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  • 301.
    Hjalmarsson, David
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Lindberg, Berndt
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Jämförande studie av prisutvecklingen på småhusmarknaden mellan Jönköpings och Stockholms län2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study compares the price development on the house market in Jönköping and Stockholm County during the time period 2003-2012. Price development for the period examined have shown a rising trend, however, with a slowdown after the 2008 financial crisis. The study examines the extent to which four key macroeconomic factors affect price development in the housing market for the respective counties. The result obtained in this study is that the price of real estate in Jönköping County is affected by classical macroeconomic variables such as mortgage interest rate and inflation. However for Stockholm County price development is affected primarily by changes in population and changes in salary.

  • 302.
    Hjelte, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Garström, Fredrika
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Förhållandet mellan risk och avkastning hos svenska försäkringsfonder: En kvantitativ studie med stöd av CAPM modellen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background to this study is based on the assumption of a positive relationship between risk and return, which many people believes in. The most common mutual funds form in Sweden today is the insurance funds, which affects almost everyone in one way or another. Therefore it's interesting to analyze this relationship on this type of mutual funds. A dominant model in financial economics, which have been used in the study, is the CAPM model which describes the relationship between expected return and market risk of financial assets.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the connection between risk and return of a number of chosen Swedish insurance funds, in order to find out if there was a positive significant relationship between two different risk measures (standard deviation and beta) and return. To be able to accomplish this one simple linear regression and one multiple linear regression which is based on the CAPM model, have been used. The study investigates this relationship in three different time periods (2004-2013, 2009-2013 and 2011-2013) and was based on quarterly data for the Treasury bonds and the benchmark and also annual historical average return and standard deviation. The results presented a positive significant relationship for the funds with the lower risk, both in the simple and the multiple regressions. For the funds with the higher risk no positive significant relationship was found, neither in the simple or the multiple regressions. The conclusion came down to that there was a positive significant relationship between risk and return for the low-risk funds, but not for the high-risk funds

  • 303.
    Holgersson, Emelie
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Contested Concept of Democracy: An illustration of the meaning of democracy in Argentina2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ideas are important to the world of politics and they play a key role in defining and understanding the meaning of concepts. Studying present ideas and discussions about a concept is important as it helps us understand more about the ideas and approaches that are mediated to the general public and hence more about the meaning of the concept at large. Political scientists argue that democracy is a contested concept whose meaning is not given. Yet, little is known about ideas about democracy in Latin America at large and ideas about democracy in Argentina in particular. This study examines Argentinian newspapers as an arena for ideas to understand more about the meaning of democracy in Argentina. The data was collected through qualitative content analysis of articles from 2013 from three nationally distributed newspapers with different positions on the ideological spectrum. Two dimensions of democratic deepening and ideals types were used to analyse the data. The study shows that the understanding that Argentinians have of the concept of democracy seems to differ from a more traditional reductionist approach, hence also the general approach that is generally applied when studying democracy. Analysing the results will lead on to a discussion on improvement of democratic practices and new ideas of how popular sovereignty could be exercised through more grass-root participation and extension of democratic practices.

  • 304.
    Holm, Ninni
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Andersson, Jennifer
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Värdepåverkande faktorer vid värdering av bostadsrätter i Uddevalla kommun2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When a condominium shall be sold in the market a value judgment is performed in order to create a market-based pricing as a basis for the transfer. It is important to know the factors that influence the price and what potential buyers are willing to pay for different qualities and therefore leads to this thesis problem; which characteristics can explain and have the highest effect on the price of a condominium in Uddevalla? To answer the question has empirical data on 1,578 condominium transfers that occurred during the period 2008 to 2013 received.

    After considerations the ideal method is based on hedonic price theory, where the price implicitly reveals consumer preferences. By use of the logarithmic regression model the results obtained by multiple regression analysis where consumer preferences about different qualities have been identified and analyzed, as well as if population and the repo rate affect the price. In addition, the thesis will find out if the price tends to be higher during some of the year's four seasons.

    The thesis conclusions are that living space is the variable that has the greatest impact on price on condominiums in Uddevalla. Because rooms tend to increase with increased living space, the willingness to pay more for each additional room also increases the price. The condominiums location and monthly fee is also crucial for the price. If the distance from the center and monthly fee increase, it reduces buyers' willingness to pay. Further conclusions about the factors that affect the price are that consumers are willing to pay more for newly constructed condominiums and prefer to stay relatively high in the residential buildings

  • 305.
    Holm, Sara
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Boman, Carl
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The relationship between the stock and housing market in Sweden: Under different market conditions2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The two largest assets on the balance sheet in the Swedish households are stocks and houses. The country's wealth and general economy are greatly affected by changes in the two markets. This paper investigates the relationship between the stock- and housing market in Sweden under the time period 1987 to 2019. To investigate the correlation, a bivariate correlation matrix was used and to investigate the causality of the two assets, the Granger causality test based on a vector autoregressive model (VAR) was applied. The causality test is performed both with and without control variables like GDP and interest rate. We will be dived the full time series into different subsamples, where focus is on two periods that includes a recession and two periods that include an economic boom. It is important to analyze how causality is during different business cycles to get a better understanding about the causality between the two markets. The conclusion that there is a large and positive relationship between the two assets could be drawn after the analysis of the bivariate correlation matrix. Overall, the causality test shows that there is unidirectional causality from the stock market to the housing market during an economic boom but not during a recession.

  • 306.
    Holmgren, Daniel
    et al.
    Department of Paediatrics, Skaraborg Hospital, Skövde, Sweden; University of Gothenburg, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. Department of Planning and Development, NU-Hospital Group, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Wekell, Per
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Gothenburg, Sweden Department of Paediatrics, NU-Hospital Group, Uddevalla, Sweden.
    Integrating a pedagogic course in a CPD programme for paediatricians at out-patient clinics2021In: Journal of European CME, ISSN 2161-4083, Vol. 10, no 1, article id 1862981Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Equipping paediatricians for the challenges of the explosive development of knowledge and specialised health care calls for a well-planned continuing professional development (CPD) strategy which updates paediatric competencies and the pedagogic skills among paediatricians. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of a pedagogic course, integrated into a CPD programme for paediatricians at out-patient clinics. The pedagogic course comprised three learning components, participation in a CPD programme, during two and a half years, a pedagogic learning module and a pedagogic assignment. The objectives of all the learning activities, including the pedagogic course, were developed according to adult learning theories. Evaluations were made using questionnaires. Seventeen paediatricians participated in the CPD programme; 13 of them completed the pedagogic learning module and six the full pedagogic course, including the pedagogic assignment - teaching at one's own clinic. Evaluation of the pedagogic assignment at the participants' own clinics by 64 co-workers revealed that the co-workers appreciated the training activities and would recommend them to a colleague. We conclude that it is possible to combine medical and pedagogic education in a CPD programme for paediatricians and that the participants were able to digest and apply the pedagogic principles used in the course.

  • 307.
    Holmgren, Helén
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Svensson, Karin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Case i bokföring2020 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
  • 308.
    Holmgren, Helén
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Svensson, Karin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Case i redovisning2023 (ed. 3)Book (Other academic)
  • 309.
    Holst, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Primary Health Care/Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Björkelund, Cecilia
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Primary Health Care/Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Metsini, Alexandra
    County Council of Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Madsen, Jens-Henrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hange, Dominique
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Primary Health Care/Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Petersson, Eva-Lisa L.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Primary Health Care/Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden Region Västra Götaland, Närhälsan Research and Development Primary Health Care, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Maria C. M.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Primary Health Care/Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kivi, Marie
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Andersson, Per-Åke A.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Svensson, Mikael
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Health Metrics, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Cost-effectiveness analysis of internet-mediated cognitive behavioural therapy for depression in the primary care setting: results based on a controlled trial2018In: BMJ Open, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 8, no 6, article id e019716Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective To perform a cost-effectiveness analysis of a randomised controlled trial of internet-mediated cognitive behavioural therapy (ICBT) compared with treatment as usual (Tall) for patients with mild to moderate depression in the Swedish primary care setting. In particular, the objective was to assess from a healthcare and societal perspective the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of ICBT versus TaU at 12 months follow-up. Design A cost-effectiveness analysis alongside a pragmatic effectiveness trial. Setting Sixteen primary care centres (PCCs) in south-west Sweden. Participants Ninety patients diagnosed with mild to moderate depression at the PCCs. Main outcome measure ICERs calculated as (Cost(ICBT)-Cost(TaU))/(Health outcome(ICBT)-Health outcome(TaU))=Delta Cost/Delta Health outcomes, the health outcomes being changes in the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) score and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs). Results The total cost per patient for ICBT was 4044 Swedish kronor (SEK) ((sic)426) (healthcare perspective) and SEK47679 ((sic)5028) (societal perspective). The total cost per patient for TaU was SEK4434 ((sic)468) and SEK50 343 ((sic)5308). In both groups, the largest cost was associated with productivity loss. The differences in cost per patient were not statistically significant. The mean reduction in BDI-ll score was 13.4 and 13.8 units in the ICBT and Tall groups, respectively. The mean QALYs per patient was 0.74 and 0.79 in the ICBT and TaU groups, respectively. The differences in BDI-11 score reduction and mean QALYs were not statistically significant. The uncertainty of the study estimates when assessed by bootstrapping indicated that no firm conclusion could be drawn as to whether ICBT treatment compared with Tall was the most cost-effective use of resources. Conclusions ICBT was regarded to be as cost-effective as TaU as costs, health outcomes and cost-effectiveness were similar for ICBT and TaU, both from a healthcare and societal perspective.

  • 310.
    Hussein, Sabrina
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Aden, Samiyo Yonis
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Black Lives Matter in British media: A comparative study of conservative and liberal media framing of the Black Lives matter (BLM) movement in the UK through a postcolonial lens2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study critically analyzes and compares how the BLM movement is framed in British liberaland conservative media. This thesis has its starting point in previous literature which identifies the various used frames, being: Episodic anti-black frame, episodic pro-white frame and thematic anti-black frame and thematic pro-white frame. This study employs a qualitative content analysis for UK conservative and liberal newspapers of our selected newspapers being the Daily Telegraph and the Guardian, to search for the above mentioned frames in the period from 25 May to 30 June. Literature on American media framing of the BLM movement has inspired our study and we placed it in a British context. The results showcase a presence of news-articles with the white racial frame constructed in combination with the episodic/thematic frame in British liberal and conservative media. Emerging new frames are also defined and discussed in the analysis chapter. Our thesis will contribute to the broader question of how British conservative and liberal print media affects the framing of race in the coverage of the BLM movement. 

  • 311.
    Hussein, Selma
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Abukar, Nil
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Muslims in Swedish Newspapers: A Comparative Study of the Contextual Positioning of Muslims in Svenska Dagbladet and Dagens ETC2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyzes the contexts in which Muslims are mentioned in the conservative newspaper Svenska Dagbladet (SvD) and socialist newspaper Dagens ETC. This research contributes to the field of Swedish media representation of Muslims by analyzing in what context Muslims are mentioned in two different newspapers with different ideologies due to presentation of Muslim related news. The thesis uses an analytical framework based on war/terror-context, far right/populist right context, fundamentalist religious-context, non-fundamentalist religious context, social and cultural problem-context, social and cultural possibility-context. The reason we have chosen the year of 2015 is because there has been many events in news reporting which can be linked to Muslims such as: the growth of ISIS, The refugee crisis and Paris bombings, the Burma crisis and the recruit of European Muslims to terrorist groups to name a few. The analysis is performed through combination of quantitative and qualitative methods. The quantitative methods that are used in the analysis are based on the occurrence of the word 'Muslim' in each article, and from there in which context the word is mentioned. The results show that Muslims were more represented fundamentalist, far right/populist and war/terror contexts in the articles from SvD compared to the articles from Dagens ETC. This research tends to contribute a small contribution to the field of the representation of Muslims in Swedish media by analyzing the contextual positioning of Muslims in Swedish media news articles. We acknowledge that this research does not provide with an exclusive and general depiction of media representation of Muslims in Sweden however the research contributes with a part of the Swedish media representation of Muslims.

  • 312.
    Hägglund, Jessica
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The doom loop A relation between Sovereigns and banks.: - An panel analysis of Eurozone banks2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the second component of the doom loop relation between sovereigns and banks in the Eurozone during the period 2012-2017. The purpose of the study is to see if the increase of sovereign debt increases the banks risk. The paper studies Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain that faced distress during the euro crisis and France, Germany and the Netherlands who were more stable. The study is conducted through a panel regression analysis for the Zscore, representing the bank risk. The results showed that the stable countries of France and the Netherland had an increase in bank risk as sovereign increases their debt bonds while not distressed countries did not. The result shown implies that distressed counties expects to be bailed out by ECB while stable countries does not which makes the second part of the doom loop to be even worse. In conclusion it becomes important for banks to know the intention of their sovereign and the political interventions.

  • 313.
    Hägglund, Jessica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Johansson, Izabel
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Distance from insolvency in the Swedish banks: A panel analysis of the four largest banks in Sweden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After the resent financial crisis in 2007-2009, the terminology of 'too-big-to-fail' has become an increasingly debated topic around the world, referring to risk-taking by banks that causes systemic risk due to their size and complexity. Large capital contribution packages, implicit guarantees, has been paid out in order to prevent financial meltdown while giving banks and its creditors the incentive to take on higher risk, causing moral hazard. This thesis aims to determine what bank activities that influence implicit guarantees that is measured by banks risk-taking, distance from insolvency, in the four largest bank in Sweden during the time period 2001 to 2015. By a panel regression analysis, we can see that total asset and debt securities influences the banks risk-taking. From the findings we can conclude that the problem of 'too-big-to-fail' exists in Sweden.

  • 314.
    Hägglund, Jessica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Johansson, Izabel
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Swedish identity and cultural clashes: -Nationalism, multiculturalism, racism in the ideology of the Sweden Democrats2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to analyze the latent meaning of Sweden Democrats (SD) ideology. In order to do so we analyze how the relationship between nationalism and multiculturalism is constructed. By examining the relationship between nationalism and multiculturalism, one can determine if SD ideology point to racist elements or not. Choosing a single case study provides a more in-depth understanding of SD ideology. Based on the ontology of social constructivism and theories of nationalism, multiculturalism and racism, a qualitative textual analysis has been conducted in order to describe how these concepts are constructed in SD ideology. This analysis shows that there is an existing relationship between nationalism and multiculturalism, where SD enhances their nationalistic ideas and beliefs upon the negative ideas of multiculturalism. Through the relationship between nationalism and multiculturalism, one can find racist elements in SD ideology. SD categorizes individuals based on culture and justifies different treatment according to one's culture. Some cultures will be treated worse than others, which points to cultural racism.

  • 315.
    Höglund, Mats
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Handelsbolag: Bolagsbildning, vinstfördelning, reavinstbeskattning, justeratingångsvärde, byte av företagsform, reserveringsmöjligheter2003 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
  • 316.
    Höglund, Mats
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. Karlstads Universitet.
    The importance of staff to the efficiency of the tax agency2016In: Nordic Tax Journal, E-ISSN 2246-1809, no 2, p. 113-127Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Tax Agency is responsible for controlling as well as informing and assisting the taxpayers. Even if these tasks are not necessarily contradictory, they can be difficult to perform all at once. In their performance of duties, tax agency employees have to meet the expectations of the management as well as of the taxpayers. The goal fulfilment of the Tax Agency is contingent on the organisation’s ability to provide a stress-free working environment. Stress may cause physical and psychological problems.

  • 317.
    Hölscher, Victor
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ahlkvist, Victoria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Har bostadspriserna i Skövde påverkats av införandet av amorteringskrav?: En jämförelsestudie av amorteringskravets påverkan på bostadspriserna i mindre svenska kommuner2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how house prices have been affected by the amortisation requirement. On June 1, 2016, the Swedish Financial Supervisory imposed an amortization requirement for new mortgages. The requirement was tightened on March 1, 2018, with the introduction of a second amortisation requirement. (SCB, 2019) We have analyzed the possible impact that the introduction of the amortisation requirement has had on the Swedish housing market in a number of smaller cities for the period 2015-02-01 to 2019-12-31. As a basis for this thesis, we have used an econometric model with the support of economics theory and previous research. Our focus has been to examine the change in house prices in Skövde, Trollhättan, Uddevalla, Varberg and Örnsköldsvik. We have performed two statistical linear multiple regressions with two different dependent variables, which are prices of houses and prices of apartments for each city. Based on our regression, it is not possible to draw conclusions about how the amortisation requirement has affected housing prices. The results have low reliability in many of our variables. We therefore hope that the study can influence future studies, where by including more explanatory variables and a longer observation period a more reliable conclusion can be drawn.

  • 318.
    Høines, Benedicta Idiaye
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Immigrants' gender norms in integration process: A comparative study of first- and second-generation Somali immigrant women2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to investigate how culture and hence values change in an immigrant group in Sweden and if their understanding of gender changes over generations, by using first- and second-generation Somali immigrants.

    The study is a comparative small-N study design and uses a qualitative method of data collection with the help of a focus group interview.

    This study employs the theory of agenda setting priming & framing, the aspects of gender and gender ideal types of traditional and liberal gender role ideologies - to explore the differences and similarities of the understanding and importance of gender between the two groups. The analysis was categorized under the first- and second-generation Somalis with subcategorization of the aspects of gender, to have a better structured analysis.

    The key findings of this study indicate that the first-generation Somalis are compelled to conform to the liberal mainstream of the Swedish society, whilst keeping their core values such as their religious beliefs. However, they hold their religion to a higher esteem and placed more values on religion than culture. This is so because Somali culture is routed in religion and a lot of their cultural practices are based on religion, as indicated by both groups. Further, none of the aspects of gender raised in this study seems to be of great importance to the participants other than the aspects of clothing which is the wearing of Hijab.

  • 319.
    Hülphers, Charlotta
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Rehrauer, Anna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Detection of Euribor Manipulation in the European Interbank Market2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the possible Euribor manipulation of 23 European panel banks during the years 2005 to 2010. For this purpose, we will investigate two different methodologies. The first approach is a regression analysis which includes stationarity tests. We are expecting a significant break of the 3M Euribor rate with the outbreak of the financial crisis in August 2007. In a second approach we will run a test for variance equivalence between the two spreads, Euribor-OIS and CDS spread. The two spreads should have the same relative risk as their main component which should be reflected in homogeneous variances. By running a classical unit root test, we can detect a significant breakpoint in October 2008. This discrepancy could be a sign of panel banks submitting lower and thereby not trustworthy Euribor rates. This paper further investigates the breakpoint by testing for parameter stability by using the Chow test. Our conclusion is that a possible Euribor manipulation is detected during the crisis period. After running the Levene´s test for variance equivalence, the results indicate significantly different variances which can be a sign for Euribor manipulation. This strengthens the argument that banks may have incentives to manipulate their submitted Euribor rates to maintain their reputation and to improve their trading positions in the financial market. Banks pretend creditworthiness and can hide liquidity shortages by submitting lower Euribor rates.

  • 320.
    Ibishi, Jeta
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Staničić, Sonja
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    “Du ved, hvad vi står for!’’ “Au Nom du Peuple!”: A comparative small-N study of Danish People’s Party and Front National in the context of racist and Islamophobic discourses2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to identify the terms of inclusion and exclusion within two right-wing populist parties by the use of a discourse analysis. In relation to the rising populism in modern Europe, right-wing parties have had a rapid increase in their support. More specifically, this thesis aims to examine the discourse of Danish People’s Party and Front National during the period of 2014 to 2018 by asking the questions: 1) How do Danish People’s Party & Front National justify their anti-immigration politics?, 2) What is the significance of racism in this discourse? and 3) What is the significance of Islamophobia in this discourse? We apply two analytical frameworks whereas one is used for finding racist elements while the other is used for finding Islamophobic elements. The first analytical framework is based on a theory provided by van Dijk (1992) and the second is based on a theory provided by Conway (1997). By analyzing speeches and interviews from the two parties, we have been able to conclude whether their politics contain racist and/or Islamophobic elements. For the analysis, a qualitative small-N study has been adapted. Twelve speeches have been coded per party and analyzed. The conclusion for this thesis is that the discourse of both parties consists of both racist and Islamophobic elements, although these discriminatory practices have differentiated based on the party. The Danish People’s Party base their exclusion on clash of civilizations whilst the Front National focus their exclusion based on ethno-nationalism. 

  • 321.
    Ibrahim, Asma
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Reporting Africa: Same old stereotypical representation?: A qualitative single case study of terrorism in Nigeria2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this single case study is to examine how western media represent terrorism in Africa, more specifically, how BBC news represent terrorism in Nigeria. There are further two comparative moments that the specific case will be compared to which are stereotypes of; firstly, earlier studies of terrorism generally made by the "other" and secondly, earlier studies of representation of Africa. The research gap is that there is lack of studies concerning media representation of terrorism in Africa, there are studies about media representation of Africa and terrorism individually, however, this combination is absence. The theoretical approaches that are used in the thesis are post-colonial and representation theories which are relevant in order to provide the useful analytical tool to carry out the research. The analytical framework is developed based on earlier studies and theories where three frames are presented; colonial, cultural and religious frame. The method used is a qualitative content analysis where BBC news articles concerning Terrorism in Nigeria are used as data. The thesis finally revealed that there are general similarities to both earlier studies of representation of terrorism and Africa, however, the religious stereotypes which are associated with the general representation of terrorism, were more stable and dominant.

  • 322.
    Ibrahim, Sahra
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Analyzing Canada's feminist foreign policy: A Qualitative Content Analysis on Canada's feminist foreign policy examined through the lenses of feminist theory2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research examines how 'feminist' Canada's new feminist foreign policy is by assessing how the foreign policy reflects aspects of feminist theory and thought. The research contains deductive elements and used liberal and radical feminism as theoretical tools for the analysis of the chosen foreign policy document. To conduct the analysis, three different categories based on feminist theory were constructed to capture the main differences between liberal feminism and radical feminism. The three different categories were: the political and the private; cause of inequality; and goals to achieve gender equality. After analyzing the extent to which elements of liberal and radical principles were reflected in the foreign policy, it emerged that there were some variations between the three different categories. The first category mostly reflected aspects of radical feminist thinking, whereas the other two categories mostly mirrored the main principles of liberal feminism. The overall picture gathered from the analysis showed that Canada's new feminist foreign policy was mainly related to a liberal feminist perspective.

  • 323.
    Ibrahim, Zahra
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Asylum process from the perspective of asylum-seeking women: How does the long waiting time for asylum outcomes affect asylum-seeking women and their mental health?2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative case study aims to explore the situation of the asylum-seeking women during their asylum process. The focus will mainly be on how they perceive the long waiting time and what effect it has on their health. The asylum-seeking women that are included in this research live at the asylum accommodation at Restad Gård. The research is based on Antonovsky's Sense of Coherence theoretical framework, through his theory the experiences of the asylum seeking women will be examined in relation to comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness.

    This is an explanatory research study that aims to explore the effects that the asylum process has on asylum-seeking women. According to previous studies, asylum-seeking women undergo mental distress because of lack of occupation in their daily lives as well as lack of support. The research design used in this research is a single-case study and with ten asylum seeking women situated at Restad Gård. The method used to gather the data is semi-structured interviews.

    Results from the research indicates that all asylum-seekers lacks information about the asylum process which is the reason why many feel like the system does not make sense to them. This also make it difficult for the asylum-seeking women to manage during the waiting period, many suffer both mentally and physically, majority of women mentioned that they suffer from mental distress and insomnia. Even though it is hard to find meaning under circumstances like this, some women find meaning through the common ties among each other at the asylum accommodation.

  • 324.
    Ibrahim, Zahra
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gålbom, Sofie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Libyan slave trade in media: Is the presentation of the causes biased by CNN and Al Jazeera?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this Bachelor thesis is to analyze how CNN and Al Jazeera present the causes of the slave trade in Libya. Our specific research question is “How do CNN and Al-Jazeera present the causes of the slave trade in Libya”. To answer our question, Robert, M. Entman’s approach on framing biases is applied. We chose to include three concepts that are analyzed: framing, priming and agenda setting. The thesis is a comparative case study since we investigated the differences between CNN and Al Jazeera’s presentations of the causes. The slavery in Libya became world news in November of 2017, after CNN's report that revealed the slave auctions. The main problem defined by both news networks is the fact that slavery and slave auctions still exist in the modern day. The framings of the causes concerning the slave trade differ between CNN and Al Jazeera. Al Jazeera presented the slavery as a result of the actions of the Western countries, European countries in particular, while CNN addressed many different factors as causes for the slave trade, primarily the political instability in Libya.

  • 325.
    Ilchenko, Yuliya
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Nordic Exchange-traded funds performance2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The paper focuses on the performance of the Nordic ETFs presented in Sweden, Norway and Finland, particularly, compares leveraged and equity ETFs. This study evaluates a sample of 12 Nordic ETFs during the period 2014-2019 using Tracking Error, Sortino ratio, Net Asset Value (NAV) premium/discount and the Jensen's alpha approach as the performance measures. The study finds that the Nordic ETFs, on average, underperformed their benchmarks, however, when separating the ETFs into equity and leveraged ETFs, the study reveals that the equity ETFs outperformed their underlying indices. NAV testing notes that most of the time the ETFs are not traded at their NAV. The tracking error magnitude suggests that the Nordic ETFs do not completely replicate their benchmarks. In addition, the leveraged ETFs with the inverse replication strategy have not only the highest tracking error but also the negative Sortino ratios. Moreover, no one ETF could beat the market having either the negative or statistically insignificant alphas. Notably, that the negative and statistically significant alphas mostly belong to the leveraged ETFs.

  • 326.
    Ilovaca, Mia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hrkic, Zerina
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Populist ideology: A comparative study in order to see if and in that case how characteristics of populist ideology is present in political speeches by Bernie Sanders and Donald J. Trump2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to conduct research within the field of populist ideology and compare left- and right-wing populism by analysing if and in that case how characteristics of populist ideology is present in political speeches. By choosing two contrasting cases, left-wing Bernie Sanders and right-wing Donald J. Trump, it provides a unique comparison since they come from different parts of the political sphere, and this in turn can give a larger chance for generalization to other cases within the field of populist ideology. An analytical framework is constructed based on characteristics of populist ideology and a qualitative analysis is the base for analysing the political speeches of the politicians. The results of the analysis shows that there are characteristics of populist ideology present in the political speeches of Bernie Sanders and Donald J. Trump. The characteristics that are found are being compared between the politicians in the analysis. The analysis shows that there are differences in how the characteristics of populist ideology are present and how the populist ideology is filled with content in their political speeches, as well as how the differences can be connected to their ideological background.

  • 327.
    Inal, Tuba
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Looting and Rape in Wartime: Law and Change in International Relations2013Book (Refereed)
  • 328.
    Inal, Tuba
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Production of Rape as a Weapon in the Making of "Just" Wars2018In: Rape Cultures and Survivors: An International Perspective / [ed] Inal, Tuba, & Smith, Merril D., Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger, 2018, p. 2-1-2-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 329.
    Inal, Tuba
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The (re)production of a rape culture through film: Turkish cinema's love affair with rape2017In: Continuum. Journal of Media and Cultural Studies, ISSN 1030-4312, E-ISSN 1469-3666, Vol. 31, no 6, p. 802-819Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sexual violence is a pervasive problem that continues to affect many women’s lives around the world. The cultural environment enables the continued perpetration of these crimes and the (re)production of these cultural environments as well as their subjects through visual arts, particularly cinema. In this article, the mutually constitutive relationship between the rape culture in Turkey and Turkish cinema, with its particular themes and characters, is explored and described in order to shed light upon the social setting that both produces and consumes the rape-themed movies while normalizing and allowing rape.

  • 330.
    Inal, Tuba
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The role of the European court of human rights in changing gender norms in Turkey: the case of women’s maiden names2020In: Turkish Studies, ISSN 1468-3849, E-ISSN 1743-9663, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 524-556Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The diffusion of international human rights norms through the enforcement of international human rights law by courts has been explored by both scholars of international relations and international law. Turkey, which has been a state party to most international human rights treaties despite being a major violator of human rights, is the case in this paper. It examines norm diffusion in the area of women’s rights through court action in a patriarchal culture protected and represented by a deeply patriarchal state and judiciary. By looking at the legal processes, domestic and international, through which the issue of the right of Turkish women to keep their maiden names after marriage has gone, this paper argues that norm diffusion through court action can be triggered even in difficult cases such as changing gendered norms and describes the conditions and mechanisms that make these changes more likely.

  • 331.
    Inal, Tuba
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Smith, Merril D.
    Rape Cultures and Survivors: An International Perspective2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 332.
    Inderberg, André
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Kratz Lindskog, Oscar
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    We can´t have it both ways: A Network’s framing of Corporate Social Responsibility2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is to increase sustainable business practices in all sectors of society. The EU-2030 agenda creates a blueprint for actors and influences national strategies of sustainability as a countermeasure of the sustainability issues at hand. We are investigating how the publicly co-financed Swedish regional network, CSR-Västsverige (CSR-V) is framing the concept CSR. Our theoretical framework consists of the triple bottom line which is divided into its social, economic and environmental dimensions, and the equivalence frames risk/opportunity. This thesis is a single case study that will conduct a qualitative content analysis on CSR-Vs education material to answer our research question; How does CSR-Västsverige frame the concept CSR in their education programs? Through our analysis, we found that CSR-V employs both risk and opportunity framing, with a main focus on opportunity framing in the economic category.

  • 333.
    Ishak, Guorgis
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics.
    Kidane, Danay
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gender patterns in the ambassadorial appointments of the United States2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to describe the gender patterns in the ambassadorial appointments of the United States. The choice of the United States as the critical case is highly relevant, not only because they have placed emphasis on gender equality in foreign service, but also due to their dominant position in the international arena, their unique ability to spread norms and influence the world politics on a larger scale. Based on two institutional theories about gender, co-variance between sex of the ambassadors and characteristics of the countries of placement is made. The result from the quantitative analysis shows that men and women are placed differently. Men are often placed in relatively powerful states, while women on the other hand are placed in relatively weak states. The results indicates that even though the field of foreign policy have developed and gone to a more gender equal direction, there is still long way to go. Gender equality can only develop by examining the situation of women and men in different fields, and emphasizing its importance

  • 334.
    Islam, Md Safiqul
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Monetary Approach to Exchange Rate Determination: Evidence from Five Countries2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine an alternative version of the monetary approach to exchange rate determination to describe the CAD-USD, YEN-USD, GBP-USD, CHF-USD, SGD-USD exchange rate. We study this phenomenon empirically by collecting quarterly data of the exchange rate, money supply, gross domestic product, and interest rate, the inflation rate of Canada, Japan, England, Singapore, and Switzerland during 1979-2019. Therefore, this study also works on Dronbusch's sticky-price monetary model of the exchange rate determination for Canada, the UK, Switzerland, Japan, and Singapore.

  • 335.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    et al.
    Department of Computer Science, Reykjavik University, Reykjavik, Iceland (ISL).
    Johansson, Victoria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. Region Västra Götaland, NU Hospital Group, Trollhättan, Sweden.
    Alsén, Pia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Andreasson, Emma
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Surgery, SSORG - Scandinavian Surgical Outcomes Research Group, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden; Region Västra Götaland, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra, Department of Surgery, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Angenete, Eva
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Surgery, SSORG - Scandinavian Surgical Outcomes Research Group, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden; Region Västra Götaland, Sahlgrenska University Hospital/Östra, Department of Surgery, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Individualized blended care for patients with colorectal cancer: the patient's view on informational support.2021In: Supportive Care in Cancer, ISSN 0941-4355, E-ISSN 1433-7339, Vol. 29, p. 3061-3067Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The number of colorectal cancer patient survivors is increasing. Information and support during and after treatment are requested by patients, but questions remain on what to provide. The aim of this study was to understand what informational needs colorectal cancer patients and survivors have, with a focus on the potential support given by patient peers and the use of blended care.

    METHODS: A qualitative study using focus groups was conducted with patients diagnosed at the same hospital at least one year prior to the initiation of the study. The focus group interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using deductive content analysis.

    RESULTS: The need for informational support varied over time and depended on individual patient characteristics. Timing was crucial and patients requested options of blended care and informational support after treatment cessation. The patients felt alone after treatment and requested assistance in communication with their next-of-kin. They also identified the value of peer support, especially to contextualize knowledge provided by healthcare.

    CONCLUSION: This study showed a need for focus on individualized informational support. Blended care through integrating communication with peers online could be one way to support patients, both to enable shared decision-making as well as to provide person-centered care.

  • 336.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Assmo, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Taking Care Seriously: Transforming Practices by Design2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 337.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Norström, Livia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    From Digital Fight to Digital Pride in Public Sector: Redefining Professionals' Roles and Work in Public Sector2016In: SIG USE 2016 16th Annual Research Symposium at ASIST 2016: Information Behavior in Workplaces, October 15, Copenhagen, Denmark.: Information Needs Seeking and Use (USE), 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The digitalization in the public sector poses challenges for the professionals that have previously not been using digital tools as a part of their everyday practice. Building on three qualitative research projects this study shed light on contradictions and tussles, as well as possibilities related to professionalism in the public sector. The three cases involve different professionals: cancer rehabilitation nurses, municipality communicators, and resident physicians. The paper aims to gain a better understanding of the impact of digitalization efforts on everyday work practices, and the emerging opportunities and challenges of using digital artifacts as a part of professional work. Our findings show how the transition toward digital work practices is pushing the professional boundaries of rooted professionalism in the public sector. The meaning of work and what it means to be a professional profoundly changes. The process of tuning professionalism in the public sector is not straight forward.

  • 338.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    et al.
    Reykjavik University,School of Computer Science, Reykjavik Iceland(ISL).
    Norström, Livia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. NU Hospital GroupTrollhattan,Sweden.
    Ramadani Olsson, Suzana
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Socio-Technical Interplay in a Two-Sided Market: The Case of Learning Platforms2021In: Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation, ISSN 2195-4968, Vol. 37, p. 33-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The rise of the platform era changes the way interactions are structured and enables transactions at a distance. The platform phenomena also enables co-creation of content, shifting the way services are delivered across diverse boundaries. This is especially apparent in workplaces, where the developments change roles, relationships and conditions for teaching and learning, creating the possibility of a two-sided market. From a socio-technical and socio-cultural learning perspective, this study primarily aims for a better understanding of platforms in higher educational settings. Using a learning platform as an illustrative case, we argue for platform context transactions that are not monetary transactions. The main contribution of the paper is to offer a discussion where we problematize the transactional concept in two-sided markets. The findings shed new light on emerging challenges and tensions in the interplay between the constant change of technology and what it means to work in such change. This has implications for both teaching and learning and offers insights that can be valuable for understanding the shift to online learning during the recent pandemic of covid-19.

  • 339.
    Isse, Abdulkarim
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media Framing of Organized crime in Sweden: A qualitative study about how Swedish newspapers covers gang criminality in Sweden2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of how the Swedish media portrays gang crime. From a social constructivist perspective, I have analyzed material from two Swedish newspapers, Expressen and Aftonbladet. The framing theory has been used in the study to analyze how articles from the newspapers presented the problem from the political, cultural and economic perspectives, also how it presented reasons and solutions to gang crime. The study is a qualitative study and the method used is content analysis. Results showed that the media presentation from the political perspectives was about migration, segregation and weak criminal policy, the cultural presentation was about family-based criminal networks, class differences and unemployment and the economic presentation was about uneven economic distribution and that large resources are needed to resist gang crime. The study can be used in research that is related to criminal policy and gang crime, materials that have been analyzed are available in the various journals, which makes the study credible.This study can provide a better understanding of how the media portrays gang crime and what image it gives to the people in society. This study can be interesting because nowadays the media has a great influence in people's lives and in Sweden people vote for which party will govern, so this study which will be about how the media presents the gang crime will give a broader understanding for political actors.

  • 340.
    Jadidi, Khosro
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Is the market leading ratings, or ratings leading the market?: A case study of the four largest Swedish banks' default probabilities' relationship with their respective ratings2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work aims at finding out whether a bank's default probability measures are capable of predicting its ratings, and vice versa. It also attempts at finding the most useful combination of independent variables for a predictive regression. I analyze the data regarding ratings, distance to default and Z5 scores for the four largest Swedish banks (Handelsbanken, Nordea, SEB, Swedbank), and utilize multiple linear, ordinal and nominal logit regressions in order to reach my findings. I conclude that default probability measures can be reasonably good variables for predicting these four bank's long term ratings. The same can't be said about the short term ratings. The ratings however, fail to be good predictors of default probability measures.

    Also, it has been discovered that a combination of distance to default, Z5, and distance to default interacting with Z5, is the most effective combination of independent variables for predicting the ratings. The fact that ratings weren't capable of predicting default probability measures too well, suggests that the effect of market on ratings is greater than the opposite. In other words, market leads the ratings.

  • 341.
    Jakobsson, Madeleine
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nässlander, Johanna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Reporäntans effekt på hushållens sparande i Sverige2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies how variations in the repo rate affects the saving rate of Swedish households and in different ages between 1996 and 2016. The central bank of Sweden is the controlling unit of the range for the repo rate. The repo rate affects the inflation as well as the loans and other variables for Swedish households. The time series data used in this thesis are quarterly. Independent values for the variables of the repo rate, inflation, disposable income and saving in relation to age for four different age groups is used. This thesis has developed data that are processed for unit roots and cointegration to estimate the effect on financial savings by using the regression model called "Error Correction Model". The economic model has an explanation power of about 50 % on financial savings in Sweden. This indicates that financial savings can be explained by other variables, such as consumption and psychological effects. With help of previous research, we have concluded that the life cycle hypothesis is the dominant theory when it comes to saving. The conclusions of this study show that the repo rate, as well as the other independent variables such as inflation and disposable income, have an effect on household savings.

  • 342.
    Jammal Aldin, Ali Aldin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Said Mohamed Solieman, Abdel-Hakem
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Representation of Saudi Arabia and Iran in US newspapers: A comparative study2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a bachelor thesis on the representation of Saudi Arabia and Iran in The New York Times and Chicago Tribune. The research looks for frames articles in terms of security, economy and identity in relation to these two countries. The analytical framework is based on social constructivism which is used to understand the frames in relation to Alexander Wendt’s cultures of anarchy which in turn speaks of the relationship between states in combination with Agenda-setting theory and Framing theory. These theories are used to describe the frames in terms of friendliness and hostility, Hobbesian being the enemy, Lockean being the rival, and Kantian being the friend. The study showed that between the years of 2002 and 2015, Iran was mostly framed as a Hobbesian enemy while Saudi Arabia was mostly framed as a Kantian friend.

  • 343.
    Jartoft, Emy
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The governmentality of Australia and New Zealand and the effects on UNDRIP: A critical analysis of the conceptual logics that lodge within problem representation of Indigenous policy2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was to describe what the specific style of governmentality of Indigenous people through policy in Australia respectively New Zealand are by critically analyze the conceptual logics rooted in the process of governing Indigenous people through education and labor policy with the use of a post-structuralist and postcolonial theoretical grounding, and to describe what effects the specific style of governmentality has on the requirements of UNDRIP. Especially, to see if the governmentality of Indigenous people in Australia respectively New Zealand entails colonial logics and, if so, if there is any patterns of what the effects of that are on the requirements of UNDRIP.

    The research was conducted with a comparative qualitative small N-study design. The data selection was conducted with a purposively approach also involving sampling with the generic purposively sampling approach. The method used in this research for analyzing the data is discourse analysis were the selected methodological instrument is the WPR approach.

    The findings reveal that Australia respectively New Zealand have similar style of governmentality of Indigenous people with similar contradictory effects on the requirements of UNDRIP. Specifically, both Australia and New Zealand have a colonial governmentality, thus, colonial logic lodging within the governmentality of Indigenous people through policy with sever implications for the Indigenous people, as the analysis reveal that the effects of the specific style of colonial governmentality of Indigenous people through policy generates contradictions on the requirements of UNDRIP.

  • 344.
    Jeminovic, Zulijana
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ejupovic, Maida
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    How Muslim women are represented in Swedish textbooks: A comparative study of religion textbooks between 1970s and the 2000s2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on a comparative qualitative analysis of religion textbooks in elementary schools. The aim is to investigate how Muslim women have been represented in religion textbooks used as educational material in Swedish schools, between the 1970s and the 2000s. This study rests on the social constructivist theory which implies that reality is what we make it. In order to do a comparative qualitative analysis, three deductive stereotypes have been applied: the

    oppressed, the submissive and the uneducated. However, an additional, inductive stereotype was identified during the analysis of the material: the independent. The text analysis showed that Muslim women were mostly represented as oppressed and submissive, having no right to their own opinions, lives or bodies and simply needing to be covered to get accepted by the Muslim society. However, it was also possible to conclude that similar representations of Muslim women could be found in textbooks from the 1970s and 2000s.

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  • 345.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Dangling in a Vacuum: A Presentation of Polish Think Tanks in Political Life2021In: East European Politics and Societies, ISSN 0888-3254, E-ISSN 1533-8371, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 812-836Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article belongs to the special cluster, "Think Tanks in Central and Eastern Europe", guest-edited by Katarzyna Jezierska and Serena Giusti.

    This article explores the image and reputation of think tanks in their reciprocal relationship with their environment. The aim is to unravel the logic of think tanks' institutional identity formation in the largely understudied context of Poland. How do Polish think tanks present themselves and how are they (re)presented by others? To answer these questions, the Goffmanian microsociological framework and positioning theory are adjusted to a study of institutions. The analysis of original interview and media data reveals that Polish think tanks project an image of and are perceived by the media as being weak. I argue that this image and reputation of weakness should primarily be explained by think tanks' and the media's perceptions of the political field, which confine the possible identity and positioning of think tanks.

  • 346.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Incredibly loud and extremely silent: Feminist foreign policy on Twitter: Feminist foreign policy on Twitter2021In: Cooperation and Conflict, ISSN 0010-8367, E-ISSN 1460-3691, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 84-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2014, Sweden’s Feminist Foreign Policy (FFP) was announced with a fanfare. This article critically interrogates how Sweden implements the FFP through digital diplomacy by investigating the extent of Sweden’s gender equality activities on Twitter since the introduction of the FFP and by tracing gendered online abuse in digital diplomacy. I focus on Swedish embassy tweets towards two countries where feminism is highly contested – Poland and Hungary. The theoretical inspiration comes from discursive approaches to the spoken and unspoken, enriched by feminist observations about the non-binary character of voice/silence. The method applied is gender driven quantitative and qualitative content analysis. The findings demonstrate that the FFP has not set any significant mark on digital diplomacy in the analyzed cases. The launching of the FFP went completely unnoticed and posts related to gender equality have actually decreased since 2014. There are no traces of ambassadors being subjected to gendered online abuse, but heavily xenophobic and paternalistic language is directed at Sweden as a representative of liberal policies.The article contributes to the literature on digital diplomacy by highlighting the (lack of) links between foreign policy and digital diplomacy and it addresses a gap by focusing on gender in digital diplomacy.

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  • 347.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Performing Independence. The Apolitical Image of Polish Think Tanks2018In: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 70, no 3, p. 345-364Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Think tanksnon-governmental policy institutes engaged in both research and advocacyoccupy a position at the intersection of different societal fields. This interstitial position determines how they operate and what language they use. Their claim to expertise hinges upon their successful presentation as independent actors. In this endeavour, an apolitical image is crucial. This article studies the role of language in legitimising the position of think tanks. How do think tanks negotiate their apolitical image? What organisational and historical reasons sustain their claim to be apolitical? These questions will be addressed here, through original empirical material based on semi-structured interviews with Polish think tank leaders.

  • 348.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Three Types of Denial: Think Tanks as a Reluctant Civil Society Elite2020In: Politics and Governance, E-ISSN 2183-2463, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 152-161Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Think tanks, or policy advice institutions, are civil society organizations producing and delivering social analysis to policymakers and the wider public. Their aim is to influence policy in a given direction. Compared to most other civil society organizations, they hold relatively privileged positions, both in terms of wealth (on average bigger budgets and staffs), political influence (their very raison d’etre), knowledge (educational level of the staff), and social networks. Thus, it seems beyond dispute that think tanks adhere to the elite of civil society. This article focuses on think tanks’ negative self-identification, on their reluctance to accept labels. Not only are think tanks unwilling to take on the elite designation, some of them also deny being part of civil society, and some go one step further in denying identification with the think tank community. These multiple denials are expected if we recall Pierre Bourdieu’s observation that “all aristocracies define themselves as being beyond all definition” (Bourdieu, 1996, p. 316). The analysis focuses on how this definitional ambiguity is discursively constructed. Think-tankers are often described as situated in an interstitial space between such fields as politics, civil society, media, market, and academia. While this intermediary position is the source of their unique role as converters of various forms of capital, it also complicates the identity formation of think tanks. The argument is illustrated by Polish think tanks and the data consists of original interviews with think tank leaders. The article provides a novel perspective on think tanks and on civil society elites.

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  • 349.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    With Habermas against Habermas: Deliberation without Consensus2019In: Journal of Public Deliberation, E-ISSN 1937-2841, Vol. 15, no 1, article id 13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Habermas's conception of deliberative democracy combines two concepts—deliberation and consensus—which, I argue, draw his theory in two opposite directions. While deliberation and the focus on communication can be read as a predominantly open element of his theory, consensus stands for closure. The process of deliberation contrasts Habermas's normative aim of deliberation, i.e., consensus. In other words, a realized consensus (in the strong, monologic formulation that Habermas favors) would put an end to the idea of continuous public justification of validity claims, i.e., deliberation. The article argues that in order to fully use the potential of deliberation in politics, we should leave behind the notion of consensus through deliberation. Instead, understanding should be the telos of deliberation, and voting after deliberation is put forth as the optimal institutional design for decision-making settings.

  • 350.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Giusti, Serena
    Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy (ITA).
    Introduction: Travelling from West to East: Think Tank Model Adaptation to Central and Eastern Europe: Think Tanks in Central and Eastern Europe2021In: East European Politics and Societies, ISSN 0888-3254, E-ISSN 1533-8371, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 755-767Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is part of the special section "Think Tanks in Central and Eastern Europe" guest-edited by Katarzyna Jezierska and Serena Giusti.This is an introduction to the Special Section on Think Tanks in Central and Eastern Europe. Apart from this introduction, the Section includes four articles, which explore the nature and conditions of think tanks operating in Belarus, Ukraine, Czech Republic, and Poland. Think tanks are usually understood as institutions claiming autonomy whose main aim is to influence policy making based on the social analysis they produce. The most apparent blind spot in extant think tank research is its predominant focus on the English-speaking world. We argue that by focusing on think tanks in non-Western contexts, we can better understand think tanks. When studying the diffusion of the organizational form of think tanks to new contexts, it is not enough to maintain the "sender" perspective (the formulation of the institutional characteristics of think tanks in the contexts in which they first emerged). We need to complement or even modify that perspective by also taking into account the "receiver" perspective. In other words, internationally circulated ideas and institutional patterns are always interpreted and translated in local "receiving" contexts, which coproduce, reformulate, and readjust the blueprint. Our focus in this Section is therefore on the translation and local adaptation of the think tank institution in the context of Central and Eastern Europe, a region that has undergone deep changes in a relatively short period.

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