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  • 51.
    Korp, Peter
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health.
    Hälsopromotion: en sociologisk studie av hälsofrämjandets institutionalisering2003Report (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Kravchenko, Zhanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Huddinge (SWE).
    Kings, Lisa
    Södertörn University, Huddinge (SWE).
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Urban Planing and Development.
    Introduction2022In: Resourceful Civil Society: Navigating the Changing Landscapes of Civil Society Organizations / [ed] Abrahamsson, K., Jansson, P-O. & Åkesson, T., Springer Publishing Company, 2022, p. 1-34Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 53.
    Kravchenko, Zhanna
    et al.
    Södertörn University (SWE).
    Kings, LisaSödertörn University (SWE).Jezierska, KatarzynaUniversity West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Urban Planing and Development.
    Resourceful civil society: navigating the changing landscapes of civil society organizations2022Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This open access book examines how civil society organizations in Poland, Russia, and Sweden (re)act to transformations of opportunities and limitations in access to various forms of resources. The volume’s contributions discuss the constraints associated with different types of resources as well as organizations’ capacities to generate resources—or compensate for their lack—as they negotiate and contest barriers. The resourcefulness of civil society is revealed to be rooted in a variety of capabilities: converting resources, eliciting organizational change, and metamorphosing in response to organizational and environmental development. ​

  • 54.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    et al.
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, Durham (USA).
    Zietz, Susannah
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, Durham (USA).
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Department of Special Education, Hashemite University, Zarqa (JOR).
    Bacchini, Dario
    Department of Humanistic Studies, University of Naples “Federico II”,Naples (ITA).
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda (USA);UNICEF, New York (USA); Institute for Fiscal Studies, London (GBR) .
    Chang, Lei
    Department of Psychology, University of Macau, Macau (CHN).
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst (USA).
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Department of Psychology, Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, Rome (ITA).
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, Durham (USA).
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Liu, Qin
    Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health and Management, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing (USA).
    Long, Qian
    Global Health Research Center, Duke Kunshan University, Kunshan (CHN).
    Oburu, Paul
    Department of Psychology, Maseno University, Maseno (KEN).
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Department of Psychology, Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, Rome (ITA).
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, Durham (USA).
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Peace Culture Foundation, Chiang Mai (THA).
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia (USA);Department of Psychology, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah (SAU) .
    Tirado, Liliana Mariana Uribe
    Department of Psychology, Universidad de San Buenaventura, Medellín (COL).
    Yotanyamaneewong, Saengduean
    Department of Psychology, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai (THA).
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Department of Psychology, Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City (PHL).
    Culture and social change in mothers' and fathers' individualism, collectivism and parenting attitudes2021In: Social Sciences, E-ISSN 2076-0760, Vol. 10, no 12, article id 459Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cultures and families are not static over time but evolve in response to social transformations, such as changing gender roles, urbanization, globalization, and technology uptake. Historically, individualism and collectivism have been widely used heuristics guiding cross-cultural comparisons, yet these orientations may evolve over time, and individuals within cultures and cultures themselves can have both individualist and collectivist orientations. Historical shifts in parents' attitudes also have occurred within families in several cultures. As a way of understanding mothers' and fathers' individualism, collectivism, and parenting attitudes at this point in history, we examined parents in nine countries that varied widely in country-level individualism rankings. Data included mothers' and fathers' reports (N = 1338 families) at three time points in China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States. More variance was accounted for by within-culture than between-culture factors for parents' individualism, collectivism, progressive parenting attitudes, and authoritarian parenting attitudes, which were predicted by a range of sociodemographic factors that were largely similar for mothers and fathers and across cultural groups. Social changes from the 20th to the 21st century may have contributed to some of the similarities between mothers and fathers and across the nine countries.

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    MDPI
  • 55.
    Lindelöw, Joanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Larsson, Amanda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Att lite hår kan väcka så starka känslor: En kvalitativ studie kring kvinnors kroppsbehåring2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 56.
    Ljung, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ethical Conceptions of Young People in Different Work Areas2002In: International Sociological Association, 2002Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Transition to a post-industrial society has implied great changes, including partial dissolution of existing value systems and of btraditional unitary conceptions regarding work, identity, rationality, truth and morality. Increased globalization, faster communication and, not least, greater mobility between different nations and cultures have caused changes of traditional value systems. Many people today, especially young people, experience difficulty defining moral questions and values which they find complicated and hard to agree on. However, interest in moral and ethical questions has not diminished. On the contrary, as traditional basic moral values have begun to dissolve, people are becoming forced to reflect upon their own personal responsibility to other people and how society is actually functioning on an ethical plane. Research today shows that new patterns of working life with increased flexibility, but also accompanying stress and uncertainty are a consequence of deep structural changes. This has consequences for human identity, which is exposed to fragmentation and disconnectedness. The ethic dimension of the human character is expressed by loyalty, trust and mutual interaction, which are not easy to maintain today in working life. The changes affecting working life can also be noticed in other social areas - school, family and social interaction as a whole. A resulting powerlessness and marginalization from traditional support systems characterizes the social situation of many young people. The present study investigates how young people in western Sweden reason, think and act based on their conception of the world of morality. Young people from different work areas are being interviewed - from industry, a computer company, health care and adult education. Relevant concepts are authority, self-respect, deviation, trust, strength-weakness, solidarity and compassion.

  • 57.
    Ljung, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Function Based Manning and Aspects of Flexibility2010In: WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs (JoMA), ISSN 1651-436X, E-ISSN 1654-1642, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 121-133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the article is to examine the concept of flexibility from a shipping perspective. Flexibility is examined in order to develop strategies, theoretical and applicable, in the field of Function Based Manning (FBM), for achieving optimized manning, which is not the same as reduced manning, with a healthy crew. This is a complex concept in many aspects. Based on research on working life and work organizations conducted by social scientists, two aspects of flexibility are examined; functional flexibility including job enrichment and competence training, and working time flexibility. These issues are analyzed from a shipping perspective. The concept is double-edged in the sense that it entails both having flexibility and being flexible. Does flexibility only serve the interests of the employer? Or, do workers also benefit from flexibility? By combining these two aspects of flexibility, a win-win situation benefiting both employers and employees can be achieved. This article highlights and discusses strategies intended to promote the implementation of amodel of optimized manning.

  • 58.
    Ljung, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lützhöft, Margareta
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Shipping and Marine Technology, .
    Functions, performances and perceptions of work on ships2014In: WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs (JoMA), ISSN 1651-436X, E-ISSN 1654-1642, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 231-250Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The demands for greater efficiency and increased profitability in shipping have increased with hardened competition. In recent years major reductions in manning have been made. When the STCW Convention was revised in 1995, this led to changes in terms of the organization of work on board. By using a functional approach, it became possible to handle current demands that all tasks on board are founded on competency-based skills. This article reports the results from an investigation of work functions performed on board ships. The aim was to investigate how these functions are performed today and how marine officers perceived this. Main questions were as follows: How do officers handle the working situation with a reduced crew? Which job functions do they have and how are these performed? How do officers experience the work situation on board? Field studies, involving participant observation and interviews on various types of vessels were conducted and issues were illuminated and analyzed from a socio-technical perspective. The results revealed some specific areas. Reduced crews highlight the need for the right kind of knowledgeable people. Not everyone can be good at everything, maybe not even within their own profession. The predominating issue is about the increased administrative work and the lack of skills development. A continuous professional development should be part of the work and a planned activity. Vessel crews are trying to create flexible solutions for performing the work on board. They are doing this in various ways, depending on the number of the crew, the leadership and the specific vessel culture.

  • 59.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sauer, Lennart
    Umea University, Sweden.
    Ineland, Jens
    Umea University, Sweden.
    Handle with Care: Staff Experiences of Difficulties working with People with Intellectual Disabilities2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Providing care and support to people with intellectual disabilities (ID) is in several aspects a complex and challenging assignment. It could be argued that this complexity has fundamentally to do with different organizational conditions. Analysing the specfiic characteristics of experienced difficulties could generate a new understanding of the organizational prerequisites of working within intellectual disability services. This presentation examines how LSS administrators (n=70) and habilitation staff (n=40) in Sweden experience difficulties working with people with ID. Drawing upon both quantitative and qualitative data generated from a larger web survey a content analysis was used. In order to complement the qualitative analyses we also used descriptive numerical analyses. The results reveals that staff experiences of difficulties in work with people with ID could be differentiated in four typological themes; (1) Structure, (2) Profession, (3) Relations and (4) Collaboration. As shown in our presentation, experience of difficult situations in human service organizations does not necessarily correspond with work dissatisfaction or unclear goals. On the contrary, we argue that it is a fundamental aspect of professionalism to handle this plurality within a specific organizational context. The different characteristics of the organizations in our study reflect two different institutional logics. While the LSS administrators mainly operates within an administrative logic based on a regulative framework, the habilitation staff are operating within a therapeutic logic based on a cognitive framework. Consequently they have their own specific norms and rule systems, which influence when and to which extent everyday situations are experience and defined as difficult.

  • 60.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Löfgren- Mårtenson, Lotta
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Risks and opportunities in new emancipatory landscapes?: On young people with intellectual disabilities, Internet use and identification processes2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although research on young peoples identity formation processes on the Internet is a growing field, there are few studies that illustrate conditions for pupils with intellectual disabilities (ID). Recent Scandinavian studies have indicated that there is a new generation of young people with ID who has developed alternative ways of relating to issues of participation and identity. It's about how they choose to present themselves and how they navigate the various social media. By presenting themselves through descriptions of their own interests and personal characteristics instead of exposing the disability so-called alternative identities can be developed, where disability is not necessarily put in focus. Young people with ID often have different degrees of communicative constraints, which on the one hand implicates that the value of new social arenas can be of great importance. On the other hand, the use of the Internet could also be problematic in different contexts. An on-going Swedish research project aims to investigate these processes based on the perspectives of young people with ID, school staff and parents. In a pilot study based on focus group interviews we found that professionals (teachers, n=8) expressed a concern that young people will get hurt and end up in undesirable situations (such as being cheated or abused), while parents (n=5) mainly consider the Internet as a possible future venue for the development of new and on-going social relations. This paper presentation will report preliminary findings from interviews conducted with young people in upper secondary special programme for pupils with ID (n=30). The experiences of the informants will be discussed in relation to results from the pilot study and relative to a conceptual framework of social identity,participation and emancipation.

  • 61.
    Nehls, Eddy
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Åsa Bengtsson: Nyktra kvinnor: Folkbildare, företagare och politiska aktörer: Vita Bandet 1890-1930. Makadam förlag, Göteborg/Stockholm 2012. 380s, ill. English summary. ISBN 978-91-7061-092-9.2013In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, no 2, p. 99-101Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Norlander, Ludvig
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Den stolte bilbyggaren: En studie om lönearbetets betydelse för delaktighet och identitet2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find, understand and discuss the experiences of former employees at SAAB, and present how this can be understood according to my core theoretical concepts, which are participation and identity. The questions asked in the study are based on how the labor is described, characterized and what comes forth as valuable, which is compared to absence of labor work.

    First, labor is described in an historical and social context, and at the same time related to the core theoretical concept. Second, the methodology chapter is presented, which mainly consists of 11 observations and 10 interviews. Third, the chapter regarding former theory leads to an analysis model, which is used on the empirical material of the study.

    The result shows that labor work at SAAB primarily is described as important for socializing, security and the possibility to be independent. The tasks at SAAB are described as backbreaking and monotonous, while the lack of labor work influences the physical and mental wellbeing. Unemployment also contributes to limitations in everyday life, and in addition, creates negative feelings and experiences due to lack of control in a new and changed world.

    In summary, the empirical and theoretical analysis taken together leads to the conclusion that labor work at SAAB is substantially described as positive, but there are however, parts which are less positive. Another conclusion is that lack of labor work primarily can be described as negative, but the opposite is also discernible. A third conclusion is that labor work is important for the understanding of participation and identity.

    When using the theoretical analysis model on the results given in the empirical material, three participation- and identity patterns can be found. These are then contextual and temporal, due to time and situation; the stabile and secure pattern, the loose and temporary pattern and the compensating and regenerative pattern.

    At the end of the essay there is an overall and concluding discussion regarding the findings in relation to context and society and which significance this may have on social pedagogy and its practice. Finally there is a brief section with reflections regarding the conducted study and perspectives on research to come.

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  • 63.
    Pajalic, Zada
    et al.
    VID Specialized University, Faculty of Health Sciences Research Group Sustainable Healthcare and Welfare Technology (SHWT), Oslo (NOR).
    Saplacan, Diana
    Department of Informatics, University of Oslo, Oslo (NOR).
    Areskoug Josefsson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Wallin Moen, Helga
    VID Specialized University, Faculty of Health Sciences Research Group Sustainable Healthcare and Welfare Technology (SHWT), Oslo (NOR).
    Naustdal, Iril
    VID Specialized University, Faculty of Health Sciences Research Group Sustainable Healthcare and Welfare Technology (SHWT), Oslo (NOR).
    Wesseltoft-Rao, Nima
    VID Specialized University, Faculty of Health Sciences Research Group Sustainable Healthcare and Welfare Technology (SHWT), Oslo (NOR).
    Alazraq, Nadia
    VID Specialized University, Faculty of Health Sciences Research Group Sustainable Healthcare and Welfare Technology (SHWT), Oslo (NOR).
    Kulla, Gunilla
    Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Forde (NOR).
    Princeton, Daisy
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing Science, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo (NOR).
    Langhammer, Birgitta
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation Science and Health Technology, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo (NOR).
    Tecirli, Gülcan
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Health Services and Management, Ankara University (TUR).
    Kisa, Sezer
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing Science, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo (NOR).
    What are the disadvantages of having a foreign background as a female academic and working at a university in Europe?2023In: Social Sciences & Humanities Open, ISSN 2590-2911, Vol. 8, no 1, article id 100551Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main goal of this project was to explore foreign female academics’ experiences working at universities in Europe. The Bologna Declaration has enabled the cross-border exchange of academic staff within Europe. Female academics represent an essential and steadily growing group within academia; they are occupying desirable academic positions at unprecedented rates. For women, building their teaching and scientific career at another university is associated with both privileges and challenges. The main goal of this project was to explore foreign female academics’ experiences working at universities in Europe. Methodology, this study had a qualitative design. Twelve female academics with a foreign background participated in the study. Data were collected via a digital workshop and analysed using the story dialogue method. The results show that the participants have faced daily challenges in the form of discrimination, bullying, and injustice regarding their personal, pedagogical, and research skills. All participants emphasized the importance of a structured introduction to a new country and university with a designated mentor. To retain female foreign academics who are an important scientific resource European universities, as employers, must develop and implement clear guidelines for a good, welcoming working environment.

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  • 64.
    Paravlic, Emilija
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Rådén, Sara
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Den “goda” modern: osjälvisk, närvarande och vacker?: En studie om hur sociala medier genom konstruktionen av den ”goda” modern upplevs av förstföderskor2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, over two and a half billion people use social media. Social media are taking an increasingly large place in an individual's everyday life, which thus makes it interesting to see how this is related to people's actions from a sociological perspective. We found it interesting to see how social media relates to the social construction of the ideal mother. Through Mead and his theory of significant symbols and the generalized other, the study aims to investigate how first-time mothers reflect on their new role as new mothers via social media. To collect the study's data material, semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven first-time mothers aged 25–40, all of whom were users of social media. Through a thematic analysis of the empirical material, three main themes were formed as a result of social media, awareness, and belonging. The results show that mothers via social media are reflexive in their role as mothers, mainly because they take on the same attitudes as other mothers on social media.

  • 65.
    Persson, Anders
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ljung, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Säkerhet och intendentur på passagerarfärjor: en dokument- och litteraturstudie2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to fatal accidents in the last three decades the safety of passenger ferries has been of central concern for ship owners and regulating authorities. New technology, regulations and education to improve the construction of ships and the capability of the crews to act in critical situations have been implemented. In this report we focus how one special category of personnel, the service staff, is integrated in the safety organisation and culture on board passenger ferries. We do this by study in gresearch literature and a variety of documents issued by regulating authorities on the subject. An internet-based discussion among seafarers about who is considered to be a "real seafarer" is also analysed. Another topic discussed in the report is the everyday working conditions for the servicestaff and its impact on their health. By analysing statistical data it is shown that work-related accidents and sickness are far more common among this category compared to other seafarers. The main conclusion in the report is that research on and interest in the role of the service staff in the safety organisation and culture of passenger ferries is underdeveloped and weak. Traditional strong hierarchies among seafarers and seafarers' and other relevant actors' views on who is considered tobe a "real seafarer" may to some extent explain this situation. More research and more efforts to integrate this category in the concrete work to improve safety are therefore needed.

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  • 66.
    Prins, Cecilia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Anshelm, Katarina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Kvinnor om karriären: En kvalitativ studie om kvinnors upplevelser av möjligheter att göra karriär inom en mansdominerad bransch2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 67.
    Rancken Lutz, Ylva
    et al.
    Folkhälsan Research Centre, Helsinki, Finland.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Lindström, Bengt
    Folkhälsan Research Centre, Helsinki, Finland.
    First-time parents' appropriation of online and urban health promoting social spaces.2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Social support is considered to be a crucial health-enhancing facator for first-time parents. Becoming a parent is an interruption in lifestyle (life stressor) and in daily routines and practices when priority has to be given to a small child's needs. Furthermore, parents in western cities today are faced with new urbanized patterns of living, including fewer accessible social support networks, a "do-it-yourself" reality, a "reduced-place-dependency" and an inner-city life which is becoming increasingly commercialized. Parents, fathers as well as mothers, are in need of "settings" - as meeting places for both spontaneous and more planned get-togethers with friends. Aim: Explore which urban and digital social arenas first-time urban parents need and use and how they form, maintain, perceive and combine these arenas as a health-promoting settings. Focus will be on places/settings whre parents find social support and parental resources. Underlying theories: The theoretical frameworks developed by Aaron Antonovsky, Pierre Bourdieu, Alfred Schutz and Henri Lefebvre will be used. Method: A participatory and exploratory qualitative study design will be adopted and data gathered through group interviews, walk-abouts, key-informant interviews, on-line group interviews and observations. Context: Respondents recruited among Swedish-speaking parents in Finland and parents in Gothenburg, Sweden. Outcomes: This paper presents preliminary findings of the ongoing study. My plan is to publish the findings in internationel journals as a part of my doctoral thesis. The results will be useful in planning healthy living environments.

  • 68.
    Raoof, Dawan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Thorén, Petra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Naturgiven ordning eller ideologisk konstruktion?: Ett försök till dekonstruktion av det liberal–kapitalitiska systemet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The capitalistic organization of the economic system and the liberal democratic representative form of government has in recent decades become so cemented and "objectified" that this ideological construction in many ways no longer is regarded as a product of the human mind, but presented more or less as a natural given totality. The dogma that humanity no longer can hope for something better than the liberal-capitalistic institutional arrangement - with the individual economic subject´s free disposal of private property, free competition, economic growth, free capital movement, and an indirect and representative government - has become an accepted fact in the public discussion. In this essay, we assume that the liberal-capitalistic worldview, like all other worldviews, is a cognitive structure.

    Our purpose is to try to deconstruct the liberal-capitalistic worldview by using Thomas Kuhn´s paradigm theory and our ambition is that we can be able to discover the historical and social background to the current paradigm. Our aim in this present work is to highlight how the ideologically oriented liberal community through various mechanisms and modifications has defended and preserved the paradigm´s legitimacy and the continuity of this worldview. The theoretical and methodological framework of this essay is guided by the concepts, which are represented in Thomas Kuhn's theory of paradigm.

    In this essay, we argue that the term “progressive” who expressed an optimistic belief in a brighter future, which was made possible by the accumulation of new knowledge and scientific innovation, has played a crucial role in the liberal community's understanding of its own paradigm. By linking their world with the "objective" notion of progress, the liberal community managed to transform their ideological construct as a "natural given and universal frame of reference" from which more and more social relations collected its legitimacy and "objectivity". The liberal community has successfully assimilated various anomalies and irregularities into the expected in their own paradigm by forcing their understanding of the world within the context of their own worldview. The social formations that have arisen as a result of assimilations attempts, has aimed to counteract the upraise and return of serious anomalies, but they have just as much intended to limit the entry of the masses and its influence on the political scene. 

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  • 69.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Eastern Finland,Joensuu, Finland.
    Adamson, GöranUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Kejsarens nya kläder: om New Public Management och de svenska universitetens sönderfall2018Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 70.
    Robertson, Felicia
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science, P.O. Box 711, SE 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Jagers, Sverker C.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Political Science, P.O. Box 711, SE 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rönnerstrand, Björn
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Managing sustainable use of antibiotics: the role of trust2018In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 1, article id 143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Human overuse of antibiotics is the main driver of antibiotic resistance. Thus, more knowledge about factors that promote sustainable antibiotic use is urgently needed. Based upon findings from the management of other sustainability and collective action dilemmas, we hypothesize that interpersonal trust is crucial for people’s propensity to cooperate for the common objective. The aim of this article is to further our understanding of people’s antibiotic consumption by investigating if individuals’ willingness to voluntarily abstain from antibiotic use is linked to interpersonal trust. To fulfill the aim, we implement two empirical investigations. In the first part, we use cross-section survey data to investigate the link between interpersonal trust and willingness to abstain from using antibiotics. The second part is based on a survey experiment in which we study the indirect effect of trust on willingness to abstain from using antibiotics by experimentally manipulating the proclaimed trustworthiness of other people to abstain from antibiotics. We find that interpersonal trust is linked to abstemiousness, also when controlling for potential confounders. The survey experiment demonstrates that trustworthiness stimulates individuals to abstain from using antibiotics. In conclusion, trust is an important asset for preserving effective antibiotics for future generations, as well as for reaching many of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals. © 2018 by the authors.

  • 71.
    Romo, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Diskurser kring begreppet hållbar utveckling: En kvalitativ studie bland lärare och elever i gymnasieskolan2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is, through qualitative interviews and focus group interviews to examine how the notion sustainable development is construed by teachers and pupils in upper secondary schools. What environmental policy discourses can be discerned in the different interpretations of the concept of sustainable development? and Is there a dissonance between teachers and pupils way to talk about and understand the notion sustainable development? These are the questions that are asked in this study. To answer the questions, the critical discourse analysis has been used as a method and the notion sustainable development as a theoretical framework. Sustainable development refers not to any accomplishment, still less to a precise set of structures and measurements to achieve collectively desirable outcomes. Rather, it’s a discourse. The results showed that upper secondary school teachers and pupils have diverse ideas about sustainable development which appears through different environmental discourses. Based on my results, I conclude that expectations of pupils from the teacher´s side could affect the pupil´s reasoning regarding sustainable development during education. This is because the teachers believe that the pupils have other way to perceive and talk about the notion sustainable development then what the students actually have.

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  • 72.
    Sauer, Lennart
    et al.
    Umea University, Sweden.
    Molin, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ineland, Jens
    Umea University, Sweden.
    Sources of job satisfaction among professionals in intellectual disability services2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation explores sources of job satisfaction among human service professionals working with people with intellectual disabilities. We also explore in what way the organizational context influence these experiences. The data is generated from a larger web survey. A questionnaire was distributed to 640 participants of which 421 answered a standardized question, which yield a response rate on 67 % and 335 respondents answered an open-ended question (52 %), which generated a total of 547 written excerpts. Drawing upon both quantitative and qualitative data a content analysis was used. In order to complement the qualitative analyses descriptive numerical analyses was used. Even though the data shows that the respondents experience heavy work load and psychological strains the vast majority report high ratings on work satisfaction. We argue that it is a fundamental aspect of professionalism to handle this plurality within a specic organizational context. The content analysis revealed that sources of job satisfaction irrespective of organization, is categorized in five different core categories; target group, social rewards, social relations, professional core mission and results/outcomes. We also present and analyze organizational differences in relations to how the response rates are distributed between the five categories.

  • 73.
    Souliman, Sarah
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Abunaser, Husein
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Personer med invandrarbakgrund på den svenska arbetsmarknaden: En kvalitativ empirisk studie som undersöker hur personer med invandrarbakgrund etablerar sig på den svenska arbetsmarknaden.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Integration is one of the most important challenges for newcomers to Sweden and social capital and social networks play an important role in helping to enter the labor market. The purpose of the thesis is to investigate how people with an immigrant background experience the importance of social capital for their establishment in the labor market. The study asks the following questions: How did the informants go about establishing themselves in the Swedish labor market? To what extent have the informants had access to social capital when applying for work and if so, what characterized this capital? What significance do the informants attribute to social capital as a way into the Swedish labor market? To answer the questions, social capital theory was used and in the method section the reader can see that the study is based on a qualitative method where the empirical data consists of eight interviews with people with an immigrant background who have established themselves in the Swedish labor market. The main results we obtained according to our empirical study have shown that it is important for the new arrivals to have social contacts that contribute to good knowledge of the Swedish language, which increases the chance of entering the labor market and establishing themselves. This is made possible by the new arrivals having the opportunity to complete a three-month internship or try to get more relationships from the school.

  • 74.
    Spångmyr, Marie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Nyman, Michaela
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Huvudmannaskap för allmän plats: Fördelning av huvudmannaskap och kommunernas redovisning av särskilda skäl2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When the new Planning and Building Act (hereinafter PBL) was introduced in May 2011, it became possible for the municipalities to combine municipal and private mandatorship, so-called shared mandatorship, within the same detailed development plan. However, the municipalities must, as a basic rule, be responsible for public spaces within the detaileddevelopment plan. To be able to renounce responsibility, they must present special reasons. In January 2015, further provisions were introduced in the PBL, which meant that the cadastral authority will now provide advice in both the consultation and review phase of detailed development plans, including questions concerning mandatorship in detailed development plans.The main purpose of this study is, in the light of the above-mentioned legal provisions, to study how the municipalities manage mandatorship within the detailed development plan and what special reasons they account for a private or shared mandatorship. In addition to the main purpose, the study also intends to study whether there have been any changes after previous studies. A quantitative method was used to map the distribution of mandatorship and a legal dogmatic method to gain an understanding of current law concerning special reasons. In the examination of the municipalities accounted special reasons a qualitative content analysis was used. A total of 1880 detailed development plans from Västra Götaland, Skåne and Stockholm counties were studied, of which 1347 detailed development plans contained public space. It was found that 89 % were established with municipal mandatorship, 9 % with private mandatorship and 2 % with shared mandatorship. When there was a shared mandatorship, the municipality is usually responsible for walk and bicycle roads, nature, streets and main streets while the individuals are responsible for smaller nature- and park areas as well as local streets. Private or shared mandatorship appeared in 142 detailed development plans, of which 280 special reasons were accounted. For the municipalities accounted reasons only 50% are judged to be legal, 41 % illegal, while 9 % of the detailed development plans did not account any special reasons. In comparison with previous studies, the results indicate that municipal mandatorship is applied to a greater extent today and that accounting for special reasons and the proportion of legal special reasons has increased. Surprisingly, however, non-legal reasons are reported to the same extent as before.

  • 75.
    Sunnemark, Fredrik
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Urban Planing and Development.
    Assmo, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Urban Planing and Development.
    Jacobs, Henri
    Central University of Technology, Free State (ZAF).
    Co-creating Work Integrated Learning Approaches through International Partnership: Collaborative Education & Research for Societal Development2022In: International Conference on Work Integrated Learning: Abstract Book, Trollhättan: University West , 2022, p. 48-49Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores and analyse the evolvement and outcome of formal international partnership between University West (UW) in Sweden and Central University of Technology (CUT), South Africa. The collaboration was initiated in 2017, based on a mutual interest in the field of Work Integrated Learning (WIL). The differences in the universities' views, policies and strategies of WIL in research and education was seen as a strength, where the universities, through international collaboration, could learn from each other to foster further knowledge, skills and practices to develop the field of WIL in higher education and research.This study explores how an international university partnership aims to develop and integrate WIL a research and education approach to enhance societal development. The paper introduces a conceptual framework focusing on views and policies of internationalisation, connected to views and perspectives of WIL. The paper thereafter explores and analyse how an international collaboration is used to enhance and improve the different forms and approaches of WIL at the respective university.

    UW and CUT comes with different history, perspectives, and strategies of WIL. The institutions recognised different strength, weaknesses and focus of WIL, which was seen as an important starting point and cornerstone for a partnership to learn from each other, and jointly develop WIL in higher education and research. In connection, the partnership aimed to further develop WIL as a new academic field, focusing on applied research approaches and strategies, together with and for societal actors, adress real societal challenges.

    The partnership has been instrumental in creating opportunities to discuss and analyse the concept and application of various forms of WIL that through a close collaboration strives to overcome challenges and provide opportunities for development to the benefit of society at large. In short, the partnership has sparked various developments of WIL in higher education and research, including PhD student from CUT to be enrolled in the WIL doctoral at UW. Collaboration through an international master’s program me in WIL, will enable students from CUT and UW to study together. Through networks with industry and organisations in the respective country, internship placements is another WIL component being planned for undergraduate- and postgraduate students from both universities. Researcher from UW and CUT has initiated several research ventures and are co -publishing research outputs with a distinct WIL profile. In all, the collaborative partnership has enhanced the integration and development of, from local to international level, improving the outcome for students, researchers, and society. The partnership includes several important components, with definite possibilities for further development.Students from CUT are enrolled in the doctoral programme in WIL at UW, providing relevant WIL research and PhD staff in WIL at CUT. This helps to make inroads into establishing WIL as an independent research field of its own in the South African context and to possibly further international networks. It also helps to deve lop WIL as a research field at UW by adding South African perspectives and experiences.

    The collaboration of the master's programme in WIL, offered by UW, will enable students from CUT to apply and enrol in a post-graduate WIL education and degree, without moving across the globe, hence providing a more inclusive approach to higher education, connected to the local society. Also here, WIL can be further developed by international experiences adding perspectives to both the Swedish and South African context. This both as an educational philosophy and structure as well as a field of study. Internships that are local in practice have the possibility of being global in scope through being part of an extended network, and thereby develop ways of studying WIL-processes that further strengthens WIL as an independent field of study.

    Under- and postgraduate students from UW can, through the established formal structure at CUT, conduct internship placements in South Africa. A long-term sustainable collaboration between the institutions creates a foundation for opening for work and practice placement for students from all faculties, wanting to further their study period with international experiences and learning in and from working life in another context than their usual.

    Researchers from UW and CUT has initiated several research ventures and are co-publishing research outputs with a distinct WIL profile. By connecting this to extended personal and professional research networks, the independent field of study can be further stabilised, and not least grow in the South African context.

    The collaboration has also strengthened the WIL profile and branding of the respective university, nationally as well as internationally. As an example, the universities are planning to co-host an international WIL conference in South Africa during 2024.

  • 76.
    Towns, Ann
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Bjarnegård, Elin
    Department of Government, Uppsala University, Uppsala (SWE).
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Urban Planing and Development.
    More Than a Label, Less Than a Revolution: Sweden’s Feminist Foreign Policy2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report delivers a first systematic assessment of the implementation of the Swedish feminist foreign policy (FFP) over time and across policy areas, with a focus on bilateral development relations. The Swedish FFP was declared in 2014, as the first expressly feminist foreign policy in the world, which has since prompted a dozen other governments to follow suit. In addition to introducing feminist terminology at the highest level of foreign policy, the FFP was ground-breaking in Swedish foreign policy in at least two respects. For one, it was directed to all foreign policy areas of the foreign ministry. Whereas Swedish development policy had incorporated gender equality aims for decades, the FFP staked out a new direction for politics & security and for trade & promotion. Second, the FFP was to involve the entire foreign service and more, including not just the foreign ministry but also the public agencies executing foreign policy and the more than 100 embassies and delegations that represent Sweden in bilateral and multilateral fora around the world. A point of departure for this report is that policy is never selfexecuting. Original policy declarations need to be implemented, i.e. interpreted and put into concrete practice by civil servants in bureaucratic agencies and embassies that concretize and make something (or not) of policy aims. The overarching question at the center of this report is: given the incredibly complex Swedish foreign policy machinery, with well over one hundred relatively autonomous implementing actors in Sweden and around the world, what happened to the FFP in bilateral implementation practice? Were lofty declarations and feminist terminology converted into practical action? If so, in which policy areas and in what ways? The more specified questions are listed at the end of this summary, along with a brief answer to each question.  [. . . ]

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  • 77.
    Towns, Ann E.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Norms and social hierarchies: Understanding international policy diffusion "from below"2012In: International Organization, ISSN 0020-8183, E-ISSN 1531-5088, Vol. 66, no 2, p. 179-209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to rethink the operation of norms in international policy diffusion. Norms do not simply standardize state behaviors, as is conventionally argued; norms also draw on and set up hierarchical social orders among states. Through a conceptual rethinking we gain a better understanding of where-among which states-new policies may first emerge: social hierarchies create incentives for new policies to develop at the margins of international society so that policies may diffuse "from below." We also get a better grasp of how policy advocates frame the appropriateness or benefits of a new state practice: they must frame policy demands in terms of the international standing and rank of the targeted state. This article's empirical aspiration is to use these insights to help account for the international policy diffusion of legal sex quotas, a policy to increase the level of female legislators that developed first among "developing" states rather than among the so-called core of international society. By pointing to the link between norms and social hierarchy, the article helps account for policy diffusion "from below." © 2012 The IO Foundation.

  • 78.
    Wide, Jeanette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Föräldraskap och Kristendom: En studie om barnuppfostran, socialisering med kristna normer och värderingar2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined the relationship between parenting, Christianity, and childsocialization by conducting qualitative semi-structured interviews with five couples of Christian parents. The inductive content analysis approach was used to explore the similarities and differences in views on child upbringing, norms, and values within the Christian faith. The results revealed that religious beliefs may play a role in the parents’ choice of upbring and socialization of children within the Christian community.

  • 79.
    Williams, Matthew
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Marginaliserade aktörers inverkan på reglering och styrning av Internet : World Summit on the Information Society:s bidrag till nätets diskurs2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the Net's humble beginning, Internet regulation and governance has been characterized by a West-centric and techno-meritocratic discourse which, in many ways, has led to the exclusion of major parts of the world from active participation in building the Information Society. In the prevailing order the United States has a privileged position through its indirect control over the Internet‘s strategic resources, i.e. IP-addresses and "root" in the Domain Name System, via a contractual arrangement between the "Department of Commerce" and the organization "Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers" (ICANN). There was furthermore a latent conflict between the United States and Internet community, on the one hand, and the United Nations and its member states, on the other hand, in so far as that the institutional order rested on principles of U.S. civil law instead of international treaties, one of the foundations of the geopolitical system. Hence two conferences in Geneva 2003 and Tunis 2005, as two phases of the "World Summit on the Information Society" (WSIS), were organised by the U.N. to raise topics concerning an internationally legitimate regime for Internet governance and the unequal distribution of information- and communications technology (ICT) between rich industrialized nations and poor developing ones. The aim of this study is to investigate whether WSIS managed in its objective of providing marginalized players, primarily the U.N. system and developing nations, structural influence in Internet governance and adding dimensions of digital solidarity and internationalization to a discourse that historically has been dominated by the West, in particular the U.S. Through the prism of Michel Foucault's concepts of power, the final documents from the WSIS process are scrutinized for discursive shifts that could be indicative of actual changes in power structures to the advantage of marginalized players. Discursive shifts, as those detected in the documents, are primarily related to the notion of the "digital divide" and raising awareness for the need of development and foreign aid policies within the context of the "Discourse of the Net" (ICT for development). On the other hand, it would seem that the procedures of exclusion in the formation of discourse have eliminated important aspects of Internet regulation and governance. Subsequently, it can be inferred that powerful players have worked behind the scenes to maintain the current structures of Internet governance. In those passages, where the subject is explicitly mentioned, there are clear references to maintaining the existing status quo. The WSIS process failed consequently in its ambition to increase the influence of marginalized players in this regard.

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  • 80.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Inkludering och delaktighet: Samhällsorientering för en utvidgad målgrupp2014In: Erfarenhet av integration: röster från Integrationsfondsprojekt / [ed] Helene Elvstrand & Magnus Jansson, Norrköping: Linköpings universitet , 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 81.
    Zainal, Mohammad
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Etnicitet ur sportjournalistikens perspektiv: En kritisk diskursanalys av skildringen av idrottsmän i svensk media.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore how sports journalism can include and/or exclude athletics from a national community. This study put emphasis on finding patterns from articles by Swedish sport media on non-ethnic Swedish athletics. The theories central to this study are ethnicity and nationalism, as these concepts contain reflections on why certain groups of people are excluded and/or included. Norman Faircloghs critical discourse analytical model has been selected for the study method that analyzes texts in three levels: the text level, discursive practice and social practice. Four non-ethnic Swedish athletes have been chosen to explore how they were portrayed in the media. Data were collected from Swedish newspapers, sport websites and blogs that portrayed the selected athletes. Discourses of media, nationalism and ethnicity emerged through a critical analysis of the data collection. The results of the study show that the selected athletes are included in to the Swedish national community through their achievements in their respective sport.

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  • 82.
    Zannakis, Mathias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. Department of Technology Management and Economics, Division of Environmental Systems Analysis, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Molander, Sverker
    Department of Technology Management and Economics, Division of Environmental Systems Analysis, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Johansson, Lars-Olof
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Perceived resource scarcity and environmental behaviors – how do they relate?2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability challenges largely have to do with valuing past, present and future resources. History is full of examples of humans and societies that threat, react to changes in, and preserve resources they depend on. However, there is surprisingly little research on attitudal or behavioral reactions to decreasing or increasing resource levels in the fieldof environmental studies. This study aims to investigate the impact of individual experience-based subjective evaluations of different types of resources on environmental attitudes and behavior. The study is explorative since the relation between subjective resources and environmental attitudes and behavior to our knowledge has never been investigated. There are good reasons to expect both negative and positive correlations between perceived scarcity of resources and environmental behavior (partly depending on what resource we have in mind). The theoretical model is based on an understanding of environmental behavior as a collective action problem based in a social dilemma. The link between perceived scarcity of resources and environmental attitudes and behavior is investigated in a survey to the Swedish public (N = 978), which also controls for people's social value orientation (SVO), subjective well-being, and generalized trust and trust in environmental institutions, as well as income, age and gender.

  • 83.
    Åberg, Linnéa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Standardiseringsarbetets kollektiva praktik: En studie om att kvalitetssäkra integrationssatsningen Samhällsorientering för nyanlända2020Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Societal efforts to support the integration of newly arrived immigrants have been repeatedly highlighted in the political debate in Sweden and they are described as inadequate and ineffective. Demands have been made for improvements and one of the designated efforts is Civic Orientation (CO). The Civic Orientation programme is a course about Swedish society, targeting newly arrived refugees and their relatives who have received a residence permit. It provides basic information about Swedish society to aid and expedite integration (SFS 2010:1138). The criticism has led to the production of written, national instructions containing correct information that should be provided by the civil servants in CO. The aim is that quality should be high and equal across the country. The overall aim of the dissertation is to deepen the understanding and knowledge of the work-process to develop standard guidelines, that will be used in a welfare sector, where it is difficult to establish definitive knowledge. The dissertation's purpose is also to deepen the understanding and knowledge of instruction work as a collaborative activity. The term 'instruction work' covers both work that experts and managers undertake when they develop written guidelines, and work done when implementing these guidelines in local practice. The thesis is rooted in activity theory where work is viewed as a collaborative activity aimed at taking on a task, event or object, such as interpreting, paying attention, participating, thinking, and performing. The study involves five different categories of actors: a representative from the county administrative board, experts from various authorities and universities, coordinators and the head of a unit from a management group in a municipality, and integration workers, who are the local civil servants. The study is based on a field study where video recorded observations of meetings, lectures and workshops have been conducted. Semi structured interviews and written communication have also been used. The result shows that there are different perceptions of what work needs to be done to ensure that the instructions are correct. A variety of, sometimes contradictory, tasks developed: to make the information scientifically correct with multiple perspectives on social phenomena, to make educational simplification, to provide an ideal image of Sweden according to policy, or to describe Swedish society as irrational with hinders and obstacles (papers 1- 3). Another major task was to make the instructions politically neutral which meant producing information that was not offensive for external readers such as politicians and the general public (paper 1). When guideline models have been used for other welfare activities, the work is usually based on analysis of the needs of the target groups. That task took on an obscured role and was first noticed as important by the civil servants in the latter part when the material was used during implementation (papers 1, 3). A further result concerns the work of developing standard guidelines. The study shows that there is formal instruction work (paper 1) which is the planned work, most often done by experts and/or researchers, and informal instruction work (paper 2) often hidden and performed by civil servants in the implementation phase. This informal work is about transforming the instructions to be useful for the individual in the local situation. But the study also shows a third type of work - semi-formal instruction work (paper 3) that is also carried out by the local civil servants, where they, with their biographical and informal instruction work experience, try hard to influence formal instruction work. One conclusion is that it is more fruitful and accurate to perceive standardized instructions as dynamic and integrated in the practical work, than to see them as fixed by an externally controlled process. Developing standards to be used to improve practice is an ongoing fluid process that never ends, and that involves tensions and conflicts that need to be addressed.

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