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  • 51.
    Begicevic, Dias
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Vi ses på nätet: en studie om ungdomars sätt att umgås via datorn2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When young people today tend to spend part of their leisure time in front of the computer and communicate via various internet-based communication tools may the question be asked if the communication is different from the communication that takes place in reality, and this in turn influences the ability to communicate in an empathic way with their fellow human beings. The question formulation is about if communication via the internet and in real life is different from each other, how young people look at the interaction via the internet-based communication tools, and how this affects them. The method that has been used is qualitative interviews to get as detailed answer as possible by the respondents.The survey results show that young people differ in their way to be, depending on the form of socializing utilized. The selection of social company form are based on mood, the home's rules, weather and season. Internet-based communication tools are used more as a supplement to physical meetings rather than replacing them, in spite of this there is a skepticism from the parents against Internet communication. It can be concluded that the interaction and communication via the internet is not a substitute for physical interaction with other people, but rather serves as a complement to this. An awareness that the communication over the internet can seem harsher exists and it is not used in physical meetings and that communications over the internet seems to be more intense during a short period of adolescence can also conclude that the interaction with other people in real life is not significantly affected.The work does largely agree with what previous research has shown.

  • 52.
    Bender, Olivia
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Bjuhr, Nicolina
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Den viktigaste informationen når mig ändå: En studie om hur unga vuxna vill ta del av krisinformation under en pandemi2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ever since covid-19 was declared a global pandemic in March 2020, countries all over the world, including Sweden, have needed to improve their ability to communicate in times of crisis. Young adults make up a large part of the population and play a big role in reducing the spread of the virus, while at the same time being one of the more difficult groups to communicate with. The purpose of our study is to research how young adults want to receive information in a crisis and to identify suitable ways for authorities to reach out with important information. Our methodology has involved a web-based survey, as well as two group interviews which allowed us to dig deeper and get to know our sample population better. Both the survey and group interviews involved a variety of young adults from the age of 16-25. As the basis for study, we have used the theories uses and gratifications theory, which seeks to understand why people use different media outlets depending on the need they seek to meet and the news-find-me perception, which essentially is the idea that the information we will find us via social media, rather than needing to actively look for that information ourselves. Seeing as how social media plays a large part in the everyday lives of young adults, many previous studies have highlighted its potential as an effective channel to reach young adults with vital information in times of crisis. Our results show that authorities should make use of social media, and the importance of creating ads where both the message and content is adapted to the younger target audience. We have also noticed a desire for the information sent out via email or text to be more personal and relevant to those receiving it. In order to ensure the reliability and accuracy of the information, it is important that it comes directly from a trusted and/or authoritative source – which we in this case have identified to be The Swedish National Health Agency. 

  • 53.
    Bengtsson, Victor
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Persson, Felix
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Designprinciper för IT-system menat att söka, generera och validera data för hållbart beslutsfattande: En Action Design Research studie2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research study brings forth design principles for a search engine that supplies a basis for sustainable decision making. Earlier studies have presented five different perspectives of sustainability: Environment, Social, Economic, Technical, and Individual. These were provided through the Karlskrona Manifesto. Earlier research states that there are no given guidelines for how sustainability should be tackled nor what it really means. The chosen research approach Action Design Research lets researchers develop an artefact for an organizational problem. This study has together with GKN Aerospace in Trollhättandeveloped a search engine in Windows Form and the NoSQL database MongoDB. Throughinterviews with personal at GKN information was gathered about how they perceive technical, economic, and ecological sustainability relative to their organization and regarding their individual tasks. Through the analysis of the five interviews three wicked problems where identified. The foundlings showed there was a need for statistical support to enable better sustainable decisions. There were also different documents with different file formats without a clear structure of how they should be written. Some documents were also unavailable for analysis because they were never converted to digital format. To tackle these problems three design principles was created; Provide visual graphs that can be used as basis for sustainable decision making. Documents should be searchable unaffected by their file format. You should also be able to see the original document to get more statistic basis. The conclusion of the study is that the artefact supports the identified problems that came fourth during the interviews and support sustainable decision making. Although, the artefact must be further developed to be ready for deployment in an organization. Further research of the identified design principles should be examined as well as design principles for classified documents and policy-driven architecture. 

  • 54.
    Bennulf, Mattias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Danielsson, Fredrik
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Svensson, Bo
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Identification of resources and parts in a Plug and Produce system using OPC UA2019In: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 38, p. 858-865Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a method together with an implementation for automating the detection, identification and configuration of newly added resources and parts in a Plug and Produce system using OPC UA. In a Plug and Produce system, resources and parts are usually controlled by agents, forming a multi-agent system of collaborating resources. Hence, when a resource or part is connected to the system, a corresponding agent must be instantiated and associated with that specific device. In order to automate this, the system needs information about newly connected devices. This information could, for example, be positional data describing where the device is connected. Some devices like tools and parts to be processed have no own network connection, but still, they should get an agent with correct configuration instantiated. In this work, OPC UA is used for communication between devices and the corresponding agents. All agents and their communication are handled by an Agent Handling System, consisting of an OPC UA HUB together with functions for device detection and agent instantiation. The HUB is used for transferring data between devices and their agents in the network by OPC UA protocols. When a device is connected to the network, it is detected, and a connection is automatically created to the HUB that becomes configured for transmitting data between the device and its corresponding agent. © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

  • 55.
    Berg, Emma
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Krifter, Hanna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    The Power of Play: En kvalitativ studie om rekrytering och dess påverkan på de sökandes upplevelser2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to evaluate the use of gamification as a method in the initial stage of a recruitment process, with a focus on the experiences and perceptions of the applicants. Gamification is one of the methods used today to improve recruitment and make the process more effective. Games are used as part of the tests done on job applicants to test their suitability in reference to a specific job. The purpose of this essay is to investigate how these methods can affect the experience of the applicants in a recruitment process and their experience when it comes to a fair assessment. The data collection method used for this paper was semi-structured personal interviews. These individuals who have been interviewed have all been involved in a recruitment process that used gamification as a first initiating step. All the respondents are between 20-30 years old and are therefore a part of the age group that gamification primarily targets. The study found that gamification can enhance the applicant's engagement and experience, as well as contribute to a fairer assessment of candidates. However, further research is needed to identify the best practices to maximize the benefits of gamification and minimize its potential negative effects. Overall, the study shows that gamification can be a valuable tool in the recruitment process, but its effectiveness may depend on the attitude of the applicants and the context and design of the gamified tests.

  • 56.
    Bergman, Anna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Gustawsson, Tina
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Att designa efter typsnitt: En kvalitativ studie om typografins kraft och betydelse i designprocessen2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay addresses the questions about how and why a font can convey a certain impression, feeling or tonality on a website's headings. As well as the importance of being a designer or other professionals in the field, to have knowledge and awareness of fonts. We have chosen a qualitative method based on our questions. Through interviews and a focus group, we intend to study three fonts from three different fontfamilies. Roboto (sans serif), La Parisienne (regular script) and Fifty four (display /decorative). Theories are obtained from previous studies in the subject, we refer to literature by experts and the data comes from our empirical research that we have collected from our interviews and the focus group. We have developed a website in WordPress, that has been a practical element and has served as a platform for our research by presenting the fonts of our various headings. The results of this study showed that our selected fonts of the headlines were interpreted equally by our informants and everyone answers that it depends on what kind of a typeface it is. Fonts can be interpreted from many different perspectives, the form of a font affects people's interpretation a lot but also interpreted based on personality traits, through basic feelings, past associations, connotation and the majority's response which was consistent. The knowledge of fonts plays a central role in the early design process and it becomes important for a web designer to be able to master typography and understand its powers.

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  • 57.
    Berndtsson, Jesper
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    By, Mathias
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Cactuz: The modular toolbox for evaluating Intrusion Prevention Systems2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Intrusion prevention systems are a widely used today to protect the local network from threats on the world wide web by blocking unwanted packets, but still be able to forward desirable traffic. Before placing the intrusion prevention system in a live network, the system can be tested with it capabilities in a test environment.

    This paper is about the build of the toolbox "Cactuz", developed with 11 different test sce-narios with the availability to expand. The report contains general information about threats and attacks but also the software and tools included in the build. The result of the build is presented as the toolbox which includes multiple attacks and tests with a user interface. Cac-tuz is evaluated by Snort IPS where the evaluation of each attack is presented and analyzed.

  • 58.
    Bernhard, Irene
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Blomgren, Roger
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    En kritisk analys av IT-visioner inom hälsa och kultur2010In: Förvaltning och medborgarskap i förändring: etablerad praxis och kritiska perspektiv / [ed] Lindblad-Gidlund, Katarina, Ekelin, Annelie, Eriksén, Sara, Ranerup, Agneta, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2010, 1, p. 251-270Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 59.
    Bernhard, Irene
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Kompetensstrategier vid införande av kundcenter i kommuner2010In: Lärande i och för det nya arbetslivet / [ed] Lagrosen, Stefan, Lundh-Snis Ulrika, Nehls, Eddy, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2010, 1, p. 31-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 60.
    Bernhardsson, Lennarth
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Pineda, Maria Victoria
    Information Technology Department, College of Computer Studies.
    The Great Learning Experience: An attempt to understand learning from the wies of the millenial learners.2011In: Connecting Communities: The A B C D of eLearning, Palawan, 2011, p. 1-5Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Millenial learners are individuals born after 1985 with very wide exposure to various types of media enhanced by technology. They are persons who had listened to music while in the wombof their mothers and had watched television starting at age 0. Most of them would have hada music player or a game pad or a mobile phone at age 8. (Deterle, Dede and Schrier, 2008)These millenial learners grew up with constant web connectivity at their fingertips to assist themin their homeworks.

    The present pedagogies our academic institutions employ to support the learning style ofthe web generation of students may not be as suitable. Social constructivism, transformativelearning or problem-based learning, while prevalent in the Asian context, may be more perfectfor cognitively dynamic students. Our students nowadays are more adept to constructingknowledge, content (Attwell, 2007) and even more independent in their learning priorities.This study attempts to understand the new learning practices among our students. This studyattempts to find out how college students define what a good learning experience is. It is alsothe intention of the study to explore new educational practices and hopefully drive ways ofdesigning and developing the future of learning activities.

    The study was conceived in May 2011 and was planned to collect data in the form of shortvideos in a span of six months, from June to December. There will be two sets of samples, onefrom the students of De La Salle University of the Philippines (DLSU) and the other from thestudents of University West (UW) in Sweden.

    The experiment asked for a two minute video that will be created and expressed by anindividual or group of students. This meant planning and organization to compose the thoughts,the message and the content of the video. Since this contains the expression of the studentsthemselves, the self-expression equates to a great degree of authenticity.

    This paper will impart the work-in-progress of this experiment, the Great Learning Experience.To date, there are twenty videos from DLSU and fifteen videos from UW. This paper will tell themethods used in the different classes and the initial findings. Comparison of the UW and DLSUvideos is not included in the paper.

  • 61.
    Birgersson, Alexander
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science.
    Kutsomihas, Rickard
    University West, Department of Engineering Science.
    An open-source solution for network automation leveraged by Netbox, Ansibleand RESTCONF2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The demand for centralized management and automation of network devices is met with several tools and solutions. Some of them are brand specific, as such having to pay premium prizes for certain hardware and services is not uncommon.

    The purpose of this project is to create an open-source solution for network configurationby making a python script that interacts with the tools NetBox, Ansible and the RESTCONF protocol. Which are already used in the field for various tasks and steps.

    The methodology consists of three major phases: information gathering, design and implementation, testing and evaluation, which can be summarized in this sequence: Gain knowledge → Create flowcharts → Create pseudo code → Commence coding → Test script.

    The result of the project is a solution achieving network automation by combined usage of aforementioned tools. Although severely limited in use case it can serve as a first iteration as part of a DevOps approach.

    When a user makes a change to a networking device in the NetBox GUI, by either updating the hostname, create/update/delete an interface or assign/remove an IP-address to an interface, the device will be configured to reflect the change and to save the new configuration.The developed script is released as open-source to make it available for further development or implementation.

  • 62.
    Bjureblad, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Skarp, Lina
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Den "ofullkomliga" perfektionen: En kvantitativ studie i hur väl filmpubliken kan urskilja digitalt framställda ansikten från verkliga skådespelare2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Concerns that actors in the future are at risk of being replaced by digital copies (Wahl, 2019) and the problem that photorealistic faces often end up in the Uncanny Valley (MacDorman et al. 2009) are addressed in this study. The study examines which factors that affects the believability in a digitally created face. With this study we want to contribute to the current research on what factors can reveal a digital face. By investigating what elements affect the conviction of digital facial replacements we can get a better understanding of the technical development. The research has been based on a quantitative method. A questionnaire was sent out via Facebook to people with an interest in film and/or animation. The form contained clips from various big-budget films in which actors' faces were retouched or completely replaced by CGI. The participants in the survey were presented with questions involving which characters they thought were digitally created and whether they recognized any of the actors. The result showed that it is easier for the film audience to discern digital faces if they recognized the actor. We could not see that the technical development had any noticeable effect on the result. From our investigation it appeared that digital characters appear more convincing in darker environments and if using moderate facial expressions.

  • 63.
    Bjurström, Erik
    et al.
    Mälardalen University (SWE).
    Schüler, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Strömberg, Anette
    Mälardalen University (SWE).
    Roxström, Git
    Swedish Defence Research Agency (SWE).
    Data quality and analysts’ role in AI enhanced C22023In: International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS) proceedings, 2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Command and Control (C2) raises questions about the interaction between operators on different levels on the one hand and AI-supported information systems on the other. For some purposes, the aggregation and analysis of large “big data”-sets creates potential for prediction and calculations of probabilities, while for other purposes human heuristics may be as promising depending on the situation. What has been more rarely discussed, is the very quality of data underpinning such calculations, and thus also operators’ awareness of the validity of predictions in relation to any specific situation. This is an urgent debate, considering the fact that full transparency may be impossible and underpinning data may be based on exercises, simulations, real-time data, or a mix thereof. Based on a fundamental classification of different kinds of uncertainties, this article discusses how data of different origins and quality can be managed and communicated to allow for operators to assess on what basis predictions are made. The article further suggests that looking at other fields of research may be useful for exploring unconventional ways of highlighting the existence and quality of different kinds of data of different origins in order to assess its predictive power. Finally, the article discusses how AI may change the role of analysts with regard to such issues.

  • 64.
    Björkman, Inger
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Johansson, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Implications of IT in Different Professions2006In: Information Technology: New Generations, 2006. ITNG 2006. Third International Conference on10-12 April 2006, 2006, p. 11-19Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Development of information systems and IT are continuously ongoing in almost every company and organisation. More and more IT development is performed in organisations characterised by professional work. Two studies are performed to point out two types of professions. One study is carried out at an airbase within the Swedish Air Force and one study is done in a health care organisation in Sweden. The aim of this paper is to describe and analyse the different types of professional work in these organisations. Some implications of the use of IT in different types of professional work are addressed

  • 65.
    Blomqvist, Minna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Att genomföra säkerhetsträning med Virtual Reality-teknik: Verksamheters digitalisering mot en hållbar utveckling2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research study examines when and how an organization can recognize a digitalization of safety training to become sustainable through VR technology. Previous studies have showcased advantages with safety training through VR by reducing cost and eliminate potential danger. Other previous studies show a relation between VR and a reinforced sustainable development. In this regard this research aims to identify a combination of sustainable dimensions with the advantages with safety training in VR. To conclude, these five interviews were made with respondents from a project where VR was implemented to their safety training. The interviews were structed to find acceptance and usage for VR technology and through implementation. The result from the study showed how the organization performed and achieved acceptance and sustainable dimensions made through the accessibility of the technology. In the discussion the result is presented of how the organization underpins their sustainable development by implementing VR to safety training. 

  • 66.
    Boklund, Andreas
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Performance Prediction of Future Generation Computer Systems2006In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Computing: San Sebastian, Spain, Feb 25-28, 2006, p. 42-48Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 67.
    Boklund, Andreas
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Wombat lurar nätskurkarna2006In: Datormagazin, ISSN 1650-1306, no 10, p. 86-90Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 68.
    Boklund, Andreas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Christiernin, Stefan
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Skriv en bandbreddsmätare i C2007In: Datormagazin, ISSN 1650-1306, no 7, p. 113-117Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 69.
    Boklund, Andreas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Christiernin, Stefan
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Johansson, Christer
    Lindell, Håkan
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    A Comprative Study of Forward and Reverse Engineering in UML Tools2007In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Computing: Salamanca 2007, Spain, IADIS , 2007, p. 535-540Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the process of developing computer based applications the use of descriptive models to depict the architecture and design of the application is practical and brings many advantages. The most commonly used standard today is the Unified Modeling Language. There are many tools that implemented support for this standard for modeling, and they vary in functionality. A comparative study, including a selection of these tools, will show advantages and disadvantages for each tool. The purpose of this study is to test a selection of these modeling tools for a typical three-tier layered web service application. The tools tested in this study are Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 .NET Beta, PowerDesigner and Visual Paradigm. Rational Rose would have been included if it would have supported C#. In this study tests are performed in regard to modeling a class diagram, forward engineering to source code from the class diagram and reverse engineering from source code to class diagram. Despite the shortage of diagram types MS Visual Studio proved to be the most reliable tool for this particular type of applications.

  • 70.
    Boklund, Andreas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Jiresjö, Christian
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Mankefors, Stefan
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    The Story Behind Midnight, a Part Time High Performance Cluster2003In: International conference on Parallel and Distributed Processing Techniques and Applications / [ed] Hamid R. Arabnia, Las Vegas: CSREA Press , 2003, p. 173-178Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we present the creation process andthe purpose behind the Midnight cluster. It isdisguised as a computer laboratory during the day,but turns into a high performance compute clusterduring the night.The main focus of this paper is on the basic issueswith creating a part time compute cluster. TheMidnight cluster was constructed to serve both as aCPU harvester and as a platform for further studies.The main goal of our upcoming research is toev aluate different methods for handling shapechangeand process management on the cluster, andhow these factors affect running processes, stabilityand performance.

  • 71.
    Boklund, Andreas
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Namaki, Nima
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Mankefors-Christiernin, Stefan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics. University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Gustafsson, J
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Lingbrand, M
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Dual-core efficiency for engineering simulation applications2008In: 2008 International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Processing Techniques and Applications, PDPTA 2008: Las Vegas, NV; 14 July 2008 through 17 July 2008, 2008, p. 962-968Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 72.
    Boklund, Andreas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Namaki, Nima
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Mankefors-Christiernin, Stefan
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Jiresjö, Christian
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    A characterisation tool for the impact of network deficiencies on HPC applications2008In: Proceedings of the 2008 International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Processing Techniques and Applications, PDPTA 2008, 2008, p. 888-894Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 73.
    Bongcam, Filip
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Tapper, Gustav
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    UX Design och Företag: Vikten av UX design för ett företags identitet och utveckling2023Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With an increasing amount of people on the internet, competition arises for companies with an online business. The purpose of this research has been to find out how the UX design of a company's website can affect the company. Can a company's website with a good UX design gain a compe44ve advantage against a company's website with a bad UX design. How much can the UX design affect a customer, is the appearance even important on a company's website?

    Through a comparative quantative method, a survey was conducted where two company pages were compared based on the user's experience of the most basic aspects of a web page. Aspects like the navigation, appearance and its content. Based on these aspects, an assessment was made regarding how good or bad the user experience was on the web pages. Did the company make a credible impression based on the experience around these components?

    The survey shows that it actually has an impact when it comes to building reliability, which a good user experience entails. This can be observed in the result of the survey which shows the relationship between the result of the comparison and the theories mentioned in this survey.

  • 74.
    Borjesson, Anna
    et al.
    Ericsson, Goteborg.
    Pareto, Lars
    IT University of Goteborg.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Staron, Miroslaw
    IT University of Goteborg.
    Continuing professional development by practitioner integrated learning2007In: Companion to the 22nd ACM SIGPLAN conference on Object-oriented programming systems and applications companion: Conference on Object Oriented Programming Systems Languages and Applications, ACM , 2007, p. 897-907Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 75.
    Boström, Malin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Staciwa, Monika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Digital Nudging för hållbarhet: En experimentell studie om digital nudging för hållbarhet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how digital user interface systems with digital nudges shaped based on FBM (Fogg Behavior Model) and the PSD model (Persuasive Systems Design) can be used for the promotion of sustainable consumption patterns.

    The study's data collection methods are experimental user tests in a semi-controlled environment where user data on a mobile-based user interface design is collected for analysis. The user interface tested was of a prototype mobile app, made for the purpose of this study. Complementary interviews of the participants were performed in connection with the tests in order to gain a deeper understanding of the design situation and the factors that may have an impact on the users' choice, their experiences and attitudes, among other things.

    The results of the experiment in which various digital nudges are tested are interpreted and analyzed from a persuasive design perspective using the FBM and PSD models that conceptualize persuasive design. The intention is to see which factors lead users to more sustainable consumption behaviors.

    We conclude with a discussion on how to apply these models in order to design nudges in context for sustainability purposes. The discussion is intended to lead to an inductive conclusion about which variables and which conditions work best to lead users to more environmentally friendly alternatives using nudges.

  • 76.
    Bramfors, Emanuel P
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Distansmöten i verksamheten: En fallstudie av distansmöten i Fyrbodals kommunalförbund2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the essay is to investigate what experiences and views officials and management, within a public organization such as Fyrbodals Kommunalförbund, have regarding distance meetings. Another purpose of the study is to account for what factors the respondents consider important in order to improve the quality and efficiency of distance meetings. In this essay meeting culture, meeting tools and meeting management within Fyrbodals kommunalförbund are focused. I choose to do the research in this particular organization due to earlier experiences in it, which have motivated me to study it further.

    Case study, with the emphasis of qualitative studies, has been used as research method. I have had a qualitative approach in my essay, with aspects such as usability regarding technique and individuals' experiences and views of distance meetings as a main focus. The different methods used in this case study were semi structured interviews, studies of documents and literary studies. By partly using a few selected parameters of Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology, (UTAUT), usability regarding technique could be analyzed in an efficient manner. UTAUT is a theory based on eight other models for user acceptance of new technique. In my interviews, I was able to identify several issues, within the frame of usability. By using UTAUT, patterns and formations could be discerned. The results of the study show that distance meetings overall is something positive, due to the fact that they do not include travelling, can save money and because the distance meetings are efficient. The most important findings that affect efficiency as well as quality when using distance meetings were a clear, predetermined structure of the meeting using a trained chairman to lead them, and repetitive training of the communication tools.

  • 77.
    Broberg, Patrik
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Process and Product Development.
    Towards Automation of Non-Destructive Testing of Welds2011Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    All welding processes can give rise to defects that will weaken the joint and can lead to failure of the welded structure. Because of this, non-destructive testing (NDT) of welds have become increasingly important to ensure the structural integrity when the material becomes thinner and stronger and welds become smaller; all to reduce weight in order to save material and reduce emissions due to lighter constructions.

    Several NDT methods exists for testing welds and they all have their advantages and disadvantages when it comes to the types and sizes of defects that are detectable, but also in the ability to automate the method. Several methods were compared using common weld defects to determine which method or methods were best suited for automated NDT of welds. The methods compared were radiography, phased array ultrasound, eddy current, thermography and shearography. Phased array ultrasound was deemed most suitable for detecting the weld defects used in the comparison and for automation and was therefore chosen to be used in the continuation of this work. Thermography was shown to be useful for detecting surface defects; something not easily detected using ultrasound. A combination of these techniques will be able to find most weld defects of interest.

    Automation of NDT can be split into two separate areas; mechanisation of the testing and automation of the analysis, both presenting their own difficulties. The problem of mechanising the testing has been solved for simple geometries but for more general welds it will require a more advance system using an industrial robot or similar. Automation of the analysis of phased array ultrasound data consists of detection, sizing, positioning and classification of defects. There are several problems to solve before a completely automatic analysis can be made, including positioning of the data, improving signal quality, segmenting the images and classifying the defects. As a step on the way towards positioning of the data, and thereby easing the analysis, the phase of the signal was studied. It was shown that the phase can be used for finding corners in the image and will also improve the ability to position the corner as compared to using the amplitude of the signal. Further work will have to be done to improve the signal in order to reliably analyse the data automatically.

  • 78.
    Bruhn, Mikael
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Bra mobil webbdesign och svenska företag: Hur Sveriges 99 största företags mobila webbsajter förhåller sig till 5 riktlinjer för mobil webbdesign2021Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For a mobile website to be user friendly, it is important that it meets the limitations a mobile unit comes with. Today, there are many guidelines for how to do that. In this report, Sweden’s 99 largest companies are tested against five such guidelines:

    1. Use a menu icon instead of always showing the entire navigation menu.

    2. Have a horizontal layout on the navigation menu.

    3. Use a single column layout on the site.

    4. Have a link to the full website.

    5. Give visited links another design.

    The results show that almost all of the examined companies follow guideline 1 and 3, while the other guidelines are seldom or never fulfilled. The conclusion thus becomes that there are clear development areas here, since guideline 4 makes the same information and services available for users regardless of what unit the site is reached from, while guideline 2 and 5 both effectivize the user’s reading of the website.

  • 79.
    Bäck, Pernilla
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Sidhu Koskela, Niklas
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    En mobil stads-applikation i Trollhättans utveckling mot en smartare stad2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper maps out the possibility to create and implement a mobile application based on a project brief from mCity, that will help Trollhättan in becoming a smarter city. The reader gains a deeper understanding of how, with the help of data collection and analysis can infer patterns and based on that, create an interface as well as content that meets project objectives and contribute to the development from a Smart City perspective.We have, by interviewing local government employees and citizens, created a prototype built upon approved methods in usability that meets the above criteria which has also been tested on further citizens to evaluate the usability and user experience.Using this mapping, we believe that the future development and implementation of this and/or a similar type of application has been facilitated and the reconciliations made, indicate that such an implementation would also be of Trollhättan's advantage in its quest to become a smarter city

  • 80.
    Bäckman, Kjell
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Ant Colony Optimization and Evolutionary Algorithms Applied to Jazz Solo Improvisation2010Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     

    This paper describes an experiment of using a variant of the TSP (Traveling Salesman Problem) of ACO (Ant Colony Optimization) and automatic fitness in the evolutionary algorithm to create jazz improvisation solos. It is a sub-project of our overall EJI (Evolutionary Jazz Improvisation) project, where we try to explore the inner nature of jazz music and model jazz improvisation solos and jazz harmony in the computer by means of evolutionary algorithms, swarm theory, chaos theory, neural networks, memetics and other kinds of heuristics

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  • 81. Bäckman, R
    et al.
    Christiernin, Linn G.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Mankefors-Christiernin, Stefan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics. University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    MIDAS: a process support tool for multi-layered designsIn: Journal of Information Technology Theory and Application, ISSN 1552-6496, E-ISSN 1532-4516Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 82.
    Börjesson, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Ajdini, Diana
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Användarens integritet på sociala medier: Hur användare själva ser på deras integritet samt hur de går tillväga för att hålla deras information säker2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The issue surrounding information privacy on social media has become an important issue in today's world, where we use social media on the daily. Daily we use our phones or computer to create a digital mark on social media platforms, especially amongst young people. The amount of data this creates has led us into the Big Data era.

    This study examines how young people perceive social media in relation to their privacy. Additionally, this study examines which actions young people take to keep their information safe. We used the communication privacy management theory and created a survey to examine our subject.

    The study shows that a knowledge and awareness about data collection on social media amongst young people exist. The study also shows that actions such as: privacy-settings and regular changes of passwords on social media are popular actions amongst young people to keep their information and privacy safe.

  • 83.
    Börjesson, Sarah
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Stor på marknaden, liten i flödet: En kvalitativ fallstudie om visuell kommunikation, varumärkesidentitet och engagemang för företag på Instagram2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today companies need to create a strong brand as means of competition to handle the increased globalization, a part of this work is to create brand awareness and brand association through a clear visual identity. Social media is seen as a tool for companies to strengthen their brand and the relation to the consumer. Instagram is the fastest growing network, whose purpose is the visual communication. It can therefore be seen as a tool for companies to strengthen their visual brand identity. But while there are opportunities, there is also a picture of companies finding it difficult to break through and create commitment. The purpose of this study has therefore been to examine how companies with visual communication and their brand identity can create content that creates commitment. A qualitative case study has been implemented where a company's work with their content on Instagram has been examine, to see how they are working from the concepts and what it has generated in commitment. The methods quantitative content analysis and semi structured interview has been used. The result of the study shows how visual communication and brand identity can contribute to create a feeling and cognitive thought activity at the recipient. Two important dimensions in commitment on social media and how the consumer engages with a brand. In the end recommendations for future studies are made to compare one or more companies, and influencers, in their work with their content on Instagram. But also a comparative qualitative analysis between the company's posts.

  • 84.
    Cadier, Agnes
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Preuss, Carolina
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Informationsspridning ur ledningens perspektiv inför förändring: En kvalitativ studie på ett internationellt tillverkningsföretag i Sverige2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden's prosperity is one fifth based on successful and innovative industries. To be able to meet the increasingly demanding and complex market the manufacturing companies need to be able to change. This, in turn, puts high pressure on leadership and internal and external communication before a transformation within the organisation, even more so on a global organisation.

    To meet these requirements, the manufacturing companies need to work hands on with dissemination of information between the organization's boundaries before change. This study aims to investigate how management can work with dissemination of information before a change. A qualitative method approach was used to answer the study's research question and the method of choosing was semistructured individual interviews. Sensemaking was used as a theoretical perspective to analyse the collected data. The study results show that management and bosses need to adapt their way of communication depending on which individual the information is addressed to, and that organizations need to work with organizational culture to encourage change. This study also reversals that it is important for concerned organisational members to feel involved in, and to understand the meaning with, the change. The management within the organization can therefore establish a change group to work with these issues.

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  • 85. Calås, G.
    et al.
    Christiernin, Stefan
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Boklund, Andreas
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Robustness Analysis and Technology Forecasting: Survey on a Missing Combination in Software Development2006In: Proceedings of the International conference on Software Engineering :: innsbruck, Austria, 2006, p. 329-334Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 86.
    Calås, Göran
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Boklund, Andreas
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Mankefors-Christiernin, Stefan
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    A First Draft of RATF: A Method Combining Robustness Analysis and Technology Forecasting2006In: Information Technology: New Generations, 2006. ITNG 2006. Third International Conference on, 2006, p. 72-77Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on an extensive study performed on a large software suite for over a decade. From the experiences derived from this study we created a first draft of a method combining an extended robustness analysis (RA) method with the future oriented method of technology forecasting (TF). In this method TF provides information about the systems future evolution to the RA which then generates the software design. The RA and TF methods then form a feedback loop, which results in an improved reusable and robust software design. The purpose of the RATF method is to predict the evolutional path of the software system, thus making preparations for (example) functionality that will be needed in future generations, i.e. utilizing the power-of-prediction to implement the base of tomorrow's functions today

  • 87.
    Calås, Göran
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Mankefors-Christiernin, Stefan
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Boklund, Andreas
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Combining robust analysis and technology forecasting: A missing combination in contemporary methods2006In: Proceedings of the IASTED International Conference on Software Engineering: as part of the 24th IASTED International Multi-Conference on APPLIED INFORMATICS, Innsbruck, 2006, p. 329-334Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Seven software engineering methods and one general purpose system engineering method TRIZ was evaluated concerning their abilities to combine software technology forecasting, that is prediction of potential software evolution with robustness analysis, which is a method to model a system tolerant to changes. None of the investigated software engineering method or process concepts combines software technology forecasting with robustness analysis to any great extent. Several of the methods evaluated do contribute with techniques and principles, that potentially could be combined and give systematically technology forecasting with comprehensively robustness analysis though. This defines a new frontier for research into a combined "super class" method for software development.

  • 88.
    Cardon, Peter W.
    et al.
    University of South Carolina.
    Marshall, Bryan
    Georgia College, State Univ.
    Choi, Jeongil
    Soongsiil Univ.
    El-Shinnaway, Maha. M.
    American Univ. of Cairo.
    North, Matthew
    Washington Jefferson College.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Wang, Sujie
    Nankai Univ.
    Noris, Daniel T.
    McNeese State University.
    Cui, Lixin
    Beijing Institute of Technology.
    Goreva, Natalya
    Point Park Univ..
    Raungpaka, Voraphan
    Kasetsart University.
    Usluata, Ayseli
    Kasetsart University.
    Whelan, Catherine
    Georgia College & State Univ.
    Cho, Juyun
    Colorado State Univ. - Pueblo.
    Collier, Caroline
    Georgia College & State Univ.
    Nillson, Stefan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Ravid, Gilad
    University of Haifa.
    Valenzuala, Juan Pablo
    Georgia College & State Univ..
    Online and offline social ties of social network website users: An exploratory study in eleven societies2009In: Journal of Computer Information Systems, ISSN 0887-4417, Vol. 50, no 1, p. 54-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents results of a survey about social network website (SNW) usage that was administered to university students in China, Egypt, France, Israel, India, Korea, Macao, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, and the United States. The offline and online social ties of SNW users were examined by nationality, levels of individualism-collectivism (I-C), gender, SNW usage, age, and access location. Contrary to existing literature, we found no differences in the number of offline friends between individualist and collectivist nations. Similarly, there was not a difference in the number of online social ties between individualist and collectivist nations. However, members of collectivist nations had significantly more online social ties never met in person. Heavy SNW users in individualist nations maintained significantly higher numbers of offline social ties; however, heavy SNW users in collectivist nations did not have higher numbers of offline social ties. Related implications and recommendations are provided.

  • 89.
    Carlson, Thomas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    The Life of A.R.T: Storing and anonymizing user data from public profiles2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this work we present an implementation of the t-closeness first microaggregation algorithm into a Python program called ART-Analytics. The project requires that user data that it collects from Instagram be anonymized and stored somewhere in a secure location. Over the course of this work an individual test version was created and then implemented into the existing software upon when it was finished. Evaluations of this work were done by calculating the SSE of the algorithm using test data, and whether or not the goals of the project were achieved as a result of this work. Testing and analysis show that the algorithm works well when used with attributes that have a low variance as the basis for the algorithm, and that it fulfills the needs of the project. 

  • 90.
    Carlsson, Lotta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Ramare, Isabella
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Visionen av det framtida stadslivet: En semiotisk analys av informationsfilmer om det Västsvenska paketet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The future is often created by visions since we tend to strive towards them to reach the future wedesire, a vision can thus affect both lives and destinies (Rubin, 2013:40). Therefore it's relevant to attempt to understand how visions of the future are visualized and communicated. It's also important for these visualizations to be well-made and thought-through so that people understand and want to follow the vision (Baum, Locke, Kirkpatrick, 1998:45). We chose to examine this phenomenon by studying three movies about the West Swedish Package; The dream of the good life (2011), West Swedish Package - an investment that paves the way for the future (2014) och Västsvenska Paketet - Möten mellan människor (2014). Using a semiotic analysis we examined how the vision of future urban life was presented. We also looked at the rhetorical elements that are used to present the vision. We found several similarities in how the vision was presented in the films. Overall they show a very optimistic future. They paint a picture of the good life where only certain kinds of people and lifestyles are depicted. On the rhetorical plane they use a lot of emotionally persuasive arguments (patos), they try to gain trust (etos) and they use some logical arguments (logos). We also discuss if an overly optimistic image of the future could generate a negative response, especially in such ad ebated topic as the West Swedish Package.

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  • 91.
    Carrasco Henriksson, Rebecka
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    En läkande lek: Digitala spel som stöd till ett barn i sorg2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Games are a natural part of many people's everyday lives and have gone from being a divergent interest to become Sweden's biggest cultural export. As a result from this expansion, digital tools had to be further developed and through this progress these tools have reached new areas of usage, which has created new challenges for game developers. The games that offers a higher purpose than pure entertainment goes under the genre serious games. Serious games are used in various application areas such as; in the military, health care, education, business, and psychology, which is the framework of this thesis. By combining and unifying previous research grounded in psychology and game science I want to answer the questions: How can games be used as a therapeutic tool in a child's grieving process? and, Which features should such a game focus on? These questions are answered through the information gathered from two interviews conducted with respondents that have different expertise within the area of this study, this to reach a broader perspective.

    A child's grieving process can manifest itself in various ways depending on the individual's level of sensitivity. It is therefore difficult to draw any general conclusions on how such a game should be designed. All games have the opportunity to motivate and engage, but this is not unique to a serious game and therefore a measurement function is essential in a digital rehabilitation tool to provide the therapist with valuable information about the patient.

    The figurative language makes it possible for the child to communicate where the spoken language sometimes has limits. For older children social support can be important as it creates opportunities to meet others in similar situations and together work towards improvement.

    Grief is a non-linear process and can present itself in many different ways and it is therefore important that the game should offer various turn-outs to make it adaptable for the individual.

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  • 92.
    Carstensen, Peter H.
    et al.
    Technical University of Denmark, Denmark.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    On knowledge management: a field study2000In: Internet-Based Organisational Memory and Knowledge Management, IPG Group Publishing , 2000, p. 170-198Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is widely acknowledged that knowledge is one of the most important assets of today's organizations. According to Davenport and Prusak (1998), knowledge is often a company's greatest competitive advantage in a global economy. How to support the company's knowledge-intensive work processes (e.g., quality support, product design or strategic planning) is therefore becoming a vital issue in many organizations worldwide. Identification, analysis and characterization of the knowledge-intensive work processes become essential in order to qualify a discussion of how to support knowledge management processes. This chapter presents, discusses and reflects upon findings from a study of how highly skilled actors manage information and knowledge, i.e., how information is gathered from a wide range of sources, structured according to needs and relevance for the users, and disseminated to the relevant suppliers in the organization. The aim of the chapter is two-folded: first, to contribute to the general empirical body of knowledge about knowledge-intensive work, especially focusing on the central characteristics of the knowledge management processes; secondly, to initiate a discussion of which overall requirements we must set up for how knowledge management processes could be supported by means of information and communication technology. Knowledge-intensive work processes often concern collaborative problem-solving and mutual support that require effective ways of handling information and knowledge between different people, both in short-term and long-term situations. The distributed and dynamic nature of knowledge management work also imposes a high degree of complexity involving many different actors with different conceptualizations, interpretations, perspectives, needs, etc. of the knowledge produced and approached. The various actors have different perspectives on the concept of knowledge. The work needed to articulate knowledge and make information and knowledge accessible becomes extremely demanding and complex. Often face-to-face interaction is required. However, in complex and collaborative work settings the problem of articulating knowledge by rich interaction and communication is obvious. The actors are distributed both geographically and temporally. There is a need for computer-based mechanisms for interaction and coordination of information and knowledge (cf. e.g., Carstensen and Wulf, 1998).

  • 93.
    Cederlund, Jonas
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Grahl, Mathias
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Native- vs webbapplikation i Sverige: Vilka för- och nackdelar ser svenska applikationsföretag på native- kontra webbapplikation och vad har de för behov av offlinefunktionalitet i webbapplikationer?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since Apple launched their first iPhone that introduced applications inside mobile phones, it has become a growing trend to create applications for every possible purpose. From the beginning, when applications grew popular, they were developed using a native language as a foundation, but today you can develop applications in many different ways. So how does development look in Swedish application companies? Do they use native- or web applications, and what differences do they see between native- and web applications? In the meantime, web applications have evolved and become more advanced to a degree where they have started to replace desktop applications and use complex business logic. The browser was not originally supposed to be the software platform it has become today and web technology is having problems keeping up with the pace of the needs.

    The biggest difference between web applications and desktop applications or native applications is currently offline availability as a consequence of web applications not being installed like regular applications. Based on a request from a company that is developing web applications, this survey has with the help of a group interview and questionnaires taken a deeper look as to what the need is for offline availability and what possibilities there are. The results show that the companies surveyed view native applications as more responsive and better suited for processor and graphics intensive tasks while web apps are considered advantageous due to its cross-platform nature.The survey shows that there is a certain need for offline functionality among the companies but it is complicated to implement. Ready-made solutions and strategies for offline functionality can be applied to web applications.

  • 94.
    Cerna, Katerina
    et al.
    Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lundin, Johan
    Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Steineck, Gunnar
    The Sahlgrenska Academy, Jubileumsklininken, Sweden.
    Decision-support System for Cancer Rehabilitation: Designing for Incorporating of Quantified Data into an Existing Practice2018In: Proceedings of the 10th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction / [ed] Gerd Berget, ACM Publications, 2018, p. 747-753Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent development in self-monitoring devices indicates that using quantified data in clinical practicesupporting chronic diseases management holds a big potential. However, exploration of this design space also suggests that some unattended challenges still exist, such as a low adoption rate of self-monitoring tools in existing clinical practice. In this text, wetherefore focus on the ways healthcare professionalsuse quantified data in their practice. We draw onempirical data from an ethnographic study of a cancer rehabilitation center. Our preliminary findings suggestthat the self-monitoring tool supported the nurses'work because it became a functional complement totheir work by allowing them to appropriate the deviceto their and the patients' needs.

  • 95.
    Chaath, Hiba
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    The emergence of a new profession: The knowledge base for integration workers in civic orientation2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has been a target for immigrants since the Second World War. However, in the last few years a huge number of immigrants had moved to Sweden. To integrate the new immigrants fast in the society, Sweden has updated the integration policy. One of the changes in the integration policy is to offer a mandatory course about the Swedish society for immigrants, called civic orientation course. The course is conducted in the immigrants' mother tongue which increases the recruitment demands for integration workers who master two languages (Swedish and immigrants' mother language) and have a pedagogical knowledge. Integration workers teach immigrants with different backgrounds, ages, and educational level. In addition, the demands for such a job have a dynamic nature that depends on the immigrants' need of the course. This study is an exploratory research that aims to investigate the knowledge and skills for the integration workers and the organization's role in developing the integration workers' competence. This research is carried out by comparing two case studies in Trollhattan introduction centrum and Gothenburg integration centrum. The data were collected using in-depth semi-structured interviews; eight interviews were held in Gothenburg integration centrum and two in Trollhattan introduction centrum. The interviews were analyzed using a qualitative content analysis method. The results showed that integration workers have different backgrounds and expertise and they integrate their previous experiences into their job. There is an agreement on some certain skills as classroom management, conflicts handling and dialogue activation. The integration organizations offer different activities to develop the knowledge of the integration workers. However, the organizations under the study face challenges in benefiting from the integration workers' individual knowledge and activating sharing knowledge inside and outside the organization. A cooperative knowledge creation model for the integration organizations is suggested to enhance the knowledge management process and push for establishing a shared knowledge base for the field of integration work in civic orientation. Wiki is suggested as a mean for implementing the cooperative knowledge creation model. Wiki is a collaborative tool that can stimulate the knowledge creation and enable knowledge sharing at both individual and organizational levels. Moreover, it can enhance the organizations' collaboration. Thus, it can direct the integration organizations towards standardization in course's design and the development of the integration work field.

  • 96.
    Christiernin Gustafsson, Linn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Gustavsson, M.
    Ohlsson, A.
    Boklund, Andreas
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Division for Computer Science.
    Prototyping a Multi-Layered Help - a User Involved Exploratory Design2006In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Computing: San Sebastian, Spain. Feb 25-28, 2006, p. 315-323Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 97.
    Christiernin, Linn G.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Guiding the designer: a radar diagram process for applications with multiple layers2010In: Interacting with computers, ISSN 0953-5438, E-ISSN 1873-7951, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 107-122Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 98.
    Christiernin, Linn G.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Pros, cons and problems with the MLD concept: M+ a suggestion for the next generation of layered structuresIn: Journal of Computer Science and Technology, ISSN 1000-9000, E-ISSN 1860-4749Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 99.
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    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    A case study evaluation of RDPM: a process confirmed successfulIn: Interacting with computers, ISSN 0953-5438, E-ISSN 1873-7951Article in journal (Refereed)
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    Människor, Robotar och Maskiner2014In: Fokus Industri : Den svenska ekonomins motor, no November, p. 22-22Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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