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  • 301.
    Skoog, Therese
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hallberg, Jonas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Boys’ Pubertal Timing Measured on the Pubertal Development Scale is Linked to Online Sexual Activities2013In: International Journal of Sexual Health, ISSN 1931-7611, E-ISSN 1931-762X, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 281-290Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We explored the link between boys’ pubertal timing and offline and online romantic and sexual activities using a sample of 142 Swedish early adolescent boys. Boys reported on two aspects of pubertal timing, a stage-normative (measured by five indicators of physical development related to puberty) and a peer-normative, and on offline and online romantic and sexual activities. Both aspects of pubertal timing was related to being romantically and sexually active offline, but only the stage-normative measure was linked to corresponding activities online. Thus, the implications of stage-normative pubertal timing on sexual activities seem to extend to online contexts.

  • 302.
    Skoog, Therése
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Facebook as a means to make new peers among early maturing girls2015In: Computers in human behavior, ISSN 0747-5632, E-ISSN 1873-7692, Vol. 48, p. 500-505Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We explored, for the first time, links between female pubertal timing and adolescent Internet use, Facebook use, and the size of peer networks on Facebook in a Swedish early adolescent sample (N = 166). Although pubertal timing was not linked to Internet use or Facebook use, it was linked to being more open about oneself and having more Facebook friends in grade 7. These associations had disappeared one year later. Consonant with previous studies of offline contexts, this study provides preliminary evidence to suggest that Facebook is a means to make new peers among early maturing girls in early adolescence.

  • 303.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Dejtingvåld: våld och kränkningar mellan ungdomar i parrelationer2014In: Barnbladet, ISSN 0349-1994, Vol. 39, no 5, p. 6-9Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 304.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Föräldraskap i olika kulturer2014In: Barnbladet, ISSN 0349-1994, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 20-23Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 305.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Konsten att träffa rätt: om enkätundersökningar2013In: Barn- och ungdomsforskning: metoder och arbetssätt / [ed] Erlandsson, Soly I. & Sjöberg, Lena, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, 1. uppl., p. 135-156Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 306.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Parents’ Concerns About Their Teenage Children’s Internet Use2014In: Journal of family issues, ISSN 0192-513X, E-ISSN 1552-5481, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 75-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many parents feel uncertain about the actions and experiences their teenage children have on the Internet, thus causing worry and concern. The aim of the study was to examine parents’ worries and concerns in relation to their teenagers’ use of the Internet. The participants were 798 Swedish parents (307 fathers, 491 mothers) and their teenage children (aged between 13 and 15 years). The results indicate that parents’ worries and concerns vary, in certain aspects, according to age and gender of the child. Furthermore, parents’ own Internet skills, experience of using the Internet, and attitudes toward the Internet are related to the type and nature of their worries and concerns. Parents’ beliefs about their teenager’s skills in using the Internet and the teenagers’ Internet use and experiences are related to the parents’ concerns. Parents with an accurate understanding of their children’s negative Internet experiences are those who are the most worried. © The Author(s) 2012.

  • 307.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    The child as an active agent in conflict situations2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the current study, 14 eight-year-old children (6 girls, 8 boys) in Sweden were interviewed about parenting. The aim of the study was to examine children’s active roles in and around conflict situations, using Kuczynski’s three criteria about the child: 1) actively creating a meaning about what is happening, 2) intentional acting in the interaction and 3) having an idea about the efficacy of its action. One of the overall goals was to examine the importance of gender in this process. In the interviews, children described how children were active in creating meaning about what was taking place in a conflict situation, their intentional actions and the effects they believed their action had on the situation. The person who decided in different situations varied, even if, according to the child, it was usually parents who had the right to decide and the child’s influence was only marginal. Children had specific opinions about situations creating conflict and how they could influence the direction of the conflict situation. Depending on the source of the conflict, the situation comprised differing courses of events and could, according to the child, be handled with different strategies, with varying degrees of goal orientation. Furthermore, both boys and girls expressed knowledge of gender stereotypes.

  • 308.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ungdomars Internetanvändande och föräldrars ansvar2008In: Ung på 2000-talet: perspektiv på ungdomars vardag, 2008, p. 75-92Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 309.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Andersson, ÅsaUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.Molin, MartinUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att förstå ungdomars identitetsskapande: en inspirations- och metodbok2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bokens kapitel tar avstamp i en rad olika kontexter där ungdomars identitetsskapande sker och bygger på forskning utförd inom olika discipliner som belyser ungdomars lärande, utveckling och livsvillkor. I boken finns en rad exempel på ungdomars syn på skapandet av en identitet, liksom aktiverande övningar, forskarreportage och förslag på fördjupande läsning efter varje kapitel.Denna inspirations- och metodbok är användbar inom alla de utbildningsområden som behandlar frågor om ungdomar och identitet, t.ex. lärarutbildning, speciallärar- och specialpedagogprogram, socionom- och socialpedagogprogram samt kurser inom barn- och ungdomsvetenskap, psykologi och sociologi och olika metod- och examensarbeteskurser inom lärarprogrammen.

  • 310.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Andersson, Åsa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Att experimentera med sitt själv: internet och identitetsskapande2014In: Att förstå ungdomars identitetsskapande: en inspirations- och metodbok / [ed] Sorbring, E., Andersson, Å. & Molin, M., Stockholm: Liber, 2014, 1, p. 120-142Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet fokuserar på internet som en kontext för identitetsskapande där ungdomar tillåts experimentera med och kommunicera delar av sin identitet både i grupp och individuellt.

  • 311.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ryding, Jennie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    A Game-based Intervention: a technical tool for social workers to combat Adolescent Dating-Violence2015In: Advances in Social Work, ISSN 1527-8565, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 125-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dating violence prevalence is increasing and effective prevention and intervention methods are needed in order to adress this growing social problem. The use of on-line game-based intervention programmes open ups new possibilities for social worker practice of interventions on a large scale. The purpose of this study was to examine young people´s experiences of a on line game-based intervention programme designed to adress dating-violence among youths. Swedish youths that took part in the intervention programme were interviewed in focus-groups. Results indicate that the use of a game as an intervention method for this socially sensitive topic was perceived as positive by the young people, seeing it as a new, engaging and interesting method. The findings from the study indicate that on-line game-based programme addressing dating violence between young people has the potential to be used as a technical tool in social work practice.

  • 312.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Department of Psychology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, VA, US.
    Palmerus, Kerstin
    Department of Psychology, Goteborg University, Goteborg .
    Girls' and boys' perception of mothers' intentions of using physical punishment and reasoning as discipline methods.2006In: European Journal of Developmental Psychology, ISSN 1740-5629, E-ISSN 1740-5610, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 142-162Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine Swedish children's perceptions of mothers' intentions of using physical punishment and reasoning, as well as their evaluations of the mothers as being good parents. Six- to nine-year-old children were interviewed. Children's evaluations as well as reports of mothers' intentions varied according to the type of vignette presented (discipline in response to child aggression, or in response to child non-compliance), and their own parents' childrearing attitudes. Children who said that mothers who use physical punishment were “good mothers” were more likely to have parents with more traditional childrearing attitudes, and were older. Older children also evaluated mother's use of reasoning, and perceived greater intentionality in this form of discipline, compared to younger children. No gender differences were found either for perception of intention or evaluation of the mother.

  • 313.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Attributions and attitudes of mothers and fathers in Sweden2011In: Parenting, Science and Practice, ISSN 1532-7922, Vol. 11, no 2-3, p. 177-189Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. The present study examined mean level similarities and differences as well as correlations between mothers' and fathers' attributions regarding successes and failures in caregiving situations and progressive versus authoritarian attitudes. Design. Interviews were conducted with mothers and fathers in 77 Swedish families. Results. Fathers reported higher adult-controlled failure and child-controlled failure attributions than did mothers; these differences remained significant after controlling for parents' age, education, and possible social desirability bias. Significant positive correlations were found for mothers' and fathers' progressive attitudes, authoritarian attitudes, and modernity of attitudes after controlling for parents' age, education, and possible social desirability bias. Conclusions. In Sweden, fathers are more likely to attribute failures in caregiving situations to themselves and to children than are mothers, and there is moderate concordance between fathers and mothers within the same family in progressive and authoritarian parenting attitudes. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

  • 314.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lansford, Jennifer
    Duke university, USA.
    Swedish Children’s Agency: Parental Warmth, School Achievement, and Adjustment2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 315.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hallberg, Jonas
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Skoog, Therése
    Örebro University, Centre for Developmental Research.
    Parental attitudes and young people’s online sexual activities2015In: Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning, ISSN 1468-1811, E-ISSN 1472-0825, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 129-142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Parental attitudes towards young people’s sexuality in traditional (i.e. non-online media) settings have been associated with young people’s sexual activities. In this study, we explored the association between key parent and youth characteristics and parental attitudes towards young people’s online sexual activities. We also examined the association between young people’s self-reported online sexual activities and parents’ attitudes. Questionnaires were completed by parents and young people in 496 families. Parents’ attitudes towards young people’s offline and online sexual activities were closely related, although parents are more accepting in an offline setting. Parents’ attitudes towards online sexuality are related to their sexual attitudes and their preferences with regard to the Internet. Parents’ attitudes differ depending on the sex of the parent and the sex and age of the child. The link between parents’ attitudes and young people’s online sexual activities appears to be mediated by parental rules.

  • 316.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Mothers’ and fathers’ insights into teenagers’ use of the internet2012In: New Media and Society, ISSN 1461-4448, E-ISSN 1461-7315, Vol. 14, no 7, p. 1181-1197Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research indicates that parents have limited insight into their teenagers’ activities and experiences on the internet. The purpose of the present study was therefore to investigate associations between mothers’ and fathers’ insight and teenagers’ experiences of the internet. A total of 538 teenagers (242 girls, 296 boys), aged between 13 and 15, and their 798 parents (491 mothers, 307 fathers) participated in the present study. Findings revealed that parental trust in sensible teenage internet use and parental active participation in teenage internet use were related to parental insight into teenage experiences on the internet. It is possible that a relationship based on trust and active engagement facilitates parental insight into teenage activities.

  • 317.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Molin, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Löfgren-Mårtensson, Charlotta
    Malmö university.
    Is the perception of risks and opportunities on the Internet changing?: The voices of intellectually challenged teens’ parents2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Is the perception of risks and opportunities on the Internet changing? The voices of intellectually challenged teens’ parents.

    Emma Sorbring and Martin Molin at University West

    Charlotta Löfgren-Mårtensson at Malmö University

    Previous studies have shown that parents view their children’s Internet use both as positive and negative. In general, parents are far more positive to teens pursuing relationships away from the Internet. However, when it comes to the parents of intellectually challenged teens, this might not be true. In a recent pilot-study, parents talk about the Internet as an opportunity for their teenage child to meet someone and start an intimate relationship. The Internet as a potentially dangerous place is acknowledged, but looked upon as a risk worth taking when it comes to social experience. Due to their children’s specific challenges, these parents see the Internet as offering them great opportunities, at the same time they are afraid their teens could be more susceptible to various kind of content and interactions. Parents both want to encourage more Internet use and simultaneously encourage more time for face-to-face interactions. They perceive the risk that their teen will end up alone, without an intimate partner as more serious than the risks of the Internet. This presentation will discuss ‘positive risk-taking’, which brings into focus the importance of managing risks – not avoiding or ignoring them – but taking the risk because the potential benefits outweigh the potential harm. The parent’s responsibility and support will also be discussed. The empirical material consists of interviews with intellectually challenged teens’ parents, from the pilot study and the main study.

  • 318.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Palmérus, Kerstin
    Göteborg University.
    Children's beliefs about the importance of gender in transgression situations2004In: Child Care Health and Development, ISSN 0305-1862, E-ISSN 1365-2214, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 39-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: In previous research, several variables are shown to have an impact on children's perception of gender. The aim of this study was to examine the relation between discipline methods and the child's beliefs about the importance of gender in transgression situations. METHODS: In this study, variables such as type of siblings, socioeconomic status, child's sex, parental values and shared responsibility are controlled for. Two hundred and five 8-year-old children in Sweden were interviewed about discipline methods in five transgression situations and their parents were asked to fill in a battery of questions. RESULTS: The results show that harsher discipline methods, such as behaviour modification, physical restraint and physical punishment, relate to stronger beliefs about the importance of gender in transgression situations.

  • 319.
    Sorbring, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Skoog, Therése
    Örebro University, Center for Developmental Research.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Adolescent girls' and boys' well-being in relation to online and offline sexual and romantic activity2014In: Cyberpsychology : Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, ISSN 1802-7962, E-ISSN 1802-7962, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 1-Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this study were to determine links between adolescent's well-being and their sexual and romantic activities off- and online. The study includes 245 mid-adolescents (15 years of age; 55 % girls) and 251 late-adolescents (18 years of age; 49 % girls). Of the 496 teenagers, 54 % had experiences of both online and offline sexual and romantic activities, while the remaining (46 %) had only offline experiences.Teenagers' experiences with online sexual/romantic activities were associated with experiences of offline sexual/romantic activities. Multiple regressions showed that age (older) and risk behaviour contributed to higher engagement in offline sexual/romantic activities. In contrast, only higher risk behaviour contributed to higher engagement in online sexual/romantic activities for boys, but for girl several factors, such as age (younger), lower body esteem, higher risk- and problem behaviour contributed to higher engagement in online sexual/romantic activities. We discuss this result from a gender perspective.

  • 320.
    Svedlund, Robert
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Motivation och Engagemang till Ideellt arbete inom idrottsföreningar.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Non-profit organizations' foundation is based on voluntary work; this because the organization has a non-profit motive. The exclusion of monetary rewards such as money does not stop people from motivating themselves and committing themselves to voluntary work. This study aims to examine factors that might be the reason for this motivation. The theoretical discussion of the study starts with Self-determination theory (SDT) and Three-component conceptualization (TCC) theory addressing motivation and commitment. The study is conducted on empirical testing through a survey study based on the Situational motivation scale (SIMS) and the Organizational commitment scale (OCQ). The result shows that the 29 participants of which 17 women and 12 men in ages from 18 to 60+ are motivated by intrinsic or identified regulation, which means that they are motivated through autonomous and self-regulatory behavior. A multiple regression analysis shows that motivation predicted 22.5% of the participant's volunteer work. No correlation was found between commitment and volunteer work. Hence, commitment did not explain the participant's attitudes towards volunteer work. To summarize, the participants is motivated through autonomous and self-regulated types of motivation. The study also shows that a combined variable of intrinsic-, identified- and external regulated motivation shows that volunteer workers are motivated.

  • 321.
    Talimy, Sanam
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Risker med användandet av mobiltelefon under bilkörning: En kvalitativ studie om ungdomars risktagande2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study highlights what some young drivers stated to be risks with the use of mobile phones while driving. The study is performed using a qualitative method. Six informants (three girls and three boys) aged 20-25 years were interviewed with semi-structured interviews. To analyze the data, thematic analysis were used. The result out of this study showed that a greater proportion of the respondents felt that the use of mobile phones while driving was something that was distracting and the focus was not only on the actual driving. It was also shown that all the respondents use mobile phone while driving a car with the intention that it is a large part of their daily lives and it is something they depend on. The informants believe that the use of mobile phones while driving is distracting but that society is so built around technology that it is a problem not to be connected constantly.

  • 322.
    Thorvall, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Studenters Facebookanvändande: Handlar det om personlighet?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there was any connection between personality dimensions according to the Big Five and college students Facebook use. The study also examines what the relationship looks like between the various personality dimensions. This study was a quantitative study in questionnaire form Students at University West participated in the study. The conclusion of the study was that there was a significant positive correlation between one personality dimension and Facebook usage, and that this was between Extraversion and number of friends. Most people showed high Agreeableness and the personality dimensions that correlated most strongly were Extraversion and Neuroticism, where individuals with higher values on one of the dimensions tend to score lower on the other dimension.

  • 323.
    Tryggvason, Nina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Samuelson, Gösta
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Unga föräldrar: identitet, möjligheter och utmaningar2012 (ed. 1. uppl.)Book (Other academic)
  • 324.
    Vega Matuszczyk, Josefa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Enhanced feminine sexual behavior and infertility in female rats prenatally treated with an antiestrogen2003In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 251-6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An attempt to elucidate the possible role of prenatal estrogen on the development of feminine sexual behavior and reproductive function was made by treating females with the antiestrogen CI628 prenatally on days 13-19. Control females were prenatally treated with saline or remained untreated. The animals were delivered by caesarian section on day 22 of pregnancy and placed with foster mothers whose newborn pups had been previously removed. Intact peripubertal females in each treatment group were observed for several reproductive measures, including the capacity to become pregnant. Other females were ovariectomized in adulthood and treated with estradiol benzoate (EB) (1, 1.5, 2 or 4 micro g/rat) and 0.5 mg progesterone and tested for receptivity, proceptivity and sexual partner preference. Two weeks after the completion of these tests, the females were injected daily for 7 days with 0.25 mg testosterone and tested for sexual partner preference and mounting behavior. The results obtained showed accelerated vaginal opening, and infertility in the antiestrogen-treated intact females and enhanced receptivity and proceptivity in response to 1 micro g EB in the antiestrogen ovariectomized females. Sexual partner preference and mounting behavior did not differ between groups. These results suggest an involvement of prenatal estrogen on the development of female reproductive function, but not on behavioral differentiation.

  • 325.
    Vega Matuszczyk, Josefa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ågmo, Anders
    University of Tromsø, Department of Psychology.
    From rat sexual behavior to schizophrenia: A tribute to Professor Emeritus Knut Larsson2003In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 169-171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In July of 2002 Knut Larsson celebrated his 80th birthday. He could by then have looked back at a long and distingusihed career in the field of biological psychology. His research on sexual behavior had contributed to a basic understanding of many behavioral, endocrine and neural phenomena associated with or underlying sexual activity. Instead of looking back at his past achievements, Knut has preferred to look forward, constantly trying to find ways to stimulate interest in his own field and in biological psychology in general. This issue is a humble contribution to the noble end of enhancing the standing of biological psychology, particularly in Scandinavia. Foremost, however, it is a homage to a man of outstanding vision and intellectual integrity: Knut Larsson.

  • 326.
    Wallström, Astrid
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Attityder till kvinnliga chefer2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ojämställdhet råder, framför allt inom det privata näringslivet, på chefsnivå i Sverige. Majoriteten av samtliga chefer män, endast 33 % av cheferna är kvinnor. Inom den privata sektorn är andelen kvinnliga chefer endast 25 %, medan det inom den offentliga sektorn råder det omvända; 64% av cheferna inom den kommunala sektorn är kvinnor, i landstingen är andelen 72%. Tidigare forskning har visat att de stereotypa attityder som finns avseende kvinnliga chefer påverkar kvinnors karriärmöjligheter. Föreliggande studie syftade därför till att undersöka vilka attityder som finns avseende kvinnliga chefer och om det finns någon skillnad i attityder beroende på respondentens karaktäristika. Studien omfattade 57 deltagare och genomfördes med hjälp av Women As Managers Scale (WAMS). Signifikanta skillnader i attityd till kvinnliga chefer uppvisades på basis av respondentens kön, akademiska bakgrund och erfarenhet av kvinnliga chefer. Inga signifikanta skillnader mellan den yngre och äldre respondentgruppen uppvisades. Studien visade därmed att det inte är rimligt att anta att ett generationsskifte på arbetsmarknaden kommer att förändra attityderna till kvinnliga chefer. De respondenter som hade negativa attityder till kvinnliga chefer ansåg att det är större skillnad mellan kvinnliga och manliga chefer än de respondenter som hade positiva attityder till kvinnliga chefer.

  • 327.
    Wassén, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Svensson, Anna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Den ultimata expatriaten: En kvalitativ studie om uppfattningar av relevanta faktorer2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As organizations become more globalized, the occurance of sending employees abroad increases. These employees are called expatriates. To secure the success rate of these assignments, a well-established preparation process is required. This study intends to investigate perceptions about the content of this process through in-depth interviews with people who work in this field. Five informants, four women and one man, who worked with the preparing process where interviewed. The interviews where semi-structured. Differences in opinions regarding the factors important to keep in mind concerning the assignments were found. Some of the informants argued that differences in culture do not have any essential impact on who is to be considered as the most appropriate candidate. Others claim that cultural factors could have big influence on the assignment and the organizational culture is affected by the national values and perceptions; thereby important to keep in mind in the selection of a candidate. Research has shown that national culture may have influence on the culture within an organization, while it is still possible that this differs from the general values and perceptions in the country. A larger consideration to the national context could be more profitable to the organization. Even though a person seems to be the perfect candidate cultural differences could make it hard to succeed.

  • 328.
    Widen, Stephen E.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Holmes, A. E.
    Univ Florida, Dept Communicat Disorders.
    Johnson, T.
    Elmira Coll, New York.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly I.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hearing, use of hearing protection, and attitudes towards noise among young American adults2009In: International Journal of Audiology, Vol. 48, no 8, p. 537-545Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate possible associations between college students' attitudes, risk-taking behaviour related to noisy activities, and hearing problems such as threshold shifts or self-experienced hearing symptoms. The sample included 258 students aged between 17 and 21 enrolled at the University of Pennsylvania, USA. A questionnaire measuring attitudes towards noise, use of hearing protection, and self-reported hearing symptoms was distributed among the students. After completing the questionnaire a hearing screening, including pure-tone audiometry and tympanometry, was conducted. The result revealed that 26% had thresholds poorer than the screening level of 20 dBHL. Attitudes were significantly related to self-experienced hearing symptoms, but not to threshold shifts. Attitudes and noise sensitivity was, significantly related to use of hearing protection. Hearing protection use was found in activities such as using firearms, mowing lawns, and when using noisy tools but was less reported for concerts and discotheques. It can be concluded that the young adults in this study expose themselves to hearing risks, since the use of hearing protection is in general very low. © 2009 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved.

  • 329.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Noise and music: a matter of risk perception2006Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The prevalence of tinnitus and hearing impairments among adolescents seems to increase as a consequence of exposure to loud noise. Several studies have highlighted the negative auditory effects of exposure to loud music at concerts and discotheques, environments in which young people today spend considerable periods of time. The appreciation of loud music clearly involves health-risks. Previous research suggests that patterns of health risk behaviours differ in relation to socio-economic status. The purpose of this thesis is to gain a better insight into adolescents’ and young adults’ attitudes and health-risk behaviours regarding exposure to loud music. Four empirical studies were conducted. Permanent tinnitus and noise sensitivity were not found to be significantly related to socio-economic status, although significant age-related differences in the prevalence of experienced tinnitus and noise sensitivity were found, which might indicate that the problem increases with age. Of 1285 subjects a larger number (30%) reported the use of hearing protection when attending concerts. Our finding that adolescents’ attitudes and behaviours regarding the use of hearing protection differed between levels of socio-economic status and age is of considerable interest. Adolescents from low socio- economic backgrounds express more positive attitudes towards noise and report less use of hearing protection, in comparison to those with high SES. These differences in attitudes and behaviour may indicate future socio-economic differences in ear health. Comparisons between Swedish and American young adults revealed that attitudes towards noise differed significantly due to gender and country. Men had more positive attitudes towards noise than women, and men from the USA had the most positive attitudes. Least positive were the women from Sweden. In Sweden the use of hearing protection at concerts was substantially higher than in the USA, a result that can be explained by cultural and attitudinal differences between the countries. Young people’s experiences, attitudes and beliefs concerning risk-taking in musical settings have been investigated in a qualitative study. In a theoretical model, we suggest that background variables, such as gender, culture and social status may have an impact on the individual’s self-image, risk consideration, social norms and ideals. These variables, together with attitudes and experience of risk-behaviour, are considered as important factors in the understanding of health-risk behaviour.

  • 330.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ungdomars attityder till hög musik och risk för hörselskador2008In: Barnbladet : tidskrift för Sveriges barnsjuksköterskor, ISSN 0349-1994, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 11-13Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 331.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Fusk och plagiat vid högskolan2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport genomfördes inom ramen för högskolepedagogisk utbildning. Studien syftade till att undersöka studenters och lärares bedömning av fusk/plagiat och sätta detta i relation till tentamensformer. Ytterligare ett syfte var att beskriva studenters och lärares åsikter om vad som är fusk och vad eventuella skillnader mellan lärares och studenters åsikter kan bero på. Studien genomfördes som en enkätstudie bland lärare och studenter. Deltagarna ombads att bedöma sex olika vinjetter ifråga om grad av fusk samt om personen i vinjetten handlade omoraliskt eller moraliskt riktigt. Resultatet visade att examinationsformer som ur pedagogisk synvinkel underlättar eget reflekterande och lärande också är de former där studenterna anser att det är lättast att fuska. Både lärare och studenter bedömde fuskvinjetterna relativt likartat, däremot skiljde de sig något ifråga om den moraliska bedömningen av vinjetterna, där lärare ansåg att vissa beteenden var mer omoraliska jämfört med studenterna. Det fanns en osäkerhet både bland studenter och lärare ifråga om var gränsen för fusk och plagiat går. En del lärare ansåg att det var svårt att bedöma något som fusk såvida inte hänsyn togs till eventuella förklaringar och förmildrande omständigheter kring enskilda fall. Om det råder en stor osäkerhet om vad som är fusk, finns det en risk att definitionen av fusk landar i enskilda personers moraliska uppfattningar som inte nödvändigtvis baseras på kunskaper om rådande regler.

  • 332.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    et al.
    Örebro University, Department School of Health and Medical Sciences, Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Johansson, Ingemar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gender perspectives in psychometrics related to leisure time noise exposure and use of hearing protection2011In: Noise and Health, ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 13, no 55, p. 407-414Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate possible gender differences regarding psychometric scales measuring risk perception in noisy situations, attitudes towards loud music, perceived susceptibility to noise, and individual norms and ideals related to activities where loud music is played. In addition the purpose was to analyze whether these variables are associated with protective behavior such as the use of hearing protection. A questionnaire was administered to a Swedish sample including 543 adolescents aged 16 to 20. The result revealed significant gender differences for all the psychometric scales. In addition, all psychometric measures were associated with hearing protection use in musical settings. Contrary to previous studies, gender did not contribute to any explanation of protective behavior by itself in the analysis. One conclusion is that although gender does not contribute by itself for the explanation of protective behavior, gender may affect psychological variables such as risk perception, attitudes and perceived susceptibility and that these variables may in turn be valuable for decision-making and protective behavior in noisy situations. Although women tend to be more ′careful′ psychologically, they nevertheless tend to behave in the same way as men as regards actual noise-related risk taking.

  • 333.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Risk perception in musical settings: a qualitative study2007In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being, ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 33-44Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 334.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly I
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Self-reported tinnitus and noise sensitivity among adolescents in Sweden2004In: Noise & Health, ISSN 1463-1741, E-ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 7, no 25, p. 29-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It seems to be a common opinion among researchers within the field of audiology that the prevalence of tinnitus will increase as a consequence of environmental factors, for example exposure to loud noise. Young people are exposed to loud sounds, more than any other age group, especially during leisure time activities, i.e. at pop concerts, discotheques and gyms. A crucial factor for the prevention of hearing impairments and hearing-related symptoms in the young population is the use of hearing protection. The focus of the present study is use of hearing protection and self-reported hearing-related symptoms, such as tinnitus and noise sensitivity in a young population of high-school students (N=1285), aged 13 to 19 years. The results show that the prevalence of permanent tinnitus and noise sensitivity, reported in the total group, was 8.7% and 17.1% respectively. Permanent tinnitus was not significantly related to level of socio-economic status, but age-related differences in the prevalence rates of experienced tinnitus and noise sensitivity were found to be significant. Older students reported such symptoms to a greater extent than younger students did. Those who reported tinnitus and other hearing-related symptoms protected their hearing to the highest extent and were the ones most worried.

  • 335.
    Widén, Stephen E.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Holmes, A. E.
    Department of Communicative Disorders, University of Florida, USA.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Reported hearing protection use in young adults from Sweden and the USA: Effects of attitude and gender2006In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 45, no 5, p. 273-280Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigates differences between a Swedish and an American sample of young students regarding attitudes towards noise and the use of hearing protection at concerts. The study population was comprised of 179 participants from Sweden and 203 participants from the United States, who ranged in age from 17 to 21 years. Questionnaires were used to gather information on hearing symptoms and attitudes towards noise (Youth Attitude to Noise Scale). Multivariate analysis of variance revealed that attitudes towards noise differed significantly due to gender and country. Men had slightly more positive attitude towards noise than women, and men from the USA had more positive attitudes than men from Sweden. Least positive were the women from Sweden (except regarding attitudes towards the ability to concentrate in noisy environments). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine the influence of attitudes towards noise and country on young people's use of hearing protection at concerts. The results indicated that attitudes and country explained 50% of the variance in use of hearing protection.

  • 336.
    Wilczek-Ruzyczka, Ewa
    et al.
    Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland.
    Basinska, Beata A.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Faculty of Management and Economics, Poland.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    How I manage home and work together: occupational demands, engagement, and work-family conflict among nurses2012In: Book of Proceedings: Proceedings of the 10th European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology Conference / [ed] Jain, Aditya,Hollis, David, Andreou, Nicholas, Wehrle, Flavia, Nottingham: I-WHO, International House, Jubilee Campus , 2012, p. 201-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nursing is an accountable profession due to the concern with patient safety (Aiken et al., 2002). In recent years, growth requirements and a reduction in rewards within this profession have been observed (Basinska & Wilczek-Ruzyczka, 2011). Most nurses are women and it is known that women often try to put together professional duties and family life. The conflict between private and professional life is bidirectional in nature. The negative impact of work on private life is observed more frequently than the reversed relation (Greuters et al., 2003).

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of conflict work-family and family-work on the perception of occupational stress and engagement. Professional demands were defined as work overload and interpersonal conflicts at work. Positive engagement was characterized by vigor, dedication and absorption (Schaufeli et al., 2002).

    Methods: The following methods were used: Interpersonal Conflict at Work Scale and Quantitative Overload Inventory (Spector & Jex, 1998), Utrecht Work Engagement Scale – short version (Schaueli, Bakker, & Salanova, 2006), and Work-Family Conflict and Family-Work Scales (Netemeyer, Boles, & McMurrian, 1996). The study consisted of 98 nurses from southern Poland (mean age 41 years, SD = 5.7) with an average seniority of 19 years (range 1.5 – 30). Most of them were married (85%) and had a working partner (82%); 10% didn’t have any children.

    Results: The value of work-family conflict was stronger than the family-work conflict. Job demands were higher in the group of nurses who felt a greater negative impact of work on the family. Moreover, they felt less vigor, dedication, but more absorption (d =.42 - .85). Nurses who had a stronger negative impact of family on work also experienced a greater influence of the job at home (d = .62). Additionally they were more absorbed by their work (d = 2.04).

    Conclusion: Our results confirm that the work-family conflict is stronger than the family-work conflict. The negative impact of work on private life shows in the differences in perception of occupational stress and engagement in work. However, we have observed that the family-work conflict is more frequent in nurses with high absorption. We suggest to longitudinally investigate the reciprocal relationships between work and private life among nurses.

  • 337.
    Wilczek-Rużyczka, Ewa
    et al.
    Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Collegium Medicum, Kraków, Polska.
    Basinska, Beata A.
    Gdansk University of Technology, Faculty of Management and Economics, Poland.
    Dåderman, Anna Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Jak pogodzić życie zawodowe i prywatne? – stres zawodowy i zaangażowanie a konflikt praca - dom wśród pielęgniarek [How to balance professional involvement with private life? – job-related stress and professional responsibilities in the light of the conflict between job and private life in the nursing  profession].2012In: Conference "Patient-friendly medicine", Warsaw, 19-20.05.2012: XX Jubilee Conference of Psychosomatic Medicine, Section of the Polish Medicine Association / [ed] Szewczyk, Leszek, 2012, p. 2-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [pl]

    Wprowadzenie: Większość pielęgniarek to kobiety, które tradycyjnie często godzą profesjonalne obowiązki z życiem rodzinnym. Konflikt pomiędzy sferą prywatną i zawodową ma dwustronną naturę. Negatywny wpływ pracy na życie prywatne jest odnotowywany częściej niż relacja odwrotna (Greuters et al., 2003).

    Celem pracy była ocena konfliktu praca – dom i dom – praca na percepcję stresu zawodowego i zaangażowania w pracę. Wymagania zawodowe zdefiniowano jako przeciążenie pracą i konflikty interpersonalne (Spector & Jex, 1998). Zaangażowanie charakteryzowano jako wigor i poświęcenie (Schaufeli et al., 2002).

    Metody: Zastosowano następujące metody: Skala Konfliktu Interpersonalnego i Ilościowego Przeciążenia Pracą (Spector & Jex, 1998), Utrechtska Skala Zaangażowania w Pracę – wersja skrócona (Schaueli, Bakker, & Salanova, 2006), Skale Konflikt Praca – Rodzina i Rodzina Praca (Netemeyer, Boles, & McMurrian, 1996).

    W badaniu wzięło udział 98 pielęgniarek (średnia wieku 41 lat SD = 5,9) pracujące w zawodzie przeciętnie od 19 lat (zakres1,5 – 33). Większość byłą zamężna (85%), a ich partnerzy pracowali zawodowo (82%).

    Wyniki: Konflikt praca – rodzina był silniejszy niż konflikt rodzina – praca wśród badanych pielęgniarek. Negatywne oddziaływania pracy na życie prywatne, różnicuje percepcję stresu zawodowego (przeciążenie pracą i konflikty interpersonalne) i zaangażowania w pracę (wigor i poświęcenie).  Pielęgniarki, które odczuwały większy konflikt na linii dom – praca doświadczały większego konfliktu praca dom.

  • 338.
    Wängqvist, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Frisén, Ann
    University of Gothenburg.
    Carlsson, Johanna
    University of Gothenburg.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    How identity status interviews may be used for in-depth studies of identity development: two wave longitudinal study of identity in emerging adulthood2014In: : A, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this presentation is to illustrate how the identity status interview may be used to study process, content, and contexts of identity development. To do so we draw on published (e.g., Frisén, Carlsson, & Wängqvist, 2014; Frisén & Wängqvist, 2011; Wängqvist & Frisén, 2011) and unpublished results from a longitudinal project (GoLD) with identity status interviews (Marcia, Waterman, Mattesson, Archer, & Orlofsky, 1993) with emerging adults. The interviews focused on occupation, romantic relationships, parenthood, and work/family priorities, with 136 Swedish 25-year-olds and four years later with 124 of these participants. The semi-structured interview format and coding procedure used enable both quantitative and qualitative analyse of identity development in emerging adulthood. This mixed methods approach (e.g., Lieber & Weisner, 2010) offers opportunity to study identity development in depth. For example, quantitative analyses showed that it was much less common for the 25-year-old participants to explore issues concerning romantic relationships and parenthood than it was to explore occupational choices and work/family priorities (Frisén & Wängqvist, 2011). Further qualitative analyses revealed that compared to occupational choices issues concerning romantic relationships were viewed more as facts than as issues that need to be considered from several perspectives (Wängqvist, Frisén, Ignell, & Fernros, 2011). Similar results were found in thematic analyses of how the participants talked about parenthood (Frisén et al., 2014). In the second wave the question: If, besides from the issues relating to work and family, there was something else in their lives that were salient to their views of themselves, revealed a variety of life areas that emerging adults view as important to their sense of identity besides issues of love and work. These life areas involved, for example, watching and practicing different sports, friendships, and music. In line with other Swedish studies (Bergh & Erling, 2005) religion and politics were uncommon. Another example of the explanatory mixed methods approach is the longitudinal analyses of the interviews. These analyses have revealed that there is continued identity development among individuals whose identities appear stable in identity status. This development involved people’s approach to changing life conditions, their tendency to continue to make meaning of their experiences, and their development of a personal life direction. The conclusions from our work within GoLD are that identity status interviews combined with a mixed methods approach would be useful for in depth studies of identity development in adolescence as well as in emerging adulthood.

  • 339.
    Wängqvist, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Lamb, M.E.
    University of Cambridge.
    Frisén, A,
    University of Gothenburg.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg.
    Child and Adolescent Predictors of Personality in Early Adulthood2015In: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 86, no 4, p. 1253-1261Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated development of the Big Five personality traits from early childhood into adulthood. An initial group of 137 Swedish children were assessed eight times between ages 2 and 29 years. Initial decreases in extraversion leveled off in early adulthood; agreeableness and conscientiousness increased from ages 2 to 29; neuroticism initially increased, leveled off in later childhood and adolescence, and decreased throughout early adulthood; while openness to experience showed an initial increase, then decreased and leveled off in early adulthood. Individual developmental trajectories varied significantly, particularly in relation to gender. Personality traits became increasingly stable, and the fact that childhood scores predicted scores in adulthood indicated that personalities are fairly stable across this portion of the life span

  • 340.
    Ydergren, Jan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ericson, Oscar
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Work-life balance och verkstadschefer2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research suggests that to have a good relationship between work and private life it is important to experience a-good mental health and success at work. The industrial managers’ in this study were undergoing a major change at their workplace and this study found examined how five male managers’ perception of their work-life balance. One of the aims of this study was to examine how the managers’ roles at home affects work-life balance (WLB), to what degree support at home affects WLB, and the impact that a balance or a conflict could have. The study was conducted qualitatively with a semi-structured interview guide and every manager was affected by the change at the workplace. The results showed that some of the managers were experiencing work-life conflicts where others were on the other hand experiencing a good WLB. The most common reason for feeling conflict between work-life was the uneven amount of workload, which occurred to a greater extent due to the change. These periods of uneven workload caused the managers to feel less control. One of the things that caused the managers to feel frustration is that they had limited resources and authority to handle the demands at work. The situation at home also had a very big impact on whether the managers’ experienced a good WLB or not.

  • 341.
    Zöger, Sigyn
    et al.
    Göteborg University, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Section of Psychiatry.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Svedlund, Jan
    Göteborg University, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Section of Psychiatry.
    Holgers, Kajsa-Mia
    Göteborg University, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Section of Audiology.
    Benefits from group psychotherapy in the treatment of severe refractory tinnitus2008In: Audiological Medicine, ISSN 1651-386X, E-ISSN 1651-3835, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 62-72Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 342.
    Åkerwall, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Johansson, Morgan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Psykosocial arbetsmiljö och lärarens vardag2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last years there have been many discussions in election debates and in the press about school and teachers work situation. The result in the Swedish school has been decreasing in international studies and a lack of competent teachers has become more common according to the OECD (2015). In what way is the psychosocial work environments affected and are the teachers able to meet the demands without loss of health? Are the challenges realistic and is there an awareness of how this influences the health? This qualitative study consists of interviews with seven teachers in different ages between thirty-three and fifty-two years old in different counties in western Sweden. Three men and four women participated in semi-structured interviews that was based on an interview guide and thematically analyzed. The most important result was that the teachers perceived that their work strain was too high in many cases. The health was affected for many teachers due to stress and pains. Support from the colleagues is necessary to function well and have the strength to go on. Economic cut backs decrease the amount of support personnel and increase the demands further. The study shows that there is an opinion among teachers that if the administrative chores would be decreased their ability to do their work would increase. The results of the study are well in line with the OECD report (2015).

  • 343.
    Çoktel Ericsson, Jenny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tidehorn, Madeleine
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    En studie om studenters upplevda kontrollokus och akademiska motivation i relation till arbetslivserfarenhet och ålder2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose was to examine differences between different groups of students disaggregated by years of work experience and age. The reason was to examine if the work experience and age had any significance for students' internal motivation, external motivation, amotivation and locus of control. Correlations between the above variables were also examined. In the cross-sectional study 71 students participated (60 women and 11 men) from a college in central Sweden with an age range of 19-47 years. The survey was based on; The Academic Motivation Scale (AMS- C28) for college students (Ryan & Deci, 2000) and the Academic locus of control scale for college students (ALC) (Trice, 2013). A statistically significant difference was found between one group of students who were 19-22 years old and a student group that was 26 years and older on locus of control, where the results showed that the oldest group experienced more external locus of control than the younger group. Statistically significant differences were also found among a group of students who had between 0-2 years of work experience and a student group that had more than 4 years of work experience on locus of control in which the students who had more work experience experienced more external locus of control than the group that had less work experience. Work experience and age showed a positive statistically significant relationship as well as between locus of control and age. Locus of control and work experience showed a weak positive statistically significant relationship and there was also a weak negative correlation between locus of control and external motivation. A positive significant correlation was shown between internal motivation and external motivation. The results showed no differences or relationships regarding work experience and motivation. Additional characteristics are essential to create an overall picture to the work practices relevant to students

  • 344.
    Öberg, Hannah
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Från kunskap till praktiskt handlande: Anställdas upplevelse av personalutbildning och organisatoriskt stöd. En kvalitativ studie.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Workplace training is considered being of great importance for developing the skills of the most important resource of the organization – the staff. The higher organizational capacity, the greater competitiveness in the market. The aim of all workplace training is that the knowledge and skills learned will transfer to the work. Evaluations of courses are often carried out but fewer resources are devoted to follow-up on the results and effects of training. Previous research shows several factors that affect the training transfer, such as perceived organizational support, work motivation before training, self-efficacy and work climate. The aim of the study was to investigate customer service employees' perceived results and/or effects of training on their workmanship and their perception of themselves. The effects of perceived organizational support on the results and effects were also explored. The study was conducted in a customer service center in a transport company in Gothenburg, Sweden. Employees who had passed a customer care course were asked to participate in the study. Five employees chose to participate. 1Semi-structured interviews were conducted and transcribed literally. The data was analyzed with a thematic analysis and five themes were identified. These were: changed thinking , common language, personal development, training and follow-up and daring to evolve. The participants of the study perceived organizational support such as feedback and discussion after training as important for the training transfer. Therefore one conclusion of the study was that focus should be placed on this kind of organizational support. For future research focus could be placed on the importance of the individual factors for training transfer.

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