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  • 51.
    Bektic, Mirsad
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Hadzidedic, Amra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Mobboffers lidande: En studie om mobbning och samhällsmisslyckande2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether bullying can affect the

    victims’ health and quality of life. Seven participants were studied, who had been

    subjected to degrading treatment during their schooling. The study went on to

    capture the participants' experiences concerning bullying and therefore a qualitative

    approach based on grounded theory was chosen for the data analysis. The

    participants were free to talk about their experiences of bullying in the form of a

    semi-structured interview that included the following items: their home situation,

    school situation and life during and after the bullying. The analytical work resulted

    in the core category "Societal failure". This core category is composed of five high

    order categories: "Lack of parental care", "Ambivalence of school staff”, "Social

    chaos", "Mental suffering" and "Reduced quality of life". The study showed that

    people who have been subjected to bullying often come from insecure home

    environments and they have had complex difficulties during their childhood where

    bullying is just one aspect. Today's society has no tool for preventing the bullying

    of children with special needs and the measures taken in that direction end up in

    institutional failure.

  • 52.
    Bengtsson, Catarina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    ”…man ser världen på ett helt annat sätt nu helt enkelt”: om gymnasieungdomars erfarenheter av drama och dans2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med detta arbete har varit att söka kunskap om och synliggöra gymnasieungdomars upplevelser och erfarenheter av deltagande i ett kulturprojekt där de estetiska kommunikationsformerna drama och dans använts. Sammanlagt deltog 18 ungdomar från olika gymnasieskolor och introduktionsprogram i kulturprojektet, som genomfördes i en mellanstor sydsvensk stad.

    Arbetet har genomförts i form av en empirisk undersökning och har förhållit sig till två olika forskningsfält; dels forskning om kultur och estetik i skolan och dels barn- och ungdomsvetenskaplig forskning. Det har tagit sin utgångspunkt i en fenomenologisk livsvärldsansats och metodologi och begrepp som livsvärld, intersubjektivitet, kropp, horisont och mening har varit centrala. Också begrepp som används inom forskningsfältet kultur och estetik i skolan relateras till i arbetet.

    I linje med arbetets livsvärldsansats har kvalitativa metoder använts för att genomföra undersökningen. Deltagande observation i kulturprojektet har kombinerats med samtal med ungdomar som velat berätta om sina upplevelser och erfarenheter av kulturprojektet. Datamaterialet utgörs av fältanteckningar från deltagande observationer och transkriberade samtal som genomförts med sex av de ungdomar som fullgjort sitt deltagande i projektet.

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar bland annat att kulturprojektet bidragit till nya och förändrade perspektiv i ungdomarnas livsvärld men också bidragit till ökat självförtroende och studiemotivation. Ungdomarnas upplevelser och erfarenheter av de estetiska kommunikationsformerna kan också förstås i termer av ett estetiskt lärande. Detta estetiska lärande kan relateras till lärande såväl genom drama och dans som i dessa båda estetiska kommunikationsformer.

  • 53.
    Berg, Emmy
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Arbetsnarkomani, stress och engagemang: En kvantitativ studie av samband mellan arbetsnarkomani, stress och engagemang på jobbet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows that people with a high level of workaholism have a higher level of self-percieved stress than people with a high level of workengagement (Schaufeli, Shimazu & Taris, 2009). The aim of this study was therefore to investigate if stress can be predicted by workaholism and workengagement but also if similiar results from previous research could be found in the matter of correlations between stress and workaholism and correlations between stress and workengagement. The following questions were formulated: Can stress be predicted by workaholism and workengagement? How does stress correlate with workaholism? How does stress correlate with workengagement? The participants of this study were 102 people whereof 59 women and 43 men. The age range was between 19 to 64 years with a mean (M) of 39 years. Three well-established questionnaries were used to measure workaholism (DUWAS-10), workengagement (UWES) and stress (PSS-10). The results showed that stress can be predicted by workaholism and work engagement, the percentage of overlap of common variance showed 16.9%. The results also showed that stress has a positive correlation with workaholism and stress are associated negatively with workengagement, which are largely in line with previous research.

  • 54.
    Berg, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Nordevik, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Uppfattningar och nöjdhet kring en HR-funktions uppgifter2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With real world research as the theoretical framework, a study was conducted as an assignment by the HR-function at Parker Hannifin AB in Sweden. Bearing in mind that there have been ambiguities concerning the roles of managers and HR-staff in previous research and that the managers’ perceptions about the HR-function affects the role of the HR, this study was conducted. This study about perceptions and satisfaction concerning the working of an HR-function aimed to highlight possible differences in customer satisfaction amongst managers based on which unit they belonged to, level of managerial position, the time they have worked as managers in the organization, and the frequency of contact with the HR-department. Moreover, the study considered whether the opinions concerning areas of improvement have changed since the last conducted research. This research was conducted through an analysis of documents and a self-produced questionnaire which was sent to all managers within Parker in Sweden. The results indicated that the same areas of improvement-needs remains, that existing documents are inconsequent in relation to each other, and that several significant differences between managers’ perceptions emerged. The HR-departments along with the different documents should tentatively become more consistent so that their roles become clearer.

  • 55.
    Berggren, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundgren, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Man kan ju inte vara ensam:: En kvalitativ studie om våld i nära relation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Violence in close relationship occurs in all social classes. The purpose of the study was to gain in-depth knowledge of the work of various social institutions concerning violence and particularly violence in close relationships, as well as how they work to reduce violence. Interviews were conducted with eight different actors in society to find out more and to investigate violence in close relationships. Using a norm-critical perspective, the study investigated whether the results support the assumption that a society-breaking behavior stems from norms. The interviews were semi-structured with an open-ended interview guide. The empirical material was analyzed with thematic analysis. The result shows that the violence in close relationship is physical violence, often combined with other forms of sexual and psychological violence. The violence in close relationships leads in addition to physical injuries and mental disorders, to long-term consequences for the individual individuals, society and the family. Violence in close relationship is considered a major social problem both internationally and in Sweden and is an infringement of human rights. The responsibility of Swedish society is to work against violence in close relation while supporting the citizens who are and have been exposed to violence in a close relation. The result showed that Trollhättan's city collaborates with several different social institutions to counter men's violence in close relationships and that they are at the forefront in Sweden in preventing and at the same time reducing the consequences of violence in close relationships while reducing social costs.

  • 56.
    Berghé, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Johansson, Caroline
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    “Vi behöver varandra”: En kvalitativ studie om psykologiska kontrakt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to describe employees' expectations for their employment and to increase understanding of how the expectations influenced their work behaviour. The theoretical framework that was used was the concept of the psychological contract based on employee and employer perceptions of mutual obligations in an employment relationship. Depending on how the work situation develops, it can have negative and positive effects on the psychological contract (Robinson & Rousseau, 1994; Turney & Feldman, 2000). A psychological contract takes form in the process of recruitment, sometimes even earlier (Rousseau, 1995; Kahlke & Schmidt, 2002). In this study, employee's expectations of their employer, Göteborg Stad, and the development of the relationship with the employer during the first year of employment are examined. By interviewing six employers with a semi-structured interview, data were collected and analysed with a qualitative thematic analysis.

    The results of the study showed that employers were predominantly relationship-oriented in their employment. Four relations were identified to have effects on the psychological contract; relationship to organizational structure, the manager, the colleagues and the task. Based on these relationships, there were both obstructive and motivating forces that could influence the employee's perception of the employment. Disappointments based on unmet expectations were in line with Schalk och Freese's theory (1993) to violate the psychological contract (Schalk & Freese, 1993; refererad i Anderson & Schalk, 1998). At the same time, meaningful relationships could create strong bonds to the employer and could ease the damage of a violated contract and make an incentive work situation. The results indicate the importance of communicating expectations on the employment relations to avoid losing motivation.

  • 57.
    Berglöv, Jonna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Två arbetslag inom förskolan och deras syn på trivsel och arbetstillfredsställelse: En kvalitativ studie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns lite forskning kring förskollärares upplevelse av trivsel och arbetstillfredsställelse och därför syftade den här studien till att undersöka det hos förskollärare från två nybildade arbetslag. Studien genomfördes med en kvalitativ ansats med en tematisk analysmetod genom halvstrukturerade intervjuer och öppna observationer. Resultatet visade att aspekter som påverkade positivt var känsla av upprymdhet i att gå till arbetet, glädje i att vara med barnen och trygghet i arbetslagen. Aspekter som påverkade negativt var stress, tidsbrist och frustration över saker de inte kunde kontrollera. Deras arbetsmiljö skulle förbättras om de negativa aspekterna reducerades och om de fick göra de förändringar de önskade. Exempel på förändringar var att de ville ha mer tid till planering, mindre barngrupper och större budget.

  • 58.
    Berglöv, Julia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    En kvalitativ studie om vad anställda anser är ett givande medarbetarsamtal2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study investigated employees' subjective experiences and opinions about what a useful employee performance appraisal consists of and it's consequences. A qualitative research method was used with help of semi-structured interviews with a sample of five employees who worked at the same company. Data were analyzed through thematic analysis and the study's result showed three themes of what a useful performance appraisal is according to the participants. The participants thought that a giving performance appraisal is a conversation between themselves and their supervisor where the result of the employees' work is the focus, where the employee's is the main subject of the conversation, and that it has positive outcomes for the employee's work situation. These outcomes can be a sence of satisfaction for the tasks, inspiration, and motivation to perform well and to get a clear vision of what it takes to get there. A relationship-building aspect between the employee's and their supervisor was also raised as a positive desired outcome for the participants of the study

  • 59.
    Bergqvist Nordholm, Viktoria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Jarl, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ungdomars kunskap och förhållningssätt kring premenstruellt syndrom2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine young people's knowledge and approach about premenstrual syndrome based on the category gender and the residence. A survey was made, that 209 not entirely randomly picked high school students, between the age of 16 and 20, from three different cities replied in. One conclusion was that there was a significant difference on how the males and the females responded concerning general knowledge about premenstrual syndrome. This indicated that the women had higher general knowledge about PMS than the men. This applied as well to the knowledge of physical symptoms. The survey also showed that there was a difference in knowledge about physical symptoms between large city and medium size city. The respondents from the large city had higher knowledge about physical symptoms than the respondents from the medium size city. The results correspond to earlier studies that indicate that men have lower levels of knowledge than women about premenstrual syndromes and that men perceives the physical symptoms different than women.

  • 60.
    Berner, Elina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Falberg, Felicia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Allmän begåvning: är intelligens, rationalitet, kreativitet och öppenhet dimensioner av en gemensam faktor?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Intelligence, rationality, openness and creativity include a common attribute; they all consist of a measure of human aptitude with relevance for the personnel paradigm. In this statement exists a need to investigate the relations between these variables, seeing that earlier research have presented contradicting results. Further, it was of interest to investigate whether the variables would be a part of a common comprehensive aptitude factor. With this as foundation a quantitative research study was conducted. The data collection was executed through an online survey (N = 116, M = 36.61 yrs, Min: 18 yrs, Max: 72 yrs, 57% women) which was analysed using correlation analysis and factor analysis. The following measurement instruments were applied: ICAR (Condon & Revelle, 2014) for intelligence, Stanovich's (2014) rationality test, The alternate uses task (Guilford, 1967), Test of creativity (Harris, 1960), and Big Five IPIP (Goldberg et al., 2006) for the personality trait openness. Some confirmation was found in regards to the results of this study in relation to former results. Furthermore the two factor solution presented several commonalities with a two factor solution presented by prior research. The most central result was that intelligence/rationality and creativity/openness showed loadings on two latent factors. A strong significant correlation for rationality and intelligence also emerged.

  • 61.
    Biel, Anders
    et al.
    Göteborg University.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    The effect of environmental information on professional purchasers' preference for food products2010In: British Food Journal, ISSN 0007-070X, E-ISSN 1758-4108, Vol. 112, no 3, p. 251-260Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine how variation in product information about environmental consequences could make professional food purchasers inclined to choose more environmentally friendly alternatives. Design/methodology/approach: In an internet-based experiment, the paper systematically varies environmental and price information about food products and measures the effects on product choice. In addition, the paper varies the condition of choice. Findings: More complex and detailed environmental information, compared with simpler and less detailed information, was paired with a stronger preference for environmentally benign products. This effect was accentuated when the task was to minimize costs compared with that to promote the environment. Negative information, which is bad for the environment, had a stronger effect than positive information. Originality/value: The research shows that detailed information emphasising potentially destructive environmental consequences may promote the choice of environmentally sustainable products among professional purchasers. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 62.
    Bilger, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kostet, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Upplevda svårigheter att kombinera arbetsliv och privatliv: En kvantitativ studie om konflikter mellan arbetsliv och privatliv, arbetstillfredsställelse samt antal barn2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals of today have different roles in their work and in their private lives that are competing for an individual's time and energy, which can create difficulties in achieving balance between these two areas. This study investigates the relationship between conflicts between work and private life and job satisfaction. The individual's roles and the commitments these contain can make it difficult to find balance between work and private life. This makes it interesting to also investigate a particularly valuable aspect of private life, namely the number of children and its relationship with the conflicts. The study's participants consisted of 87 employees, of which 52 were women and 35 were men aged 26-58 years (M = 48). The instruments used to measure the conflicts were Work-Family and Family-Work Scales and to measure aspects of job satisfaction, parts of Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire Version II were used. The study found a significant negative correlation between experienced work-private life conflict and satisfaction with work (r = -.31, p = .004), which is in line with results of previous research. Between the number of children and experienced private life-work conflict, a positive relationship was found (r = .39, p = < .001). The results indicate that experienced difficulty in combining work with private life indicates a lower degree of satisfaction with work, while more children may indicate a higher experienced difficulty in combining the commitments of private life with work. Experienced conflicts between work and private life predicted satisfaction with work to 10%.

  • 63.
    Björkman, Josefin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Renlund, Louise
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Går det att lita på resultaten i personlighetstester?: En skönmålningsstudie av det arbetspsykologiska testet JobMatch Talent2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Questions have emerged about the reliability of personality tests which is related to the increased interest of these tests. The main part of these questions are related to whether test participants can manipulate the test to their advantage by responding dishonestly, i.e. to perform faking. Faking has proven to be a common problem especially in certain situations, such as selection processes. A lot of personality tests totally or partially lack defence-systems against faking. To contribute knowledge about personality tests' reliability this study investigated if JobMatch Talent is possible to fake, in addition it tested the test's ability to detect any possible faking. There are no current studies of JobMatch Talent that has addressed the issue of faking, therefore the study was important for increasing the understanding of the phenomenon and its effects on JobMatch Talent. 21 participants performed JobMatch Talent at two separate occasions with different instructions. At first, they received the instruction to answer honestly and at the second occasion they were instructed to perform faking. The collected data was analyzed based on a dependent t-test where the mean of each main scale was compared. The result showed that the mean of the majority of the main scales had increased the second time, which showed that it was possible to fake the test. The test also proved to be able to detect faking. Cohen's d showed small effect sizes. The result of this study regarding the ability to fake a personality tests is in line with the results of previous research.

  • 64.
    Björkman, Therese
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dark triad och empati:: Individer med mörka personlighetsdrag har förmåga att empatisera men låg benägenhet att göra så2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Empathy is fundamental to social interaction and relationships. People are expected to understand and relate to the feelings of others. The personality traits psychopathy, Machiavellianism and narcissism, together called the Dark Triad (DT), are characterized by hostile features. Individuals with high levels of DT are often described as individuals with low levels of empathy. However, previous research has shown varying results for the relationship between DT and empathy, largely due to measuring instruments. Therefore, the present study aim to investigate whether individuals with these dark personality traits that constitute DT lack the ability or disposition, or both to empathize. Through a web-based survey, data was collected for 278 participants. The survey consisted of following scales: SD3 measuring DT, eight items from ICAR16 measuring intelligence, a five item Turn-Out scale for measuring every day (empathic) behaviour, IRI measuring empathy and MET, also measuring empathy. The results from the analysis show that DT has a negative relationship with disposition-empathy and a weak positive relationship with ability. The results also demonstrate that different measuring instruments capture different aspects of empathy. Based on the results of the study, the conclusion is that individuals with high levels of DT has normal ability to empathize but low inclination to do so. 

  • 65.
    Blom, Ida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sköld, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Utmaningen att kombinera arbete med privatliv: med fokus på könsskillnad2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's society increasingly requires high demands on flexibility, which leads to more limitless work. Today, digitization allows employees to take their work home as well. This entails an increased risk of conflict between work and private life.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether perceived conflict is based on whether it is work life or private life that adversely affects the other and whether there are any gender differences regarding the experience of conflict. The study also aims to investigate whether there is a correlation between Work Interference with Family (WIF), Family Interference with Work (FIW), workaholism and life satisfaction and which of the FIW, workaholism, life satisfaction and gender that predicts WIF most strongly.

    The study was conducted with a quantitative method using an electronic survey within a governmental organization in 9 municipalities in Sweden. The participants were active in the organization in the specific municipalities (256 potential participants, of which 56% were women and 44% were men). A total of 162 people participated, of which 67% were women, 32% were men and 1% identified themselves as other. Data were analyzed using Wilcoxon's signed rank test, t-test and multiple regression analysis.

    The result showed that WIF was stronger than FIW. There were no significant gender differences in WIF and FIW, which may indicates that in today's society it is more equal between the genders in terms of conflict between work and private life. FIW was positively correlated with WIF and workaholism but negatively correlated with life satisfaction. WIF was positively correlated with workaholism and negatively correlated with life satisfaction. The correlation between workaholism and life satisfaction was negative. The variable that predicts WIF the strongest was workaholism.

  • 66.
    Bodin, Andreas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Edgren, David
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    "Tänk chef, tänk man": Kvinnliga och manligachefers upplevda förutsättningar kring chefskapet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fewer women than men are found in leading positions in the society and women who hold these positions more often have lower wages than men. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the respondents felt that there were different circumstances for women and men to achieve leading positions, in exercising their leadership, and to understand how they saw issues around leadership in relation to male and female? Are there different circumstances for women and men in the role as leaders? How do these in such cases look like? Are female and male managers attributed with different properties? To try to answer these questions we conducted a qualitative study in which we interviewed three female and three male managers in public administration. The main themes that emerged were "Manager roles", the "Manager Properties", "Private Life" and "Mentors and role models." The results showed that the respondents had become managers for a variety of reasons and that there was a big difference in education between the sexes. The respondents perceived that there were differences in the exercise of leadership between men and women. The female and male managers described the male and female leadership based on the characteristics "soft" and "hard". This is in line with already established preju-dices or categories that were found in mentioned theory. Especially the female managers felt that the combination of leadership and privacy were hard to balance. The lack of role models and mentors was perceived as a problem by many of the respondents and quotas was pointed out as a possible measure. The topic was perceived as very complex and one conclusion was that there were some differences in the perceived opportunities for men and women in management landscape.

  • 67.
    Bodin, Katarina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    DuBar, Helena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Delaktighet och arbetstillfredsställelse: En jämförelse mellan olika anställningsformer2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows a connection between participation and job satisfaction. However, many studies do not take into account temporary employees. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the correlation between perceived participation and job satisfaction, and if there are differences in perceived participation and job satisfaction between individuals in different types of employment. The following questions are considered: (1) What connection is there between perceived participation and job satisfaction? (2) Are there differences in perceived participation between individuals in different types of employment? (3) Are there differences in perceived work satisfaction between individuals in different types of employment? To measure participation parts of Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire were used, and to measure job satisfaction, a short form based on the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire was used. The questionnaire was answered by temporary agency workers and members on Facebook/LinkedIn (n = 93; including 45 men (48.4%) and 48 women (51.6%) in the ages 18-61 (MD = 27; IQR = 10). The data was analyzed using Spearman´s rho, Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA-test, and the Mann-Whitney U-test. The results show (1) a very strong correlation between degree of participation and job satisfaction (r = .715, p < .001) (2) significant differences between individuals in different types of employment in some of perceived participation, and (3) no significant differences between individuals in different types of employment in work satisfaction. Unexpected was that no significant differences appeared for work satisfaction and that permanent employees through employment agencies as well as temporary employees report greater result than individuals in permanent employment regarding participation The results indicate that the subject needs to be investigated further to determine whether it is the type of employment or other underlying factors that are crucial for the perceived participation and work satisfaction.

  • 68.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    "Häng med på fest vid Sipperödssjön om en kvart"2012In: Barnbladet : SHSTF:s rikssektion för sjuksköterskor i öppen och sluten barnavård och barnsjukvård, ISSN 0349-1994, Vol. 37, no 5, p. 6-9Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 69.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Music and risk in an existential and gendered world2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Adolescents in Western society often expose themselves to high levels of sound at gyms, rock concerts, discotheques etc. These behaviours are as threatening to young people’s health as more traditional risk behaviours. Testing boundaries and risk taking are fundamental aspects of young people’s lives and the processes of developing their identities. There is, however, a need to balance reasonable risk taking and risks that can damage health. The aim of Study I was to analyze the relationship between self-exposure to noise, risk behaviours and risk judgements among 310 Swedish adolescents aged 15-20 (167 men/143 women). The adolescents’ behaviour in different traditional risk situations correlated with behaviour in noisy environments, and judgements about traditional risks correlated with judgement regarding noise exposure. Another finding was that young women judge risk situations as generally more dangerous than young men, although they behave in the same way as the men. We suggest that this difference is a social and culture based phenomenon which underlines the importance of adopting a gender perspective in the analysis of risk factors. Adolescents reporting permanent tinnitus judged loud music as more risky than adolescents with no symptoms and they did not listen to loud music as often as those with occasional tinnitus. The aims of study II were to illuminate  the complexity of risk behaviour, the meaning and purpose of adolescent risk-taking in both a traditional sense (e.g. smoking and drug use) and in noisy environments (e.g. discotheques and rock concerts), in relation to norms and gender roles in contemporary society. In total, 16 adolescents (8 men/8 women, aged 15-19) were interviewed individually and in focus groups. The interviewees’ responses revealed social reproduction of gender and class. Main themes of the phenomena for both genders emerged: Social identity and Existential identity of risk taking. The descriptive sub themes, however, which together formed the general structure, were rather diverse for men and women. The incorporation of social and existential theories on gender as basic factors in the analysis of attitudes towards risk-taking behaviours is considered to be of utmost importance. Likewise, research on hearing prevention for young people needs to acknowledge and make use of theories on risk behaviour and similarly, the theories on risk behaviour should acknowledge noise as a risk factor.

                 Study III aims to increase the knowledge about young women’s and men’s risk judgement and behaviour by investigating patterns in adolescent risk activities among 310 adolescents aged 15-20 (143 women; 167 men). The Australian instrument ARQ, developed by Gullone et al, was used with additional questions on hearing risks [1] and a factor analysis was conducted. The main results showed that the factor structure in the judgement and behaviour scale for Swedish adolescents was rather different from the factor structure in the Australian sample. The factor structure was not similar to the Australian sample split on gender and there were differences in factor structures between genders among Swedish adolescents. The results are discussed from a gender and existential perspective on risk taking, and it is emphasized that research on risk behaviour needs to reconceptualize stereotypical ideas about gender and the existential period in adolescence. The aim of Study IV was to investigate possible gender differences regarding psychometric scales measuring risk perception in noisy situations, attitudes towards loud music, perceived susceptibility to noise, and individual norms and ideals related to activities where loud music is played. In addition, the purpose was to analyze whether these variables are associated with protective behaviour, e.g. the use of hearing protection. A questionnaire was administered to a Swedish sample including 543 adolescents aged 16 to 20. The result revealed significant gender differences for all the psychometric scales. Furthermore, all psychometric measures were associated with hearing protection use in musical settings. Contrary to previous studies, gender did not solely contribute to any explanation of protective behaviour in the analysis. One conclusion is that although gender does not contribute solely to the explanation of protective behaviour, gender may affect psychological variables such as risk perception, attitudes and perceived susceptibility and these variables may in turn be valuable for decision-making and protective behaviour in noisy situations. Although women tend to be more ’careful’ psychologically, they nevertheless tend to behave in the same way as men regarding actual noise-related risk-taking.

     

  • 70.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Risk behaviour and noise exposure among adolescents2007In: Noise & Health, ISSN 1463-1741, E-ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 9, no 36, p. 55-63Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 71.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kapetanovic, Sabina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Adolescents’ voices on organization via social media2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Adolescents are industrious users of social media (i.e. Facebook, Instagram, Twitter) and most of 9-16 years old in EU´s 25 countries have a profile on a social network where they can socialize, express their thoughts and feelings. In Sweden there have been recent actions where adolescents have organized themselves with help from social media very quickly and with many participators. Studies have shown both positive and negative effects of using social media. Positive, since almost everyone can share experiences or make their voice heard. Negative, since young people can expose themselves and others to situations that can be difficult to manage. There are concerns that adolescents online can be socially isolated from their friends in “real life”, while others mean that social media increases the possibility for adolescent to make new friends and develop existing relationships. Significance: Earlier studies have focused on use of social media in school and social resisting gatherings, but not as many studies on adolescents’ use of social media for organizing their activities in everyday life. Young people can be considered to be digital natives and adults, that constitute a certain power in the society, can be considered as digital immigrants. From that perspective it is important to let young people’s own voices be heard on a central arena for daily activities. Hence, the aim the presented study was to examine how adolescents describe social media as an arena for organizing themselves and how the organizational actions affect their everyday life. Data derives from interviews with 13-19-year old pupils, and were recruited from the Western part of Sweden. The interviews were analyzed with thematic analysis in several steps. Results revealed that social media is perceived both positive and negative. Social media was described as an arena where young people can experience feelings of being free, but also as an arena that contributes to major problems. The adolescents describe social media as a platform where social power is performed, but that the users are unaware about the responsibilities that follow such power. Conclusions drawn from this study is that young people reason about the complexity of what social media means for organizing events and relationships in everyday life and social medias are seen as both problematic and enabling. The study contributes, by letting young people´s own voices being heard, a better understanding of adolescents’ experience of social organization in new medias.

    Adolescents' voices on organization via social media. Available from: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/281280719_Adolescents'_voices_on_organization_via_social_media [accessed Oct 29, 2015].

  • 72.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kapetanovic, Sabina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Risk discourses in Swedish tabloids2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: People of all ages participate in activities that can pose a risk to their health. However, it is important not only to see risks as threats, but also something that can enhance positive experiences and opportunities. The media has a huge influence on young people and thus there are good reasons to investigate how risks and risk-taking are portrayed. Significance: The communication in the media can be described as bi-directional, with subjects covered from many different perspectives, for example the reporting of views and values held by the authorities, politicians, residents and other community stakeholders. The human identity is constructed from self-experiences, but also through the different public discourses (collectively agreed discussions or arguments) that are present in the media and in everyday speech. For adolescents in particular, contact with the media affects their lives and the development of their identity. Hence, the media plays an important role in the presentation of how the world is constituted. The aim of this study was therefore to explore how risks and risk taking are described in media targeting young people in Sweden. Methods: 270 adolescents aged 15-20 years were surveyed on which newspapers they primarily read. Two daily tabloids were identified, both in paper format and on the Internet. Hence, the data consisted of two daily tabloids, each studied over a 14 day period. Each article that mentioned risks and risk taking was analyzed using discourse analysis from three perspectives: 1) what is stated, 2) by whom and 3) how such statements are articulated. Results showed that risks were mainly addressed in four ways; 1) News reports by journalists and press spokespersons articulating the theme “offender, heroes and victims”, e.g. news about crimes and accidents. 2) Reports about sports by athletes, coaches, doctors and columnists on the theme “enduring punches and injuries”, e.g. reports about violence and injuries in sports. 3) Reports, about entertainment by actors, performers, presenters and columnists about “Idols, drugs and confessions”, e.g. celebrities’’ confession stories, and 4) Expert- and opinion reports by journalists, experts, panels about “opinions and influence”, e.g. columnists writing about current events. The Conclusion drawn is the importance of discussing the discourses media create and reproduce, and that all levels of society need to take responsibility for what risks are reported, how and, by whom. For example, the media can reproduce outdated gender roles and may obstruct equal opportunities for young men and women. This study contributes in several ways, one being to bring awareness on how discourses are presented in the media and the impact on young peoples’ opportunities to create balanced and conscious attitudes to risk.

    Risk discourses in Swedish tabloids. Available from: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/281280598_Risk_discourses_in_Swedish_tabloids [accessed Oct 29, 2015].

  • 73.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Malm, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Saura, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Riskdiskurser i kvällspressen2014In: Att förstå ungdomars identitetsskapande: en inspirations- och metodbok / [ed] Sorbring, E., Andersson, Å. & Molin, M., Stockholm: Liber, 2014, 1, p. 166-187Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet fokuserar på vanligt förekommande sätt att beskriva risker i olika medier.

  • 74.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlandssson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Voices on risk-taking : Young women and men in an existential and social world 2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     

    The present study was influenced by existential - and gender aspects on young people's everyday lives with the aim to shed light on the complexity of the phenomenon of risk-taking, the meaning and purpose of adolescent risk-taking in a traditional sense (e.g. smoking and drug using) and in noisy environments (e.g. discotheques and rock concerts). The intention was to identify possible new ways of understanding young people's experiences and apprehensions about different risk behaviours by the use of qualitative method; The Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Sixteen adolescents (8 men/8 women, aged 15-19) were interviewed, 4 in separate interviews and 12 in focus groups. The analysis revealed two dimensions: "Social identity" and "Existential identity" and six superordinate themes of the phenomena of risk-taking. The two dimensions and the six super-ordinate themes were equal for women and men, while the sub-themes were found to be gender-related. The interviewees' responses revealed social (gender) - and existential considerations which affected the participants in many areas of their daily lives. The study implies that one of the challenges for the preventive strategies is to be able to talk about risk-taking in terms of both threat and development, and not as a case of either or. 

  • 75.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    School of Health and Medical Sciences Swedish Institute for Disability Research Örebro University, Sweden..
    University teacher and student judgments on misleading behavior in study situations2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with teachers' and students' judgments of misleading (e.g. cheating or plagiarism) behaviors during examinations. The data was collected at a university in Sweden using a questionnaire presenting specific behaviors to bejudged. In total, 253 individuals completed the questionnaire. The teachers, incontrast to the students, tended to judge the behaviors presented as more serious. There was, however, plenty of variation in the judgments made by both teachers and students. Although the teachers, on average, tended to judge the behaviors as more serious, about 20% of the students were found to judge the behaviors as more serious than the average teacher. It was also found that about 20 % of the teachers judged the scenarios as less serious compared to the average student judgments. This indicates a lack of agreement among teachers and students on the definition of misleading behavior. Subjective opinions seem to play a more important role for judgment than having actual knowledge about the rules and regulations stating what misleading behaviors really are inacademic work.

  • 76.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Consequences of Availability of 'extended' Pupil Welfare interventions: Effects on School Performance2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Children living in families with alcohol or drug misuse, violence or a parent's psychiatric illness are commonly regarded as a group at risk of developing social and health problems, but also at risk of failing in school. In Sweden social services have the responsibility to intervene to change the situation for such children (National Board of Health and Welfare, 2013). Teachers, school social workers and other relevant staff all have important roles to play in identifying pupils within this target group (Backlund, 2007). However research demonstrates that this process can be prolonged. Nor is it unusual that parents and/or pupils are unwilling to accept support until the home situation becomes very serious and/or where the pupil's school achievements have deteriorated in a serious way (SOU 2010).This presentation offers an evaluation of an ongoing project 'Extended In-Depth Pupil Welfare' (2013–2015) funded by the Swedish Public Health Agency and which is one of sixteen projects aimed at children and young people within this target group in the national program 'Developing New Evidenced Methods for Prevention and Interventions'. The 'Extended In-Depth Pupil Welfare' project is based on the hypothesis that, by making established evidence-proven intervention methods normally offered by social services in social service settings available for pupils and their parents in a school setting, children and parents may be more willing to accept/or seek support at an earlier stage than had the interventions been available through normal social services channels. The research questions are: 'Does availability influence willingness to seek and accept support?', and 'In what way does this support influence school performance?'In recent decades a great deal of attention has been directed to the creation and implementation of effective interventions designed to adress the needs of pupils at risk of failing academically (Allen-Meares, Montgomery & Kim, 2013; Dube & Orpinas, 2009). Interventions operate at a number of levels. While Tier 1 interventions are at the whole school level, Tier 2 interventions address specific groups and individuals (Allen-Meares et al., 2013). In Sweden a multitude of collaborative joint ventures by social services and schools at both tiers have emerged in recent years (SOU, 2010). A national evaluation of a government sponsored program comprising more than one hundred collaborative projects revealed that collaboration is in great need of development. Further, a majority of teachers report that collaboration with social services, child psychiatry, the police and other agencies is, in different ways, unsatisfactory (Danermark, Englund & Germundsson, 2010). From this point of departure the 'Extended In-Depth Pupil Welfare' project is based on the assumption that if the school is the sole stakeholder in providing support interventions, actions can be more effectively directed in ways that best fit the school's organization and impact most directly on pupils' school achievement. For example, research demonstrates that when social services and schools are both stakeholders, the process of identifying and supporting pupils in need is not only unnecessarily time-consuming, but also less effective (Bolin 2011).Focusing on an interprofessional staff group comprising two teachers and two social workers based on-site in a medium sized primary/secondary school, and comparing pupils' and parents' perceptions of the availability of pupil welfare support with similar parental/pupil perceptions at another school used as a control, the objectives of this research is to theoretically analyse and critically evaluate the impact on school performance of on-site extended pupil welfare support. In this presentation focus is directed to findings emerging from interview data with pupils at the intervention school, and on their perceptions of the impact that the work of the interprofessional support team has had on their approaches to school work.Methodology, Methods, Research Instruments or Sources UsedIn addition to assessing pupils' achievement (encapsulated in subject grades) the study also focuses on the perception the pupils have of the impact on school performance of on-site social welfare support, and it is these findings that are presented here. Individual interviews have been carried out with participating pupils and their parents. The rationale behind this choice is that interviews are contextualised and can thus provide depth and detail (as opposed to questionnaire based approaches), and are to be preferred when 'why' and 'how' questions have been posed (Flyvbjerg, 2007). The interviews with pupils were carried out using a semi-structured guide, as is recommended for interviews with children (Docherty & Sandelowski, 1999). The guide consisted of a series of open questions pertaining to the pupil's understanding of the process of receiving support; the pupil's perception of the impact of the intervention with regard to school performance; out-of-school activities and activities in the family, and if positive changes are experienced, how enduring the pupil perceives such changes to be. The interviews with the pupils took place in a municipality community hall or in a room at the school. When processing the raw information the interviews were digitally-recorded and transcribed verbatim. The data was processed using NVIVO 10. Each interview transcript was entered as a single case, with twenty cases in total. The approach adopted when analysing the empirical data has been inspired by what Patton (2002) describes as thematic analysis and involves the recognition of patterns. Data was coded and closely analyzed by identifying increasing levels of abstraction in the material (Braun & Clarke, 2006). Conclusions, Expected Outcomes or FindingsPreliminary results indicate that pupils see encounters with the on-site interprofessional support team as impacting on their attendance, approaches to school work and achievement. This, as the pupils report, is in part due to the experience in lessons of being able to keep away from conflicts with other pupils and teachers. Previously a consequence of being involved in conflicts meant the pupil having to leave lessons. Pupils also speak of experiencing an increased capacity for subject goal attainment. A majority of the interviewees estimate that they have improved their grade in at least two or three subjects, often pointing to core subjects such as Swedish, Maths and English. Further, the results indicate that the pupils perceive they can control whether, and if so, when they want to receive support from the support team. This, they report, contributes to a willingness to both emotionally and cognitively engage in the program and in the counselling provided. They describe that this engagement gives them tools to better focus on subject learning in class, to take control of their emotions and not to initiate conflicts or respond violently in peer relations in the classroom. A particularly interesting finding is that pupils do not perceive that support from the onsite team is attached to any sense of stigma, shame or embarrassment. Indeed, some pupils' accounts indicate that, when receiving support from the team, they feel much more comfortable about talking about problems they experience in the home such as, for example, violence or parents' alcohol misuse. However, some negative experiences of receiving support from the onsite team are revealed. For example, pupils perceive that the staff are not as immediately available as they would like them to be, and that support is not sufficiently 'on-demand', thus causing causes them anxiety and feelings of reduced self-worth

  • 77.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Consequences of availability of social work support in a school context: 'Extended' pupil welfare interventions and effects on school performance2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children living in families with alcohol misuse, violence or a parent’s psychiatric illness are not only commonly regarded as a group at risk of developing social problems, but also at risk of failing in school. Teachers and school social workers have important roles to play in identifying these pupils. However research demonstrates that this process can be prolonged. Nor is it unusual that parents and/or pupils are unwilling to accept support until the home situation becomes serious and/or where the pupil’s school achievements have deteriorated.This presentation is based on an evaluation of the project ‘Extended In-Depth Pupil Welfare’ funded by the Swedish Public Health Agency´s national program ‘Developing New Evidenced Methods for Prevention and Interventions’. The project is based on the hypothesis that, by making established evidence-proven intervention methods normally offered by social services in social service settings available for pupils and their parents in a school setting, children and parents may be more willing to both seek and accept support at an earlier stage than had such interventions been available through normal social services channels. The research questions are: ‘Does availability influence willingness to seek and accept support?’, and ‘In what way does this support influence school performance?’ The empirical base for this presentation draws on (i) data from a survey of parents (N=137) and pupils (N=49) pre- and post-project that focused on perceptions of the availability of support from pupil welfare and socials services, (ii) data on school performance with regard to pupils in receipt of interventions (N=86), and (iii) individual interviews (N=20) with pupils who received interventions. Results indicate that the availability of social workers plays an important role for children’s motivation to seek/or accept support. Pupils regard encounters with the on-site interprofessional support team as impacting on their attendance, approaches to school work and achievement.

  • 78.
    Bolin, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    När många vill "hjälpa till": Barns och ungdomars erfarenheter av interprofessionellt samarbete inom den sociala barnavården2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of children's agency can be used to understand how children actively shape their lives. While in social work there is a growing body of research on how children experience meetings that involve collaborating professionals, little is known about the ways in which they exert an influence and the strategies they use. The purpose of the study was, in a Swedish context, to explore children's perceptions of their agentic capacity to influence who works with them when many different professionals are involved in providing support. Secondly, the aim was to investigate the perceptions of their agentic capacity in regulating their participation and exerting an influence on outcomes in interprofessional collaborative meetings. Interviews were carried out with 28 children in receipt of social services support. The results revealed that, for the older children, perceptions of the exercise of agency involved both the exclusion of certain professionals from the collaborating group as well as the identification of those perceived asbeing able to help. Additionally, the children's agency could be seen to be implicated in their perceptions of actively making decisions to acquiesce in collaborative solutions. For the younger children agency was revealed in the way that they interpreted the situations involving collaborating professionals, recognizing that it is primarily parents who decide about contact with different 'helpers". Findings with regards to the second aim revealed that children perceive professionals' talk as restricting opportunities for input. They also perceive they have capacity to exercise agency by (i) conforming to expectations by pretending to be bored and disengaged, butat the same time paying close attention to what is going on, alert to important details concerning them, (ii) by using exit strategies, and (iii) by developing 'in-situ' strategies to end meetings believed to be of little value. Rather than, as previously suggested, being powerless in such circumstances, the children talk of how they carefully assess situations, and, from a position of apparent subordination, talk of ways of acting that reveal their agentic capacity. These insights are of importance for practitioners, who are encouraged to look beyond behaviours that first meet the eye.This research has been funded by the Swedish Children's Welfare Foundation Sweden (Stiftelsen Allmänna Barnhuset)

  • 79.
    Boman, Åse
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Specialist Nursing programme.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Eklöf, Mats
    Forsander, Gun
    Törner, Marianne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    Conceptions of diabetes and diabetes care in young people with minority background" 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 80.
    Bornstein, Marc H
    et al.
    Child and Family Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Bethesda, MD, USA..
    Putnick, Diane L
    Child and Family Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Bethesda, MD, USA..
    Lansford, Jennifer E
    Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan..
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, Macau, China.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA..
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth A
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA..
    Malone, Patrick S
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA..
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya..
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA..
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand..
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Rome University La Sapienza, Rome, Italy..
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Mixed blessings: parental religiousness, parenting, and child adjustment in global perspective.2017In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, ISSN 0021-9630, E-ISSN 1469-7610, Vol. 58, no 8, p. 880-892Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Most studies of the effects of parental religiousness on parenting and child development focus on a particular religion or cultural group, which limits generalizations that can be made about the effects of parental religiousness on family life.

    METHODS: We assessed the associations among parental religiousness, parenting, and children's adjustment in a 3-year longitudinal investigation of 1,198 families from nine countries. We included four religions (Catholicism, Protestantism, Buddhism, and Islam) plus unaffiliated parents, two positive (efficacy and warmth) and two negative (control and rejection) parenting practices, and two positive (social competence and school performance) and two negative (internalizing and externalizing) child outcomes. Parents and children were informants.

    RESULTS: Greater parent religiousness had both positive and negative associations with parenting and child adjustment. Greater parent religiousness when children were age 8 was associated with higher parental efficacy at age 9 and, in turn, children's better social competence and school performance and fewer child internalizing and externalizing problems at age 10. However, greater parent religiousness at age 8 was also associated with more parental control at age 9, which in turn was associated with more child internalizing and externalizing problems at age 10. Parental warmth and rejection had inconsistent relations with parental religiousness and child outcomes depending on the informant. With a few exceptions, similar patterns of results held for all four religions and the unaffiliated, nine sites, mothers and fathers, girls and boys, and controlling for demographic covariates.

    CONCLUSIONS: Parents and children agree that parental religiousness is associated with more controlling parenting and, in turn, increased child problem behaviors. However, children see religiousness as related to parental rejection, whereas parents see religiousness as related to parental efficacy and warmth, which have different associations with child functioning. Studying both parent and child views of religiousness and parenting are important to understand the effects of parental religiousness on parents and children.

  • 81.
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    et al.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Child and Family Research, Bethesda.
    Putnick, Diane L.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Child and Family Research, Bethesda.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC,.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC,.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Department of Psychiatry, Thailand.
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria
    Rome University ‘La Sapienza’, Faculty of Psychology, Italy.
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Department of Psychology, Quezon, Philippines.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Queen Rania Faculty for Childhood, Jordan.
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Department of Psychology, Italy.
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Chang, Lei
    Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Educational Psychology, China.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Department of Psychology, Blacksburg, VA, USA.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC,.
    Malone, Patrick S.
    University of South Carolina, Department of Psychology, Columbia, SC, USA.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Department of Psychology, Kenya.
    Mother and father socially desirable responding in nine countries: Two kinds of agreement and relations to parenting self-reports2015In: International Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0020-7594, E-ISSN 1464-066X, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 174-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We assessed 2 forms of agreement between mothers’ and fathers’ socially desirable responding in China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand and the United States (N = 1110 families). Mothers and fathers in all 9 countries reported socially desirable responding in the upper half of the distribution, and countries varied minimally (but China was higher than the cross-country grand mean and Sweden lower). Mothers and fathers did not differ in reported levels of socially desirable responding, and mothers’ and fathers’ socially desirable responding were largely uncorrelated. With one exception, mothers’ and fathers’ socially desirable responding were similarly correlated with self-perceptions of parenting, and correlations varied somewhat across countries. These findings are set in a discussion of socially desirable responding, cultural psychology and family systems.

  • 82.
    Boström, Jessica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Johansson, Tore
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sjuksköterskors motivation och inställning till att arbeta på två olika avdelningar2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    NU-sjukvården önskade hantera sina resurser optimalt och öka kostnadseffektiviteten. Med denna studie undersöktes vad som skulle kunna motivera sjuksköterskor på kirurgi- respektive medicinavdelningar (N= 62) att öka sin kompetens för att arbeta på två olika avdelningar, om inställningen till detta skiljer sig mellan områdena samt huruvida ålder, anställningstid, inre motivationoch omotivation kunde predicera inställningen till att arbeta på två olika avdelningar. Instrumentet bestod av fyra delar. En demografisk del, två förundersökningen konstruerade skalor avseende att mäta sjuksköterskornas motivation till att öka sin kompetens för att arbeta på två olika avdelningar och inställningen till detta system, samt en svensk version av Work Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation Scale. Svarsfrekvensen var 60,9% och respondenterna var mellan 23 och 62 år (M = 39,8, SD= 11). Undersökningen visade att sjuksköterskorna främst motiverades till att arbeta på två olika avdelningar av högre lön, både på sikt och omgående. Inställningen till att arbeta på två olika avdelningar skiljde sig inte signifikant mellan de olika områdena.Motivationstyperna inre motivation och omotivation kunde var för sig signifikant förutse inställningen till att arbeta på två olika avdelningar. De sjuksköterskor som var mest positivt inställda till att arbeta på två olika avdelningar var de sjuksköterskor som drevs av att uppnå resultat och få belöningar.

  • 83. Boström, P.K.
    et al.
    Broberg, M.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Parents' descriptions and experiences of young children recently diagnosed with intellectual disability2010In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 93-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of the present study was to explore the variation of parents' descriptions and experiences of their child that was recently identified to have an intellectual disability (ID). Methods: The study applied interpretative phenomenological analysis and analysis of narrative style looking at content and form of parental narratives. Data was collected from nine fathers and eight mothers through semi-structured interviews within 6 months following diagnosis. Results: Analysis revealed three factors indicating the parents' level of processing: (1) emotional expressions regarding the child - varying between limited (distanced or idealized) and balanced/affectionate; (2) experience of the disability - varying between preoccupation and acceptance; and (3) time orientation - varying in terms of flexibility and temporal focus. Conclusions: Although parents of children with ID describe negative emotions in relation to the child and the disability, most of these parents also describe positive emotions that seemed to balance the negative experiences. © 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  • 84.
    Bouchatta, Otmane
    et al.
    Cadi Ayyad University, Laboratory of Pharmacology, Neurobiology and Behavior (URAC-37), Faculty of Sciences, Marrakesh, Morocco. 2 Bordeaux University, Bordeaux, France. 3 Interdisciplinary Institute of Neuroscience, CNRS UMR 5297, Centre Paul Broca-Nouvelle Aquitaine, Bordeaux, France.
    Manouze, Houria
    Cadi Ayyad University, Laboratory of Pharmacology, Neurobiology and Behavior (URAC-37), Faculty of Sciences,Marrakesh, Morocco.
    Bouali-Benazzouz, Rabia
    Bordeaux University, Bordeaux, France; Interdisciplinary Institute of Neuroscience, CNRS UMR 5297, Centre Paul Broca-Nouvelle Aquitaine, Bordeaux, France.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Ba-M'hamed, Saadia
    Cadi Ayyad University, Laboratory of Pharmacology, Neurobiology and Behavior (URAC-37), Faculty of Sciences, Marrakesh, Morocco.
    Fossat, Pascal
    Bordeaux University, Bordeaux, France; Interdisciplinary Institute of Neuroscience, CNRS UMR 5297, Centre Paul Broca-Nouvelle Aquitaine, Bordeaux, France.
    Landry, Marc
    Bordeaux University, Bordeaux, France; Interdisciplinary Institute of Neuroscience, CNRS UMR 5297, Centre Paul Broca-Nouvelle Aquitaine, Bordeaux, France.
    Bennis, Mohamed
    Cadi Ayyad University, Laboratory of Pharmacology, Neurobiology and Behavior (URAC-37), Faculty of Sciences, Marrakesh, Morocco.
    Neonatal 6-OHDA lesion model in mouse induces Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)-like behaviour2018In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 8, no 1, article id 15349Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired attention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. The "neonatal 6-hydroxydopamine" (6-OHDA) lesion is a commonly used model of ADHD in rat. However, a comprehensive assessment of ADHD-like symptoms is still missing, and data in mouse remain largely unavailable. Our aim was to analyse symptoms of ADHD in the mouse neonatal 6-OHDA model. 6-OHDA mice exhibited the major ADHD-like symptoms, i.e. hyperactivity (open field), attention deficit and impulsivity (five-choice serial reaction time task). Further, the model revealed discrete co-existing symptoms, i.e. anxiety-like (elevated plus maze test) and antisocial (social interaction) behaviours and decreased cognitive functioning (novel object recognition). The efficacy of methylphenidate, a classical psychostimulant used in the treatment of ADHD, was also evaluated. A histological analysis further supports the model validity by indicating dopamine depletion, changes in cortical thickness and abnormalities in anterior cingulate cortex neurons. A principal component analysis of the behaviour profile confirms that the 6-OHDA mouse model displayed good face and predictive validity. We conclude that neonatal dopamine depletion results in behavioural and morphological changes similar to those seen in patients and therefore could be used as a model for studying ADHD pathophysiological mechanisms and identifying therapeutic targets.

  • 85.
    Bowen, Erica
    et al.
    Coventry University.
    Holdsworth, Emma
    Coventry University.
    Leen, Eline
    University of Erlangen.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Helsing, Bo
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Jaans, Sebastian
    Limbourg Catholic University.
    Awouters, Valere
    Limbourg Catholic University.
    Northern European Adolescent Attitudes Toward Dating Violence2013In: Violence and Victims, ISSN 0886-6708, E-ISSN 1945-7073, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 619-634Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A focus group methodology was used to examine attitudes toward dating violence among 86 adolescents (aged 12-17) from four northern European countries (England, Sweden, Germany, and Belgium). Four superordinate themes were identified from thematic analyses: gender identities, television as the educator, perceived acceptability of dating violence, and the decision to seek help/tell someone. Although violence in relationships was generally not condoned, when violence was used by females, was unintended (despite its consequences), or was in retaliation for infidelity, violence was perceived as acceptable. Adolescents indicated that their views were stereotypical and based solely on stereotypical television portrayals of violence in relationships. Stereotypical beliefs and portrayals generate barriers for victimized males to seek help because of fear of embarrassment.

  • 86.
    Bowen, Erica
    et al.
    University of Worcester, Institute of Health and Society, United Kingdom.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Meeting adolescents 'where they're at': the use of technology to prevent violence and abuse in adolescent romantic relationships2017In: Eliminating gender-based violence / [ed] A. Taket & B.R. Crisp (red), Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, p. 54-67Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 87.
    Bowen, Erica
    et al.
    Coventry University, England.
    Walker, Kate
    Coventry University, England.
    Mawer, Matthew
    Coventry University, England.
    Holdsworth, Emma
    Coventry University, England.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Helsing, Bo
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Leen, Eline
    Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen, Germany.
    Held, Paul
    Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen, Germany.
    Awouters, Valère
    Limburg Catholic University College, Belgium.
    Jans, Sebastiaan
    Limburg Catholic University College, Belgium.
    "It’s like you're actually playing as yourself": Development and preliminary evaluation of 'Green Acres High'€™, a serious game-based primary intervention to combat adolescent dating violence2014In: Psychosocial Intervention, ISSN 1132-0559, E-ISSN 2173-4712, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 43-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides an overview of the development of 'Green Acres High', a serious game-based primary intervention to raise awareness of and change attitudes towards dating violence in adolescents, and an analysis of how adolescents described their experience of playing this game. Transcripts from focus group data were analysed using thematic analysis. The global theme that was developed, Assessment of the game, was represented by two organising themes, Positive assessment: Pedagogical Underpinnings andNegative Assessment: Functionality Limitations and Frustrations. These represented the fact that overall the learning experience was positive based on the pedagogical principles and content that could be embedded in this digital game but that technical issues with the game needed to be addressed as these could impinge on the learning experience of the adolescents. It was seen that using a serious game was a valid and meaningful way for adolescents to learn about dating violence and that this is a viable alternative or adjunct to traditional teaching methods.

  • 88.
    Brandt, Sara
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hed, Lisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Att prestera mera?: En sambandsstudie kring organisationsidentifikation och organizational citizenship behavior inom bemanningsbranschen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the variables organizational identification, organizational citizenship behavior, perceived organizational prestige and seniority. The variables were examined partly to see if participants' identification with the organization is linked to seniority and perceived organizational prestige, and the degree to which participants choose to perform beyond role expectations. The correlation study was performed at a service company in Trollhattan, in the business area staffing and recruitment.90 bluecollar employees working in warehouse/ logistics and manufacturing were asked to participate in the study. Response frequency was low, since only 29 attended. The participants' ages ranged between 20 and 57 years old (M = 37) and the averagelength of seniority was 14 months. The study was conducted using a quantitative method, using a questionnaire made up of three parts, which measured the degree of organizational identification, degree of organizational citizenship behavior and perceived organizational prestige. The Mael Scale, OCB–scale, and Mael's perceived organizational prestige scale were used to measure the three variables.The results showed weak correlations between organizational identification and organizational citizenship behavior, and organizational identification and perceived organizational prestige. However, these correlations were not statistically significant. The study could not infer statistically significant correlations between seniority and organizational identification. The results showed a highly statistically significant relationship between the variables organizational citizenship behavior and seniority. The variables used in the study had good reliability with an alphavalue of .71, however, perceived organizational prestige had an alpha value of .45.Future research should focus on to further investigate the importance of identification for the staffing industry, with its triangular relationship between the consultant, staffing agencies and client companies.

  • 89.
    Brink, Eva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Karlson, Björn W
    Sahlgrenska University, Division of Cardiology.
    Hallberg, Lillemor R M
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences.
    Health-related quality of life in women and men one year after acute myocardial infarction2005In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 749-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was, first, to detect possible changes in health-related quality of life (HRQL) over time and, second, to predict HRQL at 1 year based on measures made 1 week and 5 months after a first-time acute myocardial infarction. There was an improvement in HRQL at 1 year, as measured by the questionnaire 36-item Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form (SF-36), for both men and women as compared with the assessment 5 months after the acute myocardial infarction. However, the pattern was somewhat different for women and men. Women mainly reported increased scores on scales reflecting better mental health, whereas men, on the whole, demonstrated higher scores in the physical health domain. Depression (HAD) and fatigue were identified as early predictors of lower HRQL at the 1-year follow-up. Our conclusion is that early assessment of fatigue and depression is worthwhile, as they may indicate decreased HRQL in men and women 1 year after first-time myocardial infarction.

  • 90.
    Broberg, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Martinsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Personlighet och innovation: vad karaktäriserar den kreativa medarbetaren?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Innovative ability is a sought-after competence in today's labor market, marked by expansive technological progression, globalization and increased flexibility. International studies in work psychology indicate that innovative ability is correlated with specific personality traits.

    In this study the correlation between personality through Five Factor Model (FFM; Costa & McCrae, 1992) and innovative ability through Ideational Behavior (IB; Runco, Plucker, & Lim, 2001) was explored. There is a lack of exploration of IB and its two distinct factors in relation to personality in previous Swedish research, which has led to this study aiming to remedy the situation.

    Data was collected through a web survey based on the self-assessment instrument IPIP-NEO-120 (Johnson, 2014) to examine personality, and Runco Ideational Behavior Scale (RIBS) to examine IB. The survey gathered 256 respondents with various educational background and main occupation.

    The result indicates that IB was positively and significantly associated with the personality traits Openness to Experience and Extraversion, while Conscientiousness and Agreeableness presented negative correlations with IB. A noteworthy result implied that there were differences in the correlations between FFM and the two distinct factors of IB, which measures two separate constructs of creativity: Divergent thinking and Scatterbrained. The difference was especially prominent for the trait Neuroticism, for which the correlation indicated a negative association with the factor Divergent thinking and a positive association with the factor Scatterbrained. It was established through forced entry regression method that selected personality facets of FFM and gender accounted for a little over half of the variance in IB. The results are in line with international research, indicating that IB is a possible instrument for measuring innovative behavior at an individual level.

  • 91.
    Broman, Matilda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lindblom, Pernilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Upplevda risksituationer inom psykiatrin: Tematisk studie kring boendestödjares berättelser av en riskfylld situation på arbetsplatsen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Supporting residents in Sweden has increased by 60% in the past four years. This study enrolled 11 participants employed at a psychiatric facility; the majority of whom were middle-aged women. The purpose of the study was to examine perceived risk situations of that the supportive workers within psychiatry and see if that condition led to changes within their workplace. Participants received a question-guide where they wrote answers to open-ended questions about perceived risk situation, and were given opportunity to answer if said risk led to any change in the workplace environment or its practices. These were individual risk situations that participants experienced in person. The material was then transcribed and analyzed by thematic analysis. The results revealed three main themes:

    Rules are broken, Strategies in a risk situation and Perceived effects after risk situation. From the three main themes, nine sub-themes were identified. The study shows that the supportive housing residents are perceived as a threat in the workplace and that during risk situations the participants find safety in their own immediate actions as well as those of their professional peers. The changes made by the organization did either consist of more personnel or technical measures. A conclusion of the study shows that the colleagues and other professionals are highly important for the well-being and safety of the psychiatric residents. More in-depth research needs to be done in the risks and the work with the psychiatric residents. The research concerning risk management is relatively undeveloped and more research needs to be done, for as it is today, there are no dominant risk management guidelines.

  • 92.
    Brongers, Rosalinde
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Livskvalitet hos högkänsliga personer: en studie om högkänslighet, självmedkänsla och personlighet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Twenty percent of all people are highly sensitive (HSP = Highly Sensitive Person) which means that they are born with a sensitive nervous system. Many HSP's are experiencing negative consequences in their everyday lives that affect their quality of life. As the group HSP is large and the correlation between HSP, quality of life and self-compassion is not specifically is investigated, the present study was relevant. The examined questions are: Is there within the group of HSP regarding Quality of Life, Self-compassion, High sensitivity, BIS, BAS, Extraversion and Neuroticism (a) significant correlations between the variables? (b) To what extend do the variables explain Quality of Life and High Sensitivity? (c) Are there gender differences regarding the variables? (d) Is there a positive correlation between High Sensitivity and Age? The 111 participants were members of the Sveriges Förening för Högkänsliga and all were HSP according to self-assessment, which also was confirmed by the data collected. The group of participants consisted of 93 women (84%) and 18 men (16%) and the average age was 50, where the lowest age was 35 years and the highest 70. All questions were answered by these analytical methods: Pearson's correlation analysis, Standard Multiple Linear Regression and T-test. The main outcome was that the link between HSP and self-compassion contributed to new knowledge, which concluded that the practice of Self-compassion can help to actively increase the level of quality of life for HSP's. The strongest correlation in the study was between BIS and neuroticism, which means that at an increase of BIS, the degree of negative affect also increased and vice versa; the result was in line with previous research. Two unexpected results were that (a) the driving force (BASDrive) predicted high sensitivity most, unlike the literature suggesting that BIS and neuroticism would have the strongest connection and (b) the degree of high sensitivity decreased with increase in age; which contradicts earlier research. The essay is a relevant source of information for the HSP and all others who are interacting with HSP.

  • 93.
    Brorsson, Joachim
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Karlsson, Jenny
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Över ån efter vatten: en studie om chefers syn på kunskap och kunskapsutveckling2002Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 94.
    Brorsson, Karolina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vestin, Eric
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En utforskande sambandsstudie om moralisk vitalism och värderingar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Some people imagine, and believe, that good and evil exist as active forces that can influence people and events and also determine actions as morally right or wrong. This conception is called moral vitalism. The study examined connections between belief in moral vitalism and values. Values refer to the individual's personal estimation of the value of something, in the results of an action. The study had a wide angle and 188 respondents answered the webb questionnaire. The questionnaire had a normal distribution and of the respondents 74.2 % was women, 24.7% men and 1.1% answered being another sex. The largest part of the respondents were 26–35 (36%) and 79% had some kind of college or university education. The instrument from Schwartz values model (2012) and Bastian, Bain, Buhrmester, Gómez, Vásquez, Knight and Swann´s (2015) instrument to measure the degree of belief in moral vitalism were used in collecting data. Pearson’s correlation analysis was used to explore the connections. The study show two weak correlations between having conservation values or universal values and belief in moral vitalism, i.e. the belief that evil and good power have influence over people and events.

  • 95.
    Brunedal, Cecilia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Väringer, Kajsa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Global självkänsla & prestationsbaserad självkänsla: En kvantitativ undersökning om generell tilltro till den egna förmågans modererande effekt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study was examined to get an insight in the underlying factors of global selfesteem. More specifically, the purpose was to examine if the relation between global self-esteem and performance-based self-esteem was moderated by general selfefficacy. Our hypothesis was that individuals who have a greater tendency to link their self-worth to their performance will have higher global self-esteem, but only if they have high general self-efficacy. The study was based on an online survey which used Rosenberg Global Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Performance-based Self-EsteemScale (PBSE) and General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE). Through a conveniencesample 242 participants were recruited and 81.8% were women, 17.4% men and .8% stated another gender identity. The ages varied between 19 to 74 years (M = 31.83,SD = 13.8). Data was analysed via the Process macro for SPSS and the moderatoranalysis "model 1" was used. The study showed that global self-esteem and performance-based self-esteem was negatively correlated and global self-esteem and general self-efficacy was positively correlated. These results are in line with previous studies. Further, the study showed that the level of general self-efficacy did not affect the relation between global self-esteem and performance-based self-esteem. In otherwords there was no moderating effect of general self-efficacy.

  • 96.
    Bränneby, Eva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lindborg, Johanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Arbetstrivsel i förhållande till personlighet och sociala relationer på arbetet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether job satisfaction correlates with personality and the quality of social relationships at work. To measure job satisfaction and social relationships at work, six questions were designed to measure the degree to which participants enjoyed their work and how they enjoyed their work group. To measure the personality the Ten-Item Personality Inventory was used which is a personality test developed from the Five Factor Model. The collected data consisted of 57 completed surveys from nurse assistants in three municipal workplaces. The results showed a clear positive relationship between job satisfaction and social relations at work.

    No significant associations between personality and job satisfaction was found which differs from previous research, but based on Hemphill's guidelines interesting relationships were found.

  • 97.
    Brülde, Bengt
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Radovic, Filip
    Dysfunctions, disabilities and disordered minds: Our response to the commentaries2006In: Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology, ISSN 1071-6076, E-ISSN 1086-3303, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 133-141Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 98.
    Brülde, Bengt
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Radovic, Filip
    What is mental about mental disorder?2006In: Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology, ISSN 1071-6076, E-ISSN 1086-3303, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 99-116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent discussion of the concept of mental disorder has focused on what makes a mental disorder a disorder. A question that has received less attention is what makes a mental disorder mental rather than somatic. We examine three views on this issue—namely, the internal cause view, the symptom view, and the pluralist view—and assess to what extent these accounts are plausible. In connection with this, three strategies that have been used to pinpoint the mental in psychiatry are identified, namely negative characterizations (the mental as the nonsomatic), exemplification of paradigmatic mental features, and an appeal to intentional content. We also examine different versions of nihilism, the view that the distinction between mental and somatic disorder is ill founded. Finally, it is observed that the discussion of what makes a mental disorder mental has largely been unaffected by conceptions of the mental in the philosophy of mind.

  • 99.
    Bubach, Simon
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kesete, Sara  
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mindfulness, Big Five, ålder och kön: en sambandsstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mindfulness means being deliberately focused on the present with a nonjudgmental attitude towards the feelings and thoughts that may emerge. Since a person can be more or less mindful by default this study will look at the relations between mindfulness (dependent variable), and personality traits, sex and age (independent variables).

    This essay used a quantitative method with an internet-based inquiry poll with a total of 20 questions. Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) was used to measure mindfulness and Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) to measure personality traits. The participants (N = 114) consisted of 76 women and 38 men (average age = 25.8, standard deviation = 6.7). The data material was analyzed by using correlation analysis, regression analysis, t-test and Cohen's d.

    The results were similar to previously conducted studies on the same topic although there were a few small differences. The results showed that age and extraversion lacked any connection to mindfulness. Agreeableness showed a weak and negative connection to mindfulness. Conscientiousness have a medium strong and positive connection towards mindfulness. Neuroticism showed a strong and negative connection to mindfulness. Openness showed a weak and positive connection to mindfulness. A moderate difference was found between the sexes in relationship to mindfulness with a statistical significance. Conscientiousness and neuroticism was the two personality traits that had a statistical significance to mindfulness. The results from the regression analysis showed that traits, age and gender explain a quite large portion (42%) of mindfulness while age and sex and age have a smaller explanatory effect (4%) on mindfulness.

  • 100.
    Bulduk, Gülistan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Sanduvac, Fatma
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Vårdpersonalens arbetsmiljö inom äldrevård: En kvalitativ studie kring dess påverkan på brukarsäkerheten2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It has become increasingly common for health care workers in elderly care to work in difficult conditions, such as staff shortages, workloads and stress. The nursing staff manages various intercurrent difficulties in their work and these difficulties they face lead to mistakes which affect the safety for the elderly. The main purpose of the study was to investigate and analyze the nursing staff working environment by studying what deficiencies they experience in their work and how this impacts the safety.

    The research questions for this study were: 1. What situations create stress among health care staff? 2. How does this affect the health care staff perceptions of their work situation and the idea of occupant safety? To answer to these questions, a semi-structured interview guide with the following themes was performed: environment and occupant safety. The interviews were conducted with six nurses at two different homes for elderly in Gothenburg. Data was analyzed and processed from the interviews to identify themes that were essential to the subject by a thematic analysis. Themes that emerged were the following; stress, staff shortage, policies and actions of managers. Even some subthemes emerged in some of the major themes that were identified. Based on the study we can conclude that the management has the obligation and a vital role when it comes to providing a safe working environment for health professionals and residents.

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