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  • 51.
    Flyding, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Olovsson, Jonas
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Den kreativa innovationsprocessen2005Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 52.
    Franzén, Magnus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Johannesson, Tobias
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Den patientnära datorarbetsplatsen: Tablet PC för klinisk dokumentation vid postoperativ vård - en kvalitativ studie för OP/IVA kliniken på Uddevalla sjukhus2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 53.
    Fredrikson, Magnus
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Dalsland i nyheterna: en innehållsanalys av Göteborgs-Postens bevakning av Dalsland 1997-20032004Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 54.
    Fredriksson, Thomas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Johansson, Lene
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Särredovisning av incidenter inom petrokemi industrin i Stenungsund2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 55.
    Fredén, Mattias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Stawreberg, Tony
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Svensson, Anders
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Underhållningsjournalistik: en kvantitativ studie av Aftonbladet och Expressen 1973, 1988 och 20032004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 56.
    Fridolf, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Arnautovic, Alem
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Social Media Marketing: A case study of Saab Automobile AB2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and problem discussion: Today companies literally fight for consumers' attention. Competition has forced both marketers and companies to seek new unconventional ways to communicate with the market. This has lead to the development of the phenomenon known as social media. This form of media describes a selection of user generated content created by consumers’ to educate each other about products, brands, services, personalities and issues. Social media have become a major factor in influencing different aspects of consumer behavior including awareness, information acquisition, opinions, attitudes, purchase behavior, and post-purchase communication and evaluation.

    Purpose: Our study focuses on describing how and explaining why companies use social media in their marketing communication strategy.

    Methodology: We have used a hermeneutic and qualitative approach in our study. Our research is both descriptive and explanatory. The study is also of an abductive nature, relying on empirical data and theoretical conceptions. Our empirical data was collected through a personal interview with our case company, and through the company’s social media applications.

    Conclusions: Companies should use social media in their marketing communications because it allows them to inform their customers and create a two-way communication. This communication can help companies to influence consumers and differentiate themselves. It can also help strengthen the corporate identity, build confidence for the company as well as create relationships. Social media is a cost effective way to become global and create reach.

  • 57.
    Fried, Barbara
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Kristiansson, Sofi
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Den bara luras: en studie i hur TV-reklamen yttrar sig i barns vardagsliv2005Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 58.
    Furbo, Mattias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Johansson, Michael
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Entreprenöriell marknadsföring: Scott - en eldriven redskapsbärare i tiden2005Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 59.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Partitioning reference values of several Gaussian subpopulations with unequal prevalence - A procedure with computer program support2006In: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, Vol. 44, no 10, p. 1258-1263Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To be able to interpret laboratory values, it is essential to develop population-based reference intervals. A crucial consideration is whether a reference interval should be divided into subpopulations or not, so-called partitioning. There are established methods for deciding whether partitioning should be done or not. However, these methods are only applicable when partitioning into two subpopulations is considered. The primary aim of this study was to suggest a procedure that was also valid for several subpopulations. The method assumes that these subpopulations are Gaussian. Furthermore, a secondary aim was to provide a tailor-made computer program to support calculations. Methods: The fundamental idea is to partition reference intervals if the proportions of the distributions of the subpopulations outside the combined reference limit deviate from the nominal value of 0.025. This is made possible by finding the combined reference interval using an equation solver algorithm. Results: It was found that an equation solver algorithm could easily identify the combined reference interval when combining two or more subpopulations, even if these subpopulations had unequal prevalences. It was also found that this could be done even if the ratio between samples does not reflect the ratio between prevalences. Using this algorithm, it was possible to study whether the proportion outside the combined reference limits in any of several subpopulations deviated from the nominal 0.025 by such a magnitude that partitioning was recommended. When similar figures to those found in earlier studies with other methods were tested, the procedure showed consistent results with these methods. The procedure was also found to be applicable when several subpopulations were considered. As a practical result of the study, a tailor-made computer program was developed and is now provided over the Internet. Conclusions: The suggested procedure could serve as an alternative or complement to existing methods. The procedure provides calculations of the combined reference interval, even if sample fractions do not reflect prevalence fractions. The important advantage with the suggested procedure is the generalisation to the situation when several Gaussian subpopulations, possibly with unequal prevalences, are considered. Finally, since a tailor-made computer program is provided, the procedure is simple to use. © 2006 by Walter de Gruyter.

  • 60.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Magnusson, J
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergy.
    Gråjö, Urban
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Ahlstedt, S
    Karolinska Institute, Institute of Environmental Medicine.
    Bengtsson, U
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergy.
    Interpretation of subjective symptoms in double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges - interobserver reliability2004In: Allergy. European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, ISSN 0105-4538, E-ISSN 1398-9995, Vol. 59, no 3, p. 354-6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Subjective symptoms after food challenges are difficult to interpret and no standard is available. We discuss a strategy for how to interpret a diary. Furthermore, the interobserver reliability is evaluated. METHODS: Diaries for 32 patients with subjective symptoms were used. The diaries were re-evaluated with a predefined strategy by three independent observers. RESULTS: The proportion of positives was 21.9% among the old diagnoses, according to the new approach 34.4% (observers I and II) and 37.5% (observer III) were positive. The new approach had high interobserver reliability (97 and 100%). CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of positives depends on how subjective symptoms are interpreted. Interpretations of subjective symptoms in diaries could be made with high interobserver reliability.

  • 61.
    Glamheden, Niklas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Wemminger, Viktor
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    En fallstudie om kundlojalitet med Recency-Frequency-Monetary-modeller2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 62.
    Glamheden, Niklas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Wemminger, Viktor
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Hantering och användning av kundinformation2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 63.
    Granfelt, Catrine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Johansson, Anna
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Åberg, Linda
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    En kartläggning av Nordeas kunders kassavanor på Svensk kassaservice utförd i orterna Trollhättan, Uddevalla och Vänersborg2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 64.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    An Evaluation Model for Work-Integrated Learning2003In: Proceedings of E-Learn 2003 World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, & Higher Education / [ed] Rossett, Allison, Norfolk, USA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education , 2003, p. 217-224Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An evaluation study of the development and test of a work-integrated e-learning course for dealing with official registers at the Swedish County Administration is presented and discussed. An evaluation model MOA-L was used as a frame of reference for the evaluation study, In this model especially the work situation, the work process and the quality of the service are focussed, when a new e-learning course is introduced. The use of the model contributed with an understanding of the norms and routines in the community of practice dealing with official registers. Further evaluation work is needed in order to examine effects of the individual learning on the organisational learning and work culture.

  • 65.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Back-office Implementation of E-Government: A Learning Process2007In: Proceedings of the 7th European Conference on e-Government / [ed] Remenyi, 2007, p. 201-208Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An interview study of back-office aspects of eGovernment implementation at the County Administration of Sweden is analysed and reported. The aim of the interviews was to identify attitudes towards the implementation of eGoverment and competence development needs. The respondents were very aware of social aspects of eGovernment.  The implementation of eGovernment means a cultural change of attitudes, knowledge and competence for the personnel. Different perspectives from users and providers could be reasons behind neglecting social aspects. The respondents requested a bottom-up strategy of the implementation work. Participation of users in project work and thorough analysis of work culture, work routines before implementation could make focus of implementation work more relevant and make the implementation to a learning process for the users and increase their motivation. A web-based study circle focussing on eGovernment was developed and implemented in the organisation, as a consequence of the results from the interview study. A study circle could be one way of competence development stimulate development-oriented learning by the personnel (compared with adaptive learning). Competence development for eGovernment should be seen as process development where many educational initiatives could be combined in different blended learning situations.

     

  • 66.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Evaluation of E-Learning at Work: Methodological Aspects2007In: Proceedings of the European Conference on Information Management and Evaluation / [ed] Remenyi, Dan, 2007, p. 189-198Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An internally developed web-based course (Diabas) at the County Administration of Sweden was analysed. The course focussed on dealing with official records in the organisation. The evaluation model MOA-L was used as a theoretical frame of reference and the use of the model was process-oriented. The current work situation was studied before the course. A questionnaire was distributed to the first hundred learners after they had passed the course. A phone interview was then made a month after they had passed the course. The main focus of the evaluation was the usefulness of the course, for the learners’ ordinary work. The respondents were more positive to the usefulness of the course when they answered the questionnaire compared with the phone interviews a month later. They also thought it was easier to get time for the course, when they answered the questionnaire, compared with answers from phone interviews. Probable reasons for this discrepancy are discussed. Some conclusions of the study are that traditional ways of carrying out course evaluations immediately after a course has been passed may not be relevant for evaluation of internal courses at work. The study shows the risk of more positive judgements of the course when the evaluation was made immediately after the course had been passed. Instead a process-oriented evaluation is recommended, evaluating both the work situation before the course, the comprehension of the course immediately after the course has been passed, and also evaluation about a month after the course has been passed in order to examine the relevance of the course for the learners ordinary work. Other important aspects that could affect attitudes towards the course are whether the participation in the course is voluntary or cogent, and whether the contents of the course is properly adjusted to the pre-knowledge level of the student.

  • 67.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Is videoconference a useful tool for co-ordinated health care planning?: An evaluation study in progress2000In: Proceedings of the 23rd Information System Research Seminar in Scandinavia: Doing IT together / [ed] Svensson, Lars, Snis, Ulrika, Sörensen, Carsten, Fägerlind, Hanna, Lindroth, Thomas, Magnusson, Maria, Östlund, Christian, Uddevalla: Laboratorium for Interaction Technology University of Trollhättan Uddevalla , 2000, p. 1385-1400Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, some initial results from an evaluation study of test work in progress with videoconferences for co-ordinated health care planning are reported and discussed. Two wards at the hospital of Alingsås in Sweden participate in the test, as well as some staff from the municipality of Vårgårda. The MOA-U model is used as an evaluation model. The patient perspective is especially focussed, but the experiences from the staff also are studied. Methods that are used in the evaluation work are participating observation, interviews and an inquiry.

  • 68.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    MOA-E, An Evaluation Model for CSCW Systems2001In: Proceedings of the 24th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia / [ed] Björnestrand, Solveig, Moe, Richard, E., Mörch, Anders, I., Opdahl, Andreas, L., 2001, p. 631-644Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of CSCW systems in general involves complex informal communication between any users at different geographical places. An evaluation strategy of such systems has to be complex and focussing expecially on organisational and social aspects. The MOA-E evaluation modell is used for the evaluation of the use of videoconferences for health care planning. The case study has a multi-method approach with the use of participated observations, interviews and questionnaire. If the patients are not healthy enough personnel meetings are found as more appropriate than videoconferences for health care planning. The case study could be seen as a "critical case" for the use of videoconferences for elderly persons. The MOA-E model has contributed to a comprehensive understanding of the study.

  • 69.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Människa, organisation, ADB-system: Mot en människoorienterad syn på systemutveckling1992Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The background for this thesis is the author's experience of working as a system analyst during the years 1975-1081. During this period, the system development work can be characterized as expert-oriented, very often leading to the construction of large, integrated EDP-systems. The social consequences of the computerization were unplanned and unforeseen. In the first part of this thesis different system development approaches are presented and analyzed. These approaches are "traditional system development", "socio-technically oriented system development (e g Mumford's ETHICS-model), "a perspective of different interest groups", and finally, "modern system development". These approaches are analyzed from a human-oriented perspective emphasizing the consequences of each tradition regarding possibilities to develop human resources in the work situation. In the second part of the thesis the human-oriented perspective (the MOA-perspective) and the MOA-model are developed. Leavitt's well-known model is taken as a departure for the construction of the MOA-model (MOA= Människa (Human Being), Organisation (Organization), ADB-system (EDP-system). The human-oriented perspective is primarily a theoretical perspective in the field of sociology.  Knowledge, mostly from literature studies, has been put together in a logical framework reflecting the interplay between the three levels of analysis "ideas of coordination and steering", "means for cooperation and steering" (e g EDP-systems and organization structure) and "possibilities of development in work for the employee's". The MOA-model illuminates this logic in a wider context of the enterprise. With the use of the MOA-perspective special parts of the MOA-model are focused upon. The theoretical starting-point has been the basis for the development of some practical applications: a structure for development of the enterprise, and a method for analyzing changes within work situations ("job analysis").

  • 70.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Transparancy Aspects of eGovernment2006In: Proceedings of the 6th European Conference of e-Government / [ed] Remenyi, Dan, Reading, UK: Academic Conferences Limited , 2006, p. 197-204Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Implementations of eGovernment are criticised as being too focused on technical issues that lead to consequences such as user resistance. For example, a transparent problem analysis could contribute to define real problems and find proper solutions. Different professional competencies are needed in order to focus and analyse different aspects of problem situations. Traditional work culture and the competence of systems developers as well as professional territories towards other professionals could hinder cooperation in multi-professional teams.

     

  • 71.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Utvärdering av arbetsintegrerat e-lärande vid länsstyrelsen2004In: Arbetsintegrerat lärande / [ed] Theliander, Jan, Grundén, Kerstin, Mårdén, B., Thång, Per-Olof, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2004, 1, p. 285-300Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 72.
    Gunnarsson, Petra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Rutström, Annika
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Värdering av filmrättigheter: hur gör man?2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 73.
    Gustafson, Magnus
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    ITis och IT inom Orust kommun: en kvantitativ utvärdering av ITis och IT inom Orust kommun och kranskommunerna2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 74.
    Gustafsson, Frida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Larsson, Annie
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Varumärkets aktualitet: en studie som handlar om i vilken utsträckning design utgör en viktig faktor för varumärkets aktualitet i konfektionsbranschen2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 75.
    Gustafsson, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Lingbrand, Mikael
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Resurshantering i Dual-core kluster2008Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med den nya generationen processorer där vi har flera cpu-kärnor på ett chip, så ökas prestandan genom parallell exekvering. I denna rapport presenterar vi en omvärldsstudie om allmän multiprocessorteori där vi går igenom olika tekniker för både hårdvara och mjukvara. Vi har även utfört empiriska tester på ett datorkluster, där vi har testat de två olika programmen Fluent och CFX, som utför CFD beräkningar. För varje program så har tre modeller använts för simuleringar med varierande antal beräkningsnoder. Vi har undersökt vad som är mest lönsamt, att använda en eller båda CPU-kärnorna vid de olika simuleringarna. För att testa detta har vi kört simuleringar där vi har kört med en respektive två cpu-kärnor på beräkningsnoderna. Under simuleringarna har vi samlat in mätvärden som nätverk, minne och cpu-belastning för alla noder samt exekveringstider. Dessa värden har sedan sammanställts där vi ser att ju större en modell är desto mer lönar det sig att köra med en cpu-kärna. I endast ett av våra tester har det visat sig lönsamt att använda båda cpu-kärnorna. En formel har sedan utarbetats för att påvisa skillnaderna mellan olika antal processer med en respektive två cpu-kärnor per nod. Denna formel kan appliceras för att räkna ut den totala kostnaden per simulering med hjälp av årskostnaden för de noder och licenser som används.

  • 76.
    Gustafsson, Susanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Augustin, Charlotte
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Friskvårdssatsning: en förebyggande hälsoinvestering2005Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 77.
    Hagrenius, Tobias
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Samma nyheter i olika tidningar?: en kvalitativ innehållsanalys på tre gratistidningar2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudresultaten i undersökningen är att de tre gratistidningarna väljer att profilera sig helt olika. City Göteborg väljer att profilera sig som en gratistidning med lokala nyheter i ett kvällstidning format. PunktSE väljer att profilera sig som en gratistidning med en blandning av lokala och nationella nyheter i ett kvällstidningsformat. Metro väljer däremot att profilera sig som en gratistidning med nationella nyheter i ett seriöst perspektiv. Gratistidningarna skiljer sig inte mycket ifrån betaltidningarna och analysen överensstämmer även mycket väl med tidigare forskning på området. De kriterier en händelse måste uppfylla i betaltidningar måste även en händelse uppfylla i gratistidningarna för att bli en nyhet.

  • 78.
    Hallberg, Jonas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Karppinen, Nina
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Löytynoja, Leena
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Livsstil på webben: semiotisk analys av marknadsföring på Internet2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 79.
    Hammare, Eleonore
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    En federativ organisations arbete med beslutsvägar och strategier2008Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen syftar till att beskriva hur en federation fattar beslut och arbetar med strategier och visioner. En fallstudie har gjorts på Länsförsäkringar för att jämföra hur beslutsvägar ser ut och hur förankrade strategier och visioner är i verksamheten. Resultatet av studien visar på att det finns en väl beskriven form för beslutsvägar och beslutsforum. Dock är dessa vägar och forum relativt sett okända i verksamheten vad gäller deras syften och innehåll. Strategier och vision vet de flesta i organisationen att de finns och arbete bedrivs löpande med dessa som grund. Däremot finns det synpunkter på hur verklighetsförankrade strategierna egentligen är. Länsförsäkringar har en modell för beslut som stödjer deras grundtanke om konsensusbeslut. Det kan ta lång tid innan beslut fattas men när de väl är fattade så är de också förankrade och beslutet kan verkställas. Mer information behövs i organisationen avseende beslutsvägar och forum men också kring strategier och visionen och då gärna kopplad till affärsnytta för att bli konkret och lätt att ta till sig.

  • 80.
    Hansson, Markus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Karlén, Claes
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Alarto, Mikael
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    IT-stöd för koordinering av distribuerade delprojekt2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 81.
    Hermansson, Britta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Larsson, Veronika
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Mobiltelefonanvändandet i sociala miljöer: en observationsstudie om mobiltelefonvanor2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 82.
    Hermansson, Monika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Kullbom, Ann-Sophie
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Wannerstedt, Christian
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Effekter av e-recept: en utvärdering utifrån förskrivares och apotekspersonals perspektiv2005Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 83.
    Hyll Pettersson, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Landh-Persson, Berith
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Konsekvenser av vinstmarginalbeskattning: för begagnathandeln2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 84.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    The “PantryApp”: Design Experiences from a User-Focused Innovation Project about Mobile Services for Senior Citizens2014In: Creating Value for All Through IT / [ed] Birgitta Bergvall-Kåreborn, Peter Axel Nielsen, Springer, 2014, p. 359-362Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This experience report aims to reflect on a design initiative conducted as a user-focused innovation. It is based on a research and development project about mobile commerce. Herein, I include various forms of mobile services that accumulate the core function of mobile payments. The target group of the design was senior citizens who need to have their grocery shopping done in a more safe and convenient way. In this report I will particularly focus on the design process and the design product.

  • 85.
    Janerstål, Patrik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Johansson, Marianne
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Kapitalbehov under en innovationsprocess2008Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett av regeringens centrala mål för att behålla Sveriges styrka som industrination och välfärdsstat, är att öka nyföretagandet i Sverige. En viktig faktor i nyföretagandet är stimulerandet av innovationer fram till kommersialiserade produkter. Organisationen Grensebroen Arena har inrättats genom offentliga medel, för att stödja innovationer och teknikutveckling inom vård/omsorg i Østfold/Fyrbodal. Grensebroen Arena har funnit att kunskapen om vilka kostnader och kapitalbehov samt dess placering i tid under en innovationsprocess, ofta är begränsad hos den innovatör som befinner sig i början av processen. Detta leder till att innovatörer ibland påbörjar utvecklingen av sin idé utan att ha någon genomarbetad plan, vilket ställer innovatören inför svåra beslut som får tas utan rätt beslutsunderlag. Syftet med undersökningen var att utforska och analysera vilka kostnader som uppstår under en innovationsprocess olika faser samt att skapa förståelse kring innovationsprocessens ingående aktiviteter och deras påverkan på kapitalbehov. Undersökningens metodik har varit att utifrån ett hermeneutiskt synsätt utforska kapitalbehovet under en innovationsprocess. Organisationer som stödjer innovationer har beskrivit processen generellt, kvalitativa fallstudier av tre innovationsprocesser har genomförts genom djupintervjuer. Slutligen har en kvantitativ positionering av fallstudierna utförts genom en enkätundersökning till företag som erhållit innovationslån under 2000-talet. Resultatet av studierna visar att en innovationsprocess varierar i fråga om tid och kapitalbehov. Vi har funnit ett tidsintervall på mellan två år och elva år, och ett kapitalbehov på mellan en miljon kronor och nio miljoner kronor. För flertalet av de studerade processerna finns ett relativt blygsamt kapitalbehov i de inledande faserna, vilket följs av ett accelererande kapitalbehov under den del av processen då produkten kommersialiseras.

  • 86.
    Jansson, Erika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Rydell, Sofia
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Vad kan hända på nyheternas agenda: en kvantitativ innehållsanalys av Rapport och dess hänsynstagande till public service nyhetsvillkor och nyhetskriterierna2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 87.
    Johansson , Iréne
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Uddevalla Symposium 2005: innovations and entrepreneurship in functional regions : papers presented at the 8 Uddevalla Symposium and the 8 McGill International Entrepreneurship Conference,15-17 September, Uddevalla, Sweden2006Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 88.
    Johansson, Andreas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Wetterblad, Ellinor
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Organisationers medierelationer: en kvantitativ kartläggning av organisationers mediekontakt och medieverktyg2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Resultatet visar att stora organisationer i Sverige är väl medvetna om vikten av goda medierelationer och hur de byggs och förvaltas. De använder dessutom tillgängliga verktyg vid mediekontakter på rätt sätt vilket ökar chanserna till en rättvis eller till och med fördelaktig spegling av organisationen i media. Studien visar att direktkontakt med journalister och att informationsfunktionen har en central roll i organisationens mediearbete är av högsta betydelse för att lyckas med medierelationer. Undersökningen bevisar dessutom att ett aktivt och strategiskt mediearbete kan påverka en organisations mediebild.

  • 89.
    Johansson, Angelica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Josefsson, Åsa
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Konsekvenser av processorienterad e-tjänsteutveckling: med verksamhet och medarbetare i fokus2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    A challenge for many municipalities in today's digital society is to create effective and societal useful e-services for citizens. These e-services are to facilitate communication between the municipality and citizens but also to contribute to more open government in the municipalities. To accomplish this, the municipalities first need to develop and secure the internal administrations.

    To achieve this development of e-services, a process-oriented approach can be used. Process orientation means that you set up efficient processes internally to optimize and develop their own activities. This is done through process modeling, identifying all the activities available in the business and put them in a relationship that ultimately will generate a higher value and better service for citizens. To develop the business and to think in processes is not new, but to automate this thinking can be a challenge for many municipalities, a challenge that will result in qualified e-services.

    The essay is based on a qualitative study that aims to identify significant implications that a municipality can get when using process-oriented e-service development. Through a case study we have interviewed several employees of a municipality to produce these implications. The approaches that have been studied are how the internal operations are affected as a whole and how its employees are affected. In addition to the empirical base (in the form of case studies, interviews and document studies) we have linked a theoretical framework and thus have been able to come to a conclusion.

    The municipality that has been studied conducts its process orientation by working with a specific methodology, which means that process modelers and representatives from various administrations meet in workshop-based sessions. Their task is to jointly develop the business and the citizens' demands and needs which will then result in stringent and digitized processes. With this methodology many implications has been identified. The main benefits that can arise when you put the business operations and employees in focus is partly that in the longer term you can have a more flexible and stronger organization, activities that both enhance working practices and increase participation among employees. In the end, the employees themselves develop their activities and thus can more easily influence their own work situation and constantly strive for improvement. This in turn can lead to a more customer-oriented business where the implications of working with process orientation lead to a good base for future development of e-services. However, it is important to note that involvement is a critical success factor. Too long and too many workshops can lead to negativity, which in turn may reduce this commitment. This may lead to that you can get bad processes that do not provide increased benefits to citizens or to the internal operations.

    I you get a good mobilization and organizational preparation for the development of e-services we provide as suggestions that it is important to think about documentation and evaluation of the project. This in turn could be of great assistance to other municipalities who wish to pursue internal process orientation. Shared knowledge equals increased knowledge and thus becomes an important factor in the approach to sustainable and dynamic processes that generate societal and useful e-services.

  • 90.
    Johansson, Anna
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Företagsklimatet i Uddevalla centrum: en studie i lokala förutsättningar för företagande2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 91.
    Johansson, Beatrice
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Nilsson, Johan
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Svensson, Lise-Lotte
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Effekten av kalkylsystemet MEPS: en jämförelse mellan två försäkringsbolag2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 92.
    Johansson, Boel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Karlsson, Marie
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Beslutstödssystem för trafikplanering: från sparad tid till framtid2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 93.
    Johansson, Christine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Bumbar, Sanja
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Kommuner och sociala medier: en studie om kommuners användning av Facebook2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with the use of social media in general and Facebook in particular by Swedish municipalities. The phenomenon of social media has grown stronger in recent years and are not now days only used by individuals, but also by companies and organizations and now also authorities, which have begun to see the benefits of using them. This paper builds on a study carried out by the Swedish Local Authorities and Regions, which have developed guidelines for municipalities on how to respond to citizens using social media. From this previous study, a number of municipalities were found that use social media on a regular basis. In the context of this study these municipalities were then contacted in order to find out how they use social media and whether there are any guidelines when communicating with citizens. The study is then narrowed down to focus more on Facebook specifically and what message they want to convey through the use of Facebook, and how possible guidelines may look like. A total of 26 municipalities out of 51 elected to answer the electronic questionnaire, with locations from Kalix in the north to Ystad in the south.

    The method used for this study is a qualitative approach with quantitative elements, where an electronic questionnaire was sent out, containing questions answered in free text by the municipalities, which were then analysed, processed and interpreted. The theory section introduces concepts used in the study and a more detailed presentation of research and guidelines by the Swedish Local Authorities and Regions. The importance of communication, both internal and external, is also discussed.

    This paper concludes with the finding that municipalities are using social media as a communication channel to increase communication with their citizens. Municipalities would thus create a forum for dialogue and be able to reach out to wider audiences. Marketing possibilities and the creation of a positive image of themselves is seen as an important reason why municipalities are using social media. Another benefit is the ease of reaching the municipality as a citizen, and that the municipalities themselves are able to expand their civic service and offer a greater variety of it. Additional benefits can also be seen, such as making it easier to share information and to obtain input and feedback from citizens. The study also shows that the vast majority of the responding municipalities comply with some form of guidelines, used to support and supplement the use of social media. 

  • 94.
    Johansson, Iréne
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Uddevalla Symposium 2006: entrepreneurship and development - local processes and global patterns : papers presented at the 9th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 June, 2006, Fairfax, VA, USA2007Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 95.
    Johansson, Iréne
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Uddevalla Symposium 2007: institutions for knowledge generation and knowledge flows - building innovative capabilities for regions : papers presented at the 10th Uddevalla Symposium, 14-16 June, 2007, Uddevalla, Sweden2007Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 96.
    Johansson, Jenny
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Individen i den entreprenöriella processen2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 97.
    Johansson, Jenny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Olofsson, Lina
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Homogen internredovisning på Lear Corporation AB: en studie i praktiken2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 98.
    Johansson, Kajsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Andreasson, Zandra
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Kvinnligt företagande, entreprenörskap och jämställdhet: vad har hänt i litteraturen under det senaste decenniet?2005Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 99.
    Johansson, Marie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Eriksson, Sara
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Revisionspliktens inverkan för småföretag ur intressenternas synpunkt2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 100.
    Johansson, Marie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Mattsson Broberg, Jeanette
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Miljöredovisning i svenska kommuner2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
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