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  • 51.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Löfvendahl, Eva
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Arbetsintegrerat lärande (AIL) som en ekvation2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Greulich, Dorothea
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Emphasizing Non-formal and Informal Learning Theories at the Workplace: A Case Study of Workplace Learning at a Swedish Municipality2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The interest in learning settings outside of educational institutions has increased during the last decades. Thus, workplaces are being recognized as locations where valuable learning takes place. This qualitative research aims to contribute to the research field of workplace learning by providing an understanding of how people at a municipal workplace learn. It further investigates what kind of aspects affect the workplace learning as well as how the workplace learning can be improved.

    Specifically, this case study was conducted through semi-structured interviews with a management team at the Campus Västra Skaraborg of the Lidköping municipality. It draws on distinctions of knowledge and learning theories at the workplace focusing on formal, non-formal, and informal learning.

    The thematic analysis of the data shows that employees at the municipality learn more non-formally through reflecting on new knowledge in group settings or own research and informally through conversations and asking questions. Furthermore, the study finds that leadership and the organizational culture can encourage the learning of employees greatly and can thus improve learning outcomes in general. The study suggests that dedicating a certain amount of time to the learning of new information can enhance workplace learning as well. 

  • 53.
    Gustavsson, Linn
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Urban Planing and Development.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics. NU Hospital Group, Trolhättan (SWE).
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Ahlström, Petter
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Urban Planing and Development.
    From classroom education to work-integrated learning in the forest - students and teachers as knowledge co-creators in hybrid learning spaces2022Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 54.
    Hakala, Minna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hansson, Therése
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Chefers psykosociala arbetsmiljö och Känsla Av SAMmanhang: En kvantitativ studie gjord i en kommun i Västra Götaland2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Managerial psycho-social work environment is a relatively unexplored area. Available studies show that it is important to focus on managers' work environment as it largely affects the managers themselves and the quality in their leadership. An important factor in managers' well-being is their Sense of Coherence (SOC). Individuals high on SOC view the world as comprehensible, manageable and meaningful and remain better equipped to face stress in work life. The current study was a census survey and examined the relationship between managers' psychosocial work environment and SOC in a small municipality in Sweden. The aim was to explore whether there is a correlation between psycho-social work environment and SOC, and if gender, management level and head quota affect the perception of job demands, control, support and stress. In the current study, 23 managers participated, 17 women and 6 men; 19 of which were lower level managers, and 4 were higher level managers. The results showed no correlation between SOC and psycho-social work environment, but with closer examination a negative correlation between SOC

    and work demands were found. Support and work demands were negatively correlated as well as support and stress, which indicates that support is a key factor in how managers experience the amount of work demands and how stressed they feel . The managers were generally SOC strong individuals and perhaps in order to be a manager and to cope with the requirement-filled work situation that management necessitates, managerial position does require a high sense of coherence.

  • 55.
    Hedman, Sabina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Om medarbetares arbetsengagemang och upplevelse av hur kommunikationen fungerar med närmsta chef2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Work engagement is an important part in good organizations to achieve good results and communication is a big part in every organization. But is there a connection between these variables and what does that connection look like in a municipality and what does the interaction between employees and their immediate supervisor look like? A survey, based on the validated instruments Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, Communicator Competence Questionnaire and Communication Satisfaction Scale, has therefore been carried out in a municipality in Sweden where 61 people have participated. The data has been analyzed in SPSS using both correlation and regression analysis. A relationship was found between work engagement and communicative competence that also remained in the regression analysis where work engagement was the dependent variable and the two communication variables were independent variables. There was also a relationship between work engagement and satisfaction with communication with the immediate supervisor, however this relationship disappeared in the regression analysis. The conclusion is therefore that employees'work engagement and managers' communicative competence are important building blocks in a good organization and should be taken into account in order to achieve results and to make employees feel good at the workplace. This connection shows the manager's role and the interaction that exists between manager and employee.

  • 56.
    Hellström, Amelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Andersson, Katarina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Att balansera jobb och fritid - en fin konst eller ett omöjligt uppdrag?: En kvantitativ studie om work-life balance och könsskillnader.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Work-life balance is an important issue for both employees and employers, not least as the phenomenon has been shown to be positively related to employee job satisfaction. Furthermore, previous research also shows different results regarding whether there are gender differences in the experience of work-life balance.

    Purpose. The aim of the present study was therefore to investigate whether there were differences between women and men in their experience of work-life balance.

    Method. To answer the purpose, a quantitative method was used where a web-based survey was carried out. The statements in the questionnaire are taken from the 10-item WLB scale, which is a validated measurement instrument. A total of 296 working respondents answered the survey, of which 69% were women and 31% were men. A correlation analysis with 5000 bootstrap iterations was used to analyze the data. In addition, a T-test was also used.

    Results. The result showed that there was no significant relationship between work-life balance and gender (r = -.00, p > .050). Mean differences could not be distinguished either (M = 3.28, M= 3.25).

    Conclusion. Work-life balance is a factor that can benefit the individual's job satisfaction. If it benefits individuals' ability to achieve a balance between work and private life, it can thus have a positive effect on job satisfaction regardless of whether they are female or male.

  • 57.
    Herrman, Margaretha 
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Lärande samverkan: ett interaktivt forskningsprojekt i hemtjänsten2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 58.
    Hjalmarsson, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Home help work: balancing loyalties2015In: Makeshift Work in a Changing Labour Market: The Swedish Model in the Post-Financial Crisis Era / [ed] Garsten, Christina, Lindvert, Jessica & Thedvall, Renitha, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 138-155Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the aftermath of the global financial crisis, people who had never before had cause to worry about losing their jobs entered the ranks of the unemployed for the first time. In Sweden, the welfare state has been radically challenged and mass unemployment has become a reality in what used to be viewed as a model case for a full employment society. With an emphasis on Sweden in the context of transnational regulatory change, Makeshift Work in a Changing Labour Market discusses how the market mediates employment and moves on to explore the ways in which employees adjust to a new labour market. Focusing on the legibility, measurability and responsibility of jobseekers, the expert contributors of this book bring together an analysis of activation policy and new ways of organizing the mediation of work, with implications for the individual jobseeker. Students and researchers of labour market policy, the organization of markets and work and society both in Sweden and abroad will find this book to be of interest. Policy makers will find the empirical examples of policy processes among employees an extremely useful and insightful tool.

  • 59.
    Hyrén, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Styrning av högre utbildning: motstridiga institutionella logiker2017In: Universitet AB: om kommodifiering, marknad och akademi / [ed] Marcus Agnafors (red.), Göteborg: Daidalos, 2017, p. 71-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 60.
    Härnstam, Ebba
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Axelsson, Fabian
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    En kvantitativ studie om relationen mellan ledarskapsrelation, neuroticism och arbetsrelaterad stress2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Workplace stress is a serious problem that can have negative consequences for both the individual and the organization. This article aims to examine the relationship between leadership relationship, neuroticism and stress in order to gain a better understanding of the factors that can influence and the degree to which they influence workplace stress. The results of the study are intended to reinforce the following hypotheses: 1) Leadership relationship has a significant relationship with stress levels in employees 2) Neuroticism has a significant relationship with stress in employees. A quantitative deductive method has been carried out using questionnaire survey on 113 people from different occupational groups. The results were analyzed in the statistical program JASP and then analyzed in a descriptive analysis and correlation analysis. The results show that both leadership relationship and neuroticism are significantly related to stress (r = - 0.54, r = 0.60). This shows that both the environment and personality are important for the stress levels of the individual. Correlation is also found between neuroticism and leadership relationship (r = -0.25). The result is further discussed about the possibility that personality may have a greater impact on stress than leadership. Research in this area is recommended to develop leadership models and deeper understanding of the importance of personality in the workplace to reduce work-related stress.

  • 61.
    Högberg, Karin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Framing organizational social media: a longitudinal study of a hotel chain2019In: Information Technology & Tourism, ISSN 1098-3058, E-ISSN 1943-4294, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 209-236Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of social media in the past decade has transformed the hospitality and tourism industry. There is, however, limited empirical research on how individual employees and groups of employees within organizations make sense of new technology, such as social media, over time. In this paper we focus on the individual and organizational level by exploring how hotel employees and managers make sense of organizational social media over a 4-year period. The perceived usefulness of social media is studied in an organizational setting by applying technological frames as a theoretical framework. The study is a longitudinal case study that includes time both during and after the implementation of social media in an international hotel chain in Europe. A total of 37 in-depth qualitative interviews were conducted at 14 hotels as well as additional observations on site and on social media platforms. The study contributes to existing literature by investigating organizational social media use over time.

  • 62.
    Högberg, Karin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Real Estate, Economics and Society.
    Willermark, Sara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    “Am I supposed to call them?”: Relearning interactions in the digital workplace2023In: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, E-ISSN 1758-7859, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This study aims to develop the understanding of learning processes related to the new ways of interacting in the enforced digital workplace over time.

    Design/methodology/approach – A multiple, longitudinal case study of knowledge-based workers in three firms located in Sweden has been conducted from March 2020 to March 2023. In total, 89 interviews with 32 employees in three knowledge-based firms have been collected.

    Findings – The study shows how the intricate interaction between rules and norms for interaction and work must be renegotiated as well as un- and relearned when the physical work environment no longer frames the work context. Furthermore, technology can be viewed as both an enable and a barrier, that is, technology has enhanced collaboration between organizational members yet also created social difficulties, for example, related to communication and interaction. The study emphasizes that individuals learned through trial and error. That is, they tried behaviors such as translating social interactions" to a digital arena, appraised the outcomes and modified the practices if the outcomes were poor.

    Research limitations/implications – The present study does have several limitations. First, it is based on interviews with respondents within three organizations in Sweden. To broaden and deepen the understanding of both organizational and learning, future studies can contribute by studying other contexts as well as using a mixed method approach in other countries.

    Practical implications – Results from the study can provide a practical understanding of how the rapid change from working at the office to working from home using digital technologies can be understood and managed.

    Originality/value – Contributions include combining interaction order and un- and relearning among organizational employees. This insight is important given that the rapid digital transformation of our society has changed how work is performed and how the future workplace will be both structured and organized.

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  • 63.
    Ineland, Jens
    et al.
    Umeå University, Department of Education, Umeå.
    Molin, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sauer, Lennart
    Umeå University, Department of Social Work,Sweden.
    Handling Plurality and Dealing with Difficult Work Experiences: A Comparative Study of Human Service Professionals’ Work with Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities2018In: Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, ISSN 1741-1122, E-ISSN 1741-1130, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 36-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how administrators in social services (n = 70) and habilitation staff in healthcare (n = 40) in Sweden experience difficulties in their work with people with intellectual disabilities. The research aim was to investigate the most typical aspects of difficult working situations and to apply a comparative analysis of differences and similarities, where the respondents' organizational affiliations are taken into account. The results are primarily based on a content analysis. Contextual standardized questions were included in this study. The results revealed that experiences of difficulties were categorized in four typological themes: difficult situations associated with (1) structure, (2) professional role, (3) relationships, and (4) collaboration. The respondents' experiences of difficult situations in social services and healthcare organizations did not correspond to the respondents' work dissatisfaction or unclear goals. On the contrary, handling this plurality within a specific organizational context was a fundamental aspect of professionalism. The different characteristics of the organizations in this study reflected two different institutional logics. While the administrators mainly operated within an administrative logic based on a regulatory framework, the habilitation staff operated within a therapeutic logic based on a cognitive framework. Consequently, the two groups had their own specific norms and rule systems, which influenced when, and to what extent, everyday situations were experienced and defined as difficult. The organizational context seems to influence experiences of difficult situations in the work with people with ID and this calls for a discussion of how it impacts the quality of services within intellectual disability services.

  • 64.
    Ineland, Jens
    et al.
    Umeå University, Department of Education,Umeå.
    Sauer, Lennart
    Umeå University, Department of Social Work, Umeå.
    Molin, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sources of job satisfaction in intellectual disability services: a comparative analysis of experiences among human service professionals in schools, social services, and public health care in Sweden2018In: Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, ISSN 1366-8250, E-ISSN 1469-9532, Vol. 43, no 4, p. 421-430Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background The research aim of this study was to analyse aspects of job satisfaction in daily work with people with intellectual disability (ID) in schools, social services and health care. Method With a comparative approach we collected data via a digital questionnaire with in total 333 respondents. The empirical material was analysed through a thematic content analysis. Results The result showed that perceptions of job satisfaction could be differentiated into five typological categories: (1) the target group; (2) social rewards; (3) social relations; (4) professional core mission; and (5) results and outcomes. The findings also showed apparent differences in responses, both in terms of frequency and content, which seem to be associated with the respondents' organisational affiliations. Conclusion This study suggests that differences in experiences seem to be associated with work assignments, professional identities and organisational affiliation

  • 65.
    Isaksson, Charlotta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Division Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy, Box 857, Borås, SE-501 15, Sweden.
    Hiller, Carolina
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Division Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy, Box 857, Borås, SE-501 15, Sweden.
    Lane, Anna-Lena
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Division Built Environment, Energy and Circular Economy, Box 857, SE-501 15, Borås, Sweden.
    Active, passive, non-existing or conditional?: Social relations shaping energy use at workplaces2019In: Energy Research & Social Science, ISSN 2214-6296, E-ISSN 2214-6326, Vol. 51, p. 148-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy efficiency concerns the entire workplace and a cooperative approach is important for achieving ambitious energy reduction targets. Despite this, many organisations still mainly regard energy efficiency as a technical issue involving just a few specialists. A focus on the social relations and processes that shape work on energy issues is lacking. The aim of this paper is to illuminate and explore social relations between the staff driving energy issues and their co-workers. The analysis presented is based upon two features shaping their mutual engagement for reducing energy use: the communication strategy on energy issues undertaken by the workplace and the support for energy efficiency and conservation among the staff. The study provides insights gained from an interview study done in a Swedish organisation as well as from social science research in the field. The result is a conceptual framework that describes four relationships between the drivers of change and their co-workers. These relationships are characterized as active, passive, non-existing and conditional engagement in energy efficiency and conservation. The framework can be used as a tool for identifying social constraints and possibilities for reducing the use of energy at workplaces as well as in other contexts. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd

  • 66.
    Isane Torheim, Henny
    et al.
    NTNU Ålesund (NOR).
    Hammer, Rigmor
    NTNU Ålesund (NOR).
    Skagøy, Bente
    NTNU Ålesund (NOR).
    Remen Nesje, Ingunn
    Helse Møre og Romsdal HF (NOR).
    Pettersen, June
    Helse Møre og Romsdal HF (NOR).
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Kan en felles læringsarena gi sykepleiestudenter økt klinisk kompetanse?2021In: Nordisk tidsskrift for helseforskning, ISSN 1504-3614, E-ISSN 1891-2982, Vol. 17, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    s a common learning arena a "Room of Possibility” that gives nursing students increased clinical competence?

    The aim of the study was to find out whether collaboration days between students, practice supervisors and nurse teachers can provide learning that facilitates students' development of clinical competence. The place, space and social interaction are important for learning processes, according to Etienne Wenger and Kari Martinsen. "The Third Room" is used as a metaphor about the room where people with competence in theoretical knowledge and practical knowledge collaborate with students. Collaboration days between students, practical nurse supervisors and nurse teachers were conducted for four second-year student groups (N=23). Focus groups were used to collect data. The transcribed interviews have been analyzed through meaning condensation. An essential structure of the students 'experiences from the collaboration days describes The Third Room as a good arena where the students' clinical competence was stimulated and increased. Four themes describe the student’s experiences; preparedness for practice, confidence, reflection and collaborative learning. A strengthened collaboration between universities and hospitals through working communities in The Third Room can facilitate nursing students' learning.

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    UiT
  • 67.
    Jansson, Jennie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Theliander, Jan
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Kvalifikation och turordning vid uppsägning: tendenser till förändringar i praxis inom ramen för LAS : en studie inom Metallindustriarbetarförbundet avdelning 112:s område2004Report (Other academic)
  • 68.
    Jellmund, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Pajovic, Zorana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Kreativitet i brainstorming: En experimentell studie om gruppstorlekens påverkan på kreativiteten ibrainstorming2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker sambandet mellan gruppstorlek och kreativitet i brainstorming, medålder som en kontrollvariabel. För att kunna undersöka hur dessa variabler påverkar kreativitethar en experimentell design använts. Alternative Uses Task har använts som instrument för attmäta kreativitet, med föremålet kaffefilter. Uppgiften var att hitta så många olika alternativaanvändningsområden för kaffefiltret där varje godkänd idé gav ett poäng. Totalt deltog 36deltagare indelade i grupper om två, tre och fyra personer. Deltagarna var även uppdelade efterålder, hälften var över 29 år och den andra hälften var under 29 år. Studiens resultat visade attgruppstorleken, med ålder som faktor, hade en betydande påverkan på kreativiteten ibrainstorming (R-Square=.35). Resultatet visade även att gruppstorlek hade större påverkan påkreativitet (R-Square=.22) jämfört med ålder (R-Square=.13). Med ett Anova test visade sig attgrupper med färre medlemmar genererade färre idéer jämfört med större grupper.

  • 69.
    Johansson Bunting, Leona
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. Göteborgs universitet.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Johanson, Marita
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture. University West, Administration .
    Learning film production2014In: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, E-ISSN 1758-7859, Vol. 26, no 5, p. 296-309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to contribute knowledge about learning linked to the film industry by investigating how film producers reason about learning for and in the profession. 

    Design/methodology/approach – This study is based on semi-structured interviews with twenty film producers, both university and workplace trained (UWT) and workplace trained (WT). The content analysis is based on the transcribed dialogues. The study is empirical, explorative and qualitative.

    Findings – The interviewees consider networks to be of utmost importance for gaining entrance to and continuously finding work in the film industry. They also reason about required knowing and what learning practices are available. Although formal education is not advocated by all, it can hold intrinsic value for the individual. Traditions of learning are being scrutinized and critical reflection is replacing naivety and emotionality.

    Practical implications – Different aims regarding learning in the formal education system and film industry result in a gap which needs to be bridged in order to challenge conserving and reproducing patterns of learning. Collaboration is suggested as a solution benefiting both the individual learner and the film industry. The resulting knowledge from this study can be used by the formal education system and the film industry when developing forms for collaboration surrounding learners of film production. 

    Originality/value – The focus presented in this paper of learning in and for film production has been sparingly addressed in previous research.

  • 70.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Principal´s Work: The Conditions, Obstacles and Opportunities for Learning in the Daily Activities2016In: Uddevalla Symposium 2016: Geography, Open Innovation,Diversity and Entrepreneurship. Revised papers presented at the 19th Uddevalla Symposium, 30 June- 2 July, 2016, London, UK / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2016, p. 435-450Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    School is often described as a complex organization with multiple challenges and expectations, where many studies have focused on teachers´ and students´ the situations. In these studies the principal's role are often described as changing from an educational leader to being and becoming organizational manager. But what the principal's daily work consists of and what competences leadership requires, are not as clearly studied area. Especially not in relation to how the introduction of ICT in education challenges established routines. The aim of this study is to reveal how ICT influence principal´s everyday workload. Data consists of includes audio-recorded interviews with ten secondary school principals. All interviews were transcribed and analyzed based on principals' views on the leadership, peer-support, ongoing change, scope of action and management of their unexpected. The results show that principals has a complex role, both presuppose and develop other skills than teachers often need. The conditions for learning, individually of collectively, in these studied organizations can be said to be good, and even though ICT is a mean for information, communication and administrative tasks, it is seldom seen as a way for reflection or learning. Despite that, they express that ICT has a potential for reducing some administrative tasks and make discussions, decisions, goals and ongoing dilemmas transparent and inclusive over time and place. The results indicate what characterizes principal´s professional knowledge to a great extent is multifaceted but consist of physical meetings with different purposes. As ICT is introduced this challenges the historical established routines that frames the work, but simultaneously it opens up for new possibilities, which in all will change the role for principal's work.

  • 71.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Rektorer styr och ställer: Synen och utövande av ledarskap styr pedagogik och skolutveckling2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 72.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Gymnasierektors ledarskapsparadox: att vara verksamhetschef och pedagogisk utvecklare2014In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning om rektors ledarskap är omfattande, men studier som undersöker gymnasierektors arbetssituation och ledarskap är mer sällsynta. Avsikten med den föreliggande studien var att bidra till att denna kunskapslucka fylls igen. Semistrukturerade intervjuer med tio gymnasierektorer genomfördes med fokus på rektors arbetsuppgifter, möjlighet att planera och styra arbetet, förväntningar kring ledarskapet, samt möjlighet att utvecklas och lära i arbetet. I resultaten av den tematiska analysen framträdde fyra teman: (1) ledarskapsideal, (2) kollegialt stöd, (3) ledarskap i en förändringsbenägen organisation, och (4) begränsat utrymme för reflektion. Ett övergripande, gemensamt tema: ”Ledarskapsparadox” speglar de högst varierande omständigheter och förhållanden i vardagen som en gymnasierektor ska kunna hantera, vilka också präglar resultatet av analysen. Ett något oväntat resultat var att gymnasierektor upplevde stort, eget ansvar för elevernas bästa. Studien kastar nytt ljus på gymnasierektorers ledarskap, och bidrar till ökad förståelse för vad rollen som ledare för en komplex organisation som gymnasieskolan kan innebära. Genom att knyta an till en arbetspsykologisk ledarskapsteori och formulera en arbetspsykologisk hypotes kan studien bidra till forskningen om arbetsintegrerat lärande (AIL).

  • 73.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    VILÄR: 3–4 December 2020 University West,Trollhättan. Abstracts2020Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
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  • 74.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    VILÄR 5-6 december 2019, University West, Trollhättan: Abstracts2019Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
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  • 75.
    Johansson, Kristina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Sandström, Kristina
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    European co-coperative education- can we formulate an mutual understanding2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 76.
    Juntikka, Jaana
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Bolander, Henrietta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Välmående bland ledare kan förutsägas av (o)välvillig personlighet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the help of personality tests and by knowing the individual's personality, research has shown that it's possible to predict behavior and perceived mental health to some extent. The present study aimed to examine whether and how the personality trait agreeableness relates to perceived well-being among leaders. Furnham, Richards and Paulhus (2013) argue that Dark Triad, socially deviant personality traits, is an extension of agreeableness. Therefore Dark Triad was used in this study and in order to possibly obtain more connections for perceived well-being. Instruments used were IPIP-NEO-120 (α=.87), based on the Big Five theory, the most common theory among personality research. To measure Dark Triad traits Dirty Dozen (α=.86) was used. To measure well-being GHQ-12 (General Health Questionnaire) (α=.87) was used. The study was conducted by an online survey that was answered by respondents who have or have had a leader position (N=99). Respondents age ranged from 25-67, the gender distribution was 54% male and 46% female. Insignificant results were found between agreeableness and perceived well-being. Significant results were found between Dark Triad and perceived well-being (r=.22*), which is further interpreted to mean that people tend to feel better if they possess deviant personality traits, and particularly narcissism. A reasonable conclusion from the study is that it's not possible, based on our sample, to predict how well-being is perceived in the role of leader with agreeableness but to some extent with the help of Dark Triad.

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  • 77.
    Keskitapio, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Ung, Agnes
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Att tala är silver men att tiga är guld?: En kvantitativ studie om tystnadskultur och sambandet medhälsa.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background. A culture of organizational silence, where employees fear reprisals and avoid speaking openly about misconduct, is a factor that can reduce motivation and work performance. It has been suggested that a healthy work environment is fundamental to employee well-being and productivity. Despite this, a culture of silence in the workplace is a common phenomenon. The correlation between organizational silence and health has not previously been studied to asignificant extent.

    Method. In order to study the correlation between organizational silence and health, a survey was conducted on social media. The respondents consisted of 157 people in the age range 20-71, who answered all questions (including the control variables). Analysis was conducted via IBM SPSS Statistics and Pearson's correlation analysis with 5000 bootstrap iterations used to study the correlation.

    Results. There is no correlation between organizational silence and health (r = -.00).

    Conclusion. Although we have not found a correlation between the variables organizational silence and health, both are important for the productivity of an organization. In an environment where employees feel comfortable expressing opinions and ideas, innovation and creativity increase. At the same time, good health among employees can contribute to reduced absence and better work performance.

  • 78.
    Kinnmark, Josefine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Tehyrell, Nadine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Sambandet mellan Flourishing och Informellt lärande: En kvantitativ studie om hur dessa fenomen samvarierar2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Employees are currently searching for workplaces that can provide more than just salary. Learning, meaningfulness, enjoyment of life and social relationships are considered to be increasingly important in today's working life, which are also significant components within the concept of flourishing. Individuals who possess high levels of flourishing are also assumed to share knowledge with their colleagues to a greater extent, which is part of informal learning.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between flourishing and informal learning.

    Method and material: To carry out the study, a quantitative method in the form of a convenience sample has been used. A total of 172 respondents have participated in the study and data has been collected in the form of questionnaires. A multiple regression analysis with 5000 bootstrapiterations was used to study this correlation while controlling for background variables. The survey is based on questions taken from Learning potential of the workplace (LPW), Secure Flourish Index (SFI) and Sovereign Wellbeing Index (SWI).

    Results: The results in this study presents a weak positive correlation between flourishing and informal learning, even after the result was controlled for; work engagement, employment rate, staff responsibility, physical exercise and satisfaction with number of hours of sleep. The results from our survey can provide indications of what organizations should be aware of in order to promote work productivity. Flourishing and informal learning are such aspects, as they can contribute to the development of both organizations and their employees.

  • 79.
    Kjellén, Bengt
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Fear in the workplace: meanings, manifestations and management2002Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 80.
    Kocziszky, Georgi
    et al.
    University of Milscolc.
    Nagy, Zoltan
    University of Miscolc.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Györffy, Ildikó
    University of Miscolc.
    Gender related out-migrationtendencies in Northern Hungary and in Västernorrland, Sweden2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 81.
    Kristiansson, Lilia
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    The impact of Industry Placements on Motivation and Competence Development of Engineering Students in Sweden2013In: The 41st Annual Congress of the Nordic Educational Research Association: Disruptions and eruptions as opportunities for transforming education. Abstract book., Reykjavik: Northeastern Educational Research Association, NERA , 2013, p. 333-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the current economic climate increasing pressure is put on universities to provide opportunities

    for students to develop skills necessary for their future employment. Courses which offer a

    placement in industry are becoming more appealing to students. We investigate the impact of

    undertaking an industry placement on engineering students’ motivation for learning and

    competence development.

    Research demonstrates that industry experience increases students’ interest and makes them

    more aware of how theoretical course knowledge is applied to practical situations. This increases

    their interest in the subject because they are more aware of its relevance to their future work. In

    this study we looked at students’ experiences from their work placements and the competences

    they developed. On the basis on this knowledge we investigated the opportunities to introduce

    new elements in course delivery to increase the motivation of non-placement students and

    compared the competences developed by the students who undertook placements and those who

    did not.

    The study was carried out at the University West, Sweden in 2010-2012 among the mechanical

    engineering undergraduates. The students were asked to complete a questionnaire. The students

    who went on placements had to answer an extended set of questions about their placement

    experience and competence development. The non-placement students answered questions about

    competence development only.

    The collected data showed that the placement students gave very positive feedback about their

    practice and the analysis demonstrated that this practical experience supports and inspires their

    further study. The students’ evaluation has encouraged tutors to introduce new practice-based

    problems in relevant courses, conduct mixed group tutorials and share placement students’

    experience with all of their peers. We believe that these new practices will improve motivation

    among non-placement students and enhance their learning process. We also anticipate that

    placement and non-placement students will have developed different sets of competences, which

    will inform our teaching practices. This study will be important for other tutors who have students

    on courses with an industry experience option who are interested in using the placement

    students’ experiences and competence development to enhance motivation in the class as a

    whole.

  • 82.
    Kärmander, Ludvig
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Värderingar i arbetslivet: En kvalitativ studie av arbetsvärderingar hos generation X och Y2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine which values in the workplace that existed within the two generations, X and Y, if these differed and were consistent with previous research. Working Values were divided into three categories; Leadership, Loyalty and Motivation. The study was made with a qualitative approach and conducted at a large construction company. A semi-structured interview was used on four participants, two men and two women. All worked as foremen and two of the participants belonged to the generation X and generation Y. For the analysis, a thematic analysis was used to develop relevant themes. The results that emerged showed that there were differences between the generations, but these were relatively small, and the question may also be whether it really was due to generation or to other factors, such as age or experience. The most obvious differences that's been emerged within motivation was that generation Y not valued high salary as high as generation X and that generation Y tended to look to their own personal development a bit more than generation X, which instead saw salary and influence as an important factor. Within Leadership was generation X was in need of immediate feedback, such as in terms of quick response and feedback of their performance, while generation Y was in need of more continuous feedback and jacking while working. Within loyalty generation X tended to want to combine work life and private life, while generation Y puts leisure in the first place, even if they also were willing to make sacrifices for their employer. Generation Y also had somewhat greater expectations of their employers

  • 83.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Service quality in fitness centres: examining the dimensions2016In: 1st International Conference on Advanced Business and Social Sciences, 28-29/1, 2016, Jelantik, Indonesia, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The fitness industry is expanding in most parts of the world. Nevertheless,the amount of research regarding this industry has thus far been relativelylimited. In previous research, quality dimensions for fitness companieshave been explored and a tentative framework has been proposed. Thepurpose for the present study is to examine the framework and quantifyits components. A survey has been conducted. A questionnaire based onprevious research was developed and delivered by telephone to 86 fitnesscentres of which 67 agreed to participate, giving a response rate of 78%.The items of the quality dimensions in the studied framework were analysedwith Cronbach's Alpha and were found to be statistically reliable. Theunderlying structure of the enablers in the framework was examined withexplorative factor analysis resulting in five underlying enablers. Moreover,the impact of the enablers on the profitability of the centres was measured.The results should be interesting for managers in this sector, as well as, forthe advancement of service quality theory.

  • 84.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Divison of Natural Sciences, Surveying and Mechanical Engineering.
    Samarbete som gör oss friskare2012In: Kvalitetsmagasinet, ISSN 1104-1579, no 3, p. 62-62Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 85.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Process and Product Development.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    Mid Sweden University, Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    The relationship between quality management and health: exploring the underlying dimensions2010In: International Journal of Productivity and Quality Management, ISSN 1746-6482, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 109-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The first purpose of this study was to verify the relationship betweenworkplace health and quality management, particularly the values 'leadership commitment' and 'participation of everybody' whose importance previous research has pointed to. The second purpose of the study was to examine the constituents and mechanics of the relationships between health and those values. A case study was carried out in a Swedish manufacturing company using data triangulation in the form of in-depth interviews and focus-group interviews on three levels.

    The findings show that the perceptions of the quality management values were significantly correlated with the employees' perception of their health. This finding substantiates earlier studies indicating a relationship between quality and health. Important dimensions of 'leadership commitment' and 'participation of everybody', regarding health, were identified and described in models. The paper provides additional understanding of the connection between quality management and health, particularly regarding the role of leadership. 

  • 86.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Kalmar.
    A healthier working life: the importance of work-integrated learn-ing and physical exercise2016In: 19th QMOD Proceedings. International Confernce on Qualtiy and Service Sciences. Building a Culture for Quality, Innovation and Sustainability, 21-23 September 2016, University of Roma Tre, Rome, Italy / [ed] Su Mi Dahlgaard-Park & Jens J. Dahlgaard, Lund, 2016, p. 1738-1747Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractPurpose - The purpose of the paper is to explore the role of learning and physical exercise foremployee health from a quality management perspective. Possible correlations that exist betweenemployees' health, work-integrated learning, physical exercise and dimensions underlyingleadership commitment and participation are examined. A case study has been undertakenat a highly innovative company in Sweden. An additional aim is to examine the possibilities forimprovements for the company has as it is in an expansive state.Methodology/approach - The empirical data are derived from two focus group interviews withselected employees having different functions in the studied organisation and two in-depth interviews.Additionally, a questionnaire has been completed by all employees that were presentduring a company meeting. The interviews are analysed with a method inspired by groundedtheory. In addition a SWOT-analysis was carried out.Findings - The statistical analysis revealed significant correlations between the employees' healthand the dimensions development and being informed. Significant correlation was also found betweenthe employees' health and physical exercise during working hours as well as betweenemployee health and work integrated learning. Moreover, the interviews gave insights into theimportant role that physical exercise during the working day has for employee well-being.Research limitation/implication - Since this is a case study the possibility to generalise thefindings outside the company may be limited.Originality/value - The connection between employee health, work-integrated learning andphysical exercise for employees has not been very well examined in previous research.

  • 87.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Divison of Natural Sciences, Surveying and Mechanical Engineering.
    Travis, Fred
    Maharishi University of Management, USA.
    Developing a neuropsychological measurement to capture workplace learning2014In: PMA (The Performance Management Association) 14 Conference Proceedings: Performance Management: Designing the High-Performing Organization, Aarhus: Aarhus University , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of the paper is to develop a measurement instrument which measures workplace learning and reflects the connections between quality, learning and brain functioning. 

    Design/ Approach/ Methodology

    A literature review is conducted, investigating measures of workplace learning as well as the connections between brain functioning and management. Further studies will use the Brain Integration Scale, whether the brain functions in isolated units or as an integrated whole, calculated from brain waves measured during two reaction-time tasks, to compare levels of brain integration with measures of quality and learning.

     Findings

    The dimensions “empathy”, “integrity”, “presence and communication”, “influence”, “development”, “being informed”, “work-integrated learning” and “flow” were found to be relevant from the literature review to be tested for inclusion in the measurement instrument. Other measures which has shown to be correlated with high brain integration could be included as well. 

    Practical implication

    High organisational change requires continuous flexibility of leaders and co-workers, which can lead to poor health. The proposed measurement instrument can be used by managers togain insight into underlying mechanisms in the organisational culture that influence employees´ learning and potential for development. It could be used as a first step for improvements “to break the ice”.

    Orginality/value

    Traditional ways of measuring working environment are rarely connected to brain functioning of the employees. Only requiring small resources, this approach adds to an understanding of underlying mechanisms.

  • 88.
    Larsman, Pernilla
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Pousette, Anders
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Skyvell Nilsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Törner, Marianne
    School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Inst. of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Ethical value conflicts in healthcare and their effects on nurses’ health, turnover intent, team effectiveness, and patient safety: a longitudinal questionnaire study2024In: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, ISSN 0355-3140, E-ISSN 1795-990X, Vol. 50, no 2, p. 113--121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Moral distress emanating from value conflicts comprising ethical dimensions pose a threat to nurses’ health and retention, as well as to the quality of care. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between the frequency of ethical value conflicts (EVC), and the perceived distress when they occur, respectively, and nurses’ work-related stress, burnout symptoms, turnover intent, team effectiveness, and patient safety.

    Method: A two-wave longitudinal cohort questionnaire study was performed among registered nurses at six hospitals in two Swedish regions. Cross-sectional analyses (T1) were based on 1817 nurses in 228 care units (CU), and longitudinal analyses (T1 – T2) on 965 nurses in 190 CU. Hypothesis testing was performed using multilevel controlled regression modeling.

    Result: The results indicated that nurses who were often exposed to EVC also to a higher extent tended to report these conflicts as stressful. Frequent exposure to EVC induced by insufficient resources, inapt organizational structures or interpersonal staff relations were cross-sectionally associated with work-related stress, burnout symptoms, turnover intent, and team effectiveness. The longitudinal analyses indicated that EVC induced by a lack of resources primarily had negative effects on nurses’ health and well-being. At the CU level, such conflicts also impaired team effectiveness. At the individual level, EVC induced by organizational constraints or interpersonal relations negatively affected care effectiveness.

    Conclusions: EVC are related to negative consequences in healthcare, and such processes take place both on the individual and organizational levels.</p>

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  • 89.
    Larsson, Ida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Krol, Nicole
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sjuksköterskors syn på ledningens säkerhetsarbete: en kvantitativ studie om tillit, organisationsidentifikation och säkerhetsklimat2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Trust can be linked with confidence when speaking of confidence in another person's actions and reliability. The concept of organizational identification (OID) describes the degree to which individuals identify with their organization. OID affects the level of trust in management, and the extent to which employees identify with the organization's values and goals. The purpose of this study was to investigate nurses' degree of confidence in management's safety work and how the correlation appeared between trust, OID, and number of years employed in the organization. The study was based on two issues: 1) Is there a link between perceived trust in management's safety and level of OID and will it in this study be considered a positive correlation? 2) What is the connection between the nurses' length of service, age and level of OID? The study was conducted using a quantitative method, and data were collected through a questionnaire survey. The sample consisted of 42 nurses at a hospital in the Västra Götaland region. The survey instrument was based on two established questionnaires where relevant issues to study were selected in order to measure the variables trust and OID. The collected data were interpreted and analyzed in the software IBM SPSS Statistics21. The result was based on responses from 32 nurses, when 10 questionnaires were disregarded. The study results showed that the degree of trust in management and the degree of OID depends on each other. To a large extent, having faith in management's safety was related to a high degree of OID experience with the organization. Results also showed that the degree of OID did not increase with the age or the number of years in the organization. Previous research with the results of the study revealed the importance of the relationship between the level of perceived trust in management and the OID

  • 90.
    Lidholm, Helena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Lundholm, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Livspusslets balans: En kvantitativ studie om sambandet mellan Work-Life Balance och stress2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background. In today's society, the time and energy for the individual is torn between work and private life, while the competition between businesses is major. The challenge of the life puzzle is for the individual about achieving a balance in life, so-called Work-Life Balance, and businesses must struggle to maintain their competence within the organization. Previous research shows that employees who experience an imbalance between work and private life tend to have a higher intention to leave the organization. Furthermore, research shows that employees who intend to leave the organization also tend to have a higher stress level, which can be associated with negative consequences for well-being as well as for the physical and mental state of health. Lacking Work-Life Balance and stress each have a relationship with intention to leave the organization, but what does the relationship look like between them? The purpose of the study is therefore to investigate how Work-Life Balance and stress co-varies with each other.

    Method. The study collected data through a questionnaire survey with a total of 52 items, which was based on the validated measuring instruments Work-Life Balance- scale and Perceived stress scale -14. The selection took place in the form of a convenience sampling and a total of 296 respondents were included. Correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis with 5000 bootstrap iterations were used to study the correlation between Work-Life Balance and stress including controlling for background variables.

    Results. The result of the study shows a significant strong negative correlation between Work-Life Balance and stress, r = -.63 (p < .001) even after controlling for background variables, sleep, and health status. In the regression analysis the correlation dropped to a moderate strong negative correlation, from r = -.63 (p < .001) to Beta = -.45 (p < .001). Which means that stress explains 20.25% of the variation in Work-Life Balance, even after being controlled for sleep and health status.

    Conclusion. The result provides insight into the connection between Work-Life Balance and stress, which means that balance between work and private life indicates lower stress levels and less risk of the employee's intention to leave work, and vice versa. The study can also contribute with knowledge about what can reduce organizations' costs for staff turnover.

  • 91.
    Lilja, Sabina
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Hybridarbete – en styggelse eller en välsignelse: Hur hybridarbetet påverkat kommunikation, relation och motivation ur medarbetarnas perspektiv2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Covid-19 has in many ways changed society and how we look at what a workplace actually is. The office does not necessarily have to be the employer´s office, but the employee can alternate between home, library or why not the beach. This places new demands on both leaders and coworkers in order for a well functional workplace. How employees communicate with each other and their manager, as well as how motivation and relationships are built in a hybrid workplace may need to change compared to when the office is where the workplace is. The purpose of this study is to investigate how employees in municipal organizations handled communication, relationships and motivation during the transition to hybrid work. By using a qualitative study method with semi-structured interviews in a selected organization, a result, analysis and conclusion could be compiled.

    The study finds that employees use both digital and physical communication when the communicate between themselves and with their manager. The physical communication is important for building trust and relationships because it is easier to read body language and to have the informal communication. The physical communication was also preferred at larger meetings and dialogue meetings. Building relationships between co-workers and co-workers and manager was preferred to be done at site when the relationship was new. Once the relationship was established, it could be maintained both digitally and on-site. The relationshipbetween co-worker and manager depended on trust, without the trust the relationship probably would not have worked. Employee motivation is divided between motivational factors and hygiene factors, where motivational factors are not significantly affected by hybrid work. However, the hygiene factor that deals with well-being at work are affected by hybrid work, which is counteracted by the employees doing fun things together and giving each other support in everyday work.

    The three factors communication, relationship and motivation are all important for a hybrid workplace to well functional.

  • 92.
    Ljung, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ethical Conceptions of Young People in Different Work Areas2002In: International Sociological Association, 2002Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Transition to a post-industrial society has implied great changes, including partial dissolution of existing value systems and of btraditional unitary conceptions regarding work, identity, rationality, truth and morality. Increased globalization, faster communication and, not least, greater mobility between different nations and cultures have caused changes of traditional value systems. Many people today, especially young people, experience difficulty defining moral questions and values which they find complicated and hard to agree on. However, interest in moral and ethical questions has not diminished. On the contrary, as traditional basic moral values have begun to dissolve, people are becoming forced to reflect upon their own personal responsibility to other people and how society is actually functioning on an ethical plane. Research today shows that new patterns of working life with increased flexibility, but also accompanying stress and uncertainty are a consequence of deep structural changes. This has consequences for human identity, which is exposed to fragmentation and disconnectedness. The ethic dimension of the human character is expressed by loyalty, trust and mutual interaction, which are not easy to maintain today in working life. The changes affecting working life can also be noticed in other social areas - school, family and social interaction as a whole. A resulting powerlessness and marginalization from traditional support systems characterizes the social situation of many young people. The present study investigates how young people in western Sweden reason, think and act based on their conception of the world of morality. Young people from different work areas are being interviewed - from industry, a computer company, health care and adult education. Relevant concepts are authority, self-respect, deviation, trust, strength-weakness, solidarity and compassion.

  • 93.
    Ljung, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lützhöft, Margareta
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Shipping and Marine Technology, .
    Functions, performances and perceptions of work on ships2014In: WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs (JoMA), ISSN 1651-436X, E-ISSN 1654-1642, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 231-250Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The demands for greater efficiency and increased profitability in shipping have increased with hardened competition. In recent years major reductions in manning have been made. When the STCW Convention was revised in 1995, this led to changes in terms of the organization of work on board. By using a functional approach, it became possible to handle current demands that all tasks on board are founded on competency-based skills. This article reports the results from an investigation of work functions performed on board ships. The aim was to investigate how these functions are performed today and how marine officers perceived this. Main questions were as follows: How do officers handle the working situation with a reduced crew? Which job functions do they have and how are these performed? How do officers experience the work situation on board? Field studies, involving participant observation and interviews on various types of vessels were conducted and issues were illuminated and analyzed from a socio-technical perspective. The results revealed some specific areas. Reduced crews highlight the need for the right kind of knowledgeable people. Not everyone can be good at everything, maybe not even within their own profession. The predominating issue is about the increased administrative work and the lack of skills development. A continuous professional development should be part of the work and a planned activity. Vessel crews are trying to create flexible solutions for performing the work on board. They are doing this in various ways, depending on the number of the crew, the leadership and the specific vessel culture.

  • 94.
    Ljung, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Oudhuis, Margareta
    Safety on passenger ferries from catering staff’s perspective2016In: Social Sciences, E-ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 5, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The majority of employees on passenger ferries consist of the catering staff: those who operate in restaurants, shops, and in the hotel on board. Research on this category is scant. The aim of this study is to investigate the catering staff’s experiences and perceptions of safety practice on board passenger ferries. The methods are semi-structured interviews and a qualitative content analysis of official documents and research articles. Results: Increased safety regulations and directives on an international and a national level have taken place after the major ferry disasters of late 1990s. Changes in the safety organization on the passenger ferries have resulted in more involvement of the catering crew in safety on board. Safety awareness and the way the catering staff think about safety have improved. The risk of terrorism has further reinforced safety awareness. A clear challenge for safety work on ferries is the reduction of catering crew. The transition to job flexibility for catering crew may constitute risk factors regarding safety and security. © 2016 by the author.

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  • 95.
    Loconsole, Annabella
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Lundqvist, Thomas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Tano, Ingrid
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    de Blanche, Andreas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Comparing the CDIO educational framework with University West’s WIL certification: do they complement each other?2021In: VILÄR: 9-10 of December, 2021, University West, Trollhättan, 2021, p. 15-16Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Higher education institutions (HEIs) need to continuously improve their quality to prepare the students to the society of the 21st Century. They need to develop efficient ways of collaborating with various partners in the surrounding community. Close ties with business and industry, and diversity among staff and students are necessary, especially within engineering education. An engineering degree should prepare students to develop a wide range of knowledge and skills. These range from technical, scientific, and mathematical knowledge but also soft skills such as teamwork, business skills and critical analysis, which are also central sustainability competences. It is vital that learning for engineers takes place in the context of authentic engineering problems and processes to develop these skills and to put theory into practice. 

    Several initiatives focused on incorporating these skills in higher education exists. CDIO (Conceive, Design, Implement, Operate) is one of the most prominent initiatives within engineering education. CDIO targets the typical tasks an engineer performs when bringing new systems, products and services to the market or the society. The CDIO initiative was created to strengthen active and problem-based learning and improving students' communication and professional skills. CDIO focus on improving practical and work-related skills to better prepare engineering students for their future professional life.

    University West employs another initiative, Arbetsintegrerat lärande (AIL), which “roughly” translates to Work Integrated Learning (WIL). WIL shares much of the same philosophy as CDIO. All programs at University West are currently undergoing an AIL-certification process. For engineering programs, that have been working with CDIO, it is interesting to compare them. It is currently unclear how they differ. 

    In this study we compare the CDIO educational framework with the WIL-certification through a series of workshops to identify in which areas they overlap and which areas they differ. Would a program that has adopted the CDIO educational framework automatically fulfill the WIL-certification?

     

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    VILÄR2021
  • 96.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Carlsson, LinneaUniversity West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.Assmo, PerUniversity West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Urban Planing and Development.Jacobs, HenryCentral University of Technology, Section for WIL & Industry Liaison, Division of Teaching and Learning (ZAF).
    Abstract Book: Abstract Book WIL Conferens 2024 : 2nd International Concference on Work-Integrated Learning2024Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
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  • 97.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Smidt, Hanne
    Högskolan Väst, Trollhättan (SWE).
    Carlén, Urban
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Ringsby Jansson, Bibbi
    University West, Study and Academic Support, Library and Educational Development.
    Certifiering av arbetsintegrerat lärande i högre utbildning2021In: VILÄR: 9-10 of December, 2021, University West, Trollhättan, 2021, p. 21-21Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att Sverige ska kunna konkurrera i den globala ekonomin måste våra studenter med examen från högre utbildning vara redo för en karriär i arbetslivet. För Högskolan Väst innebär detta att våra utbildningar ska utvecklas i samverkan med partners från omgivande samhälle för att kunna erbjuda ett relevant och attraktivt utbildningsutbud, som svarar mot arbetsmarknadens långsiktiga kompetensbehov. Vid Högskolan Väst görs detta strategiska arbete inom ramen för vår profil arbetsintegrerat lärande (AIL). För oss bygger AIL-profilen på att avancerad kunskap skapas på många håll i samhället och att teoretisk och praktisk kunskap är lika viktiga. Vi vill att våra studenter utvecklar förmågor och färdigheter som gör att de kan ingå i och driva hållbar samhällsutveckling i praktiken. För att uppnå en strategisk och kvalitativ utveckling av AIL beslutade Högskolan Västs styrelse att AIL-certifiera alla utbildningsprogram med ett tydligt hållbarhetsperspektiv. Kvalitetsprocessen kallas AIL-certifieringsprocessen, vars syfte är att säkerställa att alla studenter möts av och kritiskt kan reflektera kring till AIL, dess innehåll, värde och utmaningar utifrån ett hållbarhetsperspektiv. Denna studie presenterar erfarenheterna från två omgångar av AIL-certifieringar där 11 utbildningsprogram genomgått processen. Arbetet har inneburit utformning av kriterieområden för att kunna kvalitetssäkra kursplaner och utbildningsplaner utifrån olika kunskapsformer. En initial vägledningsmodell med kompletterande inspiration och stödstruktur till kriterieområdena har tagits fram. Resultatet visar på att det finns ett flertal olika typer av AIL-aktiviteter som återspeglar mångfalden av AIL i undervisningen och de sätt som utbildningar vid Högskolan Väst har relation till och samverkar med arbetsgivare och organisationer. Processen kom att präglas av kollegialitet och erfarenhetsutbyte vilket även resulterat i kvalitetsutvecklande aktiviteter inom program och kurser. Det långsiktiga bidraget är att ta fram ett kvalitetsramverk för AIL i högre utbildning med tydlig koppling till hållbar utveckling. Ett sådant kvalitetsramverk ska kunna spridas till fler lärosäten som systematiskt vill utveckla AIL som en tydlig kvalitetsdimension i högre utbildning. 

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    VILÄR2021
  • 98.
    Lundsten Tullock, Evelina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Hansson, Wilma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Hybridarbetets inverkan på balansen mellan arbetsliv och privatliv: En kvalitativ studie om HR-medarbetares upplevelse av hybridarbete2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hybrid work, that is; the combination of work from office and remote work, has increased in occurrence after the Covid-19 pandemic, under which many employees were forced to work from home. Even though the pandemic is over, many employees show a continued interest in this way of working. The hybrid way of working is described as being able to provide individuals with a sense of autonomy, enabling a variation of ways of working depending on what suits the individual's situation. It is also suggested that the flexibility of hybrid work can promote a sense of balance between work- and personal life. Despite its increased popularity, there appears to be limited research examining employees' experiences of hybrid work. 

    Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate HR- professionals' experiences of hybrid work and its possible impact on perceived work-life balance. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eleven HR professionals in both the private and public sectors.

    The results from the thematic analysis reveal different experiences of hybrid work, primarily positive ones. Hybrid work seems to generate a flexibility that is perceived as positive as it allows for work to be conducted at any place and any time. Furthermore, hybrid work appears to have a positive impact on the perceived work-life balance by enabling remote work, considered to facilitate both personal life. On the other hand, boundary-setting between work and personal life was sometimes perceived as challenging due to the flexibility of hybrid work.

    In conclusion, it appears that hybrid work implies opportunities as well as challenges but that it, through its flexible character, can promote a sense of flexibility, the hybrid work model can promote a sense of balance between work and personal life.

  • 99.
    Lunneblad, Susanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Alneman, Veronica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Hybridarbete - det bästa av två världar?: En intervjustudie om tjänstemäns erfarenheter av arbete i hem och kontorslandskap i kombination och dess betydelse för att skapa attraktiva arbetsplatser2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After a long period of teleworking during the Covid-19 pandemic, hybrid work has now been established as a norm at several workplaces after the ending of Covid-19 restrictions. This study therefore intends to investigate what the opportunity to work in hybrid form has for creating attractive workplaces. To answer this research question, 10 officials were interviewed about their experiences of hybrid work. By using a thematic analysis, the respondents' experiences and stories were categorized and then analyzed in relation to theories and previous research. Before the pandemic, all respondents worked on-site in the office, during the pandemic they worked remotely, and after the pandemic, they work in hybrid form. When the respondents work on-site in the office, they work in office landscapes. The results show that hybrid work is important for the respondents' experience of autonomy, competence and sense of belonging. The results also show that hybrid work can be perceived as attractive based on several dimensions within the categories; Attractive work content, attractive working conditions and job satisfaction. Some dimensions are fulfilled during on-site work but are missing in telework, while others are fulfilled during telework but are missing in on-site work. We can thus state that hybrid work, and by that means the combination of on-site and remote work, is of importance for creating attractive workplaces. However, there is a continuing need for research on how officials who work in their own offices, when working on-site, experience hybrid work.

  • 100.
    Lycke, Liselott
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science.
    Tano, Ingrid
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Kvalitetskultur och lärande organisation genom AIL2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste decennierna har offentlig sektor pressats att öka effektiviteten, minska kostnaderna och förbättra kvaliteten, bl.a. genom påverkan från New Public Management (NPM). Detta innebär bland annat ökad marknads¬orientering, ökad konkurrens, kundfokus, förbättrad service, decentralisering, större kontroll och ökat fokus på ledarskap (Thylefors, 2016).Universiteten är myndigheter inom den offentliga sektorn och har märkt av effektiviseringskraven och kostnadsjakten. Lärosäten är komplexa professionella organisationer där högutbildade personer arbetar självständigt och styr sitt eget arbete. Det innebär att beslutsfattandet ofta är decentraliserat och att ledarskapet ofta är svagt. Konsekvensen blir organisationer som är svåra att förändra (Mintzberg, 1989).Vid Högskolan Väst pågår det en innovativ process för att bygga upp en kvalitetskultur och ett hållbart, effektivt sätt att arbeta. Syftet är bl.a. kostnadsreducering och effektivisering genom förenkling och transparens. Projektet startade hösten 2014 och ett omfattande arbete med att identifiera och kartlägga processer pågår. Under processkartläggningen deltar medarbetare från olika områden och funktioner inom hela högskolan och hänsyn har tagits till kompetens och personliga kunskaper och erfarenheter.Genom regelbundna träffar i workshop har deltagarna bidragit med personliga och organisatoriska kunskaper när processerna kartlagts. Arbetssättet som använts är AIL-modellen beskriven av Eriksson (Eriksson, 2015). Modellen är ett arbetssätt där teoribaserad kunskap och erfarenhet bearbetas genom produktiv reflektion. Reflektionen utvecklar nytt, djupare lärande som inte¬greras i det pågående arbetet. Bearbetandet av nytt lärande och erfarenhetsba¬serad kunskap bidrar till att ny, djupare, kunskap utvecklas. Denna nya kunskap kan i sin tur integreras i arbetet och blir ny kompetens för deltagarna.Under kartläggningen har komplexiteten i lärosätets verksamhet blivit tydlig och resulterar i en gemensam bild, vilket bidragit till att skapa en helhetssyn genom ökad förståelse för hur detaljerna samverkar. Författarna, som båda varit involverade i projektet i olika grad, har genom sina kunskaper, erfarenheter och roller inom lärosätet insett att projektet kan bidra till ett nytt sätt att arbeta som integrerar kvalitetsarbetet i det dagliga arbetet. Processkartläggningen skapar förutsättningar för att t.ex. integrera kvalitetssäkringssystemet för utbildning på ett tydligt sätt. Författarna är just nu involverade i det arbetet. Arbetssättet och det breda deltagandet har bidragit till stort engagemang och skapar goda förutsättningar för ett nytt processorienterat synsätt där förståelse för verksamhetens processer och komplexitet underlättas. Detta ger i sin tur förutsättningar för att bygga en lärande organisation med tydlig kvalitetskultur.

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