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  • 3501.
    Zhou, Xudong
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Chinese Coffee Market Forecast2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the "2018 China coffee industry insight report", Chinese annual per capita consumption of coffee in 2017 is only 0.03 kg, which is far lower than the EU (5.6 kg per people) and the U.S. (4.6 kg per people) and the global average (1.25 kg per people), coffee consumption in China is still in the initial stage. With the continuous development of the national economy, there is an unlimited space for the development of the "coffee economy".

    If every Chinese drink a cup of coffee every day, the benefit for coffee bean market alone will reach 50 billion US dollars every year, and the entire industry chain will generate hundreds of billions of dollars. It can be predicted that China will become the world's largest coffee consumer. It seems like a good chance to develop "coffee economy" in China, but does the coffee market really have a bright future?

  • 3502.
    Zhu, Kaina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Cai, Qihua
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Representations of Chinese People in Hollywood Martial Arts films2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to analyze the stereotypical images of Chinese people and how these have changed between the late 1960s and late 1990s in Hollywood martial arts films. There is much literature about the stereotypical images of Chinese people in certain time periods, however, among the existing scholarship so far few have investigated changes in the time period we analyze. This thesis uses social constructivism and representation as main theories and combines these with the central concept of racialization and stereotypes. Moreover, this thesis is constructed as comparative design tha applies qualitative discourse analysis in order to analyze the stereotypical images of Chinese people. We analyze the characteristics of Chinese characters and relationships between Chinese and American characters in three Hollywood martial arts films. The findings show that the images of Chinese people change over time, from an earlier negative image to a subequent positive image. The Chinese characters also gradully become leading parts and take more and more place in Hollywood martial arts films. Our thesis contributes to the existing literature on stereotypes and films research.

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    fulltext
  • 3503.
    Zhuang, Aofeng
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Huang, Kai
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Exchange Rate Risk Management at Chinese Small- and Medium-Size Enterprises2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this thesis concerns how Chinese SMEs manage foreign exchange risk. Since the financial reform in 2005, China has adopted the managed floating foreign exchange system and Chinese companies have to face the risk bought by exchange rate. Chinese companies have realized the damage and loss, which is caused by foreign exchange exposure and it, is more essential for Chinese companies to build risk management for identifying, assessing and responding to foreign exchange risk. In general, there are financial hedging tools when companies respond to foreign exchange risk, such as forward hedging, option hedging and so on, and operating hedging tools can be potential options for Chinese SMEs to use. Compared to the large companies, Chinese SMEs have few resource and ability to build their risk management and few channels and tools to deal with foreign exchange risk and diminish the loss. There are researches that have been done on how SMEs deal with foreign exchange and the hedging tools these SMEs use. But only few research relates to Chinese companies and even few research talks about Chinese SMEs and how they conduct risk management and what tools they have. The purpose is to fill in this blank.

    This research adopts qualitative research strategy and is based on the interview with owner or financial managers of Chinese SMEs. Authors adopt a qualitative case study to collect empirical evidence and invite five interviewees for data collection. These Interviewees are CEO or financial managers of Chinese SMEs.

    Through the research, authors find the appreciation of Chinese Yuan (CNY) is the main threat to Chinese SMEs. Although most of Chinese SMEs have realized the foreign exchange exposure, only part of Chinese SMEs has risk management towards the risk. Most Chinese SMEs use operating hedging tools to deal with transaction exposure and economic exposure. But only part of Chinese SMEs can use financial hedging tools to handle transaction exposure because they have resources and ability to use these tools. In the other hand, forward hedging is chosen by most Chinese SMEs and the banks which have permission from government to offer forward service are the only channel for Chinese SMEs to use forward hedging tool. Lack of knowledge, resources and capability is main challenge for Chinese SMEs in forecasting future exchange rate, building risk management and conducting risk response to foreign exchange exposure.

  • 3504.
    Ziegler, Jessica
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Is there an EMU effect on trade inside the Eurozone?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A major economic reason for the development towards Economic and Monetary union of European union (EMU) was the extensive view that it would enhance trade between the member countries. The aim of this paper is to estimate if there is an EMU effect on trade for the countries inside the Eurozone, and in addition look how trade is affected between EMU members and countries outside the currency union. A panel data set has been used, covering bilateral trade from 10 developed countries, for the years 1995 to 2013. The regression is run on two different groups, one including all OECD countries in the sample, and one using data from only the European Union countries in the sample. I estimated that the adoption of the Euro inside the Eurozone has increased trade between 16 and 17,5 percent. Furthermore, i found that trade from Eurozone to outside countries has increased between 9,4 to 21 percent. After implemented yearly dummy variables for the Eurozone it can be detected that the EMU effect on trade has increased over time, from 10,3 percent in 1999 to 29 percent in 2013.

  • 3505.
    Zinkia, Cornelius
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Perception of Racism and Experiences of Racial Discrimination against Black immigrants in Sweden.: Case Study: Cameroonians in Gothenburg2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is one of Europe's fastest growing multiethnic countries because of high immigration rate (Runblom, 1994; Tawat, 2019). Many Africans over the last few decades have moved to Sweden for a better life. In a bid to live and feel like regular inhabitants within the new society, these immigrants face challenges, including various types of discriminations (Pettigrew and Meertens, 1995; Reskin, 2012; Wamala, Boström and Nyqvist, 2007). The main aim of the thesis is to study how Cameroonians immigrants in Gothenburg experience racism, and to what extent the racist actions and prejudices they experience are related to visual difference. Cameroonians that I have interviewed are "black," and as my study shows, it is in part due to this shared visual attribute that they say that they have experienced racism. Previous researches have explored racism and Afrophobia in Sweden but have not identified different forms of racisms according to Mile's and Blank's (2003) categorizations in regard to black immigrants in Sweden (Rex, 1983; Hübinette and Tigervall, 2009; Hansson, Näslund and Rasmussen, 2010). Using Miles' concept of racialization (Miles and Brown, 2003) and theories for measuring racial discrimination by Blank (2004), I identify different forms of racial discrimination as experienced by this group.

  • 3506.
    Zivanovic, Nikola
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Tran, Sara
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Ledarstilar: en studie om vilken ledarstil som är mest optimal enligt medarbetarna2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study's purpose was to examine which leadership style that is the most optimal according to the employees, and examine if any of the existing line managers in the investigated company possesses the characteristics that the most optimal leadership style is based on. The study is important, in particular for the investigated company, but also for other companies and their executives for the reason that the results from the study could help and pay attention to employees needs and to listen to what they want out of their line managers. This can counteract conflicts and reduce the number of employees that are unhappy with their line managers.

    Our empirical data is based on a qualitative study where we have held interviews with the three line managers and five employees in order to get opinion and thoughts about the line managers and their leadership styles. We have also done an observation of the line managers before the interviews to pick up important information and create a reasonably image of the situation for when the respondents answered our questions.

    The study has resulted in one line managers having the characteristics of a transactional leadership style while the other two had the characteristics of a transformational leadership style which also was the most optimal leadership style according to the employees.

  • 3507.
    Zubonja, Filip
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Predictive ability of FX-rates, during the COVID-19 pandemic, using GARCH-models.2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the beginning of 2020, the world was struck by a new disease called the Coronavirus (COVID-19), which later on was declared a pandemic. As the pandemic caused more and more infections and casualties as an effect currency, stock markets, and various other assets depreciated. Previous research has made it clear that cases and deaths related to the disease have a significant impact on both returns and volatility of FX rates. Although, there is a lack of research that just takes pandemic-related data into account, with research focusing on monetary variables such as interest rates and inflation. The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether cases and deaths in Sweden related to the disease can be used as a forecasting tool for the return and volatility of FX rates. Furthermore, the FX rates have all had the Swedish krona (SEK) in relation to other currencies as the focal point since there is a lack of research regarding the SEK. The study investigates 545 daily observations of nine bilateral nominal FX rates plus cases and deaths in Sweden related to COVID-19, with the time period ranging from March 2, 2020, to March 31, 2022. The study adopts a GARCH (1,1) and GARCH (5,5) model where, in the first model, cases and deaths are lagged one period to see the one-day ahead forecasting accuracy. The model is then repeated but cases and deaths are lagged five periods to see the five-day ahead forecasting accuracy. The results from the empirical work find that, when deaths are lagged in five periods, the forecasting ability is superior to that of cases and deaths when only lagged one period. For deaths lagged five periods, there is a significant forecasting ability for the variance of SEK/BRL, SEK/GBP, and SEK/JPY. There is also a significant forecasting ability for the return of SEK/BRL when deaths are lagged for five periods. For cases that lagged one period, there is only a significant forecasting ability for the variance of SEK/USD.

  • 3508.
    Zubonja, Filip
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nilsson, Gabriel
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Bitcoin: En diversifiering mot S&P500?2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In line with digitalization and dissatisfaction with the financial system in 2008, new types of currencies have been introduced, cryptocurrencies. The most widely recognized, Bitcoin (BTC). According to previous research, Bitcoin is not defined as it was intended to function as, a currency. Instead, Bitcoin has been considered a speculative investment due to extreme volatility and is defined as an asset rather than a currency. The purpose of this paper is to find out if Bitcoin can be used as a diversifier against the US stock index Standard & Poor's (S&P500). This study examines the time frame January 1, 2018, to March 31, 2021, investigating optimal weights of the respective assets in the portfolio. A simulation of the weights of each asset against each other is made by applying the mean variance optimization model combined with a trial and error process with the risk adjusted return excluded. By applying the model it gave optimal weights for Bitcoin and S&P500. To minimize standard deviation of the portfolio and overperforming S&P500 a weight distribution should consist of 8,48% Bitcoin and S&P500 91,52% Bitcoin. The weighting of a portfolio that maximizes Sharpe Quota and the risk-adjusted return apart from the risk-free interest rate should consist of 31,50% Bitcoin and 68,50% S&P500. The results of the study show that Bitcoin can be used as a diversifier against the S&P500. 

  • 3509.
    Åberg, Linnea
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Winman, Thomas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The arguing processes of developing standards: to win hearts and minds of the users2016In: Nordic ISCAR 7th conference: A Nordic Perspective on the Cultural and the Activity Approach in Theory and Practice, 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3510.
    Åberg, Ludvig
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Branka, Matteus
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Hur prestationsmätning används: En kvalitativ studie om svenska kommuner2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Performance measurement in Swedish municipalities is a common occurrence. This essay is about how performance measurement is used in a Swedish context and how organizations can begin using performance measurement directly. To explain performance measurement use we chose four categories of use: Performance measurement use for evaluation, control, motivation, and learning. There are examples of the use of performance measurement from qualitative case studies seven Swedish municipalities in our essay. The study's findings are that there is a connection between using performance measurement for learning and motivation and found a lack of use of performance measurement for controlling purposes. Furthermore, we found that employees and analysis played an important part in the process of beginning to use performance measurement.

  • 3511.
    Åberg, Ulf
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Är gammal alltid äldst?: En jämförelse mellan yngre och äldre ledares ledarstil2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jag har i denna rapport studerat om det finns några skillnader mellan olika ledare beroende på deras ålder. Jag delade in respondenterna i tre olika ålderskategorier (unga, mellangamla, och gamla) och har sedan jämfört dessa kategorier med varandra. Som utgångspunkt beskrev jag hur vetenskaplig litteratur redogör för olika ledaregenskaper och olika ledarstilar. Som inledning förklarade jag skillnaden mellan chefskap och ledarskap, detta eftersom dessa begrepp lätt kan förväxlas. Chefskap innebär att man har fokus på att lösa uppgiften, och med ledarskap så har man även fokus på att utveckla medarbetarna, samt att dessa skall må bra och trivas på jobbet. I den valda litteratur redogjordes det för olika definitioner om vad ledarskap egentligen är, jag fann dock en tydlig röd tråd i de olika definitionerna och det var att ledarskap är en kombination av hur man löser uppgiften och vilken relation man som ledare har till sina anställda. Min utgångspunkt var att olika ledarstilar innebär hur kombinationen uppgiftsfokusering och relationen till anställda hanteras. Utifrån detta definierade jag fem olika huvudstilar som hanterar kombinationen uppgift/relation på olika sätt. När jag jämförde de olika ledarstilarna kom jag fram till att unga ledarna har mindre fokus på uppgiften jämfört med gamla ledarna, hos de mellangamla ledarna fanns det inget tydligt mönster. De unga ledarna hade någorlunda liknande ledarstil, en ledarstil med spår av en osäkerhet på vad man skall lägga fokus på. De mellangamla ledarna skiljde sig åt väldigt mycket, men hade till skillnad från de unga ledarna fokus på något område. De gamla ledarna liknade varandra och hade en fokusering som låg mest på uppgiften. När jag studerade olika ledaregenskaper var det tydligt att de unga ledarna jämfört med de gamla ledarna litade mer på sina anställda och lät dem agera mer fritt. Detta samtidigt som de utgick ifrån att medarbetarna skulle säga ifrån om de fick problem. Detta ligger i linje med att unga ledare har mindre fokus på uppgiften. Ytterligare skillnader var att unga ledare agerar mer kortsiktigt. De kommer också att lyssna mer på sina anställda innan de fattar beslut.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 3512.
    Åhagen, Marcus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nilsson, Johan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gendered Rhetoric in the UN General Assembly?: The Rhetorical Styles of Male and Female Representatives of Sweden and the United States2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last few decades the academic re-gendering has reached the field of rhetorical discourse and differences of speech and rhetoric has been determined. Another gender shift has occurred during the last few decades in the appointments of foreign policy representatives, from being one of the last patriarchal strongholds the change towards equality has been remarkably swift. However, the norms of masculinity and formality within the sphere of foreign policy are still persistent. The first aim of this thesis was to determine if the rhetorical style of men and women differed even in a context heavily laden with norms, such as the UNGA. The secondary aim is based upon the concept of masculinity and femininity in culture, to determine if the gender of culture influenced the speaker’s rhetorical style, even in the UNGA. This thesis generates its own theoretical framework from the works of rhetoric and linguistics to separate masculine and feminine rhetorical style. The method used is a qualitative textual analyze applied to transcribed speeches held by Swedish and U.S. representatives in UNGA. The analysis proved that there is a difference in rhetorical style between genders and culture, even in a context such as the UNGA, but only a small one.

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    Gendered Rhetoric in the UN General Assembly
  • 3513.
    Åkerström, Alice
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Wijk, Victoria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Konsulters känsla av motivation och integrering i samarbete med kundföretag2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today's society, there is more and more talk about making use of human resources. Employment in today's labor market varies and an emerging type of employment is the time-limited one. Within the flexible form of employment, the consulting industry corresponds to a large proportion and is also seen as a knowledge-intensive professional area that is of great importance for organizations and society to take advantage of. The responsibilities for consultants work environment tends to end up between the client and consulting companies. The phenomena of motivation and integration is important for individuals to feel good about theme self and perform their maximum. This has made it important to examine what the consultants themselves feel is important for their feeling of motivation and integration in collaboration with the client companies.

    The purpose ofour study is therefore to investigate consultants sense of motivation and integration in collaboration with client companies, with the research questions: what is important for a feeling of motivation and what is important for a feeling of integration. Previous research results highlight the distinctive dual organizational affiliation that becomes a fact formany consultants, where studies further conclude that the inner motivation that affects consultants in knowledge-intensive work environments to a greater extent needs to betaken into account. The integration of consultants in client companies is important for cooperation between consultants and client companies to show good results. Theoretical point of departure for our study is based on the motivation theory Self-determination theory (SDT) where integration affects the feeling of belonging which is one of the three main factors to consider for perceived inner motivation, together with autonomy and competence. The approach to the study is a qualitative study of semi-structured interviews with eight resource consultants, employed by the same consulting company. The results show that the consultants feel competent and self-directed, but the factor belonging is at least contented on the basis of what is described as important for internal motivation. The respondents feel that they need to accept a certain exclusion in the client company, but they wish to be more integrated. Our analysis shows that the client company can do more to integrate consultants. This will not only give consequences for the consultant but for the collaboration, its results and in the long run the company's profitability. Conclusions that can be drawn are that it is the action of customer companies, management and their ability to look at the consultant as an important resource for the business that affects the consultants experience of motivation and integration.

  • 3514.
    Åkerström, Erik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Hjerling, Sanna
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Att skapa ett attraktivt köpcenter: En studie av Tanum köpcenter2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2014, Tanumshede in Sweden will open a new shopping center in form of Tanum Shoppingcenter. The center will have more than 65 stores and a business idea about being a new and modern shopping centre that offers customers a pleasurable shopping. However, establishing a new shopping center on the market is a rough challenge, a trial that has caused the downfall for several shopping centers. Due to this issue, the aim of the study and the research question has been to examine which factors are important for Tanum Shoppingcenter if they want to be an attractive place for the customers.

    To achieve the aim of the study and respond the research question, we have chosen to make a qualitative interview with Magne Andersen, project manager and future center manager for Tanum Shoppingcenter. A quantitative survey with ten questions has also been done to achieve the aim of the study. In this study has also theories been presented by a variety of authors to answer the research question and the aim of the study.

    The study revealed that key factors for Tanum Shoppingcenter to be considered as an attractive place will be to have an attractive location with a lot of attractive stores, restaurants and events. Tanum Shoppingcenter also has to understand their customers' needs and their competitors' strengths, weaknesses, threats and opportunities if they want to be considered as an attractive place for the customer to visit. Finally, Tanum Shoppingcenter needs to create a good partnership with other interested actors and be ready for future challenges to be considered as an attractive place on the market

  • 3515.
    Åkesson, Ellen
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Klevensparr, Viktoria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    'Race to the Bottom': A Case Study of Sweden's Corporate Tax Policies2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe the justification by the government for lowering the corporate tax rate in Sweden. The lowering of corporate tax is an accurate issue since it is currently a policy that is being debated in the majority of market economies due to its importance of affecting a state's income.

    To be able to study how the governments have justified the taxation rate, the study is looking at the two major ideologies in Sweden from 1980 to 2018. The left-wing bloc and the right-wing bloc and its respective ideological concepts which sets the analytical framework for the analysis. The thesis concentrates on literature regarding Swedish policy traditions and corporate tax where our contribution is a combination of these two fields of study where the aim is to describe how the government justify the corporate tax. The description is focusing on government propositions from 1980-2018, combined with research from The National Institute of Economic Research.

    The study shows mainly supporting arguments for the reduction of corporate tax in the derived concepts of deregulation, decommodification and globalisation. The thesis concludes that the main arguments for a tax reduction are mainly impacts from other states reducing theirs. The thesis draws on the conclusion that impact from globalisation creates arguments, that to remain competitive, and attract companies and investments, a lower tax in comparison to other states is preferable.

    Hence, in this study, the analytical framework used to analyse the empirical data has resulted in a conclusion that the defined concepts of neoliberalism such as, deregulation, free trade and globalisation mainly describes government's justification of a corporate tax cut.

  • 3516.
    Åkesson, Ingela
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Organisatoriskt lärande i ett privat utbildningsföretag: En fallstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational learning or knowledge transfers in organizations is a large and wide subject, where there is much to read and acquire theory from. Many studies are also being carried out in this area to find keys to how knowledge transfer occurs. The concept of learning organization has grown in popularity over the years, owing to Peter Senge's theories in the book 'The fifth discipline - the art of the Learning Organization', which is considered to be a pillar of the subject.   The purpose of this paper is to see how the learning processes express themselves in an organization linked to five themes from the theory of learning organizations. These are; leadership, communication, reflection, teamwork, and organizational culture. Thus, the case study examines the organization's method of transfer of knowledge linked to selected themes.   The organization being investigated is a jointly-owned small education company in Stockholm. It has a flat organizational structure. The company proves to work with knowledge transfer in many different ways without directly saying that there is something that is an end of purpose or an end in itself. In the way that the company is organized and operated, a transfer of knowledge largely results in the work being done in small teams that are assembled based on the task. These teams are constantly changing. When a project is completed, the grouping is dissolved where its participants form new groupings based on the next project. The study also identifies that organizational culture has "high ceilings" and "freedom under responsibility" as paroles. The conclusion of the essay is, among other things, that the transfer of knowledge takes place in the daily work of the various factors that build a process and where people interact to achieve the best possible results to make the process efficient and create value. Working together as closely as possible and organizing work in teams that look different depending on the task for the moment, facilitates the dissemination of skills and knowledge transfer.

  • 3517.
    Åkesson McGeouch, Oliver
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Öhrström, Amanda
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Små och medelstora företags syn på hållbarhetsredovisning och uppfattning av dess kärnbegrepp: En kvalitativ studie inför införandet av CSRD2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union wants to standardize sustainability reporting with the implementation of the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD). Once again, more and more enterprises will be subject to the mandatory requirements to disclose sustainability information – which may pose a challenge for less experienced small and medium sized enterprises. This study examines the perception of small and medium sized enterprises on sustainability reporting and its foundational concepts; namely environmental, social and governance (ESG) and materiality. The study was conducted on six individual companies and seven interviewees in total. The study concludes that there exists an overwhelmingly positive perception of sustainability reporting amongst the studied enterprises. However, there were signs that the studied companies were deficient in certain aspects. For example, all enterprises experienced difficulties in identifying aspects of their business that could be linked with governance sustainability. Similar results were discovered on the materiality topic. All enterprises had difficulties in understanding the term ‘materiality’. The study concludes that, despite the difficulty understanding materiality, the studied enterprises showed signs of being efficient in identifying material sustainability topics.

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    fulltext
  • 3518.
    Årvik, Carin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Gig-ekonomi och gig-arbete: Digitalisering förändrar och utvecklar arbetsmarknaden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to create knowledge and understanding of what the gigeconomy means and what it has for the consequences for both those who do work (gigworkers) and those who need manpower (hiring companies/clients).

    The background to what Called gig-economy or platform economy is the technology development that led to the work today can be performed by anyone, anywhere, provided that access exists to digital tools. It creates the conditions for working digitally in a completely different way than before and the work is conveyed via platform companies, which in turn does not take any active part in the assignments that are conveyed.

    After an initial review of the legal prerequisites and the regulation relating to gig-work, a review of the consequences of current research in the field follows the effects of the gig economy. This mapping concerns the impact on a general plan for those who take gig work but also for the companies, clients, who take the help of gig-workers.

    The subject of the empirical study carried out via Semi structured qualitative interviews has been to hear the various actors, a total of ten, who act in the Swedish labour market, which includes employee organisations, Employers ' organizations, those who take gig missions, those who hire gig-workers, a platform company and a couple of other close stakeholders.

    The purpose of interviewing these has been to capture their experiences and experiences to highlight the consequences that previous research has shown in a Swedish perspective. The study mainly gives the perspective of the gig-workers with specialist expertise, although the issues in general are about consequences generally for gig-workers.

    The study has partly confirmed both the advantages and disadvantages of gig work, but also highlighted the issues from a Swedish perspective which, depending on the community structure and regulation, can differ significantly from other countries with other conditions in Labour market. What the gig-workers mainly appreciate with gig-work is the flexibility and the main disadvantage is the uncertainty of the influx of upcoming assignments. For clients, cost control is a prominent factor in choosing to hire a gig worker instead of hiring permanent staff. To the disadvantages of the clients is that they risk losing competence internally and possible challenges for the leadership.

    Overall, one of the conclusions is that gig-work is generally positive for both gig-workers, for those with specialist skills, and for the clients. The big losers are consultancy and consultancy brokers who risk becoming redundant in a market where platform companies can convey assignments in a more transparent way, which is beneficial for both gig-workers and clients.

  • 3519.
    Åsbrink, Johan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Publicering – det åttonde p:et i marknadsföringsmixen?: En litteraturstudie om visuell företagsidentitet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to draw attention to corporate visual identity; partly by mapping the field for future research – what we know and need to know – but also by providing theoretical and practical implications for professional practice. Managing corporate visual identity systems – containing guidelines for the use of name, symbol, logotype, fonts, colour and slogan – is namely a neglected research area in literature on communication and PR. This even though our western society is becoming more and more visually oriented with companies constantly competing for our attention. The paper takes the form of a literature review and begins with introducing theories on corporate visual identity, focusing on T.C. Melewar’s and John Saunders’ advocacy of its management as the eighth p "publications" in an extended marketing mix. After that, the process behind the systematic selection of empirical studies is rendered, which later is used to review the theories and investigate the arguments supporting Melewar’s and Saunders’ statement.

    The result of the study confirms that corporate visual identity includes elements beyond the traditional marketing mix and that organizations see benefits in moving past these to express other forms of visual communication. In addition to buildings, vehicles and clothing, smaller elements such as stationery and forms are also considered to be effective ways of projecting their visual identity. A consistent corporate visual identity is in turn attested to have a positive impact on a variety of things, including consumers, employees, corporate image, reputation, sales, recruitment and performance. To titulate the management of corporate visual identity systems as the eighth p "publications" in an extended marketing mix therefore feels in order.

  • 3520.
    Åström, Elin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Josefsson, Madeleine
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Will target company's shareholders experience abnormal returns in the short-run due to an announcement of a M&A?2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How will shareholders of a target company react to a M&A? In this study, the aim was to analyze the impact of an announcement of a merger or an acquisition in the pharmaceutical sector. This sector is special since it is high cost including research, development, and patent. Moreover, the industry has a big role when it comes to how important it is to manufacture a vaccine and bring to the market. Which is currently an important topic during the ongoing pandemic of covid-19. Mergers and acquisitions are mechanisms for companies to obtain more control and achieve success.

    This report examined the short-term effect on share prices due to announcements of mergers and acquisitions during 2019-2020 of 14 companies. The method used is the market model and event study approach where abnormal returns are determined for each company for the event window (-7, +20). The results showed that all target companies achieved positive abnormal returns after the announcement day. The effect lasted the entire event period for all companies but one. The report concluded that positive abnormal returns are present in the short run for the pharmaceutical industry in 2019-2020. 

  • 3521.
    Óskarsdóttir, María
    et al.
    Reykjavik University (ISL).
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    Reykjavik University (ISL).
    Willermark, Sara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Deeva, Galina
    KU Leuven (BEL).
    Introduction to the Minitrack on Learning Analytics at HICCS 20222022In: Proceedings of the 55th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences / [ed] Tung X. Bui, IEEE Computer Society , 2022, Vol. 2022, p. 1726-1727Conference paper (Refereed)
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  • 3522.
    Öman, Anne
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied IT.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Similar products different processes: Exploring the orchestration of digital resources in a primary school project2014In: Computers and education, ISSN 0360-1315, E-ISSN 1873-782X, Vol. 81, p. 247-258Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, teachers and pupils are interacting with digital devices during different types of activities in theclassroom context. During such activities, dialogic interaction has a particular value as a pedagogicalpractice that helps to develop pupils' understanding. This study has explored the question: In what waysdo digital resources support dialogic and synergistic interaction?In order to explore primary schoolpupils' interaction within group activity and how they make use of the features of the laptops, theempirical material was collected through video recordings and further analysed with the interactivityanalysis framework (IAF) developed by Beauchamp and Kennewell (2010). The findings show thatalthough the products produced by the different groups of pupils were similar in a technological way (i.e.the pupils used the same modes of expression), the patterns of interaction during the group processesvaried. Two out of six groups used the digital resource as an 'object of interaction', where the tool had amore passive role during the group collaboration. The other four groups used the ICT resource as a 'toolfor interaction', where the resource became more of an interaction partner during the meaning-makingprocesses, which opened up opportunities for learning. The findings also indicate that the interplay inthese four groups between the group members and the laptop features seems to have developed thepupils' understanding of ICT resources as well as their understanding of the subject content during thegroup work. Synergistic interaction with ICT was rather rare but was observed in one of the groups

  • 3523.
    Örneborg, Inez
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Hernheimer, Cornelia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Vilka faktorer påverkar byggandet av seniorbostäder i Göteborg?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the elderly population growth during the last few years, the supply of housing has not grown at the same rate. This study has examined the main factors that affect the construction of senior housing in Gothenburg. Four variables have been selected, one dependent that stands for number of senior housing being built and three independent that is population, productioncosts and interest rate. With quarterly data from 2010-2020, tests have been carried out to see how these variables affect the construction of senior housing. A Dickey-Fuller test has been made resulting in the variables population and interest rate containg unit roots. A test for cointegration was performed, the variables population 70-74 and interest rate were cointegrated. A multicollinearity test was also performed which gave results with signs of multicollinearity between the variables population 70-74 and interest rate. Then a multiple regression was performed which showed that the variables population, production costs and interest rate have a significant impact. Two more regressions were performed, one without population and one without interest rate. It showed that there is no longer evidence that the variable interest rate has significant impact. The result confirms that the population growth 70-74 has the biggest effect.

  • 3524.
    Österberg, Nicole
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Framgångsrika ledarskapsstrategier i en organisationsförändring: Påverkan ur ett hälsoperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational changes today are unavoidable and a must for organizations to follow competitors, the outside world, globalization and increased demand international. Organizations need to evolve and follow the changes that take place in the market, in from of economic, technological and to changing business conditions. When it comes to organizationalchange processes, there is a negative mark on the definition. Of the results, it has been shown that lack of planning, analysis and communication to some extent are decisive factors if an organizational change is considered successful or not. When choosing whether a certain leadership or leadership strategy affects organizational change, significant factors have emerged, there is not only one leadershipstyle that is successful. Instead, it is important that leaders and managers find their unique ability and adapt it to their own leadership. It's about showing direction, vision and goals. To inspire and motivate their employees to both find and develop their potential and trust in the organization. The fact that there is a functioning work environment that results in the entire organization experiencing meaningfulness and a sense of context brings positive health aspects to the staff and a possible successful path towards a successful change process.

  • 3525.
    Österberg, Per
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Engineering.
    A comparison between NS-2 and reality utilizing on queuing disciplines2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Eftersom dagens olika datornätverk växer sig större och mer komplexa har möjligheten att testa ny nätverksfunktionalitet försvårats. Detta har gjort att simulation har blivit populärt ibland utvecklare och forskare inom nätverksområdet. Nätverkssimulatorn NS-2 är en populär simulator som används flitigt av forskare och utvecklare runt om i världen. Men kan vi lita på att NS-2 simulatorns funktionalitet stämmer överens med verklighetens?Denna studie undersöker hur väl ett scenario i NS-2 simulatorn stämmer överens med ett verkligt scenario av samma typ. Vi har använt oss av ett topologi med en flaskhals där vi har testat tre olika kösystem på den strypta länken: Fair queuing, Random early detection och First in first out med Drop Tail. Genom flaskhalsen har vi skickat en UDP ström tillsammans med olika typer av trafik och mätt påverkan på UDP strömmen i form av tappade paket och genomströmning. Resultatet ifrån NS-2 simulatorn är sedan jämnfört med resultat ifrån samma scenario uppsatt i verkligheten.

  • 3526.
    Östlund, Christian
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    A Framework for Evaluation of IT Enhanced Training: A Design Science Research Approach2015In: Proceedings of E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2015, Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, 2015, p. 1544-1551Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes with a model for evaluating IT supported workplace training (e-training). Since the problem domain of e-training is in the intersection of work, learning and IT, evaluating e-training is complex with multiple stakeholders. Venable et al (2012) provide a framework for how to choose evaluation strategy and method in design science research. This framework is applied to a desing science research project aiming for a design framework for developing e-training systems. A model based on the framework by Venable et al. (2012) and the design science research case is then suggested.

  • 3527.
    Östlund, Christian
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Design for e-training2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about designing technology that supports and enhances learning in and for the workplace. This is realized through an e-training system of web lectures. Designing e-training means designing for interaction in a user friendly way while accommodating for the pedagogical and instructional strategies that are inherent in learning systems. The objective of this thesis is to inform how technology can be designed to support workplace training by acknowledging the context demands of every day work. The context for this thesis is the government authority in Sweden called the county administration. The research in this thesis follows the approach of design science research and design principles for e-training through web lectures emerged in collaboration with members of the county administration through four design cycles of problem awareness: conceptual suggestion, system development, and evaluation. The perspective on learning adopts that of socio-cultural learning since it acknowledges the importance of context by stressing the relationship between learning and the context in which the learning occurs. A framework called authentic e-learning with nine core design principles was chosen as a kernel theory. The first version of the web lecture application was based on the unchanged design principles of authentic e-learning. The design principles were then evaluated in the context of a work place and after four design cycles some of the original design principles was still unaltered, some was adapted to the conditions of work place learning and new principles emerged from the evaluation process. The thesis concludes with eight design principles for e-training through web lectures.

  • 3528.
    Östlund, Christian
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    E-learning use patterns in the workplace: Web logs from interaction with a web based lecture2012In: International Journal of Advanced Corporate Learning, E-ISSN 1867-5565, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 4-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When designing for e-learning the objective is todesign for learning i.e. the technology supporting thelearning activity should aid and support the learningprocess and be an arena where learning is likely to occur. Toobtain this when designing e-learning for the workplace theauthor argue that it is important to have knowledge on howusers actually access and use e-learning systems. In order togain this knowledge web logs from a web lecture developedfor a Scandinavian public body has been analyzed. During aperiod of two and a half months 15 learners visited the weblecture 74 times. The web lecture consisted of streamingvideo with exercises and additional links to resources on theWWW to provide an opportunity to investigate the topicfrom multiple perspectives. The web lecture tookapproximately one hour to finish. Using web usage miningfor the analysis seven groups or interaction patternsemerged: peaking, one go, partial order, partial unordered,single module, mixed modules, non-video modules.Furthermore the web logs paint a picture of the learningactivities being interrupted. This suggests that modulesneeds to be fine-grained (e.g. less than 8 minutes per videoclip) so learners’ do not need to waste time having to watchparts of a video clip while waiting for the part of interest toappear or having to fast forward. A clear and logicalstructure is also important to help the learner find their wayback accurately and fast.

  • 3529.
    Östlund, Christian
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Jobe, William
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    E-training through web lectures2014In: Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2014 / [ed] M. Searson & M. Ochoa, Chesapeake, VA: AACE , 2014, p. 397-402Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper sets out to inform how technology can be designed to support formal workplace training by acknowledging the context of every day work. The research in this paper follows the approach of design science research and a design theory for e-training through web lectures emerged in collaboration with members of the county administration through four designcycles of problem awareness: conceptual suggestion, system development, and evaluation. Aframework called authentic e-learning with nine design principles was chosen as a kernel theory.The design principles were then evaluated in the context of workplace learning and after four design cycles some of the original design principles was still unaltered, some was adapted to the conditions of workplace learning and new principles emerged from the evaluation process.

  • 3530.
    Östlund, Christian
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Kautz, Karlheinz
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Towards adapting authentic learning for formal workintegrated e-learning2009In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology, DESRIST '09, 2009, p. Aricle 29-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This poster reports from the initial steps of formulating a prescriptive design theory to support the development of scholastic/formal work-integrated e-learning systems. For this purpose a framework for authentic learning, developed andevaluated in a school setting and the eight components of design theories by Gregor and Jones has been used to guide two elearning activities in a work setting. Adapting authentic learning to a formal work-integrated e-learning context calls for a simplification of the framework where some elements of authentic learning become peripheral whereas others become more central. Copyright 2009 ACM.

  • 3531.
    Östlund, Christian
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Design Guidelines Through Educational Mining2015In: Proceedings of E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2015, Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, 2015, p. 1854-1857Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Great effort is put into improving online education, focusing on how students learn and how teachers' can help the students' to be effective in that process. Recently the interest in using web mining techniques in e-learning environments (educational mining) for this purpose has increased. The efforts can be oriented towards assisting the students' learning process, the teachers' scaffolding efforts or the administrators' to make the web site more efficient. It is argued in this paper that educational mining also have great potential in deriving design guidelines for the e-learning environment and not only support the processes taking place after the system is developed and implemented.

  • 3532.
    Östlund, Christian
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Kautz, Karlheinz
    Copenhagen Business School.
    Multimedia instruction in a workintegrated e-learning environment: Findings from the early stages of a design researchproject2007In: Proceedings of 30th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia: IRIS 30, University of Tampere , 2007, p. 683-698Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports from a design process within an e-learning project. An e-learning web lecture on how to search the World Wide Web was created based on narrated screen captures and power point slides. A framework grounded in situated learning was used to create the multimedia instruction for the web lecture. Flexibility vs. collaboration, multimedia instruction vs. multimedia interaction and situated content vs. situated use headlines the discussion on challenges where theory and practice deliver conflicting implications for system design.

  • 3533.
    Öz, Rojin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Joffrey, Monika
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Balanserat styrkort: En fallstudie om vilka problem som kan uppstå vid implementeringen av Balanserat styrkort i ett sjukhus.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish healthcare systems have over the past decades experienced a major reorganization that involves reduction of costs and cuts due to the financial problems that the public health system faced. Healthcare was criticized because it was considered to be bureaucratic and inefficient (Funck, 2007). The solution to this problem was to focus on other measures rather than the economic measures, such as modernizing the healthcare instead of cutting down. Implementing a balanced scorecard in a public sector as a hospital, perceived as failures. This is due to several factors such as communication, knowledge and expected time are not taken into consideration when implementing the scorecard. The purpose of this study is to analyze how the balanced scorecard serves as an approach for controlling the hospital. The purpose of the study is to increase our knowledge and get better insight by examining the problems that may arise during the implementation of a balanced scorecard. The chosen method to this study is qualitative research with the influence of the inductive approach. Eight interviews were carried out at the Sahlgrenska University Hospital to get an overview about the selected topic. The chosen theory to the study is based on Kaplan and Norton's theories and other scientists as Funck, Assiri, Johnson and Atkinson. The study also applied research articles and literature in the theoretical framework. The study's research question is clarified as what types of problems can arise during the design and implementation of a balanced scorecard in hospitals. We have found that the balanced scorecard requires success factors such as communication, knowledge and learning, motivation, commitment, time management, a relevant and easy used scorecard and a clear vision, strategy and results for a successful implementation.

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