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  • 51.
    Borgström, Åsa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. Göteborgs universitet.
    Ett möte - tre berättelser2018In: Etnografisk forskning i praktiken: reflektioner från pågående avhandlingsprojekt / [ed] Gruber, S. & Gustafsson, K., Linköpings universitet: Linköping studies in social work and welfare , 2018, p. 52-59Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Bozsodi, Judit
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kan sex timmars arbetstid skapa ett hållbart arbetsliv?: En kvalitativ studie baserad på några medarbetares erfarenhet av sex timmars arbetsdag.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Working time reduction can be a means of reducing stress in society. Having a reasonable working time for wage workers is important in order to get the job done today. Today's problem is to create a sustainable working life for people in the future. According to the Ministry of Labor, several factors show that working life is not adapted to people's ability and needs. Work-related ill health is growing, which has been shown in increasing sick leave and stress in working life. Even the recovery time has decreased which leads to wear damage (Ds 2000: 22, p.14). The study aims at examining employee's experience of working time shortening thirteen years after organizational reform and see what this type of working-time reduction has meant for internal values such as: motivation, participation, requirements and learning that are indicators of a sustainable working life. Data gathering has helped with semi structured interview questions combined with open questions to get a more detailed answer. The study is based on a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. The interview includes eight workshop staff in a car company that has worked with both eight hours and six hours of work since 2002. The results showed that six hours of work with retained pay create motivation for employees who increase their productivity unemployment and efficiency even after thirteen years. This may be because they are experiencing their psychosocial work environment positively, which are the main motivational factors, indicating sustainable working life. Furthermore, the requirement has increased after the shortening of working hours, as the pressures to perform in a short period of time are experienced stressful. However, despite this picture, there is no risk of ill health when the employee's absence due to illness is not increased. Six-hour working day with retained salary contributes to reduced sick leave for long-term sickness who work full time instead of being partially ill-treated. The role of organizations is to create greater conditions for recovery for individuals to work longer and to have a sustainable working life. The result is consistent with previous research that has been done in a shorter period of time, where self-perceived health is increasing. Furthermore, the result shows that the activities and focuses on people's learning and skills development can thus maintain a sustainable working life. The theoretical frame of reference for the study contains the requirements -control-support model, experience theory, organization's change, Kasam.

  • 53.
    Brownhill, Simon
    et al.
    University of Cambridge, United Kingdom .
    Warin, JoLancaster University, United Kingdom .Wernersson, IngaUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Men, masculinities and teaching in early childhood education: International perspectives on gender and care2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This stimulating book sets out to critically explore the notion of men, masculinities and teaching in early childhood education. It addresses the global pattern of gender, teaching and care where men are in the minority, and explores the notion that the greater involvement of men within teaching and associated professions has the potential to transform gender relations for future generations. International contributors raise critical questions about the construction of masculinities, the continuing reluctance of men to engage in this type of work, and the influence of political and public debates on the issue. Through this engaging discussion readers are asked to question whether this is something that we should care about, with key topics including: The roles of men in education and care Teachers’ beliefs, norms and values of gender equality The construction of male identities Gendered ideals, and children’s interpretations of gender. Men, Masculinities and Teaching in Early Childhood Education brings together a refreshing and critical set of perspectives linked to an increasingly important educational debate and will be a valuable text for practitioners, professionals, policy makers and parents/carers. © 2016 Simon Brownhill, Jo Warin and Inga Wernersson. All rights reserved.

  • 54.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Kvalitet, värde och livskvalitet2007In: Den omätbara kvaliteten, Stockholm: Norstedts akademiska förlag , 2007, p. 175-201Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 55.
    Bucken-Knapp, Gregg
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics.
    Varieties of capitalism and labor migration policy2007Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Faced with a declining workforce, why does the Swedish Social Democratic Party (SAP) oppose employer proposals for increased labor migration from non-EU countries? This article explores whether perspectives on policymaking in the varieties of capitalism (VoC) literature can account for this puzzle. VoC scholars maintain that policymakers prefer reforms conforming to the national political economy, improving firm capacity and ensuring better economic performance. Employers are also thought to support policies incentivecompatible with the prevailing model of capitalism. My analysis shows that while the SAP backed labor migration policies compatible with the Swedish coordinated market economy, it did not do so for reasons of efficiency or economic performance. The SAP fears that liberal reform, preferred by employers, will damage the Swedish model, undermine active labor market policies and weaken unions. The case of Swedish labor migration policy underscores how economic reform reflects political conflict and not the desire to preserve equilibrium.

  • 56.
    Burke, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ståhl, Christina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att vägleda barn i ett senmodernt samhälle: en studie där föräldrar berättar om sina upplevelser av att uppfostra barn i vår tid2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie handlar om hur föräldrar ser på sin föräldraroll idag och vi har valt att betrakta det ur ett sociologiskt perspektiv med sociokulturella teorier. Syftet är att undersöka senmoderna föräldrars syn på sin roll som uppfostrare under deras barn/barns uppväxt. Vi ställer oss frågorna: Vad innebär en senmodern, god uppfostran och hur vill föräldrarna att deras barn ska leva som vuxna? Vi använder oss av en kvalitativ forskningsmetod, fokusgruppsintervjuer, där medlemmarna i gruppen interagerar och delar med sig av egna erfarenheter. Intervjumaterialet som ligger till grund för studien är analyserat horisontellt och sammanslaget. Vi intervjuar även "experter" som i yrket jobbar nära familjer. Den informationen kontrasterar och kompletterar gruppintervjuerna. I analysen utgår vi huvudsakligen från begrepp som sociologerna Beck, Bauman, Giddens och Habermas har använt för att beskriva det senmoderna samhället: individualism, ambivalens, reflexivitet, självidentitet och självförverkligande; tid och stress, konsumism, livsvärld/systemvärld och förvetenskapligande av det privata. Vi använder även några andra begrepp som kontrast mot det senmoderna: familj och tradition; och uppfostran. I diskussionen funderar vi över vad studien kan lära oss om det senmoderna föräldraskapet. Föräldrarna som intervjuats besitter en god förmåga att hantera senmodernitetens krav och snabba kast. Det viktigaste de vill ge sina barn är trygghet, kärlek och social kompetens för att barnen så småningom själva skall kunna bemästra sin framtid och sitt vuxenliv.

  • 57.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Eriksson, Lina
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Process and Product Development.
    A health-related quality management qpproach to evaluating health promotion activities2011In: Proceedings QMOD Conference on Qualityand Service Sciences 2011, 2011, p. 188-197Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 58.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Process and Product Development.
    Are successful organizations working accordingly to what co-workers require for being healthy?2011In: 14th QMOD conference on Quality and Service Sciences ICQSS 2011: Cottbus, Germany, August 29 - 31 2010, 2011, p. 1-14 pdfConference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper was to compare methodologies from successful organisations with underlying dimensions of the value 'Leadership Commitment' and the value 'Participation of Everybody. The purpose was also to identify similarities and differences between these methodologies and the underlying dimensions.

    Methodology

    The analysis emerged from the results of several recently conducted case studies: descriptions of methodologies used by successful organizations and underlying dimensions elaborated from the value ‘Leadership Commitment’ and from the value ‘Participation of Everybody’. The identified methodologies were then analyzed in relation to the description of the underlying dimensions required by the co-workers with the intention of comparing them and identifying similarities and differences.

    Findings

    The results show that the underlying dimensions required by the co-workers to remain healthy are also present as methodologies in the successful organizations except the underlying dimension ‘Continuity’. The dimensions correspond with the methodologies which confirm that working with them is very important for managers when striving to encourage healthy co-workers and to create efficient organizations. The analysis also shows that the successful organizations are using methodologies not present in the underlying dimensions. These methodologies include mutual respect, customer focus, continuous improvements, a holistic view and awareness recruitment.

    Research Limitation

    The result is based on two case studies conducted in Swedish organizations.

    Value of paper

    The results can be of value for managers striving to improve the health of co-workers and create more efficient organizations.

     

  • 59.
    Bülow, Pia
    et al.
    Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping, Jönköping, Sverige.
    Seitl, Camilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping, Jönköping, Sverige.
    Rolander, Bo
    Landstinget i Jönköping.
    PR-team som modell för samordnad rehabiliteringsutredning på vårdcentraler i Jönköpings län: Arbetsrapport2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten presenterar och diskuterar resultatet av en studie omkring en regionalt i Jönköpings län framtagen modell för rehabiliteringsutredning i primärvården – PR-team. Studien bygger på tre olika material och har genomförts som tre separata delstudier. Resultaten för delstudierna redovisas i rapporten var för sig.Den första delstudien bygger på material från ett register över samtliga patienter i primärvården i Jönköpings län som har en sjukskrivning som överstiger 28 dagar. Resultat från delstudien visar att en högre andel män genomgår PR-team vid privata vårdcentraler jämfört med kvinnor och att PR-teamutredningar vid offentliga vårdcentraler i en tredjedel av fallen genomfördes under de första 90 dagarna av sjukskrivningsperioden. Vidare noterades att psykisk ohälsa angavs oftare för kvinnor än för män samt att nästan dubbelt så många kvinnor som män avslutades mot arbete eller studier.Den andra delstudien bygger på observationer av genomförda möten i rehabiliteringsteamet där den sammanvägda bedömningen av rehabiliteringsutredningen diskuteras och dokument­eras. I delstudien ingår även intervjuer med mötesdeltagare i så kallade PR-teammöten. Resultatet visar att ett PR-teammöte utgörs av flera delar och att en relativt stor del av mötestiden handlar om hur dokumentationen ska ske och hur olika tolkningar ska göras för att kunna fylla i blanketten på ett korrekt sätt. Det märktes stor skillnad mellan teamen vilket sannolikt berodde på respektive teams vana att arbeta enligt modellen för PR-team samt möjligen en påverkan av att observeras och spelas in.Den tredje delstudien är en analys av dokumentationen från 177 rehabiliteringsutredningar. Analysen visar att dokumentationen utgör en textgenre som nästan helt saknar uttalade subjekt. Det gäller både patienten som texten handlar om och den/de personer som gör bedöm­ningen. I den tematiska analysen framstår smärtproblematik som den främsta anledningen till att en teamutredning genomförs. Tre fjärdedelar av utredningarna handlade om kvinnor. Lång sjukskrivningshistoria, låg utbildning och migrationshistoria framstod som särskilda sårbarhetsfaktorer där såväl att patientens framtidsbild som att teamets bedömning pekade mot ringa förutsättningar för återgång till arbete.

  • 60.
    Chaat, Hiba
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Teaching Civic Orientation for New Residents in Sweden: on Competence Development and Knowledge Sharing in a Growing Profession2017In: Uddevalla Symposium 2017: Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Industrial Dynamics in Internationalized Regional Economies: Revised papers first presented at the 20th Uddevalla Symposium 15-17 June, 2017, Trollhättan, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2017, p. 165-178Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the increasing number of refugees in Sweden, there is increased pressure on integration organizations to educate new residents about their rights and obligations in the new country. In Sweden, this is done with a mandatory course in civic orientation for those who get a residence permit. The courses are held in the native language of the new residents, thus increasing the demand for people with both language and pedagogical skills to hold civic orientation courses. The civic orientation classes include participants with different backgrounds and ages. The only common denominator among the course participants is the language. Thus, it isnot conventional teaching where students have more characteristics in common, and integration workers are not conventional teachers since not all of them are professional, trained educators. Therefore, we claim that we see a new profession in the making since these integration workers are recruited as integration workers in Sweden on the basis of their individual background rather than on formal training. In order to illuminate this new profession, this study compares and contrasts thework situation, processes of competence development and knowledge sharing by integration workers in a small and a big city in two different municipalities in west Sweden. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews with eight integration workers and two course coordinators. The analysis was based on the dynamic theory of organizational knowledge creation by Nonaka (1994). Results indicated that the work situations share similarities in relation to how the courses were organized and planned for. However, organizational differences became evident due to the number of integration workers, quality management, employee support, and possibilities for knowledge sharing. These differences also created varied difficulties in how to improve courses and learn from other civic orientation teachers. It is concluded that there is a need for better national coordination and knowledge sharing on both the individual and organizational level. The study suggests that there should be a dynamic, interactive national support system where integration workers could systematically and individually share experiences to improve the quality of the civic orientation courses. This becomes essential since local conditions create huge variations regarding experience-based improvement of thecourses, thus jeopardizing both content and process quality of the mandatory courses by putting all responsibility on the individual teacher.

  • 61.
    Dahl, Karolina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Shaat, Suzanne
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Genom västerländska ögon: en postkolonial analys av dokumentärserien En resa för livet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna C-uppsats granskar vi dokumentärserien En resa för livet utifrån ett postkolonialt perspektiv. Studien grundar sig i ett övergripande intresse för hur koloniala föreställningar fortfarande genomsyrar välgörenhetsdiskursen. För att definiera studiens problemområde har vi tre frågeställningar: Hur framställs de fyra svenska artisterna respektive de filippinska medverkande i dokumentärserien? Reproduceras koloniala föreställningar i dokumentärserien och i så fall på vilket sätt? Hur presenteras fattigdomsproblemet och vilka möjliga lösningar läggs fram i dokumentärserien? Studien innefattar en text- och bildanalytisk metod vilken appliceras på materialet - samtliga fyra avsnitt av dokumentärserien En resa för livet som sändes i TV4 under januari/februari 2014. Serien producerades i samarbete med SOS Barnbyar. Vår huvudsakliga teoretiska utgångspunkt är postkolonialism och denna kompletteras med teorier kring vithet och den Andre. I vår analys har vi kommit fram till att koloniala värderingar präglar serien, bland annat genom hur de filippinska fattiga barnen och deras familjer framställs som underlägsna och passiva i kontrast till hur de fyra svenska artisterna porträtteras. I serien konstrueras Västvärlden och Tredje världen som varandras motsatser, där artisterna och SOS Barnbyar får stå för det mänskliga och civiliserade medan de filippinska barnen framställs som de Andra. Vi har också funnit hur man i och med serien kan sägas konsumera den Andre och dennes kultur genom en exotisering av densamma. Slutligen problematiserar vi En resa för livet som marknadsföring för SOS Barnbyar. Det faktum att seriens syfte var att rekrytera nya faddrar till organisationen leder till att själva orsaken till fattigdomen osynliggörs och därmed att den koloniala maktordningen reproduceras

  • 62.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Määttä, Sylvia
    The influence of gender in academia: a case study of a university college in Sweden2011In: Equality, Diversity and Inclusion, ISSN 2040-7149, E-ISSN 2040-7157, ISSN 2040-7149, Vol. 30, no 5, p. 379-393Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The aim of this paper is to describe senior lecturers' experiences of and reflections on the influence of gender on their work and career possibilities.

    Design/methodology/approach – Eight informants, four female and four male university teachers, representing different schools at a Swedish university college were interviewed. A qualitative content method was used for analysis.

    Findings – The findings revealed that the lecturers at the university college had an experience of academic gender neutrality. The findings also pointed to experiences of gendered practice that had been internalized and made normal. It also revealed that the lecturers did not consider or reflect on the gap between experiences of and reflections on gender neutrality and gendered practice.

    Research limitations/implications – Even if the number of informants is small, the findings have something important to tell about the gap between gender-neutral academia and practice in academia.

    Originality/value – The findings imply that although the Swedish model of equality work has been successful in many ways, a confrontation on the micro-political level is required to achieve a gender equality workplace environment and to increase women's career possibilities.

  • 63.
    Dahlquist, Karl
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Economou, Konstantin
    Linköping universitet.
    Handfast möte på vilka villkor: en studie om yrkesintegration inom konstfältet2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    HANDFAST MÖTE PÅ LIKA VILLKOR – INTEGRATIONSPROJEKTET KONSTEN ATT DELTA1.1 SAMMANFATTNING Detta är en studie av integrationsprojektet Konsten att delta: Bild och Form genom-förd under hösten 2018 på uppdrag av Konstnärernas Riksorganisation.1 Texten ger en inblick i projektets praktik av kollegiala möten mellan konstnärskollegor med bakgrund från olika nationella och internationella kultur- och konstfält med målet att nå yrkesintegration inom det svenska konst- och kulturfältet. Syftet är att undersöka konstnärers möten och aktivitet inom ramen för projektet, ge per-spektiv på de roller som utvecklats, och vilken nivå av integration som projektet når. Som framgår i denna studie, är svårigheterna som kan möta en nyanländ konstnär att över huvud taget bli sedd och erkänd som yrkesverksam konstnär, och därefter att komma in i sammanhang och konstnärliga nätverk där dennes kompetens kan tillvaratas. Konsten att delta har utifrån denna verklighet utformat mentorsprogrammet och arbetat aktivt gentemot olika kulturinstitutioner och myndigheter som en lösning på dessa två problem. Vi kommer till slutsatsen att mentorprogrammet fungerar som yrkesintegration på individnivå och att Konsten att delta och deltagarnas arbete emot institutioner över en längre tid har lett till en förändring. Integration blir här synlig som en tvåvägsprocess: då utlandsfödda eller konstnärer som är utbildade eller tidigare har varit verksamma utomlands, påskyndar en förändring också av de kulturinstitutioner och personer som dessa kommer i kontakt med. För att nå fram till en punkt där det svenska kultur- och konstfält speglar, och är representativt för dagens mångfaldssverige krävs det en förändring bland svenska kultur- och myndighetsinstitutioner. Det finns goda in-dikationer på att Konsten att delta är en del i denna förvandling. Vi föreslår ett antal rekommendationer, dels gällande att vidareutveckla Konsten att delta och dels för fortsatta studier som kan stärka projektet och ge ytterligare förståelse för integrationsprojekts bestående verkan och värden.

  • 64.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    De Colli, Daniel
    Polismyndigheten i Västmanland.
    Forskning hand i hand med praktiken: Betydelsen av känslan av sammanhang för olika copingresurser i stressituationer hos poliser i yttre tjänst2012In: SALUS 2012 Den goda arbetsplatsen - hållbart arbetsliv, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbete och dess villkor är för det mesta betydelsefullt. Den goda arbetsplatsen strävar efter att medarbetare utvecklar copingresurser som kan användas i stressituationer. Samtliga poliser som arbetar i yttre tjänst som har ordningsverksamhet som uppgift måste ha en utbildning i bastaktik där det bl. a ingår stresshantering och ett kommunikativt förhållningssätt. Polisyrket karakteriseras av en hög grad av psykosocial stress. I studien deltog 101 poliser (29 kvinnor) i yttre tjänst som har ordningsverksamhet som uppgift. Svensk version (Ekecrantz & Norman, 1991) av Coping Resourse Inventory (Marting & Hammer, 1988, 2004) användes för att mäta copingresurser och svensk version av Sense of Coherence Scale, SOC (Antonovsky, 1993) användes för att mäta känslan av sammanhang. Resultaten visade bl a att SOC total och begriplighet predicerade variationen i kognitiva resurser; SOC total predicerade variationen i emotionella resurser; hanterbarhet predicerade variationen i sociala, andligt/filosofiska, fysiska och totala resurser till att klara stress. Svenska poliser i yttre tjänst som har ordningsverksamhet i sin tjänst har hög känsla av sammanhang. De har relativt höga totala resurser till att klara stress.

  • 65.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ohlsson, Ann-Catrin
    Ragnestål-Impola, Carina
    Två av tio exkluderas ur sociala processer genom mobbning på såväl mansdominerade som kvinnodominerade svenska arbetsplatser2014In: GRASP 2014 - Oberoende i flocken? Inkludering och exkludering som sociala processer, Linköpings universitet, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att utesluta en eller fler arbetskamrater från sociala- och arbetsprocesser genom upprepade negativa handlingar såsom utfrysning, kränkande blickar, ryktesspridning och tilltalande vid öknamn, är mobbning. Arbetsplatsmobbning förekommer främst i organisationer med hög arbetsbelastning och stress, och med ogynnsamt arbetsklimat. Mellan 8% och 25% av arbetstagare upplever sig mobbade, vilket har stora konsekvenser för såväl organisationer, i form av hög arbetsfrånvaro och personalomsättning, som för dem som är mobbade, i form av låg arbetstillfredsställelse och engagemang, hög stress, depression, självmordstankar och hjärtinfarkt. Trots den höga förekomsten av arbetsplatsmobbing och dess allvarliga konsekvenser finns det relativt få svenska studier som undersöker förekomsten av mobbning, och i synnerhet, utifrån könsperspektiv. Tidigare studier i Sverige fokuserar huvudsakligen på konsekvenser av mobbning, och inte på upplevelsen av arbetsklimatet. Därför var syfte med denna studie att undersöka (1) skillnader i upplevd närvaro av vuxenmobbning på mansdominerade respektive kvinnodominerade arbetsplatser i en svensk kontext; och (2) samband mellan mobbning och upplevelsen av arbetsklimatet, utifrån delaktighet/medbestämmande och negativ kommunikation. Deltagarna var från två mansdominerade arbetsplatser (ungdomsvården) och från två kvinnodominerade arbetsplatser (äldrevården); 21% respektive 18% av dem har blivit utsatta på sin nuvarande arbetsplats för mobbning av sina medarbetare. Det fanns inga statistiskt signifikanta könsskillnader. De som mobbades utsatte även andra för mobbning. De som orättvist behandlat någon annan hade högre poäng i mobbningsskala, upplevde mer negativ kommunikation och mindre delaktighet/medbestämmande. De använda självskattningsformulären hade goda psykometriska egenskaper. Hög validitet påvisades genom statistiskt signifikanta medelstarka samband mellan variablerna delaktighet/medbestämmande, negativ kommunikation och mobbning. Därför rekommenderar vi användning av samma instrument i fortsatta studier avseende arbetsplatsmobbning. Vi konstaterar att det förekommer mobbning på svenska arbetsplatser med hög arbetsbelastning och stress. I ett demokratiskt samhälle ska det inte förekomma uteslutning av andra ur det sociala gruppsammahanhanget genom arbetsplatsmobbning som leder till allvarlig ohälsa. Arbetsklimatet måste gynna inneslutning av samtliga arbetstagare.

  • 66.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ronthy, Marika
    Amfora Samtal & Ledarskap AB, Stockholm.
    Samtidig validitet hos en nyutvecklad svensk ledarskapsmodell om ledarintelligens och ledarens arbetsuppgifter2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att validera en ny svensk ledarskapsmodell genom att studera möjliga samband mellan ledarintelligens och ledarnas uppfattning om vad de lägger ner sin arbetstid på.

    Teoretiskt ramverk och bakgrund. Studien utgår från en tankemodell vid namn Komfortgränsen® (Ronthy & Rosendahl, 1993). Modellen visar att det ska finnas en balans mellan VAD man ska GÖRA och HUR man ska VARA. Det senare är svårare att lära sig och det ligger utanför de flestas komfortzon. Erfarenheten visar att idag arbetar chefer utifrån VAD, lite HUR och sällan VARFÖR. Studiens ramverk är en teori om ledarintelligens (LQ) (Ronthy, 2006), som nyligen prövats empiriskt och även vidareutvecklats av oss. Den vidareutvecklade modellen består av fyra ledarintelligenser som kan mätas på ett reliabelt sätt med hjälp av ett självskattat frågeformulär; en emotionell (EQ), rationell (IQ), social (SoQ) och själens intelligens (SjQ).

    Summering av resultaten. Över 300 ledare i åldern 21 till 69 år skattade såväl sin LQ som procentuell uppdelning av sin arbetstid via inloggning på Internet. En tredjedel av deras arbetstid ägnas åt möten och en femtedel åt operativ verksamhet. Resterade arbetstid fördelas till planering (12%), egen utveckling (11%), coaching (11%), måluppföljning (8%) och reflektion (6%). Som väntat, fanns det ett positivt samband mellan IQ och planering, samt mellan EQ och coaching.  Oväntat, fanns det ett negativt samband mellan IQ och operativ verksamhet.

    Slutsatser: Resultaten från denna kvantitativa studie är i linje med studier genomförda med hjälp av kvalitativa metoder (t.ex. skuggning). Chefer ägnar mest av sin tid åt arbetsmöten.

    Praktiska och/eller teoretiska implikationer. Nya arbetssätt och nya organisationsstrukturer skulle behöva chefer med en balanserad ledarintelligens med större utrymme för EQ och SjQ. Moderna chefer skulle behöva ägna mer av sin arbetstid åt coaching av sina medarbetare, samt åt egen utveckling och reflektion, men även åt den operativa verksamheten för att inte komma ifrån verkligheten. Den beprövade erfarenheten visar att de flesta chefer lär sig ledarskap utifrån modeller sprungna från industrialismens tid. Fokus ligger mer på VAD man som chef ska GÖRA och mindre på HUR man ska VARA. LQ-modellen behöver utvecklas och valideras mot andra arbetspsykologiska variabler än arbetstid.

  • 67.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ronthy, Marika
    Ekegren, Maria
    Studieförbundet Vuxenskolan.
    Mårdberg, Bertil
    Lpdata AB.
    "You have to use your brain, heart and soul": A new model of Leadership Intelligence2012In: ViLär Konferens 2012 ABSTRACT / [ed] Lind, Ove, 2012, p. 18-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Leadership intelligence is a new Swedish leadership model (Ronthy, 2006; in press). The aim of this presentation is to present and discuss some results from a project “Studies on a new Swedish leadership model.” The aim of this project was to empirically test and develop a practicable management model based on the theory of leadership intelligence. Leadership intelligence consists of a number of competencies, skills and attributes. Leadership intelligence is a combination of the leader’s logical and analytical skills, his/her ability to manage his own and others’ emotions, and finally his deeper desire and willingness to see the meaning of what he is doing. The latter intelligence belongs to the existential query field and answers the question WHY. Today, according to Ronthy, executives focus on WHAT, very little on HOW, and rarely on WHY. Leadership should include all these three dimensions. Over 400 leaders, aged 21 to 69 years, from different organizations and companies made self-reports by logging on to the Internet using a recently designed questionnaire for how managers perceive their leadership. Traditional statistical methods (factor analyses, SEM) as well as qualitative interviews with leaders, suggest a possible relationship between theory and empirical data. We have focused on developing of a relatively short, reliable and valid self-report measure of leadership intelligence that can be further developed and applied in different practical situations.

  • 68.
    Ekegren, Maria
    et al.
    Studieförbundet Vuxenskolan.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Leadership intelligence, self-esteem and personality traits before and after participation in UGL2012In: ViLär Konferens 2012 / [ed] Lind, Ove, 2012, p. 17-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1981 the leadership training UGL (Understanding Group and Leader) has been used as a basic course for new officers, and it´s today a frequently applied concept even in the commercial sector and public administration. The objectives of the course is, in accordance with the invitation to improve the participants’ abilities working with reflections, understanding the influence of emotions, providing developing feedback, understanding how our values influence leadership as well as understanding the needs of different leadership styles. The aim of the present study was to evaluate if there was a difference in the following variables: leadership intelligence (emotional, rational and spiritual intelligence), self-esteem (basic, earning and performance-based) and personality traits, before and after participating in UGL. The leadership intelligence is a new leadership model (Ronthy, 2006), and a questionnaire based on this theory is in progress. An additional aim of this study was to investigate the construct validity of this instrument. The study included 125 participants (M = 38,5 years, SD = 7,8), whereof 82 women. Everyone participated in the leadership development program UGL in 2011. Three self-assessment forms were used in the study. Before and 2 immediately after the leadership training all variables were evaluated, after six months only leadership intelligence was evaluated. The results showed significant differences before and after participation in emotional intelligence, rational intelligence, spiritual intelligence, basic self-esteem, embitterment, psychic trait anxiety, stress susceptibility and social desirability. The self-estimated increases in leadership intelligence were still at similar levels after six months. Results from correlation tests indicated theoretical plausible correlations. In the present study the self-rated emotional, the logical, as well as the spiritual intelligence measured higher after participation in UGL. This professional development program may have contributed in a positive direction to increase employees’ leadership intelligence.

  • 69.
    Eklund, Annika
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Can we be prepared for the next accident or catastrophe?: Potential contributions of emergency collaboration exercises2013In: Proceedings of  The 8th International Conference in Critical Management Studies; 10 Jul 2013-12 Jul 2013; The University of Manchester. Manchester, United Kingdom: The University of Manchester Library; 2013., Manchester: University of Manchester Library , 2013, p. 1-12Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Catastrophes and accidents (natural,technological, or man-made) have been subjected to scientific research from different disciplines and perspectives for a long time. Examples of these perspectives include community risk and vulnerability, human behaviour during crisis, fire behaviour and eco-system management, decision-making, communication, and collaboration issues. This paper deals with different perspectives of preparation and prevention in terms of accidents and catastrophes. The overall aim is to present an overview of different aspects on the possibility for organisations and societies to be prepared for the next incident and to highlight emergency exercises as a part of crisis management. In the second part of the paper the project “Collaboration exercises—from parallelto synchronous”, is introduced. The project is carried out in Sweden, and aims to explore how collaboration between police, ambulance and rescue services is practiced and developed during exercises. Of particular interest is inter-organisational collaboration and learning during exercises. To develop an understanding of these processes, a range of different types of emergency collaboration exercises was observed and participants were interviewed about their experiences. Tentative findings from the studies so far are briefly introduced. Some challenges of using exercises to increase the preparedness for managing the uncertainty and the unexpected are further discussed.

  • 70.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Alsén, Pia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Lycke, Liselott
    University West, Department of Engineering Science.
    Tano, Ingrid
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    ARK: modell för att systematiskt arbeta med hållbart arbetsliv inom universitet och högskola (UoH)2018In: FALF 2018 - program och abstraktbok / [ed] Per Lindberg, Gävle: University Press , 2018, p. 123-123Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund

    Hållbart arbetsliv är idag ledord för arbetslivets förändrade villkor. Inom UoH i Sverige fanns i slutet av 2017 omkring 75 000 anställda varav ca 35 000 inom forskning och undervisning (UKÄ, 2017). Det är en sektor med stor betydelse för samhällsutvecklingen i Sverige. Arbetsmiljön inom sektorn ställer särskilda krav på personalen. Förvånansvärt få studier har gjorts i Sverige om arbetsmiljön för personal inom UoH. Med förebild från Norge implementeras nu för första gången i Sverige en forskningsbaserad (krav-resurs-modellen) och sektorsspecifik ny modell för att systematiskt arbeta med arbetsmiljön, den s.k. Ark-modellen (arbeidsmiljø- og klimaundersøkelser, se figur) vid Högskolan Väst. Arbetsmiljöverkets föreskrift 2015:4 betonar den organisatoriska och sociala arbetsmiljön, vilket väl tillgodoses i denna modell.

    Syfte

    Att systematiskt och långsiktigt arbeta med arbetsmiljön ur ett främjande, förebyggande och rehabiliterande perspektiv på såväl individ- som organisatorisk nivå för att utveckla förhållanden som bidrar till ett hållbart arbetsliv.

    Metod

    Genom KIWEST (Knowledge Intensive Work Environment Survey Target) kartläggs arbetsmiljön utifrån 28 olika dimensioner. Kategorier som belyses är t.ex. sociala, uppgiftsbaserade och organisatoriska resurser samt jobbkrav och tillhörighet till jobbet. Organisatoriska förhållanden mäts med FaktaARK 1 medan genomförda insatser mäts med FaktaARK 2.

    Resultat

    KIWEST sändes till all personal med 20 % anställning eller mer. Utav 539 tillfrågade personer svarade 376, vilket ger en svarsfrekvens på 69,8 %. Resultatet visar att specifikt för sektorn är upplevelsen av tidspress samtidigt som arbetet upplevs som meningsfullt och viktigt. Nu följer analyser, planering, genomförande och utvärdering av insatser på olika nivåer inom högskolan. KIWEST-formuläret sänds till personalen med 3-års intervall. I förbättringsarbetet ingår även att granska och utvärdera genomförandet, därvid ingår även metodutveckling. Förbättringsarbetet sätts in i ett större organisatoriskt perspektiv och är en naturlig del i kvalitetssäkringsprocessen och ledningssystemet. ARK-processen förväntas bidra till teoriutveckling av krav- och resursmodellen samt öka kunskapen om arbetsmiljön inom UoH.

  • 71.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Personalansvarigas reflektioner kring jämställdhet, funktionshinder och etnicitet: en studie med beskrivande vinjetter som metod2004Report (Other academic)
  • 72.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sjöberg, Lena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Inledning2013In: Barn- och ungdomsforskning: metoder och arbetssätt / [ed] Erlandsson, Soly I. & Sjöberg, Lena, Lund, 2013, 1. uppl., p. 7-28Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 73.
    Eyrumlu, Reza
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Qira'at-i Quran-i ghayr-i dini: Jild-i 1, Mahdudiyat'ha-yi qurani va tahrifat-i qira'at-i "rasmi va ba vasitah"2006Book (Other academic)
  • 74.
    Eyrumlu, Reza
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Qira'at-i Quran-i ghayr-i dini: Jild-i 2, Din va iman-e dini - Kitab va "Quran-e dini".2007Book (Other academic)
  • 75.
    Forsgren Gebring, Susanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Forsman, Berit
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Working with Manchester triage: job satisfaction in nursing2014In: International Emergency Nursing: Oral abstracts – 1st Global Conference on Emergency Nursing & Trauma Care: Dublin, Ireland, 18–21 September 2014, Elsevier, 2014, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 254-254Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: This study covers nurses' job satisfaction during triage at emergency departments in Western Sweden. Method: Data were collected from 74 triage nurses using a questionnaire containing 37 short form open questions. The answers were analysed descriptively and by measuring the covariance. Two open questions were analysed by content analysis. Results: The results showed a high degree of job satisfaction (88%). Triage as a method, the interesting nature of the work, and a certain freedom in connection with the triage tasks contributed to job satisfaction (R2 = 0.40). The nurses found their work interesting and stimulating, although some reported job dissatisfaction due to a heavy workload and lack of competence. Most of the nurses thought that Manchester Triage System (MTS) was a clear and straightforward method but in need of development. One result from the content analysis was difficulties in decision-making during the assessment of patients with multiple diseases. Since this patient group had increased in number, greater demands were placed on the nurses' competence. Conclusions: The rational modelling structure by which the triage method is constructed is unable to distinguish all the parameters that an experienced nurse takes into account. When the model is allowed to take precedence over experience, it can be of hindrance and contribute to certain estimates not corresponding with the patient's needs. The participants requested regular exercises solving and discussing patient scenarios, which can contribute to develop the instrument.

  • 76.
    Francisco, R.
    et al.
    Unisinos University, Brazil.
    Klein, A. Z.
    Unisinos University, Brazil.
    Engeström, Y.
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Sannino, Annalisa
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. University of Tampere, Finland Center for Research on Activity, Development and Learning (CRADLE), Finland; Rhodes University, South Africa.
    Knowledge on the move: Expansive learning among mobile workers2018In: Online Collaboration and Communication in Contemporary Organizations / [ed] Ditte Kolbaek, IGI Global, 2018, p. 179-200Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile workers are professionals who frequently work on the move, far from a fixed workplace, often performing knowledge-intensive activities. Mobility challenges creation and sharing of knowledge among these professionals, and the existing literature lacks powerful theoretical frameworks conducive to creating supportive learning pathways for them to meet these challenges. This chapter is a theoretical and practical contribution to fill this gap by analyzing a case of expansive learning initiated by mobile workers themselves. Based on longitudinal participant observation, the study traces the steps undertaken by these professionals to create a new artifact that helped them to know what, when, where, and how they needed to perform their work activities. © 2018, IGI Global. All rights reserved.

  • 77.
    Fredriksdotter Larsson, Ewa
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health.
    Hur ofta fattar du beslut?: om målbilder och beslut hos företagare och chefer2001Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 78.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Work-integrated Learning: Increasing societal impact by decreasing the gap between research and practice2018In: ICERI2018 Proceedings, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we outline models for conducting work-integrated learning research. Our experiences from two decades of doing research in close collaboration with practitioners are presented and discussed. Our main message is that by engaging practitioners in all steps of the research project there is a potential for research outcomes to have high societal impact, and theoretical contribution

  • 79.
    Granbom, Ingrid
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Teachers’ beliefs, norms and values of gender equality in pre-schools2015In: Men, Masculinities and Teaching in Early Childhood Education: International perspectives on gender and care / [ed] Simon Brownhill, Jo Warin and Inga Wernersson, Taylor and Francis Inc. , 2015, p. 83-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 80.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Examensarbete på personalvetarprogrammet: en modell att bygga vidare på2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 81.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Köpkriterier, sociala normer och åsikter om miljömärkta matvaror2003Report (Other academic)
  • 82.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Löfvendahl, Eva
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Arbetsintegrerat lärande (AIL) som en ekvation2016In: ViLär 2016, konferens 8-9 december 2016, Vänersborg / [ed] Kristina Johansson, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 83.
    Grevle, Mette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Olsen, Line
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Perspektiv på föräldrautbildning2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie belyser föräldrautbildning på individ-, organisations-, och samhällsnivå. Vårt syfte är att beskriva samhällssynen på föräldraskapet och föräldrautbildning i ett historiskt perspektiv för att kunna lyfta dagens syn på föräldraskapet och den speglar dagens föräldrautbildning. Vi ställer oss frågorna om de manualbaserade föräldrautbildningarna som diskuteras i samhället har ökat, vem som har initierat dem och vilka utmaningar som föräldrar ställs inför som de behöver hjälp med? Med hjälp av den kvalitativa forskningsmetoden har vi växlat mellan litteraturstudier och tematiska, halvstrukturerade intervjuer med deltagare och ledare för föräldrautbildningar samt telefonintervjuer med tjänstemän på en kommun. Vi har valt det sociokulturella perspektivet som teoretisk ram i vår analys av deltagare och ledares upplevelser av föräldraskapet och erfarenheter av föräldrautbildning. Föräldrar efterfrågar verktyg för att bättre kunna hantera problematiska situationer med sina barn. Med hjälp av gruppens stöd i föräldrautbildning får många konkreta lösningar för att bättre kunna hantera det för dem konfliktfyllda, stressiga vardagslivet. Vår slutsats är att det ökade arbetet med evidensbaserade manualstyrda föräldrautbildningar fyller en funktion i dagens samhälle då många föräldrar är i behov av att utbyta tankar omkring föräldraskapet och få råd och stöd i sin situation.

  • 84.
    Grimhed, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Wester, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Familjehemligheten: Ett vuxet barns perspektiv om hur det är att växa upp och bära på en familjehemlighet gällande en förälders alkoholmissbruk2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay´s overall purpose is to examine how it has affected a child growing up with a family secret. We have interviewed a person whose family secret was based on the alcohol addiction of her father. We have chosen to illustrate how a child is affected by maintaining a family secret from three different environments; family, school, and through friendship, and whether and if so, how it has made an impression in her adult life. To answer the purpose for this thesis, we have collected our empirical data through a qualitative method, in the form of a semi-structured life-world interview. Theoretical perspectives we have made use of are systems’ theory and SOC – Sense of Coherence, which reflect the individual, the interactions, and relationships between the themes we have chosen to focus on.The interviews have been analyzed based on the narrative method. Furthermore, we have used the themes and perspectives when investigating how the interviewee has created an identity and conferred meaning to her life, from the basis of her experiences. The results show that the interviewee's family, school, and friendships have been affected. Among other things, she made an active choice and is now a teetotaler. During different periods of her growth, she has adopted different roles and behaviors, depending on the situation and environment she has been in. These roles and behaviors have not been durable, but recurring, which is important to emphasize.

  • 85.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Bernhard, Irene
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Implementation of a Contact Centre: a Local eGovernment Initiative2012In: Proceedings of the 12th European Conference of e-Government: ESADE Ramo Llull University Barcelona, Spain 14-15 June 2012 / [ed] Dr. Mila Gascó, Reading, UK: Academic Publishing International, 2012, p. 329-335Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: A case study of the implementation of a contact centre (CC) in a Swedish municipality was described and discussed. The implementation was an example of a local e-Government initiative. Seventeen employees at the municipality were interviewed. The initial implementation of the CC was done quickly, with a top-down approach. There were initial problems with negative attitudes towards the CC from the employees at the municipal departments. The new technology systems contributed to increased efficiency and to a more process-oriented organization. The CC was largely well-functioning, and many handling officers were relieved of work tasks related to the implementation of CC. There was a need for further competence development among the service handling officers at the CC. The number of incoming matters increased, related to the increased availability to citizens of municipal services.

  • 86.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Social Media Marketing - A Win-win situation?2014In: Proceedings of the European Conference on Social Media, University of Brighton, UK 10-11 July 2014 / [ed] Rospigliosi, A. & Greener, S., Reading, UK, 2014, p. 201-207Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of social media for marketing has been increasingly popular recent years, but still there is a lack of research studies. In this article, social media marketing in six wellness companies in Sweden is focused using in-depth qualitative interviews as research method. The interviews are analysed according to the qualitative content analysis method. The evaluation model MOA-SM is used as a theoretical reference frame for the analysis of the consequences of social media marketing for the stakeholders. The analysis show that there is no simple win-win situation for the stakeholders. Instead management, marketers and customers could have different advantages, disadvantages as well as challenges using social media marketing. It is a challenge for management to organize work processes in a relevant way for social media marketing and to recruit staff with appropriate skills, as well as to ensure that their competences are developed in relevant ways. Social media could be integrated with other systems such as “the digital reception”, which makes the work more efficient and understandable, and could lead to increased productivity. The benefits of social media marketing are however often unclear and formulating goals of social media marketing as well as monitoring and evaluating the goals, are challenges for management. The work situation for the employees working with social media marketing has changed fundamentally. The work has become more stressful and demanding as a consequence of social media marketing, but the work could also be more meaningful due to the informal contacts with the customers. New competences are needed. The customers who use social media marketing could receive a more informal relationship with the company, and their views and attitudes could indirectly affect the services of the organization. They could participate in contests and sometimes receive lower prices for the services. Customers not using social media, do not have the same advantages.

     

  • 87.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Explaining Variations in Regional Housing Prices: An Accessibility Approach2017In: Uddevalla Symposium 2017: Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Industrial Dynamics in Internationalized Regional Economies: Revised papers first presented at the 20th Uddevalla Symposium 15-17 June, 2017, Trollhättan, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2017, p. 259-273Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues that the relative geographical position of a municipality needs to be accounted for when explaining variations in housing prices. In particular, the paper aim to show that travel time distance to important economic centers have an impact on the spatial variation in housing prices across municipalities. A suitableway to model this possible impact is to use the accessibility concept, which takes into account both the time distance and the size of the economic opportunity, measured by gross pay, that can be realized in a another municipality. The model will be estimated for average municipality level housing prices using data on Swedish municipalities in 2015. To a large extent, the expectations are confirmed by the econometric estimation results. Geographical time distance have a negative effect on local housing prices. Good access to economic centers increases average housing prices, even after taking into account a large number of other determinants.

  • 88.
    Hakala, Minna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hansson, Therése
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Chefers psykosociala arbetsmiljö och Känsla Av SAMmanhang: En kvantitativ studie gjord i en kommun i Västra Götaland2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Managerial psycho-social work environment is a relatively unexplored area. Available studies show that it is important to focus on managers' work environment as it largely affects the managers themselves and the quality in their leadership. An important factor in managers' well-being is their Sense of Coherence (SOC). Individuals high on SOC view the world as comprehensible, manageable and meaningful and remain better equipped to face stress in work life. The current study was a census survey and examined the relationship between managers' psychosocial work environment and SOC in a small municipality in Sweden. The aim was to explore whether there is a correlation between psycho-social work environment and SOC, and if gender, management level and head quota affect the perception of job demands, control, support and stress. In the current study, 23 managers participated, 17 women and 6 men; 19 of which were lower level managers, and 4 were higher level managers. The results showed no correlation between SOC and psycho-social work environment, but with closer examination a negative correlation between SOC

    and work demands were found. Support and work demands were negatively correlated as well as support and stress, which indicates that support is a key factor in how managers experience the amount of work demands and how stressed they feel . The managers were generally SOC strong individuals and perhaps in order to be a manager and to cope with the requirement-filled work situation that management necessitates, managerial position does require a high sense of coherence.

  • 89.
    Hamideh, Daniala
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Svensson, Susanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Humor inom omvårdnad: En kvalitativ studie om hur undersköterskor använder humor i arbetet med äldre patienter2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Humor can be a significant element in the health care that contributes to the improvement of the relationship between the assistant nurse and the patient. Previous research indicates that humor can adversely impact health and well-being of patients and has a healing effect. The aim of the present study was to investigate the importance of humor and laughter in health care teams, and to explore how the nurses use humor in their work. The study was based on qualitative approaches, and the method of analysis used was thematic analysis. Data collection was done by interviewing six nurses from two nursing homes, four at one and two at the other. The results are reported by the three themes identified in the analysis. These themes are 1, Humor as a communicative tool 2, Humor for patient comfort 3, Humor as a balancing act. In conclusion, humor can have a positive impact and increase the well-being of the patients, provided that the caregivers use it for patient needs and in the right situation. Humor could also be used to avoid unpleasant and sensitive situations

  • 90.
    Hansen Orwehag, Monica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Barnintervjun: ur barnperspektiv och barns perspektiv2013In: Barn- och ungdomsforskning: metoder och arbetssätt / [ed] Erlandsson, Soly I. & Sjöberg, Lena, Lund, 2013, 1. uppl., p. 157-177Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 91.
    Harrison, Gabriella
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Elmér, Charlotte
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Seniorboende - en ny bostadsform för äldre: En studie om uppkomsten av seniorboende och varför äldre väljer att bo i denna boendeform.2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Senior housing is new living residents for elderly people, from 55 year and up. What factors can we see in official documents for the establishment of senior housing? Why do the people move to these living residence and how is the living there? One big changing for the elderly people was when the “kvarboendeprincip” started in Sweden under the 1950 century. That means that people not longer had to move from their home when they become older and ill. During the time we have worked in geriatric care have we seen a large changing in shape of the “ädelreform” which came 1992. A larger responsibility was giving to the municipality and they started to phase out the old people´s home and started with “särskilda boenden” instead. These two big reformatories have had importance for the sight of the human being and her living residence. The society has gone from position of collectivism to a more individualistic society nowadays. Today have the elderly person more demands and expectations on their living form and that’s why the thought of senior hosing has grown. This form of living residence is an ordinary renting apartment but the shape are different and the thought are that they could live there if they become in need of more help in the home. When they started to build these senior housing they often build them central in the society. One important factor for the buildings is that they have a joint local for they who live there should have a feeling of solidarity. They assume from that the living residence shall feel securely and easy of access for them who lives there. Senior housing can be an important factor for elderly people there week ties can be developed, when the social networks has been changed, by for example changed family situations

  • 92.
    Hassel, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Land Surveying and Mathematics.
    Hasselberg, Sofie
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Land Surveying and Mathematics.
    Finansinspektionens bolånetak: påverkan på förstagångsköpare i Göteborg2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Indebtedness in the Swedish market had steadily increased from the mid-1990s until 2008. For this reason, the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority (Finansinspektionen) in October 2010 introduced a general advice on the restriction in the pawn of your property when applying for a mortgage, the so-called mortgage ceiling. This means that the buyer requires 15 percent in capital for the admission of mortgage. For a first-time buyer to buy a property in Gothenburg, this means that a significant amount of capital should be accumulated beforehand. The alternative, if assets are absent, is to take an unsecured loan, which is more expensive.

    To examine how first-time buyers in Gothenburg have solved the economic situation, a survey among students at University of Chalmers, University of Gothenburg and University West was conducted. It also examined how those who bought their first property respectively before and after October 2010 found a financial solution. Bank employees and real estate agents were interviewed to obtain their opinion on the mortgage ceiling, and how they think the first-time buyers were affected.

    The survey showed that the majority of those who plan to buy their first property are planning to save up for down payment. Half of those surveyed first-time buyers expects to save up for the down payment in 1-3 years.

    Respondent bankers and estate agents have seen that the solution for introduction of the mortgage ceiling was that parents had to help financially. This was done by becoming a creditor, pledging their homes as security or helping with financial assets. First-time buyers have in greater extent needed help from outside to meet the financial demands of the banks. In Gothenburg, where the housing shortage is high, there is not always another choice but to buy a home. The solution is to get financial help from parents. The study also suggests that second-time buyers in Gothenburg find it difficult to buy something bigger, or buying a home that is more expensive than the home they live in.

    There might be a delay in the mortgage ceiling effects, and that savings will increase within the next few years. Hopefully first-time buyers in the future will be able to stand on their own without parental financial assistance.

  • 93.
    Hassler, Sven
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    A Coherence of Identities or an Identity of Coherence?: A Review of the Recent Discussion on Well-Being, Social Identities and Integration in a Multicultural Context2015In: Building Barriers and Bridges: Interculturalism in the 21st Century / [ed] Gourlay, Jonathan & Strohschen,Gabriele, Inter-Disciplinary Press, 2015, 1, p. 11-19Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A principal element in the process of integration is identity. The ability of immigrants to integrate the cultural identity of their country of origin and the cultural identity of their new country to form a coherent self-concept has been found to be positively related to various forms of psychological well-being. But there is a lack of consensus among researchers regarding the optimal integrated identity structure. While supporters of the acculturative approach argue that a strong identification to both the original and the new groups maximizes well-being,others insist more on the importance of maintaining a coherent identity, regardless of the strength of identification and regardless of the number of social identities.As most researchers in the health oriented debate on identity have focused on abicultural context, knowledge of the identity structure that promotes well-being in a multicultural surrounding is limited. The identity politics dominating mainstream multicultural discourses are theoretically grounded on the idea that humans have essential, unchanging cores that are fully formed and integrated. Within this paradigm, groups are identified by characteristics that are understood as inherently distinctive. Therefore in order to understand the process by which social identities become integrated into a concept of self an intercultural approach of the understanding of social identities and well-being is suggested. The aim of this chapter is to review the debate on the concept of coherence in relation to identity and well-being in a multicultural context and to investigate whether identity based coherence is challenged or promoted by an intercultural approach of understanding.

  • 94.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Depression och familjeliv2009In: Psykisk hälsa, ISSN 0033-3212, Vol. 50, no 2, p. 32-38Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 95.
    Hellström, Martin
    University West, Administration .
    Gamla och nya murar: Gästkrönika2019In: TTELA, ISSN 1652-9391, Vol. 26 oktober, p. 2-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 96.
    Hellström, Martin
    University West, Administration .
    Kunskap förändrar ingenting: Gästkrönika2019In: TTELA, ISSN 1652-9391, Vol. 27 april, p. 2-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 97.
    Hellström, Martin
    University West, Administration .
    Mänskliga faktorn är nyckeln till framgång: Gästkrönika2019In: TTELA, ISSN 1652-9391, Vol. 27 juli, p. 2-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 98.
    Hellström, Martin
    University West, Administration .
    Rauka vägen till Almedalen: Gästkrönika2019In: TTELA, ISSN 1652-9391, Vol. 29 juni, p. 2-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 99.
    Hellström, Martin
    University West, Administration .
    Vad har en medeltida riddare som inte Bill Clinton har?: Gästkönika2019In: TTELA, ISSN 1652-9391, Vol. 28 september, p. 2-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 100.
    Hermansson, Hans-Erik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Palmroth, Keith
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Socialt medborgarskap2006In: I & M : invandrare & minoriteter, ISSN 1404-6857, no 3Article in journal (Other academic)
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