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  • 301.
    Faraj, Ara
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Shaikh, Imad
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Ersättningssystem: En fallstudie inom en konkurrensutsatt bransch2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Companies today seem to have problems with retaining and recruiting new staff, especially staff that are in great demand. This has resulted in companies having difficulties with expanding and competing in the market. One way to retain and possibly attract new employees is to implement a performance-based pay as part of the companies compensation system. Companies customize their systems as they think may increase the chances of reducing employee turnover and thus growing.

    The purpose of this study was to identify the key elements in which why and in what way compensation systems with performance-based pay can increase opportunities for attracting and retaining employees in a competitive industry.

    In order to accomplish this we have conducted a case study with a rather growing company within a competitive industry. In the study we used a qualitative approach as a method in which we had interviews with both the companies management team and its employees.

    Based on the theory and data in our research, performance-based pay is a more attractive model because it contributes to more flexibility, responsibility and the ability to increase income. Another contributing factor to why it is considered attractive, is also that it promotes transparency between employee and employer.

  • 302.
    Faraz, Bahar
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Den ideala och den icke-ideala följaren: Följarens egenskaper utifrån ett följarsperspektiv i en organisation2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate through interviews both characteristics that wereassociated with the ideal and non-ideal followers in a Swedish organisation and how these characteristics affected other followers in the same organization. The followers' characteristics were examined in both a follower-follower and a follower-leader relation. The study's theoretical framework was based on the follower's implicit followership theory and followership prototypes. The results of the study showed that a total of 26 characteristics characterized the ideal and non-ideal follower. 16 characteristics such as responsible, loyal, structured, inspiring and cooperative, etc. were included in the prototype of the follower and were considered to characterize the ideal follower. Characteristics such as non-responsibility, non-delegating, bullying, selfish, etc. were part of the follower's anti-prototype and were associated with the non-ideal follower. The results showed that in a follower-follower relationship, the characteristics were associated from an "I" perspective. In other words, the respondents described the characteristics of the ideal and the non-ideal follower in relation to themselves. However, in a follower-leader relationship, the characteristics were associated from both “I” and also “we in the workgroup” perspective. In other words, the respondents described the characteristics of the ideal and the non-ideal follower in relation to both themselves and the working group. Based on the empirical evidence, it was not possible to assess which characteristics were the most important in the ideal and the non-ideal follower. The study showed that the characteristics of the ideal follower contributed above all to peace of mind at work, collective learning, competence development and development in workplace, etc. For the non-ideal follower, the characteristics led to a poor work environment, mental strain, poor work performance, etc. 

  • 303.
    Fayad, Ali
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Kaban, Lavina
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Konflikthantering ur ett ledarskapsperspektiv: En kvalitativ studie om hur konflikter hanteras bland ledare2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att definiera vad en konflikt innebär kan göras på olika sätt. Upplevelsen av konflikter är oftast negativ, vilket det inte alltid behöver vara. Effekten utav konflikter kan vara både positiv och negativ. Konflikter anses vara mycket nyttiga och positiva när de hanteras rätt. En konflikt kan uppstå utav olika orsaker, t.ex. när två individer ställs mot varandra där den ena individen hindrar den andre från att nå ett mål, tillfredsställa ett behov eller att slippa en förändring, eller när en medarbetare med fel kompetens blir anställd och inte lyckas genomföra arbetsuppgifterna. Som en ledare i en organisation är det viktigt att ingripa när en konflikt uppstår, exempelvis när en individ på en organisation ofta antyder om en konflikt eller tar upp ett problem som denne har, när ett problem kvarstår och ingen förbättring sker, när kvaliteten och produktiviteten i en organisation sjunker, när sjukfrånvaron stiger eller när stämningen är dålig. Därför är ansvaret för en ledare att kunna hantera konflikter på ett kontinuerligt sätt. Något som även har en påverkan på konflikter är förändring samt vid dålig kommunikation. I vissa situationer kan hinder i konflikthanteringen uppstå och för att undvika de olika skadorna som arbetsplatsen kan drabbas utav är det viktigt att ledningen hanterar dessa konflikter innan det uppstår och ger en inverkan. Vi har därför valt att i denna studie fokusera på konflikthantering ur ett ledarskapsperspektiv. Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur konflikter hanteras på arbetsplatsen av ledaren, hur ledaren förebygger konflikter samt vilken syn det finns på konflikter. För att detta syfte ska besvaras har studien ett kvalitativt synsätt. Med detta menas att utfallet utav teorin och empirin tolkas och analyseras utifrån egna resonemang. Teorin som finns med i studien har vi hämtat från olika litteratur samt vetenskapliga artiklar som detta ämne handlar om. Empirin baseras på tre intervjuer, för att kunna jämföra teorin med praktiken.

    Resultatet påvisar att synen på konflikter är negativ i grund och botten, men att det kan ses som något positivt beroende på om det hanteras rätt eller inte. Det finns inte ett särskilt ledarkoncept att följa, vilket gör ledarskap till ett komplicerat ämne. I de olika organisationerna använder sig ledare inte utav specifika metoder vid hantering av konflikter som teorin behandlar. Därför stämmer vissa element överens med teorin som berör detta ämne. Såväl informanterna och litteraturen påvisar att en ledare kan förebygga konflikter i organisationer.

  • 304.
    Feldt, Denise
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Bergqvist, Malin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Det vinnande konceptet: En studie i hur två företag skapar kundrelationer2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vårt syfte med denna studie var att undersöka marknadsföringspåverkan respektive företag. Vi kommer använda oss av litteraturen som utgångspunkt och en enkätundersökning till konsumenterna och de utvalda företagen. Marknadsföring ser man främst från Internet-, TV-, radio- och tidningsreklam som anses vara det grundläggande sättet för företag att synas i omvärlden. Vi har använt oss av olika teorier som SWOT-analys, PESTLE och påverkanmixen. Där vi fick en tydligare bild på vad företagen satsar på och respondenternas syn på företagen och marknadsföringspåverkan inom sociala medier. Studien visar att Bik Bok satsar mer på att synas i de sociala medierna. Filippa K fokuserar sig på de tillförlitliga kunderna som de redan har och vill erbjuda maximal service med bra kvalité. Enligt tidigare forskning visar de att sociala medier har en positiv inverkan för att expandera sig till nya plattformar och utöka sig till nya konsumenter samt engagera de

  • 305.
    Fernandez Gómez, Manuel Antonio
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Strategic B2B Marketing Management: A Competitive Analysis for the Oil & Gas Simulation Industry2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The development of competitive advantage in the current global economic context is a widely studied issue within academics and professionals. However, competition in the oilfield services industry, despite its relevance in the global economy, has not yet received significantly attention. Within the international business context there are very few studies that seek to analyze the increasing market for simulation software technology within the oil and gas industry from the viewpoint of competitive analysis.

    Access to new technologies is enabling the oil and gas industry to reduce project cost as well as increase safety and product reliability, all while reducing environmental impact and becoming more efficient in the extraction process. For many years, the industry has relied on technology to find, produce and process petroleum. Now, oil and gas operators have a great opportunity to accelerate the pace of innovation through the benefits from advances in simulation technology, which will play an increasingly important role in technology development for drilling, production, transport, and processing of petroleum and derivatives.

    This thesis examines the sources of competitive advantage in the oil and gas simulation market through a competitive analysis of the specific industry. The framework used for the present analysis is founded on concepts acquired primarily from the business strategy and strategic marketing management fields, in particular, theories focused on competitor analysis, competitive advantage and competitive differentiation and service development. The study helps as well to analyze the competitive landscape of the oilfield services industry, concretely those providers of visualization and simulation software within the oil and gas industry.

    The study is based on a qualitative research to explore and assess each of the competitors and the specific characteristics within the industry. The qualitative approach used seems the most appropriate since no other studies were found on the topic of competitive advantage and service differentiation for oilfield simulation providers. The gathered information is therefore mainly of a qualitative kind. The thesis is besides conducted as a case study, concretely a competitive analysis for the oil and gas simulation industry through an analysis of four of the main players in the market. To gain a better inside of the market and the factors affecting the competitive landscape, semi-structured interviews to managers with relevant experience within the companies were also conducted.

    The findings based on both the theoretical framework and the empirical research are then analyzed using the analysis model proposed in the form of a strategic tool.

    As a conclusion, the study provides an outline of a competitive analysis and landscape for the oilfield virtual reality simulation industry and emphasizes the importance of identifying the key success factors inherent to the market to enhance a solid competitive advantage. Finally, the findings of this research emphasize the important role that service differentiation and innovation plays in the strategic marketing management process of B2B services providers operating in highly competitive, high-tech B2B markets

  • 306.
    Fhager, Mathilda
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Fredriksson Hellgren, Emmalie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Att rekrytera rätt är en organisations viktigaste uppgift: Potentialen hos människan är oändlig, det gäller bara att hitta rätt2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The result of a recruitment can in many ways be crucial for the progress of an organization. It its very important that it is implemented correctly and reflects the requirements that exists from the organization. There are a variety of methods in a recruitment, which also means that there are a variety of recruitment processes. How do different choices of recruitment methods affect an organization and how come one method can be considered more cost effective than another? The purpose of the study has been to investigate the recruitment methods used by organizations and the basis for the different choices. The study also examined whether there are some recruitment methods that are less costly in relation to each other and how different organizations view the costs of recruitment and the choice of recruitment method. The empirical material was collected through semi-structured interviews where the questions were about recruitment, methods and processes, costs of recruitment and recruitment firms. The selection of respondents was based, among other things, on a criterion that the interviewee had some form of connection to recruitment at its organization, a total of five interviews were conducted on five organizations. Our result shows first and foremost that the personal network is considered to be a very important part of recruitment, which is preferably used primarily if possible. It also emerged that recruitment via the internet is a method that is steadily growing over time and which the organizations want to expand their use of. Having a good reputation was highly valued according to the respondents, especially for those organizations that are of the smaller size and who in many situations may be dependent on contacts via contacts, once again the personal network. Recruitment is an important part for an organization, but it is also something that can in many cases be very costly, this aspect emerges several times through our empirical material where the interviewees pointed out that this aspect can be crucial. The cost can come in either by money or by the time it takes. Our result states that cost, and in many situations time, was something that was desirable to reduce for organizations. For some it meant a reduction in the time aspect, by using recruitment firms and for some it meant focusing on the personal network and finding aspirants through it. The conclusion of our study is that the implementation of recruitment is a complex process since it is about people and how they present themselves in an interview. The process is also about how organizations presents itself to those who seek work, as well as in everyday work towards the surrounding world. This is something that affects all organiza-tions and must be prioritized in order for them to generate long-term results that benefit the organization and create development.

  • 307.
    Fjeld, Fredrich
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Ekonomistyrning i små och medelstora företag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study has been to investigate how SMEs use management accounting in the operation of their business.

    Management accounting is a broad subject that has been studied extensively for decades. There are many different models and theories for how the economy can be used to create models for governance, planning and evaluation. Since the beginning, they have had a major focus on large organizations because that's where there really was a need to formalize the management in order to create a profitable business. However, the interest of how these theories and models can also be used by smaller companies is great. Recently, it has been noted and conducted some studies on just how small companies can benefit, or have benefited, from management accounting. However, there is space to study just how small businesses actually do and why they do it regarding to management accounting.

    This study has taken its starting point in two similar companies with some preconditions and studied how they have used financial management and attempted to account for both the conscious and unconscious choices that the respective business leaders have done in terms of financial innovation.

  • 308.
    Flensner, Karin K
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Larsson, Göran
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Literature, History of Ideas and Religion, Box 200, Gothenburg, S-405 30, Sweden.
    Säljö, Roger
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration. University of Gothenburg, Department of Education, Communication and Learning, Box 100, Gothenburg, S-405 30, Sweden.
    Jihadists and refugees at the theatre: Global conflicts in classroom practices in Sweden2019In: Education Sciences, E-ISSN 2227-7102, Vol. 9, no 2, article id 80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In democratic societies schools have an obligation to address complex societal issues such as ethnic/religious tensions and social conflicts. The article reports an exploratory study of how theatre plays were used in upper-secondary schools to generate pedagogically relevant platforms for addressing the current Middle East conflicts and their impact on European societies in the context of religious education and civics. The schools are situated in areas with substantive migrant populations of mixed backgrounds, and this has implications for how these issues are understood as a lived experience. In the same classrooms, there were students who had refugee backgrounds, who represented different interpretations of Islam, and religion more generally, and whose families were victims of terrorism. There were also students with strong nationalist views. The study is ethnographic documenting theatre visits and classroom activities in relation to two plays about the Middle East situation. The results show that plays may open up new opportunities for addressing these issues, but that they may also be perceived as normative and generate opposition. An interesting observation is that a play may generate space for students to tell their refugee story in class, which personalized the experience of what it means to be a refugee. © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 309.
    Fogelberg, Carolina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Österberg, Nicole
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Perspektiv på kvinnligt ledarskap: En kvalitativ fallstudie av perspektivet på kvinnligt ledarskap2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I vardagen möter vi ofta ledare av olika kön, många arbetar med en manlig eller en kvinnlig ledare. Bakgrunden till studien är ett gemensamt intresse att se närmare på vad det är som gör att samhället idag pratar kring skillnaderna om kvinnlig eller manlig ledarskap. Vi kommer att studera om det finns några speciella skillnader som kännetecknar det kvinnliga respektive det manliga ledarskapet. Vi som författare har i många studerade litteraturer stött på frågan kring genus och ledarskap, studien är framtagen på intervjuer för att studera närmare på vad människorna i samhället idag tycker och tänker kring hur en man eller kvinna leder. De förutfattade meningarna vi tänker kring är om det är från tidigare år som grunden har lagts, i att en kvinna är mer passande i hemmets sysslor än i arbetslivet.

    Vi har genom en fallstudie på Högskolan Väst, tagit fram om det i samhället idag upplevs finnas specifika skillnad mellan manligt och kvinnligt ledarskap. I uppsatsen har vi genomfört intervjuer samt samlat in enkätsvar från respondenter.

    Med stöd av forskning och intressenterna, anser vi att någon övergripande skillnad på män och kvinnor inte finns. Den stora skillnaden är vi som individer, inte vilket kön vi har.

  • 310.
    Forsberg, Anette
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Kommunala e-tjänster: Kartläggning och utvärdering av en kommuns interna e-tjänster2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the paper is to map and evaluate the user-friendliness of a municipality's internal e-services in order to create knowledge about which services have been digitized and if this is done in a user-friendly way.

    Theories used in the essay for the study are taken from sources that deal with municipal e-services and usability.

    The mapping of the internal e-services shows that internal e-services exist within the areas of structural support, notifications, orders, referral requests and bookings. There is also a difference between administrations regarding the number of internal e-services.

    The evaluation shows that the existing internal e-services have gained a good judgment from the usability perspective, and it is clear from the outset that the e-service belongs to Huddinge municipality and the language used is perceived as clear. Interaction and error management work smoothly and the internal e-services have fulfilled the criterion of purpose because the respondents feel that they are achieving their goal with the use of the e-service and that these create the intended added value with digitization. When it comes to the degree to which internal services have been digitized, the basis is too small to be able to make an assessment, but the criteria for usability set up based on selected theories are met.

  • 311.
    Forsberg, Johan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Hagberg Utgren, Vilma
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Motivation till följd av en pandemi i en offentlig organisation: Hur belöning, digitalisering och distansarbete påverkar motivation2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Motivation is a central part of organizations in terms of creating and maintaining a committed staff to strive for the goals that are set. Rewards can be used to increase employee motivation. As a result of the Covid-19 pandemic, many organizations have had to adapt their working methods where remote work is conducted to a greater extent, which could have an impact on employee motivation. There are also thoughts that rewards are not used to the same extent in publicly funded organizations and thus it is interesting to investigateas it seems to influence motivation. The purpose of this study was to investigate how the motivation in a public organization has been affected during the prevailing pandemic as a result of the phenomenon of digitalization and remote work. We also wanted to look atthe connection between motivation and reward in a public organization. In order to be able to carry out the study, we chose to apply a qualitative case study. We conducted semi-structured interviews to gather relevant material for our research area. The choice of respondents was based on the fact that the individuals had been affected by the pandemic with remote work as a result. Based on the results of the study, it appears that the most important motivation factors are belonging, opportunities for development and recognition from the surroundings. We can see that the distance work has affected theorganization both positively and negatively. Some of the employees feel that their motivation has decreased, and others experience no difference or an increase. The negative effects experienced as a result of remote work mainly consist of poorer communication, belonging and structure. It turns out that rewards are important, but there is no expectation in the organization to receive financial compensation other than salary, but it doesn’t seem to have a negative effect. The conclusions that emerged from our study are that motivationis affected in one way or another as a result of digitalization and remote work where the individuals' previous experiences and preferences regarding working methods come into play. Furthermore, we can also draw a conclusion that reward has an impact on public employees' motivation, primarily in the form of feedback and recognition.

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  • 312.
    Forsgren, Stefanie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Olsson, Johanna
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Communicate for a better future: the fashion industry's first step to encouraging behavioural change2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As the media coverage about how we as individuals and consumers cause the earth to be exploited has increased, it has led to a higher awareness about sustainability amongst people and how we by acting more responsible can stop this development. Thus, this puts pressure on companies around the world and their actions towards acting more responsible in order to meet the needs of a more conscious consumer. Despite this, the Swedish fashion industry's turn over in 2014 reached up to 264 billion and is anticipated to increase even further during the next few years. This indicates a paradox, showing how people are more aware about the issues that are causing damage to the earth and that they have accepted a more sustainable thinking but that it does not reflect in their behaviour. This points to how the consumers have not been able to change their consuming behaviours despite their positive attitudes towards sustainability, revealing problems in succeeding to translate attitudes into an actual buying behaviour. The content of this problem may be a reflection of how the industry has chosen to communicate, as it in its current state raises awareness about their direct efforts in sustainability and level of responsibility but not directly encourages for change in behaviour. The purpose of this thesis has been to further explore how the Swedish fashion industry can develop in communicating sustainability, in order to take a first step towards encouraging a behavioural change amongst consumers. Through qualitative interviews with individuals that work in close relation with fashion and have an insight within the industry, we have acknowledged factors that the fashion industry needs to work with to be able to achieve a more sustainable marketing communication.

    It is significant to move away from setting the product in the centre and transcend into focusing on the consumer in order to obtain a more sustainable marketing communication. There must be a larger focus on how behaviour can be influenced in different ways to create an immediate advantage for the society as a whole and not for the company. The communicated benefits or causes for acting more sustainable must be closely linked to the consumer and easy to apprehend and relate to.

    We have interpreted the different aspects that were presented, and found that there are several factors that are necessary to use in communication. It needs to involve responsibility, accurate content that is customized to appeal to the consumer and that all consumers have different abilities in comprehending how sustainability is communicated.

    Conclusion wise wee apprehend that the fashion industry must simplify their communication in order to be able to encourage the consumer to change their behaviour. By highlighting a normalization and inexpensiveness in relation to the consumer's personal benefits that they can gain, the fashion industry can establish a first step towards encouraging the consumer to change their behaviour.

  • 313.
    Forsgren, Stefanie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Olsson, Johanna
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    One man´s waste, is another man´s treasure2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Avsikten med denna studie är att undersöka hur de svenska modeföretagen KappAhl och Boomerang arbetar och går tillväga för att tillvarata sitt textila avfall för att bidra till en hållbar textilhantering. Studien avgränsar sig till att enbart se på hur dessa två svenska företag inom detaljhandeln tar hand om de textilier som nått sitt slutskede även kallat end-of life, då konsumenten anser att produkten är förbrukad. Vidare tar teorin sitt avstamp i begrepp såsom CSR, hållbar utveckling, Supply Chain Management och omvänd logistik. Uppsatsen har sin utgångspunkt i en kvalitativ samt induktiv ansats där KappAhl och Boomerang har studerats samt intervjuats för att få en insikt och djupare förståelse inom det aktuella ämnet. Analysen grundar sig sedan i både empirin samt teorin och en jämförelse, liknelse med centrum på de mest aktuella begreppen förs vilket sedan leder oss vidare till ett antal olika slutsatser. Studien visar bland annat att både KappAhl och Boomerang idag arbetar aktivt med att ta tillvara sitt textila avfall men utifrån olika anpassade modeller beroende på vilken verksamhet man har och vilken grundtanke den utgår ifrån. Den synliggör också att det finns flera dimensioner som influerar dessa företag till att beakta detta initiativ och förutom den synliga miljöaspekten finns det andra bakom liggande dimensioner, såsom den gynnande ekonomiska aspekten.

    Slutligen ser vi också att trots även om det är en lång väg kvar mot en hållbar hantering av textilier så har företagen samma slutgiltiga mål.

  • 314.
    Forsmoo, Nadia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Josic, Tatjana
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Ledarskap och arbetsmiljö: i ett mindre företag2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte

    Syftet med uppsatsen var att ta del av, tolka och förstå ledarskapet och arbetsmiljön på ett mindre företag.

    Metod

    Författarna valde att genomföra en kvalitativ fallstudie för att få en helhetsbild av organisationen och se den inifrån för att förstå dess komplexitet. Vidare har författarna genomfört intervjuer med fyra slumpmässigt valda anställda samt en intervju med ledaren. Observationer har även gjorts vid två tillfällen för att ge oss en egen uppfattning om hur ledarskapet samt arbetsmiljön hänger samman i den valda organisationen. Sekundärdata som använts har varit relevant litteratur inom områdena samt vetenskapliga artiklar. Urvalet av litteraturen skedde genom två kriterier: att den litteratur som använts fortfarande skulle vara av relevans samt trovärdig.

    Teori

    Den teori som använts är övergripande om arbetsmiljö samt ledarskap. Vidare ges mer detaljerad teori om arbetsmiljölagen, dess förordningar samt vad som kännetecknar en god arbetsplats. Mer detaljerad teori om ledarskapet behandlar demokratisk samt auktoritär ledarskapsstil och vad som kännetecknar en god ledare. Under processens gång har även en teoridel avseende kommunikation tillkommit.

    Empiri

    I empirin har författarna behandlat sina observationer, intervjuer samt att en beskrivning av företaget går att finna i syfte att ge en helhetsbild av företaget.

    Diskussion/Analys

    I analysen framgår att ledaren inte arbetar systematiskt med arbetsmiljö samt att det enbart fokuseras på den fysiska arbetsmiljön och att den psykiska och sociala delen inte arbetas med på grund av okunskap från ledaren samt de anställdas sida. Ledaren verkar inte förstå hur viktig dennes funktion är för en trivsam arbetsmiljö. Viktiga faktorer i ett gott ledarskap är kommunikation samt lyhördhet något som de anställda idag saknar.

    Slutsats

    Författarnas slutsats är att ledaren och de anställda har bristande kunskap inom området arbetsmiljö. Ledarskapets betydelse är av stor vikt för att skapa en trivsam arbetsplats. Dock har författarna även kunnat se att trivsel även kan skapas genom andra faktorer så som bra stämning mellan de anställda. Det har även gått att se att brist på kommunikation samt dåligt ledarskap påverkar trivseln vilket gör att ett bra ledarskap med bra kommunikation hade kunnat öka trivseln ytterligare på arbetsplatsen. "Det goda ledarskapet är limmet som håller ihop en god arbetsmiljö

  • 315.
    Forsvall, Jessica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Karlander, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Varför väljer företag att frivilligt införa IFRS?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    On January 1st 2005 it became mandatory for listed companies with consolidated financial statements within the European Union to account according to IFRS. For unlisted companies there is also a possibility to submit a consolidated financial statement, however, this is on a voluntary basis. The regulations are considered more complicated than the Swedish regulations that otherwise need to be practiced by these companies. In this study we have examined what the reasons are that companies voluntarily adopt the IFRS regulations and obtain and understand why the more complicated set of consolidated financial regulations are chosen when not necessary. We have maintained an interpreted tactic with a qualitative approach. The data has been collected through telephone interviews and surveys with financial directors at six companies. All companies have been kept anonymous. Through literary studies we obtained results that were presented in earlier studies. We identified six factors that according to previous studies can explain the acceptance of IFRS. These factors were to raise the quality of their accounting, to be seen as more legitimate, influence accountants, information tool between companies and owners, lower cost of capital and procurement incentive on the global market. These factors were analyzed based on institutional theory and isomorphic pressure. When collecting the data it was also considered if these factors could explain Swedish companies' choice. Of the six factors we found an empirical support for five. Companies active in Scandinavia did not experience any difference in quality. However, it was perceived that companies active on a larger global market were searching for quality. When investors and lenders are foreign it seems as if international regulations are of importance. Accountants have a certain influence on the companies' decisions. In case of a potential sale of a company the international regulations acted as an information tool for the buyer. We can see that investors on the global market have a requirement for IFRS. However, we found no evidence that companies that have introduced IFRS did so to reduce capital costs. The interviews provided us with five additional factors; a uniform financial language across the company, a future listing of the company, no depreciation on goodwill, recruitment and industry comparison. We found support for companies being influenced by all three isomorphic pressures when deciding to adopt IFRS.

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  • 316.
    Frankenberg, Rebecca
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Tronje, Wendela
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Ledarskapets påverkan på distansarbete: Vad händer när kontoret flyttas från ett fysiskt kontor till ett hemmakontor2021Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning

    Denna uppsatts handlar om hur ledarens ledarskap kan påverka arbetet med arbetsmiljö.Distansarbete någonting som troligtvis kommer att fortsätta oberoende av pandemin, vilket resulterar i att kunskap kring arbetsmiljöarbete på distans kommer att bli allt viktigare och avgörande för företag. När kontorsplatsernas vara eller icke vara sätts på spel, så blir det av stor vikt intressant att skapa kunskap kring arbetsmiljön och företagsledarnas ansvar i det hela

    Metod

    För att besvara forskningsfrågan kommer vi genomföra en fallstudie i en organisation där vi kommer använda oss av både kvalitativa och kvantitativa metoder för att studera utfallet. Det har genomförts två intervjuer med ledare och skickats ut 16 enkäter till medarbetarna på ekonomiavdelningen, av de 16 enkäterna så fick vi 11 svar.

    Teoretisk referensram

    Referensramen kommer behandla ämnena hälsosam arbetsplats, arbetsmiljöreglering, JD-R modellen, fysiska arbetsmiljö, ledarskap och hållbart distansarbete. Den tidigare forskningen kommer att baseras på akademiska artiklar, litteratur, regleringar samt direktiv.

    Empiri

    Det insamlade materialet berör arbetsmiljö, organisatorisk och social arbetsmiljö, ergonomi, den fysiska arbetsmiljön, positiva och negativa aspekter med att arbeta hemifrån, hälsosam arbetsplats, ledarskap, förändring och hållbart distansarbete.

    Analys och diskussion

    I analysen så diskuterar vi grundligt den insamlade empirin med koppling till den teoretiska referensramen. Vi har funnit ett par relevanta skillnader mellan dels respondenterna men också mellan respondenterna och medarbetarna som vi anser vara avgörande för att kunna avgöra vilket typ av ledarskap som är det bästa för denna organisation

    Slutsatser

    Utifrån våra egna utförda intervjuer går det direkt att dra slutsatser som att det finns en skillnad i hur båda ledarna utövar ledarskap. Som cheferna uttrycker så tycks deras ledarskap ta en förflyttning mot ett med auktoritärt ledarskap, där vi menar på att det inte tycks vara ett lämpligt ledarskap för att säkerställa god arbetsmiljö.

  • 317.
    Fredriksson, Janina
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Operativ styrning av butiker inom dagligvaruhandeln: en studie av en dagligvarubutik2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has described how management can look like in a grocery store in Sweden. People does what benefits them and then if a boss instead want them to do what he thinks is best, the people need to be controlled (Grossman & Hart, 1983). This view requires a lot of control, which led to much research has been done about control in general and have often been implemented in large organizations or public sector but not grocery stores, that's why it's the focus of the study. The aim is to increase understanding of operational control in the grocery trade by describing and explaining control in a grocery store. The research question is: How can the operational control look like in a grocery store in Sweden today? The study was done through a case study in a grocery store with semi-structured interviews with both managers and other employees. This was done to see how managers consider themselves to control and how employees feel controlled and that way get a larger perspective on controlling in a grocery store. Which then got studied on the basis of a own analysis model which is based mainly in Ouchis (1979) and Paul Hennig-Thrau and Groth (2015) models of control. The study showed that the managers did not think they controlled that much, and employees do not feel particularly controlled. It appeared that the staff learns how to do in the beginning of employment and then they didn't get much controlled by things like controls. The staff did things the store´s way, just that they did not see it as control because they learned the store's way when employed and then they felt a big own responsibility. The daily work was otherwise much controlled by the store's vision that showed how employees and managers to be and what decisions to make. The controlling in the grocery store is pretty much the same as in the theoretical framework, but there are also significant differences. For example does the store use loose control for tasks that don't require high education.

  • 318.
    Frennesson, Sebastian
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Retteli, Jacob
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Ett medarbetarperspektiv på organisationsförändring och motstånd: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hur medarbetare i en kommunal säljorganisation upplever och hanterar motstånd.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Changes in organizations take place daily and are started by the people who hold the power in the organization, the management. These people have the task of running and developing the organization to ensure that it fits in with a competitive market. The employees are the people who work under the management, they are the people who get the directive to change their way of working on the management's decision. In many of the occasions when the kind of change takes place, the change work is met by resistance from fearful and dissatisfied employees. Fears may be, for example, that employees are afraid of getting rid of the job or of getting a salary reduction. Dissatisfaction can arise when employees feel that they have not been given the right or sufficient information or that what the change will mean will negatively affect the employee. Because change work is not always handled respectfully towards the employees, it leads to many employees having boring experiences. Which in turn leads to their attitude and attitude towards new changes being negative, which makes it even more difficult to implement a change without resistance.

    A case study has been conducted through qualitative interviews to study the respondents' experiences from undergoing changes from the employee's perspective. Theories relating to organizational changes, resistance and communication have been used in the paper with the aim of clarifying and further explaining various phenomena in the empirical material.

    The conclusions that the essay presents show that there is no optimal general model to counteract the resistance in organizational changes. What is needed for a successful change is through clear communication and with open dialogues ensuring that no employee is dissatisfied. This also leads to a higher level of confidence in the management and increases the collaboration capacity between managers and employees.

  • 319.
    Fridén, John
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Företagets fortlevnad: en kvalitativ studie om svenska revisorers bedömningar av fortsatt drift2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The going-concern opinion has been cited as difficult for auditors to make. The difficulties are due to the amount of information that affects the opinion and the severe consequences a going concern warning has for the client company. The users of the audit depend on the correctness of information that flows from a company. The auditor plays an important role in that flow of information. Sweden has historically had a low accuracy concerning going-concern opinions. The problem has been argued to consist in several factors that affect auditors. The auditors' competence and independence has been found to be two of the most important factors. Factors like the audit tenure, economic incentives, the size of the audit firm and litigation risk has been found to affect the auditors' opinions. This study has the purpose to gain a deeper knowledge into how auditors' going-concern opinions are made in practice and how factors and situations concerning the auditors' independence affect this opinion. The study has used a total of eleven interviews, there of eight with auditors. This material lays the ground for the empirical chapter. The analysis-chapter ties the empirical data to theory. The investigation results in the following conclusion: Auditors' investigate their clients' going-concern ability mainly from the company's liquidity. Auditor independence is affected by the size of their client and the length of audit tenure. There are indications that the recent increased risk of litigation makes auditors more careful in their assessments which could lead to higher type-I-errors, though it does not affect auditor independence much. Going-concern opinions are affected by auditor's aspiration to reach a certain level of professionalism. The self-fulfilling prophecy greatly affects the auditor's choice to issue a going-concern opinion

  • 320.
    Frisell, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Henning, Johan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Chockmarknadsföring för välgörenhet – är det effektivt?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nonprofit organizations have limited resources to invest in marketing activities, at same time these organizations must reach out with their message in order to raise funds for their activities. It is therefore important that the marketing of non-profit organizations is effective and reaches as wide an audience as possible. More organizations are looking for new ways to reach out with their communication. Although the use of shocking marketing is growing, research is limited on its efficacy in comparison with other, more conventional marketing methods. The purpose of this study is to gain more knowledge about whether shock marketing is an effective way for charities to raise funds and create awareness for their organization, than with conventional marketing. Also investigate whether a positive reaction towards marketing leads to the desired action, based on McGuire's

    Information Processing Model (McGuire, 1972, see Scholten, 1996). For this study, a combination of quantitative and qualitative approach have been chosen, where data collection occurred through a field experiment. The experiment includes both observational and standardized interviews, and is divided into two main parts. The first part is based on conventional advertising where a poster was used to draw attention to the Red Cross, and to entice people to read information about the organization, and donate money in the collection boxes that were placed next to it. The second part is based on the shocking marketing where water bottles were filled with dirty water, and was assigned labels that showed the common diseases that can affect people who have no access to clean water. Again, the goal was to create awareness and to urge people to donate money. Every twentieth person who passed were interviewed about their thoughts towards the marketing

    Collected data were analyzed using theming (Dalen, 2007, p.84) where observations and respondents' answers were categorized. The results of the study show that shock marketing is far more effective than conventional marketing when it comes to creating awareness for an organization. When collecting the money, the conventional marketing is a more effective strategy. The results also indicate that a positive reaction towards marketing in many cases does not result in donation of money

  • 321.
    Fudly, Tarek
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Stefanov, Nemanja
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Förändringsmotstånd utifrån medarbetarnas perspektiv: En kvantitativ fallstudie på ett tillverkningsföretag2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Changes are constantly taking place in a variety of organizations for different reasons. Both external and internal factors require the organization to implement changes that are not always implemented without obstacles and resistance. Different types of resistance to change can affect changes in different ways, the common thing is that they should be handled for everyone to respond equally to the change. The purpose of the study is to expand the knowledge about factors that influence the resistance to change during a change processwithin manufacturing organizations.

    Previous research addresses communication, motivation, and participation as factors that can affect resistance among employees. Good leadership is important to lead employees in the right direction to achieve active resistance instead of passive.

    The study was applied by a quantitative method where the data collection was carried out using questionnaires that the employees in the case organization could answer. The collected data was analyzed using two analyses: factor and cluster analysis. All analyses were processed in SPSS, which is a statistical data analysis program by IBM.

    In empirical research, factor analysis was carried out in which 21 survey questions were reduced to three indices that, based on previous research, could be linked to communication, motivation, and participation. These new factors were then used to use cluster analysis to find different groupings among the employees and then identify different types of resistance.

    The conclusion is that employees are broadly motivated to implement the changes. What can contribute to resistance is a lack of communication and excluded participation. Something that in the long term can also affect motivation. 

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  • 322.
    Fält, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Pavasovic, Angela
    University West, Department of Economics and IT.
    Är konsumenter villiga att betala mer för svensk mjölk?: En undersökning om villighet att betala mer för svensk mjölk.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For almost 30 years, the Swedish milk farmers have received the same payment for the milk; many studies have shown how the Swedish milk farmers are struggling with their profitability. This is not a unique problem for Sweden as milk farmers in many countries are struggling with the same issue. A study made in USA that Conlin (1993) wrote was about farmers who got together and started a joint company with their own concept. These farmers found out which factors consumers thought was important for the milk and what they were willing to pay for it.The purpose of this study was, similar to the study in USA, to find out if the Swedish milk consumers were willing to pay more for the Swedish milk, which the important qualities that milk possessed were and if the consumers were aware of these qualities.A previous study showed a low level of awareness about the milk brands and its characteristics. It is also showed a higher level of willingness to pay for domestic groceries.To examine the research questions a web-survey was conducted with about 100 participants. The results of this study showed that the participants generally were willing to pay more for the Swedish milk than what they did today, the important qualities were shown to be the fact that the milk was Swedish, regulations about animal welfare and the fact that it was ecological. In addition to this the awareness about the Swedish milk was not high at all aspects.This study therefore suggested a higher price on milk and to provide more information about the product in order to create a higher level of awareness.

  • 323.
    Gabrielsson, Hanna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Fredlund, Julia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Nedskrivning av goodwill enligt IAS 36 punkt 134: Grad av uppfyllelse och dess samband till ägarstruktur2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Under EU rules, listed companies must prepare their consolidated financial statements in accordance with IFRS. Financial statements provide information for stakeholders to acquire a perception of a company’s financial position. The task of assessing goodwill value involves difficulties due to that the asset can be difficult to link to a specific cash flow. Therefore, a prerequisite for investors to decide to purchase, hold or sell their shareholdings is that goodwill and its impairment are reliable in order to estimate the value of a company. Disclosure on impairment testing of goodwill is therefore of vital importance for investors to determine if the information is reliable to make an investment decision. Previous research shows a low level of compliance in reference to disclosure of goodwill impairment. Research also show that ownership structure is an important factor influencing the information companies disclose. Therefore, the aim of this inquisition is to obtain enhanced knowledge about companies providing information required by IFRS in reference to impairment of goodwill and if there is a correlation between degree of compliance and corporate ownership structure. This inquisition was based on 75 financial statements whose companies are listed on Nasdaq OMX Stockholm Large Cap and reported goodwill during year 2016. Initially, qualitative methods were used for interpretation of IAS 36 paragraph 134 and to identify the shareholder with the highest percentage of voting rights. To obtain knowledge of the degree to which companies meet the disclosure requirements a quantitative method was used to encode the collected information. The empirical results reflect that the level of disclosure on goodwill impairment differs. 9.3 percent of the studied population show a low degree of compliance, 49.4 percent medium degree and 41.3 percent a high degree of compliance. The empirical results indicate that ownership structure can affect the information disclosed by companies in their financial reports. Companies with foreign ownership as the highest percentage of voting rights tend disclose a high degree of compliance. The study does not find the correlation previous research claims that companies with institutional or block ownership tend to provide less additional disclosures in their financial statements. However, based on the studied sample, it is not possible to draw a general conclusion about a relationship between the variables compliance and ownership structure.

  • 324.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Halmstad University (SWE).
    Galan, Nataliya
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund University, School of Economics and Management (SWE).
    Drivers of Entrepreneurial Passion Among Graduates in Venture Creation Programs2022In: Academy of Management Annual Meeting Proceedings, ISSN 0065-0668, E-ISSN 2151-6561, no 1, p. 1-1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We develop and test an analytical framework that builds on experiential learning theory to explore drivers of entrepreneurial passion among graduates from venture creation programs (VCP). The framework identifies two main sources of experiential learning (direct and vicarious experience), and three temporal vantage points (pre-, peri- and post-education) where such experiences may occur. We employ fsQCA analysis on a sample of graduates from a Swedish university to identify causal paths leading to configurations of experiences that ultimately lead to higher entrepreneurial passion. Overall, analyses yielded a total of four effective configurations where each represents a combination of present or absent conditions that are jointly sufficient for producing the indicated outcome. While both direct and vicarious experiential learning in combination with other causal conditions can drive high entrepreneurial passion among VCP graduates, the results suggest strongest evidence for causal relations between direct experiential learning and high entrepreneurial passion. Moreover, the results suggest that post- and peri-educational experiences have stronger causal impact compared to pre-educational experiences.

  • 325.
    Gabrielsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Akademin för ekonomi, teknik och naturvetenskap, Centrum för innovations-, entreprenörskaps- och lärandeforskning (CIEL).
    Politis, Diamanto
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Galan, Nataliya
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    What happens after rapid growth?: A study of sustainable high-growth entrepreneurship in Sweden2016In: Academy of Management: Proceedings / [ed] John Humphreys, 2016, article id 16942Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurial high-growth firms contribute significantly to the economy by scaling up new innovative products, services, and business models as well as creating jobs and fostering economic growth. In this study we examine the incidence of sustainable high growth entrepreneurship in a sample of Swedish firms that have previously been experiencing rapid growth. We acknowledge growth as a multi-dimensional phenomenon by distinguishing between employee growth and sales growth. Overall, the statistical analysis suggests that the different growth trajectories shown by firms can be related to different industry life cycle positions. We also find differences related to the time that has passed since the firm were experiencing rapid growth. In addition, ex-gazelles operating in knowledge intensive sectors or with a higher degree of novelty in their market offer are not more likely to show a subsequent period of growth. Copyright © 2016, Academy of Management

  • 326.
    Gabrielsson, Philip
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Stefansson, Emanuel
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Produktplacering i elektroniska spel: En studie av vilka faktorer som påverkar spelarnas attityder mot produkt- och varumärkesplacering2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Den svenska spelbranschen har växt explosionsartat de senaste åren med många framgångsrika studios. Spelindustrin har även växt internationellt sett och spelen som utvecklas idag kostar lika mycket att utveckla som kostnaderna för att spela in stora Hollywood filmer. I film så förekommer det mycket produktplacering och det har visat sig framgångsrikt så varför förekommer det inte samma utsträckning i spel? Där man har möjlighet att låta konsumenter integrera med produkten, spelaren är även mer fokuserad och tittar sällan bort ifrån spelet och lägger mer tid i spelet än i en film. Det förekommer reklam i spel och ett av de mest kända exemplen är Obama som gjorde reklam för sin presidentkampanj i ett flertal spel.

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka vilka faktorer som påverkar spelares attityder mot produkt- och varumärkesplaceringen inom elektroniska spel. Men även hur detta ska ske på bästa sätt enligt spelarna för att inte förstöra spelupplevelsen, och kan det till och med förstärka spelupplevelsen. Det finns inte så mycket forskning inom detta område utan det mesta handlar om produktplacering i film så därför anser vi, författarna, att det är viktigt att studera detta. För att ta reda på detta gjordes en kvalitativ undersökning och sex semi-strukturerade intervjuer genomfördes.

    Resultatet visar att produkt eller varumärke som placeras i ett spel måste ha en funktion i spelet och även passa in i spelets handling samt miljö enligt spelarna. Uppfyller man dessa kriterier så är spelarna positiva till det och det skulle kunna påverka deras attityder mot produkt och varumärke. Om man inte uppfyller detta så upplever spelarna placeringen som negativt och det påverkar spelupplevelsen. Denna negativa attityd påverkar enligt denna undersökning inte företagen som placerar utan istället är det speltillverkaren som attityden appliceras på.

  • 327.
    Gadd, Julia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Utterberg, Julia
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Chefskap ur kvinnans synvinkel: Kvinnors inställning till att bli och vara chef2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under det senaste seklet har kvinnors rätt i samhället och utrymme på arbetsmarknaden genomgått stora förändringar. Utvecklingen har gått från det dåvarande idealet av kvinnan som hemmafru till en självklar roll på arbetsmarknaden. Dock är det fortfarande få kvinnor som besitter chefspositioner och åsikterna om varför det ser ut som det gör är delade. Ledarskap förknippas oftast med män, vilket vi ser som ett problem då kvinnan inte passar in i den stereotypen. Då tidigare forskning presenterar resultat som visar att företag gynnas av kvinnligt ledarskap så är det intressant att undersöka varför så få kvinnor är chefer, i synnerhet inom den privata sektorn. Tidigare forskning tar upp problemet ur männens och samhällets perspektiv, men utesluter ofta kvinnans synvinkel. Syftet med vår rapport är istället att undersöka ämnet genom att fråga kvinnorna och få deras bild av orsaken till dagens statistik gällande kvinnliga chefer. Vi vill även undersöka kvinnors inställning till att inta en chefsposition och orsakerna som ligger till grund för den inställningen. Vi genomförde nio kvalitativa intervjuer med kvinnor inom den privata sektorn, varav sex av dem besitter en chefsposition. Företagen som våra respondenter representerar verkar inom olika branscher vilket var ett medvetet val för att få ett brett perspektiv. Samtliga respondenter har en högskoleutbildning, vilket var ett krav vid val av respondenter. Orsaken till kravet var antagandet om att en högskoleutbildning bidrar till en tydligare föreställning om vilken position respondenten vill besitta, och därmed en eventuell fundering kring chefskap. Vår teoretiska referensram presenterar forskning rörande glastaket, förebilders påverkan, kvinnliga chefer, motivation och familjeliv. Intervjufrågorna baserades på samma ämnen som materialet i teoriavsnittet. Vidare analyserades teori och empiri där likheter och skillnader jämfördes. Slutsatsen med vår studie är att ämnet är komplext. Det är svårt att se några tydliga orsaker till varför inte fler kvinnor besitter chefspositioner inom den privata sektorn, särskilt i vår studies omfattning. Vi kan däremot utläsa olika påverkansfaktorer och dra slutsatser för vilka som är mer och mindre betydande. Vi har under vår studie blivit medvetna om att motiven och vad som påverkar en kvinnas val att bli chef är högst individuellt.

  • 328.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Framtidens sjukvård kräver ny kompetens från cheferna2023In: Östgöta Correspondenten, ISSN 1104-0394, p. 24-24Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 329.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Orimligt att man tvingas ringa för att säga upp en tjänst2022In: Göteborgs-Posten, ISSN 1103-9345, no 2022-11-05Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Debatt 

    Att säga upp en betaltjänst ska vara lätt. Trots det så blir vi konsumenter ofta hänvisade att ringa kundtjänst när vi vill säga upp en tjänst, exempelvis ett telefonabonnemang. Att skapa hinder som gör uppsägning krångligt utgör inte bara en inskränkning av konsuments rättigheter utan kan dessutom utgöra en ordentlig olägenhet, skriver Christian Gadolin, docent i företagsekonomi.

  • 330.
    Gadolin, Christian
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Samverkan som ideal i vården: vägen dit och förutsättningar för att lyckas2023In: Samverkan i vården: från system till praktik / [ed] Annika Eklund & Christian Gadolin, Liber, 2023, p. 34-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 331.
    Gadolin, Christian
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Andersson, Thomas
    School of Business, University of Skövde, Skövde (SWE); Faculty of Theology and Social Sciences, VID Specialized University, Oslo (NOR).
    Stockhult, Helen
    Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business (SWE).
    Complexity Leadership in a Public Sector Context: Exploring Adaptive Leadership Practices2023In: Change Management: An International Journal, ISSN 2327-798X, E-ISSN 2327-9176, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 63-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The public sector is becoming increasingly complex. As complexity leadership theory has been formulated in order to understand leadership in such a context, it thus seems appropriate that it should inform public leadership research. However, the applicability of complexity leadership theory and the concomitant adaptive leadership practices have thus far been underexplored empirically in a public sector context. To address this omission, this article uses a qualitative case study to exemplify how adaptive leadership practices may manifest themselves in a public sector context. The article’s findings indicate that adaptive leadership practices that reduce, rather than induce, tension within the dynamics of actors’ interactions may be a more viable route to handle challenges within a public sector context. Future research could beneficially pay greater attention to the public sector context when studying how adaptive leadership practices might manifest themselves in public sector organizations, as well as when assessing the merits of complexity leadership theory in informing public leadership.

  • 332.
    Gadolin, Christian
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration. Centre for Healthcare Improvement,Department of Technology Management andEconomics, Chalmers University ofTechnology, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Eriksson, Erik
    Centre for Healthcare Improvement, Department of Technology Management and Economics, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg (SWE), Department of Work Life and Social Welfare,University of Borås (SWE).
    Barriers and enablers of coordination across healthcare system levels2023In: Journal of Public Affairs, ISSN 1472-3891, E-ISSN 1479-1854, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 1-11, article id e2871Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Coordination across healthcare system levels is a global imperative to ensure efficient resource utilization and provide high-quality care. The substantial body of research on coordination in healthcare mainly concerns coordination across professional and organizational domains. Consequently, there is a dearth of empirical research aimed at delineating the determinants of coordination across healthcare system levels. This paper describes and analyses the barriers and enablers of healthcare coordination across national, regional, and local system levels in a populous Swedish region. Individual interviews and focus group discussions, encompassing a total of 63 individuals, were conducted with managers, administrators, and politicians. The findings of the paper underscore that the barriers identified were most often of a structural or institutional character, whereas the enablers of the studied cross-level coordination were mostly relational. Therefore, we propose that future research should aim to further delineate the prerequisites for personal relationships to emerge, as well as how they may act as enablers of coordination across healthcare system levels.

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  • 333.
    Gadolin, Christian
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Larsman, Pernilla
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg.
    Skyvell Nilsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Pousette, Anders
    Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg.
    Törner, Marianne
    Sahlgrenska akademi, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg.
    How do healthcare unit managers promote nurses' perceived organizational support, and which working conditions enable them to do so?: A mixed methods approach2022In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 63, no 6, p. 648-657Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Healthcare unit managers are pivotal to promote nurses' Perceived Organizational Support and hence to ensure nurses' health and well-being, as well as high-quality care. Despite this fact, there is a dearth of studies addressing how healthcare unit managers act and organize their work to promote nurses' Perceived Organizational Support and which working conditions enable them to do so. Through a mixed methods approach, comprising qualitative interviews and quantitative surveys among healthcare unit managers and nurses, this paper underscores that healthcare unit managers' availability to their nursing staff was essential for their ability to promote nurses' Perceived Organizational Support, and that responsive support from the care unit managers' superior management, administration, and managerial colleagues constituted enabling working conditions. Superior manager support strongly promoted the care unit manager's own Perceived Organizational Support, which, in turn, was positively correlated with nurses' organizational climate of Perceived Organizational Support.

  • 334.
    Gadolin, Christian
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Skyvell Nilsson, Maria
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Larsman, Pernilla
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, (SWE).
    Pousette, Anders
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg; School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, (SWE).
    Törner, Marianne
    School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, (SWE).
    Managing Healthcare under Heavy Stress: Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Care Unit Managers' Ability to Support the Nurses - A Mixed Methods Approach.2022In: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 30, no 8, p. 4080-4089Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: Investigate care unit managers' perceptions of how the COVID-19 pandemic influenced their ability to support the nurses.

    BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic placed extreme pressure on healthcare organizations. More knowledge regarding how the pandemic influenced care unit managers' ability to support nurses is central to ensuring high-quality healthcare in future crises.

    METHOD: A mixed-methods study in Swedish hospitals with a survey (n=128) and interviews (n=20) with care unit managers.

    RESULTS: Approximately half of the managers reported having spent more time available to and supporting the nurses. Availability was positively predicted by their perceived organizational support while negatively by their job demands. These job demands concerned meeting staff anxiety and managing organizational restructuring. Full focus on direct patient care, and strong professional and social support were important job resources.

    CONCLUSION: For care unit managers to effectively support the nurses during a crisis, they need proficient job resources and moderate job demands. Managers' perceived organizational support positively affects the quality of their crisis leadership. Creating arenas in which staff collegiality can form and develop is beneficial for the ability to meet future crises. Implications for Nursing Management This study specifies important job resources that should be acknowledged and reinforced to strengthen the ability of care unit managers to actively support the nurses during a crisis.

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  • 335.
    Galan, Nataliya
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Adjunct professors at professional service firms: Just links between the industry and the academy or…?2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study aims at contributing to the literature on university-industry relations by examining professional service firms’ motives and beneficial outcomes related to their involvement in relations with universities. As a study context a specific form of such relations – appointment of firms’ key employees as adjunct professors – is chosen. The study adopts a qualitative research strategy and relies mainly on collecting data via semi-structured interviews with both top managers and adjunct professors employed by five engineering consultancy firms operating in the construction industry in Sweden.

    Preliminary findings suggest that motives and benefits of professional service firms, related to engagement in this particular type of interactions with universities, differ from those which have been reported for manufacturing firms in university-industry relations literature. While stability seeking motives are major determinants for professional services to engage in such partnerships with universities, which is quite similar to previous evidence reported in the literature for manufacturing firms, professional service firms highpoint the significance of reciprocity and legitimacy motives, which have been reported to be of lower importance for manufacturing firms. When it comes to benefits, professional service firms seem to benefit substantially from engagement in such a partnership with universities, both in terms of tangible and intangible outcomes. The most significant outcomes are attributed to firms’ core capabilities development.

  • 336.
    Galan, Nataliya
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Fueling entrepreneurial passion among university graduates by integrating learning experiences within and outside the university: Insights from a configurational study2022Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 337.
    Galan, Nataliya
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Knowledge loss induced by organizational member turnover: a review of empirical literature, synthesis and future research directions (Part I)2023In: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 117-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this two-part study is to systematically review, analyze and critically synthesize the current state of empirical research on knowledge loss induced by organizational member turnover (KLT).

    Design/methodology/approach – A systematic literature review was conducted based on 91 empiricalstudies on KLT.

    Findings – Part I of the study contributes to the advancement of KLT scholarship by mapping key developments in empirical research on KLT (publication trends, methodological and theoretical foci, heterogeneity of geographical, industrial and organizational contexts); encapsulating KLT antecedents associated with both voluntary and involuntary turnover; and revealing a broad scope of KLT effects at organizational and unit level.

    Research limitations/implications – This study has limitations related to inclusion/exclusion criteriaused for creating the review sample and the “Antecedents–Phenomenon–Outcomes” logic used to synthesize the findings.

    Originality/value – Part I of the study offers a systematic synthesis of KLT empirical research with respect to KLT antecedents, outcomes and factors affecting them.

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  • 338.
    Galan, Nataliya
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Knowledge loss induced by organizational member turnover: a review of empirical literature, synthesis and future research directions (Part II)2023In: Learning Organization, ISSN 0969-6474, E-ISSN 1758-7905, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 137-161Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this two-part study is to systematically review, analyze and critically synthesize the current state of empirical research on knowledge loss induced by organizational member turnover (KLT).

    Design/methodology/approach – This study is based on using a systematic literature review methodology reported in Part I.

    Findings – Part II of this study contributes to the advancement of KLT scholarship by offering: an integrative narrative of KLT coping and preventive mechanisms as well as factors affecting them; an organizing framework of KLT empirical literature; and suggestions for future research, which are discussed with respect to the content, based on the proposed framework and by extending contextual dimensions of “who”, “where” and “when”, as well as use of theories and methods.

    Research limitations/implications – This study has limitations related to inclusion/exclusion criteria used for creating the review sample and the “Antecedents–Phenomenon–Outcomes” logic used to synthesize the findings.

    Originality/value – Part II of this study offers a systematic synthesis of KLT empirical research with respect to KLT coping and preventive mechanisms and a discussion of opportunities for future research

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  • 339.
    Galan, Nataliya
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    " One foot in industry, the other in academia ": Why professional services want adjunct professors as employees?2018In: Baltic Journal of Management, ISSN 1746-5265, E-ISSN 1746-5273, Vol. 4, no 13, p. 433-450Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine professional service firms'€™ (PSFs) motives and benefits related to their engagement in knowledge transfer interactions with universities via their employees also acting as adjunct professors (APs).Design/methodology/approach The study adopts a qualitative approach relying mainly on data collected via semi-structured interviews with both top managers and APs employed by five engineering consultancies operating in Sweden. Findings The findings suggest that, while seeking stability is the major determinant of engagement in relations with universities via APs, PSFs highpoint the significance of reciprocity and legitimacy motives. The most substantial benefits appear to be related to firms’ access to academic research, core competencies and human resource development as well as marketing outcomes. Benefits are found to be dynamic in character with higher-order benefits being generated by low-order over time. Research limitations/implications The findings rely on a small sample of PSFs and should be verified by future research with larger samples of PSFs operating in a broader range of industries and national contexts. Practical implications The study results may be of interest to managers of both firms and universities interested in establishing, formalising or broadening university-industry interactions. Originality/value The study advances the current knowledge on the rationales of service firms engaged in various university-industry knowledge transfer interactions by making empirical and conceptual contributions to the understanding of adjunct professorship as a particular form of such interactions.

  • 340.
    Galan, Nataliya
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Work-place learning: A way to develop entrepreneurial employees2022In: International Conference on Work Integrated Learning: Abstract Book, Trollhättan: University West , 2022, p. 78-79Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The current study has its starting point of departure in a broader understanding of entrepreneurship, which acknowledges that new entrepreneurial opportunities can be recognised and pursued by individuals in different ways. Thus, it can be done by establishing new ventures or by identifying and developing such opportunities within existing organisations (Shane & Venkataraman, 2000). Irrespective of its form, entrepreneurship can be understood as a behavioural process, which implies that individuals, engaged in this process, are involved (alone or in teams) in a broad range of goal-oriented activities. Previous research in the stream, predominantly focusing on venture creation behaviours, recognises that entrepreneurs, through different learning experiences, develop knowledge enabling them to recognise and pursue entrepreneurial opportunities (Politis, 2005; Politis et al., 2019). This reasoning should be equally relevant to entrepreneurial behaviour of employees within existing organisations (Bosma et al., 2012). Entrepreneurial employees, who can also be referred to as intrapreneurs (Bosma et al., 2012), commonly demonstrate behaviours, which are similar to those of entrepreneurs, i.e., proactiveness, risk -taking, and innovativeness (Antoncic & Hisrich, 2003). These employees are expected to contribute most to the value creation in their employing organizations by acting at the organisational “frontier” and “not the core” (Antoncic & Hisrich, 2003). Such behaviours enable their employing organisations to “depa rt from the customary” (Antoncic & Hisrich, 2003).Intrapreneurs are viewed as exceptional learners (Lackéus et al., 2020), who learn from multiple sources (colleagues, partners, competitors and other stakeholders) as well as through multiple experiences (e.g., observing, doing, re-doing) (Lackéus et al., 2020). Further, several studies emphasize the importance of work -related contexts for developing of intrapreneurial behaviour of employees and suggest that both formal (Mustafa et al., 2018) and informal learning (Keith et al., 2016) opportunities at work play an important role in transforming relevant experiences into entrepreneurial knowledge and herewith shaping entrepreneurial behaviour of employees. At the same time, rigid organisational structures and cultures, certain types of work task design as well as job role clarity may also affect the process of “intrapreneurial” learning in existing organisations (de Jong et al., 2015). This indicates that intrapreneurial learning, being a form of entrepreneurial learning, may develop in a different, compared to entrepreneurial learning, way and, accordingly, have specific dimensions. However, previous research provides limited understanding of how entrepreneurial employees learn at their workplaces (Manuti et al., 2015) as well as where (e.g., within/outside organisational boundaries) (Manuti et al., 2015). The current study aims, via integration of entrepreneurial learning, entrepreneurship, intrapreneurship, and workplace learning literature to advance the current understanding of the role of workplace learning in developing entrepreneurial employees. In doing so, the study adopts a broad approach to defining workplace learning (Stern & Sommerlad, 1999), acknowledging that there exist different degrees of separation between ‘learning’ and ‘work’. Thus, this implies that learning activities can occur within and outside organisational boundaries, as well as they can be integrated with or disintegrated from working tasks and assignments (e.g., Galan, 2018).The study results suggest that intrapreneurial behaviours of employees appear to be the outcome of employees learning through their work tasks which have multiple roles in the process of such learning. First, through their work tasks employees in existing organisations are likely to be exposed to various learning opportunities (both within and outside organisational boundaries). Second, the work task–learning opportunity fit appears to increase the employees’ engagement in learning opportunities and, thus, trigger their pursuit. Finally, task novelty is suggested to moderate the relationship between the pursuit of learning opportunities by employees and developing by them intrapreneurial behaviours. 

    The study contributes to the literature on entrepreneurial learning in existing organisations by clarifying the enabling role of work tasks in this process and incorporating two features of work tasks, namely their fit to learning opportunities and novelty. Future research is encouraged to incorporate other characteristics of work tasks, such as task variety, task complexity, task scope, task importance, task structuredness as well as empirically test newly established relationships.

  • 341.
    Galan, Nataliya
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Khodabandehloo, Akbar
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Learning with LinkedIn: Students' perceptions of incorporating subject-related blogging in an international marketing course2016In: Interactive Technology and Smart Education, ISSN 1741-5659, E-ISSN 1758-8510, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 166-183Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose This paper aims to report the results of implementation of blogging within a LinkedIn discussion group in an international marketing course for a multicultural group of students focusing on the students' perceptions of the subject-related blogging. Design/methodology/approach: This study adopts a qualitative approach; data have been collected through online observations of the students' activity in a LinkedIn discussion group and structured interviews with volunteers after the completion of the course.Findings The results indicate the students' positive attitudes towards blogging in LinkedIn. Blogging perceptibly contributed to the students' acquisition of knowledge in the subject area, development of multicultural awareness and writing skills and improvement of critical thinking. In most cases, this type of activity had an impact on the development of the students' creativity and personal expression. Some patterns are only identified for subgroups of students with a certain cultural background (Chinese, Asian, German-speaking and European students).Research limitations/implicationsThe results of this qualitative study are specific for a particular setting (a small international class of students) and a certain type of assignment (in terms of its structure and instructor involvement).Originality/valueThis study contributes to the growing body of literature on using social media-based assignments in business education by generating a better understanding of how participants in a multicultural group perceive the process of experiential learning while blogging in a LinkedIn discussion group.

  • 342.
    Galan, Nataliya
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Khodabandehloo, Akbar
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Use of Social Media Based Assignments in Teaching International Marketing: Results and Reflections2015In: Proceedings of Cross-Cultural Business Conference 2015, 21-22 May, School of Management, University of Applied Sciences of Upper Austria, Steyr Campus: Intercultural Perspectives in Global Business and Human Resource Management; Global (B2B) Marketing, Sales Management and Service Innovation; Higher Education Research; Informatics, Communication & Media / [ed] Margarethe Uberwimmer et al., Aachen: Shaker Verlag, 2015, p. 233-242Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper describes the implementation of a social media based assignment (blogging in a LinkedIn discussion group) within an international marketing course for an international group of students and presents the students’ perceptions of the assignment. The results indicate that the students had very positive attitudes towards blogging within the online discussion group and perceived it as a more interesting and more effective activity than traditional written assignments. LinkedIn blogging perceptibly contributed to the students’ acquisition of knowledge in the subject area, development of multicultural awareness and writing skills, improvement of critical thinking, reasoning, analysis and interpretation. In most cases this type of activity had an impact on the development of the students’ creativity and personal expression. Some patterns (as an increased motivation to work harder while learning, feeling of comfort/discomfort in the online learning environment) are only identified for a subgroup of Chinese students.

    Key words: Social media, LinkedIn, Blogs, International Marketing, Experiential learning

  • 343.
    Galan, Nataliya
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Post-formation venture development in the healthcare sector: The roles and contributions of different stakeholders2023Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 344.
    Galan, Nataliya
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Crossing the Border in a Cross-border Region: The Role of Networks in Small Firms' Internationalization2018In: Sustainable entrepreneurship: A win-win strategy for the future, Toledo, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 345.
    Galan, Nataliya
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Identification of international opportunities: A study of mature firms in mature industries2021In: Journal of International Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1570-7385, E-ISSN 1573-7349, Vol. 19, p. 53-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study seeks to gain a better understanding of how small late internationalising (mature) firms operating in mature industry contexts, which seem largely ignored in international entrepreneurship research, identify primary and subsequent international opportunities. Integrating international opportunity and network literature, as well as adopting a multiple case study design, we build on the evidence obtained from two Swedish and two Norwegian late internationalising firms operating in medium-technology industries. Our findings highlight the vital importance of business ties for identification of both primary and subsequent international opportunities by mature firms operating in mature industries. We find that such firms may identify their primary international opportunities by both discovery and creation. Furthermore, the firms' reputation in the domestic market, accumulated technological knowledge and needs for product customisation and/or customer involvement in product development, may indicate whether the firms tend to discover primary international opportunities or create them either by strengthening existing business ties or by forming new ones. With regard to subsequent international opportunities, creation is found to be a more likely way to identify opportunities. We show that 'false' (identified but not pursued) international opportunities, apart from generating a beneficial learning experience for both entrepreneurs and firms, prompt the entrepreneurs to (i) realise the urgency of needed strategic changes and (ii) identify future learning content, i.e. knowledge which should be acquired by the firm for successful pursuit of subsequent international opportunities.

  • 346.
    Galan, Nataliya
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Internationalization by means of networks: A case study of small firms in a cross-border region2018In: Book of Abstracts: The 22nd McGill International Entrepreneurship Conference, Halmstad: Högskolan i Halmstad , 2018, p. 21-22Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at gaining a deeper understanding of the role of networks in internationalization of small firms originating from a cross-border region. Internationalization is viewed as the process of identification and exploitation of international opportunities. The present study specifically seeks to understand how different kind of networks enable small firms to identify and exploit their first and subsequent international opportunities and where (within or beyond the cross-border region). The study employs a multiple-case study design and is built on empirical evidence mainly collected via face-to-face semi-structured interviews with managers/owners/founders of five small firms located in the cross-border region Northern Fyrbodal (Sweden) – Southern Østfold (Norway). Preliminary findings suggest that the roles of business, institutional and social networks as well as regional and international networks differ with regard to i) international opportunities identification and exploitation; ii) geographically/institutionally proximate and distant markets as well as iii) discovery or creation as a means of international opportunities formation.

  • 347.
    Galan, Nataliya
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Torsein, Ellinor
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Internationalization of small firms originating from a cross-border region: The role of social and business networks2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Firms’ small size is commonly considered as a disadvantage in internationalization (Jansson, 2007), which is mainly associated with the lack of resources needed to expand internationally (Jansson & Sandberg, 2008). Consequently, internationalization of small firms differs noticeably from that of large firms (Musteen et al., 2010). In particular, compared to large firms, small firms rely more extensively on networks relationships, thus trying to overcome barriers to internationalization related to their size (Zahra, 2005). Previous research reports a wide use of different kinds of networks (business vs. social, local vs. foreign) by small firms in the process of their internationalization (e.g., Kuhlmeier and Knight, 2010; Musteen et al., 2010, Dubois, 2016). Fletcher (2004) and Dubois (2016) stress the need to further investigate the relational context of small firms’ internationalization in order to understand how these firms start and manage their international expansion. Further, Dubois (2016) arguments for bringing in a geographical context for conceptualising the process of small firms’ internationalization and calls for more research to be done in order to get a better understanding of how the contextual elements influence the actions of individual actors.The proposed study takes into focus the context of cross-border regions, which implies that the firms located in such areas benefit from a spatial proximity to a neighbouring foreign market and its potential (Niebuhr and Stiller, 2004). However, the empirical evidence, obtained for various cross-border regions, often shows the contrary, i.e. that these areas are characterised with weak economic dynamism involving local firms, which do not benefit remarkably from a spatial proximity to a neighbouring foreign market (Leick, 2012). The purpose of this study is to generate a better understanding of the internationalization process of small firms originating from a cross-border region using the network perspective (Johansson and Matsson, 1988). In particular, the study aims to examine the role of relationships in the process of international expansion of firms located in the cross-border region Northern Fyrbodal (Sweden) – Southern Ostfold (Norway), with regard to their choice of the first and consequent markets, mode and time of internationalization.The study uses a multiple-case study design (Yin, 2014) and is built on empirical evidence collected via face-to-face semi-structured interviews with managers/owners/founders of seven small firms located both in Sweden and Norway in a relative proximity to the Swedish-Norwegian border. Preliminary findings suggest that both business and social networks are of extreme importance for small firms from a cross-border region with regards to the identification of international opportunities in foreign markets, making a decision to internationalize as well as the choice of mode of internationalization. It is found that local networks are equally important for small firms from cross border regions to reach distant markets as foreign networks. Reliance on social networks seem to contribute to exploring international opportunities by small firms in the neighbouring markets while reliance on business networks appear to help them to reach distant markets at early stages of internationalization.

  • 348.
    Ganchimeg, Oyundelger
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Pananon Strand, Nutthatida
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Women’s entrepreneurship in developing countries: Impact of individual and institutional factors on women’s motivation for entrepreneurship2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this research is to deepen our knowledge and understanding about women’s entrepreneurship in developing countries. The research intends to study impacts of individual and institutional factors on motivation for entrepreneurship in women.

    Methodology/approach - A qualitative research, where primary data was collected by semistructured interview. Total of 6 women from Mongolia and Thailand were interviewed. Transcripts of interviews were read and re-read, coded by using Gioia’s methodology, and main themes were determined. Empirical evidence-Interview results indicate that institutional factors in Mongolia and Thailand create unstable and challenging environment in general, and they have a negative impact as well as a trigger effect on the motivation for entrepreneurship. Main challenges women face are caused by cultural perceptions about women, and it is suggested to take actions to promote empowerment and support from policy makers and financial institutions.

    Research limitations - The scope of research was limited in terms of sample size and volume of primary data collected. 

    Implications - Further study on women’s participation and empowerment in politics, women empowerment in the business sector, and financial instruments and solutions for supporting woman owned start-ups are suggested for each country.

  • 349.
    García Santero, Alejandro
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    City centre development requirements: a study of Trollhättan city centre2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The threating of the out-of-town shopping centres has been and remains being a problem to face by cities and towns. Thus, these places, particularly the smaller town centres, have to conduct ways to tackle these big customer attractors. In order to do it, all the groups involved in the town, local sectors such as the municipality, and private sectors such as the retailers, should work together to be more effective approaching the customer. This study investigated the coordination and funding partnership between the retailers, the municipality and the real estate owners of the Trollhättan town in Sweden. The study also provides an insight of the Trollhättan customers' view of the place. To achieve it, semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted. One of the managers of the partnership was interviewed as well as 15 customers. Through the analysis of the results, it can be seen the good approach of the investigated partnership. Their good understanding of each part reality enables to agree in the plans committed to accomplish. When it comes to the customers’ point of view, the older people desire more shops but for the younger people it takes more relevance to arrange more entertainment places. Furthermore, the grey color of the town centre is reported, being the best option to deal it to set more lively green nature and colourful elements. However, the visitors have a general good view of the town centre.

  • 350.
    Gartman, Rebecka
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Nordgren, Lisa
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Finanskrisens påverkan på CSR-arbetet i svenska banker: En undersökning ur ett ekonomiskt, miljömässigt och socialt perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability and corporate social responsibility (CSR) are two concepts that have received great attention in recent years, not least in the banking industry. In year 2007 and 2008, banks were hit by the largest financial crisis since the Great Depression of 1930, which shook the global economy. Based on previous studies, a knowledge gap was identified. Based on this, the purpose of the study was to increase understanding of CSR work before, during and after the financial crisis of 2008 in four Swedish banks to examine how the crisis affected the motives of CSR work. The survey focused on studying the three components of CSR, which are economically, environmentally and socially, and how they developed.

    To answer the purpose the theoretical framework included following sections: Corporate social responsibility, triple bottom line, sustainability reports, interest theory, legitimacy theory and the financial crisis. The study was based on a qualitative and quantitative content analysis based on examination of the annual reports and sustainability reports. In designing the empirical data each banks annual reports were reviewed on the basis of the three components of CSR. Furthermore, the main points of each bank's reporting from 2005 to 2010 were described. The study showed that the three perspectives were given different attention in the banks' CSR reporting, where the social responsibility were more visible than the other perspectives. The economic perspective received the least focus that may be due to that the banks report their financial information in the annual reports. The analysis shows clearly that much of the previous reasearch is consistent with the information that banks provide in their reports. Among other things, it is important for banks to take into account the values of society that may generates a high degree of legitimacy.

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