Change search
Refine search result
78910111213 451 - 500 of 682
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 451.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Gustavsson, A.
    Delaktighet: ideologi och teori2019In: Omsorgsboken: möjligheter och svårigheter vid intellektuell funktionsnedsättning, Stockholm: Liber, 2019, 6, p. 261-272Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 452.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gustavsson, Anders
    Stockholm universitet.
    Belonging and multidimensional self-expectations: Transition from upper secondary special programmes to working life for pupils with intellectual disabilities in Sweden2009In: La nouvelle revue de l'adaptation et de la scolarisation, ISSN 1957-0341, Vol. 48, no 4, p. 255-265Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we review current research – some of our own and others – on the transition between school and work for young people with intellectual disabilities in Sweden. Two main paths of transition are identified. The first is an introduction to the special needs system of work and occupation within the Swedish welfare state, a continuation of the special needs programme that pupils with intellectual disabilities attend in Sweden. The second path of transition includes more complex self-expectations and belongings both in the special need system and more ordinary life and work. Both paths are discussed in relation to current research and welfare policy. Here, we draw on recent theoretical development in relation to concepts like multidimensional identifications and mixed identities in the fields of international migration and ethnic relations.

  • 453.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gustavsson, Anders
    Stockholms universitet.
    Delaktighet: ideologi och teori2011In: Nya Omsorgsboken / [ed] Söderman, Lena och Antonson, Sivert, Malmö: Liber, 2011, 5., [helt omarb., nya] uppl., p. 272-283Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 454.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gustavsson, AndersHermansson, Hans-ErikUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Meningsskapande och delaktighet: om vår tids socialpedagogik2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 455.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sauer, Lennart
    Umea University, Sweden.
    Ineland, Jens
    Umea University, Sweden.
    Handle with Care: Staff Experiences of Difficulties working with People with Intellectual Disabilities2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Providing care and support to people with intellectual disabilities (ID) is in several aspects a complex and challenging assignment. It could be argued that this complexity has fundamentally to do with different organizational conditions. Analysing the specfiic characteristics of experienced difficulties could generate a new understanding of the organizational prerequisites of working within intellectual disability services. This presentation examines how LSS administrators (n=70) and habilitation staff (n=40) in Sweden experience difficulties working with people with ID. Drawing upon both quantitative and qualitative data generated from a larger web survey a content analysis was used. In order to complement the qualitative analyses we also used descriptive numerical analyses. The results reveals that staff experiences of difficulties in work with people with ID could be differentiated in four typological themes; (1) Structure, (2) Profession, (3) Relations and (4) Collaboration. As shown in our presentation, experience of difficult situations in human service organizations does not necessarily correspond with work dissatisfaction or unclear goals. On the contrary, we argue that it is a fundamental aspect of professionalism to handle this plurality within a specific organizational context. The different characteristics of the organizations in our study reflect two different institutional logics. While the LSS administrators mainly operates within an administrative logic based on a regulative framework, the habilitation staff are operating within a therapeutic logic based on a cognitive framework. Consequently they have their own specific norms and rule systems, which influence when and to which extent everyday situations are experience and defined as difficult.

  • 456.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Löfgren- Mårtenson, Lotta
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Risks and opportunities in new emancipatory landscapes?: On young people with intellectual disabilities, Internet use and identification processes2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although research on young peoples identity formation processes on the Internet is a growing field, there are few studies that illustrate conditions for pupils with intellectual disabilities (ID). Recent Scandinavian studies have indicated that there is a new generation of young people with ID who has developed alternative ways of relating to issues of participation and identity. It's about how they choose to present themselves and how they navigate the various social media. By presenting themselves through descriptions of their own interests and personal characteristics instead of exposing the disability so-called alternative identities can be developed, where disability is not necessarily put in focus. Young people with ID often have different degrees of communicative constraints, which on the one hand implicates that the value of new social arenas can be of great importance. On the other hand, the use of the Internet could also be problematic in different contexts. An on-going Swedish research project aims to investigate these processes based on the perspectives of young people with ID, school staff and parents. In a pilot study based on focus group interviews we found that professionals (teachers, n=8) expressed a concern that young people will get hurt and end up in undesirable situations (such as being cheated or abused), while parents (n=5) mainly consider the Internet as a possible future venue for the development of new and on-going social relations. This paper presentation will report preliminary findings from interviews conducted with young people in upper secondary special programme for pupils with ID (n=30). The experiences of the informants will be discussed in relation to results from the pilot study and relative to a conceptual framework of social identity,participation and emancipation.

  • 457.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Löfgren-Mårtenson, Lotta
    Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    New emancipatory (em@ncipatory) landscapes?: Young people with intellectual disabilities, Internet use and identification processes2016In: Transitions Across the Life Course of People with Disabilities: Experiences, Opportunities and Strategies, Off- and Online Workshop information and contributions by the delegates (with abstracts, pamphlets and papers), 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 458.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Löfgren-Mårtenson, Lotta
    Malmö Högskola, Malmö, Sverige.
    New Em@ncipatory Landscapes?: Young People With Intellectual Disabilities, Internet Use and Identification Processes2017In: Advances in Social Work, ISSN 1527-8565, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 645-662Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although research on young people's identification processes on the Internet is a growing field, few studies illustrate conditions for young people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Previous studies have shown that young people with ID are worried about being marginalized, and that many in fact are lonelier than other young people. Internet and social networking sites might be of vital importance as a space for exploring alternative and less stigmatized identities. This article reports findings from individual interviews with 27 young people with ID in Sweden. The transcribed interviews were analyzed using a thematic content analysis. A prominent finding concerned the informants being well aware of both risks and opportunities using Internet and Social Networking Sites. Consequently, the more they interacted with non-disabled peers, the more they experienced negative consequences of Internet use. These circumstances rather lead to downsizing than upsizing Internet use, and less participation on Social Networking Sites. The experiences of the informants are discussed in a conceptual framework of social identity, participation, and emancipation. We recommend that social work practitioners reflect upon the ways that support can be arranged in order to empower young people with ID to participate on the Internet.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 459.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Löfgren-Mårtenson, Lotta
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Teachers’ and parents’ views on the Internet and social media usage by pupils with intellectual disabilities2015In: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, ISSN 1744-6295, E-ISSN 1744-6309, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 22-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports experiences from a Swedish study, discussing teachers’ and parents’ views on how young people with intellectual disabilities use the Internet and social media. Five semi-structured focus group interviews were conducted with teachers (n = 8) in special programmes in upper secondary schools for pupils with intellectual disabilities and parents (n = 5) of pupils in the same form of schooling, and they were analysed with thematic analysis. Teachers more strongly emphasize a pupil’s use of the Internet for interactive purposes. Parents had expectations that the Internet could be a tool for gaining more awareness of one’s own disability and a way to meet other peer group pupils. Teachers’ and parents’ perspectives on the Internet and social media usage are important since it is imperative to show how support can be provided for young people with intellectual disabilities.

  • 460.
    Mossberg, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Construction of service users in strategic collaboration including mental health and social services, and service user organisations: [Konstruktionen av brukare i strategisk samverkan mellan psykiatri, socialtjänst och brukarorganisationer]2019In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, article id UNSP 1589426Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Terms used to refer to people who use welfare services have been under change and are under continuous debate. Here, seven analytical categories from terms used in 40 mental health strategic collaboration meetings including human service organisations representatives and service user organisations representatives are analysed to study the construction of the service user in mental health. The categories were set up in relation to characteristics, how and when they were used, and who was using them. Results showed that service user representatives and professionals shared some categories; some categories differed in how they were used and had dissimilar starting points, while one group exclusively used some. The use of categories could also be divided into a collective and an individual perspective. Participants agreed on service users having complex needs but not essentially different. Service user representatives emphasised a structural perspective, a society unequipped to meet service users’ needs while respecting their citizenship. Professionals more often used the individual perspective, where the troubles service users faced were put on an individual level. Their categories were better established and thus more resilient to resistance. Most prominent were issues on service users’ independence, accountability, and collective or individual perspective.

  • 461.
    Mossberg, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Mellan norm och praktik: Strategisk samverkan och brukarmedverkan inom verksamhetsområdet psykisk ohälsa2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a steady critique towards the mental health field stating that people with mental health problems do not get the assistance they need. Often, this critique states that collaboration between different organisations is lacking or non-functional. As an increasingly common part in collaboration, service user participation has also been included in this critique as not being adequately performed. Within the mental health field,many studies has focus on collaboration and service user participation on operational level, with and between professionals in direct interaction with service users. Not as many has studied the strategic level of collaboration, between leaders and managers, planning and structuring the organisation of mental health services. This level has also within the operational level studies often been pointed out as paramount to collaboration on operational level.

    The present thesis aims to describe and analyse collaboration and service user participation on strategic level. The following research questions are included: how are the strategic collaboration councils composed, and how do the participants handle the work within them? What experiences and opinions on collaboration do the participants have? How do the participants handle possibly contradicting expectations and interests from the surroundings and from their own organisations? How are service users and service user participation socially constructed, and what do such constructions entail? How do the participants handle collaboration as a practically unavoidable way of working?

    Eight strategic collaboration councils from the north, middle, and south of Sweden were included in the study. The participants in these represented mostly social and mental health services, and in some cases Arbetsförmedlingen (the Swedish Public Employment Service), Försäkringskassan (Sweden's social insurance agency), and service user organisations. 80 participants in all were included in the study, mostly managers. The councils were observed during one year, and the participants were asked to participate inan interview and a questionnaire. The material was analysed with the assistance of NVivo9 and SPSS, and by the theoretical aid of new institutionalism, discourse analytic perspective, and negotiation

    The results showed a collaboration between the participants that revolved around norm and practice of collaboration. While all participants had very homogenous opinions and experiences of collaboration, showing of a strong norm supported by laws and regulations, there were also a discussion that showed of the possibility to negotiate that norm. Through negotiation and normative arguments, the participants could adhere to the norm that brings legitimacy to the organisation and the collaboration council, while further own interests and interpretations. Negotiation about collaboration meant that the participants could discuss collaboration in itself. Through choosing normative arguments, they could put forward certain aspects of the collaboration norm which gave latitude within the norm. Here, the norm came forward as collaboration should be done by being or becoming to be united, while having good relationships and an open discussion. The dilemma that showed through the negotiation and normative arguments was that while collaboration must be built on good relationships that can withstand disagreements and criticism, one cannot jeopardize the relationships by bringing up contentious topics. But, if pressing matters because of this are not allowed to be discussed, collaboration is at risk to be perceived as pointless. Collaboration through negotiation showed negotiation as a mean to get things done and to handle interests and interpretations in the collaboration councils. These negotiations were both implicit and explicit and were based in the collaboration norm. Normative arguments also served a purpose in building and strengthening the relationships between the participants, putting relationships as a central part of collaboration. Through normative arguments based in the collaboration norm, participants could preserve consensus and discuss disagreements, interpretations, and interests without risking the relationships. Service user representatives tended to be apart in negotiation about collaboration, but not in collaboration through negotiation. Even so, the service user representatives made a mark within the collaboration councils indiscussions and agendas, showing a plausible increasingly stronger position within in strategic collaboration.

  • 462.
    Mulalic, Melina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Mulalic, Minella
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Ett samarbete för en samverkan: mellan aktörer från Socialtjänsten, Arbetsförmedlingen och Folkuniversitetet(SFI) i Varberg2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    När man blir mottagen i Sverige som nyanländ finns det många myndigheter som bidrar med stöd inom olika områden med syfte att göra det enklare för den nyanlände att integreras. Myndigheterna har genom åren utvecklat en samverkan och ett samarbete mellan varandra för att den nyanlände inte skall ha allt ansvar över sin integration.

    Studiens syfte är att studera samverkan och samarbetet mellan tre myndigheter; Folkuniversitetet, Arbetsförmedlingen och Socialtjänsten och hur de tillsammans integrerar nyanlända i det svenska samhället, hur de upplever samarbetet och samverkan mellan varandra och om etableringsreformens mål uppfylls.

    Studien använder sig av en kvalitativ ansats och utgår från ett fenomenologiskt perspektiv. En person från följande organisationer, Folkuniveristet i Varberg, Arbetsförmedlingen och Socialtjänsten, har blivit intervjuad med hjälp av en semi-strukturerad intervju.

    Studien visar ansvarsområden och upplevelser kring samverkan och samarbetet mellan varandra för ett välfungerande arbete. I stort sett upplevs samarbetet och samverkan som bra; man har tillgång till varandras resurser vilket gör integreringen enklare för den nyanlände.

    Tidigare forskning visar att samarbete mellan myndigheter är något positivt och gör det enkelt för både myndigheterna och de nyanlända att komma in i det svenska samhället. En hypotes som presenteras i denna studie är tanken om att ett samarbete, eller en samverkan existerar mellan dessa olika organ men att kännedom om denna samverkan inte existerar i så hög grad hos allmänheten. Resultatet av studien visar att en god samverkan existerar mellan de olika aktörerna i deras arbete med nyanlända.

  • 463.
    Muric, Almedina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Obradovac, Samra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Fritidsgård - en mötesplats": - en studie om delaktighet på en fritidsgård.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how participative perspective gets expressed in a practical activity, how the youths percept participation in a youth recreation centre and how their perception can be related to the recreation centre staffs perspective on a participative work. Our questions were:

     How does the recreation center staff describe their work from a participative perspective?

     In which way do the youths perceive themselves participated in leisure farms activities?

     Does the staffs participation perspective interact with the youths view on participation at the recreation centre, and in that case, how?

    The methodological approach that was chosen for this study was the qualitative and semi-structured interviews were used in the study. The theoretical starting point was participation and empowerment. The interviews for this study were chosen to split into three parts which the first was made with the unit manager, the other with recreation leaders, and the last with the youths. The results of the study showed that participation is expressed at the recreation center but that it was different in how participation is taken in expression. Something that ties together the answer we got from the interview with the staff at the recreation centre is that they strive to work participative by making good relations with the youths. The unit manager believed that trust and good relation creates participation. The youths expressed that participation for them is when they are with and affects things

  • 464.
    Mustafa, Sanije
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Khalili Mansour, Rana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Varför Sverige som destinationsland?: En kvalitativ studie med flyktingar från Syrien som läser på SFI2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Konflikterna i världen har bidragit till att många människor har flytt från sitt hemland och sökt skydd i andra länder, främst i Europa. Under 2015 ökade invandringen till Sverige till rekordsiffran 163 000. Kriget i Syrien har gjort att många människor från Syrien sökt asyl i Sverige. Var fjärde person som har invandrat till Sverige under år 2015 var född i Syrien.

    Syftet med studien är att beskriva och analysera syriska flyktingars förväntningar innan och efter de kom till ett nytt land.

    Informanterna i studien är sex vuxna personer, fem kvinnor och en man mellan 22 och 51 år, samtliga flyktingar från Syrien. Informanterna har bott i Sverige mellan elva månader och tre år. Semistrukturerade intervjuer har använts som datainsamlingsmetod, och materialet har analyserats genom tematisering. De teoretiska utgångspunkter som har använts är Antonovskys teori KASAM, och integration.

    Studiens resultat visar att samtliga informanter hade en god förförståelse innan de kom till Sverige. Dock var denna information som de fått via sociala medier samt sociala nätverk men också andra källor inte alltid var sanna vilket skapade felaktiga förväntningar.

    Uppehållstillståndet och välfärden var det starkaste pull-faktorerna samt trygghet och säkerhet utgjorde en huvudanledning till val av destinationsland. Flera av informanterna uttryckte en oro inför framtiden och att börja ett nytt liv från grunden var en svår process. Den stora svårigheten var att lära det nya språket samt att finna arbete.

    Inom socialpedagogiken är det viktigt att ha verktyg om hur man bemöter och ha förståelse, kännedom om människors olika svårigheter när det gäller att komma in i det nya samhället.

  • 465.
    Möller, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Ungdomars delaktighet inom tvångsvården: En kvalitativ analys av ungdomars delaktighet inom tvångsvård utifrån behandlingsassistentens perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att utifrån behandlingsassistenternas egna perspektiv med en fenomenologisk ansats, tolka och analysera delaktighet samt arbetet med att förverkliga delaktighet inom tvångsvården. Hur uppfattar behandlingsassistenter att de främjar ungdomens möjlighet till delaktighet under ungdomens placeringstid på SiS då utredning och behandling genomförs? Hur uppfattar behandlingsassistenter att de främjar ungdomens möjlighet till delaktighet vid särskilda befogenheter som exempelvis vid urinprov och kroppsvisitation? Hur uppfattar behandlingsassistenter att de arbetar för att främja möjligheten till delaktigheten vid samarbete och relationer med socialtjänsten? Vad uppfattar den enskilde behandlingsassistenten är svårigheten med att arbeta delaktighetsfrämjande inom tvångsvården?  Metod: Kvalitativ metod med fenomenologiska intervjuer.

    Resultat: Resultatet visar att behandlingsassistenter arbetar delaktighetsfrämjande med utredning och behandling genom regelbundna samtal och genom att skapa relation med ungdomarna. I vissa fall arbetar behandlingsassistenterna med strategier som främjar delaktigheten utifrån delaktighetstrappan. Resultatet visar att ungdomarnas grad av delaktighet beror på vilken kunskap behandlingsassistenten har om de riktlinjer som SiS utarbetat. Svårigheten som behandlingsassistenterna beskriver är att de har för lite tid att skapa goda relationer med ungdomarna och att det ibland saknas kunskap bland personalen. Om personalens förkunskaper varierar så är det svårt att tillsammans ha en gemensam riktning i arbetsgruppen om hur man ska arbeta delaktighetsfrämjande. Utifrån vilka förkunskaper behandlingsassistenterna har om socialtjänstens skyldigheter arbetar de för att främja ungdomarnas delaktighet i samarbetet. Behandlingsassistenterna lägger fokus på relationsbyggandet och genom en god relation skapas emotionella energier i mötet som gör att ungdomarna känner sig kompetenta att fatta bra beslut vilket gör att man frigör individens egna resurser att förändra sin livsvärld.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 466.
    Mörk, Alma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Axelsson, Stina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Man mår inte bra förrän man fått bekräftelse på att man gjort någonting bra": - en studie om akademisk press bland gymnasietjejer.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På grund av ökad psykisk ohälsa bland unga i samhället var studiens syfte att undersöka hur akademisk press påverkade gymnasietjejers psykiska hälsa. Studien riktade sig till gruppen "duktiga flickor" på ett naturvetenskapligt program som upplevde en hög akademisk press i skolan och höga förväntningar på sig själva. Studien undersökte vilka copingstrategier tjejerna använde samt vilka konsekvenser pressen fick för deras hälsa.

  • 467.
    Naessén, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gemenskap och utveckling på kulturskolan: En studie i empowerment2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In social pedagogy, empowerment is used as a tool for uplifting and strengthening the individual in relation to societal power structures, so that the individual herself can influence her own context in a positive direction. Empowerment is of great importance with regards to inclusion in socially deprived areas. Background: In a society with growing disparities, it is important for young people to be engaged in meaningful activities and communities. The study discusses, among other things, the problem that the School of Culture has to deal with when it comes to making education more accessible and inclusive for students facing social exclusion. This study highlights the Swedish School of Culture's role as a creator of meaning and a place for safe meetings between adults and children, especially in socially deprived areas.

    The aim of the present work is to investigate the effect that a place at the School of Culture can have on individuals, regarding self esteem and sense of coherence. This is done partly by examining how empowerment is used as a teaching method at the school. The theoretical framework is made up of a number of theoretical concepts, of which the main concepts are empowerment and SOC (sense of coherence). Method: Qualitative, structured interviews and open, participatory observations. Results: The Swedish School of Culture plays an important role for inclusion of students with an immigrant background. The teachers would like to have a more clear pedagogical discussion.

  • 468.
    Nehls, Eddy
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Cultural Aspects of Alcohol.: A Critical Discussion of Swedes Relation to, Use of and Notions of Alcohol (not only) in Rituals2007In: The Ritual Year and Ritual Diversity: Proceedings of the Second International Conference of the SIEF Working Group on The Ritual Year / [ed] Midholm, Lina, Uppsala: Institutet för språk och folkminnen , 2007, p. 318-323Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 469.
    Nehls, Eddy
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Kung alkohol och andra drogaktörer2009Book (Other academic)
  • 470.
    Nehls, Eddy
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Tankar föregår handling: En självklar men sällan beaktad aspekt av bruk, riskbruk och missbruk2010In: Insatser, Forskning & Fortbildning i Västra Götaland: En rapport från Forskningsrådet för missbruks och beroendefrågor - nätverk i Västra Götaland. 2010 / [ed] Claudia Fahlke, Göteborg: Forskningsrådet för missbruks och beroendefrågor - nätverk i Västra Götaland , 2010, p. 114-119Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 471.
    Nehls, Eddy
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Vad är the business of business?: några kritiska reflektioner kring näringslivets mångfaldsretorik2005In: Olikhetens paradigm: Intersektionella perspektiv på o(jäm)likhetsskapande / [ed] de los Reyes, Paulina & Martinson, Lena, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2005, p. 79-98Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 472.
    Nehls, Eddy
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Åsa Bengtsson: Nyktra kvinnor: Folkbildare, företagare och politiska aktörer: Vita Bandet 1890-1930. Makadam förlag, Göteborg/Stockholm 2012. 380s, ill. English summary. ISBN 978-91-7061-092-9.2013In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, no 2, p. 99-101Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 473.
    Nielsen, Cecilia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Om man inte läser och skriver så bra ...: läs- och skrivsvårigheter i en skriftspråksberoende värld2008In: Ung på 2000-talet: perspektiv på ungdomars vardag, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2008, p. 13-29Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 474.
    Niklasson, Julia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Åhman, Madelein
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Att vara ung kvinna på sociala medier 2018: En kvalitativ studie utifrån unga kvinnors berättelser om hur sociala medier inverkar på deras vardag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Young women spend a lot of their daily life on the platform that we today call social media. The social medias of today might lead to young women experimenting with themselves, which might have a massive impact on their decisions while trying to create their own identity. It is a platform for communication which might lead to people feeling participation. It might also occur cyber bullying and sexual harassment on these platforms. The overall purpose is to describe and analyze what impact social media have on these young women in their daily life. The purpose of this study is more specific to examine if and how the self-perception of these young women is affected of social media, to see what risks and possibilities that young women is identifying with social interaction online, the purpose also to analyze how expressions between social media and the life that they life offline is relating to each other. The study has a qualitative approach where the result is based on four semistructured life word-interviews with fourteen young women in total, within the age of sixteen to seventeen. Symbolic interactionism is used as the theoretical reference framework of the study, and the theoretical concepts is definition of the situation, present, social interaction, symbols and emphasis on activity. The result of the study shows that social media gives the opportunities to dare to express yourself, to maintain relations and to create new relations. It also creates standards and trends online, that women are feeling pressures to apply to their lives offline. Young women are vulnerable for violations, sexual harassment on social media, and a there is a fear of not getting accepted.

  • 475.
    Nilsson, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Stjerna, Josefine
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Vad skall du bli när du blir stor?: En kvalitativ studie om ungdomars drömjobb2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is identify aspects of  young peoples’ in Western Sweden dream jobs looks and which describe the factors that respondents think will affect their ability to reach these dream jobs. This is a qualitative study, using information from five focus groups, involving 22 students. This study identified the various factors that youths in the third year in high school think are important when they think about their future employment. The young people described in this study are faced with decisions regarding education and employment that will have consequences throughout their lives. This study’s results show that the young participants described here value ​​the feeling of enjoying the social aspects of work as most important, along with a good salary. Respondents want to earn enough to afford to do what they like to do, and say that their spare time and family are highly valued. The descriptions of dream jobs vary widely, including personnel manager, psychologist, hairdresser and construction engineer. In order to obtain their dream jobs, most respondents believe that they need additional education. Some of the respondents feel that a break from studying can prevent them from reaching their dream jobs, as they feel that employment would be a hindrance to returning to school. On the other hand some of the respondents felt that a break between gymnasium and higher education might be a good idea, as they are not able to identify their dream job yet. Most respondents set high priorities on finding work that fits their own personalities and making sure that their work was meaningful for them.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 476.
    Nilsson, Camilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kränkningar på nätet: ny norm på internet?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the adolescents opinion of how violations in social media might look like and to study if there is something that distinguishes it from violations face to face. As the technological development create new conditions for social interaction, the people who are working to prevent violations and bullying are faced with new challenges. Therefore, the study is also focused on how schools can work with these violations. According to a report from BRIS “Children’s Right s In Society” they receive an increasing number of calls every year about bullying or other forms of violent behaviour. This points to that this is an important problem that needs to be studied closer. The study is made based on a qualitative approach in the form of semi-structured interviews. The adolescents were interviewed in focus groups of four persons in one group and two in another. Two school counselors have been interviewed individually. The theoretical approach of the study was symbolic interactionism and Erving Goffman's dramaturgical sociology. The research that is available is primarily focused on bullying and the knowledge that exists today can not always be directly transferable to what is happening on the internet. Several studies have shown that there are some fundamental differences between the violations occurring on the internet compared to other violations, even if consequences like anxiety and stress usually are the same. This study’s results show that the adolescents notices that it is often a rougher language on the internet and it has almost become a new standard. In turn this means that it is more acceptable to give mean comments. It also indicated that the adolescents would want the schools to raise the question about violations in social medias more than what is being done today

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 477.
    Nilsson, Carina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Människans utnyttjande av andra djur : vardagsmat i dubbel bemärkelse: en kritisk diskursanalys av riksdagsdebatter om den svenska djurhållningen2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 478.
    Nilsson, Caroline
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att bryta upp och börja om: En kvalitativ studie om ensamkommande barns upplevelser av tiden på flykt och mötet med Sverige2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Every year a lot of people flee from their homes because of war and persecution. Many remain in the region, while some few go to Europe to seek asylum and even fewer comes to Sweden. Some of these people are children, under 18 years old who come unaccompanied without any parent or other legal guardian. This study will be about some of these children.

    Purpose

    The purpose of the study is to examine unaccompanied minors experiences of the migration process, with focus on the flight from their home country and the meeting with Sweden. The aim together with previous research led me towards two questions about children's fear and anxiety together with motivation to learn and develop during the chosen period. I hope that these children's stories will help social workers to meet, understand and support people who have gone through similar situations.

    Method

    I have used a qualitative approach with semi-structured interviews to emphasize the unaccompanied children's stories about their experiences of leaving their country and coming to Sweden. The theoretical grounds that I've used is system-and network theories and sociocultural theory at learning. The collected data has been coded, categorized, thematized and analysed based on the aforementioned theories and previous research.

    Results

    The results show that the flight from home mostly is a difficult time for a child and feelings of fear, anxiety, insecurity and uncertainty are common during this time. Several describe the feeling of death as not far away and an exposure where one can't control one's own future. Some experienced a difficulty to establish contact with the majority population and a feeling about not fitting in in the society. To break up and leave one's home and to start over at a new place also involves changes in one's social network. Many unaccompanied minors describe a feeling of loneliness and that most of their important relations in their new social network consist of teachers in school and personnel where they are living. Finally the results also show a strength and fighting spirit among the children, that all they've been through made them stronger!

  • 479.
    Nilsson, Chorin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Vad och vilka har betydelse?: en studie om att sluta med kriminalitet och bli drogfri2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande studie syftar att besvara vad det är som kan få en livsstilskriminell att sluta med kriminalitet och bli drogfri. Vidare vilken betydelse närstående och socialt umgänge kan spela för att detta ska ske samt vilken påverkan relationer i behandling kan ha på behandlingsresultatet.

    Empirin har samlats in med kvalitativ ansats: fyra semistrukturerade intervjuer med före detta livsstilskriminella män inom åldersspannet 25-47 år har gjorts. Perspektivet är relationellt och tolkningen av empirin görs utifrån teorin symbolisk interaktionism.

    Resultaten visar att socialt umgänge spelar roll både för initiering och avvänjningsförfarande av droger. Behovet av att tillhöra en gemenskap blir en drivkraft som leder till droganvändande varför identiteter behöver omskapas vid en livsstilsförändring. Vidare kan spirituella upplevelser, domar och föräldraskap vara sådant som leder till insikter samt sysselsättning. Stöd från professionella kan "så ett frö" och påverka den egna självbilden positivt. Att en klient får vara med och utforma sin tillvaro genererar samarbetsvillighet. Gruppterapi hjälper vissa enormt medan det avskräcker andra. Individuella samtal kan anses värdefulla för att få verktyg och mer självkännedom. Även att föreläsa om sin historia kan leda till sistnämnda.

    Framkommit har också att en sådan här livsstilsförändring är en stegvis process. Trots att allt som nämnts har betydelse är det först när en person tar steget in i ett aktivt aktörskap, som en hållbar förändring sker. Vad vidare forskning beträffar skulle det vara relevant att undersöka samma frågeställningar ur ett kvinnligt perspektiv samt effekter av bemötande hos professionella och hur närstående upplever sin roll.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 480.
    Nilsson, Håkan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Department of Behavioral and Social Work, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Existential social work and the quest for existential meaning and well-being: A conceptual framework2018In: Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Social Work, ISSN 1542-6432, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 64-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to conceptualize "existential social work." A greater understanding of what existential social work means may enable social workers and those studying social work to see how its practice can reveal "the truth" about human existence and how they, as professionals, can enhance existential meaning and existential well-being among their clients. In such work, existential social workers have at their disposal tools such as the Frankl therapeutic approach to existential analysis (i.e., logotherapy) as well as spiritual-sensitive modalities (prayer and mindfulness). To interpret and understand apparent phenomena in the therapy is the ultimate goal with existential social work practices, thus providing clients with the opportunity to discover the meaning that exists in themselves. In addition, these practices pave the way for existential well-being. © 2017 Taylor & Francis

  • 481.
    Nilsson, Laila
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kvist, Charlotte
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    En aha-upplevelse mellan städ och disk: kvinnors upplevelser av att få en AD/HD diagnos i vuxen ålder2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of our studie is to examine womens experiences of recieving a diagnosis of AD/HD as an adult and what social consequences this brings. As many studies focus on AD/HD from a neuropsychiatric perspective, we regard it interesting to look at it from a social perspective rather then psychiatric. The theory we mainly used is social constructionism as we think it relevant in this coherece. In the study we examine if and in that case how these women feel that the diagnosis has changed there everyday life, treatment by authority and colleagues, self-esteem/self-perception and relation to friends and close relatives. To make this possible we worded four questions at issue that was suitable for the purpose of the study. In the study we used qualitative research interviews whit four women, this as to bring forward there experiences in the best possible way. The result we found show that diagnosis has had great importance for the women as it has made them more aware of there scarcity and as a liberating explanation of there feeling of being different. To be able to analyze the text we used the theme as shaped from the questions to be able to find a pattern in the womens story. We then interpreted the material with the help of prior and relevant theories. Our conclusion is that the diagnosis strengthens the womens self-esteem/self-perception which means that they can handle there everyday life in a better way, but also that the diagnosis in it self does not change the real lack in extent any greater.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 482.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Wiedel, Daniel Olof
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Exempel 1: Att tidigt upptäcka barn i behov av särskilt stöd2019In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stckholm: Liber, 2019, p. 35-41Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 483.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Wiedel, Daniel Olof
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Tidiga insatser i förskolan: erfarenheter från ett utvecklingsarbete i Vara kommun2016Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 484.
    Nofodji, Jocelyn
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Nu kan jag se saker och ting med andra ögon": En kvalitativ studie om icke läs- och skrivkunniga vuxna invandrare i Sverige2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the illiterate adult immigrant's experiences of literacy and the opportunities them self-feel have to be integrated into Swedish work life. Through qualitative interviews with ten participants on literacy course in adult schools at the one of Sweden's medium great city, I have deepened my understanding of how these people are experiencing literacy, what it has contributed to in their everyday lives and what opportunities they think have in the labour market. As a theoretical starting point, I have chosen social constructivism. The results of the qualitative study showed that all respondents have a positive attitude toward literacy, since they realize that they must be able to read, write and speak Swedish to live as independent and self-sustaining adults. It also turns out that other factors in society slows their language development and in terms of their ability to get a job, they are more sceptical. My picture of the participants is that they have strong desire to integrate into the Swedish society. However, they lack strategies to make progress in the integration process, in addition, themselves or by other acquaintances feeling that they have no place in the labour market, but only at school or being on internship.

  • 485.
    Norberger, Markus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Jonsson, Joakim
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Gemenskap i exkludering, en kvantitativ studie bland ungdomar i utsatta områden: Psykologisk känsla av gemenskap samt exkluderande mekanismer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bilden av utsatta områden i Sverige och dess invånare är omfattande i dagens mediebrus. Inte sällan får ungdomar i dessa områden stå som representanter för en destruktiv förortskultur, ofta beskriven av de som inte lever i förorten. Studiens syfte var att kvantitativt studera och analysera hur ungdomar i nionde klass som enligt Nationella operativa avdelningens (2017) definition levde i utsatta områden, förhåller sig till begreppet Psycological Sense of Community (PSC), samt vilka exkluderande mekanismer som gjorde sig gällande i ungdomars vardagsliv. Enkätstudien genomfördes på en högstadieskola under lektionstid med 43 deltagande elever. Studiens resultat analyserades på gruppnivå, samt utifrån skapade jämförelsegrupper; kön, sysselsättning föräldrar/vårdnadshavare, tid bosatt i området samt boendeform. Studien fann att ungdomarna skattade ett medelvärde på 3,25 kring PSC. Resultatet kring exkluderande mekanismer gav medelvärdet 4,02 vilket indikerar låg grad av exkludering då skalan rör sig i positiv riktning. Studien fann inget signifikant samband mellan PSC och exkludering som sammantaget mått. Däremot fann studien att PSC och exkludering korrelerade med varandra på delskalenivå. Studien analyserade jämförelsegrupperna mot varandra genom oberoende t-tester. Studien fann då en signifikant skillnad på delskalenivå mellan tjejer och killars skattning av medlemskap. Tjejerna skattade ett lägre värde kring medlemskap men uppvisade en starkare tro på framtiden samt trivsel i området. Enligt studiens teoretiska perspektiv uppvisar ungdomarna en balanserad uppfattning kring gemenskap och exkludering. Studien fann inget stöd för den mediala bilden av bilbrännande ungdomar i uppror mot samhället. Exempelvis fann studien att 60,4% av ungdomarna anser att polisen vill dem väl. Ungdomarna uppvisade varken en stark känsla av gemenskap för området och/eller dess invånare. Inte heller kände nämnda ungdomar av exkluderande mekanismer.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 486.
    Nordqvist, Caroline
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Humor. Att ta på allvar!: En kvalitativ studie om skolkuratorns användande av humor som verktyg imötet med eleven2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien: Syftet med studien är att ta reda på om och hur skolkuratorer använder humor i mötet med elever.

    Deltagare: Fem skolkuratorer deltog i studien. Åldersspannet var mellan 25–60 år och deltagarna var av båda könen. År inom yrket varierade från 6 månader till 18 år.

    Metod: Det är en kvalitativ studie med semistrukturerade intervjuer. Empirin bygger på fem transkriberade intervjuer. Deltagarna är slumpmässigt utvalda skolkuratorer med ett minimumkrav på 6 månader i yrket. Empirin analyserades utifrån studiens teorier Intersektionellt perspektiv på maktordningar och Symbolisk interaktionism och de teoretiska begreppen alliansskapande och coping.

    Resultat: Resultatet visade att skolkuratorer använde sig av humor som verktyg långt mer än de själva var medvetna om. Som copingverktyg användes det främst för att få elever att slappna av, reducera stress och ångest. Men humorn användes även för att hjälpa elever att skifta perspektiv, som avledare, för att avdramatisera, förlösa och spegla eleven. Som ett allianskapande verktyg användes humorn främst för att skapa en tillåtande och positiv atmosfär. Humorn användes även för att skapa en anknytning till eleven och sågs som ett "socialt klister". Normer inom kontexten sågs som en begränsning för användandet av humor likaså maktobalansen mellan elev och kurator.

    Slutsatser: Humor är ett verksamt verktyg för att skapa allians och ett kreativt copingverktyg som det måste talas mer om. Resultatet visar att det finns en okunskap och osäkerhet i att använda humor. En rädsla för att tappa allvaret, skapa missförstånd och såra. Därför behövs det talas mer och humorns funktioner både på utbildningar och arbetsplatser för att höja en medvetenhet. Humor har även en "skyddande" funktion för kuratorn som behöver lyftas.

  • 487.
    Nordström, Susanna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Musik, subkultur, ungdomar och risktagande.2014In: Att förstå ungdomars identitetsskapande: en inspirations- och metodbok / [ed] Sorbring, E., Andersson, Å. & Molin, M., Stockholm: Liber, 2014, 1, p. 192-219Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I kapitlet beskrivs musik som en kontext där ungdomars identitetsskapande processer äger rum.

  • 488.
    Norlander, Ludvig
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Den stolte bilbyggaren: En studie om lönearbetets betydelse för delaktighet och identitet2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find, understand and discuss the experiences of former employees at SAAB, and present how this can be understood according to my core theoretical concepts, which are participation and identity. The questions asked in the study are based on how the labor is described, characterized and what comes forth as valuable, which is compared to absence of labor work.

    First, labor is described in an historical and social context, and at the same time related to the core theoretical concept. Second, the methodology chapter is presented, which mainly consists of 11 observations and 10 interviews. Third, the chapter regarding former theory leads to an analysis model, which is used on the empirical material of the study.

    The result shows that labor work at SAAB primarily is described as important for socializing, security and the possibility to be independent. The tasks at SAAB are described as backbreaking and monotonous, while the lack of labor work influences the physical and mental wellbeing. Unemployment also contributes to limitations in everyday life, and in addition, creates negative feelings and experiences due to lack of control in a new and changed world.

    In summary, the empirical and theoretical analysis taken together leads to the conclusion that labor work at SAAB is substantially described as positive, but there are however, parts which are less positive. Another conclusion is that lack of labor work primarily can be described as negative, but the opposite is also discernible. A third conclusion is that labor work is important for the understanding of participation and identity.

    When using the theoretical analysis model on the results given in the empirical material, three participation- and identity patterns can be found. These are then contextual and temporal, due to time and situation; the stabile and secure pattern, the loose and temporary pattern and the compensating and regenerative pattern.

    At the end of the essay there is an overall and concluding discussion regarding the findings in relation to context and society and which significance this may have on social pedagogy and its practice. Finally there is a brief section with reflections regarding the conducted study and perspectives on research to come.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 489.
    Norlander, Ludvig
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tre vanliga grabbar: En studie om platsens betydelse för delaktighet och identitet2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze the places importance for young people with disabilities. The study’s central questions are what type of places they visit and what characterizes them. It is also about answering the questions why the places are visited and what meaning this has for participation and identity. The study´s central concept is room/place, participation and identity. Knowledge review will be based on the key concepts. The collection of the empirical material has been inspired by the ethnographic methodology,which in this study included seven observation sessions and six interviews.

    The result shows that the boys mainly visited two different places. This is about the publicand non-public places. Public places can be described as a place for everyone and the nonpubliconly for people with disabilities. The boys show more participation towards publicplaces which can provide activities, fellowship and well-being. Both places can offer participation, but are dependent on other factors, which in this case is about activities and visitors. None of the places shows identity, but rather the interaction between the individual and the environment. Participation doesn’t necessarily show the personal identity. In the lastchapter the importance is highlighted through a perspective of social work activity. First andforemost the public places potential is highlighted and it´s limitations for participation and theidentity process. Secondly, it is also a discussion about future planning in daily socialpedagogic practice, both on an individual and society level.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 490.
    Norling, Inger
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Individualism och egoism i frivilligt socialt arbete: en kvalitativ studie om vad som motiverar människor till att engagera sig i frivilligt socialt arbete2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sveriges föreningsliv bygger till största delen på frivilliga insatser och en stor del av Sveriges befolkning är mycket aktiva i föreningar runt om i landet. Det satsas även stora summor pengar årligen till de ideella organisationerna. Studier visar att motiven till frivilligt socialt arbete har förändrats. Från att ha varit med avsikt att göra något för någon annan till att idag handla om att individen vill ha någonting tillbaka för sitt engagemang. Syftet med studien är att beskriva och analysera vad som motiverar människor till att engagera sig i frivilligt socialt arbete. Frågorna som ställdes utgick från vilken betydelse altruismen, egoismen och individualiseringen har för att motivera människor till att engagera sig i frivilligt socialt arbete? Studien har en kvalitativ insats. Datainsamling har skett genom intervjuer. 3 intervjuer i en kyrka och 3 intervjuer i en idrottsförening. Materialet har analyserats genom en empirikopplad analys där teorin SDT använts. Resultatet visar att positiv feedback, social samhörighet, självbestämmande och viljan till ett medborgerligt engagemang är viktiga för motivationen. Det finns altruistiska motiv som är centrala i studien men det finns även tydliga kopplingar till egoistiska och individuella motiv. Betydelsen av dessa diskuteras i studien.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 491.
    Nyrén, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Vi står pall för en frostnatt": Socialtjänstens stöd till familjehem2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to increase understanding of the foster parents descriptions of the support they are offered in their mission to be foster homes. The thesis is based on empirical studies. Qualitative interviews were conducted with nine foster parents in six foster homes about their experiences of the support they receive from social services in their mission as a foster home. The opportunities and barriers in the support foster parents are offered by the social services in theirs duties as a foster home, are also studied. The interviews were conducted using an interview guide, with predetermined themes and issues. All interviews were transcribed and analyzed according to sense concentrated analysis.

    The present study is inspired by a hermeneutic science theoretical approach, as it is seen as suitable for use in studies aimed at gaining access to informants' own experiences of phenomena and issues. Based on the study's purpose and issues, has a system theoretical approach been selected.

    The results of the study show that the foster parents generally feel good support from social services in their assignment. Most part of the foster parents wished more support from social services in the beginning of a placement when the need is greatest. Several foster parents describe difficulties with getting in touch with their social worker. The initiative to contact is usual taken by the foster parents. Regarding the support of social contact with the placed child's biological family foster parents responded differently. Some of the foster parents feel they receive adequate support. Other foster parents describe various factors that influence and sometimes complicates this contact. In addition to contact with social services, the foster parents feel that their own social networks, such as biological children, relatives and friends, are a good support in the mission

  • 492.
    Nytorpet, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Glöm inte bort mig, jag är också viktig": -En studie om de biologiska barnen i familjehem2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Foster home placement is what the social service prefers over institutions because their wish is that the child will grow up in a home environment as similar to their home. The children and teenagers that are placed in foster homes may sometimes have experiences hard times before been placed, they most often come from a home where their needs have not been for filled in a way a child needs and this may have occurred for a long period of time. The biological children may learn in an early stage the difficulties people can get involved in and they may feel overwhelmed by taking part of the foster siblings experiences. The families who take care of these children may experience a challenge and they may need guidance and support to face the children's needs. Research shows that breakdown in the foster homes often depends on conflicts and the problems that emerges between the biological children and the children that are placed in the family. The purposes with this study is to describe and analyse how it is as a biological child to grow up in a home that is a foster home and to discuss this from a child's needs over a safe environment. The study has a qualitative approach and the data is founded by five semi structure and transcribed interviews. The persons has been chosen based on three criterions; that they no longer live at home, that they haven't grown up in a on call family home or in families that has been their support family or have had relatives living with them.

    When analysing the results I choose to use the attachment theory and the ecological systems theory of development. Through the attachment theory the biological children's relationships were studied to see how they were affected by the fact that the family being a foster home. With the ecological systems theory of development the biological children were studied to see how the different systems were affected by the family taking care of another child. The result shows that most of the respondents were positive to growing up with foster siblings. They feel among others that they learn early on about societies social problems, that not everyone had the same save environment as themselves and that you should grateful for what you had. At the same time growing up with foster siblings was challenging because the foster siblings took time and energy from the parents and could contribute to conflicts in the home. The results shows that a good contact with social service is important and that the social service should take time for the biological children and take notice of them and make them a part of the decision to become a foster home and also during the emplacement of a child in the family.

  • 493.
    Olesen, Frida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lennartsson, Ingela
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Den upplevda ensamheten hos äldre: En studie om äldre hemtjänsttagare2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The field of study is elderly home care recipient who live alone, where a study was made in how these recipients are influenced by the so-called perceived loneliness. The theoretical frameworks used in this study are social gerontology and gerotranscendence since the terminology used in the study occur in both theories, as well as we connect the theories to a social pedagogical perspective. The intention is to find a bridge between the mentioned theories. The aim of the study is to reveal and analyze loneliness as a social phenomenon for elderly recipient of home care in relation to social identity and various social ties. The first issue which the study tries to answer is how the elderly perceive to be home care recipient and a second issue is which social ties become visible and how does that affect the home care recipient´s feeling of loneliness. The final issue is how the home care recipient´s feeling of loneliness can be understood by social identity.

    The study has been done qualitatively with four semi-structured life-world interviews. The examined persons in the study were chosen by the criterion of that the persons should live alone and have daily home care. A second criterion was that they should be able to express themselves verbally. By the three terminologies of the study such as loneliness, social identity and social ties, an initial analysis is made of the empirical data. Furthermore, a second analysis is made with the gerotranscendence´s dimensions and its signification. The result shows that the elderly appreciate their visits by the home care staff and that it affects their perceived feeling of loneliness. The result also shows a relation between loneliness, social identity and social ties. The analysis of the empirical data by the gerotranscendence shows a positive perceived loneliness and not only negative loneliness.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 494.
    Olin, E.
    et al.
    Goteborg University, Department of Social Work.
    Ringsby Jansson, Bibbi
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Common areas in group homes: Arenas for different interests?2008In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 251-266Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 495. Olin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Ringsby Jansson, Bibbi
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gruppbostadens gemensamhetsutrymme: en tummelplats för olika trender och traditioner2008In: Boende och sociala sammanhang: för människor med funktionshinder, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2008, p. 149-167Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 496.
    Olin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Department of Social Work, University of Göteborg.
    Ringsby Jansson, Bibbi
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    On the outskirts of normality: Young adults with disabilities, their belonging and strategies2009In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 256-266Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 497.
    Olin, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Inst för socialt arbete, Göteborgs universitet.
    Ringsby Jansson, Bibbi
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Risk eller möjlighet: om styrning och inflytande i mötet mellan unga med funktionshinder och välfärdssamhällets aktörer2006Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT02
  • 498.
    Olofson, Leon
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Roholt Hansson, Fredrika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Den verksamhetsförlagda utbildningens effekter.: En kvantitativ studie om den verksamhetsförlagda utbildningens påverkan på socialarbetarstudenternas KASAM, stress och coping2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att se om den verksamhetsförlagda utbildningen (VFU) hade några effekter på socialarbetarstudenters KASAM (känsla av sammanhang), upplevelse av stress samt copingstrategier. Hypotesen var att det skulle finnas skillnader mellan studenter som hade och hade inte gjort VFU-kursen. En kvantitativ metod användes i form av pappersenkät och webbenkät. Totalt deltog 153 studenter från varierade program inom högskola eller universitet och som gick minst treårig social linje med tillhörande VFU. Studenterna bestod av 114 kvinnor, 34 män och 2 annat i åldrarna 19-52. Enkätens syfte var att samla in frågor som var ställda utefter uppsatsens syfte samt att mäta studenters KASAM, stress och coping genom bedömnings- och analyseringsverktyg KASAM-29, PSS-14 och PCI. Respondenternas enkätsvar analyserades i Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) som är ett dataprogram för statistisk analys. Resultaten visade på en negativ korrelation och att det inte fanns någon samvariation mellan antalet verkställda VFU-veckor och KASAM, stress och coping. Faktorer som istället hade en positiv korrelation var bättre KASAM, stress och coping korrelerat med ålder, arbetslivserfarenhet, fysisk aktivitet och studietimmar. Sammanfattningsvis kunde studien inte hitta en samvariation mellan VFU och samtliga begrepp och därför dra slutsatsen att VFU skulle kunna ha en påverkan, men att detta inte kunde hittas i denna studie. För socialt arbete i ett påfrestande yrke, är all forskning som belyser utbildningens brister och styrkor värdefulla för fortsatt utveckling av socialarbetarens kunskaper.

  • 499.
    Olofsson, Viktor
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Thelén, Mathias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    "Vi sitter med experterna – Det är barnen själva som har kunskapen": Stödgruppledares uppfattningar och erfarenheter kring barns delaktighet ochaktörskap2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Examensarbetet utgår från professionella stödgruppsledare tankar och erfarenheter av begreppen delaktighet och aktörskap i gruppverksamheter som är riktade mot barn och ungdomar vars föräldrar lider av missbruk och/eller psykisk ohälsa. Arbetet utgår även ifrån hur de professionella kan möjliggöra och utveckla ett eget aktörskap och delaktighet för barnen.

    Semistrukturerade intervjuer har genomförts med fyra stödgruppsledare med erfarenhet av stödgruppsverkasamhet i två västsvenska kommuner.

    Resultatet har analyserats genom tematisering med Antonovskys KASAM-teori som utgångspunkt.

    Studiens resultat visar att de professionella socialarbetarna uppfattar att delaktighet och aktörskap var av vikt för de unga som deltog i verksamheterna, för att det kan bidra till att barnen bättre förstår sin/sina föräldrars problematik och hantera de svårigheter som barnen kan möta i sin livssituation. Resultatet visar också att de professionella använder sig av sig själva, barnens egna livserfarenheter och gruppverksamheten som verktyg för att möjliggöra ett eget aktörskap och känslan av delaktighet för gruppdeltagarna.

    Slutsatsen är att barn till föräldrar med psykisk ohälsa och/eller missbruk anses ges för lite utrymme till att vara delaktig och påverka beslut som tas gällande deras egna person. Barn som ges möjlighet till att vara delaktiga kan även utveckla ett större aktörskap vilket i sin tur kan generera en bättre hälsa och uppväxtvillkor för de unga. Socialpedagogiken och ett salutogent förhållningssätt kan genom delaktighetsfrämjande metoder bidra med att se barn som egna aktörer med kompetens och kunskap och kan på så vis göra utmaningar som barn ställs inför begripliga, hanterbara och meningsfulla.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 500.
    Olsson, Margareta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Haag, Lena
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Mediadebatter runt "curling": en diskursanalys kring den bild media ger av fenomenet "curling"2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föräldraskapet under 1900-talet har genomgått stora förändringar. Arbetssituationen har gått från att båda föräldrarna ofta arbetade nära hemmet via att mannen arbetade och kvinnan var hemmafru (i industrisamhället) eller arbetade deltid, till idag då allt fler kvinnor också arbetar heltid. Även barnen har successivt börjat vara borta från hemmet mer, när skolgången ökade och skolan fick ta över en del av barnens fostran (Olsson, 2011). Individerna i familjen har på så sätt kommit längre ifrån varandra och detta är en del i individualiseringen. Det finns en spänning mellan individualisering och omsorg, där det talas om att den omedelbara omsorgen blir en brist – "omsorgsunderskott" (Johansson, 2012).

    Vi skall försöka ge en bild av samhällsutvecklingen under 1900-talet för barnfamiljerna i Sverige. Föräldraförsäkringen har succesivt byggts ut under dessa decennier. Nya tankar och idéer växte fram om hur människor skulle leva sina liv var för sig men också gemensamt. Jämställdhetspolitiken och tron både på kvinnors och mäns lika villkor i arbetslivet, familjen samt i samhället, bidrog till att kvinnors livsvillkor hamnade i fokus. Utbyggnaden av välfärdsstaten tog fart i syfte att kunna möta kvinnors och mäns ökade jämställdhet och barnens behov av omsorg utanför familjen.Det blir en fråga om arbetsfördelningen kring barnen mellan föräldrarna, men också mellan familjen och staten. Tanken på en symmetrisk eller demokratisk familj växer fram och man börjar tala om reflexivitet och egna val då relationer blir till och upplöses. Välfärdsstatens insatser riktas numera mot individen och är personliga (Johansson, 2012).

    I samtalen kring barnuppfostran syftas det många gånger på knep och metoder för att handskas med problem kring barnen. Det handlar om att sätta gränser, att hantera barnens vilja att bli självständiga, trots med mera. Föräldrarna söker upp experter för att få hjälp när de känner oro kring hur barnen skall fostras. Åtskilliga funderingar handlar om styrningen av samspelet med och relationen till barnen. Det talas om gränssättning och olika föräldrar har olika åsikter om var dessa gränser går. Var vill de dra gränsen och var bör de dra den? Skall de vara stränga auktoriteter, medmänniskor eller kompisar? Synen på barndomen har ändrats och föräldrarna har efterhand funnit nya sätt att manövrera och möta de viljor, behov och önskningar barnen har. Det finns en tendens att se synen på barndomen som statisk, men den är föränderlig och förändras kontinuerligt. Philippe Ariés, fransk historiker, säger att barndomen upptäcks så sent som på 1700-talet. Det är då det börjar talas om barn och de behandlas som sådana (Johansson, 2007). Från 1970-talet och framåt får barnet en mer aktiv roll i familjen och det får efterhand fler personliga drag, egenskaper och färdigheter. I dagens samhälle är barnens rättigheter framträdande och relationen till barnen ses som demokratisk.De krav som ställs på både barn och föräldrar handlar dels om forskningens rön om barnens kompetens, med ständigt nya uppfostringsmetoder, men även vardagslivet med ett evigt pusslande för att få ihop familjens olika behov och fördelningen av arbete.

78910111213 451 - 500 of 682
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf