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  • 51.
    Nejbo, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Ungas tankar om sin självständighet: Upplevelser av att växa upp och leva med hederskultur2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Ökningen av unga som lever med hedersrelaterat våld i Sverige har lett till omfattande utredningar, policys och lagändringar liksom medial bevakning. Hederskulturers uttryck är individuella liksom de ungas upplevelser. Mer kunskap om hur individerna själva upplever och uppfattar sin situation är därför värdefullt för att kunna ge adekvat stöd.

    Syfte: Beskriva hur pojkars och flickors upplevelser och erfarenheter av att växa upp- och leva med hederskultur.

    Metod: En sökstrategi med inkluderings- och exkluderingskriterier upprättades. Artiklarnas kvalitet värderades och därefter analyserades och tolkades den data som framkommit i de 15 utvalda studierna via kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Tre kategorier framkom; 1.) upplevelser av att växa upp- och leva med hedersvåld och hederskultur, 2.) strategier för att öka sin egen agens och 3.) att söka och få hjälp.

    Resultatet visar att pojkar och flickor formas av- och upplever kulturella normer på olika sätt liksom att de har olika önskningar och behov om hur deras liv ska formas.

    Slutsats: Studien bidrar med kunskap om ungas upplevelser och vilka svårigheter de ställs inför. Skolan visar sig vara en viktig plats där de unga kan skapa relationer utanför familjen liksom frihet via öppna och slutna vägar vilket indikerar ett behov av fortsatt forskning. 

  • 52.
    Nilsson, Håkan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    The four-dimensional model of mindful sustainable aging: a holistic alternative2022In: JOURNAL OF RELIGION SPIRITUALITY & AGING, ISSN 1552-8030Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses a four-dimensional model of mindful sustainable aging (MSA) in the four biological, psychological, social, spiritual dimensions. The model is made up of eight components, activeness, bodily awareness, change processes, vigorousness, dynamism, mental alertness, social support and spiritual support. Modern western and traditional Buddhist notions of mindfulness/sati, and their utility in terms of improving the physical, mental and social lives of seniors, are explored, the uniqueness of MSA being in the provision of a construct that is more integrated, holistic, and multi-faceted than other current gerontological theories. This paper, by drawing attention to the four-dimensional MSA model, therefore attempts to demonstrate how mindfulness practices support these four dimensions (i.e., biological, psychological, social and spiritual dimensions).

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    T&F
  • 53.
    Nordström, Kristin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Hassel, Amanda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Kvinnors erfarenheter av att leva med ADHD: En litteraturstudie2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: ADHD has previously been seen as a childhood diagnosis that decreases with increasing age. However, research shows that for many the symptoms remain even as adults, but that the symptom features can change. Girls and women today are underrepresented in the diagnosis of ADHD, which can mean great suffering and a misunderstanding of themselves and the environment. Aim: The aim of the study was to describe women's experiences of living with ADHD. Method: A literature study was used as a method. Systematic searches were performed in the databases CINAHL, PsycInfo and Academic Search Premier, where 9 articles with both quantitative and qualitative approach were selected. Another 2 articles were selected based on an unsystematic search. These were analyzed based on a three-step model. Results: During the analysis, two main themes emerged, "the image of myself" and "impact on daily life". The sub-themes linked to these were "Feeling different", "Understanding and self-acceptance", "Challenges in dealing with the demands of the environment" and "Impact on relationships". Conclusion: This study shows that there are gender differences in how ADHD can manifest itself. These results can be useful for those functions that meet girls and women in need of support. Raising awareness of how the symptoms can differ means that more girls can receive the right support measures earlier in life.

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  • 54.
    Nordström, Susanna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Musik, subkultur, ungdomar och risktagande.2014In: Att förstå ungdomars identitetsskapande: en inspirations- och metodbok / [ed] Sorbring, E., Andersson, Å. & Molin, M., Stockholm: Liber, 2014, 1, p. 192-219Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I kapitlet beskrivs musik som en kontext där ungdomars identitetsskapande processer äger rum.

  • 55.
    Norlander, Ludvig
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tre vanliga grabbar: En studie om platsens betydelse för delaktighet och identitet2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze the places importance for young people with disabilities. The study’s central questions are what type of places they visit and what characterizes them. It is also about answering the questions why the places are visited and what meaning this has for participation and identity. The study´s central concept is room/place, participation and identity. Knowledge review will be based on the key concepts. The collection of the empirical material has been inspired by the ethnographic methodology,which in this study included seven observation sessions and six interviews.

    The result shows that the boys mainly visited two different places. This is about the publicand non-public places. Public places can be described as a place for everyone and the nonpubliconly for people with disabilities. The boys show more participation towards publicplaces which can provide activities, fellowship and well-being. Both places can offer participation, but are dependent on other factors, which in this case is about activities and visitors. None of the places shows identity, but rather the interaction between the individual and the environment. Participation doesn’t necessarily show the personal identity. In the lastchapter the importance is highlighted through a perspective of social work activity. First andforemost the public places potential is highlighted and it´s limitations for participation and theidentity process. Secondly, it is also a discussion about future planning in daily socialpedagogic practice, both on an individual and society level.

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    fulltext
  • 56.
    Persson, Anders
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ljung, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Säkerhet och arbete på passagerarfärjor ur intendenturpersonalens perspektiv2017In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, E-ISSN 2002-343X, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 27-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska färjesjöfarten brottas idag med bristande lönsamhet. En effekt av detta är personalminskningar och ökad stress i arbetet. På passagerarfärjorutgör intendenturpersonalen ofta majoriteten av ombordanställda. De ärinlemmade i fartygens säkerhetsorganisation och deras roll i denna har blivit allt viktigare. I denna artikel belyses genom en intervjustudie hur denna personalkategori ser på denna roll utifrån olika aspekter.

  • 57.
    Persson, Björn N.
    et al.
    University of Skövde.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University of Skövde.
    Empathy and universal values explicated by the empathy-altruism hypothesis2016In: Journal of Social Psychology, ISSN 0022-4545, E-ISSN 1940-1183, Vol. 156, no 6, p. 610-619Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research reports that empathy is on the decline in present-day society, together with an increasing trend in self-enhancing values. Based on the empathy-altruism hypothesis, we investigated whether these constructs are interlinked by analyzing the relationships between emotional and cognitive empathy and 10 universal values. In the first study, using a middle-aged U.S. sample, the results showed that empathy was strongly and positively related to altruistic values and negatively to self-enhancing values in a pattern that aligned with the empathy-altruism hypothesis. In a second confirmation study, these findings were replicated and extended, while also controlling for the Big Five personality traits, to discount that empathy is only captured by basic personality. Only emotional empathy, not cognitive empathy, accounted for up to 18% additional variance in altruistic values, which further confirmed the emphasis on feelings, as postulated by the empathy-altruism hypothesis. 

  • 58.
    Persson, Björn N.
    et al.
    Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Gothenburg, Sweden; 2Department of Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy, University of Skövde, Sweden .
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Rosenberg, Patricia
    Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Garcia, Danilo
    Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden 6Centre for Ethics, Law, and Mental Health (CELAM), University of Gothenburg, Sweden Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden; m. fl..
    The Single Item Dirty Dark Triad (SIDDT): Exploitation of Others2016In: Association for Psychological Science (APS) 28th Annual ConventionMay 26 - 29, 2016, Chicago, Illinois, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    A short measure of the Dark Triad (Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism) showed consistent factorstructure and convergent validity. Narcissism, however, didn’t contribute with information to the coreconstitution of the Dark Triad. Instead, a Single Item Dirty Dark Triad (SIDDT: exploitation of others),accounted for the core of the measure.

    Supporting summary

    Background: The dark side of human character has been conceptualized in the Dark Triad Model:Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism. These three dark traits are often measured using single longinstruments for each one of the traits. Nevertheless, there is a necessity of short and valid personality measuresin psychological research. As an independent research group, we replicated the factor structure, convergentvalidity and item response for one of the most recent and widely used short measures to operationalize thesemalevolent traits, namely, the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen. We aimed to expand the understanding of what the DirtyDozen really captures because the mixed results on construct validity in previous research.

    Method: We used the largest sample to date to respond to the Dirty Dozen (N = 3,698). We firstly investigatedthe Dirty Dozen’s factor structure using Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Secondly, using sub-sample (n = 500)and correlation analyses, we investigated the Dirty Dozen dark traits convergent validity to Machiavellianismmeasured by the Mach-IV, psychopathy measured by Eysenck’s Personality Questionnaire Revised, narcissismsusing the Narcissism Personality Inventory, and both neuroticism and extraversion from the Eysenck’squestionnaire. Finally, besides these Classic Test Theory analyses, we analyzed the responses for each DirtyDozen item using Item Response Theory (IRT).

    Results: The results confirmed previous findings of a bi-factor model fit: one latent core dark trait, plus thethree dark traits. An additional exploratory distribution analysis showed that all three Dirty Dozen traits had astriking bi-modal distribution, which might indicate unconcealed social undesirability with the items. The threeDirty Dozen traits did converge to, although not strongly, with the contiguous single Dark Triad scales (rbetween .41-.49). The probabilities of filling out steps on the Dirty Dozen narcissism-items were much higherthan on the Dirty Dozen items for Machiavellianism and psychopathy. Overall, the Dirty Dozen instrumentdelivered the most predictive value with persons with average and high Dark Triad traits (Theta > -0.5).Moreover, the Dirty Dozen scale was better conceptualized as measured of a combined Machiavellianismpsychopathyfactor, not narcissism, that can be replaced with item 4: ‘I tend to exploit others towards my ownend’.

    Conclusion: The Dirty Dozen showed a consistent factor structure, a relatively convergent validity similar tothat found in earlier studies. Narcissism measured using the Dirty Dozen, however, did not contribute withinformation to the core constitution of the Dirty Dozen construct. More importantly, the results imply a SingleItem Dirty Dark Triad (SIDDT) measure of a manipulative and anti-social core as the content of the DirtyDozen scale.

  • 59.
    Risenfors, Signild
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Vara sig själv: identitetsformande bland ungdomar i gymnasieskolan2014In: Att förstå ungdomars identitetsskapande: en inspirations- och metodbok / [ed] Sorbring, E., Andersson, Å. & Molin, M., Stockholm: Liber, 2014, 1, p. 306-325Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Begreppet kontext används i detta kapitel både om skolan som plats och om det ideologiska sammanhang där ungdomarnas tal om att "vara sig själva" uttrycks. 

  • 60.
    Rodvik, Jana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Det går bra nu, jag har hittat en mening med livet igen: en kvalitativ studie om ensamkommande ungdomars integration i samhället2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien är uppbyggd och inspirerad utifrån det hermeneutiska perspektivet. Syftet med studien är att undersöka ensamkommande ungdomars upplevelser av hur deras integration i samhället ser ut, samt vad för olika copingstrategier ungdomarna använder sig av i de svårigheter och motgångar som kan möta dem under och efter deras asylprocess. Människor som flyr från sina hemländer på grund av till exempel krig är inte något nytt fenomen. Detta har förekommit tidigare och så länge oroligheter finns i olika länder kommer det troligen inte att stanna av den närmaste tiden. Ensamkommande ungdomar som kommit till Sverige för att söka asyl är en stor grupp och det sociala arbetet med att integrera dem pågår ständigt i samhället. Eftersom ungdomarna kan hamna i situationer som kan vara svåra att hantera så kan de i dessa situationer använda sig av olika copingstrategier. I studien har jag valt att intervjua afghanska pojkar, där fokus låg på att få reda på deras upplevelser utifrån en intervjuguide. Analysen av studien har genomförts med inspiration från den hermeneutiska cirkeln utifrån hur ungdomarna använder sig av copingstrategier. Tidigare forskning har även kopplats till min studie som har visat på likheter men även olikheter inom forskningen av ensamkommande ungdomar, forskningen som har använts kommer från både Sverige och några andra länder i Europa. Det framkommer i resultatet att ensamkommande ungdomar har liknade upplevelser av hur deras integration i samhället ser ut och vad de själva anser är problemområden som behöver ändras på. Det framkommer även att de använder liknande copingstrategier och att de är aktiva i att ständigt förändra sin situation till någonting bättre och att de trots motgångar och svårigheter ser ljust på framtiden.

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  • 61.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Avtryck som synliggör2018In: Venue : populärvetenskaplig tidskrift för forskning om skola och förskola, E-ISSN 2001-788X, Vol. Oktober, no 1, p. 1-4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Ensamarbetets dagar är till ända, för elevers och lärares skull. Fast vi är inte riktigt där än. I väntan på detta finns det anledning att uppmärksamma om och hur pedagogiskt förhållningssätt skiljer sig åt i ett kollegium.

  • 62.
    Seitl, Camilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Training for future professional practice: Students’ descriptions of elderly people in need of social services2023Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article shows how students in Swedish higher education are being trained for future social work (e.g., practitioners and professionals working in elderly care). Their training consists of carrying out a social service evaluation of the needs of the elderly. The students complete a written task that largely mimics the investigation process used by social services in their effort to provide aid. In this way an assessment of the students’ various abilities is carried out and the students’ formulations and descriptions of an older individual are revealing. The empirical material is based on students’ evaluations of cases (the cases are constructed by teachers). These are written within the framework of university courses in social work. The results show that students use categorizations based on their ideas about age and aging. The article problematizes and discusses whether the descriptions can be considered reasonable in relation to the decisions that are then proposed by the students, thus highlighting ageism. It also appears that the educational context, within which learning is designed, can be influenced and that higher education could consciously raise these issues in a relevant way.

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  • 63.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    et al.
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, USA.
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, USA.
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, China.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    University of Massachusetts at Amherst, USA.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, USA.
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, USA.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Kenya.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, USA.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Thailand.
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Colombia.
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Philippines.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemiste University, Jordan & Emirates College for Advanced Education, UAE.
    Bacchini, Dario
    University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy.
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Cross-national collaboration in the study of parenting and child adjustment2017In: Child-rearing: Practices, attitudes and cultural differences / [ed] Goetz Egloff, Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2017, p. 1-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 64.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Andersson, ÅsaUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.Molin, MartinUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att förstå ungdomars identitetsskapande: en inspirations- och metodbok2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bokens kapitel tar avstamp i en rad olika kontexter där ungdomars identitetsskapande sker och bygger på forskning utförd inom olika discipliner som belyser ungdomars lärande, utveckling och livsvillkor. I boken finns en rad exempel på ungdomars syn på skapandet av en identitet, liksom aktiverande övningar, forskarreportage och förslag på fördjupande läsning efter varje kapitel.Denna inspirations- och metodbok är användbar inom alla de utbildningsområden som behandlar frågor om ungdomar och identitet, t.ex. lärarutbildning, speciallärar- och specialpedagogprogram, socionom- och socialpedagogprogram samt kurser inom barn- och ungdomsvetenskap, psykologi och sociologi och olika metod- och examensarbeteskurser inom lärarprogrammen.

  • 65.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Andersson, Åsa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Att experimentera med sitt själv: internet och identitetsskapande2014In: Att förstå ungdomars identitetsskapande: en inspirations- och metodbok / [ed] Sorbring, E., Andersson, Å. & Molin, M., Stockholm: Liber, 2014, 1, p. 120-142Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet fokuserar på internet som en kontext för identitetsskapande där ungdomar tillåts experimentera med och kommunicera delar av sin identitet både i grupp och individuellt.

  • 66.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Eskilstuna, Sverige.
    Överlien, Carolina
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete, Sverige.
    Våld och kränkningar i ungas parrelationer2018In: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap: grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Johansson, Thomas & Sorbring, Emma, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 622-637Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 67.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Rothenburg, W. Andrew
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine's Mailman Center for Child Development, (USA).
    Four Domains Of Parenting In Sweden2021In: Parenting Across Cultures from Childhood to Adolescence: Development in Nine Countries / [ed] Jennifer E. Lansford, W. Andrew Rothenberg, Marc H. Bornstein, Routledge, 2021, p. 151-171Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on parenting in Sweden. Generally, Sweden is a country where young people are seen as equal in status to older family members. Swedish parents tend to view their task as parents to be a resource and always available. Child development is not regarded as something that has to be shaped or formed; instead, parents express the opinion that children are individuals, not to direct, but to support. The focus of the chapter is on change over time, from child’s age 7 to 16, in four major domains of parenting — warmth, behavioral control, rules/limit-setting, and knowledge solicitation regarding children’s activities and whereabouts — and whether there are differences in change over time in parenting as a function of parents’ age at the time of the child’s birth, parents’ education, or child gender.

  • 68.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Molin, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Löfgren-Mårtensson, Lotta
    Malmö Universitet, Malmö, Sverige.
    Att våga utan att falla.: Internet som en arena för delaktighet och relationer för unga med intellektuella funktionsnedsättningar2018In: Barnbladet, E-ISSN 0349-1994, no 3, p. 14-17Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Trots att forskning kring ungdomars delaktighetoch relationer på internet är ett växande område är det få studier som belyser särskoleungdomars förutsättningar. Ungdomar med intellektuella funktionsnedsättningar har ofta olika grad av språkliga och kommunikativa begränsningar som å ena sidan gör att värdet av nya sociala arenor kan vara stort, å andra sidan kan göra internetanvändande problematiskt i olika sammanhang. I den här artikeln tittar vi närmare på möjligheter och risker i relation till internet som uppmärksammas av ungdomar, föräldrar och professionella, samt reflekterar över hur ett visst mått av risktagande kan leda till positiva erfarenheter och positiv utveckling, så kallat"positivt risktagande".

  • 69.
    Stevanovic, Dejan
    et al.
    Department of Psychiatry, Clinic for Neurology and Psychiatry for Children and Youth, Belgrade (SRB).
    Damjanovic, Rade
    Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Education in Sombor, University of Novi Sad, Sombor (SRB).
    Jovic, Vladimir
    Department of Psychiatry, Clinic for Neurology and Psychiatry for Children and Youth, Belgrade (SRB).
    Bador, Kourosh
    AGERA KBT AB, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Nguyen, Hang Thi Minh
    Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Social Sciences and Humanities, VNU, Hanoi (VNM).
    Senhaji, Meftaha
    Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Avenue de Sebta, Mhannech II, Tetouan (MAR).
    Kuch-Cecconi, Rachael H.
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY (USA).
    Meszaros, Zsuzsa Szombathyne
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY (USA).
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Measurement properties of the life history of aggression in adolescents: Data from Morocco, Serbia, Sweden, Vietnam, and the USA.2022In: Psychiatry Research, ISSN 0165-1781, E-ISSN 1872-7123, Vol. 311, article id 114504Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Life History of Aggression (LHA) is a frequently used scale for assessing trait aggression, but its psychometric properties have not been evaluated among adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the LHA among high school students from Morocco, Serbia, Sweden, Vietnam, and the United States of America (USA). The total sample included 4867 adolescents, aged 15-19 years, from Morocco (n = 508), Serbia (n = 1067), Sweden (n = 1570), Vietnam (n = 1401), and the USA (n = 321). A two-factor, nine-item model containing an aggression factor (5 items) and a consequences/antisocial behavior factor (4 items) was created. The two-factor model had an acceptable-to-good model fit for the data for the total sample and all five countries, including gender. Cronbach's alpha (α) was satisfactory across countries. Still, the construct was noninvariant across countries and genders. The LHA with nine items in two subscales showed sound construct validity and internal consistency and can be used for group-level or within-group assessments of trait aggression in adolescents by either gender or country. However, it should not be used for cross-gender or cross-country comparisons due to a lack of measurement invariance.

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  • 70.
    Strandberg, Cornelia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Jonsson, Paula
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Upplevelser av att vara närstående till personer med alkoholberoende: EN LITTERATURSTUDIE2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    One of the western world´s foremost public health problems is alcohol addiction. There is no exactly definition of what alcohol addiction is, but the medical perspective of it as a disease dominate the picture of it. It´s not only the person with the alcohol addiction who is affected of it. Next of kin have to deal with physical and psychical problems and social alienation. The interaction goes both ways, between the alcohol addicted and the next of kin. It´s common for the next of kin to slip into codependency, to excuse the behavior and to take the blame for it.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study is to illustrate experiences of being next of kin to persons with alcohol addiction.

    Method:

    The bachelor´s thesis is a literature review based on both quantitative and qualitative research with a dominance of qualitative research. A total of thirty-one articles were selected out, where nine were analyzed.

    Result:

    The most experiences of being next of kin to a person with alcohol addiction are negative. The next of kin find their quality of life deteriorated in several areas because of the person with alcohol addiction. The surrounding can be both supporting and inhibiting. The result shows that an awakening can occur and that the next of kin can find quality in life and themselves again.

    Conclusion:

    To be a next of kin to an alcohol addicted person affects life negatively in many ways. The quality of life impairs with increased burden at home, on the economy and on parenting. The social environment can be supporting, but it can also give the next of kin the blame for the problematic alcohol consumption and the next of kin has to face shame and guilt. Despite the negative impact of the relatives, the next of kin regains life and identity.

    Knowledge of the next of kin´s experiences is meant to encourage professionals to pay attention to the negative effects of alcohol addiction in close relationships

  • 71.
    Svensson, Ylva
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Elevernas ”vi” i samband med en kommunalt styrd skolstängningsinsats2023In: Abstracts för Decemberkonferensen, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2023, p. 1-1Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under HT20 tog politiker i Trollhättan beslut om att stänga två grundskolor för att minska skolsegregationen och öka likvärdigheten för kommunens elever. Eleverna på stängande skolor anvisades plats på en av fem andra skolor och erbjöds skolskjuts. I ett samverkansprojekt med Utbildningsförvaltningen på Trollhättan stad, följdes processen och elevers och skolpersonals upplevelse av omorganisationen från det att beslutet togs till efter genomförandet.I denna session presenterar jag resultaten från en artikel om elevernas sociala identiteter, både de som bytt skola och de som inte bytt skola, i relation till skolstängningarna. Frågor som undersökts är: Vilka nya ”vi” skapas och hur förhandlas dessa fram, av vilka elever och om vilka elever? Efter presentationen diskuterar vi tillsammans resultatens betydelse och användning, hur skolor kan jobba för att undvika farorna med negativa, tillskrivna identiteter, samt aspekter av hur vi som forskare kan undersöka frågor om identitet utan att bidra till att tillskriva och kategorisera.

  • 72.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.(Medarbetarskap och Organisatorisk resiliens (FORE), Followership and Organizational Resilience).
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Kazemi, Ali
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande..
    Brukarorientering och nöjdhet i svensk äldreomsorg2016In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 93, no 1, p. 178-189Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 73.
    Torp, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    HR-medarbetares upplevelse av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön vid distansarbete under coronapandemin2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present qualitative study was to investigate HR-employees experience of the psychosocial work environment during the pandemic. Data collection was based on semi-structured interviews. Six HR employees in public administration participated in the study. The analysis of the material was done through a thematic analysis of data where the results were reported in the form of themes. Two main themes emerged: Impact on social functions and balance during the working day. The following sub-themes were found managers support/availability, communication with colleagues, digital channels, efficiency, recovery and timesaving/less stress. The conclusion of the study shows that the benefits of teleworking were the experience of working more efficiently and having more influence over managing one's time than before, which increased self-control. It has also led to more hours of sleep as travel time decreased. The disadvantages were lack of recovery as the naturally laid-off breaks fell away as well as the lack of social cohesion with colleagues. People are different, some experience telework as a freedom and others more as a restriction and isolation.

  • 74.
    Törnblom, Kjell Yngve
    et al.
    Lunds universitet, Lund (SWE).
    Kazemi, Ali
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Social Behavior As Resource Exchange: Explorations into the Societal Structures of the Mind2023Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book takes the reader on an exciting journey presenting the development of resource theory of social exchange originated from Uriel G. Foa and Edna B. Foa. This groundbreaking theory has inspired and generated a tremendous amount of basic and applied research in various disciplines of psychology, sociology, management, economics, marketing, and political science. This book, edited by Kjell Törnblom and Ali Kazemi, two prominent and leading scholars in this field, complements and deepens the Foas' pioneering work from 1974. Within these covers the reader will find an abbreviated version of the Foas' out-of-print original, which is increasingly referred to by current researchers, alongside new chapters on current issues, developments, and applications written by eleven scholars. The book has a simple and clear-cut message: resource theory is not an exercise in academic hair-splitting but has far-reaching societal implications in that it can provide interesting solutions to a wide range of social issues.

  • 75.
    von Brömssen, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Negotiating religion in civic orientation courses in Sweden2023Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 76.
    von Brömssen, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Young Students' Memories and Reflections on the July 22, 2011 Terror Attacks in Norway2018In: Values, Human Rights and Religious Education: Contested Grounds / [ed] J. Astley, L. J. Francis & D. W. Lankshear, Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2018, p. 217-234Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 77.
    von Brömssen, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Young students memory and reflections on the 22/7, 2011 terror attacks in Norway2016In: The 2nd Biennial JustEd Conference: a pre-conference to the 44th NERA congress 'Social Justice, Equality and Solidarity in Education', Abstract-book, Helsinki: University of Helsinki , 2016, p. 2-3Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Right before the critical events in Oslo and on Utøya in Norway 22/7, 2011 Anders Behring Breivik electronically distributed a compendium comprising his far-right militant ideology encompassing Islamophobia, support for far-right Zionism and opposition to multiculturalism and feminism. The text can be found on the Internet, as well as thousands of others texts profiling the same right-wing ideology. Hence some researchers talk about “the dark Internet”. This paper discusses findings based on focus-groups interviews with young people (age 18-23) in Sweden and Norway. Focus of the interviews are on the remembrance of the terror attacks, but also with a special focus on the young peoples’ knowledge and possible reactions when confronting messages like those Anders B Breivik expressed. Where do young people meet such messages today and how do they react when meeting them? Moreover, do the young people remember teaching and discussions in school concerning the terror attacks in Norway, and ultimately teaching concerning Islamophobia and right-wing contemporary ideologies? This research will have implications for understanding young peoples’ reflections on the use of the Internet and on education in a broad sense concerning right wing ideologies in the Nordic society. 

  • 78.
    von Brömssen, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Young students memory and reflections on the 22/7 terror attacks in Norway2016In: ISREV- International Seminar on Religious Education and Values: Values, Human Rights and Religious Education, 2016, p. -9, 67Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Right before the critical events in Oslo and on Utøya in Norway 22/7, Anders Behring Breivik electronically distributed a compendium comprising his far-right militant ideology encompassing Islamophobia, support for far-right Zionism and opposition to multiculturalism and feminism. The text can be found on the Internet, as well as thousands of others texts profiling the same right-wing ideology. Hence some researchers talk about "the dark Internet". This paper discusses findings based on focus-groups interviews with young people (age 18-23) in Sweden, Norway and Finland. Focus of the interviews are on the remembrance of the terror attacks, but also with a special focus on the young peoples' knowledge and possible reactions when confronting messages like those Anders B Breivik expressed. Where do young people meet such messages and how do they react when meeting them? Moreover, do the young people remember teaching and discussions in school concerning the terror attacks in Norway, Islamophobia and right-wing contemporary ideologies? This research will have implications for understanding young peoples' reflections on the use of the Internet and on education in a broad sense concerning right wing ideologies.

  • 79.
    von Brömssen, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Young students memory and reflections on the 22/7 terror attacks in Norway2016In: Nordic Youth Research Symposium: Youth Moves – Voices – Spaces – Subjectivities, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016, p. 137-137Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Young students memory and reflections on the 22/7 terror attacks in Norway Right before the critical events in Oslo and on Utøya in Norway 22/7, 2011, Anders Behring Breivik electronically distributed a compendium comprising his far-right militant ideology encompassing Islamophobia, support for far-right Zionism and opposition to multiculturalism and feminism. The text can be found on the Internet, as well as thousands of others texts profiling the same right-wing ideology. Hence some researchers talk about the dark Internet . This paper discusses findings based on focus-groups interviews with young people (age 18-23) in Sweden, Norway and Finland. Focus of the interviews are on the remembrance of the terror attacks, but also with a special focus on the young peoples knowledge and possible reactions when confronting messages like those AndersB Breivik expressed. Where do young people meet such messages and how do they react when meeting them? Moreover, do the young people remember teaching and discussions in school concerning the terror attacks in Norway, Islamophobia and right-wing contemporary ideologies? This research will have implications for understanding young peoples reflections on the use of the Internet and on education in a broad sense concerning right wing ideologies.

  • 80.
    Warg, Kristina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Olsen, Stephen
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Stegberg, Tomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    @Itudes: A study concerning the connection between attitudes and ICT usage.2000In: Proceedings of the 23rd Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, IRIS 23 Doing IT together / [ed] Svensson Lars, Snis Ulrika, Sørensen Carsten, Fägerlind Hannah, Lindroth Tomas, Magnusson Maria and Östlund Christian, 2000, p. 1137-1148Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What are the factors that could influence an individual’s attitudes towards computers and

    Internet? Our study tries to give some possible answers to this question. The aim of this

    study was to see if there were any connections between the individual’s degree of usage

    of computers/Internet and attitudes towards the same. Furthermore we wanted to examine

    if there were any differences between men and women’s attitudes towards computers and

    the Internet as well as if there were any differences in their degree of usage. We also

    wanted to examine if there were any differences between individual’s from different

    socio-economic backgrounds regarding their attitudes. The study included 270 members

    of a non-governmental organisation. The results showed a connection between an

    individual’s attitudes toward computers/Internet and degree of usage. We also found a

    connection between socio-economic background and his or her attitudes toward

    computers. We did not however find any differences between men and women’s attitudes

    and degree of usage of computers and the Internet.

     

  • 81.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Inkludering och lärande: Erfarenheter ochbetraktelser utifrån uppbyggnaden och utvecklingen av ett socialpedagogiskt arbetssätt på Agnesbergs folkhögskola i Göteborg2014Book (Other academic)
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