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  • 51.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    De Colli, Daniel
    Polismyndigheten i Västmanland.
    Forskning hand i hand med praktiken: Betydelsen av känslan av sammanhang för olika copingresurser i stressituationer hos poliser i yttre tjänst2012In: SALUS 2012 Den goda arbetsplatsen - hållbart arbetsliv, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbete och dess villkor är för det mesta betydelsefullt. Den goda arbetsplatsen strävar efter att medarbetare utvecklar copingresurser som kan användas i stressituationer. Samtliga poliser som arbetar i yttre tjänst som har ordningsverksamhet som uppgift måste ha en utbildning i bastaktik där det bl. a ingår stresshantering och ett kommunikativt förhållningssätt. Polisyrket karakteriseras av en hög grad av psykosocial stress. I studien deltog 101 poliser (29 kvinnor) i yttre tjänst som har ordningsverksamhet som uppgift. Svensk version (Ekecrantz & Norman, 1991) av Coping Resourse Inventory (Marting & Hammer, 1988, 2004) användes för att mäta copingresurser och svensk version av Sense of Coherence Scale, SOC (Antonovsky, 1993) användes för att mäta känslan av sammanhang. Resultaten visade bl a att SOC total och begriplighet predicerade variationen i kognitiva resurser; SOC total predicerade variationen i emotionella resurser; hanterbarhet predicerade variationen i sociala, andligt/filosofiska, fysiska och totala resurser till att klara stress. Svenska poliser i yttre tjänst som har ordningsverksamhet i sin tjänst har hög känsla av sammanhang. De har relativt höga totala resurser till att klara stress.

  • 52.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ronthy, Marika
    Ekegren, Maria
    Studieförbundet Vuxenskolan.
    Mårdberg, Bertil
    Lpdata AB.
    "You have to use your brain, heart and soul": A new model of Leadership Intelligence2012In: ViLär Konferens 2012 ABSTRACT / [ed] Lind, Ove, 2012, p. 18-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership intelligence is a new Swedish leadership model (Ronthy, 2006; in press). The aim of this presentation is to present and discuss some results from a project “Studies on a new Swedish leadership model.” The aim of this project was to empirically test and develop a practicable management model based on the theory of leadership intelligence. Leadership intelligence consists of a number of competencies, skills and attributes. Leadership intelligence is a combination of the leader’s logical and analytical skills, his/her ability to manage his own and others’ emotions, and finally his deeper desire and willingness to see the meaning of what he is doing. The latter intelligence belongs to the existential query field and answers the question WHY. Today, according to Ronthy, executives focus on WHAT, very little on HOW, and rarely on WHY. Leadership should include all these three dimensions. Over 400 leaders, aged 21 to 69 years, from different organizations and companies made self-reports by logging on to the Internet using a recently designed questionnaire for how managers perceive their leadership. Traditional statistical methods (factor analyses, SEM) as well as qualitative interviews with leaders, suggest a possible relationship between theory and empirical data. We have focused on developing of a relatively short, reliable and valid self-report measure of leadership intelligence that can be further developed and applied in different practical situations.

  • 53.
    Eklund, Annika
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Can we be prepared for the next accident or catastrophe?: Potential contributions of emergency collaboration exercises2013In: Proceedings of  The 8th International Conference in Critical Management Studies; 10 Jul 2013-12 Jul 2013; The University of Manchester. Manchester, United Kingdom: The University of Manchester Library; 2013., Manchester: University of Manchester Library , 2013, p. 1-12Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Catastrophes and accidents (natural,technological, or man-made) have been subjected to scientific research fromdifferent disciplines and perspectives for a long time. Examples of theseperspectives include community risk and vulnerability, human behaviour duringcrisis, fire behaviour and eco-system management, decision-making,communication, and collaboration issues. This paper deals with differentperspectives of preparation and prevention in terms of accidents andcatastrophes. The overall aim is to present an overview of different aspects onthe possibility for organisations and societies to be prepared for the nextincident and to highlight emergency exercises as a part of crisis management. Inthe second part of the paper the project “Collaboration exercises—from parallelto synchronous”, is introduced. The project is carried out in Sweden, and aimsto explore how collaboration between police, ambulance and rescue services ispracticed and developed during exercises. Of particular interest is inter-organisationalcollaboration and learning during exercises. To develop an understanding ofthese processes, a range of different types of emergency collaborationexercises was observed and participants were interviewed about theirexperiences. Tentative findings from the studies so far are briefly introduced.Some challenges of using exercises to increase the preparedness for managing theuncertainty and the unexpected are further discussed.

  • 54.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Personalansvarigas reflektioner kring jämställdhet, funktionshinder och etnicitet: en studie med beskrivande vinjetter som metod2004Report (Other academic)
  • 55.
    Forsgren Gebring, Susanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Forsman, Berit
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Working with Manchester triage: job satisfaction in nursing2014In: International Emergency Nursing: Oral abstracts – 1st Global Conference on Emergency Nursing & Trauma Care: Dublin, Ireland, 18–21 September 2014, Elsevier, 2014, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 254-254Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: This study covers nurses' job satisfaction during triage at emergency departments in Western Sweden. Method: Data were collected from 74 triage nurses using a questionnaire containing 37 short form open questions. The answers were analysed descriptively and by measuring the covariance. Two open questions were analysed by content analysis. Results: The results showed a high degree of job satisfaction (88%). Triage as a method, the interesting nature of the work, and a certain freedom in connection with the triage tasks contributed to job satisfaction (R2 = 0.40). The nurses found their work interesting and stimulating, although some reported job dissatisfaction due to a heavy workload and lack of competence. Most of the nurses thought that Manchester Triage System (MTS) was a clear and straightforward method but in need of development. One result from the content analysis was difficulties in decision-making during the assessment of patients with multiple diseases. Since this patient group had increased in number, greater demands were placed on the nurses' competence. Conclusions: The rational modelling structure by which the triage method is constructed is unable to distinguish all the parameters that an experienced nurse takes into account. When the model is allowed to take precedence over experience, it can be of hindrance and contribute to certain estimates not corresponding with the patient's needs. The participants requested regular exercises solving and discussing patient scenarios, which can contribute to develop the instrument.

  • 56.
    Francisco, R.
    et al.
    Unisinos University, Brazil.
    Klein, A. Z.
    Unisinos University, Brazil.
    Engeström, Y.
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Sannino, Annalisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies. University of Tampere, Finland Center for Research on Activity, Development and Learning (CRADLE), Finland; Rhodes University, South Africa.
    Knowledge on the move: Expansive learning among mobile workers2018In: Online Collaboration and Communication in Contemporary Organizations / [ed] Ditte Kolbaek, IGI Global, 2018, p. 179-200Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile workers are professionals who frequently work on the move, far from a fixed workplace, often performing knowledge-intensive activities. Mobility challenges creation and sharing of knowledge among these professionals, and the existing literature lacks powerful theoretical frameworks conducive to creating supportive learning pathways for them to meet these challenges. This chapter is a theoretical and practical contribution to fill this gap by analyzing a case of expansive learning initiated by mobile workers themselves. Based on longitudinal participant observation, the study traces the steps undertaken by these professionals to create a new artifact that helped them to know what, when, where, and how they needed to perform their work activities. © 2018, IGI Global. All rights reserved.

  • 57.
    Fredriksdotter Larsson, Ewa
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health.
    Hur ofta fattar du beslut?: om målbilder och beslut hos företagare och chefer2001Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 58.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Work-integrated Learning: Increasing societal impact by decreasing the gap between research and practice2018In: ICERI2018 Proceedings, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we outline models for conducting work-integrated learning research. Our experiences from two decades of doing research in close collaboration with practitioners are presented and discussed. Our main message is that by engaging practitioners in all steps of the research project there is a potential for research outcomes to have high societal impact, and theoretical contribution

  • 59.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Östlund, Christian
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Navigating in a new pedagogical landscape with an introductory course in applied statistics.2014In: Topics from Australian Conferences on Teaching Statistics: OZCOTS 2008-2012 / [ed] MacGillivray, H., Martin, M., and Phillips, B, New York: Springer , 2014, p. 119-148Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last few decades, a great deal of effort has been put into improving statistical education, focusing on how students learn statistics and how we as teachers can find effective ways to help them. At the same time the use of computers, the Internet, and learning management systems has grown rapidly, and offers new educational possibilities. In this chapter, we will discuss how these changes in the pedagogical landscape have affected our introductory course in applied statistics. The course and teaching context are presented in relation to guidelines for assessment and instruction in statistics and to seven principles for effective teaching. Teaching strategies, course content, and examples of course material are included. Furthermore, results from evaluations are discussed, especially focusing on diversity in student characteristics. These results indicate a variation in learning styles both between and within groups. Finally, we present some of our ideas for future development including strategies for individualization and the use of educational mining.

  • 60.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Examensarbete på personalvetarprogrammet: en modell att bygga vidare på2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 61.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Löfvendahl, Eva
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Arbetsintegrerat lärande (AIL) som en ekvation2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Grevle, Mette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Olsen, Line
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Perspektiv på föräldrautbildning2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie belyser föräldrautbildning på individ-, organisations-, och samhällsnivå. Vårt syfte är att beskriva samhällssynen på föräldraskapet och föräldrautbildning i ett historiskt perspektiv för att kunna lyfta dagens syn på föräldraskapet och den speglar dagens föräldrautbildning. Vi ställer oss frågorna om de manualbaserade föräldrautbildningarna som diskuteras i samhället har ökat, vem som har initierat dem och vilka utmaningar som föräldrar ställs inför som de behöver hjälp med? Med hjälp av den kvalitativa forskningsmetoden har vi växlat mellan litteraturstudier och tematiska, halvstrukturerade intervjuer med deltagare och ledare för föräldrautbildningar samt telefonintervjuer med tjänstemän på en kommun. Vi har valt det sociokulturella perspektivet som teoretisk ram i vår analys av deltagare och ledares upplevelser av föräldraskapet och erfarenheter av föräldrautbildning. Föräldrar efterfrågar verktyg för att bättre kunna hantera problematiska situationer med sina barn. Med hjälp av gruppens stöd i föräldrautbildning får många konkreta lösningar för att bättre kunna hantera det för dem konfliktfyllda, stressiga vardagslivet. Vår slutsats är att det ökade arbetet med evidensbaserade manualstyrda föräldrautbildningar fyller en funktion i dagens samhälle då många föräldrar är i behov av att utbyta tankar omkring föräldraskapet och få råd och stöd i sin situation.

  • 63.
    Grimhed, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Wester, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Familjehemligheten: Ett vuxet barns perspektiv om hur det är att växa upp och bära på en familjehemlighet gällande en förälders alkoholmissbruk2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay´s overall purpose is to examine how it has affected a child growing up with a family secret. We have interviewed a person whose family secret was based on the alcohol addiction of her father. We have chosen to illustrate how a child is affected by maintaining a family secret from three different environments; family, school, and through friendship, and whether and if so, how it has made an impression in her adult life. To answer the purpose for this thesis, we have collected our empirical data through a qualitative method, in the form of a semi-structured life-world interview. Theoretical perspectives we have made use of are systems’ theory and SOC – Sense of Coherence, which reflect the individual, the interactions, and relationships between the themes we have chosen to focus on.The interviews have been analyzed based on the narrative method. Furthermore, we have used the themes and perspectives when investigating how the interviewee has created an identity and conferred meaning to her life, from the basis of her experiences. The results show that the interviewee's family, school, and friendships have been affected. Among other things, she made an active choice and is now a teetotaler. During different periods of her growth, she has adopted different roles and behaviors, depending on the situation and environment she has been in. These roles and behaviors have not been durable, but recurring, which is important to emphasize.

  • 64.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Internal Digital Divide in Organizations2012In: E-Governance and Civic Engagement: Factors and Determinants of E-Democracy / [ed] Aroon Manoharan & Marc Holzer, Hershey, US: Information Science Reference, 2012, p. 235-250Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, internal digital divide problems in organizations are identified and discussed. A longitudinal case study focusing on the implementation of e-Government at a public organization in Sweden is used as a starting-point for the discussion. Although the general use of information and communication technology is very high in Sweden there are still problems with digital divide. Such problems could hamper the implementation process of e-Government. In the case study the older employees were especially stressed and had problems to renewing their competencies and adapting to new working situations due to the implementation of e-Government. Internal digital divide is however a complex phenomenon and involve aspects of learning, motivation, professionalization, management strategies and organizational culture. Some ways of bridging the internal digital divide problems are discussed. Soft systems methodology could be used for analysis and change of internal digital divide aspects involving a discussion with the concerned communities.

  • 65.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Bernhard, Irene
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Implementation of a Contact Centre: a Local eGovernment Initiative2012In: Proceedings of the 12th European Conference of e-Government: ESADE Ramo Llull University Barcelona, Spain 14-15 June 2012 / [ed] Dr. Mila Gascó, Reading, UK: Academic Publishing International, 2012, p. 329-335Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: A case study of the implementation of a contact centre (CC) in a Swedish municipality was described and discussed. The implementation was an example of a local e-Government initiative. Seventeen employees at the municipality were interviewed. The initial implementation of the CC was done quickly, with a top-down approach. There were initial problems with negative attitudes towards the CC from the employees at the municipal departments. The new technology systems contributed to increased efficiency and to a more process-oriented organization. The CC was largely well-functioning, and many handling officers were relieved of work tasks related to the implementation of CC. There was a need for further competence development among the service handling officers at the CC. The number of incoming matters increased, related to the increased availability to citizens of municipal services.

  • 66.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Social Media Marketing - A Win-win situation?2014In: Proceedings of the European Conference on Social Media, University of Brighton, UK 10-11 July 2014 / [ed] Rospigliosi, A. & Greener, S., Reading, UK, 2014, p. 201-207Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of social media for marketing has been increasingly popular recent years, but still there is a lack of research studies. In this article, social media marketing in six wellness companies in Sweden is focused using in-depth qualitative interviews as research method. The interviews are analysed according to the qualitative content analysis method. The evaluation model MOA-SM is used as a theoretical reference frame for the analysis of the consequences of social media marketing for the stakeholders. The analysis show that there is no simple win-win situation for the stakeholders. Instead management, marketers and customers could have different advantages, disadvantages as well as challenges using social media marketing. It is a challenge for management to organize work processes in a relevant way for social media marketing and to recruit staff with appropriate skills, as well as to ensure that their competences are developed in relevant ways. Social media could be integrated with other systems such as “the digital reception”, which makes the work more efficient and understandable, and could lead to increased productivity. The benefits of social media marketing are however often unclear and formulating goals of social media marketing as well as monitoring and evaluating the goals, are challenges for management. The work situation for the employees working with social media marketing has changed fundamentally. The work has become more stressful and demanding as a consequence of social media marketing, but the work could also be more meaningful due to the informal contacts with the customers. New competences are needed. The customers who use social media marketing could receive a more informal relationship with the company, and their views and attitudes could indirectly affect the services of the organization. They could participate in contests and sometimes receive lower prices for the services. Customers not using social media, do not have the same advantages.

     

  • 67.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Explaining Variations in Regional Housing Prices: An Accessibility Approach2017In: Uddevalla Symposium 2017: Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Industrial Dynamics in Internationalized Regional Economies: Revised papers first presented at the 20th Uddevalla Symposium 15-17 June, 2017, Trollhättan, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2017, p. 259-273Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues that the relative geographical position of a municipality needs to be accounted for when explaining variations in housing prices. In particular, the paper aim to show that travel time distance to important economic centers have an impact on the spatial variation in housing prices across municipalities. A suitableway to model this possible impact is to use the accessibility concept, which takes into account both the time distance and the size of the economic opportunity, measured by gross pay, that can be realized in a another municipality. The model will be estimated for average municipality level housing prices using data on Swedish municipalities in 2015. To a large extent, the expectations are confirmed by the econometric estimation results. Geographical time distance have a negative effect on local housing prices. Good access to economic centers increases average housing prices, even after taking into account a large number of other determinants.

  • 68.
    Hakala, Minna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hansson, Therése
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Chefers psykosociala arbetsmiljö och Känsla Av SAMmanhang: En kvantitativ studie gjord i en kommun i Västra Götaland2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Managerial psycho-social work environment is a relatively unexplored area. Available studies show that it is important to focus on managers' work environment as it largely affects the managers themselves and the quality in their leadership. An important factor in managers' well-being is their Sense of Coherence (SOC). Individuals high on SOC view the world as comprehensible, manageable and meaningful and remain better equipped to face stress in work life. The current study was a census survey and examined the relationship between managers' psychosocial work environment and SOC in a small municipality in Sweden. The aim was to explore whether there is a correlation between psycho-social work environment and SOC, and if gender, management level and head quota affect the perception of job demands, control, support and stress. In the current study, 23 managers participated, 17 women and 6 men; 19 of which were lower level managers, and 4 were higher level managers. The results showed no correlation between SOC and psycho-social work environment, but with closer examination a negative correlation between SOC

    and work demands were found. Support and work demands were negatively correlated as well as support and stress, which indicates that support is a key factor in how managers experience the amount of work demands and how stressed they feel . The managers were generally SOC strong individuals and perhaps in order to be a manager and to cope with the requirement-filled work situation that management necessitates, managerial position does require a high sense of coherence.

  • 69.
    Hamideh, Daniala
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Svensson, Susanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Humor inom omvårdnad: En kvalitativ studie om hur undersköterskor använder humor i arbetet med äldre patienter2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Humor can be a significant element in the health care that contributes to the improvement of the relationship between the assistant nurse and the patient. Previous research indicates that humor can adversely impact health and well-being of patients and has a healing effect. The aim of the present study was to investigate the importance of humor and laughter in health care teams, and to explore how the nurses use humor in their work. The study was based on qualitative approaches, and the method of analysis used was thematic analysis. Data collection was done by interviewing six nurses from two nursing homes, four at one and two at the other. The results are reported by the three themes identified in the analysis. These themes are 1, Humor as a communicative tool 2, Humor for patient comfort 3, Humor as a balancing act. In conclusion, humor can have a positive impact and increase the well-being of the patients, provided that the caregivers use it for patient needs and in the right situation. Humor could also be used to avoid unpleasant and sensitive situations

  • 70.
    Harrison, Gabriella
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Elmér, Charlotte
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Seniorboende - en ny bostadsform för äldre: En studie om uppkomsten av seniorboende och varför äldre väljer att bo i denna boendeform.2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Senior housing is new living residents for elderly people, from 55 year and up. What factors can we see in official documents for the establishment of senior housing? Why do the people move to these living residence and how is the living there? One big changing for the elderly people was when the “kvarboendeprincip” started in Sweden under the 1950 century. That means that people not longer had to move from their home when they become older and ill. During the time we have worked in geriatric care have we seen a large changing in shape of the “ädelreform” which came 1992. A larger responsibility was giving to the municipality and they started to phase out the old people´s home and started with “särskilda boenden” instead. These two big reformatories have had importance for the sight of the human being and her living residence. The society has gone from position of collectivism to a more individualistic society nowadays. Today have the elderly person more demands and expectations on their living form and that’s why the thought of senior hosing has grown. This form of living residence is an ordinary renting apartment but the shape are different and the thought are that they could live there if they become in need of more help in the home. When they started to build these senior housing they often build them central in the society. One important factor for the buildings is that they have a joint local for they who live there should have a feeling of solidarity. They assume from that the living residence shall feel securely and easy of access for them who lives there. Senior housing can be an important factor for elderly people there week ties can be developed, when the social networks has been changed, by for example changed family situations

  • 71.
    Hassel, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Land Surveying and Mathematics.
    Hasselberg, Sofie
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Land Surveying and Mathematics.
    Finansinspektionens bolånetak: påverkan på förstagångsköpare i Göteborg2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Indebtedness in the Swedish market had steadily increased from the mid-1990s until 2008. For this reason, the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority (Finansinspektionen) in October 2010 introduced a general advice on the restriction in the pawn of your property when applying for a mortgage, the so-called mortgage ceiling. This means that the buyer requires 15 percent in capital for the admission of mortgage. For a first-time buyer to buy a property in Gothenburg, this means that a significant amount of capital should be accumulated beforehand. The alternative, if assets are absent, is to take an unsecured loan, which is more expensive.

    To examine how first-time buyers in Gothenburg have solved the economic situation, a survey among students at University of Chalmers, University of Gothenburg and University West was conducted. It also examined how those who bought their first property respectively before and after October 2010 found a financial solution. Bank employees and real estate agents were interviewed to obtain their opinion on the mortgage ceiling, and how they think the first-time buyers were affected.

    The survey showed that the majority of those who plan to buy their first property are planning to save up for down payment. Half of those surveyed first-time buyers expects to save up for the down payment in 1-3 years.

    Respondent bankers and estate agents have seen that the solution for introduction of the mortgage ceiling was that parents had to help financially. This was done by becoming a creditor, pledging their homes as security or helping with financial assets. First-time buyers have in greater extent needed help from outside to meet the financial demands of the banks. In Gothenburg, where the housing shortage is high, there is not always another choice but to buy a home. The solution is to get financial help from parents. The study also suggests that second-time buyers in Gothenburg find it difficult to buy something bigger, or buying a home that is more expensive than the home they live in.

    There might be a delay in the mortgage ceiling effects, and that savings will increase within the next few years. Hopefully first-time buyers in the future will be able to stand on their own without parental financial assistance.

  • 72.
    Hassler, Sven
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    A Coherence of Identities or an Identity of Coherence?: A Review of the Recent Discussion on Well-Being, Social Identities and Integration in a Multicultural Context2015In: Building Barriers and Bridges: Interculturalism in the 21st Century / [ed] Gourlay, Jonathan & Strohschen,Gabriele, Inter-Disciplinary Press, 2015, 1, p. 11-19Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A principal element in the process of integration is identity. The ability of immigrants to integrate the cultural identity of their country of origin and the cultural identity of their new country to form a coherent self-concept has been found to be positively related to various forms of psychological well-being. But there is a lack of consensus among researchers regarding the optimal integrated identity structure. While supporters of the acculturative approach argue that a strong identification to both the original and the new groups maximizes well-being,others insist more on the importance of maintaining a coherent identity, regardless of the strength of identification and regardless of the number of social identities.As most researchers in the health oriented debate on identity have focused on abicultural context, knowledge of the identity structure that promotes well-being in a multicultural surrounding is limited. The identity politics dominating mainstream multicultural discourses are theoretically grounded on the idea that humans have essential, unchanging cores that are fully formed and integrated. Within this paradigm, groups are identified by characteristics that are understood as inherently distinctive. Therefore in order to understand the process by which social identities become integrated into a concept of self an intercultural approach of the understanding of social identities and well-being is suggested. The aim of this chapter is to review the debate on the concept of coherence in relation to identity and well-being in a multicultural context and to investigate whether identity based coherence is challenged or promoted by an intercultural approach of understanding.

  • 73.
    Herrman, Margaretha 
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Medborgarskap2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 74.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Johansson Bunting, Leona
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Wallin, Emmie
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Mammor som kulturtolkar: En förstudie om invandrarkvinnors möten med skola i Västra Götaland2013Report (Other academic)
  • 75.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Kullgren, Carina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    "Vi är här nu!": Mobilisering och självorganisering bland flyktingar på Restad Gård2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Unusually many refugees have arrived in Sweden during the 2010s, only in 2015 did 163,000 refugees seeking for asylum. Many came because of the war in Syria that has been taking place since 2011, but during the period many people have been forced to flee war, violence and natural disasters from a number of other countries as well. A large part of the newly arrived were placed in refugee facilities while waiting for decision of residence permit. Restad Gård, just outside the city Vänersborg, in the west part of Sweden, is one of the biggest refugee facilities in the country. This study is about the situation for the newly arrived refugees at the facility, and especially about the self-organization a group of refugees started under the name Support Group. Initially, the reason for the self-organization was to solve several acute needs and problems at the facility, later on it was developed to a new model for including refugees into the new community, and to involve themselves in the process.

    The purpose of the study was to investigate how self-organization among asylum-seekers in the asylum facility was experienced to affect the inclusion process in the new country. Through group interviews and individual interviews we have mainly focused on the asylum-seekers' own experiences of how their activities influenced the inclusion process and relationships with other residents and actors with which they interacted. The asylum-seekers own stories, which are rarely heard, are here given a necessary space. We have also asked for experience among other involved actors, and we highlight relevant media submissions as well as authorities' actions on the matter. It was also our ambition to provide a relatively detailed description of the process during the period in question, 2013-2017, in order to document it. Other topics discussed during the interviews were how the asylum-seekers were received in the new country; how they experienced their time at the facility; how the self-organization started and developed; how collaborations with other actors arose and worked; which their goals with the self-organization were; and if they think they succeed to achieve these. The media material partly reflects how the group communicated its activities outwardly, and partly how local press represented and commented on them. Material from the authorities depicts some of the more formal conditions for the asylum seekers work and how this partially changed over time.

    The study shows that work on self-organization has made a difference for the situation of asylum-seekers in several ways; they have created many activities at the asylum facility, which reduced the risk of insomnia, passivation and mental ill health during the often long waiting period; opportunities for preparing and qualifying for an inclusion process have been improved; found methods to quickly bring people into internship and work; people's identities, solidarity and control of their own situation have been strengthened; the image of refugees as passive victims and aid recipients has been partially challenged; many constructive collaborations withother actors have been established and they have created a common voice for the group capable to claim their own needs and wishes.

    At the same time, it appears that perceived differences between groups of asylum-seekers sometimes prevent the possibility of reaching all asylum-seekers, and they often have difficulties with being recognised as equal, competent and full-fledged partners as conceptions about "the other" as dependent, passive and beneficiaries dominate, which tend to worsen when they, by other actors, are perceived as competitors for the money that is searchable for inclusion work.

    If self-organization among asylum seekers will have the opportunity to continue to develop into new inclusion methods, it might contribute to mobilizing the group's resources and thereby a faster and smoother inclusion process. Central to this is that practical aspects of inclusion - such as work and living, housing, language and education – should be related to ideas about identification and inhesion if newcomers social and cultural position are about to change. Crucial for success is also how authorities and other citizens will respond to, providing space for and utilize the constructive power created by the self-organization.

  • 76.
    Herrman, Margaretha 
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Lärande samverkan: ett interaktivt forskningsprojekt i hemtjänsten2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 77.
    Hjalmarsson, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Home help work: balancing loyalties2015In: Makeshift Work in a Changing Labour Market: The Swedish Model in the Post-Financial Crisis Era / [ed] Garsten, Christina, Lindvert, Jessica & Thedvall, Renitha, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 138-155Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the aftermath of the global financial crisis, people who had never before had cause to worry about losing their jobs entered the ranks of the unemployed for the first time. In Sweden, the welfare state has been radically challenged and mass unemployment has become a reality in what used to be viewed as a model case for a full employment society. With an emphasis on Sweden in the context of transnational regulatory change, Makeshift Work in a Changing Labour Market discusses how the market mediates employment and moves on to explore the ways in which employees adjust to a new labour market. Focusing on the legibility, measurability and responsibility of jobseekers, the expert contributors of this book bring together an analysis of activation policy and new ways of organizing the mediation of work, with implications for the individual jobseeker. Students and researchers of labour market policy, the organization of markets and work and society both in Sweden and abroad will find this book to be of interest. Policy makers will find the empirical examples of policy processes among employees an extremely useful and insightful tool.

  • 78.
    Hjalmarsson, Marie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Kullgren, Carina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Hur svårt kan det vara?: Jämställdhet i måleribranschen2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The painting trade is dominated by men, both concerning numbers and with regards to how the job as a painter is supposed to be performed. There doesn't have to be a problem with the actual performance of the job. But on the other hand problems arise when gender coded traditions hinder the necessary improvement of the trade and affect the working conditions for painters of all kinds. In daily work situations, men as well as women need to relate to the masculine norms of the trade. They all do it in different ways, consciously and subconsciously. But things are changing. The profession and the trade are in the middle of a transformation where traditional conceptions of gender are challenged. The number of educated female painters is increasing, and they have difficulties finding their place in the trade. There is no fast and simple solution of this gender equality problem, but there are methods available for how serious gender equality interventions can be carried out. Above all the problem demands interruptions of old patterns of thought and behaviour in order to make a change. This text presents results from an ethnographic study of the painting trade and shows how established patterns are defended as well as questioned in the daily work. The aim of the study is to understand how working conditions, competence and know-how, work organisation and division of labour, and management attitudes are related to conceptions of masculinity and femininity.

  • 79.
    Hjalmarsson, Marie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Kullgren, Carina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Masculiinost pod voprosom: sdvigi vprofessionalisme rabotnikov i menedhjerov v shvedskoy maljarnoy otrasli2013In: Sposoby byt' muhjchinoy: Transformatchii masculinnosti VXXI veke / [ed] Tartakovskaya I. (ed.), Moscow: Zvenja , 2013, p. 32-59Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 80.
    Holm, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    "Det är så mycket man ska göra...": En studie om ungdomar och stress2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Studiens syfte är att ge en bild av ungdomars egna erfarenheter och upplevelser av stress samt hur stressen hanteras i vardagen. Studien har en kvalitativ ansats där tre fokusgruppsintervjuer med sammanlagt tolv ungdomar från gymnasiets sista årskurs utgör studiens empiriska underlag. Som teoretisk referensram används symbolisk interaktionism som med sitt fokus på social interaktion och aktivitet i nuet kan hjälpa oss att förstå vardagen. Utifrån aktuell stressforskning och studiens empiriska material används också krav-kontrollmodellen samt begreppet coping som tillämpade teorier.

    Resultatet visar att den vardagliga stressen är utbredd bland ungdomarna. Många lever ett hektiskt och inrutat liv och de har svårt att få tiden att räcka till. Ungdomarna menar att stress är en del av livet och att den i måttliga mängder kan upplevas som stimulans, men att stressen i vardagen oftast påverkar dem negativt. När ungdomarna själva berättar vilka faktorer i deras vardag som orsakar stress är det framför allt skolarbetet som nämns mest frekvent. Utöver skolarbetet är det oron för framtiden som stressar. Ungdomarna upplever en stor osäkerhet inför alla val och beslut som ska fattas och många menar att de inte känner sig förberedda för vuxenlivet. Ytterligare en stressfaktor är upplevelsen av krav och förväntningar. Ungdomarna har höga krav på sig själva, men de berättar också att föräldrarnas krav och förväntningar är en källa till stress. Fritiden är den tid då ungdomarna upplever minst stress, även om känslan av tidsbrist också kan infinna sig där. Det är den tid som ungdomarna oftast styr över själva och kan använda som de vill. För att hantera stressen i vardagen använder ungdomarna en mängd olika strategier. Det som framträder tydligast är att ungdomarna väljer att planera och prioritera för att få tillvaron att gå ihop. Men när stressen är påtaglig väljer några att tänka bort, stänga av eller göra något helt annat för en stund. Andra strategier som framkommer är att söka socialt stöd eller att resonera med sig själv för att finna lösningar på problem.

    Utifrån studiens resultat formuleras fyra punkter som är särskilt viktiga i arbetet med att stödja ungdomarna att själva mobilisera kraft mot stress. Dessa är; kunskap om stress, skapa tid för återhämtning, goda vuxenkontakter samt förberedelse för framtiden.

  • 81.
    Humer, Alois
    et al.
    University of Vienna, Austria.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Marques da Costa, Nuno
    University of Lisbon, Portugal.
    European Types of Political and Territorial Organisation of Social Services of General Interest2013In: Romanian Journal of Regional Science, ISSN 1843-8520, E-ISSN 1843-8520, Vol. 7, no special issue, p. 142-164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is commonly understood across Europe that the provision of Social Services of General Interest (SSGI) is important. Several official documents guarantee every EU citizen access to, and the availability of, SSGI. Nevertheless, when it comes to producing, financing, administrating and territorially organising SSGI, the approaches and practices used across the various European states differ significantly while often mirroring the functioning of the social welfare and national administrative planning systems that prevail on the ground. The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic analysis of how European states (the EU 27 plus Croatia and the EFTA countries of Iceland, Norway and Switzerland) cope with the organisation of SSGI in the fields of education, care, labour market, social housing and insurance schemes. Outlining the similarities and differences of the various national approaches leads to the creation of a European typology of SSGI organisation. This typology will then be compared to existing typologies and classifications of social welfare and spatial planning systems.

  • 82.
    Humer, Alois
    et al.
    University of Vienna, Dept. of Geography.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Marques da Costa, Nuno
    University of Lisbon, Centre for Geographical Studies.
    The Political and Territorial Organisation of Welfare in the ESPON Space2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 83.
    Humer, Alois
    et al.
    University of Vienna, Dept. of Geography.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Marques da Costa, Nuno
    University of Lisbon, Centre for Geographical Studies.
    Towards a Welfare Typology in the ESPON Space.2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 84.
    Hyrén, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Styrning av högre utbildning: motstridiga institutionella logiker2017In: Universitet AB: om kommodifiering, marknad och akademi / [ed] Marcus Agnafors (red.), Göteborg: Daidalos, 2017, p. 71-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 85.
    Högberg, Karin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Framing organizational social media: a longitudinal study of a hotel chain2019In: Information Technology & Tourism, ISSN 1098-3058, E-ISSN 1943-4294Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of social media in the past decade has transformed the hospitality and tourism industry. There is, however, limited empirical research on how individual employees and groups of employees within organizations make sense of new technology, such as social media, over time. In this paper we focus on the individual and organizational level by exploring how hotel employees and managers make sense of organizational social media over a 4-year period. The perceived usefulness of social media is studied in an organizational setting by applying technological frames as a theoretical framework. The study is a longitudinal case study that includes time both during and after the implementation of social media in an international hotel chain in Europe. A total of 37 in-depth qualitative interviews were conducted at 14 hotels as well as additional observations on site and on social media platforms. The study contributes to existing literature by investigating organizational social media use over time.

  • 86.
    Inal, Tuba
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Looting and Rape in Wartime: Law and Change in International Relations2013Book (Refereed)
  • 87.
    Ineland, Jens
    et al.
    Umeå University, Department of Education, Umeå.
    Molin, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sauer, Lennart
    Umeå University, Department of Social Work,Sweden.
    Handling Plurality and Dealing with Difficult Work Experiences: A Comparative Study of Human Service Professionals’ Work with Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities2018In: Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, ISSN 1741-1122, E-ISSN 1741-1130, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 36-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how administrators in social services (n = 70) and habilitation staff in healthcare (n = 40) in Sweden experience difficulties in their work with people with intellectual disabilities. The research aim was to investigate the most typical aspects of difficult working situations and to apply a comparative analysis of differences and similarities, where the respondents' organizational affiliations are taken into account. The results are primarily based on a content analysis. Contextual standardized questions were included in this study. The results revealed that experiences of difficulties were categorized in four typological themes: difficult situations associated with (1) structure, (2) professional role, (3) relationships, and (4) collaboration. The respondents' experiences of difficult situations in social services and healthcare organizations did not correspond to the respondents' work dissatisfaction or unclear goals. On the contrary, handling this plurality within a specific organizational context was a fundamental aspect of professionalism. The different characteristics of the organizations in this study reflected two different institutional logics. While the administrators mainly operated within an administrative logic based on a regulatory framework, the habilitation staff operated within a therapeutic logic based on a cognitive framework. Consequently, the two groups had their own specific norms and rule systems, which influenced when, and to what extent, everyday situations were experienced and defined as difficult. The organizational context seems to influence experiences of difficult situations in the work with people with ID and this calls for a discussion of how it impacts the quality of services within intellectual disability services.

  • 88.
    Ineland, Jens
    et al.
    Umeå University, Department of Education,Umeå.
    Sauer, Lennart
    Umeå University, Department of Social Work, Umeå.
    Molin, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sources of job satisfaction in intellectual disability services: a comparative analysis of experiences among human service professionals in schools, social services, and public health care in Sweden2018In: Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, ISSN 1366-8250, E-ISSN 1469-9532, Vol. 43, no 4, p. 421-430Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background The research aim of this study was to analyse aspects of job satisfaction in daily work with people with intellectual disability (ID) in schools, social services and health care. Method With a comparative approach we collected data via a digital questionnaire with in total 333 respondents. The empirical material was analysed through a thematic content analysis. Results The result showed that perceptions of job satisfaction could be differentiated into five typological categories: (1) the target group; (2) social rewards; (3) social relations; (4) professional core mission; and (5) results and outcomes. The findings also showed apparent differences in responses, both in terms of frequency and content, which seem to be associated with the respondents' organisational affiliations. Conclusion This study suggests that differences in experiences seem to be associated with work assignments, professional identities and organisational affiliation

  • 89.
    Iosif, Alina Elena
    et al.
    Economic University of Bucharest, Romania.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Assessing Territorial Impact Assessment: The Case Of Services Of General Interest2013In: Romanian Journal of Regional Science, ISSN 1843-8520, E-ISSN 1843-8520, Vol. 7, no June 15, p. 66-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    No single or common definition, or even a shared basic understanding, of Territorial Impact Assessment (TIA) currently exists. The conceptual background of TIA is focused on Territorial Cohesion (TC), which, in turn, also lacks a single definition. TC has a strong connection to Services of General Interest (SGI) as these services are a crucial element of the Cohesion Policy. This paper is a spin-off from the ESPON SeGI project and aims to discuss the applicability of TIA on SGI. The analysis is focused on an ex ante evaluation of TIA and on the methodology of critical evaluation. The findings suggest a rather limited applicability as an undefined concept (TIA) is based on another undefined concept (TC) to measure the impact on a third vaguely defined concept (SGI). Moreover, the particularities of each SGI may be related to economic and social changes that themselves may or may not be territorially reflected.

  • 90.
    Isaksson, Charlotta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Samhällsbyggnad, Energi och cirkulär ekonomi, Sweden.
    The neglected practice: uncertainties encountered by occupants in a new energy efficient building2017In: eceee 2017 Summer Study proceedings: Consumption, efficiency and limits, 2017, p. 1055-1062Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Technical and performance related uncertainties that come with an increased number of components and system complexity are often thoroughly examined and tested in demonstration buildings. On the contrary, and despite the energy research literature stressing the importance to understand the requirements and context of the users, the uncertainties that occupants encounter while adapting to new energy efficient buildings are seldom examined and identified in depth.This paper will highlight the usefulness of seeing the technologies for buildings from the users' point of view. From a social practice perspective and the concept of domestication the paper examines various types of uncertainties encountered by occupants when managing technologies for buildings, such as bedrock heat pump, photovoltaic panels and LED-lighting, in a new energy efficient house.The result demonstrates that it is demanding and tiresome to tackle uncertainties and learn how to handle technologies for building, as well as to contact professionals for support. It might in fact be more convenient to "leave it as it is", with the consequences that no one is managing the technologies. Instead of assuming that carrying out this practice is straightforward, it would be better to work on an approach where this is not the case. In fact, the later approach creates much better conditions for extended learning and product development than the former.

  • 91.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    The “PantryApp”: Design Experiences from a User-Focused Innovation Project about Mobile Services for Senior Citizens2014In: Creating Value for All Through IT / [ed] Birgitta Bergvall-Kåreborn, Peter Axel Nielsen, Springer, 2014, p. 359-362Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This experience report aims to reflect on a design initiative conducted as a user-focused innovation. It is based on a research and development project about mobile commerce. Herein, I include various forms of mobile services that accumulate the core function of mobile payments. The target group of the design was senior citizens who need to have their grocery shopping done in a more safe and convenient way. In this report I will particularly focus on the design process and the design product.

  • 92.
    Jansson, Jennie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Theliander, Jan
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Kvalifikation och turordning vid uppsägning: tendenser till förändringar i praxis inom ramen för LAS : en studie inom Metallindustriarbetarförbundet avdelning 112:s område2004Report (Other academic)
  • 93.
    Johansson Bunting, Leona
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. Göteborgs universitet.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Johanson, Marita
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Learning film production2014In: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, E-ISSN 1758-7859, Vol. 26, no 5, p. 296-309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to contribute knowledge about learning linked to the film industry by investigating how film producers reason about learning for and in the profession. 

    Design/methodology/approach – This study is based on semi-structured interviews with twenty film producers, both university and workplace trained (UWT) and workplace trained (WT). The content analysis is based on the transcribed dialogues. The study is empirical, explorative and qualitative.

    Findings – The interviewees consider networks to be of utmost importance for gaining entrance to and continuously finding work in the film industry. They also reason about required knowing and what learning practices are available. Although formal education is not advocated by all, it can hold intrinsic value for the individual. Traditions of learning are being scrutinized and critical reflection is replacing naivety and emotionality.

    Practical implications – Different aims regarding learning in the formal education system and film industry result in a gap which needs to be bridged in order to challenge conserving and reproducing patterns of learning. Collaboration is suggested as a solution benefiting both the individual learner and the film industry. The resulting knowledge from this study can be used by the formal education system and the film industry when developing forms for collaboration surrounding learners of film production. 

    Originality/value – The focus presented in this paper of learning in and for film production has been sparingly addressed in previous research.

  • 94.
    Johansson, Camilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ”Det skall vara stimulans och social samvaro” : en studie om en kommunal insats till äldre, vilken benämns social samvaro.2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka, analysera och diskutera en kommunal insats till äldre i ordinärt boende, vilken benämns social samvaro. Frågeställningarna som jag har ställt är; Vad innebär social samvaro? Vad ansöker de äldre om? Vilken betydelse har insatsen social samvaro för äldre?

    Studien består delvis av en genomgång av tidigare kunskapsläge samt insamlat empiriskt material. Jag utgick från fallstudien som metod och använde mig av intervjuer, där jag intervjuade kommunala tjänstemän och äldre kvinnor, som var beviljade insatsen social samvaro. Jag studerade även biståndsutredningar för att få kunskap om vad äldre ansöker om. Resultatet är bearbetat och kategoriserat utifrån teman som empirin väckte. Analysen är gjord utifrån vald litteratur och forskning samt studiens centrala begrepp; ensamhet, välbefinnande och det goda åldrandet. 

    Studien har kommit fram till att insatsen social samvaro är till för att uppmärksamma det sociala innehållet i hemvårdsarbetet. Insatsen är även en kvalitetshöjning för äldreomsorgen i Lidköpings kommun. Äldre ansöker om insatsen för att få ett socialt innehåll på vardagen och ansökningarna handlar om ensamhet, önskade pratstunder eller något att göra. Resultatet visar att insatsen är betydelsefull för äldre och påverkar deras vardag på ett meningsfullt sätt. I den avslutande diskussionen lyfter jag även funderingar som framkommit samt den lärdom jag tagit av studien. 

  • 95.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Principal´s Work: The Conditions, Obstacles and Opportunities for Learning in the Daily Activities2016In: Uddevalla Symposium 2016: Geography, Open Innovation,Diversity and Entrepreneurship. Revised papers presented at the 19th Uddevalla Symposium, 30 June- 2 July, 2016, London, UK / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2016, p. 435-450Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    School is often described as a complex organization with multiple challenges and expectations, where many studies have focused on teachers´ and students´ the situations. In these studies the principal's role are often described as changing from an educational leader to being and becoming organizational manager. But what the principal's daily work consists of and what competences leadership requires, are not as clearly studied area. Especially not in relation to how the introduction of ICT in education challenges established routines. The aim of this study is to reveal how ICT influence principal´s everyday workload. Data consists of includes audio-recorded interviews with ten secondary school principals. All interviews were transcribed and analyzed based on principals' views on the leadership, peer-support, ongoing change, scope of action and management of their unexpected. The results show that principals has a complex role, both presuppose and develop other skills than teachers often need. The conditions for learning, individually of collectively, in these studied organizations can be said to be good, and even though ICT is a mean for information, communication and administrative tasks, it is seldom seen as a way for reflection or learning. Despite that, they express that ICT has a potential for reducing some administrative tasks and make discussions, decisions, goals and ongoing dilemmas transparent and inclusive over time and place. The results indicate what characterizes principal´s professional knowledge to a great extent is multifaceted but consist of physical meetings with different purposes. As ICT is introduced this challenges the historical established routines that frames the work, but simultaneously it opens up for new possibilities, which in all will change the role for principal's work.

  • 96.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Rektorer styr och ställer: Synen och utövande av ledarskap styr pedagogik och skolutveckling2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 97.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Gymnasierektors ledarskapsparadox: att vara verksamhetschef och pedagogisk utvecklare2014In: Nordic Journal of Vocational Education and Training, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning om rektors ledarskap är omfattande, men studier som undersöker gymnasierektors arbetssituation och ledarskap är mer sällsynta. Avsikten med den föreliggande studien var att bidra till att denna kunskapslucka fylls igen. Semistrukturerade intervjuer med tio gymnasierektorer genomfördes med fokus på rektors arbetsuppgifter, möjlighet att planera och styra arbetet, förväntningar kring ledarskapet, samt möjlighet att utvecklas och lära i arbetet. I resultaten av den tematiska analysen framträdde fyra teman: (1) ledarskapsideal, (2) kollegialt stöd, (3) ledarskap i en förändringsbenägen organisation, och (4) begränsat utrymme för reflektion. Ett övergripande, gemensamt tema: ”Ledarskapsparadox” speglar de högst varierande omständigheter och förhållanden i vardagen som en gymnasierektor ska kunna hantera, vilka också präglar resultatet av analysen. Ett något oväntat resultat var att gymnasierektor upplevde stort, eget ansvar för elevernas bästa. Studien kastar nytt ljus på gymnasierektorers ledarskap, och bidrar till ökad förståelse för vad rollen som ledare för en komplex organisation som gymnasieskolan kan innebära. Genom att knyta an till en arbetspsykologisk ledarskapsteori och formulera en arbetspsykologisk hypotes kan studien bidra till forskningen om arbetsintegrerat lärande (AIL).

  • 98.
    Johansson, Kristina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Sandström, Kristina
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    European co-coperative education- can we formulate an mutual understanding2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 99.
    Johansson, Mats
    et al.
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Young Women and Rural Exodus – Myths and Realities: A Case Study from Rural Sweden2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 100.
    Johansson, Mats
    et al.
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Young Women on the Run?: A Snapshot from Rural Sweden.2012Conference paper (Refereed)
1234 51 - 100 of 194
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