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  • 301.
    Mohamed, Ayan Hassan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Political instability and minority framing: How has the media framing of Kurds and Syrian refugees in Turkey changed over time?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Turkey, a quasi-modern and secular state, has a vast media empire that is visibly being stifled by Erdogan’s AKP party. Despite the media pluralism, all media outlets have one thing incommon: they champion Erdogan’s sentiments. This thesis is conducted as a qualitative content analysis to demonstrate the empirical knowledge on the framing mechanism and power structures operating in the Turkish media landscape. The ontological foundation of this study emanates from social constructivism and Entman’s (1993) work on framing theory. Based on the implementation of the qualitative content analysis, 20 articles were analysed from five different newspapers based on their differences in political affiliation. The result ofthe analysis showed that the responsibility frame was used in connection to the Kurds and that the humanitarian frame was used in connection to the Syrian refugees. 

  • 302.
    Mohammed, Shaei
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Debate on Racism in the Pippi Longstocking books: A qualitative analysis of different understandings of racism in Sweden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis will try to contribute to the understanding of racism among individuals in Sweden by analyzing how debaters in Swedish newspaper understand the racism in Pippi Longstockings’ literature. With the help of framing theory and two common understandings of racism- individual and structural- the thesis will analyze (1) how is racism framed? (2) how is the cause of racism framed? And (3) how is the solution to racism framed? Using a single case study with a qualitative approach will help the thesis to analyze the latent meaning of the debaters’ argument and find out as much as possible about the case. Framing theory and the two concepts of racism will make it easier to deconstruct the debaters’ argument and systemize the arguments under either the structural or individual understanding of racism.

    The finding materials showed that the debaters highlighted both the structural and individual problems of racism. How they viewed the problem of racism, its causes and solutions differed from each other, which of course made it easier to identify what perspective they had on racism. Those with a structural perspective saw the problem of racism in the Pippi books as injustice differences between ‘white’ and ‘non-white’ people in society, which is caused by categorization of people that excludes minority groups. Debaters with an individual perspective argued that racism is prejudices and discrimination toward everything that is foreign, which is caused by individuals who lack knowledge and awareness of other peoples’ culture and identity. While the debaters with a structural perspective thought the solution for racism would be to wipe out racial content as a first step toward ending racism, those with an individual perspective believed it would be more efficient to cure racism through dialog and communication.

  • 303.
    Mossberg, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Klientkonstruktioner i samverkan2022In: Perspektiv på samverkan: om utmaningar och möjligheter i välfärdens praktik / [ed] Åsa Hedberg Rundgren, Charlotte Klinga, Mikael Löfström, Linda Mossberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2022, p. 95-112Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 304.
    Muratovic, Mersiha
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Westin, Wilma
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sweish migration policy during the increased flow of refugees from Syria.: A qualitative single-case study of the moral justifications for recent migration policy changes in Sweden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following Bachelor thesis aims to analyze recent changes within Swedish migration policy regarding the increased flow of refugees and the moral justifications for these changes, with the help of normative international relations theory. More specifically, it examines: (1) How has the legislative and moral content of the migration policy changed in Sweden since the increased flow of refugees from Syria regarding border management, residence permit and integration? (2) How has the Swedish government morally justified these migration policy changes, if analyzed through a cosmopolitan or communitarian perspective? The thesis examines the Swedish Parliament, which is the body that makes the laws and rules on the necessary conditions for entry to Sweden. This is a single case study with a qualitative approach, which uses normative international relations theory and its branches cosmopolitanism and communitarianism. Through gathering of legal documents, government bills and press conferences from the Swedish Parliament it is found that the majority of laws moved more towards communitarian policies with tougher rules against refugees who come to Sweden. The changes was justified through cosmopolitan language, such as, global cooperation, but with communitarian underpinnings. The government contradicts itself by introducing stricter rules that close the borders and reduce the number of asylum seekers in Sweden, while talking about Sweden's actions resulting in better global collaboration.

  • 305.
    Müller, Mareike
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Thein, Hannah
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The “World of Recruiters”: Recruitment according to the legal-bureaucratic tradition and ideas on representation in the local public administration: A trade-off?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The recruitment process of the local public administration that has traditionally been governed by the legal-bureaucratic model is increasingly influenced by external pressures, such as calls for the democratization of the public administration. The model of the representative bureaucracy internalizes this need for democratization, as opposed to the traditional model, the legal-bureaucratic model. Based on these two theoretical ideal models of public administration, this small-N study compares the ideas of recruiters regarding the role of representation of people with migrant background of the local bureaucracy of two German cities. Since recruiters are strongly involved in shaping the recruitment process, we can draw inferences from their ideas to the role of representation within the recruitment process. Data is collected through interviews in which recruiters are expected to give valuable insights into the machinery of recruitment of the local public administration in Germany in real life. The study finds that ideas on recruitment are not solely based on the legal-bureaucratic model; representation can play a role because personal background matters in recruitment. Although recruiters see real effects derived from diversity within staff, the role of representation is diminished within recruitment to the German local public administration because recruiters do not perceive people with migrant background as a group which experiences under-representation.

  • 306.
    Naghinejad Kashani, Aria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Deepening Democracy at Local Government Level in Sweden: E-Petitions and Citizen Agenda Setting Power2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Almost every democratic country strives to deepen democracy in their land. E-Petitioning is a form of petitioning that is done digitally mainly at municipal level but can also be done nationwide. In this thesis I have analyzed e-petitions that have been received by Linköping municipality in Sweden. The goal is to see whether Linköping citizens have the influence to set the agenda for the municipality. The results show that the citizens indeed have the power to set the agenda for their municipality through the digital petitioning tool that is created by the municipal establishment themselves.

  • 307.
    Naseef, Tareq
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media Framing of Political Murders: Khashoggi: Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya's story of a missing voice2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Media is an essential tool in politics and shaping our understanding of political events. Framing Theory, CNN Effect, and Manufacturing Consent and Propaganda Module are used in this thesis to explore how Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya as political media tools of their own sponsored governments, Qatar and Saudi Arabia respectively, have covered the murder of the Saudi journalist in Istanbul Jamal Khashoggi.

    Through the use of qualitative methods on Al Jazeera's and Al Arabiya's published articles, this study found that Al Jazeera and Al Arabiya's coverage of the murder of Khashoggi has been significantly different. Al Jazeera emphasized a detailed premediated murder with responsibility of top Saudi officials. According to Al Jazeera, this murder was based on Khashoggi's critique of Saudi authorities and policies and they highlighted that Saudi Arabia's reputation is internationally worsened and Western economic and political sanctions against the kingdom are a serious threat now. Such a threat might lead to more freedom of speech and expression in Saudi Arabia and it also could put an end to the war on Yemen which was led by Saudi Arabia few years ago.

    On the contrary, Al Arabiya's coverage was very short, limited, poorly informative, sometimes contradictory, and ignored different parts of the story of Khashoggi's murder. Al Arabiya also focused on finding any possible shortcomings in other news coverage of the murder, and later put the responsibility of the murder on a team of 18 Saudis who only had the mission to negotiate with Khashoggi to return home. According to Al Arabiya, such an event would not affect Saudi Arabia's international relations or reputation notwithstanding an aggressive media campaign and propaganda led by Qatar and Turkey against the kingdom. Instead of focusing on Khashoggi's murder, Al Arabiya calls for an international media focus on the Iranian threat against the regional stability of the Middle East and the world.

  • 308.
    Naseef, Tareq
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Zahmoul, Soufiane
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    “This is Al-Jazeera from Ad-Dawha Qatar”: How Al Jazeera has represented the Saudi- Led Military Campaign on Yemen before and after the political dispute between Qatar and Saudi Arabia (KSA) on June 5th , 20172018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Media is a very important tool in politics. Political issues could be framed in a specific way by the media, and by doing so specific image and understating of political issues could be constructed in our minds. Framing theory is applied in this research to uncover the way Al Jazeera has portrayed the Saudi led coalition on Yemen in two different periods of time related to the participation of Qatar in this coalition. The aim of this thesis is to observe how Al Jazeera used media framing in representing the Saudi led coalition when Qatar was/ was not part of this coalition. This study implements a qualitative method and relies on Al Jazeera’s articles as data material. All articles are analyzed and compared in relation to two different periods of time. Each period represents a one-month coverage of Al Jazeera of the Saudi led coalition before and after Qatar left this coalition. As a result, Al Jazeera portrayed the Saudi led coalition differently before and after Qatar was part of this coalition. Al Jazeera’s coverage of the Saudi led coalition was generally positive in the first period but with some gray areas not to blindly look supportive to the coalition. Al Jazeera emphasized on the importance of the Saudi led coalition intervention in Yemen, and its reports were positive and justified the reasons, the goals, and the international support behind this intervention. At the same time the coverage avoided elaboration on the fall of Yemeni casualties. However, this coverage shifted to a negative and critical in the second period. Al Jazeera emphasized on the humanitarian crisis in Yemen caused by the coalition and replaced its support by doubts about the reasons and goals behind this coalition. As a result, Al Jazeera shifted from a generally positive coverage when Qatar was part of the Saudi led coalition into a negative and critical coverage when Qatar left the coalition.

  • 309.
    Nathani, Inayatali
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Representation of India: an empirical study of Western tourist material2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe how Western tourist websites represents India. Although there has been much research on tourism and Western representation of India, no literature is available on how Western tourist websites represents India. This thesis uses three theories, social constructivism, post-colonial theory, and representation theory. Social constructivism is the base for this thesis. Post-colonial theory is used to find out whether the representation of India includes colonial stereotypes or no. Moreover, the representation theory is the center and the main tool to know and explain how Western tourist websites represents India. The design used is a 'case study' as case study design is compatible to explore the representations of India. The method used is a 'qualitative discourse analysis' which helps to provide a critical analysis of the description of India. Main results of this thesis are that Western tourist websites describe Indian economy as a backward economy. It is unclear whether Indian politics is described as undemocratic or democratic. Indian people are described as a mix of traditional, modern, unfree as well as free people. Indian culture is described as ancient and collective.

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  • 310.
    Ndlovu, Inviolate
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Push and pull factors of immigrants and participation in politics: A case study on how immigrants participate in politics in Trollhättan, depending on whether they emigrated due to push or pull factors2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to study how immigrants participate in politics in Trollhättan, depending on whether they migrated due to push or pull factors. In order to do so, interviews are used as the method to understand how a single group of immigrants, who share the same background, speak the same language and have the same culture and religion understand political participation in Trollhättan and the comparison of these two groups if there is any similarities or differences in how they participate in politics.

    Conducting interviews was the method of collecting data to this study. The informants were selected from a population which originates from one of the countries in East Africa and they all lived in Trollhättan.

    The analytical framework is informed by the participatory approach. Understanding how immigrants perceive their political participation in Trollhättan and what political participation means to them together with the pull or push factors is the core of this study and how informants think and motivate their participation in politics.

    The intention of this study is to contribute knowledge about immigrant's participation in politics in Trollhättan.

    Findings of this research showed that immigrants actively participate in politics in Trollhättan, mostly through voting during the elections and by being a member of a political party which they support here in Trollhättan. Even though they are underrepresented in public debates, they find it very important to vote because it is a right they appreciate which they never had in their homeland they said, voting is one of the ways they show participation in politics in Trollhättan.

  • 311.
    Ngendabanyikwa, Melchiade
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Creutz, Oscar
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Framing sex work in scandinavian media: A comparative study of prostitution in swedish and danish media2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis intends to describe and compare how prostitution has been framed in Swedish and Danish newspapers. Since the two countries have similar welfare systems and share a border, yet have different prostitution policies it is interesting to find out whether they view prostitution differently. The theory is based on social constructivism and how the sociology of sex work literature has divided prostitution policies in four different categories, this is then concentrated into an analytical framework which is used to analyze articles of opinion in the newspapers. These articles were then analyzed in order to describe how prostitution has been framed according to the analytical framework. The research findings showed that even though some articles share the same frames, the main theme of the articles in Sweden framed prostitution as a social plague. Whereas Danish newspapers mainly circle around framing prostitution as something that may or may not be good for all parties involved, and thereby either adopting the Swedish model of criminalizing the buyer and not the seller in order to protect the freedom of choice for the prostitutes. The study has also shown that the policy courses taken by Sweden and Denmark are reflected in the definition of prostitution.

  • 312.
    Nilsson, Sanna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Trohne, Sabina
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Local government officials’ interpretation of circular economy: A study about interpretations and the importance of collaborative platforms2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to analyse the interpretation of circular economy (CE) by local government officials. The secondary focus of the thesis is whether that interpretation differs whether they have a collaborative platform/symbiosis network with the specific aim to promote CE. In this thesis, CE is defined based on core elements from the theories of industrial ecology and cradle-to-cradle: product life cycle and waste management. The analysis is anchored in the theory of local government officials, the power of language, and the before mentioned theories on circular economy and placed within the theoretical framework of “reality, strategy,utopia”. The data gathering is conducted by interviewing two local officials at three different municipalities; one with a collaborative platform (municipality 1), one that is on the way of establishing a platform (municipality 2), and one with no platform (municipality 3), and asking questions rooted in our theories and theoretical framework. The results show no significant differences between the three municipalities. A slight difference was found between the role the interviewees occupied within the municipalities, and thus there was also a small difference between the municipalities as Municipality 3 did not have any people working specifically with the subject of CE. People worked with it more indirectly, which meant they did not have the same knowledge on the subject, and the person who did had a wider range of responsibilities. 

  • 313.
    Nur, Idman
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Muhamed, Hannan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Representation Of Oriental Women In Film: A qualitative study of Asian women's portrayal in the films ''The Great Wall'', ''XXX: The Return Of Xander Cage'' and ''Aladdin''.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is hard to come by films today in which the white male or female are not the heroes or the main character. It was even harder to find a movie where more than one character of the supporting cast was a person of colour a decade ago. While there is much more representation and diversity in cinema and on television compared to back then, there are still repetitive and inaccurate tropes which are still used and which seem to not disappear despite some apparent progress. One of them is the frequent stereotyping and framing which occurs when it comes to characters who are people of color and within that frame, in particular female characters. For the past decade there has been a large amount of calls for diversity on the big screen and while females may not often be casted as the lead actors, they are still present. Nonetheless due to the fact that there is more diversity and more roles for females who are non-white in Hollywood, the question regarding whether accurate representation of the characters has risen as well. Therefore we have chosen to carry out this research and examine three films who have Asian female characters where all of them are part of the leads: ''The Great Wall'', ''XXX: The Return Of Xander Cage'' and ''Aladdin''. This thesis is a qualitative deductive study hence the data collection will take place through observation at the hand of the researchers by way of watching the chosen films. The aim is to examine and then later present the ways in which the female characters are portrayed as well as represented in these films. In particular we will analyze whether any type of stereotyping and framing occurs in any or if in all these films. There are two main questions of this study which will be ''Are the non-white female characters portrayed as "the other"? as well as ''If so, how are they stereotyped based on the idea of the cultural other, the religious other and the political other?''. The lens which will be used for the analysis is through Orientalism and at the same time the idea of ''Us'' and ''Them'' will be put into use in line with the theory. The analytical framework will be based on the concept of the cultural other, the religious other and the political other.

  • 314.
    Nylén, Sofia
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A Conservative or Liberal party?: Ideological changes in the Swedish Christian Democratic Party.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe and analyze the ideology of the Swedish Christian Democratic Party and finding eventual ideological change in family policy. Choosing three party manifestos as the base of the thesis from 1964, 1993 and 2012. Based upon the ontology of social constructivism, theories of party ideology and theories of Conservatism and Liberalism an ideological analysis is conducted to be able to find eventual ideological change in family policy. The use of the analytical framework that includes characteristics from the two ideal-types of Conservative and Liberal is used when conducting the analysis. The analysis shows that the Swedish Christian Democratic Party has changed their party ideology in family policy from only representing of the Conservative ideal-type toward representing both the ideal-type of the Conservative and the Liberal.

  • 315.
    Nyman, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Younis, Sara
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Prostitution on the Agenda: A Qualitative Study on how the Problem of Prostitution is framed by Amnesty International2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to describe how the problem of prostitution is framed by Amnesty International. The gap in existing lines of scholarship on framing and prostitution policies, and framing and transnational advocacy networks, is the lack of descriptive research on international framing of prostitution by Amnesty International. The theoretical approach of this thesis is social constructivism, framing theory and previous studies on prostitution paradigms. By using framing theory together with previous studies on prostitution paradigms this thesis aim to specifically answer how the problem of prostitution is framed by AI; what they recognize as the problem, cause and solution to the problem. The methods to conduct this study is qualitative single case study, the data consists of official policy documents on sex work, further, the methods of analysis is qualitative textual analysis of the content of the data. The results of this study is that the problem of prostitution is given a human rights frame by Amnesty International that points out the legislative, social, and individual injustices caused by criminalization and that sex work is suggested to be decriminalized because sex workers rights are human rights that is constantly being violated at the hands of state and non-state actors.

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  • 316.
    Näslund, Frida
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media representations of feminism and feminists: A descriptive study on Swedish media representations of feminism and feminists2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe and compare the media's representation of feminism and feminists in four Swedish newspapers – Aftonbladet, Expressen, Dagens Nyheter and Svenska Dagbladet. The years of 1999 and 2014 is the basis of my research, enabling me to see if there has been any change over time in Swedish media representations of feminism and feminists. These two years are selected due to being the years when the book Fittstim and the TV-series Fittstim – Min kamp were released, which both stirred up a debate about feminism in media. Based upon social constructivist ontology and media representation theories, a combined qualitative and quantitative analysis will be conducted in order to be able to describe and compare how feminism and feminists have been represented – or "framed" – in media. The analysis will be based upon two frames: "demonization" and "trivialization and personalization." Within each frame, a comparison between stereotypes and attitudes in 1999 and 2014 will be made. The analysis will show that feminism and feminists are still exposed to trivialization and personalization when represented by the media. In the demonization frame, one can see a change from 1999 when feminism still was seen as partly abnormal, to 2014 when feminism is seen more as the norm.

  • 317.
    Odaway, Deeqa
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Rrahmani, Mergime
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Refugees or Female Refugees?: A comparative case study on the experiences of refugees and asylum seekers in Cape Town, South Africa2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to explore the distinct experiences male and female refugees and asylum seekers face in relation to accessing their rights when seeking asylum in Cape Town, South Africa. The research is a comparative case study conducted in Cape Town and is done in the form of focus groups and semi-structured interviews. This study employs the theory of intersectionality, to examine if women face multifaceted oppression in regard to more than one social category - in this case race and gender. It also discusses how these two categories that intersect are not independent of one another, they rather cross to create a different kind of oppression which leads to the ‘double-othering’ of women. This entails that female migrants have to choose one form of oppression and disregard the other. The social category of gender is thereby often overlooked and disadvantaged in the setting of migration. The female migrants have to prioritize their struggle as foreigners which has a negative impact on the strive for an equal society. This was illuminated in the analysis where the respondents claimed there were no differences due to gender whilst simultaneously presenting evidence which shows that women are othered twice.

  • 318.
    Olsson, Anders
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Heder Brandt, Petter
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    An industry under pressure - the future of Swedish forestry: A comparative longitudinal case study of the forest industry’s PR framing of the Swedish forestry model and alternative management practices2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigated how the Swedish forest industry, here represented by three of the biggest forest companies in Sweden, have framed the current primary Swedish forestry Model and alternative forestry models. Specifically, we look at respective company magazines targeted at forest owners between 2019 and 2022 to examine if they have changed over time based on economic, environmental and social aspects. The theoretical approach is based on the social constructivist theory of Public Relations framing with the economic, environmental and social aspects acting as frames. We conduct a comparative longitudinal case study combined with a mixed-method content analysis by coding the data and then supplementing our qualitative findings with quantitative counting of codes and frames. The main findings are that the industry did not consider alternative methods as viable options to replace the Swedish forestry Model. The biggest changes are observed in the environmental frame which for both management options saw an increase throughout the whole period. The companies, with some individual variations, respond to the alternative methods by becoming increasingly explicit and detailed about the benefits, mainly environmental, of the Swedish Model

  • 319.
    Onyebuchi, Lawrence Jr Aham
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    An Investigation of the Gender Differences in Political Participation in Sweden2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The overall objective of this thesis is to investigate the gender differences in political participation in Sweden. It attempts to analyse three specific research questions: i) Is there a gender gap in political participation? ii) Is there an effect from the level of education on women’s political participation?, and iii) is there an effect from the level of income on women’s political participation? To answer these research questions, a cross sectional research design with descriptive analysis was adopted. Relevant data were selected from the statistics available with the Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB). Theories and models of political participation, as well as the previous studies of similar nature were used in interpretations. 

    The study revealed that a gender gap in political participation exists in Sweden. This gap reflects a positive trend in electoral activities, where women outnumber men in voting in all three levels of elections: national (riksdag), county councils (regionfullmäktig), and municipalities (kommunfullmäktige). But, when overall participation in four types of political activities; i.e. i) being a member of a political party, ii) attending meetings with a political party, iii) being active in a political party, and iv) taking part in political discussions, is considered, a negative gender gap was observed, indicating that women lag behind men. This may be associated with their gender roles connected with family and home. Additionally, both men’s and women’s political activities mostly consist of taking part in political discussions. This is also the activity where maximum gender difference was observed. 

    This study revealed that both men and women are displaying a declining trend in political activism over the years. Further, the level of education and income have an effect on non-electoral political activism. However, any significant difference in the way these two factors influence women’s and men’s political participation could not be detected by this study. 

    As such, it is proposed to conduct further research that involves a broader qualitative analysis to find out the reasons behind these trends, which would provide a complete picture of gender differences in political participation. Yet, this study is worth receiving attention from policy makers, political scientists and even party leaders, in order to work towards gender equality in political participation in Sweden. 

  • 320.
    Osman, Osman Kalefa
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Bulhan, Hanad
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    The Egyptian Government’s framing of the New Administrative Capital2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis will attempt to clarify further, explore, and analyse the New Administrative Capital (NAC) case of Egypt. What will be discussed here is whether the new city is built with the Egyptian people in mind or rather to emulate Dubai and create a ‘world city’ meant only for the elites. This thesis will be using a qualitative approach where the Egyptian government is mainly analysed through their statements regarding the NAC. Previous research surrounding similar topics is used as a point of departure and then put in the case of the new Egyptian capital. Framing theory is the leading theory used in the thesis where Entman’s four framings are used, problem definition, causal analysis, moral judgement, and solution. This thesis aims to understand how the Egyptian government is framing the construction of the NAC and what this tells us about whether the city is built for the elites or the masses. The political puzzle in our thesis is to examine which actors (elites or masses, or maybe both) will benefit the most from this construction. To answer this, we will utilise these two research questions, “How does this framing reflect the interests of money and power?” & “How does the framing speak to issues of affordable housing, socio-economic segregation, and affordable transport?”. This thesis will follow a qualitative descriptive case study designwith the content analysis method. With all these pieces of the puzzle, we concluded that the NAC is a city constructed with the elites in mind more than the average Egyptian.

  • 321.
    Osmanspahić, Amina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Koturanović, Dijana
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Writing Politics: A descriptive and comparative study on the relationship of hegemonic masculinity and construction of politics in the autobiographies of Vladimir Putin and Benito Mussolini2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe the relationship between hegemonic masculinity and construction of politics using two specific politicians. By choosing the politicians Vladimir Putin and Benito Mussolini this thesis intends, through a social constructivist theory, conduct a descriptive and comparative study. A generalization to a broader population would not be in order because of this thesis targeting two politicians and their specific construction of politics in their autobiographies. The use of exact traits found within hegemonic masculinity will enable us to extract parts of the autobiographies and describe exactly how hegemonic masculinity has been used in the autobiographies. These traits will enable us to compare the two autobiographies in order to see if time has changed the relationship between hegemonic masculinity and construction of politics. This will provide an analysis were it will be shown that both politicians portray themselves in the autobiographies as strong masculine leaders and that time has created a change in the construction of politics as well as the concept of hegemonic masculinity.

  • 322.
    Ottosson, Therese
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Cheng, Xin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The representation of gender roles in the media: an analysis of gender discourse in Sex and the City movies2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Media is a big part of people’s everyday lives. It influences both how we see ourselves and the world to some extent. There are many different types of media, for example: television shows, movies, the radio, news papers, advertisements which are placed in random places and the internet. In these different forms of media, there are images of men and women, which are represented in different ways and with different characteristics. Research has been made on a lot of movies and television shows and this thesis will be adding to this vast amount of research by analyzing gender representation in the movies Sex and the City 1 and 2. By using discourse analysis, the results show different types of gender representation and whether the characters in Sex and the City challenge the patriarchal privilege. Assuming social constructivism, we believe that these images of gender representation in movies affect our perception of what a man or a woman is. Our results suggest that the characters do still follow the patriarchal privilege but some characters do on occasion challenge them. However the outcome is rarely successful. 

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  • 323.
    Papane M, Boitumelo
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Developing Intercultural Understanding through Internationalised Work-Integrated Learning: A dialectic account of culturally embedded perceptions of ‘support’2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of an increasingly globalized workplace environment, there has been a great need for professionals who “demonstrate intercultural competences” and a sense of global awareness (Dimitrov et al., 2014:87).Despite graduates of Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) possessing theoretical and technical skills, there has been a prevailing concern as the struggle to adapt to cultural difference in their respective professions (MacRaeand Reinhard, 2019). As organisations gravitate towards ‘internationalisation’ to establish new resources and capabilities, the salience of these competences become more apparent. In response, HEIs have employed the principle of internationalisation themselves premised on the belief that an internationalised curriculum, pedagogical approach and/or organisational structures may facilitate an intercultural experience (Knight, 2017;Deaton, 2015). However, there have been significant challenges in 1) adequately facilitating these intercultural experiences and 2) assessing the successes of their respective outcomes. Drawing from insights gained through an internationalised Work-Integrated Learning (WIL) program at theUniversity West (Sweden), the following argues that WIL’s auto-ethnographic methodology is both effective inbuilding intercultural competences within graduates as well as providing grounds for assessment. In the attempt to prove this claim, it employs Freirean dialectics to understanding culturally relative perceptions of ‘support’ during international work and learning. 

  • 324.
    Persdotter, Carin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Schönefeld, Jennifer
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A Content Analysis of Political Debates about Integration in the Swedish Riksdag: A comparative study between the years of 2010-2014 and 2015-20162016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the debate concerning integration in the Swedish Riksdag in and between the periods of 2010-2014 and 2015-2016. The aim of this study is to identify if and how there is a correlation between immigration policy and integration debate in the Swedish Riksdag. This comparative study is made by using a qualitative design with a content analysis in order to answer the research question. A comparison between the two periods is made by analysing four different political debates, two from each period, concerning integration. The reason for analysing the two time-periods is due to a drastic change in Sweden’s immigration policy made by the government as an outcome of Sweden receiving the highest number of asylum seekers in its history. It is identified that a minor change in the integration debate has occurred between the two periods in terms of the distribution and intensity of the lines of argument

  • 325.
    Rachdan, Ammar
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Egyptian NGOs and Human Rights Advocacy: A Study of Challenges and Limitations.2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, I will discuss the role of NGOs in Egypt in promoting and striving for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms. To do this, this study examines NGOs' challenges and limitations in promoting and protecting human rights in Egypt between 2000 and 2010.

    This study adopts a theoretical framework combining Social Movement Theory and Political Opportunity Theory. My thesis is based on data from the official annual Human rights watch reports regarding NGOs promoting and striving for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms in Egypt. By examining the interplay of various factors, this study aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the challenges and limitations NGOs experienced in their efforts to promote and protect human rights in Egypt during 2000-2010. The results of this study may have important implications for policymakers and civil society actors working on human rights issues in Egypt and other countries with similar political and social contexts. 

  • 326.
    Rachdan, Ammar
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Yapisan, Eda
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    European Union Foreign Policy and the Framing of Turkish Membership2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses how the European Union (EU) frames Turkish EU membership in the context of foreign policy. The theoretical grounding of the thesis is framing theory, which informs the analytical framework and guides the empirical investigation. For the purpose of our study, the level of analysis is the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (HR/VP). We predominantly study speeches of the HR/VP in order to gain a deeper understanding of how the EU frames Turkish membership in the context of the Union's foreign policy. Overall, our study argues that despite the material conditions that often drive debates about EU membership, Turkish membership to the EU is predominantly a process that is framed around security, Democratic value, politics and culture.

  • 327.
    Racho, Ninorta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Mustaafa, Renas
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Representing Honour-Based Oppression and Violence Against Women: A Comparative Study of Political Discourses of Sweden and UK2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to fill the gap of comparative studies between political discourses about honour-based oppression and violence against women in different contexts. The political representations of honour-based problems in Sweden and UK are described and compared in the time period of 2009-2014, and the similarities and differences between the political discourses are provided. Based on the ontology of social constructivism and Bacchi’s approach

    "what is the problem represented to be?" a qualitative analysis is made in order to provide and compare representations in the two contexts. The analysis will show that the patriarchal representation is central in Sweden, which can be concluded and related to the highly achieved gender-equality in the country, and generalized to other gender-equal countries. In the British discourse both cultural and patriarchal representations are frequently used by mainstream politics, but there are also religious representations of the honour-based problems in some debates

  • 328.
    Rasah, Mohammad Anil
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Johansson, Isak
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    "We are most Green!": A comparative study on the political debate on climate action policy between the Swedish Centre Party and Green Party since 20062020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to compare and analyze how the Swedish political debate on climate action policy between the two parties the Centre Party and the Green Party has played out from 2006 to 2020. This is done using two sub-theories within the grander theory of institutionalism. In addition to this, Katarina Barrling's research on the internal party cultures and collective selfimages within Swedish political parties will be used and referred to in the analysis of this study to better explain the development of this policy debate between the Centre Party and the Green Party from our choice of theories and subsequent research questions. This study uses a qualitative approach to conduct a longitudinal study in order to explain the development of the debate on climate action policy between these two parties. By looking at and analysing debate articles from six major national news outlets in Sweden, the rhetorical language and values promoted by the Centre Party and the Green Party in this debate on climate policy can be established and compared. In terms of results, the study shows that the climate policy debate between the Centre Party and the Green Party has to a large extent remained the same with a consistently heated and adversarial rhetoric used by the two parties against each other throughout the years. The study also shows that several important normative/institutional values similar to those found in Katarina Barrling's research on the Centre Party and the Green Party are visible in the arguments displayed by these two parties in this debate on climate action policy. Like Barrling's research indicates, the Centre Party clearly displays institutional values or traits such as "pragmatism" and having a "practical mindset" in their rhetoric in this debate, and the Green Party clearly displays institutional values or traits such as thinking "creatively" and "radically" about climate policy ideas and wanting to influence policy decisions as much as possible. Nevertheless, despite these important findings, some of Barrling's empirical claims about the norms and values embedded within each of these two parties were not detected or proven through this thesis. These undetected claims concerned the image of the Centre Party as being a "cooperative" party in nature, and the Green Party as being a highly "individualistic" party in nature with a lack of internal unity among its members.

  • 329.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    et al.
    University of Eastern Finland,Joensuu, Finland.
    Adamson, GöranUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Kejsarens nya kläder: om New Public Management och de svenska universitetens sönderfall2018Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 330.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Ludlow, David
    University of the West of England, Bristol, U.K..
    Services of General Interest and Territorial Cohesion – what, how and by whom?2013In: Romanian Journal of Regional Science, E-ISSN 1843-8520, Vol. 7, no special issue, p. 108-123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Services of General Interest (SGI) are a heterogeneous group of services for which the EU Member States are primarily responsible. Territorial Cohesion is a vague political concept aiming at creating a balanced distribution of economic and social resources among the European regions in order to promote competitiveness and sustainable growth. Consequently, the potential to successfully

    implement territorial cohesion policy objectives under these conditions is low. This paper aims to discuss how territorial cohesion policy is implemented in the area of services of general interest.

  • 331.
    Rauhut, Daniel
    et al.
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Ludlow, David
    University of the West of England, Bristol.
    Services of General Interest and Territorial Cohesion: what, how and by whom?2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 332.
    Rechi, Valmira
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Sjöberg, Anette
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Motivation och arbetstillfredsställelse: En kvalitativ fallstudie om kriminalvårdares motivation2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To achieve employee motivation requires patience and openness from an organization. If this work is successful, there will be many benefits for the organization. Motivation and job satisfaction are two of the most researched topics in organizational studies. Knowledge about employee motivation is important because it affects employee job satisfaction. People in an organization are different, have different needs and are motivated by different things, which also affects job satisfaction. Working to increase motivation among employees is an important but also a complex process. This work can be made more difficult in large governmental organizations in the judicial system, as employees in the judicial system have an important social mission, while the risk of being exposed to threats or threats of violence is more prominent than in other occupational groups.

    The purpose of this study has been to contribute knowledge about how motivation affects employees' job satisfaction in the Swedish Prison and Probation Service. The study is based on a qualitative method where 15 semi-structured interviews were conducted with correctional officers who work close to clients at a security jail.

    The empirical data has been analyzed by a theoretical analysis model based on Herzberg's two-factor theory and Self-determination theory. The empirical material has revealed some motivational factors that cannot be explained by Herzberg's two-factor theory or the Self-determination theory. These factors are challenges, interpersonal relationships, safety and security, social benefit and salary.

    The study's conclusions indicate that there are several motivational factors that are important for correctional officer’s job satisfaction. These are acknowledgment and confirmation, belonging, development, safety and security, as well as interpersonal relationships. Finally, respondents highlight systematic feedback as an important tool for motivation and job satisfaction.

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  • 333.
    Redjepagic, Valeria
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Widerberg, Mikaela
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Framing Refugees: Swedish Media Representations in 1992 and 20152019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During 1992 and 2015 there were two of the biggest refugee crises in Sweden. Debates on refugees flourished within media. Media have had a big impact on how refugees have been framed. Media have essential power to influence public views on different issues. Media framed refugees in different ways, both in negative and positive context.

    The thesis analyse how media have framed refugees during both crises in Sweden. This paper investigates how the newspapers 'Svenska Dagbladet' and 'Aftonbladet' have framed refugees during the crises in 1992 and 2015. The theoretical approaches that have been used are Framing theory and Bensons 'frames' which are victim, hero, and threat. The study has used a comparative two case study. This study aims to get a deeper knowledge about how Swedish media framed refugees during the two refugee crises in 1992 and 2015 and compare them to see if these framings are different. The result showed that the years differentiate quite much in which frames are dominant. In 1992 the dominant frame used by media was by far the threat frame which talked about refugees being criminals and causing problems for the Swedish economy.

  • 334.
    Reuterskiöld, Johanna
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Colonial stereotypes and Eurocentric history narratives: Changing representations in Swedish history textbooks between the 1970s and today2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to, with a post-colonial theoretical perspective, compare the form and prevalence of Eurocentrism and colonial stereotypes in Swedish history textbooks used in high schools, the thesis compares two periods, the 1970s (1971 and 1978) and the present (2011), time periods when the debate has been lively about colonial stereotypes and Eurocentrism. In previous research, scholars found that world history is often represented from a European perspective and thus the non-European history is only mentioned during the time of European settlement. Colonial stereotypes have survived from the time of imperialism to the 20th century, for example depicting the non-European as a homogenous mass as "the other" that often have to endure violence, famine and primitive way of life. In order to analyse the material, this thesis relies on a qualitative textual analysis. In addition, a simple quantitative analysis will be used in order to see the scope in page numbers of the use of Eurocentrism in history textbooks. The results show that the textbooks follow a European chronology of world history and discuss mostly the non-European history during the time of European colonialism. The colonial stereotypes are also evident but are less enhanced in today´s textbooks. To conclude, there are still Eurocentrism and colonial stereotypes in both time periods but in today´s history textbooks they are not as aggressively represented as during the 1970s

  • 335.
    Reznik, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics.
    Safedof, Secil
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics.
    Intersectionality between Gender and Class in Modern Culture: An Analysis of the Sex and the City movies2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to explore how gender and socioeconomic class is portrayed in the two

    Sex and the City movies. The underlying purpose is to critically assess the celebration of emancipated women, as the movies allegedly portray. The intersection between gender and class will enable to analyse the depiction of different femininities and their power relationships. The uniqueness of the thesis is that the two movies have until today by large been ignored by the academia therefore it will hopefully commence a discussion which is long overdue. The result of analysing from an intersectional perspective will include a wider range of factors and provide a comprehensive interpretation of contemporary society as well as its interrelation with movies.

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  • 336.
    Reçica, Anduena
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Peci, Florentina
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    How is the City of Trollhättan advocating the new school reform?: A qualitative single-case study focusing on the new school reform in Trollhättan2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study the aim is to analyze how the Education Board and Education Administration in Trollhättan advocate the new school reform, with help from the theories. More specifically it examines the elements of assimilation, multiculturalism and interculturalism in the new school reform in Trollhättan.

    The study is a single-case study with a qualitative approach which tries to identify the theories based on social constructivism. The analysis tool made by the authors conclude that language and text allow one to make interpretations of different concepts. Through gathering of documents and interviews from the Education Administration and Education Board, the study highlights and illustrates the reality of the new school reform. 

    The arguments have focused on promoting the implementation of this reform, hence the study found that the theories of assimilation, multiculturalism and interculturalism is prominent in the overall interpretation of the data. The theories have different interpretations regarding the role that the new school reform plays in the work for increased integration.  

  • 337.
    Röker, Tom-Jakob
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media Framing of Iran during the 2003-2015 Nuclear Crisis: A comparative descriptive study about media framing of Iran in Der Spiegel and Time Magazine2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis investigates the framing of Iran from 2003-2015 in the headlines of Der Spiegel and the Time magazine. This investigation was conducted from a social constructivist perspective utilizing Alexander Wendt´s cultures of anarchy to categorize the frames in whether Iran has been framed as an enemy or a rival. The agenda setting and framing theory provide necessary tools to extract the latent meaning from the headlines. In total 147 headlines and subheadings are investigated. The results show that there is a shift from framing Iran as an enemy to framing it as a rival in both news magazines. However, Der Spiegel frames Iran in a polarizing, inconsistent manner, with a focus on Iran´s type identity of being a Muslim country as means to frame it as an enemy. The frames indicating rivalry frame Iran as an opportunity for the German economy. The Time bases their frames on Iran´s role identity, as in their leaders and actions. This enables them to be more consistent in their rationale of the enmity and rivalry framing.

  • 338.
    Saffo, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Staroselets, Ksenia
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Representation of Great Powers Through the Lens of Swedish National Identity -: A comparative case study regarding how the Swedishnews media represent China and the United States through the Swedish self-image2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor’s thesis aims to provide an explanation to how the Swedish news media chooses to represent great power, in this case China and the United States, through the perception of Swedish national identity. This study is based upon an ontological position of social constructivism and has applied the representation theory as the main theoretical tool. To make this possible, the thesis has used a comparative research design to examine a small amount of cases; China and the United States. Two of Sweden’s biggest daily newspapers, Aftonbladet and Dagens Nyheter, are chosen to be examined and the thesis will be analysing their news article regarding the two countries during 2013. These news articles will be divided into three different dimensions of representation- military, economic and cultural- in the analysis to provide a clear and structured examination. Through these examinations the study continues by comparing the two countries with the Swedish national identity and defining them as ‘us’ and ‘them’ according to the Swedish self-image. The results has shown that there is no clear distinction between who is considered as us or them, in all dimensions, and that it depends on how Sweden’s self-image identifies itself with other countries

  • 339.
    Sahlén, Sandra
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hur uttrycker sig Sveriges tre största partier om allas lika värde?: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys om kulturrasism2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Racism has come in a new form. From having been a long-term race-hierarchy, racism has taken a new form by the cultural racism and cultural hierarchies, where human value has gone from how you look and your ethnic origin, to what culture you come from. The big and important question I intend to answer with my research is where Sweden's three largest parties The Social Democrats, the Moderates and the Swedish Democrats really stand when it comes to cultural racism? Are they as democratic and anti-racist as they advocate? My question to answer is: Are there cultural racism in the political programs of Sweden's three largest parties and how does it express itself in such cases? Theories that I have used for this purpose are the postcolonial theory to compare with Edward Said's concepts "We and them" and Stefan Jonsson's theory of cultural racism. With the help of the theories, I have made an analytical framework with three questions: How do the parties express themselves when they talk about immigration? How does the parties express themselves about Swedishness and Swedish citizenship? How do the parties express themselves about other cultures? To assess whether there is any cultural racism or not, I have used the indicators: Negativism to Integration, Inherited Essence, We and Them, Immigrants as a social problem, Nationalism, Homogeneous and Exclusive Society, Assimilation, Opponents of Cultural Relativism and Opponents of a Multicultural Society. To my analysis, I have chosen a qualitative content analysis as help to interpret and understand the text. The answer to the research question was that it was only in the Sweden Democrats' party program that cultural racism was made visible in the form of: their resistance to cultural relativism, their imaginary essence, antagonism to multiculturalism, their view of Swedishness and opinions on assimilation.

  • 340.
    Said, Zanyar
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Aziz, Pavel
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Total Defence and Sweden’s Foreign Policy Roles in the Post-Crimea Annexation Era2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The annexation of Crimea in 2014 has relentlessly leaned the Swedish security policy toward a return to the Cold War-era policy of total defence. While the Swedish government is acting as regional leaders, regional protectors and bridge-builders in the Nordic and European circuit, the threats posed by Russia towards Ukraine has further elevated Sweden’s defence strategy. This era has therefore widened the question of whether the total defence policy has influenced Sweden’s foreign policy roles. This thesis applied a single-case study where role theory is used as the theoretical basis for analysing how the current policy of total defence in Sweden has influenced their foreign policy roles in the European geopolitical arena after the 2014 Crimea annexation. Qualitative content analysis is used to research different governmental statements and activities taken from the official web page of the Swedish government and articles and literature that were relevant for this thesis. The analysis showed that the Swedish government has opted for a stronger alliance with the Nordic regions. From the observed period, Sweden has strengthened their security partnership in the Nordic-Baltic regions while cooperating closely on security measures with the EU. For that reason, this thesis aims to contribute to a discussion on Sweden’s foreign policy behaviour after the Crimea annexation while analysing how the total defence policy has affectedSweden’s foreign policy roles in terms of regional leader, regional collaborator, and bridge-builder.

  • 341.
    Salem, Yohannes
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics.
    Don't touch my hair: A Qualitative Study on Professional Norms and Meanings of Black Female Hair in Swedish Public Administration2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This single case study conducted with creative interviews, addresses perceptions of professional norms and meanings of black female hairstyles in Swedish public administration. By incorporating prior U.S scholarship and applying intersectional theory, black female hair is analyzed through social constructions of gender, race and class as intermeshed dimensions. This study indicates how the norms of neutrality, disadvantage black female employees in Swedish public administration, as they are subjected to stares, comments and touching of their "deviant" hairstyles. The intersectional analysis indicates how perceptions of femininity and blackness collide in problematic ways, as black professional hair is described as straight hair. Despite this, the informants were convinced that straight hair does not come naturally for black women. Concluding, this study suggests that black women may be more seriously taken, by presenting a "feminine" and "neutral" hairstyle, through subjecting themselves to perceived straight hair norms in Swedish public administration

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  • 342.
    Sandkvist, Lina
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Andersson, Frida
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Eco-warriors or inadequate children?: A framing analysis of the Fridays for Future movement in South African newspapers2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses how the Fridays for Future movement is framed in national South African newspapers. The aim of the study is to examine frames and discourses with reference to local debates about the climate crisis and the need for reduction of carbon emissions, balanced with an understanding of the need for economic and social development. This study have taken inspiration from former scholars on research concerning media framing of environmental social movements and climate change in the global South and function as an extension and complement to these scholar's work. To fulfil the aim we have created a dataset from three leading English language newspapers in South Africa and coded the data according to frame theory and thematic discourse analysis. The study reveals that there are different perceptions and interpretations of the Fridays for Future movement within the South African media and not only one universal frame. Thus, previous scholar's understandings of climate responsibility as an elitist issue lingers but also that the acknowledge to environmental responsibility and the Fridays for Future movement is generally accepted with only a few refusals.

  • 343.
    Sanqiang, Zheng
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The storytelling techniques in Sina blog: A study on Chinese mediatization2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to research about how the use of storytelling techniques has been changed in Sina blog. Thereby we can partly know how mediatization looks like now in China. This thesis employs a comparative study of relative reports of Yasukuni Shrine event in Sina blog, and it uses quantitative and qualitative methods to compare all the personalized, polarized and negative reports in Yasukuni Shrine event between two time periods: Koizumi ruling years (October 2005 to July 2007) and Abe ruling years (October 2012 to July 2014). After comparing, with the quantitative method, the finding of this thesis shows that the number of negative reports and part of polarized reports had increased rapidly from Koizumi ruling years to Abe ruling years. With the qualitative method, the finding of this thesis shows that all these three storytelling techniques had become more attractive and influential to their readers. With both of finding results, this thesis believes that mediatizaiton had improved its influence partly.

  • 344.
    Segerlind, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Feldt, Jennifer
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT.
    Municipalities and the effect of politics2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to investigate how political leadership in municipalities affect policy design, specifically the political effect on immigration policy on the municipal level. To facilitate the study we created a rudimentary framework that allows for the identification of external influences, codes statements and policy positions as belonging to either of the two parties. This framework utilizes Multi-level Governance (MLG) theory as a basis. Further a method to facilitate a neutral choice in municipalities is created with conditions imposed in accordance with the findings of Lidén and Nyhlén, specifically their findings regarding receptiveness of migrants. The two municipalities lacked official documentation so a semistructured interviews with relevant and knowledgeable white-collar workers were conducted to enhance and deepen the available material. What we find during this study is that the available literature focus on either a deep language analysis of political language and communication, and make connections to possible consequences, or focuses on the way policy were implemented without tying in the politics. Further we note that our two comparison municipalities with different political leadership do not diverge significantly in their receptions of migrants. We do find that the assertions that white-collar workers within organisations create work documents that fulfil a similar function to official policy documentation when none exist hold true. 

  • 345.
    Shafiq, Muhammad
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Abuse of Power as a Significant Factor for the Demise of the Ideals of Animalism in Animal Farm and the Corresponding Demise of Communism in Russia2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 346.
    Shakulashvili, Nino
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Habte, Milennium Johannes
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media Framing of the Tigray-Conflict: A Comparative Study of The Reporter and The Ethiopian Herald2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    On November 4, 2020, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed requested a military incursion against provincial forces in Tigray region. He explained that the military offensive was a response to an attack led by the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) on an army barracks for government troops inside the region. In the following months of dissension between Dr Abiy's administration and heads of Tigray's most predominant political party, the TPLF, the conflict escalated heavily. In the past few months, the lack of information of what is happening in the Tigray region has set the scene for a fully-fledged propaganda war.

    In light of newfound claims of human rights abuses carried out by federal troops, a national debate regarding the Tigray-crisis has been ignited. This study intends to examine the framing of the Tigray-conflict news coverage by two domestically operated media companies, namely, the Reporter and the Ethiopian Herald. To conduct this investigation, the thesis will focus on four specific frames that have been identified by scholars such as W. Russell Neuman, Marion R. Just, and Ann N. Crigler, Holli A. Semetko, Patti M and Valkenburg Valkenburg. The four frames are (a) Human Interest Frame (HIF), (b) Conflict Frame (ConF), and (c) Attribution of Responsibility Frame (AttrF), and (d) Economic Frame (EconF).

    Although some minor differences exist, our findings indicate that there are major similarities between the state-owned and private media's coverage of the Tigray-crisis. The selected newspapers framed the federal government and the T.P.L.F in similar fashion. In both the Ethiopian Herald and the Reporter, the main aggressors of the conflict were framed to be high-ranking TPLF officials and their sympathizers. In comparison, Ethiopian Herald and the Reporter’s representation of the two fighting groups and their reasons for the battle were significantly uniform in terms of tools/concepts they implemented to support or delegitimize the two sides. Moreover, researchers have contended that both the positive and the negative roles of media mediation are contingent on the way media covers and frames disputes among the conflicting parties.

  • 347.
    Shinwari, Imran
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Kalhor, Lily
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Pakistan's role in the Afghanistan peace process2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Afghanistan peace process could end over four decades of conflict in the nation that has been mired in coups, civil war and external invasion since 1978. However, this process has recurrently stalled as internal and external factors undermined peace talks, negotiations and agreements. Pakistan’s role in the process has been consequential as its oscillation from spoiler behavior to facilitator and advocate of peace has propelled or hampered progress significantly.

    With the signing of a peace agreement between the U.S and the Taliban and the first ever direct talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government, the peace process seems to be coming to a successful close. Still, much needs to be done to understand Pakistan’s role in the Afghanistan peace process in order to mitigate any potential spoiler behavior as the peace process continues, to ensure that it culminates in a concrete peace accord, which would bring lasting peace to the region.

    This thesis thus analyzes the role of Pakistan in the process, analyzing its spoiler behavior and the motives behind it, and particularly the reasons for its change in policy as a potential and manifest spoiler to an avid advocate for peace in Afghanistan. Using historical research design as a guiding framework, we analyze past events in this case study of the Afghanistan peace process to understand relevant phenomena and derive conclusions, such as the motives for Pakistan’s behavior and the implications of the change in policy to the Afghanistan peace process and the future of Afghan-Pakistani relations. 

  • 348.
    Simmo, Nurel Huda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Didi, Amira
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    #SheikhJarrah: En diskursanalys av Palestina – Israelkonflikten som den skildras av fyra populära Instagramprofiler2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Med dagens decentralisering av medier och ökade användningen av mobiltelefoner har det skett en skiftning av maktdynamiker där nya sociala strukturer etableras. Privatpersoner kan idag med endast en mobiltelefon spela en avgörande roll i informationsspridning (Kulnazarova, 2014). Detta öppnar upp möjligheten för privatpersoners närvaro i diskurser som tidigare varit otillgängliga för allmänheten input. I ett av vår tids mest komplexa konflikter, Palestina-Israelkonflikten, har decentralisering av medier lämnat utrymme för privatpersoner att spela en stor roll i meningstillskrivning av konflikten. 

    Syfte: Detta arbete avser att belysa antagonismen mellan fyra analysprofilers påverkan på informationsspridning och om meningstillskrivningen i Palestina-israelkonfliktens senaste uppblossande 2021. Som följd avser vi även att undersöka på vilket sätt analysprofilernas påverkan av meningstillskrivning kan inverka på respektive parts handlingsutrymme.

    Metod: Studien utgår ifrån en antagonistisk diskursanalys i syfte att belysa “kriget” som sker mellan de pro-israeliska och pro-palestinska diskurserna. Studien använder sig av problem, orsak och lösning som ett analysverktyg för att avhämta, systematisera och kartlägga vårt material. Arbetet har specifikt avgränsats till att analysera diskurser på sociala medier appen Instagram och mer specifikt fyra kända profiler.

    Resultat: De pro-israeliska diskurser som identifierats strävar efter att etablera sin meningstillskrivning av medierapportering, säkerhet och hot samt ett vi-och-dom narrativ. De pro-palestinska diskurser som identifierats strävar efter att etablera sin meningstillskrivning av medierapportering, apartheid och kolonialism. Resultatet påvisar hur diskurserna diskuterar samma händelser men tillskriver dem olika meningar. Studien påvisar också hur den pro-palestinska diskursen i jämförelse med den pro-israeliska diskursen potentiellt kan få ett större handlingsutrymme i och med användningen av sociala medier under senaste uppblossandet 2021.

  • 349.
    Singh, Arvinder
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Bowen, Shane
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Relationship Between Language And Future-Orientated Behaviour: A study which tests the economist Keith Chen's hypothesis that languages that grammatically associate the future and the present, foster future-orientated behaviours2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study tests a claim made by the economist Keith Chen that "languages that grammatically associate the future and the present, foster future-orientated behaviours" (Chen, 2013, p. 1). Chen claims that this phenomenon exists across several variables that represent future-orientated behaviour from health habits such as smoking to financial choices such as savings rates. This study aims to test Chen's claim with a new previously untested variable that reflects future-orientated behaviour being; tertiary education attainment. The findings of our research were unable to support Chen's claim as we found no statistically significant relationship between Chen's categorisation of languages that grammatically associate the future and the present with our future-orientated behaviour of tertiary education attainment. Furthermore, this thesis makes the claim that there are much more prominent independent variables tested and untested that have a stronger relation to tertiary education attainment than spoken language.

  • 350.
    Siverbo, Sven
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Cäker, Mikael
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Åkesson, Johan
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Conceptualizing dysfunctional consequences of performance measurement in public sector organizations2018Conference paper (Other academic)
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