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  • 301.
    Kristiansson, Lilia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering. University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Luchinskaya, Daria
    Is co-op education a source of increased motivation for learning?2012In: The European Conference on Educational Research, ECER 2012: 18-21 sept, 2012, Cádiz, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many universities across the world offer a model for course delivery which combines academic study with a placement in industry. This educational model originated in the U.S., where the automobile industry wanted to ensure a supply of skilled engineers. This educational process has been described in different ways, for example in America it is known as 'cooperative education', or co-op, while in the UK it adopted the name of 'sandwich courses'.

    There is a vast amount of literature which assesses the role of work practice in the development of competences and skills of future professionals, the effect it has on the transition of graduates into the work environment, how it shapes their career aspirations etc. At the same time there are studies which look into the effect of placements on students' motivation in their academic performance.  The research results demonstrate that students who have chosen a co-op model are more motivated in their studies than those students who have chosen not to go on placements [e.g. 1, 2]. The main reasons for the increased motivation of students who chose the co-op route were that their work experience provided them with evidence that the theoretical knowledge they learn at the university is relevant to their work.

    Despite of the benefits that co-op model can bring into students' learning experience, the success of this model across different countries varies. For example, in Sweden the co-op model is very popular among students. However, in the UK the number of students entering this route is decreasing [3].

    In this paper we address the success of the co-op model, especially in relation to students' motivation for their academic study using the co-op programme offered by the Engineering department, University West, Sweden as an example. The aim of this study is to investigate which aspects of academic knowledge students find useful for their practical placements and how their experience of applying this knowledge can be put into practice to increase to motivation for learning of the other students who choose the traditional educational route.

    The main two objectives of educators are: first, to contribute to students' subject knowledge; second, to motivate students to learn. We assume that students coming into higher education have a so-called intrinsic motivation when they begin their studies although it is not always the case in practice. Our task as educators is to stimulate individuals, offer them external motivation to improve their skills and to ensure that they do not lose interest in their selected topics [4].

    To achieve this goal a university teacher can build on positive students' attitudes by creating an open and imaginative atmosphere at lectures and tutorials, for example through the use of alternative teaching methods, such as problem-based learning or project-based learning.

    The study was carried out at the University West in 2010/11. The students who participated in the study opted for the co-op model and the participating tutor taught a module on Solid Mechanics on both co-op and traditional routes.

    MethodFor this study, a mixed-methods approach was used comprising open-ended questionnaires and observations. The students who went on placements were asked to complete a questionnaire at the end of each placement period. The questionnaire was designed to capture the students' experience during their practice focusing on the effect of the placements on their motivation in their further academic study. As part of the existing curriculum the students who went on placements had also to give a presentation to their peers at the end of each placement period where they summarised their work, the responsibilities they had, the engineering problems they were solving, and reflected on their experience. These presentations were observed by the tutor. The data from the questionnaires and presentations were later analysed for students' opinions about the opportunities that they received during their placements for deepening their academic knowledge. Based on the results of this analysis, new engineering problems adapted from the students' practice were introduced into the Solid Mechanics course delivery together with new teaching methods, such as problem-based learning and project-based learning, to achieve higher motivation in students who have not opted for a co-op model [5, 6].

    Expected OutcomesThe collected data showed that the students gave very positive feedback about their practice and the analysis demonstrated that this practical experience supports and inspires further study. In their reports students suggested using new practical-based problems in relevant courses. Using real-life problems can make learning richer and more rewarding for all students.The co-op students can share their work experience with their non-co-op peers by giving presentations regarding the relevance of the academic course content to their job, the problems they were solving while on the placements, the opportunities for challenging future jobs as well as increased confidence and self-esteem. The tutor observed that problem-based learning and project-based learning based on working in groups as well as the use of the real-life problems increased motivation in non-co-op students. They became more responsible, active, and knowledge-seeking and improved their communication with peers. The tutor also observed that having a mix of students who had placements and those who did not in the groups formed a stimulating learning environment. In conclusion, suggestions were made in relation to what can be incorporated into a range of engineering programmes to increase students' motivation and enhance their engagement with the learning process.

  • 302.
    Krohn, Karin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Claesson, Silwa
    Blivande språklärares syn på sin utbildning2004Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 303.
    Kurdian, Nancy
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "... Jag utgår istället ifrån att träffa människor på rätt nivå...": En studie om professionellas erfarenheter av lärande i etableringsuppdraget för nyanlända på Arbetsförmedlingen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The influx of refugees to Europe has influenced the quantity of newly arrived immigrants in Sweden. The process of establishment of newly arrived has therefore become an important aspect of the country's public health. Significant aspects from a public health perspective involve employment and work, as it promotes stimulation and participation. The Employment Agency, Arbetsförmedlingen, is an authority on the Swedish labor market. It has the intension to establish newly arrived on the labor market, which is the purpose of to the establishment programme.

    The professionals at the Employment Agency could be considered a heterogeneous working group, as they have different academic backgrounds. The question is whether the professionals have competence, or can develop competence, to contribute to an establishment process where newly arrived will experience manageability and meaningfulness in their establishment. The study has had a qualitative method inspired by a phenomenological approach, with the purpose of conducting seven semi-structured interviews. A qualitative content analysis has been conducted to let the result appear independently.

    The result highlighted the importance of three themes, processes, learning and development, that may be interpreted as essential to the professionals' learning at the Employment Agency. Furthermore, the results indicate that support and conditions are important aspects for learning.

  • 304.
    Käkelä Johansson, Jonna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lavén Lindh, Jonna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Internet - ett laglöst land: en kvalitativ studie om hur elever uppfattar skolans arbete mot kränkningar på nätet.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to enlighten the problems that come with the society's digital growth.As young people spend more and more time online and on social media, the violations occurring in the physical environment become less and instead become more common in this new environment, which is the internet.Today, the The National Agency for Education has developed rules that require the school to take action if a student becomes a victim of cyber bullying, whether it happens in school or outside of the school.The National Agency for Education has discovered that schools now a days work too reactively, and that no action is taken before something happens.Through a qualitative study, in the form of interviews, we wanted to get a deeper understanding of the students in grade eight perspective on how the school is currently working towards prevent cyber bullying.We believer that the students are the source of what is happening online and their perceptions and experiences are important in order to develop preventive plans against cyber bullying.The result shows that students are quite unaware whether there are rules or not when it comes to cyber bullying. However, they feel more confident about rules relating the physical environment.The students continue to explain that there are a few things that make them hesitate in their decision,turning to teachers if cyber bullying would occur. They explain the reasons, such as lack of trust, not feeling safe and communication difficulties.

  • 305.
    Laagen, Nathalie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Wuscha, Frida
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Kan trivsel läras ut?: En studie om trivselfaktorer och lärande2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is done on behalf of one of the departments. The study has been carried out on two departments where there was two main focuses. One of them was to identify and investigate the psychosocial working environment with a focus on comfort. The second was about whether job satisfaction can be taught to other. The theories that have been used are Sense Of Coherence, Montessori and Maslow´s motivation theory.In previous studies it has emerged that employees need to be encouraged to create measures that contribute to increased job satisfaction and motivation to develop and increase work performance of the department. The methodology for this study was a form of triangulation with both questionnaires and interviews. The analysis is made with the inspiration of qualitative content analysis. The sample for the study was nurses and assistant nurses who participated in both the questionnaires and the interviews. The results have shown that there are many factors that influence job satisfaction, some of these are physical work environment and culture. The question remains whether job satisfaction can be taught or not. Further reading will be provided in the report and there it tries to answer this question.

  • 306.
    Lager, Karin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Children's perspective about workforce practices2019In: Wera-Irn Conference Extended Education Practices, Theories And Activities.: Program of the 2nd WERA-IRN Extended Education Conference, September 26 – 28, 2019, Stockholm University, Sweden, 2019, p. 50-51Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research project is directed towards children's perspectives of their leisure in school-age educare. In Sweden, more than 80 percent of all children 6-9 years attend school-age educare. Yet, we lack knowledge of children's experiences in these centres and reports from The Swedish school inspectorate have several times stated that school age educare in Sweden do not live up to the standards. In my previous research about quality work in school-age educare and preschools, I experienced themes about children's perspectives that I want to investigate further.The aims with this new project are to generate knowledge about children's leisure in school-age educare and to develop methods for evaluation with the perspectives of children and teachers.

    The theoretical framework is grounded in sociology of childhood were children's everyday lives are focus. With this framework, children are "beings" not "becomings" and includes children's voices, and children's possibilities to participate and having influence of their leisure. The design comprises rapid ethnographical fieldwork in 10 school-age educare centres, one week per centre, with observations and interviews continuous during the week. Also, two different methods for quality will be used together with children and teachers, as a boundary object, to start discussions about what to evaluate in school-age educare and to fetch their perspectives to develop new methods for evaluating. Within this week also group interviews with teachers and with children are carried out. Expected findings from this project are knowledge of children's leisure in school-age educare as well as methods for evaluating from perspectives of children and teachers.

  • 307.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Lärande marknadsföring för självförverkligade markadsförare2010In: Lärande i och för det nya arbetslivet / [ed] Lagrosen,Stefan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika& Nehls, Eddy, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1. uppl., p. 221-234Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 308.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Lundh Snis, UlrikaUniversity West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.Nehls, EddyUniversity West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Lärande i och för det nya arbetslivet2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Oavsett vilka förändringar man vill göra i en organisation måste dess medlemmar lära sig någonting nytt. Alltför ofta går emellertid förbättringsinsatser om intet därför att man inte har förmått åstadkomma ett verkligt lärande. Med ett djupgående lärande kan organisationer i stället lyckas med att uppnå sina mål avseende kvalitet, arbetsmiljö och ekonomisk framgång – samtidigt som deras medlemmar trivs och är delaktiga.

    Lärande i och för det nya arbetslivet täcker in väsentliga infallsvinklar på vuxnas lärande inom organisationer och vänder sig till studenter, forskare och alla som arbetar med någon form av personalansvar. Läs mer om boken på studentlitteratur.se

  • 309.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Nehls, Eddy
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Lärande i och för det nya arbetslivet: en syntes2010In: Lärande i och för det nya arbetslivet / [ed] Lagrosen, Stefan, Lund Snis, Ulrika, Nehls, Eddy, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1, p. 295-305Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 310.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Process and Product Development.
    Winroth, Jan
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Organisatoriskt lärande för kvalitet och hälsa2010In: Lärande i och för det nya arbetslivet / [ed] Lagrosen, Stefan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika & Nehls, Eddy, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1. uppl., p. 235-253Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 311.
    Lahtela, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gillenäng, Karin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ger det fria arbetet frihet: En studie om balans mellan arbete och privatliv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study treats the construction and maintenance of balance between work and private life and how flexibility in the workplace is perceived. The study was conducted using semi-structured interviews and these have been conducted in five large companies around Gothenburg. The analysis and results are based on the phenomenographic method approach and the final results were four themes: Balance, Flexibility, Combining family and work and lifelong learning with related subcategories. The result shows that the construction and maintenance of balance between work and personal life is something that is tied to the indi-viduals and the current situation in life. Two of the most common strategies to maintain a dis-tinction proved to be planning as well as other activities, in order to move the focus away from the work. In the larger picture flexibility of work turned out to be something that all re-spondents are in favor of, and not perceived as something stressful

  • 312.
    Lassbo, Göran
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Att bygga en professionell identitet2010In: Lärande i och för det nya arbetslivet / [ed] Lagrosen, Stefan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika, Nehls, Eddy, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1., p. 83-101Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 313.
    Lekholm, Alli Klapp
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Education.
    Cliffordson, Christina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Discrepancies between school grades and test scores at individual and school level: Effects of gender and family background2008In: Educational Research and Evaluation, ISSN 1380-3611, E-ISSN 1744-4187, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 181-199Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 314.
    Lethagen, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Wasmouth, Karin
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Blandstad: En kvalitativ studie om stadens utformning och dess påverkan på folkhälsa2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Health and urban planning are naturally linked together. Through time strategies have

    differed to promote health and well being of citizens. The built environment is

    through availability, safety and attractiveness, along with access to work and

    supportive social networks required as prior conditions to promote health. The

    concept of mixed-use can be seen as an ideal in urban planning of today. The study

    intends to shed light on today's urban ideals and urban development in relation to

    public health. For collection and process of data the qualitative method of Grounded

    theory is used as inspiration. The study is based on interviews of officials and

    politicians in the city of Gothenburg. The data is founded on their knowledge and

    experiences of mixed-use in relation to urban development in Gothenburg. In

    addition, the data of the study relates to a public health perspective, based on four of

    the public health objectives of the Swedish National Institute of Public Health a long

    with science and theories of public health. The result of the study indicate that the

    informants picture of the concept of mixed-use differ from vision and reality. From

    the result of the study it emerges that mixed-use that can preserve the social

    dimension have good possibilities to promote public health.

  • 315.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Barnheim, Bo-Göran
    Semcon Sweden.
    Hattinger, Monika
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Towards a New Design Metaphor: Supporting Boundary Objects as Means of Knowledge Sharing in Community Networks2004In: ECIS 2004 Proceedings, 2004, article id 169Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Working in the knowledge sector means dealing with increasing amounts of information, technology and people. Organizations as well as individuals in communities need to constantly maintain large repositories and networks of people, including colleagues, clients, experts, acquaintances and friends. This situation leads to complexity where person’s cognitive capability is insufficient when dealing with huge repositories of information and interaction. Viewing it as an individual problem has resulted in applications that highlight the need for structure and organization. We here define these applications in different levels where the first level is the office application generation, referring to “desktops” metaphors. The next generation, groupware applications, offers structure and process support for collaboration, but is still a rather limited “forum” metaphor. Our main argument is that current application generations and design metaphors are too limited when supporting the sharing of thoughts and associations in different community networks. We believe that a large portion of this problem is not related to information itself, but rather to processes of information categorization, navigation and interaction within and between communities. In our results we advocate the need for a new application generation and a new design metaphor, i.e. brainware applications based on “neural” metaphors. The result is a review of three application generations based on different design metaphors. We discuss several implications for a new design metaphor and suggest a design draft that supports boundary objects as means of knowledge sharing within and between communities.

  • 316.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    Stahl-Falck, Pia
    Östlund, Christian
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Informatics and Mathematics.
    Sorensen, Carsten
    Grundén, Kerstin
    Exploring Tools and Methods for Work-Integrated Learning2002In: Proceedings of E-Learn 2002--World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education / [ed] Margaret Driscoll; Thomas C. Reeves, Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE) , 2002, p. 2234-2237Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most organizations have high hopes regarding the potential for eLearning to address the increasing demands for constant learning that characterizes life in a knowledge society. However, most existing designs are strongly influenced by traditional classroom-based education, and are consequently poorly adapted to the situated conditions of real work practices. This paper tries to frame a research domain labeled work-integrated learning, where focus is set on developing innovative tools and methods for technology-mediated learning, rooted in understanding of the specific conditions for various organizational settings. The paper proposes a four-level stage model as a framework for both analysis of organizations and design of new tools and methods for eLearning.

  • 317.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Nilsson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Petersen, Ann-Louise
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Sofkova Hashemi, Sylvana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Wicke, Kurt
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Nordic Innovation Networks in Education: Dealing with Educational Challenges with Cross Boarder Collaboration and User Driven Design2012In: Uddevalla Symposium 2012 : Entrepreneurship and Innovation Networks. Revised papers presented at the 15th Uddevalla Symposium 14-16 June, 2012, Faro, Portugal. / [ed] Bernhard, Irene, 2012, p. 553-571Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is an EU-funded project related to cross boarder collaboration for educational purposes supported by information and communication technologies between Danish, Norwegian and Swedish schools. The project started in 2011 and extends to 2014 so this empirically dominated paper reports on early findings related to cross-border collaboration challenges. The aim of the project is to develop innovative cross-border teaching models by the means of user-driven, practice-based co-design processes between practitioners and researchers. In the first year, 18 classes from 13 schools in Denmark, Norway and Sweden in the Öresund-Kattegatt-Skagerack region participated. Organized in so called Nordic class-match groups (consisting of students and teachers from one class in each country) new cross-border teaching models are co-created, tested and evaluated in an iterative process. Since teaching models are subject dependent, the project develop teaching models in several subject domains, i.e. math, language, science and social studies / history. Heretofore findings show, however, that organizational and technical issues have superseded and squeezed out subject-oriented discussions due to surprisingly many practical issues that needed to be handled first. We have identified three major thresholds to overcome. The first is related to technical difficulties in schools when diverse IT systems are to be synchronized. The second threshold concerns scheduling coordination difficulties in order to allow synchronous cross boarder collaboration. The third threshold concerns linguistic and communication difficulties rooted in participants communicating in their respective Nordic language. Being able to communicate within Nordic languages are explicit learning goals in all three schools systems, and therefore part of the project aim and consequently all participants are expected to use their native languages when communicating. The next phase of the project is therefore to find solutions to these technical, organizational and linguistic barriers, and already now we see some barrier breaking models taking shape in the active network of Nordic teachers, students, school leaders, IT support teams and researchers.

     

  • 318.
    Lundqvist, Sebastian
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Att arbeta med musik på fritidshemmet: Lärares tankar kring musik och meningsfulla aktiviteter2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Studien syftar till att undersöka hur fritidslärare upplever arbetet med att erbjuda meningsfulla aktiviteter genom ämnet musik.

    Bakgrund: Fritidshemmet ska komplettera skolan och förse eleverna med kunskaper så att de uppnår kunskapskraven som framgår i skolans läroplan. Samtidigt framgår det i fritidshemmets kapitel i lgr11 att fritidshemmet ska erbjuda eleverna en meningsfull fritid. Utöver aktiviteter som kompletterar kunskapsmålen och aktiviteter som erbjuder meningsfull fritid så ska också fritidshemmet erbjuda rekreation och omsorg. Fritidshemmet ska också främja estetiska processer. Dessa riktlinjer om att komplettera skolans läroplan och på samma gång erbjuda eleverna meningsfull fritid kan vara svåra att definiera och svåra att tolka.

    Metod: Studien genomfördes med hjälp av en kvalitativ metod genom kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer. Jag har besökt fem fritidslärare och uppskattar att intervjuerna var mellan 20 till 30 minuter långa. För att analysera min insamlade data har jag använt mig av de tre nyckelbegreppen informellt lärande, multimodalitet, estetiska lärprocesser och meningsfull fritid.

    Resultat: Resultatet utifrån mina intervjuer i relation med den tidigare forskningen indikerar att musik på fritidshemmen sker främst när det finns verksam personal med ett personligt intresse för musik och att den personal som inte har ett personligt intresse för musik undviker att erbjuda musikaliska aktiviteter på grund av att de inte anser sig vara tillräckligt skickliga. Detta bekräftar i sin tur Skolinspektionen (2010) iakttagelser om att musik på fritidshem generellt används statiskt.

  • 319.
    Lundqvist, Torgny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Wadsö, Annika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ett samtal om samtal: Chefers upplevelse av medarbetarsamtalet som förändringsverktyg2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine employee review, based on a manager perspective with an interest in what effects leaders' experience it is generating, and how they use the employee review in the development of their organization. The method used in this study is qualitative and comprises eight semi-structured interviews, in which individuals with personnel responsibility where given the opportunity to share their comprehension off and experience from the phenomenon employee review, and its importance based on their position in the organization. The result shows that the employee review is a time and energy-intensive effort for the managers who sometimes have to make their spare time available for the task.Dialogue and social skills are highlighted as key factors for a good conversation, and the participants in the study relies on their self-generated experience and feel confident in their professional role in the implementation of employee review. This study contributes to deeper knowledge of the managers' experience regarding the employee review and its potential as an organizational management tool, and can contribute to future research as a complement to studies regarding the employees' experience. The results shows that it may also be of interest to study employee reviews through observations of the interview, how well the practical implementation is in line with the manager's intentions on business development.

  • 320.
    Lundström, Marita
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lärande och omsorg för alla barn i förskolegruppen2011In: Konsten att navigera mellan individ och grupp: lärares uppdrag i skola, förskola och fritidshem / [ed] Nielsen, Cecilia, Malmö: Gleerups , 2011, 1. uppl., p. 91-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 321.
    Lundström, Marita
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Hansen Orwehag, Monica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Energibesparing i ord och handling: Installation av energisparsystem och undervisning om elenergi i relation till hållbar utveckling : förskoleanställdas erfarenheter och förskolebarns förståelse2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Centrum för hållbar utveckling (CHU) på Högskolan Väst har tillsammans med teknikföretaget Raybased finansierat och genomfört detta forskningsprojekt om energibesparing. Syftet med riktade samverkansprojekt är att främja forskning och/eller utveckling i nära samarbete mellanforskare och externa aktörer. I ett samverkansprojekt är det forskaren och den externa verksamheten/aktören som tillsammans formulerar de frågeställningar som ska studeras, och undersökningens upplägg och metod arbetas fram i dialog mellan forskaren och samverkansparten. Avsikten med samverkansprojekt inom CHU på Högskolan Väst är att de ska främja kunskapsutveckling kring hållbarhetsfrågor. Det här forskningsprojektet syftar till att få fördjupad kunskap om brukarnas upplevelser av såväl implementering som användande av ett nytt energisparsystem på en förskola i Trollhättan. Systemet installerades av Raybased och omfattar belysning, värme och ventilation på förskolans samtliga tre avdelningar. I samband med installationen byttes armaturerna ut, och dimrar och rörelsevakter för belysningen installerades i vissa utrymmen. På varje avdelning finns numera också en display(läsplatta) med hjälp av vilken personalen kan reglera belysning, värme och ventilation samt avläsa statistik över energiförbrukningen på de olika avdelningarna. Studien undersöker även om energisparsystemet kan knytas till den pedagogiska verksamhetens innehåll. Det görs i form av en lärstudie (delstudie 2) med fokus på hållbar utveckling där vi prövar om förskolebarn kan utveckla en förståelse för hur vatten kan omvandlas till elenergi.

  • 322.
    Lundström, Patrik
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Land Surveying and Mathematics.
    Pythagoreiska tripplar på sex olika sätt2008In: Normat, ISSN 0801-3500, Vol. 56, no 3, p. 111-119Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Six different ways of parametrising Pythagorean triplets are presented, from the elementary arguments supplied by the Greek, via trigonometry to Gaussian integers and applications of Hilbers 90th theorem.

  • 323.
    Lunneblad, Johannes
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet Utbildningsvetenskapliga fakulteten. Institutionen för pedagogik, kommunikation och lärande.
    Asplund Carlsson, Maj
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Performativity as pretence: A study of testing practices in a compulsory school in Sweden2012In: Ethnography and Education, ISSN 1745-7823, E-ISSN 1745-7831, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 297-309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim in this paper is to analyse the impact of the standardised test on classroom practices in grade 5 in a compulsory school in western Sweden. In our analysis, the use of the concept of pedagogic device provides a framework for understanding hos high-stakes, standardised testing regulates classroom discourse and teachers' and students' classroom behaviours. The study was conducted during 2006-2007 as part of a larger ethnographic inquiry. The results reveal how the demands of the test impact upon the daily work in the classroom. In the neo-liberal apporach to governance, stnadardised tests have become an important measure of quality. School practices run the risk of being viewed as valuable, only relative to the performance of teachers and students at the individueal level. This view shifts the focus from a discussion about a societal responsibility to ensure that all children have equitable access to education, to a debate centred on the individualäs responsibility to perform. The analysis reveals that the test was not carried out as intended. However, both teacher and the students respond to the test situation and the results as if it had been and as if the test really mattered.

  • 324.
    Lyngfelt, Anna
    et al.
    Gothenburg university.
    Sofkova Hashemi, Sylvana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Producing and reading digital texts: patterns of communication in literacy classroom2015In: 10th IAIMTE Conference 2015: Languages, Literatures, and Literacies, 3-5 juni, Odense, Denmark, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 325.
    Magnusson, Malin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Vi är inte där bara som lärare, utan som kompisar som hjälper med läxhjälp och inspirerar till framtida studier: En kvalitativ studie om lärande och kompetens hos läxhjälpare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following qualitative study seeks to investigate the signification of competence of someone who is helping with homework and how it can be taught. In the research six people who is helping with homework have been interviewed, all of them working for the non-profit organization "Stiftelsen läxhjälpen" which hires students from universities. The organization offers homework help for pupils in 8th and 9th grade who is struggling in school and have to increase their ratings in order to be accepted into high school. The study is inspired by a phenomenology approach and is aiming to catch the participants experiences of the phenomenon which in this study is the competence of them who is helping with homework. The result showed that in order to help with homework you need the ability to be innovative, build relationships, motivate and encourage others, break a vicious circle and teamwork and the need of support. The result has similarities with previous research about the competence of teachers, however there is not much to find about the competence of someone who help with homework, the competence which you do not get primarily through formal education, the so-called substantial competence.

  • 326.
    Magnusson, Marie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Niklasson, Johanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Pojkar är yviga medan flickorna har mer finess: En studie om språkstimulering ur ett genusperspektiv vid samlingar med barn2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Vårt syfte med studien har varit att undersöka pedagogernas föreställningar om språk och språkstimulering samt studera hur de stimulerar barns språk under samlingstillfällen i förskolan. Studien tar sin utgångspunkt i ett genusperspektiv. Bakgrund: Detta är ett ämnesområde som är omdebatterat i media idag och intresset för detta är stort. Det diskuteras mycket om vikten av att ge flickor och pojkar lika mycket utrymme. Vi ansåg också att det var viktigt att lyfta fram den här typen av forskning för att medvetandegöra hur våra grundläggande föreställningar påverkar det vardagliga arbetet i förskolan. Vi har i vårt arbete haft för avsikt att redovisa ett urval av forskning som gjorts inom fälten: språk, samling och genus. Vidare har vi beskrivit vad som främjar barnets språkliga utveckling, både i allmänhet och i det vardagliga arbetet på förskolan samt att pedagogen beskrivit vilken roll denna har för barnets språkliga utveckling. I arbetet har vi också presenterat tidigare forskning gällande samlingar samt beskrivit hur dessa fungerar ur ett genusperspektiv. Metod: Vi använder oss i vår uppsats av kvalitativa metoder, intervjuer samt observationer. Vi intervjuade sex pedagoger och observerade två av dessa. Observationen skedde under respektive pedagogs samling med barnen. Pedagogerna arbetade på fyra olika förskolor. Alla intervjuerna spelades in för att få en ökad tillförlitlighet i analysen och resultatet. Vi valde dessutom att spela in intervjuerna på två olika media för att vara säkra på att inget skulle vara otydligt och ifall ett av medierna eventuellt kunde ha gått sönder. Vi har i vårt intervjumaterial sedan kategoriserat informanternas svar och försökt att hitta variationer och likheter i dessa. Resultat: När vi frågade pedagogerna om barnens sätt att uttrycka sig språkligt skilde sig åt beroende på om det var en pojke eller flicka som gjorde uttalandet fick vi också en stor variation i informanternas svar. Vi har av våra informanter fått olika svar om hur de arbetar med samlingen som en språklig stund. Många anser inte att samlingen är den mest ideala tidpunkten för att arbeta med språket utan att det hellre finns andra stunder där de i större utsträckning främjar detta. Vi har också i våra observationer sett hur det i pedagogernas arbete kan skilja sig åt, hur pedagogerna arbetar både med språk och med genus. Pedagogerna har, både i intervjuerna och i observationerna, visat på hur de arbetar i samlingen utifrån språk och genus och vi har sett att de gör skillnader i sitt sätt att handla beroende på om det är en pojke eller en flicka som till exempel skall besvara en fråga eller göra ett uttalande i samlingen.

  • 327.
    Mahamoud, Hani
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Midhat, Shadan
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    "Doulatjänsten förbereder kvinnan för förlossning och Mammaforum förbereder kvinnans integration i samhället": En kvalitativ studie baserad på nyanlända kvinnors och doula/kulturtolkars erfarenheter av ett projekt med empowerment-perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study pedagogy as the main field and the empowerment focus. The study was conducted on the Organization Mammaforum with a focus on immigrant women who are working both within the organization and seeking support through it. The more established women work as doulor/cultural interpreters and those seeking support newly arrived women. Doula are women who have experienced childbirth and the care of children and are willing to help other women with this. Since doula is of foreign workers the same time as cultural interpreters, it means that they will help the organization to interpret the participants' cultures. Similarly, helps participants to understand the

    The purpose of the study is to contribute knowledge about doulor/cultural interpreters and the participants' experiences of participation and learning in Mammaforum. But also what experience doulor/cultural interpreters have to be newly immigrated sometime to Sweden.

    The empirical data has been gathered using qualitative methods, and eight interviews were conducted with both doulorna/cultural interpreters and newly arrived women within the organization. The data has been transcribed and analyzed by a method of analysis that has produced three themes, they are experiences, integration and security. The themes have been central to the outcome of the empirical data and provides a picture of the informants' experience of the situation as a new arrival in a foreign country. And what possibilities Mammaforum offers the newly arrived women in order to be integrated into Swedish society, the sense of security by the sociability of Mammaform have also been described. The study started from the hermeneutic phenomenology as a perspective for the analysis of data. Hermeneutic phenomenology applied in the study by having the person concerned the experiences and perceptions in focus and therefore the results of the empirical data presented without the authors' own interpretations, as this is central to phenomenology. What in hermeneutics have had relevance to the study is that the authors' own understanding has been influenced by and influenced the study.

    The study shows that the informants experience positive opportunities by Mammaforum, doulorna express a high degree of learning and security of some of the participants. Then Mammaforum offers language training and is a meeting place for support and socializing. Participants describe a higher self-esteem, confidence and enabling them to get to know Swedish society/culture and the foundation of the language, which gives a better sense of self. Participants experience security through doulornas support during childbirth and the close relationship between them, and between the participants themselves in Mammaforum.

  • 328.
    Majlöv, Monica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Blom, Petra
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    ”Att möjliggöra för att gåvidare i livet”: Upplevelsen av känsla av sammanhang bland tibetanska flyktingar i Dharamsala, Indien2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund:

    Tidigare forskning visar att känsla av sammanhang har betydelse för hur människor i stressfulla situationer kan upprätthålla hälsa och klara av stress. Studien har genomförts bland tibetanska flyktingar i Dharamsala, Indien, ett urval av människor som drabbats svårt av traumatiska händelser.

    Syfte:

    Syftet med studien är att beskriva och tolka innebörden i tibetanska flyktingars upplevelser av känsla av sammanhang.

    Metod:

    Fenomenologisk hermeneutisk metod

    Resultat:

    Innebörden av upplevelsen av känsla av sammanhang var att möjliggöra för att gå vidare i livet. Känslan av sammanhang var en resurs som gjorde det möjligt för flyktingarna att gå vidare i livet dvs. skapa nya sammanhang och rekonstruera sina liv. De gjorde det på ett flexibelt sätt med hjälp av livsstrategier. Socialt stöd, religionen, kulturen och traditionerna var alla resurser som var viktiga att ha med sig för att kunna bygga upp känsla av sammanhang och kunna gå vidare i livet.

    Konklusion:

    Denna nya kunskap kan relateras till den centrala målsättningen i Ottawa dokumentet (WHO, 1986) för hälsofrämjande arbete, att möjliggöra, dvs att skapa förutsättningar för människor att upprätthålla hälsa och få kontroll över livet. Flyktingarna fick möjlighet att ta kontroll över livet genom sin känsla av sammanhang. Forskning visar att

    hälsofrämjande arbete i viss mån saknar teoretisk grund och att den salutogena teorin här kunde vara ett viktigt komplement till övriga teoribildningar inom hälsopromotion.

     

  • 329.
    Malm, Annica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Something that you're passionate about": Motivation and Integrated English in VocationalProgrammes2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of motivation in language learning has been emphasised and paid more attention to the last decades, and the topic of student motivation has also been touched upon in the Swedish school system. The issue of low results in the vocational programmes have been scrutinised both in media and the National Agency of Education, which resulted in an integration between the character subjects and the core subjects. The idea is to increase the students' motivation to the core subjects by integrating them with the character subjects in the vocational programmes. Therefore, integration is executed by teachers in vocational programmes, and included in the curriculum for upper secondary schools.

    The aim of this study is to investigate students' attitudes toward integrated and non-integrated English, and how it influences their motivation. 10 interviews have been carried out in the Electric and Construction programme, and the data has been analysed using a thematic analysis. Themes have been selected and discussed in relation to the aim and research question.

    The result shows that the students feel that the integrated English is useful, but that non-integrated English within their personal interests is the most motivating content in the English course. Students want to be more involved in their education and the need to express their unique personalities seems to be of importance when it comes to learning English. The results indicate that the concept of integration might not be the most motivating aspect to focus on, but rather the individual aspects of the students and what they feel is motivating

  • 330.
    Martin, Anneli
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    How to improve the integration between international students and Swedish students in University Courses and Programes: [Runda bordssamtal]2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this contribution for the NU2012 Conference in Gothenburg is to propose “A round the table Discussion” where Global Higher Education (3. Den globala utbildningen) will be focused.

    The Topic for the discussions will cover various questions concerning how international students and Swedish students meet one another, mix, or not mix, in programs and courses. I naturally choose to present this abstract in English hoping that participants from Sweden and other nations will feel welcome to take part.

    Introduction

    As the result of having designed international courses in multimedia, design and taught international students and Swedish students during the past years I have noticed the positive effects of the integration of different nationalities in higher education. One of the most prominent situations noticed is when Swedish and international students mix in different workshops using analogue and digital design techniques. A workshop of this kind entails collaborations with different elements and it may need a helping hand from the lecturer or a student colleague. This can be one of the best times for the students to communicate, to start a dialogue with one another. Another example is exercises and seminaries where the students work in groups; another idea is to make two students write their exam report together.

    The Course Surveys from the International courses have shown positive outcomes. The students have pointed out the value of having worked and met “over the boarders”, this has increased the standard of the course. They have learned from each other for instance. I have noticed a natural flow and an open attitude to the general language being English throughout lecturers, workshops and tutorials. I believe that the student here develops not only the course subject, but a foreign language and mix with international contemporaries.

    The task for the future in Global Higher Education will be to invite and inspire University programs and courses to open up further for international students but also to inspire teachers and lecturers to perform in English.

    Around the table Discussions

    Several questions of integration ought to be discussed… how can we improve and go ahead? And how can we help students to meet “around the table” in the lecture room? What experiences can we share? And what can we learn from each other and this meeting?

     

     

     

  • 331.
    Martinsson, Eivor
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Larsson, Ellinor
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Förskolebarnens utevistelse: Pedagogernas reflektion kring utomhusmiljöns betydelse2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Av tradition är utevistelse på förskolan en viktig del av verksamheten och man tillbringar mycket tid utomhus. Därför är det av stor vikt att tiden utomhus förses med betydelsefullt innehåll för att barnen skall utvecklas och lära, för att det skall ske på ett meningsfullt sätt bör man som pedagog erbjuda barnen meningsfull utevistelse. Utemiljön skall ses som ett komplement till inomhus miljön.

    Vi ville med vår studie undersöka hur pedagogerna på förskolan reflekterar kring utevistelsen. Vidare ville vi ta reda på vilken roll pedagogerna har i utevistelsen på förskolan. Är det en tid för enbart fri lek eller ser pedagogerna att man kan använda utevistelsen till pedagogiska aktiviteter och på så sätt utnyttja den för barnens utveckling och lärande.

    Studien är gjord med sex stycken pedagoger från två olika förskolor i kvalitativa intervjuer med oss båda som intervjuare. Vi delade upp dem så att båda gjorde lika många intervjuer och använde oss av en diktafon och till viss del penna och papper. Analysen genomfördes utifrån Kvale och Brinkmann (2009) sex steg och former.

    Vår undersökning visar att alla pedagogerna ser mycket positivt på utevistelsen. De anser att allt man kan göra inomhus kan man göra utomhus. Barnen utvecklas och lär sig mycket i utomhusmiljön. När det gäller hur pedagogerna planerar inför utevistelserna är det främst när man skall lämna förskolegården som planering sker. När man går till exempel till skogen eller har sin utedag planeras den utifrån tema eller kopplas till de styrdokument som förskolan skall arbeta efter. Vid utevistelsen på gården är det mer fri lek barnen sysselsätter sig med.

  • 332.
    Masic, Lejla
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Taherianfard, Raha
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Det är bra att det går framåt men det går för fort: en fenomenografisk studie kring seniorers perspektiv på IT, användning och lärande2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 333.
    Mc Grath, Alice
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nilsson, Viktoria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hur kan arbetsgivare attrahera och behålla millennials på arbetsplatsen?: En studie gjord på ekonomer med akademisk utbildning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to research what attracts millennials to certain jobs as well as what affects them to leave a current workplace. In a labor market which is becomning increasingly competative from an employers perspective regarding competence, more knowledge about what increases the chance of attracting as well as keeping the millennial generation at a workplace is needed. The participants in this study were nine economics with an academic education who were born between 1980-1999. Out of the nine participants, five were women and four were men. This was a qualitative study and semi-structured interviewes were used as a method to collect data. The interviews were approximently 45 minutes long and were recorded to be transcripted afterwards. The collected data was then analysed through thematic analysis resulting in four themes: freedom, development for the future, organisational culture and employer brand. The results showed that these factors have an affect on millennials intent to apply for a job. All of the factors mentioned, besides the employer brand, also affected their desire to stay at a current workplace.

  • 334.
    Mehrstam, Christian
    Institutionen för litteratur, idéhistoria och religion, Göteborgs universitet.
    Från ryska dockor till slutbossen i Chrono Trigger: social cybernetik som sätt att lära2009In: Manus, ISSN 2000-4028, no 4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 335.
    Mehrstam, Christian
    Göteborgs universitet. Humanistiska fakulteten.
    Textteori för läsforskare2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The dissertation examines a prevalent problem in reception studies: how can we actually observe and describe the text (defined as an element that enables and restricts reading experiences) as either given and transcendent to any reading practice or as uniquely produced in each reading? The author tries to find a solution by aid of Wittgenstein's philosophy of language, Kenneth Burke's socio-rhetorics and Niklas Luhmann's systems theory. These perspectives are discussed in turn and tested in readings of a few pages on Mayakovsky and futurism taken from a textbook. The reading practices are constructed from national upper secondary school curricula. Wittgensteinian life-forms, language games, rules, family resemblances and aspects are found to be sufficient to outline the principles but not the details of a functional text theory. Burkean form, identity and dramatism provide a lot of detail, but cannot answer important questions about artifacts and self-observation. These answers can be provided by use of Luhmann's autopoiesis, form, structural couplings, persons and self-reference, but at the cost of great abstraction and loss of analytical clarity. The last chapter presents the conditions that need to be filled by any text theory with the ability to solve the problem. Most importantly, text, reader and reading practice must be considered as immergent, meaning that they are properly visible only from inside practices, which are always communal. In order to observe any text, the scholar must learn to immerse himself in the specific reading practice by way of its outward tokens (written rules, verbal accounts etc). The aspect seeing needed to perceive the text and describe its potential effects on reading experiences can only be acquired in the identity of a member of the specific reading community

  • 336.
    Mendel, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gdansk, Poland.
    Dyrdal Solbrekke, Tone
    University of Oslo, Norway.
    Hult, Håkan
    Linköping University.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Karseth, Berit
    University of Oslo, Norway.
    Kopciewicz, Lucyna
    University of Gdansk, Poland.
    Struzunska, Ania
    University of Gdansk, Poland.
    Students' conceptions of education and work2010In: Students as journeymen between cultures of higher education and work: A longitudinal European study of the transition from higher education to work life / [ed] Dahlgren, Lars Owe, Saarbrücken: Lambert Academic Publishing , 2010, p. 60-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 337.
    Molin, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Larsson, Emelie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Läsning, viktigt i barns utveckling: en jämförelse av barns läsvanor under en tioårsperiod2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Läsning handlar inte bara om att klara av att läsa en skönlitterär bok. Läsningen har en viktig roll inom alla skolans ämnen och är en viktig del genom hela livet för att kunna delta och fungera väl i vårt samhälle. Debatter runt barns läsning och läsvanor är ständigt återkommande. För att skapa ett läsintresse hos elever och bygga upp en läsvana hos dem krävs en noggrann undervisning inom ämnet med engagerade lärare.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att utifrån ett elevperspektiv genomföra en jämförelse av Vart tog slukarbarnen vägen? 9-12-åringars biblioteks-, läs- och fritidsvanor i en mindre västsvensk kommun av Andolf-Johannesson (1997) med en motsvarande studie gjord idag, för att kunna se om det skett någon förändring i deras läsvanor. Vi vill också se om fritidsintressena har förändrats och om de i så fall har en inverkan på en eventuell förändring av läsvanor och läsintresse.

    Metod: För att kunna uppnå vårt syfte med undersökningen valde vi att göra en kvantitativ undersökning med elever i årskurs fyra till sex med hjälp av enkäter. Den tidigare studien (1997) var genomförd med hjälp av enkäter med barn i mellanåren och för att vi skulle få ett jämförbart material genomfördes därför vår studie på samma sätt.

    Resultat: Resultatet av barns läsvanor idag jämfört med 1997 visar att läsningen inte har minskat men att det har skett en förändring i vad de läser, t.ex. har bokläsandet minskat bland flickorna men ökat hos pojkarna. En tydlig ökning kan vi se på läsandet av veckotidningar. PIRLS (Progress in International Reading Literacy Study) är en av de mest omfattande undersökningar gjord år 2001 på elever i tio års ålder och deras förmåga att läsa. Undersökningen visar att de svenska skolornas resultat har försämrats när det gäller läsförståelse och läshastighet. Det är något som vi kan finna en förklaring till genom vår studie som visar att eleverna själva upplever att de läser färre böcker ju äldre de blir. I takt med att man läser färre böcker, tappar man också både läsförståelse och läshastighet.

    Elevernas fritidsintressen har förändrats så att läsa böcker har försvunnit som ett av de populäraste fritidsintressena. De förändringar som skett är också att flickor i årskurs fem och sex tappat intresset för läsning. Vi kan med vår undersökning visa att ”bokslukaråldern” inte längre finns kvar i den ålder den tidigare gjort utan att vi kan se att den avtar i elvaårsåldern. Ytterligare en förändring vad det gäller fritidsintressen är viljan att utöva sport är mest populär hos alla utom pojkar i årskurs sex.

  • 338.
    Mourad, Natali
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Amman, Sumeya Mohammed
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Ungdomar i förort: en kvalitativ studie av hur ungdomar ser på sitt bostadsområde och sina framtidsmöjligheter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our report is based on young people living in a socioeconomically exposed area and their thoughts about the future, their residential area and other factors that matters. Our pre-understanding of the chosen subject is based on our own upbringing and experiences as we live in a socio-economically vulnerable area. The purpose of the study has been to gain a better understanding and to highlight some young people's perceptions and thoughts about their future and how different factors influence their future opportunities. This study has been conducted with a qualitative method, through semi-structured interviews and group interviews. The participants in this study are young people aged 18-27 years. The study's results show that the young people find that their residential area is segregated and separated from the rest of the society. They also state that their residential area facing problems with criminality and riots. But despite the problems they see their residential area as their home and they feel secure there. Society labeling, ethnicity and religion are factors that the youths feel may be an obstacle to their future.

  • 339.
    Månsson, Lovisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    ”Man blir liksom aldrig färdig”: En kvalitativ studie om hur pedagoger förhåller sig till planering utifrån läroplanen och ämnet svenska2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Den här uppsatsen handlar om pedagogens planering i grundskolan, årskurs 1–3. Planering är en viktig del i pedagogens arbete men det finns ändå inte så mycket forskning om hur konkretiseringen och planeringen av innehållet faktiskt går till. Den tidigare forskningen som finns (till exempel Rosenqvist 1995 och Johansson 2002) säger att tiden och elevinflytande är det viktigaste delarna inom pedagogernas planering. Tiden lyfts fram som problematiskt, då planeringen tar tid som egentligen inte finns. I den tidigare forskningen lyfts det även att elevernas tankar, intressen, och åsikter ska vägas in i planeringen och undervisningen. Syfte Syftet med studien är att undersöka pedagogers tankar om planering, främst utifrån ämnet svenska. Med planering avses här den tid som pedagoger använder till att planera undervisning. Metod Den metod som används i studien är fokusgruppsintervju. Intervjun genomfördes med sex verksamma pedagoger i årskurs 1–3 och två VFU-studenter och genomfördes på pedagogernas arbetsplats. Resultat Den data som samlades in bearbetades genom att delas in i olika teman. Dessa valdes utifrån återkommande nyckelord som togs upp av pedagogerna under flertal tillfällen under intervjun. Utifrån teman och nyckelord kunde jag dra slutsatsen att många faktorer styrde planering, till exempel tid, personaltillgång, erfarenhet, anpassning till elevernas individuella behov, önskemål om olika arbetsformer och kunskapskrav. Intervjun visade att flera pedagoger önskade ökad styrning men att man samtidigt såg behovet av stor flexibilitet.

  • 340.
    Mårdsjö Olsson, Ann-Charlotte
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Att lära andra lära: medveten strategi för lärande i förskolan2010 (ed. 1. uppl.)Book (Other academic)
  • 341.
    Mårdén, Björn
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Arbetsintegrerat lärande - bilder och motbilder2007Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 342.
    Mårdén, Björn
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health.
    Pragmatism som ett sätt att förstå arbetsintegrerat lärande2002Report (Other academic)
  • 343.
    Mårdén, Björn
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Theliander, Jan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Perspektiv på lärande i utbildning och arbetsliv2004In: Arbetsintegrerat lärande / [ed] Theliander, Jan, Grundén, Kerstin, Mårdén, Björn och Thång, Per-Olof, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2004, 1, p. 61-79Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 344.
    Namro, Natalie
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Lärares kompetensutveckling i arbetet med flyktingar: Kvalitativ studie av lärarnas lärande i arbetet med flyktingar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on teachers learning during a rapid change in the school. The number of refugee children has increased during the years 2014-2016 which has had consequences in schools (Diagrammet, bilaga 4; Migrationsverket, 2014; Migrationsverket, 2015; Migrationsverket, 2016a; Migrationsverket, 2016b).

    It has been more pressure on schools and teachers where they have more students but also newly arrived refugees. Therefore, it is interesting to study teachers' handling of the increased number of newly arrived refugees and if they develop professionally. The research questions used are: "What challenges teachers face because of the increased flow of unaccompanied refugee? What skills have they developed? ".

    The study used the theories of learning, change and skills. Learning as it is about teachers learning, change when there is a change and skills for dealing with teachers' competence and its development. There were found five studies the studies related to the dealing with various kinds of teachers' experiences of work with refugees. This is a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews on 7 teachers. The results were analyzed through thematic analysis, where it conducted a content analysis. This study is based on the use of the abductive research method because this study need both inductive and deductive research method.

    The study result in four categories of competencies that teachers considered important in the work with refugees, Social Ability, plan and prioritize, flexibility and didactics. These categories have sub categories where the first had genuine interest and responsiveness, relationship-building and humility and understanding. The second have no subcategories while the third have Language Development and cultural competence, the fourth category have patience and clarity. These sub categories were determined based on the respondents answers, of being responsive and genuinely interested in the students' current situation and their background. Important is also to listen the similarities and differences in the groups and focus on the humanitarian aspect when working with students especially children refugee. Language and culture knowledge is as important to be able to convey knowledge. Respondents emphasize that there is often a lack of time and therefore it is important to plan so that the lesson is structured and prioritize so that everyone gets as much help. Important is also flexibility, because the class is dynamic and knowledge levels are uneven which requires continuous adaption.

  • 345.
    Nehls, Eddy
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Epistemologi för ett arbetsintegrerat lärande2010In: Lärande i och för det nya arbetslivet / [ed] Lagrosen, Stefan, Lund Snis, Ulrika, Nehls, Eddy, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1, p. 275-293Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 346.
    Nehls, Eddy
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    How to grasp learning, in between2011In: Historic Challenges -  Global Solutions: Conference proceedings, Philadelphia June 14-17, 2011, 2011, p. 1-10Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Work-Integrated Learning (WIL), in a broad understanding of the concept, is here regarded as a process that takes place in between work, academia and society. This paper deals with this in between because it is an important yet often neglected area that can and should be taken in to consideration much more when one talks about WIL. Proposals for an epistemology (a theory of how knowledge is produced) that can be used to gain a better understanding of how to make use of this in between can be found in the writings of the French philosophers Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, where they argue for the importance of making a distinction between a discussion and a conversation. With inspiration from Deleuze and Guattari this paper puts forward understandings of what it means to think in terms of in between. Another important theme is the question of how to think of the world as an open ended process of becoming. The paper is also putting forward examples on how to create and mainta in in between spaces for learning, and how to organise and make visible the learning outcomes that are generated there. To make use of the concept of WIL I argue that it is important to regard it as a constant process of interaction and becoming. Equally important is it to understand that the actual outcome of this process, by definition, can’t be determined in advance! What this paper tries to do is to develop the theoretical foundation of WIL, and also disseminate the insight that WIL is, and must be regarded as an open ended process, based and dependent on the collaboration between different actors. In other words, for learning to occur in between, we need an epistemology that everyone understands and adheres.

  • 347.
    Netzel Carlson, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Selimovic, Jasmina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att hitta sig själv: om identitetsskapande hos ungdomar med utländsk bakgrund2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction:

    We have chosen to investigate how adolescents with a foreign background experience their identity building. As a theoretical frame of reference we have used the Theory of Symbolic Interactionism with George Herbert Mead and Erving Goffman as inspiration. The main concept in this essay is identity with culture and ethnicity as close entrenched concepts.

    Purpose:

    The purpose of this study is to examine and to describe how adolescents with a foreign background relate to, and create their identities in different cultural contexts.

    Method:

    To investigate how adolescents describe their identities we have used half-structured interviews. We chose to do a half-structured life-world interview in the form of a themed interview guide. We have interviewed six informants with the age of 16 to 20 years old that are born in Sweden by parents with a foreign background. In the analysis, we themed the empirical data for factors linked to the sense of belonging.

    Result:

    The study shows that the informants develop their socio-cultural identity in relation to other people in their environment. For adolescents with a foreign background, the availability of bilingualism is an opportunity to communicate with people belonging to different cultural contexts. An important asset is being able to speak the mother tongue, it makes adolescents aware of belonging and they can identify with their parents' culture. The adolescents feel a dual cultural affiliation, as they neither feel at home in Sweden or in their parents' homeland. They also feel categorized as immigrants of the community much because of their appearance and their names. The adolescents show that they have developed a kind of hybrid identity, or a third identity, characterized by the feeling to be himself in all situations, but with the ability to switch between different cultures. It also suggests that young people are experiencing a clash of cultures that divide them, when loyalty to the family and the desire to fit into society collide.

  • 348.
    Nielsen, Cecilia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Att finna sig själv i en skriftspråklig värld2006In: Läsning : medlemsblad för SCIRA - den svenska riksorganisationen för läsundervisning och läsforskning, ISSN 0349-9855, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 3-8Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 349.
    Nielsen, Cecilia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Att läsa och skriva: enskild färdighet och gemensam kunskap2011In: Konsten att navigera mellan individ och grupp: lärares uppdrag i skola, förskola och fritidshem / [ed] Nielsen, Cecilia, Malmö: Gleerups , 2011, 1. uppl., p. 133-150Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 350.
    Nielsen, Cecilia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Att organisera undervisning i klassrummet: ansvara och svara an2011In: Konsten att navigera mellan individ och grupp: lärares uppdrag i skola, förskola och fritidshem / [ed] Nielsen, Cecilia, Malmö: Gleerups , 2011, p. 45-66Chapter in book (Other academic)
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