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  • 351.
    Asatiani, Aleksandre
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg (SWE).
    Norström, Livia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Information systems for sustainable remote workplaces2023In: Journal of strategic information systems, ISSN 0963-8687, E-ISSN 1873-1198, Vol. 32, no 3, article id 101789Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This review discusses the challenges associated with the sustainability of remote workplaces, which have become more prevalent due to the growing trend of work digitalization and the pandemic-induced push to remote work. These challenges are highlighted in literature across various disciplines, including information systems, but these discourses have remained isolated from each other. In this review, we consolidated and synthesized research on remote work from the perspective of individual workers by reviewing 187 articles published between 1999 and 2020 in recognized academic journals from fields including information systems, organizational studies, economics, human resources, sociology, and psychology. We identified five key themes that concern opportunities and challenges to sustainable remote workplaces: (1) key characteristics, (2) work-life boundaries; (3) health and well-being; (4) social interaction, and (5) leadership. Building on our findings we created a framework that recognizes two interrelated categories of factors influencing remote workplace sustainability – rigid base characteristics and contextual remote workplace variables – that together shape the trajectory of remote workplace sustainability in the long term. The framework also identifies the potential role of information systems in modulating the impact of the base characteristics to build continuities that encourage more sustainable remote workplaces. The paper concludes by offering a research agenda for information systems for sustainable remote workplaces based on the three IS theoretical frames: inclusion, dignity, and boundary objects.

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    fulltext
  • 352.
    Ask, Nora
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Johnson, Dolores
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Faktorer som påverkar Sveriges tillväxt: Finansiella kriser och dess påverkan under åren 1993–20202021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay, factors that affect Sweden's growth, contains reasoning and conclusions on how the Swedish GDP has been affected due to the corona pandemic. In the essay, the financial crisis during the period 2007 and 2008 will be expressed in order to be able to compare the Swedish GDP with another economic crisis. The essay contains previous research on the subject and a theoretical framework where the theory behind the method is explained. The model that is set up is based on the macroeconomic expenditure method where variables that affect GDP are included. This method has been used in the essay to show how GDP has changed from previous years and to be able to see what a comparison looks like with the previous financial crisis. The results are presented in various diagrams that show how the variables consumption, government expenditure, investment, export and import, vary over the period 1993–2020. The Vector autoregression (VAR) model has been used in the essay as a method. The conclusion of the thesis is that the variables that have the greatest impact and the greatest correlation on Sweden's GDP are consumption and export.

  • 353.
    Askengren, Stephanie
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Hjort, Camilla
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Krisens effekt på kommunernas arbete med webbtillgänglighet: – En kvalitativ undersökning kring tillgängligt material på webben under en världskris.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During a crisis situation in society, people need information about what exactly is happening. It places great demands on municipalities to quickly come up with new information that everyone can access. In order for all people to be able to access the material and information that is posted, a web standard is required for the information to be adapted to different screens, auxiliary tools and people with disabilities. The Act on Access to Digital Public Service (DOS) should ensure that all people can visit the web on their own terms. The Act comes into force and must be followed by public actors on September 22, 2020. The purpose of the essay is to create an understanding of how municipalities work with web accessiblity during crisis situations, and to gain an understanding of how crisis situations affect web accessibility work. Methods that we have chosen to use to collect data are a qualitative research method by conducting interviews with both experts on the subject as well as people working in municipal offices. The result of this study shows how municipalities can use the laws and guidelines as a priority list for continued work. With the interviews we have done with municipal employees, we have also come up with strategies that could be implemented in the municipality's work with web accessibility during crisis situations.

  • 354.
    Asker Zada, Salar
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Ad Hoc Networks: Performance Evaluation Of Proactive, Reactive And Hybrid Routing Protocols In NS2 2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    No infrastructure, no centralized administration and self-configuration are the main characteristics of MANETs. The primary motivation of MANET deployment is to increase portability, mobility and flexibility. However, this mobility causes an unpredictable change in topology and makes routing more difficult. Many routing algorithms have been proposed and tested over the last few years in order to provide an efficient routing in Ad Hoc networks. In this report we will show our conducted study with AODV (reactive), DSDV (proactive) and ZRP (hybrid) routing protocols. The performance of routing protocols have been evaluated carefully by analyzing the affects of changing network parameters such as, number of nodes, velocity, pause time, workload and flows on three performance metrics: packet delivery ratio, routing cost and average end- to- end delay. All the simulation work has been conducted in NS2. Our simulation results show that AODV gives better performance in all designed simulation models in terms of packets delivery ratio. DSDV shows the second best performance. Performance of ZRP is found average.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 355.
    Asmail, Aceel
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Organisationskultur & Krishantering: Kulturella faktorer som hinder i organisationers krishantering2020Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The basis for a well-functioning crisis management is to understand the organizational culture. The organizational culture can either escalate a crisis or help the organization prepare, respond and manage it effectively. A crisis poses a threat but can also bring new opportunities for development and learning. Crisis research is fragmented and interest in studying the relationship between organizational culture and crisis management is still limited. A few researchers have investigated cultural factors that can hinder an organization's crisis management, but there is still a great lack of empirical research today that deals with organizational cultural factors that hinder crisis management in Swedish companies. In this study, a survey was conducted on two case companies in the tertiary and service sector to contribute with an increased understanding of the cultural factors that hinder crisis management in Swedish companies. The case companies were hit by a serious crise in our time. To achieve this, the essay author has used a hermeneutic study and a qualitative approach in the form of interviews with three selected people from these organizations. A comparison between the companies shows small differences between the cultural factors that have created obstacles to the case companies' crisis management and the factors have obvious connections to the theory. In the first company, the factors ineffective communication, inflexibility, difficulty adapting, lack of trust, religious beliefs, culture of silence, guilt & scapegoat thinking, as well as classification with experience, reliance of success and trained mindlessness have created obstacles to crisis management. In the second company, the same obstacle factors are again identified, except for, reliance of success and religious beliefs. Here they have instead been replaced by denial and the culture of turnover. This study also shows that the loyal employee is important for crisis management work. That the factor disloyal behaviour has also created obstacles to crisis management in the study's case companies. All these cultural factors reflected "internal problems" that existed beneath the surface and hindered the creation of a healthier culture that promotes crisis management. The study shows that an understanding of the organization's existing culture and subcultures is crucial for effective crisis management work. The study's case companies recommend working more towards a mindful culture that encourages continuous learning and adaptation that increases the awareness and understanding of the organization's members of crise warnings signals and the company's common problems, plans and values. In the long run, this will make an impression on organizations and cultural barriers will be bridged, and crises dealt with more effectively.

  • 356.
    Asp, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Jensen, Caroline
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Facebookgrupper och delade dokument: En kvalitativ studie om hur studenter använder sociala medier i sitt skolarbete2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to identify what different types of social media students use and how they actually use these different social medias in their school work.

    Social media is nowdays a natural part of our lives and our society. We interact and communicate with people close to us as well as people on the other side of the world. We use social media to seek information, receive news, share our thoughts, our lives and our opinions. Social media has gained a prominent place in our society and beginning to be used more and more in schools and education. The qualities of social media has been said to stimulate learning and in some cases improve efficiency and facilitate school work.

    We have chosen to look at how students in higher education are using social media in their studies. The selection group we focused on is the first-year students who take the program Digitala Medie at University West. We selected these students based on our own experience of the program, and we know that these students have a fundamental interest in social media and the use of these.

    The results show that Facebook is the social media most used by students, both in their individual work and group work. It is primarily the Facebook function "groups" that is used, where students created two groups for the whole class as well as small groups for each team project. Combined with Facebook groups students use Google docs as a place to collaboratively write texts and presentations. In the individual schoolwork Facebook is primarily used as a communication channel, both with teachers, classmates and team members. The students use the joint groups to contact the teacher by "tagging" them, to get help with problems and answers to questions, to get the support and motivation from classmates and to share essential information.

    In group projects, then current Facebook group works as an extension of the project, this is where most communication, decision-making and cooperation takes place. Even though the students indicate flaws and minor problems with both Google drive and Facebook in context with their school work, none of the participants search for new alternatives. The results of our study may be of interest for other students and teachers as it can inspire to new ways to apply social media in education.

    In our study, we present a variety of tools and services that students use in their schoolwork. We also present distinct examples of how students use different services and platforms. For teachers, this may be interesting to take note of when it can help them to understand students' needs regarding learning tool. It also provides an insight into how students communicate and interact outside the classroom

  • 357.
    Asp Johansson, Vidar
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Väisänen, John
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Vårdens behov av modernisering av sina kommunikationssystem: En kvalitativ studie om varför man använder omodern teknik och hur den skulle kunna digitaliseras2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The interest in digitizing health care in Sweden is increasing, however, there are still old technologies that seem impossible to get rid of. The fax machine is used daily in healthcare and is therefore a difficult process to replace. Studies show that it is necessary to replace the fax machine as it is a safety issue. The fax machine fails in patient safety, which is important to maintain in healthcare. The problem arises because the caretaker must print out the patient information and then fax it and it can be faxed wrong, but even if it is correctly faxed, there are several of the staff members that it gets through.

    This study tries to find out how this information could be digitized by reviewing how the fax is used in healthcare organizations. Replacing the fax could lead to more efficient care, reduce duplication and create more secure communication within the healthcare.

    This study has conducted interviews with a qualitative approach with healthcare staff from municipalities around western Götaland in Sweden for a deeper insight into the use of the fax and how it could be replaced. The theory is based on a sociotechnical perspective, taking into consideration both the technology and social aspects of a process change. Using the theory, previous research has been developed that has been the basis for setting up interview questions. Where all parts of the theory were analyzed to provide the best solution for how the faxed information could be digitized.

    The result of the study showed that it was necessary to change both work processes and create new features in the system to communicate between different systems. Alternatively introduce a common system for all healthcare providers. One needs to know exactly how a process is performed in an organization and digitize it one by one to make the fax disappear completely.

  • 358.
    Asp, Linda
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Jansson, Emelie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Är fastighetsmäklarbranschen i farozonen för negativ arbetshälsa?: En kvantitativ studie om hur psykisk arbetshälsa påverkas av lön, belöning och motivation2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The real estate industry has a high level of staff turnover, which can be a sign of a stressful environment at work. In addition, the industry has a distinct system where performance based remuneration in the form of commission occurs to a large extent. According to previous research, stress is an indicator of poor work health, which in turn affects the motivation to perform. Considering this, the purpose of this study was to examine how real estate agents in Sweden experience their occupational health based on salary, reward and motivation, and to examine what significance these factors have for their performance.

    A quantitative method with cross-sectional design was used. The collection of data was carried out through a web survey which was partially designed by using the Effort Reward Imbalance model (ERI-model), as well as evidence-based tools for measuring motivation. The theoretical starting point of the study was that different types of salary and rewards, as well as intrinsic and extrinsic motivation can affect employees' well-being both positively and negatively. The ERI-model can measure stress in the work situation by identifying whether there is an imbalance between a person’s effort and reward, and whether overcommitment occurs.

    The results of the empirical data showed that real estate agents are a group that suffers from work-related stress. By analyzing the compiled data collection, using the theoretical framework of the study, the discussion resulted in several conclusions. One of the conclusions was that a minority of the real estate agents experience a negative imbalance in combination with a high level of overcommitment. Consequently, they run a high risk of negative work health. The results of the study also showed that the type of salary does not influence the stress level. Moreover, it was concluded that non-monetary rewards are the most important factor to reduce stress among those who have commission pay. Another conclusion was that real estate agents are generally more driven by intrinsic motivation than extrinsic motivation, which is positive because intrinsic motivation contributes to better work health. Finally, it was found that real estate agents are highly motivated and can perform well despite their stressful work environment

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  • 359.
    Asplund Carlsson, Maj
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Högberg, Karin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Kullgren, Carina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Mårdén, Björn
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Att göras till filmarbetare i den nya kulturekonomin2011In: Att göras till filmarbetare / [ed] Margaretha Herrman, Nora: Nya Doxa , 2011, 1, p. 280-298Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 360.
    Asplund, Linn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Lindblad, Sabina
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Finanskrisens påverkan på Sveriges export.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to study how the financial crisis in 2007-2008 in the US influenced the Swedish export. The chosen model includes the following variables: total exports, foreign real GDP, export price and the export-weighted effective exchange rate against the Swedish krona. The model is taken from Aydin et al (2004) which in turn has developed the model from Warner and Kreinin (1983). Aydın et al (2004) have used this model in its report to explain the Turkish export supply and import demand. Except the variables in the model it has been added another variable, bank lending to non-financial companies. This variable has been added in order to investigate whether Sweden's exports were affected by a financial crisis in Sweden during this period.In the paper, there will be six different regressions, two showing how the Swedish export looked like before the crisis broke out, two during the crisis and two regressions from 2000 until 2014. This is to clarify how the export was affected by year to year. The last variable that was the Swedish banks' lending to non-financial companies showed no significance to the Swedish imports which then meant that it was concluded, the Swedish exports therefore had no impact of the financial crisis that was in Sweden.

  • 361.
    Assaf, Jessica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Johansson, Julia
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Webbutikens uppbyggnad: Faktorer hos en webbutik som influerar unga kvinnors tillit2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Online retailers that sell fashion have recently become more common and the biggest target group for clothes, shoes and accessories today are young women. The large growth of online retailers has resulted in trust concerns by consumers. The purpose of this report is to examine the factors that influence young women to feel trust towards a web store. A qualitative study has been conducted in form of a focus group interview, which examines seven women's attitudes and thoughts towards online retailers. This study is based on a theory of six different factors that affect trust towards online retailers, which go under the term web site quality. The factors are: web site usability, security and privacy, speed of download, product and service information quality, and aesthetic aspects. The report shows that the six factors have a large impact on trust and particularly the completeness of the web site. Also, the study shows that word of mouth has a big influence and can be developed to an additional factor. 

  • 362.
    Assmo, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A Time-geographic Appraisal for Local Sustainable Development2015In: International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, ISSN 1832-2077, Vol. 10, p. 15-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development is often described as including ecological, social and economic dimensions. The conventional view of "sustainable" development is largely based on ideas of economic growth, which promotes expansion in space and compression in time – what we call a global market economy. Furthermore, the dominant conventional view also enhances a technical-economic approach that results in a rather narrow subject specific research focus on specific problems. Thereto connected strategies thereby use general technological and institutional policies and solutions that tend to conceal the reality of how people act and respond in relation to resources and constraints in a time-spatial context. So, the conventional development perspective seems in many ways to be unsustainable in ecological, social and thereby also economic terms. This article is of a conceptual character and focuses on local development in a time-space context. The article is inspired by Hägerstrand's time-geographical approach, and explores an approach that contextualizes processes of change in time and space. This time-spatial approach thereby enhances an alternative view for integrated local social-, economic- and ecological sustainable development processes. In so doing, this approach has the potential to enhance a more all-embracing sustainable development approach applicable to design local policy instruments and strategies.This article is of a conceptual character and focuses on local development in a time-space context. The article is inspired by Hägerstrand's time-geographical approach, and explores an approach that contextualizes processes of change in time and space. This time-spatial approach thereby enhances an alternative view for integrated local social-, economic- and ecological sustainable development processes. In so doing, this approach has the potential to enhance a more all-embracing sustainable development approach applicable to design local policy instruments and strategies.

  • 363.
    Assmo, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Creative Industrial Development for Regional Economic Growth: The Example of Regional Film Centres in Sweden.2007In: Uddevalla Symposium 2006: Entrepreneurship and Development - Local Processes and Global Patterns: Revised papers presented at the 9th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 June, Fairfax, VA, USA / [ed] Iréne Johansson, Trollhättan: University West , 2007, p. 91-103Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge and creativity are increasingsly important factors for economic growth. Changes in the economic landscape mean that the location of human capacity becomes a key aspect for knowledge creation and regional economic growth. This article discusses the influence of political-economic structures and the importance of the creative human capital, in relation to the development and localisation of a government supported regional film industry in Sweden. The overall aim for initialising these regional film production centres is to enhance regional economic growth in new creative industrial sectors that can replace and/or supplement the traditional industry in the respective region. This article argues that this kind of creative industry is generally most likely to be mor successful in locations that can provide financial support and attract the key creative human capital. Regions with high population density and diversified economy will thereby be the best suited.

  • 364.
    Assmo, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Creative Industry Cluster Growth for Regional Development: Illustrations from Sweden2008In: Uddevalla Symposium 2008: Spatial Dispersed Production and Network Governance: Revised papers presented at the 11th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 May, 2008, Kyoto, Japan / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2008, p. 99-113Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To survive and thrive in market economy, actors seek for continuous increased productivity and effectiveness. To do so, there is a dominant argument that concentration or clustering of economic activities might enhance economic performance and growth. In an increasingly global market, knowledge and creativity are often highlighted as increasingly important factors for economic growth in post-industrial societies. Changes in the economic landscape mean that the location of human capacity becomees a key aspect for knowledge creation and regional economic growth, especially for the development of the creative industry. In many EU countries, political institutions at various levels strive to assist the growth of, or even develop creative economic clusters. But is it possible, through political means, to actually construct a flourishing and sustainable creative industry clusters? And if so, is it possible to attract and/or develop the creative capital, the essential element for the development and growth of the creative industry. The article aims to critically discuss and further develop the conceptual discussion of creative capital, its relation in time and space, and thereby impact on regional economic growth. In an attempt to take the theoretical discussion a step forward, the creative capital theory will be critically analysed, where the author apply comparative studies to examine the impact of creative capital at national, regional and local level in a time-spatial context.  

  • 365.
    Assmo, Per
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Creative industry cluster growth in a global economy: the example of Film in Väst, Sweden2004Report (Other academic)
  • 366.
    Assmo, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Development of international collaborations in WIL for post-graduate and PhD programmes2019In: VILÄR 5-6 december 2019, University West, Trollhättan: Abstracts / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: University West , 2019, p. 5-5Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation discuss the development a long term collaboration between University West and universities in South Africa. With a focus on developing the field of WIL in research and higher education, University West is developing two main components.Together with University of the Western Cape (UWC) we develop an International Master Programme in Work Integrated Political Studies. The programme will provide a Master degree in work Integrated Learning, and the programme will be implemented through jointly organised teaching and supervision, conducted in a combined campus/on-line mode, and working closely with the civil society in both countries.Furthermore, together with Central University of technology (CUT) we embark on a collaboration on a third party agreement for PhD students from CUT to study and receive a PhD degree in WIL from University West.

  • 367.
    Assmo, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    From Global to Local2014In: Uddevalla Symposium 2014. Geography of Growth. The Frequency, Nature and Consequences of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Regions of Varying Density: Revised papers presented at the 17th Uddevalla Symposium 12-14 June, 2014, Uddevalla, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2014, p. 85-96Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 368.
    Assmo, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    International collaboration in the new WIL PhD programme at University West2020In: VILÄR: 3–4 December 2020 University West,Trollhättan. Abstracts / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2020, p. 7-8Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Work Integrated Learning (WIL) is a profile of University West, both in education and in research. Since 2020, the University has initiated a new and unique PhD programme in WIL. University West is given the task and responsibility by the Swedish government to develop WIL into a new research subject. Hence, University West is the only University that provide this PhD programme in WIL, nationally and internationally. The presentation initially provide a presentation of the PhD programme, discussing the field of research and the organisational structure. Being a unique PhD programme, University West aim to make it attractive in the international landscape of higher education and research. In so doing, the presentation discuss the development of international collaboration of WIL research, illustrated by a new agreement and collaboration of PhD education in WIL with Central University of Technology (CUT) in South Africa. In this respect, the presentation also highlight the opportunities of international long-term research cooperation in WIL, as a research field/subject, and there to connected collaborations with the surrounding society at local, national and international levels.

  • 369.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Fox, Roddy
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    International collaboration for pedagogical innovation: Understanding multiracial interaction through a time-geographic appraisal2015In: Knowledge for a sustainable world: A southern African–Nordic contribution / [ed] Tor Halvorsen, Hilde Ibsen and Vyvienne RP M’kumbuzi, Cape Town: African Minds, 2015, p. 207-226Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 370.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sunnemark, Fredrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, Erika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Lundqvist-Westin, Wilma
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Kompetensutveckling för kunskapsförsörjning inom skolan: En fallstudie i Uddevalla och Sotenäs kommuner2020Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 371.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University.
    A time-spatial approach towards integrated sustainable development2011In: Uddevalla Symposium 2011. Entrepreneurial Knowledge, Technology and Transformation of Regions: Revised papers presented at the 14th Uddevalla Symposium, 16-18 June, 2011, Bergamo, Italy / [ed] Irene Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2011, p. 83-94Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 372.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University.
    An Alternative Time-Spatial Approach Towards Post-Monetarism2011In: Uddevalla Symposium 2010. Innovation and Multidimensional Entrepreneurship - Economic, Social and Academic Aspects : Revised papers / [ed] Irene Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2011, p. 71-84Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 373.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University.
    Beyond the Economic Meanings of Development: A Discussion of Political-Geographical Constructions of Societal Development2007In: Uddevalla Symposium tenth anniversary 2007: Institutions for Knowledge Generation and Knowledge Flows - Buildning Innovative Capabilities for Regions: Revised papers presented at the 10th Uddevalla Symposium, 14-16 June, 2007, University West, Uddevalla, Sweden. / [ed] Iréne Johansson, Trollhättan: University West , 2007, p. 155-168Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Socio-economic development, in any society, includes many productive activities excluded in conventional economic analyses. This paper aims to critically uncover, explore and discuss how productive activities included in societal development are hidden by a monetary bias. By doing so, the paper strives to initiate a critical conceptual discussion related to what is generally indentified as weaknesses and relevant policies in regional development. The goal is to reach beyond convetional economic analyses to unlock and develop implications for conceptual models that can exted perceptions of societal development with its political, temporal and spatial meaning. The paper proceeds as follows: Firstly, through some illustrative empirical examples, uncover the meanings of ´economic´ activities from completely different contexts; Secondly, to explore the more general implications of a perspective/approach, inspired by Hägerstrand, which emphasizes political implications in time and space; Finally, to point out a conceptual discussion that enhances a broadened perspective for societal regional development that reaches beyond the conventional meanings of economic development.

  • 374.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University.
    Home: The Arena for Sustainable Development: A Conceptual Discussion2009In: Uddevalla Symposium 2009: The Geography of Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Revised papers presented at the 12th Uddevalla Symposium, 11-13 June, 2009, Bari, Italy / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2009, p. 91-105Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In contemporary society, environmental problems are most often regarded as global phenomena that require international attention and solutions. However, global environmental problems can be regarded as symptoms and results of people´s daily activities at a local level where, the focus is on the household, defined as a space where individuals live together, where everyday life is organised and takes place. Interpretations and analyses of households and everyday life vary in different academic disciplinary contexts. Even in everyday language, different meanings are attributed to the term. The aim of this paper is to distinguish between, and discuss, understandings of the household as a physical dwelling, as a node of economic resource management, and finally as a social and emotional space. These three dimensions of everyday life are related to the three dimensions of sustainable development and an analysis that can indentify and integrate these dimensions can provide openings to enhance sustainable development processes combining the local and the global.

  • 375.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Local alternative development through a time-spatial lens: A case study of Ydre inspired by Hägerstrand2012In: Entrepreneurship, Social Capital And Governance: Directions for the Sustainable Development and Competitiveness of Regions / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Börje Johansson, Roger R Stough, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, p. 378-391Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the contemporary market-oriented society, we seem to be more globally interdependent. The market economy system enhances large-scale production where search for increased productivity strives to 'compress' time. At the same time, the market economy tends to expand in space, for example sells products over longer distances. A result of this 'space expansion' and 'time compression' through the conventional economic market system is that local small-scale production and trade have increasing difficulty in competing and surviving (Assmo and Wihlborg, 2007). Even so, conventional economic growth (valued in monetary terms) is commonly seen as the only way to cure any development problem arising from poverty, unemployment, crime, pollution and depletion of natural resources. In a provocative manner similar to Daly (1992), one can argue that this conventional monetary valued growth perspective is trapped in a terminal state of 'growthmania'. People's organization of daily activities to improve or sustain their livelihood is much more than what is generally calculated and thereby shown in monetary values.

  • 376.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Political entrepreneurship and sustainable growth in rural areas2016In: Political Entrepreneurship: Regional Growth and Entrepreneurial Diversity in Sweden / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Charlotte Silander and Daniel Silander, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, p. 83-98Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Political entrepreneurs in local rural settings play a partly different, but still crucial role for local development. Here the prospects for development are more constrained: there are fewer resources and people, but mainly because of a limited local market and transportation constraints. Thus, political entrepreneurs have to use specific time-spatial power strategies to make changes. However, the concept of political entrepreneur includes a variety of roles, actions and characteristics. We will thus elaborate on the meaning of political entrepreneurs in their local time-spatial setting of rural communities. If local political entrepreneurs are to become crucial actors in policy-making and local development, we have to get to know them and no longer consider them as anomalies in the policy process and use them for improved local development. This chapter contributes in three ways to the general aim of the book to show the role that the political entrepreneur might play in promoting entrepreneurship, enterprise and entrepreneurial diversity. First, we will show the importance of the time-spatial setting of the political entrepreneur by using a time-geographical approach. Second, we elaborate on different types of political entrepreneurs. Finally, we will show how differently political entrepreneurs can promote local development by presenting three illustrations based on extensive bottom-up qualitative field studies.

  • 377.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University.
    Turning Time-Spatial Modes: An Alternative Perspective to Integrate Environmental-economic Processes of Change2008In: Uddevalla Symposium 2008: Spatial Dispersed Production and Network Governance: Revised papers presented at the 11th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 May, 2008, Kyoto, Japan / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2008, p. 115-128Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The global market economy is built on a political institutional arrangement promoting free and open trade. The existing natural and human resources make up the basis for all productive activities. The dominating economy strive to reach efficient use of human and natural resources, by enhancing processes of spatial expansion and time-compression.   The conceptual argument in this paper takes its starting point in Hägerstrand´s traditional time-space model. It illustrates two conflicting perspectives the global market economic horizontal norm (expansion in space, compression in time) and the environmental sustainable vertical processes (expansion over time in limited spaces). These two norms head in different directions and environmental sustainability is therefore conflicting with the common meaning of economic development.   In a time-spatial perspective, a sustainable use of resources is spatially limited, and extended over time. A development process, in terms of environmental sustainability, relies on local resource use and extension in time, to limit the use of external input of energy. This process is the opposite to what today is seen as economic development (growth) that compresses time and expands in space, to reach the most favourable comparative advantages.    The monetary market economy is a political construction. What activities and resources that are given a price on the market depend on the istitutional arrangements of property rights, prices and legal structures. Our conceptual conclusion is that the current political construction of the economy is "in-complete" and thus creates and fosters a mis-match with environmental pre-conditions. The political system can have the capacity to use the tools and power to harmonise economic development with environmental sustainability, locally, nationally and globally.

  • 378.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wilhborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering.
    Local Policy Entrepreneurs and Sustainable Development in Rural Areas2015In: Uddevalla Symposium 2015. Regional Development in an International Context. Regional, National, Cross Border and International Factors for Growth and Development: Revised papers presented at the 18th Uddevalla Symposium, 11-13 June, Sönderborg, Denmark / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2015, p. 59-74Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 379.
    Assmo, Per
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Vesterlind, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Hälsofrämjande integration och jämlik folkhälsa: Ett forsknings- och utvecklingsprojekt i samarbete mellan Högskolan Väst och Uddevalla kommun2020Report (Other academic)
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  • 380.
    Assmundson, Therése
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Dahlborg, Viktoria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Bokföringsbrott: Vilka är de bakomliggande orsakerna till att individer begår ett bokföringsbrott, och begås handlingen av ett medvetet val eller av okunskap?2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Accounting fraud is a crime committed by individuals who conduct business and don´t do the accounting the right way according to the law. The statutory regulation of accounting fraud oc-curs mainly in two laws. For the individual to create a proper accounting also requires that he takes into account the recommendations and practices that are available. There are many aspects to be considered, and could cause a problem for the businessman if he has no knowledge of this. Because it is easy to start a company in Sweden, many individuals take this opportunity to start a company. In some cases the businessman don´t understand the responsibility that running the company will bring and by that commits a crime. The purpose of the study is to examine if the accounting fraud occurs mainly by conscious actions where individuals know about their obliga-tions, but ignore them for their own benefit. Or is it because the person does not have enough knowledge of the rules and regulation of accounting and commit the crime of ignorance? To con-duct the study, a content analysis conducted on 53 verdicts. This is to get a better understanding of why the accused has been convicted.

    The empirical background is for the reader to get a better understanding of the regulation of ac-counting fraud in Sweden and also to gain an understanding of the analysis. The theoretical framework are factors that previous research says on the reasons of why people commit account-ing fraud. The results obtained using the analysis model that has been developed by the theoreti-cal framework. The results of the study show that accounting fraud is a complex topic, it is not just one factor that represents why an individual commits an accounting fraud but various reasons why the crime has been committed. The interpretation of the results of the study is that it is that middle-aged men who is committing accounting fraud in the most time. There are several reasons that makes the individual commit an accounting fraud. The offender didn´t deliberately commit the crime, and there have been several different types of ignorance. The study shows that a mi-nority of individuals who have broken the law knowingly, accounting crime in these cases is of greed and hoping to cash in on the act.

  • 381.
    Atik, Attila
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Jabbour, Jean
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Legitimacy During Coup Attempts:: A comparative study about the US media framing of coup attempts in Venezuela (2002) and Turkey (2016)2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to describe and compare the differences and similarities for US mainstream media’s representation of two different coup attempts by using Robert Entman’s Framing theory in terms of legitimacy. The chosen cases are the coup attempt in Turkey (2016) which is an US ally, having a right-wing government and the coup attempt in Venezuela (2002) which has a strained relationship with the US and having left-wing government. The research applies qualitative approach to conduct a small-n case study for comparing and analyzing how the media framed the legitimacy of acts and actors during these two coup attempts. This is an attempt to describe the problematization of theory becoming practice for the US mainstream media regarding the presentation of what is legitimate and what is not. The definition of legitimacy is very clear, but the US mainstream media have issues to reflect this definition to the reality.

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  • 382.
    Augustsson, Jens
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Holm, Alexis
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Framtidens konsumtion av digitala tjänster: En studie kring bruk av digitala tjänster på mobila enheter, baserat på ett Smart City-perspektiv.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out how mobile user habits can provide a basis for applications and services based on a Smart City perspective, this by using two scientific methods, interviews and user diaries. The study will also analyze and develop the method for further studies in this subject. The cell phone has in recent years evolved into a unit where the original phone functions and features have become secondary. Even though its main purpose is still to communicate with others, it’s now done primarily through other types of services. Today the development goes from a use of digital services where each unit has a specific purpose, to a practise where they work together and share a common purpose. As a result of the fact that our use and our habits of these devices are changing, the nature of the services provided by these devices are also changing. Due to this, there is an ongoing evolution towards, and a demand for, new services that can take advantage of new technologies to dissolve the border between the digital and the physical reality. Which, from a Smart City perspective, could have great potential in several areas of social and organizational development.

    One can also se that the way we consume digital services is changing. We have gone from having a device centerd focus, were every unit has a specific purpose to a serviced centerd focus, were the units work as a collaborative ecosystem. These units share a collective pupose, to act as a window towards the internet.

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    Framtidens konsumtion av digitala tjänster
  • 383.
    Augustsson, Linn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Nilsson, Lovisa
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Vem är den typiska spagästen?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta examensarbete är att kartlägga den typiska spagästens konsumentbeteende samt studera dess föränderliga natur med avsikt att bidra till en ökad förståelse för kundbeteendet inom spabranschen. Avsikten med uppsatsen har varit att ta reda på vem den typiska spagästen är.

    Vi har med hjälp av teori inom bland annat konsumentbeteende, kundvärde och kundförståelse tillsammans med en webbaserad empirisk undersökning, studerat vad kunden värdesätter vid val och besök av spaanläggningar. Eftersom vi har strävat efter en förståelse för vem den typiska spagästen är kretsade undersökningen även kring livsstilsfrågor, levnadsvanor och demografiska aspekter. Examensarbetet har skett i samarbete med ett specifikt företag inom spabranschen (Varbergs Stadshotell och Asia Spa) för att därigenom få inblick i en representativ del av vår målpopulation.

    Resultatet av vår undersökning visade att det inte är de sociala aspekterna som är de mest värdefulla för respondenterna vid val av spaanläggning. Istället är det känslan spaanläggningen frambringar, egentid och upplevelsen som står i centrum. I vår strävan efter att ta reda på vem den typiska spagästen är, har vi med hjälp av vår studie kunnat sammanfatta den typiska gästen som

    den självständige livsnjutaren. Vi har därigenom bidragit till en ökad förståelse för spagäster som kundgrupp och vi vill uppmuntra till ytterligare forskning inom området där andra metoder än den vi använt tillämpas. Detta med ändamålet att nyansera bilden av den typiska spagästen och nå den djupa kundförståelse som krävs för att kunna upprätthålla ett troget kundvärdesskapande på ett långsiktigt plan. 

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  • 384.
    Avdic, Mirza
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The use of legal arguments in Brexit political communication: Legal narrative in political communication within the Brexit environment2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a descriptive analysis of the importance and use of legal argumentation in the Brexit political communication environment. The emphasis of this thesis is placed upon relevant politicians either in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom or European Commission as the main negotiator form the European Union side in the withdrawal process. Legal arguments present a crucial part of the Brexit process, all the way from the referendum up until this point, they are proving to be the most important thing in the political communication in regards to Brexit. Priming and framing theoretical approaches are utilized in order to determine their importance and how politicians differ in their portrayal in order to satisfy their political preferences.

    The aim is to successfully provide a description of the use of such arguments by the politicians in their own manner, to understand how party affiliates and political preferences are portraying their meaning, thus revealing their importance. The research uses many analytical and methodological aspects, more precisely, qualitative research analysis, along with content analysis approach since the research will reflect on the text-based data.

    The analysis is conducted in accordance to analytical framework, and theoretical guidance of the priming and framing theory. The deduced frames, along with the requisites of the priming theory, represent the basis for the structure of the analysis section. The analysis section also reflects on the two actors of the Brexit phenomenon, so that the research addresses the theoretical aspects, and also respect the fact that the research is conducted in the Brexit environment.

    Based on the shown data, the results show that politicians are indeed using legal arguments to present other issues, and the research also reveals which kind of legal arguments are most used. It shows the way in which politicians are utilizing legal argumentation since they are shifting the focus away from the legal argumentation and placing it on other issues. It is also shown which of the legal arguments are most prevalent and most frequent among the analyzed data. The direct way in which the results have been shown are related to the research questions, and there are three of them.

    Research questions have been established by the help of the theoretical approaches of priming and framing theories. The first research question relates to the use of legal argumentation and their portrayal in international relations sense, and from the shown data it is established that legal argumentation is used to shift the focus from legal arguments to international relations issues, and furthermore the data showed which legal arguments have been used most frequently. Both of these results are related to the nature of the framing and priming theories, framing in which the salience is placed on particular issues, thus shifted from others, and priming in which it has shown what arguments have been used the most.

    The second research question relates to the use of legal argumentation and their portrayal in an economic sense, and from the shown data it is established that legal argumentation is used to shift the focus from legal arguments to economic issues, and furthermore the data showed which legal arguments have been used most frequently.

    Both of these results are related to the nature of the framing and priming theories, framing in which the salience is placed on particular issues, thus shifted from others, and priming in which it has shown what arguments have been used the most.

    The third research question relates to the use of legal argumentation and their portrayal in human rights sense, and from the shown data it is established that legal argumentation is used to shift the focus from legal arguments to human rights issues, and furthermore the data showed which legal arguments have been used most frequently. Both of these results are related to the nature of the framing and priming theories, framing in which the salience is placed on particular issues, thus shifted from others, and priming in which it has shown what arguments have been used the most.

  • 385.
    Axelsson, Adam
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Toftered, Johan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Är småhus övervärderade i Stockholm, Göteborg och Malmö?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 386.
    Axelsson, Christer
    et al.
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science,Working Life and Social Welfare,The Prehospital Research Centre of Western Sweden,Borås,Sweden.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science,Working Life and Social Welfare,The Prehospital Research Centre of Western Sweden,Borås,Sweden.
    Karlsson, Anders
    Ambulance Service Sothern,Älvsborg Hospital,Borås,Sweden..
    Sjöberg, Henrik
    Ambulance Service Sothern,Älvsborg Hospital,Borås,Sweden..
    Jiménez-Herrera, Maria
    Nursing Department,Universitat Rovira I Virgili,Tarragona,Spain.
    Bång, Angela
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science,Working Life and Social Welfare,The Prehospital Research Centre of Western Sweden,Borås,Sweden.
    Jonsson, Anders
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science,Working Life and Social Welfare,The Prehospital Research Centre of Western Sweden,Borås,Sweden.
    Bremer, Anders
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science,Working Life and Social Welfare,The Prehospital Research Centre of Western Sweden,Borås,Sweden.
    Andersson, Henrik
    University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science,Working Life and Social Welfare,The Prehospital Research Centre of Western Sweden,Borås,Sweden.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ljungström, Lars
    Infektion Disease Department,Skaraborg Hospital,Skövde,Sweden.
    The Early Chain of Care in Patients with Bacteraemia with the Emphasis on the Prehospital Setting2016In: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, ISSN 1049-023X, E-ISSN 1945-1938, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 272-277Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose There is a lack of knowledge about the early phase of severe infection. This report describes the early chain of care in bacteraemia as follows: (a) compare patients who were and were not transported by the Emergency Medical Services (EMS); (b) describe various aspects of the EMS chain; and (c) describe factors of importance for the delay to the start of intravenous antibiotics. It was hypothesized that, for patients with suspected sepsis judged by the EMS clinician, the delay until the onset of antibiotic treatment would be shorter. Basic Procedures All patients in the Municipality of Gothenburg (Sweden) with a positive blood culture, when assessed at the Laboratory of Bacteriology in the Municipality of Gothenburg, from February 1 through April 30, 2012 took part in the survey. Main Findings/Results In all, 696 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Their mean age was 76 years and 52% were men. Of all patients, 308 (44%) had been in contact with the EMS and/or the emergency department (ED). Of these 308 patients, 232 (75%) were transported by the EMS and 188 (61%) had "true pathogens" in blood cultures. Patients who were transported by the EMS were older, included more men, and suffered from more severe symptoms and signs. The EMS nurse suspected sepsis in only six percent of the cases. These patients had a delay from arrival at hospital until the start of antibiotics of one hour and 19 minutes versus three hours and 21 minutes among the remaining patients (P =.0006). The corresponding figures for cases with "true pathogens" were one hour and 19 minutes versus three hours and 15 minutes (P =.009).

    CONCLUSION: Among patients with bacteraemia, 75% used the EMS, and these patients were older, included more men, and suffered from more severe symptoms and signs. The EMS nurse suspected sepsis in six percent of cases. Regardless of whether or not patients with true pathogens were isolated, a suspicion of sepsis by the EMS clinician at the scene was associated with a shorter delay to the start of antibiotic treatment. Axelsson C , Herlitz J , Karlsson A , Sjöberg H , Jiménez-Herrera M , Bång A , Jonsson A , Bremer A , Andersson H , Gellerstedt M , Ljungström L . The early chain of care in patients with bacteraemia with the emphasis on the prehospital setting. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2016;31(3):1-6.

  • 387.
    Axelsson, Gustav
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Raun, Sebastian
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Marknadsföring inom bemanningsbranschen: Fördjupning kring analys-modellers användning2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport kommer läsaren till en början att få kort insikt i företaget Lernia samt anledningen till vår rapport. Därefter kommer vi att djupare gå igenom några analysmodeller vilka man kan använda sig vid marknadsföring. De modeller som kommer att tas upp är marknadsföringsmixen med sina 4P och 7P, SWOT-analys och relationsmarknadsföring. I empiri och analys går vi sedan igenom de insamlade materialet från teorin och de intervjuer vi sammanställt för att ge svar på frågan om hur man arbetar med marknadsföring inom bemanningsbranschen. I slutsatsen knyter vi ihop arbetet med våra egna tankar kring modellernas varande i samband med dess faktiska användande inom dagliga arbetet.

  • 388.
    Axelsson, Lenny
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Engineering.
    A Concept of an Interactive Controlled Vertical Blind2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One of the most common devices found worldwide in todays society, is the curtain in

    various designs. Different designs which requires different types of physical efforts to be

    used and adjusted to achieve the intended purpose.

    Due to lack of features in a regular vertical blind and its construction, it makes it hard to

    use and apply with normal behaviours of the human. Where the basic idea is based on a

    static design with a parallel relationship between the individual vertical blinds is the

    prototype based on individual movements of the blinds. A static relationship, which

    requires repeated adjustment through the day and the movement of the sun to achieve the

    desirable functionality. However, when the user gets interrupted and distracted for example

    at work repeatedly during a complete day, his or her performance and creativity at work

    will be reduced.

    In this paper I have chosen to focus on the interaction design of the vertical blind and how

    to improve the interaction relationship between it and the user. Also showing how it is

    possible to create solutions for a simple and common unit like a vertical blind, by means of

    interactive models, use cases, technical predictions and a proposal of a future GUI that

    makes it possible to implement the models in a prototype of an embedded system. 

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    ICVB
  • 389.
    Axelsson, Pethra
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    En begreppslig analys av Rättvisande bild2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund och problemformulering: Begreppet rättvisande bild har sedan införande i svensk lagstiftning varit svårt att definiera. En anledning till detta är att Sverige tillhör den kontinentala redovisningstraditionen medans begreppets hemland, Storbritannien, tillhör den anglosaxiska redovisningstraditionen. USA använder sig av samma redovisningstradition som Storbritannien och har en liten annorlunda definition av begreppet än vad vi har i Sverige. Här i Sverige krockar även begreppet rättvisande bild med det gamla begreppet god redovisningssed. Detta har lett till funderingar och följande forskningsfrågor:  Hur kan begreppet rättvisande bild definieras enligt enhetsteorin respektive ägarteorin? Syftet med denna fråga är att få en förståelse för varför det är svårt att definiera begreppet.  Kan redovisningsskillnader mellan länderna förklaras utifrån rättvisande bild? Syftet med denna fråga är att kunna tydligare se skillnader mellan USA och Sverige vad gäller rättvisande bild.  Vad är begreppsskillnaden mellan rättvisande bild och god redovisningssed? Syftet med denna fråga är att ifrågasätta om verkligen dessa två begrepp behövs eller om man skulle kunna ta bort en ur lagstiftningen. Syfte: Syftet med denna uppsats är att göra en kontextuell tolkning av rättvisande bild. Principer och värderingar formar uttrycket rättvisande bild och ligger till grund för det. Dessa ska jag ta upp för att få fram en större förståelse i vad som ligger till grund i konstitution av rättvisande bild. Lagtexten går bara ytligt in på vad rättvisande bild innebär. Detta ska nu undersökas. Läsaren ska även få en insikt i skillnader mellan Sverige och USA vad gäller rättvisande bild och vad som kan vara relevant referenspunkt när det kommer till detta begrepp. Metod: Studien består av en litteraturstudie med ett hermeneutiskt tolkningssätt. Genom att tolka olika texter önskar jag få fram en ökad förståelse för vad begreppet rättvisande bild innebär. Studien använder sig utav lagtext, forskningsrapporter, läroböcker samt artiklar för att få en så bred och objektiv bild som möjligt av begreppet. Rättvisande bild är ett levande begrepp som rekonstrueras och dekonstrueras hela tiden i samhället och har därmed fått olika betydelser, vilket jag fördjupar mig i några av dessa i studien. Resultat: Genom studiens gång har det visat sig att begreppet rättvisande bild kan definieras som att om man följer riktlinjer och principer inom enhetsteorin eller ägarteorin, beroende på vilken teori man använder, så får man en rättvisande bild. Årsredovisningens resultat måste vara lika sann som fair, vilket inte alltid är så lätt. I USA är fair value och present fairly tydligare förklarat än rättvisande bild i Sverige, vilket kan sägas bero på att både USA och Storbritannien har samma redovisningstradition. Fair value är en utvecklad variant av marknadsperspektivet av rättvisande bild medans present fairly är en utvecklad variant av det etiska perspektivet av begreppet. Teoretiska skillnader mellan begreppet rättvisande bild och god redovisningssed finns, men enligt tidigare studier verkar det inte finnas någon praktisk sådan. Detta leder till slutsatsen att om något av begreppet ska tas bort så blir det rättvisande bild, då god redovisningssed är befäst inom redovisningen.

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  • 390.
    Axhall, Caroline
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Sambandet mellan butiksbiträdens upplevda meningsfullhet i arbetsrelationerna och deras vilja att stanna kvar i företaget2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problemet som formade studien handlade om de kostnader som uppkommer för företag då det sker uppsägningar av personal. Studiens syfte och fokus låg på att finna sambandet mellan butiksbiträdens upplevda meningsfullhet i arbetsrelationerna och deras vilja att stanna kvar i företaget. För att besvara studiens syfte gjordes sju intervjuer med personer som har titeln butiksbiträden. På grund av tidsbrist valdes en specifik yrkesgrupp och för att avgränsa studien. Vetenskapliga artiklar tillsammans med övrig litteratur var studiens sekundära källor, medan studiens primära källor var intervjuerna som ägde rum med de sju respondenter från fyra olika företag. I teoriavsnittet presenteras olika teorier och studier som gjorts med olika infall- och synvinklar på begreppet meningsfullhet, vilket var många. Min definition av meningsfullhet var de som ser på meningsfullheten så som jag personligen gör, framförallt sker genom de kundmöten jag står inför som butiksbiträde. Tidigare forskare har poängterat att definitionen av meningsfullhet går att koppla till de relationerna som uppkommer mellan individer, vilket då påvisade att det fanns ett intresse kring denna syn på meningsfullhet i arbetet. I teoriavsnittet sammanställs och presenteras olika forskares synsätt på hur meningsfullhet uppkommer i arbetslivet. Baumeister & Vohs (2002), se Vuori T., m.fl., 2012) tolkade ordet meningsfullhet som "en positiv innebörd och betydelsen av en aktivitet" vilket även poängterades av Vuori T., m.fl. (2012) där meningsfullheten uppkommer med att människor associerar sitt arbete med positiva ting. Enligt Dimitrov, D. (2012) tolkades meningsfullhet som att skapa ordning i innehållet, detta innefattade Dimitrov, D. (2012) med självkänslan för vad personen i fråga tillför sin arbetsplats, arbetsinnehållet att skapa utmaning, kreativitet, lärande, egen makt och självständighet. Medan Hirschi, A., & Terrence, T. (2012) uppfattade meningsfullhet som individers uppfattning om hur betydande deras arbete var. Teoriavsnittet innehåller även olika teorier och tidigare studier om hur företag behåller sina anställda. Slutligen i analysavsnittet sammanför diskussionen och kopplingarna mellan den insamlade empirin och teorin. Slutsatsen av studien resulterade i att ledare inte tycktes ha samma inflytande på meningsfullheten i arbetet, så som de övriga kollegorna och främst kunderna hade. Studien påvisade starka samband mellan meningsfullhet och kundbemötandet.

  • 391.
    Axhall, Caroline
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Tjärndal, Lina
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Konsekvenser för organisationskulturen vid en sammanslagning av två organisationer: En kvalitativ studie inom offentlig sektor2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of change in organizational contexts involves much, what we will focus on in the following study are mergers. Mergers are becoming more common in the dynamic and changing world that we live in. When two different organizational cultures are combined, it´s inevitable to avoid organizational culture being affected. Having knowledge about how interactions affect the organization is important in order to serve as a profitable and giving strategy. Previous research shows that organizational culture is affected by collusion, because the organizational culture has a strong impact on the outcome of the merger. Organizational culture can change in mergers, as the change brings new aspects of the organization, which in turn affects organizational culture. Two recurring factors that existed in the field of research were leadership and communication. Our research questions for the following study are:

    - What consequences can arise in the mergers of two organizations whose cultures differ?

    - How can leadership and communication contribute to developing organizational culture within the organization?

    The aim of the study is to contribute with increased knowledge of how cultural conditions such as organizational culture are affected by a merger. The following study focuses on leaders in raising awareness and awareness of how mergers and organizational culture can be developed and managed to make the transition rewarding and that the organization should have a stronger common organizational culture. In order to accomplish this, a qualitative method was chosen with a hermeneutically interpretative approach. The collected material for the study is based on scientific articles and semistructured interviews with ten selected interviewees. The analysis and conclusion of the study is based on the interviews we received through interviews with both leaders and teachers within the organization. The conclusion showed that geographical distances between organizations can contribute to a reduced degree of cohesion. In order for leadership and communication to develop organizational culture within the organization, clarity and structuring are required.

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  • 392.
    Ayers, P. W.
    et al.
    McMaster University, Hamilton, Department of Chemistry.
    Jenkins, Samantha
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    An electron-preceding perspective on the deformation of materials2009In: Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 0021-9606, E-ISSN 1089-7690, Vol. 130, no 15, p. 4104-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 393.
    Aziz, Amanj
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Korta byxor, slöjor och skägg: Muslimer, det svenska samhället och interaktion2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats behandlar frågan kring fördomar, muslimer och interaktion. Undersökningen sker genom en intervjuundersökning där respondenterna får svara på frågor som berör deras syn på muslimer utifrån deras interaktionsnivå. Tidigare forskning säger att den socialt konstruerade bilden av muslimer är negativ, och att den upprätthålls av samhället, däribland filmindustrin. Som ramverk för att undersöka detta används socialkonstruktivismen och kontaktteorin. Kontaktteorin, som introduceras av Gordon Allport, säger att interaktion mellan grupper minskar fördomar genom att grupperna interagerar som jämbördiga och med gemensamma mål. Dessa grupper beskrivs som ingroup och outgroup. Uppsatsen behandlar således om interaktionen hos respondenterna påverkar perceptionen de har av muslimer i Sverige. Slutsatsen är att interaktionen hos respondenterna påverkar uppfattningen de har av muslimer. De respondenter som hade regelbunden kontakt med muslimer, uppfattade inte gruppen i negativa termer.

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  • 394.
    Aziz, Peter
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, Erik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sveriges bostadsmarknad i kölvattnet av Coronapandemin: En jämförelse med tidigare kriser2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a report regarding the housing market’s development during the pandemic of Corona. Sweden has been in economic crises before and the fact that serious crises affect households, companies and the welfare are unequivocally. Despite that the pandemic of Corona has resulted in a downward going economy, the media has reported that more and more habitants of Sweden have a wish to buy a new home. The purpose of the study is to investigate and analyze, with the help of earlier financial crises, research, and economic theories how the pandemic of Corona has affected the housing market of Sweden. From a quantitative method, earlier essays, and data from 1981 to 2020 have been analyzed. Using statistics collected from SCB and a regression analysis we have been able to add up earlier studies with our study. The dependent variable “property price index” that shows the development for the housing market (the variable includes houses intended for permanent resident, condominiums as well as apartment-houses) has together with the independent variables such as Sweden’s population, mortgage rate, income, new constructions, GDP, and unemployment been the subjects for the regression analysis that has been made. The result we got showed that all variables except constructions had a high degree of explanation and by the help of this result we were able to answer ourquestions of issue whether how Sweden has been affected by the pandemic of Corona but also by earlier financial crises. The conclusion we came to was that the pandemic of Corona had a positive influence on the property prices and that the pandemic has not had the same impact as financial crises that has occurred. Other crises have affected the finance more at another level than the pandemic of Corona.

  • 395.
    Babaheidari, Said Morad
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    A Heideggerian Approach to "Educationalness" Aspect of Educational Technologies2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Broadly speaking, educational technology is primarily viewed as learning tools. But whenever we emphasize on the adjective "educational", we must however be clear about what we mean by the educationalness aspect of these technologies. Therefore, we shall consider that there exist a lot of conceptual problems associated with the particularly such an ambiguous loaded term. As an example, researchers use various keywords/concepts such as 'learning' aimed at saying learners are either learn:'via'; 'through'; and, 'with' educational technologies but not definitely 'by' them. Why? Because in the latter case; using the English proposition 'by' it means we have in somehow accepted these tools are able to teach learners automatically. However, at the end; it's only the learner who learn depending on manyfactors, each determining the ratio of her/his leaning curve. So, knowing which appropriate English proposition to use is of paramount importance. Inspired by Heideggerian approach to the notion of technology, which should concern us today as well, the main purpose of this paper is to discuss the"what" aspect of the learners regarding how they maintain their relationships with whatever educational technologies in use. It seems that these Teaching-learning tools such as YouTube has not been used effectively due to mainly the various learners, more or less, unawareness about how to approach the "essence" of these learning tools. To operationalize the Heideggerian approach to learning, his notion of the "essence of technology" will be discussed by using Technology, Pedagogy, and Content (TPAC) framework. Using such a framework will help us to discuss what and how learners manage their knowledge cognitively.

  • 396.
    Babaheidari, Said Morad
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Determinants of Perceived IT Management in Primary School Settings: integrating self-management, shared management, and IT policy into technology acceptance model2015In: Proceedings of the 38th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS 38), Oulu, Finland, 9-12 August. / [ed] Anssi Öörni, Netta Iivari, Kari Kuutti, Harri Oinas-Kukkonen and Mikko Rajanen (eds.), 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 397.
    Babaheidari, Said Morad
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Towards a Framework for Re-conceptualization of Work-integrated Learning: an ontological approach2015In: 19th World Conference Proceedings Refereed Papers, 2015, p. 1-17Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of Work-integrated learning (WIL) is very closely connected to the concept of purposefully designed curriculum. The main focus is on conducting a range of rigorous approaches to integrate theory with the practice. The existing view of the WIL emerged out of the theory of employability. WIL has been traditionally viewed as a strategic merely curriculum design rather than adopting a Whole-organization approach to effective leadership theory–practice symbiosis (LTPS), which we advocate. Such an approach is useful in enhancing an awareness to consider concerns and interests of all stakeholders that are involved in the multiple initiatives pursued in higher education institutions. But it requires fundamental rethinking and radical design of WIL-inspired educational processes such as course design. Rethinking implies approaching WIL ontologically. Depending on which extent the concept of WIL has been perceived by universities worldwide, it has been thus viewed and implemented from a diverse spectrum of perspectives. First, we discuss the implications for the existed conceptual differences. Thereafter, and inspired by the main philosophical assumptions underpinning a Whole-organization approach to WIL, we propose and thus thoroughly concretize a framework which we call Work-related Educational Activities (WREA). The model which is the theoretical foundation of WREA consists of a category of several components. After identification of the main components of the model, we adopt an ontological approach to the reconceptualization of WIL. The aim of this paper is twofold. Firstly, to demonstrate how University West in Sweden views WIL, which is its newly announced research profile. Secondly, an attempt to re-conceptualize WIL by conducting an ontological approach to WREA.

  • 398.
    Babaheidari, Said Morad
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Högberg, Karin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Ljungdahl Eriksson, Martin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Norström, Livia
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Willermark, Sara
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Work-integrated Learning in a Doctoral Course in Informatics2016In: Proceedings of IRIS39, Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, Ljungskile, August 7-10, 2016 / [ed] Pareto, Lena, Svensson, Lars, Lundin, Johan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika Lundh Snis, 2016, p. 1-11Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Being the first university in the world to provide doctoral program in Work-integrated Learning (WIL), we face the challenge of how to integrate doctoral courses into the WIL philosophy, which is the profile of the University West, Sweden. To exemplify what we mean by such a notion of integration, we introduce and demonstrate our proposed ontological approach to integrate a PhDcourse into the fundamental concepts underpinning WIL. The WIL within the context of informatics research (which is a subfield of the IS discipline) playsfive different roles of (1) the main course content, (2) the target occupation ofthe students and occupational field of the teachers, (3) the analytical perspective of the research activities in the course, (4) the educational method where teachers and students conduct collaborative research activities as a cognitive apprenticeship learning model, and (5) a co-authored research paper as outcome.The outcomes of such a conducted approach and lessons learned from the course will be thoroughly described. In the course, a meta-analysis of WIL informatics research will be performed to examine four dimensions which are: theories relevant for WIL; methods used in WIL research; occupational fields in WIL informatics studies; and roles of technology in WIL research. The course is arranged in the these phases: Local investigation; locally rooted research within the informatics field is examined by the course participants in dialogue with the authors of a number of published articles in order to see the extent and the how aspects of these identified WIL-oriented research work; Local synthesis; both teachers and the PhD students (i.e., course participants) explore the results and synthesize a local WIL-model; Global overview; a number of related international literature is selected and studied; Global synthesis; The local WIL model is compared to the global investigation. Co-authoring; a research paper is co-authored by the course participants and presented at a conference. By doing so, we enhance our understandings and thus contribute to one additional practical application of WIL's pedagogical philosophy, which influences the course content, the course format, the activities, the teaching-learning model,and the outcome of the course.

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  • 399.
    Babaheidari, Said Morad
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    A Systematic Process for Selecting a Typical Case in School Setting2013In: Proceedings IRIS 36: August 11-14 2013 at Gran, Norway / [ed] Bratteteig, Tone, Aanestad, Margunn & Skorve, Espen, Oslo: University of Oslo , 2013, p. 461-472Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the rationale behind the concrete steps how we systematically have gone through the case selection process as the first phase of a research project named Consequences of the Digitalization of Schools. The project is a single-case longitudinal (5-year long) study and adopts a so called Whole-School Approach. Previous research has criticized case studies for lack of both systematic approach and transparency in the presentation of the case selection process. The purpose of the presentation of this case selection process is to contribute to enhancing understanding of and broadening knowledge on systematic and transparent case selection techniques. The SIRIS database has been used to select a typical Swedish primary school in the chosen municipality where the project will be conducted. The SIRIS database contains annually statistics from all primary schools in Sweden, and is available online for public use. We demonstrate how and why a particular school representing a so called typical school was selected as our case. 

  • 400.
    Babaheidari, Said Morad
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Managing the Digitalization of Schools: an explorative study of school principals’ and IT-managers’ perceptions2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The deployment of ICT in school setting is in many ways a complex managerial task that involves several stakeholder groups. Firstly, principals and deans have to relate to the local, regional, national, and international policies and governing systems. Furthermore, the voices of teachers, students and their parents have to be considered and negotiated. In this paper, we explore how school principals’ and municipal IT-managers’ perceive the usefulness and the potential role that ICT play in the school context. In a pilot study of a single school district in a Swedish municipality, we have interviewed representatives from the municipal board of education, the municipal IT-support for schools, and two principals. By using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM3) as an analytical lens to understand the two constructs of “Perceived usefulness” and the possible role of ICT, we conclude that the barriers for successful integration of IT into educational practices requires firstly overcoming the lack of coordinated ICT investment strategy and tracking of ICT. This can be done by having a clearly articulated ICT policy distributed to school staff which we argue will positively influence the perceived usefulness as expressed by principals and their governing body. Secondly, inclusion of ICT in all aspects of teachers’ professional school activities will bring change to school activities and processes.

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