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  • 401.
    Strand, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Pettersson, Emelie
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Anhörigas upplevelser av att vårda en närstående i palliativ vård i hemmet: En litteraturbaserad studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The number of palliative care-units in Sweden has increased lately, and with that the opportunity to get said care. Although the palliative care has improved and evolved in later years there are still areas lacking in knowledge. To be nursing for a sick relative has been shown to be experienced as a great mental pressure. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe relatives' experiences of nursing for a close relative in palliative care at home.

    Method: A literature based study was performed, analyzing 10 qualitative articles according to Fribergs five steps method in order to contribute to evidence based nursing. Results: The result is presented by three themes built up of nine subthemes. The first theme: The restraint of palliative care on relatives that includes the subthemes responsibility, fear that something will happen and change in the relationship. Second theme: Lack of support includes the subthemes not being enough, not being seen and lack of alone time. The third and last theme: Good support and a dignified closure with the subthemes relationship with the medical staff, support from the medical staff and a chance to get a dignified closure together. Conclusion: The relatives consider their role as healthcare givers meant a great deal of responsibility that was hard and demanding, which included a fear that something might go wrong. The communication between the professional care givers and the relatives were an important corner stone in good palliative care at home.

  • 402.
    Strand, Evelina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Trygga barn i vården: Sjuksköterskors tillvägagångssätt för att främja trygghet hos barn inom barnsjukvård, i ett mångkulturellt samhälle2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Children's healthcare can easily create anxiety and insecurity in children. Therefore, is safety an important aspect that nurses should promote in all care of children and young people. The relationship between nurse and child has a significant role to play in meeting children's basic needs of safety, and promotion of children rights.

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to illuminate nurses' approach to promote safety in children within children's healthcare, in a multicultural society.

    Method: A method to contribute to evidencebased nursing with ground in analysis of qualitative research was used. Twelve scientific articles were analysed.

    Result: Four themes emerged; to acquire knowledge, to see the whole child, to establish a good relationship and to show responsibility. Knowledge is a main key to deliver safe care, irrespective of culture. Communication strategies and individual care are benefits for the safety of the child.

    Conclusion: By minimizing the risks that may pose a danger to the child and create a good relationship, the child's safety and well-being can be promoted. Nurses who listen to children and value children's thoughts promote safe children and the rights of a child. Toys have a positive impact on the child's safety and facilitates the nurse-child interaction and trust. To promote safe children the nurse should be prepared to take cultural consideration but always prioritize the best interests of the child. For cultural consideration transcultural care can be useful in providing culturally competent and safe care.

  • 403.
    Suhonjic, Medina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Ylitervo Guzman, Nina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att vara transperson - erfarenheter av att möta vården: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Transgender people are today a vulnerable minority in society and also within the healthcare institutions. Transgender people experience low confidence in society, such as health care, education and the police. The fear of discrimination and violence makes many change their habits and lifestyle to avoid this. Discrimination, stigma and norms characterize transgender people's meeting with healthcare. This study highlights transgender people's experiences of healthcare and its staff.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the transgender people's experiences of the meeting with the care.

    Method: This essay is a literature study. Literature search was done in two different databases. The selection consisted of seven qualitative articles and one mixed method article. Friberg's (2017c) three-step model was used in the analysis stage.

    Results: On the basis of the essays, three main categories were identified: The inabilities of healthcare professionals, Transgender people's powerlessness and Power of norms, as well as six subcategories; Indecisive meetings, To meet ignorance, Withdrawn identity, Avoidance of care, Organization's gender assumptions and Normative assumptions. These highlighted the transgender experiences of meeting with healthcare.

    Conclusion: Transgender people live surrounded by norms that affects their life. Discrimination, stigma and lack of knowledge lead to transgender people avoiding health care. The health care system is binary and affects those who do not fit into that binary order. Measures such as education can prevent negative treatment and discrimination against transgender people in healthcare.

  • 404.
    Suleman Ali, Seynab
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Taher Ahmed, Khadra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Diabetes typ 2 - Sjukdomen som förändrar livet: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Type 2 Diabetes is a well-known chronic disease that is considered a public health problem. In 2015, approximately 415 million people were diagnosed with diabetes. There are over 450 000 people living with diabetes in Sweden. There are two types of diabetes Type 1 and Type 2, of which type 2 is most common. This disease often leads to significant changes in lifestyle such as physical activities, diet and living habits. The aim of this study was to examine the experiences of people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. The method used in this study was literature based with qualitative articles sourced from the Cinahl database. Eleven qualitative articles were examined with a content analysis according to Friberg (2012), after which the result was compiled. The results were presented in the following theme; a changed life with four sub-themes; adapting life, to have a need of support, to not have control and to have knowledge deficit. Conclusion: The results in the study showed that participants with type 2 diabetes were in need of more support from family and healthcare professionals. The lack of knowledge led to frustration and anxiety which is believed if adequately addressed would have alleviated the sufferings of persons with Type 2 Diabetes. Persons with type 2 diabetes, as well as their families, should be provided with more information about the disease and how to best deal with it so as to give the best possible chance to those diagnosed.

  • 405.
    Sundling Karlsson, Jasmine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Gabrielsson, Madelén
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Vilket stöd kan jag få?: En litteraturöversikt om ungdomar med självskadebeteende och deras erfarenheter av stöd2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To hurt yourself, not by the purpose of committing suicide but to handle a hard situation, a widespread phenomenon which occured among both adult and adolescents. The ones who selfharmed didn’t necessary suffer from a mental illness, but common to those who harm themselves was the suffering that they have experienced. Aim: The aim of this essay was to describe the youths ´experiences of support for self-harm. Method: To investigate this, a systematic literature review has been done on global research published during the last ten-year period. The results have been analysed through the model Thematic Analyze. Results: The results showed that youths can gain support from relatives, care-givers and unknown individuals. It shows that the youth had experienced good as well as bad sides of caregivers and forms of care. It appeared in the result that safety, trust and to receive the right information was of great importance. The results also provided explanations for, and descriptions of, less good care-meetings. Additionally, the school perceived as an arena where it was important with accessible information for both students and staff due to self-harm being a broad issue amongst school youths. Conclusion: Youths found support through different individuals. It was more important that the professional possessed the right properties, knowledge and had the ability to both be able to and have the will to understand the youths, rather than the care-giver having a high degree of education. It was also of great importance that the available information about the phenomenon and the available care would be more easily accessed.

  • 406.
    Sundén, Josefine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Boqvist, Angelica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Ett värdigt slut: Äldre patienters erfarenheter av att befinna sig i ett palliativt skede2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The need of palliative care increases among our aging population. Nurses need to learn more about elderly's experiences of this phase, so they can give the right individualized care. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of elderly patients being in a palliative phase. Method: The method of the study was designed as a literature based study and the selected method is a qualitative analysis referring to Friberg (2012). Twelve articles were analyzed, eleven were found by a systematic search and one were found in an unsystematic search. Result: The result was formed into three themes and eight sub themes. The main themes were: The meaning of the family and the social life, Dignity in care and Acceptance. The sub themes were: The feeling of belonging, The feeling of being a burden, To be seen, The feeling of safety, Participation in decisions, Faith provides inner peace, The fear of how it will end, Doing the best of the time that's left. Conclusion: The conclusion was based on the result of the study. Elderly value relationships to other people. To be able to preserve elder's dignity it is important that the health care staff treat the elderly with respect and sensitivity. Acceptance and a positive attitude among the staff makes the elderly's final stage easier.

  • 407.
    Sunefalk, Susanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Svedholm, Jennifer
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Faktorer som främjar eller hindrar näringsintag hos patienter med demenssjukdom: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Malnutrition is a common problem among older people in Sweden. Of registered risk assessments in municipal activities, 60% for malnutrition and of 7863 residents in dementia housing, 2831 had a BMI <22. Dementia involves a progressive reduction in memory, executive function and reasoning, and occurs in at least 5% of people over the age of 60. People with dementia often have difficulty eating and meals are a care situation where they need the help of nursing staff to meet their basic needs. The nurse is responsible for the nursing process and it is important that nurses have knowledge of malnutrition and measures to prevent it.

    Aim: To highlight factors that promote or prevent nutritional intake in people with dementia.

    Method: Literature review based on the content of twelve quantitative and five qualitative studies. The articles were analyzed according to Friberg´s three step model. Results: Two main categories and five subcategories were found: mealcondition – environment, diet and support. The importance of caregivers – lack of competence and to apply person-centered care.

    Conclusions: Changing the meal environment, music, eating together with others, nutrition drinks, enrichment of the food, finger food and individual exercise programs according to the Montessori model help to increase the nutritional intake of people with dementia. In order for the nutritional intake to increase in people with dementia, the nurse must possess competence and knowledge in the area, which emerged in the result that there was something missing.

  • 408.
    Svensson, Ann-Charlott
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Söder, Therese
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att vårda vårdarna: vilka strategier har sjuksköterskor för att hantera traumatiska situationer på arbetet?2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nurses often encounter traumatic events at work, but how do they handle and process the feelings that comes with that? And do they have the time to cope with the feelings afterwards?

    Aim: To highlight nurses' experiences of dealing with traumatic care situations.

    Method: A literature-based study with the analysis of qualitative research. Results: Three themes emerged from the results. Sense of belonging, keeping a distance and experience provides development. Sense of belonging shows that the feeling of being part of a team and being able to share emotions helps the nurses to deal and cope with traumatic situations. Keeping a distance shows that the nurses sometimes feel the need to keep their feelings on a distance to be able to deal with traumatic situations. Experience provides development shows that time and experience gives the nurses confidence and resistance which make it easier for them to deal with traumatic situations.

    Conclusion: The team makes a big difference in how the nurse will be able to deal with and process the feelings after encountering a traumatic situation at work. The number of traumatic experiences also played a role in how the nurses were able to deal with and process their feelings. With the experiences came the resistance which was good in the process of dealing with traumatic situations.

  • 409.
    Svensson, Caroline
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Ett livslångt pussel: Unga människors upplevelse av livskvalité med typ 1 diabetes2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Type 1 diabetes is a serious non-communicable disease affecting young people worldwide. To be diagnosed is a transformational experience that requires great adaptability and constant attention from the person affected and involves family and friends.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to examine the experiences of quality of life regarding young people with type 1 diabetes.

    Method: The method performed was a literature based study based on qualitative research. a literature review. This study's results include eight qualitative articles analyzed according to Friberg’s review template. The analysis resulted in three head themes with five subthemes.

    Result: The study’s results gave three main themes: A constant struggle, support and environmental influences, and the desire for a normal life. The main themes gave four sub-themes: to take control of the disease, to become independent, relationship with parents and relationship with friends. The result showed that it was important for young people with diabetes to feel affiliation and to have support from friends, family and caregivers. It was common for young people with diabetes to feel different and sometimes want to hide the disease. Although the disease sometimes felt difficult to deal with, many young people wanted to turn their diabetes into something positive. Good self-care and independence promoted health and wellbeing which increased the perceived quality of life.

    Conclusion: Young people with diabetes felt that the disease sometimes restricted the everyday life and the risk of lowering the quality of life. To connect with like-minded people and support from family and friends was important. Although the disease sometimes felt difficult to deal with, many young people wanted to turn their diabetes to something positive. Awareness of young people’s perception of the quality of life in relation to the diabetes enables good person-centered care. Therefore, the nurse ought to see every young person with diabetes as a unique person and apply person-centered care.

  • 410.
    Svensson, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Johansson, Ida Linn
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    BVC sjuksköterskans erfarenheter kring föräldrastöd gällande barns sömnproblematik2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sleep problems among children is a common problem that the child health care nurse (CHCN) confronts. Parents of children aged 1-6 years with sleep-related issues ask the CHCN for advice. The CHCN is the one who provides parental support and ensures children's health. A fundamental part of caring for children who struggle with sleeping is to educate the parents.

    The theoretical frame of reference for this study is Kate Eriksson's health theory books and articles. The aim of the study was to describe the CHCN's experiences with parental support regarding children's sleep issues from one to six years of age.

    The method was a qualitative inductive content analysis based on interviews with nine CHCN nurses. The result showed that the CHCN nurse's function was to increase the parents' knowledge of routines and guidelines in handling the situation. The descriptive category, "Strengthening parents with strategies to cope with their new life situation," describes how CHCN's can simplify the surrounding factors around sleep issues and assess the parents' individual needs for support. The category "Advising and assisting parents to ensure the family's needs," describes the importance of routines, as well as preventive conversations and advice needs of the family. The category "Sleep deprivation is a complex problem which rarely has a simple solution," describes the CHCN's experiences and observations on working with sleep problems, parental support works to gain knowledge and information about children's sleep issues. It is important to tailor the help to the parents' individual needs, and to recognize that all parents are different and can see problems differently. Finally, it's about being there as a support, helping parents establish more structured daily routines.

  • 411.
    Söder, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Widén, Rebecka
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att överleva sitt barn: En litteraturöversikt om att vara förälder till ett barn som vårdas i ett palliativt skede i hemmiljö2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Palliative care is used when a disease or injury no longer can be cured. In this final stage it focuses on symptom relief and relieve suffering for the patient. Parents with a sick child with palliative care suffer in different ways and experience the situation differently. When parents experience the situation differently it is important that nurses get an understanding of the parent’s experiences in order to respond to them in the best way. Aim: The aim of this study was to highlight parent’s experiences of having a child with palliative homecare. Method: A literature overview was used as method. Five and a half qualitative articles and three and a half quantitative articles were analyzed. After the analysis it resulted in three main themes and seven sub themes. Results: The main themes of the study were: ”To experience family balance in connection with home care”, ”to experience increased parental responsibility” and ”parents needs of support”. Knowledge, communication and support were fundamental to give the child the best care for their needs but also for a good cooperation between parents and healthcare staff. Conclusion: It was found that parents experienced family balance in connection with home care. They got more time and energy to spend with the whole family which led to better relationships with relatives and friends. The parents felt that they needed support from health care professionals and realtives and communication was one important factor to ensure that the support was as good as possible.

  • 412.
    Tammpere, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Larsson, Linnéa
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Livet efter hjärtinfarkt: En litteraturstudie med grund i analys av kvalitativ forskning2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Myocardial infarction is one of the most common diseases that cause death in the world. The diagnosis has an immediate impact on the person's life. It's important that nurses are aware of the paramount importance of their role as caregivers and also as their role in monitoring the patient after discharge from hospital.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe patients' experiences after myocardial infarction.

    Method: In order to understand patients' experiences following myocardial infarction and to contribute to evidence-based nursing, present study was a literature study based on qualitative research. Analysis was conducted according to Friberg's five-step analysis method, which gave four themes and eight subthemes.

    Results: The result shows that patients had experience of physical and mental changes after myocardial infarction. They felt a loss of energy and strength and experienced fatigue, which limited them in everyday life. Getting support from healthcare professionals was considered important to implement the lifestyle changes that were recommended and to get a pleased recovery. Patients' relatives were also considered important during recovery as they constituted support for the patient and helped them to see a bright future.

    Conclusion: It´s important that nurses maintain continuous contact with patients after discharge from hospital in order to make a good support system and to encourage the patients for a healthy living.

  • 413.
    Tchini, Sandy
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Reking, Linda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Beskrivning av specifika faktorer som kan leda till att en individ utvecklar pedofili: En litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Pedofili är en diagnos enligt DSM-5. Det förekommer bland både kvinnor och män men är vanligast bland män. Det finns olika psykologiska och sociala kännetecken som ofta förekommer hos individer med pedofili. Många av dessa individer lider av sin sexuella störning och detta är något som borde uppmärksammas inom vården.

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva specifika faktorer som kan leda till att en individ utvecklar pedofili.

    Metod: Denna uppsats är en litteraturöversikt med analysmetoden "simplifierat tillvägagångssätt". Litteratursökningen gjordes i databaserna "ProQuest - Advanced Search" och "Cinahl with full text". Urvalet bestod av nio kvantitativa studier och en studie med mixad metod.

    Resultat: Resultatet delades in i fyra teman: Traumatiska-, Sociala-, Psykologiska- och Biologiska faktorer. Det finns evidens som visar på ett samband mellan att ha blivit sexuellt utnyttjad som barn och att som vuxen själv begå sexuella övergrepp mot barn. Individer med pedofili har ofta relationssvårigheter, isolerar sig och känner ensamhet. Det förekommer ofta psykiatriska diagnoser och uppförandestörning i barndomen. Majoriteten av individer med pedofili har högre IQ och färre psykopatiska drag än andra brottslingar. Det finns en genetisk överförbarhet för pedofili och en lägre volym av vit hjärnsubstans hos dessa individer.

    Konklusion: Vi har funnit flera olika specifika faktorer som kan kopplas till varför en individ utvecklar pedofili. Kunskapen om dessa specifika faktorer kan bidra till en ökad förståelse för individer med pedofili inom människovårdande verksamheter vad gäller traumatiska-, sociala-, psykologiska- och biologiska erfarenheter och funktioner. Kunskapen kan även bidra till en kvalitetsutveckling av behandling och terapi för individer med pedofili.

  • 414.
    Thorenius, Patrik
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att bli annorlunda bemött: En litteraturstudie om människors erfarenheter av att leva med HIV2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background HIV has developed to a global pandemic and millions of people are living with HIV or AIDS today. People living with HIV still face stigmatization and discrimination in their lives. Aim The aim of this study was to describe people´s experiences of living with HIV. Method A method to contribute to evidence-based nursing based on analysis of qualitative research was used in this study to deepen understanding. Ten articles were analysed. Results Three themes were identified: ”Manage a new life situation”, ”An emotionally turbulent living” and ” Not be treated than others” with subthemes. People living with HIV used many different strategies to handle their new life situation, for example church, to tell or not tell about their HIV-status and isolate themselves from others. Their new life situation was turbulent due to many emotions including fear for the death, shame, guilt and loneliness. Lack of knowledge contributed to the fact that health care staff offended people living with HIV by distancing themselves from these persons, using excessive precautions, breach of confidentiality and categorized them with stereotypes linked to HIV. Conclusion People with HIV experience many types of discrimination and stigmatization like denied care and health care staff keeping away from them. This leads to unwillingness among people with HIV to seek care and seems to create double suffering for them. In order to overlook their prejudices and work for good nursing, nurses need to develop their knowledge about HIV and be aware about their prejudices and treat everybody the same regardless of diagnosis.

  • 415.
    Thorsson, Elvira
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Andersson, Niklas
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Faktorer som kan främja eller hindra motivationen till livsstilsförändringar vid diabetes mellitus typ 2: en litteraturbaserad studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a growing disease that affects both adults and children. Common risk factors for developing diabetes type 2 are low physical activity and abdominal obesity. The disease can bring complications such as cardiovascular disease and hypoglycemia. Pre-diabetes is a pre-stage to develop diabetes mellitus type 2. However, lifestyle changes can prevent the progress of diabetes mellitus type 2. In order to make the lifestyle changes that are required, motivation is of great importance.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe experiences of furtherance and inhibitive motivational factors to lifestyle changes among persons with pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus type 2.

    Method: The method used was a literature study based on qualitative research. The articles in the study were analyzed accordingly to Friberg's five step model and resulted in three themes and eight sub-themes.

    Results: The themes were; an internal motivating force, support from the surrounding as a motivational factor and inner and outer barriers that inhibit for the motivation. In order to support and motivate persons with pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus type 2 the nurse must understand what it is that helps persons find the motivation to make lifestyle changes.

    Conclusion: Promoting and inhibiting motivational factors for lifestyle changes varies from person to person.

  • 416.
    Thorén, Mattias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Canelo Rojas, Tiare
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Tonåringar och unga vuxnas sexuella och reproduktiva hälsa efter behandling för barncancer: En litteraturbaserad studie2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Getting cancer as young meant a strange break in life and could affect the ability to achieve important life goals like finding a partner and forming a family. Although it has been known that childhood cancer treatment could affect the ability to have biological children for teenagers and young adults. Is been shown that there were limited knowledge of the problems that young people with cancer experience, experience in terms of sexuality and the ability to have children.

    Aim: This literature study aimed to highlight how childhood cancer treatment did affected teenagers and young adults sexual and reproductive health.

    Method: A method of a qualitative based literature review was applied. In the result ten articles with qualitative data was analyzed using a five step model. That resulted in three main themes and six subthemes.

    Results: Three main themes were identified in this study results, there was; fertility impact on the future, changed experiences in the intimate cohabitation and the feeling of lack of communication and information. Six subthemes were identified as; thoughts about becoming a parent in the future, maintaining sexuality and fertility, change identity complicates intimacy, challenging intimacy with a partner, absence of information and communication as well as need of survivors.

    Conclusion: This study highlights that teenagers and young adults who survived childhood cancer experience affected reproductive and sexual health. Therefore, it is important that nurses are aware of when and how the subject is being discussed.

  • 417.
    Thulin, Hanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Westerlind, Oliver
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att belysa patienters upplevelse av att befinna sig på en akutmottagning2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Each day numerous people get acutely ill and have to visit an emergency department. Almost any condition can occur at the emergency department, and a lot of knowledge exists in how to treat them. Less is known about how the person experiences these visits and with all these acute conditions it is easy to forget the person behind the illness during the rush.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to illuminate how the person experiences their visit at the emergency department.

    Method: A qualitative study was conducted using Fribergs five steps method. 10 different articles were included which resulted in three themes with 10 subthemes.

    Results: The three emerged themes were caring relations, situation management and the care. The themes showed different opinions about feeling neglected, having a lack of participation, information shortage or that the waiting time was majorly considered as a negative experience.

    Conclusion: The conducted study points to more awareness about the patients. The staff has to confirm the patients more and let them participate best after their ability. Information about their overall condition and waiting time was seen as relevant and something which is needed to work further on.

  • 418.
    Thulin, Theresé
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Strauss, Julia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Familjemedlemmars erfarenheter av att förlora ett barn i cancer: En litteraturbaserad studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every year 250,000 children worldwide receive the unimaginable diagnosis of cancer. A cancer diagnosis inflicts a major impact on the family situation. They must deal with an entirely, both emotionally and socially new situation they are not prepared for. It is of great importance that the nurse has adequate knowledge to be able to provide the best possible care to the entire family.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the family members' experiences of losing a child in cancer.

    Method: A method to contribute to evidence-based nursing with ground in analysis of qualitative research was performed to get a better understanding of families' experiences. An analysis of thirteen qualitative articles was carried out. The analysis resulted in five main themes and sixteen subthemes.

    Results: The results of the study showed that families losing a child in cancer are having a heart-breaking time. They described combative feelings between hope and despair. The mothers often took care of the sick child at home and the fathers kept their minds busy while working. The families put all their own needs and sorrows aside. The siblings felt lonely since the parents took care of the sick child. After the passing, the family kept a bond to the deceased child through memories and dreams.

    Conclusion: The families experienced a greater need of support from the nurses and the hospital staff, during the time when the child was sick and after the death.

  • 419.
    Thuresson Alverstedt, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Andersson, Sabina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Föräldrars erfarenheter av att leva med ett barn med cancer2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: When a child gets cancer, it's not only the child that is affected, the rest of the family will also be affected, especially the parents. It is not only psychologically stressful, but also factors such as work and social life are affected. It is important to learn about parents' experiences of living with a child with cancer to be able to provide as good care as possible.

    Aim: This study aimed to describe parents' experiences of living with a child with cancer.

    Method: A method to contribute to evidence-based nursing with ground in analysis of qualitative research was performed to get a better understanding of parents' experiences. An analysis of eleven qualitative articles was carried out. The analysis resulted in five main themes and fifteen subthemes.

    Results: The results of the study showed that the parents experienced a variety of emotions that change with the time associated with the disease. The first feelings that arose were shock and powerlessness that later in the course of the disease was devolved to gratitude and a new view of life. Everyday life was turned upside down and the need for support was tremendous.

    Conclusion: It emerges from the study that parents of children with cancer go through many phases and emotions throughout the course of the disease. The parents have to cope with the change that the disease brings with it and it's important to have support from several different directions. By living with the child's illness, the family got a new perspective on life and re-prioritizes what is important here and now.

  • 420.
    Torman, Caroline
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att leva med ett medfött hjärtfel: Unga vuxnas upplevelser2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every day approximately one percent of the world's children are born with a congenital heart disease. Life span has increased for patients with congenital heart disease due to early diagnosis and development in recent decades in cardiac surgery. Living with a congenital heart disease got young adults to think about the disease itself, the ability to start a family, sexual activity, pregnancy, childbirth, choice of profession, physical activity and heredity. Today there are more adults than children with a congenital heart disease and the study highlights the experiences of the disease of young adults aged 13-39 years.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe young adults' experiences of living with a congenital heart disease.

    Method: A literature-based study has been made of qualitative studies retrieved from databases Cinahl and PubMed. The study is based on nine articles from different countries around the world. The articles have been analyzed by content analysis for qualitative studies.

    Results: The study's analysis resulted in three main themes; "feel different", "to be controlled by the disease," and "to take control of the disease."

    Conclusion: Living with a congenital heart disease was experienced in different ways, it was splitted opinions if the young adults felt they had control over their heart disease or not. The most common experience was to feel different. The young adults felt anxiety and uncertainty for the future because it could be experienced as uncertain.

  • 421.
    Torvaldssson, Alexandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Eklund Bertilsson, Yvette
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Anmälningsplikten, sjuksköterskans professionella ansvar för barn som utsätts för misshandel: En litteraturbaserad studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Sweden, there are approximately 20, 800 cases of child abuse reported every year. Nurses’ are working in various different contexts and they get in contact with children who are exposed to abuse. All nurses’ in Sweden are obligated to report child abuse when they are concerned about the child’s welfare. It has been found that 49 % of all abused children have not been reported. Aim: The aim of the study was to illuminate nurses' experience of mandated reporting regarding child abuse. Method: A literature-based study was conducted, where scientific qualitative articles were analysed with a qualitative approach. In total eight articles were reviewed. Results: After the analyses two themes emerged, being aware of the profession's responsibilities and obligations, and different emotions that affect the mandated reporting. Each theme had three subthemes. Conclusion: The results show that the nurses experienced a lack of knowledge regarding child abuse and what laws that support mandatory reporting. It also shows that laws can support the nurses but also be an obstacle. The obligation to report causes a fear of what the consequences might bring to the nurses and their families. Teamwork proved to be an important support for the nurses in order to perform the obligation to report.

  • 422.
    Trnka, Radmila
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Tosun, Suzan
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Personers upplevelser av livskvalitet efter hjärtinfarkt2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every year many people suffer from a myocardial infarction. Life after a myocardial infarction can mean changes that have an impact on different aspects of the quality of life of a person. Subjective experiences on quality of life lead to a deeper understanding of life after a myocardial infarction. It is important that the nurse proceeds from every individual's perspective and adapts the information, caring, and motivation during the rehabilitation to achieve a good quality of life.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to illustrate a person´s experiences on the quality of life after myocardial infarction.

    Method: A literature-based study based on a method to contribute to evidence-based care with basis in the analysis of qualitative research. A total of 10 articles were analyzed.

    Results: The result ended up in following 5 themes; losing control, limitations in daily life, adapt life, a second chance, information and support.

    Conclusion: Both positive and negative experiences of life after myocardial infarction had an impact on the quality of life of a patient. More information, support and understanding is needed from the nurse to satisfy the experienced problems in the daily life.

  • 423.
    Tverelv Gjertsson, Agnes
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Petersson, Sofia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Hinder och möjligheter i sjuksköterskans förebyggande arbete mot malnutrition hos äldre: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Malnutrition is a common problem within the elderly care. Malnutrition is in many cases a critically state which can generate suffering and, in some cases an earlier death for the elderly patient. Nurses has a central role in preventing malnutrition since it belongs to the nurse´s responsibility and area of expertise.  Many different factors can affect elderly patients’ appetite and cause loss of weight. It is important for nurses to have knowledge about how to work preventive against this problem. 

    Aim: The purpose of this review was to highlight obstacles and opportunities within nurses’ preventive work against malnutrition of the elderly patient.

    Method: The method chosen was a literature review based on qualitative, quantitative and mixed method research studies. The databases Cinahl and PubMed were used and 11 studies was found. The chosen studies were critically reviewed using Friberg’s three step model.

    Results: The results presented was based on three major themes and eight subthemes describing obstacles and opportunities. Lack of knowledge, time and organizational barriers were major factors that affected nurses’ preventive work. The results showed also nurses’ lack of knowledge of validated measuring instruments for identifying patients at risk. Instead identification was preformed incorrectly which caused risk patients as unidentified.

    Conclusion: Nurses has a great responsibility for early identification of patients at risk of developing malnutrition. Good knowledge about risk factors, relevant actions and administrating the different measuring instruments are a prerequisite for reducing the number of malnourished patients.

  • 424.
    Tveter, Helena
    et al.
    District nurse, Bengtsfors Community, Bengtsfors, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Margareta
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Parents' experiences and perspectives of a postnatal home visit by a district nurse in Sweden2017In: Journal of Health Visiting, ISSN 2050-8719, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 82-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The transition to parenthood can involve major adjustments for a couple. New roles are to be learned and new relationships formed, and already existing relationships may need to be realigned. There is a dearth of recent literature about parents' experiences of home visiting by a district nurse and more research is required to explore parents' views of the home visit to help make it meaningful and build a trusting relationship between parents and health professionals. This Swedish study aimed to describe parents' experiences and perspectives of a home visit by a district nurse after the birth of their first child. The study results showed that parents can feel uncomfortable before the home visit and not fully understand the purpose of the visit, but that the respectful attitude of the district nurse encouraged parents to focus on their strengths, and made the visit a positive experience. 

  • 425.
    Uhlman, Christina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Robertsson, Ellinor
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    En stympad kropp: Kvinnors upplevelser av att ha genomgått en mastektomi till följd av bröstcancer2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer form among women. In Sweden, approximately twenty women receive a breast cancer diagnosis every day. Most of the women who get affected with breast cancer get surgical treatment. Mastectomy is a surgical method of treatment involving the removal of one or both breasts. This may lead to several emotions regarding body image, sexuality and their womanliness. Aim: The aim of this study is to describe women's experiences of having undergone a mastectomy as a result of breast cancer. Method: A literature-based method were used to obtain woman´s experiences of having undergone a mastectomy. The results of the studies were analyzed using a five- step model. The analysis resulted in three themes and eight subthemes. Results: The results had three themes and eight subthemes. The theme To lose a part of their identity as a woman with the subthemes To lose a breast and Not to live up to the women's ideals. The theme To feel insufficient with the subthemes A changing relationship and A sense of shame. The theme To be reconciled with having undergone a mastectomy with the subthemes Alone is not strong, A sense of gratitude, Not a big deal and The influence of time on the experience after a mastectomy. Conclusion: A mastectomy can give women experiences that may seem difficult to handle and that adversely affect their lives. Yet women can still achieve health because the negative experiences can be alleviated. Nurses can be an important function for supporting women to health

  • 426.
    Wallin, Christel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Kuutti, Sara
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Inkludera utan att markera: HBTQ-personers upplevelser i mötet med vården2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background LGBTQ-persons have been treated differently in both society and health care throughout the history. Just a few years ago it was illegal to be gay. Today the attitudes have changed toward an openness and positive society, but does that mean that LGBTQ-persons get the same treatment in the health care? Aim The aim of this study is to illuminate LGBTQ-patients' experiences when encountering health care. Method A literature study method was used for this study. Results Six themes emerged, feeling of not being able to influence, feeling different, feeling offended, feeling of uncertainty, feeling welcome and feeling understood. Both positive and negative result were found. Ways to include and welcome these patients emerged. Understanding and compassionate personnel gave LGBTQ-patients a positive experience when they accepted the patient's lifestyle. Conclusion Specific LGBTQ knowledge and education among healthcare professionals is needed to encounter LGBTQ- persons with dignity.

  • 427.
    Wallin, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Kaldén, Michaela
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Hur påverkar livsstilsförändringar personer med diabetes typ 2?: en litteraturbaserad studie2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes type 2 is one of the biggest growing diseases in the world. Often are overweight and inimical eating habits the reason to develop Diabetes type 2. Lifestyle changes are the most effective way to improve the disease and become healthier. The nurse has an important role to help the person with the changes by among other things give information, motivation and by setting up goals.

    Aim: To illustrate how lifestyle changes affect people with type 2 Diabetes and their everyday life. Method: This study was a study based on literature and with qualitative articles. Nine articles were taken from the database Cinahl and one was taken from PubMed. The analysis was done from Fribergs modell.

    Results: It emerged four themes. Changes in food and exercise; mention that people with type 2 Diabetes needed a lifestyle changes, it meant both positive and negative effects. Food was the hardest thing to change and it appeared harder in the time of a holiday. Emotional changes; talked about the emotional struggle and the struggle against the disease. The life changed in many ways, which became difficult for them to adjust to. Reversed social life; talked about the family and friends who could help and support. Sometimes this support became something positive but sometimes it became an obstacle and something negative. The last theme, Failure and tribulation; mentioned the importance of support from someone when they felt like failures. Often was shame a feeling that was connected to failure and sometimes it lead to cheating.

    Conclusion: People affects different from lifestyle changes. Change in behavior and lifestyle is not easy to do and it take a lot of time to manage it. The person needs good support, information and motivation. It´s the job assignment of the nurse to help people with lifestyle changes and therefore is this knowledge important to nurses.

  • 428.
    Wallroth, Josefin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Healthcare professionals' management and treatment methods of pain in conventional and traditional medicine in Sri Lanka2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Pain is a complex and common phenomena in healthcare. Pharmaceuticals is the main method of treatment and is considered to be cheap, effective and safe. But despite this, pain is still widely untreated. Traditional medicine has come to play an important, yet underestimated part of healthcare in the world. The request of traditional medicine continues to increase and spread to new areas of the world. Sri Lanka provides a public healthcare system of both conventional medicine and the traditional medicine of Ayurveda, and thereby can exemplify differences in pain relief management in the different medicine traditions.

    Aim: To examine healthcare professionals' management and treatment methods of pain in conventional and traditional medicine in Sri Lanka.

    Method: An empirical study based on interviews were conducted in Sri Lanka with informants from both an Ayurvedic hospital and the National Cancer Institute of Colombo.

    Result: Three themes were identified providing information on view on pain, how it is to work with pain and how pain is treated in conventional and traditional medicine.

    Conclusion: Due to the differences in the understanding of pain, the conventional medicine and Ayurveda has varieties in the treatment of pain. In conventional medicine, pain was treated as an isolated symptom. In Ayurveda, pain was viewed more holistically and considered as a secondary effect of an underlying imbalance.

  • 429.
    Wattman, Erika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Ljungqvist, Robert
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Patienters upplevelser av att ändra kost vid sjukdom: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The most common cause of death in the world today are diseases related to poor diet and lifestyle. As diet and its impact on disease becomes more recognized, nurses needs to assess this and be able to support patients if they wish to modify their diet because of disease. Therefore, nurses need to have a good understanding regarding how patients experience changes in diet due to disease.

    Aim: The aim of the study is to describe patients experiences of amending diet because of disease.

    Method: Method of usage was a literature study. The qualitative studies were analysed using a five step model.

    Results: The results were derived into three themes and six sub-themes - Motivation to change diet with the sub themes fear that motivates and obstacles of motivation - Support from surroundings with the subthemes being understood and insufficient understanding - The need of knowledge with the sub themes coming to insight and receiving information.

    Conclusion: The results showed that patients often experience fear for their illness and their life which also makes them more determined to change diet. Amending diet is not always simple due to habits and customs. The support from surroundings are important when changing diet. Knowledge and being informed makes it easier for patients to change diet and patients also requests more information on disease and diet from their healthcare personnel.

  • 430.
    Wendel, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Berg, David
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att ständigt vara på sin vakt - sjuksköterskors upplevelser av hotfulla situationer på akutmottagningar: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Physical and verbal aggression against healthcare staff, particularly nurses is an international concern. The emergency department is seen as a high-risk area for workplace aggression. Working as a nurse in such environment is demanding and involves facing a variety of risks and threats.

    Aim: To highlight nurses' experiences of threatening situations at emergency departments.

    Method: A literature study based on qualitative articles. Eleven articles were analysed and included.

    Results: How the nurse experience the threatening situation defines the outcome of the consequences. The nurses' experiences can be divided into three main themes; to constantly be on your guard, unseen and unheard, vulnerable and inadequate. The feeling of fear in their working environment effected the caring of all patients.

    Conclusion: The experience of threatening situations is individual and can be percieved in different ways. Often a feeling of fear and insecurity emerges. The patientcare is therefore negatively affected and nurses receive little support from the hospital management.

  • 431.
    Westberg, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Alamgir, Sultana
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Upplevelser av att leva med en permanent stomi2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Ostomy surgery refers to surgical procedures that reroute the elimination process of the bowel and alters the usual form of elimination. There are different reasons why a person gets a ostomy, depending on the reason for the surgery. The number of persons living with ostomys in Sweden is unknown. However, the reaction to intestinal diversion surgery can be a devastating experience. Living with a ostomy for a longer period may affect the individual. Nurses are important members of the health care team and have a significant role in caring for patients with ostomy.

    Aim: The aim was to describe experiences living with a permanent ostomy.

    Method: A qualitative litterature-based design was used in the study. CINAHL and PubMed databases were used to search qualitative articles. Articles were analyzed and reviewed by the five-step method in Friberg.

    Results: The result is based on ten qualitative articles. After making the analysis three main themes and nine sub-themes were identified. The three main themes were: the altered body appearance, the changing of daily life and interference with anticipated return to normal. The sub- themes were: fear, anxiety, disgrace and irritated skin, body image, acceptance, independence, daily activities, diet, impact on relationships, supporting, loneliness and isolation.

    Conclusion: Having a ostomy is a major event and it affects personal self-concept and restricts their lives in various ways. Nurses need to provide education, support advice and referral for specialist help if required to promote health and reduce suffering.

  • 432.
    Westerberg, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Oskarsson,, Cecilia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Nutrition inom den palliativa vården: upplevelser från patienter och närstående2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In Sweden many people are in need of palliative care in end of life. The goal with palliative care is to create conditions to improve quality of life when disease can no longer be cured. A natural step in the dying process is that the patients stop eating and this can be difficult to handle for both the patient and their close relatives. Here, the nurse becomes a key to motivate and support.

    Aim: The aim was to highlight the experience of nutrition in palliative care for patients and close relatives.

    Method: A literature-based study based on analysis of nine qualitative scientific studies.

    Results: Themes that emerged in the new result was A desire for extended life, A change in everyday life and Food as a consideration, and associated subthemes. Close relatives often used food as a way of showing love and nursing while patients eat to reduce the anxiety of their close relatives, they ate to please.

    Conclusion: Common to the result was that both patients and close relatives experienced a reduced quality of life related to nutrition and as a reminder that death was approaching. Food was seen as a central and health promoting part of everyday life and a significant part of the social community.

  • 433.
    Wilsson, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Andersson, Sara
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Partners upplevelser av att leva med en person som har en demenssjukdom: Att fysiskt leva tillsammans, men psykiskt stå ensam2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: As the population grows older the more often people become affected of dementia. Behind the person with dementia stands a family and often a partner. Partners feel a responsibility to take care of the person with dementia which means to take care of their daily routines, to manage the behavior and take care of the household. It can be such a stressful task that the partner often forgets their own health and wellbeing.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to illustrate partners' experiences to live with a person with dementia disease.

    Method: A literature study with a qualitative content analysis of twelve scientific articles using Fribergs' five step model.

    Results: The study resulted in three main themes: In sickness or in health, A daily fight and The need of support. In sickness or in health got three subthemes, Feel a duty to care, Go from partner to caregiver and A future as individuals instead of a couple. Under A daily fight there was also three subthemes, To not understand, Handle the everyday life and Manage to undure life. The need of support got two subthemes, Insight to need help and Room for own-time.

    Conclusion: When problems occurs in the caring of the person with dementia, partners needs support from the professional care to learn how to handle situations or to get relieved from the caring. They also need to be seen and confirmed for what they do. Therefore, it is important to in good time support this group of relatives through the progress of the disease.

  • 434.
    Winman, Thomas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vesterlind, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tynkkinen, Mona
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Nunstedt, Håkan
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Eriksson, Marita
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Lärande inom och mellan verksamhetsfält2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 435.
    Ylitalo, Natalie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Ataollahi, Sanaz
    Vuxnas upplevelser av att leva med ADHD: En litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a psychiatric disorder that usually give symptoms during early childhood but can in two thirds of the cases persist even into adulthood. However, the problems adult persons diagnosed with ADHD face in their daily lives remain largely unexplored. Aim: The aim was to describe adults experience of living with ADHD. Method: A literature-study based on nine qualitative articles was performed and the result of content analysis was presented in two themes and eight subthemes. Results: The findings were that adults living with ADHD had difficulties following the socially accepted behavior, which led to misunderstandings. The participants struggled with focusing and engaging in daily life. Finally, the result presented that the participants used different coping strategies to help them to manage their daily life. An example could be to set goals and participate in activities of interest to the persons. Conclusion: Adults with ADHD experience difficulties in their daily life. Coping strategies and support is a necessity for them to be able to handle their diagnosis.

  • 436.
    Yngvesdotter Kaldemark, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Verdrengh, Linnea
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Personers erfarenheter av att leva med diabetes mellitus typ 22019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a chronic disease which increased in many countries and is rated as a threat to the public health. In order to be able to handle the disease and prevent severe complications or even death, the person affected with diabetes mellitus type 2 should gather knowledge about the disease and take on great responsibility for proper treatment.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe persons' experience of living with diabetes mellitus type 2.

    Method: The method used was a literature study based on qualitative research. The articles were analysed according to Friberg (2017) five step model and resulted in three themes and eight subthemes.

    Results: The themes were The importance of culture, Self-management and Participation in care. The theme The importance of culture described how religion and culture could affect the persons' choice of food and the ways they managed their disease under religious celebrations such as Ramadan. The theme Self-management described the obstacles they could face with their disease, such as medication and how they could manage to control it. The theme Participation in care described different obstacles in health care such as language, culture and lack of insight into the disease.

    Conclusion: One of the most important parts in self-managing diabetes mellitus type 2 was that the persons should realize they suffered from a chronic disease and that they had to change their lifestyles in order to prevent complications related to the disease.

  • 437.
    Yosief, Harena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Yussuf, Ilhan
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att stå på egna ben: Nyexaminerade sjuksköterskors upplevelser av första året inom yrket2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background Registered nurses' profession is nursing which includes provide care, assessment and give advice to the patients. Studies have shown that the transition from nursing student to registered nurse was experienced as a challenge. A transition program was given to the newly graduated nurses to prepare them for the profession. Aim The aim of the study was to highlight the newly graduated nurses experience of the first year in practice. Method The method was a literature study based on qualitative researches. Eleven studies from Cinahl, PubMed and Google Scholar where reviewed for qualitative assurance and analyzed by Friberg's five step analysis. Results Four themes and eight subthemes emerged from the analysis of the studyresult. The first theme was to work as a new graduated nurse which included two subthemes bewildering transition to the practice and lacking knowledge in practice. The second theme was to be a part of the group with the subthemes the pursuit of belonging and difficulties in communicating with the team. Third theme was the challenges within the profession with the subthemes stress and anxiety and lack of self-confidence. Fourth theme was the development within the profession with the subthemes expected success of the transition program and development of professional confidence. Conclusion The result highlighted that the nurses experienced difficulties in the transition to the practice because they weren't prepared for their professional role. The nurses needed support for a successful transition to the practice.

  • 438.
    Zackrisson, Simon
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Westman, Emelie
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Upplevelserna av det första året som yrkesverksam sjuksköterska: En litteraturbaserad studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Registered nurses is a profession with long tradition and the profession has undergone many changes over time. In Sweden, today, nursing education leads to an academic degree but also provides a vocational degree. Profession as a nurse requires much of the practitioner for this to be considered competent to maintain credentials. The path from novice to expert is long while the lack of nurses is large and many choose to leave the profession. Aim: The aim was to describe how newly graduated nurses’ experience their first year as professional nurses. Method: A literature-based study was conducted in which ten qualitative studies were retrieved from the databases Cinahl, Proquest and Pubmed. The studies were subjected to quality assurance and Friberg's five-step analysis.  Result: Through the analysis, the results of the articles were compiled into a new result, in which three themes, and nine subthemes were formed. The main themes were “unreasonable expectations about the new profession”, “the first year - a reality shock” and “the need for support in the workplace”. Conclusion: The first year of occupational nurses was experienced a difficult period and was lined with feelings of unpreparedness for what the profession meant and expectations of the profession that did not really correspond. The need for support was considered important for transition from education to professional nurse to be successful. The workplace of the graduates graduated was crucial for whether the nurse came to stay in the profession or not.

  • 439.
    Zahirovic, Semra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Kvinnors upplevelse av att diagnostiseras och behandlas förbröstcancer samt sjukdomens påverkan på livssituationen: En litteraturbaserad studie2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer in women. It is considered anappalling disease with its high mortality, demanding treatment and major impact on selfimageand body perception.

    Aim: The aim of this study is to describe women's experiences of being diagnosed and treatedfor breast cancer and how the breast cancer affects their life situation.

    Method: The method used was a literature study based on qualitative research. Eleven studieswere analysed according to the five-step model by Friberg.

    Results: The analysis resulted in three main themes and sex subthemes. The main themeswere: The life is threatened, Suffer from disease and Life continues.

    Conclusion: Suffering from breast cancer imposes changes on all aspects of the women's life,both physically, mentally and socially and evokes various individual coping strategies. In thisprocess it is vital that the nurse, which is closest to the patient, has a good understanding ofthe various patterns of crisis reaction to be able to deliver a good professional care andindividual support to the women.

  • 440.
    Åhlund, Camilla
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Åström, Linda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att vara medvandrare i en andlig och existentiell livsvärld: En kvalitativ litteraturbaserad studie om sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av andliga och existentiella möten vid livets slut.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: About 91000 people died in Sweden in 2016 and of those who died an estimate of 70000-75000 needed palliative care. When facing one’s own death it actualises questions about life and death and what happens thereafter. An important aspect of caring for patients at the end of life is the existential and spiritual dimension and therefore it is important that nurses have adequate knowledge and insight to be able to provide the best possible spiritual care for the patients. Aim: The aim of this study was to illustrate nurses’ different experiences of existential and spiritual encounters with patients at the end-of-life. Method: A method to contribute to evidence-based nursing with ground in analysis of qualitative research was used. An analysis of thirteen qualitative articles was carried out and resulted in 3 main themes and 12 subthemes. Results: The results of the study showed that some important factors with regards to existential encounters were courage, good communication skills, presence and the ability to care with love and compassion and to instill a sense of hope. For the nurses the encounters fostered a process of inner growth as they started to reflect on their own sense of spirituality and on issues of death and dying. Barriers included lack of time, knowledge and staff shortages. Conclusion: There is a need for sufficient time, education and support for the nurses to feel more prepared and comfortable in meeting the existential needs of the patients. Keywords: Palliative care, existential, spiritual, experience, nurse

  • 441.
    Åhs Hultgren, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Suslova Olsson, Anna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    En litteraturbaserad studie med syfte att belysa personers upplevelser efter en organtransplantation2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: When a person suffers from organ failure, an organ transplantation can save life. Persons on the waiting list often have mixed feelings like uncertainty and hope for the future. Even the time after transplantation is described like a period of physical and mental challenges during the recovering.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to highlight persons´ experiences after an organ transplantation.

    Method: The method used was a literature-based study based on qualitative articles. A total of eight articles were analyzed with a Qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The results from the study showed that people experienced mixed feelings after transplantation and these were described in three main themes: A new reality, New strategies and Emotional roller coaster.

    Conclusion: People who have undergone an organ transplant experience both physical and mental stress during recovery.

  • 442.
    Årstrand, Frida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Östlind,  , Marie
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av barn som misstänks fara illa eller som far illa.: En litteraturbaserad studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Child maltreatment has since 1979 been a punishable crime according to Swedish law but is still occurring in society today. All sorts of physical, psychological, sexual violence, neglect and exploitation of an individual under 18 years old was qualified as child maltreatment. Previous research has found an insecurity among nurses when they met children exposed to maltreatment. Nurses can encounter these children and are obligated through duty to notify and report when they suspect child maltreatment.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to illustrate nurses´ experiences of suspected child maltreatment or child maltreatment.

    Method: A literature review was conducted with a qualitative approach. Ten qualitative studies from Cinahl and Pubmed was reviewed for quality assurance and analyzed by Friberg's five-step analysis.

    Result: The analyze of the study resulted in three themes and eight subthemes. The first theme, Complex meetings, was about experiences in being a professional and challenges in the meeting. The second theme, Complicated assignments, described how nurse's experienced to assess the child's situation, to make a report and the cooperation with authorities. The third and last theme, Inhibitory and promotional activities, exposed the nurse's view on receiving support and education and the support for children and parents.

    Conclusion: Nurses experienced that it was important to be available and to build a relation with the child so the child could feel safe to tell about the mistreatment. It has also been shown that the nurse experienced complex emotions in the meeting with both the child and the parents and that it was not always clear to the nurse when to report child maltreatment. There was a need for more information and education for the nurse within the topic of child maltreatment. Also, the nurse experienced a need for better cooperation with the authorities that oversees cases of child maltreatment.

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