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  • 301.
    Halleröd, Mikaela
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Värdet av att verka tillsammans: En kvalitativ studie om samarbete, samordning och samverkan ur ett medarbetar- och chefsperspektiv2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how different occupational categories within adult education in Swedish for immigrants (SFI) interact within the framework of their common business.

    As a method for carrying out the study, I have used qualitative interviews. The data material presents opportunities and difficulties that appear around working together. The empirical material has been processed through thematic analysis. The theoretical starting point for the study is a model of different degrees of vertical and horizontal integration for understanding collaboration.

    The result shows that there are a variety of temporary collaborations. Through interviews the study give examples of professional categories that meet in everyday work. In addition, work takes place between different professional categories in a more coordinated form through teams. Furthermore, the respondents' experiences of the value of collaborating, such as strengthened relationships and a better working environment, are made visible. Another highlight that is mentioned is the increased possibility for staff to identify the need for support from the students, which leads to better adaptations of teaching. The result also shows how the business is coordinated through teams, and the potential for collaboration. Cooperation between professional categories is not fully achieved today within sfi.

    The conclusions show that there is a consensus among managers and other occupational categories considering which mechanisms make it difficult or possible to cooperate. There are no routines for collaboration today. What employees also demand is someone who leads the work, makes decisions and bears the responsibility of planning, implementing and following up the collaboration.

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  • 302.
    Hammarin, Zandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lautiainen, Jessica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan anknytningsmönster, tilltro till den egna förmågan och utmattning hos sjuksköterskor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    That nurses are exhausted is today a common phenomenon, however, certain nurses are less exhausted than others in their profession. There are many psychosocial factors that can affect that an individual feels exhausted.

    In this study the authors examine if attachment to a caregiver as a child matters in how you feel fatigue (exhaustion) in adulthood. An interesting factor that the study examines in addition is the feeling of fatigue can be connected too self-efficacy. Self-efficacy is a combination of self-awareness, self-esteem and self-doubt.

    44 nurses that work in hospitals and health clinics attended in this study in the ages of 20-70. There were 36 women and 8 men. Three scales were used to measure; Shimron melamed burnout questionnaire (SMBQ), Experience in close relationships (ECR), and General self-efficacy scale (GSE) which measures faith in self-efficacy.

    The result showed that there was no correlation between attachment and fatigue or between self-efficacy and fatigue.

  • 303.
    Hansen, Elise
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Granath, Amina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Arbetsengagemang: en god prediktor för den individuella arbetsprestationen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Getting the best and most out of every employee has become more important in today's society. We are expected to be both productive and efficient in everything we do. But what exactly does coincide with the individual work performance? Is it how committed we are at work, our self-esteem or is it even our personality? Are there any tools for recruiting who can say something about how someone will perform at work?

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether employee engagement, personality and performance-based self-esteem are of importance to the perceived individual work performance.

    The study examined validated tests that measure personality (Mini-IPIP6), performance-based self-esteem (PBSE) and work engagement (UWES9) in relation to the individual work performance (IWPQ) to investigate which relationships that exist. A web questionnaire with these four questionnaires was compiled and supplemented with background issues. The collected data were analyzed using correlation and regression analyzes. The study comprised 250 people (M = 34 years, SD = 11 years) with different backgrounds, and the only inclusion criterion was to have some form of work experience.

    The results showed that work engagement was the best variable to predict a good individual work performance, while the personality dimensions, neuroticism and honesty, were the best variables to predict a counterproductive work behavior. The conclusion in this study was that questionnaires that measure work engagement (UWES9) are best suited of Mini-IPIP6, PBSE and UWES9, when the purpose is to try to predict a good perceived individual work performance.

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  • 304.
    Harri, Mia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    If it’s safe, and it’s successful -then it’s OK: An ethnographic study of key factors and interaction in a Therapeutic Horsemanship program for Young People2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The cross-scientific field of Equine Assisted Interventions (EAI) for human health, education and wellbeing is wide, varied, and rapidly growing with an expressed need of increased knowledge. Interventions involving horses are used to address a variety of difficulties and suggested as an alternative option for children and youth in need of support, who for different reasons do not or cannot benefit from traditional therapeutic or educational contexts or settings. Research thus far has mainly investigated outcomes while systematic knowledge about processes and characteristics of these interventions is still lacking. The purpose of the study was to increase knowledge and understanding of EAI for children and youth by exploring key factors and interaction in a Therapeutic Horsemanship groundwork program for disadvantaged Young People. The research was of an exploratory nature, with qualitative research methods and an ethnographic approach where data was collected through a field study based on participant observation and semi-structured interviews. Data was analysed by Reflexive Thematic Analysis. Results show that the interaction can be understood as a triad consisting of child, practitioner(s) and horse. Key factors in the intervention can be understood through eight interrelated themes, divided into Framework Themes and Content Themes. The Framework Themes are Concept, Environment and Activity. The Content Themes are Safe Spaces, Communication is Key, Positive Perceptions, Helping Horses and Learning for Life. These themes interrelate, enabling and affecting the intervention and interaction in the triad. To understand processes in the intervention, findings were interpreted through Experiential Learning Theory and the Biophilia Hypothesis. Results show the significance of the whole concept and the equine environment, and that learning can be identified throughout the intervention. Through interaction, cooperation and training with the horse, the Young Person learns, acquires and develops awareness, competences and skills which can eventually be transferred to their everyday life, thus providing increased social competence and ability to handle difficulties. The intervention can be summarised as being child-centred, horse-focused and action-based. Findings suggest a significance of working exclusively with rescue horses,and that EAI based on groundwork activities can offer a novel and positive experiential learning experience for young people. Findings further suggest that the experiential learning process in EAI may be directable to address various issues, and that EAI/groundwork therefore could be a suitable option for children and youth for whom more traditional or conventional settings for education or therapy are not an option.

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  • 305.
    Hecktor, Karin  
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nordberg, Marlene
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sociala medier och stress hos gymnasieelever2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the 21st century the use of tablets, smartphones, computers and gaming has increased according to a report from Folkhälsomyndigheten (2018). Furthermore, the report shows that the psychosomatic symptoms are more common among young people who devote more time to television and the Internet. However, Folkhälsomyndigheten considers that there is still insufficient research on the subject in order to draw safe conclusions about whether use of digital media has negative effects on the mental health of children and adolescents (Folkhälsomyndigheten, 2018).

    The purpose of the study was to investigate whether there was a correlation between the use of social media and perceived stress among high school students.

    The participants consisted of swedish high school children aged 15 – 19 years. There were 63 participants in the study, 31 boys and 32 girls, who responded to a digital survey about their habits around social media and perceived stress. The following questions were included: (a) What is the frequency of use of social media among the youth? (b) Is there any correlation between use of social media and stress? (c) Is there a gender difference between the use of social media and perceived stress?

    The results show that all young people use social media on daily basis and are using them regularly and that they also felt a certain amount of stress about the use of social media. The correlation between the use of social media and stress was somewhat stronger for girls than for boys. Through a t-test it emerged that there was no significant difference between girls and boys and their time they used social media.

  • 306.
    Hedin, Alicia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Andreasson, Sofia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mörka Personlighetsdrag, mobbning och arbetsprestation: En kvantitativ studie om Dark Triad och arbetsplatsbeteende2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Interest in dark personality traits such as narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy (The Dark Triad) has increased in recent years. As future HR-practitioners, we are interested in investigating whether there is a correlation between Dark Triad and bullying, Dark Triad and self-perceived individual work performance as well as bullying and individual work performance. In the study, we will also perform several regression analyses where we examine these relations after controlling for the other variables. We created an electronic form with three questionnaires; The negative Acts Questionnaire-Perpetrators (NAQ-P), The Short Dark Triad (SD3), and The Individual Work Performance Questionnaire (IWPQ), which were shared via social media. Through a snowball selection, we collected data from 198 professionals. The results of the study showed that (1) bullying correlated with all dimensions of Dark Triad, (2) counterproductive work behavior correlated with Machiavellianism, whereas task- and contextual performance correlated with narcissism and (3) bullying correlated with counterproductive work behavior. The results also showed that 22% of the variance in bullying can be explained by Dark Triad and individual work performance and that Dark Triad together with bullying explains parts of the variance in individual work performance (between 6 and 11%)

  • 307.
    Hedlund, Rikard
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Förhållningssätt i konflikter: från teori till upplevelse2022In: Använd rummet: Högskolepedagogiska metoder för aktiva lärosalar / [ed] Alfredsson, V., Asker, N., Backman, C. & Uhnoo, S., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2022, p. 203-211Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 308.
    Hedrén, Alexandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johansson, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vad har du för inställning till att arbeta i team?: Individer med höga värden av extraversion har en positiv inställning till att arbeta i team2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Teamwork is a common working method within both school and work. Despite this established working method, we see that there is a lack of studies on individuals' attitude towards working in teams. This study aims to investigate this subject further and answer the following question: Is there a correlation between personality and the attitude towards working in teams? To investigate the issue, an online survey was sent out, of which 124 people responded of the sample’s total 206. The sample consisted of 85 women (69%) and 39 men (31%) aged 21 – 69. IPIP-30 was used to measure participants' personality traits based on the Big Five. Self-designed questions were created to investigate the attitude to working in teams. The results of the study showed that extraversion correlates positively with the attitude to working in teams, and that neuroticism correlates negatively. When we controlled for all personality traits, sex and age in a regression analysis, only extraversion showed a significant relationship. This study can be important for recruitment, choice of working method or composition of working groups for both managers and teachers. Our conclusion is that it would have been interesting to see similar studies done on larger populations and then examine whether people's experience of working in teams and the level of education have any impact on the attitude to working in teams.

  • 309.
    Heikkinen, Sami
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Värdegrundsarbete i offentlig verksamhet: En kvantitativ studie kring medarbetares upplevelser av implementering av en gemensam värdegrund2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the implementation of a set of values in public service with the study circle as a central part of the implementation process. Furthermore it examines employees' perception about the value base material, and how knowledge from education applied in everyday activities. Implementation, study circle and collective workplace learning form the theoretical basis.

    Quantitative methods were applied and data collection consisted of 100 employees from the care administration who completed a survey with statements.

    The results show that several employees have changed some of their practices since the implementation process started and that values material is an important part of employees' work. A somewhat overwhelming majority of employees feel that education is utilized and applied in operations.

  • 310.
    Hektor, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Riquelme Valdes, Denise
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Grundskollärares upplevda arbetssituation och faktorer av betydelse för intentionen att stanna på eller lämna arbetsplatsen2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The teaching profession has major challenges with a high workload and sick leave, which has made it more difficult to attract people to the profession, as well as retain active teachers. It is therefore of great importance to highlight the teachers' experiences of their work. The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine primary school teachers' experiences of their work situation concerning their professional role. Furthermore, factors that are important for the intention to stay or leave the workplace were examined. The study was conducted through semi-structured interviews in which nine informants from three different schools participated. A thematic analysis was used as analysis method and resulted in five main themes with associated sub-themes. The results of the study showed that high workload, lack of time, and lack of preconditions increased primary school teachers' intention to leave. In addition, the solidarity among colleagues, the relationship with the students, and commitment to the profession were important for the primary school teachers' intention to stay. It can be interpreted that the intention to leave was affected by the external conditions that were out of control for the primary school teachers. The intention to stay was instead affected by an inner motivation that arose through support and relationships.  

  • 311.
    Helsing, Bo
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Frisén, Ann
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sexual risk-taking among young Swedish men testing for STI2021In: European journal of contraception & reproductive health care, ISSN 1362-5187, E-ISSN 1473-0782, no 2, p. 155-159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: This study investigates sexual risk-taking among young men testing for sexually transmitted infections (STI).

    SAMPLING METHOD: 452 participants (aged 18-30) completed surveys concerning their backgrounds, sexual risk-taking, and experience with STI.

    RESULTS: Over one-third had used alcohol during their last sexual encounter, one-fifth were reluctant to use condoms due to concerns about erection difficulties, 14.7% had experienced sexual coercion and one-fifth reported having had contracted the most common STI, chlamydia trachomatis (CT). Older participants (aged 25-30) were more reluctant to use condoms because of erection worries and to report having had CT. Immigrant men reported more unprotected sex while men who have sex with men (MSM) were more exposed to sexual coercion than others, but less likely to use alcohol when having sex.

    CONCLUSIONS: There are important differences in sexual risk-taking within the group of young men testing for sexually transmitted infections which need to be taken into account in developing effective counselling and promotion strategies in sexual and reproductive health care. Further research on young men's sexual risk-taking is needed to broaden understanding of factors associated with young men's sexual health.

  • 312.
    Helsing, Bo
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. University of Gothenburg, Psychology Department, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. University of Gothenburg, Psychology Department, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Frisén, Ann
    University of Gothenburg, Psychology Department, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    How social networks influence young men to seek psychological help2021In: Nordic Psychology, ISSN 1901-2276, E-ISSN 1904-0016, Vol. 73, no 2, p. 153-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing body of literature that recognizes young men's reluctance to seek psychological help. However, how young men perceive the role of their social networks in their decision to seek help has received limited attention in research. Using thematic analysis, this study investigated 30 young men's description of how members from three categories of their social networks: partner, family and friends have influenced them to seek psychological help and how they have experienced this influence. The results show that certain themes recur between various members of men's social networks while others were unique to roles in the social network. How this information can be used to make it easier for young men to seek psychological help is discussed.

  • 313.
    Henriksson, Julia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bengtsson, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelse av återhämtning i arbetet: En kvalitativ studie på 1177 Vårdguiden på telefon Västra Götalandsregionen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are only a few published studies about recovery at work. More research would be necessary to investigate the importance of recovery and the potential recovery strategies in an working environment. The purpose of this study was to examine the nurses' experience of recovery at work by studying scheduled recovery time at 1177 Healthcare Service over the phone. The study focus on finding and to understand the importance of recovery at work by investigating the workload and working climate, these factors was looked at on how well the nurses managed their work tasks and social interaction in the workgroup. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten nurses at the 1177 Healthcare Service over the phone. Gathered data was looked at using thematic analysis which resulted in five themes; energy levels at work, the presence in the conversation with the caller, the legitimate acceptance to recover at work, ability to detach from work during breaks and the nurses solidarity in the workgroup. The result show the importance of each individuals need to feel like they are in demand of their own recovery as well as being able to detach themselves from work during their breaks. Recovery at work has a significant impact on the workload as it is perceived to provide the nurses with higher levels of energy, better focused, become more efficient and the ability to enter a more professional role when handling their work tasks. Recovery is also important for the nurses working climate, it provides the feeling of getting a closer relationship with colleagues, higher level of support and the time to reflect with each other and the opportunity to develop work related relationships, results shown after the insight of studying the interaction of the work group. The study contributes to understand the importance of recovery as a resource for the person to feelin control and solidarity at work which can benefit the organisational and social work environment.

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  • 314.
    Hermansson, Anette
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Pennholm, Agnieszka
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Blir det någonsin rättvist?": En kvalitativ studie om hur kvinnor i samkönad relation upplever ansvarsfördelningen i hemmet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An overall goal of the Swedish government is for women and men to have the same power to shape society and their own lives, this goal includes six sub-goals. Subsection four is about an even distribution of unpaid homes and care work. Previous research by Goldberg (2013) shows that same-sex women are better at creating a sense of equality in their relationships and are more flexible in the division of housework.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how women in same-sex relationships divided their responsibilities and how they perceived that division of responsibilities affected their relationship.

    Seven women were interviewed using semi-structured interviews to increase the understanding of their experiences. The interviews were analyzed with a thematic analysis and with the help of role theory and social exchange theory the authors tried to understand how the informants divided responsibility in their relationship and how they experienced the division of responsibility.

    The result shows that the informants experienced a relatively equal and fair distribution. The result further shows that the distribution was created through communication, structure, interest and conditions. The informants described that it was important that the distribution was not a requirement but an agreement and that there was a respect for each other's responsibilities. This means that the division of responsibility contributes to the degree of security, equality and justice in the relationship.

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  • 315.
    Hernqvist, Anna-Theresé
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mattsson, Annelie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Husdjur inom äldrevården: En kvalitativ studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Interest in the health benefits of animals in healthcare can be traced far back in time. Research on the subject, however, had a boost during the 1990s. Historically, animals have been used in the care of children, but also in psychiatry. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of pets on the elderly and staff in a nursing home setting. Qualitative interviews were conducted to collect material from both staff and residents in a retirement home. The number of informants was eight and all were women. The material was analyzed and themed. The work generated the following four themes: security, quality of life, intersectionality and trust. The result showed that animals in health care have a positive effect, psychologically and physically, on both the elderly and the staff. The animal's emotional impact on man and the importance of the relationship between man and animal became particularly clear during the interviews where the animal was present. The elderly expressed that the animal, in this case predominantly dogs, had a great significance for them. Loving views and repeatedly commenting on the animal reinforced the informants' verbal description of their relationship with the animal. The staff talked about the relationship between the residents and the dogs, including a woman with periods of depression and introverted behavior that experienced positive changes with the dogs. The woman felt more calm, happy and social in the proximity of the dogs. According to accounts about animals in healthcare settings this type of reaction is common. Concepts like an experience of peace, security and love were constantly recurring during the interviews.

  • 316.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Nilsson, Lena
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Det är upp till er hur det ska bli...": att följa en renoveringsprocess i skolmiljö2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie sätter fokus på elevers delaktighet i dialogplanering vid renovering av skolmiljö. Vårt projektintresse har vuxit fram i en växelverkan mellan fastighetsförvaltares intentioner att utveckla nya modeller för planering: delaktighet och dialog, och det intresse för lärande i arbetslivet som inryms i Högskolans Västs profil Arbetsintegrerat lärande, AIL. En övergripande frågeställning i denna rapport handlar om vilka möjligheter till ömsesidigt lärande som finns i dialogplanering. I vår analys har vi betonat en kritisk granskning av delaktighet som en styrningspraktik som gränsar till manipulation och där ansvaret läggs på de som varit delaktiga för eventuella felval. En mer positiv analys kan göras t ex med hjälp av Healey et al (2003) som menar att i deliberativ styrning finns möjligheter till ökad institutionell kapacitet via resurser i form av kunskaper och relationer. Resurserna kan utvecklas på olika nivåer från att all tillgänglig kunskap används och nya relationer skapas till att maktrelationer påverkas och ny kunskap skapas vilket kan leda till en ökning i den institutionella kapaciteten vilket kanske kan behövas för att ge elever ett större inflytande och en utveckling av professionella verksamheter. I detta projekt har man ändå kommit en bit på väg mot bättre relationer för de elever som deltog och dessa elevers kunskaper och erfarenheter har synliggjorts och till viss del kunnat utnyttjas. För att öka den institutionella kapaciteten menar vi att man måste tillåta att processen får mer tid och är mer öppen. Healey et el (2003) poängterar komplexiteten i planeringsprocesser och menar att trots att man inte når ända fram är det värt besväret att skapa dessa horisontella relationer genom att göra så många som möjligt delaktiga och det finns dessutom ingen återvändo.

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  • 317.
    Herrman, Margaretha
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Nilsson, Lena
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Interprofessionellt samarbete2010In: Lärande i och för det nya arbetslivet / [ed] Lagrosen, Stefan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika & Nehls, Eddy, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1, p. 191-220Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 318. Hilderfors, Maria
    et al.
    Blomster, Carolina
    Ceder, Johan
    Hartelius, Björn
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Session 10: Motivation och skolframgång: Hur kan skolframgång på yrkesprogram främjas?2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 319.
    Hjalmarsson, Annica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan emotionell intelligens, personlighet och arbetsprestation: en tvärsnittsstudie som validerar den svenskaversionen av TEIQue-SF2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Emotional intelligence has been defined differently throughout studies for many years in several countries. The trait emotional intelligence consists of four dimensions; emotionality, self-control, well-being and sociability, and is measured by the TEIQue-SF measuring instrument. TEIQue-SF has achieved good validity as a measurement tool in different languages and is now validated in Swedish through this study. Previous research has shown liaisons between the emotional intelligence (EI), personality and work performance. However, these together have not been investigated in Sweden.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate correlations between Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQ-SF), Mini-International Personality nventory Pool-6 (Mini-IPIP6), Short Dark Triad (SD3) and Individual Work Performance Questionnaire (IWPQ), and to find out which personality traits and dimensions within self-perceived individual work performance best explain the variance within TEIQue-SF dimensions.

    The study was conducted as a cross-sectional study with 228 Swedish participants (M = 34 years, SD = 12.6, range 16-71 years, 66% women) with an average work experience of 14 years (SD = 11.5).

    Expected result was that neuroticism would correlate negatively with TEIQue-SF four dimensions, which was also achieved in this study. Positive correlation with Task Performance and Contextual Performance was found between all dimensions of EI. Regression analysis also showed that neuroticism had a negative relation to explanation of variance in all imensions of TEIQue-SF. A preliminary conclusion is that TEIQue-SF has shown theoretical and empirically reasonable relation to relevant variables and can be considered validated among younger people with relatively high educational levels.

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  • 320.
    Hjalmarsson, Annica K. V.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Relationship between emotional intelligence, personality, and self-perceived individual work performance: A cross-sectional study on the Swedish version of TEIQue-SF2022In: Current Psychology, ISSN 1046-1310, E-ISSN 1936-4733, Vol. 41, p. 2558-2573Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    People with high emotional intelligence (EI) understand themselves and others well, and perform well at work. Trait EI has been described as “a constellation of emotion-related self-perceptions and dispositions” (Petrides and Furnham 2006), and can be measured by the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQue-SF). The aims were to validate the Swedish version of TEIQue-SF by (1) investigating its internal consistency; (2) exploring its relationships with “Big Six” and “Dark Triad” personality traits as well as with self-perceived individual work performance; and (3) identifying which personality traits best explain variations in Trait EI, and whether this trait can predict variations in work performance over and above personality traits. Multi-occupational employees in Sweden (N = 228; M = 34 years, SD = 12.6, range 16-71 years, 66% women) with an average work experience of 14 years (SD = 11.5) were surveyed. In line with past research, internal consistency of TEIQue-SF was good, for the global Trait EI scale score (.86), and for one of its subdimensions (Well-Being) (.81). Global trait EI scale score and its subscales correlated negatively with Neuroticism and Machiavellianism, and positively with Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Openness to Experience, and Narcissism. Sociability and Self-Control had, however, almost zero correlations with Machiavellianism. All subscales of global trait EI scale score correlated positively with Task Performance and Contextual Performance. On separate regression analyses, Big Six traits explained 48%, and Narcissism 14%, of the variation in global trait EI scale score. Trait EI accounted for a significantly larger proportion of the variation in Contextual Performance than any of the Big Six traits, and an additional 6% of the variation in Task Performance when controlling for gender, age, Neuroticism and Conscientiousness. The Swedish version of TEIQue-SF has good reliability as a global trait EI scale, reasonably theoretically and empirically grounded relationships with relevant variables for the workplace, and incremental validity over and above Big Six traits in predicting work performance in younger people with relatively high educational levels. Its reliability on the subscale level and its item functioning need to be further investigated in more heterogeneous samples.

  • 321.
    Hjertell, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Krabbsjö, Marie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Upplevelser och förändringar i rollen som ledare och hos individen under samt efter genomgången kurs i UGL: Utveckling av Grupp och Ledare2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When searching for leadership development at Google and the database APA PsycInfo you get a about 200,000 hits. This indicates interest for the subject. The purpose of this essay is to study how the participants handle the processing and possible further develop experiences and changes that takes place during and after a course in UGL. The issues concern topics about how they, in their role as a leader, have worked with obtained knowledge. The issues concern topics about how they, in their role as a leader, have worked with acquired knowledge and the effect on them as an individual. We interviewed six leaders from central and south part of Sweden who, during 2019, has participated in a UGL course. We used semistructured interviews and choose to process the collected data using a thematic analysis. The most important thing that emerged about the role of the leader were the development of clarity, security and the effects of the individual leadership and the need for useful tools. The most characteristic on an individual level was gaining good knowledge about yourself. Group development was the topic that most frequently were mentioned during the interviews. Despite the small but well geographically dispersed participation of respondents, we provide insight into their experiences of how they got affected by the course, knowledge they acquired as leaders and the influence it had on them as individuals.

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  • 322.
    Holappa, Tiina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Arbetsförmedlingens personal och deras arbetsmotivation2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Employment service has receive much criticism from mass media and the public throughout the years, and the organization has been criticised for not living up to their name.

    32 employment service workers consisting of 9 men and 23 women in the age of 28-64 years old, who works in different areas of Västra Götaland's county, participated by answering a poll survey processing Work motivation, Self-esteem and Attitude towards their work. To investigate if the organization's staff experience an effect from media's critisism, this thesis aim is to process 3 questions; (1) Does a connection exist between the employment service staff's perceived self-esteem and attitude towards their work and the perceived motivation? (2) Can the investigated variables predict the employment service staff's perceived motivation? Data was analyzed by correlation analysis and linear hierarchic regression analysis.

    The results showed a positive correlation between Work motivation and Self-esteem, and the study's variables (Sex, Years within the occupation, Self-esteem, Attitude towards their work) could together explain 59.5% of the variation of the employment service staff's percieved work motivation. The last question processed was; (3) Have mass media's publications regarding the Employment service affected the staff's motivation? The participants also answered an open question and these answers were processed by Content analysis where three themes were found; (1) Negative Impact; (2) Mass media; (3) The public.

    The conclusion is that the employment staff members experience that their Work motivation, Self-esteem and Attitude towards their work interact, but that the mass-media image pertaining to the organization affect them to a certain degree. The images that the public has about the organization could appear as stereotypical, preconceived towards the organization as a whole.

  • 323.
    Holgersson, Annelie
    et al.
    Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Sweden.
    Eklund, Annika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Sweden.
    Gyllencreutz, Lina
    Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Sweden.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Sweden.
    Emergency Medical Response in Mass Casualty Tunnel Incidents: with Emphasis on Prehospital Care2020In: Journal of Human Security, E-ISSN 1835-3800, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 3-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Responding to mass casualty incidents in a tunnel environment is problematic not least from a prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) perspective. The aim of this review was to 1) categorize preconditions for emergency response in tunnel environments based on Haddon's matrix and 2) identify specific EMS knowledge of providing prehospital care. Twenty eight articles, reports and book chapters were selected for further analysis. Firstly, sorting the data from each included article was done according to Haddon's matrix. The result covers human factors, technical factors, physical environmental factors and socioeconomic environmental factors all related to preconditions for emergency response. To describe the EMS's knowledge the data was also sorted according to command and safety, communication, assessment, and triage treatment and transport, also known as CSCATT. Few studies, especially of high quality, actually provide detailed information regarding emergency response to tunnel incidents and those that do, often have a main focus on management by the rescue service. While many incidents studied were caused by fires in tunnels, thus requiring rescue service in action, the subsequent EMS response issues that have taken place appear to have been given limited attention. To optimize the survival rates and health of the injured, as well as to provide a safe and effective work environment for the emergency services, there is a need to explore the event phase.

  • 324.
    Holm, Julia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En kvantitativ studie om föräldra-barn relation i korrelation till substansanvändning under Covid-19 pandemin2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Covid-19 research has shown that the mental health in youth has declined during the covid-19 pandemic. The adolescent years could be stressful and there are bodily, social and mental changes that can lead to deviant behavior. There is also an individualization process and the child starts pulling away from the parents and this causes changes in the parent-child relationship. The purpose of the study is to show if there is a correlation between family relationship (closeness, family cohesion and family conflict) and substance use during the covid-19 pandemic. A survey was used and distributed over social media. There were in total 1767 participants in the study and 76 percent were in 2-3 year of high school and 24 percent were in 9th grade and first year of high school. The data was analyzed with SPSS, one Pearson’s correlation analysis was performed to see if there is a correlation between family relation and substance use and one multiple linear regression analysis was performed to see which family trait predicted substance use. The result shows that closeness, family cohesion negatively and family conflict correlates with substance use and the regression analysis shows that family factor conflict predicts substance use. As the result shows there is a correlation between family traits and substance use that is possible to connect to safer family environments. Research in this area has not been encountered so that means this study contributes to the knowledge about family relationships during covid-19 and possible knowledge about another similar societal crisis, such as another pandemic or an economic crisis.

  • 325.
    Holm, Susanne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Henriksen, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Beckman, Anita
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Här är ganska nice, men...": Ungdomars tankar om Västervik och om vad som är viktigt i livet2019Report (Other academic)
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  • 326.
    Holmberg-Hansson, Jorunn
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att växa upp utanför sitt hemland: Ett tvärkulturellt perspektiv avseende risk och resiliens hos ungdomar som rör sig över nationsgränser2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores whether the impact of moving away from one's home country, from one's extended family and social networks would increase adolescents' risk of developing internalizing and/or externalizing behavioral problems, compared to adolescents remaining in their home- and country environment. Moreover, the effects of adolescents spending major parts of their formative years in a cross-cultural environment, and whether the challenges and changes this lifestyle encompasses will make these adolescents more resilient or not, compared to their non-cross-cultural counterparts is explored. Lastly, the study establishes whether there are contextual similarities or differences among the various groups of these adolescents, based on the reason behind them leaving their home country, i.e. expatriate or refugee reasons. Furthermore, the study examines to what extent these similarities or differences help explain the levels of resilience among the participating adolescents. Results from initial analyzes indicate that young people from the two international groups are significantly more resilient than peers who do not leave their country of origin. Implications of found results are further discussed.

  • 327.
    Holmes, Alice E.
    et al.
    University of Florida.
    Wideén, Stephen. E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Carver, Courtney L.
    Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore.
    White, Lori L.
    University of Florida.
    Perceived hearing status and attitudes toward noise in young adults2007In: American Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1059-0889, E-ISSN 1558-9137, Vol. 16, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To estimate the prevalence of perceived hearing loss, tinnitus, and temporary threshold shift (TTS) in community college students and to see whether those students' attitudes toward noise affected their perception of their own possible hearing loss, tinnitus, and TTS. Method: Young adults (N = 245; age 18-27) completed 3 questionnaires: the Hearing Symptom Description, Youth Attitude to Noise Scale, and Adolescents' Habits and Hearing Protection Use. Results: Perceived TTS and pain associated with loud noise were the most common hearing related factors, followed by perceived tinnitus and hearing loss. The students' attitudes toward noise in their daily environment showed the most negative response, whereas attitudes toward noise and concentration indicated a more positive, or less harmful, response. Chi-square analysis indicated a significant correlation between perceived hearing loss and respondents' overall attitudes toward noise exposure. Hearing protection use was limited for all participants, with the majority reporting never having used hearing protection. Conclusion: Approximately 6% of respondents reported perceived hearing loss, and 13.5% reported prolonged tinnitus. In general, participants had neutral attitudes toward noise. Over 20% of participants reported ear pain, tinnitus, and/or TTS after noise exposure at least sometimes. Coincidentally, few participants reported consistent use of hearing protection. © American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.

  • 328.
    Hoskyn, Katherine
    et al.
    Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.
    Zegwaard, Karsten E.
    University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand.
    Ferns, Sonia
    Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Kay, Judie
    RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mcrae, Norah
    University of Victoria, Victoria, Canada.
    The professional development needs of the New Zealand work-integrated learning community in comparison to international perceptions2018In: Proceedings of the 21st New Zealand Association for Cooperative Education Conference / [ed] K. E. Zegwaard & K. Hoskyn (Eds.), Aukland, New Zealand: New Zealand Association for Cooperative Education , 2018, Vol. 21, no 29, p. 17-21Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 329.
    Hovgärde, Sanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Astonson, Linn
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Om sambanden mellan Mindset och personlighetsdrag från Femfaktormodellen och Grit2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a great interest in research, for individuals’ personalities, how the different personality traits affect events and what makes us humans act in different ways in different situations. When talking about personality, one often starts from The Big Five, which is a model that describes individuals´ personality based on five personality traits (Extraversion, Neuroticism, Conscientiousness, Agreeableness and Openness to experience). A relatively new concept has been added in recent years of research, Grit, which is a concept that describes an individual´s inner drive and perseverance to achieve long-term set goals. Grit (which has some similarities with The Big Five theory trait Conscientiousness) has in studies on, among others, students and in organizational research proved to have a strong connection with Growth Mindset. An individual with a Growth Mindset believes that intelligence can be developed through hard work and training. The research is solid when it comes to personality and achievements in for example, school-related situations. Our contribution to the research is to see if any connections between personality and Mindset exists, both the personality trait of the Big Five theory Conscientiousness and the newer concept of Grit in relation to Mindset. We also intend to investigate which of Grit and Conscientiousness is most strongly linked to the Mindset. In the study, we use a quantitative method through three validated instruments: IPIP30 Dweck Mindset and Learning potential of the workplace scale (LPW) forms are based on self-assessment in each area and have in previous studies shown good validity. The results of the study showed that the relationship between Mindset and Grit was the only one that showed continued significance when the variables were added to the regression analysis (r=,37 p >.001). This means that the correlation between Mindset and Grit exists.

  • 330.
    Hult, Jennifer
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Harvey, John
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En kvalitativ studie av HR personalens upplevelser av en digital ergonomiutbildning2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s society where the transition from analogue to digital work is ever increasing, new demands are constantly pushed towards digital learning. Human Resources is a profession where this transition is a pressing matter since learning, be it by analog or digital means, is a key concept in daily work. The Covid pandemic has led to more people working from home, which has entailed an ergonomic health risk. For this reason, the current study found it relevant to examine how the Human Resources department within a Swedish municipality experience the pedagogical implantation of a digital education regarding ergonomics in the workplace at home. The survey is based on semi-structured interviews with four employees from the Human Resource department where it emerged, among other things, that an opportunity for reflection and a good pedagogical structure are fundamentally important prerequisites for digital learning in workplace at home. The results in the current study showed that the participants had a positive experience of the education and gained knowledge increased knowledge within ergonomics where inspiration were described as a learning-promoting mean. The findings of the study present perspectives that are good to consider when digital educations are to be implemented within organizations.

  • 331.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Fatherhood: Organizational Change and Gender Equity2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 332.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Framing Childhood: Century of the Child2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 333.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Förord2018In: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap: grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Johansson, Thomas & Sorbring, Emma, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, 1. uppl.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 334.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Förord2018In: Moderna familjer: barn och föräldrar i nya konstellationer, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 335.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg.
    Psykosocialt perspektiv2020In: Ungdomar och identitet / [ed] Ann Frisén och Philip Hwang, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2020, 2, , p. 269p. 23-48Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 336.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Frisén, Ann
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Barns psykologiska utveckling: från nyfödd till skola2017In: Förskolan och barns utveckling: Grundbok för förskollärare / [ed] Pramling, N., Lindgren, A-L.& Säljö, R., Malmö: Gleerups , 2017, p. 75-90Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 337.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg.
    Frisén, Ann
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg.
    Barns psykologiska utveckling: från nyfödd till skola2020In: Förskolan och barns utveckling: grundbok för förskollärare / [ed] Anne-Li Lindgren, Niklas Pramling & Roger Säljö, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2020, 2, , p. 269p. 77-92Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 338.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg.
    Frisén, Ann
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg.
    Inledning och översikt2020In: Ungdomar och identitet / [ed] Ann Frisén och Philip Hwang, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2020, 2, , p. 269p. 13-22Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 339.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Frisén, Ann
    Göteborgs universitet, Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Nilsson, Björn
    Göteborgs universitet, Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Ungdomar och unga vuxna: utveckling och livsvillkor2018Book (Other academic)
  • 340.
    Hwang, Philip
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nilsson, Björn
    Utvecklingspsykologi2019Book (Other academic)
  • 341.
    Icenogle, Grace
    et al.
    Temple University, Department of Psychology, United States.
    Steinberg, Laurence
    Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA .
    Duell, Natasha
    Temple University, Department of Psychology, United States.
    Chein, Jason
    Temple University, Department of Psychology, United States.
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, Department of Psychology, China.
    Chaudhary, Nandita
    ady Irwin College, Department of Human Development and Childhood Studies, LUniversity of Delhi, India.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    Rome University La Sapienza, Faculty of Psycholog , Rome, Italy .
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Fanti, Kostas A.
    University of Cyprus, Department of Psychology, Cyprus.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Department of Psychiatry, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Universidad San Buenaventura,Consultorio Psicologico Popular, Medellín, Colombia.
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan; Emirates College for Advanced Education.
    Takash, Hanan M. S.
    Queen Rania Faculty for Childhood, Hashemite University, Jordan.
    Bacchini, Dario
    University of Naples Federico II, Department of Psychology, Italy.
    Adolescents’ cognitive capacity reaches adult levels prior to their psychosocial maturity: Evidence for a "maturity gap" in a multinational, cross-sectional sample2019In: Law and human behavior, ISSN 0147-7307, E-ISSN 1573-661X, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 69-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    All countries distinguish between minors and adults for various legal purposes. Recent U.S. Supreme Court cases concerning the legal status of juveniles have consulted psychological science to decide where to draw these boundaries. However, little is known about the robustness of the relevant research, because it has been conducted largely in the U.S. and other Western countries. To the extent that lawmakers look to research to guide their decisions, it is important to know how generalizable the scientific conclusions are. The present study examines 2 psychological phenomena relevant to legal questions about adolescent maturity: cognitive capacity, which undergirds logical thinking, and psychosocial maturity, which comprises individuals' ability to restrain themselves in the face of emotional, exciting, or risky stimuli. Age patterns of these constructs were assessed in 5,227 individuals (50.7% female), ages 10-30 (M = 17.05, SD = 5.91) from 11 countries. Importantly, whereas cognitive capacity reached adult levels around age 16, psychosocial maturity reached adult levels beyond age 18, creating a "maturity gap" between cognitive and psychosocial development. Juveniles may be capable of deliberative decision making by age 16, but even young adults may demonstrate "immature" decision making in arousing situations. We argue it is therefore reasonable to have different age boundaries for different legal purposes: 1 for matters in which cognitive capacity predominates, and a later 1 for matters in which psychosocial maturity plays a substantial role. © 2019 American Psychological Association.

  • 342.
    Inderberg, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Stiller, Victoria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Förändring är jobbigt, tror jag": En kvalitativ studie om hur medarbetare upplever en HR transformation på ett globalt företag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sense of coherence is a theoretical construct, which is used to measure the degree to which a person finds the world comprehensible, manageable and meaningful. In this study we aimed to discover and understand how the employees in an HR department at a large global company perceived the implemented changes from a sense of coherence perspective. The purpose of the organizational change was to become a more efficient HR department, as well as implementing a more unitary work procedure where there was supposed to be more room to support line managers in the organization and less focus on repetitive and administrative tasks. The study is based on a qualitative approach using semi-structured interviews with six respondents. The questions we aimed to answer in this study were "Have the employees received sufficient information about the change? Have the employees felt involved in the change process? Do the employees feel that the change has contributed to increased commitment and well-being?" The study's result and conclusion reveals that the employees have different opinions regarding the HR transformation depending on which role they received after the organizational change. The interviews also showed that employees generally felt that they had received the information required for the HR transformation and that this is a decisive factor in feeling involved in the organizational change. A significant result 2 was also that there were uncertainties about what tasks should be performed by each working group. Finally, the study showed that as long as employees have the opportunity to influence their new positions and feel that their work experience is developing and challenging, it contributes to increased commitment and well-being at the workplace.

  • 343.
    Ingelgård, Anders
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ungvux-Centralen: Åmåls Kommun I Samarbete Med Vgr Och Samordningsförbundet2018Report (Other academic)
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  • 344.
    Isaksson, Charlotta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Pongolini, Malin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Do we really consider their concerns?: User challenges with electric car sharing2023In: Mobilities, ISSN 1745-0101, E-ISSN 1745-011X, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Electric car sharing is highlighted as a needed solution for reducing airpollution and the emission of fossil fuels. Unfortunately, its dissemin-ation in many places is too slow and the market is still not profitable.This calls for research about whether electric car sharing corresponds tousers’conditions and concerns. This article applies the domesticationtheory examining insights gained from in-depth interviews with partici-pants joining a car-sharing trial in a low-income, suburban area withrental apartments. The aim is to understand the initial adoption of elec-tric car sharing, focusing on the challenges facing users. The findingsreveal three interrelated processes and various challenges to be consid-ered: making the technology understandable and useful, integrating carsharing in everyday practices, and negotiations and communicationsabout the proper way to share a car. Besides the environmental advan-tages of sharing, the social benefits and how it might enrich everydaylife should be stressed.

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  • 345.
    Isaksson, Charlotta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Pongolini, Malin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Björkum, Klara
    Campus Västervik, Västervik.
    Kommunikation för hållbar energianvändning i bostäder2019Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En effektivare användning av energi och minskat resursslöseri är viktigt för att begränsa klimatförändringar och arbeta mot en mer hållbar utveckling, inte minst inom bostadssektorn. Bostadens energianvändning är beroende av både de professionellas och hushållens agerande. I dag finns teknisk kunskap om hur vi utvecklar och producerar energieffektivaoch smarta energilösningar till bostäder och till den teknik som hushållen använder. Det finns också forskning om hur hushållen agerar och bör agera för att spara och effektivisera användningen av energi i hemmet. Ett mer angeläget problem är hur dessa grupper ska samverka med varandra så att energieffektivisering och besparing också genomförs. Det gäller såväl kommunikationen mellan professionella och hushåll, som de senares interaktion med den energiteknik som de professionella tillhandahåller.Syftet är att undersöka hur kommunikationen mellan professionella och hushåll kan utvecklas för att uppnå en hållbar energianvändning i bostäder. Rapporten baseras på en sammanställning av beteende- och samhällsvetenskaplig forskning som på olika sätt har behandlat kommunikation om energiteknik, energibesparing och effektivisering. Vi har även genomfört intervjuer med olika professionella aktörer vid ett energibolag. Avsikten har då varit att undersöka hur energibolaget kommunicerar om miljö- och energifrågor med hushållen. Vår bakgrundsförståelse utgår från tre olika kommunikationsstrategier; informations-, respons och medverkansstrategier, som grundar sig i delvis olika sätt att förstå vad kommunikationenmellan professionella och hushåll kan innebära.Resultatet från kunskapssammanställningen pekar på vikten av att, i kommunikationen med hushåll, utgå från deras egen energianvändning, energirelaterade vanor och val av energiteknik, liksom deras intresse och motiv till att spara energi. För att kommunikation om energifrågor ska upplevas som relevant och meningsfull för hushållen så räcker dock inte detta.Man bör även identifiera och/eller skapa adekvata tillfällen för kommunikation och sträva efter att budskapet liksom kommunikationen kan anses som trovärdig. För att nå fram är det också av vikt att tänka igenom hur man talar eller skriver om energifrågor, exempelvis att det som sägs och skrivs är tillräckligt begripligt. De professionellas kommunikation medhushållen sker även via tekniken. Att designa tekniken för god användbarhet och effektivare energianvändning är därför viktigt.Resultatet från intervjuerna med professionella aktörer på energibolaget VMEAB visar på olika former av kommunikationsaktiviteter såsom allmänt informationsmaterial som skickas till hushåll, digital kommunikation, reklam, evenemang och personlig kontakt. Intervjupersonerna lyfter fram vikten av att det som kommuniceras är begripligt för hushållen och att den information som ges ut varken är för omfattande eller knapphändig. Personlig kontakt medhushållen är eftersträvansvärt, men det är resursmässigt svårt att tillgodose. Energibolaget har en ambition att ytterligare utveckla kommunikationen med hushållen för att öka deras intresse och medvetenhet för energianvändningen. Insatser som då nämns är att synliggöra energianvändningen via en personlig hemsida, utveckla funktioner som ska ge direkt återkoppling mellan kund och bolag, samt se över möjligheten att vara mer informell i kommunikationen med hushållen.

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  • 346.
    Iseland, Tobias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    A study of long haul truck drivers’ work tasks and reasons for performing secondary tasks: En studie av lastbilschaufförers arbetsuppgifter och anledningar bakom utförandet av sekundära uppgifter2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that secondary tasks (task unrelated to driving, which demands the driver’s attention resources, e.g., talking on the hand-held device) during manual driving increase the risk of being involved in an accident. The purpose of the study was to investigate; (1) if long-haul truck drivers engage in work tasks (tasks that are mandatory for their work) that involve secondary tasks whilst driving, if they do, what tasks are performed and how frequently; (2) the drivers selfperceived reason/s for performing them; (3) if factors personality traits, stress, workload, health-related life quality and self-perceived cause relate to the engagement in secondary tasks and if the group differs from norm groups regarding these factors. The study included 13 truck drivers driving long-haul and was conducted through an observational-, a questionnaire- and an interview study. The result indicates that the drivers had no work task whilst driving, but did performed secondary tasks. The main reasons for engaging in these secondary tasks were reported to be due to boredom, to prevent drowsiness. No strong correlations were obtained between personality traits, experienced stress, workload, health-related life quality and the number of performed secondary tasks. The trait Honesty-humility and workload showed a weak moderate negative correlation with secondary tasks. The results obtained are consistent with past research that they feel bored and use secondary tasks as a coping strategy to decrease boredom and drowsiness.

  • 347.
    Iseland, Tobias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johansson, Emma
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Human Behaviour and Perception, M1.6, Götaverksgatan 10, SE-405 08 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Skoog, Siri
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Product Design, ABN, Götaverksgatan 10, SE-405 08 Göteborg, Sweden.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    An exploratory study of long-haul truck drivers' secondary tasks and reasons for performing them.2018In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 117, p. 154-163, article id S0001-4575(18)30149-0Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on drivers has shown how certain visual-manual secondary tasks, unrelated to driving, increase the risk of being involved in crashes. The purpose of the study was to investigate (1) if long-haul truck drivers in Sweden engage in secondary tasks while driving, what tasks are performed and how frequently, (2) the drivers' self-perceived reason/s for performing them, and (3) if psychological factors might reveal reasons for their engaging in secondary tasks. The study comprised 13 long-haul truck drivers and was conducted through observations, interviews, and questionnaires. The drivers performed secondary tasks, such as work environment related "necessities" (e.g., getting food and/or beverages from the refrigerator/bag, eating, drinking, removing a jacket, face rubbing, and adjusting the seat), interacting with a mobile phone/in-truck technology, and doing administrative tasks. The long-haul truck drivers feel bored and use secondary tasks as a coping strategy to alleviate boredom/drowsiness, and for social interaction. The higher number of performed secondary tasks could be explained by lower age, shorter driver experience, less openness to experience, lower honesty-humility, lower perceived stress, lower workload, and by higher health-related quality of life. These explanatory results may serve as a starting point for further studies on large samples to develop a safer and healthier environment for long-haul truck drivers.

  • 348.
    Istrefi, Flakron
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Eriksen, Daniel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hälso- och sjukvårdens viktigaste chefer: En studie av hur första linjens chefers upplever utmaningar i det dagliga ledarskapet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish health care is an important and a central resource in the Swedish society. With limited resources, one has the challenge of providing the best possible care to patients. At the top of the line are the first-line managers who are trying to get a good function in the work. The purpose of the essay is to examine what the first-line managers experience as challenges in their daily leadership. The challenges have been highlighted in the light of job demand, control and support model. To get an answer to our research questions, we used a qualitative study, where we had interview as a method. The survey was conducted by interviewing eight first-line managers in health care. We used a thematic analysis where we transcribed the data material which we then analyzed and thematized. The result shows that job demands, control, and support model were a good starting point for studying the first-line managers' perceived challenges in day-to-day leadership. To get the work done balance is required. Our study shows a better-balanced work situation compared to what previous studies show. However, there are still many areas that need improvement. The study contributes to a better understanding of the first-line managers' perceived challenges in their day-to-day leadership where control and support are important components to meet the high demands of first-line managers in health care.

  • 349.
    Ivankovic, Sara
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Maleki, Yasmin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Skillnader i upplevd psykosocial arbetsmiljö mellan kommunal och icke-kommunal skola: utifrån krav-kontroll-stödmodellen2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent decades, connections between health and work have been a prominent topic for researchers. Teachers have, according to research, been most affected by occupational disorders, such as work-related stress and fatigue syndrome. Long-term sickness due to psychosocial factors at work has increased and is more common in professions where there is interaction between people. Teachers belong to one of the professions that are at a greater risk of being affected by psychosocial illness in connection to their work. In addition, there is a large shortage of teachers and competent teachers change their profession due to fatigue.

    The study aims to examine differences in the perceived psychosocial work environment between teachers in municipal and non-municipal schools based on demand-control-support model.

    The survey was conducted in schools in the Västragötaland-region where 88 participants (N = 49 municipal, N = 39 non-municipal) participated (M = 42 years). The questionnaire was based on the DCSQ (The Swedish Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire) which contained 16 questions. Data were analyzed with an independent t-test.

    The results showed that there was a statistically significant difference between the school sectors regarding the demand and control variables but not for support. Teachers in the municipal school experienced less of a demand and also less control than in the non-municipal school. The study's results are in line with previous research and showed differences in the perceived psychosocial work environment between municipal and non-municipal school.

  • 350.
    Ivehag, Petronella
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lans, Sofia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Förmågor i lärarhandledningar till skönlitterära böcker?: En innehållsanalys av tre handledningar2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ämnet högläsning är en stor del av elevernas vardag under deras första skolår, de får då lyssna på flertalet sagor under fruktstunden och nedvarvningen. Men hur meningsfull är den läsningen för elevernas läsutveckling? Forskningen visar att det finns många positiva effekter av högläsning, både i hemmet och i skolan. Syftet med uppsatsen är att se hur tre stycken lärarhandledningar kan bidra till att göra högläsningsstunden i skolan meningsfull. Vi har undersökt vilka förmågor ur den svenska läroplanen som framkommer i lärarhandledningarna. Genom att undersöka både det latenta och manifesta budskapet fick vi fram vårt resultat. Vi har granskat våra två frågeställningar genom en kvalitativ innehållsanalys där vi fått fram ett resultat samt en efterföljande analys av resultatet. I färgkodningen framkom det att förmågan att formulera sig och kommunicera i tal och skrift var den mest frekventa förmågan i alla tre handledningar. Resultatet har kopplats till det sociokulturella perspektivet, som är uppsatsens teoretiska utgångspunkt.

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