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  • 51.
    Andersson, Marie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundell, Catharina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Men lyssna på mig! Jag känner mitt barn bäst...: Upplevelsen av bemötandets betydelse för anhöriga till barn med neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe and seek understanding of how relatives to children with neuropsychiatric disabilities experience the treatment from professionals in social services. The focus is on the knowledge and relational aspects that can be said to form the basis of professionals' treatment expertise. To illustrate these questions about treatment can inspire discussions that there should be a deeper ethical awareness among the professionals. That awareness provides a richer understanding of the relatives’ situation and an insight into what good treatment is all about, which also seeks more and more in today's welfare society. The issues which the study is based on are: How do the relatives describe the concept of treatment? How important are the professionals knowledge in the field neuropsychiatric disorders, for the relatives experience of treatment? How important are the professionals ability to create a relationship, for the relatives experience of treatment? The method used in the study has a qualitative approach and is based on focus group interviews. The selected theoretical key concept was symbolic interactionism, which together with the concept of treatment and explains and analyzes the treatments significance of the interaction between the individual and professional. The result is presented, analyzed and reflected upon using the study's theoretical key concepts and previous research. The result of the study demonstrates that the informants experience the treatment from the professional as inadequate, as it does not match the informants’ descriptions of the concept of treatment. The result also shows that the informants experience that the professionals do not have direct knowledge of neuropsychiatric disorders. The result illustrates that all informants experience that they are not being listened to and that the informants feel powerless. The result shows that the informants experience that the premise of being able to create a relationship with the professional has not been shown, that is because as the informants denounce that they had to change social workers on several occasions. The conclusion is that professionals’ knowledge in the field of neuropsychiatric disabilities and professionals ability to create a relationship is very important for the relatives’ experience of treatment

  • 52.
    Andersson, Mats
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Drivkrafter för barns överträdelser i skolan: belysta ur ett struktureringsteoretiskt perspektiv2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How children relate to rules has been highlighted in research in which children attach great importance to moral-related rules. How children accept conventional rules depends on what function the rule is perceived to fulfill. What is missing from the research is a dynamic perspective that considers how interacting actors influence each other when conditions change and how this in turn creates new conditions.

    To illuminate this, the study is based on Gidden's theory of structuration which stipulates that people's social actions both shape and are shaped by the structural conditions as opposed to a more structuralist perspective where the actors are seen as subjects to the structure in which they operate. The theory of structuration also enables subordinate actors to exercise control over those with more power.

    The data collection was carried out through participant observations at one school. The object of observation has been incidents where the students acted in a manner incompatible with the conventions of the school. The focus has been on students' utilization of resources in the form of materials and premises.

    The result shows that built-in contradictions in the structural conditions open opportunities for students to take control of the resources that the staff is trying to regulate. When staff try to regain control, it results in unintended consequences due to factors that have not been recognized, which usually offsets the problem and maintains the unwanted utilization of resources.

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  • 53.
    Andersson, Mattias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sundemo, Markus
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Identitetsstärkande lösningar på hemmaplan2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background to our research is a common interest in adolescent identity development. We have found no previous studies of how home solutions can contribute to a positive identity development so we considered it interesting to do such a study. The purpose of the research is based on a staff point of view to increase understanding of the meaning to the work with home solutions when it comes to taking advantage of and strengthen young people's positive identity processes. In order to answer this purpose, we have chosen to problematize questions about how identity formation takes place in their activities and how they with home solutions can strengthen these young people in a positive direction.

    We have used a social constructionist point of view throughout this research. To collect our material we have done six individual qualitative interviews that have been analyzed and processed using a qualitative content analysis. Our results shows that the staff group describes identity as socially constructed with and by the individuals context. They also describe that home solutions can contribute to a stronger identity development through their work, their view of man and ways of being. Our interpretation and conclusion is that the staff considers their work with home solutions contributes to influence young people's identity development in a positive direction. Since our study has a staff point of view it would be interesting to do further research on a youth perspective.

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  • 54.
    Andersson, Moa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Andersson, Peter
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    ”Vi har nästan trott att vi gjort DBT, utan att ha gjort det”: En kvalitativ studie om behandlingspersonals upplevelser av DBT2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka eventuella möjligheter och utmaningar i det dagliga arbetet med dialektisk beteendeterapi på behandlingshem, utifrån ett behandlarperspektiv. Studien utgick från tre frågeställningar som ämnades besvara behandlingspersonals upplevelser av att arbeta med dialektisk beteendeterapi i vardagen, samt dess möjligheter och utmaningar. Vi genomförde fyra semistrukturerade intervjuer, tre intervjuer med behandlingspersonal och en intervju med en terapeut, som arbetar på behandlingshem. I resultatet av den tematiska analysen blev 6 teman tydliga; nya förhållningssätt, betydelsen av utbildning, det gemensamma ansvaret, vikten av hel DBT, stabil grund och relationsbyggandet. Resultatet går i linje med den tidigare forskning som finns kring ämnet, som visar att utbildning inom dialektisk beteendeterapi har stor betydelse för behandlingspersonalens förhållningssätt och trygghet och att relationsbyggande är en viktig del för utvecklingspotential hos klienterna.Resultaten visar också att det finns utmaningar i motivationsarbetet för klienter som inte påbörjat dialektisk beteendeterapi och att en fullgod behandling behöver innehålla alla delar av dialektisk beteendeterapi.

  • 55.
    Andersson Skiöld, Cim
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Lood, Jennifer
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    "Strypsex i ditt Garage": En kvantitativ studie om hur pornografiskt material påverkar ungdomars föreställningar om sex och relationer2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur ungdomar upplever att deras föreställningar av sex och relationer påverkas utav pornografiskt material samt hur vuxna kan vara ett positivt stöd för ungdomar vid utforskandet av sin sexualitet och relationer.

    217 ungdomar deltog varav 85 tjejer, 128 killar och 4 identifierade sig som icke-binär. Medelåldern på deltagarna var 17 år. Studien genomfördes via en kvantitativ ansats och webbenkät via Microsoft Forms bestående av 42 frågor.

    Analys av empiri gjordes genom programmet IMB SPSS statistics v. 28 där deskriptiva samt bivariata parametriska t-tester utfördes.Vidare användes Pearsons korrelationsanalys vid parametriska tester och vid fåtal tillfällen användes Spearmans korrelationsanalys vid icke normalfördelade variabler. Teori om sexuella skript brukades för att förstå, tolka samt analyseraresultat.

    Resultaten visade att ungdomar påverkades utav pornografiskt material i deras föreställningar om sex och relationer både i förväntningar på sex samt vad det ska innehålla samt att vi fann skillnader för de ungdomar som var i relation jämfört med de som var singlar. Fynd visade även att ungdomar hade behov av stöd av samhället och vuxna i utforskandet utav relationer och sex då många ungdomar saknade en vuxen att tala med. Det framkom även att ungdomarna upplevde brister i skolans sexualundervisning. Avslutningsvis redogörs diskussion kring problematiken att killar och tjejer uppvisade skillnader mellan våldsamt sex och samtycke samt förslag på framtida forskning.

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  • 56.
    Andersson, Sofie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Angefred, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En kvalitativ studie om behandling av missbruk med naturläkemedlet Ibogain2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate if the naturally occurring substance Ibogaine could be a good treatment for substance abuse. In order to answer this question, qualitative interviews have been performed with five persons who have been subject to Ibogain treatment and one psychologist/psychotherapist at an addiction treatment clinic, Lars Lundell.

    In addition to these interviews an Ibogaine treatment clinic located in London has been visited. At the clinic an observational study of the treatment was carried out as well as interviews with the responsible physician Dr Brackenridge one of his patients, named Will in this paper. The perspective of this study is substance abuse treatment with Ibogaine based on the informants experiences and our own observations.

    The interviews have been formed based on the following three questions:

    1. How is a treatment carried out?

    2. How have their lives been affected by the Ibogain treatment?

    3. What are the informant’s views on Ibogain treatment?

    The analysis was made looking for similarities and dissimilarities in the informants answers, divided into the three previously described questions. This information was subsequently interpreted using literature, observations and our own thoughts.

    The study shows that among the informants there is an almost unanimous opinion that without the Ibogaine treatment they would not be alive today.

    The study clearly shows that the informants feel that they have a much better quality of life after the treatment. The conclusion of this study is that Ibogaine can be a successful treatment for substance abuse.

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  • 57.
    Andersson, Sofie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Royson, Carolina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mellan Himmel och Helvete: En studie om stöd för anhöriga till någon med ett kemiskt beroende2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    1,3 million people in the Swedish society are estimated to be a relative to someone with achemical dependency. Consistent research has repeatedly found evidence that living in these circumstances can precede devastating consequences and that support may be required for the relatives to improve their situation. Even though the situation of relatives is world wide neglected and the support that's given is inadequate in many cases.The purpose with this study was to, on the basis of relatives' experiences; analyze the need for support of the adult relatives to persons with chemical dependency and relate this to what kind of support the community offers. Using semi-structured qualitative interviews, we took part of four family members' stories about how it mightbe like to live besides someone with a chemical dependency and what support they considered necessary to manage their situation.The theoretical starting point was based on the Coping theory with the related concepts of constructive/destructive coping and the concept of social support. These were used to analyze possible underlying causes of need for support and what both professional and informal support may mean. Our result showed that the relatives, because of the family member's dependency had embraced destructive behaviours and that several forms of support had been significant for them in the process to change their situation. We also found that the relatives needed the society to pay attention to them as a group. They had experienced that several professional help-organizations were in the lack of enough knowledge to help the mand felt that the range of support were insufficient. We think that a greater knowledge about what the situation can implicate for the relatives of chemical dependent persons needs to be lifted in every service area and that resources need to be added on developing more support facilities.

  • 58.
    Andersson, Thomas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    "Missbrukare är ju män, kvinnor gör inte det": En studie om bilden av den missbrukande kvinnan, samverkan och arbetsintegrerat lärande2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on a perspective of Work Integrated Learning (WIL) that is intertwined with different theoretical starting points and previous research. The theories used in this study are applied based on gender, power and learning perspectives.

    The purpose of this study is to illuminate and analyze the treatment staff's image of the addictive woman. Employees' perception of collaboration with other actors and professions is also examined and noted on the basis of a Work Integrated Learning.

    The method used in this study consists of focus group interviews, combined with a workshop in which Flanagan's (1954) Critical Incident Technique (CIT) method has become a forum for critical reflection based on an WIL perspective. The study has been methodologically completed with the respondents completing an evaluation. The purpose of the evaluation has been to investigate whether they think the study has been rewarding and instructive.

    The results in this study show that there is a distinction between the sexes within which the man constitutes the norm. The image of the abusive woman shows that social workers are not always neutral but are influenced by social constructivist factors in which issues of gender and power are discussed. In relation to collaboration with other actors, a collaborative process is described that is characterized by several issues that significantly negatively affect the client group. The deficiencies described in the treatment staff and interpretative practices affect the own workgroup's cognitive jurisdiction negatively when other occupational groups take the cognitive control of the tasks.

    The study's results also show that the focus group interviews and the workshop have become a forum for critical reflection in relation to the image of the abusive woman and the problems described in the collaborative process. Normative and forgiven performances have highlighted and all together contributed to a common knowledge development.

  • 59.
    Andersson, Åsa
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    (Im)possibilities of passing and queering2006In: From Orientalism to Postcoloniality: Conference at Södertörn University College, April 27-30, 2006, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In relation to different modifications on contemporary games of ethnicity, present among young people in Swedish multiethnic environments, a similarity with the phenomenon of passing is suggested. Passing usually refers to a movement from one side to another (the foundational example being from black to white). You pass over or through something and you may pass into a position from which you later retire. Judith Butler has given theoretical attention to the phenomenon of passing by stressing its relation to the act of queering. The connection between passing and queering comes about as a challenge of borders between what is presumed to be different races in addition to a challenge of the heteronormative order of gender and sexuality.

    From an empirical material, consisting of interviews of young women in a multiethnic Swedish suburb, the phenomenon of passing will be discussed through examples on how young people can talk about the act of faking ethnicity. What ethnic positions are aspired as desirable may depend on intersecting categories as gender, sexuality and class identifications. In the reactions and comments on these kind of acts two counter positions seem to collide, one being based in the idea of authenticity and the other being a strive to oppose on absolutist definitions of ethnicity. If origin, roots and a firmly anchored cultural identity are seen as necessary or preferred values for the individuals’ or the ethnic groups’ self respect, passing must be interpreted as negative. But if certain acknowledgements become repressive rather than liberating passing may be a way of question and transgress normative ethnic and gendered status.

  • 60.
    Andersson, Åsa
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture. University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Knife in the Heart: Suburban mythology in the new post-industrial order2010In: (Re)searching Gothenburg: Essays on a Changing City / [ed] Holgersson, Helena m. fl., Göteborg: Glänta produktion , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 61.
    Andersson, Åsa
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Nya etniciteter, det mångkulturella och synkretiska strategier2008In: Meningsskapande och delaktighet: Om vår tids socialpedagogik, Göteborg: Daidalos , 2008, p. 83-103Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Andersson, Åsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Beckman, Anita
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Young and working-class without work2016In: Nordic Youth Research Symposium: Youth Moves – Voices – Spaces – Subjectivities, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2016, p. 41-41Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses narratives from young unemployed working class men and women, living in a small Swedish town located outside the emerging economic regions. Like in many other European countries the rate of unemployment among youth is disproportionally high in Sweden. The empirical work the study is based on consists of a sample of in-depth interviews with men and women in the ages of 19-24, conducted during 2014. The main research question of the study is about how young unemployed people experience and reflect upon their own situation. Industrial societies have turned post-industrialand this is reflected in the social structure of the communities that for decades used to be dominated by industries and smaller factories. The labor market has undergone major structural changes during the last four decades. Since the cultural and social identity of the working class traditionally has been closely connected to an intergenerational continuity where foundational elements are defined by work and a belonging to the local community, the situation of unemployment means that the identities as well as the community are forced to be reimagined. The narratives from the young men and women in our study can be seen to reflect social and cultural changes that have taken place on a structural level concerning the labor market, the education system and alsothe changed conditions for the formation of social identities. We make use of Margaret Archers concepts contextual discontinuity and contextual incongruity in understanding and discussing these tendencies.

  • 63.
    Andersson, Åsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. Göteborgs universitet.
    Beckman, Anita
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Young Working-Class Men Without Jobs: Reimagining Work and Masculinityin Postindustrial Sweden2017In: Masculinity, Labour,and Neoliberalism: Working-Class Men in International Perspective / [ed] Charlie Walker & Steven Roberts (Eds), Cham: Springer Publishing Company, 2017, p. 101-123Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 64.
    Anderström, David
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Missbrukets diskurser: en kvalitativ diskursanalys av tre arbetsområden2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 65.
    Andreasson, Kristin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ottosson, Theréce
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    [Men det är ju så det borde vara...]: en kvalitativ studie om sex unga kvinnors förhållande till kvinnlighet2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to try to identify what young women see as typically female and how this affects them as individuals, focusing on the female body. How free or limited do they consider themselves to respond to prevailing ideals of beauty, to men and other women. Our questions are how young women construct femininity through the body and why? We do this by using a holistic gender perspective and with the help of key theoretical concepts; gender, normative femininity, heteronormativity, performance, freedom/power and the female body,. We have had a qualitative approach and we have done interviews with six girls in secondary school age. The material is processed and analyzed on the basis of the IPA model, which aims to build themes from the interviews. The themes we have stressed in the study are: Female with large F, To find balance, I want to be unique... (but in the right way), Get a good boyfriend and learn to socialize with girls, To be something for everyone and desire after impossibility and the road ahead. By letting our informant´s voices be made visible in our analysis, we have been able to answer the question of how they experience their own construction of femininity. What becomes visible in the analysis is the great knowledge and awareness which are among the girls on this subject. This shows the complexity that exists around young women today. More conclusions that can be drawn is that whichever way the woman construct her femininity gives different degrees of social status. Lack of freedom is not about the limited possibilities for action it is rather the impact the effectiveness of the choices made and the awareness of those who provide the experience of not being free. 

     

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  • 66.
    Angser, Evelina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Schadewitz, Cristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Kriminalvårdares erfarenheter av intagna mödrar och medföljande barn": En kvalitativ studie om kriminalvårdares erfarenheter av att arbeta med frihetsberövade kvinnor och deras medföljande barn2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A qualitative study of the experience of correctional treatment specialists working with incarcerated women and their accompanying children

    As children living with their incarcerated parent in correctional treatment, is in Sweden a relatively undiscovered area, we wanted to examine the experience of correctional treatment specialists working with these mothers and children.

    The purpose of the study was to analyse and discuss the experience of correctional treatment specialists working with incarcerated mothers and their children. The purpose was also to examine and discuss how the specialists at the institution characterise their potential resources to treat and support these mothers and children.

    This qualitative study was conducted by collecting experience through interviews. We conducted nine semi-structured interviews with correctional treatment specialists at an institution in southern Sweden during one week. We deploy the methodology of critical hermeneutics to examine the collected data and theoretically we subscribe to the attachment theory and the principles of social pedagogy.

    Our major discovery is a lack of resources among correctional treatment specialists in relation to incarcerated mothers and their children. Some are concerned that the older children are under stimulated and lose the social interaction and stimulation of the outside world. Even though these concerns are not fully applied to infants, having children at the institution is in all cases motivated by the attachment theory. According to the correctional treatment specialists having children with their incarcerated mothers is better than the alternative separation between the mothers and their children.

    We also found that the question of having children at the institution or not, might not have been an issue if mother and child were perceived as a unit. The result clearly shows that the individual needs of the children and their mothers respectively, are not considered separately and therefore not provided for. Consequently the mothers are prevented from participating in treatment and education, reducing their penalty to preventive detention or simply "doing time". Meanwhile the older children are at risk of being under stimulated and losing out on social interaction with other children, and stimulation adapted to their needs. For infants the issue does not seem to be as great.

    The result also shows a lack of resources for treating and supporting mothers and children at the institution. There is a requirement among the correctional treatment specialists for a resource specialised in children and families, which would have resolved many of the issues the specialists are currently expected to manage in relation to the mothers and their children.

  • 67.
    Ankarbåge, Magnus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Rydstedt, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Hur argumenterar enhetschefer i kommunal socialtjänst för högre budgetanslag?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur enhetschefer i kommunal socialtjänst argumenterade för ett högre budgetanslag samt undersöka vilka möjligheter de hade för att påverka budgeten för det kommande året. Studiens empiri inhämtades genom sju semistrukturerade intervjuer med enhetschefer inom kommunal socialtjänst runt om i Västra Götalandsregionen. Samtliga enhetschefer som deltog i studien hade en högskoleutbildning förankrat till det sociala arbetet. Intervjuerna analyserades genom tematisk analys. Resultatet påvisade att enhetschefer inom kommunal socialtjänst argumenterade på olika sätt för att få ett högre budgetanslag. För att påverka budgeten inför det kommande året strävade enhetschefer efter ett nollresultat eller ansökte om projektmedel för att finansiera delar av verksamheten. Sammanfattningsvis var det brukarfokus,kvalité och arbetsmiljö som låg till grund för att påverka budgeten.

  • 68.
    Annerhäll, Madeleine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Videfur, Mia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Allt skulle vara så perfekt: Om kvinnor som levt med en partner med missbruksproblematik.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how women who have lived with a partner with substance abuse problems described their situation. The study had a qualitative approach and the method used in the study was semi-structured interviews where five women participated.

    The analytical method used was content analyzes and the interviews were analyzed by relevant research and the social psychological perspective. Our results demonstrate that those developing a co-dependency have some form of dysfunction in the primary family. This is consistent with previous research in the area. The result also shows that women who lived in such relationships develop different strategies to cope with their lives, some were conscious and some were not. These strategies developed by the emotional impact that arose from living with an addictive partner. The dominant characteristics that the respondents expressed were stress, worry and anxiety. The dominant strategy was to try to control to reduce the emotional stress. The women described their relationships with a duality, both euphoric and destructive. The study results can lead to increased knowledge which may contribute to a greater understanding of people with a history of drug use consequences. This situation may lead to that those who are in such relationships faster can get support and they can understand that they are not alone. The increased knowledge can also reduce the taboo coating substance abuse problems.

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  • 69.
    Antonsson, Jenny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Gregorc Lööv, Helena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Ulf-projektet: Samordnaruppdraget Nyanländas lärande2023In: Abstracts för Decemberkonferensen, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2023, p. 1-1Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Skolverkets satsning på generella insatser för nyanländas lärande har kommunala samordnare en central roll. I projektet beskriver vi samordnarnas egna berättelser om uppdrag, mandat och positioner i kommunen, hur kommunen tillvaratar deras kunskaper och kompetenser i arbetet. I studien undersöker vi även implementeringsarbetet med den nya kursplanen i svenska som andraspråk samt vilken roll samordnaren har haft i arbetet. Ambitionen är att belysa konsekvenser det kan få i utbildningssammanhang och förutsättningar att möta komplexiteten i undervisningen som kan råda lokalt.

    Studiens teoretiska ansats vilar på Stephen J. Balls (2012) arbete kring hur skolor förhåller sig till policydokument, regelverk och politiska krav; dvs. en policy- enactmentstudie. Diskursanalysen utgör grunden för att studera kontexten i policyarbetet, att studera samordnaren som policysubjekt och som policyaktör samt hur samordnarna omvandlar de regler och föreskrifter som ges inom ramen för samordnaruppdraget inom nyanländas lärande (a.a.).

    Det är preliminära resultat som kommer att lyftas och diskuteras. Vi ser att samordnarfunktionen är en förutsättning för kontinuitet och långsiktighet i arbetet med nyanlända elevers lärande i Fyrbodals kommuner. Vi ser också ett värde i att tillvarata kompetensen och erfarenheterna från detta nätverk i arbetet på Högskolan Väst. Det kan bidra till ett kunskapstillskott för högskolan och lärarutbildningarna.

  • 70.
    Arifi, Kaltrina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Muslimska kvinnor: en kvalitativ studie om muslimska kvinnors uppfattning av jämlikhet i ett västerländskt land2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    I used qualitative interviews and interviewed five informants to gain a deeper understanding of Muslim women and Muslim perception of equality in a Western country. To be able to answer my questions, I used the thematic approach. My results showed three different themes. What I came up with is that Muslim women's perception of equality in a Western country experienced differently. The informants saw their own religion as something very significant. Religion provides a freedom to move outdoors, education, work and so on. What may be the premise to be Muslim woman is that one must have some garments to be able to move around in public. Some informants claim that Islam has a very important role but in very different ways in different individuals. It was important to emphasize that religion arranges rights for them. Different household chores like cooking and taking care of the kids have nothing to do with Islam but more about culture and tradition. One of the reasons may be that you meet different people who have different views, different interpretations when it comes to the various religious standards, especially woman's roles. This leads on to the women begin to embrace the new changes that take place and the different processes that occur question about just woman's ways of life. It parted widely across informants when it came to certain issues. Some informants could not understand or accept certain things in religion. What all informants agreed was that family life was very important because it is even safe zone. The informants also mentioned that gender roles are still with some families where the woman is at home and the husband is out of work. But the process of globalization has led some religious interpretations have been made, one example is some Muslim women have been able to go out to work and that man has been able to take on more responsibilities at home. In some informants put one family in the first place and themselves in the alternative, if the family was safe, it was them too it. This was something that most of the informants mentioned. The informants rely more on their surroundings than themselves. If one is in a certain way, as expected by others, it leads to you getting good responses and this response is very important for the environment.

  • 71.
    Arkbro, Anders
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Johansson, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Och jag har tänkt många gånger ’idag kommer nog ingen’ och då sitter det tjugo personer alltså: En intervjustudie om diakoners arbete med att stävja ensamhet bland äldre2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Allt fler äldre upplever minskad livskvalitet på grund av ensamhet och 10–15 % av den åldrande befolkningen upplevde ofrivillig ensamhet 2022. Civilsamhället är en viktig aktör för att tillsammans med offentlig välfärd hantera sociala problem och Svenska kyrkan är en av de största aktörerna inom svenskt civilsamhälle. Vi har undersökt hur diakoner i Svenska kyrkan arbete med äldre och ensamhet. Studiens frågeställningar rörde hur diakoner ser på ensamhet, förhållningssätten bakom arbetet med äldre och ensamhet och hur diakoner ser att detta arbete gör skillnad. Studien har en kvalitativ ansats där vi har genomfört semistrukturerade intervjuer med sex diakoner i tre församlingar. Den skapade empirin har transkriberats och analyserats med tematisk analys utifrån empowerment genom EPS-modellen och aktivitetsteorin. Resultatet visar attdiakoner beskriver olika dimensioner av ensamhet samt de barriärer som kan försvåra arbetet med att stävja ensamhet. Identifierade förhållningssätt är diakonalt förhållningsätt, uppmuntra till aktivitet, skapa tillhörighet, egenmakt, se och lyssna till de äldre samt se till de äldres styrkor. Studien identifierade även samverkan och arbetet med ideella som viktigt. Tre motiv till aktiviteterna syntes i studien: sätta människan i socialt sammanhang, efterfrågas av församlingen samt uppdrag från förtroendevalda. Diakonerna i studien upplever att arbetet gör skillnad genom vad de ser hos och hör av de äldre samt genom mängden besökare till en verksamhet. Framåt vill vi belysa möjligheterna för professionella inom välfärden som finns i att bli medveten om samverkan mellan offentlig välfärd och civilsamhället. I framtida studier önskar vi en undersökning av betydelsen av ideellas roll i civilsamhällets sociala arbete

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  • 72.
    Arkenfjärd, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Westerfjärd, Emelie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "man måste göra det, annars så dör man": En kvalitativ studie om ensamkommande barn2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The year 2013 applied 3852 unaccompanied asylum in Sweden. Sweden is one of the countries in Europe where they have the highest number of asylum seeking unaccompanied children. The municipality is responsible for accommodation, reception, support and care for these children. They are not a homogeneous group but everyone has their own story and experience from both the escape and during the asylum process. Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate what unaccompanied children experienced the key to managing the process of escaping from home and the asylum process in Sweden from a coping perspective. Method: The method used in this study is qualitative approach. Data collection was done by nine semi-structured interviews. Results: The results presented various important factors in the exodus from their homeland and also during the asylum process. The most central of the respondents was to have a set goal. The results also showed the importance of the family and to have faith in the future. It was also important to know a meaningfulness which might look differently. During the asylum process was the key to activate themselves, be with friends, school, and to learn the Swedish language. Swedish language was described as very important to feel involved to influence their situation and to get a sense of belonging

  • 73.
    Arnautovic, Jenny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Härmark, Isabell
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    En kvalitativ studie om kvinnliga enhetschefer i relation till arbets- och familjeliv2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Being a female middle manager means a busy schedule with both work-related and private tasks. A dualism arises where working life, home and family life compete with each other.

    Purpose: The aim is to study how female middle managers in public sector manage their role in relation to the business, family and family life.

    Method: An interview study with a qualitative approach with six semi-structured interviews was conducted.

    Result: The results show that several of the respondents found it challenging that the time was often not enough to be able to balance working life with family life and the parental role.

    Conclusion: The most prominent experience surrounding family life was the feeling of inadequacy. Inadequacy could be identified in respondents who gave indications of perceived work-family-conflict (WFC). 

  • 74.
    Aro, Anni
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Olsson, Elvira
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    "Utan samverkan så når vi ingenstans": En kvalitativ studie om hur drogförebyggande samordnare upplever sitt arbete2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kommunerna i Sverige ska arbeta med att förebygga ungas användande bland annat av alkohol och narkotika. Vissa kommuner har anställt en eller flera drogförebyggande samordnare. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur drogförebyggande samordnare upplever sitt arbete. Fyra drogförebyggande samordnare från tre olika kommuner deltog i studien. En kvalitativ ansats med semistrukturerade intervjuer har använts för att samla in empirin. Det empiriska materialet analyserades med en tematisk analys och tar sin utgångspunkt i begreppet handlingsutrymme. Resultatet presenterades utefter tre centrala delar i arbetet, hitta och förmedla kunskap, konsultativt arbete och samsyn och hitta organisatoriska vägar för samverkan. Att samla in och sprida kunskap är en central del i de drogförebyggande samordnarnas yrkesroll. De drogförebyggande samordnarna behöver samverka för att kunna utföra sitt uppdrag. För att samverkan ska kunna ske behövs en stabilitet som skapas av det formella och informella handlingsutrymmet.

  • 75.
    Arvidsson, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Helgesson, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    "SIP är så mycket mer än en skriftlig plan": En kvalitativ studie som undersöker olika professionella aktörers erfarenheter av samordnad individuell plan2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhället kan behöva träda in och stötta personer som lider av psykisk ohälsa, då de ofta lider av ensamhet och isolering i större utsträckning än övriga befolkningen. 2010 tillkom en lagändring som innebär att kommun eller region skall upprätta en samordnad individuell plan (SIP) om myndigheterna anser att det behövs för att den enskilde skall få sina behov tillgodosedda. Intentionen med samordnad individuell plan (SIP) är att tydliggöra för hur samordningen av insatser skall fördelas när den enskilde har behov av insatser från både kommun och region. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka olika professionella aktörers erfarenheter av användandet av samordnad individuell plan (SIP). Kvalitativ ansats användes, en rektor, en enhetschef, en sjuksköterska samt en biståndshandläggare intervjuades. För att informanterna skulle ges möjlighet att berätta om sina erfarenheter utifrån sitt eget perspektiv genomfördes halvstrukturerade intervjuer. Vid analysen användes kodning, tematisering och summering för att både organisera det insamlade materialet men även se vilka framträdande mönster som växte fram. Analysen är gjord i förhållande till studiens teoretiska utgångspunkt, samverkansteori samt tidigare forskning. Resultatet visar att en oberoende SIP-ledare skulle kunna öka brukares delaktighet då denne inte är part i ärenden. Vidare visar resultatet att förförståelse för de olika professionernas skilda förutsättningar redan innan mötet kan vara en av nycklarna till en lyckad samverkan. I resultatet framkommer även att solid utbildning kring samordnad individuell plan (SIP) saknas från arbetsgivaren. Slutligen visar studien att samverkansverktyget SIP är en komplicerad företeelse som präglas av såväl möjligheter som utmaningar och att det krävs ett maximalt engagemang från samtliga inblandade aktörer men även stöd från ledning för att nå en gynnsam samverkan.

  • 76.
    Arvidsson, Ellen
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Eriksson Bokrot, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Det är aldrig barnets fel: En kvalitativ studie av hur stödgruppshandledaren talar om sin egen roll, metoden och det enskilda barnet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study designed to investigate how professional support group leaders talk about their role as supervisor of support groups for children and adolescents with problematic home situations. We also examine how these supervisors talk about the method they use and how they talk about the individual child. We have chosen critical discourse analysis to help us explore if there are different ways to talk about these territories. Our questions are:

    • How does the support group leader talk about his role?
    • How does the support group leader talk about the method?
    • How does the support group leader talk about the individual child?

    The theories we have chosen to use in the analysis of our material is Aaron Antonovsky's Sense of Coherence and social constructivism. We have, as mentioned, chosen to do a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews conducted with seven active support group leaders at three different support group organizations. We transcribed the interviews and coded them separately and then went through the coded material together. The analytical method we have chosen is discourse analysis focusing on Norman Fairclough´s critical discourse analysis. Along with Fairclough´s three-dimensional model, we analyzed the interviews at the following levels: text practice, discursive practice and social practice. Based on our purpose and our questions we managed to distinguish six different discourses, within each territory we found two discourses that stood in contrast to each other. In the territory "How the support group leader talks about his own role," we found the knowledge discourse and the playful discourse. In the territory "How the support group leader talks about the method" we were able to discern a discourse view of the method as complete and a view of the method as adaptable. In the territory "How the support group leader talks about the individual child" we found the discourse about the perception of the child as a subject and the perception of the child as an object. These discourses were put together to constitute two discourse chains which showed two different orientations of the support group leader. We then analyzed these discourse chains our theories and questioned them based on how the two different types of leader’s we located could affect the method’s design and the children participating in support groups. The study concludes with a part in which we compare our results with earlier research within this field followed by suggestions for further research.

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  • 77.
    Askerlund, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Nilsson, Marianne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    "Etisk stress?...jag förstår nog inte riktigt vad du menar...": En kvalitativ studie om förståelsen av etisk stress i relation till andra utmaningar hos enhetschefer inom kommunal äldreomsorg2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Enhetschefen har inte bara ett komplext uppdrag för egen del, utan är också en viktig del för sina medarbetares och brukares välmående och miljö, samt hur verksamheten speglas och speglar sociala regler utåt. Detta sätter stora krav på förmågan att balansera många olika arbetsuppgifter i relation till människors livsvillkor och kan därmed försätta enhetschefen i etiska situationer som skapar stress. Därav finns en relevans i att undersöka etisk stress hos enhetschefer.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur arbetsvillkor kan medföra etisk stress hos enhetschefer inom kommunal äldreomsorg.

    Metod: Med studiens kvalitativa ansats har sex individuella semistrukturerade intervjuer genomförts med informanter från två olika kommuner. Intervjuerna spelades in och transkriberades för analys med tematisk ansats. Till studiens teoretiska utgångspunkter antog forskarna en sensitiv ansats till Karasek och Theorells krav- kontroll- och stödmodell samt delar av socialpedagogisk handlingsdimension där fokus lades på delaktighet, lärande och erkännande. Dessa fick fungera som analysverktyg i relation till befintlig forskning på området. 

    Resultat: Studien uppmärksammar en okunskap om etisk stress hos informanterna. Det framkommer hög arbetsbelastning samt begränsningar till ett närvarande ledarskap, vilket skapar stress för samtliga informanter. Informanterna har utvecklat en viss acceptans för att bibehålla och hantera sitt uppdrag. Studien resulterar i att informanterna kommer till insikt att de inte bara utmanas i etiska dilemman som skapar stress, utan också dagligen utsätts för etisk stress.

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  • 78.
    Attermalm Brinkåker, Cecilia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Andersson, Emma
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    De rehabiliterande insatserna för att främja psykisk hälsa hos klienter på kriminalvårdsanstalt: En litteraturöversikt2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Promoting and maintaining mental health among prisoners is an important goal within the prison service. Current research shows data concerning the overrepresentation of poor mental health and mental disorders in the prison population.

    Aim: This paper primarily aims to enlighten different existing approaches to rehabilitation in a prison setting carried out to rehabilitate and promote a better mental health among incarcerated people.

    Method: A literature review were conducted and 11 scientific articles were analyzed.

    Results: Results shows that there are existing different treatment, both psychological and somatic existing in prison settings that might be beneficial as the purpose of rehabilitating clients and promote a better mental health. Communication, treatment to others, and relationships which is meaningful to clients show a positive impact on clients situation in the prison and can bring a greater motivation to be able to manage the time as incapacitated.

    Conclusion: Different types of rehabilitation programs could be used for each individual problem. For evaluating clients health status it could be seen as a win-win situation, the right rehabilitation program would be used and for the client it would be seen as the prison took its time to get to know the client to the fullest. The importance of relationship between correction officer and client can be productive in a mental health promoting aspect as well.

  • 79.
    Axellie, Jacob
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gustavsson, Patrik
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ansvaret för den andre: En kvalitativ studie om ungas syn på kollektivt och individuellt ansvar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate young people's views on responsibility to the individual and society. It is hoped that the study will increase understanding of individual and collective responsibility and how this approach to responsibility is influenced by an individualistic ethos. The study's inquires were;

    - What is the young adults conception of a collective responsibility today?

    - Are the young experiencing a responsibility to the other in an individualized society?

    To investigate this, we used Bauman's thoughts on the individualized society, and Buaman & Donskis theories of moral blindness. We also make use of Nicolas Rose governmentality to see the individual's relationship to, and the influence of society. And Giddens' theories of life politics and Third Way politics.

    We have carried out six qualitative research interviews to investigate this. The interviews were interpreted with a phenomenological / hermeneutic approach, to analyze them, we use "the constant comparative method" as an analytical tool . The sample was made up of young people aged 20-25 years, we pursued an equal gender balance, and we did not take into account some other selection premises.

    The results showed that the informants had a fairly uniform view about collective responsibility, it was important to help those who were worse off than themselves. It was difficult to see the significance of their personal responsibility to the other, it was rather society's collective responsibility to ensure a fully functioning welfare where everyone has the opportunity to get help. We found no one who had a clear individualistic thought about the perception of responsibility. We believe this may be because the informants have been marked by the country's previous political history that still influences a general valuation on a collective responsibility

  • 80.
    Axelsson, Alma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Jörlin, Lisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    "Dessa barn har större benägenhet att falla igenom": En kvalitativ studie om skolkuratorers främjande arbete kring barn med NPF2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att förstå skolkuratorers roll i arbetet kring elever med NPF i grundskolan. Den ska undersöka de utmaningar samt framgångsfaktorer som finns i arbetet för att göra dessa barn delaktiga och vad som behövs för att de ska klara av kunskapskraven som ställs. Detta görs med avstamp ur det relationella perspektivet, delaktighetsbegreppet samt samverkansteori då de är betydelsefulla delar i skolkuratorers arbete.

    Våra frågeställningar syftade till att förstå hur de arbetar för att elever med NPF ska nå kunskapsmålen och delaktiggöras. Vidare skulle hindrande och främjande faktorer i arbetet som skolkurator undersökas. Den insamlade data består av semistrukturerade intervjuer med fem skolkuratorer som är verksamma i grundskolan. Samtliga informanter var kvinnor inom spannet av yrkesverksam ålder.

    I analysarbetet synliggjordes åtta teman; Att göra sig synlig, Att vara en tillgång, Relationer är A & O, "Pengar, alltid är det ju pengar", Frustration & otillräcklighet, Den viktiga föräldrakontakten, Anpassningar i klassrummet och Stöd i socialt samspel. Den litteratur och tidigare forskning vi använt oss utav stödjer studiens resultat.

    Resultatet i vår studie visar att skolkuratorernas arbete främjas av goda relationer och extern samt intern samverkan. Skolkuratorernas arbete hindras av bristande resurser. Informanterna menar att den svenska skolan inte är anpassad efter barn med NPF och deras skolgång innebär flertalet hinder. Svårigheter att anpassa skolan för elever med NPF försvåras av bristande kunskap om NPF hos övrig skolpersonal. Skolkuratorn fyller där med en viktig funktion kring barn med NPF.

  • 81.
    Backelin, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Lejdström, Pontus
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Att fånga upp elever i en unik arena: Förutsättningar för skolpersonal att uppmärksamma och arbeta med elever på högstadiet som lever under hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of our study was to get to know the conditions for detecting and working with pupils who live with honour related violence and oppression in a secondary school in Sweden. More specific we were interested in the perspective of school staff, which we collected with semistructured interviews in a small Swedish municipality. Our study was conducted partly in cooperation with the municipality where the school was located. In order to gain a deeper understanding of our object of study, the conditions for detection of and working with pupils that live with honour related violence and oppression expressed by school staff. We used psychological and physical tools, and the zone of proximal development from a culturalhistorical psychology as scientific concepts. These concepts also helped us to present our findings in a more effective way. Our findings pointed to three areas of contact where different professions could detect, get connected and start a relationship with a pupil who might live with honour related violence and oppression. These three areas were identified as each having some different opportunities and conditions regarding the possibility to detect and successively work with this group of pupils. Our findings also point to the need for education about honour related problems for school staff, especially the teachers who were noted to be a group in need of knowledge regarding these issues. One important condition in working with pupils living with honour related violence and oppression was the need for clear rolls of responsibility and knowing who to contact in certain situations.

  • 82.
    Badner, Veronika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    The influence of media portrayal of suicide on adolescent's suicidal intentions2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry states that 90% of teenagers between 13-17 years have access to media, including social media, and are therefore at risk to be exposed to harmful or inappropriate content. This can lead to depression and suicide. According to the WHO, suicide is the second leading cause of death for young people.

    Several studies conducted by Till & Niederkrotenthaler (2019) show that suicide portrayals in media can influence the suicidality of recipients and is therefore cruicial when talking about suicide prevention. The importance of suicide prevention is shown in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), stating that the WHO wants to 'ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages' by promoting mental health and well-being. 

    Aim: The aim of this thesis is to explore suicidal thoughts among adolescents and to investigate the effect of media portrayals of suicide on young people. Furthermore, this thesis investigates responsible reporting on suicide.

    Method: This thesis provides a systematic literature review synthesising 15 peer-reviewed articles and studies, both written in German and English, about suicide among adolescents, possibilities of suicide prevention, the Werther effect, the Papageno effect, media portrayal of suicide, and harmful and helpful characteristics in suicide reporting. Relevant articles and studies regarding these topics were found in the Ebsco database.

    Findings: Studies about the portrayal of suicide in the media show that there are benefits, like promoting helplines and counseling services and a better understanding of suicidal ideation, but also downsides, such as copycats. The decisive factor here is whether the guidelines for responsible reporting on suicide have been followed or not.

    Further research is needed and could focus on unsuccessful suicide attempts in order to interview people what influenced their suicidal intentions. In addition, general guidelines are needed on how suicide should be reported in the media in order to prevent possible imitations of both real and fictional depictions of suicide.

  • 83.
    Bajrovic Gutic, Zilha
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    ”Dom tror att det är dom som vet bäst”: Socialsekreterares upplevelse av samverkan2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie utgår från socialsekreterares perspektiv på samverkan med andra professioner. Hinder och möjligheter avseende samverkan lyfts men också handlingsutrymme och regelbrott. Resultatet har presenterats utifrån den kvalitativa metoden och genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med fem socialsekreterare i olika åldrar mellan 30 och 64 år samt utifrån tre kvinnor och två män som intervjuades. Resultatet har tematiserats genom Michael Lipskys teori om handlingsutrymme och gräsrotsbyråkrati som utgångspunkt. Resultatet visar att det förekommer en del hinder i samverkan mellan socialsekreterare och andra professioner. Resultatet visar även att socialsekreterare har ett stort handlingsutrymme i samverkan med andra professioner men att det saknas kunskap mellan professionella för ytterligare samverkan. Slutsatsen är att socialsekreterare styrs av lagar och regler som påverkar samverkan men också relationer, tillit och typ av arbetsplats har en stor del i det. Socialsekreteraren kan genom ett socialpedagogiskt perspektiv påverka sitt handlingsutrymme i samverkan mellan socialtjänsten och andra professioner, dock krävs en vilja, kunskap och tillit från både den enskilde socialsekreteraren och personal inom andra professionella verksamheter så som lärare, sjuksköterskor poliser etc. men också från ledningen inom de olika verksamheterna för att åstadkomma detta.

  • 84.
    Baker, Sabrina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Valderrama, Heather
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Handledning som emotionell avlastning för socialarbetare2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka om socialarbetares upplevelser och erfarenheter kring handledning som emotionell avlastning och huruvida detta bidrar till bättre copingstrategier. Elva semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med sju socialsekreterare, en konsult, en rehab handläggare, en behandlingssekreterare och en teamledare. Intervjuerna genomfördes via fysiska träffar och digitala verktyget Teams.

    Studiens empiri som utvanns från intervjumaterialet analyserades med en tematisk analys. Teorierna coping och relationell pedagogik användes som utgångspunkt i analysarbetet tillsammans med tidigare forskning, som har visat synen på handledning i det sociala arbetet och dess betydelse. Tidigare forskning har visat att handledning är en viktig och positiv aspekt som uppfyller en stor roll i socialarbetarnas mående. Därför har vi även valt att inkorporera handledning som en teori i studien. Många arbetsgivare prioriterar inte handledning och forskning visar att detta har lett till hög personalomsättning till följd av utbrändhet och psykisk ohälsa.

    Resultatet visade att en god copingförmåga är en positiv konsekvens av handledning. Respondenterna uppgav att handledningstillfällena var månadsvisa och var nödvändiga för deras emotionella avlastning. Slutligen visade resultatet att handledning bidrog till nya strategier som respondenterna kunde applicera på delar av arbetet som var psykiskt påfrestande. Detta uppgav respondenterna ledde till bättre mående och ökade motivationen till arbetet.

  • 85.
    Balaj, Merit
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Hadziibrahimbegovic, Lejla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    "Jag har ju valt det här yrket för att jag värnar om barn": Skolpersonalens arbete att balansera mellan barns delaktighet och skyddsbehov vid orosanmälningsprocessen2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka grundskolpersonalens upplevelser om deras bemötande gentemot barn inför och under orosanmälningsprocessen, utifrån barns aktörskap och barnsskyddsbehov. Sex semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med tre lärare och tre kuratorer på olika skolor i en kommun i Sverige. Det empiriska materialet som intervjuerna genererade analyserades genom en tematisk analys. Det barndomssociologiska perspektivet och modellen om professionellas bemötande och barns delaktighet användes i analysarbetet tillsammans med tidigare forskning. Fokuset har legat på hur skolpersonalen bemöter barnen och arbetar utefter ett skyddsarbete och delaktighetsarbete. Tidigare forskning förklarar att skolpersonal upplever en svårighet att anmäla i form av oro och okunskap samt hur socialtjänsten arbetar med barns delaktighet. Studiens resultat visade på att samtlig personal arbetar med ett delaktighetsarbete genom att finnas till hands för barnen inför en orosanmälan och bemöter barnen på olika sätt för att möjliggöra för barnen att öppna upp sig. Skolpersonalen upplevde även att barnens ålder påverkade deras delaktighet samt att subtila tecken på barnen gör det svårt att få barnen att öppna upp sig. Skolpersonalen hade en varierande uppfattning när barnen befinner sig under en orosanmälan. Fyra av skolpersonalen arbetar genom att få barnen delaktiga under processen, som kan ses som en balans mellan delaktighet och skydd. Två av skolpersonalen arbetade utefter skydd under orosanmälningsprocessen som därmed gör det svårt att balansera det med delaktighet. Slutligen visade resultatet att fyra av skolpersonalen belyser att det är viktigt att bibehålla goda relationer med barnen, och två av skolpersonalen ansåg att det var svårt att återskapa relationerna med barnen efter att en anmälan hade blivit gjord. Sammanfattningsvis krävs det mer kunskap inom detta område för hur skolpersonal arbetar med att bemöta barnen inför och under orosanmälningsprocessen.

  • 86.
    Baldesjö, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Gustafsson, Sandra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    ”Inget var viktigare än drogen”: En litteraturstudie om ungdomars erfarenheter av missbruk med samtidig kriminalitet2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The view on drugs has become more liberal and the frequency of substance use among youth has increased. Adolescents also believe that illegal drugs are more easily accessible. The adolescent years are a risk factor for drug use and criminality. The extent of juvenile delinquency has not changed much since the 1970s, however, the crimes have become more serious and more common in younger ages. Adolescents are the most criminally active group in society. However, crime can often be seen as a transient phase.

    Aim: The aim of this literature review is to describe adolescents experiences of substance abuse with co-occurring criminality.

    Method: The method used in this study was a literature review. Data was collected through systematic information searches with specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. The method used to analyse the articles was Aveyard's thematic analysis model. Nine articles were considered to have a result that could answer the aim of the study and to be of high quality.

    Findings: The results are presented based on four themes and nine sub-themes. The four themes that emerged were “From recreational use to problems”, “The dual role of the social arena”, “Changed behaviour and mental health” and “The complexity of the care- and justice system”.

    Conclusion: The use of narcotics went from using for the sake of fun to creating problems. Heavier drugs were often associated with committing crimes in groups as well as committing more serious crimes. The importance of a safe and secure environment during childhood were a protective factor which could reduce the risk of drug use and criminality in adolescence. 

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  • 87.
    Bardin Björkman, Saga
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Skoog, Isabell
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Det indirekta hjälpsökandet: En kvalitativ studie om skolkuratorers upplevelser av unga killars hjälpsökande beteenden vid psykisk ohälsa2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att förstå mer om killars hjälpsökande vid psykisk ohälsa i högstadiets skolmiljö med fokus på skolkuratorernas erfarenheter och arbete. Studien undersöker skolkuratorers synsätt och hur det går till när det uppstår hjälp för killar på högstadiet.

    Studien genomförs med hjälp av kvalitativ metod med semistrukturerade intervjuer. Fem skolkuratorer intervjuades från olika kommuner i Västsverige. Skolkuratorerna arbetar på skolor med varierande storlek i olika stora städer. För att analysera materialet används Bronfenbrenners utvecklingsekologiska systemteori samt begreppet litteracitet.

    Resultaten visar att killars hjälpsökandeprocesser påverkas av nätverk, miljö, normer och kuratorns förmåga att nå ut till killarna. Resultatet visar även att skolkuratorerna har ett behovsfokuserat synsätt som innebär att se varje elev som en unik individ.

    Utifrån resultatet kan slutsatser göras att skolkuratorer behöver anpassa sitt arbete för att främja hjälpsökande bland unga killar. Detta bidrar till ytterligare kunskap om hur skolkuratorer bör bemöta och arbeta med unga killar i högstadiet.

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  • 88.
    Barker, Dean
    et al.
    School of Health Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro (SWE).
    Quennerstedt, Mikael
    School of Health Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro (SWE).
    Johansson, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Korp, P.
    Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Sciences, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Fit for the job?: How corporeal expectations shape physical education teachers’ understandings of content, pedagogy, and the purposes of physical education2021In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: People often expect physical education teachers to look fit and athletic, to do lots of physical activity, and to eat well. While ample research exists on physical education teachers’ bodies, relatively few scholars have investigated how physical educators relate corporeal expectations to broader ideas about subject content, pedagogy, and the purposes of the school subject. Aim: The specific aim of the paper is to identify the assumptions about content, pedagogy, and educational purposes that teachers make when they talk about a perceived need for physical educators to look fit and athletic. Method: To frame our work theoretically, we draw from a Swedish didaktik of physical education tradition and employ Bakhtin’s concept of speech genres, and Wertsch’s concept of privileging. Our empirical material consists of transcripts generated from 6 focus group and 6 individual interviews (24 teachers in total, average age of 40 years, average teaching experience 11 years). Findings: Data suggest that when teachers use an ‘athletic-looking teacher as healthy role model’ speech genre, they tend to privilege: (1) a particular version of health as subject content that involves not being too overweight and maintaining physical functionality in sports. This content is based on biomedical conceptions of health which foreground exercise, eating and weight, and a pathogenic reduction of risk; (2) particular pedagogies in PE that put the teacher at the centre of the pedagogical situation, and; (3) a certain educational purpose in PE, which is to educate citizens for healthy lives through participation in sport. With respect to this purpose, increasing body weight enters the genre as a potential obstacle for educational success. Discussion: The findings raise questions concerning appropriate curricular content and its relation to teacher identities. They suggest that learning possibilities may be missed when certain content, pedagogies, and outcomes are privileged. The findings also indicate how wider voices are implicated in the speech genre. Conclusion: The paper is concluded with reflections on the possibility for change regarding expectations of physical education teachers’ bodies and pedagogies.

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  • 89.
    Barria Rodriguez, Claudia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Lindgren, Sylwia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    "Detta är inte bara min arbetsplats, utan mitt liv": En kvalitativ studie om diakonins sociala arbete2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Diakonal verksamhet utgör en viktig roll i arbetet med människor som hamnat i utsatta positioner i samhället. Verksamheten har sina rötter i den kristna traditionen och bistår dessa människor genom att fylla behov de har, erbjuda gemenskap samt visa kärlek. Detta arbete syftar till att beskriva hur detta arbete bedrivs av diakoner, hur de går tillväga för att hjälpa de individer de möter, vilka handlingsutrymmen yrket har samt vilka hinder, möjligheter och utmaningar diakoner ställs inför i sitt arbete. Utifrån begreppen gemenskap och utsatthet, handlingsutrymme och medkänsla söker vi ge en bild av denna gren inom social arbete. Materialet i denna uppsats grundar sig i en genomgång av diakonins historia, tidigare forskning, en genomgång av teoretiska perspektiv samt kvalitativa intervjuer med fem diakoner verksamma i Svenska kyrkans diakonala verksamhet. Studien belyser det diakonala utifrån tre olika teman - kärlek och omsorg, makt och framtidstro. Igenom dessa beskrivs hur diakonalt arbete bedrivs bland annat genom dess förmåga att inkludera människor oberoende av exempelvis kön, etnicitet och trosuppfattning, en insyn i hur maktstrukturer ser ut inom diakonin samt hur diakonalt arbete bidrar till att klienter får en tro på framtiden.

  • 90.
    Bauer, Simon
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    von Brömssen, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Milani, Tommaso M.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Spehar, Andrea
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Locating Sweden in Time and Space: National Chronotopes in Civic Orientation for Adult Migrants2023In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to use courses in civic orientation for newly arrivedadult migrants in Sweden as the empirical entry point from which toinvestigate whether, and if so, how, civic values are tied to the Swedish nationthrough specific discourses and narratives. With the help of a frameworkthat brings together theorisations of the discursive construction of thenation with the notions of the chronotope and ‘social narratives’, the articledemonstrates how narratives within civic orientation are characterised byspecific spatio-temporal moves that discursively construct Sweden as anation-state. Such national chronotopes are not innocuous but are part of arhetoric of nationalism that constructs a linear and comprehensive story ofprosperity and superiority, not least vis-à-vis some other geographical areasin the world. As such, the analysis seeks to contribute to the burgeoningscholarship on civic orientation programmes by offering further empiricalevidence of the shapes such programmes take, and how civic values becomenationalised. With the help of the notion of the chronotope, the article alsoseeks to add some fresh perspectives to scholarship on nationalism andothering by showing mundane spatio-temporal moves in the production of a‘national imaginary’ (Calhoun 2017).

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  • 91.
    Beckman, Anita
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Det handlar om att kompromissa": Unga Vuxna Samtalar Om Livsval, Framtidstankar Och Hur Det Är Att Bo Och Studera I Västerviks Kommun2018Report (Other academic)
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  • 92.
    Beckman, Anita
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Exempel 10: Ung och arbetslös i Västervik2019In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 100-106Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 93.
    Beckman, Anita
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Göteborgs universitet.
    "Jag skulle så jätte, jätte, jättegärna vilja ha ett fast jobb att gå  till": om att vara ung och arbetslös i Västervik2017Report (Other academic)
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  • 94.
    Beckman, Anita
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Andersson, Åsa
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, Sverige.
    "Kvar vid barnbordet...": om unga vuxna utanför arbetsmarknaden2018In: Barn och ungdomsvetenskap: grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Johansson, Thomas & Sorbring, Emma, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 529-543Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 95.
    Beijer, Fanny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Rydbeck, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "När jag får ångest och känner att nu behöver jag skära mig, då kan jag gå till hästen”: En studie om hästunderstödd terapi som behandlingsmetod för flickor med självskadebeteende2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we have examined in which way the horse is used in Equine Assisted Therapy, and what effects the treatment staff experience and describes that the interaction with horses has on girls who self-harms. Our Empirical data was collected through qualitative methods such as interviews, participant observation and informal interviews with a total of six different informants, from five different activities with Equine Assisted Therapy for girls who self-harms. In the analysis we have assumed symbolic interactionism, a theory focusing on the human as a social being, where the self-image alters in the social interaction with other human beings. We interwove this theory with the Biophilia hypothesis, an explanatory model concerning human’s relationship to animals and nature.

    The conclusions we have found in the results are:

    • Equine Assisted Therapy is a complementary treatment comprises both horseback riding and exercises which is not based on the horseback
    • Equine Assisted Therapy almost always involves three parts, the therapist, the client and the horse. The therapist constantly interpreters the horse to get information about the clients senses tuning.
    • The horse can be especially useful for sexual abused girls. It can be used as a help for the client in relaxation exercises, and can be a help for the client in body awareness recovery.
    • Equine Assisted Therapy contributes to increased self-confidence, self-esteem and altered self-image
    • The horse has not the ability to lie, which results in a completely honest relationship between the horse and the human.
    • Both the ambient environment and just interacting with the horse can be calming and anxiolytic for the client.     

     

     

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    En studie om hästunderstödd terapi för flickor med självskadebeteende
  • 96.
    Bengtsson, Helena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att vara en Zonare: En studie om delaktighet och gemenskap på en mötesplats2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att beskriva, analysera och förstå innebörden av en öppen, social mötesplats som skapats av några kristna församlingar med avsikt att erbjuda personer med drogberoende, psykisk ohälsa eller andra svårigheter, gemenskap och delaktighet. Studiens frågeställningar utgår från vilken betydelse mötesplatsen har för deltagarna och vilka möjligheter och hinder mötesplatsen innebär för den enskildes upplevelse av delaktighet och gemenskap.Studien utgår ifrån ett fenomenologiskt perspektiv och fokuserar på den upplevda erfarenheten från de personer som besöker platsen. Data har samlats in via deltagande observationer,intervjuer och samtal med intervjuliknande inslag och består av 12 observationer och 6 intervjuer. Bearbetning av data har skett via transkribering, kodning, kategorisering och teman. Resultatet har analyserats utifrån en analysram formad utifrån studiens centrala begrepp, delaktighet och gemenskap och underbegreppen identitet, marginalisering, plats och nätverksband.Studiens analys leder till slutsatsen att mötesplatsens betydelse för deltagarna kan summeras med att Zonen är en plats för gemenskap som bygger på att man respekterar varandra och där deltagarna upplever trygghet. En annan slutsats är att mötesplatsen innebär möjligheter för den enskildes upplevelse av delaktighet och gemenskap genom inflytande, praktiska uppgifter och samvaro. Det finns hinder beroende på den enskildes dagsform, rädsla för kategoriseringoch att lokalen inte handikappanpassats. En tredje slutsats är att en dimension av delaktighet och gemenskap framträder som innebär att vara engagerad till en plats med en upplevelse avdelad identitet, att vara Zonare. I slutet av uppsatsen förs en diskussion om vilken betydelse studien kan ha för socialpedagogisk och diakonal praxis.

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  • 97.
    Bengtsson, Staffan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Alexandersson, Karin
    Dalarnas forskningsråd.
    Beijer, Elisabeth
    FoU i Väst/GR.
    Hyvönen, Ulf
    Development and Field Research Unit, Umeå Social Services.
    Karlsson, Per-Åke
    RandD Sjuhärad Welfare/Borås University.
    Nyman, Marie
    Dalarnas forskningsråd.
    Producing and consuming knowledge in social work practice: Research and development activities in a Swedish context.2009In: Evidence and policy, ISSN 1744-2648, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 127-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to describe how experince-based knowledge can be made visible by giving some examples of how this has been done in Swedish social welfare services, in collaborations between social services agencies and research and development (R&D) units. These examples will be linked to theories and discussed in relation to different research utilisation models. By using one of these models, it is argued that R&D activities can broaden the concept of evidence-based practice and help brigde the gap between research and practice.

  • 98.
    Bengtsson, Staffan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan.
    Svensson, Lars A.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Erkännandets pedagogik: exemplet lärcenterbaserad utbildning2013In: Gemenskaper: Socialpedagogiska perspektiv / [ed] Eriksson, Lisbeth, Nilsson, Gunilla & Svensson, Lars A., Göteborg: Daidalos, 2013, p. 181-207Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 99.
    Bengtsson, Staffan
    et al.
    Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping.
    Svensson, Lars A.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Projektmänniskan: arbetsrehabiliteringens möte med den enskilde2014In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, E-ISSN 2002-343X, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 25-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln handlar om hur välfärdsorganisationer och deras tjänstemän kopplade till aktivitets- och sysselsättningsåtgärder agerar i mötet med den enskilde och vilka berättelser som skapas om individerna. Artikeln diskuterar hur projektdeltagaren omgärdas av en fortgående medikalisering och en social fragmentisering, där projektdeltagarens problematik reduceras och där individens egen röst tycks få ett begränsat utrymme.

  • 100.
    Benholm, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hellquist, Sylvia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ”Mer än en arbetsrelation”: En studie om hemtjänstpersonalens upplevelse av sin arbetssituation2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose with our study is to examine and analyze how staff in home care services perceive their work situation as well as in what way relations with colleagues or clients may have an impact on this experience. We have chosen a qualitative approach with semi-structured interviews, which builds on the experience of the interviewed individuals. Our main perspective in this study is the social pedagogy. The theoretical frame consists of social networks and the concepts community and thin networks. The collected data has been coded, categorized, thematised and analyzed in relation to former research and the theoretical perspectives. Our study results indicates that the personnel in home care services feels that they have a good and rewarding work. The contact with the users is experienced as very positive and as the main reason for them to go to work. The personnel also describe the working group as very important and it is to the colleagues they turn to get support. The result of this study clearly shows that relations are of great importance for the individuals understanding of their work situation.

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