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  • 51.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Eriksson, Lina
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Process and Product Development.
    A health-related quality management qpproach to evaluating health promotion activities2011In: Proceedings QMOD Conference on Qualityand Service Sciences 2011, 2011, p. 188-197Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 52.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Process and Product Development.
    Are successful organizations working accordingly to what co-workers require for being healthy?2011In: 14th QMOD conference on Quality and Service Sciences ICQSS 2011: Cottbus, Germany, August 29 - 31 2010, 2011, p. 1-14 pdfConference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper was to compare methodologies from successful organisations with underlying dimensions of the value 'Leadership Commitment' and the value 'Participation of Everybody. The purpose was also to identify similarities and differences between these methodologies and the underlying dimensions.

    Methodology

    The analysis emerged from the results of several recently conducted case studies: descriptions of methodologies used by successful organizations and underlying dimensions elaborated from the value ‘Leadership Commitment’ and from the value ‘Participation of Everybody’. The identified methodologies were then analyzed in relation to the description of the underlying dimensions required by the co-workers with the intention of comparing them and identifying similarities and differences.

    Findings

    The results show that the underlying dimensions required by the co-workers to remain healthy are also present as methodologies in the successful organizations except the underlying dimension ‘Continuity’. The dimensions correspond with the methodologies which confirm that working with them is very important for managers when striving to encourage healthy co-workers and to create efficient organizations. The analysis also shows that the successful organizations are using methodologies not present in the underlying dimensions. These methodologies include mutual respect, customer focus, continuous improvements, a holistic view and awareness recruitment.

    Research Limitation

    The result is based on two case studies conducted in Swedish organizations.

    Value of paper

    The results can be of value for managers striving to improve the health of co-workers and create more efficient organizations.

     

  • 53.
    Bäckström, Ingela
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Process and Product Development.
    Eriksson, Lina
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Change of the Quality Management culture through health-promotion activities?2014In: Total Quality Management and Business Excellence, ISSN 1478-3363, E-ISSN 1478-3371, Vol. 25, no 11-12, p. 1236-1246Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is great demand for workplace health-promotion programmes that improve co-worker health and provide a return on investment, which is due to the continuous escalation of care costs and the prioritisation of co-worker health by businesses. Early research found that organisations that have achieved good co-worker health with low sickness absence through their conscious and well-structured work were also working according to Quality Management. Health-promotion interventions are possible in every organisation, but before starting a health-promotion programme it is necessary to analyse the organisation and especially its culture. The purpose of this paper is to measure in what way health-promoting activities influence the Quality Management culture, particularly the health-related values 'Leadership commitment' and 'Participation of everybody'. A comparison between the Quality Management culture before starting a health-promotion project and the results a year later is presented. The results show that health-promotion activities do not affect the Quality Management culture, at least not from a year perspective. On the other hand, the results show that health-promotion activities can affect co-workers' perception of their health. © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis.

  • 54.
    Chang, Lei
    et al.
    University of Macau, Department of Psychology, China.
    Lu, Hui Jing
    The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, USA; Institute for Fiscal Studies, London, UK.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA ; King Abdulaziz University.
    Chen, Bin-Bin
    Fudan University Department of Psychology, Shanghai, China..
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Amherst, MA, USA.
    Bacchini, Dario
    University of Naples Federico II, Department of Humanistic Studies, Napoli, Italy..
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Department of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Department of Educational Psychology, Maseno, Kenya.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Department of Special Education, Zarqa, Jordan; Counseling, Special Education, and Neuroscience Division, Emirates College for Advanced Education, Abu Dhabi, UAE.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Rome University La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology , Rome, Italy .
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Department of Psychology, Bogota,Colombia.
    Yotanyamaneewong, Saengduean
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    External environment and internal state in relation to life-history behavioural profiles of adolescents in nine countries2019In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8452, E-ISSN 1471-2954, Vol. 286, no 1917, article id 20192097Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The external environment has traditionally been considered as the primary driver of animal life history (LH). Recent research suggests that animals' internal state is also involved, especially in forming LH behavioural phenotypes. The present study investigated how these two factors interact in formulating LH in humans. Based on a longitudinal sample of 1223 adolescents in nine countries, the results show that harsh and unpredictable environments and adverse internal states in childhood are each uniquely associated with fast LH behavioural profiles consisting of aggression, impulsivity, and risk-taking in adolescence. The external environment and internal state each strengthened the LH association of the other, but overall the external environment was more predictive of LH than was the internal state. These findings suggest that individuals rely on a multitude and consistency of sensory information in more decisively calibrating LH and behavioural strategies.

  • 55.
    Crondahl, Kristine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Eklund Karlsson, Leena
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Perceptions on health, well-being and quality of life of Balkan Roma adolescents in West Sweden2012In: Romani Studies, ISSN 1528-0748, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 153-173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine the perceptions of Roma adolescents on health, well-being and quality of life (QoL) and how the Roma managed their own life situation within these areas. The data, which consists of interviews, was analysed through content analysis. The most common understanding of health and well-being was to feel good, secure and happy. A wide social network of family and friends was seen as an additional element. The respondents perceived their own health and well-being to be good. A feeling of freedom, the ability to make decisions independently and the possibilities for education and employment were the most important elements of QoL. Quality of life was perceived to have something to do with values and beliefs in the future. Social support from family and friends were the most frequently used coping strategies. The perceptions of the Roma adolescents on health, well-being and QoL turned out to be quite similar to the perceptions of the non-Roma adolescents.

  • 56.
    Dahlqvist, Julia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Stalefors, Josefin
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Pennbrant, Sandra
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Child health care nurses' strategies in meeting with parents who are hesitant to child vaccinations2014In: Clinical Nursing Studies, ISSN 2324-7940, E-ISSN 2324-7959, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 47-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe how nurses in child health centres deal with parents who are hesitant to child vaccinations. Method: A study with a qualitative approach that was based on 12 semi-structured interviews. The informants were nurses working in child health centres in the Västra Götaland region. The interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis. Results: The results identified six strategies for dealing with vaccine-hesitant parents: 1) using the family’s resources and knowledge to create a trusting relationship; 2) meetings with the same nurse; 3) open dialogue and active listening; 4) regular meetings between nurse and paediatrician; 5) nurse training on new vaccines and vaccination programme; and 6) nurse training on parents’ use of publicly available information. Conclusion: Nurses should get to know the vaccine-hesitant parents, by listening to them and understanding their point of view. Thereby, nurses establish a good relationship, inspire trust and actively involve the parents in the decision-making concerning the vaccination of their child. Nurses should not make vaccine-hesitant parents feel guilty about not wanting to vaccinate their child.

  • 57.
    Dahlqvist, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Freiholtz, Annika
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Salutogenes - grunden för skolsköterskans hälsopromotiva arbete inom området barn med fetma: 2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]
    Abstract Background: The World Health Organization has expressed a great concern about the increasing prevalence of childhood obesity. Region Västra Götaland (VGR) has developed a web based program to support school nurses in their work to promote health among children with obesity. Previous research on childhood obesity emphasizes the importance of support from nurses and how their work is organized. Aim: The aim of the study is, firstly, to explore school nurses experiences with health promotion work among obese children. Secondly, to investigate whether school nurses use the salutogenic theory of health. Method: A qualitative study design was adopted. Data in form of semi structured interviews was collected from seven school nurses in the VGR. A directed content analysis was used for the analysis of the data. Results: The results are presented in three categories from the Tannahill health promotion model; health education, prevention and health protection. A new category emerged from the interviews and to be significant for the nurses´ work; organization. The last category was the salutogenic theory. The possibility to work in a health promotion manner became hard because of inadequate resources. However, we found that health education, prevention and health protection were areas of daily attention. The school nurses´ work was based on the salutogenic theory. Conclusion: School nurses were aware of the importance of health promotion. Overall, there was a feeling of diffuse guidelines for working in a health promotion manner (with childhood obesity), although a web-based tool was available. We recommend the use of a new model for daily practice capturing the key elements of health promotion.
  • 58.
    Daoud, Nihaya
    et al.
    Ben-Gurion University of the Negev.
    Braun-Lewensohn, Orna
    Ben-Gurion University of Negev.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Sagy, Shifra
    Ben-Gurion University of Negev.
    Sense of coherence and depressive symptoms among low-income Bedouin women in the Negev Israel2014In: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, Vol. 23, no 6, p. 307-311Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Higher sense of coherence (SOC) has been associated with lower depression in Western societies; however, it is not clear whether this association manifests similarly in non-Western cultural contexts.Aims: To examine the associations between different levels of SOC and depressive symptoms (DS) among indigenous-minority Arab Bedouin women in Israel and explore possible explanatory variables for this association.Methods: We conducted face-to-face interviews with 464 women (aged 18–49 years). DS was measured based on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. We used the SOC-13 questionnaire and conducted path analysis using Structural Equation Modeling to examine the contribution of two levels of SOC (low/high) to predict DS beyond psychological resources and socioeconomic position.Results: The mean score of SOC was 3.42, standard deviation (SD) = 1.15. While high SOC (mean = 4.38, SD = 0.66, range = 3.5–6.38) was positively and significantly associated with DS (r = 0.46), SOC was not associated (r = 0.02) with DS in the low SOC group (mean = 2.4, SD = 0.56, range = 1–3.42).Conclusions: Relationships between high versus low SOC and DS among Bedouin women differ from those found in Western societies. This raises questions about the use of SOC as a universal tool in different cultural contexts.

  • 59.
    Dauman, Nicolas
    et al.
    Département de psychologie, Université de Poiters, France.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Learning from tinnitus patients' narratives: A case study in the psychodynamic approach2012In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 7, no 19540Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tinnitus is assumed to be the perception of sound that results exclusively from activity within the nervous system without any external stimulation. Approximately 1-2% of the population regard their tinnitus as a serious threat towards their quality of life. The way the patients describe their suffering varies, sometimes also depending on the interest and insight of the clinician to whom they turn to for help. The lack of insightful narratives of someone who is severely annoyed by the presence of a constant tinnitus sound may lead to limited and biased models of tinnitus suffering. In the present case study the participating patient, a woman aged 70, shared her experience of being victimized by tinnitus with the clinician/ researcher during a number of psychotherapeutic sessions. The psychodynamic, narrative approach, made it possible for the client to articulate the unique and specific meaning that she experienced as being part of her suffering. In her words, tinnitus became a tolerable symptom that she managed to work through within psychotherapeutic alliance

  • 60.
    Eklund Karlsson, Leena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Crondahl, Kristine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Andersson, Åsa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sunnemark, Fredrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The meaning of health, well-being, and quality of life perceived by Roma people in West Sweden2013In: Societies, E-ISSN 2075-4698, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 243-260Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many Roma people in Sweden are on the margins of society and face problems of social exclusion, institutional discrimination, low education, unemployment, and poor health. The aim is to describe how a group of Roma people, in West Sweden, understand health, well-being, and quality of life within the Roma context, and how they cope with their life-situation. Data consisted of qualitative interviews. The data were analyzed qualitatively using a phenomenological hermeneutic approach. The respondents mainly understood the concept of Health as "being healthy" and "feeling good". Elements that were crucial part of the respondents' health perception were being employed, having an education, social support from family and friends, freedom and security, and the extent of involvement in society. The results indicate that the respondents perceive their health and life situation as good, despite of their marginalized situation and discrimination.

  • 61.
    Eklund Karlsson, Leena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Salutogenesis and empowerment as prominent approaches for a sustainable health promotion: Some theoretical comparisons2011In: Health Technology Assessment Society (HTAi): 8th Annual Meeting, 2011, p. 294-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Extensive evidence proposes Antonovsky’s salutogenic theory as a pathway to health promotion. The fundamental concept of salutogenesis is Sense of Coherence (SOC). Salutogenesis is defined as the process of movement towards the health-end of the health ease/dis-ease continuum. The aim of empowerment is to reduce inequity through a learning process and mobilize the uneducated for social action. Empowerment is defined as a process enabling the people to increase control over their health determinants. Empowerment still lacks a coherent theoretical basis. It is claimed that empowerment and SOC have much common and are sometimes overlapping. However, the relationship between these concepts has not been verified by research.

    Objectives: To compare the salutogenic theory with the empowerment concept and approach.

    Methods: Data consists of a worldwide systematic research synthesis (1992-2003) including 471 scientific publications and an on-going follow-up to 2010. The search was performed through PubMed, Libris, ISI, PsychInfo, Cinahl, Social Services Abstracts and Sociological Abstracts. The analysis was conducted by comparing selected indicators of both theories, such as approach, theoretical focus, definitions, orientation, key concepts, measurement instruments, outcomes and applicability.

    Findings: There are both similarities and differences between the concepts, which also somewhat overlap. Several unique and distinctive features for each concept were found. Salutogenesis is based on stress theories whereas empowerment has its roots in pedagogy and social psychology. Both concepts are process oriented. Empowerment can be seen as both means and an outcome whereas salutogenesis is a global life-orientation. Both concepts can be applied at the individual, group, health systems and societal levels. Both proved to be effective in promoting health. The two concepts differ when it comes to definitions and theoretical foundations.

    Conclusion: Both approaches are promising methods that can lead to improved health outcomes and are seen as viable public health strategies.

  • 62.
    Eklund Karlsson, Leena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Ringsberg, Karin
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Crondahl, Kristine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Work-integrated learning and health literacy catalysts for Roma empowerment and social inclusion: A participatory action research2019In: Action Research, ISSN 1476-7503, E-ISSN 1741-2617, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 549-572Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Roma people all over the world have often been subject to prejudice, stigma, discrimination and oppression. Many Roma have little or no education, which in combination with other factors often leads to unemployment and marginalization. Based on a case study in Sweden, this paper proposes an approach that can be used in participatory projects aiming at improving the living situation of marginalized people. In such an approach, the Roma themselves would be the leaders in all activities concerning the group. The first aim of this paper is to describe how health literacy and work-integrated learning functioned as empowering tools for a Roma-led inclusion process within a participatory action research framework. The second aim is to discuss and reflect on the use of participatory action research in community work with Roma based on the experiences of the participatory action research participants. The findings indicate that work-integrated learning may be a worthwhile approach for increasing the individual empowerment and self-led social inclusion of vulnerable people. However, the obstacles of structural discriminatory nature hindered the project to reach its full potential in its intended emancipatory goals.

  • 63.
    Ekman, Diana Stark
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Ekman, Robert
    Karlstad University, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Twenty-five years of bicycle helmet promotion for children in Skaraborg District, Sweden.2012In: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, ISSN 1745-7300, E-ISSN 1745-7319, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 213-217Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe some of the results of a long-term bicycle helmet campaign for children in Skaraborg District, Sweden. The hospital discharge data for bicycle-related injuries occurring in children under the age of 15 were reviewed, to assess changes in patterns for head and other body injuries. The study shows that head injuries to children as a result of bicycle injuries were reduced between 94 and 99% in the study areas. The tremendous gains in safety for children who ride bicycles in Skaraborg District were the result of not only national policy changes that occurred in the latter half of this study period but also the result of local collaborations based on the Safe Communities model, which were organised during the first part of the study period.

  • 64.
    Emilsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Treatment adherence in Asthma and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Personality traits, Beliefs about medication and Illness perception2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 65. Engelhardt, H
    et al.
    Hedgren, M
    Amcoff, B
    Robinson, J
    Bratteby, LE
    Samuelson, Gösta
    En förberedande koststudie inför projektet: Ungdom mot år 20001994In: Vår föda, ISSN 0042-2657, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 78-87Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 66. Engelhardt, H
    et al.
    Hedgren, M
    Amcoff, B
    Robinson, J
    Bratteby, LE
    Samuelson, Gösta
    En förberedande koststudie inför projektet: Ungdom mot år 20001994In: Elevvård & Hälsa, ISSN 1102-3120, no 2, p. 19-24Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 67.
    Eriksson, Annelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Wårlén, Annika
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Att skydda barn mot passiv rökning: en svensk studie med fokus på barnhälsovårdssjuksköterskans hälsoarbete2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Tobacco smoking is incomparable the most unhealthy product legally available and is individual the largest cause to sickness, suffering and heath in the west world. Passive smoking can cause the same health problems as active smoking does. Children are more vulnerable to tobacco smoke because there high respiratory rate. Small children's immune system is in development, the tobacco smoke can affect this process and increases the risk for allergy. Passive smoking can also increase the risk for respiratory and ear infections and developing in a higher extent asthma. It is important part of the Child Health Care Nurse (CHCN) work to speak about passive smoking to parents. The purpose of this study was to illuminate the CHCN experience of health work focusing on passive smoking to parents who smokes. Method: In this interview study a qualitative content analysis with inductive approach was conducted. CHCN who worked in health care and family care centers in north/ northwest of Sweden, was asked to participate. Nine CHCN were interviewed. The interviews were performed with semi-structured questions. Results: The analysis present that CHCN give information about how passive smoking can affect small children. CHCNs give equivalent information concerning tobacco smoke deleterious effect to the smoking parent's irrespective of culture, ethnicity and socio-economic belonging. The CHCNs also described that it could be difficult to give information to the parent's and at the same time not cause feelings as guilt and shame. None of the CHCN offered a stop smoking conversation to the parents who wanted to quit smoking. Instead they mediated contact to a smoke-weaning nurse. Concussion: All the CHCNs gave information about passive smoking and it´s negative affect on children. The CHCN described that it could be difficult sometimes to give information and at the same time not aggrieve the parents.

  • 68.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture. University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    From healthy settings to sustainable healthy societies:: The salutogenic approach to planning and health promotion2011In: World Health Design, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 66-75Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    -

  • 69.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Perspectives on salutogenesis of scholars writing in Swedish2016In: The Handbook of Salutogenesis / [ed] Mittelmark, M. B. et al., New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2016, 1, p. 1-467Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 70.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Research Supervision as a Mutual Learning Process: Introducing Salutogenesis into supervision using "The Collegial Model"2018In: Health Promotion International, ISSN 0957-4824, E-ISSN 1460-2245, Vol. 34, no 6, p. 1200-1206Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research using salutogenic factors to promote health is extensive. Salutogenesis, and its coreconcept 'sense of coherence' (SOC), is a resource-oriented theory and framework, applicable indifferent contexts. Research combining health promotion and doctoral supervision in higher educationis scarce. This article places research supervision in a broader context of sustainable workinglife by focusing on stress management. It is about health promotion in an area of research supervision,a new approach not described earlier. Research on supervision in general is extensive,focusing on co-generative mentoring, counselling and coaching. A new salutogenic model, 'TheCollegial Model', is presented as an example of practical application. The aim of the present articleis to introduce and discuss how the salutogenic theory and model of health can be applied to researchsupervision of postgraduate students. Knowledge about how SOC impacts health andlearning has benefit from a systematic review on salutogenic research covering published papersfrom 1992 to 2003 and until today. 'The Collegial Model' examines fundamental characteristics ofsupervision related to ethics and sense of coherence: relations, communication, processes, reciprocity,reflection, learning, comprehensibility, manageability, meaningfulness and coherence.Principles for carrying out supervision 'the salutogenic way' are suggested. The conclusion is thatdoctoral supervision involves mutual learning processes between colleagues in the supervisoryteam. Supervision has to be theory driven, implying that supervisors could benefit from applyinga salutogenic way of thinking and working, particularly in development of guidelines for researchsupervision.

  • 71.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Health and culture.
    Salutogenes: om hälsans ursprung - från forskning till praktisk tillämpning2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna bok ger ett vetenskapligt perspektiv på salutogenes - det goda livets ursprung. Forskningsfältet salutogenes beskrivs här med utgångspunkt i människors strävan efter det goda livet, mitt i arbete med att ta hand om barn och familj och att göra en fullödig insats inom arbetslivet antingen man är ledare eller medarbetare. Principer för tillämpning i arbetslivet diskuteras också.Läs merForskningsfältet salutogenes beskrivs här med utgångspunkt i människors strävan efter det goda livet, mitt i arbete med att ta hand om barn och familj och att göra en fullödig insats inom arbetslivet antingen som ledare eller medarbetare. Principer för tillämpning i arbetslivet diskuteras också. Boken är skriven av forskare med god kännedom på området och bidrar med ny kunskap då salutogenes sätts i ett sammanhang. Författarna relaterar kunskapsområdet till hälsofrämjande och visar hur viktiga människors olika förmågor och resurser för hälsa och välbefinnande är för hälsofrämjande.Om författarnaMonica Eriksson är politices doktor och docent i socialpolitik med inriktning hälsofrämjande. Författarna är verksamma vid Högskolan Väst och Centrum för Salutogenes och arbetar dagligen med frågor kring hälsa i olika sammanhang.

  • 72.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Salutogenesis2014In: Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research / [ed] Michalos, AC, Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer Netherlands, 2014, p. 5623-5631Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 73.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Sense of Coherence across the lifecourse: Findings from a systematic review 1992-20102011In: International Conference on Assets for Health and Wellbeing across the Life Course, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thirty years ago Aaron Antonovsky introduced the salutogenic theory of health, claiming that a strong Sense of Coherence has an impact on health and wellbeing. The SOC is a global orientation to view life as comprehensible, manageable and meaningful. This presentation report findings from an extensive research synthesis on the SOC concept 1992-2010 based on about thousand peer reviewed papers, partly published and defended in a thesis (1992-2003) and partly from an ongoing synthesis (2004-2010). The presentation focuses on the relationship between SOC and age across the life course, on health and wellbeing, on different settings such as schools, working life, and on some related concepts (empowerment, resilience, connectedness). The findings from the systematic review show the SOC to be strongly related to perceived good health, especially mental health and wellbeing. The SOC has a main, moderating or mediating role in the explanation of health. The predicting capacity of the SOC for good health is encouraging. Opposite to Antonovsky the findings show that the SOC increases across the life course, the oldest people reported the strongest SOC. A strong SOC buffers against stress in working life and in schools. Other concepts closely related to the SOC are compared and discussed.

  • 74.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    The Salutogenic Framework for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention2014In: The Handbook of Behavioral Medicine / [ed] Mostofsky, David I., Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell, 2014, 1, p. 973-993Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 75.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    The sense of coherence in the salutogenic model of health2016In: The Handbook of Salutogenesis / [ed] Mittelmark B. et al., Springer-Verlag New York, 2016, 1, p. 91-96Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 76.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Unravelling the Mystery of Salutogenesis: The evidence base of the salutogenic research as measured by Antonovsky's Sense of Coherence Scale2007 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
  • 77.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Lindstrom, B
    University of Trondheim.
    Salutogenesis and Resilience: two sides of the same coin?2012In: Psychology and Health, ISSN 0887-0446, E-ISSN 1476-8321, Vol. 27, no Suppl1, p. 41-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Conceptual clarification of salutogenesis (Antonovsky 1987) and resilience – what is common and different? Methods: A systematic research synthesis 1992–2010 based on about 1300 papers on Sense of Coherence. Findings: Similarities and differences emerge. Salutogenesis stems from stress research exploring why some people stay healthy despite major life events and adversities while resilience research refer to risk of negative health development. Both concepts emphasize resources: the salutogenic framework talks about Generalized Resistance Resources while resilience uses protective factors. The two concepts differ when it comes to the adjustment process where resilience concept always is connected with risk factors. Discussion: The new knowledge derived from the research synthesis on the SOC reveal promising results indicating the usefulness in health promotion research, expanding the knowledge from resilience research on risks to salutogenic research on resources. While salutogenesis has its focus on health promotion resilience is more connected to health protection.

  • 78.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. Folkhäsan Research Centre, Health Promotion Research Programme, Helsinki, Finland.
    Lindström, Bengt
    Folkhäsan Research Centre, Health Promotion Research Programme, Helsinki, Finland.
    A salutogenic interpretation of the Ottawa Charter2008In: Health Promotion International, ISSN 0957-4824, E-ISSN 1460-2245, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 190-199Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Twenty years have passed since the philosophy and principals were formulated in the Ottawa Charter for health promotion. A critical reflection of the content and success of the Ottawa Charter was published before the IUHPE World Conference in Vancover in June 2007. This paper contextualizes and discusses Salutogenesis and Antonovsky in the development of health promotion practice and research and, further, relates the salutogenic concept Sense of Coherence (SOC) to the Ottawa Charter. An overview of the development of health promotion and the salutogenic theory of health is presented. In addition, this is illustrated in a new way using the metaphors of ‘health in the river of life’ and ‘SOC in a life course perspective’. Health promotion, including the Ottawa charter, lacks a clear theoretical foundation. The results of a systematic review of salutogenic research are used to demonstrate how the salutogenic framework could support the philosophical and practical intentions of the OC. The salutogenic model contributes to the maintenance and development of health and quality of life (QoL), i.e. the process and outcome of the principles of the OC. The metaphor of the river and the life cycle are new ways of demonstrating the paradigm shift provided by the Salutogenesis and health promotion in relation to public health and medicine. The salutogenic theory is an important contribution to the theory base of health promotion research and practice.

  • 79.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    Folkhälsan Research Centre, Health Promotion Programme, Helsinki, Finland.
    Lindström, Bengt
    Folkhälsan Research Centre, Health Promotion Programme, Helsinki, Finland.
    Antonovsky's Sense of Coherence Scale and It's Relation with Quality of Life: A systematic review2007In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, ISSN 0143-005X, E-ISSN 1470-2738, Vol. 61, no 11, p. 938-944Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to synthesise findings on the salutogenic concept, sense of coherence (SOC), and its correlation with quality of life (QoL). This study is descriptive and analytic, with a systematic integration of the contemporary knowledge base on the salutogenic research published in 1992–2003. This review includes 458 scientific publications and 13 doctoral theses on salutogenesis. In all, 32 papers had the main objective of investigating the relationship between SOC and QoL. This study is based on scientific publications in eight authorised databases, doctoral theses and available books. The SOC seems to have an impact on the QoL; the stronger the SOC, the better the QoL. Furthermore, longitudinal studies confirm the predictive validity of the SOC for a good QoL. The findings correspond to the core of the Ottawa Charter—that is, the process of enabling people to live a good life. Therefore, a certain possibility to modify and extend the health construct is becoming discernible, implicating a construct including salutogenesis and QoL. The SOC concept is a health resource, influencing QoL.

  • 80.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Lindström, Bengt
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Antonovsky's sense of coherence scale and the relation with health: a systematic review2006In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, ISSN 0143-005X, E-ISSN 1470-2738, Vol. 60, no 5, p. 376-381Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Study objective

    The aim of this paper is to synthesise empirical findings on the salutogenic concept sense of coherence (SOC) and examine its capacity to explain health and its dimensions.

    Design

    The study is descriptive and analytical with a systematic integration of the contemporary knowledge base on the salutogenic research published 1992–2003. The review includes 458 scientific publications and 13 doctoral theses.

    Setting

    Worldwide, based on postgraduate scientific publications in eight authorised databases, doctoral theses, and available books.

    Main results

    SOC is strongly related to perceived health, especially mental health. The stronger the SOC the better the perceived health in general, at least for those with an initial high SOC. This relation is manifested in study populations regardless of age, sex, ethnicity, nationality, and study design. SOC seems to have a main, moderating or mediating role in the explanation of health. Furthermore, the SOC seems to be able to predict health. SOC is an important contributor for the development and maintenance of people's health but does not alone explain the overall health.

    Conclusion

    SOC seems to be a health promoting resource, which strengthens resilience and develops a positive subjective state of health. Salutogenesis is a valuable approach for health promotion and would be worth to implement in practice much more than to date.

    Keywords: Antonovsky, salutogenesis, sense of coherence, health promotion

    This paper continues to review, analyse, and synthesise the evidence base of research on the sense of coherence (SOC) concept in the light of 25 years of research undertaken by the authors.1,2,3,4 The main purpose is to provide a more comprehensive understanding of the SOC concept from research between 1992–2003. This is a relevant contribution to health promotion and public health research. It is necessary to get deeper knowledge about the interaction between SOC and socioeconomic characteristics like age, sex, social class, and how SOC might be related to physical and mental health. Are there any relations and does the SOC have an impact on health at all?

  • 81.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Lindström, Bengt
    Forskningscentrum i Helsingfors, Finland.
    En resa till hälsans centrum: det salutogena perspektivet på hälsa och välbefinnande2011In: Hälsa och välfärd i ett föränderligt samhälle: festskrift till Gunborg Jakobsson / [ed] Nygård, Mikael och Finnäs, Fjalar, Åbo: Åbo Akademis Förlag, 2011, p. 65-81Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 82.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Lindström, Bengt
    Folkha¨lsan Research Centre, Helsingfors.
    From health education to healthy learning: Implementing salutogenesis in educational science 2011In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 39, no Suppl 6, p. 85-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     

     Aim:

    The aim is to scrutinise the concept of health education (HE) and to broaden the concept of health literacy (HL) towardsa lifelong healthy learning concept. HL is a broader concept than HE. This paper dissects both the health and the education

    concepts, and puts them into the value system of health promotion (HP) of the Ottawa Charter (OC) using the core principles

    and values of HP, HL, and action competence (AC) in the light of the salutogenesis (SAL). Conceptually the salutogenic

    model focuses on the direction towards the healthy end of the health continuum. The salutogenic theory, based on resources

    and comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness, can be integrated into a learning model. People are seen as active

    and participating subjects shaping their lives through their AC.

    Method:a combination of an analysis of the values andintentions of health promotion according to the OC combined with the existing evidence on the salutogenic approach to

    health, stemming from a systematic research synthesis 1992–2003 and an ongoing analysis 2004–2009 by the authors. In

    addition, the views from a discussion with the participants of a session in the NHPR Conference 2009 are integrated.

    Results:

    The similarities and differences between the salutogenesis, theOCand healthy learning were shown in a graph. Integrating the

    salutogenesis in educational sciences further expands the concepts of HE and HL into healthy learning.

    Conclusions: Theresults of the discussions will further develop and strengthen the concept of healthy learning. 

     

    Abstract

    Aim: The aim is to scrutinise the concept of health education (HE) and to broaden the concept of health literacy (HL) towards

    a lifelong healthy learning concept. HL is a broader concept than HE. This paper dissects both the health and the education concepts, and puts them into the value system of health promotion (HP) of the Ottawa Charter (OC) using the core principles and values of HP, HL, and action competence (AC) in the light of the salutogenesis (SAL). Conceptually the salutogenic model focuses on the direction towards the healthy end of the health continuum. The salutogenic theory, based on resources and comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness, can be integrated into a learning model. People are seen as active and participating subjects shaping their lives through their AC. Method: a combination of an analysis of the values and intentions of health promotion according to the OC combined with the existing evidence on the salutogenic approach to health, stemming from a systematic research synthesis 1992–2003 and an ongoing analysis 2004–2009 by the authors. In addition, the views from a discussion with the participants of a session in the NHPR Conference 2009 are integrated. Results: The similarities and differences between the salutogenesis, theOCand healthy learning were shown in a graph. Integrating the salutogenesis in educational sciences further expands the concepts of HE and HL into healthy learning. Conclusions

    : The results of the discussions will further develop and strengthen the concept of healthy learning.

  • 83.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Lindström, Bengt
    Folkhälsan Research Centre, Helsinki.
    Life is more than survival: Exploring links between Antonovsky’s salutogenic theory and the concept of resilience2011In: Wayfinding through life's challenges: Coping and survival / [ed] Gow, Kathryn M., Celinski, Marek, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2011, p. 31-46Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 84.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Lindström, Bengt
    Salutogenesis2005In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, ISSN 0143-005X, E-ISSN 1470-2738, Vol. 59, no 6, p. 440-442Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The editor of the journal has taken the initiative to develop glossaries on central concepts in health promotion. The aim of this paper is to explain and clarify the key concepts of the salutogenic theory sense of coherence coined by Aaron Antonovsky. The explanations and interpretations are the result of an analysis of the scientific evidence base of the first 25 years of salutogenic research, described and discussed in an ongoing project on a systematic review by the above authors. The contemporary evidence shows the salutogenic approach could have a more central position in public health and health promotion research and practice. Furthermore, it could contribute to the solution of some of the most urgent public health problems of our time such as the question of mental health promotion. Finally, it could create a solid theoretical framework for health promotion.

  • 85.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Lindström, Bengt
    Universitetet i Trondheim.
    The salutogenic framework for well-being: Implications for public policy2014In: Well-Being And Beyond: Broadening the Public and Policy Discourse / [ed] Hämäläinen, Timo & Michaelson, Juliet, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, 1, p. 68-97Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 86.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Lindström, Bengt
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Validity of Antonovsky's sense of coherence scale: a systematic review2005In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, ISSN 0143-005X, E-ISSN 1470-2738, Vol. 59, no 6, p. 460-466Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Study objective: The aim of this paper is to systematically review and analyse the validity and reliability of Antonovsky’s life orientation questionnaire/sense of coherence scale (SOC).

    Design: The study is descriptive and analytical with a systematic integration of the contemporary knowledge base on the salutogenic research published 1992–2003. The review includes 458 scientific publications and 13 doctoral theses.

    Setting: Worldwide, based on postgraduate scientific publications in eight authorised databases, doctoral theses, and available books.

    Main results: The SOC questionnaire has been used in at least 33 languages in 32 countries with at least 15 different versions of the questionnaire. In 124 studies using SOC-29 the Cronbach’s α ranges from 0.70 to 0.95. The α values in 127 studies using SOC-13 range from 0.70 to 0.92, and in 60 studies using a modified SOC scale range from 0.35 to 0.91. Test-retest correlation show stability and range from 0.69 to 0.78 (1 year), 0.64 (3 years), 0.42 to 0.45 (4 years), 0.59 to 0.67 (5 years) to 0.54 (10 years). The means of SOC-29 range 100.50 (SD 28.50) to 164.50 (SD 17.10) points and SOC-13 from 35.39 (SD 0.10) to 77.60 (SD 13.80) points. After 10 years SOC seems to be comparatively stable, but not as stable as Antonovsky initially assumed. SOC tends to increase with age. The factorial structure of SOC seems rather to be multidimensional than unidimensional. SOC predicts a positive outcome in a long term perspective, although there are divergent findings reported. The SOC scale seems to be a reliable, valid, and cross culturally applicable instrument measuring how people manage stressful situations and stay well.

  • 87.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    Folkhälsan Research Centre, Health Promotion Research Programme, Helsinki, Finland.
    Lindström, Bengt
    Folkhälsan Research Centre, Health Promotion Research Programme, Helsinki, Finland.
    Lilja, John
    Department of Biochemistry and Pharmacy, Åbo Akademin, University, Turku, Finland.
    A sense of coherence and health. The Salutogenesis in a societal context: Åland - a special case?2007In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, ISSN 0143-005X, E-ISSN 1470-2738, Vol. 61, no 8, p. 684-688Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Antonovsky's salutogenic concept of a sense of coherence (SOC) has proved most influential in the way that health is now perceived.

    Aim:

    To (1) describe the distribution of SOC among 40–70-year-old Ålanders; (2) examine the distribution of depression in Åland, Finland, and its relationship with SOC; and (3) discuss the findings within a salutogenic framework in a societal context.

    Design:

    A cross-sectional study design was adopted. Antonovsky's SOC Questionnaire (13 items) and the Beck Depression Inventory (13 items) were used. In addition, in a separate questionnaire, sociodemographic information about each participant was sought, together with a question specific to this study and designed to measure self-rated health.

    Setting:

    Åland, an autonomous island province of Finland.

    Results:

    The proportion of respondents reporting good health was high (64%). The overall mean (SD) SOC was 70.7 (11.7) points, whereas for farmers and fishermen it was 73.88 (8.8) and 74.33 (9.2) points, respectively. SOC was significantly and strongly related to the self-rated health score. The higher the SOC, the better was the health of the respondents. Furthermore, the study provided clear evidence of the potential of the SOC concept as a positive mental health indicator.

    Conclusion:

    The SOC seems to be a health-promoting resource that supports the development of a positive subjective state of health.

  • 88.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Mittelmark, Maurice B.
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    The sense of coherence and its measurement2016In: The Handbook of Salutogenesis / [ed] Mittelmark, M. B., Sagy, Shifra, Eriksson, Monica, Bauer, Georg F., Pelikan, Jürgen M., Lindström, Bengt, Espnes, Geir Arild, New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2016, 1, p. 97-106Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 89.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Sagy, Shifra
    Ben Gurion University of Negev, Dep. of the Sociology of Health, Center for Health Sciences.
    Lindström, Bengt
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Research Centre for Health Promotion and Resources.
    A salutogenic perspective on mental health across the life time: Cultural aspects on the Sense of Coherence2012In: Exploring Mental Health: theoretical and Empirical Discourses on Salutogenesis / [ed] Mayer, Claude-Hélène, Krause, Christina, Lengerich: Pabst Science Publishers, 2012, p. 142-160Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this section is on mental health in a life course perspective and cultural aspects on the Sense of Coherence. According to Aaron Antonovsky the key concept, the Sense of Coherence (SOC),was considered as a universal construct measuring a global life orientation, away of viewing the life as comprehensible, manageable and meaningful. The conclusions drawn in this section is based on an extensive systematic research synthesis of papers on salutogenesis  covering the time span 1992-2003 and published in 2007, completed with an ongoing work of additional papers up to 2010. The cultural aspects of the SOC are reflectedby using ethnic minorities as examples of groups affected by acculturative stress? The distribution of the SOC questionnaire is described?  The results showed that a strong SOC is related to good perceived mental health and well-being independent of age. Further, the SOC questionnaire has to date beenused in different countries on various languages all over the World, not onlyin Western countries. The proposed universal property of the SOC is questioned. The SOC seems to be influenced by culture. Further research is needed to get adeeper understanding how the SOC operates in different cultural contexts.

  • 90.
    Eriksson, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Wennerberg, Mia M.T.
    Lundgren, Solveig M.
    Danielson, Ella
    "Self-Employed" in Caregivinghood: The Contribution of Swedish Informal Caregivers' Environmental and Contextual Resistance Resources and Deficits2017In: Societies, E-ISSN 2075-4698, Vol. 7, no 3, article id 19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Informal caregivers provide the majority of care for older adults residing in their own homes. Caregivinghood, a new evidence-based concept, describes a time of life when relatives provide care at home. These caregivers need knowledge regarding resources to help them resolve the challenges they encounter. The theoretical framework underpinning this study is Antonovsky's salutogenic theory of health. This study had two aims: (1) to examine the salutogenic core concepts Generalized and Specific Resistance Resources and Deficits (GRRs/SRRs and GRDs/SRDs) described by Swedish informal caregivers as originating from the environmental and contextual domain of caregivinghood and (2) to discuss how this new knowledge might contribute to the development of health promotion initiatives. This qualitative and theory driven study used inductive and deductive data analysis. Data were gathered through salutogenically guided face-to-face interviews of 32 Swedish informal caregivers. In addition, the study relied on the salutogenic core concepts Specific and Generalized Resistance Resources and Deficits originating from their environment and context. Being in empowering surroundings reflects the presence of usable SRRs/GRRs, whereas Struggling in impeding surroundings reflects the presence of SRDs/GRDs. The results indicate that health-enhancing support has to be individualized (SRRs/SRDs) and generalized (GRRs/GRDs). This study's salutogenic approach and the methodology enhance the understanding of the mechanisms behind the development of Sense of Coherence. The results contribute both empirically and theoretically to strengthen health promotion research and practice when developing activities and support for caregivers in stressful situations, such as informal caregiving.

  • 91.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Barn behöver vuxna som kan lyssna2018In: Barnbladet, E-ISSN 0349-1994, no 3, p. 6-9Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 92.
    Ersson, Anders
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Ungdomars attityd till hälsosam kostvana : En kvalitativ studie om ungdomars inställning till att förändra sina kostvanor för att uppnå hälsa2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The overall health status is a result of the lifestyle that the individual has. A change of habits is strongly related to individual attitudes!

    The purpose of this study is explore adolescents attitudes to healthy eating and willingness to change a diet habit, and seek clarification of the possible barriers and incentives exist for a change in dietary habit.

  • 93.
    Ferraz-Nunes, José
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Burden of stroke in a large county in Sweden Sickness cost and potential development2013In: Cerebrovascular Diseases, ISSN 1015-9770, E-ISSN 1421-9786, Vol. 35, no Supplement: 3, p. 469-469Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 94. Fleischer Michaelsen, K
    et al.
    Sauer Larsen, P
    Lykke Thomsen, B
    Samuelson, Gösta
    Ammeperiodens laengde: hvilke faktorer har betydning1995In: Ugeskrift for læger, ISSN 0041-5782, E-ISSN 1603-6824, Vol. 157, no 16, p. 2311-2315Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 95.
    Flensner, Gullvi
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Landtblom, Anne-Marie
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Söderhamn, Olle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Ek, Anna-Christina
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Work capacity and health-related quality of life among individuals with multiple sclerosis reduced by fatigue: a cross-sectional study2013In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 13, no 224, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Among individuals diagnosed with the chronic neurologic disease, multiple sclerosis (MS), a majority suffers from fatigue, which strongly influences their every-day-life. The aim of this study was to investigate work capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a group of MS patients and also to investigate if work capacity and HRQoL could be predicted by background factors, fatigue, heat sensitivity, cognitive dysfunction, emotional distress or degree of disability. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional, designed survey was undertaken A questionnaire was sent to 323 individuals diagnosed with MS, aged between 20 and 65 years, with physical disability on the expanded disability status score (EDSS) in the interval 0 ≥ EDSS ≤ 6.5, living in Östergötland county in eastern Sweden. Questions on background factors, occupation and work, together with the health-related quality of life short form instrument (SF-36), the fatigue severity scale (FSS), the perceived deficit questionnaire (PDQ) and the hospital anxiety depression scale (HAD) were posed. Associations between variables were analyzed using Pearson’s and Spearman’s correlations. Differences between groups were tested using the Chi-square test, the Mann Whitney U-test, and the Student’s t-test. Predictive factors were analyzed using multiple linear and multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: Of those who completed the questionnaire (n = 257, 79.6%), 59.8% were working. Work capacity was found significantly more among men (p < 0.005), those with a higher level of education (p < 0.001), those reporting less fatigue (p < 0.001), and those having no heat sensitivity (p = 0.004). For work capacity, significant predictors were low physical disability (EDSS), low fatigue, higher level of education, male sex and lower age. Those with work capacity showed significantly higher HRQoL than those who had no work capacity (p < 0.001). Levels of fatigue, cognition and emotional distress were found to be major contributing factors for HRQoL. Conclusions: Work capacity and HRQoL among individuals diagnosed with MS are highly influenced by fatigue which can be considered as a key symptom. Work capacity was influenced by heat-sensitivity, cognitive difficulties and emotional distress and significant predictive factors besides fatigue, were physical disability (EDSS), age, sex, and level of education. Remaining at work also gives a better HRQoL.

  • 96.
    Floodh, Hanna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Upplevelser kring arbetsmiljö: En fenomenologisk studie bland hemtjänstpersonal2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has been conducted on a personal group who works in the home service in a municipality in western Sweden. The employees who participated in the study are assistant nurses. This studies purpose is to investigate how the employees in the home service experience the work environment. In what way can the workplace develop and become healthier? Interviews have been used as a method of obtaining the empirical material, a total of ten interviews have been conducted with employees belonging to the staff group. All interviews have been transcribed and then analysed with a phenomenological approach. Ten themes have been published in the results and these are work environment, group cohesion, strength and weaknesses in the group, work structure, meaningfulness, aid, job satisfaction, change, health and obstacles at work. Subheadings to themes have also been created where participants' experiences have been gathered. The results show that the health factors in the workplace that contribute to increased health are well-being, joy, colleagues support, informal learning, meaningfulness in the work with the elderly, and feedback from the elderly. The factors the workplace need to develop to become a healthier workplace is communication, balance between requirements and control, support from boss and staff, and learning and development.

  • 97.
    Forslund Frykedal, Karin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping,Sweden.
    Barimani, Mia
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rosander, Michael
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping,Sweden.
    Berlin, Anita
    Karolinska Institute, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Parents' reasons for not attending parental education groups in antenatal and child health care: A qualitative study2019In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 28, no 17-18, p. 3330-3338Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives: To explore expectant and new parents' reasons not to partici ‐pate in parental education (PE) groups in antenatal care or child health care.

    Background: In Sweden, expectant and new parents are offered PE groups in antena‐tal care and in child health care. Although many parents feel unprepared for parent ‐hood, an urgent task is to attract parents to attend the PE groups.

    Design: A total of 915 parents with children aged 0 to 21 months answered a web questionnaire with open questions about (a) reasons not to participate; (b) anything that could change their mind; and (c) parenting support instead of PE groups. This was analysed using content analysis. The study follows the SRQR guidelines.

    Results: Parents expressed private reasons for not attending PE groups. Some par ‐ents also asked for more heterogeneity regarding content and methods, as well as accommodation of parents' different interests. Other parents asked for like‐minded individuals who were in similar situation to themselves. Lack of information or invita ‐tions from antenatal care or child health care, or that PE groups were unavailable, were additional reasons for not participating in groups.

    Conclusions: Reasons for not attending PE groups were multifaceted from personal,self‐interested and norm‐critical reasons, to that the groups were not available or that the parents were not aware of their existence.

    Relevance to clinical practice: Parents of today are a diverse group with different in ‐terests and needs. Nevertheless, all parents need to feel included in a way that makes participation in PE groups relevant for them. Thus, it is important for leaders to be aware of structures and norms, and to be able to create a group climate and a peda ‐gogy of acceptance where group members value each other's differences. However,to attract parents to participate in PE groups, it is necessary for clinical practice to work on individual, group and organisational levels.

  • 98.
    Forsman, Anna K
    et al.
    Åbo Akademi University, Faculty of Education and Welfare Studies, Vaasa, Finland.
    Fredén, Lars
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, NU-akademin Väst.
    Lindqvist, Rafael
    Uppsala University, Department of Sociology, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Wahlbeck, Kristian
    The Finnish Association for Mental Health, Helsinki, Finland.
    Contribution of the Nordic School of Public Health to the public mental health research field: a selection of research initiatives, 2007-2014.2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 43, no 16 Suppl, p. 66-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The field of public mental health has been defined by an expert group convened by the Nordic School of Public Health (NHV) as encompassing the experience, occurrence, distribution and trajectories of positive mental health and mental health problems and their determinants; mental health promotion and prevention of mental disorders; as well as mental health system policies, governance and organization. The mental health priorities of the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2010 signalled a mutual Nordic exchange of knowledge in the following thematic areas: child and adolescent mental health; working life and mental health; mental health in older people; strengthening the role of primary care in mental health service provision; stronger involvement of users and carers; and reduction of use of coercion in psychiatric care. Efforts to realize these priorities included commissioning the Nordic Research Academy for Mental Health, an NHV-based network of research institutions with a common interest in mental health research across the Nordic countries, to develop, organize and follow-up projects on public mental health. The research initiatives included mental health policy analysis, register-based research and research focused on the users' perspective in a Nordic context, as well as EU-level research policy analysis. The public mental health research conducted at the NHV highlighted the complexity of mental health and emphasized that the broad determinants of mental health need to be increasingly addressed in both public health research and practice. For example, health promotion actions, improved access to health care, a healthy alcohol policy and prevention of suicides and violence are all needed to reduce the life expectancy gap - a red flag indicator of public health inequalities. By exchanging knowledge and best practice, the collaboration between the Nordic countries contributes to the welfare of the region. The expertise and traditions developed at the NHV are of significant importance in this work.

  • 99.
    Friederici, Ida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Schmidt, Linda
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Tio deltagare i ett rehabiliteringsprojekts uppfattning av naturen och stadsmiljön utifrån en hälsoaspekt2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this paper is to examine the view of nature and the urban environment from a health point of view, from ten individuals in a rehabilitation Program, with focus on nature. Interview was chosen as method due to it was considered to be the most appropriate method to respond to the purpose of the paper. Using interview as method made it possible to understand the insights and thoughts of the individuals about the nature. The interviews where analyzed with inspiration from Steinar Kvale and his “meningskategorisering”. The result showed that the majority of the individuals experienced wellbeing when visiting the nature and its environment among plants and animals. The individuals experienced that the urban environment is a place where stress and noise from traffic is frequent. Despite that, many individuals feel that the natural environment for them is the urban environment. Most of the individuals points out that there is calm in the nature and a possibility for relaxation that does not exist in the urban environment in the same extent. The individuals describe the possibility to cope with the everyday life through the strength they receive from the nature.

  • 100.
    Førland, Georg
    et al.
    Høgskulen på Vestlandet, Avdeling for helsefag, Haugesund, Norway.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Silén, Charlotte
    Karolinska Institutet, Institutionen för Lärande, Informatik, Management och Etik, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ringsberg, Karin C.
    Göteborgs Universitet, Institutionen för Vårdvetenskap og Hälsa, Sahlgrenska Akademin,Göteborg, Sweden.
    Sense of Coherence: learning to live with chronic illness through health education2018In: Health Education Journal, ISSN 0017-8969, E-ISSN 1748-8176, Vol. 77, no 1, p. 96-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: This study examines people's experiences of how to live with a chronic disease, their learning needs and their reasons for participating in a health education programme. The aim of the study was to examine if and how a Sense of Coherence (SOC) might guide an understanding of learning processes inhealth education. Methods: This study has a qualitative study design with data collected through five group interviews. Interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis to identify principal categories of response. Directed content analysis was then used to reference the categories emerging in the first step to the study's theoretical framework. Results: Three main categories were found: (1) the ability to cope with daily life, (2) assets for a better lifeboth in the present and for the future, and (3) the need for knowledge. A synthesis of empirical findings with reference to the first stage of analysis, the three main aspects of learning, and the three dimensions of a SOC revealed that a SOC may be useful in guiding an understanding of learning processes in health education asa life-oriented mastering resource. Conclusion: SOC offers a useful framework for informing health education. Research is needed to deepen an understanding of how salutogenic theory can strengthen the development of health education programmes and understanding of participants' learning

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