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  • 351.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundin, Johan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Laptops in classroom interaction: Deconstructing the networked situation2015In: International Journal of Continuing Engineering Education and Life-Long Learning, ISSN 1560-4624, E-ISSN 1741-5055, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 226-240Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The screen, as part of networked technologies such as phones, tablets and laptops is at present a debated subject as it affects how people behave in meetings, lectures and other social gatherings. As these networked technologies attract attention and mediates interaction during physical social gatherings, they also change how we perceive and define what a situation is. In this article we focus on the different types of screen related interactions identified in a higher education classroom. Since these networked technologies are commonplace at university campuses it is important to describe their effects on everyday situations such as lectures. While a range of studies have raised questions regarding the negative effects of multitasking, screen peeking and other laptop related side effects this article emphasise the situational impact of student-laptop interaction. The contribution emphasises on the computer mediated interaction with both other students, external others as well as a range of digital resources. The research thus aims at providing educators and researchers with a model to advance their understanding of the laptoped and networked situation.

  • 352.
    Ljung, Albin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Lager, Rebecca
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    CMS – traditionell möter headless: En jämförelsestudie mellan de två större CMS typerna på marknaden2022Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is today a larger extent of traditional CMS, for example WordPress, Joomla! and Drupal. These are big on the market and are recognised by many but there’s another type of CMS that has taken the market and grown over the last years. This CMS is called Headless CMS. This report refers to a comparative study between these two types of CMS with the implementation of a simpler blog. There’s certain differences between these types of CMS and this report shall with intent answer questions regarding advantages and disadvantages and thus gain a better understanding to in which purpose the CMS:s suits. The results of the report showed that a headless CMS has the ability to get a company to grow in another way because headless CMS have a better condition to scale up projects with integrations and support for multi channels. A separation of the presentation layer and backend will also result in higher safety with only one access point through API:s. The disadvantage of a headless CMS is the implementation of this presentation layer since it doesn’t exist from the start. Our conclusion in this study indicates that with good knowledge and an intent to build a corporate solution to handle the business content, you’re in a good position with headless CMS and thus more ready for productivity, exponential growth and speed. If your only intent is to have a website with an editor-friendly functionality, are not afte ra multi-channel solution and possibly lack of good knowledge in coding, then atraditional CMS like WordPress might be a better option. 

  • 353.
    Ljungdahl Eriksson, Martin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Atienza, Ricardo
    University College of Arts, Crafts and Design, Department of Fine Art, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    The Sound Bubble: A context-sensitive space in the space2017In: Organised Sound, ISSN 1355-7718, E-ISSN 1469-8153, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 130-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The design of sonic environments is in need of more active strategies, taking into account not only the physical but also the social and sensorial aspects of a place. This implies abandoning traditional, mono-disciplinary responses in favour of interdisciplinary methods and approaches. In this study we explored the possibility of inserting context-sensitive sound textures to improve the experience of an activity-based office workplace. For this purpose, we developed the concept of the ’sound bubble’ - a micro-space in which the user is embedded by a semi-transparent added sound environment that will operate as a subtle sound mask, attracting the attention without needing to hide the disturbing environment. This should help users (the workers) to stay in an ’everyday listening’ mode. This means, not focusing on the environment in particular but on their tasks, while preserving the link with the surrounding space and activities. 

  • 354.
    Ljungdahl Eriksson, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Designing Activity-Based and Context-Sensitive Ambient Sound Environments in Open-Plan Offices2015In: IRIS Selected Papers of the Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, ISSN 1891-9863, E-ISSN 2387-3353, no 6, article id 7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the problem of sound disturbance in open office environments. We have in a design-based research study explored how digital, real time generated sound can be added to a work environment and how these sound environments are perceived by respondents when performing work tasks. In this first explorative study we have chosen to focus on designing a digital sound system for activity-based offices, where the physical environment is already designed for particular activities. Our approach is to explore if adding appropriate acoustic designs to the ambient environment can enhance workplaces. Our results show that test subjects perceived that acoustic design could enhance the ambient environments if the acoustic design is pertinent with the environment as a whole.

  • 355.
    Ljungdahl Eriksson, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Designing activity-based and context-sensitive ambient sound environments in open-plan offices2015In: Proceedings of the 38th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS 38), Oulo, Finland, 9-12 August, 2015. / [ed] Anssi Öörni, Netta Iivari, Kari Kuutti, Harri Oinas-Kukkonen and Mikko Rajanen, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper address the problem of sound disturbance in open office environments. We have in a design-based research study explored how digital, real time generated sound can be added to a work environment and how these sound environments are perceived by respondents when performing work tasks. Being such a complex situation, we have in this first explorative study chosen to focus on designing a digital sound system for activity-based offices, where the physical environment is already designed for particular activities. Our approach is to explore if workplaces can be enhanced by adding appropriate acoustic designs to the ambient environment. Our results show that test subjects perceived that acoustic design could enhance the ambient environments if the acoustic design is pertinent with the environment as a whole. 

  • 356.
    Lofving, Christina
    et al.
    Department of Applied IT, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Godhe, Anna-Lena
    Department of Culture, Languages and Media, Malmö University, Malmö (SWE).
    Lundin, Johan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics. Department of Applied IT, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Teachers’ dilemmatic spaces connected to students’ net-based out-of-school activities2023In: The international journal of information and learning technology, ISSN 2056-4880, E-ISSN 2056-4899, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 62-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The paper aims to investigate and describe the complex and dynamic dilemmas teachers are facing connected to students’ net-based out-of-school activities. Design/methodology/approach The authors draw on the notion of dilemmatic spaces when thematically analyzing focus group interviews conducted with 41 teachers at three lower secondary schools in Sweden. Findings Two themes capture the teachers’ dilemmas concerning their students ‘ net-based out-of-school activities: negotiations of content and negotiations of professional identity. When teachers take part in professional discussions where dilemmatic spaces are recognized, rather than focusing on either being for or against digitalization, they are enabled to express a multifaceted view of professional identity. Research limitations/implications This study is a starting point for further studies investigating how pedagogical and didactic decisions are made in a digital time. Practical implications The findings are expected to be helpful to policymakers in understanding teachers’ work. Also, teachers can be empowered by taking the departure in the findings and discussing how to handle dilemmas fruitfully. Originality/value In a rapidly changing digital society, it is important to investigate what dilemmas teachers face in their work in order to learn from them. This study is a significant contribution.

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  • 357.
    Lundberg, Axel
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Sanborn, Victor
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Testdriven utvärdering: En kvalitativ studie om utvecklares syn på testdriven utveckling2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studien undersöktes utvecklares åsikter om testdriven utveckling. Detta gjordes med hjälp av sju intervjuer med professionella utvecklare från totalt tre olika svenska utvecklingsföretag. Det fanns inom studien ett stort fokus på att gå utanför ramarna för tidigare forskning för att utforska om professionella utvecklare satt på kunskapen om vilka faktorer som påverkar tillämpning av testdriven utveckling.

    Som resultat av intervjustudien hittades flera faktorer relaterade till olika faser inom utvecklarnas arbetsuppgifter i samband med en testdriven arbetsmetodik. Utvecklarna ansåg att testdriven utveckling och dess lämplighet berodde på olika verksamhetsrelaterade förutsättningar, i form av tid, projekt, förarbete samt individer. Resultatet visade också att utvecklarna såg flera svårigheter med testdriven utveckling som i vissa fall berodde på otillfredsställande förutsättningar. De flesta av utvecklarna ansåg dock praktiken ha en positiv påverkan för kodens struktur samt kvalitet. Men också för att säkerställa övergripande funktionalitet och trygghet för utvecklarna själva.

  • 358.
    Lundgren, Cristoffer
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Börjesson, Rickard
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Systemutveckling med Scrumban: En agil systemutvecklingsmetod utifrån ett utvecklarperspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag utförs systemutveckling med hjälp av kombinationer av agila metoder. Scrumban är en kombination av de agila systemutvecklingsmetoderna Scrum och Kanban, som ofta praktiseras men som saknar en tydlig definition.

    Målet med denna studie är att ta reda på varför utvecklare väljer att kombinera Scrum och Kanban på ett visst sätt och syftar till att öka förståelsen av hur Scrumban påverkar utvecklingen av digitala artefakter.

    Studien utfördes på ett stort svenskt företag där empiri samlades in med hjälp av intervjuer på utvecklarteam som praktiserar Scrumban, utvecklarteamet består av fem utvecklare, en Scrum Master och en Product Owner. Resultatet analyserades utifrån teman framtagna från det Agila Manifestet - tydlighet, kommunikation, samarbete, engagemang, flexibilitet, effektivitet, kvalitet och leveranser.

    Utifrån resultatet av studien drogs slutsatsen att utvecklarna upplever att Scrumban har en positiv effekt på utvecklingen av digitala artefakter.

  • 359.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Blast From the Past: When Knowledge Met Computers2002In: Proceedings of IRIS25, 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The motivation for this paper is driven by the fact that studies on knowledge management tend to be approached in a very generalised, or even, categorised way. The paper outlines the need to understand how knowledge and computers have met before in both research and practice. What lessons might be learned from these previous studies? What is the prevalent understanding of computer supported knowledge management? Are we now ready to acknowledge that computers serve as active tools for knowledge creation and business performance? The paper can be seen as a theoretical contribution to the general discussion of computer support and knowledge management in terms of presenting a historical review of knowledge system generations as well as future implications for research

  • 360.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Challenges for knowledge communities in technical work domains2002In: ECIS 2002 Proceedings, 2002, p. 783-793, article id 137Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By drawing on the specific lessons learned from one case study, this paper will discuss collaboration, and issues upon knowledge communities in technical work domains. The results are based on a case study in a manufacturing process, thermal spraying, which can be characterised as very complex and technical. In order to understand the concept of knowledge communities in technical work domains I argue for an elaborated approach by going across different collaboration levels and organisational cultures, into issues of communities of practice. The discussion ends up with three main challenges for forming and supporting knowledge communities. These challenges might inspire an adequate work milieu, cultivated by both shared meanings and technology support.

  • 361.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Challenges towards knowledge communities in technical domains: adding culture to knowledge management2001In: Proceedings of IRIS 24, Ulvik, Norge, August, 2001., 2001Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 362.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Codify or Collaborate - from expert systems to systems of expert in manufacturing domains2000In: Proceedings of IRIS 23, Informations Systems Research seminar In Scandinavia, University of Trollhättan/Uddevalla, August, 2000, 2000Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 363.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Codifying Knowledge2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 364.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Computer Supported Knowledge Management.1999In: Human-Computer Interaction INTERACT `99: IFIP TC.13 / [ed] M. Angela Sasse and Chris Johnson(Editors), IOS Press, 1999, p. 696-697Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 365.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    From Expert Systems to Systems of Experts - Challenging the Codification Approach2002In: Proceedings of SCI, IIIS Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, Orlando, USA, July 2002., 2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 366.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    IT support in a Knowledge Management Process: A Field Study of a Quality Support Group in a Pharmaceutical Company1998In: Proceedings of the Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandanavia IRIS22, 1998Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses the issue of knowledge management. The results are based on field study of a quality support group in a pharmaceutical company. Particularly,the knowledge work activities are analysed in a framework of a knowledge management process and its possibilities for IT-support. From the results I can conclude that mainly explicit knowledge is managed in this process. However, the specific use of two knowledge-mediating systems seems to be extremely important("the very lifeline") throughout this knowledge management process. Knowledge can be transferable and distributed electronically among dispersed co-workers,adaptable and tailor-made to the needs of different users, and applicable directly to practitioners. In a discussion of a more general IT-based knowledge management process I go beyond the specific use of these knowledge-mediating systems and try to identify some further needs and requirements

  • 367.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Nordic Contributions in IS Research2016Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 368.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Arghavan Shahlaei, Charlotte
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Hattinger, Monika
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Knowing the Practice of Industry 4.0 Through Industrial Work-integrated Learning2019In: Book of abstracts: 11th International Conference on Research Work & Learning (RWL11), 2019, p. 72-73Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we analyze three manufacturing organizations' manifested expressions of different workplace initiatives related to industry 4.0. Key representatives in these organizations raise their concerns regarding changed content and forms of work as an answer to increased automation and digitalization. The wave of industry 4.0 includes smarter industrial solutions such as internet-based networks so that organizations can use connectivity of machines that can tie product development and continuous data productionwith the factory environment in new ways. Hence, the industrial work environment is under restructuring and industrial companies' work conditions are being transformed. In this article we ask the question: How do industry practitioners that currently are engaged in the transformation processes related to industry 4.0 initiatives perceive their work? Based on interviews with key representatives of three global manufacturing companies we will discuss 73 implications for industrial work-integrated learning (I-WIL) that takes into account the companies' transformative need to rethink their industrial operations and learning mindsets. We found that the introduction of disruptive digital technologies drastically changes the companies' operations. Leaders' management needs to be synchronized with practitioners' new work situations and their learning opportunities.

  • 369.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Eriksson, Owen
    Dalarna University College.
    Grundén, Kerstin
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Klecun-Dabrowska, Ela
    Brunel University.
    Pries-Heje, D. Jan
    IT University of Copenhagen.
    Tamm, Gerrit
    Humboldt University.
    Telesko, Rainer
    PROFACTOR.
    Truch, Edward
    Henley Management College.
    Yetim, Fahri
    New Jersey Institute of Technology.
    Carlsson, Sten
    Hedman, Jonas
    Howard, Mickey
    Different Approaches to Evaluation of Information Systems2002In: Proceedings ECIS 2002, 2002, article id 52Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Outsourcing has been one of the most influential factors contributing to changes in information systems development in the last decade. The paper presents findings from an action research project of information systems development in an outsourcing context at a large university hospital in Denmark. The research, and general findings in the literature, indicates that the intended positive effects of outsourcing are hard to achieve without negative bi-products. Decision frameworks to guide the decision-making in this respect are evaluated based on the empirical findings. It is illustrated that the issues of flexibility and controllability are among the most important when an IT-department determines its outsourcing policies. Continuity issues are also important in understanding the relationship between buyer and seller in IS-acquisition as being more complex than in a simple market model.

  • 370.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Gunnarsson, M.
    Magnusson, M.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    Less is More in Knowledge Technologies: A Call for a Little Web Application among Many Knowledge Workers2000In: Proceedings of IRIS23, Informations Systems Research seminar In Scandinavia University of Trollhättan/Uddevalla, Sweden, augusti 2000., 2000Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 371.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Hattinger, Monika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Managing Distributed Learning in Higher Education2004Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of ICT in higher education is becoming increasingly widespread. InSweden, it is possible to study courses on university level in a distributedlearning context, using locally placed learning centres (LC). The aim of this paperis to identify implications in order to manage and improve the conditions fordistributed learning in higher education. Our conceptualisations of distributedlearning are faced in the real work environment at four different learning centresin Sweden. A case study with 11 interviews was conducted. The results showthat a LC promotes socialisation as well as technical and administrative support.Communication on organisational and pedagogical levels between LC, universitiesand students are however not satisfactory. Thus, we argue for the importance oflearning centres as mediators to facilitate a locally constructed learning context.We suggest a management strategy for improving such context

  • 372.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Asplund, C
    mCity: A place to go for mobile commerce2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 373.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Ljungberg, J.
    Bergqvist, M.
    The Peer Review Process: A qualifier for knowledge dissemination2000In: Proceedings of BPRC Knowledge Management Conference, Warwick, UK, Febr 2000, 2000Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 374.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lundin, Johan
    Gothenburg University.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Studying Competence Management Systems in the Making: A Sociomaterial Approach2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 375.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Nilsson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Petersen, Ann-Louise
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Sofkova Hashemi, Sylvana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Wicke, Kurt
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Nordic Innovation Networks in Education: Dealing with Educational Challenges with Cross Boarder Collaboration and User Driven Design2012In: Uddevalla Symposium 2012 : Entrepreneurship and Innovation Networks. Revised papers presented at the 15th Uddevalla Symposium 14-16 June, 2012, Faro, Portugal. / [ed] Bernhard, Irene, 2012, p. 553-571Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is an EU-funded project related to cross boarder collaboration for educational purposes supported by information and communication technologies between Danish, Norwegian and Swedish schools. The project started in 2011 and extends to 2014 so this empirically dominated paper reports on early findings related to cross-border collaboration challenges. The aim of the project is to develop innovative cross-border teaching models by the means of user-driven, practice-based co-design processes between practitioners and researchers. In the first year, 18 classes from 13 schools in Denmark, Norway and Sweden in the Öresund-Kattegatt-Skagerack region participated. Organized in so called Nordic class-match groups (consisting of students and teachers from one class in each country) new cross-border teaching models are co-created, tested and evaluated in an iterative process. Since teaching models are subject dependent, the project develop teaching models in several subject domains, i.e. math, language, science and social studies / history. Heretofore findings show, however, that organizational and technical issues have superseded and squeezed out subject-oriented discussions due to surprisingly many practical issues that needed to be handled first. We have identified three major thresholds to overcome. The first is related to technical difficulties in schools when diverse IT systems are to be synchronized. The second threshold concerns scheduling coordination difficulties in order to allow synchronous cross boarder collaboration. The third threshold concerns linguistic and communication difficulties rooted in participants communicating in their respective Nordic language. Being able to communicate within Nordic languages are explicit learning goals in all three schools systems, and therefore part of the project aim and consequently all participants are expected to use their native languages when communicating. The next phase of the project is therefore to find solutions to these technical, organizational and linguistic barriers, and already now we see some barrier breaking models taking shape in the active network of Nordic teachers, students, school leaders, IT support teams and researchers.

     

  • 376.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Nilsson, Ann
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Petersen, Ann-Louise
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sofkova Hashemi, Sylvana
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Wicke, Kurt
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Nordic Innovation Networks in Education: Dealing with Educational Challenges with Cross Boarder Collaboration and User Driven Design2012In: Uddevalla Symposium 2012: Entrepreneurship and Innovation Networks Revised papers presented at the 15th Uddevalla Symposium / [ed] Iréne Bernhard (ed), 2012, p. 553-571Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 377.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Olsson, Anna Karin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Becoming a smart old town: How to manage stakeholder collaboration and cultural heritage2021In: Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development, ISSN 2044-1266, E-ISSN 2044-1274, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 627-641Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Within the ongoing digitalization of society and dimensions of integration, equality, citizen needs, sustainability and quality of life are of increasing importance as driving forces for cities to become smart. The purpose of this paper is to examine participatory management challenges in becoming a smart old town in the context of cultural heritage. Design/methodology/approach: An explorative approach was applied on a qualitative single case study including in-depth interviews with 21 stakeholders representing local entrepreneurs, nonprofit organizations, the municipality, politicians, tourism organization and residents of an old town district in a Norwegian city. Additionally, participatory observations and document studies were performed. Findings were continuously validated with the respondents. Findings: The present study contributes with stakeholder views on challenges arising from the development of a smart old town and suggests possible innovative solutions for participatory management. The transformation of a city with cultural heritage into a smart city require efforts that go beyond smart ICT implementations into issues of social sustainability. Research limitations/implications: The study brings forward the opportunities that lie in the dynamics of interaction between the spirit of cultural heritage and the body of participatory management. It con-tributes by responding to calls for further research to deepen the insights into stakeholder inclusion in cultural heritage-based city transformation. This explorative study has its limitations as it is based on one qualitative single case. Practical implications: Participatory management insights and recommendations for smart city transformation are provided. Social implications: The study addresses socially sustainable outcomes to create democratic conditions that promote inclusion and community building by understanding what people need and expect from the place where they live and work. Originality/value: This study is positioned as unique in terms of its complex nature of transforming an old town to become a smart old town based on cultural heritage and an open and coordinated inclusion of stakeholders. Smartness in context of city transformation is revealed in many dimensions ranging from technology-driven to more participant-driven. 

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  • 378.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Svensson, Lars
    Knowledge Intranet – A Socio-Cultural Perspective on Knowledge Sharing and ICT Use2004In: Proceedings of IASTED Conference on Knowledge Management and Information Systems, Virgin Islands, November 2004, US., 2004Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 379.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    Learning on the move: Supporting Work-Integrated Learning Communities2001In: Proceedings of of third Nordic Workshop on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning and Mobile Learning, CSCLML, 2001Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 380.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Master Östlund, Christian
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Learning together and Teaching alone - a case study of an educational consultancy firm2001In: Conference on Managing Knowledge: conversations and critiques, 10-11 April, 2001, Leiceister Management Centre, UK., 2001Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 381.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Östlund, Christian
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Towards Work Integrated Learning Communities2003In: ECIS 2003 ProceedingsArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 382.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Östlund, Christian
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Crossing Boundaries Through Work-integrated Knowledge Communities2003In: E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education, San Diego, CA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE) , 2003, p. 1707-1710Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports from the preliminary lessons learned of an action case study in which learning initiatives in a business organisation are investigated. The main question is abouthow to integrate knowledge and learning processes in business work processes? We are at present facing the challenge of integrating an actual business work process with an sustainable knowledgeand learning process in an on-going action case research project together with a company withinthe chemical industry. We argue for a greater appreciation of informal learning processes as powerful complements to formal training and capability building. The implications from the casestudy so far, are that the business processes need to reconsider its learning capacity from the pointof view of actual work practice. We propose the vision of a work-integrated knowledge community that is facilitated by crossing boundaries in the daily work practice of business organisations

  • 383.
    Lundin, Johan
    et al.
    Gothenburg University.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    The Illusion of Structure: About Harmonization and Variation in Competence Management System Practices in a Public Healthcare Organization2015In: ECIS 2015 Completed Research Papers, Münster: ECIS , 2015, p. 1-14Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a study of the use of a competence management system in a public healthcare organization. Even though systems for documenting and managing competence information have been implemented widely in most sectors, there is a lack of research focusing the adoption and use of such systems in general, and in particular within the public sector. The use of the system was studied through interviews, observations as well as document studies. In our analysis, we focus on local adap- tation practices, and variations in use, as well as how this functionality is carried by social or materi- al parts of the system. By so doing, we show how contradictory perspectives of the system's purpose and use is present in the organization, and surprisingly unproblematic. We argue that our in-depth case analysis illustrates how efforts of standardization in a system benignly can co-exist with local adaptation and variation.

  • 384.
    Lundin, Johan
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics. University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The illusion of structure: about harmonization and variation in competence management system practices in a public healthcare organization2015In: ECIS 2015 Completed Research Papers, 2015, article id 126Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a study of the use of a competence management system in a public healthcare organization. Even though systems for documenting and managing competence information have been implemented widely in most sectors, there is a lack of research focusing the adoption and use of such systems in general, and in particular within the public sector. The use of the system was studied through interviews, observations as well as document studies. In our analysis, we focus on local adap- tation practices, and variations in use, as well as how this functionality is carried by social or materi- al parts of the system. By so doing, we show how contradictory perspectives of the system's purpose and use is present in the organization, and surprisingly unproblematic. We argue that our in-depth case analysis illustrates how efforts of standardization in a system benignly can co-exist with local adaptation and variation.

  • 385.
    Lundin, Johan
    et al.
    Gothenburg University, Applied Information Technology.
    Pareto, J.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    The Ecology of a Network Organizations2008In: Uddevalla symposium, Kyoto, Jp, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 386.
    Lundin, Johan
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Box 100, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics. University of Gothenburg, Box 100, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Students’ technologies in practice: A participant perspective of mobile IT in higher education2016In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings, ISSN 1613-0073, E-ISSN 1613-0073, Vol. 1776, p. 49-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We argue that the availability and penetration of mobile technology in society in general, and among young persons in particular, have consequences for how students employ IT in educational settings. This paper is an exploration of what it means empirically, analytically and for design to take the use of technology introduced by students, rather than by teachers, in their learning activities, as a starting point for research on IT and learning. Copyright © 2016 for the individual papers by the papers’ authors.

  • 387.
    Lundin, Johan
    et al.
    Gothenburg University, Applied Information Technology.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Studying Competence Management Systems in the Making: A Sociomaterial Approach2012In: Proceedings of IRIS 35, Informations systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, Uppsala, Sweden, 12-15 August 2012., 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 388.
    Lundin, Johan
    et al.
    Gothenburg University.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    The sociomateriality of designing and using competence management systems2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 389.
    Luostarinen, Sammy
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Gamboa, Sebastian
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Nostalgiska inslag i samtida digitala spel: Den nostalgiska estetiken återuppstår2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the very first video games debuted at the arcades in the 70's with games such as Pong (1972) and Asteroids (1979), game developers have always tried to push the boundaries for what is possible with the contemporary technology available at hand, with the goal of making video games as realistic and naturalistic as technically possible. However, despite great technological leaps over the last 30 years, we have recently seen a wave of remasters and remakes of older games released over a short period of time. Contemporary game developers, primarily indie-developers, have also in many cases chosen to adopt 8-bit and 16-bit graphics when developing new games. They have also, in many cases, recycled and refined some gameplay-pastiches from previous generations of console games.

    Using the game Terraria (2011) as our main subject of analysis, this essay intends to investigate, from an aesthetic perspective, the affect that nostalgic elements in modern game titles have on the player's overall experience.

    We examine this by performing several different analyses, one of which a visual semiotic analysis of screenshots from the game serves as the main one. As a further complement to this, we requested other players of the same game to answer questions, regarding which kind of nostalgic elements they've been able to identify during their total playtime, and what their opinions are on the matter. We then compare, analyse and apply the results we get, to a number of different theories regarding nostalgia and nostalgia within games.

    The essay concludes that Terraria clearly takes inspiration from old console games released in the 80's and 90's, where the most prominent examples are games like The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past (1991), Harvest Moon (1996) and Final Fantasy IV (1991). The nostalgic elements found in Terraria, whether in the shape of overall aesthetics or other minor references, contribute to an enhanced gaming experience for players which, in one form or another, have a personal connection to the source material. Meanwhile, the gaming experience won't deteriorate for players that fail to recognise these references. Through it's visual style and the use of various nostalgia inducing items and references to other titles in the medium, the game promotes the phenomenon of reflective- and restorative nostalgia.

  • 390.
    Luthfa, Sabrina
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Testbäddars roll för innovationsarbete inom hälso- och sjukvården2021In: Organisering, implementering och användning av välfärdsteknologi: Resultat från eTeam-projektet / [ed] Ann Svensson, Camilla Gjellebæk, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2021, p. 38-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 391.
    Lüdike, Roland
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Användbarheten rörande smartphonens operativsystem: Ur olika åldersgruppers perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: The usability a user experience with a smartphone can depend on a variety of things, such as education, experience, culture etcetera, but also on the age of the user. A smartphone shall meet the needs of users in all ages with different kind of experience and knowledge. Different users also want the smartphone to be used in a variety of different areas. I therefore wants to examine if different age-groups experience usability differently and if it varies depending on which operating system the smartphone has.

    Problem statements: The following questions has been defined:

    • Does different age-groups experience the usability in their smartphone's operating system differently?
    • Does the usability experience vary depending on what operating system the user has in their smartphone?
    • Does different age-groups come across similar problems, or does it differ between the age-groups or between different operating systems?

    Theory: I have chosen to use the five attributes to measure usability, defined by Nielsens (2010), since too many concepts can be deterrent in a survey (Nielsen & Molich, 1990). Previously, by Sonderegger, Schmutz and Sauer (2015), made research shows that the results differ between younger and older users, within the different attributes.

    Method: Two depth interviews of qualitative character were implemented to form the basis for the form of the survey and how the questions in the survey should best be phrased. The survey has a quantitative character with the approach to measure smartphones' usability in different age-groups and different operating systems based on Nielsens (2010) five usability attributes. The survey was digitally distributed through a public Facebook-page. The data has been processed in spreadsheets in the application Numbers and then presented in bars and piecharts.

    Result and conlusions: The survey shows that users in general experience a high level of usability when using their smartphone, but the result still indicates that the usability is a bit differently estimated in the two examined age-groups. Usability is also differently estimated and depending on what operating system that is used. The users come across similar problems regardless of age and operating system, but in different grade. Since the survey had relatively few respondents a survey with more participants in these groups would be interesting to carry out to give more material for conclusions.

  • 392. Magnusson, J
    et al.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Ahlstedt, S
    Andersson, B
    Bengtsson, U
    Telemo, E
    Hansson, T
    Peterson, C G B
    A kinetic study in adults with food hypersensitivity assessed as eosinophil activation in fecal samples2003In: Clinical and Experimental Allergy, ISSN 0954-7894, E-ISSN 1365-2222, Vol. 33, no 8, p. 1052-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Immune-mediated food hypersensitivity affecting the gut is difficult to evaluate, and objective tools to diagnose local gastrointestinal (GI) inflammatory reactions are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether allergic manifestations in adults with a history of food-related GI symptoms could be assessed in feces during symptomatic and non-symptomatic periods, using the surrogate markers, eosinophil cationic protein (ECP), eosinophil protein X (EPX) and myeloperoxidase (MPO). METHODS: Thirteen subjects with food hypersensitivity-related GI symptoms, confirmed by a positive double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC), were subjected to an open kinetic food challenge design for 6 weeks. Symptoms were recorded and scored during the 3-week study period and stool samples were obtained every day. The surrogate markers ECP, EPX and MPO were measured in the supernatants from feces samples. RESULTS: A significant increase in abdominal pain, distension and flatulence was observed during challenge, with a gradual decrease during elimination diet. Both between days and subjects, EPX levels were more frequently increased compared to ECP and MPO. Individuals with a history of a short duration of symptoms had significantly higher mean levels of EPX and MPO than those with a longer duration of symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: An overall increase in levels of eosinophil markers, in particular EPX, was observed in feces from patients with food-related GI symptoms. However, rather than being a tool to differentiate symptomatic from non-symptomatic periods, EPX might be used for detecting an ongoing clinical or subclinical chronic inflammation, that may have an impact on the patient's clinical course of GI symptoms.

  • 393.
    Mahdipour, Fatemeh
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Instagram as a Means of Empowering Iranian Women by Focusing on Home-based Businesses2022In: Journal of Women's Entrepreneurship and Education, ISSN 1821-1283, E-ISSN 2406-0674, Vol. 2022, no 3-4, p. 223-245Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this study was to examine how Instagram can affect the empowerment of Iranian women by providing a platform for them to run their home-based businesses (HBBs). The data were collected through sixteen in-depth interviews with Iranian women who ran their HBBs on Instagram, and Kabeer’s empowerment framework was applied to the analysis. The results show that women’s empowerment can be improved by running an HBB on Instagram. Participants in this study could achieve greater agency, facilitate access to resources, and improve their achievements by running their HBBs on Instagram. However, all the barriers to women’s empowerment cannot be overcome by using Instagram.  

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  • 394.
    Mahdipour, Fatemeh
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Instagram as a means of empowering Iranian women by focusing on homebased businesses: A qualitative study on Iranian women's empowerment2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Women's empowerment is a very important issue, and the focus of this thesis is to examine how Instagram can affect empowerment of Iranian women by providing a platform for them to run their HBBs.In this study, eight semi-structured interviews were conducted, where the interviewees were Iranian women who run their HBBs on Instagram. The results show that women's empowerment can be improved by running an HBB on Instagram. Participants in this study could achieve greater agency, facilitate access to resources, and improve their achievement by running their HBB on Instagram. However, all the barriers to women's empowerment could not be overcome by using Instagram.

  • 395.
    Mahula, Stanislav
    et al.
    KU Leuven, Public Governance Institute, Belgium.
    Lindquist, Mikael
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied IT (SWE).
    Norström, Livia
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied IT (SWE).
    Lindman, Juho
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied IT (SWE).
    Digital transformation in local government organisations: empirical evidence from blockchain initiatives2022In: ACM International Conference Proceeding Series / [ed] Rattikorn Hewett, ACM Digital Library, 2022, p. 336-345Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Local government organisations are the first contact between the citizen and state authorities. However, the rapid technological development in the private sector raises questions on how public actors can keep up. Seeking improvement, local governments undergo the process of digital transformation (DT). This encompasses a variety of processes and initiatives, including experimenting with new technological solutions. We focus here on experiments on one of these emerging technologies: blockchain. We report the results of a multi-case study investigating the DT processes that experiment with blockchain technology in three municipalities in Western Europe. We present our theoretical perspective (institutional logics and digital transformation), describe our qualitative comparative case methodology that relies on key-respondent interviews, and discuss our distilled categorisation of three activities (including excerpts from data). © 2022 ACM.

  • 396.
    Mandegari, Katia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Storm, Monica
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Gymnasieelevers digitala (o)kompetens inom ordbehandling2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    More and more schools are investing in digitization and buy their own computers to students. In this correlation, it required the students to manage the technology and be digitally com-petent. Digital competence is seen as an important part for students to have and to function in our society. However, this is nothing schools we studied promotes as they do not contribute to an increase digital literacy of students. Some researchers, however, believe that it is the school that students should receive their digital skills. Research conducted within the digital compe-tence of students have shown that the coexistence of a variety among the students while other research has shown that students' skill level is considered to be generally low when to perform complex tasks. The purpose of this study is to investigate high school students' digital comp-etence in word processing.

    The study was performed at a high school where we have had a survey which was distributed to all classes and students in grade three and a focus group interview. The survey results showed that students have basic knowledge and skills in word processing. The results of the focus group interview showed that students use the computer mainly to write essays and

    that students have not had any major training for the use of their computers. The only computer training school offered occurred at the beginning of first grade when they start school when students got their own computers.

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  • 397.
    Marcu, Gabriela
    et al.
    Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    China, Alexis D.
    Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Findley, Hannah
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Waligora, Anna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Collecting and Managing Data in Public Health Research on Autism2017In: Proceedings of the 2017 CHI Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM , 2017, p. 2767-2773Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Significant efforts in the CHI community have focused on supporting autism research through intervention-based work. For example, applications of mobile systems, therapeutic games, gesture-based interaction, and capture and access have been studied in the context of therapy, care, and interventions for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. In this paper, we discuss how HCI can support population-focused strategies, or a public health approach, to autism research. Public health research is focused on collecting and managing large amounts of data at the population level in order to understand aspects of autism such as early detection, lifespan outcomes, and risk factors. We discuss a research agenda for HCI that involves opportunities for innovative multidisciplinary autism research at the population level rather than the individual level.

  • 398.
    Matos, Mario
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Customer co-creation och sociala medier: företaget Dells motiv till att lansera plattformen IdeaStorm2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a theory-consuming case study of Dell's use of social media in customer co-creation. The following question is answered: Why did Dell launch the platform IdeaStorm?

    The rational choice perspective is used to highlight why the company Dell decided to use social media, more precisely IdeaStorm, in its business strategy customer co-creation. Motive analysis is used methodically, step by step, to bring out motives for the decision to launch IdeaStorm. The material that is primarily in the focus is Dell's actions and statements about decision to launch IdeaStorm.

    The result shows that there are indicators indicating that the decision oriented around self-interests. With the decision to launch IdeaStorm, Dell seems to be striving to address issues of dissatisfied customers and lack of market efficiency.

    Further studies on this domain are proposed in this study. These studies should address more cases in an effort to develop and deepen the understanding of why companies use social media in customer co-creation.

  • 399.
    Mauléon, Christina
    et al.
    Borås University & Gothenburg Research Institute.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Exploring the raison d’etre of an incident reporting system in an elementary school2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the raison d’étre of the use of an incident reporting system in a Swedish primary school and through the lens of situated risk (Boholm, 2003; 2009) problematize what outcomes such a use may generate in terms of children’s safety.

    In Swedish schools there exists today, through legislation, a zero tolerance level of both physical and psychological abuse of children and as such are all schools required to act when such incidents occur. The main purpose of this legislation is to maintain children’s safety in schools. In order to meet the requirements of taking action many schools have implement incident reporting systems into which they report such incidents and accidents.

    However little is known about what consequences the use of such systems have in practice. In our case study we explore how legislation regarding children’s safety in schools, is translated into the implementation and use of an incident reporting system in a Swedish primary school and what consequences this has on children’s safety. We claim that there exists a need to gain more knowledge about what unintended consequences the use of such systems have on children as we find that in some situations this use may, in practice, be opposed to children’s safety. 

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  • 400.
    Mauléon, Christina
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    On the intended and unintended consequences of the enactment of digital management control systems in Swedish Schools2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to investigate the enactment of digital management control systems in Swedish schools and what intended and unintended consequences, both short-term and longterm, this may have on individual-, organizational- and societal levels. A pilot study has been conducted and the results show how the enactment of an incident reporting system (one type of digital management control system) in a Swedish school resulted in unintended and even harmful consequences for the students. Combining relational theory with the frameworks of translation and enactment in studies of technology in use provides support in our investigation of how technology is inextricably intertwined in the continuous shaping and re-shaping of organizational practice.

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