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  • 51. Bernheim, B-G.
    et al.
    Hattinger, Monika
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Sharing Thoughts and Associations: Towards a Neural Metaphor Supporting Boundary Objects in Community Networks,2003In: IRIS 26, 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Bernheim, Bo-Göran
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Ett förslag till en metod för konceptuell modellering2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vetenskapliga teorier och begreppsmodeller kan ses som representationer av kunskap om något fenomen. Teorier är alltid abstraktioner av ett fenomen, med syfte att; beskriva, förklara, förutse eller styra detta fenomen.

    I ett nummer av MIS Quarterly (2003 27(3) pp iii-xii), argumenterar Ron Weber (2003) för att forskare inom IS-domänen bör sträva efter bättre precision när man presenterar och diskuterar forskning och teorier.

    I den här uppsatsen analyseras Ron Webers artikel för att ta fram en konceptuell modell, en begreppsmodell, för vetenskapliga teorier.

    Syftet är att skapa en modell för vetenskapliga teorier som kan leda till bättre formalisering och tydliggörande av vetenskapliga teorier.

    Dessutom skapas en enhetlig och konsistent terminologi avseende de element (relationer mellan olika entiteter, dessas egenskaper, tillstånd och relaterade händelser) som kan ses som den minsta gemensamma nämnaren för att beskriva alla existerande fenomen. En instansiering av denna modell skulle kunna tjänstgöra som ett generiskt arkiv 1 för kunskap.

  • 53.
    Bernheim, Bo-Göran
    et al.
    Semcon Sweden AB, Department of Industrial Management, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Towards Organizational Performance Understanding Management Mindsets and Work Practice2004In: Proceedings of IRIS27 2004, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces the concept of Organizational Performance (OP). Werefer to OP as a management concept, which further develops the research andpractise within Knowledge Management (KM). Our implications suggest Empowerment as a complementary concept to KM. Based upon a practitioner'sreflections on different OP-related problems identified from different consultancy projects within Swedish Industry Bureaucracies we discuss the similarities and differences between different KM/OP management theories andpractises. In such settings, relations between knowledge workers and managersare not satisfactory matched. We discover that different management mindsets are applied from the understanding of work practise. We refer to these mindsetsas Controlling figures respective Managing Knowledge. As a result, we relate experienced-based stories to theoretical concepts within different management mindsets in order to identify implications for a sound organizational performance.

  • 54.
    Borg, Margareta
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    "It´s Not For Real": The Tablet as Palette in Early Childhood Education2019In: International Journal of Education and the Arts, ISSN 1529-8094, E-ISSN 1529-8094, Vol. 20, no 14, p. 1-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study investigated how a group of three-year-old preschool children use the drawing application Doodlecast on iPads. The smoothness, rapid response, and distinctive digital visual expressions of the tablet provided visual feedback that influenced the children's preferences for colors. Doodlecast seemed to encourage the children to explore colors and superimpose and fill-in the iPad's screen. In addition, they painted very precise shapes and lines, which seemed to facilitate pattern making and discovery of signs and relations. The children used the eraser tool to correct, reveal, remove, and create shapes. Irrespective of the method –erasing, superimposing, or filling-in the screen – the clear and professional result seemed to provide a visual confirmation that the children were able to master formulas.

  • 55.
    Brandes, Erika
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Det mobila arbetslivet: Beredskapsanalys och planering inför organisatorisk förändring2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have examined how mobile work processes can be integrated into organizations from a business-oriented perspective, and among organizations there’s a lack of long-term strategies, and understanding, for internal business mobility.

    This study examines how an organization can prepare itself for change towards a mobile work life. In order to do this a literature review and case study involving document studies and interviews at an organization with specifically developed methodologies were conducted.

    The results showed that the state of maturity is still relatively low, and there is a need to focus on developing a more thorough understanding of mobility, where challenges involve handling attitudes, organizational culture and leadership. Mobility-related needs involve task-oriented and social aspects, where different technological solutions were suggested to maintain the connections between individuals and the organization.

    There is also a need for more longitudinal studies due to the results showing how the significant changes occur over a longer period of time. An important part of the development of knowledge concerning mobility also involves learning from others’ examples, where this study is a contribution.

  • 56.
    Brocker, Kristina
    et al.
    Strömstads kommun, Strömstad, Sverige.
    Dalenius, Martin
    Strömstad kommun, Strömstad, Sverige.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Producing digital stories for language learning and digital competence across generations and positions of learners in municipalities2019In: VILÄR 5-6 december 2019, University West, Trollhättan: Abstracts / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2019, p. 3-4Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: There is a strong need for methods how to develop language learning and digital competence through all levels of education, and in particular for adult immigrants. In Sweden, the responsible organization for such adult education is called Swedish For Immigrants (SFI), hosted in municipalities. Our paper will describe and analyze a specific effort to create innovative models to not only enhance language learning but also digital competence, something that is emphasized in all levels in the Swedish educational system ranging from kindergarten to adult educations in which SFI is part of. Furthermore, it will also describe how future digital divide between new arrivals and their children growing up in a digital society can be prevented.

    Method and process: The study is framed as an action design research study incorporating initial trials in classroom practice of first translating stories from the mother tongue into Swedish and then later make a digital production using voice and pictures freeware functions in an app on surf tablets. These digital folk tales were then made accessible with QR codes in both Swedish and mother tongue. The latter with the aim of spreading digital folk tales in different mother tongues for children at kindergartens. In order to create an authentic situation for the adult learners in the SFI class, the teacher arranged for the learners to present their stories at kindergartens for both children and staff. At each visit there were 4 students, meeting 8-10 children and 8 staff. This turned out to be a true learning experience for all involved participants.

    Result: In a short period of time the immigrants learnt how to produce digital stories and QR-codes. The children were able to use their tablets and find different stories on different languages on laminated printed QR-code. After listening to the stories, the children could ask questions directly to the producer of the story what it was about including additional questions linked to the specific country the adult person came from. After the round of different stories in Swedish the immigrants hold a presentation for the kindergarten staff about how they had worked with the process of the making of the digital production. Inspired by the immigrants in combination of the response from the children, the staff became enthusiastic in relation to work with digital competence more related to their own work practice rather than a top-down demand, as they had previously experienced curriculum driven need to develop digital competence for their young children.

    Conclusion and future plans: In this case, we could clearly see promising effects from the combined effort of involving actors from children to top management of the municipality interlinked by the curriculum demand of developing digital competence and language learning combined with 21 century skills in life-long learning. Our argument is that story driven digital production combined with co-located presentations and cross generational meetings and talk, is a fruitful way of collaborative effort to empower both children, immigrant adult learners and professional practice of education. The next step is to enlarge the number of participant and have more kindergartens involved in this collaborative model of supporting lifelong learning to find out more about the positive effects seen so far in the design process as well as its problems.

  • 57.
    Broeren, Jurgen
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska Akademin, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Johansson, Britt
    NU-sjukvården, Uddevalla kommun.
    Ljungberg, Christer
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Rydmark, Martin
    Sahlgrenska Akademin, Götebrog Universitet.
    Stroke rehabilitation using m-Health Care and 3D virtual environments: work in progress2010In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Disability, Virtual Reality and Associated Technologies / [ed] Sharkey, Paul & Sánchez, Jaime, 2010, p. 115-122Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     We have now started testing a telehealth system for stroke rehabilitation in a rural area in Sweden (NU- Hospital Group Area). For collection of assessments and audiovisual communication, the telehealth system has bidirectional contact with the home-based units. To date, three stroke subjects’ participated; they were instructed to play 3D computer games with the hemiplegic upper extremity. The intervention led to clinical changes for all subjects. The analysis of the audiovisual communication revealed that the both stroke subjects and therapists were not yet effective in regulating their turn taking process. The data suggests the feasibility of a distance based approach using 3D virtual environments for upper extremity rehabilitation after stroke.

  • 58.
    Bäckström, Albin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Larsson, Anton
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Föräldrars upplevelser med webbsidan neonatalvard.se: En webbsida för prematurer och deras familjer under tiden de är i behov av vård2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate and evaluate the parents’ experiences with the webpage neontalavard.se. It also aims to contribute with any suggestions for improvement to the webpage that arises during the study. The study applied method combination and triangulation to build up the results. Both quantitative and qualitative data collection methods was used. The quantitative data was collected from a survey and the qualitative was from interviews. An analysis model was created. The analysis model (UTAM) is a further development of TAM.  The results of the surveys and the interviews conducted are presented in the same section. It is done to put words on the numbers by weaving the questionnaire and quotes from the interviews. It results in a greater understanding why someone felt like they did. The analysis was conducted on the basis of the analysis model, UTAM, indicating that the idea is good and the need for a webpage as this is great. But the parents feel that the health care staff are not sufficiently committed to experience the benefit of the webpage. This study shows that the parents’ want better and greater commitment from the health care staff. They also thought it was a good idea and they felt the need for the webpage was great but that is wasn’t necessary this webpage that was the solution. 

  • 59.
    Carlén, Urban
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Maivorsdotter, Ninitha
    University of Skövde.
    Understanding athlete's online participation: a ticket to qualitative research of online arenas in sport2017In: Digital qualitative research in sport and physical activity / [ed] Bundon, Andrea, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 59-79Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 60.
    Carstensen, Peter H.
    et al.
    Technical University of Denmark, Center for Tele-Information, Denmark.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    "Here is the knowledge-where should I put it?": Findings from a study of how knowledge spaces are used within a support group1999In: Proceedings. IEEE 8th International Workshops on Enabling Technologies:: Infrastructure for Collaborative Enterprises (WET ICE'99), IEEE, 1999, p. 223-231Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to design useful knowledge media spaces to knowledge workers it is essential that we understand the nature of the work conducted and the knowledge applied in real settings. This paper reports from a study of how a group of quality assurance specialists gather, structure and distribute information and knowledge. Based on the findings a number of overall requirements for knowledge mediaspaces are identified and discussed. The essential findingswere that information and knowledge are created and  handled in many different ways and have many differentforms. The core issues of our lessons learned so far are that we carefully need to consider knowledge media spaces both in terms of communication channels and knowledge archives. Knowledge media spaces should be seen as spaces in which knowledge and information is exchanged, filed,retrieved, presented and refined by actors having different vocabulary and perspectives on the knowledge. These characteristics must be taken into account when designing IT and multimedia based knowledge media spaces.

  • 61.
    Carstensen, Peter H.
    et al.
    Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    On knowledge management: a field study2000In: Internet-Based Organisational Memory and Knowledge Management, IPG Group Publishing , 2000, p. 170-198Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is widely acknowledged that knowledge is one of the most important assets of today's organizations. According to Davenport and Prusak (1998), knowledge is often a company's greatest competitive advantage in a global economy. How to support the company's knowledge-intensive work processes (e.g., quality support, product design or strategic planning) is therefore becoming a vital issue in many organizations worldwide. Identification, analysis and characterization of the knowledge-intensive work processes become essential in order to qualify a discussion of how to support knowledge management processes. This chapter presents, discusses and reflects upon findings from a study of how highly skilled actors manage information and knowledge, i.e., how information is gathered from a wide range of sources, structured according to needs and relevance for the users, and disseminated to the relevant suppliers in the organization. The aim of the chapter is two-folded: first, to contribute to the general empirical body of knowledge about knowledge-intensive work, especially focusing on the central characteristics of the knowledge management processes; secondly, to initiate a discussion of which overall requirements we must set up for how knowledge management processes could be supported by means of information and communication technology. Knowledge-intensive work processes often concern collaborative problem-solving and mutual support that require effective ways of handling information and knowledge between different people, both in short-term and long-term situations. The distributed and dynamic nature of knowledge management work also imposes a high degree of complexity involving many different actors with different conceptualizations, interpretations, perspectives, needs, etc. of the knowledge produced and approached. The various actors have different perspectives on the concept of knowledge. The work needed to articulate knowledge and make information and knowledge accessible becomes extremely demanding and complex. Often face-to-face interaction is required. However, in complex and collaborative work settings the problem of articulating knowledge by rich interaction and communication is obvious. The actors are distributed both geographically and temporally. There is a need for computer-based mechanisms for interaction and coordination of information and knowledge (cf. e.g., Carstensen and Wulf, 1998).

  • 62. Christie, Michael
    et al.
    Ferdos, Fariba
    Spante, Maria
    Chalmers tekniska högskola Centrum för kunskapsbildning och kommunikation (CKK).
    Axelsson, A
    Online collaborative learning: a case study2005In: Proceedings of the ALE conference, Amsterdam, Nederlands, 6-11 June 2005, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 63.
    Christie, Michael
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Ferdos, Fariba
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Spante, Maria
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Axelsson, Ann-Sofie
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    The Task Takes Over: Assuming Too Much in Online Collaborative Learning2005In: Research and Practice of Active Learning in Engineering Education / [ed] E. de-Graaf, G. Saunders-Smith and M. Nieweg (eds.), Amsterdam: Pallas Amsterdam University Press , 2005, p. 12-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 64.
    Cukur, Adnan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Adoption of ERP system for operations management in SMEs2016In: Proceedings of IRIS39, Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, Ljungskile, August 7-10, 2016 / [ed] Pareto, Lena, Svensson, Lars, Lundin, Johan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika Lundh Snis, 2016, p. 1-10Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The fast development of the IT in the society of today has led to that more SMEs rely on ERP systems. Especially, IT has facilitated the management of the flow of goods within and between organizations and have made lead times more effective and also have increased the overview of the flow of goods. This will help SMEs obtain a competitive advantage. The aim of this paper is analyze the factors influencing SMEs adoption of ERP systems. A qualitative case study is conducted within a company which both is engaged in manufacturing and project work. The company runs service projects for its customers and at the same time they produce articles both for sale and for use within the service projects. An ERP system can also serve as an overall system for the administration, the production and inventory management in the company. However, there are important factors to take into account in the adoption phase, related to the technological infrastructure, the organizational challenges as well as environmental relations in order to decide on an implementation on an ERP system. It is of a critical importance that the SME really change their routines in order to follow the processes implemented in the ERP system. Otherwise, the company runs the risk to be stuck in its previous and ineffective inventory management processes, regardless of investments in the ERP system and the technological infrastructure.

  • 65.
    Danielsson, John
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lokomotion i ett gyllene snitt: En observationsstudie av naturtrogna och uttryckslösa kroppsrörelser med en metod designad för naturalistisk karaktärsanimation.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In aspiration to achieve naturalistic character animation, some difficulty does show up, both in 3D-CGI, 2D-CGI as in traditional handmade animation. The reason why difficulty appears in the task of achieving naturalism is for instance because of the simulated natural laws in the digital world which cannot affect the characters cinematic movement. The result of illustrating the natural law manually by hand can affect the illusion of the movement as not naturalistic or inconsistent, which can result in that the spatial adaptation to space is not perceived as naturalistic. It is most often up to the animator to make a believable illusion of the natural laws. This study examines a deeper understanding of the human way to behave and to adapt to the physical reality and through that, apply this movement on character animation.

    The purpose of a deeper understanding of movement's phenomena is to find a clearer method dedicated to naturalistic movement that can be adapted to all forms of character animation, regardless of the character anatomy. Unfortunately, it would not be possible to study all aspects of the physically adaptive behaviors as to the size of the topic. This study will therefore orbit the human locomotion, also known as walking. Focus will therefore be on the bottom part of the body, from the pelvis down to the ankles. There are scientists that do argue about a connection between the golden ratio and the human locomotion. This study is an attempt to apply the golden ratio on 3D-characters.

    This study has been devoted to a different approach in the character animation, where its starting point will be mathematical equations. For this study, it has meant an application of the golden section in a temporary form, that is in motion.

    The result is therefore a mathematically based method dedicated to imitating naturalistic movement in terms of time, that is to say human locomotion. The method has been proved to be useful even in the imitation of characters movements that do not possess human proportions.

  • 66.
    Davoud, Ivan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Khadem Haghighi, Sam
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Att bättra på användarupplevelse: En fallstudie på Högskolan Västs nylanserade webbplats användbarhet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are today few websites that can fully meet a user's requirement. A reason for this could be because you either do not know your target audience enough or that you try to make your business cost-effective. University West has recently relaunched their website. The response from the target audience, the university students, was negative, but unclear. This study has researched how the existing students are experiencing the new website from a usability perspective. To collect empirical data, a questionnaire was sent out to the students. 230 students responded and answered the questionnaire. The results were later categorized in categories that should be improved, from the students view of point. The empirical data was then transformed into usability requirements which in turn was applied into a prototype. The approach of this study did conclude on a few usability aspects that needs to be re-worked to satisfy the users. Among other things navigation, efficiency and appearance.

  • 67.
    de Blanche, Andreas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering. Institutionen för data- och informationsteknik, Datorteknik (Chalmers.
    A Slowdown Prediction Method to Improve Memory Aware Scheduling2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Scientific and technological advances in the area of integrated circuits have allowed the performance of microprocessors to grow exponentially since the late 1960's. However, the imbalance between processor and memory bus capacity has increased in recent years. The increasing on-chip-parallelism of multi-core processors has turned the memory subsystem into a key factor for achieving high performance. When two or more processes share the memory subsystem their execution times typically increase, even at relatively low levels of memory traffic. Current research shows that a throughput increase of up to 40% is possible if the job-scheduler can minimizes the slowdown caused by memory contention in industrial multi-core systems such as high performance clusters, datacenters or clouds. In order to optimize the throughput the job-scheduler has to know how much slower the process will execute when co-scheduled on the same server as other processes. Consequently, unless the slowdown is known, or can be fairly well estimated, the scheduling becomes pure guesswork and the performance suffers. The central question addressed in this thesis is how the slowdown caused by memory traffic interference between processes executing on the same server can be predicted and to what extent. This thesis presents and evaluates a new slowdown prediction method which estimates how much longer a program will execute when co-scheduled on the same multi-core server as another program. The method measures how external memory traffic affects a program by generating different levels of synthetic memory traffic while observing the change in execution time. Based on the observations it makes a first order prediction of how much slowdown the program will experience when exposed to external memory traffic. Experimental results show that the method's predictions correlate well with the real measured slowdowns. Furthermore, it is shown that scheduling based on the new slowdown prediction method yields a higher throughput than three other techniques suggested for avoiding co-scheduling slowdowns caused by memory contention. Finally, a novel scheme is suggested to avoid some of the worst co-schedules, thus increasing the system throughput.

  • 68.
    De Castro Emerick, Agatha
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Utveckling av e-tjänster med hjälp av processbaserad verksamhetsutveckling ur medarbetarnas perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish government requires municipalities to provide their services via new channels. These requirements come from an EU directive. What is expected from municipalities is that they provide their services electronically, so called e-services. The municipalities have different ways of developing e-services. The city of Trollhättan uses processes to develop eservices, through process-based business development. This means that employees in addition to dealing with a new information system also sometimes need to participate in an organizational change. Literature studies show that research about municipal e-services has grown while researchers have spent less time researching on how e-services affects the public administration work. There is a growing interest in how the change affects the individual employee's daily work. The purpose of this study is to gain knowledge about the experiences of the employees involved, partly by the way in which different e-services are created, and how these affects and changes the working situation of the employees. In order to fulfill the purpose of the study, a qualitative approach was chosen. The survey is based on four deep interviews with employees from the city of Trollhättan. E-service development through a process-based business development is perceived as complex, instructive and constructive. It leads to a transition from an individual perception to a holistic view of the organization, which means greater understanding of the employee's own work in conjunction with the goals of the organization. The effects that have been found with the introduction of e-services are a more efficient way of working that leads to easier handling of incoming cases and better control over them; Time saving where manual work is replaced by direct communication computer to computer and an increased workload when e-services are not the primary application method.

  • 69.
    Dervisevic, Adnan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Oskarsson, Tobias
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Seshat: A sync system for Audiobooks and eBooks2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this degree project we present a way to construct a synchronization system that is able to create a timings file, which is the file the system uses to know how to sync the eBook and audiobook, using speech recognition and estimation algorithms. This file is then used by the system to let the user select a sentence and have the audiobook start reading from that sentence, or vice versa. This system can create these files with a mean offset from a manu-ally timed file which is within our expectations for the system.

    We use estimation algorithms to fill in the blanks where the speech recognition falls short. Speech recognition accuracy is typically between 40-60%, sometimes dipping lower, so there are blanks to fill in. Using basic algebraic principles of calculating velocity we can ex-trapolate the speed of a reader, using the duration of the audiobook as the time and the amount of characters written as the distance. For increased accuracy we derive this value on a per-chapter basis.

    Using this method we are able to create accurate files, which the user can use to freely sync any location in the book. Our system is designed to work for any book in the world that does not have an audiobook which cuts off between sentences in the audio files.

    We manually create timings files for four different books with widely varying publishing dates, author styles, reader style and gender to create as wide and representative a testing pool as possible for the project

  • 70.
    Eborn, Hanna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Jönsson, Nklas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Välfärdstjänster med stöd av IT: Införandet av IT-stöd gällande vård och omsorgs verksamhet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Welfare technology is a constant recurrent topic that concerns big parts of society, not least the health sector. The topic aims at enhancing the independence, safety and activity of people in need of care and their relatives through technology. As medical research is constantly moving forward and the world population is getting bigger and lives longer, the pressure on activities and in the healthcare is increasing as a sanction. One of the pieces that requires more and more resources is the elderly care. They have a challenge to keep up with the increasing amount of people who want and need their services. In parallel, the technical solutions to make the healthcare more efficient is presented. Society is becoming increasingly digital and new technical IT solutions are presented to facilitate the way in which businesses operate.

    The purpose of this report is to handle the question of how the work changes municipal activities when IT is introduced in the daily healthcare activities. Vänersborg municipality in western Sweden has been studied using the introduction of a technical platform as a first step in the process of introducing IT support in elderly care. The technical platform is an independent platform that is not dependent on a specific supplier, which gives a free choice to adapt the platform to the business. By applying the platform, which in this study is termed an independent service platform, free communication with other IT solutions can be made possible.

    The following study is based on a qualitative approach which aims to interpret and understand the data collected through empirical studies. In order to design the theoretical frame of reference for the study, an extensive literature review has been conducted to gather knowledge relevant to the subject before the interviews were conducted. The analysis of the collected data shows that Vänersborg's municipality can extract benefits by implementing an independent service platform in the business to change the way in which IT support is introduced.

    The conclusion of the study shows that there is a strong and clear vision of the municipality of Vänersborg to improve the efficiency of care by introducing an independent service platform. The working environment thus becomes easier with smaller external IT solutions that benefit from future procurement, which is the main goal of the welfare technology.

  • 71.
    Ekblad, Lovisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Findley, Hannah
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Sociala mediers roll i centrumutveckling: Kommunikation mellan Trollhättans Stad och dess invånare2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urban development is a part of a municipality’s responsibility in offering its citizens a good living environment. A crucial aspect for a municipality to succeed with urban development is to include the needs and opinions of its citizens. Social media, as a part of e-government, can be used to increase involvement and participation from citizens in a municipality's work with urban development. When the public sector uses social media, they need to actively encourage communication with citizens to be able to understand and ascertain their needs and opinions and not only use social media to distribute information. The purpose of this study was to understand how large municipalities in Sweden work with social media to increase involvement and participation from citizens and how social media can promote urban development. The study was conducted with a qualitative approach using mixed methods. The findings of the study show that the participating municipality primarily uses social media to distribute information about cultural and entertainment events, which is also what the citizens of this municipality are requesting. Social media is not used to ascertain the opinions and suggestions from citizens, however social media is used to advertise occasions when citizens are invited to participate and influence the work with urban development. Municipalities need to develop common strategies and definitions when working with social media to facilitate their work and to provide their citizens with a better understanding of what they can expect from the municipalities social media accounts.  

  • 72.
    Ekman, Karin
    et al.
    Department of Applied IT, Chalmers University of Technology.
    Lundin, Johan
    Department of Applied IT, University of Gothenburg Sweden.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Attitudes towards IT and use of LMS in Teacher Education: A Swedish case study2015In: Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, Mar 02, 2015 in Las Vegas, NV, United States / [ed] David Slykhuis; Gary Marks, Chesapeake, VA, 2015, p. 900-906Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we explore the relation between attitude and use of a university-wide Learning Management System (LMS) among faculty members engaged in teacher education at a large Swedish University. We compare the findings with a control group of educators from the same university, not involved in teacher education. The results reveal that all teachers fail to provide evidence for a correlation between attitude and use, which contest established assumptions in, for instance, the technology acceptance model (TAM). Still we can detect significant differences between teacher educators and other faculty members: Teacher educators are more positive to the potential for IT in general (p<0.1), and in particular more positive to (i) how IT develop their pedagogy, and (ii) that time spent on communicating with students through IT is time well spent. Furthermore, teacher educators use the LMS significantly more frequently, and with a wider scope of used functionality compared to other faculty.

  • 73.
    Emilsson, Patrik
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Josefsson, Rasmus
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    En studie om intern kommunikation i distribuerad agil systemutveckling med tvärfunktionella utvecklarteam2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the help of a qualitative approach and by means of semi structured interviews, this study investigated how distributed agile system development affects the internal communication between cross-functional teams. The interviews are conducted with staff who work in IT-projects with distributed agile teams.

    The result of the study shows that there are challenges in the form of technical problems during meetings over the Internet, misunderstandings and a higher probability of inaccurate comprehension regarding team members tasks. Secondly, it seems that, unlike similar earlier studies, cultural differences and language barriers were not a major problem. Thirdly, unlike earlier studies, it emerged despite the well-functioning infrastructure problematic moments in the form of human factors.

    At the end of this study, we propose that there is a need for continued research in order to explore the contexts in which the human factors affect distributed agile teams.

  • 74.
    Eriksson, Felix
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Isoaho, Simon
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Kritiska framgångsfaktorer avseende samarbete i agila utvecklingsprojekt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Många agila utvecklingsprojekt misslyckas att leverera och blir försenade på grund av en snabbt skiftande marknad där projekt förändras under tidens gång. De faktorer som påverkar individer och dess samarbete inom ett agilt utvecklingsprojekt är därtill otydliga.

    Denna studies mål var därför att utreda vilka kritiska framgångsfaktorer som finns gällande individer och dess samarbete i ett agilt utvecklingsprojekt.

    Kvalitativa intervjuer har genomförts med individer som arbetar inom agila utvecklingsprojekt på stora verksamheter i Sverige. Detta för att kunna kartlägga vad som är viktigt för att lyckas med implementationen och användandet av den agila utvecklingsmetoden.

    Intervjuernas resultat kunde brytas ner in i tre kategorier som har en påverkan för att lyckas med utvecklingsprojektet: produktion, personer och samarbete samt arbetsmiljö. Analysen, baserat på intervjuerna och tidigare forskning inom agila utvecklingsmetoder och samarbete i utvecklingsprojekt, visar att kommunikation är den viktigaste påverkande faktorn. Graden av bra kommunikation inom och utanför projektet är en stor faktor till att en projektgrupp kan ha ett agilt och flexibelt arbetssätt som kan förändras i takt med att utvecklingsprojektet pågår. Därtill visar även studiens resultat att val av kommunikationsverktyg är en viktig faktor för ett bra samarbete mellan individerna.

  • 75.
    Eriksson, Thommy
    et al.
    Chalmers tekniska högskola, Centrum för kunskapsbildning och kommunikation (CKK).
    Spante, Maria
    Chalmers tekniska högskola, Institutionen för industriell organisation och ekonomi.
    Andersson, Sven
    Chalmers tekniska högskola Centrum för kunskapsbildning och kommunikation (CKK).
    Desktop VR and Filmmaking: a case study of how web3D models and chat can be used in the product design process2004In: ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, Cancun, Mexico, 2004, Vol. 58Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 76.
    Eriksson, Thommy
    et al.
    Chalmers tekniska högskola, Centrum för kunskapsbildning och kommunikation (CKK).
    Spante, Maria
    Chalmers tekniska högskola, Institutionen för teknik och samhälle.
    Andersson, Sven
    Chalmers tekniska högskola Centrum för kunskapsbildning och kommunikation (CKK).
    The Computer Mediated Movie Producer: Leadership in Online Collaborative Communities2004In: Proceeding of Winter Internationals Symposium on Information and Communication, Cancun, 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 77.
    Ernstsson, Helen
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Relationen mellan spelare och karaktärer inom onlinespel2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Is there is a relationship between the player and the character the player use when playing online games? Why does a player pick his character? Does the player affect its character, and does the character in turn affects the player? Does this impact exist from the very moment the player creates their character and does it continues throughout the game? And how does this impact look? Would a player pay with real money to make their character look good in the game?

    I have chosen to dig deeper into this and interviewed players about their thoughts on their character and how they create them. I chose the online game Tera Online to start from. I want to bring up the player's actions by the character and the player's experience in the gaming world to helps us understand how a player takes their decisions and affect its character. How the player sees himself against his own made up character and if the player chooses to reflect himself in his character or any other character that the player wants to be. In this work I have done interviews describing the relationship between the player and the player's character. I describe different concepts in the subject and also the player's interactions and observations when they play online games. The result shows that there is a relationship between the player and the character and discusses how it may look. It shows that the attractiveness and social status affects the player's choice of the character. And that it may improve if the player changes the clothes and appearance to something fancier. It also shows that the social and teamwork in online games meet the player's needs and satisfaction of playing.

  • 78.
    Estifanos, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Modiri, Omid
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Ungdomars syn, erfarenheter och upplevelser av nätmobbning: intervjuundersökning av gymnasielever2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I och med det ökade internetanvändandet bland ungdomar har tillväxten av nätmobbning ökat. Studiens syfte är att få kunskap om problemet genom att använda sig av ungdomar som kunskapskälla. En individuell intervjuundersökning genomfördes där ungdomarna beskrev sin syn, upplevelser och erfarenheter om nätmobbning för att få en förståelse kring problemet och vad man kan göra för att förhindra det. Empirin har samlats in genom kvalitativa intervjuer där tolv svenska gymnasielever deltagit. Det framgick att anonymitet är en stor faktor till varför nätmobbning ökat men möjligheten till att kunna vara anonym får ungdomar att agera och skriva saker de vanligtvis inte hade gjort. Ungdomar använder ett grövre språk, och accepterar mer på Internet än vad de hade gjort i verkliga livet.Eleverna saknar säkerhetstänk på Internet, de ser Internet som en arena utan lagar och regler där man inte behöver stå för sina handlingar. Det finns inga konsekvenser av ens handlingar på Internet, vilket resulterar i att det är svårt att dra en gräns för hur långt man kan gå med nätmobbning. Grupptryck är även en faktor till varför nätmobbning ökar bland ungdomar då det är viktigt att passa in bland ungdomar. Det framgår även att ungdomarna hade önskat att vuxna i skolan hade engagerat sig mer för att förhindra nätmobbning.

  • 79.
    Fili, Saman
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Murguz, Amar
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Sociala mediers framgång; en potentiell fara för personlig integritet: En kvalitativ studie kring studenters inställningar till och medvetenhet kring personlig integritet samt sociala medier.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social media has become pervasive technology that deeply penetrates the everyday of its users and studies have shown that especially students have a hard time imagining life without social media. With regards to this, social media exposes its users to threats to privacy and with it comes the debate of privacy concerns. Personal data has become the means with which users pay to be able to use social media. This side of social media offers a discreet but wellfunctioning datamining process wheras the more obvious side entails amusement, agility, social relations and such. From a privacy perspective, datamining becomes problematic where threats to privacy are being experienced. With this background, the underlying study examines personal integrity and how it is affected by social media usage. More specifically, students' attitudes regarding privacy and social media is examined based on Alan Westins theory. Students differ in age but come together in lives of the students as there are similarities in stress and pressure. This, with earlier research showing a need for online presence entail students to become an interesting target. The research question is answered qualitatively where interview where conducted with ten students from Högskolan Väst. Based on these interviews, empirical data was gathered, analyzed and discussed. The study showed that the majority of respondents were pragmatic in their approach to social media and prefer therefore to have control over the spreading of their information. They like to decide who gets to see what. The conclusion is that students' personal integrity is threatened by their use of social media as the study showed a lack of knowledge in the fact that their data is being used and spread to third parties

  • 80.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Against users2015In: Proceedings of the 38th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS 38), Oulu, Finland, 9-12 August. (USB) / [ed] Anssi Öörni, Netta Iivari, Kari Kuutti, Harri Oinas-Kukkonen and Mikko Rajanen, IRIS , 2015, p. 1-13Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ever since the 50’s users has played a great role in the research aboutinformation systems. However, users have mainly been considered as operators of the information system or as managers receiving the output. In this article I argue that users are not operators but clerks performing their job. In the same way as I’m a driver and not a car user when I drive my car, the clerk is performing the work, not using an information system. Knowing how to use the information system the clerk produces useful inform ation without paying any specific attention to the artifact. This perspective put certain demands on the designer of the artifacts, in fact (s)he should be a meta-designer, providing the clerks with useful tools for designing their own workflows

  • 81.
    Flensburg, Per
    Strömstad Akademi.
    Den stora tankestriden inom informatik: en idéhistoriskanalys2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The domain of informatics, was initially development of computer-based information systems based on mathematical/logical perspective. In mid-1970s, some doctoral students stated that use of these systems should also be studied. Hence work content, work environment and power relations at the workplace should be studied. This cannot be done solely with mathematical/logical methods. Based on Ludwik Fleck's concepts of thought style and thought-collective, Kuhn's paradigm theory and Berger & Luckmann's knowledge sociology, some events taking place during the decade 1975-85 are analyzed and the concept of though tstruggle is introduced. My problem statement is:

    1. How can the conceptual idea within the informatics in Sweden during the period 1970-1985 be understood?

    2. Why did this happen just then?

    3. How does it fit into the other changes in society?

    The result is a description of the thought struggle, what triggered it and what it led to, and where the events have been placed within dimensions of time, positivism and philosophy.

  • 82.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Introducing e-learning in municipal contact centers: a Swedish case study2011In: Uddevalla Symposium 2011. Entrepreneurial Knowledge, Technology and Transformation of Regions: Revised papers presented at the 14th Uddevalla Symposium, 16-18 June, 2011, Bergamo, Italy / [ed] Irene Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2011, p. 307-318Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 83.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    IT and the new society: from XML to Habermas2011In: Challenges for the Future in an ICT Context: ... for Stig / [ed] Viveca Asproth, Sundsvall: Dep. of Information Technology and Media, Mid Sweden University , 2011, 1, p. 103-122Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 84.
    Flod, Nicholas
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Kajdic, Eldin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Designriktlinjer för att anpassa Augmented Reality-applikationer till högskoleutbildningar: Att anpassa användningen av Augmented Reality-applikationer till högskoleutbildningar2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As technology keeps evolving, new ways to access information begin to emerge. A subject that recently has received more attention is Augmented Reality (AR), which can be explained as a reality enhanced with virtual information. Using AR for educational purposes is something that recently has started to gain attention, which has created a greater demand for AR-applications that can be used in higher educations. As the subject is relatively new, there are yet no clear design guidelines and principles to be followed when developing these types of applications. To create successful AR-applications with good usability, it is vital that developers follow design guidelines and mainly focus on the needs of the application's users.

    This thesis aims to answer the research question "which design guidelines should be followed when developing AR-applications for higher education?".

    To be able to answer this question, this thesis has collected data by exploring a wide range of previous research consisting of a combination of AR, Design and Higher education. The reasoning behind why a literature study was conducted was to acquire knowledge of how AR-applications are being used at present time, as well as finding already existing design guidelines that may be applicable to the end result of this thesis. This thesis was later backed up by user observations and interviews with purpose of collecting empirical data to further amplify the final design guidelines. Previous research found that a lack of user experience related AR-studies has led to insufficient information on both evaluating and designing AR-applications for educational purposes. The creation of AR-applications for higher education is relatively new, which means that there are no direct guidelines for what is right or wrong in terms of design. The research also found that customizing the applications to multiple platforms, making rewards systems, following certain design principles and keeping cultural differences in mind could lead to significantly improved results in terms of usability and user satisfaction.

    The results from the user observations and interviews imply that students are in need of in-app tests, clear instructions, intelligible interfaces and immediate feedback, as user AR-application interfaces sometimes can be confusing, resulting in frustrated students. By following the proposed design guidelines, this study may benefit developers who intend to create AR-applications to be used in higher education.

  • 85.
    Fransson, Göran
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Gävle, Sverige.
    Hrastinski, Stefan
    Jaldemark, Stefan
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap, Sverige.
    Lindberg, Ola J.
    Umeå universitet, Umeå, Sverige.
    Lundin, Johan
    Gothenburg University, Applied Information Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Olofsson, Anders D.
    Umeå universitet, Umeå, Sverige.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Öberg, Lena-Msrie
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, Avdelningen för data- och systemvetenskap, Sverige.
    On the Swedish national graduate school for digital technologies in education - GRADE: Expectations and experiences of doctoral students and supervisors2018In: ICERI2018 Proceedings: The International Academy of Technology, Education and Development, Sevilla, 2018, p. 769-774Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish National Graduate School for Digital Technologies in Education (GRADE) is a cooperative venture between six Swedish universities established during 2018. Within the field of educational sciences and in the area of digital technologies in education, GRADE aims to strengthen the expertise in the area and to increase national and international cooperation in research training activities.Over a number of years, and from multitude of sources (cf. Brown & Davis, 2004; Fisher, Higgins & Loveless, 2006; Kafai & Resnick 1996), research has stressed that increased digitalization in schools leads to a complexity that needs to be taken into account on different levels, from different perspectives and with different designs, methodologies and theoretical perspectives (cf. Olofsson, Lindberg, Fransson & Hauge, 2015; Price, Jewitt & Brown, 2013; Tondeur, Valcke & van Braak, 2008). At a micro-level, the learning situation of students, teachers and school-leaders changes and it becomes important to deepen the knowledge about the impact digital technologies has on the fundamental conditions for teaching and learning of different school subjects (cf. Chun, Kern & Smith 2016; Leung & Baccaglini-Frank, 2017). On a macro-level, conditions for education as such changes and digital technologies becomes an important object of study as agents of change (Wong & Li, 2008). The digitalization of K-12 schools has long been highlighted in policy as a necessity (cf. Kirkman et al, 2002; OECD, 2010). However, research and evaluations (cf. Fransson et al, 2012; OECD, 2015; Wastiau et al, 2013) show that many substantial challenges remain. One of the fundamental pillars of GRADE is the interdisciplinary approach. Several disciplines are present (Applied IT, Curriculum studies, Education, Informatics, Technology and Learning, Educational work, Work-interated Learning) in researching digital technologies in K-12 schools with the ambition to contribute to the continued implementation, integration and use of digital technologies in Swedish K-12 schools that stems from the evidence-based knowledge produced within the activities of GRADE. The research within GRADE will be characterized by close cooperation with stakeholders from school practice, with the aim to contribute to concrete school development. In GRADE, a multi-level approach that involves multiple layers or levels of school activities will be encouraged. When possible, studies will be longitudinal. This will imply studies from an organizational and management perspective, e.g. studies of school leaders and other members of senior management positions responsible for digital technology use and implementation. Also implied are studies of teachers' teaching practices and didactical considerations, as well as studies of the students in classrooms and their learning using digital technologies. This will also imply that several issues with a bearing on the digitalization of education, for example regarding school policy, teaching, learning, assessment and professional development will be researched from different perspectives and with different methodological approaches. In this paper, these points of departure will be explored based on the expectations and experiences of the first twelve admitted doctoral students and their supervisors

  • 86.
    Fuentes, Ana
    et al.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Kuchcinski, Krzysztof
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Graph matching constraints for synthesis with complex components2007In: 10th Euromicro Conference on Digital System Design Architectures, Methods and Tools (DSD 2007) / [ed] Hana Kubatova, Lubeck, Germany, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present a new method for high-level synthesis that enhances design flexibility, specialization and performance primarily conceived for programmable hardware. New programmable hardware devices often provide fast dedicated components that perform complex computations. Arbitrary complex computations can be efficiently extracted from the CDFG using our new graph matching constraint to produce final implementations that better suit the design to the targeted architecture. Our algorithm also reduces possible syntactic variances detecting semantically equivalent structures in the graph. This new graph matching constraint was integrated in our own Constraint Programming solver engine together with other constraints to naturally model the heterogeneous features present in the synthesis problem. The use of complex functional modules is taken into account in the optimization process during binding and scheduling yielding significantly shorter schedules and gains in terms of area and performance. We demonstrate our technique on a variety of HLS benchmarks and show that efficient design space exploration can be accomplished using this technique.

  • 87.
    Fuentes Martinez, Ana
    et al.
    Malmö högskola.
    Andersson, Jens
    Johansson, Anders
    Nilsson, Pål
    Gender and Programming: A Case Study2005In: Proceedings 2005: 3:e Pedagogiska inspirationskonferensen 31 maj 2005, Lund, Sweden, 2005, article id 3c9e8a1b-e904-4091-91d3-a5512d3a65fdConference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Our study highlights the effects of gender-related learning styles on a computer programming course at introductory level of engineering education. It was triggered by the observation of statistically relevant under-achievements among female students over the years. We try to identify concrete differences in motivation/learning styles between genders and prove that lack of previous relevant computer experience is not the only factor to blame. The paper analyzes the situation at a LTH course from the point of view of the conflicts outlined in the literature. Data from “before-starting” questionnaires and follow ups for subsequent evaluations expose significant gender differences. Analysis of the course materials and interviews with students reveals problems of constructive alignment and discouragements to the motivation of novice programmers. We investigated several pedagogical methods to adapt teaching and evaluation in order to increase all students’ competence and at the same time reduce the gap between genders. Our key recommendation is to make the separation between the teaching of algorithms and the teaching of the specific language syntax clearer. It is our belief that good teaching of engineering subjects will enhance learning for all students

  • 88.
    Färnefors, Viktoria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lindman, Oskar
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Användaracceptans av IT inom svensk hälso- och sjukvård: En kvalitativ studie om användaracceptans av ny teknologi under postimplementation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Implementation of IT in healthcare is by many considered to have several benefits. On the one hand, it can improve the health care by, among other things, making it more efficient. On the other hand, it can give economic advantages, for example by health care providers being able to save money. At the same time, there are studies showing problems may arise at the implementation of new technologies in healthcare. Problems reported include hesitation regarding the profitability of the technologies, and staff deeming the technology taking up too much time. There have also been reported difficulties in the post-implementation phase, for example increased strain on personnel and worsened communication between staff and patients. In the light of this, this study has investigated which factors influence the user acceptance of IT in healthcare during the post-implementation phase. This study has, with a qualitative approach and based on the theory UTAUT, carried out a number of interviews with personnel working in healthcare who recently took part in an implementation of new technology. Then, the result was analyzed to find out which factors most influence the acceptance of technology in healthcare. The result shows that expected performance is the factor that matters most for acceptance of new technology. The voluntariness and if the usage has become norm in the workplace both have a large effect on whether the technology is accepted or not. When the work routine is of a more complex nature it is also important to have a good understanding of the processes which the technology is built around. The study also shows that there is a need to adjust the UTAUT model to better explain acceptance within the context of Swedish healthcare. The degree of voluntariness should be more than a moderating variable, and a new construct, regarding knowledge about the processes and routines that govern the work in healthcare, ought to be considered.

  • 89.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Engineering.
    A Course Designed for "Non-Traditional Students": Who that Might Be?2015In: Proceedings of the 6th International Multi-Conference onComplexity, Informatics and Cybernetics: IMCIC 2015: and the 6th International Multi-Conference on Society and Information Technologies: ICSIT 2015 / [ed] Callaos, N., Hsing-Wei, C., Sánchez, B. & Tremante, A., International Institute of Informatics and Systemics, 2015, Vol. II, p. 177-181Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The digital era and online education offers new possibilities for distributing higher education to non-traditional students, for instance full-working participants. This article describes experiences based on six years’ experience from an online course designed for non-traditional students. An on-line course in statistics, designed for attracting non-traditional students is used as a case. It is shown that the characteristics of the participants are completely different in comparison to traditional campus students. These differences may be rewarding for teachers and may offer interesting pedagogical opportunities.

  • 90.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Digitalization of Health Care Paves the Way for Improved Quality of Life?2016In: Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, ISSN 1690-4524, E-ISSN 1690-4524, Vol. 14, no 5, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The digitalization of health care is really a game changer for developing health care. This article gives an, overview, discuss opportunities and reflects on methodological issues in this new era. Important issues discussed include: Could digitalization offer the right chemistry between evidence based medicine and individualization of health care. Does Big Data imply long tail health care? How could patients be co-creators of health care? And, methodological pros and cons with different sources of "evidence".

  • 91.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Engineering.
    Work integrated learning and learning integrated work: a love story between academia and working life?2015In: The 21st International Conference on Information Systems Analysis and Synthesis: General Framework and Plenary, Keynote Speakers of the Spring 2015, 2015, Vol. 13 March, p. 5-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education is perhaps facing the most unprecedented challenges ever. Financial turbulence, high unemployment rates, demographical changes, technological development and increased demands for high competence certainly implies the importance of putting cooperation between academia and working life on top of the agenda.

    The aim with work integrated learning is to enhance learning and prepare for working life by letting knowledge from research go hand in hand with experience based knowledge. This is often discussed in the view of how working life could cross the border into academia. However, a challenge for higher education is to discuss how to cross the border in the opposite direction. How could academia support learning integrated work? How could we foster a new generation of professionals to become boundary crossers, reflective practitioners and be a part of a continuously improved community of practice?

  • 92.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Arvemo, Tobias
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The impact of word of mouth when booking a hotel: could a good friend's opinion outweigh the online majority?2019In: Information Technology & Tourism, ISSN 1098-3058, E-ISSN 1943-4294, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 289-311Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Online user generated reviews are transforming business and customer behavior and could have a major impact on sales. The primary aim of this study was to measure the impact of online reviews in comparison with the impact of a good friend's opinion. The question in focus was: to what extent could a single review made by a good friend compensate the opinion of the online majority? Subjects were randomly allocated to different versions of guest reviews of a fictive hotel: either constituting a positive or a negative online majority. After reading the reviews, respondents were asked about their booking intention. The respondents were also asked to re-evaluate booking intention given the additional information that a good friend has given a recommendation or an advice against booking the hotel. The study design was experimental and based on a survey which included 1319 respondents who were randomized to the different versions of guest reviews. The results showed that the overall valence of reviews is crucial for booking intention, also the latest two reviews were important even though the effect was much smaller. If the overall valence was negative the latest two reviews had no importance, no matter if these were positive or negative. But, if the overall valence was positive, then the booking intention could be diluted if the two latest reviews were negative. Concerning the primary aim of the study, it is concluded that a good friend’s word of mouth could outweigh the online majority. This means that a negative online majority could be outweigh by a good friend's recommendation and that a positive online majority could be outweigh by a goods friend's recommendation against booking the hotel. 

  • 93.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gellerstedt, Victoria
    Bernhard, Iréne
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Work-Integrated Learning: Impact of Individual and organizational Digitalization on Knowledge management and Expertise Sharing2019In: INTED2019 Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, 2019, p. 3601-3609Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The primary aim with this study was to examine the impact of digitalization and the use of ICT for knowledge sharing in an organization. A secondary aim was to further develop knowledge management models to also include collaborative knowledge production and expertise sharing. Based on such a model, we developed a questionnaire answered by 265 respondents. We found that the relationship between using ICT for knowledge sharing was correlated to knowledge sharing also when adjusted for established factors like organisational climate and social norms. We conclude that digitalization, both individually and on an organisational level is an important asset for knowledge management, and that the use of ICT could support knowledge sharing beyond known and established important factors.

  • 94.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Work Integrated Learning: a Marriage Between Academia and Working Life2015In: Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, ISSN 1690-4524, E-ISSN 1690-4524, Vol. 13, no 6, p. 38-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a demand for increased cooperation between higher education institutes and surrounding society, and different frameworks for such cooperation have been developed. University West in Sweden has a profile calledwork-integrated learning which could be regarded as a systematical approach for combining theory and practice.Actually work-integrated learning has become an ideologyfor the University which permeates all activities, i.e. education, research and cooperation with surrounding society. This article is a review, explaining and exemplifying our approach. We will also discuss strategies and challenges for bringing the relationship between theory and practice into a prospering marriage.

  • 95.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Rawshani, Nina
    Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Herlitz, Johan
    The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen, University College of Borås, Borås, Sweden, Department of Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Bång, Angela
    The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen, University College of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Gelang, Carita
    The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen, University College of Borås, Borås, Sweden, Department of Ambulance and Prehospital Emergency Care, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Andersson, Jan-Otto
    Department of Ambulance and Prehospital Emergency Care, Skaraborg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Anna
    The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen, University College of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Rawshani, Araz
    Department of Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Could prioritisation by emergency medicine dispatchers be improved by using computer-based decision support?: A cohort of patients with chest pain2016In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 220, p. 734-738Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To evaluate whether a computer-based decision support system could improve the allocation of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or a life-threatening condition (LTC). We hypothesised that a system of this kind would improve sensitivity without compromising specificity. Methods: A total of 2285 consecutive patients who dialed 112 due to chest pain were asked 10 specific questions and a prediction model was constructed based on the answers. We compared the sensitivity of the dispatchers' decisions with that of the model-based decision support model. Results: A total of 2048 patients answered all 10 questions. Among the 235 patients with ACS, 194 were allocated the highest prioritisation by dispatchers (sensitivity 82.6%) and 41 patients were given a lower prioritisation (17.4% false negatives). The allocation suggested by the model used the highest prioritisation in 212 of the patients with ACS (sensitivity of 90.2%), while 23 patients were underprioritised (9.8% false negatives). The results were similar when the two systems were compared with regard to LTC and 30-day mortality. This indicates that computer-based decision support could be used either for increasing sensitivity or for saving resources. Three questions proved to be most important in terms of predicting ACS/LTC, [1] the intensity of pain, [2] the localisation of pain and [3] a history of ACS. Conclusion: Among patients with acute chest pain, computer-based decision support with a model based on a few fundamental questions could improve sensitivity and reduce the number of cases with the highest prioritisation without endangering the patients.

  • 96.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Www means win win win in education: some experiences from online courses in applied statistics2010In: OZCOTS 2010 Proceedings of the 7th Australian Conferenceon Teaching Statistics / [ed] Helen MacGillivray & Brian Phillips, Statistical society of Australia , 2010, p. 51-56Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on the experiences from online courses in applied statistics. The courses were designed with the ambition of making studies in statistics, fun, interesting, useful, not that difficult and directly supported the possibility to combine studies and work. When designing the courses we considered three dimensions: "pedagogies","community" and "structure". Experiences after giving a first-year course three times show that the online course succeeds in attracting new studen ts since 90% of the participants would not be able to follow an on-campus course and 62% worked full time.

    The pedagogies were highly appreciated because focusing on the interpretation of results and using computer analyses really changed the prejudices about statistics. Structure and prompt feedback was experienced as important factors. It was possible to combine online studies with employment, and the student completion rate was (84%, 55% and 61%), with a potential for further improvements.

  • 97.
    Gillberg, Malin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Moment 22: sambandet mellan systemförvaltning och den uteblivna måluppfyllnaden vid övergång till ehandel hos en offentlig organisation i Sverige.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of e-commerce has become an established term for various businesses that in various ways occur via the internet. This study has its focus on e-commerce in the public sector in Sweden. In Sweden e-commerce is introduced in the public sector continuously. It has been introduced in various degrees. Today more than one third of the local government organizations in Sweden and more than half of the country council management organizations have embraced e-commerce.

    The research question for this study is:

    What conditions can affect an organization’s progress toward goals regarding e-commerce project viewed from a system management perspective?

    The purpose of this study is to identify and describe the conditions that may affect a public organizations progress towards goals for e-commerce projects, from a system management perspective. The study is qualitative in nature. The empirical data,in the form of a case study was gathered through interviews and document studies in the municipal administrative organization. The theory in the study was collected through literature with presentation of research in the area of system management and organizational theory.

    Two conditions were observed in the study. These conditions have led to the consequence that the progress towards goals for e-commerce project in the organization where the case study was conducted not has been achieved:

    1. Competence and resources: The organization has not had sufficient staff resources dedicated to system management for the entire e-commerce lifetime of the organization.There is lack of resources with the right IT skills in the current situation

    2. The vertical organization: The online ordering system is not designed for the type of vertical organization as public organizations has. The organization where the case study was conducted has implemented an order process that is not consistent with the intended order process online ordering system. The organization made this adjustment to overcome the problems it brings to have a system that is not adapted to the organization's structure.

    The two conditions that were observed during the study has direct connection to the consequence that the organization has failed to reach its goal with the e-commerce adoption. The study demonstrates the link between the organization’s failure to progress towards the goals with the e-commerce project and the management of the e-ordering system. The result is that the organizations did not reach their goals to turn over to e-commerce. The goal for all public organizations is that all their outbound orders for goods and services electronically with the exception since it is unsuitable to manage them electronic by confidentiality or security reasons.

  • 98.
    Grimmbråten, Erik
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Söderberg, Patrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Kostnadsfria tjänster i utbyte mot övervakning: En kvalitativ intervjustudie undersökande hur medvetna människors är om hur Google samlar in och hanterar deras personliga integritet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Today, more people are dependent on Google as a search engine for information or other services offered by Google, both at work and in privacy. With regard to previous surveys that expose a prevailing trend where users possess a naive behavior regarding how they share personal information on the internet, the question of how aware people are about how their personal privacy is exposed on the internet. Significantly more people are currently exposed to cybercrime and internet fraud than physical crimes and fraud, which places a greater demand on defending their personal privacy on the internet.

    Aim: The purpose of the study is to investigate how aware Google users are about what information Google collects about them and what that information is used for. The study also aims to investigate how familiar Google users are to Google's privacy policy and privacy settings, focusing on influencing factors. Finally, the study also aims to investigate users' opinions about Google and whether these views are affected by an improved understanding about how Google collects information about their users.

    Method: A qualitative research approach was used with the intention of obtaining an insight and understanding of the subtle and complex phenomenon that the study intends to investigate. The method consisted of an initial exploratory literature study and an interview study applying semi-structured personal interviews. The selection consisted of eight people with varying sex, occupations, age and previous experience with Google. The analysis of the interview material was performed with an inductive approach inspired by the phenomenological approach and applied content analysis as the selected approach.

    Result: The result shows that people vary in how aware they are about how Google collects and manages their personal information. There is a lack of interest in people to familiarize themselves with and read Google's privacy policy or to make active choices within Google's privacy settings. People stick to their beliefs and values that they had about Google before participating in the study, even after an improved knowledge and understanding of how Google collects and manages their personal information.

    Conclusion: The study presents great challenges about creating a genuine interest and inclination for people to actively protect their personal privacy on the internet. Google is such a big part of people's everyday lives that they agree to be monitored in exchange for access to Google's services. The dependence on Google's services generates a naive behavior in people, who expose their personal integrity to major security risks on the internet.

  • 99.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    A Social Perspective on Implementation of e-Government: A Longitudinal Study at the County Administration of Sweden2012In: Case Studies in e-Government / [ed] Frank Bannister, Reading, UK: Academic Publishing International, 2012, 1, p. 120-144Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 100.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Internal Digital Divide in Organizations2012In: E-Governance and Civic Engagement: Factors and Determinants of E-Democracy / [ed] Aroon Manoharan & Marc Holzer, Hershey, US: Information Science Reference, 2012, p. 235-250Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, internal digital divide problems in organizations are identified and discussed. A longitudinal case study focusing on the implementation of e-Government at a public organization in Sweden is used as a starting-point for the discussion. Although the general use of information and communication technology is very high in Sweden there are still problems with digital divide. Such problems could hamper the implementation process of e-Government. In the case study the older employees were especially stressed and had problems to renewing their competencies and adapting to new working situations due to the implementation of e-Government. Internal digital divide is however a complex phenomenon and involve aspects of learning, motivation, professionalization, management strategies and organizational culture. Some ways of bridging the internal digital divide problems are discussed. Soft systems methodology could be used for analysis and change of internal digital divide aspects involving a discussion with the concerned communities.

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