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  • 401.
    Vales, Carlos
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Fältsekreterares legitimitet till fältet: En etnografisk studie om förhandling i det offentliga rummet2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background of the study is that there is limited research in the child- and youth research field, on the interaction between youth and professionals in the public space. Previous research in the field have been focused on stories from informants, but few studies have been based on an ethnographic approach. Observing how the interaction between young people and out-reach workers develops in public spaces to achieve legitimacy to the field is very limited. Promoting youth agency in the interaction has been guiding in this study, as previous fieldwork research has been based on the professional's point of view. The purpose of the study is to describe, analyze and interpret how out-reach workers interact with young people in the public space. Through an ethnographic study show, not only what is said but also observe what is happening in the interaction. The relevant issues for this study are the following ones: How do out-reach workers create legitimacy in the field? What strategies are out-reach workers using to make contact with young people while at the same time preserving their agency? And, from a young person’s perspective, which characteristics are important to have as an out-reach worker? The study is based on participative observations and informal conversations with young people and outreach worker in a selected municipality. Through participative observation we can find ourselves in public spaces with outreach workers and young people and observe what is really happening in the interaction between them. By interpretation, the researcher is able to capture the subjective importance of social action. All in all, thirteen field notes were made. The scope of these field notes varied between some preliminary notes such as support words and mental notes, to later complete full field notes at the end of the day. The interpreting process through the hermeneutic circle has been helpful for the experience-near interpretation of the individual's way of thinking, but also the way of acting. The result shows that the creation of legitimacy in the field requires that professionals through a social pedagogical approach act in public space and interact with the young people in the context in which they are. By having knowledge of young people, the outreach worker convey confidence and security. By appearing in the public space, outreach worker exercise a form of power, which includes both controlling and helping dimensions. The outreach workers strategies for creating legitimacy often require trustful relationships with young people.

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  • 402.
    Vikström, Isabelle
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    "Okej det låter jättebra, jag ska gå mer": En kvalitativ studie om skolfrånvarande ungdomars upplevelser av sin skolgång och strategier för att hantera den.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning om skolfrånvaro har till stor del behandlat fenomenet ur medicinskt och psykologiskt perspektiv, men studier ur såväl socialt, rättsligt som pedagogisk perspektiv förekommer också. Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka ungdomars erfarenheter av skolfrånvaro och de aktiva handlingar som bidrar till att skolfrånvaro uppkommer och vidmakthålls. Studien är kvalitativ med socialkonstruktivistisk utgångspunkt. Grounded theory användes för produktion och analys av data. Sju semi-strukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med ungdomar/unga vuxna med tidigare erfarenheter av skolfrånvaro. Data analyserades utifrån socialkonstruktivistisk teori samt relationell pedagogik. Resultatet visade att deltagarna i studien hade långvariga upplevelser av skolmisslyckanden och vantrivsel i skolan. De upplevde sig osynliggjorda av vuxna i skolan och flera hade också en besvärlig hemsituation. Ungdomarna beskrev sig ha haft små möjligheter att kunna påverka sin situation. Vidare visade resultatet att ungdomarna använde olika slags strategier för att kunna hantera sin situation, exempelvis sätt att undvika en negativ skolsituation, hantera föräldrars försök att få iväg dem till skolan eller få makt över sig själv och andra. De ungdomar som återfått en fungerande skolgång betonade vikten av stöd från vuxna som såg och bekräftade dem, och fungerande relationer med jämnåriga.

  • 403.
    Villarroel, Jeanette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Stridh, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Vi kämpar för något, vi är förortssoldater: En kvalitativ studie om ungdomars upplevelser av polisens agerande tiden före samt under upploppet i Kronogården2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We are fighting for something; we are soldiers of the suburb. It's a reoccurring phenomenon that the young people in the suburbs around Sweden and around the world starts riots and for different reasons it creates a reaction where they go to attack against the police. The purpose of this essay is to uplift and take a part of the voice of the youth from Kronogården, and furthermore get a deeper understanding of the experience that the young people got from law enforcement both during and after the riots on the 31/8 – 2/9 2016. As a demarcation we have chosen to focus on the youth living in Kronogården that have participated or were present during the riots. This study was conducted in Hermeneuticphenomenological research approach with qualitative interviews. The ground of the study is emphasizing the interviews from 6 young persons from the ages 16-24. The essay is analyzed with help from previous researched and relevant theoretic notions. The notions we use in this essay are power, social cohesion and stigma, so that we can get a deeper understanding and accurate interpretations of the young people's experiences. In the result it appears that the youth feel harassed and unfairly treated by the police in comparison to other young people living in other neighborhood's and that their action against the police is actually a reaction to the treatment from law enforcement. Their way of expressing a discontent and frustration and a way to get heard. It also appears to be several different perceptions about the police and their conduct, depending if it's the community police or an outside law enforcement. Furthermore it also show that the community Kronogården has an enormous impact both emotional and physical on the people, they have sense of belonging and a very strong cohesion between the residents and they feel that media is a huge contribution to the negative interpretation of both the young people that live there and of the community as a whole.

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  • 404.
    Vrdoljak, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Clark, Deborah
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Vad får dem att stanna kvar?: En studie om socialsekreterares arbetsvillkor2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate what makes some social secretaries remain in their profession. Despite high employee turnovers and strict budget cuts, the social secretaries appear to remain in their field. In order to find out the underlying reasons for this, we posed the question: what makes social secretaries remain in their profession? Furthermore, this research question involves why they want to stay, what enables them to persist and which coping strategies they use to get through the workday. To answer this, we collected information from different participants in six different semi structured interviews, which were then analyzed and interpreted. Our results show that organizational factors have a great impact in determining whether the social secretary remains or not. Factors like collegial support are important for the social secretary and their ability to stay in their line of work, alongside with factors like loyalty towards the organization.

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  • 405.
    Wallentin, Jenny
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Den strävsamma resan på längtans väg: En narrativ studie om unga vuxna som uppbär aktivitetsersättning på grund av nedsatt arbetsförmåga2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, CRPD, is the principle of accessibility in the physical, communicative and informative environment of society for people with disabilities. As a person with disabilities you should have the same opportunity to participate in all the different arenas of society. One of these arenas marks the labor market, where the Swedish political intention is a labor market open to all, regardless of their ability to function. One step in promoting entry into the labor market for young adults with disabilities is the Swedish Social Insurance Benefit Disability benefits due to reduced work capability. Evidence shows that young adults with disability benefits are an exposed social group with lower disposable income than the rest of the population, the risk of ill health and exclusion from the labor market, thus endangering life-long poverty.        The aim of the study is to illustrate and bring about the young adults' own voices about their experiences of living with disability benefits as main source of income. The method used is a narrative method with social constructionist ideals. Central concepts according to the purpose of the study are participation, agency and social recognition.  The results show that young adults experience different levels of participation in society, depending on the availability of social arenas such as economic conditions, employment and communicative and informative accessibility. The limited disposable economy leads to difficulties in living on equal terms and participate as equals in society.

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  • 406.
    Wandt, Simon
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Asci, Yigit Sammi
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    "Utan en tillitsfull relation har vi inga ungdomar att arbeta med": En kvalitativ studie om relationens betydelse mellan fältarbetare och ungdomar i uppsökande socialt arbete2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns tecken på att uppsökande socialt fältarbete på senare tid har gått ifrån att vara process- och relationsinriktad till att bli allt mer programinriktad, baserad på färdiga modeller och specifika insatser. Detta för att få mer mätbara resultat som kan motivera fältarbetets ofta hotade existens. Denna förskjutning kan innebära att relationen och dess betydelse undermineras.

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur fältarbetare tar kontakt och skapar relationer med ungdomar, vilka förutsättningar som påverkar relationsskapandet och vilken betydelse relationen mellan fältarbetare och ungdomar har.

    Studien är kvalitativ med en hermeneutisk ansats. Empirin bygger på två fokusgruppsintervjuer med sammanlagt åtta informanter, som alla är verksamma fältarbetare. Socialpedagogik, erkännande, relationskapital och bärande relationer är de begrepp som lägger grunden för studiens teoretiska ram.

    Studien visar att fältarbetets speciella förutsättningar, t ex att arbetet ofta utförs i miljöer som fältarbetarna själva inte kontrollerar, kräver specifika strategier i kontakttagandet och relationsskapandet. Fältarbetarna använder sig ofta av indirekt kontakttagande och ödmjukhet, nyfikenhet och öppenhet är ledord i arbetet. En tillitsfull relation till ungdomarna ses som en förutsättning för förändringsarbete och ger fältarbetarna legitimitet att ifrågasätta och utmana ungdomarna och ger dem tillträde till ungdomarnas arenor. Fältarbetarnas strategier för kontakttagande, deras salutogena förhållningssätt och deras processinriktade arbetssätt möjliggör en form av bärande relation som kan vara stärkande för ungdomen och ha betydelse för ungdomens utveckling.

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  • 407.
    Werlinder, Mathias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Den idéburna sektorns sociala arbete med romska EU-medborgare utan rätt till välfärd, såsom skola, i Sverige: Non-Profit Organizations Social Work with and Roma EU-citizens without access to Welfare, such as Primary School, in Sweden2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En grupp som saknar rätt till skolgång i Sverige är personer som är medborgare i annat EU-land utan möjlighet att försörja sig. Lagstiftningen på EU- och nationell nivå ger inte dem rätt till den svenska välfärden såsom skola. De allra flesta av dem identifierar sig som romer. 2013 gjordes en lagändring som ger papperslösa tillgång till skolan, men den gäller inte för de så kallade utsatta EU-medborgarna. Studiens syfte var att, med extra fokus på rätten till skola, undersöka hur de idéburna organisationerna organiserar sitt sociala arbete när de erbjuder olika former av stöd till den gruppen. Företrädare för tre idéburna organisationer inom fältet intervjuades i semistrukturerade intervjuer. Medverkade gjorde anställda i två lokalt förankrade stödorganisationer, och en nationell intresseorganisation. Empirin analyserades tematiskt och de teman som genererades var: uppdelning och samarbete, påverkansarbete och samhällsförändring, praktisk problemlösning, engagemang i skolfrågan, etnisk diskriminering och förhållande till andra organisationer. Studien redovisar de olika roller som olika typer av idéburna organisationer har inom fältet. Informanterna beskriver hur de utsatta EU-medborgarna utsätts för diskriminerande särbehandling, och studien visar på hur det förhåller sig till gruppens etniska tillhörighet. Studien visar på hur den idéburna sektorn delar upp arbetet emellan sig, också att de olika aktörerna inom organisationsfältet, påverkar varandra till att likna varandra, exempelvis lokala idéburna organisationer och kommuner. Studien pekar på att socialt arbete utförs utifrån olika syften beroende på uppdragsgivare, och för även en diskussion om hur de idéburna organisationerna rangordnar människors behov av stöd.

  • 408.
    Widgren, Sara
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    "Vi söker fortfarande den röda tråden": Erfarenheter och tankar om psykiskt främjande elevhälsoarbete2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Psykisk ohälsa är ett växande samhällsproblem, framförallt bland unga. Skolan är ett samhällsorgan som enligt lag ska arbeta övergripande med barns psykiska hälsa. Skolverket har specificerat skolans uppdrag och beskriver hälsofrämjande arbete med elever bland annat utifrån att bibehålla och stärka psykiskt välbefinnande. Skolan kan beskrivas ha ett dubbelt uppdrag där socialt arbete möter pedagogiskt arbete. Denna studie har valt att definiera hälsa utifrån hälsopromotion och salutogenetisk teori. Syftet med studien är att utifrån socialarbetare inom elevhälsan undersöka tankar och upplevelser av att arbeta med psykisk hälsa bland grundskole-elever. Uppsatsen har för avsikt att studera förutsättningar och metoder i det främjande arbetet av psykisk hälsa. För att ta reda på syftet har kvalitativ metod använts och semistrukturerade enskilda intervjuer med socialarbetare från sex olika skolor har genomförts. Socialarbetarna var anställda som kurator eller socialpedagog och hade olika utbildning och yrkesbakgrund. Studien resulterade i tre huvudteman;

    Släcka bränder, där skolornas socialarbetare uttryckte svårigheter i att navigera rätt i det hälsofrämjande arbetet och inte bara hamna i att arbeta förebyggande utifrån psykisk ohälsa.

    Samsyn, som ansågs vara en förutsättning i det psykiskt hälsofrämjande arbetet där samarbete på olika nivåer och samarbete mellan skolpersonal och föräldrar sågs som en nyckel,

    Hälsa för alla där socialarbetarna strävade efter att på olika vis inkludera alla elever i det psykiskt hälsofrämjande arbetet.

    Skolan behöver ha ett samförstånd i vad hälsofrämjande arbete är och hur det implementeras i praktiken. Till detta behövs teoretiska verktyg och metoder men framförallt ett lyft i att inkludera elevernas tankar och idéeri det psykiskt hälsofrämjande arbetet.

  • 409.
    Wiedel, Daniel Olof
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Att skapa mål och mening i vakuumland2023In: Abstracts för Decemberkonferensen, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2023, p. 1-1Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Presentationen bygger på en ny avhandling som heter ” Att skapa mål och mening i vakuumland – socialt arbetet i en kommunal arbetsmarknadsenhet för unga”. Avhandlingen handlar om det sociala arbetet inom en kommunal arbetsmarknadsinsats för unga (16–29 år). Avhandlingen syfte är att beskriva och förstå hur socialarbetare, som arbetar i en arbetsmarknadsinsats för unga, tolkar och använder ungas erfarenheter och önskningar i relation till organisatoriska villkor. Utifrån ett frontlinjeperspektiv är det socialarbetarnas arbete som är i fokus i avhandlingen och den bidrar den till fram för allt nordisk forskning om aktiveringsinsatser där fokus tidigare främst varit på deltagarnas perspektiv eller socialpolitisk forskning om effekter och policyimplementering. Socialarbetare som arbetar i dessa insatser har ett antal organisatoriska villkor som skapar både begränsningar och utrymme för hur arbetet ska utföras. De behöver å ena sidan hantera policykrav om att unga ska aktiveras för att bli anställningsbara och å andra sidan policykrav om att man i dessa insatser ska ta till vara de ungas egna erfarenheter och önskningar. Dessa krav är inte alltid enkla att förena. Dessutom har dessa typer av verksamheter relativt begränsat med reella resurser som kan leda till arbete eller utbildning. Resultatet visar bland annat hur socialarbetare i interaktion med de unga använder en variation av aktiviteter, interaktionsmönster och strategier för att i det vardagliga arbetet hantera krav på aktivering och att utgå från ungas röst. Arbetssätten går bland annat ut på att försöka förändra ungas berättelse om sig själva, antingen till ett anställningsbarhetsmaterial eller självreflexivt material. Det finns också situationer där socialarbetarna låter den unge vara som den är och biografi blir då i stället till ett situationsmaterial, där inte krav på förändring av den unge äger rum. Dessa material utvecklas i förhandlingar mellan socialarbetare och unga. Förhandlingarna har vissa typiska interaktionsmönster som i avhandlingen benämns som övertalande, dialogiska och köp/sälj.

  • 410.
    Wiedel, Daniel Olof
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Att skapa mål och mening i vakuumland: Om socialt arbete i en kommunal arbetsmarknadsinsats för unga2023Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis study is about how social workers who work in a municipal Labor Market Unit (LMU) for young people (16-29 years) interpret, transform, and use young people's biographies, that is, their experiences, desires, and living conditions, and how they form this to use as "material" in their daily work. This has been done through an ethnographic field study (about 4 months) of a LMU where the everyday work between social workers and young people has been examined through observations, recorded conversations, and interviews. Eight social workers practice in the organization and they meet approximately twohundred young people a year. The transformation of biography into (biographical) work material means that social workers request, use and transform parts of young people's biographies to fulfill the organization's mission. This means, for example, transforming young people's competencies and experiences into a CV, personal letter, and how young people present themselves to facilitate access to the labor market. Since young people in these types of activities often do not have formal skills, there is an extended effort to shape them into employable individuals (Garsten & Jacobsson, 2004b). It is the task of human service organizations to contribute to this process and the thesis studies how this is done based on the social worker's organizational conditions (Hasenfeld, 2010).Organizational conditions are defined in the thesis as policy requirements and the concrete resources that social workers have available in everyday life to conduct their work.

    LMUs for young people are often aimed at young people who are far from the labor market, and they contain several different working methods that will provide support for young people to develop and get closer to the labor market. The municipal labor market unit should complement the state by finding local solutions and reducing the use of income support for those who are outside the state's general compensation systems (Nybom, 2012). Ever since the economic crisis in the 1990s, which drove up youth unemployment, these units have been an actor in managing the situation of young people, among others (Hornemann Møller & Johansson, 2009). Nybom (2012) show that LMUs since the 1990s are in a second generation where demands for activation are mixed with the importance of different government agencies working together and a certain adaptation to the individual is advocated. The LMUs, which were previously often located in unsuitable premises, often on the outskirts of communities, have gradually been modernized and moved closer to the center, gaining a more professionalized organization, with clearer working methods and appearance (Panican & Ulmestig, 2019). But LMUs are still characterized by politicized decisions, and a scattered knowledge base where those who work in these activities have a heterogeneous educational background (Hagelund, 2016). Common to these types of initiatives is that they are required to strive to activate young people. Activation means that the unemployed need to actively demonstrate that they are seeking work and participating in initiatives, and this is then linked to financial compensation, control, or persuasion. Crespo and Serrano Pascual (2004) say that policy descriptions of activation contain contradictions. On the one hand, the individual's freedom and self-determination must be considered, while the individual must accept the prevailing conditions in the labormarket and adapt to them. Bonoli (2013) shows that the state should be an active player, while citizens are encouraged to be active players who take responsibility for their situation. The active refers to the active citizen who is expected to be reflexive, flexible, and mobile to adapt to today's labour market (Dahlstedt, 2009).The individual should move to where work is available, retrain if necessary and accept low-wage work. If the individual is not active in changing and adapting to changes in the labour market, the repressive systems come into play, and these involve discipline, or external rewards, and are intended to prevent the individual from becoming passive. Taking an 'active' approach to the future then becomes not only an opportunity but also a condition for citizens to benefit from society's resources. By shifting the responsibility with a focus on the individual downwards and the associated governance system, the social worker must also show others that they can activate young people, which is then called double activation (McGann, 2021). In parallel with the development of activation and the work line in policy documents, there is also an increased interest in policy documents in personalizing and involving the individual in work (Caswell m.fl., 2017; Julkunen m.fl., 2007;Newman, 2007; Valkenburg, 2007). See also (SOU 2017:19; SOU 2018:11; SOUix2018:12). Personalizing and involving the individual in the work should be understood as an intention to adopt the intervention concerning the individual's needs and entire life situation. This means that there should be cooperation with users regarding the efforts needed for the transition to the labor market (Valkenburg, 2007). These dual requirements create institutional tensions in the organization as they can be difficult to reconcile. The idea is to work with young people based on their needs and at the same time be able to offer opportunities for work and education. The overall focus of the thesis is how social workers deal with these tensions by examining how young people's biographies are processed by social workers.

    Purpose and questions

    The purpose of the thesis is to describe and understand how social workers,who work in a Labour Market Unit for young people, interpret and use youngpeople's experiences and desires in alignment with organizational conditions. The following research questions are examined:

    1. How are the activities organized and what categorization of the young people's biographies emerges?

    2. What characterizes the interaction between social workers and young people when young people's experiences and desires are actualized and what does this mean for the social worker's work?

    3. What strategies emerge when social workers deal with conditions and dilemmas in working with young people?

    Background and previous research

    LMUs exist today in all municipalities and affect about 100,000 participants of allages, of which 25,000 are younger than twenty-five. About 5200 employees are working within LMUs (SKR, 2020). LMUs in Sweden are located between labormarket policy and social policy measures (Salonen, 2009; Salonen & Ulmestig,2004). Municipal labor market policy is not statutory or significantly regulated butx is linked to general statements in the Social Services Act that "the municipality shall ensure good living conditions" (2001:453). The Unemployment Board Act of 1944 gives a certain competence to act and must exist in every municipality (1944:475). Since 1995, there is also a requirement that people receiving income support must be actively seeking work and be available to the labor market, and LMUs can be used for these purposes. If there is a requirement for financial compensation via social services (SFS 2001:453), the measure must be skills enhancing. According to Thorén (2008), this cannot always be achieved. Through the municipal activation responsibility (KAA), Chapter 29. 9 § school legislation (SFS 2010:800), local education policy is also involved. Since 2015, the municipality must keep itself informed of which young person under the age of twenty who do not attend upper secondary school and who have not completed an upper secondary education, and these must be actively offered help. Even if the young people say no to support at initial contact, "the work [...] must be adapted on the basis that young people may initially decline an intervention, but later accept it" (Swedish National Agency for Education website), which indicates that the municipality must actively and repeatedly seek out these young people. The young people should be offered appropriate individual measures such as motivational and study-oriented talks, collaboration with other actors, or transitions to other forms of study or work. The work should as far as possible be based on the young person's conditions, needs, and wishes (Prop2013/14:191). The argumentation in the policy describes KAA as a form of social investment in that young person who complete upper secondary school are also included in society to a greater extent. The rhetoric is like the activation discourse presented above.The research that has studied the effects (access to the labor market, changes inincome) of these types of activities suggests that they fail to any great extent (Giertz, 2009), nor do they provide any clear answers as to which interventions may be useful. It is most difficult for groups that are far from the labor market. For these groups, stricter requirements do not seem to be the solution, but rather to make room for the participants' life situations and needs and based on these, provide diverse types of support. These types of activities oscillate between two normative orientations. One model is called work first and involves a focus on participants quickly entering the labor market. The other model is called human resource development and is based on increasing the employability of individuals through broader initiatives such as training and personality development initiatives (Salonen, 2009). In the Swedish context, initiatives have been characterized by social work, which means that the second model has been given greater scope compared with initiatives in Central Europe and the USA (Jewell, 2007). Research that focuses on how unemployed people are portrayed is often critical and argues that participants should be changed to an excessive extent according to organizations' requirements to develop into employable people in combination with sometimes meaningless activities (Panican & Ulmestig, 2019). Users' voices are not heard, and participation is often conditioned to financial incentives. However, there are studies, mainly those that analyze interaction, which suggests that it is possible to balance the compelling tasks of these organizations with the unique life situation of individual users. Research on frontline bureaucrats shows that they have several strategies at their disposal, that they usemoral work, i.e., they assess the moral value of users, which forms the basis for the work to be carried out (van Berkel m.fl., 2017).

    Theory

    To analyze how social workers in a LMU for young people interpret and use young people's biographies to organizational conditions, the thesis uses theories mainly based on organizational theories from Hasenfeld (1972, 1983, 2000, 2010) and interactionist theories from Goffman (1974, 1978, 1983). These are used to focus on the professional as a frontline bureaucrat (Lipsky, 1980 [2010]) in Human Service Organizations and the dual position professionals find themselves in between organizational interests on the one hand and the user's interests and needs on the other, and how this institutional tension is managed through different strategies, roles, and activities. From organizational theory, concepts such as categorization and people-processing are used to understand that human care organizations have procedures for both determining which people should be admitted to the organization as well as preparing them for the next step. This means that young people's biographies are valued and processed to become appropriate work material according to the technologies and purposes of the organization. But young people are not seen in the thesis as passive but can appear in diverse ways to the social workers and in this way, the categorization work is seen as an ongoing process where there is mutual expectation of the other (Dahmen, 2021). Organizations have their methods (technologies) that provide conditions and in themselves illuminate various aspects of the users' life situations. According to Hasenfeld, human care organizations can both process,change and try to maintain the users' situation. The thesis also used the concept of practice ideology, which is the organization's (social workers' collective) understanding of how they should work (Hasenfeld, 1983). Lipsky (1980 [2010]) argues that social workers have the scope to implement policies concerning users' life situations. To analyze situations and interactions, Goffmann's concepts of inter action order, frames and backstage/frontstage (1974, 1983) are used. Interaction order means that the participants jointly try to create meaning and maintain situations according to the interpretation that forms the basis. Framing is about clarifying in analyzing the social rules that exist for how situations, roles and interactions should take place. Backstage and frontstage mean that social situations are seen to contain both formal roles/scenes as well as situations where participants can take a break and rest. Interactions are analyzed as institutional conversations which means that they have their specific roles, tasks, and power. The concept of communicative projects (Linell, 2011) is used to analyze interaction in terms of what social workers and young people want from each other and how they influence each other. Taken together, the theoretical concepts provide the opportunity to understand what LMUs organization in activities and spaces means, the patterns that emerge in the interaction between social workers and young people when biography is actualized, and finally the arguments and reflections that social workers have about working with young people between ideals and conditions.

    Methodology

    The thesis uses ethnographic methods (observations and interviews), and thefieldwork (about 4 months) was conducted at a municipal labor market unit, in the thesis called Navet, which is in a medium-sized municipality in Sweden. Eight social workers work there, and they meet about two hundred young people aged 16-29 every year. Within Navet there were several different groups with slightly different focuses, which contributed to a variation in working methods and activities that was fruitful in the analyses. The municipality is in many ways an average municipality in terms of unemployment, young people's education levels, and the financial resources spent on these types of initiatives. The empirical material consisted of observations (156 hours), informal and formal interviews (n 9) of social workers, recorded conversations between social workers and young people (415 minutes), and a small number of local policy documents were also analysed. The material was then analyzed in several diverse ways such as interaction analysis and coding. The approach of the field study was to be open to what goes on in these types of interventions, but still pay attention to how young people's biographies were actualized and shaped in different situations. The basis of the analyses was to arrange, reduce and finally organize and argue (Rennstam & Wästerfors, 2015). Field notes formed the basis for the analysis of Navet's various activities, spaces, and what young people's biographies were transxiiiformed into, which were then presented in the first results chapter. The recorded conversations were then analyzed according to conversation analysis-inspiredanalysis of content, how the conversations developed, and the communication patterns in what young people's biographies were embedded. This is presented in the second chapter. Finally, in the third chapter, an analysis of the interviews with the social workers was done with a focus on what they consider to be organizational conditions and the strategies they use to work with young people.The study is ethically approved.

    Findings

    The thesis shows that social workers, through various activities, process youngpeople's biographies into several diverse types of work material. Partly to employmentmaterial, which means transforming the young people's biographiesinto materials that are adapted for a labor market. Since young people's formalskills are often weak and the organization has difficulty providing real skills, thesocial workers process other parts of the individual. Secondly, through coaching,the young people's biography is processed into self-reflection material, whichmeans transforming the young people's biography into material that is adapted topersonal development. The third way in which the biography is transformed intoa relational and situational material means adapting biographies to materials thatwill work in the everyday activities that exist in the activities studied, such asbreakfast, breaks, and informal chatting in the middle of other activities. When itcomes to activities such as exercise, young people's bodies and lifestyles are alsohighlighted as a fourth material that creates conversations between young peopleand social workers. Finally, social workers are interested in young people's surrounding network, which becomes the fifth area where young people andsocial workers meet around experiences young people have. Another result in the thesis study is based on analyses of conversations between young people and social workers, where it appears that the conversations are shaped either according to a buy/sell logic where young people's desires control the process, or by a persuasive logic where the social worker in particular works in a desire of the young person. The conversations can also have a reasoning logic, which means that desires gradually emerge between social workers and young people. The results chapter of the thesis focuses on the conditions that exist in the work based on both starting from the young people's needs and situation and working with activation. Navet perceives three negative conditions that affect their work with young people:

    The first is that Navet is dependent on other neighboring actors' work with the young people and that these actors have weak resources to provide the support that the young people are deemed to need. The second is that some young people are not compliant because they do not provide a biography about themselves that the social workers need to collaborate with them. This is considered to be because many of the young people have complex problems and are far from the labor market. Furthermore, it is described how the social workers try to manage and overcome these conditions by working relationally and responsively to bind young people to them, get them to stay, and make them want to share their biographies and be compliant with the availablemethods. There is also an effort to influence young people to adapt, and what prevents young people from participating in the activities is linked to neurological diagnoses.

    Discussion

    The concluding chapter discusses the ideal-typical professional roles used in LMUs based on the results of the thesis. The ideal-typical roles are the educator, whose role is to adapt young people to labour market policy norms; the semire presentative, whose task is to capture young people's concerns and try to transform them into support and initiatives; and finally, the carer's role of hosting young people who remain in the service over time. These three roles address the ideal of LMUs as places where young people are transformed into work/education, given support and care, and based on their wishes and life situation. However, an overall condition for LMUs is that they are not able to contribute to work and education to any great extent themselves, which creates a situation where they become dependent on other actors such as schools, healthcare, and the labor market. However, the social workers also perceive that these actors have weak resources to offer young people. These weak resources mean that some young people remain at Navet without being offered help, and this can be expressed by the social workers as working in a "vacuum land". But at the same time, social workers believe that they can give young people a lot by listening to them, reflecting on their life situation, and giving them a meaningful everyday life. This is referred to in the thesis as an "extended present". The thesis contributes to activation research through knowledge of what can happen in "vacuum land" situations that arise in LMUs. In previous research, these units are sometimes described as meaningless pastimes, while the thesis also shows that there are elements that can be considered meaningful activities for young people. The thesis shows that high demands are placed on social workers in these types of units as they work under conditions that are difficult to manage. The overall organizational condition is that these activities cannot contribute towork/education to a particularly significant extent and yet they need to deal with young people in difficult life situations. At the same time, there is a requirement for young people to be held individually responsible for becoming more employable. Social work in LMUs is very much about managing these conditions with the ideal of helping young people gain access to work based on their wishes and needs.

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  • 411.
    Wiedel, Daniel Olof
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Professional learning by user involvement2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It is usually said that professional knowledge consists of a knowledge base consisting of different resources. It can be knowledge acquired through education, following the rules, and laws that the practice consists of, through best practices and results from research, but also using user-related and situational knowledge. Social government (Socialstyrelsen) says that professional knowledge consists of a combination of evidence-based knowledge and local conditions and the wishes and beliefs of the user. My intention is to understand the practices that are shaped, how it affects the professional knowledge base and possibly also the organization of welfare work in relation to the user/user's wishes, experiences and needs. It is a case study where a municipal labor market policy measure for young people and young adults between 16-29 years who neither study nor work is at the center. The organization is located in a smaller city. About 10 professionals (social workers and pedagogies) work there and approximately 200 young people are involved every year. The young people involved in the organization are a heterogeneous group and they have contact with the activities in different ways. The organization has a one-way-in idea and has a "life-first" approach point of departure (unlike work-first approach) (Jacobsson, Hollertz & Garsten, 2017). The activities consist of both individual and group discussions, collaboration with other actors, partly, outreach work.The data material gadering for the study (which is ongoing) is both interviews and ethnographic methods to participate in everyday practice, both backstage (work-meetings) and frontstage (with the youth) work. Preliminary results are that the way of organizing work, the practices it creates affects how the professionals develop and use their knowledge. Through the organization as "one way in" and that several external actors are invited to weekly meetings, there is an increased understanding of each other's skills and organizations. It creates an internship where young people can navigate in the expectations and demands that actors, they come into contact with have young unemployed. But the various actors also get other information and opportunities for decision-making. The staff develops the purpose of the activity (to be a one way in, collaborate around young people, get young ones to come to and remain in activities) by developing forms of collaboration and relational work that can be said to create Educational Trust (Görlich and Katznelsons, 2015) in the relationship with young people. Questions that remain, are to more closely study what type of practices (Gherardi, 2012) are shaped when professionals (and the organization) use young people's experience and what knowledge professional develop

  • 412.
    Wiedel, Daniel Olof
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Ung arena: Samverkan och lärande i en arbetsmarknadsåtgärd för unga2019Report (Other academic)
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  • 413.
    Wramstedt, Ellen
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Andersson, Hanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Professionella som stöttar barn som blivit berövad sin förälder: En kvalitativ studie om hur professionella arbetar med barn som blivit berövade en förälder eller andra viktiga vuxna i sitt liv2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Glädjen över att ha en förälder i livet tar inte bort sorgen och saknaden över föräldern barnet mist. När ett barn mister en förälder förändras hela dess liv. Idag förlorar ca 3500 barn i Sverige en förälder innan 18 års ålder enligt Socialstyrelsen (2013). Samhällets stöd kan komma att spela en stor och viktig roll för barnens sorgebearbetning och fortsatta utveckling.

    Syfte med denna kvalitativa studie är att öka kunskapen om hur professionella och andra aktörer inom socialt arbete bör arbeta och bemöta barn som berövats sin förälder. Empirin samlades in genom halvstrukturerade intervjuer med sju professionella men även från andra aktörer inom socialt arbete. Deltagarna besatt olika professioner inom socialt arbete med barn. Empirin bearbetades med tematisk analys vilket resulterade i temana trygg bas, individualiserat arbete, relationsskapande arbete, personlig kunskap samt avsaknad av arbetsmall.

    Resultatet visar på att hjälpa till som professionell att skapa en trygg bas är det enskilt viktigaste för att hjälpa ett barn som berövats sin förälder. Varje barn är unikt med en egen sorgeprocess. Att arbeta relationskapande och individbaserat är en förutsättning för att lyckas med att skapa den trygga basen. Vidare visar resultatet att det är viktigt att stödja den efterlevande föräldern för att hjälpa till att återuppbygga den trygga basen som eventuellt försvann vid förälderns bortgång. 

    Att arbeta med barn som berövats sin förälder ansens vara en komplex uppgift då professionella och andra aktörer inom socialt arbete bara har sig själv som verktyg och i många fall ingen generell mall att utgå från. Sammanfattningsvis kan vi se att behovet av ökad kunskap kring barn som mist sin förälder eller annan viktig vuxen är mycket stort.

  • 414.
    Ärleskog, Caroline
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Brukarinflytande - en fråga om att bruka makt: En kvalitativ studie om brukarinflytande för personer med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande studie avser att öka förståelsen för hur boendepersonal ser på och arbetar medbrukarinflytande för personer med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar. För att kunna göra detta formulerades tre forskningsfrågor, vilka avser att undersöka boendepersonals syn på syftet med brukarinflytande, deras upplevelse av hur de kan främja respektive hindra förutsättningar för brukarinflytande samt vilken påverkan brukarinflytande kan ha på deras arbete. För att kunna besvara studiens frågeställningar har fem kvalitativa intervjuer genomförts med personal på boenden för personer med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar. Studien har vidare analyserats utifrån följande teoretiska utgångspunkter; det relationella maktperspektivet, Franzéns makttriangel, den professionella makten och brukarrollen, handlingsutrymme samt paternalism och empowerment. Resultatet visar att brukarinflytande har en föränderlig karaktär och varierar i utformning och styrka beroende på kontext och brukarens personliga förutsättningar. Det framkommer flera argument för brukarinflytande. Vissa syftar till att öka brukarnas empowerment och främja deras återhämtning, dessa kan i hög grad kopplas till olika kategorier av brukare. Andra syften gynnar verksamheten och boendepersonal. Resultatet visar vidare att inte heller arbetet med brukarinflytande är helt okomplicerat. I detta arbete återfinns flera hindrande faktorer och aktörer på olika nivåer. Hindren påverkar vidare hur boendepersonal kan använda sin professionella makt och sitt handlingsutrymme i arbetet med brukarinflytande. Det finns också argument för att boendepersonal ibland begränsar eller hindrar brukarinflytande, exempelvis att det sker med hänsyn till brukarens bästa. Resultatet visar att det finns personal med paternalistiska förhållnings- och arbetssätt, vilka utgör hinder för brukarinflytande. Genom kommunikation kan boendepersonal dock skapa förutsättningar för brukarinflytande i personalgruppen, på så sätt kan den stigmatiserande diskursen om personer med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar ifrågasättas. Vidare visar resultatet att boendepersonal även kan främja brukarinflytande genom att öka brukarnas empowerment samt genom att inta ett empowermentinriktat förhållningssätt. Detta balanserar makten i relationen och möjliggör en mer jämlik relation, vilket uppfattas främjande. Boendepersonal kan också främja förutsättningarna för brukarinflytande genom att välja hur de ska hantera sitt handlingsutrymme, exempelvis genom att avsätta tid för brukarinflytande. Resultatet visar vidare att boendepersonals upplevelse av hur brukarinflytande påverkar deras arbete beror på inflytandets utformning. Det är dock tydligt att brukarinflytande ställer ökade krav på boendepersonal och deras arbete, vilka många gånger upplevs svåra att tillmötesgå på grund av tidigare nämnda hinder. Brukarinflytande kan också ha en positiv påverkan för boendepersonals arbete, dels då det kan underlätta arbetet och fylla en vägledande funktion och dels då det fyller en bekräftande och utvecklande funktion. Min slutsats är vidare att brukarinflytande för personer med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar varken är självklart eller enkelt. Men genom att öka förståelsen för det studerade området kan studien förhoppningsvis stimulera till reflektion och diskussion hos anställda inom socialt arbete, vilket kan främja förutsättningarna för brukarinflytande för personer med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar

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  • 415.
    Åberg, Linnea
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Interprofessionellt arbete och standardisering: spänningar i kvalitetssäkring av samhällsorientering för nyanlända2020In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, E-ISSN 2002-343X, Vol. 26, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Integrationssatsningar riktade till nyanlända har kritiserats för att sakna likvärdighet och ha svag kunskapsbas. Krav har ställts på åtgärder för att höja kvaliteten på satsningarna. Den här artikeln handlar om det interprofessionella arbetet för att ta fram ett standardiserat, nationellt informationsmaterial för att förbättra samhällsorientering för nyanlända. I studien som genomförts följdes processen när olika yrkesgrupper tillsammans arbetade med att ta fram materialet om det svenska samhället. Analysen visar hur arbetet präglades av att de olika grupperna orienterade sig mot olika delmål: att skapa det vetenskapligt korrekt, det pedagogiskt förenklade, det politiskt neutrala eller det relevanta för de nyanlända.

  • 416.
    Åberg, Linnea
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Möjligheternas horisont: om socialpedagogik, förändring och framtid2018In: Socialpedagogisk handling: i teori och praktik / [ed] Martin Molin & Anette Bolin, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2018, p. 48-65Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 417.
    Åberg, Linnea
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Transforming Biographical Experience into Occupational Accountability: Paraprofessional Integration Workers’ Efforts to Professionalise Integration Support in Sweden2022In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 396-412Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Integration support is a rather new professional field, and it is common for paraprofessionals (PPs) with personal migration experiences as their main qualification to perform the work without having a job description, education or ethical principles to follow. In previous research, migration experiences have been contested as a professional competence and criticism has been raised about a lack of professionalism. Organisational professionalisation directed from above – such as education, guidelines and standardisation – has been requested. This study raises questions about occupational professionalisation from within, from the working group itself. Based on workplace learning theory, the study explores how a working group of 30 PP integration workers in Civic Orientation are enhancing occupational capacities jointly. They identified a lack of client responsiveness as a problem and developed an explanatory model where their own biographical experience of migration (themselves as former migrants or their family members and recollections of their former ‘home country’) play a crucial role. Thus, the results indicate that one’s own migration experience can be a part of and a motivator for occupational professionalism of PPs if it is allowed to be collectively reflected on, critically scrutinised and contextualised.  

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  • 418.
    Åberg, Linnea
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Mäkitalo, Åsa
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Education, Communication aznd Learning, PO Box 300, S-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Integration work as a situated communicative practice: Assuming, establishing and modifying cultural differences2017In: Learning, Culture and Social Interaction, ISSN 2210-6561, E-ISSN 2210-657X, Vol. 15, no Supplement C, p. 56-68Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 419.
    Åberg, Linnea
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Tryggvason, Nina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Familjecentralers och diakoners utkantsarbete och innovationer: rättighetsarbete som motvikt till institutionell rasism2021In: Rasism, antirasism och socialt arbete i spåren av migration / [ed] Jesper Johansson, Åsa Söderqvist Forkby, Ulrika Wernesjö, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2021, p. 211-239Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 420.
    Åberg, Linnéa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Standardiseringsarbetets kollektiva praktik: En studie om att kvalitetssäkra integrationssatsningen Samhällsorientering för nyanlända2020Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Societal efforts to support the integration of newly arrived immigrants have been repeatedly highlighted in the political debate in Sweden and they are described as inadequate and ineffective. Demands have been made for improvements and one of the designated efforts is Civic Orientation (CO). The Civic Orientation programme is a course about Swedish society, targeting newly arrived refugees and their relatives who have received a residence permit. It provides basic information about Swedish society to aid and expedite integration (SFS 2010:1138). The criticism has led to the production of written, national instructions containing correct information that should be provided by the civil servants in CO. The aim is that quality should be high and equal across the country. The overall aim of the dissertation is to deepen the understanding and knowledge of the work-process to develop standard guidelines, that will be used in a welfare sector, where it is difficult to establish definitive knowledge. The dissertation's purpose is also to deepen the understanding and knowledge of instruction work as a collaborative activity. The term 'instruction work' covers both work that experts and managers undertake when they develop written guidelines, and work done when implementing these guidelines in local practice. The thesis is rooted in activity theory where work is viewed as a collaborative activity aimed at taking on a task, event or object, such as interpreting, paying attention, participating, thinking, and performing. The study involves five different categories of actors: a representative from the county administrative board, experts from various authorities and universities, coordinators and the head of a unit from a management group in a municipality, and integration workers, who are the local civil servants. The study is based on a field study where video recorded observations of meetings, lectures and workshops have been conducted. Semi structured interviews and written communication have also been used. The result shows that there are different perceptions of what work needs to be done to ensure that the instructions are correct. A variety of, sometimes contradictory, tasks developed: to make the information scientifically correct with multiple perspectives on social phenomena, to make educational simplification, to provide an ideal image of Sweden according to policy, or to describe Swedish society as irrational with hinders and obstacles (papers 1- 3). Another major task was to make the instructions politically neutral which meant producing information that was not offensive for external readers such as politicians and the general public (paper 1). When guideline models have been used for other welfare activities, the work is usually based on analysis of the needs of the target groups. That task took on an obscured role and was first noticed as important by the civil servants in the latter part when the material was used during implementation (papers 1, 3). A further result concerns the work of developing standard guidelines. The study shows that there is formal instruction work (paper 1) which is the planned work, most often done by experts and/or researchers, and informal instruction work (paper 2) often hidden and performed by civil servants in the implementation phase. This informal work is about transforming the instructions to be useful for the individual in the local situation. But the study also shows a third type of work - semi-formal instruction work (paper 3) that is also carried out by the local civil servants, where they, with their biographical and informal instruction work experience, try hard to influence formal instruction work. One conclusion is that it is more fruitful and accurate to perceive standardized instructions as dynamic and integrated in the practical work, than to see them as fixed by an externally controlled process. Developing standards to be used to improve practice is an ongoing fluid process that never ends, and that involves tensions and conflicts that need to be addressed.

  • 421.
    Åberg, Victoria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Önell, Beatrice
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    "Man är olika liksom. Och man ska få ha rätt att få vara sig själv": En narrativ studie om personers upplevelser av att leva med ADHD2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur det är att leva med den neuropsykiatriska diagnosen ADHD och hur personer hanterar olika situationer i livet. Studien intresserar sig även för hur personernas identitet har skapats i samspel med andra. Vanliga svårigheter för personer med ADHD är upplevelser av koncentrationssvårigheter och hyperaktivitet. Vissa svårigheter kan bli mindre märkbara när personen når vuxen ålder. Datainsamlingsmetoden i studien är öppna intervjuer och därför har intervjuguiden enbart används som ett stöd vid varje intervjutillfälle. Tre informanter intervjuades vid två tillfällen för att skapa ett djupgående material. I analysen fick informanterna fiktiva namn, "Simon", "Lisa" och "Ulrika". Den teoretiska utgångspunkten i studien är den socialkonstruktivistiska teorin som menar att människans verklighet skapas i interaktion med varandra och att verkligheten är socialt konturerad. Theodore R. Sarbin är en socialkonstruktivistisk forskare och hans teori om det narrativa i det sociala är även ett teoretiskt perspektiv i studien. Resultatet visar att informanterna har olika egenskaper som skapats i samspel med deras diagnoser. Dessa egenskaper har påverkat deras livshistoria. Resultatet utifrån den teoretiska analysen påvisade att informanterna har påverkats av sina erfarenheter under livshistorien och att dessa erfarenheter påverkar informanterna även idag. Det framkom dessutom att personerna har skapat sin identitet i samspel med andra personer. I diskussionen lyfts argument för att yrkesverksamma i socialt arbete kan gynnas av en ökad förståelse av hur det är att leva med ADHD och att varje person har en berättelse och unika erfarenheter.

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  • 422.
    Åhnby, Ulla
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan.
    Svensson, Lars A.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Henning, Cecilia
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan.
    Delaktighet och gemenskap skapar engagemang: framtidsverkstad i Trollhättan2013In: Gemenskaper: Socialpedagogiska perspektiv / [ed] Eriksson, Lisbeth, Nilsson, Gunilla & Svensson, Lars A., Göteborg: Daidalos, 2013, p. 141-162Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 423.
    Åkebrand, Robert
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    "Men jag då?": En studie om vuxnas erfarenheter av att växa upp tillsammans med syskon som har en funktionsnedsättning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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