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  • 351.
    Staläng, Susanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Uddén, Katrina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hållbart ledarskap för chefer, är det möjligt i dagens arbetsliv?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine how managers are experiencing their working conditions. Is sustainable leadership possible, or are demands and challenges so great as to create an unhealthy working situation?

    Theory: The managers experiences are analyzed with the following theories: Leader-member exchange theory, system theory and transformative theory.

    Method: We interviewed a total of 13 managers, who are all employed in the municipality and have a focus on the social service and elderly care in the Västra Götalands region of Sweden.

    Result: This study shows that sustainable leadership is possible. The managers develop work strategies based on their experiences and knowledge. They are driven by the need and will power to influence and to develop a healthy work environment. Further, it is important for the managers to have good relationships with their coworkers. This is one of our study's three themes, "to lead in/ with relationship". The other two themes are "motivations" and "experience creates learning".

  • 352.
    Stankovic, Marija
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Wallman, Cecilia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Självtillit och upplevd kompetens: En experimentell studie av hur prestation och feedback kan påverka individens självtillit2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In society today, it is possible to distinguish that the notion of self-esteem is regarded as a potential catalyst for success amongst other factors that can predict successful outcomes. This can be observed in some of the societal institutions in Sweden but primarily this can be observed in media and with laypersons. Therefore, it is highly relevant to investigate the concept of self-esteem, however this study emphasises the more performance-oriented description of self-esteem; self-efficacy. The aim of this essay is to investigate self-efficacy and discern if and how susceptible self-efficacy is to positive or negative feedback in relation to feedback on a cognitive performance. In addition, this study will also investigate if there is a connection between self-efficacy and McCrae & Costa´s Big Five personality-trait model. Inspired by theorist Bandura, the study consisted of an online questionnaire that included validated cognitive and personality questionnaires. The study then attempted to affect the participants sense of performance on these tests through positive or negative feedback to investigate whether this affected their self-efficacy. The participants were chosen through the usage of social media and consisted of 296 individuals. The majority of these were female between 18-30 years old. The collected data was analysed in order to find statistical significance for the measured variables. The results concluded that the manipulation did not affect the participants self-efficacy, however, a statistically significant difference was discovered regarding the individuals’ attitude to their own competence. In addition, personality showed strong correlations with self-efficacy which implies that self-efficacy is more similar to that of a personality trait. The results also illustrate that self-efficacy could not be affected by this particular external factor.

  • 353.
    Stattin, Håkan
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Svensson, Ylva
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Korol, Liliia
    National University of Ostroh Academy, Ukraine.
    Schools can be supporting environments in disadvantaged neighborhoods2019In: International Journal of Behavioral Development, ISSN 0165-0254, E-ISSN 1464-0651, Vol. 43, no 5, p. 383-392Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, as in many other European countries, poor neighborhoods with ethnically diverse inhabitants and high crime rates have grown up around big cities in the last decades. We hypothesized that, compared with adolescents in advantaged neighborhoods, adolescents in disadvantaged neighborhoods would perceive their schools as relatively safe, due to their contrast with the more threatening and dangerous neighborhoods they lived in. Also, they would perceive their schools as relatively more open to their influence, due to the contrast with a lack of influence in their families. More broadly, they would experience their schools as supporting environments to a greater extent than adolescents in advantaged neighborhoods. We tested these ideas using a sample of 1390 adolescents (M age = 14.34, SD = 1.01) in a Swedish city. The hypotheses were supported, and the findings were most salient for immigrant adolescents in disadvantaged neighborhoods. Thus, particularly for immigrant adolescents in disadvantaged neighborhoods, schools can be supporting environments, which should have implications for local policies regarding resource allocation to schools and student influence. Overall, schools seem to be able to play an important role in students€™ lives by functioning as a positive contrast to negative out-of-school experiences in disadvantaged neighborhoods. © The Author(s) 2019.

  • 354.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    et al.
    Temple University, Department of Psychology, Philadelphia, USA.
    Icenogle, Grace
    Temple University, Department of Psychology, Philadelphia, USA.
    Shulman, Elizabeth P.
    Brock University, Department of Psychology, St Catherines, Canada.
    Breiner, Kaitlyn
    University of California Los Angeles, Department of Psychology, Los Angeles, USA.
    Chein, Jason
    emple University, Department of Psychology, Philadelphia, USA.
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Department of Psychology, Naples, Italy.
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, Department of Psychology, Macau.
    Chaudhary, Nandita
    University of Delhi, Department of Human Development and Childhood Studies, Lady Irwin College, Delhi, India.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, USA.
    Fanti, Kostas A.
    University of Cyprus, Department of Psychology, Nicosia, Cyprus.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy,Durham, USA.
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy,Durham, USA.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Department of Educational Psychology, Maseno, Kenya.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy,Durham, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Department of Psychiatry, Thailand.
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Consultorio Psicológico Popular, Cali, Columbia.
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Department of Psychology, Quezon City, the Philippines.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Queen Rania Faculty for Childhood, Zarqa, Jordan.
    Takash, Hanan M. S.
    Hashemite University, Queen Rania Faculty for Childhood, Zarqa, Jordan.
    Around the world, adolescence is a time of heightened sensation seeking and immature self-regulation2018In: Developmental Science, ISSN 1363-755X, E-ISSN 1467-7687, Vol. 21, no 2, article id e12532Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The dual systems model of adolescent risk-taking portrays the period as one characterized by a combination of heightened sensation seeking and still-maturing self-regulation, but most tests of this model have been conducted in the United States or Western Europe. In the present study, these propositions are tested in an international sample of more than 5000 individuals between ages 10 and 30 years from 11 countries in Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas, using a multi-method test battery that includes both self-report and performance-based measures of both constructs. Consistent with the dual systems model, sensation seeking increased between preadolescence and late adolescence, peaked at age 19, and declined thereafter, whereas self-regulation increased steadily from preadolescence into young adulthood, reaching a plateau between ages 23 and 26. Although there were some variations in the magnitude of the observed age trends, the developmental patterns were largely similar across countries.

  • 355.
    Svensson, Helen
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ledarskapsstilar, personlighet och mobbning på arbetsplatsen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bullying at workplaces is a major problem among societys. In 2013, 8% of the occupational diseases reported to the Swedish insurance fund were reported to be caused by violations, bullying and harassment. Illnesses, obsessive thoughts, anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress are common in those who have been subjected to bullying. The purpose of the study was to investigate how dark personality traits and leadership styles predict bullying based on data from bullying observers. The two regression models in the study's showed a difference in variance, where the latter, which included the leader's leadership style and dark personality traits, explained 8% more of the variation in perceived bullying than the model that only analysed the bully, not including the leader. A reasonable conclusion is therefore that the leader's leadership style and dark personality traits can be decisive for the occurrence of bullying.

  • 356.
    Svensson, Ylva
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    A Master Narrative Approach to the Negotiation of an “Immigrant Identity” in Sweden.2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A Master Narrative Approach to the Negotiation of an "Immigrant Identity" in Sweden

    In Sweden, and many European countries, the concepts of race and ethnicity are not as relevant, and a division between immigrants and non-immigrants is more salient as the basis for in-group definitions. This would have consequences for identity work of young people with an immigrant background living in those societies. Master narratives are shared cultural stories of what types of behaviors are normative and valued (McLean & Syed, 2015) and defines the acceptable frameworks for defining the self ( McLean et al., 2017). Personal narratives are then form in alignment or misalignment with the master narratives (McLean & Syed, 2015).

    This study aims to understand the interplay between societal expectations and individual identity work in how immigrants negotiate their identities, in relation to the master narrative of being Swedish and the misaligning alternative narratives of being immigrant. Specifically, two research questions guided the work: 1) what narratives of being immigrant are told, and 2) how are identities negotiated their in relation to the master narrative of being Swedish, and the alternative, stereotypical narratives of being immigrant.

    Data was from a larger study addressing ethnic identity in Sweden, the Gothenburg Research on Ethnicity-related Experiences and identity Narratives (GREEN) project. The current sample comprised of 251 participants (74% female), age 16-25. Participants wrote stories about a time when they felt that their personal life story diverged from what is considered appropriate, normal or accepted (Alpert, Marsden Szymanowski, & Lilgendahl, 2013). Written narratives were analysed using thematic analyses (Braun & Clark, 2006). Results showed two main types of experiences of being immigrant:1) "Immigrant" as a self-chosen identity, and as an in-group. Feelings of sameness and belonging was based either on a shared immigrant experience or being in a minority (regardless of a shared ethnicity or language), or based on having the same view of life. 2) "Immigrant" as ascribed by others, and not an in-group. Participants described being viewed as immigrants regardless of being born in Sweden, and by being grouped together with other immigrants regardless of culture, language or ethnicity. Thus, the label "immigrant" was described as denying them a Swedish identity and their ethnicity of origin, resulting in a feeling of not belonging anywhere.

    Further, results of thematic analyses showed two main themes in how immigrant identities were negotiated in relation to the master narrative of being Swedish and the stereotypical immigrant narrative. The first, the "stereotypical immigrant" was in line with the stereotypical image of the immigrant as inferior to, and in direct contrast to the Swedish identity. The second type, the "successful immigrant" resisted the stereotype by proving it wrong, and being "more Swedish" than Swedes. This included stories of performing and behaving well, having good grades, by dressing neat, speaking impeccable Swedish, and not showing any religious symbols. Findings highlight how individual identity negotiation is affected by societal structures, where personal narratives are formed in adherence and adoption to an alternative narrative, or by resisting and proving the master narrative wrong. 100 words: Using a master narrative framework, the study explored the interplay between societal expectations and individual identity work in how immigrants negotiate their identities, in relation to the master narrative of being Swedish and the misaligning alternative narratives of being immigrant. 251 written narratives were thematically analyzed. Results indicate that "immigrant" can be both a self-chosen in-group, and an ascribed label. Identity negotiation included the "stereotypical immigrant" as inferior to, and in direct contrast to the Swedish narrative, and the "successful immigrant" as resisting and proving the immigrant narrative wrong by exceeding the Swedish narrative.

  • 357.
    Svensson, Ylva
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Identity Work in the Intersection between Self and Society2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 358.
    Svensson, Ylva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Syed, Moin
    University of Minnesota, Psychology Department, Minneapolis, United States.
    Linking self and society: Identity and the immigrant experience in two macro-contexts2019In: Journal of applied developmental psychology, ISSN 0193-3973, E-ISSN 1873-7900, Vol. 64, article id 101056Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to compare identity processes associated with the immigrant experience in two macro-contexts, the U.S and Sweden. Using a qualitative narrative approach, we explored how immigrant and non-immigrant youth negotiate their identities in the intersection between individual selves and society, by studying how they experience deviations from societal expectations and whether such deviations were associated with alternative group belonging. The sample consisted of 59 narratives written by 1st and 2nd generation immigrants and non-immigrants (age 16–25). Results indicated that the U.S. participants were more likely to define themselves using racial and multi-ethnic categories, whereas Swedish participants relied on national labels. Additionally, U.S. participants showed clear evidence of deviations from societal norms, but also found belonging in social groups from those deviations. Swedish participants showed some deviations, but little evidence of group belonging. The findings highlight the contextual nature of identity development within an immigrant context. © 2019 Elsevier Inc.

  • 359.
    Tengblad, Stefan
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för handel och företagande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Framtidens Företagande.(Medarbetarskap och Organisatorisk resiliens (FORE), Followership and Organizational Resilience).
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande.
    Kazemi, Ali
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Högskolan i Skövde, Forskningsspecialiseringen Hälsa och Lärande..
    Brukarorientering och nöjdhet i svensk äldreomsorg2016In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 93, no 1, p. 178-189Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 360.
    Tilton-Weaver, Lauree
    et al.
    Örebro University, Sweden.
    Marshall, Sheila K.
    University of British Columbia, Canada.
    Svensson, Ylva
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Depressive symptoms and non-suicidal self-injury during adolescence: Latent patterns of short-term stability and change2019In: Journal of Adolescence, ISSN 0140-1971, E-ISSN 1095-9254, Vol. 75, p. 163-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction:

    Depressive symptoms and non-suicidal self-injury not only increase in prevalenceduring adolescence, but they can also occur together. Both psychological problems seem to have similar precipitating conditions, suggesting they have transdiagnostic conditions—personal or contextual characteristics that contribute to co-occurrence. We sought to understand when these two problems co-occur and what is related to their co-occurrence.

    Methods:

    Using a pattern-centered approach and two waves of longitudinal data collected an-nually, we examined latent profiles of depressive symptoms and self-injury among a Swedish sample of adolescents aged 12 to 16 (MageT1= 13.65 years,SD= 0.64), 53.7% boys and 47.3% girls. Most of the adolescents were Swedish (89%), with parents who were married or cohabitating (68%). We also examined the transitions between profiles over time.

    Results:

    Our results suggest that during this time frame, depressive symptoms and self-injury tend to emerge and stabilize or abate together. We also examined a broad array of predictors, including individual characteristics, emotion dysregulation, experiences with friends, parents' negative reactions to behavior, and school stress. The significant unique predictors suggest that adolescents who reported being subjected to relational aggression, having negative experienceswhile drinking, and low self-esteem had a greater probability of moving from moderate to high levels or maintaining high levels of depressive symptoms and self-injury, compared to adolescents classified in the other statuses.

    Conclusions:

    Focusing on negative interpersonal experiences and selfesteem as transdiagnostic conditions may guide research and aid clinicians in supporting adolescents who feel depressed and engage in self-injury. Symptoms of depression increase during adolescence (Hankin et al., 1998;Lewinsohn, Rohde, Seeley, Klein, & Gotlib, 2000) as doself-injurious behaviors (Hilt, Nock, Lloyd-Richardson, & Prinstein, 2008; Lloyd-Richardson, Perrine, Dierker, & Kelley, 2007; Ross &Heath, 2002). Defined as direct and intentional destruction of one's own body tissue without suicidal intent, non-suicidal self-injury(NSSI) includes cutting, hitting, burning, and scratching (Nock, 2010). Although rates of NSSI are typically lower than those of depressive symptoms, they often covary (Auerbach et al., 2014; Lloyd-Richardson et al., 2007; Nock, Joiner, Gordon, Lloyd-Richardson, & Prinstein, 2006; Zetterqvist, Lundh, Dahlström, & Svedin, 2013). In this study, we focused on the co-occurrence of depressive symptoms and NSSI. We aimed to understand when these problems occurred together, in comparison to when adolescents exhibit only one problem or none and to explore how co-occurrence arises.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.07.013

  • 361.
    Tordell, Helena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bärkroth, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Arbetstillfredsställelse: En undersökning om arbetstillfredsställelse kopplat till Employer Branding och det psykologiska kontraktet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The staffing industry is an increasingly competitive market and the demand for staff is growing in many sectors. In order to reach and attract suitable candidates, Employer Branding can be used as a marketing strategy. This strategy should be based on the company's values and what characterizes the organization as an attractive workplace, which creates expectations concerning the potential employment.

    The purpose of this study was to examine an organization within the staffing industry, with a focus on the employees' job satisfaction, to look into how the psychological contract was related to it, and how Employer Branding can be an influencing factor. The emphasis was on employees' experiences linked to these factors.

    The data collection was based on eight employees with the role as consultant manager and semi-structured interviews were conducted.

    The survey indicated that the staff had a coherent view of the company's Employer Branding, that the psychological contract was based on the marketing strategy, and that the employees' job satisfaction could be affected if the psychological contract was fulfilled or not.

  • 362.
    Trulsson, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Psykisk ohälsa på arbetsplatsen: En kvalitativ studie om psykisk ohälsa utifrån fyra chefers perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Psykisk ohälsa är en ledande orsak till sjukskrivningar i Sverige idag. Trots det så fortsätter många att arbeta vilket ställer krav på chefens kunskap och bemötande. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka chefers perspektiv på psykisk ohälsa bland medarbetare. Studien utgick ifrån två frågeställningar (a) Hur hanterar chefer psykisk ohälsa på arbetsplatsen? (b) Vilken kunskap upplever chefer att de har om psykisk ohälsa bland medarbetare? Fyra semistrukturerade intervjuer med chefer inom två olika typer av organisationer genomfördes. För att få kunskap om chefernas upplevelser av psykisk ohälsa bland medarbetare, analyserades empiri enligt Tolkningsfenomenologisk analys. Resultaten visade att cheferna har erfarenheter av psykisk ohälsa bland medarbetare samt hanterar och får kunskap och inblick om medarbetarnas psykiska ohälsa genom en kombination av att ge socialt stöd och att visa engagemang. Chefernas bemötande av psykisk ohälsa på arbetsplatsen tyder på ett hälsofrämjande ledarskap och det Salutogena perspektivet då de såg till medarbetarnas resurser. Individuella hinder i privatlivet samt organisatoriska hinder ansågs av cheferna som faktorer vilka försämrar medarbetarnas psykiska välmående. Slutsatsen blev att chefer behöver få ökad kunskap om hur man känner igen signaler på psykisk ohälsa samt förbättrade förutsättningar att ge adekvat stöd.

  • 363.
    Törner, Marianne
    et al.
    Arbets- och miljömedicin, Institutionen för medicin, Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Pousette, Anders
    Arbets- och miljömedicin, Institutionen för medicin, Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Vega Matuszczyk, Josefa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Björk, Kenneth
    Swedavia, Landvetter.
    Airdrome Aviation Safety Climate Questionnaire (ADASCQ): Utveckling av enkätinstrument för att mäta organisationsklimat för hög flygsäkerhet vid flygplatsarbete2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att de flygplan som används i flygtrafiken är oskadade är självklart en viktig förutsättning för flygsäkerheten. När flygplanen befinner sig på mark sker en mängd olika operativa moment i och omkring planen, ofta under tidspress, och som involverar ett stort antal individer, organisationer, och olika typer av teknisk apparatur. För att flygplanen inte ska komma till skada i dessa operationer måste de utföras enligt tydliga procedurer, med kunskap och noggrannhet och med hög grad av koordinering av olika moment och aktörer. Detta ställer höga krav på de formella säkerhetssystemen. Men flygsäkerheten påverkas även av individuella och sociala fenomen. De sociala förutsättningarna handlar om hur sociala normer ser ut och utvecklas på arbetsplatsen. Här blir fenomen som säkerhetskultur och säkerhetsklimat betydelsefulla. En förutsättning för att kunna arbeta med att utveckla flygsäkerhetsklimatet så att det än bättre stöder en hög flygsäkerhet vid flygplatsarbetet är att man kan skaffa sig en uppfattning om kvaliteten på säkerhetsklimatet. Är det högt eller lågt? Vilka är de svaga punkterna, som behöver åtgärdas? Och vilka är de starka sidorna, som man bör gynna ytterligare? Ett sätt att mäta säkerhetsklimatet är genom enkät. Denna delrapport ger en teoretisk bakgrund till begreppet säkerhetsklimat och beskriver sedan utvecklingen av ett enkätinstrument för att mäta flygsäkerhetsklimat vid flygplatsarbete; Airdrome Aviation Safety Climate Questionnaire, ADASCQ.

  • 364.
    Vivien, Caroline
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Walldén, Carolina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Work – Family conflict och Family – Work conflict: en studie om personlighetens betydelse2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate if there was a connection between the dependent variables Work – Family conflict/Family – Work conflict and the independent personality variables Extraversion, Conscientiousness and Openness to Experience, also socio-economic status, happiness and sex as variables on behalf of control. The earlier research that has been done concerning the subject has been focusing on the personality traits as domains, we wanted to dig deeper and therefore chose to do the research on facet level as well. We wanted to see which facets it was in the domains that had a connection with Work – Family conflict/Family – Work conflict. The research data were collected by a questionnaire and we used a convenience sample to attain a large group of people in various different situations. In the survey there were 110 respondents, 58 of them were women and 52 were men, the ages of the respondents were 22- 70 years old. The results did not show a connection between Work – Family conflict, Family – Work conflict and Extraversion, Conscientiousness and Openness to Experience, though there were a connection on facet level. Work – Family conflict had a significant connection with cautiousness (rs = -.20). Work – Family conflict had a significant connection with selfefficacy (rs = -.20) orderliness (rs = -.22), fantasy (rs = .22), emotionality (rs = -.25). The results also show that Work – Family conflict had a significant connection with happiness (rs = -.24) which consists with previous research. Family – Work conflict had a significant connection with happiness (rs = -.23) as well. The results also showed that Work- Family conflict had a negative connection with happiness which previous research also showed. The conclusion we did of the study was that there are various variables that matters, such as happiness, socio-economic status, rather than just the investigated personality traits in the experience of Work – Family conflict/Family – Work conflict for an individual. In order to be able to work more effectively with the problem, it is important to investigate the subject in a deeper level, today more than ever as the boundaries between work life and privacy erases with the world-wide digitalization.

  • 365.
    Vulkan,, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lärares och elevers uppfattningar om digitala spel2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här studien är det elevers och lärares uppfattningar och erfarenhet av digitala spel som är i fokus. För att få uppfattning om detta har jag genomfört intervjuer.

    Studiens resultat visar att elevernas uppfattning om lärande huvudsakligen är av positiv art och majoriteten av eleverna beskriver flera aspekter av lärande som är kopplat till datorspel. Flera elever talar om samma spel men uppfattningen av spelen kan variera.

    Resultatet visar även att eleverna huvudsakligen ser positivt på spelens förmåga att bidra till lärande, men de framförde även en viss kritik. Resultatet visar att lärarna i studien är kritiska till lärandeaspekten av digitala spel. Det framgår även att lärarna menar att spel inte tillför direkt lärande till verkligheten och att de menar att det finns risker med att använda spel som lärandematerial. Lärarna i studien har inte en stor erfarenhet av digitala spel i allmänhet. Resultatet visar också att trots kritiken ser lärarna ändå en potential till lärande genom digitala spel.

    Resultatet visar ett eventuellt samband mellan personliga erfarenheter och syn på lärande genom digitala spel. Studiens resultat pekar mot att de informanter som har en positiv inställning till digitala spel allmänhet även har en positiv inställning till de digitala spelens lärandemöjligheter. Det visade sig i resultatet att erfarenhet av digitala spel avsevärt skiljer sig mellan lärare och elever, vilket kan innebära att erfarenheten påverkar synen på lärandet till en viss del.

    Denna kvalitativa studie fokuserar på vad elever och lärare tror de lär sig vid användning av digitala spel generellt och av vissa digitala spel som finns tillgängliga för elever på ett fritidshem. I studien studeras även vilka mål för lärande det finns med de tillgängliga spelen på fritidshemmet. Studien fokuserar på elevers och lärares uppfattningar.

  • 366.
    Wennström, Jennifer
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nord Nilsson, Alina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Jag är kär i mitt hus": en kvalitativ studie om hur enhetschefer inom vården upplever stress och psykiska påfrestningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out how female unit managers in healthcare perceive that the daily stress and strains affects the quality of their work and how this affects their perceived mental wellbeing. The study is based on semi-structured interviews of six female informants who are active in healthcare. The result from this study showed that work related stress is a consequence of encumbering work conditions. There are first and foremost two circumstances that can lead to work related stress, high workload and social interaction at work. Another contributing factor may be an improper balance between requirements and resources in the workplace, as Karasek and Theorell describes in their demand- control support- model (Arbetsmiljöverket, 2017).

  • 367.
    Wickman, Shiela
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Karlsson, Madeleine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Chefer och förändringsmotstånd: Hur chefer kan förebygga, hantera och vända förändringsmotstånd2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Change management has constantly been a challenge for organizations to keep up with trends and stay competitive. Resistance to change is considered a natural reaction to change management. However, resistance to change has been a problem for organizations and has proven to be both costly and to some extent detrimental to the development of organizations. The purpose of this study was to investigate managers' views on change resistance in both the public and private sectors. The main issues of the study were thus "how can managers prevent, manage and turn resistance to change into something productive". The study used a qualitative method in which semi-structured interviews with six managers from different organizations were conducted using an interview guide. The informants consisted of both women and men of varying ages from both public and private sector and the selection was based on convenience. The analysis method used was thematic analysis with the development of overall and underlying themes. The results and conclusions found by the study were that managers with the help of participation can prevent, manage and reverse change resistance. They can prevent resistance by informing, constantly working on improvement work and creating good relationships. Managers can handle resistance through individual calls, communication and termination. They can turn resistance to change into something productive by giving employees responsibility in bringing about change. It was found that managers play an important role in preventing, managing and reversing resistance to change.

  • 368.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department School of Health and Medical Sciences, Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gender perspectives in psychometrics related to leisure time noise exposure and use of hearing protection2011In: Noise and Health, ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 13, no 55, p. 407-414Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate possible gender differences regarding psychometric scales measuring risk perception in noisy situations, attitudes towards loud music, perceived susceptibility to noise, and individual norms and ideals related to activities where loud music is played. In addition the purpose was to analyze whether these variables are associated with protective behavior such as the use of hearing protection. A questionnaire was administered to a Swedish sample including 543 adolescents aged 16 to 20. The result revealed significant gender differences for all the psychometric scales. In addition, all psychometric measures were associated with hearing protection use in musical settings. Contrary to previous studies, gender did not contribute to any explanation of protective behavior by itself in the analysis. One conclusion is that although gender does not contribute by itself for the explanation of protective behavior, gender may affect psychological variables such as risk perception, attitudes and perceived susceptibility and that these variables may in turn be valuable for decision-making and protective behavior in noisy situations. Although women tend to be more ′careful′ psychologically, they nevertheless tend to behave in the same way as men as regards actual noise-related risk taking.

  • 369.
    Wikström, Cassandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nyman, Micaela
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Högskolestudenters attityd till arbete: samband mellan attityd till arbete, kön och personlighet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden´s labour market is currently facing a matching problem, which means that there is both unemployment and labour shortage at the same time. Many employers state difficulties in finding workforce who has the "right attitude" as the young workforce seems to have higher demands and expectations of work than previous generations.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate materialistic and individualistic attitudes towards work of college students belonging to Generation Y (individuals born between 1980-2000) and possible gender- and personality differences. A materialistic attitude means that one puts great value in material success while an individualistic attitude means that one values the content of work itself such as interesting work tasks and flexibility. College students was considered an interesting target group since they are the workforce of the future.

    Based on this purpose, the following questions were constructed: 1. Do men have a more materialistic attitude towards work than women? 2. Do women have a more individualistic attitude towards work than men? 3. What is the relationship between attitude towards work and personality? The quantitative study was conducted on 79 university students at University West, age between 19-36, using a survey.

    The result showed that men tended to have a somewhat more materialistic attitude towards work than women although the gender differences were small, d = .51. Women had a somewhat more individualistic attitude towards work than men, d = .38. This result was in line with previous research although previous studies have shown clearer gender differences.

    The conclusion of the study is that Generation Y mainly have high demands on the context of work itself, but they also wish for materialistic rewards. This may imply that individuals belonging to Generation Y have high expectations on work.

  • 370.
    Willig Azallali, Adam
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Arbetsengagemang, personlighet och yttre incitament2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Being a committed coworker in today's work environment has become more and more important. Individuals are expected to be both productive and attendant in their duties. Yet, what is it actually that predicts work commitment?

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which personality and external incitement can explain how committed an individual is in his employment.

    The study used validated tests that measured labor commitment (UWES9) and personality (TIPI). A separate questionnaire form was prepared for measuring external incentives. A question sheet consisting of these three instruments was compiled. The collected data was analyzed using correlations and regression analyses. The study included 30 people, of whom 6 (20%) were women and 24 (80%) were men. All participants had different backgrounds, and the only inclusion criterion was full-time employment.

    The results showed that the personality dimension conscientiousness was the personality that to the greatest extent predicted work commitment. It was also found that external incitement in the form of feedback, salary, careers and satisfied customers / patients / students, etc. widely could anticipate employment commitment. External incentive had the R-value 0.61.

    The conclusion in the present study showed that personality and external incitement are both good predictors of employment commitment.

  • 371.
    Winman, Thomas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ledarskap i offentlig förvaltning.: Gymnasierektorers förutsättningar att vara utvecklings -och kvalitetsdrivande i ett internationellt new public managements-perspektiv2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 372.
    Winman, Thomas
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Rektorer, lärande och digitalisering2019In: VILÄR 5-6 december 2019, University West, Trollhättan: Abstracts / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: University West , 2019, p. 21-22Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att utveckla kunskap om relationen mellan rektorers vardagliga arbete och lärande utvecklades en studie med syftet att studera och utveckla kunskap om hur rektorer i gymnasieskolor arbetar med ledning och utveckling. Två centrala frågeställningar var i fokus;- vilka förutsättningar och hinder upplever rektorer i det dagliga arbetet med fokus på hur det pedagogiska ledarskapet gestaltas i vardagen?- Hur leds förändringsarbete och utvecklingsprocesser i det dagliga arbetet utifrån ett kontextuellt perspektiv?

    Totalt har tio gymnasierektorer observerats fyra dagar vardera och intervjuas individuellt samt i två fokusgrupper. Studien utgick från ett sociokulturellt och aktivitetsteoretiskt perspektiv där antagandet är att lärande utvecklas och formas tillsammans med andra. Resultatet visar hur rektorer på olika sätt arbetar för att bereda möjligheter för lärare att fullfölja den pedagogiska uppgiften. Detta görs individuellt med lärare och kollektivt i lärarlag, men även genom att återkommande kommunicera det pedagogiska uppdraget uppåt i organisationen, exempelvis till lokala kommunpolitiker och i relation till budgetarbeten och tolkningar av skolverkets olika direktiv. I arbetet med skolverkets direktiv kring t.ex. åtgärdsplaner visas hur utvecklingsarbete kring IG-varningar processas och leder till förändrade strukturer och nya pedagogiska insatser. Till skillnad mot tidigare forskningresultat där rektorer uttrycker ett ensamarbete, var rektorerna i den här studien samstämmiga i uppfattningen kring vikten av det kollegiala stödet som möjliggjordes genom fysisk närhet och öppna dörrar till rektorskollegor.En ytterligare dimension i det pedagogiska ledarskapet och utvecklingsarbetet är att hantera den ökade digitaliseringen som innebär förändrade villkor för kommunikation, informationshantering och organisering av läraktiviteter. Digital kompetens och digital infrastruktur framstår som en förutsättning i dagens utbildning och skola och rektorerna behöver då hantera frågor av karaktären:

    hur och i vilken utsträckning användande av digital teknik förändrar de sätt som lärare och elever uppfattar, förstår och tolkar kunskap- vilka nya sätt att organisera lärares kompetensutveckling som möjliggörs och kommer att vara produktiva- hur och varför olika aktiviteter öppnar upp för nya typer av lärarinterventioner när man ska stödja professionellas lärandeFrågorna får både pedagogiska och didaktiska konsekvenser och visar på områdets komplexitet, där aggregerade analyser av kunskapsläget är viktiga för både den fortsatta forskningen i området och för fortsatt verksamhetsutveckling.

  • 373.
    Zegwaard, Karsten E.
    et al.
    University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kay, Judie
    RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.
    McRae, Norah
    University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada.
    Ferns, Sonia
    Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Hoskyn, Katharine
    Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.
    Professional Development Needs of the International Work-Integrated Learning Community2019In: International Journal of Work-Integrated Learning, ISSN 2538-1032, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 201-217Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many governments are expecting higher education institutions to make strong links between the educationalofferings and employability while many employers are demanding graduates with prior workplace or community engagement before entering the workplace. As higher education institutions respond to these challenges, workintegrated learning (WIL) is increasingly seen as a powerful educational approach in developing and empowering work-ready graduates, with many institutions expanding their WIL offerings. With the expansion of WIL, however, comes the need for more staffing to resource the activity. The type of staff vary from practitioners (placement coordinators, field practitioners), teaching staff, researchers, and curricular designers, all of whom require a relevant skills set and knowledge. However, to date, professional development opportunities directly related to WIL have been limited, with most opportunities offered by some national associations providing webinars and workshops. Furthermore, little work has been undertaken to determine the actual professional development needs of WIL staff. Presented here are the findings of an online, international survey of 668 WIL practitioners which explores their perceived professional development needs.

  • 374.
    Ärleskog, Caroline
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Strukturella villkor: En åldersfråga: En kritisk åldersstudie om barns strukturella villkor utifrån kommunala hemsidors information om behandling vid spelproblem2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study aims to, through a critical age perspective, describe and illustrate the structural conditions of the age category of children based on the information about treatment for gambling problems provided by municipal websites. The study has a quantitative character and in order to answer the study's questions, a content analysis of municipal websites (N = 119) was conducted. 52,1% of those websites contained information on treatment for gambling problems (n = 62). The result showed a statistically significant difference in the distribution regarding information by municipal websites on treatment for gambling problems ( χ² = 9,478a , df = 2, p = ,009) and treatment methods ( χ² = 13,400a , df =2, p = ,001) between the structural age categories. Throughout, age as an organizing principle was updated, and the age category of children was directed to information about treatment for gambling problems through municipal websites to a considerably lower extent than other age categories. This brought to light an age hierarchy and from a children perspective it is possible to state that children's structural conditions were unequal. When this was consistent, it is reasonable to assume that there is systematic inequality, which raises social stratification.

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