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  • 301.
    Ali, Tara
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Gustavsson, Anna-Lena
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Distriktssköterskans erfarenhet av sin arbetssituation på vårdcentral2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The work done by the nurse at the primary health care center includes meeting with people of different ages and with different health problems and diseases. It is important that the work is carried out in a good environment. Former studies show that the workload for the district nurse has increased and become more stressful with threats and violence from patients who expect more treatment.

    Aim: To describe the district nurse's experiences of their work situation.

    Method: A qualitative interview study with eight district nurses working in primary health care in Sweden were interviewed. The data was analysed using a qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach.

    Results: Three main categories and nine subcategories were generated by the authors. The categories included: The content of a good day is when all the colleagues are present, and the timetable is good planned with enough work containing good meetings. When planning fails is the change of planning because of more patients and obstacles in communication skills. Experience of their environment is the impact of the physical environment such as good working environment and threatening environment.

    Conclusion: There was negative employment in the district nurses' work situation, but despite that, the experience was positive to work independently, make decisions and use their resources. They felt collegial support and it was important to know where to turn when things went wrong.

  • 302.
    Ali, Zana
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Webbtjänst för projektledare: ett stöd för ekonomiska uppskattningar2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 303.
    Alic, Emira
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Lärande och kompetensutveckling i arbetslivet: förskollärares syn på kompetensutveckling2008Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka vad förskollärare har för uppfattningar om kompetensutveckling. Detta är viktigt eftersom verksamhetens kvalitet är i hög utsträckning beroende av pedagogernas kompetens. Frågeställningarna i min undersökning är: hur ser pedagogerna på sin egen kompetensutveckling samt vilka möjligheter upplever pedagogerna att de har att utveckla sin kompetens? Jag har valt att göra en kvalitativ studie med intervju som forskningsmetod. I bearbetning och tolkning av resultatet har jag använt mig av två metoder för intervjuanalys - meningskoncentrering och meningskategorisering. Min analys och tolkning av förskollärarnas berättelser visar att det finns ett samband mellan hur förskollärarna uppfattade begreppet kompetens med vilka lärandeformer de själva prioriterar och lyfter fram som viktiga för kompetensutveckling. Min studie visar också att förskollärarna känner sig ganska nöjda med de möjligheter för kompetensutveckling som finns på deras arbetsplatser. Men det är viktigt att poängtera att de bedömde möjligheterna till formell kompetensutveckling högre än möjligheterna till informell kompetensutveckling.

  • 304.
    Alic, Majda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Hamid, Irsa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Matematikverkstäder: en kvalitativ studie om två pedagogiska verksamheters förhållningssätt till matematikverkstäder med laborativt material som arbetssätt2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det råder idag ett ointresse och okunskap kring ämnet matematik ute i skolverksamheten. Enligt en undersökning som utfördes av Europakommissionen framkom att intresset för matematik har minskat radikalt bland våra elever. Denna brist antas ha sin grund i elevernas bristande kunskaper och förståelse för ämnet. Som pedagog menar vi att stor vikt bör läggas på att stimulera eleverna för att då fånga deras intresse för matematiken. "Matte är kul när man fattar och tråkigt när man inte förstår" (Rystedt & Trygg, 2005, s. 1). I denna undersökning utforskas fenomenet matematikverkstad som ska syfta till att möjliggöra en varierande och stimulerande matematikundervisning.

    Syftet med denna studie är att närmre undersöka vad en matematikverkstad är, vad den har för funktion samt vilka för- respektive nackdelar verksamma pedagoger finner vid arbete i matematikverkstäder. I studien undersöker vi även hur pedagogerna på två olika skolor förhåller sig till bland annat bedömning gällande elevernas kunskaper vid undervisning i matematikverkstäderna.

    Studien bygger på en kvalitativ metod där vi har tillämpat intervjuer i två fokusgrupper. Intervjuerna utfördes på två olika skolor i Sverige. Samtliga pedagoger som medverkade i intervjuerna undervisade i ämnet matematik.

    Studien presenterar de olika pedagogernas tankar, förhållningssätt och erfarenheter vid arbete med laborativt material i matematikverkstäder

  • 305.
    Aliti, Albert
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    The Modern Colonizer: Travelling, Orientalism and Colonialism in Alex Garland's The Beach2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 306.
    Aliti, Albert
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Chukwuemeka, Jordan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Changes in English Language Textbooks in Relation to English as an International Language and Curricula for English in Swedish Upper Secondary School2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 307.
    Alizadeh Khameneh, Mohammad Amin
    et al.
    KTH.
    Eshagh, Mehdi
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Sjöberg, Lars E.
    KTH.
    Optimisation of Lilla Edet Landslide GPS Monitoring Network2015In: Journal of Geodetic Science, ISSN 2081-9919, E-ISSN 2081-9943, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 57-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the year 2000, some periodic investigations have been performed in the Lilla Edet region to monitor and possibly determine the landslide of the area with GPS measurements. The responsible consultant has conducted this project by setting up some stable stations for GPS receivers in the risky areas of Lilla Edet and measured the independent baselines amongst the stations according to their observation plan. Here, we optimise the existing surveying network and determine the optimal configuration of the observation plan based on different criteria.We aim to optimise the current network to become sensitive to detect 5 mm possible displacements in each net point. The network quality criteria of precision, reliability and cost are used as object functions to perform single-, bi- and multi-objective optimisation models. It has been shown in the results that the single-objective model of reliability, which is constrained to the precision, provides much higher precision than the defined criterion by preserving almost all of the observations. However, in this study, the multi-objective model can fulfil all the mentioned quality criteria of the network by 17% less measurements than the original observation plan, meaning 17%of saving time, cost and effort in the project.

  • 308.
    Alizadeh-Khameneh, Mohammad Amin
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Division of Geodesy and Satellite Positioning, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Eshagh, Mehdi
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mathematics, Computer and Surveying Engineering.
    Jensen, Anna O.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Division of Geodesy and Satellite Positioning, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Optimization of deformation monitoring networks using finite element strain analysis2018In: Journal of Applied Geodesy, ISSN 1862-9016, E-ISSN 1862-9024, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 187-197Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An optimal design of a geodetic network can fulfill the requested precision and reliability of the network, and decrease the expenses of its execution by removing unnecessary observations. The role of an optimal design is highlighted in deformation monitoring network due to the repeatability of these networks. The core design problem is how to define precision and reliability criteria. This paper proposes a solution, where the precision criterion is defined based on the precision of deformation parameters, i. e. precision of strain and differential rotations. A strain analysis can be performed to obtain some information about the possible deformation of a deformable object. In this study, we split an area into a number of three-dimensional finite elements with the help of the Delaunay triangulation and performed the strain analysis on each element. According to the obtained precision of deformation parameters in each element, the precision criterion of displacement detection at each network point is then determined. The developed criterion is implemented to optimize the observations from the Global Positioning System (GPS) in Skåne monitoring network in Sweden. The network was established in 1989 and straddled the Tornquist zone, which is one of the most active faults in southern Sweden. The numerical results show that 17 out of all 21 possible GPS baseline observations are sufficient to detect minimum 3 mm displacement at each network point. © 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.

  • 309.
    Alizadeh-Khameneh, Mohammad Amin
    et al.
    Division of Geodesy and Satellite Positioning, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Eshagh, Mehdi
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    Sjöberg, Lars
    Division of Geodesy and Satellite Positioning, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    The Effect of Instrumental Precision on Optimisation of Displacement Monitoring Networks2016In: Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica Hungarica, ISSN 1217-8977, E-ISSN 1587-1037, Vol. 51, no 4, p. 761-772Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to detect the geo-hazards, different deformation monitoring networks are usually established. It is of importance to design an optimal monitoring network to fulfil the requested precision and reliability of the network. Generally, the same observation plan is considered during different time intervals (epochs of observation). Here, we investigate the case that instrumental improvements in sense of precision are used in two successive epochs. As a case study, we perform the optimisation procedure on a GPS monitoring network around the Lilla Edet village in the southwest of Sweden. The network was designed for studying possible displacements caused by landslides. The numerical results show that the optimisation procedure yields an observation plan with significantly fewer baselines in the latter epoch, which leads to saving time and cost in the project. The precision improvement in the second epoch is tested in several steps for the Lilla Edet network. For instance, assuming two times better observation precision in the second epoch decreases the number of baselines from 215 in the first epoch to 143 in the second one.

  • 310.
    Alkan, Bahar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Skorup, Milica
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Frivillig IFRS: En möjlighet eller onödighet?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about why companies choose to voluntary introduce the international accounting framework IFRS. 2005 the EU adopted IFRS which resulted in companies that are listed are required to report according to the standards in IFRS while unlisted companies have the option to do it. There are different reasons why companies voluntary choose to introduce IFRS or not, reasons to introduce voluntary IFRS can be the size of the company or a require from the stakeholders. There are many positive effects of reporting under IFRS despite this there are also negative effects like the introduction are expensive. The purpose of this essay is about to find out which factors certified controller believes are behind voluntary introduction of IFRS. Certified controller is a profession with a great knowledge in accounting which made it relevant to interview them. To study the purpose of this essay a qualitative method were used while the research approach was inductive. To study which factors certified controller believe is behind voluntary IFRS interviews were used. The studies research question is like following: What are the motives for implementing voluntary IFRS for unlisted companies? In the analyses it can be concluded that the majority of the respondents believe that companies applying voluntary IFRS for example the fact that companies want to be listed. Agent costs, information asymmetry and external relations are three factors that according to previous researches has an impact on the accounting choices a company will make. All of the interviewees told us that agency costs were a significant cost because the cost can be high. External relations is a motive that this study shows does matter, for example it can be relevant to some companies to implement voluntary IFRS to get the chance to take a loan. Other affecting factors that contribute to the implementing of voluntary IFRS is the vision of the owner. The positive effect with implementing voluntary IFRS is greater comparability. Despite the benefits, this study shows that there are negative effects of IFRS. The implementing for example is expensive and report according to IFRS is complicated, also the staff are not always inclined to change with the introduction of a new system. The result of this essay shows that there are extern and intern motives to voluntary implementing IFRS. Despite this the essay shows that there are also affecting effects that arise when implicating the framework.

  • 311.
    Alkan, Bahar
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Skorup, Milica
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Investeringsprocess: En studie om investeringsprocessen i tillverkningsföretag2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats handlar om investeringsprocessens olika delar dvs. planeringen, genomförandet, beslutsunderlaget och uppföljningen av investeringar. Forskningsfrågorna utgörs av två frågor som handlar om hur investeringsprocessen ser ut från initiativ till verklighet och vilka faktorer som är mest väsentliga vid det slutgiltiga investeringsbeslutet. Uppsatsen avgränsas i syftet till företag som är verksamma inom tillverkningsbranschen. Detta är en bransch där det många gånger krävs en viss kapacitet i form av resurser som maskiner och dylikt för att kunna tillverka. Vidare är uppsatsen avgränsad till företag som inte klassificeras som stora företag dvs. färre än 250 anställda i samband med en omsättning som inte är större än 50 miljoner euro.

    Studien av investeringsprocessen har genomförs genom en kvalitativ metod som har inneburit en induktiv ansats där utrymme har getts åt tolkning. För att undersöka fenomenet har bland annat intervjuer via e-post skett, detta underlag är det som senare utgör empiriavsnittet och analyseras i analysavsnittet. Dem företag som slutligen har deltagit i uppsatsen är Trollhätteplast AB, Leröy Smögen Seafood AB och Sandflo Mekanik AB. Det visade sig att dem deltagande företagens investeringsprocess skiljde sig åt. Samtliga deltagande företag använde sig av någon sorts planering men det fanns inte en fullbordad kombination av investeringsplaneringar i samband med investeringar. Behovet av investeringar uppkom på likartade sätt inom samtliga företag dvs. ett upptäckt gap som behövs fyllas. Likaså var ansvarsfördelningen vid genomförandet av investeringar likartad. Vidare visade det sig att de avgörande faktorerna vid ett investeringsbeslut hade en sammankoppling med företagens affärsidé. En annan aspekt som var väsentlig vid investeringsbeslut är lönsamhet däremot framkom det att detta inte är den mest avgörande faktorn.

  • 312.
    Alkema, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lindberg, Madelene
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Feedback är en gåva,men vågar du ge den?: Fem chefers upplevelser kring användandet av feedback på arbetsplatsen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how leaders work with feedback as a toolin their management positions. Previous research has shown how feedback is usedwithin organizations to develop individuals' performance and behavior. Further,the introduction highlighted how there is not enough research regarding the experiences of working with feedback. The theory-section also stressed thatfeedback is a process for both the sender and the receiver. The sender's process is characterized by anxiety and fear which result in a presentation of less quality. The managers described the process for the receiver as influenced by personal characteristics which affect their perception. The informants consisted of five leaders, four men and one woman. These managers had different positions and geographical placements within the same company. Since this study aims to emphasize how these managers experience feedback, a qualitative study with semistructured interviews and thematic analysis was chosen. To an extent the result reflected the results of previous research and described how the senders' feedback process was characterized by fear in those cases where the managers were to present criticizing feedback. The informants pointed out that feedback was a gift since it promotes individual progress and therefore is something the receivershould be grateful for. Possibly, it is not the presentation of feedback that further needs to be developed but the receivers' openness and acceptance. This to have an allowing culture where the employees and not only the board, requests feedback.

  • 313.
    Alkvik, Johan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health.
    Bergstedt, Sofia
    University West, Department of Studies of Work, Economics and Health.
    IAS 39s påverkan på redovisningen av finansiella instrument2003Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 314.
    Alleborg, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Det sociala är ju goare än maten många gånger": En studie kring ytliga samtal och sociala gemenskaper för äldre.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to illustrate and analyze the occurrence and meaning of superficial conversation for senior citizens. The purpose was also to investigate what meaning superficial conversations can have regarding everyday life for the elderly and if it can contribute in creating social communities. Based on the objective of the study the following questions were formed: How can superficial conversations be described and what can be conveyed in these conversations? Of what importance is the place in creating superficial conversation? How can superficial conversation in conjunction with the place contribute to establishing social communities for the elderly? The study has a qualitative approach and the scientifically theoretical standpoint is critical realism. The empirical material has been gathered from a municipally driven diner. Seven participating observations has been conducted, where around four informal interviews have been conducted for every observation session. Furthermore four formal interviews were conducted; these have been qualitative interviews; a combination of semistructured and unstructured interviewing. Field notes were taken in conjunction to the observations and all formal interviews have been transcribed. The respondents are men in the ages 40-90 years old, living alone in private properties. The results of the study demonstrates that there are developed social relations at the restaurant which can be categorized as thin ties. The results also display how these social relations are expressed and the meaning of these thin ties in relation to the place. The results have been analyzed in relation to the studies theoretical framework and previous research. The conclusion is that the superficial conversation has a deeper meaning as a means for the elderly to create social communities. It also shows that the place is important, both in itself but also in conjunction with superficial conversation to help create these communities. The place is a contributing factor in the development of thin ties and superficial conversation nourishes this development and keeps these social relations alive. An increased understanding regarding the importance of superficial conversation would facilitate the social pedagogical work for finding new ways of preventing social exclusion and in the development of social meeting places for elderly people.

  • 315.
    Allenby, Ulrika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Ydenius, Josefin
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Duger du som mamma: En studie av bilder och föreställningar om moderskap2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we have had as purpose to analyze the discourse about motherhood as it shows in media which appeal to mothers. This is in order to get an understanding about standards and valuations existing in today´s community concerning what it means to be a mother. The paper´s empiric material consists of the magazine Mama, which appeal to mothers with children younger than 12 years of age. We have with the help of an attempt of a discourse analysis analyzed how the motherhood discourse is reproduced and constructed in the material, and we can in our analysis see that it in the magazine is conveyed a message about what a mother "is" and "should" be. It is even evident that in the material there are pictures and texts where the mother has the basic responsibility for the children and for the home, and that these pictures strengthen the motherhood discourse. They become an accordingly normative ideal for mothers to endeavor. We also see in our analysis that there is a conception that a woman is expected to fulfil and balance different roles in many fields, as an example you should be able to combine being a good mother, career woman and a wife at the same time. And it is very important to be a great success in all these fields

  • 316.
    Allert, Ida
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Komponentavskrivning av byggnader i kommuner: Implementeringsprocessen och dess svårigheter.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Prior fiscal year 2014 an explicit requirement for component depreciation for fixed assets was introduced in Swedish municipalities by the standard setting body Council for Municipal Accounting (CMA). The requirement has largely been introduced due to increased harmonization with the municipal companies. Recommendations from the Council is a principle-based regulatory system, which means that municipalities may make their own interpretations of less detailed rules. This could result in different interpretations of the requirement for component depreciation among the municipals. This could possibly lead to reduced comparability.

    The purpose of the study was to gain a better understanding for how municipalities one year after the requirement for component depreciation was introduced, have interpreted the requirement of component depreciation of buildings, and what difficulties encountered in the implementation process. Furthermore, the aim was also to examine whether the comparability is reduced by the introduction, where there are no specific rules for the classification of components to be made.

    The study was based on a qualitative approach, and personal interviews were conducted with respondents from four municipalities in western Sweden. The theory underlying the study was based primarily from institutional theory, which emphasizes the processes of change in organizations, and why organizations tend to resemble each other.

    The results of the study showed that a few municipalities began the component depreciation method. However, the municipalities will probably use a similar component model as they use information and guidance from the same regulatory body in the working process of component depreciation. The main difficulties that the municipalities generally experiencing is primarily the lack of guidance in the interpretation of the recommendations and how detailed the component depreciation should be. That half of the municipalities have not begun component depreciation in time can possibly be explained by the budget priorities that generally have been superior to accounting principles in Swedish municipalities, but also indicate that the municipalities want to avoid costly mistakes and awaiting responses from other municipalities. It can also be explained by the resistance that occurred in a single municipality. This can partly be explained by that it is generally considered more difficult to implement a change that does not go against the established rules and practices of an organization, but also of the municipal specific uniqueness where the budget plays a major role. The municipalities are also looking much on how other municipalities have handled the issue, which should result in similar models and decrease the risk of reduced comparability.

  • 317.
    Allert, Ida
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    The knowing doing gap: En studie av de bakomliggande orsakerna till det gap som råder mellan unga kvinnors attityd och beteende till hållbart mode2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka de bakomliggande faktorerna bakom det gap som finns mellan unga svenska kvinnors attityd och handling till hållbart mode. Detta undersöks med litteraturen som utgångspunkt och en enkätundersökning. Tidigare studier visar att unga kvinnor anser sig värna om miljö och människor men dessa goda intentioner översätts inte i handling. Resultatet bekräftar tidigare studier samt de orsaker som antas ligga bakom. Studien visar att de bakomliggande faktorerna till det gap som råder mellan unga kvinnors attityd och handling vad gäller hållbart mode framför allt är bristen på utbud, information, okunskap, en begränsad ekonomi samt psykiska faktorer som välbefinnande av att handla snygga kläder och ett starkt begär av det senaste modet. Studien visar även att unga kvinnor inspirerar varandra och därför också påverkar varandras beteende

  • 318.
    Allgurén, Olivia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Patama, Sanna
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering and Natural Sciences.
    Securing the just-in-time delivery for the after-market: Study at Volvo car customer service2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis has been performed at Volvo Car Customer Service in Gothenburg, Sweden. The output from the study will support Volvo to secure the Just-In-Time delivery of referrals for the after-market. The scope was limited to referrals from pre-planned orders, which occurs when there is no availability in the distribution centre where the orders were placed.

    Volvo's main warehouse in Europe is the Central Distribution Centre, which process referrals. The warehouse had an ongoing organisational change during this study. The concern was that the change would not lead to optimal conditions for processing referrals for different markets. It was therefore important to preserve the market knowledge in order to maintain a reliable referral service.

    A qualitative study was used and the information was gathered primarily through semi-structured interviews. Literature was studied both initially and continuously through the study. Analyse of the literature, current situation and data collection generated ideas for possible ways of securing the referral process and improvements. Benchmarking and Workshop was also performed in order to obtain further ideas.

    The result of this study was an information material containing information about all concerned markets, overview of referral flow and information regarding how the Central Distribution Centre needs to print referrals. The proposals suggested for future work were explained in long- and short-term. The short-term suggestions include use of the developed material in order to preserve the knowledge along with providing correct working conditions. For long-term suggestions focus has been on how to reduce or remove the printing problem. For future work Volvo Car Customer Service should consider these proposals in order to secure and improve the referral service.

  • 319.
    Alléus, Jonas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Dalin, Patrik
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Vass, Sebastian
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Industrial Engineering and Management, Electrical- and Mechanical Engineering.
    Planering av laddstationer vid flerbostadshus2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sales of electric vehicles grow annually which increases the need for charging stations on parking lots at apartment houses. This report explore both the technical and the economical aspects of electric car charging for Stenungsundshem. The types of electric cars available on the market that can be charged by energy from the electric power network is the Plug-in hybrid and the electric car. The most common type on the market is the Plug-in hybrid which is driven by an electric motor and an internal combustion engine. The electric car is only driven by an electric motor. Charging times for electric cars depend on if the charging station is designed with normal charging or fast charging. For home charging, normal charging is the most common type of charging where the car is fully charged after six to ten hours. The connection between charging stations and cars can be made by different types of connectors. The European standard is the Type 2 connector. Safety is very important when charging electric cars, Therefore, charging stations have been divided into four different safety modes. Safety modes differ depending on the type of communication available between the charging station and the car. Mode 3 is the standardized mode in the Nordic countries. Charging of electric cars can result in power peaks which the main fuse must be dimensioned for. Power peaks can be reduced by using some type of load balancing system where available power during the day is distributed between charging stations to keep the power consumption below rated power. Terms of how charging is done and installation of charging station must be in compliance with Ellagen. For easier compliance and clarification of Ellagen standards and regulations should be used. In this project cable dimensioning by power requirements for different amounts of charging stations has been made, PEX insulated aluminum cable is exclusively used within the project. The market of charging stations is explored to look at different solutions and costs for charging stations and routing of cables. The best option for Stenungsundshem is currently to install two charging station for charging outlets to four parking spaces. Contributions like “Klimatklivet” can reduce total costs of investments for charging stations and cable routing with up to 50%.

  • 320.
    Alm, Helén
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Strategisk Talent Management: Strategier för att behålla sina vassaste medarbetare2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Competence is a very important part of organizations to ensure that the organization has the right kind of skills to meet the demands. Recruitment of new employees is very costly and it is therefore important to retain the employees in the organization. A special form of careerplanning for those who are high-potentials in the organizations is called Talent management. The purpose of the study was to contribute knowledge about how Talent management can be a strategic part of the organizations and to bring high-potentials to remain in the organization. To study this, I did a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews. Talent management can be a strategic part of the organizations' work and is a common HR activity in organizations. The study shows that high-potentials remains in an organization when they have a challenging job that involves a lot of responsibility, they feel that they have the trust of his boss, they have a good opportunity for career development and they have a good working environment. The study also shows that as head of a talent, it is important to give employees feedback and praise, have conversations regarding career planning, let employees work with what they are good at and give the employees motivated by getting more tasks and more responsibility.

  • 321.
    Alm, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Miller, Klara
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Det dagliga livet efter att ha drabbats av en stroke: en litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: People that suffer from stroke become a regular patient category in hospitals. A severe change in the patient's living situation occurs both physically, mentally and socially. A stroke can cause physical as well as cognitive impairments. When patients lose their physical ability it often leads to a sense of loss. The disability prevents the stroke survivors from living as before and they feel they are no longer in control of their lives.

    Aim: To describe patient's experiences of performing activities of daily living after a stroke.

    Method: Method of contributing to evidence-based nursing based on analysis of qualitative research.

    Results: The result is described in two main themes: being physically limited and being psychosocially limited. Patients described traumatic and emotional experiences when they were not able to control their body and suddenly became dependent on nursing. Nurses have an important role in making the patient involved in nursing care to facilitate the patient's sense of dignity. The patients had difficulty processing their feelings after the stroke and they felt worried about the future. Social relations could be adversely affected when cognitive impairments prevented the patients and they felt sorrow when their future plans changed dramatically.

    Conclusion: Patients affected by stroke were in an exposed situation. They perceived that their changed body affected them both emotionally and existentially and they had trouble accepting their functional difficulties. Everyday life became complex because of the complications after the stroke.

  • 322.
    Almahdawi, Shahad
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Computer, Electrical and Surveying Engineering.
    The impact of using touch technology in elementary education2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Before the touch-sensitive screen technology invented and being widely used all over the world, the education process was limited to three main points, the student, the teacher and the subject. Now the touch-sensitive screen is quickly becoming the fourth point that supports the education process.

    The aim of this project is to define the role of touch technology on education, and to check how the process has changed using new materials. The project will mainly analyse the impact of those devices in primary schools, age 6 – 12 years and their teachers.

    The report is divided into three main parts, the first part is to examine the effect of touch devices on the student, the second part related to the impact of these devices on the teacher and the third part will investigate how the touch technology influences the educational material. In the report I will also try to highlight the most important pros and cons of this technology, and also to highlight the most important flaws and shortcomings of using the devices in this area to make use of this useful technology.

    The study will also show how the results differ using such devices, outcomes including doing homework, working together in groups, communicating with other students and teachers.

  • 323.
    Almardoud, Nour
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Identifying the Potentials for Moving from Manual to Automated Systems2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Parker Hannifin Manufacturing Sweden AB is an international company with manufactory sites all around the world. The site in Trollhättan is part of the Pump & Motor Division Europe. The Factory has worked a lot with automating the manufacturing section. Many robots are implemented in the factory to produce the simple parts which need to be assembled to interduce the last product. Parker are now interested in starting the process of automating the assembly stations for the 3 products they produce in this site. The three products are Truck pumps, fixed and variable displacement pumps (LBP), variable hydraulic motors (VM) and fixed hydraulic motors (FM). Each one of the three types has different sizes and different series.

    This work focuses on analysing the current system which consists of seven assembly station, 101, 102, 201, 202, 203, 301 and 302. After analysing the current system, a work on finding the potentials for moving from manual to semi-or automated stations for each station is presented. Seven potentials were found. The first potential which handle a bout a central pressing robot cell is a common potential for all the stations, and the other potentials are for each station separately. Testing and validation for all the potentials where the automation can be implemented and started with, the cycle time for the operations and the productivity, the workspace and material handling in addition to the level of the ergonomics for these stations.

    The complexity of these solutions, the advantages and disadvantages and a safety analyses are also presented. And how to optimize the current system for reaching a high level of automation is discussed.

  • 324.
    Almgård, Johanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Samhällskunskapsämnets Janusansikte: En kvalitativ studie om hur samhällskunskapslärare på gymnasiet betonar aktualiteter i undervsiningen2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna ämnesdidaktiska uppsats ämnar jag belysa hur samhällskunskapslärare betonar aktualiteter inom sin undervisning. Detta sker genom intervjuer med sex samhällskunskapslärare, samtliga verksamma inom kommunala gymnasieskolor i Västra Götalandsregionen. Uppsatsens empiriska material inhämtades under hösten 2016.

    Gymnasielärarens roll som både pedagog och myndighetsutövare tar sin utgångspunkt i transformation och realisering av styrdokument (läro- och kursplaner). Beroende på hur lärare tolkar kunskapsuppdraget utmynnar undervisningen på skilda sätt. Detta förfarande är att betrakta, i termer av Lipsky (2010), såsom att närbyråkraten ständigt står inför olika dilemman i sin service till medborgarna. Även om läraren skall förhålla sig sakligt och vidare beakta myndigheters beslut genomsyras lärarprofessionen ändock av diskrepans. Dessa avvikelser synliggörs i samhällskunskapslärares förhållningssätt till aktualiteter inom undervisning och utmärks av en dubbelhet. Lärare som upplever sig fria i relation till styrdokument blickar mot framtiden och ger uttryck för att "världen anpassar sig till ämnet samhällskunskap". Emellertid påvisar lärare som känner sig mer styrda ett regredierande förhållningssätt gentemot eleverna och ger ett minskat utrymme åt aktualiteter.

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att bidra med ökad kunskap om hur samhällskunskapslärare lägger betoning på aktualiteter. Detta sker genom ett nedslag i en aktuell händelse som karaktäriseras likt en komplex och värdeladdad fråga. Min ambition är således att rikta ljuset mot terrororganisationen IS/Daesh inom en undervisningskontext, vilken också fyller funktionen att bistå uppsatsen som ett fall inom kunskapsområdet aktualiteter i ämnet samhällskunskap på gymnasiet.

    Tillvägagångssättet för uppsatsen sker genom en kvalitativ semi-strukturerad intervjumetod av sex samhällskunskapslärare på gymnasiet. Studien är av beskrivande karaktär, varför fokus riktas mot samhällskunskapslärarnas beskrivning av deras undervisning om aktualiteter. Studien sker inom en småskalig nivå och fokuserar på några få beskrivningar av vad som bör ses likt ett samhälleligt fenomen – IS/Daesh. I uppsatsen ämnar jag synliggöra hur lärare talar om IS/Daesh som en aktualitet. För att kunna identifiera lärarnas angreppsätt används en antagonistisk diskursanalys som inhämtats av Ernesto Laclau och Chantal Mouffes diskursteori.

  • 325.
    Almgård, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Asklund, Fabian
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Skrapar man lite på ytan, så kanske det är en liten smygrasist där": En kvalitativ studie om samhällskunskapslärares reflektioner av demokrati- och värdegrundsuppdraget i relation till Sverigedemokraterna2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Studien som baseras på intervjuer undersöker samhällslärares syn på värdegrunden, Sverigedemokraterna och deras emotioner kring detta. Den innefattar fyra lärare som arbetar på gymnasieskolor och undervisar i ämnet samhällskunskap. Studien undersöker lärarnas tankar och förståelse av värdegrunden och Sverigedemokraterna samt hur lärare arbetar med frågor som kan sammankopplas med ovanstående. Svaren analyseras med hjälp av Martha Nussbaums emotionsteori för att se om emotioner går att avläsa och hur dessa i så fall uppkommer och därmed påverkar läraren i demokrati- och värdegrundsarbetet i relation till fallet Sverigedemokraterna. I uppsatsen sker ett bidrag genom en didaktisk reflektion av lärarnas syn på demokratiutbildning.

    Teori: För att få teoretiskt stöd i svaren kring värdegrunden och Sverigedemokraterna används Martha Nussbaums teori om emotioner och värdeomdömen. Vi har valt ut fyra emotioner ur hennes teori för att se om vi kan avläsa dessa i lärarnas svar. Dessa är medkänsla, kärlek, avsmak och rädsla. För att skapa större förståelse för lärarnas syn på läraruppdraget och synen på demokrati samt vilka demokratiska värderingar som lärarna förmedlar till elever appliceras Biestas (2006) diskussioner om tre utbildningsteorier.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur samhällskunskapslärare på gymnasiet reflekterar kring demokrati- och värdegrundsuppdraget i relation till det politiska partiet Sverigedemokraterna.

    Metod: Kvalitativ metod med semi-strukturerade samtalsintervjuer där studiens material har inhämtats via samtalsintervjuer med fyra samhällslärare i Västra Götalandsregionen.

    Resultat: Vi kunde avläsa emotionerna medkänsla, kärlek, avsmak och rädsla i samhällskunskapslärarnas reflektioner om skolans värdegrund och Sverigedemokraterna. Emotionerna är avgörande i lärarnas förhållningssätt till värdegrunden och Sverigedemokraterna. Lärarna tillämpar både utbildning för demokrati och utbildning genom demokrati. Dock nås aldrig en politisk konception av den demokratiska personen, eftersom att lärarna inte tillåter alla elevers handlingar i praktiken. Orsaken till detta handlar främst om att elevernas handlande står i strid med värdegrunden och grundläggande demokratiska värden.

  • 326.
    Almqist, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lindvall, Pia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Vart tog läslusten vägen: En kvalitativ studie om hur grundskolelärare ser på förhållandet mellan läslust och läsutveckling2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att beskriva och problematisera hur lärare ser på förhållandet mellan läslust och läsutveckling. Utifrån detta syfte har vi formulerat tre forskningsfrågor. Den första handlar om hur lärare ser på läslust. Här har vi utgått ifrån deras egen bakgrund samt om de menar att läslust går att påverka eller inte. Utifrån hur lärarna ser på läslust har vi sedan en forskningsfråga om vilka samband de ser mellan läslust och läsutveckling. Att främja en god läsutveckling bör vara det huvudsakliga arbetet när det gäller läsning. Vi undersöker i studien hur viktig lärarna anser att läslusten är för att främja en positiv utveckling. För att besvara denna forskningsfråga behövde vi ta reda på vilka arbetssätt och arbetsformer lärare anser öka elevernas läslust. Detta genom att be lärarna berätta om vilka aktiviteter de tycker ger en positiv upplevelse av läsning och därmed främjar en god läslust. För att utföra undersökningen valde vi en kvalitativ metod, där vi använde oss av Kvales (1997) modell för att, utifrån forskningsfrågorna, formulera intervjufrågor. Studien har bestått av fem intervjuer med lärare i årskurserna 1 – 3.

    Resultatet av studien visar att begreppet läslust kan definieras på olika sätt. Detta leder till att förhållandet mellan läslust och läsutveckling också tolkas på olika sätt av de deltagande lärarna. Det framkommer att läslust enligt några lärare har med yttre motivation att göra medan andra är inriktade på att eleverna behöver finna en inre motivation för att uppleva läslust. De skillnader som antyds angående sambandet mellan läslust och läsutveckling synliggörs vid diskussion kring lämpliga arbetssätt och vid tolkning av vilka centrala delar lärarna lägger fokus på under intervjuerna. Trots att alla lärare kan ge exempel på lämpliga arbetssätt för att skapa läslust och ge förutsättningar för god läsutveckling finns det hos några en grundtanke i att läsning främst handlar om att eleverna ska kunna läsa tyst på egen hand. I arbetet problematiserar vi hur lärare framhåller att detta läsande blir både lustfyllt och utvecklande

  • 327.
    Almqvist, Angelica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nadj, Sanna
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Leder invandring till ekonomiska förluster?: Hur arbetskraftinvandringen påverkar Sveriges ekonomi2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has a history of labor migration since the World War II. The migration structure has however changed over the last decades and contains a greater number of refugees. The purpose of this paper is to examine the issue of labor migration on the economic growth in Sweden. Also throughout the study we will investigate whether Sweden needs labor migration to meet the needs of the labor market. With this study we want to create a discussion that could provide a greater understanding to the impact of labor migration. The time period in this study extends from 1970 to 2014. A Panel Vector autoregressive model (VAR) will be used to analyze the relationship between labor migration and economic growth. By support of previous research, a theoretical discussion and a comparison of results regarding labor migrations effect on the economic growth will be carried out. In the study we can deduce a positive impact on the Swedish economic growth of the immigration. The variable immigration does however not only take the labor migration into account, which can lead to a deceptive result, because the impact of all immigration is captured in this variable. In the analysis of the result we can interpret that immigration does not displace domestic labor, because of the positive impact of immigration on the employment rate.

  • 328.
    Almqvist, Charlotte
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Zell, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Spinning? Du menar väl springning?: En kvalitativ studie om elevers utvecklande av läsförståelse i matematik med hjälp avTalk Moves2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Lässtrategier för textuppgifter i matematik skiljer sig från andra typer av texter då de består av siffror och symboler som behöver tolkas och översättas. Det har visat sig att elever redan i tidiga skolår utvecklar felaktiga lässtrategier för textuppgifter i matematik och att dessa tenderar att följa elever genom deras fortsatta skolgång. Forskning visar att undervisning av lässtrategier inom matematik kan fördjupa elevers läsförståelse och att dessa med fördel kan utvecklas i en social kontext. Ett samtalsverktyg som kan användas i ett sådant sammanhang är Talk Moves där elevers tankar och idéer står i fokus.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka och beskriva hur Talk Moves kan hjälpa elever att utveckla lässtrategier för att kunna tolka textuppgifter i matematik samt vilka moves som är användbara för att ge elever möjlighet att förstå textuppgifter i matematik.

    Metod: Studien är kvalitativ och empirin insamlades under tre observationer där vi intog rollerna som både deltagande observatör och som observerande deltagare. Den deltagande observatören ledde lektionerna med eleverna och den observerande deltagaren använde två olika observationsscheman och observerade vilka Talk Moves som användes samt elevernas kroppsspråk och gester. Samtliga observationer spelades in med hjälp av ljudupptagning.

    Resultat: Studiens resultat visar att Talk Moves är användbart för att hjälpa eleverna att utveckla lässtrategier. Däremot visade det sig att textuppgifternas utformning påverkade i vilken utsträckning Talk Moves var effektivt att använda för att utveckla lässtrategier. Uppgifternas utformning påverkade dessutom samtalets karaktär och inverkade därigenom på hur väl eleverna kunde förstå textuppgifterna. Det visade sig att moves från samtliga mål var användbara för att hjälpa eleverna skapa förståelse för textuppgifter i matematik.

  • 329.
    Almqvist, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Lindvall, Pia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Standardalgoritmer eller skriftlig huvudräkning: en empirisk studie kring två vanliga beräkningsmetoder2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrunden för studien är den diskussion som sedan länge funnits kring standardalgoritmer. Frågan är om standardalgoritmerna främjar elevernas matematiska utveckling eller inte. Inom skolan har denna beräkningsmetod används i varierande utsträckning genom åren, från att vara självklar till att ifrågasättas totalt och näst intill uteslutas från undervisningen i skolan. Studiens syfte är att ta reda på vilken av de skriftliga beräkningsmetoderna skriftlig huvudräkning och standardalgoritmer som elever har lättast för vid beräkning av tvåsiffriga tal inom addition och subtraktion, samt vilken metod de föredrar att använda. I anslutning till detta är syftet också att ta reda på i vilken utsträckning lärarens perspektiv har betydelse för elevernas resultat och vilken metod de föredrar. För att undersöka detta innehåller studien ett elevtest med matematikuppgifter som beräknas med hjälp av de två aktuella metoderna samt en enkät och en lärarintervju. Resultatet av dessa undersökningar visar att den aktuella klassen har lättast för att beräkna matematikuppgifter med hjälp av standardalgoritmer och att det främst är subtraktion med växling som eleverna har svårt för. Enkäterna visar också att det är standardalgoritmerna som förespråkas av eleverna, vilket stämmer överens med testresultatet. Klassens lärare förespråkar också standardalgoritmer men har arbetat med båda metoderna i klassen. Läraren har arbetat mer aktivt med standardalgoritmer i klassrummet, vilket gör att eleverna har fått mer träning i att använda standardalgoritmer, vilket kan vara en förklaring till att eleverna har större förtrogenhet för den metoden. Elevernas testresultat kan genom detta test inte ge en korrekt bild av vilken metod som är lättast för elever generellt, utan visar främst att dessa elever har betydligt större förtrogenhet för standardalgoritmer. Testresultaten kan bero på hur mycket tid som lagts ner på respektive metod, men det är också möjligt att standardalgoritmerna är en enklare metod.

  • 330.
    Almqvist, Fanny
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    En longitudinell studie av goodwill sedan införandet av IFRS 3 och IAS36: Har nedskrivningar utförts och på vilka grunder vilar dess beslut2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Goodwill is a complex and discussed accounting area. This because of the difficulty in defining what goodwill is, no clear common method for managing the asset has been found and that they are now based on interpretations, assessments and estimates. Previous research that writes about goodwill and the standards IFRS 3 and IAS 36 addresses the difficulties with the information of requirements, the definition of goodwill, difficulties with the standards and also the impairments during the first years since the introduction of the standards. However, there is no longitudinal study between the years 2005-2018, which looks at companies that apply the accounting standards to see if impairments have been made since the introduction. The purpose of this longitudinal study is to investigate and map whether companies that apply IFRS 3 and IAS 36 handle goodwill and any impairment testing, but also what reasons may be behind an impairment. The research questions are:

     Have impairments been made since the introduction of IFRS 3 and IAS 36?

     What is the reasons why impairments are or are not made?

    The theory discusses how impairment testing of goodwill is made, the difficulties with impairments and criticisms of the accounting standards. The keywords used are: goodwill, IAS 36, IFRS 3, impairment, negative, reasons and why. To obtain empirical data, a longitudinal study has been conducted by fourteen company's annual reports for seven years. The time period is between 2005-2018 and the companies have been selected based on a list from an article in Avanza. The empirical evidence shows that impairments have been made and with how much. It also addresses how impairment assessments are made and what the reason for an impairment or not. The analysis discusses the answers from the empirical data based on the presented theory, where previous research sees that few impairments are made and that the information about goodwill is scarce in the annual reports. The conclusion for the study is that impairments have been made and this, for example, due to changed market conditions and divestments. Difficulties are also raised with the impairment tests.

  • 331.
    Almqvist, Gunilla
    University West, Department of Technology.
    Lathund för val av förband mellan transformator och ställverk2002Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 332.
    Almqvist, Karolina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Karlsson, Pernilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Det ska va gôtt å leva: En studie om betydelsen av att delta i en framtidsverkstad2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 333.
    Almqvist, Lina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Lyckhage, Linda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att skämmas över sitt barn: Föräldrars upplevelse av att leva med barn med självskadebeteende2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Mental illness is a growing problem in society and is increasingly seen in younger people. Deliberate self-harm is seen as a complication of mental illness. Self-harm means that people intentionally injure themselves as a habit and with more or less severe de-gree, but with no intention to take their own life. Aim: The aim of the study is to illustrate parents’ experiences of their child’s deliberate self-harm behavior. Method: A literature-based study based on analysis of ten qualitative articles. Results: The results are presented in three main themes and ten subthemes. The first main theme is "A roller coaster of feelings", with three subthemes "First battle", "Feelings of guilt and shame" and "Anxiety and fear". The second main theme is "Parenthood and family rela-tionship" with four subthemes "Changing positions of power", "Parents in conflict", "Not being enough as a parent" and "A changed relationship". The last main theme is "Parents ex-perience of support" with three subthemes "The insufficient support", "Feeling seen" and "To get support from the surroundings". Conclusion: Health care professionals need to create a good relationship with both parents and patients, which can be done by meeting the parents' feelings and being responsive.

  • 334.
    Almroth, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Gustavsson, Sarah
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    "Killar och tjejer gör det nog på lite olika sätt": En kvalitativ studie kring hur gymnasieelever upplever tillit och förtroende gentemot skolpersonal2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tillit och förtroende är ett aktuellt ämne i dagens samhällsdebatt. Tillit och förtroende benämns som viktiga komponenter för att samhället ska fortsätta utvecklas. Tillitsnivån ute i Europa anses vara låg medan vi i Norden har hög tillit till den offentliga sektorn. Sverige har höga tillitssiffror men tillitsnivån sjunker bland yngre. Ungdomar spenderar mycket tid i skolan och dess tillit och förtroende till skolpersonal visas vara låg.

    Syftet med studien är att beskriva hur tilliten och förtroendet mellan gymnasieelever och skolans personal upplevs ur elevernas perspektiv.

    Studien har använt en kvalitativ ansats där fokusgruppsintervjuer genomförts med fyra klasser på en gymnasieskola i södra Sverige. Det var tre yrkesförberedande klasser samt en studieförberedande klass. Vidare har en analys genomförts på resultatet med forskning och intersektionell teori. Med stöd av den intersektionella teorin diskuteras skärningspunkterna mellan de olika kategorier som framgick som betydelsefulla för elevernas upplevelser av tillit och förtroende för skolans personal.

    Resultatet visade att tillit och förtroende av eleverna beskrivs som något ömsesidigt, att båda parter har ett gemensamt mål, samt att eleverna upplever att tilliten är högre om skolpersonal är personlig. Analysen visade att kategorier som ålder, kön och klass har en avgörande betydelse för huruvida eleven upplever tillit och förtroende i skolan.

  • 335.
    Almroth, Madelene
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mällinen, Laila
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att vara frisk, så länge man är frisk, då känns det okej!: En kvalitativ livskvalitetsstudie bland äldre boende i särskilt boende2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine elderly´s, residents of nursing homes, feeling and experience of their own Quality of Life by examining their sense of well-being, satisfaction and happiness. The questions for this study was "What promotes and prevents the feeling and the experience of Quality of Life in elderly", "In what context and with whom perceive elderly high Quality of Life" and "How has the feeling and perception of Quality of Life changed after they moved to a nursing home". The choice of terms, well-being, satisfaction and happiness, has been made from Bengt Brüldes mixed Quality of Life theory. The Study is thus based on Brüldes theory ant thoughts about life and how Quality of Life can be examined.

    The study has a qualitative approach, in which semi-structured interviews were conducted with six elderly living in nursing homes in a small community. The analysis was done according to DePoy and Gitlins four thought and action processes of qualitative analysis. An inductive approach was used where categories, taxonomies and themes were picked up. The categories that emerged were primarily health, meaningful relationships and social interaction with others. Other categories that emerged were help/support, security/unsecurity, economy and humility.

    The study shows similar results to previous research projects nationally and internationally. The similarities that emerged is that good health is a contributing factor to an increased feeling and perception of Quality of Life, but also the importance of close and good relationships with family and friends. Furthermore, informants raised the importance of good living conditions so as economy. Nevertheless informants lift the importance of extracurricular activities but also past experience of life. What emerged as the most interesting in the analysis is our interpretation of the elderly as humble, which can affect their sense and experience of their own Quality of Life if their humbleness affect their ability to ask for help and support.

    Due to the findings of the study we are of the meaning that its of importance in social work with elderly to maintain and promote the feeling and perception of Quality of Life among elderly living in nursing homes. This is based on the analysis where our interpretation suggests that elderly's humility may affect their feeling and experience of individual Quality of Life negatively.

  • 336.
    Almstedt,, Mattias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Gren, Gabriella
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Spara på dom djävla flingorna åt Hitler ifall han skulle komma tillbaka!": En ideologikritisk analys av serieromanen Maus2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund. I årskurserna 7–9 ska eleverna arbeta med olika texter samt olika estetiska uttrycksformer. I detta examensarbete ska en serieroman analyseras utifrån Kukkonens (2013) analysverktyg med ett ideologikritiskt perspektiv. Då bilderna många gånger uttrycker mer än vad läsaren kan ta till sig vid en första anblick, är det därmed av vikt att ha vetskap om detta samt verktyg för att kunna läsa och analysera bilder och/eller bildsekvenser.

    Syfte: Syftet är att analysera serieromanen Maus utifrån en ideologikritisk modell för att synliggöra de strukturer och anledningar bakom de konflikter Vladek hamnar i med sonen Art. 

    Metod: Utifrån Kukkonens (2013) analytiska verktyg har vi även lagt ett ideologikritiskt perspektiv och format verktygen för att passa vårt ändamål. Istället för att göra en analys av hela boken belyser vi särskilda passager, bildsekvenser, som är intressanta utifrån vårt syfte och vår frågeställning.

    Resultat: Vi fann att Vladek många gånger tydligt visar hur hans upplevelser format honom och hans beteende. Konflikterna mellan honom och sonen Art grundar sig många gånger i att de inte fullt ut förstår varandra. Även om de delar många övertygelser blir den stora skillnaden att de har väldigt olika kunskaper och erfarenheter. Vladek är en överlevare och har formats till det under kriget, något som han sedan försöker uppfostra Art till att också vara. 

  • 337.
    Almtén, Christine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Hallberg, Sara
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Individers upplevelse av att leva med kolorektalcancer efter genomförd behandling2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background Colorectal cancer is the third most common form of cancer among men and women in Sweden. The disease is shown to have a higher incidence among older individuals. Recent studies showed that the individuals may ignore their symptoms. To make a choice in what treatment to go for individuals got support from family and friends. With the focus on getting through the treatment. Understanding the individual's experience of living with colorectal cancer is important for the nurse profession. The nurse roll is to inform, support, care for these individuals and give a person-centered care.

    Aim The aim of this study was to describe individual's experience of living with colorectal cancer after completed treatment.

    Method The method used in the study was designed by Friberg (2012) to contribute with evidenced based caring in qualitative science research. Eleven science articles were analyzed using Friberg (2012) five step method of analysis. The analysis resulted into three main themes and eight subthemes.

    Results The results were formed into three main themed named: the uncontrollable body, becoming depended on the environment and a new view of life after treatment.

    Conclusion To live with colorectal cancer after completed treatment, affects the individual life situation and quality of life. Therefore, it is important for the nurse to be aware of the disease and the effects of the trearment on the individual.

  • 338.
    Almusawi, Zahraa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Implementering av barnintervjuer inom Ekonomiskt bistånd i Norrköpings kommun.: En kvalitativ studie av informanternas upplevelser av implementeringsprocessen av barnintervjuer2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examinates how child interviews are implemented in financial assistance in Norrköping municipality. In 2015, the management within Financial Assistance in the Municipality of Norrköping formed a group of social workers secretaries called the "Children's Group" to investigate the possibility of conducting child interviews within Financial Assistance. The child group is an assignment from the management in Financial Assistance, where it includes social workers who can contribute to focusing on the children within Financial assistance, in order to strengthen the child's perspective, exist as a consultant's support in matters concerning children for other social secretaries and implement child interviews. During an annual work with child interviews, the children's group has written a preliminary study. The child group has written a preliminary study during one year's work about the possibility to perform child interviews in financial assistance. The preliminary study shows that in financial assistance there is potential and that there are benefits in performing child interviews. The Children's Group in Financial Assistance in the Municipality of Norrköping today consists of five social workers who are working on implementing child interviews. The study is of a qualitative approach and has been used semi-structured interviews with five informants who work within Financial Assistance and who work with the Children's Mission. The study uses organizational theory and system theory to analyze how the child group relates to the child mission and the goals of the activity. Previous research is also used to understand how the children whose parents are involved in financial assistance affects by their parents' finances situation. The purpose of the study is to investigate how Norrköping municipality is working to implement child interviews within financial assistance and how the employees who are part of the child group experience the implementation process. The purpose is also to highlight opportunities and difficulties with the implementation. The study uses theories to offer an understanding of how the child group relates to the mission and the goals of financial assistance. Previous research is also used to highlight children whose parents are involved in financial assistance in order to gain an understanding of how these children are affected by their parents' finances. The study's results showed that the purpose of child interviews within financial assistance is to offer the children the opportunity to be noticed and make their voice heard. The purpose is also to follow the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Social Services Act, who contain regulations about the child's best interests. Using child interviews in financial assistance can help social workers to make more overall assessments where different perspectives are taken into account in their work. The study shows that the child group that works with the implementation of child interviews needs more time and resources in the form of the education in order for the implementation to continue and thus for the child group's commitment to remain. It appears that the implementation of child interviews has begun to apply as of May 1, 2019, but that the work has not been fully possible due to the absence of a compliance form 4 that was planned to be given out to the child’s legal guardians to ask whether their child can be interviewed or not. The results of the study show that the work with the implementation of child interviews can be influenced by decisions that must be made by the management, staff turnover, new employees that are part of the group who need to get introduced and practice child interviews, cancellations, loss and lack of resources in form of time and economy. These are some of the factors that need to be considered when implementing child interviews.

  • 339.
    Almäng, Jan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg, Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Time, Mode and Perceptual Content2012In: Acta Analytica, ISSN 0353-5150, E-ISSN 1874-6349, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 425-439Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Francois Recanati has recently argued that each perceptual state has two distinct kinds of content, complete and explicit content. According to Recanati, the former is a function of the latter and the psychological mode of perception. Furthermore, he has argued that explicit content is temporally neutral and that time-consciousness is a feature of psychological mode. In this paper it is argued, pace Recanati, that explicit content is not temporally neutral. Recanati's position is initially presented. Three desiderata for a theory of time-consciousness are subsequently introduced. It is then argued that a theory locating time-consciousness as a feature of psychological mode will fail to satisfy these desiderata. In the last section the intentionality of memories is discussed. Using the notion of shiftable indexical, it is argued that memories have the same explicit content as perceptions, but that they nevertheless can have different conditions of satisfaction since they are entertained in different modes.

  • 340.
    Almén, Karin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Jakobsson, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Att medvetandegöra det jag gör: pedagogisk dokumentation i förskolan2006Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Pedagogisk dokumentation har alltid funnits i förskolan, men har över tid förändrats och utvecklats. Man använder sig fortfarande av anteckningar och observationer, men nu kanske med ett annat syfte, nämligen att vara till nytta främst för barnet, men också föräldrarna och pedagogerna. Det man skriver om barnen sätts oftast samman i ett enda dokument, ett som nuförtiden är mer utvecklat och välstrukturerat. Det finns olika namn på dokumentationerna såsom portfolio, individuella utvecklingsplaner och åtgärdsprogram. Nuförtiden finns även andra möjligheter att dokumentera med hjälp av medier såsom kamera, ljudinspelningar och videokamera. För de som är lite mer avancerade finns även möjlighet att föra dokumentationerna på dator. I arbetet med barn är kunskapen om barns utveckling viktigt och för att främja kunskapen om detta håller man hela tiden på att utveckla nya metoder på förskolor runt om i Sverige. Arbetet med pedagogisk dokumentation är ständigt pågående i förskolornas verksamhet och utan tvekan ett av pedagogernas viktigaste arbeten. Syfte Vårt syfte är att få kunskap om hur pedagoger i förskolan arbetar med pedagogisk dokumentation. Metod Vi har valt att använda oss av kvalitativa intervjuer. Vår undersökning har innefattat åtta intervjuer på fyra olika förskolor inom samma kommun. Av en slump visade det sig att informanterna var utbildade förskolelärare. Resultat Under våra utförda intervjuer har vi sett en likasinnad uppfattning om pedagogisk dokumentation. Förskolelärarna ställer sig positiva till arbetet och använder sig av det men i varierande former. Vissa har en mer strukturerad och välutvecklad dokumentation än andra. Vi pratar då främst om portfolion som dokumentationsform. Alla förskolelärare arbetar efter personliga metoder från förskola till förskola som oftast har bestämts på regional nivå. De har arbetat olika länge med dessa men strävar efter samma sak,

  • 341.
    Almér, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. Jyväskylä universitet.
    Barns uppfattningar om språk: en studie av samtal om språk med barn på en finskspråkig förskoleavdelning i Sverige och en svenskspråkig daghemsavdelning i Finland2017In: Nordand 13: Abstrakt, 2017, p. 9-9Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Följande studie om barns uppfattningar om språk utgör en del av ett större forskningsprojekt (Child2ling 2013–2017) som studerar uppfattningar om tvåspråkighet kring barn. Projektet Child2ling är finansierat av Finlands akademi och har Jyväskylä universitet som huvudman. Följande studie syftar till att jämföra små barn i Finland och Sveriges (3–5 år) egna uppfattningar om språk. Forskningsfrågorna är sålunda:• Vilka uppfattningar om språk, språkbruk och flerspråkighet uttrycker tvåspråkiga barn (3–5 år) på en finskspråkig förskoleavdelning i Sverige sinsemellan och i interaktion med forskaren?• Vilka uppfattningar om språk, språkbruk och flerspråkighet uttrycker tvåspråkiga barn (3–5 år) på en svenskspråkig förskoleavdelning i Finland sinsemellan och i interaktion med forskaren?Studiens fältarbete skedde i två olika steg. Det första steget var etnografiskt och det andra steget bestod av olika "lek-metoder" som syftade till att stimulera samtalsämnet "språk" mellan mig och barnen. De etnografiska observationerna och fältanteckningarna analyserades med diskursanalytiskt anslag genom begreppen interaktiv agens (Nijnatten 2013) och historisk kropp (Scollon och Scollon 2004). Inspelningarna och transkriptionerna av samtalen har analyserats med samtalsanalytiska verktyg (Lindström 2014). Detaljanalyser av interaktionen möjliggjorde en högre grad av validering än vad som är möjligt via analys av observationer och fältanteckningar.Det preliminära resultatet visar ingen skillnad mellan barnens uppfattningar om språk mellan de olika länderna. De kontextuella aspekter som aktualiseras i samtal och utsagor är knutna till samtalet som sådant och till barnens närmiljö. Den främsta uppfattningen som barnen uttrycker är att språkkunskap är likställd med annan kunskap.

  • 342.
    Almér, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Children's beliefs about bilingualism and language use as expressed in child-adult conversations2017In: Multilingua - Journal of Cross-cultural and Interlanguage Communication, ISSN 0167-8507, E-ISSN 1613-3684, Vol. 36, no 4, p. 401-424Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to describe young children's beliefs about language and bilingualism as they are expressed in verbal utterances. The data is from Swedish-medium preschool units in three different sites in Finland. It was generated through ethnographic observations and recordings of the author's interactions with the children. The meaning constructions in the interactions were analyzed mainly by looking closely at the participants' turn taking and conversational roles. The results show that children's beliefs of bilingualism are that you should use one language when speaking to one person; that languages are learnt through using them; and that the advantage of knowing more than one language is being able to talk to (other) people. The results also show that this knowledge of languages is no different from other knowledge within their world. This will probably change over time as the children enter school, and it is something in which our presence as language researchers will have played a part.

  • 343.
    Almér, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. University of Jyväskylä.
    Where communication flows, languages swim freely: developing fieldwork methods for investigating preschool children's language beliefs2015In: AFinLAn vuosikirja, E-ISSN 2343-2608, no 73, p. 159-171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I reflect on methodological aspects to take into consideration when developing methods for investigating three- to five-year-old children's beliefs about language, language use and bilingualism. I analyze participant observations and notes taken in the field. The study focuses on bilingual Finnish-Swedish children in Swedish-medium preschools in Finland. At one of the schools, most of the children and I did not share a common language, so the interaction between us heightened both the children's language awareness and that of my own. This drew my attention to communicative aspects of embodiment and multimodality and to the distribution of responsibility for interaction. I detected two interaction orders in which children's agency stood out in their intention to make their voice heard, and I used my experiences to develop an ethically-oriented data-generating approach to enhance communication about communication.

  • 344.
    Almér, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundberg, SaraMarie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kan flextid och distansarbete minska konflikten mellan arbetsliv och privatliv?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, flexible ways of working such as flextime and telework are a common occurrence, which could result in a conflict between work life and private life. The purpose of this study was therefore to investigate whether there was a relation between the attitude to flextime and telework as well as in what way an individual experiences a conflict between work life and personal life and finally, if flextime and telework affects the extent an individual experiences a conflict between work life and private life. This study had a quantitative approach and consisted of a survey with questions regarding flextime, telework and the conflict between work life and private life. The respondents of the study consisted of 92 administrative officials working at a municipality (67% women och 33% men), (year of birth, M = 1970, SD = 11,05). Every respondent was bound by the same flextime contract and none of them had a leading position. To interpret the results, previous research was used as well as result analyses, specifically Pearson correlations and t-tests. The results indicated that the majority of the respondents considered flextime and telework positively. The results also showed that those that had a positive attitude to telework also experienced the conflict between work life and private life to higher level. Furthermore, the more positive an individual is towards flextime the more positive is an individual towards telework. In the free-text answers it was possible to find answers from the respondents that showed some of the negative aspects of flextime and telework.

  • 345.
    Almér, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Litterära resor: en inspiration för ungdomar2008Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka ungdomars intresse för och upplevelse av skönlitteratur i den nya tidsåldern där skönlitteraturen möter konkurrens från andra fritidsfaktorer. Har de intresse av skönlitteratur? Vad påverkar dem att läsa eller inte läsa? Hur påverkas de av läsningen? Undersökningen grundar sig på en kvalitativ metod, med halvstrukturerade intervjuer med åtta sjundeklassare. Ansatsen är hermeneutisk och min strävan har varit att rimligt tolka informanternas svar på forskningsfrågorna. Resultatet visar att ungdomarna uppskattar litteratur och att den skönlitterära läsningen finns där som ett intresse parallellt med andra fritidsfaktorer. I min studie framkom det att konkurrensen från mediala krafter som dator och TV inte verkade inverka menligt på dessa ungdomars intresse att läsa. Litteraturen tjänar istället både som en distraktionskälla i deras vardag, som de anser sig behöva och en inspirationskälla som ger dem nya krafter och tankar och framkallar lust och motivation i deras tillvaro.

  • 346.
    AlNabulsi, Yasan
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production System.
    Robot motion control based on 3D mouse tracking2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The manufacturing industry and associated systems are being developed in an increasing manner to cover the market needs, where the manufacturing companies are continuously racing and competing to achieve high productivity rate and better production quality. In this thesis work, an advanced method for motion control of industrial robots has been investigated and implemented. This method is based on motion tracking of a 3DSpaceMouse, which was used to perform movements by the operator. The benefits and disadvantages of this method were discussed in this thesis work. It mainly showed a high accuracy in response to the motion applied by the 3DSpaceMouse, and a great stability regarding the programming environment that was used to build it. The movements applied by the 3DSpaceMouse were successfully captured and stored in variables in the programming platform. The capturing and storing process was successfully created as a package and prepared to be exported for usage by other software. Complete simulation was performed for an industrial robot, and successful communications among the various hardware and software components of this solution were accomplished. This has formed a complete integrated solution that has also included a user-friendly HRI. This HRI made it easy and simple to track the motion control processes and establish connections with the robot controller. Thus, it can be considered a feasible solution for motion control of industrial robots, which can be used by the manufacturing companies. Several tests and verification processes were carried out to obtain accepted results and to succeed in implementing a working model. Some errors and unexpected events have appeared during the work, which required handling in order to achieve a working integrated system.

  • 347.
    Alnakeshbandi, Sari
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Eshgham, Golchehreh
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Sustainability and CSR online communication by Nordic Banks2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Both experts and scholars have assured that Corporate Social Responsibility is one of competitive advantage components for MNEs. The increasing focus on sustainability comes from rising stakeholders' pressures for more organizational accountability and transparency across a range of corporate behavioural issue. Recently one of the main interesting areas for banks is solving social problems and concerning community welfare plans. Hence banks become one of the most active sector regarding investment on CSR practices.

    Many companies are able to publish their sustainability issues online, but they do not because they are afraid to be attacked and criticized by NGOs, which mean that they do not have enough experience in communicating their CSR activities online.

    Many recent researches regarding communicating sustainability online have lack of their findings' generalizability across different industry and countries therefore, it is recommended to conduct future researches that have this generalizability for specific industry and area or region, therefore authors have chosen Nordic Banks as a specific industry and region for their thesis.

    Research question: How do banks in Nordic countries communicate their CSR and three aspects of sustainability through online?

    Purpose: This thesis aims to understand the way in which Nordic banks convey their CSR's messages online. Beside the authors seek to identify similarities and differences of communicating the messages between Nordic banks regarding sustainability dimensions.

    Design/Methodology/Approach: This thesis is qualitative and has followed deductive approach. Meanwhile, multiple case is the study design. Six Nordic bank which are: Nordea, Swedbank, SEB, Handelsbanken, Danske bank and DNB are in the sample of this thesis. The data have collected through online observation of each banks' corporate websites regarding communicating sustainability dimensions terms.

    Findings: The CSR and Sustainability online message that is communicated by Nordic bank is reach, the banks have some similarity and differences in conveying their CSR and sustainability online message.

  • 348.
    Alphonce, Magori
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Use of software verification & validation (V&V) techniques for software process improvement2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 349.
    Alpsten, Kristina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Barn och ungdomars erfarenheter från vårdsituationer på sjukhus: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, CRC, claims that children should be heard in decisions about themselves. Children also have the right to play. This need to be applied in healthcare environment. Swedish laws and guidelines for children's healthcare confirm this. What do children themselves propose as important support to participate? Aim The aim of this study was to describe children and young people's experience in healthcare environment. Method A literature-based study of nine qualitative academic articles was conducted. 556 children altogether were asked about their experience from healthcare environment. Results The result is presented by five themes: To be afraid and sad To feel comfort and safety To understand To be included in decisions To know the nurse Conclusion Children and young people in healthcare environment feel discomfort and insecurity. They need help with symptoms and fear. If the nurse is perceived as a "bad nurse", the child is exposed to feel helpless. A child need a certain amount of comfort, playing and contact with peers to be motivated to participate. When invited to ask questions and express their worries, they want to be involved. Children want to participate in decisions about themselves. The nurse has a key role to involve the child. Confidence is built through technical skills in achieving procedures, good communication and personal attributes, such as being helping, kind, friendly and humorous.

  • 350.
    Al-Qaraghuli, Ziyad
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media Discourse & Representations of Refugees in Sweden: A descriptive and comparative study of how refugees have been represented in Swedish newspapers before and after the implementation of the new immigration policies of 20162017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor's thesis is a descriptive study of the refugee media discourse and refugee media representations during 2016 in the 5 biggest Swedish newspapers (Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Expressen, Göteborgs-Posten, and Svenska Dagbladet). This thesis focuses on the news articles and explores the representations of refugees in these articles prior to the implementation of new Swedish migration policies, from Jan 1, 2016 until July 20, 2016 and after their implementation, i.e. from July 20, 2016 to Dec 31, 2016. The analysis of the data by using discourse theory and the representations theory in of the us vs them field and the economic and security threat field reveals that a change and shift in the refugee media discourse and the representations of refugees occurred between the two time periods.

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