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  • 51.
    Abu Shanab, Ahmed
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Mohammadi, Daniel
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Ledarskapsstilars påverkan på inre och yttre motivation: - En kvalitativ studie2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study was to create an understanding of how varying leadership styles affect the so-called internal and external motivation on employees. The following research question was created: How does the prevailing leadership style of leaders affect the internal and external motivation of employees? Past research studies the relationship between leadership and motivation as one variable. The problem with seeing motivation as one variable is that motivation is affected by various factors and hence should be divided into internal and external motivation. Moreover, studies that study the relationship between internal and external motivation contradict each other’s conclusions. To answer the research question, a qualitative method has been used where semistructured telephone interviews have been conducted. The study consisted of ten respondents, of which eight are employees and two are leaders. Furthermore, four research ethics principles were applied to increase the study’s reliability. The studied leadership styles in the study were transformational leadership, transactional leadership, laissez-faire leadership, and charismatic leadership. According to previous research the following can be stated: Transformational leadership has a positive impact on internal and external motivation. Transactional leadership has apositive effect on external motivation and no effect on internal motivation. Laissez-faire leadership has a negative impact on internal and external motivation. Charismatic leadership has a positive effect on internal and external motivation. This study consisted of two transformational leadership styles, five transactional leadership styles, two laissez-faire leadership styles and one charismatic leadership style. Furthermore, the study concludes that transformational leadership positively affects internal and external motivation because employees are constantly given feedback and encouraged. Transactional leadership style only affects external motivation positively because leaders adapt relationships with employees as a financial exchange. Laissez-faire leadership has no effect on external motivation but can result in both a negative and positive impact on internal motivation. Charismatic leadership has a positive impact on internal and external motivation because the leadership style creates a good relationship between leader and employee.

  • 52.
    Abukhaled, Maysam
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Brexit event through the Eye of the British newspapers: A study of how the Daily Express and Daily Mail newspapers represented the immigration case during the Brexit event2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Media whether it is visible, audible or readable plays a substantial role when it comes to transferring news and events from all over the world and providing information to the public around the globe. Global news agencies and press representation of many issues, such as wars, conflicts and political dilemmas differ, depending of national origin or political leanings. The events leading up to the Brexit referendum, which took place in the United Kingdom on 23 June 2016, marked a turbulent political moment for the UK. One central issue at the center of this vote was immigration. Nevertheless, how the issues surrounding migration emerged in the news during this period, and especially how media can then be a place for the creation and reinforcement of political debate, have been understudied. To fill this gap, in this study I investigate how the right-wing represented EU and non-EU migrants in UK in light of the rise of populism across Europe. This study looks at two conservative British newspapers "tabloids": Daily Mail and Daily Express. Then with these incidents and two newspapers, this explores how images are rooted in political debate and become representative of it. I conclude that a negative portrayal and debate on migration is reflected in the right-leaning Daily Express and Daily Express. They both tried to create a less supportive and were more hostile debate regarding to migration policy and migrants in UK which helped spread populist thought among people. Furthermore, the thesis demonstrates that images are a crucial element in the development and strengthening of politized discourses.

  • 53.
    Achehboune, Amira
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Karim, Varin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Distansarbetets inverkan på unga anställdas work-life balance: En kvalitativ studie om hur unga anställda i ett säljbolag upplever worklife balance2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Digitaliseringen och coronapandemin som utbröts år 2019 var orsakerna till att distansarbete blev allt mer aktuellt på flera arbetsplatser. En snabb förändring genomfördes i samhället då majoriteten av alla organisationer införde distansarbete för att undvika spridning av coronan. I samband med coronapandemin, växte begreppet work-life balance fram. Begreppet handlar om att skapa en balans mellan arbetsliv och privatliv. Syftet med den här studien är att undersöka hur distansarbetet påverkar unga anställdas work-life balance. Den teoretiska referensramen visar att distansarbete kan ha en positiv och en negativ inverkan på anställdas work-life balance. De negativa aspekterna med distansarbete är främst isolering som kan bidra till psykisk ohälsa, övertid och distraktioner i arbetsmiljön som har en negativ påverkan på anställdas work-life balance. De positiva aspekter som nämns är att anställda kan spara tid och pengar på grund av minskad pendling. Anställda kan därtill strukturera upp sin dag, kontrollera arbetsmiljön efter egna preferenser, bli mer produktiva och tillfredsställda i sitt arbete. Vidare har dessa positiva aspekter en god inverkan på anställdas work-life balance. Metoden som används för att samla in data är en kvalitativ forskningsstrategi där respondenter har valts ut med hjälp av ett målstyrt urval. Empirin bygger på 8 semistrukturerade intervjuer där unga anställda besvarar frågor utifrån en bearbetad intervjuguide.

    Studien visar att distansarbete kan ha en positiv och en negativ inverkan på distansarbete. De positiva effekter som studien har kommit fram till är tidsbesparing, möjlighet till att utföra hemmasysslor, tid till att spendera med familj och vänner, förbättrad arbetsmiljö och ökad arbetstillfredsställelse. De negativa aspekter som studien har kommit fram till är övertid, psykisk ohälsa, social isolering och distraktioner i arbetsmiljön. Det insamlade datamaterialet stöds av den tidigare forskningen som lyfter upp liknande aspekter om hur anställdas work-life balance påverkas av distansarbete. Den slutsats som kan dras är att distansarbetet inte bara har en positiv inverkan på unga anställdas work-life balance. Det finns även många negativa faktorer som kan påverka unga anställdas work-life balance under distansarbete.

  • 54.
    Achi, Pärla
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Bankel, Johanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Vad händer på förskolegården?: En studie om barns utomhuslek2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Leken är spännande, fartfylld, lustfylld, och innehåller ett visst risktagande. Lekdeltagare har ofta ett stort engagemang och full kontroll på vad som händer i leken, men för en betraktare av andras lek kan leken vara svårbegriplig och mycket komplex. Ute på förskolegården händer det mycket och flera människor samlas på en plats där det skapas möjligheter för lek och samspel. Uppkomsten till vår studie var att vi ville veta vad som händer mellan individer i barns utomhuslek.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka barns utomhuslek och på vilket sätt barn och pedagoger interagerar med varandra på förskolegården.

    Metod: Vi har använt oss av kvalitativ metod och genomfört ickedeltagande och halv strukturerade observationer på två småbarnsavdelningar på förskolegården.

    Resultat: Vi fick se en mängd olika lekar på förskolegården med olika aktörer inblandade. I interaktionerna på förskolegården såg vi att kommunikation mellan individer uppstod i olika former i leken. Vårt resultat visar på att både barn och pedagoger använder sig av leksignaler i utomhusleken. Det förekom att både barn och pedagoger stöttade varandra i leken och att de intog olika roller som påverkade leken.

  • 55.
    Ackevall, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Adamsson, Tobias
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Har generationstillhörighet påverkan på arbetsmotivation?: En kvantitativ studie om skillnader i motivation mellan Generation Y och Baby boomers2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s labor market, four generations are active, which is more than ever before. Employees from all generations need to be motivated to perform at work. Previous research shows that people of the same generation have experienced similar events and circumstances and are therefore similar to each other. As generations have been influenced by different external factors, they tend to differ in some ways. However, it is not known whether there are differences in intrinsic and extrinsic motivation between generations. People belonging to different generations are expected to work under the same premises and conditions, although there may be fundamental differences in what motivates them.

    The study therefore aims to contribute knowledge about possible differences in intrinsic and extrinsic motivation between generation Y and Baby Boomers. The study is based on previous research on intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, generations, and the Self-determination theory, among others, which resulted in hypotheses that were tested.

    To fulfill the purpose, a quantitative method was used in which a web-based survey was conducted and completed by 149 respondents. A scientifically developed questionnaire called the Work extrinsic and intrinsic motivation scale (WEIMS) was used to measure motivation through 18 different claims. The relationship between the two generations and the variables of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation was then studied. Correlation analyses were also performed between motivation and age as well as motivation and gender, in order to exclude or draw attention to the influence of these factors on the result of the study.

    One conclusion is that Baby Boomers exhibit higher intrinsic motivation than generation Y while generation Y exhibits higher extrinsic motivation than Baby Boomers. However, the differences are not statistically significant. A further finding is that no major differences in motivation emerged between different age groups within the same generation. On the other hand, the relationship between gender and motivation was statistically significant. Women showed higher intrinsic motivation than men while men showed higher extrinsic motivation than women. Finally, it could be concluded that intrinsic motivation is generally higher than extrinsic motivation independent of generational affiliation, age, and gender. 

  • 56.
    Adamietz, Mikaela
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Bemöta den utsatta eleven: En kvalitativ studie om skolkuratorns metoder2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur kuratorer arbetar förebyggande för att bemöta barn som blivit sexuellt utsatta via sociala medier/online. Fokus är på ett förebyggande arbete och metoder för att identifiera och arbeta med barn som är i risk för eller redan har blivit utsatta för övergrepp. Studien har en kvalitativ ansats och empirin samlades in genom att intervjuer genomfördes. Studiens respondenter är mellan 27-45 år och de har varit verksamma som skolkuratorer mellan 2 – 9 år. Samtliga respondenter har en akademisk examen som socionom. Den data som framkom analyserades genom en tematisk analys och jag valde tre teman; metodik och förebyggande arbete, samverkan med vårdnadshavare och externa aktörer samt identifiering av elever som utsatts för sexuella övergrepp. Studiens resultat visade att respondenterna använde sig av olika metoder för att bemöta ett utsatt barn, men att den gemensamma faktorn visade på att det var svårt att arbeta förebyggande kring den utsatthet som finns online. En anledning var att det i många fall saknades rutiner eller handlingsplaner för att kunna arbeta förebyggande med sexuell utsatthet. En annan faktor som respondenterna förmedlade var att det största ansvaret ska vara föräldrarnas/vårdnadshavarnas då kuratorer inte har behandlingsansvar för barnen.

  • 57.
    Adamson, Göran
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    De gode viljers land: En venstrefløjskritik af multikulturalismen som svensk statsideologi2018Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [da]

    Multikulturalisme ses af mange som progressiv og venstreorienteret, og kritikken af den betragtes som reaktionær og racistisk. Denne bog udfordrer denne tankegang og viser – fra et venstrefløjsperspektiv – hvordan den moderne mangfoldighedstankegang tværtimod undergraver fornuft, frihed, lighed og individuel selvbestemmelse. Ved at have et særligt fokus på sær-identiteter og indføre grupperettigheder på bekostning af universel politisk frihed, borgerrettigheder, upartiske institutioner og lighed mellem kønnene er den på kollisionskurs med demokratiets grundværdier. Multikulturalisme er derfor i virkeligheden en konservativ og antimoderne ideologi.

  • 58.
    Adamson, Göran
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Invandring och brottslighet: En datauppdatering för 2000-talet2019Book (Other academic)
  • 59.
    Adamson, Göran
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Migrants and Crime in Sweden in the Twenty-First Century2020In: Society, ISSN 0147-2011, E-ISSN 1936-4725, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 9-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2005, the Swedish Crime Prevention Agency published a report about the link between immigration and crime. Since then, no comprehensive study has been conducted even though Sweden has experienced a large influx of migrants in combination with a rising crime rate. This study conducted by Goran Adamson and Tino Sanandaji is the first purely descriptive scientific investigation on the matter in fifteen years. The investigation (from 2002 to 2017) covers seven distinct categories of crime, and distinguishes between seven regions of origin. Based on 33 per cent of the population (2017), 58 per cent of those suspect for total crime on reasonable grounds are migrants. Regarding murder, manslaughter and attempted murder, the figures are 73 per cent, while the proportion of robbery is 70 per cent. Non-registered migrants are linked to about 13 per cent of total crime. Given the fact that this group is small, crime propensity among non-registered migrants is significant.

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  • 60.
    Adamson, Göran
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Multikulturen och högerpopulismen2016In: KvartalArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den multikulturella vänstern har brutit med klassiska vänsterideal som vetenskap, sekularism, anspråk på sanning och fri debatt. Den förkastar högerns nationalism men odlar en etnomystik som är minst lika konservativ. Kulturell självbelåtenhet hånas och hyllas på samma gång. Var finns principen?...

  • 61.
    Adamson, Göran
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Partikortet, korporatism och autonomin inom akademin2018In: Kejsarens nya kläder: om New Public Management och de svenska universitetens sönderfall / [ed] Göran Adamson och Daniel Rauhut(red), Academic Rights Watch , 2018, p. 89-102Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Adamson, Göran
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Populist parties and the failure of the political elites: the rise of the Austrian Freedom Party (FPÖ)2016Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The author analyses the reasons behind the electoral success of European right-wing populist parties. Using the Austrian Freedom Party under Jörg Haider as a case study and with a richness of primary material, he argues that their success is only partly caused by "racism". It is also, and more prominently, the result of populism – i.e. a critique of the "elite". These parties and their voters should not, then, be labelled as arrogant insiders attacking downtrodden outsiders like immigrants, workers, and minorities. Instead, the right-wingers are more justly portrayed as outsiders and underdogs, raising their anger and frustration against the insiders: the "media elite" and the "leftists and the artists".

  • 63.
    Adamson, Göran
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Was National Socialism Anti-Sex?: On Left-Wing Fantasies and Sex as the Dark Matter of Politics2017In: Society, ISSN 0147-2011, E-ISSN 1936-4725, Vol. 54, no 1, p. 23-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on an extensive amount of work by other researchers, as well as some literary sources from the time, Goran Adamson discusses the widespread view that Nazism was anti-sex. Indeed, during Nazi rule homosexuality and street prostitution were persecuted, and Jews and “degenerates” were prevented from having sex (not merely by law, but by elimination). However, reported circumstances such as cheap access to condoms, a high number of pregnancies during party rallies, and quasi-religious cultivation of “the Germanic sexual instinct” would suggest that matters may have been much less restrictive for the majority of Germans. The idea of an overall Nazi anti-sex attitude may well have been constructed by intellectuals from the Freudian Left/Frankfurt School, especially their theories of an intimate connection between sexual repression and authoritarianism. Such views gained widespread popularity with the 68’ generation, and they were an essential reason why sexuality came to be considered the cure for all social evils. This overestimation of the significance of sexual liberation, and recent conservative reactions to it, constitute an important part of today’s political landscape.

  • 64.
    Adamson, Göran
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Why Do Right-Wing Populist Parties Prosper?: Twenty-One Suggestions to the Anti-Racist2019In: Society, ISSN 0147-2011, E-ISSN 1936-4725, Vol. 56, no 1, p. 47-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this piece, Goran Adamson argues that the anti-racist rhetoric is naive and dangerously counter-productive. In theory, they refer to populist parties fueling on the anti-racist elite’s outcries. In practise, however, the anti-racists have forgotten all about it, and seem to believe that right-wing populism will vanish if only it is told off. Shocked, anti-racists say populist parties gain voters despite having certain views. But nobody votes on a party despite its view. True to leftist sensationalism, anti-racists always talk about fascism within right-wing populist parties, thereby overlooking a wide array of other causes for voter appeal. Prone to instant aggression, anti-racists react with fury to any populist provocation, thereby contributing to the meteoric rise of contemporary populism in the West. Instead of conducting a proper analysis, anti-racists say how can people vote on these parties and so on - much like an anti-racist bourgeoisie. Anti-racists, Goran Adamson claims, seem to think knowledge of right-wing populism is compromising, as if you would be tainted by it. In fact, it is the other way around. Criticism requires knowledge - and an ignorant anti-racist might, in the long run, have no power to resist the allure of right-wing populism. People vote on right-wing populist parties, anti-racists maintain, because these people fail to understand. But they claim they do, even though they have reached other conclusions. The responsibility of the financial and political classes for provoking popular reactions is minimized, while the distress among ordinary people is belittled or moralized. The political class ignores a central leftist principle: social behavior has often political/economic explanations. As a direct result of multiculturalism, the pet theory among anti-racists, society’s underprivileged groups - domestic workers and migrants - are in constant conflict instead of uniting against globalization and neoliberal deregulation. This is called divide and rule. In their quest for ideological purity, any anti-EU sentiment, anti-racists claim, is right-wing extreme, hence driving scores of voters into the arms of right-wing populism. These parties are further boosted by the fact that anti-racists sneer at family values and cultural traditionalism. Vocal victims of EU’s austerity measures are dismissed as right-wingers, further fueling political polarization. Popular and populist, anti-racists maintain, is basically the same thing. As a result, democracy becomes politically tainted, and the anti-racist elites are the only safe-guard against unaccountable elites. Right-wing populists never cease to talk about our roots, while multiculturalists never stop talking about roots overseas. Save for that geographic detail, they are two branches of the politicalromantic tree. Right-wing populist parties prosper, but not despite anti-racist efforts, Goran Adamson argues, but as a result of them.

  • 65.
    Adamson, Göran
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland.
    Inledning2018In: Kejsarens nya kläder: om New Public Management och de svenska universitetens sönderfall / [ed] Göran Adamson och Daniel Rauhut(red), Academic Rights Watch , 2018, p. 9-22Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 66.
    Adamsson, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Bilow, Linnette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Förskollärares upplevelse av stress i arbetet2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Enligt arbetsmiljöverket (2017) är det arbetsgivarens ansvar att skydda arbetstagarna från både psykisk och fysisk ohälsa relaterad till arbetet. Trots detta förekommer arbetsrelaterad ohälsa. Förskolläraryrket är enligt Koch (2015, september) en av de yrkesgrupper där flest lider av arbetsrelaterad stress. Detta har under de senaste åren uppmärksammats av bland annat fackliga organisationer och media. Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka förskollärares upplevelser av stress i arbetet och vad som orsakar samt motverkar arbetsrelaterad stress. Metod: Vi har använt oss av en kvalitativ metod i form av semistrukturerade intervjuer med åtta förskollärare från fem olika förskolor från skilda områden i samma kommun. Resultat: Majoriteten av förskollärarna i studien upplever stress i arbetet. Orsakerna varierade liksom upplevelsen av kontroll i arbetet. De flesta upplevde höga krav trots att de uttryckte att de kände stöd från arbetslag och chef.

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  • 67.
    Adamsson, Jenny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Solberg, Hanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Personlighetsdrag och digitala möten: En kvantitativ studie om hur individens personlighet speglas i digitala möten2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Because of covid-19 physical meetings have been replaced with digital meetings. Companies have perceived great advantage with digital meetings and teleworking may therefore continue partially after the pandemic. At digital meetings peoplecommunicate behind a screen and other behaviors may arise in comparison with physical meetings. Previous research has shown that personality traits are a good predictor for behaviors. There was limited research in the field, therefore the study had an exploratory purpose where the relationship between personality traits and individual behaviors at digital meetings were investigated. A quantitative method was used, and a total of 167 people participated in the study (M = 41 years, SD = 13; 131 women). To collect data an internet-based survey was made with self-rated questionnaires. The survey was based on the personality test IPIP-30 and self-designed statements, intended to measure the personality traits in The Big Five and individual behaviors at digital meetings. The data collection was analyzed through a correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. Our study showed that there was a relationship between personality traits and behaviors at digital meetings and contributed to an increased knowledge of individual differences. For a deeper understanding of the relationship, more studies need to be accomplished and the instrument needs further development. The personality trait conscientiousness had the most meaningful impact of specific behaviors at digital meetings and showed positive correlation with several behaviors. This means that the higher value the individuals have of the personality trait conscientiousness, the more they tend to agree with specific behaviors at digital meetings.

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  • 68.
    Adamsson, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Börjesson, Natalie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Det finns ju inget annat ämne som är så laddat i skolan": En kvalitativ studie om lärares resonemang kring ämnet religionskunskap och lärares konstruktion av elevers identiteter2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrunden till den här studien är bland annat en ökning av mångkulturalitet i bemärkelsen olika nationaliteter. En annan del av bakgrunden till denna studie är skolans roll i möten mellan livstolkningar och uppfattningar av omvärlden, med religionsundervisningen som en central arena för dessa möten. Utifrån dessa möten är det värdefullt att undersöka hur lärare agerar i förhållande till elevernas livstolkningar, religiösa praktiker och identiteter och hur de planerar sin undervisning. Studien visar även hur lärare resonerar kring uppmärksammandet av olika högtider och traditioner i religionsundervisningen. Studien bygger på intervjuer med fem lärare som arbetar i årskurs 1-6. Resultatet visar på att lärarna använder de muslimska eleverna som kunskapskälla och tolkar elevernas religiösa livstolkningar som kunskap om islam. Lärarna presenterar religionernas högtider och praktiker som enhetliga och homogena. Analysen synliggör hur lärare avvisar föräldrars oro för påverkan genom att hänvisa till religionsundervisningen som faktaförmedling. Det synliggörs även hur lärare konstruerar "normal-muslimer" och "normal-svenskar", där muslimerna framförallt reduceras till kunskapsbärare om islam. Av intervjuerna framgår även att kristendomen har en prioriterad roll i religionsundervisningen och uppfattas som en outtalad norm.

  • 69.
    Adamsson, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Huhtaviita, Mia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Estetikens roll för kunskapsutvecklingi de naturorienterande ämnena: En kvalitativ studie genomförd på lågstadieskolor i Irland2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande studie är genomförd på lågstadieskolor i Irland. I de irländska styrdokumenten framgår praktiskt-estetiskt arbete vara en central del i de naturorienterande ämnena. Den svenska läroplanen framhåller att estetiskt arbete ska ingå i samtliga av skolans ämnen, dock inte i lika stor utsträckning som i den irländska. Forskning har visat att estetik kan främja elevers utveckling av kunskaper och förmågor i de naturorienterande ämnena. Därför har vi valt att fokusera på analys- och kommunikationsförmågan som inte är lika beforskade i samband med kombinationen estetik och naturvetenskap. Syftet med föreliggande studie är att få kunskap om hur verksamma lärare, på irländska skolor i Irland, erfar att praktisk undervisning med och genom estetik kan främja elevernas utveckling av kunskaper och förmågor i de naturorienterande ämnena.Den metod som använts är enskilda semistrukturerade intervjuer där lärarna fått möjlighet att, genom öppna frågor, delge sina erfarenheter och uppfattningar. Resultatet visar att lärarna uppfattar estetiken som främjande för utveckling av elevernas förmågor och ämneskunskaper. Estetiken uppges kunna användas för att integrera ämnen och göra den abstrakta naturvetenskapen mer konkret för barnen. Kroppen och sinnena anges vara en stor del av det vetenskapliga arbetet som ofta är aktivitetsbaserat. Estetiken visar sig användas för att göra undervisningen mer lustfylld och motivera eleverna till ett vidare intresse för naturvetenskapen. Resultatet visar vidare att lärarna inte erfar att det estetiska arbetet medför några begränsningar för elevernas utveckling av kunskaper och förmågor, men begränsningar i form av bland annat resurser uttrycks förekomma.

  • 70.
    Adebahr, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Andersson, Victor
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Övervakning: Var går gränsen?: En studie av lastbilschaufförer som arbetar i Bohuslän och hur de ser på IT som hjälpmedel och övervakning på jobbet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays companies and organizations are implementing IT-systems that enable surveillances, particularly within the transport business. The implementation within the surveillances systems enables a better security and a more efficient workflow. The systems make it possible for companies to see fuel consumption, the position off the truck and also to plan the most efficient routes. The truck drivers have learned to accept that they are being watched through the companies surveillance systems just because it leads to a more efficient route-planning. The drivers understand why they’re being monitored and they feel safe. Since IT-systems came into the transport business drivers are able to see the fuel consumption and by seeing that they can drive more ecological and save money for their company. The truck driver that works in Bohuslän is well aware that these services are crucial for the companies, by having these systems the companies can compete with the foreign hauliers that takes the same job for a much smaller fee. But where is the limit for acceptable surveillance? We answered the issue by doing interviews in two rounds, first with ten truck drivers then with six. We also did a literature study. The drivers where all driving for companies in Bohuslän. The drivers we interviewed had different experience within the business, some drivers worked at big companies and some drivers worked at smaller companies. By sorting the drivers out we were able to sort out our answers and see if there were a difference in the way the drivers were thinking. We wanted to get knowledge of how different business surveilled their employees and how the employees reacted. So we performed a literature study where we read different case studies from the home care, the sales industry and the elementary school. We compared the result from our study with the result from our interviews. We managed to see that truck drivers generally had more loyal thoughts to their company. The drivers that were interviewed where well aware of the hard competition within the industry. As long as surveillance makes the company more efficient and the surveillance don’t violate their private integrity it´s okay to use it.Keywords: Surveillance, loyal workers, IT-system, competition

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  • 71.
    Ademaj, Frijeta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Kollqaku, Donika
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Män som offer för våld i nära relationer2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Men are exposed to violence in close relationships in both same-sex and heterosexual relationships. Men who are exposed to violence stated that they were exposed to psychological violence rather than physical violence. Psychological violence can be about verbal attacks, isolation, jealousy, threats of physical violence, threats of divorce and destruction of personal property. Men who have been subjected to violence by their partner may develop mental illness. Most men find it difficult to say that they are exposed to violence because of society's gender norms which say that the man must be strong, independent and have self-confidence.

    Aim The aim of this study was to describe men’s experiences after being exposed to violence in close relationships.

    Method A literature-based study with systematic searches, in which eight articles were selected.

    Results The results have shown that men who are exposed to violence in close relationships isolated themselves, had suicidal thoughts, low self-esteem, increased fear and mental illness. Men also stated that they did not dare to talk about their situation to others around them. This was mainly because others did not trust them, but it also had to do with society's gender norms.

    Conclusion Men also fall victim to violence in a close relationship and the impact can mean great psychological strain on the man. Isolation, fear, self-esteem, suicidal thoughts and mental illness were identified in the results. The most common consequences after the violence were isolation and fear. When it comes to mental illness, post-traumatic stress disorder was the most common.

  • 72.
    Ademi, Rosanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Eriksson, Melina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Bedömning är bäst för mitt lärande om jag får...": En enkätstudie om elevers uppfattning om bedömning och om deras uppfattning om lärande i svenskämnet2020Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Bedömning är en central del i skolans verksamhet och något som alla lärare arbetar med oavsett vilken årskurs läraren har eller i vilken skolform läraren arbetar i. Skolan är en plats för att utveckla kunskaper och en plats för lärande (Hirsh, 2017). För att säkerställa att lärande har skett, har flera forskare (exempelvis Nguyen och Walker, 2016) föreslagit att individen redan under skolåren skall bli bedömd och därmed vara förberedd för arbetsmarknaden. Eftersom bedömning är nära relaterat till lärandet blir det intressant att studera elevers syn på bedömning.

    Syfte: Studien syftar till att undersöka elevers uppfattning om bedömning i svenskämnet om deras uppfattning om lärande i svenskämnet. För att besvara studiens syfte har vi valt följande frågeställningar:

    • Vilka uppfattningar finns det kring summativ bedömning i svenskämnet?

    • Vilka uppfattningar finns det kring formativ bedömning i svenskämnet?

    • Vilken typ av bedömning uppfattar eleverna utvecklar deras lärande i svenskämnet?

    Metod: Som metod har vi använt oss av en digital enkät med slutna frågor för att besvara studiens syfte. Totalt har 123 elever svarat på enkäten från sex olika klasser i årskurs 4 – 6. Vi har sedan gjort en deskriptiv analys av det insamlade datamaterialet.

    Resultat: Vårt resultat visar att eleverna uppfattar den summativa bedömningen som det mest förekommande bedömningstillfället inom svenskämnet. Dock visar resultatet att eleverna vill ha både formativ och summativ bedömning för att utveckla sitt lärande men eleverna förespråkar den formativa bedömningen som den bedömningsform de lär sig bäst utav. Majoriteten av eleverna vill ha tydliga mål förklarade för sig för att lära sig mer vilket visar att de förespråkar formativ bedömning för sitt lärande. Resultatet visar också att eleverna vill ha en detaljerad återkoppling som visar vad de behöver göra för att nå målen och eleverna önskar en processinriktad återkoppling vilket innebär att återkopplingen blir användbar i andra uppgifter. Däremot visar resultatet att det finns en delad bild av elevernas uppfattning kring kamratbedömning och självbedömningens effekter för lärandet inom svenskämnet där det råder en oenighet om det har positiva effekter eller inte.

  • 73.
    Aden, Abdikadar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Türtscher, Stefan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Young Swedish adults' attitudes towards offshoring2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Offshoring, meaning the movement of business operations to foreign countries, has recently grown. It provides the company with opportunities which are not available domestically, but it also bears risks. The public has recently blamed the strategy of offshoring for weak growth of domestic economy, decreasing competitiveness, salary stagnation, job losses, lower worker morale, and poverty. As a consequence, a firm carrying out offshoring activities could suffer from consumers' negative attitudes towards offshoring, as the consumers are unwilling to buy their products/services or take actions against the company.

    This study addresses the Swedish young adults' attitudes towards offshoring. Young adults are playing an important role in economy as consumers, future workers, innovators, leaders and decision makers. The study investigates the factors that were underlying the formation of attitudes towards offshoring. We focused especially on three factors, namely consumer ethnocentrism, economic threat and quality beliefs.

    In order to address these issues, a quantitative research approach was applied and primary data were collected. The variables for the online survey were mainly distilled from Durvasula and Lysonski (2009) as well Grappi, Romani and Bagozzi (2013).

    The gathered data have been analyzed via the software of SPSS by performing correlation tests and analyzing descriptive statistic measures. The results indicated that Swedish young adults had neutral attitudes towards offshoring. We also found that two of the studied factors, consumer ethnocentrism and economic threat, were vital in the formation of the attitudes towards offshoring.

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  • 74.
    Adeyemi, Cornelius
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Barton, Lino
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Colonial discourse in development aid publications: A Comparative study of the UK and Sweden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is performed as a comparative small-N study making use of post-colonial theory aiming to analyse whether, and if so how, Western government agencies working in the field of 'development assistance' reinforce colonial stereotypes by availing colonial discourse. Post-colonial and discourse theory are used to challenge colonial theory, allowing to break the binary opposition and power structures of the Self and the Other, opening a third space where hybrid identities can be acknowledged.

    With Critical Discourse Analysis serving as a tool in the construction of a text analytical method applied to the documents published by the Swedish governmental development agency, Sida and the British Department for International Development (DFID) to examine whether and how they (re-)produce colonial discourse in their publications.

    The monumental role of Britain in the colonisation of lands and people versus Sweden's comparatively small and short territorial possession of colonies, and especially how both nations relate differently to their colonial past represented in contemporary discourse, makes this paper an interesting comparative study. The research contributes to knowledge on how Western governmental development agencies sustain and/or contest remnants of colonial structures embedded and projected through discourse.

    The main findings of this study are that both the DFID and Sida engage in and (re-)produce CD in their publications. However, to a certain extent they do differ, with Sida making use of non-CD to a significantly larger extent than the DFID.

  • 75.
    Adhikari, Purushottam
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Slyvany, Ismail
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Libyan Conflict in the eyes of Arab Media: A comparative study of how Al- Jazeera & Al- Arabiya news agencies represented the fighting groups in Libyan conflict and their claim to be the legitimate government2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The second civil war in Libya has been ongoing since 2014, where the two administrations, GNA and LNA, have been fighting each other for the power in Libya where many foreign powers including Qatar and Saudi Arabia, have been actively supporting different sides and their claim to legitimacy.

    The aim of this research is to analyze how Al-Jazeera and Al- Arabiya, two state-controlled news agencies from Qatar and Saudi Arabia, represented the two fighting groups in the Libyan civil war and their claim to be the legitimate government. In this study, we use framing theory as the central theory to conduct our investigation. To answer our research question effectively, we have divided our frames into two further categories, behavior frame & representation (political) frame, which are used for our analysis.

    Our research is a comparative case study as we have investigated the differences between AlArabiya and Al Jazeera's framing of the two fighting groups in the second Libyan civil war.

    Our findings in this research indicated that both state operated news outlets framed the supported and opposite sides in different ways, which also reflected their respective countries' foreign policy agendas. Hence their state-controlled medias Al-Jazeera and Al-Arabiya and their representation of the two fighting groups and their claim to be the legitimate government in Libya were significantly different in terms of which actor is legitimate, but similar in terms of the tools/concepts they implemented to delegitimize the other side.

  • 76.
    Adler, Gerda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Pettersson, Susanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    “…inte liksom bara vara i min lilla låda”: spänningsförhållandet mellan instrumentell och identitetsutvecklande skönlitteraturundervisning2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna kvalitativa intervjustudie behandlas skönlitteraturundervisning i svenskämnet för årskurs 4–6. ”Läroplan för grundskolan, förskoleklassen och fritidshemmet” (Lgr11, 2019a) och dess utformning innefattar ett spänningsförhållande mellan instrumentell inlärning av mätbara kunskaper och identitetsutvecklande undervisning. I ett tidigare examensarbete vi gjort framkom att lärarna i den studien i stor utsträckning lägger tid på att utveckla elevernas instrumentella förmågor i läsundervisning. Undervisning som möjliggör elevens eget ställningstagande, att utveckla förmågan att lyssna och samtala med andra samt personlighetsutveckling får mindre utrymme. Syftet med studien är därför att undersöka elevernas berättelser kring personlighetsutveckling genom läsundervisning utifrån skönlitteratur. För att besvara syftet ovan har följande frågeställningar formulerats: Vilken undervisning beskriver elever att de får kring skönlitteratur i ämnet svenska i förhållande till identitetsutveckling och instrumentell inlärning? Hur ser elevernas beskrivning av skönlitteraturundervisning ut i relation till värdegrundsuppdraget? För att få svar på våra forskningsfrågor avseende elevernas berättelser kring skönlitteraturundervisningen har vi genomfört 20 semistrukturerade intervjuer med elever från tre olika skolor. I vår forskningsöversikt lyfter vi styrdokumenten i relation till skönlitteraturundervisning, instrumentellt lärande samt identitetsutveckling. Vidare lyfts även aktuell forskning kring skönlitteraturundervisning. Studien har sin utgångspunkt i Deweys (Roth, 2003; Rönnström, 2003; Säljö, 2017) lärandefilosofi och Biestas (2006; 2019; 2022) teorier kring lärande. Resultatet visar att de intervjuade elevernas beskrivning av undervisning där skönlitteratur används tyder på att de får utveckla instrumentella förmågor. På en av tre skolor förekommer identitetsutvecklande undervisningsmoment till viss del, som att kommunicera genom att dela åsikter, värderingar och tankar med varandra. Detta framkom inte i någon större utsträckning i intervjuerna med övriga elever och tyder på att den instrumentella inlärningen får en större plats i undervisningen, trots att båda delarna är viktiga för läsinlärningen. En framträdande del i studiens resultat är att majoriteten av eleverna som deltagit i studien uttrycker en önskan om att få samtala och diskutera sina läsupplevelser av skönlitteraturen med varandra. Vi ser en stor utvecklingspotential i undervisningen där skönlitteratur kan bli en värdefull källa till kunskapsförmedling med utrymme för både instrumentell inlärning och identitetsutvecklande arbetssätt

  • 77.
    Adolfsson, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Mac Key, Louise
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Det finns ingen mall: Lärares perspektiv på inkludering och delaktighet för elever med ADHD2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En skola för alla? Alla som går i skolan har rätt till en fungerande skolvardag, där man har rätt att känna sig delaktig och ges förutsättningar för att klara av skoluppgifter – men är det praktiskt genomförbart? Utifrån ett socialpedagogiskt perspektiv avser studien att undersöka lärares föreställningar om arbete med inkludering och delaktighet i syfte att främja tillhörighet och positivt identitetsskapande hos elever med ADHD. Vi har undersökt lärares möjligheter och förutsättningar för att möta upp eleverna med ADHD i grundskolan. Studien genomfördes med en kvalitativ ansats i form av semistrukturerade intervjuer. Vi träffade våra fem respondenter för intervju och spelade in varje samtal meden diktafon. Det empiriska materialet analyserades med tematisk analys. Resultatet visade att det i vissa fall finns mycket problematik i skolvardagen men att lärarna vinner mycket på att skapa goda relationer och detta ser vi utifrån det relationella perspektivet. Det framkom även att stigmatisering förekommer men att det är något som skolan jobbar med.Många lärare får kunskap om ADHD genom erfarenhet vilket kan leda till att förutfattademeningar om målgruppen suddas ut. Socialpedagogiken bygger på att göra människormedvetna om sina möjligheter för att kunna påverka sin livssituation. Lärarna har här ett stort uppdrag för att kunna skapa dessa förutsättningar i mötet med sina elever. Många lärare saknar dock en mall för att tillgodose elevernas behov och förutsättningar.

    Delaktighet och inkludering är hela tiden pågående processer. För att göra elevers rösterhörda försöker lärarna hitta olika forum för att möjliggöra detta. I vår analysdel använde vi oss bl.a. av Shiers delaktighetsstege för att se om lärarnas metoder öppnar upp för att göra eleverna delaktiga. Inkluderingen ska inte bara vara en placering, alla ska bli sedda och få en känsla av gemenskap. Stora klasser, ökade kunskapskrav, ökade antal diagnoser, resursbrist mm gör också att lärarna också ifrågasätter sig själva om de kan leva upp till en skola för alla?

  • 78.
    Adolfsson, Clara
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Samuelsson, Arvid
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Ledares kommunikation ur ett internt marknadsföringsperspektiv: Främjande av medarbetarnas motivation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Information och kommunikation är två viktiga faktorer som ska fungera i organisationer. Hur ledarna kan förhålla sig till detta men även hur ledarna kan skapa en meningsfullhet för medarbetarna är något som är viktigt för deras motivation. Ledares kommunikation kan vara ett potentiellt verktyg i en intern marknadsföring för att skapa mening och motivera medarbetarna. Dock finns det alltid svårigheter i att kommunicera. Det finns alltid bra eller mindre bra sätt att kommunicera på. Uppsatsen grundar sig i kommunikation och intern marknadsföring där syftet var att undersöka och försöka skapa en förståelse för hur ledare anser att deras interna kommunikation i organisationer kan användas i intern marknadsföring som ett potentiellt hjälpmedel för att motivera sina medarbetare. Uppsatsens forskningsfråga är formulerad med syftet i åtanke och ledde till följande fråga: Hur använder ledare kommunikation i den interna marknadsföringen för att motivera medarbetare? En kvalitativ metod har använts där undersökningen skedde genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med tio ledare, fem kvinnor och fem män på olika hierarkiska positioner inom både den privata och offentliga sektorn. Teoriavsnittet är utformat efter sju olika teman. Dessa teman är genomgående i uppsatsen och syftar till att länka ihop uppsatsens teori- och empiriavsnitt för att slutligen mynna ut i analysen. Uppsatsen visar på två viktiga beståndsdelar som ledare anser kan bidra till medarbetarmotivation. En envägskommunikation som kan bidra med transparens och som ökar informationstillgängligheten vilket kan ha betydelse för medarbetarnas motivation. En tvåvägskommunikation som de anser öka förståelsen av information och budskap vilket de ser bidrar till ökad motivation hos medarbetarna. Studien visar även att ledare anser att då de använder tvåvägskommunikation genom ömsesidig feedback ökar medarbetarnas delaktighet. Vidare anser de att det kan bidra till en tydligare förståelse för organisationens gemensamma målbild och har ett positivt inflytande på medarbetarna. En tydlighet och en kontinuerlig ström av information i kombination med feedback och återkoppling var något ledarna ansåg kunde underlätta för medarbetarna. Det visade sig vara något som ledarna ser ha en positiv påverkan på medarbetarnas engagemang och kan bidra till att stärka deras psykologiska kontrakt gentemot organisationen.

  • 79.
    Adolfsson, Clara
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Samuelsson, Arvid
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Prestationsbaserade belöningssystem: en kvalitativ studie om butiksanställdas arbetsmotivation2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Alla företag idag använder sig av något slags prestationsbaserat belöningssystem för att motivera sina anställda. Det är dock inte säkert att alla anställda på en arbetsplats implementerar detta på sig själva. Uppsatsen syftade till att undersöka problemet ur de anställdas perspektiv. Uppsatsen grundar sig i ämnet motivation där syftet var att få en förståelse för hur butiksanställda inom detaljhandeln upplever prestationsbaserade belöningssystem. Uppsatsens forskningsfrågor formulerades med syftet i åtanke och ledde till följande frågor: Hur upplever butiksanställda prestationsbaserade belöningssystem och har belöningssystem som styrmedel inverkan på arbetsmotivationen hos anställda? En kvalitativ metod har används där undersökningen skedde genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med sex butiksanställda på olika butiker inom detaljhandeln. Teoriavsnittet är strukturerat utefter fyra teman, motivation och beteende, prestationsbaserade belöningssystem som motivationstrategi, finansiella och icke-finansiella belöningars betydelse samt komplikationer och brister i prestationsbaserade belöningssystem. Dessa teman är genomgående i hela uppsatsen och syftar till att koppla ihop uppsatsens olika delar på ett tydligt sätt. Uppsatsen visade på två viktiga beståndsdelar som utgör grunden för hur butiksanställda upplever prestationsbaserade belöningssystem. För det första måste det finnas ett samband mellan prestationen och belöningen för att det ska upplevas positivt av de anställda. Den andra beståndsdelen visade sig vara att belöningssystemen behöver vara rättvist utformade för att de ska verka motiverande. Det visade sig även att en kombination av finansiella och icke-finansiella belöningar var framgångsrikt för att motivera anställda och att de anställda i stor utsträckning är till freds när de känner delaktighet, sammanhållning och när de utvecklas på arbetsplatsen.

  • 80.
    Adolfsson, Ida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Berger-Månsson, Matilda
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Tidsbegränsade anställningsformer: Varför använderarbetsgivare inom detaljhandeln sig av dessa?2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns en pågående debatt kring ämnet tidsbegränsad anställning. Debatten handlar om hur man ska tolka lagen samt om den bör förändras. I Sverige är det Lagen om anställningsskydd som reglerar de olika anställningsformer som finns att tillgå. Huvudregeln är en tillsvidareanställning men det finns också goda möjligheter att anställa tidsbegränsat. I Sverige är idag, av de som är sysselsatta i åldern 16-64 år, 15,1 procent tidsbegränsat anställda. Denna stora andel gör att ämnet är intressant att studera. I debatten som pågår finns det ett argument emot tidsbegränsade anställningar, då arbetstagarorganisationer anser att dessa missbrukas. I de olika branscherna i Sverige skiljer sig antalet tidsbegränsade anställningar åt. Inom detaljhandelsbranschen, som denna undersökning fokuserar på, är andelen tidsbegränsade anställningar cirka 17 procent (SCB, 2015, s. 9). Varför väljer då arbetsgivare inom handeln att anställa tidsbegränsat? Detta är något vi undersökt med syftet att ta reda på hur arbetsgivare tänker vid rekrytering och vid val av anställningsform. Med en kvalitativ undersökningsansats har studien genomförts. Vid några få intervjuer har vi kunnat ta del av djupgående information och resonemang ifrån arbetsgivare. Teorin fokuserar på LAS samt på tidigare forskning. Den tidigare forskningen kan sammanfattas med att det finns ett flertal bakomliggande orsaker till att arbetsgivare väljer att anställa tidsbegränsat. Flexibilitet och ekonomi spelar en stor roll. Teorier pekar på att arbetsmarknaden, som en föränderlig miljö, bidrar till att arbetsgivare väljer att skriva anställningsavtal på kort sikt. Detta har gjort att de icke-traditionella, tillfälliga anställningarna har ökat. I den empiriska undersökning som gjorts motiverar respondenter varför de valt att anställa tidsbegränsat och vad de anser om det. För att arbetsgivarna ska hålla verksamheten rullande, utan att kostnaderna drar iväg så behöver de kunna täcka ett tillfälligt behov, till exempel vid sjukdom, med hjälp av en eller flera tidsbegränsade anställningar. Vår analys och slutsats visar att de tidsbegränsade anställningarna används för att arbetsgivarna måste. Detta för att verksamheten ska fungera. Den förförståelse vi presenterar i inledningen till uppsatsen anser vi vara motbevisad.

  • 81.
    Adolfsson, Ida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Broberg, Matilda
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    It Takes Two to Tango: En studie om organisationer i finans och försäkringsbranschen och deras syn på att behålla medarbetare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    "How does organizational management keep their employees?" -Of what significance are motivational factors?

    Today, many organizations have high employee turnover which is often seen as a problem. When an organization has invested time and resources in recruitment, it still requires work on personnel matters. In order to retain employees within organizations further work is needed which organizations should be aware of. The purpose of this study is to find out how the management work with motivation as a factor to keep existing employees. The study aims to find out how they motivate employees to give greater job satisfaction and thus get people not wanting to leave the organization. In order to achieve the purpose of the study, we have with a qualitative approach conducted five in-depth interviews. The respondents of these interviews did all have a leadership position in the financial or insurance business. The empirical data shows how the various leaders complete their recruitments and how they motivate individuals. All respondents got the opportunity to, with their own words, describe what motivation is for them. The empirical data also shows which reward systems these organizations use and what kind of effect it has. Earlier research shows what kind of employee costs there are and what it takes to retain existing employees within the organization. Previous research also shows that there is a disagreement between authors about what motivation is, how it is fulfilled and whom that is responsible for maintaining motivation. The result shows that there are specific motivational factors that can determine whether employees stay or choose to give their notice. Recruitment is also shown to be significant in the work on retaining employees.

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  • 82.
    Adolfsson, Josefin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Jonsson, Sofie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Sambandet mellan arbetsengagemang och personlighetsdragen i Big Five2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetsengagemang är ett vanligt förekommande begrepp inom både forskning och organisationer. För att förstå arbetsengagemang relaterat till medarbetarnas individuella egenskaper och behov, har föreliggande studie undersökt sambandet mellan arbetsengagemang och personlighetsdragen i Big Five; openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness och neuroticism.

    Undersökningen genomfördes med kvantitativ metod, där yrkesverksamma individer (N=193) fick besvara enkätformulär hämtade från Mini-IPIP6 Svensk version vad berör personlighetsdrag, samt UWES-9 vad gäller arbetsengagemang. Tre av personlighetsdragen samvarierade statistisktsignifikant med arbetsengagemang. Conscientiousness och extraversion påvisade positiva samband med arbetsengagemang och neuroticism visade på negativa samband medarbetsengagemang, där de tre personlighetsdragen fortfarande visande statistiskt signifikant samvariation med arbetsengagemang även under kontroll av variabeln ålder. 

  • 83.
    Adolfsson, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Schoultz, Tuva
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    "Jag kan inte bemöta alla barn lika, för alla barn är olika": En kvalitativ studie om faktorer bakom förskollärares förhållningssätt till barn i behov av särskilt stöd i förskolan2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning visar att förskollärare uttrycker en osäkerhet kring bemötandet till barn som är i behov av särskilt stöd i förskolan. Det förekommer en begränsning inom fältet för befintlig forskning då den riktar sig mot faktorer bakom ett generellt förhållningssätt till alla barn, snarare än faktorer bakom ett förhållningssätt till barn som är i behov av särskilt stöd. Därför vill vi i vår studie belysa dessa faktorer ytterligare, och därmed undersöka vilka faktorer som påverkar förskollärares förhållningssätt till barn i behov av särskilt stöd.

    Vår studie grundar sig på en kvalitativ forskningsmetod där empirin har samlats in genom sju semistrukturerade intervjuer med utbildade förskollärare.

    Som grund för analysmetod har vi använt oss av tematisk analys, som i sin tur har resulterat i fyra olika teman; förskollärares förhållningssätt, inkludering och exkludering, likvärdighet i barngruppen samt specialpedagogens roll. Resultatet har analyserats med hjälp av Nilholms (2020) specialpedagogiska perspektiv; det kompensatoriska perspektivet, det kritiska perspektivet samt dilemmaperspektivet. Som analysverktyg har vi även använt oss av studiens tre centrala begrepp; inkludering, inflytande och likvärdighet.

    Studiens resultat visar att faktorer som förskollärares kunskap och utbildning, yttre förhållanden som miljöanpassning samt specialpedagogens stöd och vilka strukturella resurser som erbjuds påverkar hur förskollärare förhåller sig till barn i behov av särskilt stöd i förskolan. Resultatet visar även att det skiljer sig i förskollärares förhållningssätt till barn i behov av särskilt stöd, beroende på hur förskollärare arbetar med och resonerar kring likvärdighet, inkludering och inflytande i förskolan.

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  • 84.
    Adolfsson, Lucienne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Abrahamsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Fritidslärarnas perspektiv på rastverksamhet: En intervjuundersökning2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: En utgångspunkt för detta arbete är CIF Idrottsförbund (2017) och deras studie, där presenteras att 80 procent av elever som stillasittande. På grund av detta dilemma har vi funderingar på vilket sätt fritidslärarna arbetar för att minska stillasittandet i skolan. Vi såg en potential hos fritislärarna och deras bidrag om hälsofrämjande arbete igenom att erbjuda val av rörelseaktiviteter av olika slag. Ericsson (2005) förtydligar att raster ger fritidslärare och pedagoger goda möjligheter till att observera både barns motorik och kamratrelationer. Utifrån vår erfarenhet blev vi medvetna om att rasten kan vara en del av våra uppgifter och därför är denna studie angelägen med syfte på att belysa hur fritidslärarna uppfattar rastverksamhet. Vi har under denna studie fått en bild på hur två olika skolor arbetar med sina raster och vår empiri kommer att presenteras i resultaten. Utifrån vårt resultat kommer vi göra en analys och jämförelse av vilka likheter och skillnader som finns emellan skolorna. Dessa skolor kommer vi kalla här för skola A och skola B.

    Syfte: Syfte med denna studie är att få djupare kunskap om hur fritidslärare arbetar för att rasterna på skoltid ska bli meningsfulla för eleverna. Samt att belysa hur vi framtida fritidslärare kan arbeta med rastaktiviteter på ett konstruktivt sätt och för att bidra till ett fortsatt lärande för elever samt skapa en livslång lust att lära.

    Metod: Till studien valde vi semistrukturerade intervjuer och det innebär att vi hade förberett ett antal frågor som vi ställde till sex stycken fritidspersonal som arbetar på två olika skolor. Våra frågor är riktade att ta reda på hur fritidslärarna ser på rastverksamhet och hur de resonerar kring planerade- och fria aktiviteter under skolans raster.

    Resultat: De fritidslärarna som blev intervjuade arbetade utifrån olika synsätt, skola A erbjuder fri lek under sina raster och vi anser att de arbetar mer abstrakt eller omedvetet mot sina syften gällande rastverksamhet. Under fria val av aktiviteter på raster som de har, gav de beskrivning på att de arbetar aktivt med att träna elevers sociala relationer samt ger dem god omsorg som skapar trygghet och trivsel hos eleverna. Skola B arbetar mer konkret med aktiviteterna på rasterna och dessutom synliggör de Skolverkets rekommendationer genom teman i sin planering. Trots att det är aktiviteter på raster så arbetar fritidslärarna effektivt under fritidshemmets egna kapitel fyra i läroplanen. De anser att styrda rastaktiviteter stödjer elever till optimal inlärning samt främjar hälsan både fysiskt och psykiskt på bästa sätt. Då alla elever på skolan får möjlighet att röra sig under sina raster, vilket också kan motverka stillasittandet.

    I vår jämförelse har vi kommit fram till både likheter och skillnader. Likheterna är att båda skolor vill uppnå samma mål dock på olika sätt. Skillnaderna är att skola A inte visar klart för oss hur de gör för att främja social gemenskap, trygghet och trivsel som de menar att den frivilliga leken gör. Fritidslärarna anser att eleverna tränar allt som möjliggör lärande, utan vuxens inblandning och de säger att man inte ska behöva vara delaktiga i elevernas lekar för att synliggöra medverkan. Skola B visar klart för oss hur planeringen ser ut som helhet och anser att strukturerade aktiviteter på raster stödjer elevers lärande samt stärker deras motorik. Fritidslärarna på skola B anger också att det ger positiva effekter hos eleverna såsom minskade konflikter, förbättrad sociala interaktion emellan elev och lärare samt ger dem mera ork för skolan.

  • 85.
    Adrian, Carina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Puumala, Johanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Vi ska få eleverna att komma hit hoppsaskuttande": En kvalitativ studie om gymnasieskolans arbete med psykisk ohälsa hos elever.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our study was to describe, compare and analyze how representatives from different professions in high school look upon their experiences of the schools work with helping students with mental health issues as well as preventing mental illness among the students. In our study we chose to use a qualitative approach by conducting interviews since we wanted to receive views from the representatives from different professions regarding the high schools work with mental illness. We interviewed six people who represented different professions in school and they worked at two different high schools. In the research we used it appears that collaboration and discretion were significant components regarding the schools work with mental illness. In our study we find that the Student Health Care have a central role in the work with mental illness among the students, but other professional groups seem to have an important role as well. The different professional groups collaborates in the work with mental illness and how collaboration function appears to affect the discretion of the professionals in their work.

  • 86.
    af Geijerstam, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Wedenberg, Emelie
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Menyers effektivitet och användbarhet på webben2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today's society, everything is expected proceed quickly, easily and smoothly. This also applies to websites on the Internet. When you visit a website, you want thewebsite to be easily accessible and you also want to find what you are looking for quickly. It is therefore important that the menu is easy to navigate. The menu is very important for the experience of the website, as you use the menu to navigate through the website. The menu will guide users through the website, will help them plan their actions, will determine where they are and will help them find their way back if they would get lost.In this study, we have created and designed a website with menus of four different types. Our study is based on a number of theories about cognition, perception,usability and effectivity together with theories about how to create a good menu. We will use these theories in our study to determine which of the menus is the most effective. To find out which menu is the most effective, test participants were asked to conduct a usability test. During the usability test, we tested the effectivity of themenus by measuring the amount of time required by the test participants to perform different tasks, as well as how many clicks were required and how frustrated the test participants became. Then, we compared how the different menus performed inrelation to each other. The test participants were also asked to respond to aquestionnaire where they subjectively described their thoughts on the menus.Our results from this study can be used as guidelines when choosing which type of menu to use on a website, where navigation is expected to be as effective as possible.Our results show that the horizontal menu is the most effective one of the different menus we have tested. However, which menu is the most effective in a given situation or on a given website depends on many factors, and thus, the horizontal menu is not always preferable to use on every website.

  • 87.
    af Geijerstam, Erik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Den politiska visionen: Kunskapsdiskrepans i kommunal samhällsutveckling2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background to this study lies in a problem that was discovered during the research internship on which this compilation thesis is based on. Namely, a knowledge gap between the politicians and the civil servants in a municipality, this study has chosen to call it a knowledge discrepancy. Research and theory on the relationship between politicians and civil servants has shown that various problems and dilemmas arise between politicians and civil servants in both municipalities and other politically steered organisations. Therefore, it is important to point out that this knowledge discrepancy should not be seen as unique to a specific municipality, but rather to politically steered organisations in general.The purpose of this study is to investigate knowledge perspectives on municipal developmentin relation to an evidence-based policy perspective. To concretize the formulation of the problem, the study examines how civil servants view the municipality's political vision for sustainable local development. By interviewing civil servants who work with sustainable local development, the study analyses what the civil servants consider relevant and possible, in relation to the municipality's political vision. As a theoretical framework and perspective, the study uses an evidence-based policy perspective as a starting point to highlight different perspectives in relation to the political goals. Based on an evidence-based policy perspective, the results of the study can be divided into a discussion around three different categories, namely those of whether a goal is based on facts, knowledge and research, that there is a relevant need, and whether the goal is feasible. These three categories may also represent conflicts or dilemmas that may arise between politics and civil servants. This conflict can also be described as a discrepancy between politics and civil servants. What this study has concluded is that, in general, the goals have in most cases according to the civil servants been well supported by facts, knowledge and research. And there has been a relevant need for most of the goals, and they should be given high priority by the municipality. However, where discussion or a discrepancy often arose is about the feasibility of the goals. In this, there is a discrepancy between the political goal and the civil servant’s knowledge of feasibility, this could be considered a knowledge discrepancy regarding feasibility between civil servants and the political goals. 

  • 88.
    Afework, Nahom
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Effects of Coronavirus (Covid-19) on the stocks of Biotechnology companies2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, the effects of Covid-19 on biotechnological companies are being studied. Five companies are analyzed: AstraZeneca PLC (AstraZeneca), Pfizer, Novavax, Modena, and Janssen, an affiliate of Johnson & Johnson. Where we analyze Abnormal returns these five companies for the period between December 20, 2018, to January 28, 2020. We use the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) to calculate the alpha and beta measurements for the five companies. The results shows that abnormal returns were observed before and after the event date and continue to record mild increases in the long run. In addition, it was observed that there existed positive significant abnormal returns in the short run in Pfizer, Novax, Johnson & Johnson, and AstraZeneca. Moderna recorded positive abnormal returns, but they were not significant. We conclude that the market disruption made it difficult to anticipate financial markets during the coronavirus pandemic. Scientist and governments paid attention to the spread and supported the development these select companies were making, with the hope of producing vaccines and medicines to help curb the pandemic.

  • 89.
    Afzal, Muhammad Israr
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    A Qualitative Analysis about the Features that Attract the Users Toward V-Commerce2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As our world evolves, technology continues to advance, impacting various aspects of our daily lives. One significant realm that has been revolutionized by technology is marketing, with Information and Communication Technology (ICT) playing a central role in this transformation. An innovative manifestation of this progress is "V-commerce" – a form of online shopping that harnesses the power of virtual reality technology to offer customers a fully immersive and three-dimensional shopping experience. Despite being a novel concept, V-commerce holds great promise in the field of marketing, prompting a need for extensive research to unravel the factors that attract users to embrace this innovative shopping paradigm.

    This study delves into the core aspects that underlie the allure of V-commerce. By examining the elements of virtual presence, intensity, satisfaction, and involvement, the research uncovers the pivotal factors that draw individuals to this technology-driven shopping experience.Through insightful interviews with a diverse group of ten participants, this study seeks to unravel the perspectives, opinions, and insights regarding the determinants influencing the adoption of V-commerce. The findings shed light on the distinct advantages that set V-commerce apart from traditional web-based shopping. The allure of remote communication, the vividness of information, interactive engagement, and unmatched convenience emerge as pivotal factors driving customers toward V-commerce over conventional online shopping methods.

  • 90.
    Agaoglu, Irem
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Musik i språkutvecklingen: Hur används den av förskollärare?2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Det arbetet bygger på är att förskollärare kan dra fördel av det musikaliska arbetet på förskolan för att främja barns språkutveckling. Jederlund (2011) lyfter fram att det finns samband mellan musik och språkande då språket till stor del består av rytm och takt.   

    Syfte: Studiens ändamål är att ta reda på hur förskollärare arbetar med musik i språkutvecklande syfte.  

    Metod: Denna del består av hur det empiriska materialet samlades in och arbetets tillvägagångssätt. Alltså det empiriska materialet av semistrukturerade intervjuer med nio förskollärares tankar på arbetet med musik.   

    Resultat: Resultaten av studien visar vilka förutsättningar och kunskaper som krävs och vilken syn och betydelse pedagogernas egna musikaliska kompetenser har för att musiken ska upplevas som givande för språkutvecklingen för barn i förskolan. Svaren från respondenterna är uppdelade i åtta kategorier: förskollärares kunskaper om musik i språkutvecklande syfte, förskollärarnas arbete med språkutveckling och med musik, syftet med musikaktiviteterna, arbetet med musik i språkutvecklande syfte, musik för att främja barns språk, förskollärarnas förutsättningar och verktyg för arbete med musik och språk, förskollärarnas önskningar för fortsatt arbete inom ämnet och har respondenternas användande av musik i språkutvecklingen förändrats?  

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  • 91.
    Agardh Lidström, Linus
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    The Cost of Dementia in Sweden 2020: A Cost of Illness study on Dementia in Sweden2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to study what Dementia is costing the society in Sweden year 2020 and how the relationship between specialized care costs and outside sources relates to each other. In this study we use the economic model from Jo (2014) and the Two-Part model by Sauzet et al (2019). A binary logistic regression attempts to examine a potential relationship between specialized care costs and outside sources. We use the human capital approach to shed light on total care costs for Dementia and establish a Cost of Illness study. The results show an estimation that Dementia costed Sweden 68,5 billion SEK in 2020 and the regression establishes that there is a relationship between specialized costs and outside sources, for example age affecting the cost of being a dementia patient more than where you live.

  • 92.
    Agatity, Szimona
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Alagic, Amra
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Sambandet mellan friskvårdsbidrag, motivation och prestation: En studie gjord vid ett universitet i Västra Götalands region2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We have studied the perceived connection between health care benefits, motivation and performance. The purpose of this study was to examine if there is a relationship between the use of health care benefits, motivation and performance.

    The basis of this essay, which is a part of the Human resource costing and accounting program at University West, is a survey that was sent to staff members at a university in Västra Götaland. The method that we chose to work with was a qualitative method, which means that we tried to understand the recipients' answers and interpret them.

    150 employees were randomly selected to take part in our study, the purpose was to see if our preconceptions regarding motivation and health care benefits were true.

    In the theory portion of our essay we presented a variation of theories regarding motivation, e.g. Herzberg theory (1966) and Maslows theory (1987). We also included different studies that had been done in various countries to help us interpret the results.

    The results portion of this essay is a summary of the answers that we got in our surveys. The recipients of the surveys stated that they believe that there is a relationship between the use of health care benefits, motivation and performance. Several respondents thought that the use of health care benefits affected their motivation and performance. Although the respondents stated that they would have liked to see the employer send out more information about this. We have a few recommendations to the employer regarding what they can do to increase the participation in health promotion.

  • 93.
    Agbefah, Doreen
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Kankam, Patrick
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    The Impact of Accounting records on the performance of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Accounting record keeping by Small and Medium Scale Enterprise (SMEs) is essential to many developing countries. Since it enables a country in its strategic formulation and implementation of national development policies and plans. Previous research indicates that despite the importance of record keeping, most SMEs in developing countries such as Ghana do not keep accounting records. The purpose of this study is to generate knowledge about the impact of accounting record keeping on the performance of SMEs. To fulfil this purpose, a quantitative analysis was done based on the impact accounting record has on the performance of SMEs in Ghana. Quantitative method was used to collect data using structured questionnaire. The study used descriptive statistics, and Pearson correlation to determine the relationship between the accounting record keeping and performance. Findings from the study indicates that there is a significance positive strong relationship between accounting record keeping and performance of SMEs. This study shows that most SME owners perceived accounting record keeping and performance has a positive relationship. The study further confirms that keeping accounting records has a strong impact on the performance of the business just like previous research shown. 

  • 94.
    Agestad, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lindgren, Mia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kan kreativitet manipuleras?: En experimentell studie om hur prestationskrav under tidspress påverkar kreativiteten2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Creativity is a popular term that frequently occurs in the working life. Despite its popularity, the possibility to be creative varies a lot between work places, and many employees feel that they do not have a creative outlet in their work role. The purpose of the present study was to examine how different conditions could affect creativity. The two questions that this study intended to answer was: a) Can individuals' creative performance be manipulated by performance requirements during explicit time constraint? b) Can individuals' self-rated creativity be manipulated by performance requirements during explicit time constraint? An experimental study was conducted with a total of 89 participants randomly distributed into two groups. Experimental group 1 had a total of 47 participants, of which 23 women (48.9%) and Experimental group 2 had a total of 42 participants, of which 15 women (35.7%). The experiments were conducted individually with one participant at a time. The measuring instruments used were Guilford's (1967) Alternative Uses Task to measure creativity and Mini-IPIP6 to control for personality. The current item used in Alternative Uses Task was a coffee mug that the participants were assigned to write down as many alternative uses for as possible. Experimental group 1 had a performance requirement to write down a minimum of 15 alternative uses and an explicit time constraint. Experimental group 2 did the same task, but without performance requirement and no explicit time constraint. The collected data was analysed with IBM SPSS and the tools used for the analyses was Pearson's correlation (r), independent t-test and Repeated Measures ANOVA. The results showed a) that Experimental group 1 produced a higher number of creative ideas than Experimental group 2, but that Experimental group 2 had a significantly higher creative quality on their ideas than Experimental group 1. Further the results showed b) that it was not possible to manipulate the self-rated creativity when the personality trait Openness was controlled for.

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  • 95.
    Aggestam, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of industrial engineering.
    Elison, Ingrid
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of industrial engineering.
    LEARNING AND QUALITY ASSURANCE IN THE SAME PACKAGE2024In: INTED2024 Proceedings, IATED , 2024, p. 2006-2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The critical need for organizations to learn and change is well known. “The ability to learn faster than your competitors is your only lasting competitive advantage” as put by a HR manager. Thus, knowledge is vital, both as a resource and a competitive advantage. The importance of life-long learning and distance education is clear, just as the role of higher education. The aim of this paper is to share academic experiences and lessons learnt concerning performing high quality assessment on-line and at the same time offering a learning opportunity for both teachers and students. This is a big challenge.

    We performed a case study in an on-going hybrid course. There were 10 students on the course, all professionals and employed and hence performing the course and working at the same time. We used the final course assessment as a case unit, which was performed as structured on-line dialogues between each student individual and the examiner. Data were collected by observations of three students performing and a deep follow-up interview with the examiner responsible. Each dialogue lasted about one hour. To be eligible to participate the student must have prepared a task based on two books and questions aiming to put the literature in comparison as well as in the context of their own employment. The examiner leads the dialogue based on graduate assessment criteria, developed by the examiner. The collected data were inductively analyzed.

    The analysis reveals advantages that oral individual assessments have concerning quality assurance and at the same time enable learning. The examiner has natural opportunities to ask follow-up questions to stimulate reflections and further learning. The examiner also has opportunities to ask questions that reveal the students’ knowledge and understanding related to the assessment criteria and the syllabus learning outcomes, which is a critical aspect not at least from the perspective of AI and chat-GPT. Since the dialogues are individual, the time perspective is a matter of fact that is often lift as an argument against this type of examination. According to the examiner, this is not a problem if you take all the steps in the examination process into consideration. The total time is more or less equal compared to traditional written examinations. Furthermore, the examiner emphasizes that this form of examination is much more fun.

    To achieve both quality assessment assurance and learning, the analysis also reveals the importance of a holistic approach, as for example putting the matter of course in the students´ reality as well as the critical interface between the task and the assessment dialogue. It also strengthens the importance of preparing for both the examiner and the student and emphasizes the importance of having a system for continuous follow-up and improvements. Finally, the follow-up interview with the examiner reveals the learning it means by having someone externally observing the performance and then asking relevant questions and having a dialogue afterwards. “It forced me to think and reflect on the work from new perspectives, which is critical for future improvements” as put by the examiner. One piece of advice from the examiner is to include this type of work in the quality assurance system for course development. To reflect on the work was an important input to further increase and develop the course.

  • 96.
    Aggestam, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of industrial engineering.
    Johansson, Madeleine
    Department of Adult Psychiatry, NU-Care Hospital, Lärketorpsvägen, 461 73 Trollhättan (SWE).
    Kylén, Erik
    MedFilm AB, Staveredsgatan 20, 461 31 Trollhättan (SWE).
    Stenholm, Joel
    MedFilm AB, Staveredsgatan 20, 461 31 Trollhättan (SWE).
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics. School of Business Economics and IT, University West, Gustava Melins Gata 2, 461 32 Trollhättan, Sweden.
    The Development and Evaluation of an Animated Video for Pre- and Postoperative Instructions for Patients with Osteoarthritis: A Design Science Research Approach2024In: Geriatrics, E-ISSN 2308-3417, Vol. 9, no 19, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is a condition in the hip or knee joints that develops during a long period of time and sometimes needs hip or knee joint replacement surgery when pain gets too intense for the patient. This paper describes how an animated video for pre- and postoperative instructions for patients with osteoarthritis was designed. The design science research (DSR) approach was followed by creating a web-based animated video. The web-based animated video is used to support surgical departments with education for patients suffering from OA. In the web-based animated video, information about OA surgical treatment and its pre- and post-arrangements was included. The relevance, the rigor, and the design cycles were focused on, with some iterations of and improvements in the animations. Even after implementation, there was a feedback-loop with comments from the surgeons and their patients. Moreover, as more departments will use the web-based animated video, they want to make their special mark on it, so that further changes will be made. This paper presents the design and successful implementation of an animated video for pre- and postoperative instructions for patients with osteoarthritis, tightly linked to the patient journey and the workflow of healthcare professionals. The animated video serves not only as a tool to improve care but also as a basis for further scientific research studies. 

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  • 97.
    Aggestam, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of industrial engineering.
    van Laere, Joeri
    School of Informatics, University of Skövde, Box 408, 54128 Skövde (SWE).
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    How to Apply and Manage Critical Success Factors in Healthcare Information Systems Development?: †2023In: Systems, ISSN 2079-8954, Vol. 11, no 9, p. -17, article id 469Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies on Critical Success Factors (CSFs) in Healthcare Information Systems (HIS) development projects have traditionally often been limited to retrospectively identifying CSFs in a finished project. In this paper, we focus on how to prospectively apply and manage CSFs in HIS projects. Based on a holistic perspective and systems thinking, an inductive research strategy was applied and a single in-depth case study was conducted. The findings include detailed descriptions that contribute to further understanding of how to prospectively apply and manage CSFs in HIS projects. The analysis reveals that CSFs must be applied differently and managed on various system levels. Furthermore, it shows how interactions exist between different system levels, both in the case of a specific CSF and between different CSFs on various system levels. Our analysis framework and findings indicate new directions for future research: how to prospectively apply and manage CSFs in HIS development projects can now be investigated both in a more holistic way and more in detail. Finally, healthcare practitioners can use the descriptions as practical checklists for guiding them in how to realize situational adaptation of CSFs in HIS projects across different system levels.  

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  • 98.
    Aghaee, Naghmeh
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Stockholm.
    Jobe, William
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Karunaratne, Thashme
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Smedberg, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Hansson, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Tedre, Matti
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Interaction Gaps in PhD Education and ICT as a Way Forward: Results from a Study in Sweden2016In: International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, E-ISSN 1492-3831, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 360-383Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many research studies have highlighted the low completion rate and slow progress in PhD education. Universities strive to improve throughput and quality in their PhD education programs. In this study, the perceived problems of PhD education are investigated from PhD students' points of view, and how an Information and Communication Technology Support System (ICTSS) may alleviate these problems. Data were collected through an online open questionnaire sent to the PhD students at the Department of (the institution's name has been removed during the double-blind review) with a 59% response rate. The results revealed a number of problems in the PhD education and highlighted how online technology can support PhD education and facilitate interaction and communication, affect the PhD students' satisfaction, and have positive impacts on PhD students' stress. A system was prototyped, in order to facilitate different types of online interaction through accessing a set of online and structured resources and specific communication channels. Although the number of informants was not large, the result of the study provided some rudimentary ideas that refer to interaction problems and how an online ICTSS may facilitate PhD education by providing distance and collaborative learning, and PhD students' self-managed communication.

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  • 99.
    Aghator, Stanley
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Moussa, Sarah Kontim
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Media Framing of the Legitimacy of Nigerian Elections in Relation to Stomach Infrastructure2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis aims to explore the media framing of Nigeria’s 2023 election in relation to votebuying: How did the Nigerian print media portray the legitimacy of the 2023 election in relation to vote-buying? In addressing the research question, Entman’s (1993) framing theory is used. For identifying the themes and patterns around the framing of the election Entman’s four questions, defining the problems, diagnosing causes, making moral judgments, and treatment recommendations, in connection with the existing literature on vote buying are employed. The thesis is a single-case study adopting a qualitative content analysis for analyzing 26 articles from Daily Post, Nigerian Tribune, Premium Times, PUNCH, The Cable, The Guardian, This Day, and Vanguard. The results indicated that the media, with the exception of two media outlets, overwhelmingly framed vote-buying as an illegitimate fraudulent electoral practicecaused by poverty and hunger. It is framed as detrimental to democratic governance and the media suggested predominantly enforcement measures such as election monitoring and criminal prosecution as possible remedies

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  • 100.
    Agicic, Emina
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Valdivia Newman, Estefania
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Att hantera kompetens: En undersökning om hur kompetens hanteras och utvecklas inom den offentliga sektorn2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of having the right competence and ensuring competence in the future can give organizations great competitive advantages, but also improve efficiency and performance. Through recruitment or competence development, organizations can secure access to key competencies that can ensure the success of organizations. This creates lasting relationships between employees and employers, while human resources have a positive effect on the organization. But how can management know what competences already exist? Or how competence can be used in the organization? The purpose of this study was therefore to contribute with new knowledge of how the competence identification-, assessment- and use processes look in organizations. The study also aimed to investigate how organizations support learning and the methods that are used. To fulfill the purpose, a qualitative method was chosen in which a total of five semi-structured interviews were conducted with four employees and one leader within a department in a public organization. The study showed that the organization encourages learning by offering development activities as much as possible. The courses were offered at an individual level but could be spread to others through group- and collaboration activities. The informants considered that group activities meant that knowledge and competences were exchanged between colleagues and that it possibly contributed to more learning than what could be done individually. The key tools of the competence management process were summarized as staff appraisals where employees are allowed to state how things are going in their daily work, what knowledge they consider themselves to possess and lack. Competence was used in many ways in the organization, but an interesting aspect was that employees with long experience in their field can also educate other workers. Thus, most of the internal training was offered, but in some cases external, which was due to cost savings. The conclusion was that the method for competence management was perceived as a good method that requires close work from the managers and good communication. However, it is considered to be relatively short-term and difficult to predict competence needs in the future. It also requires employees to be comfortable talking about their deficiencies, being engaged and initiating career development

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