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  • 301.
    Hedqvist, Ann-Therese
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Pennbrant, Sandra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Karlsson, Margareta
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Older persons and relatives' experience of coordinated care planning via a video meeting2020In: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058, Vol. 7, no 6, p. 2047-2055Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Aim The study aimed to describe coordinated care planning via a video meeting from the perspective of older persons and their relatives. Design A qualitative inductive research design was used to describe older persons and relatives’ experience of care planning via video meeting. Methods Eight unstructured interviews were conducted. Purposive sampling resulted in a sample of four older persons and four relatives. The material was analysed by qualitative content analysis. Results The theme being excluded illustrates how the older persons and their relatives experienced care planning via a video meeting as lack of a personal relationship, meaninglessness and lack of participation. The older persons and their relatives had a feeling of being excluded and in an unfamiliar situation. Lack of information about the meeting’s structure and content impaired their ability to prepare for it beforehand, which led to uncertainty.

  • 302.
    Hedén, Katrin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Svensson, Annika
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Förebyggande av oönskad graviditet i Sverige och Finland: ett vårdvetenskapligt perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The abortion rate was twice as high in Sweden compared to Finland. Many women suffered from illness related to unwanted pregnancies. There was also a big cost for the society. The Swedish midwife seemed to be working with preventive care in a good way. What else could be done to reduce the abortion rate – Could the Swedish midwife learn something from the preventive care in Finland in purpose to increase the self-care for the women to avoid unwanted pregnancies?

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe how health professionals worked to prevent unwanted pregnancies in Sweden and Finland.

    Method: A literature based study was chosen. Ten articles were reviewed and analyzed by the authors.

    Results: The result was presented in three subject areas: Contraceptive advice, Sexual education in school and Emergency contraceptive. The systems for contraceptive care in the two countries were different. In Sweden the youth clinics were mainly responsible for contraceptive advice and prescription. In Finland the women turned to Health Care Centers. Finland had, compared to Sweden, long and positive experiences from long acting reversible contraceptives (LARC).The school in Finland took a big responsibility for the sexual education and counselling for contraceptives. Emergency contraception was available over the counter in both countries.

    Conclusion: There were differences in how Sweden and Finland worked to prevent unwanted pregnancies and Sweden had some things to learn. The school nurse in Sweden could be more responsible involved in the sexual education. LARC prevented unwanted pregnancies and could be first choice contraception even for young women and non parous women. The discussion between the midwife and the patient was essential for the result. Emergency contraception offered over the counter did not reduce the abortion rate in any of the countries.

  • 303.
    Heed Arvidsson, Rebecca
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Olofsson, Emelie
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Bedsiderapportering, Ja eller Nej?: Sjuksköterskor och patienters erfarenheter2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Previous studies have shown that bedside shift reports provide an opportunity for the patients to receive information pertaining to their health problem and empower them to participate in the plan of care. Aim: The goal is to describe the patients and nurses’ experiences when conducting bedside shift reports. Method: This work is a literature-based study based on qualitative research. Results: The results showed that both nurses and patients felt that bedside shift reports was an opportunity to exchange information with each other and a chance to create a personal relationship. The results also showed that there was difficulty in maintaining privacy and confidentiality. Conclusion: Both nurses and patients welcomed the bedside shift reports. It allows health information to be exchanged effectively between patients and nurses during routine nursing care, provides a chance for the patients to engage in their clinical care, and aids in nursing care plan based on the patient needs.

  • 304.
    Heilmann, Alexandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Savik, Johanna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    "Med livet på paus": Kvinnors upplevelser av att leva med endometrios2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Endometriosis is a chronic gynecological disease that affects 10% of women over the world. Endometriosis can lead to symptoms such as severe pain, diarrhea, nausea, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia and reduced fertility.

    Aim: Women´s experience of living with endometriosis.

    Method: A literature based study which is a method to compile existing research available on the topic. The method enables that the base of literature is used to create new knowledge. The aim of evidence-based nursing with the foundation in the analysis of qualitative research is to highlight the experiences of endometriosis.

    Results: The women were affected psychologically by the knowledge that the disease can not be cured nor the bothersome symptoms. The road to diagnosis was long and filled with misbelieve by the healthcare professionals but also the struggle for their rights. After diagnosis, the women feel that they received inadequate help from health care and a lot of caring was put on women. The women had to both gather the information about their disease and also bear the financial burden that was added through alternative treatments all by herself.

    Conclusion: Endometriosis affects women in several ways. The women experienced several limitations in their daily life. Furthermore, women stated that they feel inadequate when they could not engage in sexual intercourse with their partners.

  • 305.
    Heinze, Stefan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Östergren, Marina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Patienters upplevelse av att leva med KOL2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), is a disease which is affecting people all around the world. Frequent symptoms are coughing, excessive phlegm and breathlessness. Until today there is no cure for this disease. Therefore, the aim of the treatment is for the patient to be able to live a life as normal as possible and to slow down the progression of the disease. As the disease is increasing those patients will be encountered in all sorts of health care. Therefore it is essential that every nurse knows how to take care of these patients and the prerequisite is that the nurse understand the patients' experiences of living with COPD.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to illuminate the lived experiences of patients affected by COPD.

    Method: A literature study was conducted and 11 articles were analysed. The analysis was based on the five-step method by Friberg.

    Result: Three main themes and seven sub themes emerged. The three main themes are experiences of fear, experiences of limitations, experience of wellbeing.

    Conclusion: Living with COPD and the symptoms results in a lot of suffering. Despite the suffering the patient also experience hope and wellbeing.

  • 306.
    Helgesson, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Lundström Ebbesdotter, Gunilla
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskans arbetssätt för att främja hälsa genom egenvård och livsstilsförändringar hos personer med hypertoni.: En litteraturöversikt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Hypertension is a global health problem that can lead to serious complications such as stroke and congestive heart failure. Nurses' work includes promoting lifestyle changes, motivating, compliance with medication, and providing regular follow-ups to improve blood pressure. More knowledge is needed on which working methods nurses use to promote health and support sustainable lifestyle changes.

    Aim: To illuminate the nurse's ways of working to promote health through lifestyle changes and self-care in persons with hypertension.

    Method: A literature review according to Friberg was chosen as the method. Database searches were carried out in CINAHL, PubMed and PsycInfo. Nine scientific articles were included after having been analysed, classified and compiled in an article matrix.

    Result: The analysis resulted in two main themes and five subthemes. The first theme was Creating change which described how the nurse responded to the patient's specific opportunities, expectations, knowledge needs and motivation for initiating lifestyle change. The second theme was Maintaining change which describes how the nurse guides, promotes and follows up the person to create a sustainable lifestyle change and an improved self-care strategy.

    Conclusion: The nurse's ways of working to promote health through lifestyle change and self-care in persons with hypertension can be designed in different ways. Regardless of which nursing philosophy lies behind it, it appears that a person-centred approach stimulates the person's motivation for a changed lifestyle through increased participation and responsibility.

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  • 307.
    Hellberg, Ingvar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Holm, Emma
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskans sätt att hantera känslor vid vård i livets slutskede: litteraturbaserad studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The nurse has an important role in palliative care. The nursing care is unique to each patient and includes physical, emotional and spiritual comfort and support. Working in palliative care can be emotionally stressful. Nurses need strategies to manage their emotions to cope with the work. Aim: Describe how the nurse deals with feelings of caring for patients in palliative end of life care. Method: A literature-based study with qualitative approach. Literature searches were made through databases Cinahl and ProQuest. Similarities and differences were identified and new themes were created. Results: A number of strategies to manage emotions were identified. An important strategy is to have control which can implicate not to be too private to the patient. Other important strategies are support from colleagues, guidance and religious beliefs which makes the feelings manageable. It also appears important to increase competence to manage their emotions in palliative end of life care. Conclusion: The nurse in palliative care needs strategies to handle emotions. By having control, get support and to increase the skills, the nurse can become aware of the feelings that arise in palliative end of life care, and thus, the nurse understands and manages the emotions. The result from this study can be helpful and guidance for those working in palliative care, especially for the nurses with little experience of palliative care. It can also be helpful in other care situations that are emotionally stressful.

  • 308.
    Hellberg, Marcus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Saarinen, Anna-Maria
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Traumaomhändertagande på akutmottagning: patientens erfarenheter2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Every two seconds a person dies by the result of a trauma. The trauma teams' initial assessment is a structured and systematic concept, where the treaters in the acute care setting are involved in excluding life-threatening conditions and to do an accurate medical examination of the patient. The trauma resuscitation is a fast encounter between the patient and the trauma team. Patients is often affected by the acute event when they lose control over their own situation.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the patient experience of the trauma resuscitation at the emergency department.

    Method: A literature review has been made of 5 qualitative and 5 quantitative articles. Articles were analyzed by searching for similarities and differences. The analyzed articles were published between 2004-2015.

    Results: The result showed that patients had unique needs such as; be treated like individuals and be cared for by competent personnel. The results also showed the importance of sufficient information on examination and treatment. The patient could feel either insecure or cared for in the trauma resuscitation depending on nurses’ communication.

    Conclusion: The trauma resuscitation is a complex concept and involves many aspects that a nurse should keep track of. The nurse and the traumateam need to face the high requirements of the resuscitation to provide good and safe care for the patient under the whole intervention.

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  • 309.
    Hellborg, Caisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Weckfors, Carina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenhet av möten med föräldrar till sjuka barn: En litteraturstudie2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Patientlagen from 2014 clarified the guardians rights to information concerning patients that are children. Inadequate communication during meetings created insecure parents and stressed children. Nurses have an important role within healthcare to support and inform parents from the perspective of the children's and family's needs.

    Aim: To describe nurses experiences of meetings with parents to sick children within a hospital setting. Method: A literature-based study based on ten qualitative articles.

    Results: Five themes were presented based on the aims of this study: to shield and protect, to find balance, to be in disagreement, to feel vulnerable, and strengthed by meetings. Conclusion: The experiences of nurses displayed a desire to shield and protect parents to sick children. The nurse's work to find balance relating to an appropriate level of participation for the parents was complex. The study provided an awareness of how nurses balanced both professional and private aspects when relating to parents. The nurses felt a sense of vulnerability and risked being burdened by negative experiences of certain meetings which could have consequences in the future.

  • 310.
    Hellstrand, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Hilmersson, Johanna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Föräldrars upplevelse av att ha ett barn med cancer: En litteraturbaserad studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Cancer is the most common cause of death among children in Sweden. When a child gets diagnosed with cancer, it affects the entire family, the relatives and in particular the parents. The diagnose causes negative feelings and experiences among the parents, so it is vital that the parents can find hope and strength to cope with their children’s diagnose and be able to continue their lives. Aim: The aim of this study was to illustrate the experiences of parents who has a child diagnosed with cancer. Method: This study has been conducted as a qualitative literature review. An analysis of ten qualitative articles was carried out, based on Fribergs five steps. Results: Parents to children with diagnosed cancer experienced mixed feelings related to their ability to maintain hope. The parents experienced hope in relation to their belief in God, support from family, friends and nursing staff and the ability to have a positive outlook on the future. Two main themes were presented in the result; "the experience of losing footing" and "the experience of maintaining hope". Conclusion: Maintaining hope helps the parents to cope with their situation and the importance of hope is demonstrated in this study. Nurses play an important role in how the parents manage to handle the situation with their children having cancer. It is important that the nurse treats and care for the parents, as well as the children, to support the parent’s ability to maintain hope.

  • 311.
    Hellström, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Malmbom Lång, Ellinor
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Tills döden skiljer oss åt: Anhörigas erfarenheter av specialiserade palliativa verksamheter2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To be the close relative of a terminally ill person, who is receiving special palliative care, is a life changing experience. According to the guide lines for palliative care both the patients and their family members have the right to support, and to be part of the caring process. For nurses to be able to meet the needs of relatives, understanding their experience of special palliative care is crucial.

    Aim: To highlight the family´s experience of palliative care from specialist palliative operations.

    Method: A method based on the analysis of qualitative research was used, in order to contribute to evidence-based care. Ten scientific articles were analysed.

    Results: Emotions of guilt and relief were common amongst family members. The family members experienced that the nurses where a safe harbor when the family members received the support they needed. Sometimes the family members felt as if their homes and their private sphere became a workplace.

    Conclusion: Honest, straight, and clear communication was of great importance. For family members to be able to ask nurses for help and to feel supported in different situations was also important. The physical symptoms of death approaching became symbols of grief and sorrow.

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  • 312.
    Hermansson, Helena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Antonsson, Emelie
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Personers erfarenheter av att leva med ryggmärgsskada: en litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The spinal cord injury is often a traumatic event in the person's life that affects many of the body's physical abilities. The group affected is relatively small in relation to other diseases/health related problems, but often affects younger people. In order for the nurse to be able to provide good person-centered care, it is important to understand what it can mean for a person to live with a spinal cord injury.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to illuminate adults' experiences of living with spinal cord injury.

    Method: This literature study is based on qualitative research. Eleven articles have been used for the result.

    Results: From the result, two main themes and five sub-themes appeared. The first main theme was; To relate in a new way to the world with the subthemes A changed life situation and A changed body. The second main theme was; To reconstruct their identity with the sub-themes To be the same person as before the injury, To have a changed attitude, Take control and Being creative.

    Conclusion: A spinal cord injury affects several parts of life. It challenges the person in many ways, both physical and psychological. With the right support and tools to meet the world again, life returns to the ordinary even if it takes time.

  • 313.
    Hernvall, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Strand, Elin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att leva nära en anhörig drabbad av psykisk sjukdom: Upplevelser ur ett närståendeperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Mental illness can affect people during all stages of life and it's a major challenge to public health. Mental illness not only affects the individual but it also affects the relatives around the stricken person in a large extent. It's important to get an understanding of the relatives and their changed life situation in order to be able to respond and support the related in a good way.

    Aim: The aim was to highlight the relative's experiences of living close to a relative affected by mental illness.

    Method: A method to contribute to evidence-based nursing based on analysis of qualitative research was used to get a better understanding of relative's experiences. An analysis of ninequalitative articles was conducted. The analysisresulted in two main themes and seven subthemes.

    Results: This study resulted in two main themes; "To be able to keep on fighting" and "To live with difficult changes".

    Conclusion: This study showed that related persons to mentally ill relatives experienced many different feelings when their lives changed. Their relative's personality changed significantly and the future was seen as hopeful and uncertain. The related took a caregiver role, which meant a lot of responsibility and their lives changed drastically. A struggle was experienced for their relatives getting proper healthcare and the environment showed lack of understanding.

  • 314.
    Hjalmarsson, Matilda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Johansson, Isabella
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    ”Att ständigt cykla utan broms”: Unga människors upplevelser av att leva med diabetes typ 12016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease and an increasing public health problem. Treatment of type 1 diabetes requires daily insulin injections. Young people living with diabetes may feel that they do not fit in among others of the same age.

    Aim: Illustrate young people's experiences of living with diabetes type 1.

    Method: This study was a qualitative literature-based study with an inductive approach. The result was based on 10 qualitative scientific articles.

    Result: The analysis resulted in three main themes and seven subthemes. The main themes were: To live in a process of adaptation, A buffet of challenges and How the social surroundings impact the life.

    Conclusion: The results showed that young people who lived with type 1 diabetes felt that they had to adapt their lives to the disease. For young people it was also important to become independent in their illness. It was obvious that living with type 1 diabetes was an experience of both physical and mental challenge, and the people in the studies expressed a desire to be normal and to be able to compare themselves with others. The social surroundings had a clear impact in many ways, though the support from the environment was perceived as valuable.

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  • 315.
    Hjellnes, Anne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Markusson, Fanny
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Processen kring HLR-beslut: En litteraturbaserad studie om sjuksköterskors upplevelser2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: CPR in Swedish hospitals saved 1444 people during 2017. For severely ill patients, where the outcome of CPR is not promising, a decision about DNACPR could be made. The doctor is responsible for deciding DNACPR, a decision that should be based on a well-grounded analysis where the nurses, the patient and the relatives' point of view is taken into consideration.

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to describe how nurses experience their involvement in the process of CPR-decision.

    Method: The utilized method was a literature study based on qualitative articles where Friberg (2017a) Five-step model was applied in the analysis. The study resulted in four main themes and eight subthemes.

    Results: The four main themes were: Ethical dilemmas, Lack of communication and information, Involvement and Nurse-to-patient relationship. Ethical dilemmas described the importance of ethical knowledge in nursing. Lack of communication and information highlighted the need of information and discussion about the outcome of CPR to patients and relatives and the importance of documentation to ensure patient safety. Involvement described the importance of a unified decision of all parties involved. Nurse-to-patient relationship showed how a genuine interest could have a positive impact on patient-nurse trust and it gave nurses a complete picture of the patient's situation.

    Conclusion: The nursing perspective was important in the decision-making process. To be able to reduce the suffering of a patient the nurse needed ethical competence, a good relationship to the patient and an understanding of the patient's overall health.

  • 316.
    Hjertman, Viktor
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Högberg, Isabell
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskans upplevelser av digitala vårdmöten via videosamtal: En litteraturstudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The need for care increases as people both grow older and live longer. This, together with a shortage of staff, creates challenges to meet the increased need for care. To meet the growing need for care, increased implementation and use of digital healthcare is seen as one of the solutions. Thus, it is important that the nurse has the competence to use digital tools to provide qualitative and safe healthcare.

    Aim: To describe the nurse's experiences of digital healthcare meetings through video calls.

    Method: A literature study was performed. An analysis of ten empirical studies which the results are based on were conducted.

    Results: Two main themes and six subthemes were identified. The main themes were "The nurse's experiences of the interaction at digital care meetings through video calls" and "The nurse's experiences of digitization in the nursing care". The subthemes were "Prerequisites of the environment for a caring relationship", "Mediating safe care and relieve anxiety", "The importance of communication", "The impact of the digital health meeting on perceived participation", "The implications of the technique" and "Accessible and effective care".

    Conclusion: Digital care is currently not suitable for all patients. Digital care should be used as a complement to physical care. Many nurses are in need of technical support and training to further develop skills in e-health. Proper use of technology that meets the demands of the healthcare can lead to time savings for the nurse in the care of the patient. The nurse's ability to both see and hear the patient via video calls promote nurse assessment and patient participation in healthcare.

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  • 317.
    Hjoberg, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Walter, Elina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskans upplevelse av att vårda patienter med cancersjukdom i livets slutskede: En litteraturbaserad studie2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In the year of 2020 approximalety 10 million people passed away due to cancer which is the leading cause of death worldwide. About 60% of those suffering from cancer was treated with palliative care before succumbing to the disease. Palliativ care is to be used when there are no longer any currative treatments available. The registered nurse has an importent roll in the palliative care of cancerpatients which is just as meaningsful as it is challenging. 

    Aim: The aim of the study was to describe nurses' experiences of caring for patients with cancer at the end of life.

    Method: A literature-based study was used, based on qualitativ data. Twelve articles were analysed according to Friberg´s five-step model.

    Results: Through the analysis two main categories and six subcategories were developed. The main categories were: challenges for the nurse and support for patients and relatives.

    Conclusion: Nurses working in palliative care experienced different emotional impressions daily. It was important to find a balance between the professional role as a nurse and the personal challenges.

  • 318.
    Hjort, Jennifer
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Olsson, Emelie
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    I väntan på frihet: En litteraturbaserad studie som belyser dialysbehandlade patienters upplevelser av att vänta på en njurtransplantation2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: With an increased understanding of dialysis-treated patients' experiences of waiting for a kidney transplant, the nurses can adjust their care based on patient's individual needs. A changed life situation that requires regular treatment and limiting the patient in their daily life makes it important that the nurse understands the patient's mood and is there to support.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to highlight the experiences of dialysis-treated patients waiting for a kidney transplant.

    Method: A literature study based on qualitative research. Friberg ́s five-step model was used for analyze of the articles and results in three main themes and six sub- themes.

    Results: This result showed that dialysis-treated patients awaiting a kidney transplant experienced both physical and mental barriers and stress. They experienced limitations in daily life as loss of freedom and financial difficulties. The patients' feelings oscillate between hope and uncertainty like an emotional roller coaster and they find support in their relatives, healthcare professionals or in their religion.

    Conclusion: The experiences of waiting for a kidney transplant are relatively similar, but strategies to get trough this process varies. Common for all patients were that it was a demanding and stressful time. Therefore it is important that nurses pay attention and adapt the care for each individual.

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  • 319.
    Hjortskog, Josefine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Andersson, Sofia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att möta kvinnor som utsatts för våld i nära relationer: En litteraturbaserad studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background Intimate partner violence is a major global public health issue. One third of all women are exposed to violence by an intimate partner during their lifetime. These women will probably sometime come in contact with the healthcare, nurses then have an important role in identifying and caring for these women. Nurses report that they often encounter problems when meeting with battered women. It is therefore important to highlight the nurse’s experience of caring for women exposed to intimate partner violence. Aim The aim of this study was to illustrate nurses experiences of meeting women who have been exposed to intimate partner violence. Method A literature review made by analysis of nine qualitative and quantitative articles was carried out. Results Nurses reacted emotionally when they met women exposed to intimate partner violence and experienced a lack of knowledge in how to deal with the situation. This study resulted in six themes: to have prejudices, to identify violence as a cause, to ask the question, to proceed with the answer, to become emotionally engaged and to handle the emotions. Conclusion Nurses are in need of education, formal guidelines and support from colleagues and organization in order to feel confident meeting women exposed to intimate partner violence.

  • 320.
    Hjärtmyr, Eleonor
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Ett liv med begränsningar: Ungdomars upplevelser av att leva med en ADHD-diagnos2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: ADHD is a neuropsychiatric disorder which characteristics has been proven to cause many difficulties in the everyday life, both from an individual perspective and in society as a whole. The diagnosis is associated with high mortality, drug use, deviance behaviour, criminality and the individuals who's been diagnosed and treated often experiences stigmatization. The health care and especially the nurse plays a big role in the management and caring for these patients. The core essence of nursing is to promote health through a holistic approach and relieve the suffering which these patients experience. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate how adolescents and young adults with ADHD experiences their everyday life, and how the diagnose influence their psychosocial function. Method: This study is formed as a literature review based on ten scientifical articles, which was conducted through a systematic literature search. The articles were examined and sorted based on similarities in their result sections. Results: The experiences of ADHD in everyday life and psychosocial functioning were charactered by behaviour issues which led to limitations in social interactions, academic performances, home environment and experiences of stigmatization. Regarding the meeting with health care professionals, youths reported lack of individualistic approach, personcentered care and information. Conclusion: Adolescents and young adults with ADHD experiences a lot of malfunctioning in their everyday life, both due to their diagnosis and the consequences which it leds to. Health care professionals needs more knowledge about the disorder to present good care and to promote health.

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  • 321.
    Hofling, Nina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Hoang, Gia Le
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av vårdinsatser inom nutritionsomvårdnad hos äldre: En litteraturbaserad studie2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Food and nutrition are primary aspects of health and recovery at illness. Malnutrition among elderly living in Sweden and in other countries around the world has not received enough attention. Malnutrition and its consequences have gained attention from the healthcare institutions and guidelines are created by national and international organizations to discover and treat patients who suffer or are at risk of malnutrition. The nurse has a responsibility for nutritional care, which include identification, prevention and treatment of malnutrition. Malnutrition might be a health hazard, but it can be avoided if it is adequately managed by medical professionals.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to illuminate nurses´ experiences of nutritional care among elderly who suffer from malnutrition or are at risk of malnutrition.

    Method: The chosen method is to contribute to evidence-based nursing based on analysis of qualitative research. Eight qualitative studies from 2009-2019 were included in the study. The selected studies were quality checked, analyzed and compiled.

    Results: The analysis of the data material resulted in two main themes and eight sub-themes. The main themes that emerged was 1) Deficiencies in information transfer and documentation. 2) Incomplete nutritional care. The eight sub-themes were 1) Lack of routine and knowledge for journal writing. 2) Insufficient communication between health professionals. 3) Inadequate assessment of nutritional status and action taken. 4) Unfavorable surroundings affect meals. 5) Lack of time, resources and prioritizing of nutritional care. 6) Poor collaboration between healthcare professionals. 7) The need for nutritional knowledge and 8) Lack of involvement of the elderly.

    Conclusion: The results showed that the nurse's effort in nutritional care among elderly patients is important. There is, however, a need of education in both documentation and knowledge in nutrition to provide more adequate nutritional care. This can lead to reduced risk of malnutrition among elderly patients and increase their overall health status.

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  • 322.
    Holm, Anna
    et al.
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus N, (DNK).
    Karlsson, Veronika
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Dreyer, Pia
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus N, Denmark;c Department of Public Health, Section of Nursing Science, Aarhus University, Aarhus C, (DNK); Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, (NOR).
    Nurses’ experiences of serving as a communication guide and supporting the implementation of a communication intervention in the intensive care unit2021In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 16, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     Purpose: : To explore the experience of serving as a nurse communication guide, supporting the bottom-up implementation of a multi-component communication intervention prototypein the intensive care unit.

    Methods: : The overall frame was Complex Interventions, and the study was conducted within the phenomenological-hermeneutic tradition. Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with eight nurse communication guides. Data were analysed usinga Ricoeur-inspired interpretation method.

    Results: : Two main themes emerged: 1) “The communication intervention components provided overview, a conceptual framework, awareness and room for reflection” and 2)“Being a communication guide illuminated the barriers and challenges of implementation”. Furthermore, a comprehensive understanding was established that illuminated experiences throughout the analysis: “An ICU communication intervention has to be adaptable to the specific situation and the double need for individualization but also provide overall guidance”.

    Conclusion: : Findings showed that as communication is inherent to all human beings, it can be difficult to change the communication behaviour of nurses. Therefore, a communication intervention in the intensive care unit must be sensitive to the nurse communication guides’ individual communication style. Furthermore, a communication intervention should provide nurse communication guides with overall guidance while at the same time remaining adaptable to the needs of each specific situation.

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  • 323.
    Holm, Anna
    et al.
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive care, Aarhus University Hospital, DNK .
    Karlsson, Veronika
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Nikolajsen, Lone
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive care, Aarhus University Hospital; Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, DNK.
    Dreyer, Pia
    Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive care, Aarhus University Hospital; Department of Public Health, Section of Nursing Science, DNK; Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, NOR.
    Strengthening and supporting nurses’ communication with mechanically ventilated patients in the intensive care unit: Development of a communication intervention2021In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 3, p. 1-14, article id 100025Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Nurse-patient communication in intensive care units is challenged by the fact that patients are voiceless due to intubation and mechanical ventilation. Difficult communication affects nurses negatively, and it requires knowledge and expertise to facilitate communication in this complex and technologically tense setting. Augmentative and alternative communication has been suggested as a way of optimising communication; several approaches can be combined in a multi-component intervention. Also, a communication algorithm has been proposed as a way of providing structure in patient communication. To enhance transparency and avoid poorly reported interventions, this paper describes the process, rationale and reflections behind developing a communication intervention called the ICU-COM.

    Objectives

    To present the development process of a communication intervention prototype that aims to support and strengthen nurses’ communication with mechanically ventilated patients in an intensive care unit.

    Design

    The Medical Research Council's framework for developing complex interventions in health was applied. The approach was target-population centred.

    Settings

    The intervention was developed and tailored to four intensive care unit departments at Aarhus University Hospital in Denmark.

    Participants

    Intensive care nurses and various experts, namely, speech-language pathologists, graphic designers, a software company, the local Centre for E-learning and nurse specialists were involved in its development.

    Results

    An intervention consisting of: 1) a multi-component communication bundle, 2) delivery of the bundle via a teaching session and 3) initial implementation via nurse communication guides was developed. The communication bundle contained: 1) a communication strategy with a BASIS framework and algorithm, 2) a nurse education programme and 3) low-tech and high-tech communication tools.

    Conclusions

    A systematic approach was applied in the development process. However, the acceptability and feasibility of the intervention is at present unknown.

  • 324.
    Holm, Anna
    et al.
    Aarhus University Hospital, Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Aarhus, Denmark (DNK).
    Viftrup, Anette
    Aarhus University Hospital, Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Aarhus, Denmark (DNK).
    Karlsson, Veronika
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Nikolajsen, Lone
    Aarhus University Hospital, Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Aarhus, Denmark (DNK); Aarhus University, Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus, Denmark (DNK).
    Dreyer, Pia
    Aarhus University Hospital, Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Aarhus, Denmark (DNK); Aarhus University, Department of Public Health, Section of Nursing Science, Aarhus, Denmark (DNK); University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway (NOR).
    Nurses' communication with mechanically ventilated patients in the intensive care unit: Umbrella reviewLINA2020In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 76, no 11, p. 2909-2920Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To conduct a review summarizing evidence concerning communication with mechanically ventilated patients in the intensive care unit (ICU).

    BACKGROUND: ICU patients undergoing mechanical ventilation are unable to communicate verbally, causing many negative emotions. Due to changes in sedation practice, a growing number of patients are conscious and experience communication difficulties.

    DESIGN: The umbrella review method guided by the Joanna Briggs Institute was applied.

    DATA SOURCES: A systematic search was done in the Cochrane Library, the Joanna Briggs Institute database, Cinahl, Pubmed, PsycINFO and Scopus between January -April 2019. Search terms were 'nurse-patient communication', 'mechanical ventilation', 'intensive care', and 'reviews as publication type'. Literature from 2009-2019 was included.

    REVIEW METHODS: Following recommendations by the Joanna Briggs Institute, a quality appraisal, data extraction, and synthesis were done.

    RESULTS: Seven research syntheses were included. There were two main themes and six subthemes: (1) Characterization of the nurse-patient communication: (a) Patients' communication; (b) Nurses' communication; (2) Nursing interventions that facilitate communication: (a) Communication assessment and documentation; (b) Communication methods and approaches; (c) Education and training of nurses; and (d) Augmentative and alternative communication.

    CONCLUSION: Nurse-patient communication was characterized by an unequal power relationship with a common experience - frustration. Four key interventions were identified and an integration of these may be key to designing and implementing future ICU communication packages.

    IMPACT: Nurse-patient communication is characterized by an unequal power relationship with one joint experience - frustration. Four key interventions should be integrated when designing and implementing communication packages in the ICU. Findings are transferable to ICU practices where patients are conscious and experience communication difficulties.

  • 325.
    Holm, Josefine
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    När en person i ens närhet är sjuk i Anorexia nervosa2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Eating disorders include five different states. In common is that the person has an unhealthy approach to food and body image. One of the most common eating disorders are Anorexia nervosa. Anorexia nervosa is, besides a complex and dangerous disease, also a disease that affects the people around the patient. Previous research shows that if there are relatives who are involved in patient care it is created a better conditions for recovery. But how is it to be, for example, a mother, a brother, a best friend to someone who is struggling with Anorexia Nervosa? Aim: The aim is to highlight experiences to be related to a person with anorexia nervosa. Method: A literature overview is used, based on eight qualitative and quantitative articles. Results: The results presented through two main themes: negative and positive experiences. The negative experiences include following four under themes: to stand next to, guilt and lost of identity, depression, anxiety, concerns and stress and lack of support. The other main theme, positive experiences has two under themes: better relationship, communication and understanding and hope and support. Conclusion: Relatives are emotionally affected in their daily lives, both positively and negative, when someone closely related has Anorexia nervosa.

  • 326.
    Holmgren, Elisabet
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Föräldrars upplevelser i familjer där ett barn har Aspergers Syndrom.: En litteraturstudie med kvalitativ ansats2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Asperger's syndrome affects the individual child and the whole family. The concept of Asperger's is an accepted diagnosis characterized as a neurological condition. Children with Asperger's have difficulties with social interactions and have varying communicative and cognitive abilities. Research show a lack of knowledge about the problems that can arise in terms of late diagnosis and stress in the family situation.

    Aim: The aim is to illustrate parents' experiences in families where a child has Asperger's syndrome.

    Method: Literature-based study where seven qualitative studies were analyzed.

    Result: According to the parents, it is a dividing line between everyday life before and after the child received the diagnosis. The result consists of main themes where the first theme explains how the parents experienced their everyday life before diagnosis and the second theme describes the time after. The first theme includes three subthemes: Social stigma, Meetings outside the home, and Social strategies. The second theme includes three subthemes: Relief and hopefulness, Guilt and anxiety, and Acceptance. The result shows parental need of support both before and after the diagnoses is set. An early diagnosis can reduce parental stress.

    Conclusion: The nurse has an important role in supporting the family both before and after the diagnosis is set. The nurse should be aware of the problems that may affect a family having a child with Asperger's as the families often lack adequate support and assistance, which may lead to family members developing stress and mental illness.

  • 327.
    Holmqvist, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Jonsson, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att vårda personer med demenssjukdom: En litteraturbaserad studie om sjuksköterskors upplevelser av förutsättningar för en god demensvård2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Today 130,000-150,000 people live with dementia in Sweden. A cure for dementia disease does not exist, but you can relieve symptoms with nursing and adequate care. The nurse has a responsibility to meet the patient's needs and assist them in living a life as normal as possible. To be able to give the right care, the nurse needs to have accurate knowledge and skills about dementia and dealing with disease.

    Aim: The purpose of the study is to describe nurses' experience of dementia care.

    Method: A literature-based study was executed. Ten qualitative articles were analysed in five steps according to Friberg's five-step analysis.

    Results: Three main themes and eight subthemes appeared through the analysis. The first main theme is barriers to good care for people with dementia. The second main theme is conditions to good dementia care and the third main theme is the influence of the environment for good dementia care.

    Conclusion: The result shows that knowledge and time is required to provide proper care. The partnership with the patient also matters as well as the environment. Nurses need more knowledge and continuous education about the disease dementia and how it turns out to provide good and safe care.

  • 328.
    Hultberg, Ellen
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Bergman, Emelie
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att vara förälder till en tonåring med diabetes typ 1: En litteraturbaserad studie2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background About 7000 children and teenagers live with type 1 diabetes in Sweden. Parents take a big responsibility when it comes to their child's diabetes care. Nurses play an important role when it comes to supporting parents during this time. In order to increase knowledge about how nurses can develop their support for this group, it’s important to study parents' experiences of living with and supporting their teenager with the disease.Aim The aim of this study was to investigate parents' experiences of being a parent to a teenager with type 1 diabetes.Method A qualitative literature review method was chosen to investigate parents' experiences of being a parent to a teenager with type 1 diabetes. The literature review included nine scientific articles from CINAHL and PUBMED.Results Two main themes emerged: (1) Concerned parents and (2) Lack of knowledge about diabetes and diabetes management. Parents felt that they did not have time to take care of their own well-being which resulted in mental illness among many parents. Most parents experience difficulties in handing over the responsibility of the diabetes care to their teenager,as they are worried about what the future. Most parents feel insecure in several daily situations, showing evidence of a lack of knowledge.Conclusion Nurses need to focus more on caring for parents. It is important that the nurse pays attention to parents' need for support. By involving parents in the care, a good relationship is created between the nurses and the parents. 

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  • 329.
    Hultgren, Lotte
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Rytterstig, Johanna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att möta kvinnor som utsätts för våld: sjuksköterskans perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It may be difficult for nurses to identify women who are victims of domestic violence, because the violence is hidden. When violence isn't addressed, it can lead to physical and mental illness and societal costs. It is the health care responsibility to pay attention to health needs and create a safe environment for patients. It requires knowledge and training to facilitate the identification of women who are subjected to violence.

    Aim: The purpose is to describe nurses' experiences when meeting women victims of domestic violence.

    Method: A literature based study with qualitative approach. Articles were read, reviewed and analyzed according to Fribergs analysis method.

    Results: This study presents two main themes and seven sub themes. The first theme is presented as Inability to help – related to lack of time, ignorance and how the woman handles the situation. The second theme is presented as Emotional impact – related to anger and frustration, sadness, fear and concern and joy, sympathy and meaningfulness.

    Conclusion: Nurses need increased training about domestic violence when screening, as well as the causes and consequences of violence. Education on violence can give more understanding of how the nurse should act in the meeting and what questions should be asked. Knowledge can also help the nurses to deal with the lack of time, as it enables the nurse to prioritize. Emotional support is needed so the nurse should not be negatively affected personally or professionally.

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  • 330.
    Hulthén, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Norstedt, Anna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Den osynliga misshandeln: psykisk misshandel av barn och möjliga konsekvenser för vuxenlivet.2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Childhood emotional abuse can lead to mental illness. Research about emotional abuse is limited and therefore complicates the work of the nurse, since understanding of what emotional abuse means is of importance.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe what consequences people may suffer later on in life if they were exposed to emotional abuse or emotional neglect as a child.

    Method: A literature overview was performed by collecting and analysing eight quantitative studies, two qualitative studies and one study with mixed-method. The analysis was performed according to Friberg's three-step-model.

    Results: Childhood emotional abuse showed to affect the victims mental health later on in life. There were many different mental illnesses associated with persons that had experienced emotional abuse in their childhood. Personality disorders, depression and eating disorder was found to have a significant connection of mental health outcomes based of childhood emotional abuse. There were also a significant connection with social inhibiting states such as anxiety, post traumatic stress syndrom (PTSD), low self-esteem and low self-image.

    Conclusion: More information about how to detect and prevent emotional abuse of children is needed. Nurses also need more knowledge about how to handle the care of adult patients struggling with mental illness due to childhood trauma.

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  • 331.
    Hultstrand, Annika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Boström, Marita
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Patienters erfarenheter av att ha vårdats på en intensivvårdsavdelning: En litteratur baserad studie2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The fact that more people are currently surviving intensive care than ever before makes it highly important to increase our knowledge about these patient’s personal experiences. Previous published research demonstrates that patients treated at the intensive care unit rarely have clear memories from their stay. Aim: The aim of the study was to describe patients’ experiences of intensive care. Method: A literature-based study of 16 qualitative studies was conducted. Results: Our analysis of the result emerged in four categories and eleven sub categories. The categories were; A wish to understand, To be dependent, To be exposed and To believe in the future.

    Conclusion: To avoid the illusive experience described by patients treated at the intensive care unit, we need further knowledge about their experiences. Further research is needed to gain more knowledge about the reason for the illusive experiences this would hopefully provide us with a better understanding on how to minimize the traumatic experience described by the patients.

  • 332.
    Hultén, Julia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Olsson, Eva-Lena
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Bedsiderapportering: ur patienters och sjuksköterskors perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Several times during the day at hospital wards, report is done at shift changes between nurses. The report usually occurs at the nurse's office in the absence of the patient. Reporting may include the nurse's personal views regarding the patient and their relatives. With Bedside shift report (BSR) the report is moved into the patient's room so that the patient can be involved. Aim: The purpose of this study was to describe nurses and patients experiences of the BSR method. Method: A literature study with qualitative approach. Nine articles where chosen to be read, reviewed and analyzed according to Fribergs analysis model. Results: Four themes appeared. The themes were: safe healthcare environment, the meeting: meet and be met, participation & sensitive topics, privacy and confidentiality. Conclusion: The study shows that both nurses and patients experience the BSR to have many advantages as a reporting method.

  • 333.
    Hurtig, Therese
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Jönsson, Karin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    "Diabetes är inget att vara rädd för, det går att kontrollera": Faktorer som kan påverka individens egenvård vid diabetes typ 22017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Diabetes type 2 is a growing health issue and its complications takes lifes all over the world. In order for an individual with type 2 diabetes to be able to live as satisfactorily as possible, knowledge and responsibility for self management is required. Previous studies show that self management is affected by barriers and facilitating factors.The self manegment is constanty present and means making decisions in daily life.

    Aim: The aim of this study were to highlight factors that may affect the individual's self management in type 2 diabetes.

    Method: A literature based study with a qualitative approach. 13 scientific articles were analyzed according to Friberg.

    Results: The study presents four main themes: knowledge, relationships, adaptability and degree of acceptance. From these main themes nine sub-themes emerged: the guessing game is over, lack of knowledge, partner in crime, family members, healthcare professionals, strategies, lost self-control, if you don't see it it does not exist and the best policy.

    Conclusion: The relationship between the individual and the nurse has a significant role in self-management. The nurse should offer group education as this may facilitate self-management and lifestyle changes. Nurses should involve relatives in self-management as relatives' support was seen as a facilitating factor. By involving close relatives, stigma of society can be reduced as knowledge of the disease and self-care is spreading. Through personalized care, the nurse can provide the individual with options to self-management.

  • 334.
    Husein, Amani
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Kokulu, Fatma
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Orsaker till sjuksköterskans upplevelse av arbetsrelaterad stress i det dagliga omvårdnadsarbetet: En litteraturbaserad studie2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Working as a nurse is stressful. Stress for a long time affects the quality of care which the nurse is responsible for. Several nurses may have the feeling of tiredness and depression and thus less safety care due to stress that the nurses are exposed to. Aim: To investigate the causes of work-related stress in daily nursing care. Method: The method was a literature-based study based on thirteen articles with qualitative design. Results: Poor work environment affects the nurses’ work and impairs the quality of the care provided. The study has shown that it is very important that the nurse can recover and can feel safety at work. Moreover, the study has also shown that there are several conditions that increase the workload which are the lack of time and staff, poor management, lack of administrative support, incorrect communication regarding cooperation with the other professional groups, bad work environment and constantly interrupting increased the nurse's experience of stress. These conditions can lead to job dissatisfaction, loss of desire to take up work, and thus less safe care. Conclusion: Work-related stress is a major problem which affects the nurses’ daily work and the quality of care provided. Further research is needed to improve these conditions and reduce the nurses’ experience of stress.

  • 335.
    Husein, Vania
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Al, Dunia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Musikens kraft på personer med demenssjukdom: En litteraturbaserad studie om vårdpersonal och närståendes erfarenhet av musiken och musikterapins effekt på personer med demenssjukdom.2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Dementia is one of the most common diseases in the world and is rapidly increasing in Sweden. Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, Parkinson's disease with dementia, frontotemporal dementia, alcohol dementia and lewy body dementia are among the most common dementia types. Each nine out of ten suffering from dementia has Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) where the symptoms include aggression, anxiety, apathy, hallucinations or sleep disturbances. Memory disorders are one of the symptoms that affect people with dementia and their relatives, music stimulates the individual's memory and creates a pleasant environment for the affected and their career. Aim: The purpose is to describe the healthcare staff and the family members experience of music's effect on people with dementia. Method: Researchers used a literature study in which searches were made on the databases CINAHL and psycINFO. Ten qualitative articles were selected and analyzed according to Friberg's five-step model. Results: The results showed that both healthcare professionals and family members who care for their relatives with dementia experienced that music, singing, music therapy and live music had a good effect on the individual suffering from dementia. They reported that the music had a calming, pleasing and relaxing effect on them. Music brought old memories back to the individuals with dementia and they felt that the music also functioned as exercise. The careers experienced that the music created a nice atmosphere and also a better communication and relationship between the caregiver and the individual with dementia disease. Conclusion: In this literature-based study the authors stated that music worked very well as a nursing measure in caring for people with dementia. When caring for people who suffer from dementia music is an effective and urgent measure where healthcare professionals or caring relatives can use by singing, playing background music and other types of music. Cost-wise, music is a cheap and easy to deal with nursing measure that everyone can use.

  • 336.
    Hussain, Farheen
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Ismailzada, Zahra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Se mig - våldsutsatta kvinnors upplevelser i möten med vårdpersonal: En litteraturbaserad studie2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Violence against women is a major global health issue. During 2020, a total of 23 200 women were victims of abuse by a familiar person. Violence has an impact on women and can lead to health problems with psychological and physical consequences. In addition to having a negative effect on health, violence in close relationships can result in fatal consequences.

    Aim: Experiences of abused women in encounters with healthcare staff.

    Method: A literature-based study with eight qualitative studies. Analysis of these articles resulted in one main theme, containing four subthemes.

    Results: Many women did not receive help. They felt that healthcare staff did not show any interest, nor were they taken seriously due to healthcare staff rushing through the meeting with an unpleasing attitude. Abused women felt like a burden. Few women received good responses from healthcare staff. In those cases, they had been asked about the abuse and been given time to talk and ventilate their emotions.

    Conclusion: Women who have been victims of violence had a bad experience with healthcare staff due to lack of time. They wanted the healthcare staff to ask them about the abuse they had encountered since they found it difficult to reveal by themselves. Healthcare staff need to acquire more knowledge regarding intimate partner violence and gain information on how to meet and bestow the right help to these women who have been subjected to abuse.

  • 337.
    Högberg, Louise
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Klasson, Christian
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Musik för en förbättrad livskvalitet hos personer med demenssjukdom2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Dementia is a rapidly growing disease globally, as the world's population is ageing. There is a need for alternative treatment of diseases such as dementia. Understanding the impact of music on people with dementia is important to further develop the nursing care.

    Aim: The aim was to illuminate the impact of music on people with dementia from a nursing perspective.

    Method: This study was a literature study based on Friberg's five step analysis. Eight qualitative studies were analysed.

    Result: The result showed that music had positive impact on both mental and physical aspects. People with dementia tended to be more sociable and active as well as happier when music was played. This made them more able to express emotions, interests and opinions regarding the nursing care and in general their way of life.

    Conclusion: Music was easy and cost efficient to implement in everyday nursing care. The benefits of music outweighed the difficulties implementing it. It saved time during everyday tasks and seemed to make life more enjoyable in general for people with dementia.

  • 338.
    Hörnlund, Simon
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Asp, Viktor
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    “Skulle det varit annorlunda om jag inte missbrukade?”: Hur personer med substansmissbruk upplever sig bli bemötta av personal inom vården2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background Abuse is defined as an uncontrollable consumption of a substance that gives you a euphoric effect. According to statistics the consumption of alcohol and drugs are elevating. Substance abusers are stigmatized by society and they usually feel they are treated differently by other people.

    Aim How people with substance abuse are being met by health care personnel.

    Method Literature review based on nine scientific articles with qualitative method searched at APAP sychinfoand PubMed. Every article of the nine included articles were analyzed by Fribergs five-step model.

    Results The result is presented in two main themes and four sub-themes. The first main theme is “To be discriminated”. According to patients with substance abuse they feel being discriminated by health care personnel. They feel they have to wait a long time to get the care and treatment they need and when they get treatment, they usually feel that it’s less profitable. The second main theme is “Treated as an abuser”. According to the patients, they feel being labeled and discriminated by the health care personnel when being treated stereotypically. Although most of the patients had negative experiences some had positive experiences where personnel treated them with respect and dignity.

    Conclusion Patients with substance abuse experience stigmatization and that stigma inflicts how they are being treated by the health care staff. They feel that they get less profitable care. In order to give a better care it is important that healthcare staff need a better understanding for these patients.

  • 339.
    Ihlbom, Yvonne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Nader, Namo
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Patienters erfarenheter av att leva med hjärtsvikt: -en litteraturbaserad studie2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Heart failure is a chronic and life-threatening disease. A serious condition where the heart is unable to pump enough blood into the body. Living with heart failure can cause suffering and impaired health due to limitations in everyday life. There is a need to make lifestyle changes.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe patients´ experiences of living with heart failure.

    Method: This study is based on a method based on analysis of qualitative research to contribute to evidence-based nursing. With the help of Friberg's five-step model, nine qualitative articles were analyzed.

    Results: Through the analysis, three themes and six sub-themes were developed. The themes were: Life is changing, managing everyday life and involved in self-care. The analysis showed that patients felt limiting and had difficulty accepting the disease. Being able to handle the new conditions was very much about the attitude to the patient's life. The lack of knowledge about the disease and the treatments resulted in poorer self-care and compliance.

    Conclusion: Being diagnosed with heart failure means a life change. It is therefore important that the nurse is aware of the physical and psychological effects of the disease. We as nurses should be able to give patients the right knowledge and tools to be able to manage their treatment and self-care in a better way. Self-care was important to make everyday life manageable. We should also involve and support family members who can motivate the patient to adherence. Then we can reduce hospital visits and improve patients' well-being.

  • 340.
    Irejz, Amina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Bandor, Eliza
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Barn och ungdomars upplevelser av att leva med förälder som lever med psykisk ohälsa2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The majority of people with mental illness are parents, however the children are ignored in healthcare. According to studies, children's experiences of the parent’s mental illness affect the children negatively and leads to suffering in adulthood. Aim: The aim of this qualitative study is to explore children’s and adolescents experience of living with parents with mental illness. Method: The used method in this study is called the five-step model according to Friberg (2012). The five-step model contributes to evidence-based nursing based on analysis of qualitative research. Results: The result of the study can be summarized in three main themes, strains, emotional supports and emotional effects. The overall experience was that the children and adolescents were all alone. They also experienced having more responsibility than other children. These children and adolescents felt insecure about their situation and they all agreed that they would feel more secure if they had more information about their parents’ illness. Conclusion: Without trustful relationships and help from family members or healthcare professionals these children turns out to be disoriented in their wellbeing which leads to emotional burnout.

  • 341.
    Iskandar, Mona
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Kaka, Narin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Jag lever ett liv med begränsningar: Att leva med kroniskt obstruktiv lungsjukdom2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common pulmonary disease. The disease develops slowly over the years and carries with it symptoms such as feeling breathlessness, couch with mucus. COPD can not be cured completely but on the other hand it is possible to slow down the symptoms. Since COPD can get worse with time, individuals suffering from COPD are limited to social interaction. COPD can get worse and Patients suffering from COPD may require hospital care and in worse case the illness can result in the patient's death.

    Aim: The aim of the study is to describe patients experience of living with obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

    Method: The study is literature-based, based on ten qualitative articles and Friberg's five-step model has been used.

    Results: Two main themes with five subthemes were formed: emotional strains and limitations in the daily life. Based on selected themes, patient's experiences could be more clarified. Patient's with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease had many negative experiences of living with it. The symptoms that COPD caused created limitations in the daily life and had both physical and mental impact. The patient's got limited by isolating themselves.

    Conclusion: Living with a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was experienced as suffering in which patients are obligated to adapt their life according to the conditions of the disease and limiting their daily lifestyle.

  • 342.
    Ismael, Dalia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Pepic, Suzana
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Barns upplevelse av att leva med en förälder med psykisk ohälsa2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Many children live with parents with mental illness. Those children are in a vulnerable position, because they are dependent on the parents' care. These parents often fail in their parenting role and the child's development can be affected. Because of this, it is important that nurses takes initiatives to treat these children.

    Aim: The purpose of this study is to illuminate children's experiences of living with a parent with mental illness.

    Method: A literature study based on using and analysing fifteen qualitative articles.

    Results: The results summarized in four main themes. The first theme was: To experience emotional conflicts, with three subthemes which were: feeling different, feeling shame and feeling of guilt. The second theme was: The feelings of living in uncertainty, with three subthemes: the feeling of fear, feeling of concern and the experience of frustration. The third theme was: The feeling of abandonment, with two subthemes: the experience of loneliness and the feeling of sadness. The fourth theme was: The experience of happiness, with three subthemes: the feeling of belongingness, the experience of joy and love, and the experience of relief. The results showed that children of parents with mental illness experience varying feelings about living with a parent with mental illness.

    Conclusion: The results showed that children do not always understand the parents mental illness, which made them feel varying feelings, but they express a wish to understand. Because when there was an understanding of mental illness, they felt a sense of relief. This information may be useful for nurses when they meet children of a parent with mental illness.

  • 343.
    Issa, Noelia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Starck, Lisa
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter med missbruksproblematik2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Addiction is a growing health problem worldwide. For example, approximately 835000 people in Sweden struggle with substance abuse. People with addiction problems are needed care. Nurses often get insecure when it comes to caring for patients with substance abuse disorder.

    Aim: to describe nurses experience of caring patients with substance abuse problem.

    Method: A literature review based on qualitative and quantitative studies was applied.

    Results: Nurses' experiences of caring patients with addiction problems resulted in two themes with five subthemes. The first theme was to have a professional approach, with subthemes knowledge and competence needs and the importance of collegial tutorship. The second theme was to work for a secure care with subthemes create participation, adjust the care and the feeling of fear and loneliness.

    Conclusion: All nurses need to be given more education to be able to be caring for patients with addiction in the best way, and always use a patient cantered care. When nurses were given the opportunity to educate themselves in this area, they felt more secure and developed more knowledge.

  • 344.
    Ivarsson, Camilla
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Åstrand, Lisa
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Patienters erfarenheter av omhändertagandet i samband med trauma2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Trauma is a common cause of death and disability and an event that can lead to a major suffering for the patient. To be exposed to trauma entails both physical and mental stress. Some patients expressed feelings such as guilt and hopelessness and had difficulty seeing the meaning of life after the accident, when the patient´s lifeworld was changed. Aim: The aim of this study was to illuminate patients' experiences of trauma care. Method: A literature review based on a content analysis of nine qualitative and three quantitative studies.  Results: The result revealed that patients needed support after the traumatic event. The findings were three main themes; Professional support from the nurse, Support of a functioning organization, Support of a good communication. Conclusion: The traumatic event turned out to be very emotional for the patients and they needed professional support after the accident. The nurse had a significant role and supportive function in the trauma care of the patient and could help the patient to feel safe in the situation and look hopefully on life again by means of an empathetic approach.

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  • 345.
    Ivehag, Ellinor
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Wulcan, Hanna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Har vi gått igenom det här kan vi gå igenom vad som helst: Parets upplevelse av infertilitet2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Infertility is more common than many people think and can be due to various factors. The occurrence is equally common in both sexes and various treatment methods are available to take. Infertility rarely go unnoticed and couples affected more or less. Aim: The aim of the study was to highlight the heterosexual couple's experience of infertility. Method: A literature based study was done through a qualitative approach. The database Cinahl was used in the systematic searches. In total, the study is based on ten qualitative articles and the analysis resulted in three themes with three subthemes each. Results: The couples felt that their relationship was put to the test. They isolated themselves from family and friends because they constantly were reminded of their situation. Seeking support from others with infertility problems on Internet was common. Conclusion: The desire to become a parent was for all couples central but with the diagnosis life couldn’t take the way that was intended. The relationship was affected more or less, and support from various sources and of different types were needed. The importance of the nurse responds couple on a person-centered way highlighted. Person- centered care took advantage of the patient's resources and reduced suffering.

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  • 346.
    Jafar, Ali
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Chang, Raoul
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Anhörigas upplevelser av att vårda en demenssjuk person i hemmet: En litteraturstudie2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Dementia can be described as a syndrome that causes a long-term and often gradual decrease in the ability to think and remember that is severe enough to affect daily functioning. Mostly elderly people are diagnosed and as the population grows older the amount of people who are diagnosed with dementia are increasing. About 130 000 to 150 000 people in Sweden have dementia and about 20 000 to 25 000 people are diagnosed each year. This will result in more family members taking on the responsibility of caring for a person with dementia.

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to illuminate relatives' experience of caring for a person with dementia at home.

    Method: A literature based study based on analysis of ten qualitative studies of relatives caring for a person with dementia at home.

    Results: The results show that relatives who care for a person with dementia at home described both positive and negative experiences. A main theme emerged with four subthemes. The sub themes were To accept it as it is, Responsibility for ones relatives, To feel alone and To become a carer.

    Conclusion: Caring for a person with dementia results in lifestyle changes for the carer. The result of this study showed both negative and positive aspects of caring for a family member with dementia. Relatives have created their strategies for caring. Accepting the situation can lead to relatives feeling relief. Nurses may come in contact with relatives who care for a family member with dementia who lives at home. This study may therefore help nurses care for patients with dementia and their families.

  • 347.
    Jakobsson, Christian
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Ekström, Jennie
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Patienters erfarenheter av att leva med diabetes mellitus typ 2: en litteraturbaserad studie2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes is growing rapidly worldwide. Five percent of the adult population in Sweden is currently living with the disease. Without proper treatment there is an increased risk of severe health problems and mortality. Besides medical treatment key factors that prolong healthy life is lifestyle changes. An increased understanding and knowledge are of importance for nurses with the purpose of facilitate greater health in the population.

    The aim of this study was to describe patients' experiences of living with type 2 diabetes. A method to contribute to evidence-based nursing based on analysis of qualitative research was performed. Nine scientific articles were analyzed.

    The findings were three main themes and seven subthemes. The need to start a healthy life: The attitude to exercise varies and Healthy diets can provide control. Strive to control the situation: Customize everyday life with new habits and plan more, The importance of the environment for self-confidence and self-esteem and Many obstacles to living healthy. Learn to manage their illness: The need for individually adapted support from the nurse, Conflicting feelings associated with type 2 diabetes and Manage worries for complications.

    The experience regarding living with diabetes mellitus type 2 varied between the patients. Difficulty finding motivation to make changes in life and a desire to live as previously revealed, but most patients understood the need for life changes. Nurses and relatives were an important support to the patients' for better health.

  • 348.
    Jakobsson, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Jansson, Märtha
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Kvinnors upplevelse av att leva med urininkontinens: En litteraturbaserad studie2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The definition of urinary incontinence is involuntary loss of urine that is objectively detectable and results in a social and hygienic inconvenience for the individual. There are different types and causes of urinary incontinence and the symptoms often occur more frequently with higher age. Women are affected to a greater extent than men. Urinary incontinence may affect everyday life and lead to changes in quality of life.

    Aim: To illuminate women's experiences of living with urinary incontinence.

    Method: A literature study was conducted using qualitative analysis through five steps. An analysis of ten qualitative articles was carried out.

    Results: Four main themes emerged, a suffering in everyday life, perceived body perception, feelings about sexuality and hope and despair. The results showed that living with urinary incontinence affected everyday life activities. The women felt limited and learned to cope through different strategies. Urinary incontinence affected the women's body image and could result in less confidence and the feeling of powerlessness. The complex situation sometimes leads to negative sexual effects. Women lived with the hope to recover but at the same time there were feelings of despair for what the future would hold for them.

    Conclusion: Women suffering from urinary incontinence experience restrictions in their everyday life, in physical, mental and social aspects. It creates a feeling of loss of control. And many women suffer in silence without seeking help. Urinary incontinence has a negative effect on their quality of life.

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  • 349.
    Jansson, Ann-Louise
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Strand, Ursula
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Acceptans, kunskap och vägledning, nycklar till god egenvårdsbehandling i hemmet: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Due to patient through put rate in medical care is increasing, persons are sent back to their own home sooner and sooner. The requirement that persons must self-manage in their self-care at home is increasing an persons with chronic disease are expected to attend part of their ongoing care and treatment at home. The theoretical concepts is Dorothea

    Orem’s, the Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory and life-world.

    Aim: The purpose of the study was to describe the chronically ill person’s experience of self-care treatment that requires medical device in the home.

    Method: The study is a literature-based analysis of qualitative research. Qualitative articles were chosen as the purpose of the study was to describe the experiences of self-care. Qualitative studies focus on understanding person's experiences and perceptions. The studies were analyzed with the method evidence-based care with the foundation in the analysis of qualitative research.

    Result: Three main themes were created: The struggle to accept the illness and self-care treatment, the desire for adequate knowledge of the disease and self-care treatment, the need for guidance to manage the disease and self-care treatment. A number of sub-themes specified each theme.

    Conclusion: The results of the study show that the chronically ill person struggle to accept both suffering from a chronic disease but also being responsible for managing home self-care. By using knowledge and guidance they were able to govern themselves and adapt their treatment, leading to increased health and well-being.

  • 350.
    Jansson, Antigona
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Wahlberg, Sara
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter som har insjuknat i stroke: En litteraturstudie2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Stroke is a common disease in Sweden and between 25 000–30 000 people fall ill every year. A stroke causes oxygen deficiency and can lead to lifelong disabilities for the patient. Multidisciplinary teams work together where the nurse plays an important role for the care and the process of recovery. Aim: Highlight nurses' experiences of caring for patients who have had a stroke. Method: The design of the study is a literature study with a qualitative approach. The study is based on ten articles and was analyzed using Friberg’s five-step analysis. Results: Two themes and six subthemes emerged. Nurses felt that their care was important for the patient's recovery but wanted further specialized training. Multidisciplinary collaboration was perceived as important both for the development of knowledge and the patient's care. Nurses highlighted relatives' participation in patient care. However, there were daily challenges of, among other things, time pressure and understaffing. Conclusion: The study showed that nurses wish to provide good care for their patients and that their care was important. However, they experience daily challenges. Through organizational changes such as increased staff density and continuing education, the role of the nurse can be strengthened and lead to improved patient care.

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