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  • 51.
    Babaheidari, Said Morad
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Managing the Digitalization of Schools: an exploratory study of school principals’ and IT managers’ perceptions about ICT adoption and usefulness2014In: Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2014, Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, 2014, p. 106-113Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In nowadays increasingly ICT-related investments in an overgrowing competitive school setting, the deployment, maintenance, and particularly the effective use of ICT is in many ways a complex multifaceted managerial task involving several stakeholder groups. In a pilot study of a single school district in a Swedish municipality, we have interviewed representatives from the municipal board of education, the municipal IT-support for schools, and two principals. We have used Technology Acceptance Model (TAM3) as our analytical lens to explore how school principals’ and municipal IT-managers’ perceive ICT adoption, usefulness, and the potential role of ICT. We conclude that the barriers for a successful integration of ICT into school-related activities requires a holistic managerial thinking in order to overcome the lack of coordinated ICT investment strategy and tracking of ICT.

  • 52.
    Bengtsson, Marie
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Nu kör vi!: Mot jämställdhet i åkerinäringen med ett AIL-perspektiv2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 53.
    Bengtsson, Staffan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan.
    Svensson, Lars A.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Erkännandets pedagogik: exemplet lärcenterbaserad utbildning2013In: Gemenskaper: Socialpedagogiska perspektiv / [ed] Eriksson, Lisbeth, Nilsson, Gunilla & Svensson, Lars A., Göteborg: Daidalos, 2013, p. 181-207Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 54.
    Berggren, Caroline
    et al.
    Institutionen för pedagogik och specialpedagogik, utbildningsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Göteborgs universitet.
    Cliffordson, Christina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Widening participation trends in Sweden: Regulations and their effects, intended and unintended2012In: Widening Participation in Higher Education: casting the net wide? / [ed] Hinton-Smith, Tamsin, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, p. 197-212Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Widening Participation in Higher Education: Casting the Net Wide? offers an authoritative up-to-date commentary on the challenges facing higher education today, through the perspectives of experts representing universities across the UK, Europe, Africa and the USA. Contributors draw on recent empirical research as well as analysis of historical developments and emerging policy to provide an understanding of these issues of widening participation to educational practitioners, policy makers and academics alike. Up-to-date insights chart the impact of global economic trends and recent policy developments for students, academics, providers and changing course provision. Contributions from emerging and established experts address a broad range of relevant issues, from the question of grade inflation through to the effectiveness of peer outreach programmes. The book provides insight into how the effects of trends including marketization and globalization will continue to impact pivotally on the extent to which higher education is able to act as a force for social equalization or exclusion of opportunities.

  • 55.
    Bergh, Madeleine
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskans pedagogiska funktion och kompetens i mötet med närståeden2012In: Pedagogik inom vård och handledning / [ed] Pilhammar Andersson, Ewa, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 2., [rev.] uppl, , p. 172 s.p. 65-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 56.
    Bergh, Madeleine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Carlson, Elisabeth
    Malmö högskola. Fakulteten Hälsa och samhälle.
    Friberg, Febe
    Sahlgrenska akademin vid Göteborgs universitet.
    Gedda, Birgitta
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Häggström, Eva
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Pilhammar, Ewa
    Sahlgrenska akademin vid Göteborgs universitet.
    Pedagogik inom vård och handledning2012 (ed. 2., [rev.] uppl.)Book (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Berglund, Emilia
    et al.
    Göteborgs stad.
    Lager, Karin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lundqvist, Jennifer
    Göteborgs stad.
    Gustafsson Nyckel, Jan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Det dubbla kompetenskravet: en studie av lärarstudenters utveckling av kompetenser inom en ny lärarutbildning2019In: Forskning i Pædagogers Profession og Uddannelse, E-ISSN 2446-2810, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 87-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    "The dual competence requirement - A study of teacher student competences in a new teacher education" examines students dealing with a dual competence requirement in teacher education. The study has its' background in educational trends that aim to bring together a social pedagogical tradition with an educational tradition, with a focus on teacher training in School age educare (fritidshem). Focus group interviews have been used to interview 16 students in teacher education at a university in Sweden with a focus on working in school-age educare. A thematic analysis was implemented, where development of three different competences emerged that correspond to a dual competence requirement, which is Re-creators, Co-Creators and Innovators. The analysis highlights both the differences and similarities between the three competences, while also showing how the competences complement each other. The Re-creators are characterized by adapted and reproduced skills development, in which the student actively chooses to become either a teacher in the school-age educare or his subject. The Co-creators are characterized by the students adapting to the education's implementation and producing parallel skills and becoming teachers in the school-age educare and their subject. The Innovators feature a productive creative competence in which the students use their practical aesthetic subject knowledge in the school-age edu-care activities, and their school-age educare skills in the teaching of the practical aesthetic subject. Findings are discussed in relation to the offering of creative skills.

  • 58.
    Berner, Sofie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Skånberg, Sanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Relationen mellan lärande, arbetsrelaterad stress och arbetstillfredsställelse: Privat respektive offentlig sektor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How important is really work satisfaction? Research shows inter alia that employee's worksatisfaction is the fundamental for the employee to be motivated to perform better. If employees don't thrive at work, they will probably not last long, which means that the company needs to recruit new personnel, which in turn is hugely expensive. This means that if employees experience a high level of work satisfaction, they will be more productive, which will be of benefit for the company in form of economic gains. In our opinion, the existing research on the relationship between learning, work-related stress and work satisfaction is insufficient, and there is a lack of research on differences between blue-collar workers and educators in relation to the three aforementioned factors. However, there is research that shows that learning relates positively to work satisfaction and that there is a negative correlation between learning and stress, while some studies points at a negative correlation between stress and work-satisfaction. The purpose with our study was to examine the relation between learning, work-related stress and work satisfaction for both blue-collar workers consisting of workers and officials (N = 43) and primary educators (N =25) respectively. This was done by applying a quantitative method and the data collection (N= 68) was done through a survey constructed in Google Survey, based on questions from COPSOQ II and on (Seppälä et al., 2008;I-shuo (2017). The study showed differences between the two groups when it came to work satisfaction. Workrelated stress was barely non-significant in relation to job satisfaction between the two groups. However, the study didn't hardly show any differences when it came to learning. In addition, the study showed significant negative correlations within both groups when it came to the relationship between work-related stress and work satisfaction. Finally, a significant positive correlation was found between learning and job satisfaction for blue-collar workers. The conclusion of the study was that there were some differences between the different professions.

  • 59.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Collaboration Model for Work-Integrated Learning in Higher Education 3rd Cycle2018In: INTED 2018: Proceedings / [ed] L. Gómez Chova, A. López Martínez, I. Candel Torres, INTED , 2018, p. 5509-5515Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Universities need to constantly accommodate new forms of collaboration with society. Interaction with and impacts on society and practice are of crucial importance. University West (UW) in Sweden has a profile area in work-integrated learning (WIL), which generally aims to address issues on integrating theory and practice in a coherent and sustainable way. In this paper we base our arguments on a research education (3rd cycle) in informatics with specialization in work-integrated learning. The aim with the paper is to evaluate UW’s research education and research environment from a WIL perspective. We will adopt an informing science model in order to conduct a current state analysis, in which we identify and visualize collaboration activities within and between the research education/environment and the UWs key stakeholders; society/practices, research community and PhD students. Concrete implications show how collaboration and informing flows are connected and how they can be improved. General reflections are given on the model as a useful means for quality development and assurance beyond learning outcomes, including aspects of collaboration and interaction that can be regarded as paths of societal and practical impacts.

  • 60.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    An Eye for an I: Focus on integration in WIL2022Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This licentiate thesis describes the development and change of forms within a course with a focus on Work-Integrated Learning (WIL). For several years I have been responsible for a course and at the same time author of the syllabus for the course and seen how weak the integration is, and how it is perceived by the students, between theoretical knowledge and the practical work during an internship period. This has resulted in two interventions and processing of the syllabus and above all the methods and pedagogy used for the implementation of the course.

    In the beginning, the internship period contained four presentation seminars where the result was only a joint listening to the other students' stories and presentations. This resulted in a discussion and conceptual paper that focused on the importance of integration and how this can be made visible. The first change in curricula was inspired by Flipped Classroom, where students had to submit their narratives in advance in an online shared document. Prior to the seminar, it was assumed that they would then read each other's text and reflect on similarities and differences in experiences and learning in the workplace where they had their internship period. This resulted in a more reflective conversation during the seminars which can be called Peer Reflections where the conversation was always based on previous reflections and each other's thoughts.

    The second intervention was carried out in implementation at the same time as it was to be compared with the student's experiences of seminars in a control group that carried out a similar course structure with presentation and examining seminars. The change was inspired by a model from Australia that they call Huddles. This is a concluding seminar as a briefing of the practice. The issues that are discussed are carefully selected in collaboration with the students and have a clear anchoring in their experiences during the practice. The change, which was then implemented, after inspiration from Huddles in one group, with as before four seminars during the internship with carefully selected themes. At the same time, I was inspired by models for evaluating differences in teaching when technology is introduced, such as the SAMR model (substitution, augmentation, modification, and redefinition) and how this could be seen as a form of progression if technology was changed to AIL. The SOLO taxonomy was also the inspiration for describing the assignments and themes before each seminar.

    The research questions presented in this licentiate thesis focus on the students' experiences of how these changes contribute to a better understanding of the integration of what is taught at the university in the form of theory and the practical knowledge they learned in the internship.

    Qualitative data collection has taken place through observations and focus groups in both the group where changes have been implemented and in the group that conducted accounting and examining seminars. The results show that the integration in the students' understanding of theory and practice increases. They also experience a progression in their reflections and the seminars, while the students in the control group experience their seminars as scattered and they do not contribute to any knowledge development.

    The licentiate thesis also contributes to considering WIL as a complex concept with different areas of responsibility. The university teaches on the theoretical side, Work-Integrated Education (WIE) while on the other side of the dichotomy theory and practice where students are largely responsible for Workplace learning (WPL). Between these, several different activities can be carried out, including Huddles, which can be described as work-based learning (WBL). The university can contribute to these activities with, for example, simulations, the teaching of relevant software used by companies and organizations in the field. Workplaces can also contribute with concrete assignments in the form of various projects that the students are allowed to carry out or perhaps with guest lectures and concrete cases. Seeing WIL as an umbrella covering different forms of activities with different organizational responsibilities can make it easier to see the importance of the different activities and these can be integrated. WIL is not only WIE.

    In addition to the view that AIL is an umbrella concept with several different types of activities, ideas are also given on how Huddles can be introduced as a pedagogical method and how progression can be developed within Work-integrated Education and Learning with inspiration from different models.

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  • 61.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Work-integrated learning through peer narratives about workplace experiences2023In: International Journal of Work-Integrated Learning, ISSN 2538-1032, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 277-291Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes students' experiences of different activities arranged by a Swedish university in connectionwith their internship. The article presents two approaches for conducting seminars while students are on aninternship. One student group attends formal, structured seminars while the other group attends seminars in theform of focus groups called huddles, where the theme of conversations is carefully selected and has its origins instudents’ narratives on their authentic experiences during the internship. The more ’traditional’ formal seminarsare perceived by the students as scattered, while the conversational approach based on personal experiences helpsstudents to develop a professional identity. Conversational focus groups were perceived as the pedagogicalmeasure that contributes most to students’ development. This research emphasized the deep learning affordedstudents and the insights emerging from the conversations. The organic nature of the conversations enableddevelopment in both intended and unintended learning outcomes.

  • 62.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Work-integrated-learning: So what?: A framework for describing the level of integration between work and learning2017In: ICERI2017 Proceedings, 2017, p. 443-451Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The knowledge society of today is characterized by a continuously ongoing technological development and digitalization that steadily calls for new competencies and transforms existing professions. For being able to provide up-to-date competence in a fast-changing labor market there is, perhaps more than ever, a need for extensive cooperation between Universities and surrounding society. A number of different models supporting the civic university has been established, e.g. “entrepreneurial university”, the triple-helix model and the increasingly popular adoption of “work-integrated learning” (WIL). 

    Work-integrated learning offer students authentic learning experiences and create synergy between theory and practice, e.g. by cooperative educational programs, internship, sandwich programs and case based teaching. Beyond the pedagogical benefits with experiential learning, WIL also supports the transfer between higher education and work, i.e. increases readiness, employability and also encourage a more agentic engagement. Furthermore, research results show that WIL-students have career benefits regarding salary in early career and job advancement. Even though, WIL and similar strategies for combining theory and practice seems to have promising pedagogical and career advantages, the theoretical underpinning is still underdeveloped. For instance, the methodology for how learning is promoted and which role external partners could play is vague. 

    At University West with more than 25 years’ experience of WIL a holistic approach to WIL have been adopted and WIL permeates all the Universities activities: education, research and extensive collaboration with the surrounding society. Over the years our efforts have been formalized and a taxonomy for will-activities have been developed. In sum, we know that WIL have promising potential, and we know what to do. But, in a recently performed study at this University, based on focus groups interviews and consolidation of our experiences we identified that even if the question “what?” is responded to, there is an important sub-question to be addressed, namely: “so what?”. When adopting different WIL activities, both small and large scale activities, e.g. a guest lecture or an internship, it is reasonable to reflect on whether these activities are used in an optimal way? What kind of impact does the WIL-activity imply? What could be achieved by successful integration between theory and practice? Could it be visualized?

    Inspired by models used for integrating technique in education (RAT, SAMR and TPCK-models), we have developed a framework for the progression of work-integrated learning in education. The framework is in a sense a model for “Wil-value”. This framework could be used on different levels and in different context: in a single course, educational program, in research projects, cooperation with surrounding society, mentorship and on partner workplaces.

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  • 63.
    Bernhardsson, Patrik
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Hur uppfattar studenter tankebokensimplementering i Web 2.0-verktyg?: En kvalitativ studie om hur studenter uppfattar tankeböckers implementering i Web 2.0-verktyg2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien i denna uppsats är explorativ och förståelseinriktad. Syftet med undersökningen är att undersöka om respondenterna uppfattar att man med hjälp av Web 2.0-verktyg kan stödja lärande utifrån tankebokens koncept.Undersökningen har genomförts på en grupp studenter på Digitala Medieprogrammet vid Högskolan Väst. Studenterna läste vid tillfället en kurs som heter Digitala Distributionsformer, en kurs kring hur man använder olika former av digitala distributionsformer både via internet och mobil. Undersökningen består av en fokusgrupp av dessa studenter, samt observationer kring studenternas användning av de digitala verktygen.Resultatet visar att bloggar ger fördelar och uppmuntrar studenter till ett reflekterat lärande genom t.ex. tankebok som form. Tankebok i blogg kan därigenom bli ett stöd i lärandet.

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  • 64.
    Berntsson, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Blom, Lovisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Fröken säger att alla får vara med!": En studie om barns tillträdesstrategier i pågående lekar2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I förskolan är lek en stor del av barnens sociala liv och det blir viktigt för barnen att kunna tolka varandras leksignaler. William A. Corsaro utformade begreppet tillträdesstrategier. Dessa strategier använder barn som verktyg för att ta sig in i en pågående lek. Studien är skriven utifrån Corsaros teorier om kamratkulturer och på vilket sätt barn tar sig in i dessa kulturer med hjälp av tillträdesstrategier. Vårt intresse till barns tillträde i lekar uppstod när vi letade litteratur till en vetenskapskurs och stötte på begreppet tillträdesstrategier. Vår nyfikenhet växte och vi ville veta mer om just barns tillträde i pågående lekar. På så sätt uppkom denna observationsstudie. Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur barn i åldern 3–5 år i förskolan tillträder i den fria leken och få en djupare förståelse och insikt om vad tillträdesstrategierna har för betydelse för barns kamratkulturer. Metod: Kvalitativ observationsstudie med icke-deltagande observationer. Vi har använt oss av begrepp som analysverktyg. Dessa begrepp är: tillträdesstrategier, kamratkultur, interaktionsutrymme, makt och exkludering. Resultat: Resultatet visar att barn ingår i kamratkulturer i förskolan. I dessa kulturer finns det normer och regler om makt och status. Barnen är i sina kamratkulturer måna om det interaktionsutrymme de befinner sig i och skyddar det från barn som försöker ta sig in i dessa. Vi fann att barn skyddar sina interaktionsutrymmen genom att exkludera barn verbalt eller genom att ignorera. För att ta sig in i en pågående lek använder sig barn av tillträdesstrategier och barn som får motstånd prövar nya strategier för att få tillträde. Resultatet visar också att barnen utövar makt för att ha kontroll över samspel eller för att visa hög status i barngruppen.

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  • 65.
    Billme, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Sex sportchefers uppfattningar om mental träning i elitserien i ishockey2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning:Den professionella ishockeyspelaren har ishockey som sitt jobb och befinner sig i en stark tävlingsmiljö där man hela tiden blir värderad. Om man inte presterar tillräckligt bra som ishockeyspelare kan man förlora sitt jobb. Ishockeyspelare tränar otroligt mycket fysik och teknik, men denna starkt prestationsbaserad miljö kan också innebära en mental belastning. 

    Syfte:

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka uppfattningar om mentala färdigheter i elitserien i ishockey, samt hur man inom samma fält betraktar vikten av att arbeta med mental träning.

    Metod:

    Min empiriska studie innefattar intervjuer med sex sportchefer i elitserien i ishockey. Av det insamlade materialet har tre kategorier skapats och analyserats.

    Resultat:

    Jag fann att mentala färdigheter är något man finner som väldigt viktigt för ishockeyspelare i elitserien. För att klara av den tuffa prestationsmiljön behöver man framförallt ett gott självförtroende och en bra inställning. Man måste också ha bra sociala egenskaper för att kunna fungera bra i ett lag. Klubbarna arbetar med mental träning till viss del både genom idrottspsykologer anslutna till klubben och genom ett dagligt, naturligt arbete inom organisationen. Jag fann också att mental träning är ett relativt nytt fenomen i ishockey, och att det därför finns ett visst motstånd för att utöka arbetet med det.

    Nyckelord:

    Ishockey, elitserien, idrottspsykologi, mental träning.

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    Sex sportchefers uppfattningar om mental träning i elitserien i ishockey
  • 66.
    Bjarke, Fanny
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Varför handlar det inte om oss?": En intersektionell diskursanalys av skönlitteratur i läroböcker i kursen Svenska som andraspråk 32019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Skolverket ställer i kursplanen i Svenska som andraspråk 3 tydliga krav på att skönlitteraturen i kursen ska vara skriven av både kvinnor och män och komma från olika kulturer och tider. Eftersom majoriteten av lärarna i Svenska som andraspråk enligt Skolverket inte är behöriga i ämnet, alternativt inte har läst litteraturvetenskap, ställer detta höga krav på att läroböckerna erbjuder skönlitteratur med en stor diversitet för att nå upp till kraven i kursplanen.

    Syfte: Uppsatsens syfte har varit att undersöka om de skönlitterära utdrag samt de skönlitterära texter som förekommer i sin helhet i aktuella läroböcker i Svenska som andraspråk 3 motsvarar kraven på skönlitteratur i kursplanen.

    Metod: Den metod som använts i uppsatsen är kritisk närläsning, där materialet har kvantifierats samt kodats i olika variabler för att kunna analyseras.

    Resultat: Resultatet visade att läroböcker i Svenska som andraspråk 3 reproducerar en manlig och västerländsk diskurs och hegemoni med få inslag av kvinnliga författare och ännu färre inslag av författare från länder som inte tillhör västvärlden. Det såg inte likadant ut i alla fyra analyserade läroböcker, men i tre av fyra var kvinnor kraftigt underrepresenterade och i samtliga läroböcker var en övervägande majoritet av författarna från västvärlden. Invandrarförfattare var enbart representerade i två av läroböckerna, och författare från nationella minoritetsgrupper enbart i en. De läroböcker som hade ett större fokus på litteraturhistoria hade en lägre skönlitterär diversitet.

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  • 67.
    Bjelland Guillermard, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Sjöberg, Katarina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Barnmorskan ur ett pedagogiskt perspektiv: en studie om samspelet mellan barnmorskan och blivande förstagångsföräldrar2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Efterfrågan på föräldrastöd ökar i form av behov av fler träffpunkter, stöd i att kritiskt granska information och professionell rådgivning. Samhället erbjuder en mängd olika resurser av föräldrastöd däribland barnmorskans arbete vid mödrahälsovården, vilket bland annat innebär att ge blivande föräldrar stöd genom information, utbildning och rådgivning inför föräldraskapet. Syftet med studien är att undersöka barnmorskans upplevelse av sitt förberedande arbete med blivande förstagångsföräldrar inför föräldraskapet. Studiens teoretiska utgångspunkt är lärande och förändringsprocesser ur ett sociokulturellt perspektiv. Undersökningen baseras på en kvalitativ intervjustudie med inspiration av fenomenologi. Åtta kvinnliga barnmorskor intervjuades. Datamaterialet har analyserats med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. I resultatet framkom två huvudteman; barnmorskans roll och pedagogiska färdigheter och barnmorskans upplevelse av blivande föräldrar. De två huvudteman genomsyras av vikten av att möta människan där den är och skapa medvetenhet, vilket är essensen i barnmorskornas upplevelse av sitt förberedande arbete med blivande förstagångsföräldrar.

     

     

     

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  • 68.
    Björck, Ville
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    The idea of academia and the real world and its ironic role in the discourse on Work-integrated Learning2020In: Studies in Continuing Education, ISSN 0158-037X, E-ISSN 1470-126X, Vol. 42, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Work-integrated Learning (WIL) seeks to bridge the gap between ‘scholastic’ training and work. This study explores the ironic fact that the WIL discourse remains formed by the idea of academia and the real world, an idea that in decisive ways creates this gap. A genealogical discourse analysis of how this idea operates in 79 present and past official documents promoting the Cooperative Education (Co-op) WIL model is used to explore this ironic fact. Two accounts of this idea are dominant in both present and past documents – the deficit account, which merely creates the stated gap, and the collaborative account, which both creates and bridges this gap. I emphasise that the Co-op and other standard WIL models embody and (re)produce the stated idea because they locate ‘scholastic’ training outside the ‘real world’. This separation dates back to scholè – the ancient Greek school that aimed to disconnect ‘school’ from ‘work’. Because WIL has the opposite aim, I argue that this separation is in fact counterproductive for WIL. Finally, I argue that locating WIL in a third place outside university and working life can be a way of avoiding the separation that (re)produces the idea of academia and the real world.

  • 69.
    Björck, Ville
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. University of Gothenburg, Rigshospitalet, Umea University, University of California San Francisco.
    Problematising the theory-practice terminology: a discourse analysis of students  statements on Work-integrated Learning2019In: Journal of Further and Higher Education, ISSN 0309-877X, E-ISSN 0013-1326, Vol. 43, no 10, p. 1363-1375Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study uses a Foucault-inspired discourse analysis to examine two ideas about learning which reinforce the terminology whereby theory means campus-based training and practice means work placements. The purpose is to problematise this theory–practice terminology and provide scope for a non-dualistic alternative. The ideas examined are the idea of theory vs. practice as the point of departure for learning and the idea of theory and practice as harmonious points of departure for learning. These ideas were voiced by interviewed students who discussed the usual design of Work-integrated Learning (WIL) whereby students go to university to learn ‘theory’ and into working life to learn ‘practice’. The analysis shows how the ideas are formed by different ranking orders between theory and practice which are mutually exclusive, while also working together to reinforce the theory–practice terminology. The discussion on how a non-dualistic terminology can emerge highlights how the usual WIL design forms a dualistic setting where the theory–practice terminology thrives and how designing WIL at a third place between university and working life can provide scope for the terminology we seek.

  • 70.
    Björk, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Axelsson, Frida
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Friskvårdssatsning på arbetsplatsen: En studie kring hälsotester samt införandet av träning på arbetstid2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate if a healthcare intervention in form of health dialogue, fitness test and training on working hours created any new knowledge among the participants and if so, what wisdom did it create. This was a collaboration together with Gothenburg city, where the healthcare intervention was implemented on workplaces within meal service. This thesis was done to do a follow-up of the already implemented healthcare intervention. The study for this paper was formed by a qualitative objective and 16 interviews provided a foundation for the study’s result. An inspiration of phenomenography approach formed the study’s objective that was to catch the participant’s experience. At the compilation of the material and the analysis was the Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) used. A part of the result that appeared was that the participants overall thought that the healthcare intervention was good because it was adaptable from all of the participant’s capabilities and therefore everyone could learn something from this, in one way or another. The individuals have gotten an increased knowledge of the impact of small workouts and that everyone has something to gain regardless of previous physical status. A change and experience of the healthcare intervention have resulted in a tighter group cohesion and a better working climate.

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  • 71.
    Björk Kruse, Marwin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Olofsson Nilsson, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    I klassrummet finns inga träd: en kvantitativ studie av faktorer som påverkar valet att använda sig av utomhuspedagogik2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Utomhuspedagogik har en gedigen historia som sträcker många år tillbaka i tiden. Metoden beskrivs ha många fördelar i undervisningen för elever då de får en direkt koppling till verkligheten i sin undervisning inom de naturvetenskapliga ämnena. Eleverna kan se, testa och diskutera kring naturvetenskapliga fenomen på ett sätt som kan vara svårt i ett klassrum. Dock visar forskning att utomhuspedagogik inte används i den utsträckning som hade varit optimalt för eleverna. Det finns lärteoretiska, fysiska och psykiska perspektiv på användandet av utomhuspedagogik, där lärteorin styrker användandet av metoden och själva användningen kan ge positiva effekter på elevernas fysiska och psykiska hälsa. Forskning om utomhuspedagogik för årskurserna 4–6 är mindre utbredd än de lägre och högre årskurserna.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka i vilken utsträckning som utomhuspedagogik används inom ämnena biologi, kemi och fysik i årskurserna 4–6, samt vilka faktorer som spelar in när lärare väljer eller inte väljer att använda sig utav metoden.

    Metod: Kvantitativ enkätundersökning riktad till lärare inom No-ämnena i årskurserna 4–6.

    Resultat: Studiens resultat visar att det är många lärare som använder sig av utomhuspedagogik, 81,2% av de svarande i den här studien. Vanligtvis bedrivs undervisning utomhus på månads- eller terminsbasis. Hur stort avståndet är till naturen påverkar inte frekvens i hur ofta lärare väljer att flytta undervisning från insidan till utsidan med eleverna. Vi kan se att det finns tre statiskt signifikanta faktorer som påverkar valet att använda sig av utomhuspedagogik, lärarens egna metodkunskaper, kollegernas syn på arbetssättet samt hur trygga lärarna känner sig med att använda metoden med klassen.

  • 72.
    Björk, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Bengtsson, Tina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    “Lättare att ha barnen ute”: En kvalitativ studie om pedagogers förhållningssätt vid förskolans utomhusvistelse2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund

    Tidigare forskning har visat att utomhusvistelse kan ses som ett tillfälle för pedagoger att låta barnen få springa av sig och att de själva kan ta en paus. Förskolebarns lek i utemiljön är något som pedagoger är olika motiverade kring och har skilda ambitioner om. Även tidigare forskning lyfter fram att pedagogers förhållningssätt är en viktig del i vistelsen utomhus för barnen.

    Syfte

    Syftet med studien är att få en förståelse för pedagogers förhållningssätt utomhus. Mer specifikt intresserar vi oss för hur pedagogerna ser på sin roll under utomhusvistelsen i förskolan.

    Metod

    Studien är kvalitativ med semistrukturerade intervjuer där pedagoger får svara på öppna frågor om deras roll vid utomhusvistelse och vad det är som styr deras vistelse utomhus i förskolan.

    Resultat

    Resultatet i vår studie visar att pedagoger vid utomhusvistelsen intar olika roller: Observatör, medforskande och tillåtande var framträdande roller. Andra faktorer som har påverkan på vistelsen utomhus är pedagogers förhållningssätt, personalbrist, väderförhållanden och interaktion med barnen.

  • 73.
    Björnkvist, Caroline
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Janshed, Hanna
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Studenters kost- och motionsvanor vid Högskolan Väst relaterat till kön och institution2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine if there were any differences between students’ dietary and exercise habits depending on sex and affiliated institution at University West. The study was based on 323 questionnaires, relevant literature and scientific works as theses, reports and articles. The results were analyzed from a sociological perspective. Dependent on sex or institution affiliation differences were found of dietary and exercise habits. Female students at University West in many respects indicate somewhat better dietary and exercise habits than male students did. In addition, small differences between the frequency of male and female students’ exercise were found. According to the Swedish guidelines for dietary and exercise students from the Department of Nursing, Health and Culture reported more healthy habits than students in average. Opposite to this finding, students from the Department of Economics & Informatics, showed the least compliance to the Swedish guidelines. Students from the Department of Engineering exercised least frequently compared to students from the other examined institutions at University West.

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    Studenters kost- och motionsvanor vid Högskolan Väst relaterat till kön och institution
  • 74.
    Blom, Filippa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Palmér, Jennifer
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mobbning inom arbetslivet: En kvantitativ studie om sambanden mellan mobbning, neuroticism och stress2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Work-related bullying is a major and growing problem today. The bullying can manifest itself in both physical and verbal attacks and intends to lead to fear for the victim. Studying the phenomenon is relevant as the number of victims is large. Previous research has studied all variables but not in relation to each other and how they are affected by one another. The study thus aims to find out if there is a connection between bullying, neuroticism and stress. The study is tested using a survey that studies the relationship between bullying, neuroticism and stress. The questions in the survey have been formulated through the validated instruments Mini-IPIP6 (measures neuroticism) and COPSOQ II (measures stress and bullying). The questionnaire was sent out to various workplaces, our acquaintances and via social media. 237 people answered the questionnaire, of which 162 were women, 74 men and one who stated other. There was a significant positive association between bullying and neuroticism, bullying and stress, and between neuroticism and stress. The results show that those who have been subjected to bullying also results in high values of neuroticism and feel more stressed than those who have not been exposed. The results also show that those who show high values of neuroticism feel more stressed than those with low values of neuroticism. The variable that has the greatest impact on bullying is stress. No significant results were shown when the variables gender, age, number of years in the industry or number of years in the company was put in place while the links between bullying and neuroticism as well as between bullying and stress persisted. These had no significant impact on the results. Through an investigation like this, improvement can be done where an understanding of the problem is built up and a future job to combat work-related bullying can be improved.

  • 75.
    Blomqvist, Lukas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Fysisk aktivitet på fritidshem i syfte att motverka stillasittande: En kvalitativ studie om barns rörelse i fritidshem2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bakgrund Stillasittande beteenden blir vanligare i dagens samhälle och WHO (2010) beskriver att det är den fjärde största faktorn till dödlighet globalt. WHO har i sina rekommendationer föreslagit att barn ska vara fysiskt aktiva 60 minuter om dagen för att motverka hälsorisker. På grund av detta blir det alltmer aktuellt för fritidshemmet att bli ett forum för fysisk aktivitet. Fysisk aktivitet bidrar till ökad kognitiv förmåga och ökade resultat i andra ämnen menar Ericsson (2003). Syfte Syftet med studien är att undersöka vilka förutsättningar och hinder det finns med att utöva rörelse i fritidshem i syfte att bidra till en bättre hälsa och motverka stillasittande. Metod Studien är av kvalitativ utformning och utgår ifrån observationer och intervjuer. Observationerna har utförts på två olika fritidshem och dessa riktar sig mot att undersöka fritidslärares utformning av fysisk aktivitet i undervisningen samt barns möjlighet till rörelse och att känna rörelseglädje. Utöver detta utförde jag även fyra semi-strukturerade intervjuer som var utformade efter analysen av observationerna för att jämföra lärares syn på fritidslärares uppmuntran till fysisk aktivitet med hur det faktiskt ser ut. Resultat Barns möjligheter till fysisk aktivitet är relativt god när det kommer till utevistelse och tillgång till idrottshall. Lärares syn på hur de uppmuntrar till rörelse skiljer sig ifrån hur det ser ut i praktiken visar resultatet. De barn som är aktiva i barninitierade lekar uppnår rörelseglädje genom att göra samma sak varje dag. De barn som inte deltar i barninitierade aktiviteter deltar ofta i lärarinitierade aktiviteter men dessa är sällan förekommande på fritidshemmet. Barns möjligheter till att uppnå målen som beskrivs som centrala begrepp i studien är därför begränsad.

  • 76.
    Boklund, Andreas
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Assessing Lectures, a case Study on the Student’s Perception2006In: Shifting perspectives in engineering education, Göteborg: Chalmers Tekniska Högskola , 2006, p. 96-103Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 77.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Intra professional collaboration between social pedagogues and social services case workers around children at risk2010In: Learning to fly: social pedagogy in a contemporary society / [ed] Eriksson, Lisbeth, Winman, Thomas, Göteborg: Daidalos , 2010, p. 224-246Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 78.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lärares samarbete med socialtjänsten2011In: Läraryrket: ett mångfacetterat uppdrag / [ed] Henry, Alastair, Gurdal, Sevtap, Asplund Carlsson, Maj, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1, p. 209-226Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 79.
    Bolins, Mathias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johansson, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vilka copingstrategier upplever restaurangägare att de tillämpat för att hantera konsekvenserna av covid-19?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate what coping strategies restaurant owners have applied during the current pandemic crisis as a result of the Covid-19 outbreak and the following consequences. It does not have an intention of finding a solution since every unique restaurant has different ways of applying coping solutions. Through a qualitative research approach in terms of semi-structured interviews this study is closing in on the subject, to capture the restaurant owners' experiences and strategies. This study is primarily considered in the direction of to owners of, and or others in the restaurant business. The pandemic outbreak has been closely followed by an economic recession and mass redundancies inside of the service industry. In the forefront you have the owners who are highly responsible for their staff and businesses. Current situation has a strong significance to the future labor market. Therefore, this study will brighten the importance of applying a well-organized strategic plan since it might be decisive for the survival of the restaurant business. This study has taken its foundation from the three coping strategies: problem focused coping, non-productive coping and passive coping. These strategies take different expressions with the respondents and has shown to have a great impact on whether they will be standing tall when this blows over or not. The conclusion drawn is that coping strategies to deal with the crisis are rarely reflected separately. Coping can prove to be in parallel dependent on each other and its context. There is a balance between what the respondents apply to achieve desirable results and succeed in financially surviving the crisis.

  • 80.
    Boman, Matilda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Johansson, Anna Erna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Ur mörkret: En ny tematisk analys2024Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund

    Victoria Benedictssons verk, författarskap och person är noga studerat. Ur mörkret är en av de noveller som blivit flitigt analyserade, ofta i samband med Benedictssons person. Tematiska analyser av Benedictssons verk har en tendens att vila på henne själv och hennes livsförhållanden. Ur mörkret är även den analyserad med Benedictssons person i åtanke. Denna studie vill frigöra novellen från Benedictssons person och se novellen som fristående. Tanken är att vi genom att anta detta perspektiv kan finna fler teman än de som vanligen får representera Ur mörkret.

    Syfte och frågeställningar

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att analysera Victoria Benedictssons novell Ur Mörkret utifrån vilka teman som förekommer i novellen, samt hur man kan arbeta med novellen i högstadiet med lgr22 som utgångspunkt. Syftet är möjligt att besvara utifrån frågeställningarna att undersöka vilka teman som återfinns i novellen.

    Metod

    Den aktuella metoden för uppsatsen är textanalys – mer specifikt en tematisk analys som vilar på Braun och Clarkes (2006) forskning.

    Huvudresultat

     Utifrån ett hermeneutiskt tänkande i samband med Braun och Clarkes (2006) tematiska modell har vi funnit tre huvudteman i novellen Ur mörkret. Dessa huvudteman är Osunda uppväxtförhållanden, Könsstrukturer och Lidanden. Det första huvudtemat är även uppdelat i tre underteman, vilka är Mörka perioder, Försummad barndom, Sökande efter acceptans. Det andra huvudtemat har två underteman, Kvinnosyn och Självkänsla/självbild. Det tredje och sista huvudtemat har två underteman, vilka är Mörka känslor och Den sjuka punkten. 

  • 81.
    Boniati, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Zaytoun, Ornina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Från passage till flexibel mötesplats: En kvalitativ studie om professionellas upplevelse av en renovering2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate how the staff experience the change in the physical work environment with the newly renovated lounge and what affects the staff's experience with the change in the physical work environment. Twelve employees with different professions were selected. The strategic requirements where that they have different professions and have seen how it looked before the change and after. Semi-structured interviews were performed at the respondent's workplace and the collected material was then analyzed with a thematic analysis.

    The result showed that the information has been well thought out and that the managers has been straightforward. The staff felt that they needed all the information to be open to change and it was considered positive that the managers was straight forward in the decision making process. It was also shown that inspiration from the outside world affects the staff's openness to change. This may be because the modernization of the surface has made the company seen as modern and kept up with the development, but also that a sense of pride has been created by having customers reacted positively. It has been perceived that the new lounge has created new flexible workspaces and new meeting places that can be used for both formal and informal occasions.

  • 82.
    Boo, Sofia
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Forslund Frykedal, Karin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Thorsten, Anja
    Linköpings universitet.
    Att anpassa undervisning: till individ och grupp i klassrummet2017Book (Other academic)
  • 83.
    Boraghi, Ramina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Föräldrars uppfattningar om Familjecentralens stöd till familjer i Västsverige: ett lärandeperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In today's society it is more important than ever to focus on families. The family's daily life is characterized by numerous commitments, there is stress in different situations and a sense of not having the necessary skills and expertise needed for parenting. The Family Center has focus on the collaboration with social services. The Family Center is an arena for both the children but also their parents. Another purpose with the Family Center is the daily interaction with parents who may be perceived to have more struggle than others. The Family Center gives these parents extra support in parenting skills.

    Purpose & Issue: The purpose of this study is to investigate parents' perceptions of Family Center support to parents with a particular focus on parents' learning. The questions of issues in the study are: Do the families benefit from the Family Center? Does the Family Center correspond to parents needs for support? How does the parents advantage the Family Center? What do they learn by attending the activities at the Family Center?

    Method: This study is inspired by phenomenography for the study design, for gathering data and for the data analysis.

    Results- Outcome space: The study resulted in four different categories. The first category is professionalism, the interviewees feel that the staff at the family center has skills and that they are professional. The information the parents received shows a variety in everything from general information about children and parenting to more personal knowledge. The second category was the support which made the parents feel safe and supported by the staff at the Family Center. The third category is learning, where the parents talked about how the Family Center is a learning environment where the parents learn from the staff but also from each other's experiences and stories. The fourth category is about the parents' desire for change in the Family Center.

  • 84.
    Borg, Margareta
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    "It´s Not For Real": The Tablet as Palette in Early Childhood Education2019In: International Journal of Education & the Arts, E-ISSN 1529-8094, Vol. 20, no 14, p. 1-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study investigated how a group of three-year-old preschool children use the drawing application Doodlecast on iPads. The smoothness, rapid response, and distinctive digital visual expressions of the tablet provided visual feedback that influenced the children's preferences for colors. Doodlecast seemed to encourage the children to explore colors and superimpose and fill-in the iPad's screen. In addition, they painted very precise shapes and lines, which seemed to facilitate pattern making and discovery of signs and relations. The children used the eraser tool to correct, reveal, remove, and create shapes. Irrespective of the method –erasing, superimposing, or filling-in the screen – the clear and professional result seemed to provide a visual confirmation that the children were able to master formulas.

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  • 85.
    Brantsing, Leif
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Olsson, Åsa
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Barn, vuxna, språk och samhälle II2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte

    Vårt syfte är att undersöka hur det är med barns språkutveckling idag. Det framkomer ofta i

    den offentliga debatten att barnens språk blivit sämre, det gäller talet såväl som läs-och

    skrivkunnigheten. Hur förhåller det sig egentligen? Vi har därför valt att vända oss till

    förskole – och lågstadielärarna med vår fråga.

    Forskningsfrågan

    Hur är lärarens syn på barns språkutveckling?

    Metod

    Vår undersökning är kvalitativ med en fenomenografisk ansats. Den grundar sig på intervjuer

    med 9 förskollärare och 6 lågstadielärare. Samtliga intervjuer, förutom 2, är bandade. Här

    avböjde lärarna att låta oss banda intervjun. Intervjuformen har en lägre grad av både

    stadardisering och strukturering, eftersom vi önskar få klarlägga kvalitativa aspekter från den

    intervjuades livsvärld. Lärarna, som vi fått tillfälle att intervjua, är verksamma i Halland.

    Resultat

    Verkligheten är inte alltid lätt att fånga. Den är inte svart eller vit eller likadan för alla. Men

    utgår man från en kvalitativ metod med fenomenografisk ansats, får man räkna med att

    resultatet kanske inte blir entydigt. Det finns olika svar på vår forskningsfråga: hur lärarens

    syn är på barns språkutveckling. För somliga lärare upplevs språksvårigheterna som mer

    påtagliga, för andra handlar det mer om språkutveckling, dvs. stimulera barnet att utveckla ett

    mera rikt och nyanserat språk. Men gemensamt är, att alla har åsikter i frågan. Och det var ju

    egentligen lärarens syn på språkutvecling vi ville undersöka – inte få vårt eget tyckande

    bekräftat. Vi anser att detta är ett område, där det krävs en mer omfattande forskning. 

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  • 86.
    Brattberg, Kicki
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Graham, Erika
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    "För det sitter ju uppe i huvudet, det är jag ju helt övertygad om": En kvalitativ studie om lärandet i viktminskningsprogrammet ForMe2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to take part of the learning process that occurs amongst participants in the weight loss program ForMe. The program is based on a holistic concept combining diet and physical exercise with mental practice. The object of the study was chosen based on an interest in mental practice as an instrument for lifestyle change. A qualitative approach was used to answer the purpose and 9 participants have been interviewed to collect empirics. The study is inspired by a phenomenological perspective and a qualitative analysis.

    The result showed that the program has contributed in several lessons for the participants. It was also shown that the lessons were all based on our studied phenomenon lifestyle change. An increased awareness is seen as one of the biggest lessons and insight about the individual freedom to choose is also referred to as an essential lesson. It is also clear that the program has contributed with a variety of useful instruments for participants to use in their weight loss journey, and also in their everyday lives.

    It has been shown in our study that the holistic program ForMe is an effective method for weight loss. The study may therefore contribute to the research on effective methods for weight loss, with the aim of dealing with overweight and obesity as a public health problem.

  • 87.
    Brink, Eva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Dellve, Lotta
    Klingberg, Gunilla
    Henning Abrahamsson, Kajsa
    Wentz, Kerstin
    Hallberg, Ulrika
    Charmaz, Kathy (2006). Constructing grounded theory: a practical guide through qualitative analysis. London: SAGE2006In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being, ISSN 1748-2623, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 188-192Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 88.
    Brinkeborn Östling, Felicia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Rasimus, Ottilia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Socialt stöd och välmående: En kvalitativ studie om HR-utövares upplevelser avtillfälligt distansarbete2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the year 2020, the Covid-19 pandemic has forced many organizations and their employees to make rapid adjustments and get used to new work arrangements, such as increased teleworking. The aim of this study is to gain an increased understanding of how the psychosocial work environment in terms of social support is experienced during temporary telework by employees in an HR department. To concretize the aim, two research questions were selected: How do employees describe their experiences of social support from managers and colleagues during telework? How do employees feel that social support contributes to their well-being in the workplace? The study is relevant as there are many indications that telework will become increasingly common in the future, which entails challenges for organizations and HR practitioners who are responsible to ensure a good work environment for employees. Theory and previous research presented have focused on social support, telework, well-being and the demand-control-support model. Previous research has shown that telework can lead to risks such as social isolation and work-related stress, something that can be counteracted through social support from colleagues and managers. In order to collect data, a qualitative research method was chosen. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with ten HR practitioners from a municipal operation. Through a thematic analysis with an inductive approach three main themes emerged: Social support Social support in relation to the professional role, social support and relationships during telework and social support and workload during telework. The results of the study show that there are challenges in applying social support when teleworking. What stands out most in the result is that there are limitations in social support, due to changes in informational and emotional support. Our conclusions are that these changes create a reduced control at work, which is important for the well-being of employees. 

  • 89.
    Broberg, Stina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Rexrell, Lowa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Fröknarna, fattar du inte det eller!: En kvalitativ studie om barns uppfattningar kring deras delaktighet och inflytande över sin utevistelse2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Vi har efter arbete i förskolan samt vår verksamhetsförlagda utbildning reflekterat kring barns delaktighet och inflytande över utomhusmiljön. Vi har upplevt att utevistelsen är en stor del av verksamheten men att barns påverkan på innehållet i utomhusmiljön är bristfällig då vi upplever att utomhusmiljön inte är föränderlig. Detta gjorde att vi ville undersöka upplevelsen kring denna ur ett barns perspektiv.

    Syfte: Syftet med vår studie var att undersöka om barn upplever att de är delaktiga och har inflytande över utevistelsen på förskolans gård.

    Metod: Vi har utfört en kvalitativ studie med semistrukturerade barnintervjuer som datainsamlingsmetod. Vi har använt oss av textnära kodning som analysmetod. I studien ingick 13 barn på två förskolor. Studien har utgått från begreppen delaktighet, inflytande, barnperspektiv och barns perspektiv.

    Resultat: I studien framkom det att barnen på båda förskolorna upplever att de till viss del, genom sin lek, är delaktiga och har inflytande över utevistelsen men att det är pedagogerna som bestämmer över gården. Barnen är medvetna om att de befinner sig i en underordnad position i förhållande till de vuxna på förskolan och att barnen vet vad de får och inte får göra. Det framkom att utevistelsen är en stor del av förskolans verksamhet samt att det tycks som att den är meningsfull för barnen. Vidare visas det att barnen på förskolorna har tankar och idéer om vad de vill tillföra på förskolans gård men att de varken har tillfrågats eller berättat om dem. Slutligen visar studien att barn delaktighet och inflytande över utevistelsen är bristfällig.

  • 90.
    Brownhill, Simon
    et al.
    University of Cambridge, United Kingdom .
    Warin, JoLancaster University, United Kingdom .Wernersson, IngaUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Men, masculinities and teaching in early childhood education: International perspectives on gender and care2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This stimulating book sets out to critically explore the notion of men, masculinities and teaching in early childhood education. It addresses the global pattern of gender, teaching and care where men are in the minority, and explores the notion that the greater involvement of men within teaching and associated professions has the potential to transform gender relations for future generations. International contributors raise critical questions about the construction of masculinities, the continuing reluctance of men to engage in this type of work, and the influence of political and public debates on the issue. Through this engaging discussion readers are asked to question whether this is something that we should care about, with key topics including: The roles of men in education and care Teachers’ beliefs, norms and values of gender equality The construction of male identities Gendered ideals, and children’s interpretations of gender. Men, Masculinities and Teaching in Early Childhood Education brings together a refreshing and critical set of perspectives linked to an increasingly important educational debate and will be a valuable text for practitioners, professionals, policy makers and parents/carers. © 2016 Simon Brownhill, Jo Warin and Inga Wernersson. All rights reserved.

  • 91.
    Bunnstad, Frida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Stenman, Melissa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Anställningstrygghet inom bemanningsbranschen: En kvalitativ studie om visstidsanställdas upplevelse av sin anställningstrygghet2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fixed-term employees in the staffing industry have a vulnerable position in the labour market, due to the risk of losing their employment with a short notice. The temporary agency industry is well established in Sweden and many workers have at some point had a relationship with a temporary agency company by working with them themselves or through friends or colleagues with experience of it. The study examines the question of how temporary agency employees with fixed-term contracts experience their job security. By examining temporary employees' perceived concerns about the future, present leadership, occupational security, financial security and flexibility, the study provides a picture of how temporary employees feel in their employment. The study is based on interviews with eight temporary agency employees with fixed-term contracts. The results of the study showed that the life situation of fixed-term employees and contact with their manager at the temporary agency company were of great importance for the perceived job security. In addition, the employees felt that the insecurity concerning their employment contributed to uncertainty concerning the future. The study can contribute to an increased understanding of the factors that are important for temporary agency workers experience of their job security. 

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  • 92. Bussey, Marcus
    et al.
    Bjurström E, Åse
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sannum, Miriam
    Rhizomatiska lekplatser2010In: Lärande i och för det nya arbetslivet / [ed] Lagrosen, Stefan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika, Nehls, Eddy, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, p. 173-190Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 93. Bussey, Marcus
    et al.
    Bjurström, Åse Eliason
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sannum, Miriam
    Avadhuta, Shambhushivananda
    Nadhomi-Mukisa, Bernard
    Ceruto, Leonel
    Denis, Muwanguzi
    Kumar Giri, Ananta
    Mukherjee, Asha
    Pervyi, Gennady
    Pineda, Maria Victoria
    Weaving pedagogies of possibility2012In: Learning for sustainability in times of accelerating change: / [ed] Wals, Arien E. J. & Corcoran, Peter Blaze, Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers , 2012, p. 77-90Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is easy to feel impatient with the pace for change when it comes to developing truly sustainable culture yet things are happening all over the world to lay the ground work, create the architecture and language of sustainability as a cultural reality. In Weaving Pedagogies of Possibility the authors seek to leverage from such developments. In this chapter the authors share their adventure in designing an open learning system within, across and between their instititutions. We insists this work involves peagogies in the plural as we seek to affirm and embrace alternative approaches to learning that draw on many cultures and places. We take it axiomatic that the word is always becoming other then it appears to be; that this is contested space; and thus it is in the play of environment, context, structure, culture an identity that the future lies. The sensitivity to the multiple and contested nature of social and ecological space lies at the heart of our vision an practice of pedagogies of possibiliy 

  • 94.
    Bylund, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Gustafsson, Gunilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Koncentrationssvårigheter - "men vad är vad i det?": En diskursanalytisk studie av specialpedagogers synsätt och arbete med åtgärdsprogram.2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Koncentrationssvårigheter är ett vanligt begrepp när pedagoger ska beskriva orsaker till elevers skolsvårigheter och detta bekymmer kan yttra sig på många olika sätt. Det ställer krav på skolan att upptäcka, identifiera och förstå dessa elevers svårigheter, där kunskap och synsätt blir avgörande för hur skolan kommer att bemöta elever med koncentrationssvårigheter. För att ge eleven de bästa förutsättningarna för lärande och utveckling krävs att skolan uppmärksammar elevens svårigheter i ett så tidigt stadium som möjligt. Det blir därmed viktigt att lärare, inte minst i de tidigare skolåren, skaffar sig kunskap om denna problematik. Syfte: Syftet med studien är att skapa en fördjupad kunskap i hur specialpedagoger formulerar sig kring och arbetar med åtgärdsprogram för elever med koncentrationssvårigheter. Metod: Vi har valt att i vår studie göra kvalitativa halvstrukturerade intervjuer med fem specialpedagoger som arbetar med skolår F-3 på olika skolor. Vi har också granskat åtgärdsprogram upprättade för elever i skolår F-3, där koncentrationssvårigheter finns med som en del av problematiken. Dessa åtgärdsprogram är upprättade av eller med delaktighet av specialpedagogerna. I vår tolkning och analys av vad som framkommer i intervjuer och åtgärdsprogram har vi använt oss av diskursanalys som teori och metod. Analys: Koncentrationssvårigheter beskrivs som komplext och det förekommer både skillnader och likheter i hur specialpedagogerna formulerar sig. Vår studie visar att intervjuer och åtgärdsprogram präglas av olika specialpedagogiska perspektiv och att flera olika diskurser konkurrerar om att vinna dominans. Det visar sig att det förekommer en diskrepans mellan vad som uttrycks i intervjuerna och vad som sedan skrivs i åtgärdsprogrammen.

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  • 95.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Eriksson, Lina
    Mid Sweden University, Department of Psychology, Östersund, Sweden.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Divison of Natural Sciences, Surveying and Mechanical Engineering.
    A health‐related quality management approach to evaluating health promotion activities2012In: International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences, ISSN 1756-669X, E-ISSN 1756-6703, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 76-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe health promotion activities accomplished within a project and to measure the conditions for sustainable health within the case organizations. Also, the purpose is to test a previously developed measurement approach, which measures health-related quality management.

    Design/methodology/approach – A health promotion project currently being carried out at eight Swedish elementary schools has been studied. In earlier research a measurement approach was developed to measure health-related quality management. The approach was handed out to the co-workers at the eight different schools in the initial stage of the project. The leaders at the schools were informed of the results of their own school and the mean value of all the eight schools. The consistency and reliability of the statements within the approach was tested.

    Findings – A description of health promotion activities accomplished and planned within the project can be found. The results from the measurement of the health-related quality management in the eight schools are presented, together with the mean score of all schools. The test of the measurement approach is presented and discussed.

    Originality/value – A description of health promotion activities can help managers and project leaders to plan and carry out valuable health promotion activities in their striving for both sustainable health among the co-workers and efficient organizations. This measurement approach can help managers and project leaders to measure the effects of the health promotion activities

  • 96.
    Börjesson, Niklas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Persson, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Återhämtning genom delaktighet och gemenskap: En studie utifrån Fontänhusverksamhetens rehabiliteringsmodell2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Motivet till inriktningen på studien grundar sig i en gemensam erfarenhet och intresse kring arbete med människor med psykisk ohälsa. En av oss har även genomfört sin VFU- period på ett Fontänhus och därför blev detta utgångspunkten för studien. Grundprincipen för den rehabiliteringsmodell som finns på Fontänhus är återhämtning genom delaktighet och gemenskap, det finns också inom Fontänhusets institutionella ramar som skiljer sig mot traditionella vårdinrättningar då det inte finns samma krav på förväntningar och prestation. Studien har lagt fokus på att finna ny kunskap till hur detta fungerar i praktiken. Valet av Symbolisk interaktionism relateras till hur människor inom Fontänhuset utvecklas genom samspel med andra. Vilket kan förstås utifrån en symbolisk interaktionistiskt begreppsapparat.

    Syftet med studien är att utifrån ett symboliskt interaktionistiskt perspektiv studera vilken betydelse som delaktighet och gemenskap har för återhämtningsprocessen vid psykisk ohälsa. Studien baseras på erfarenheter hos medlemmar inom ramen för en verksamhet vid ett Fontänhus. Studien är av en kvalitativ art och baseras på sex stycken semistrukturerade intervjuer. Intervjupersonerna är rekryterade utifrån tre kriterier: De ska vara medlemmar av Fontänhuset, över 25 år gamla, och ha erfarenhet av återhämtning från psykisk ohälsa. För att få svar på intervjuns frågor så utgick vi från ett frågeformulär. Analysen är en tematisk analys. Empirin har analyserats utifrån begreppen gemenskap, delaktighet, symbolisk interaktionism och stigmatisering.

    Resultatet visar att delaktighet och gemenskap har stor betydelse för återhämtning. Det stöd som har störst betydelse är de av mobiliserande karaktär, att man får bekräftelse, blir sedd, att man har en plats att komma till och aktivera sig och träffa människor. Utifrån symbolisk interaktionism har vi förstått att Fontänhuset är en plats som skapar stark symbolisk mening för medlemmar. Fontänhuset skapar ett symboliskt värde som vi anser kan liknas vid ett arbete, eller likvärdigt sysselsättning.

  • 97.
    Bøje, Jakob Ditlev
    et al.
    Syddansk Universitet (DNK).
    Kristiansen, AslaugUniversitetet i Agder (NOR).Gustafsson Nyckel, JanUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.Jaap Rothuizen, JanVIA University college (DNK).
    Professionsuddannelser i krise?: Rekrutteringsproblemer, meningstab og meningsdannelse i nordiske lærer- og pædagoguddannelser2023Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim of this book

    This book represents a more delimited interest in some of aspects of the care crisis. We focus on what is called loss of meaning and shaping of meaning in Nordic teacher training programmes. This involves an attempt to study and strengthen the professional norms, standards and ideals, which have historically developed within the Nordic teacher training programmes and professions. These norms, standards and ideals are diverse, but they can be summarized as a professional ethos aimed at ‘making a difference’ in children’s and young people’s lives. We are concerned that this very basic helper motivation is increasingly lost, forgotten, or neglected as part of the care crisis, and we are interested in finding ways to reinstate and reshape its crucial meaning. [...] 

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  • 98.
    Campbell, My
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Oro och hopplöshet som konsekvens när skolpersonal beskriver elevers delaktighet: En studie om hur skolpersonal beskriver att elever görs delaktiga i en process där skolor stängs för att motverka skolsegregation2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine how school personnel describes that student are made involved in a process where schools are closed to counteract school’s segregation. Underlying issues are also about how the school personnel describes the psychosocial situation of the students and more in-depth how students are made more involved to influence their situation. 

    The study and the analysis take support in the theory of discourse and refer to see discourses as a specific way to speak of something within a specific sphere. Sheirs (2001) model about participation is also in the work of analysis as a support. The method of the study has been interviews with focus groups which is school personnel from the schools who now are shutting down. 

    In the result appears three discourses in relation to the school personnel’s speaking about participation and psychosocial situation. In relation to the psychosocial situation appears a"lack of context" as a discourse. Not knowing where to go, lack of information from the management and to not be accepted in the new environment are articulations as the school personnel testifies about. In relation to influence and participation appears both "hopelessness" and "expectations" as two discourses of participation. "Hopelessness" in relation to that the students are not being given influence for real and "expectations" in relation to participation in a longer perspective. To learn the language, see new environments and to meet others are the aspects that by extension could give students more participation ina broader perspective in life. 

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  • 99.
    Carlson, Marie
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Sociology and Work Science.
    von Brömssen, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Constructions of the pupil/citizen in the Swedish Curriculum of 2011: Displacements and Sediments in the Educational Landscape2016In: ECER 2016 : Leading Education: The Distinct Contributions of Educational Research and Researchers, 2016, p. 23 SES-04 DConference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Writing or revising a curriculum is often an extremely complex and contradictory process (Young & Diem 2014) and can be viewed as a discursive battlefield (e.g. Ball 1991, Levinson et al 2009, Ozga 2000, Taylor et al 1997). Furthermore, educational policies can be seen as complex, ongoing social practices of normative cultural production constituted by diverse actors/stakeholders across diverse contexts (Taylor 2004) and thus interesting to analyse, especially in "globalizing and new times" (Ball, Goodson & Maguire 2007). Despite the discourses of globalization we also experience worldwide a tightening of control on students, educators, administrators, and the schooling process in general through national-level educational policies (Young & Diem 2014). There are interesting tensions to pay attention to between the local and global. This paper outlines various constructions of the pupil/the future citizen and discursive tensions with a particular focus on the latest curriculum in Sweden, Lgr11, Curriculum for the compulsory school, preschool class and the recreation centre, Läroplan för grundskolan, föreskoleklass och fritidshemmet 2011). We have been particularly interested in issues such as: How is the 'right' citizen presented and depicted and what values are highlighted – at both national and global level? Whose history is made visible and what voices are heard? What groups or categories are identified? In order to get a comparative perspective, we have asked the same questions to the previous curriculum, Lpo94, Curriculum for the Compulsory School System, the Pre-School Class and the Leisure-time Centre.Theoretically our contribution primarily is informed by the discourse analytical research field (e.g. Ball 1991; Taylor, 1997; Taylor et al., 1997) and notably by critical discourse analysis (see Fairclough, 1992, 2003; Chouliaraki & Fairclough, 1999). Critical discourse analysis examines how texts construct representations of the world and there is an emphasis on highlighting how practices and texts are ideologically shaped by relations of power. Tensions between different conceptions and positionings concern what counts as valuable knowledge also related to the local and global context, which is emphasised in our study.

  • 100.
    Carlson, Marie
    et al.
    Dept of Sociology and Work Science, Univ. of Göteborg.
    von Brömssen, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Producing Future Citizens through Curricula Policies in Sweden: Critical reflections onborders/boundaries from a Nordic perspective and beyond2016In: MIGRATION AND SOCIAL INEQUALITY: GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES – NEW BOUNDARIES, Nordic Migration Research (NMR), University of Oslo (UiO) , 2016, p. 172-, article id session VConference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Educational policies for education are important as they form the basis for educational practices and regulate the knowledge production within different subjects. In our interdisciplinary research we critically analyse processes of curriculum work during the curriculum revision process (2010-2011) for the social science subjects in the later years of mandatory schooling in Sweden. Questions are raisedon whose history is made visible and what voices are heard. Furthermore what borders/boundaries can be discerned? The research is part of the larger transnational project Future citizens in pedagogical texts and education policies - Examples from Lebanon, Sweden and Turkey with the aim of examining how globalization processes are expressed in educational policies and pedagogical texts.Swedish educational documents, curricula and interviews with subject matter experts and educational bureaucrats form the empirical data for this contribution. The analyses show that a discursive battle between different actors and perspectives took place. The subject matter experts wanted a more inclusive and global understanding, especially the subject experts in geography articulated a worldwide perspective: "We wrote the world", while the Minister of Education and his expert proposed a stronger Nordic and even a nationalistic perspective from a Swedish point of view. The pupils should learn places and rivers in Sweden, the Swedish regions and Scandinavia. The Minister of Education and his expert also made changes in the syllabi manuscripts, thus discarding the geography subject matter experts' views. As a result, a Nordic perspective and a strong marking of national borders took place in the curriculum. Although this discussion is not about the actual citizenship perse, can the final decisions for the text in the curriculum in various ways contribute to boundaries/borders. This way of argumentation can be seen as leading to an exclusion and "othering"within a nation. In Sweden today 21 percent of the pupils in compulsory school officially are classifiedas having a "foreign background"; meaning the students themselves are born abroad by foreign parents or both parents were born abroad. Here there are many questions to ask/discuss in terms ofconsequences for various groups and inclusion/exclusion and belonging.

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