofessioner på en olycksplats är komplicerat. Mycket på grund av att förväntningarna inte alltid överensstämmer med förutsättningarna. I boken problematiseras agerandet på olycksplatsen. Friktionen mellan yrkesprofessioner lyfts fram och olika beteendemönster diskuteras.I boken tar författarna samverkan från retorik till ett praktiskt redskap, något som är möjligt att konkretisera och utföra praktiskt i det dagliga arbetet. Boken utgör samtidigt en introduktion till övningstekniken 3-nivåsamverkan (3-NS).I den här boken bjuds på flera närgångna beskrivningar. Medarbetare från fältet berättar om sina erfarenheter av samverkan, hur den tillämpas, om vilka möjligheter som finns och vilka svårigheter som behöver hanteras.Boken riktar sig till alla som arbetar i eller i anslutning till blåljusorganisationer. Den kan med fördel användas som lärobok för universitets- och högskolestuderande som läser till yrken inom polis, räddningstjänst eller ambulanssjukvård. Boken passar också för vidareutbildning av redan yrkesverksamma. Den kan även med fördel läsas av forskare, tjänstemän och politiker med intresse för hur framtidens blåljusorganisationer ska ledas, organiseras och styras.

  • 64.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level. Göteborgs universitet, Sahlgrenska akademin.
    Samverkansövningar: Om lärande och nytta2015 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study relates to collaboration exercises, with particular focus on the full-scale exercises between the police, rescue services and ambulance. To succeed in a complex situation, it requires that the personnel’s ability to collaborate across organisations be developed and refined.

    The overall aim of this study was to examine how collaboration is practised and how exercises lead to learning and usefulness. A research summary was initially done in this study. Based on that, a number of key concepts were developed that proved helpful when we followed the Swedish collaboration exercises through interviews and observations. The collected analysis has since been the basis for the design of a new exercise model, 3LC, three-level collaboration. It is based on the experiences we have had in studies of traditional exercises.

    The 3LC exercises that were conducted consisted of two practical sessions and three seminars. Each session was followed by an evaluative seminar with the aim that participants themselves would reflect and develop their patterns of behaviour. The two practical sessions were identical. It gave the participants the opportunity to rehearse and methodically try new approaches. The first exercise session was carried out according to the procedures that normally apply and govern the actions at an actual event. The second exercise session was preceded by a self-critical seminar where participants themselves identified what could be improved for the next exercise session.

    The research project was carried out from 2011 to 2014. A total of 19 collaboration exercises were studied, including 16 full-scale exercises. A total of 97 interviews and 125 hours of observation were carried out in this study. A questionnaire (CLU instrument) was developed, which was answered by 272 exercise participants.

    The study shows that collaborative sessions in the exercises contributed to the participants learning more and having greater usefulness from the exercises. 3LC exercises were perceived to enhance learning by 26 per cent and usefulness by 17 per cent, compared with traditional exercises. Collaborative exercises are benefitted when participants analyse their weaknesses themselves. Repetitive elements where participants try out alternative strategies improve preparedness prior to actual events.

  • 65.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    The yellow line:  a critical study of the symbolic value of artefacts in health care teams2010In: Cognition, Technology & Work, ISSN 1435-5558, E-ISSN 1435-5566, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 251-261Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Artefacts reveal an organisation's ''inner life'' and they contribute to its image and reputation. They also play a decisive role for an organisation's development. In this article, similar artefacts from two different health care teams—a trauma team and a psychiatric team—in the same hospital, are compared. The team members were interviewed and their work observed over the course of several years. It was demonstrated that identical pieces of equipment in a trauma team and a psychiatric team signalled opposite values. The psychiatric team was backwardlooking, conservative and contradictory. Modern technology and pieces of equipment were associated with an abandoned and previously criticised activity. The corresponding equipment in the trauma team, on the other hand, signalled a forward looking, developing and unified culture. The trauma team was a relatively new and powerfully idealised phenomenon, which attracted attention. The analysis points out how the symbolic values signal that one activity is attractive and pleasing while another has a low external legitimacy. 

  • 66.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Traumateam - förenklat flöde eller försvårande hinder?2006In: Hälso- och sjukvårdens ekonomi och logistik (HEL), Göteborg: Sahlgrenska akademin vid Göteborgs universitet , 2006, p. 202-209Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 67.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet / Sahlgrenska akademin. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Vad övas vid samverkansövningar: - om första initiativeffekt och parallellitet2008In: Nordiske organisasjonsstudier, ISSN 1501-8237, no 4, p. 23-39Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 68.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric D.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Blåljusövningar och lärande: - en ny typ av samverkansövning2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 69.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric D.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level. Göteborgs universitet, Sahlgrenska Akademin, Institute of Health and Care Sciences.
    The Three-Level Collaboration Exercise: Impact of Learning and Usefulness2015In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 257-265Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine the emergency personnel’s perception of the effects of exercises, with regard to learning and usefulness. The exercises were quasi-experimental and constructed in such a way that employees from different organizations overlapped each other’s tasks. This was accomplished by: having asymmetries included in the scenarios, repeating exercise procedures and testing different strategies, which were discussed at joint seminars. The exercises were compared to a similar study, published in this journal, of nonquasi-experimental but merely traditional exercises. Surveys were distributed and collected from emergency personnel in connection with seven exercises. At the exercises, 94.3% of the personnel thought that the exercises had a focus on collaboration (traditional exercises, 75.6%).

  • 70.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carlström, Eric
    Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Sandberg, Håkan
    Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Mälardalens högskola.
    Models of teamwork: ideal or not?: A critical study of theoretical team models2012In: Team Performance Management, ISSN 1352-7592, E-ISSN 1758-6860, Vol. 18, no 5/6, p. 328-340Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - There is a tendency in team research to employ concepts of stepwise models, reachingfrom the primitive to the excellent, to suggest that a higher level of evolution is better than the basic and simple. This tendency includes typologies of teams. This article aims to question the relevance of this view.

    Design/methodology/approach - Data were collected in three steps. In the first step, articles and books analyzing teams and teamwork from stepwise analytical models were collected. In the second step the collected data were classified into different themes. Each stepwise model was classified into one essential denomination. This classification resulted in eight themes. In the third step each theme was analyzed, which led to the fusion of some of the themes.

    Findings - The conclusion is that a synchronous, complementary or mature team is not necessarily optimal. Contrary to this, a differentiated, sequential or multi team approach can be optimal for some purposes. Team research needs to establish a more open, inductive and critical attitude than at present.

    Originality/value - The paper highlights the need to observe and use team theories in a balanced and critical way.

  • 71.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Jensen, Christian
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Löfström, Mikael
    Högskolan i Borås .
    Nilsson, Viveka
    Kommunforskning i västsverige (KFi).
    Chefers strategier för att implementera samverkan2016Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien handlar om interorganisatorisk samverkan inom vård och omsorg. Här studeras vilka strategier som första och andra linjens kommunala chefer använder för att få till stånd en fungerande samverkan. Hur ser hindren ut och vilka strategier och överväganden gör cheferna för att övervinna dem. Den fråga som därför behandlas i denna rapport är; vilka strategier an-vänder kommunala chefer inom vård och omsorg för att implementera samverkan? I studien har data samlats in genom att 21 chefer inom vård och omsorg intervjuats. De chefer som medverkat i studien har alla varit verksamma i kommuner som deltagit i det Nationella kommunforskningsprogrammet, vilka är Borås, Göteborg, Lund, Norrköping, Piteå, Sjöbo och Stockholm. I studien har tre centrala iakttagelser gjorts. Dessa handlar om; 1) att cheferna väljer en form av situationsanpassad strategi beroende på vad sam-verkan har för syfte och med vilka aktörer som samverkan ska genomföras, 2) att cheferna behöver hantera den upplevda intressekonflikten som finns mellan att ta ansvar för den "egna verksamheten" samtidigt som de förväntas ta ansvar för samverkan med andra organisationer och 3) att cheferna har svårt att hantera sitt chefsansvar vid samverkan. Samverkan där linjestyrningen utmanas eller kompletteras med horisontell styrning är lösare reglerad vilket kan leda till oklar ansvarsfördelning och diffus arbetsdelning. Här kan chefer behöva tillägna sig andra uttryck för att utöva sitt ledarskap då den traditionella chefsrollen inte är lika väl anpassad till styrning vid samverkans-situationer.

  • 72.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kastberg, Gustaf
    Lunds universitet, Institutionen för Sevice management.
    Styrning av hälso- och sjukvård2011 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här boken får du möjlighet att bekanta dig med de styrmodeller som har tillämpats inom vården under de senaste decennierna. Författarna ger en bild av vad de olika modellerna tenderar att leda till på kort respektive lång sikt. Trender, regler, resultat, arbetsfördelning och de speciella förutsättningar som gäller för styrning i professionella organisationer behandlas.Boken riktar sig till utbildningar inom hälso- och sjukvårdsadministration, vårdvetenskap, socialt arbete, arbetsvetenskap, offentlig förvaltning, företagsekonomi och service management samt till praktiskt yrkesverksamma. Den kan även med fördel läsas av forskare, tjänstemän och politiker med intresse för hur framtidens hälso- och sjukvård ska organiseras och styras.

    Download (pdf)
    COVER01
  • 73.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sandberg, Håkan
    Team i vård, behandling och omsorg: Erfarenheter och reflektioner2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Team är populära, inte minst inom vård, behandling och omsorg.Trots att det börjar bli en väl etablerad företeelse tycks teamfortfarande stå för förnyelse och nytänkande. Teamarbete harsåledes kommit att få en allt viktigare roll.

    I denna antologi behandlas frågor som: Varför uppstår team? Vadgör team nödvändiga? Vad är utmärkande för olika typer av team? Vad skapar väl fungerande team? Vilka effekter får teamarbete förverksamheten? Du som läsare bjuds på både kritiska betraktelser,utvecklingsspår och verktyg.

    Boken vänder sig till studerande och forskare vid högskolor ochuniversitet samt till praktiskt verksamma inom vård-, behandlingsochomsorgsorganisationer. De olika kapitlen kan läsas friståendeoch ger var för sig en god bild av teamets funktion.

    ---

    Team i vård, behandling och omsorg förmedlar en unikinsikt och förståelse kring teamarbetes betydelse, funktionssätt och utmaningar baserad på omfattande och mångårig forskning. Boken förtjänar därför attanvändas inom alla utbildningar på högskolenivå som är inriktade mot vård- och omsorg.

    Stefan Tengblad, professor i företagsekonomi

  • 74.
    Berndtzen, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hansson, Therese
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Man måste ju så pedagogiskt visa": En studie för att ur familjebehandlares perspektiv beskriva deras verksamhet, insats och funktion för föräldrar med utvecklingsstörning2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Living with an Intellectual disability entails difficulty understanding as well as learning things, and may vary depending on whether the intellectual disability is considerable, moderate or mild. Within the earlier mentioned categories, it is most common that people with mild intellectual disability have children. Intellectual disability can involve difficulties concerning social and practical skills as well as reduced intelligence. To cope with being a parent there are several skills that must be mastered, such as emotional, social and intellectual competence, a considerable challenge for parents with intellectual disabilities.

    This study aims to describe the activities, the role and affect family support workers has on parents with intellectual disabilities.

    The empirical material has been collected through qualitative semi-structured interviews with five family support workers, who in their profession come in contact with parents that have intellectual disabilities. The interviews has carefully been transcribed word for word and analyzed using the method of qualitative content analysis.

    The results show that the comprehensive theme of the study is the fact that family support workers use themselves as tools by assuming different roles in their work; here named the learning, the inventive and the authoritative. Each role plays an important part in the parents learning experience, and the family support worker alternates between the roles to suit specific needs. They work in a pedagogic, individual and precise manner in an effort to support and promote parental skills. The family support worker believes in the parent’s ability of becoming a sufficient parent, providing adequate conditions. It can be difficult for the family support worker to relate to the needs of the child and the parent as well as the parents civil rights, society and social efforts. The family support workers and the municipal activities they represent have clearly implied that working towards increasing parental abilities, in parents with intellectual disabilities, deals with developing skills in order to master everyday life

  • 75.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Perneman, Jan-Erik
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    An Intercultural University with Hubs, Nodes and Feeds2011In: EDU Learn 2011 Proceedings, 2011, p. 4755-4758Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Linköping University and University West in Sweden have during the last decades developed intercultural courses together with indigenous groups in the Nordic countries, Latin America and Africa.

    We have recently developed ideas about how the modern web-based tools could give the possibility to create a sustainable and mutual communication . The ideas are based on the use of technologies in the field of Web 2.0 and refer to tools such as blogs and RSS feeds and readers of such feeds.

    Readers can be set so that the transmitted information is displayed in the individual's own language, although it is written in another language. Similar features are also available for direct real-time translation of such blogs or other websites. Many blogs also allow, by special functions, to read and subscribe to the content of other blogs. By creating structures that link the course blogs "inwards" towards a common hub, portal information are made ​​available in such a way that the individual participant or group courses can easily find relevant information from other participants or from the education provider. The use of such hubs also create incentives to study digital communication tools and how these can operate in different educational models with education and lifelong learning in focus.

    Course blogs or group blogs are created on various free sites on the web. Examples include Wordpress.com or Blogger.com. The place does not matter if there's a feed so others can subscribe. If the group wants to link information from other blogs or sites with feedback there is a need for functionality locally on the system. The aforementioned systems have such features.A study group blog provides feedback to the course blog and a group blog can also subscribe to various feeds for different categories of course blogs. The hub shares in the same way information in both directions with one or more course blogs. The hub may also include links to the various systems and also addresses for individual feeds or combined for different course groups or a common language.

    The implementation of a hub according to the above model of intercultural courses also provide experiences that can be used for other courses in which several courses are given to groups that are dispersed geographically and also in time. There is also an opportunity to communicate and provide material from their own or joint "learning environments". It can be seen as experiments with forms of support to the "Personal Learning Environment" and opens for use of the “Open Educational Resources ", especially such as the participants themselves find interesting and want to spread to others.

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  • 76.
    Bernlo, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Boman, Christine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "... att göra världen begriplig...": Betydelsen av KASAM för barn inom institution och öppenvård2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vårt syfte med uppsatsen var att ta reda på om KASAM-begreppet, trots att det har några år på nacken, fortfarande ses som betydelsefullt. Vi utgick från personalens perspektiv gällande KASAM's betydelse för barn 0-12 år, placerade på institution eller med någon form av insats från öppenvården. Genom kvalitativa intervjuer tog vi del av personalens erfarenheter av KASAM's betydelse för barnen, hur de arbetar och om de metoder de använder sig av , ger möjlighet att skapa en känsla av sammanhang för barnen. Vid tolkningen av vårt intervjumaterial utgick vi från tre teman baserade på våra frågeställningar. Det som framkom av materialet var att KASAM har stor betydelse för barnens välbefinnande. KASAM-begreppet är högst närvarande i de metoder som används inom verksamheterna, även om personalen inte talar om det i termer av KASAM.

     

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  • 77.
    Berntsson, Helena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Wikström, Lisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Säkerhetsklimat: en studie om skillnader mellan ledning och medarbetares uppfattning av säkerhetsarbete2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The safety of an organization is based not only on safe equipment and quality assurance processes, but also on the interaction between people (Törner, 2008). A good safety climate has a positive impact on safety and has been shown to reduce accidents. The aim of the present study was to find out if there are differences in safety climate between employees and management in an industrial enterprise with a quantitative approach. The study includes a survey with 31 participants in manufacturing industries in western Sweden between the ages of 22-65 of whom 3 were women and 28 were men. To reach out to the participants a web survey based on NOSACQ-50 (Nordic Safety Climate Questionnaire) was used, which measures seven dimensions of safe climate. The results showed that safety climate was at a good level for both management and employees. However, the two groups did not differ in how they perceived safety. The result also showed that there were correlations between the dimensions of NOSACQ-50. Although no significant differences between management and employees were discovered, the study highlights the importance of studying safety climate from several perspectives. There may be benefits in considering safety climate from a group perspective as this may generate a deeper understanding of safety climate as a whole, and how organizations can achieve a more coherent safety climate

  • 78.
    Berntsson, Mattias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ericsson, Josefine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Cannabis en klasslös drog: En kvantitativ studie kring ungdomars acceptans till cannabis utifrån ett klassperspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    This study has been produced as a thesis on the social pedagogy program at University West in Trollhättan.

    Aim

    The study's aim was to analyze how socially acceptable cannabis is among the 3rd year students on high schools in Uddevalla municipality. The study did not examine how many of the young people who do or have used the drug, but the questions revolve around what they do to people in their vicinity that makes use of the drug. The study analyzes then the young people's acceptance in relation to their class indication, to see if there is a correlation between youth class belonging and acceptance of cannabis.

    Methods

    The study was carried out with a quantitative method which has been carried out with the help of a questionnaire survey addressed to 3rd year students at high schools in Uddevalla municipality. In the study, 115 students took part of the 1024 possible, which means that a little more than 10% of the sample have answered on the questionnaire.

    Results

    The results of the study found no correlation between students' class and attitude towards cannabis, which applies to previous research. A dependency when it comes to the pupil's social circle and approach to cannabis, has, however, been demonstrated. Students who have someone in their vicinity who use cannabis tends to have a more liberal attitude toward the drug. This manifests itself by about 30% of the young people said that they have someone in their vicinity who use cannabis regularly, and about 30% said they thought it is okay to use cannabis at a party and that it should be legalized. That young people tend to think like his friends, can be explained by previous findings that suggest that young people get their information about drugs from his visitation, first and foremost, and not by their parents or other adults.

  • 79.
    Birging, Joachim
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Karlsson, Andreas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Motivationsarbete i skolan: sex högstadielärares erfarenheter av arbete med lågt motiverade elever2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how secondary school teachers work with low-motivated students. The authors of the present study believe that a well-functioning motivational work should result in better school results and increased well-being for the students. Over 900 000 students spend their everyday in elementary school, where compulsory education should impart knowledge, standards and values, which they will bring into adulthood. The teacher is also responsible to motivate the students, something that becomes particularly clear when the student's own motivation for school work is low. By using qualitative interviews, the present study examined six secondary school teachers' experiences of working with low-motivated students. These experiences were analyzed and then interpreted based on the concepts of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. The results show that motivational work is difficult. Factors that affect motivation are the relationship between teacher and student, the classroom environment and the teacher’s ability to engage the student in their school work. The teachers consider a meaningful education important to motivate students

  • 80.
    Bjurström, Åse Eliason
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Drama as a trans-structural catalyst in a global-local and formal -informal rhizome of ESD agents.2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Drama as a trans-structural catalyst in a global-local and formal -informal rhizome of ESD agents.

    In the center of the stage stands a collaborative theatre co –production facing sustainability with stakeholders from five continents. The project sets out to investigate a number of questions; How and if can Drama serve to enhance ESD learning with an emphasis on emerging processes in a trans-structural setting? What effect can an embodied learning that also includes a visit to the as- if –imaginary domains have on a intercultural ESD discussion? As Drama means doing - acting as well as reflecting there is a potential for a critical reflexivity, how can that be investigated? What are the ethical implications involved in the usage of such transformative tools? These are a few off all the questions that has triggered my interest in using Drama whilst working with ESD in an intercultural and network-based learning context. Findings from a pilot case study will be presented and I look forward to the possibility of enhancing the discussion within this distinguished crowd.

  • 81.
    Bjurström, Åse Eliason
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Trying to make 'Reality' appear Different: working with drama in an intercultural ESD setting2012In: Social Alternatives, ISSN 0155-0306, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 16-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will firstly sketch the key features of intercultural drama and Education for Sustainable Development (ESD); secondly critically reflect on current Higher Education Institution (HEI) discourse; the broad discrepancy between preferred visions for global learning for sustainable development and the rationale of self-realisation and commodification that seems to be the prevailing paradigm of European HEIs. Then the Interculturality and Sustainability network and the Gogol project which emerged from it in 2011 are introduced. The Gogol project, as an intercultural drama project, sets out to tackle issues of economic (un)sustainability. The concept of the project is presented and questions that have emerged in the planning of the project are shared.

  • 82.
    Bjurström, Åse Eliason
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mukisa, Bernard
    Budondo Intercultural Center, Uganda.
    Lwanga, Stephen
    Drama is about the Planet in a mess2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Drama is embodied learning, it is interaction with the immediate environment where we all are in the same ensemble. In this workshop we will walk our talk, we will indeed all be both actors and audience. Our first entry will be sharing an intercultural project facing corruption/ economical unsustainability, initiated in Budondo, the Gogol Interplayground project, has now spread to all the continents.

  • 83.
    Björquist, Elisabet
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. Lunds Universitet.
    Att få komma till tals2015In: Att arbeta med delaktighet inom habilitering / [ed] Hansson, Kristofer & Nordmark, Eva, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1. uppl, p. 111-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 84.
    Björquist, Elisabet
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. Lunds Universitet.
    Barn med funktionsnedsättning2015In: Pediatrisk omvårdnad / [ed] Hallström, Inger & Lindberg, Tor, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 2. [utök. och uppdaterade], p. 330-337Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 85.
    Björquist, Elisabet
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nordmark, Eva
    Lunds universitet.
    Almasri, N.
    Hallström, Inger
    Lunds universitet.
    Identified problems during transition of immigrant youth with disabilities from Middle-Eastern countries: youths' and caregivers' prioritiesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 86.
    Björquist, Elisabet
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nordmark, Eva
    Lunds universitet.
    Almasri, N.
    Hallström, Inger
    Lunds universitet.
    Immigrant youths with disabilities and caregivers from the Middle-East: Challenges and needs during transition to adulthoodManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 87.
    Björquist, Elisabet
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Nordmark, Eva
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hallström, Inger
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Living in transition: experiences of healthand well-being and the needs of adolescents with cerebral palsy2015In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 258-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:

    Transition to adulthood for adolescents in general is a multifaceted process, and for adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) it also involves transition from child- to adult-oriented support. CP entails a variety and combination of disabilities, which in association with external factors may make the transition to adult health services difficult. The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of how adolescents with CP experience their own health, well-being and need of support during their transition to adulthood.

    METHODS:

    An inductive qualitative approach was used based on interviews with 12 adolescents with CP aged 17-18 years and living in Sweden. Manifest and latent content analysis was used for the analysis of data.

    RESULTS:

    The results are described in the main theme 'Living in transition and looking forward to being an adult, but not feeling ready yet and being in need of further support'. Five subthemes highlight the adolescents' experiences of belonging to a family, of the importance of friends and love, of managing daily activities, being surrounded by support and having hopes for the future.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    Interviews with adolescents with CP provide valuable information for the planning of transition programmes and for the support of adolescents with disabilities who are in the transition to adult living. According to the adolescents in this study, the support should be flexible and not be fixed to biological age. Personal, individualized information and support was desired by the adolescents in order to be able to manage their own transition. One option to facilitate transition is the stepping-stone of being close to parents or staff members during the first phase, after leaving the parental home.

  • 88.
    Björquist, Elisabet
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. Lunds universitet.
    Nordmark, Eva
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    Hallström, Inger
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    Parents’ Experiences of Health and Needs When Supporting Their Adolescents With Cerebral PalsyDuring Transition to Adulthood2016In: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, ISSN 0194-2638, E-ISSN 1541-3144, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 2014-216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT. Aims: Parents are the primary support providers for adolescents with disabilities,their health and wellbeing is therefore of great importance when planning foryouths’ transition into adulthood. The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understandingof how parents of adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) experience their ownhealth and wellbeing and their needs for support during the adolescent’s transition toadulthood. Methods: An inductive qualitative approach was used, including interviewswith 15 mothers and fathers to 10 adolescents with CP aged 17–18 years. Latent contentanalysis was used for analyzing the data. Results: Themain theme “Friction blisters chafingand healing during transition” illustrates the parents’ experiences. Five sub-themesformed the parents’ experiences of concerns along with sorrow and stress in life, worriesabout what was to come, their need for support, strategies for coping, and experiencesof cohesion. Conclusions: Knowledge of parents’ experiences of their health, wellbeing,and needs provide valuable information for the planning of transition for adolescentswith disabilities. Help with parents’ sorrow, stress, and worry in daily life might be facilitatedand parental health safeguarded by a navigator who can both guide and givehands-on support.

  • 89.
    Blomgren, Roger
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att styra eller styras: från kulturpolitiska visioner till konstpolitisk vardag2007In: Nordisk kulturpolitisk tidskrift, ISSN 1403-3216, E-ISSN 2000-8325, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 40-59Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 90.
    Blomgren, Roger
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Cultural industry from threat to salvation: film production from art policy to regional development2008Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The object of this article is to explore the political processes behind the regionalisation of film production in Sweden since the early 1990s and forward. What can explain the transfer of power from central government and film production companies to regionally based institutions? My thesis is that institutions matter. Institutions are seen as an intermediate level between state structures and rational choice/actor explanations. Institutions are equivalent to formal rules, compliance procedures and standard operation practices that structure the relationship between individuals in various units of the polity and economy. The redefinition of film production from national art policy to regional and local policy for development and economic growth is crucial. This redefinition also has to be seen in the light of the general trend towards regionalisation both in Sweden and internationally.

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  • 91.
    Blomgren, Roger
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Den onda, den goda och den nyttiga: kulturindustrin, filmen och regionerna2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report focuses on the change that has taken place in the relationship between the state and the cultural industry in Sweden. From the beginning of the 20th Century, when film and popular music (jazz and later rock´n roll) were introduced in Sweden, to the 1990´s the relationship between state and cultural industries has been one of distrust. Popular film and music were seen as having a damaging effect on society. Today, cultural industy is seen as a salvation for the society. Regions and local communities see it as an important industry for growth and welfare. My aim is to study this new trend by using an empirical example of the growth of a Swedish regional resource- and production centre called Film in West. It is a joint-stock company owned by the regional council, established in 1992. Today it has become a powerful actor in national film politics and about half of the total numbers of feature films produced in Sweden during the last ten years were produced in co-operation with Film in West. The object is to explore the political processes behind the regionalisation of film production in Sweden since the early 1990s and forward. What can explain the transfer of power from central government and film production companies to regionally based institutions? The theoretical thesis is that ideas are important for change and create new forms of institution such as Film in West. Ideas can function as a mental map, or common framework of meaning. When policy entrepreneurs introduced the idea to see film as an instrument for regional and local development and economic growth and not as art policy, regionalisation become possible.

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  • 92.
    Bogoevski, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Löf, Camilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Lyssna nu på fröken": en kvalitativ studie om barns delaktighet på förskolan2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate preschool teacher’s views of participation in preschool. We examined how adults' power can affect children's participation in preschool. Media produces sometimes children's increased power and empowerment as something negative. We wanted to see how children's participation can be perceived by preschool teachers and the situations in which participation can be seen at the preschool and we have assumed a qualitative approach in which we used interviews to take part in pre-school teachers' experiences. In this study, we use Steven Lukes (2008) power theori and Harry Shiers (2001) ladder of participation and used it to examine how preschool teachers are working to achieve participation in preschool and if any power aspects can affect children's influence.

    In the result we present how preschool fosters participation based on the needs of the ladder as Shier highlights, and discusses the pros and cons of participation in preschool. The preschool curriculum states that children in preschool should be given the opportunity to influence their situation at the preschool and participate in various forms of collaboration and decision making. The result is also coupled to Steven Lukes theory of power and the different dimensions.

    The result shows that preschool teachers see participation as something positive. However, they were all agreed that too much involvement is not good for children as it creates anxiety and disorientation. Both previous research and our informants believe that children thrive on structure and clear rules. To give children too many choices does not fit all and we can therefore see that it is difficult to give children full participation. We can from our results see that that the preschool teachers work daily to make the children involved but some educators argue that large groups of children and lack of staff restricts the possibilities. The view of participation differs among different teachers, but the key word for creating participation according to the educators has been to listen to the children

  • 93.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Att få pengarna att räcka till som de brukar: Barns och ungas perspektiv på föräldrars arbetslöshet2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is about the ways in which children in families with previous economic stability experience and adapt to substantially decreased household income as a consequence of a parent's/parents' unemployment. While much is known about children growing up in poor families, and how they understand and act in relation to the family's economic situation, little is known about children who suddenly find themselves living in economic adversity. In the context of post-financial crisis Sweden where in the late 2000s/early 2010s large numbers of families with previously stable incomes found themselves in economic adversity, the objective of the research is to investigate how children and young people experience substantial decreases in household income as a consequence of parental unemployment. In particular focus is directed to the ways in which they reason about and respond to the family's new economic circumstances. Interviews with children (N=45) whose parents had previously been in long-term employment but lost their jobs were carried out. Drawing on national data provided by the National Transition Fund for Blue-collar Workers (TSL) and (ii) the Local Transition fund for white-collar staff in the private sector (TRS), five municipalities in the west of Sweden with the highest numbers of transition grants were initially identified for recruitment of families subjected to unemployment during the years of 2010-2013.The interview data was analysed using thematic content analysis (Broun & Clark2006) with focus directed to children's agency (Kuczinski 2003). While the results are largely in line with previous research on children living in long-termpoor families, that is to say that parents put children´s needs first, children take responsibility for the family situation by not financial demands on the parentsone major difference emerged. None of the types of self-excluding behavior characteristic of avoidance-oriented strategies was found. Unlike children living in poverty where self-exclusion and the avoidance of exposure to stigmatizing situations where resource disparities are highlighted are common, the children in the current study did not regard parental unemployment and the family's loss of income as a source of shame. Rather, they expressed awareness of how macroeconomic forces had impacted on their lives and, as active agents, developedstrategies that enabled them to adjust to the family's new economic reality. The implications of this result indicate that social workers working with children insuch situations need to reconsider interpretations of behavior that are rooted inthe assumption that economic adversity generates shame and stigma.

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  • 94.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Children's agency in interprofessional collaboration2015In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 50-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is currently little research into social welfare interventions where children's agency has been in focus and, in particular, a lack of research on children's experiences and perceptions of interprofessional collaboration. Findings from studies that have looked at children's perceptions of opportunities to influence the support they receive have tended to show how they lack power and influence. Drawing on Kuczynski, Harach, and Bernardini's (1999) three principles for investigating and understanding children's agency, the purpose of this study is, in a Swedish context, to explore children's perceptions of their agentic capacity to influence who works with them when many different professionals are involved in providing support. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 28 children in receipt of support in the form of either home-based interventions, foster or institutional care. The results revealed that, for the older children, perceptions of the exercise of agency involved both the exclusion of certain professionals from the collaborating group as well as the identification of those perceived as being able to help. Additionally, the children's agency could be seen to be implicated in their perceptions of actively making decisions to acquiesce in collaborative solutions. For the younger children, agency was revealed in the way that they interpreted the situations involving collaborating professionals, recognising that it is primarily parents who decide about contact with different 'helpers'. The study provides important insights from the child's perspective into the ways in which, through their agency, children are active in defining and re-defining their own 'organisational chart' of collaboration. Limitations are discussed and proposals for future research are made.

  • 95.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Children's agency in interprofessional collaborative meetings in child welfare work2016In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 502-511Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of children's agency can be used to understand how children actively shape their lives. While in social work there is a growing body of research on how children experience meetings that involve collaborating professionals, little is known about the ways in which they exert an influence.The purpose of the study is, in a Swedish context, to investigate children's perceptions of their agentic capacity in regulating participation and exerting an influence on outcomes in interprofessional collaborative meetings. Interviews were carried out with 28 children in receipt of social services support. Findings revealed that children perceive professionals' talk as restricting opportunities for input. They also perceive that they have the capacity to exercise agency by (i) conforming to expectations by feigning boredom and seeming disengaged, but at the same time paying close attention; (ii) by using exit strategies; and (iii) by developing 'in-situ' strategies to end meetings. Rather than, as previously suggested, being powerless in such circumstances, the children tell how they carefully assess situations, and, from a position of apparent subordination, talk of ways of acting that reveal their agentic capacity. These insights are of importance for practitioners who are encouraged to look beyond behaviours that first meet the eye.

  • 96.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Intra professional collaboration between social pedagogues and social services case workers around children at risk2010In: Learning to fly: social pedagogy in a contemporary society / [ed] Eriksson, Lisbeth, Winman, Thomas, Göteborg: Daidalos , 2010, p. 224-246Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 97.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Learning ‘at work’ during socialwork education: an example of practice learningopportunities from Sweden2005In: Journal of Practice Teaching in Health and Social Work, ISSN 1746-6105, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 6-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to describe and analyse the learning processes of Swedish social work students during and after periods of workplace-based learning. The article describes the process in which the practice learning opportunities that the students have been involved in are reflected upon, discussed, problematised and theorised, both in a series of workshops and via the process of the narrativedescription of critical incidents. Practice learning opportunities form an integralpart of studies of social work in the Social Pedagogy program at the University of Trollhättan/Uddevalla in Sweden where a reflective approach to both campus and practice learning has been developed. In presenting the analysis of the reflective approach to studies of social work the article draws on both Scandinavian and international research and presents Säljö’s theory of situated learning and Nielsen & Kvale’s theory of Mesterlaerer  in the analysis of the critical incident narratives of two individual social work students.

  • 98.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lärande på "arbetsplatsen" i socialpedagogisk utbildning2004In: Arbetsintegrerat lärande / [ed] Theliander, Jan, Grundén, Kerstin, Mårdén, Björn och Thång, Per-Olof, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2004, 1, p. 123-142Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 99.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lärares samarbete med socialtjänsten2011In: Läraryrket: ett mångfacetterat uppdrag / [ed] Henry, Alastair, Gurdal, Sevtap, Asplund Carlsson, Maj, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1, p. 209-226Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 100.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Shifting Subordination: Co-located interprofessional collaboration betweenteachers and social workers2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to describe and analyse the practice processes involved in colocated interprofessional collaboration. The study took place in a resource school where social workers and teachers collaborate on an everyday basis around children who are both in receiptof special educational support and interventions from social services. The research questioncentres on the division of labour and the explicit notions and implicit assumptions thatunderpin it. Further, the organisational conditions that influence the division of labour, theprocess involved in the selection of pupils, and the processes of maintenance anddevelopment of professional identities in a close collaborative context are all examined.

    The study is a qualitative case study of interprofessional collaboration. Through interviews with the teachers and social workers, and via participatory observation of their professionalpractice, empirical data has been generated. This has been used to examine processes ofcollaborative collaboration in accordance with a thematic analytical scheme. A theoretical framework based on theories of the sociology of professions (Abbot, 1988; Evetts, 2006b) and drawing also on the work of Hasenfeld (2010a) on human serviceorganisations and Lipsky (1980) on street level bureaucrats, in conjunction with Strauss’ (1978) theory of negotiations, has been used in analysing the empirical data.

    The results indicate that the intake process functions primarily to legitimise collaborationfrom an organisational and professional perspective. Further, the teachers and social workerscreate what are termed common and separate grounds for practice. The concept of common grounds describes the processes in which common collaborative relationships are created, such as, forexample, the construction of interchangeability and a common practice ideology. Separate grounds, on the other hand, involves situations in which social workers and teachers are engaged in defining and specifying their profession-specific roles in the context of their  everyday work. Another means of maintaining and reinforcing a profession-specific professional identity in co-located collaborative contexts is the use of the spatial design. The results also point to three particular characteristics in the construction of co-located interprofessional collaboration. First, professionals are engaged in what can be termed a form of  shifting subordination as a means of both legitimising and developing their professional identities. Shifting subordination is a strategy used to reduce and avoid professional conflict around roles and working tasks. Secondly, they are engaged in constructing a shared professional identity as a means to meet the organization’s imperative of ‘getting the job done’. Thirdly, there is the characteristic of interdependence which shapes the negotiation processes involved in the division of labour.

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