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  • 51.
    Abrahamsson, Sebastian
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Cedenheim, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Om du ska kräva rättigheter så finns det ju skyldigheter": lärarstudenters syn på politiskt deltagande och medborgarskap2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att med hjälp av modeller om medborgarskap undersöka blivande gymnasielärares syn på medborgarskap och politiskt deltagande i förhållande till sig själva och deras framtida elever. Studien berör blivande lärares föreställningar kring fyra områden; politiskt deltagande, medborgarskap, kontroversiella ämnen och politisk aktivism samt undersöker förväntningarna som de har på elever utifrån dessa fyra huvudpunkter.

    Materialet har samlats in genom kvalitativa samtalsintervjuer med fyra stycken blivande gymnasielärare utifrån en semistrukturerad modell. De har därefter analyserats med hjälp av olika kärnfrågor och de fyra områden – som presenterats ovan – med ursprung från Isin & Turners modeller för medborgarskap. Kärnfrågor i detta fall är de frågor i intervjuguiden (Se Bilaga 2) som baserats på de frågeställningar som studien bygger på. Svaren har sammanfattats och presenterats i en tabell där varje respondents svar har jämförts med varandra för att synliggöra återkommande mönster och föreställningar.

    Resultatet visar både likheter och skillnader mellan respondenternas och utifrån detta identifieras en idealtyp för hur medborgaren bör se ut baserat på återkommande gemensamma föreställningar. Svaren jämförs även med Isin & Turners (2002) liberal och deras republikanska modell. Svaren kan inte sammankopplas helt till varken liberal eller republikansk modell utan hamnar i ett mellanläge.

  • 52.
    Abrahamsson, Stefan
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Omvårdnadsbehov och omvårdnadsåtgärder vid feber med utgångspunkt från Hendersons faktorer2003Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 53.
    Abrahamsson, Sten
    et al.
    Gotland University.
    Tosteby, Jonas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Process and Product Development.
    Isaksson, Raine
    Gotland University.
    Integrated Management Systems: testing a model for integration2011In: 14th Toulon-Verona Conference: Organizational Excellence in Service. Conference Proceedings / [ed] Jacques Martin & Claudio Baccarani., Alicante: University of Alicante , 2011, p. 22-35Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Management systems are widely used for creating order, minimising risks and for assuring performance. Management systems are in many occasions integrated since this has been found to be beneficial. In this paper a model for a fully integrated management system (IMS) based on the three axes of level, extent and scope of integration is tested for relevance. The studied system permits the integration of all relevant process dimensions. The research is only in a pilot stage, but the initial results are promising and indicate that there are advantages in using the process view as a base for identifying critical aspects to be managed. A review of the current situation for system integration is studied and the model is subjected to some tests using Sweden as a case. The background study shows that system integration still is limited, especially when comparing with a fully integrated IMS. The feedback from the organisations interviewed is positive and supports continued work with development of the model.

  • 54. Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    et al.
    Hult, Håkan
    Dahlgren, Lars Owe
    Hård af Segerstad, Helene
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    From Senior Student to Novice Worker: Learning Trajectories in Political Science, Psychology and Mechanical Engineering2009In: The Routledge international handbook of higher education / [ed] Tight, Malcolm, New York: Routledge , 2009, p. 165-179Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 55.
    Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Science.
    Hult, Håkan
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Science.
    Dahlgren, Lars Owe
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Science.
    Hård af Segerstad, Helene
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Science.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    The transition from higher education to work life: a comparison between a problem-based learning programme and conventional programmes in Higher education2005In: Symposium at the 33nd Congress of the Nordic Educational Research Association (NERA). Oslo, March 2005., 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This longitudinal study focuses on the transition from higher education (HE) to worklife. Generally, the transition is considered to have become more complicated due to the changing conditions for work in a supercomplex society. More specifically, there is also still sparse knowledge about how students in PBL programmes cope with the transition process. Previous research on the topic has suggested that there is a need for more complex studies of the relationship between HE and work. The aim of the study is twofold, (i) to describe the way students experience their programme as seniors and later their work situation as novice workers, and (ii) if there are differences regarding these experiences in comparison between a PBL programme (psychology) and conventional progammes (mechanical engineering and political science). The transition from HE to worklife in the three programmes is analysed according to five dimensions; relation to space/areas of operation, identity/tracjectory, professional role characteristics, transition process and relationships between education and work. The results indicate that the PBL-programme is preparing for worklife in a rational way, both regarding generic skills and substantive knowledge. The conventional programmes stand out as preparing for worklife either by providing generic skills or by having a ritual character.

  • 56. Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    et al.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Dahlgren, Lars-Owe
    Hård af Segerstad, Helene
    Hult, Håkan
    From senior student to novice worker: learning trajectories in political science, psychology and mechanical engineering.2006In: Studies in Higher Education, ISSN 0307-5079, E-ISSN 1470-174X, Vol. 31, no 5, p. 569-586Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This longitudinal study focuses on the transition from higher education to working life. Research has hitherto described the transition in rather general terms, and there is still only limited knowledge about how graduates construe themselves as professionals, or how they experience the transition to the sociocultural contexts of working life. In this study, the transition is viewed as a trajectory between different communities of practice. Three different Master’s programmes at Linköping University are focused on and compared: political science, psychology and mechanical engineering. The specific aims are to: (i) identify aspects of identity and knowledge formation as reported by informants, both as...

  • 57. Abrant Dahlgren, Madeleine
    et al.
    Hult, Håkan
    Dahlgren, Lars Owe
    Hård af Segerstad, Helene
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Vom Hochschulabschluss zum Berufseinstieg: Lernverläufe in Politikwissenschaft, Psychologie und Machinenbau2013In: Studium und Beruf: Studienstrategien - Praxiskonzepte - Professionsverständnis / [ed] Hessler, Gudrun, Oechsle, Mechtild, Scharlau, Ingrid, Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag, 2013, 1, p. 115-141Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 58.
    Abrehdary, Majid
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Sjöberg, Lars
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering. Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Division of Geodesy and Satellite Positioning, Stockholm, SE-10044, Sweden.
    Recovering Moho constituents from satellite altimetry and gravimetric data for Europe and surroundings2019In: Journal of Applied Geodesy, ISSN 1862-9016, E-ISSN 1862-9024, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 291-303Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this research, we present a local Moho model, named MOHV19, including Moho depth and Moho density contrast (or shortly Moho constituents) with corresponding uncertainties, which are mapped from altimetric and gravimetric data (DSNSC08) in addition to seismic tomographic (CRUST1.0) and Earth topographic data (Earth2014) to a resolution of 1° × 1° based on a solution of Vening Meinesz-Moritz' theory of isostasy. The MOHV19 model covers the area of entire European plate along with the surrounding oceans, bounded by latitudes (30 °N–82 °N) and longitudes (40 °W–70 °E). The article aims to interpret the Moho model resulted via altimetric and gravimetric information from the geological and geophysical perspectives along with investigating the relation between the Moho depth and Moho density contrast. Our numerical results show that estimated Moho depths range from 7.5 to 57.9 km with continental and oceanic averages of 41.3 ± 4.9 km and 21.6 ± 9.2 km, respectively, and an overall average of 30.9 ± 12.3 km. The estimated Moho density contrast ranges from 60.2 to 565.8 kg/m3, with averages of 421.8 ± 57.9 and 284.4 ± 62.9 kg/m3 for continental and oceanic regions, respectively, with a total average of 350.3 ± 91.5 kg/m3. In most areas, estimated uncertainties in the Moho constituents are less than 3 km and 40 kg/m3, respectively, but they reach to much more significant values under Iceland, parts of Gulf of Bothnia and along the Kvitoya Island. Comparing the Moho depths estimated by MOHV19 and those derived by CRUST1.0, MDN07, GRAD09 and MD19 models shows that MOHV19 agree fairly well with CRUST1.0 but rather poor with other models. The RMS difference between the Moho density contrasts estimated by MOHV19 and CRUST1.0 models is 49.45 kg/m3.

  • 59.
    Abrehdary, Majid
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Sjöberg, Lars E.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering. Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Division of Geodesy and Satellite Positioning, Stockholm, SE-100 44, Sweden.
    Sampietro, Daniele
    GReD S.r.l., Via Cavour 2, Lomazzo (CO), 22074, Italy.
    Contribution of satellite altimetry in modelling Moho density contrast in oceanic areas2019In: Journal of Applied Geodesy, ISSN 1862-9016, E-ISSN 1862-9024, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 33-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The determination of the oceanic Moho (or crust-mantle) density contrast derived from seismic acquisitions suffers from severe lack of data in large parts of the oceans, where have not yet been sufficiently covered by such data. In order to overcome this limitation, gravitational field models obtained by means of satellite altimetry missions can be proficiently exploited, as they provide global uniform information with a sufficient accuracy and resolution for such a task. In this article, we estimate a new Moho density contrast model named MDC2018, using the marine gravity field from satellite altimetry in combination with a seismic-based crustal model and Earth's topographic/bathymetric data. The solution is based on the theory leading to Vening Meinesz-Moritz's isostatic model. The study results in a high-accuracy Moho density contrast model with a resolution of 1° × 1° in oceanic areas. The numerical investigations show that the estimated density contrast ranges from 14.2 to 599.7 kg/m3 with a global average of 293 kg/m3. In order to evaluate the accuracy of the MDC2018 model, the result was compared with some published global models, revealing that our altimetric model is able to image rather reliable information in most of the oceanic areas. However, the differences between this model and the published results are most notable along the coastal and polar zones, which are most likely due to that the quality and coverage of the satellite altimetry data are worsened in these regions.

  • 60.
    Abrehdary, Majid
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Sjöberg, Lars Erik
    Hogskolan i Gavle, Gavle, Sweden .
    Estimating a combined Moho model for marine areas via satellite altimetric - gravity and seismic crustal models2019In: Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica, ISSN 0039-3169, E-ISSN 1573-1626, p. 1-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Isostasy is a key concept in geoscience in interpreting the state of mass balance between the Earth's lithosphere and viscous asthenosphere. A more satisfactory test of isostasy is to determine the depth to and density contrast between crust and mantle at the Moho discontinuity (Moho). Generally, the Moho can be mapped by seismic information, but the limited coverage of such data over large portions of the world (in particular at seas) and economic considerations make a combined gravimetric-seismic method a more realistic approach. The determination of a high-resolution of the Moho constituents for marine areas requires the combination of gravimetric and seismic data to diminish substantially the seismic data gaps. In this study, we estimate the Moho constituents globally for ocean regions to a resolution of 1° × 1° by applying the Vening Meinesz-Moritz method from gravimetric data and combine it with estimates derived from seismic data in a new model named COMHV19. The data files of GMG14 satellite altimetry-derived marine gravity field, the Earth2014 Earth topographic/bathymetric model, CRUST1.0 and CRUST19 crustal seismic models are used in a least-squares procedure. The numerical computations show that the Moho depths range from 7.3 km (in Kolbeinsey Ridge) to 52.6 km (in the Gulf of Bothnia) with a global average of 16.4 km and standard deviation of the order of 7.5 km. Estimated Moho density contrasts vary between 20 kg m-3 (north of Iceland) to 570 kg m-3 (in Baltic Sea), with a global average of 313.7 kg m-3 and standard deviation of the order of 77.4 kg m-3. When comparing the computed Moho depths with current knowledge of crustal structure, they are generally found to be in good agreement with other crustal models. However, in certain regions, such as oceanic spreading ridges and hot spots, we generally obtain thinner crust than proposed by other models, which is likely the result of improvements in the new model. We also see evidence for thickening of oceanic crust with increasing age. Hence, the new combined Moho model is able to image rather reliable information in most of the oceanic areas, in particular in ocean ridges, which are important features in ocean basins.

  • 61.
    Abudaher, Mohammed
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Alomari, Kamal
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer and Electrical Engineering.
    Energieffektivisering i köpcentret Sisjö Entré i Göteborg2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Energy efficiency means that energy is used in an efficient way that impacts positively on the environment and society.

    Sisjö Entré is a shopping center which has an annual energy consumption of 1 865 270 kWh, and according to Energy Authority, the recommended value is 1 530 000 kWh per year. That means that energy consumption at the center should reduce by approximately 18 % to comply with the recommended value. The mall consists of 17 stores and the thesis examines five stores which are Toys Я Us, Rusta, Burger King, Babyproffsen and Webhallen. Measurements are taken on ventilation and lighting installations with the aim of studying the loads in the stores that consume the most energy. The goal is to come up with suggestions of actions to reduce energy consumption and costs.

    We concluded that lighting consumes the most energy in the warehouses; Toys Я Us, Rusta, Babyproffsen and Webhallen, while the largest load in the restaurants (Burger King) is the kitchen, which accounts for 75 % of the restaurants total consumption.

    In Rusta, we discovered that the electricity meter showed a lower value than the true consumption. After investigation, we concluded that the fault could be either in the electricity meter or in its current transformer and must be addressed.

    We have given a proposal to replace parts of the existing lighting installations, and given suggestion for sectioning certain parts in some stores. Further, we have given suggestions for reducing operating times on the ventilation units.

    Based on the above proposals and energy calculations, we concluded that these five stores has the potential to reduce the annual energy consumption from 1 865 270 kWh to 1 576 670 kWh, leading to a reduction by 15.5 %. This reduces costs by about 228 000 SEK per year

  • 62.
    Adam, Christina
    et al.
    1 St. Savvas Anticancer Hospital, Athens, Greece.
    Patiraki, Elisabeth
    National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greec.
    Lemonidou, Chryssoula
    National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Faculty of Nursing, Athens, Greece.
    Radwin, Laurel
    Research Health Scientist, Center for Health Care Organization and Implementation Research, Boston VA Health Care System, Boston, MA USA.
    Charalambouss, Andreas
    Cyprus University of Technology, Department of Nursing Studies, Limassol, Cyprus and Docent, University of Turku, Department of Nursing Science, Finland.
    Charalambous, Melanie
    Cyprus Ministry of Health, Nursing Services, Educational Sector, Nicosia, Cyprus.
    Berg, Agneta
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. Kristianstad University, Kristianstad.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    Skane University Hospital and Medical faculty, Lund University, Sweden.
    Katajisto, Jouko
    Statistician University of Turku, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Turku, Finland.
    Stolti, Minna
    University of Turku, Department of Nursing Science, Turku, Finland.
    Suhonen, Riitta
    University of Turku, Department of Nursing Science/Turku University Hospital and City of Turku, Welfare Division, Turku, Finland.
    Quality of nursing care as perceived by cancer patients: A cross-sectional survey in four European countries2017In: Balkan Union of Oncology. Journal, ISSN 1107-0625, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 777-782Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To explore and compare cancer patients’ perceptions on the quality of nursing care in four European countries. Methods: Data were collected in Cyprus, Finland, Greece and Sweden. The sample comprised 596 hospitalized cancer patients. The quality of nursing care was measured using the “Oncology Patients’ Perceptions of the Quality of Nursing Care Scale” (OPPQNCS). Patient characteristics were also collected. Analysis of variance was used to examine the effects of country on the perceptions of the quality of nursing care. Results: Patients’ age ranged from 18 to 86 years, and 58% were male. The comparison of cancer patients’ perceptions regarding the quality of nursing care between the four countries showed a statistically significant difference in the total OPPQNCS scores (p <0.001) as well as in the subscales responsiveness (p <0.001), individualization (p<0.001), co ordination (p<0.001) and proficiency (p<0.001). The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the OPPQNCS ranged between 0.89 and 0.95. A multivariate analysis of variance for the OPPQNCS controlled by respondents’ demographic characteristics revealed that only the patient’s country was significantly related with the patients’ perceptions of quality care. Conclusion: Quality of nursing care as perceived by cancer patients was high, but differed between the four countries. The impact of the clinical status of cancer patients on the quality of nursing care and managerial factors such as staffing/nursing care delivery models that influence the ability of nurses to offer high quality care should also be explored by more focused studies.

  • 63.
    Adamovic, Eleonora
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Dervisic, Elma
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Nybakad sjuksköterska: En litteraturbaserad studie om nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskors upplevelser2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Different studies show that stress is a common feeling that newly graduated nurses experience during the first period in the profession. What causes the stress are high expectations that they have on themselves and the expectations from colleagues, as well as the fear of making a mistake while working as a nurse. Newly graduate nurses go through five stages of development from being novice to expert. The aim of this study was to describe work experiences of newly graduate nurses in hospital ward settings. The research method was a literature study based on ten qualitative articles. Articles were analyzed by using the method of Friberg (2012). Four main themes were identified: experiences of leadership; experiences of the relationship with colleagues; experiences of support; experiences of knowledge level. Colleagues and managers must respond to the needs of newly graduated nurses in an adequate way to create a friendly and supportive working environment, which in turn can contribute to the professional development of the newly graduated nurse. Nursing education should prepare students for professional careers in terms of socialization, leadership and organization.

  • 64.
    Adamson, Göran
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    De gode viljers land: En venstrefløjskritik af multikulturalismen som svensk statsideologi2018Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [da]

    Multikulturalisme ses af mange som progressiv og venstreorienteret, og kritikken af den betragtes som reaktionær og racistisk. Denne bog udfordrer denne tankegang og viser – fra et venstrefløjsperspektiv – hvordan den moderne mangfoldighedstankegang tværtimod undergraver fornuft, frihed, lighed og individuel selvbestemmelse. Ved at have et særligt fokus på sær-identiteter og indføre grupperettigheder på bekostning af universel politisk frihed, borgerrettigheder, upartiske institutioner og lighed mellem kønnene er den på kollisionskurs med demokratiets grundværdier. Multikulturalisme er derfor i virkeligheden en konservativ og antimoderne ideologi.

  • 65.
    Adamson, Göran
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Invandring och brottslighet: En datauppdatering för 2000-talet2019Book (Other academic)
  • 66.
    Adamson, Göran
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Multikulturen och högerpopulismen2016In: KvartalArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den multikulturella vänstern har brutit med klassiska vänsterideal som vetenskap, sekularism, anspråk på sanning och fri debatt. Den förkastar högerns nationalism men odlar en etnomystik som är minst lika konservativ. Kulturell självbelåtenhet hånas och hyllas på samma gång. Var finns principen?...

  • 67.
    Adamson, Göran
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Partikortet, korporatism och autonomin inom akademin2018In: Kejsarens nya kläder: om New Public Management och de svenska universitetens sönderfall / [ed] Göran Adamson och Daniel Rauhut(red), Academic Rights Watch , 2018, p. 89-102Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 68.
    Adamson, Göran
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Populist parties and the failure of the political elites: the rise of the Austrian Freedom Party (FPÖ)2016Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The author analyses the reasons behind the electoral success of European right-wing populist parties. Using the Austrian Freedom Party under Jörg Haider as a case study and with a richness of primary material, he argues that their success is only partly caused by "racism". It is also, and more prominently, the result of populism – i.e. a critique of the "elite". These parties and their voters should not, then, be labelled as arrogant insiders attacking downtrodden outsiders like immigrants, workers, and minorities. Instead, the right-wingers are more justly portrayed as outsiders and underdogs, raising their anger and frustration against the insiders: the "media elite" and the "leftists and the artists".

  • 69.
    Adamson, Göran
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Svensk mångfaldspolitik: et studie i opportunisme2016In: Multikulturalismens fælder: Mørklægning og moralisme i medier, forskning og politik / [ed] Necef Ûmit, Mehmet och Bech Dyrberg, Torben (red.), Fredriksberg: Samfundslitteratur , 2016, p. 63-88Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 70.
    Adamson, Göran
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Was National Socialism Anti-Sex?: On Left-Wing Fantasies and Sex as the Dark Matter of Politics2017In: Society (New Brunswick), ISSN 0147-2011, E-ISSN 1936-4725, Vol. 54, no 1, p. 23-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on an extensive amount of work by other researchers, as well as some literary sources from the time, Goran Adamson discusses the widespread view that Nazism was anti-sex. Indeed, during Nazi rule homosexuality and street prostitution were persecuted, and Jews and “degenerates” were prevented from having sex (not merely by law, but by elimination). However, reported circumstances such as cheap access to condoms, a high number of pregnancies during party rallies, and quasi-religious cultivation of “the Germanic sexual instinct” would suggest that matters may have been much less restrictive for the majority of Germans. The idea of an overall Nazi anti-sex attitude may well have been constructed by intellectuals from the Freudian Left/Frankfurt School, especially their theories of an intimate connection between sexual repression and authoritarianism. Such views gained widespread popularity with the 68’ generation, and they were an essential reason why sexuality came to be considered the cure for all social evils. This overestimation of the significance of sexual liberation, and recent conservative reactions to it, constitute an important part of today’s political landscape.

  • 71.
    Adamson, Göran
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Why Do Right-Wing Populist Parties Prosper?: Twenty-One Suggestions to the Anti-Racist2019In: Society (New Brunswick), ISSN 0147-2011, E-ISSN 1936-4725, Vol. 56, no 1, p. 47-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this piece, Goran Adamson argues that the anti-racist rhetoric is naive and dangerously counter-productive. In theory, they refer to populist parties fueling on the anti-racist elite’s outcries. In practise, however, the anti-racists have forgotten all about it, and seem to believe that right-wing populism will vanish if only it is told off. Shocked, anti-racists say populist parties gain voters despite having certain views. But nobody votes on a party despite its view. True to leftist sensationalism, anti-racists always talk about fascism within right-wing populist parties, thereby overlooking a wide array of other causes for voter appeal. Prone to instant aggression, anti-racists react with fury to any populist provocation, thereby contributing to the meteoric rise of contemporary populism in the West. Instead of conducting a proper analysis, anti-racists say how can people vote on these parties and so on - much like an anti-racist bourgeoisie. Anti-racists, Goran Adamson claims, seem to think knowledge of right-wing populism is compromising, as if you would be tainted by it. In fact, it is the other way around. Criticism requires knowledge - and an ignorant anti-racist might, in the long run, have no power to resist the allure of right-wing populism. People vote on right-wing populist parties, anti-racists maintain, because these people fail to understand. But they claim they do, even though they have reached other conclusions. The responsibility of the financial and political classes for provoking popular reactions is minimized, while the distress among ordinary people is belittled or moralized. The political class ignores a central leftist principle: social behavior has often political/economic explanations. As a direct result of multiculturalism, the pet theory among anti-racists, society’s underprivileged groups - domestic workers and migrants - are in constant conflict instead of uniting against globalization and neoliberal deregulation. This is called divide and rule. In their quest for ideological purity, any anti-EU sentiment, anti-racists claim, is right-wing extreme, hence driving scores of voters into the arms of right-wing populism. These parties are further boosted by the fact that anti-racists sneer at family values and cultural traditionalism. Vocal victims of EU’s austerity measures are dismissed as right-wingers, further fueling political polarization. Popular and populist, anti-racists maintain, is basically the same thing. As a result, democracy becomes politically tainted, and the anti-racist elites are the only safe-guard against unaccountable elites. Right-wing populists never cease to talk about our roots, while multiculturalists never stop talking about roots overseas. Save for that geographic detail, they are two branches of the politicalromantic tree. Right-wing populist parties prosper, but not despite anti-racist efforts, Goran Adamson argues, but as a result of them.

  • 72.
    Adamson, Göran
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland.
    Inledning2018In: Kejsarens nya kläder: om New Public Management och de svenska universitetens sönderfall / [ed] Göran Adamson och Daniel Rauhut(red), Academic Rights Watch , 2018, p. 9-22Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 73.
    Adamsson, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Bilow, Linnette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Förskollärares upplevelse av stress i arbetet2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Enligt arbetsmiljöverket (2017) är det arbetsgivarens ansvar att skydda arbetstagarna från både psykisk och fysisk ohälsa relaterad till arbetet. Trots detta förekommer arbetsrelaterad ohälsa. Förskolläraryrket är enligt Koch (2015, september) en av de yrkesgrupper där flest lider av arbetsrelaterad stress. Detta har under de senaste åren uppmärksammats av bland annat fackliga organisationer och media. Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka förskollärares upplevelser av stress i arbetet och vad som orsakar samt motverkar arbetsrelaterad stress. Metod: Vi har använt oss av en kvalitativ metod i form av semistrukturerade intervjuer med åtta förskollärare från fem olika förskolor från skilda områden i samma kommun. Resultat: Majoriteten av förskollärarna i studien upplever stress i arbetet. Orsakerna varierade liksom upplevelsen av kontroll i arbetet. De flesta upplevde höga krav trots att de uttryckte att de kände stöd från arbetslag och chef.

  • 74.
    Adamsson, Jennie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Jannborg, Monica L.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Nyföretagande i Dalsland2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 75.
    Adamsson, Kristoffer
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Analys och optimering av verktygsförslitning vid skärande bearbetning i superlegering2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the aerospace industry today, super alloys are used in components for jet engines. To increase the efficiency of these engines, through higher combustion temperatures, new materials are developed which maintain their strength at elevated temperatures. The increase in strength as well as the ability to maintain the strength at elevated temperatures, makes them more difficult to manufacture with metal cutting technology.

    The Sector Workshop at GKN Aerospace Sweden in Trollhättan produces a large number of products with a variety of cutting tools. Some of these tools, for a certain product, have been investigated in this work. The products are manufactured from a hard-wearing superalloy which results in extremely high tool wear and high tooling costs.

    To enable improvements in the metal cutting process, a literature study was first conducted. The study focus was to identify information about the various tool wears that occur in metal cutting process of super alloys. Thereafter, specifically selected tools were analyzed. The analysis consisted primarily of a classification of the different tool wear types. In parallel with the tools being classified, measurements were made of the size of wears using a digital microscope.

    The collected data was later used for a statistical analysis, which identified the tool wear type that was the most common. The analysis showed that most of the tools had chipping. Then, to identify where in the machining process the chipping occurred further analyzes were made where the tool wear curves for two cutting tools were plotted. During this analysis to produce the tool wear curves, it was found that the chipping appeared when the tools engaged the workpiece.

    In the later parts of the work, a list of proposal was generated about how the metal cutting process could change to reduce the identified tool wears. One suggestion was to optimize the tool engagement of the workpiece. Also, an optimization of cutting data and especially the spindle speed were also recommended to reduce chipping. This due to some of the chipping could be caused by chatter vibration. For the ceramic tools an increased cutting speed was recommended because machining today was carried out at a much lower cutting speed than research results indicate is necessary for ceramic cutting tools in super alloys. Finally, a checklist for manufacturing personnel was formulated, which could be used to optimize tool wear at GKN Aerospace Sweden.

  • 76.
    Adamsson, Pethra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Andersson, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Åberg, Camilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    I familjer där det inte finns några barn, bara korta vuxna: en studie om barn till psykiskt sjuka föräldrar2005Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 77.
    Adamsson, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Börjesson, Natalie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Det finns ju inget annat ämne som är så laddat i skolan": En kvalitativ studie om lärares resonemang kring ämnet religionskunskap och lärares konstruktion av elevers identiteter2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrunden till den här studien är bland annat en ökning av mångkulturalitet i bemärkelsen olika nationaliteter. En annan del av bakgrunden till denna studie är skolans roll i möten mellan livstolkningar och uppfattningar av omvärlden, med religionsundervisningen som en central arena för dessa möten. Utifrån dessa möten är det värdefullt att undersöka hur lärare agerar i förhållande till elevernas livstolkningar, religiösa praktiker och identiteter och hur de planerar sin undervisning. Studien visar även hur lärare resonerar kring uppmärksammandet av olika högtider och traditioner i religionsundervisningen. Studien bygger på intervjuer med fem lärare som arbetar i årskurs 1-6. Resultatet visar på att lärarna använder de muslimska eleverna som kunskapskälla och tolkar elevernas religiösa livstolkningar som kunskap om islam. Lärarna presenterar religionernas högtider och praktiker som enhetliga och homogena. Analysen synliggör hur lärare avvisar föräldrars oro för påverkan genom att hänvisa till religionsundervisningen som faktaförmedling. Det synliggörs även hur lärare konstruerar "normal-muslimer" och "normal-svenskar", där muslimerna framförallt reduceras till kunskapsbärare om islam. Av intervjuerna framgår även att kristendomen har en prioriterad roll i religionsundervisningen och uppfattas som en outtalad norm.

  • 78.
    Adamsson, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Huhtaviita, Mia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Estetikens roll för kunskapsutvecklingi de naturorienterande ämnena: En kvalitativ studie genomförd på lågstadieskolor i Irland2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande studie är genomförd på lågstadieskolor i Irland. I de irländska styrdokumenten framgår praktiskt-estetiskt arbete vara en central del i de naturorienterande ämnena. Den svenska läroplanen framhåller att estetiskt arbete ska ingå i samtliga av skolans ämnen, dock inte i lika stor utsträckning som i den irländska. Forskning har visat att estetik kan främja elevers utveckling av kunskaper och förmågor i de naturorienterande ämnena. Därför har vi valt att fokusera på analys- och kommunikationsförmågan som inte är lika beforskade i samband med kombinationen estetik och naturvetenskap. Syftet med föreliggande studie är att få kunskap om hur verksamma lärare, på irländska skolor i Irland, erfar att praktisk undervisning med och genom estetik kan främja elevernas utveckling av kunskaper och förmågor i de naturorienterande ämnena.Den metod som använts är enskilda semistrukturerade intervjuer där lärarna fått möjlighet att, genom öppna frågor, delge sina erfarenheter och uppfattningar. Resultatet visar att lärarna uppfattar estetiken som främjande för utveckling av elevernas förmågor och ämneskunskaper. Estetiken uppges kunna användas för att integrera ämnen och göra den abstrakta naturvetenskapen mer konkret för barnen. Kroppen och sinnena anges vara en stor del av det vetenskapliga arbetet som ofta är aktivitetsbaserat. Estetiken visar sig användas för att göra undervisningen mer lustfylld och motivera eleverna till ett vidare intresse för naturvetenskapen. Resultatet visar vidare att lärarna inte erfar att det estetiska arbetet medför några begränsningar för elevernas utveckling av kunskaper och förmågor, men begränsningar i form av bland annat resurser uttrycks förekomma.

  • 79.
    Adebahr, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Andersson, Victor
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Övervakning: Var går gränsen?: En studie av lastbilschaufförer som arbetar i Bohuslän och hur de ser på IT som hjälpmedel och övervakning på jobbet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays companies and organizations are implementing IT-systems that enable surveillances, particularly within the transport business. The implementation within the surveillances systems enables a better security and a more efficient workflow. The systems make it possible for companies to see fuel consumption, the position off the truck and also to plan the most efficient routes. The truck drivers have learned to accept that they are being watched through the companies surveillance systems just because it leads to a more efficient route-planning. The drivers understand why they’re being monitored and they feel safe. Since IT-systems came into the transport business drivers are able to see the fuel consumption and by seeing that they can drive more ecological and save money for their company. The truck driver that works in Bohuslän is well aware that these services are crucial for the companies, by having these systems the companies can compete with the foreign hauliers that takes the same job for a much smaller fee. But where is the limit for acceptable surveillance? We answered the issue by doing interviews in two rounds, first with ten truck drivers then with six. We also did a literature study. The drivers where all driving for companies in Bohuslän. The drivers we interviewed had different experience within the business, some drivers worked at big companies and some drivers worked at smaller companies. By sorting the drivers out we were able to sort out our answers and see if there were a difference in the way the drivers were thinking. We wanted to get knowledge of how different business surveilled their employees and how the employees reacted. So we performed a literature study where we read different case studies from the home care, the sales industry and the elementary school. We compared the result from our study with the result from our interviews. We managed to see that truck drivers generally had more loyal thoughts to their company. The drivers that were interviewed where well aware of the hard competition within the industry. As long as surveillance makes the company more efficient and the surveillance don’t violate their private integrity it´s okay to use it.Keywords: Surveillance, loyal workers, IT-system, competition

  • 80.
    Adegoke, Olutayo
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Andersson, Joel
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Welding Technology.
    Ojo, Olanrewaju A.
    University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.
    Brodin, Håkan
    Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB, Finspang, Sweden .
    Pederson, Robert
    GKN Aerospace, Redditch, United Kingdom.
    Laser beam powder bed fusion and post processing of alloy 247LC2019In: MS and T 2019 - Materials Science and Technology, Materials Science and Technology , 2019, p. 27-34Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Alloy 247LC is sensitive to cracking during laser beam powder bed fusion (PBF-LB) manufacturing. Post processing is thus required to close cracks and achieve desired properties. In this study, samples of Alloy 247LC were manufactured by PBF-LB and subsequently post processed by hot isostatic pressing (HIP), HIP + solution and ageing heat treatments. The microstructure was characterized. Results showed cracks in the as-built condition. Cracks were not detected after HIP. Bright microconstituents were observed in the region between the cells, mainly, because of the partitioning of Hf and Ta into the intercellular region, where they presumably form carbides. What is assumed to be oxides were prominent in the microstructure. Thermodynamic calculations showed rapid formation of ?’ precipitates in the alloy, due to the high total concentration of Al and Ta and this was linked to the high hardness values in the as-built condition. © 2019 MS&T19®

  • 81.
    Adelakun, Olawale
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    The Role of Business Intelligence in Government: A Case Study of a Swedish Municipality Contact Center2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the role Business Intelligence (BI) can play in government and more specifically at the municipality level. The study aims to investigate how data collected from a municipality Contact Center can be leveraged with the help of a BI solution. The study focuses on the Contact Center at Järfälla Kommun (municipality) and investigates whether a BI implementation can help to realize more effective planning, resource allocation and improved services and e-services. Municipality Contact Centers are becoming an increasingly popular precedent providing municipal residents with a centralized service where they can make inquiries, provide information, lodge complaints or commend actions related to activities within the specific municipality. BI can turn raw data into concrete figures and reports, map patterns and trends and support effective decision making. It can also however be costly and difficult to integrate and face resistance due to perceived complexity. This paper aims to take such notions into consideration and investigate the feasibility of implementing such a solution in the context of a municipality Contact Center.

    This paper identifies various benefits and drawbacks from literature which are then modeled into a SWOT framework. In addition, semi-structured interviews are utilized in this study and targeted at stakeholders knowledgeable in the Contact Center, BI, or both. Findings from the SWOT framework will be measured against the findings from the interviews and an analysis of correlations between the two sources will be investigated.

  • 82.
    Ademi Salihi, Valjbone
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Buleshkaj, Arjola
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Patienter med psykisk ohälsa och deras upplevelser av kontakten med vårdpersonal inom hälso- och sjukvård2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Mental illness is defined differently depending on the context, ranging from symptoms of anxiety and depression to schizophrenia. Mental illness among the population has increased since 1990. A survey done by the Central Bureau of Statistics in Sweden (2006) shows that issues such as anxiety are more common now than before. Twenty-three percent of women aged 16-84 said they had experienced symptoms of anxiety. Thirteen percent of the men aged 16-64 said they had experienced the same. Pre-conceived notions often meet people with mental health issues and there is a stigma surrounding them and their situation.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to examine how patients with mental illness experience their contact with health care professionals in health care.

    Method: The study was designed as a literature based study. Eleven articles were analyzed, nine articles were found by a systematic search and two articles were found in an unsystematic search.

    Results: This study showed two main themes and eight subthemes. The main themes were patients desire to have a good relationship and good interaction with health care professionals. The subthemes were patient confidence in health care professionals, a dedicated staff, patients desire to get person-centered care and to feel involved, to have good continuity in their health care and to have highly available health care professionals around them, to have a good dialogue, be actively listened to, competent health care professionals and being labeled.

    Conclusion: The conclusion is that patients that lack trust, commitment from health care professionals or continuity had bad experiences with the health care system. Patients needed to have a mutual relationship with the health care staff to have a good experience with the health care system.

  • 83.
    Aden, Abdikadar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Türtscher, Stefan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Young Swedish adults' attitudes towards offshoring2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Offshoring, meaning the movement of business operations to foreign countries, has recently grown. It provides the company with opportunities which are not available domestically, but it also bears risks. The public has recently blamed the strategy of offshoring for weak growth of domestic economy, decreasing competitiveness, salary stagnation, job losses, lower worker morale, and poverty. As a consequence, a firm carrying out offshoring activities could suffer from consumers' negative attitudes towards offshoring, as the consumers are unwilling to buy their products/services or take actions against the company.

    This study addresses the Swedish young adults' attitudes towards offshoring. Young adults are playing an important role in economy as consumers, future workers, innovators, leaders and decision makers. The study investigates the factors that were underlying the formation of attitudes towards offshoring. We focused especially on three factors, namely consumer ethnocentrism, economic threat and quality beliefs.

    In order to address these issues, a quantitative research approach was applied and primary data were collected. The variables for the online survey were mainly distilled from Durvasula and Lysonski (2009) as well Grappi, Romani and Bagozzi (2013).

    The gathered data have been analyzed via the software of SPSS by performing correlation tests and analyzing descriptive statistic measures. The results indicated that Swedish young adults had neutral attitudes towards offshoring. We also found that two of the studied factors, consumer ethnocentrism and economic threat, were vital in the formation of the attitudes towards offshoring.

  • 84.
    Adeyemi, Cornelius
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Barton, Lino
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Colonial discourse in development aid publications: A Comparative study of the UK and Sweden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is performed as a comparative small-N study making use of post-colonial theory aiming to analyse whether, and if so how, Western government agencies working in the field of 'development assistance' reinforce colonial stereotypes by availing colonial discourse. Post-colonial and discourse theory are used to challenge colonial theory, allowing to break the binary opposition and power structures of the Self and the Other, opening a third space where hybrid identities can be acknowledged.

    With Critical Discourse Analysis serving as a tool in the construction of a text analytical method applied to the documents published by the Swedish governmental development agency, Sida and the British Department for International Development (DFID) to examine whether and how they (re-)produce colonial discourse in their publications.

    The monumental role of Britain in the colonisation of lands and people versus Sweden's comparatively small and short territorial possession of colonies, and especially how both nations relate differently to their colonial past represented in contemporary discourse, makes this paper an interesting comparative study. The research contributes to knowledge on how Western governmental development agencies sustain and/or contest remnants of colonial structures embedded and projected through discourse.

    The main findings of this study are that both the DFID and Sida engage in and (re-)produce CD in their publications. However, to a certain extent they do differ, with Sida making use of non-CD to a significantly larger extent than the DFID.

  • 85.
    Adler, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Bondesson, Magnus
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Fronter - ett webbaserat utbildningsverktyg: hur förändrar det elevernas inläning på vuxenutbildningen?2003Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 86.
    Adler, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Askeröd, Therese
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att möta barn och deras föräldrar inom hälso- och sjukvården2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research have shown children to be a large patient group within the health care sector. Nurses, should therefore, have knowledge about how to individually adapt meetings so it will be a positive experience for the child, the parents, and for themselves. Historically, this has not been the case and created immense care suffering for several families.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to illuminate nurses' experiences of meeting children and their parents within the health care sector.

    Method: A method to contribute to evidence-based nursing with ground in analysis of qualitative research was performed. An analysis of nine scientific articles was carried out. The analysis resulted in three main themes and eight subthemes.

    Results: The main themes were: "To see the child as an individual", "to built trust", and "knowledge and experience are crucial". Knowledge were fundamental for creating a positive meeting.

    Conclusion: By individually adapting communication to the child and the parents, good conditions allowed for a trusting relationship to emerge. Time was needed to create a safe and trusting relationship. However, it did not always exist. With knowledge and experience the nurse could see the child as an individual and adapt the meeting to the child. It was the responsibility of the nurse to gain the necessary knowledge, and to reflect with colleagues was seen as an important source to attain new knowledge.

  • 87.
    Adli, E.
    et al.
    University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Gjersdal, H.
    University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Røhne, O.M.
    University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Dorholt, O.
    University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Bang, D.M.
    University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Thomas, D,
    ESS ERIC, Lund, Sweden.
    Shea, T.
    ESS ERIC, Lund, Sweden.
    Andersson, R.
    ESS ERIC, Lund, Sweden.
    Ibison, M.G.
    University of Liverpool and Cockcroft Institute, Daresbury, UK.
    Welsch, C.P
    University of Liverpool and Cockcroft Institute, Daresbury, UK.
    Joshi, Shrikant V.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing. University West, Department of Engineering Science, Research Enviroment Production Technology West.
    The Ess Target Proton Beam Imaging Systemas In-Kind Contribution2017In: Proceedings of IPAC2017, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2017, p. 3422-3425Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 88.
    Adnani, Shahla
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Stridsberg, Rebecca
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Reklam riktat till barn: en studie om strategi och utformning av reklam riktat till barn2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 89.
    Adolfsson, Clara
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Samuelsson, Arvid
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Ledares kommunikation ur ett internt marknadsföringsperspektiv: Främjande av medarbetarnas motivation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Information och kommunikation är två viktiga faktorer som ska fungera i organisationer. Hur ledarna kan förhålla sig till detta men även hur ledarna kan skapa en meningsfullhet för medarbetarna är något som är viktigt för deras motivation. Ledares kommunikation kan vara ett potentiellt verktyg i en intern marknadsföring för att skapa mening och motivera medarbetarna. Dock finns det alltid svårigheter i att kommunicera. Det finns alltid bra eller mindre bra sätt att kommunicera på. Uppsatsen grundar sig i kommunikation och intern marknadsföring där syftet var att undersöka och försöka skapa en förståelse för hur ledare anser att deras interna kommunikation i organisationer kan användas i intern marknadsföring som ett potentiellt hjälpmedel för att motivera sina medarbetare. Uppsatsens forskningsfråga är formulerad med syftet i åtanke och ledde till följande fråga: Hur använder ledare kommunikation i den interna marknadsföringen för att motivera medarbetare? En kvalitativ metod har använts där undersökningen skedde genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med tio ledare, fem kvinnor och fem män på olika hierarkiska positioner inom både den privata och offentliga sektorn. Teoriavsnittet är utformat efter sju olika teman. Dessa teman är genomgående i uppsatsen och syftar till att länka ihop uppsatsens teori- och empiriavsnitt för att slutligen mynna ut i analysen. Uppsatsen visar på två viktiga beståndsdelar som ledare anser kan bidra till medarbetarmotivation. En envägskommunikation som kan bidra med transparens och som ökar informationstillgängligheten vilket kan ha betydelse för medarbetarnas motivation. En tvåvägskommunikation som de anser öka förståelsen av information och budskap vilket de ser bidrar till ökad motivation hos medarbetarna. Studien visar även att ledare anser att då de använder tvåvägskommunikation genom ömsesidig feedback ökar medarbetarnas delaktighet. Vidare anser de att det kan bidra till en tydligare förståelse för organisationens gemensamma målbild och har ett positivt inflytande på medarbetarna. En tydlighet och en kontinuerlig ström av information i kombination med feedback och återkoppling var något ledarna ansåg kunde underlätta för medarbetarna. Det visade sig vara något som ledarna ser ha en positiv påverkan på medarbetarnas engagemang och kan bidra till att stärka deras psykologiska kontrakt gentemot organisationen.

  • 90.
    Adolfsson, Clara
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Samuelsson, Arvid
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Prestationsbaserade belöningssystem: en kvalitativ studie om butiksanställdas arbetsmotivation2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Alla företag idag använder sig av något slags prestationsbaserat belöningssystem för att motivera sina anställda. Det är dock inte säkert att alla anställda på en arbetsplats implementerar detta på sig själva. Uppsatsen syftade till att undersöka problemet ur de anställdas perspektiv. Uppsatsen grundar sig i ämnet motivation där syftet var att få en förståelse för hur butiksanställda inom detaljhandeln upplever prestationsbaserade belöningssystem. Uppsatsens forskningsfrågor formulerades med syftet i åtanke och ledde till följande frågor: Hur upplever butiksanställda prestationsbaserade belöningssystem och har belöningssystem som styrmedel inverkan på arbetsmotivationen hos anställda? En kvalitativ metod har används där undersökningen skedde genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med sex butiksanställda på olika butiker inom detaljhandeln. Teoriavsnittet är strukturerat utefter fyra teman, motivation och beteende, prestationsbaserade belöningssystem som motivationstrategi, finansiella och icke-finansiella belöningars betydelse samt komplikationer och brister i prestationsbaserade belöningssystem. Dessa teman är genomgående i hela uppsatsen och syftar till att koppla ihop uppsatsens olika delar på ett tydligt sätt. Uppsatsen visade på två viktiga beståndsdelar som utgör grunden för hur butiksanställda upplever prestationsbaserade belöningssystem. För det första måste det finnas ett samband mellan prestationen och belöningen för att det ska upplevas positivt av de anställda. Den andra beståndsdelen visade sig vara att belöningssystemen behöver vara rättvist utformade för att de ska verka motiverande. Det visade sig även att en kombination av finansiella och icke-finansiella belöningar var framgångsrikt för att motivera anställda och att de anställda i stor utsträckning är till freds när de känner delaktighet, sammanhållning och när de utvecklas på arbetsplatsen.

  • 91.
    Adolfsson, Ida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Berger-Månsson, Matilda
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Tidsbegränsade anställningsformer: Varför använderarbetsgivare inom detaljhandeln sig av dessa?2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns en pågående debatt kring ämnet tidsbegränsad anställning. Debatten handlar om hur man ska tolka lagen samt om den bör förändras. I Sverige är det Lagen om anställningsskydd som reglerar de olika anställningsformer som finns att tillgå. Huvudregeln är en tillsvidareanställning men det finns också goda möjligheter att anställa tidsbegränsat. I Sverige är idag, av de som är sysselsatta i åldern 16-64 år, 15,1 procent tidsbegränsat anställda. Denna stora andel gör att ämnet är intressant att studera. I debatten som pågår finns det ett argument emot tidsbegränsade anställningar, då arbetstagarorganisationer anser att dessa missbrukas. I de olika branscherna i Sverige skiljer sig antalet tidsbegränsade anställningar åt. Inom detaljhandelsbranschen, som denna undersökning fokuserar på, är andelen tidsbegränsade anställningar cirka 17 procent (SCB, 2015, s. 9). Varför väljer då arbetsgivare inom handeln att anställa tidsbegränsat? Detta är något vi undersökt med syftet att ta reda på hur arbetsgivare tänker vid rekrytering och vid val av anställningsform. Med en kvalitativ undersökningsansats har studien genomförts. Vid några få intervjuer har vi kunnat ta del av djupgående information och resonemang ifrån arbetsgivare. Teorin fokuserar på LAS samt på tidigare forskning. Den tidigare forskningen kan sammanfattas med att det finns ett flertal bakomliggande orsaker till att arbetsgivare väljer att anställa tidsbegränsat. Flexibilitet och ekonomi spelar en stor roll. Teorier pekar på att arbetsmarknaden, som en föränderlig miljö, bidrar till att arbetsgivare väljer att skriva anställningsavtal på kort sikt. Detta har gjort att de icke-traditionella, tillfälliga anställningarna har ökat. I den empiriska undersökning som gjorts motiverar respondenter varför de valt att anställa tidsbegränsat och vad de anser om det. För att arbetsgivarna ska hålla verksamheten rullande, utan att kostnaderna drar iväg så behöver de kunna täcka ett tillfälligt behov, till exempel vid sjukdom, med hjälp av en eller flera tidsbegränsade anställningar. Vår analys och slutsats visar att de tidsbegränsade anställningarna används för att arbetsgivarna måste. Detta för att verksamheten ska fungera. Den förförståelse vi presenterar i inledningen till uppsatsen anser vi vara motbevisad.

  • 92.
    Adolfsson, Ida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Broberg, Matilda
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    It Takes Two to Tango: En studie om organisationer i finans och försäkringsbranschen och deras syn på att behålla medarbetare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    "How does organizational management keep their employees?" -Of what significance are motivational factors?

    Today, many organizations have high employee turnover which is often seen as a problem. When an organization has invested time and resources in recruitment, it still requires work on personnel matters. In order to retain employees within organizations further work is needed which organizations should be aware of. The purpose of this study is to find out how the management work with motivation as a factor to keep existing employees. The study aims to find out how they motivate employees to give greater job satisfaction and thus get people not wanting to leave the organization. In order to achieve the purpose of the study, we have with a qualitative approach conducted five in-depth interviews. The respondents of these interviews did all have a leadership position in the financial or insurance business. The empirical data shows how the various leaders complete their recruitments and how they motivate individuals. All respondents got the opportunity to, with their own words, describe what motivation is for them. The empirical data also shows which reward systems these organizations use and what kind of effect it has. Earlier research shows what kind of employee costs there are and what it takes to retain existing employees within the organization. Previous research also shows that there is a disagreement between authors about what motivation is, how it is fulfilled and whom that is responsible for maintaining motivation. The result shows that there are specific motivational factors that can determine whether employees stay or choose to give their notice. Recruitment is also shown to be significant in the work on retaining employees.

  • 93.
    Adolfsson, Katarina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Olsson, Jannica
    University West, Department of Nursing.
    Känslor och upplevelser i samband med stomioperation: hur kan sjuksköterskan motivera patienten till en god egenvård ?2002Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 94.
    Adolfsson, Lucienne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Abrahamsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Fritidslärarnas perspektiv på rastverksamhet: En intervjuundersökning2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: En utgångspunkt för detta arbete är CIF Idrottsförbund (2017) och deras studie, där presenteras att 80 procent av elever som stillasittande. På grund av detta dilemma har vi funderingar på vilket sätt fritidslärarna arbetar för att minska stillasittandet i skolan. Vi såg en potential hos fritislärarna och deras bidrag om hälsofrämjande arbete igenom att erbjuda val av rörelseaktiviteter av olika slag. Ericsson (2005) förtydligar att raster ger fritidslärare och pedagoger goda möjligheter till att observera både barns motorik och kamratrelationer. Utifrån vår erfarenhet blev vi medvetna om att rasten kan vara en del av våra uppgifter och därför är denna studie angelägen med syfte på att belysa hur fritidslärarna uppfattar rastverksamhet. Vi har under denna studie fått en bild på hur två olika skolor arbetar med sina raster och vår empiri kommer att presenteras i resultaten. Utifrån vårt resultat kommer vi göra en analys och jämförelse av vilka likheter och skillnader som finns emellan skolorna. Dessa skolor kommer vi kalla här för skola A och skola B.

    Syfte: Syfte med denna studie är att få djupare kunskap om hur fritidslärare arbetar för att rasterna på skoltid ska bli meningsfulla för eleverna. Samt att belysa hur vi framtida fritidslärare kan arbeta med rastaktiviteter på ett konstruktivt sätt och för att bidra till ett fortsatt lärande för elever samt skapa en livslång lust att lära.

    Metod: Till studien valde vi semistrukturerade intervjuer och det innebär att vi hade förberett ett antal frågor som vi ställde till sex stycken fritidspersonal som arbetar på två olika skolor. Våra frågor är riktade att ta reda på hur fritidslärarna ser på rastverksamhet och hur de resonerar kring planerade- och fria aktiviteter under skolans raster.

    Resultat: De fritidslärarna som blev intervjuade arbetade utifrån olika synsätt, skola A erbjuder fri lek under sina raster och vi anser att de arbetar mer abstrakt eller omedvetet mot sina syften gällande rastverksamhet. Under fria val av aktiviteter på raster som de har, gav de beskrivning på att de arbetar aktivt med att träna elevers sociala relationer samt ger dem god omsorg som skapar trygghet och trivsel hos eleverna. Skola B arbetar mer konkret med aktiviteterna på rasterna och dessutom synliggör de Skolverkets rekommendationer genom teman i sin planering. Trots att det är aktiviteter på raster så arbetar fritidslärarna effektivt under fritidshemmets egna kapitel fyra i läroplanen. De anser att styrda rastaktiviteter stödjer elever till optimal inlärning samt främjar hälsan både fysiskt och psykiskt på bästa sätt. Då alla elever på skolan får möjlighet att röra sig under sina raster, vilket också kan motverka stillasittandet.

    I vår jämförelse har vi kommit fram till både likheter och skillnader. Likheterna är att båda skolor vill uppnå samma mål dock på olika sätt. Skillnaderna är att skola A inte visar klart för oss hur de gör för att främja social gemenskap, trygghet och trivsel som de menar att den frivilliga leken gör. Fritidslärarna anser att eleverna tränar allt som möjliggör lärande, utan vuxens inblandning och de säger att man inte ska behöva vara delaktiga i elevernas lekar för att synliggöra medverkan. Skola B visar klart för oss hur planeringen ser ut som helhet och anser att strukturerade aktiviteter på raster stödjer elevers lärande samt stärker deras motorik. Fritidslärarna på skola B anger också att det ger positiva effekter hos eleverna såsom minskade konflikter, förbättrad sociala interaktion emellan elev och lärare samt ger dem mera ork för skolan.

  • 95.
    Adolfsson, Per
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Lindqvist, Åsa
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Humor i byggandet av vårdrelationen mellan sjuksköterska och patient: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Humour has been a part of mankind since ancient time and affects the human being in several ways. Communication is essential in creating a relationship and humour may improve the possibility that a nurse and a patient succeed in building a therapeutic relationship.

    Aim: The aim of this literature review was to illuminate humour in the therapeutic relationship between nurse and patient.

    Method: The method used was a literature review. Systematic searches were conducted in the databases Cinahl and PubMed where eight articles were found, a ninth article was found by a non-systematic search. The articles were then analyzed through Friberg's five-step model for literature reviews.

    Results: Four themes occurred. Humour as a brick in building a bridge in the therapeutic relationship, Experiences and effects of humour in the therapeutic relationship, Barriers and fears when using humour in the therapeutic relationship and Gender and humour in the therapeutic relationship. The result suggests that humour is useful in building a therapeutic relationship and is being used frequently, yet there are times when nurses hesitate to use humour due to the lack of experience. There also occurred a difference in how humour is used due to the gender of the patient.

    Conclusion: Humour is mainly a positive experience in the therapeutic relationship and should be used as it makes communication easier and makes it easier for nurses and patients to bond. The way using humour differs in gender must be considered by the nurse.

  • 96.
    Adolfsson, Sebastian
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production System.
    RatSLAM with Viso2: Implementation of alternative monocular odometer2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, a ROS (Robot Operating System) version of Open RatSLAM, [1] [2], was tested with Viso2 [3] as an alternative monocular odometer. A land based rover [4] was used to perform data acquisition and a remote control tool was developed to facilitate this procedure, implemented as ROS nodes on both Ubuntu 16.04 and on Android 7.0.An additional requirement that comes from using Viso2 is the need for camera information together with the image stream, which might require camera calibration. A ROS node to manually add this camera information was made as well as a node to change the generated odometry message from Viso2 to a form that RatSLAM uses. The implemented odometer uses feature tracking to estimate motion, which is fundamentally different to matching intensity profiles which the original method does and can hence be used when different properties of the visual odometry function is desired. From experiments, it was seen that the feature tracking method from Viso2 generated amore robust motion estimate in terms of real world scale and it was also able to better handle environments of varying illumination or that contains large continuous surfaces of the same colour. However, the feature tracking may give slight variations in the generated data upon successive runs due to the random selection of features to track. Since the structure of RatSLAM gives the system ability to make loop closures even with large differences in position, an alternative odometry does not necessarily give a significant improvement in performance of the system in environments that the original system operates well in. Even though both algorithms show difficulty with estimating fast rotations, especially when the camera view contains areas with few features, the performance improvement in Viso2 together with its ability to better maintain the real-world scale motivates its usefulness. The source code, as well as instructions for installation and usage is public

  • 97.
    Adolfsson, Sebastian
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production System.
    RatSLAM with Viso2: Implementation of alternative monocular odometer2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, a ROS (Robot Operating System) version of OpenRatSLAM, [1] [2], was tested with Viso2 [3] as an alternative monocular odometer. A land based rover [4] was used to perform data acquisition and a remote control tool was developed to facilitate this procedure, implemented as ROS nodes on both Ubuntu 16.04 and on Android 7.0.  An additional requirement that comes from using Viso2 is the need for camera information together with the image stream, which might require camera calibration. A ROS node to manually add this camera information was made as well as a node to change the generated odometry message from Viso2 to a form that RatSLAM uses. The implemented odometer uses feature tracking to estimate motion, which is fundamentally different to matching intensity profiles which the original method does and can hence be used when different properties of the visual odometry function is desired. From experiments, it was seen that the feature tracking method from Viso2 generated a more robust motion estimate in terms of real world scale and it was also able to better handle environments of varying illumination or that contains large continuous surfaces of the same colour. However, the feature tracking may give slight variations in the generated data upon successive runs due to the random selection of features to track. Since the structure of RatSLAM gives the system ability to make loop closures even with large differences in position, an alternative odometry does not necessarily give a significant improvement in performance of the system in environments that the original system operates well in. Even though both algorithms show difficulty with estimating fast rotations, especially when the camera view contains areas with few features, the performance improvement in Viso2 together with its ability to better maintain the real-world scale motivates its usefulness.  The source code, as well as instructions for installation and usage is public.

  • 98.
    Adolfsson, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Natural Sciences and Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Lööf, Karin
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Natural Sciences and Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Ört Dahlen, Marie
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Natural Sciences and Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Sätts hyresgästen i fokus?2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this examination is to study and analyze whether two different housing companies in Trollhättan, Sweden, put their tenants in focus or not. Literature based on facility management, with emphasis in customer orientation and service management, has been used to enhance the authors’ knowledge base. Interviews with the chosen housing companies and questionnaires targeted to tenants have been implemented to proceed and to answer the general question of this examination. A comparison between the housing companies will evaluate if there is any difference between a company for public utility, Eidar, and one whom is owned privately, Lundqvist. The results of the data shows, from some angles, a great variation in tenants’ opinions considering their experiences regarding having a safe home, being taken seriously by their housing company and the possibility to suit their apartment along with personal wishes and/or needs. The main question is if the tenant feels him being in focus by the housing company. The analysis illuminates and discusses the results, which will lead to a conclusion. According to this study housing companies only partly keep their tenants in focus and the utility company seems to be less focused on the customers than the private-owned one.

  • 99.
    Adolphs, Svenja
    et al.
    University of Nottingham, School of English, University Park, NG7 2RD, UK.
    Clark, Leigh
    University College Dublin, School of Information and Communication Studies, Dublin, Ireland.
    Dörnyei, Zoltan
    University of Nottingham, School of English, University Park, NG7 2RD, UK.
    Glover, Tony
    University of Nottingham, School of Computer Science, Jubilee Campus, NG8 1BB, UK.
    Henry, Alastair
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Muir, Christine
    University of Nottingham, School of English, University Park, NG7 2RD, UK.
    Sánchez-Lozano, Enrique
    University of Nottingham, School of Computer Science, Jubilee Campus, NG8 1BB, UK.
    Valstar, Michel
    University of Nottingham, School of Computer Science, Jubilee Campus, NG8 1BB, UK.
    Digital innovations in L2 motivation: Harnessing the power of the Ideal L2 Self2018In: System (Linköping), ISSN 0346-251X, E-ISSN 1879-3282, Vol. 78, p. 173-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustained motivation is crucial to learning a second language (L2), and one way to support this can be through the mental visualisation of ideal L2 selves (Dörnyei & Kubanyiova, 2014). This paper reports on an exploratory study which investigated the possibility of using technology to create representations of language learners' ideal L2 selves digitally. Nine Chinese learners of L2 English were invited to three semi-structured interviews to discuss their ideal L2 selves and their future language goals, as well as their opinions on several different technological approaches to representing their ideal L2 selves. Three approaches were shown to participants: (a) 2D and 3D animations, (b) Facial Overlay, and (c) Facial Mask. Within these, several iterations were also included (e.g. with/without background or context). Results indicate that 3D animation currently offers the best approach in terms of realism and animation of facial features, and improvements to Facial Overlay could lead to beneficial results in the future. Approaches using the 2D animations and the Facial Mask approach appeared to have little future potential. The descriptive details of learners' ideal L2 selves also provide preliminary directions for the development of content that might be included in future technology-based interventions.

  • 100.
    Adrian, Carina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Puumala, Johanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Vi ska få eleverna att komma hit hoppsaskuttande": En kvalitativ studie om gymnasieskolans arbete med psykisk ohälsa hos elever.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our study was to describe, compare and analyze how representatives from different professions in high school look upon their experiences of the schools work with helping students with mental health issues as well as preventing mental illness among the students. In our study we chose to use a qualitative approach by conducting interviews since we wanted to receive views from the representatives from different professions regarding the high schools work with mental illness. We interviewed six people who represented different professions in school and they worked at two different high schools. In the research we used it appears that collaboration and discretion were significant components regarding the schools work with mental illness. In our study we find that the Student Health Care have a central role in the work with mental illness among the students, but other professional groups seem to have an important role as well. The different professional groups collaborates in the work with mental illness and how collaboration function appears to affect the discretion of the professionals in their work.

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