Change search
Refine search result
56789 351 - 400 of 410
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 351.
    Siverbo, Sven
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Cäker, Mikael
    Trondheim Business School, NTNU, Trondheim, Norway; University of Gothenburg, School of Business, Economics and Law, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Åkesson, Johan
    University of Gothenburg, School of Business, Economics and Law, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Conceptualizing dysfunctional consequences of performance measurement in the public sector2019In: Public Management Review, ISSN 1471-9037, E-ISSN 1471-9045, Vol. 21, no 12, p. 1801-1823Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Performance measurement (PM) has become increasingly popular in the management of public sector organizations (PSOs). This is somewhat paradoxical considering that PM has been criticized for having dysfunctional consequences. Although there are reasons to believe that PM may have dysfunctional consequences, when they occur has not been clarified. The aim of this research is to conceptualize the dysfunctional consequences of PM in PSOs. Based on complementarity theory and contingency theory we conclude that dysfunctional consequences of PM are a matter of interactions between PM design and PM use, between control practices in the control system and between PM and context. © 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 352.
    Skarin, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Lärande av och genom forskning i lokala FoU projekt: Att skapa kunskap i samspel mellan forskning och praktik2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is increased insight and understanding of how learning from research to practice is working theoretically and experienced by participants. Research questions are:

    1. What does learning from research mean, from a theoretical perspective?

    2. How is learning from research to develop practice experienced from a participant perspective?

    3. How can learning from research at work be promoted and contribute to better understanding of interactions between research and practice in local research and development projects?

    A theoretical- analytical framework is developed. It is then used to understand and explain how learning from research is experienced by participants in local R & D projects. After data collection using semi structured interviews and a thematic analysis, new aspects are added to the framework in an abductive process. The results show that a rewarding interplay between research and practice is possible, but it needs more critical reflections and a developed understanding of different types of knowledge and their unique contributions to learning. An epistemological change is needed where practical knowledge and research is seen as equals is also important. Where researchers instead of being experts becomes co-creators of knowledge along with the practitioner, to solve common issues. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 353.
    Stahlschmidt, Sören Richard
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Role of Military Strategic Behavior in Geospatial Variations of Conflict Severity: The Case of the Taliban in the post-2001 Conflict in Afghanistan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates the role of military strategy in the geospatial variation of conflict severity in civil wars. Arguing on the basis of rationality of the conflict parties, the strategic behavior is determined by a cost-benefit assessment of each area according to their attractiveness to fight. Thus, the differences in characteristics of these areas can be utilized as predictors for where civil war is most severe. The effects of these structural variables change over time and are accompanied by the endogenous spatial dependency of conflict severity. To test this theory a standard OLS multiple regression and a spatial autoregressive model are applied to the case of the Taliban insurgency in Afghanistan. The analysis showed supporting evidence for the theory. Spatial dependency is constantly significant in explaining conflict severity but its importance is fading over time. Also, local population support makes areas more attractive to insurgents. This variable also becomes less important in the course of the conflict. The findings indicate that fighting moves from rural to urban areas. Thus, the analysis of the conflict confirms the developed theory. Further research could strengthen the confidence in the findings and expand the theory.

  • 354.
    Strupf, Veronika Cordula
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Romero Laime, Betsaida
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    EU Member´s Perspectives on the Economic Sanctions in the Case of the Ukraine-Russia War: The Split Between Communitarian and Cosmopolitan Justifications2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates justifications for the economic sanctions from European Union (EU) member states against Russia in the Ukraine conflict. Statements that are made by EU member state representatives are sorted into categories representing cosmopolitan and communitarian kinds of justification. These two categories are chosen since previous research has shown that a political cleavage forms between them. They represent two opposing camps, cosmopolitanism embodies the interests of the international community and communitarianism depicts the states´ self-interest. The European Council (EC) serves as the discussion forum, since the EU contains multiple administrative layers that all have their own interests. The categorizing scale is based on moral cosmopolitanism, Kantian ethics, communitarianism, and Walzer´s just war doctrine and combined with abductively derived mid-range theories. By using these theories, the thesis is a case of analyzing the ethical and just reasoning of tools in the international realm such as economic sanctions. This leads us to the following research questions: (1) How do EC members justify their support or objection to the continuation of the sanctions against Russia in the ongoing Russia-Ukraine conflict after the second invasion? (2) Which of the content arguments are made on the basis of communitarian justification and on the basis of moral cosmopolitan justifications? These questions are investigated in a single case study on EU economic sanctions in the Russian-Ukraine war with the help of qualitative content analysis, looking at audio-visual information published by the EC. Out of the analysis arises that mostly cosmopolitan arguments are used by EC members and especially signaling and punishing arguments are ways to support economic sanctions. Energy supply arguments are mostly used to object sanctions in this case.

  • 355.
    Ström, Helena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Malm Rath, Douglas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Allmän tillit och oro för terrorism: En kvantitativ sambandsstudie2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Generalized trust has been named by many social scientists as part of the very fabric of democratic life –when citizens trust each other, it makes for a safer, more prosperous, and more open society. Previous research has identified how concern of terrorism might be negatively correlated with this type of trust; suggesting that it might have a damaging effect on the health of democracy. Using representative data from the 2019 national SOM-survey we test the relationship between social trust and fear of terrorism using multiple linear regression-analysis. Our result showed a weak, but statistically robust, negative correlation between the two variables (r = -.16, p < .001), which means that people who are more afraid of terrorism tend to put less trust in fellow citizens and vice versa. We discuss the implications of our results in the light of social capital theories by James S Coleman, Robert Putnam, and Bo Rothstein.

  • 356.
    Stål, Malin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    A Solidarity Model of Foreign Aid?: A case study of the Olof Palme International Center’s projects in South Africa2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis is a qualitative case study of whether the Olof Palme International Center’s (OPC) model of foreign aid, as a Swedish non-governmental organisation (NGO), is understood by leading figures of the three types of participants involved in the model; the OPC, Swedish member organisations, and, in this case, South African partner organisations, as taking either a solidarity- or charity-approach to foreign aid, in both theory and practise.

    The theories of Mutual Aid and International Solidarity are used to construct two opposing “solidarity” and “charity” models of foreign aid, against which the OPC model is compared. These two approaches are selected as they are most often associated with NGO foreign aid providers. The criticisms of, and suggestions for improvements to foreign aid practises are collected from aid experts and leading scholars in the field, such as Pearson (1970), the OECD/DAC, and the UN. These suggestions and criticisms are compared against both models and sorted accordingly as indicators in the analytical framework, whereby a preference among aid scholars and experts for the solidarity model is revealed.

    Empirical data is collected through semi-structured interviews with the involved parties and analysed through qualitative content analysis. By analysing which of the indicators in the analytical framework, belonging to the “solidarity-model” or “charity-model” were affirmed by a majority of the interviewees, it was found that both the OPC’s model and the way it is implemented, is understood by all involved parties as a solidarity model.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 357.
    Sukurica, Alma
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Ahmetaj, Liridona
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    How organized crime is represented in news media: A qualitative study of organized criminality in the western Balkans2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research is based on a qualitative discourse study of news articles in the Western Balkans. The aim is to investigate how organized crime has been represented in twelve news articles in the Western Balkans since 2022. The study adopts the social constructivist theory based on the fact that reality is what we make it. To carry out this study, three questions were used from the "What's the problem represented to be" approach by Bacchi, which analyzes how organized crime is represented, which assumptions lie behind this representation, and which perspectives have failed to be considered.

    The text analysis showed that organized crime is mainly associated with drug trafficking, arms trafficking, and money laundering and threatens society, including education. The articles describe organized crime as a complex problem that affects society's trust in institutions. The articles highlight the fight against organized crime, which law enforcement can only do. News media portrays the phenomenon and law enforcement as opposing forces controlling the drug trade.

    It is also essential for news articles to use government officials as sources, where these officials praise the work of law enforcement. However, it fails to recognize socio-economic factors and corruption asessential contributors. The phenomenon's complexity needs to be more concise, and the articles overlook alternative approaches to fighting organized crime.

  • 358.
    Sultan, Mohammed Ali Salem
    et al.
    Healthcare Transformation, Model of Care, Regional Health Directorate, Najran, SAU; Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University.
    Khorram-Manesh, Amir
    Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University.
    Carlström, Eric
    Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University; USN School of Business, Campus Vestfold, University of South-Eastern Norway, NOR.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sørensen, Jarle Løwe
    USN School of Business, Campus Vestfold, University of South-Eastern Norway, NOR.
    Impact of Virtual Disaster Collaboration Exercises on Disaster Leadership at Hospitals in Saudi Arabia2021In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, ISSN 2095-0055, Vol. 12, no 6, p. 879-889Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study measured the impact of virtual three-level collaboration (3LC) exercises on participants’ perceived levels of collaboration, learning, and utility (CLU) at hospitals in the southern region of Saudi Arabia. Our 3LC exercise is a tabletop training tool used to facilitate disaster education and document CLU. This model enables the practitioner to acquire new knowledge and promotes active learning. An English version of the CLU scale, the validated Swedish survey tool, was applied to 100 healthcare managers or leaders in various positions at both the operational and tactical levels after conducting the 3LC exercises. The response rate was 100%, although not all questions were answered in some cases. The results show that most participants strongly agreed that the exercises focused on collaboration (r2 = 0.767) and that they had acquired new knowledge during the exercises. There was a statistically significant association between participation in the collaboration exercises and perceived learning (r2 = 0.793), as well as between perceived learning and utility (r2 = 0.811). The collaboration exercises enhance the perceived effects of CLU. They also improve the ability of participants to adapt situational strategies to achieve a safer society. Although exercises were conducted virtually, they were well received by the participants and achieved a value M = 4.4 CLU score, which opens up new dimensions in collaboration simulation exercises.

  • 359.
    Sunnemark, Fredrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Interculturalism. National Identity, Citizenship and the Populist Right: The Example of Sweden2014In: Building Barriers and Bridges: Interculturalism in the 21st Century / [ed] Jonathan Gourlay & Gabriele Stroschen, Freeland, Oxfordshire: Inter-Disciplinary Press, 2014, 1, p. 99-111Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 360.
    Sunnemark, Fredrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Knowledge and Negotiation: Theoretical Observations in Relation to the Development of a Master Program in Work Integrated Political Studies and Beyond.2019In: VILÄR 5-6 december 2019, University West, Trollhättan: Abstracts / [ed] Kristina Johansson, Trollhättan: University West , 2019, p. 20-21Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The term Work Integrated Learning (WIL) is connected to knowledge production. It is as central in organizing ways of combining academic studies with working life as in abstract reasonings on how knowledge in itself should be understood. Any facilitation of WIL-based education carries an idea of knowledge production and its relation to what knowledge is, while any theory of knowledge and knowledge production include, implicitly or explicitly, understandings of what processes knowledge and knowledge production are related to. Even though it may not always make it to the surface, the negotiation between these different strands is unavoidable in any WIL endeavor.

    This presentation is concerned with such a negotiation over time. It concerns the development and construction of a master program in work integrated political studies. The program is a collaboration between University West in Sweden and the University of the Western Cape in South Africa. After several years of work, both collaborative and independently, the program is set to be launched in the fall of 2020. In this sense we now have a result of the first part of the negotiation (it will naturally continue in the actual realization of the program). But how did we get to where we are? Why did we get to where we are? What was involved in the construction of WIL in the field of political studies?

    From the theoretical perspective of the social construction and character of science, I analyze – through participatory observations and close readings of documents – both how definitions and understandings came to be and what these definitions came to include. The analysis shows that a multilayered collective process, not even always made conscious or manifest, is involved and that it is set in everyday surroundings. This discussion is then taken a step further. WIL has now been installed as a discipline in which you can receive a doctoral degree at University West. I argue that the process behind the establishment of this degree and WIL's disciplinary status as well as content constitute a relevant and fruitful case from the perspective of theory of science. Big questions often loom large in small proceedings.

  • 361.
    Sunnemark, Fredrik
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Idea of Intercultural Education and the Dilemma of Diversity2016In: Bridging Differences: Understanding Cultural Interaction in Our Globalized World / [ed] Newtona (Tina) Johnson and Shawn Simpson, Inter-Disciplinary Press, 2016, p. 3-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 362.
    Sunnemark, Fredrik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Berg, Magnus
    Politikens riktning och livets gång: Erfarenheter och förståelser av systemskiftet i svensk politik2006Book (Other academic)
  • 363.
    Sunnemark, Fredrik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Åberg, Martin
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    How 'the politics of retrenchment' was said and done: remodelling of concepts and roles in Swedish welfare state discourse2004Report (Other academic)
  • 364.
    Sunnemark, Ludvig
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sunnemark, Fredrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Assmo, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Segregationen i Trollhättan: en lägesrapport2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Trollhättan är en av Sveriges mest segregerade kommuner. Det har bekräftats och diskuterats gång på gång, såväl i studier som i media och i offentlig och politisk debatt. Rapporter om våld, kriminalitet och ekonomisk ojämlikhet, liksom skillnader i tillgången till service, utbildning och resurser, har presenterats upprepade gånger. Som en konsekvens har Trollhättans stad tilldelats medel av DELMOS (Delegationen mot segregation, en statlig myndighet med uppdrag att undersöka och minska segregation) för att i samarbete med Högskolan Väst undersöka segregationen i två forskningsprojekt. Den här rapporten presenterar det första av dessa projekt.I syfte att vara kort och lättfattlig fokuserar rapporten på de variabler som är att betrakta som allra mest centrala för förståelsen av segregation. För det första handlar det om ekonomisk standard, presenterad utifrån hur varje områdes befolkning fördelas över de riksövergripande inkomstkvartilerna. Detta ger en övergripande bild av de boendes ekonomiska ställning och klasstillhörighet. För det andra handlar det om etnisk bakgrund, presenterad utifrån hur stor del av befolkningen i varje område.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 365.
    Svanberg, David
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Manufacturing Dichotomy: Dissecting Modern Antifeminism in Sweden2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyse the presence and form of contemporary antifeminism in Sweden. By adopting a single case study design coupled with qualitative approach to textual analysis antifeminism in both traditional print media and new media, as well as with the help of Laclau and Mouffe’s discourse theory, this thesis asks 1) what common themes are present in the objections against feminism in the current antifeminist discourse in established media venues? Additionally, this thesis also asks 2) is the current antifeminist advocate composition the same as before? The analysis indicates that there are three common themes in current antifeminist discourse, namely that it is conceived as an extremist, hegemonic and collectivistic ideology. Regarding antifeminist advocate composition, the results indicate that it has indeed changed since the last antifeminist surge in the mid-80s.

     

    Download full text (pdf)
    Manufacturing Dichotomy
  • 366.
    Sweeney, Richard J.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. Georgetown Univ, McDonough Sch Business, Washington, DC 20057 USA; Claremont Grad Univ, Claremont Inst Econ Policy Studies, Claremont, CA 91711 USA .
    Constitutional conflicts in the European Union: Court packing in Poland versus the United States2018In: Economics and Business Review, ISSN 2392-1641, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 3-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Court packing greatly threatens democracy. This paper examines, compares and draws conclusions from two attempts: The PiS government is near to packing Polish courts; President Roosevelt tried but failed to pack the U.S. Supreme Court in 1937. In most democracies a head of government with a legislative majority and strong party control can pack courts, giving complete control. The United States escaped; Roosevelt lacked complete party control. Poland is unlucky; PiS is strongly controlled. Peaceful domestic protest is necessary, but Poland’s hope is from EU-level institutional pressure, supported by major democracies, to reverse packing and prevent further seizure of power.

  • 367.
    Säflund, Mattias
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Strategier för organisering och samverkan i kommunal arbetsmarknadspolitik: I spåren av den förändrade statliga arbetsmarknadspolitiken2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis was to shed light and contribute to knowledge about how eleven municipalities in a region are responding to new conditions with a changed national labour market policy after the reform of the Swedish Public Employment Service in 2019. The work contributes to insights into the municipalities' strategies for organization and cooperation, as well as consequences for municipal activities for participants.

    The empirical data was collected using qualitative method by conducting in-depth interviews with eleven municipal managers, responsible for the labour market area in their municipality, at a strategic or strategic/operational level. For example, the reform of the Swedish Public Employment Service has resulted in the closure of many local offices and that services that were previously often carried out by the municipalities on behalf of the Public Employment Service are now carried out by independent actors. As a result of the government changes, it has affected the local labour market policy that the municipalities carry out, with adaptation of the municipalities' organizations and which activities can be offered to the participants in the target group. The reform of the employment agency initially had extensive consequences for local and individual collaboration, which has been important for the implementation of labour market policy in practice for the municipalities and their residents.

    The thesis' theoretical framework describes that the Public Employment Service has difficulties in being able to offer several of the target groups sufficient activities, usually the participants who are the furthest from the labour market, such as young people, foreign-born and the long-term unemployed, groups that often can receive municipal economic support. This means that there may be expectations that the municipalities will carry out activities for those who are furthest from the labour market. The target groups represent a cost for the municipalities and even if labour market policy is fundamentally a state responsibility, the municipalities act with activities to reduce their own costs for economic support.

    The empirical material in the thesis has been analysed thematically. To make visible the structure versus the significance of individuals' actions for the change processes, the analysis has been based on Gidden's Structuration Theory.

    The conclusions are that the municipalities have been affected by extensive adaptations after the reform of the Swedish Public Employment Service. Various individual local strategic decisions have been required to adapt the organization, often with cuts, and collaboration to the new conditions. The municipalities have also chosen different strategies when adapting the activities offered to different groups of participants and which target groups the municipalities offer activities to.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 368.
    Sörbom, Adrienne
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskaper, Sociologi, Stockholm.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Urban Planing and Development.
    Bridging or Bonding?: Think Tanks in a Polarized Context2021In: Swedish Political Science Association Annual Conference, 2021Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Social capital is still often presumed as having positive consequences for societies and communities, less benign aspects are frequently overlooked. Nevertheless, scholarship distinguishes between bridging and bonding social capital to mark that social ties might have very different effects. In this paper, we study the “darker sides” of social capital, arguing that to understand the mechanisms that may propel benign and less benign formations of social capital we need to analyze these variations in context. We focus on think tanks, i.e., policy advice institutions, who are often described as organizations bridging various social fields and brokering contacts between various individuals. We argue, however, that a sharply polarized context turns think tanks to bonding, rather than bridging institutions. Our data consists of 40 interviews with representatives from Polish think tanks, collected in two waves (in 2013 and in 2020/2021), which allows us to trace changes over time. Since the radical right wing Law and Justice came to power in 2015, Polish politics and society are deeply polarized along the axis of the socio-cultural dimension (for or against liberal democracy). The analysis indicates that the networks Polish think tanks use for their activities have transformed from bridging between various groups of organizations, to bonding between similar types of organizations.

  • 369.
    Sörbom, Adrienne
    et al.
    Department of Sociology, Södertörn University, Huddinge (SWE); Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm (SWE).
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Urban Planing and Development.
    Social capital and polarization: The case of Polish think tanks2023In: Journal of Civil Society, ISSN 1744-8689, E-ISSN 1744-8697, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 347-365Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we study polarization within civil society. While earlier research on civil society has shown that civil society organizations can be divisive, research on polarization has only paid scant attention to the role of civil society. We bring these two aspects of the literature together to develop a framework for analyzing social capital in a polarized context. The framework helps identify practices that organizations may engage in when shaping social capital  and  working  with  others:  facilitating  the flow  of information; providing credentials for actors; influencing agents; and  reinforcing  identity  and recognition.  Importantly,  while originally developed for a fundamentally positive analysis of the mechanics of social capital, this framework includes inverted practices. In our analysis, we observe a bifurcation of actions depending on what role they play in the polarization dynamic–integrating relations within the poles or separating relations between the poles. In this sense, social capital contributes to intensified polarization. Empirically, the article is based on a dataset of 30 interviews with 24 policy-oriented civil societyorganizations (CSOs), here termed think tanks, in Poland.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 370.
    Tanttu, Aleksi
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A Distinct People with a Distinct History and Interests?: A Longitudinal Single-Case Study of Nationalist Themes in The United Kingdom Independence Party’s (UKIP) Manifestos2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies the presence of different nationalist themes in the rhetoric of The United Kingdom Independence Party’s (UKIP) manifestos for general elections between 1997 and 2018 exploring how the rhetoric of UKIP’s manifestos use various nationalist themes and the continuity and change in the presence of these themes over time. The theoretical approach for this thesis consists of a set of modernist and contemporary nationalist theories utilising primarily the works of John Breuilly, Benedict Andersson and Michael Billig. Drawing from these theoretical concepts, three main categories were created for the nationalist themes: ‘Distinct people’, ‘distinct history’ and ‘distinct interests’. This thesis conducts a longitudinal, single-case content analysis, that employs mixed methods by qualitatively coding the manifestos using a deductive coding frame, and by counting the assigned codes and providing a quantitative analysis on the presence of nationalist themes in the manifestos. The main findings of this thesis include that the overall number of nationalist themes in the manifestos is showing a decreasing trend and that ‘distinct interest’, mainly through a rhetoric which identifies threats to independence is the most prevalent theme. Additionally, the rhetoric seems to have shifted towards a more flattering and self-praising one.

  • 371.
    Teperi, Melissa
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    From interpretation to implementation: How do civil servants interpret and implement policies to counter residential segregation?2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to describe how policies for dealing with residential segregation are interpreted and implemented in a municipality by civil servants. Interpretation is the starting phase of the implementation process, which is why this thesis seeks to describe how a policy problem is represented, interpreted and implemented.

    Three theoretical approaches have been combined. The first is Bacchi's concepts of what is the problem represented to be in a policy. The second concept is sensemaking, to examine how the policies are interpreted. The third concept is Lipsky's Street-level bureaucracy ideas about freedom to act in the implementation process. This is a single case study, conducted with a qualitative content analysis.

    The results show that the needs in policies reflect on what the problem is represented to be. It also shows that civil servants think the policies are understandable and make sense. Finally, most civil servants do not have the freedom to act and implement on their own without the local politician's approval.

  • 372.
    Teperi, Melissa
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Jartoft, Emy
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    How Does Municipalities Differ When It Comes To The Implementation Of The Settlement Law?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe how the Settlement Law (Anvisningslagen) is implemented on the local levels and if there are any differences in the implementation. The selected municipalities are Skövde and Uddevalla where the aim is to describe how the municipalities in our comparative study, differ when it comes to local immigrant settlement goals and policy, to give a description of how the municipalities implement the Settlement Law (Anvisningslagen). We will compare our findings to see if there are any differences in the implementation of the Settlement Law between the municipalities. This study is qualitative with a deductive approach, since we are applying concepts in our analytical framework containing three different settlement policy models on to the selected municipal control documents. The control documents contain local settlement goals and policies that we will use to describe the implementation of the Settlement Law. We have also conducted open-ended question interviews with two local Deputy Mayors in our selected municipalities regarding local immigrant settlement goals and policies, to triangulate our findings. Our primary findings are that the Settlement Law is implemented differently between the municipalities which depends on the different local immigrant settlement goals and policies.

  • 373.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Advancing the ‘Honest Sex.’ Electoral Sex Quotas in Global Governance.2010In: Proceedings from the annual meeting of the Swedish Political Science Association, Göteborg, Sweden Sep 30 – Oct 2, 2010, Göteborg, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 374.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Are Relative Norms More Persuasive Than Absolute Standards?2011In: Workshop on Moral Entrepreneurship in International Politics / [ed] Robert Keohane and Kathryn Sikkink, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 375.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Civilization2016In: The Oxford Handbook of Feminist Theory / [ed] Lisa Disch and Mary Hawkesworth, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, p. 79-99Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses the treatment of civilization as a concept and phenomenon in feminist scholarship from the late 1970s until the present. How have feminist scholars understood and approached civilization and its relation to gender and/or women? In what ways have these interventions contributed to and challenged more mainstream scholarship on civilization, particularly on the West and Islam? The chapter begins with a discussion of feminist treatments of civilizations as bounded sociocultural entities and the role of women and men therein. It then continues with a longer analysis of the alternative feminist understanding of civilizations as discourses that are contextually unfolding. In this understanding, gender and the status of women are implicated in the production as well as challenging of civilizational boundaries and hierarchies. The chapter ends with suggestions for the direction of future research, including a call to more directly engage central civilizations scholarship that is inattentive to gender.

  • 376.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Does Action Speak Louder Than Words? Assessing the ‘Practice Turn’ in IR2011In: Third Global International Studies Conference, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 377.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Effeminate Diplomacy? Femininity as an Alternative to Force in International Affairs.2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 378.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Manning the State: Negotiating Masculinity in the New Norway of 18142014In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 116-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender historians have identified the period around 1800 as a crucial time for transforming elite masculinities in Europe: there were shifts away from ideals of polite gentlemen towards more martial forms of manhood; and this was a transition period away from more fluid notions of masculinity and an emphasis on the mixing of male and female towards a period of upholding stricter binaries between male and female. This article contributes to scholarship on the intersection of masculinities and states by centring on the formation of a new, partially independent Norway around 1814, when the Norwegian constitution was crafted. I use the analysis of Norway as an entry to exploring broader European trends at that time. As this article will show, Norwegian ideals of masculinity suitable for state office are a good illustration of more general interpretations of elite manhood in northern Europe. Norwegian constructions did offer a twist, however, as they idealized the Norwegian elite male as rough, unsophisticated, and natural.

    In contrast with other forms of elite state-bearing European masculinity, which emphasized

    advancement and cultivation, Norwegian masculinity was celebrated for its lack of refinement.

  • 379.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Manning the State: Negotiating Masculinity in the New Norway of 18142012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 380.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Norms and Social Hierarchies: Understanding International Policy Diffusion 'From Below2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 381.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Prestige, Immunity and Diplomats: Understanding Sexual Corruption2015In: Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government / [ed] Carl Dahlström, Lena Wängnerud, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, p. 49-65Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Diplomacy is an institution of prestige and political weight. In a discussion of cabinet rankings, Krook and O'Brien (2011, p. 14) designate foreign affairs as an elite and high-prestige area as it offers individuals the potential for sustained "visibility and significant control over policy." It is also an institution that has traditionally been populated by an elite political class – such as the nobility in Europe – which continues to provide diplomacy with an air of exclusivity. Diplomats thus occupy a position which carries considerable prestige and esteem, often more so than other public positions. Diplomacy is interesting for corruption research in other respects as well. To ensure that diplomacy functions even in situations of international enmity and competition, diplomats need to be shielded from politically motivated persecution and harassment by foreign states. Diplomats thus enjoy privileges of immunity from the host country's laws and are not susceptible to prosecution unless diplomatic privileges are waived, which is very rare. Compared with other political elites analyzed in this volume, diplomats therefore enjoy more unchecked power and less accountability for criminal actions. While perhaps necessary, such protections can obviously be abused, turning immunity into impunity.

  • 382.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sandholtz, Wayne. (2007). Prohibiting plunder: how norms change. New York: Oxford University Press2010In: Perspectives on Politics, ISSN 1537-5927, E-ISSN 1541-0986, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 991-993Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 383.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Inter-American Commission of Women and Women’s Suffrage, 1920-19482010In: Journal of Latin American Studies, ISSN 0022-216X, E-ISSN 1469-767X, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 779-807Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In studies of the international dimensions of women's suffrage, the role of international organisations has been overlooked. This article examines the suffrage activities of the Pan-American Union (PAU), and in particular those of the Inter-American Commission of Women (IACW), between 1920 and 1945. Attentive to historical context, the examination suggests that international organisations can be both bearers of state interests and platforms for social movement interests. The article also argues that while not independent bureaucracies, the PAU and IACW nevertheless had some importance for suffrage that cannot be attributed either to their state members or to the suffragist movements. 

  • 384.
    Towns, Ann
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Women and states: Norms and Hierarchies in International Society2010Book (Other academic)
  • 385.
    Towns, Ann E.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Carrying the load of civilisation: The status of women and challenged hierarchies2014In: Millennium: Journal of International Studies, ISSN 0305-8298, E-ISSN 1477-9021, Vol. 42, no 3, p. 595-613Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores some ways in which the condition of women has been articulated as a standard of civilisation, focusing on articulations by a range of European and non-European political thinkers and political actors in the 19th century and the present, two important periods marked by intense discussions of the status of women and civilisation. In short, the status of women is used by a broad range of actors to draw up civilisational boundaries and to mobilise for action. The standard also functions as an arena of contestation in which alternative visions of a good society are debated. However, whereas the alleged link between sexual equality and "the West" was highly disputed in the 19th century, this claim is much less contested today. The article ends with a discussion of the problematic implications of using the status of women as a standard of civilisation for feminisms around the world. © The Author(s) 2014.

  • 386.
    Towns, Ann E.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Norms and social hierarchies: Understanding international policy diffusion "from below"2012In: International Organization, ISSN 0020-8183, E-ISSN 1531-5088, Vol. 66, no 2, p. 179-209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to rethink the operation of norms in international policy diffusion. Norms do not simply standardize state behaviors, as is conventionally argued; norms also draw on and set up hierarchical social orders among states. Through a conceptual rethinking we gain a better understanding of where-among which states-new policies may first emerge: social hierarchies create incentives for new policies to develop at the margins of international society so that policies may diffuse "from below." We also get a better grasp of how policy advocates frame the appropriateness or benefits of a new state practice: they must frame policy demands in terms of the international standing and rank of the targeted state. This article's empirical aspiration is to use these insights to help account for the international policy diffusion of legal sex quotas, a policy to increase the level of female legislators that developed first among "developing" states rather than among the so-called core of international society. By pointing to the link between norms and social hierarchy, the article helps account for policy diffusion "from below." © 2012 The IO Foundation.

  • 387.
    Towns, Ann E.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, Erika
    Linköping University.
    Eyre, Joshua
    Göteborg University.
    The equality conundrum: Gender and nation in the ideology of the Sweden Democrats2014In: Party Politics, ISSN 1354-0688, E-ISSN 1460-3683, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 237-247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the gender ideology of the parliamentary radical right populist party (RRPP) – the Sweden Democrats. More specifically, the article analyses how the party integrates old nationalist ideas about the importance of traditional gender roles and male superiority for the stability and welfare of the nation with new nationalist ideas about Sweden as the most gender-equal nation in the world. Prior studies suggest that RRPPs have integrated gender equality as a policy measure against multiculturalism and immigration. Our analysis shows this to be true also of the Sweden Democrats. However, unlike prior scholarship, we argue that the integration of gender equality is a tenuous and difficult one, as nationalist ideologies generally rest on ideas of sexual difference and male superiority. While the Sweden Democrats claim to support gender equality in discussions of multiculturalism and immigration, the party is a fierce critic of gender equality in all other contexts.

  • 388.
    Towns, Ann
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Niklasson, Birgitta
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Gender, International Status, and Ambassador Appointments2016In: Foreign Policy Analysis, ISSN 1743-8586, E-ISSN 1743-8594, Vol. 0, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Focusing on ambassador appointments, the aim of this pioneering article is to address some fundamental questions about where men and women are positioned in diplomacy. Most of the gender-related diplomacy studies are limited to individual Ministry of Foreign Affairs and say little about diplomacy as an aggregate set of practices. We draw on theories of gender and positional status to ask whether there are gender patterns in ambassador appointments—with men occupying positions of higher military and economic status than women—much like the ones found in other institutions. Our analyses are based on a unique data set containing almost 7,000 ambassador appointments, made by the fifty highest ranked countries in terms of GDP in 2014. The results show that female ambassadors are less likely to occupy high-status ambassadorships than men. In short, gender patterns, linked to power and status, are present also in ambassador appointments. Diplomacy studies need to do much more to address the presence and impact of gender in international affairs.

  • 389.
    Tsai, Jia-Jiuan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    What Is the Problem Represented to Be?: A Case Study of How China Central Television Network Represents the Problems in the Chinese Two-Child Policy2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2016, the Chinese one-child policy officially ended and was replaced by the two-child policy, which was designed to increase the fertility rate. However, the fertility rate had not increased as the state expected.

    This thesis aims to provide a descriptive analysis of how China Central Television Network (CCTV) represents the problems that the two-child policy seeks to address between 1st January 2017 and 31st March 2019.

    The purview of social constructivism, framing theory, and more precisely, "What's the problem represented to be?" developed by Carol Bacchi (2012), are used to analytically unpack how the news is framed. Within the analytical framework, this study conducts a single-case design with qualitative content analysis to investigate latent meanings in CCTV's news articles.

    This study identifies that the problems in the policy are framed as a population problem (i.e. the low fertility rate, labour shortage, population aging) and an economic problem (i.e. the economic system, structure and development). I further suggest that the "priority of national interests" and "male chauvinism" are assumptions that underpin the representation. Also, that the issues of "discrimination against women" and the "elderly care system" are unproblematised. Additionally, due to the Chinese censorship, it seems difficult to criticise the representation.

  • 390.
    Tyllström, Camilla
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    How do young people understand voting and voter turnout?: A comparative study of Sweden and the United States of America2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe and analyse how young people reason around voting and voter turnout in two different national contexts - Sweden and the United States - and how the reasoning might differ. The material has been gathered in qualitative interviews with students in both countries and ordered according to a typology of four theories, namely rational choice, new institutionalism, social identity and norm theories. Findings indicate that there is much difference in the reasoning between the countries while similarities may be due to them being students of similar ages. In the US, young people reason more according to rational institutionalism, about the system itself and seem to be rather cynical about it while the Swedish youths reason more in terms of institutional norms and seem to be satisfied with the system of voting at large. This thesis develops previous research by adding qualitative findings to hard facts which can be used to understand voters and national contexts more thoroughly.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 391.
    Uca, Xélat
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nerso, Joyce
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    An analysis of the representation of EU immigrants and other immigrants in British Press during the Brexit-referendum period: A comparative study on how EU immigrants and other immigrants were represented by the British press during the Brexit-referendum period2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Media representation has a powerful effect on the opinions and behavior of the public and can affect how different groups are perceived and treated. This research aims to describe and compare how European immigrants and other immigrants are represented in The Times, The Telegraph and The Guardian during the Brexit referendum period. The theoretical part is based on constructivism and representation theory to explore how European immigrants and other immigrants are represented in the British media within the areas of culture, religion and the economy. The research is qualitative and uses articles by The Times, The Telegraph and The Guardian to collect data material; all articles are analyzed between the periods of January the 1th 2016 until the 31th of December 2016. The analysis shows that EU immigrants and other immigrants are portrayed differently, where EU immigrants are mainly represented through economic features, they are portrayed as both a threat and a resource to the economy and labour. While other immigrants are merely represented through cultural and religious aspects, they are mainly represented as dangerous and violent.

  • 392.
    Vinthagen, Stellan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ten theses on why we need a social science panel on climate change2013In: ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies, E-ISSN 1492-9732, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 155-176Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses climate change from a critical social science perspective. Firstly, it is argued that climate change is not, in a fundamental sense, possible to understand from a natural science perspective, but demands an analysis of political power relations and our existing global political economy, capitalism. Therefore, climate change involves questions of global justice. Secondly, it is argued that the contemporary world economy, not only forcefully restructures climate, but also our societies, creating turbulent social strains, and therefore also an emerging global political reaction, one that is potentially giving hope for a solution, transnational justice and climate movements. However, thirdly, it is argued that these movements are not enough since they are still too ineffective to really challenge the basic injustices of global capitalism or its climate change effects. Social change is urgent, while solutions, strategies and mobilizations still seem too weak. Therefore, fourthly and lastly, we need a new kind of climate change panel, one that combines the theoretical-analytical skills of critical social scientists and the practical knowledge and organizational skills of movement intellectuals. A "Social Science Panel on Climate Change" is suggested in order to develop effective and realistic options and strategies.

  • 393.
    Volarić, Iris
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    European Solidarity Corps: Learning Through Practice?: A Case Study2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to assess and analyze European Solidarity Corps (ESC) program implementation in terms of learning and relation to Work Integrated Learning (WIL) programs. More specifically, two research questions outlined in this thesis are (1) How do guidelines (theory) manifest in real-life examples (practice) of ESC projects conducted in Zagreb, Croatia? and (2) How do ESC projects conducted in Zagreb, Croatia, reflect and encompass WIL concepts? The theoretical framework of this exploratory case study was designed by combining aspects of ESC guidelines, WIL, and experiential learning theory in order to explore WIL as the phenomenon in focus in the implementation of ESC in Zagreb. Data was collected by conducting semi-structured interviews with nineteen participants for the purposes of this research, to be more precise, eight volunteers and eleven hosts. Deductive content analysis was performed in order to analyze the findings. Results indicate that prescribed guidelines are mainly implemented in this case, but that can be a result of particular characteristics such as their vagueness and openness to various interpretations. Furthermore, although both programs aim to increase participants’ employability, they do not share the same approach. While WIL programs combine professional and academic aspects primarily, ESC focuses on personal and professional features.

  • 394.
    Warsame, Asha
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Mohamed, Suweyda
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Motive Behind Remittance in Diaspora Community: A comparative study of the difference in remittal motives in first and second-generation Somali diaspora in Sweden.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to explore the motives of remittance regarding the Somali-Diaspora in Sweden, and the contrast of remittance motives across two generations. The research is a qualitative comparative small N-case study conducted in Gothenburg and data is obtained through focus groups using a semi-structured interview. Theories and concepts such as ‘Motive of Remittance Theory’ and Diaspora Concept serve to explain the reasoning behind the action of remittance from the perspective of the remitters, whilst acknowledging an interplay of generational identity and motives. The research shows that a visible contrast in motives exists across the two research groups. The first-generation respondents were more likely to have Altruistic motives while practicing remittance, however, the second-generation respondents were more prone to motives of Community Investment and minor Self- Interest motives compared to their predecessors.

  • 395.
    Washington, Johanna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Online abuse in the political realm: A comparative study of abusive Tweets against German MPs2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Online abuse is a phenomenon that has been widely studied in the context of individuals and activists. Very little scholarly attention has been paid to its occurrence among politicians, even though the implications online abuse has – especially the silencing of their online voices – are possibly very similar.

    The aim of this thesis was to contribute to filling the gap in research about online abuse against politicians. To this end, I raise four hypotheses concerning ideology and Virtual Manhood Acts. To test these hypotheses, I collect about 500000 tweets and classify them using a combination of word embeddings and manual coding.

    The results show that about 3.4% of all received tweets are abusive. It is present among all ideologies and genders, with a slightly higher probability to receive abusive tweets for male politicians on the left and politicians with a very traditional, authoritarian ideology.

  • 396.
    Wenander, Ellinor
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Sandberg, Madeleine
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Framing of Covid-19 vaccine mandate by liberal and conservative media in the U.S.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe how two different media outlets MSNBC and Fox News, frame the controversy on mandatory vaccination for Covid-19 with opinion articles. This study will further examine if their description of the debate corresponds with their two different ideological beliefs. MSNBC lean more towards the liberal ideology, with an emphasis on equality, although Fox News corresponds more to the conservative ideology, and focus more on freedom. The theoretical approaches in this thesis derives from social constructivism and framing theory. Further, with the use of the “what is the problem represented to be” (WPR) approach, we addressed two frames from previous literature. These themes, public health as an equality issue and public health as a freedom issue, combined with the three selected WPR question created our analytical framework. We constructed a small-N case study that was analysed through a qualitative content analysis. The findings of this study demonstrate how MSNBC frames vaccine mandates as a good solution for saving lives and adopts the equality aspect and the common good to not harm other individuals. Fox News, on the other hand, frames the vaccine mandate as not the solution to end the pandemic since freedom to choose is their main standpoint. While we found that the two media’s arguments roughly correspond with their ideological focus on the concepts of freedom and equality, the data also demonstrates that the politicisation of these medias are apparent, and they stretch ideological concepts and even science to make it fit their ideological positions. 

  • 397.
    Yemane, Yoel
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    The Ethiopian conflict in the eyes of the media: Case study: How Al-Jazeera news agency represents and frame the Tigray war of 20202022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today's world, mass media plays a key role in shaping public opinion and influencing foreign policies of states. Global news agencies have become powerful entities in this aspect; not only by reporting but also by the way they represent and frame events such as conflict situations and wars. They have the potential to create or construct the understanding of the spectator, by the way they represent events of significance. Representation, which is done through the use of language, can be considered as the production of the meaning in the minds of the spectators, while news framing is used by the media to place the facts inside a frame that provides clarity and consistency to the news.This thesis attempted to analyse how Al-Jazeera English news site represented the on-going Tigray war in Ethiopia. A qualitative approach was adopted in achieving the overall research objective, whereas 46 news reports published within one month since the outbreak of the war were subjected to discourse analysis. In addition, six news reports that were published exactlyone year after its commencement were analysed to explore whether there is any difference inAl-Jazeera’s representation on the Tigray war.From the beginning and even after one year, Al-Jazeera defines the problem within two frames; i) a political conflict between two groups followed by military confrontation, and ii) human interest associated with the problem or the humanitarian consequences of the problem. The major cause for the problem or the Tigray war is represented as political disputes between Ethiopia’s federal government and Tigray’s regional government. The moral judgment of the war is conveyed by way of a covert ‘blame judgement’ directed at the Prime Minister and the leader of the federal government. From the beginning and even one year after, Al-Jazeera has strongly represented dialogue and negotiation as the solution to the problem. The need for a third-party intervention in peace making has been represented throughout. 

  • 398.
    Yilin, Jiang
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Shihua, Liu
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Fueling the Dragon’s Power: China’s oil trade through a lens of International politics2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is focus on China’s activities/policies in oil trade and security for keeping its own development. In this study, we try to analyze China’s activities and policies in oil trading through liberalism and realism, and to show out how China acted in global market related to oil consumption, production and trade in order to satisfy China’s oil requirements. In international political theories, the concept of realism and liberalism are almost completely opposite. The cases of activities and relevant data which we selected with China on oil trade are picked and analyzed by historical analysis and quantitative researches. That can ensure the credibility, applicability and correctness of data. After analysis, the findings show that Chinese central government guide by realism more than liberalism when it process the issues with oil trade. China considers from the perspective of their own interests and focus on how to maximize their own interest. From the surface, the partners of China also received interests, but the main target of China is ensure the security of the oil, and maintain the stability of the domestic energy consumption.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Fueling the Dragon’s Power
  • 399.
    Ylijärvi, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Djebbar, Louisa
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Tourism – Fair enough?: Evaluating empowerment and the implementation of FTTSA principles in hotels, in Cape Town2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor's thesis tries to find out the most significant differences between Fair Trade Tourism (FTT) -hotels and conventional hotels in Cape Town, through a descriptive comparative study, done with semi-structured interviews. More in detail, the study finds out do the principles of Fair Trade Tourism in South Africa (FTTSA), implemented by the FTT hotels, provide the wanted outcomes, and how do these outcomes empower the staff working in the hotels. The same perspective is used on the conventional hotels in terms of the principles, to see the significance of difference. This research uses a qualitative method, and applies the theories of policy implementation and empowerment to analyze the results. The analysis is done as a content analysis based on the results gained from the interviews. The content analysis discloses, that even though the FTT hotels did not completely follow all the principles of FTTSA, nor produced the exact wanted outcomes, they offered the best well-being for the employees. The well-being again, on many levels, was able to cause empowerment for the staff. In addition, what is revealed from the analysis is that the information and knowledge were often unbalanced between the management and the employees. Due to this, it could be concluded that the flow of communication is asymmetric at the hotels. For FTTSA -principles and FTT labels to be more politically relevant and significant, they should be implemented on a larger scale.

  • 400.
    Younis, Sara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Medborgardeltagande i Vänersborgs kommun: En kvalitativ fallstudie om demokratiskt deltagande och transformativ lärande i ett gemensamt förändringsarbete2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats har genomförts inom ramen för arbetsintegrerat lärande med inriktning på politiska studier vid Högskolan Väst. Syftet med uppsatsen är att genomföra en kvalitativ fallstudie om hur Vänersborgs kommun har arbetat med medborgardeltagande under perioden september 2021-februari2022. För att uppnå syftet med uppsatsen ställs följande frågeställningar: Hur har Vänersborgs kommun arbetat med medborgardeltagande under perioden september 2021-februari 2022? Vilka utmaningar och möjligheter upplever tjänstepersoner och invånare med medborgardeltagandet? Hur vällever medborgardeltagandet i Vänersborgs kommun upp till idealen inkludering, delaktighet och transparens? Vilka förutsättningar för transformativ lärande har DELMOS-projektet bidragit med? Uppsatsen svarar på frågeställningarna utifrån Graham Smiths institutionella demokratiteori och Jack Mezirows teori om transformativ lärande. Genom observationer och intervjuer med nyckelpersoner inom kommunen, polisen och invånare i kommunen bidrar denna kvalitativa fallstudie till ökad förståelse om potential och förutsättningar, samt utmaningar och möjligheter med att inkludera ett invånarperspektiv i en kommunal beslutsprocess. Resultaten tyder på att kommunen har arbetat med medborgardeltagande i projektform. Både nyckelpersonerna inom kommunen och polisen, samt invånarna upplever medborgardeltagandet som en möjlighet för att samverka kring gemensamma samhällsfrågor men att det är en utmaning att få fler invånare att vara med, samt att kommunikationen behöver förbättras. Resultaten tyder även på att DELMOS-projektet har bidragit med förutsättningar och lärdomar för främjandet av transformativ lärande.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
56789 351 - 400 of 410
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf