Change search
Refine search result
45678910 301 - 350 of 10359
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 301.
    Almstedt,, Mattias
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Gren, Gabriella
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Spara på dom djävla flingorna åt Hitler ifall han skulle komma tillbaka!": En ideologikritisk analys av serieromanen Maus2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund. I årskurserna 7–9 ska eleverna arbeta med olika texter samt olika estetiska uttrycksformer. I detta examensarbete ska en serieroman analyseras utifrån Kukkonens (2013) analysverktyg med ett ideologikritiskt perspektiv. Då bilderna många gånger uttrycker mer än vad läsaren kan ta till sig vid en första anblick, är det därmed av vikt att ha vetskap om detta samt verktyg för att kunna läsa och analysera bilder och/eller bildsekvenser.

    Syfte: Syftet är att analysera serieromanen Maus utifrån en ideologikritisk modell för att synliggöra de strukturer och anledningar bakom de konflikter Vladek hamnar i med sonen Art. 

    Metod: Utifrån Kukkonens (2013) analytiska verktyg har vi även lagt ett ideologikritiskt perspektiv och format verktygen för att passa vårt ändamål. Istället för att göra en analys av hela boken belyser vi särskilda passager, bildsekvenser, som är intressanta utifrån vårt syfte och vår frågeställning.

    Resultat: Vi fann att Vladek många gånger tydligt visar hur hans upplevelser format honom och hans beteende. Konflikterna mellan honom och sonen Art grundar sig många gånger i att de inte fullt ut förstår varandra. Även om de delar många övertygelser blir den stora skillnaden att de har väldigt olika kunskaper och erfarenheter. Vladek är en överlevare och har formats till det under kriget, något som han sedan försöker uppfostra Art till att också vara. 

  • 302.
    Almtén, Christine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Hallberg, Sara
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Individers upplevelse av att leva med kolorektalcancer efter genomförd behandling2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background Colorectal cancer is the third most common form of cancer among men and women in Sweden. The disease is shown to have a higher incidence among older individuals. Recent studies showed that the individuals may ignore their symptoms. To make a choice in what treatment to go for individuals got support from family and friends. With the focus on getting through the treatment. Understanding the individual's experience of living with colorectal cancer is important for the nurse profession. The nurse roll is to inform, support, care for these individuals and give a person-centered care.

    Aim The aim of this study was to describe individual's experience of living with colorectal cancer after completed treatment.

    Method The method used in the study was designed by Friberg (2012) to contribute with evidenced based caring in qualitative science research. Eleven science articles were analyzed using Friberg (2012) five step method of analysis. The analysis resulted into three main themes and eight subthemes.

    Results The results were formed into three main themed named: the uncontrollable body, becoming depended on the environment and a new view of life after treatment.

    Conclusion To live with colorectal cancer after completed treatment, affects the individual life situation and quality of life. Therefore, it is important for the nurse to be aware of the disease and the effects of the trearment on the individual.

  • 303.
    Almäng, Jan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg, Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Time, Mode and Perceptual Content2012In: Acta Analytica, ISSN 0353-5150, E-ISSN 1874-6349, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 425-439Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Francois Recanati has recently argued that each perceptual state has two distinct kinds of content, complete and explicit content. According to Recanati, the former is a function of the latter and the psychological mode of perception. Furthermore, he has argued that explicit content is temporally neutral and that time-consciousness is a feature of psychological mode. In this paper it is argued, pace Recanati, that explicit content is not temporally neutral. Recanati's position is initially presented. Three desiderata for a theory of time-consciousness are subsequently introduced. It is then argued that a theory locating time-consciousness as a feature of psychological mode will fail to satisfy these desiderata. In the last section the intentionality of memories is discussed. Using the notion of shiftable indexical, it is argued that memories have the same explicit content as perceptions, but that they nevertheless can have different conditions of satisfaction since they are entertained in different modes.

  • 304.
    Almén, Karin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Jakobsson, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Att medvetandegöra det jag gör: pedagogisk dokumentation i förskolan2006Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Pedagogisk dokumentation har alltid funnits i förskolan, men har över tid förändrats och utvecklats. Man använder sig fortfarande av anteckningar och observationer, men nu kanske med ett annat syfte, nämligen att vara till nytta främst för barnet, men också föräldrarna och pedagogerna. Det man skriver om barnen sätts oftast samman i ett enda dokument, ett som nuförtiden är mer utvecklat och välstrukturerat. Det finns olika namn på dokumentationerna såsom portfolio, individuella utvecklingsplaner och åtgärdsprogram. Nuförtiden finns även andra möjligheter att dokumentera med hjälp av medier såsom kamera, ljudinspelningar och videokamera. För de som är lite mer avancerade finns även möjlighet att föra dokumentationerna på dator. I arbetet med barn är kunskapen om barns utveckling viktigt och för att främja kunskapen om detta håller man hela tiden på att utveckla nya metoder på förskolor runt om i Sverige. Arbetet med pedagogisk dokumentation är ständigt pågående i förskolornas verksamhet och utan tvekan ett av pedagogernas viktigaste arbeten. Syfte Vårt syfte är att få kunskap om hur pedagoger i förskolan arbetar med pedagogisk dokumentation. Metod Vi har valt att använda oss av kvalitativa intervjuer. Vår undersökning har innefattat åtta intervjuer på fyra olika förskolor inom samma kommun. Av en slump visade det sig att informanterna var utbildade förskolelärare. Resultat Under våra utförda intervjuer har vi sett en likasinnad uppfattning om pedagogisk dokumentation. Förskolelärarna ställer sig positiva till arbetet och använder sig av det men i varierande former. Vissa har en mer strukturerad och välutvecklad dokumentation än andra. Vi pratar då främst om portfolion som dokumentationsform. Alla förskolelärare arbetar efter personliga metoder från förskola till förskola som oftast har bestämts på regional nivå. De har arbetat olika länge med dessa men strävar efter samma sak,

  • 305.
    Almér, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. Jyväskylä universitet.
    Barns uppfattningar om språk: en studie av samtal om språk med barn på en finskspråkig förskoleavdelning i Sverige och en svenskspråkig daghemsavdelning i Finland2017In: Nordand 13: Abstrakt, 2017, p. 9-9Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Följande studie om barns uppfattningar om språk utgör en del av ett större forskningsprojekt (Child2ling 2013–2017) som studerar uppfattningar om tvåspråkighet kring barn. Projektet Child2ling är finansierat av Finlands akademi och har Jyväskylä universitet som huvudman. Följande studie syftar till att jämföra små barn i Finland och Sveriges (3–5 år) egna uppfattningar om språk. Forskningsfrågorna är sålunda:• Vilka uppfattningar om språk, språkbruk och flerspråkighet uttrycker tvåspråkiga barn (3–5 år) på en finskspråkig förskoleavdelning i Sverige sinsemellan och i interaktion med forskaren?• Vilka uppfattningar om språk, språkbruk och flerspråkighet uttrycker tvåspråkiga barn (3–5 år) på en svenskspråkig förskoleavdelning i Finland sinsemellan och i interaktion med forskaren?Studiens fältarbete skedde i två olika steg. Det första steget var etnografiskt och det andra steget bestod av olika "lek-metoder" som syftade till att stimulera samtalsämnet "språk" mellan mig och barnen. De etnografiska observationerna och fältanteckningarna analyserades med diskursanalytiskt anslag genom begreppen interaktiv agens (Nijnatten 2013) och historisk kropp (Scollon och Scollon 2004). Inspelningarna och transkriptionerna av samtalen har analyserats med samtalsanalytiska verktyg (Lindström 2014). Detaljanalyser av interaktionen möjliggjorde en högre grad av validering än vad som är möjligt via analys av observationer och fältanteckningar.Det preliminära resultatet visar ingen skillnad mellan barnens uppfattningar om språk mellan de olika länderna. De kontextuella aspekter som aktualiseras i samtal och utsagor är knutna till samtalet som sådant och till barnens närmiljö. Den främsta uppfattningen som barnen uttrycker är att språkkunskap är likställd med annan kunskap.

  • 306.
    Almér, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Children's beliefs about bilingualism and language use as expressed in child-adult conversations2017In: Multilingua - Journal of Cross-cultural and Interlanguage Communication, ISSN 0167-8507, E-ISSN 1613-3684, Vol. 36, no 4, p. 401-424Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to describe young children's beliefs about language and bilingualism as they are expressed in verbal utterances. The data is from Swedish-medium preschool units in three different sites in Finland. It was generated through ethnographic observations and recordings of the author's interactions with the children. The meaning constructions in the interactions were analyzed mainly by looking closely at the participants' turn taking and conversational roles. The results show that children's beliefs of bilingualism are that you should use one language when speaking to one person; that languages are learnt through using them; and that the advantage of knowing more than one language is being able to talk to (other) people. The results also show that this knowledge of languages is no different from other knowledge within their world. This will probably change over time as the children enter school, and it is something in which our presence as language researchers will have played a part.

  • 307.
    Almér, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages. University of Jyväskylä.
    Where communication flows, languages swim freely: developing fieldwork methods for investigating preschool children's language beliefs2015In: AFinLAn vuosikirja, E-ISSN 2343-2608, no 73, p. 159-171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I reflect on methodological aspects to take into consideration when developing methods for investigating three- to five-year-old children's beliefs about language, language use and bilingualism. I analyze participant observations and notes taken in the field. The study focuses on bilingual Finnish-Swedish children in Swedish-medium preschools in Finland. At one of the schools, most of the children and I did not share a common language, so the interaction between us heightened both the children's language awareness and that of my own. This drew my attention to communicative aspects of embodiment and multimodality and to the distribution of responsibility for interaction. I detected two interaction orders in which children's agency stood out in their intention to make their voice heard, and I used my experiences to develop an ethically-oriented data-generating approach to enhance communication about communication.

  • 308.
    Almér, Sofia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lundberg, SaraMarie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Kan flextid och distansarbete minska konflikten mellan arbetsliv och privatliv?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today, flexible ways of working such as flextime and telework are a common occurrence, which could result in a conflict between work life and private life. The purpose of this study was therefore to investigate whether there was a relation between the attitude to flextime and telework as well as in what way an individual experiences a conflict between work life and personal life and finally, if flextime and telework affects the extent an individual experiences a conflict between work life and private life. This study had a quantitative approach and consisted of a survey with questions regarding flextime, telework and the conflict between work life and private life. The respondents of the study consisted of 92 administrative officials working at a municipality (67% women och 33% men), (year of birth, M = 1970, SD = 11,05). Every respondent was bound by the same flextime contract and none of them had a leading position. To interpret the results, previous research was used as well as result analyses, specifically Pearson correlations and t-tests. The results indicated that the majority of the respondents considered flextime and telework positively. The results also showed that those that had a positive attitude to telework also experienced the conflict between work life and private life to higher level. Furthermore, the more positive an individual is towards flextime the more positive is an individual towards telework. In the free-text answers it was possible to find answers from the respondents that showed some of the negative aspects of flextime and telework.

  • 309.
    Almér, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    Litterära resor: en inspiration för ungdomar2008Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka ungdomars intresse för och upplevelse av skönlitteratur i den nya tidsåldern där skönlitteraturen möter konkurrens från andra fritidsfaktorer. Har de intresse av skönlitteratur? Vad påverkar dem att läsa eller inte läsa? Hur påverkas de av läsningen? Undersökningen grundar sig på en kvalitativ metod, med halvstrukturerade intervjuer med åtta sjundeklassare. Ansatsen är hermeneutisk och min strävan har varit att rimligt tolka informanternas svar på forskningsfrågorna. Resultatet visar att ungdomarna uppskattar litteratur och att den skönlitterära läsningen finns där som ett intresse parallellt med andra fritidsfaktorer. I min studie framkom det att konkurrensen från mediala krafter som dator och TV inte verkade inverka menligt på dessa ungdomars intresse att läsa. Litteraturen tjänar istället både som en distraktionskälla i deras vardag, som de anser sig behöva och en inspirationskälla som ger dem nya krafter och tankar och framkallar lust och motivation i deras tillvaro.

  • 310.
    AlNabulsi, Yasan
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production System.
    Robot motion control based on 3D mouse tracking2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The manufacturing industry and associated systems are being developed in an increasing manner to cover the market needs, where the manufacturing companies are continuously racing and competing to achieve high productivity rate and better production quality. In this thesis work, an advanced method for motion control of industrial robots has been investigated and implemented. This method is based on motion tracking of a 3DSpaceMouse, which was used to perform movements by the operator. The benefits and disadvantages of this method were discussed in this thesis work. It mainly showed a high accuracy in response to the motion applied by the 3DSpaceMouse, and a great stability regarding the programming environment that was used to build it. The movements applied by the 3DSpaceMouse were successfully captured and stored in variables in the programming platform. The capturing and storing process was successfully created as a package and prepared to be exported for usage by other software. Complete simulation was performed for an industrial robot, and successful communications among the various hardware and software components of this solution were accomplished. This has formed a complete integrated solution that has also included a user-friendly HRI. This HRI made it easy and simple to track the motion control processes and establish connections with the robot controller. Thus, it can be considered a feasible solution for motion control of industrial robots, which can be used by the manufacturing companies. Several tests and verification processes were carried out to obtain accepted results and to succeed in implementing a working model. Some errors and unexpected events have appeared during the work, which required handling in order to achieve a working integrated system.

  • 311.
    Alnakeshbandi, Sari
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Eshgham, Golchehreh
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Sustainability and CSR online communication by Nordic Banks2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Both experts and scholars have assured that Corporate Social Responsibility is one of competitive advantage components for MNEs. The increasing focus on sustainability comes from rising stakeholders' pressures for more organizational accountability and transparency across a range of corporate behavioural issue. Recently one of the main interesting areas for banks is solving social problems and concerning community welfare plans. Hence banks become one of the most active sector regarding investment on CSR practices.

    Many companies are able to publish their sustainability issues online, but they do not because they are afraid to be attacked and criticized by NGOs, which mean that they do not have enough experience in communicating their CSR activities online.

    Many recent researches regarding communicating sustainability online have lack of their findings' generalizability across different industry and countries therefore, it is recommended to conduct future researches that have this generalizability for specific industry and area or region, therefore authors have chosen Nordic Banks as a specific industry and region for their thesis.

    Research question: How do banks in Nordic countries communicate their CSR and three aspects of sustainability through online?

    Purpose: This thesis aims to understand the way in which Nordic banks convey their CSR's messages online. Beside the authors seek to identify similarities and differences of communicating the messages between Nordic banks regarding sustainability dimensions.

    Design/Methodology/Approach: This thesis is qualitative and has followed deductive approach. Meanwhile, multiple case is the study design. Six Nordic bank which are: Nordea, Swedbank, SEB, Handelsbanken, Danske bank and DNB are in the sample of this thesis. The data have collected through online observation of each banks' corporate websites regarding communicating sustainability dimensions terms.

    Findings: The CSR and Sustainability online message that is communicated by Nordic bank is reach, the banks have some similarity and differences in conveying their CSR and sustainability online message.

  • 312.
    Alphonce, Magori
    University West, Department of Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Use of software verification & validation (V&V) techniques for software process improvement2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 313.
    Alpsten, Kristina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Barn och ungdomars erfarenheter från vårdsituationer på sjukhus: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, CRC, claims that children should be heard in decisions about themselves. Children also have the right to play. This need to be applied in healthcare environment. Swedish laws and guidelines for children's healthcare confirm this. What do children themselves propose as important support to participate? Aim The aim of this study was to describe children and young people's experience in healthcare environment. Method A literature-based study of nine qualitative academic articles was conducted. 556 children altogether were asked about their experience from healthcare environment. Results The result is presented by five themes: To be afraid and sad To feel comfort and safety To understand To be included in decisions To know the nurse Conclusion Children and young people in healthcare environment feel discomfort and insecurity. They need help with symptoms and fear. If the nurse is perceived as a "bad nurse", the child is exposed to feel helpless. A child need a certain amount of comfort, playing and contact with peers to be motivated to participate. When invited to ask questions and express their worries, they want to be involved. Children want to participate in decisions about themselves. The nurse has a key role to involve the child. Confidence is built through technical skills in achieving procedures, good communication and personal attributes, such as being helping, kind, friendly and humorous.

  • 314.
    Al-Qaraghuli, Ziyad
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media Discourse & Representations of Refugees in Sweden: A descriptive and comparative study of how refugees have been represented in Swedish newspapers before and after the implementation of the new immigration policies of 20162017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor's thesis is a descriptive study of the refugee media discourse and refugee media representations during 2016 in the 5 biggest Swedish newspapers (Aftonbladet, Dagens Nyheter, Expressen, Göteborgs-Posten, and Svenska Dagbladet). This thesis focuses on the news articles and explores the representations of refugees in these articles prior to the implementation of new Swedish migration policies, from Jan 1, 2016 until July 20, 2016 and after their implementation, i.e. from July 20, 2016 to Dec 31, 2016. The analysis of the data by using discourse theory and the representations theory in of the us vs them field and the economic and security threat field reveals that a change and shift in the refugee media discourse and the representations of refugees occurred between the two time periods.

  • 315.
    Alsaffar, Karim
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Mujic, Marko
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Relationen mellan ledarskap, organisationskultur och struktur: hur bekräftas en relation som är osynlig?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are several factors that interact and affect an organization's survival and effectiveness. The factors we have chosen to study is leadership, organizational culture and structure and how these factors work in a relationship. To understand the relationship interactions, but also to understand how the relationship is improved, we have studied the different types of leadership, organizational cultures and structures. It has helped us to understand that the organization's approach and values requires a certain type of example leadership style needs some kind of organizational culture and structure for the relationship to work effectively. Schein (1993) argues that organizational culture is created by a constant interaction between the employees of an organization formed by the leadership behavior and therefore it is important that the management style and organizational culture works in relation to each other.

    As help for this study we have chosen an organization to answer how the relationship between leadership, organizational culture and structural works in practice. The organization we have investigated is Ur & Penn AB, which operates in the retail sector, we would however point out that this study can be applied to other organizations in the retail sector as a means to identify and respond to the type of leadership style, organizational culture and structure it has. In order to be able to take a position and understand how to deal with changes to meet their organization's needs. When we could answer that, we could identify overlaps and gaps in the relationship as Anthony (1990) describes as problematic and occurs when there is discord in the relationship, but also when changes occur that are biased to a factor.

    We have conducted a qualitative study and by doing semi-structured interviews. To get a complete picture of the organization we selected interviewees from marketing, finance, purchasing, logistics, HR, the President, and a store employee.

    As to the result have we studied how structural changes have affected the organization and the relation to organizational culture and the leadership. We have also proven which type of leadership, organizational culture- and structure Ur & Penn have and also if it is the right approach to get a relation that is functional.

  • 316.
    Alsaffar, Karim
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Mujic, Marko
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Ökad lönsamhet2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Lönsamhet har en nyckelroll i företagande och man försöker ständigt öka den. Företag letar därför ständigt efter nya sätt att tjäna pengar på samtidigt som man sänker kostnaderna. Ur & Penn hade år 2015 en lönsamhet på 7 % och syftet med denna studie var att försöka förbättra den. Denna studie har ett hermeneutiskt synsätt och har utförts med hjälp av en kvalitativ metod. Det empiriska materialet har samlats in genom intervjuer från två nyckel aktörer i Ur & Penn. Studiens resultat visade b.la att det finns stora förbättringspotential i Ur & Penns lager och inköp. Lagren har för mycket kapital bundet och inköpen görs med liten hänsyn till lagret och efterfrågan. För att förbättra inköpen måste man med hjälp av formler räkna på hur stor kvantitet som är ekonomiskt optimal.

  • 317.
    Alsen, Pia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Thörn, Susanna
    Primary Health Care, Sollentuna, Sweden.
    Nordqvist, Linnea
    Primary Health Care, Munkedal, Sweden.
    Berndtsson, Ina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Men’s Experience of Difficulties during First Year Following Myocardial Infarction: Not OnlyFatigue2016In: Health, ISSN 1949-4998, Vol. 8, p. 1654-1667Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recovery from a myocardial infarction (MI) can be a very difficult process and some patients are also stricken by fatigue. The aim of the study was to describe the difficulties experienced by men with fatigue during the first year following their MI. The study was conducted using qualitative content analysis of semi-structured interviews with nine men in working age (mean age: 55 years) with verified fatigue (≥12 of 20 on the Multidimensional Fatigue Scale with a mean of 17) one year after their MI. During the first year after the MI the men suffering from fatigue experienced various difficulties in terms of both themselves and the care received. The analysis generated three themes with difficulties described by the interviewed men. 1) Going through involuntary change: not recognizing their body and the inability to recognize themselves. 2) Lacking individualized care: To be denied satisfactory health care treatment and to be denied respectful treatment. 3) Not being seen in the light of the social context: The MI affects the whole family and caregivers do not pay attention to the family. In order to make both the patient and relatives feel secure and cared for, it is essential that caregivers be aware of the importance of providing individualized care over time with particular attention for the patient’s social context.

  • 318.
    Alsén, Pia
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Illness perception and fatigue after myocardial infarction2009Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 319.
    Alsén, Pia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Brink, Eva
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Fatigue after myocardial infarction - a two-year follow-up study2013In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 22, no 11-12, p. 1647-1652Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives: To investigate changes in self-reported fatigue and depression from four months to two years following a myocardial infarction, as well as to explore gender differences, identify the incidence of fatigue without coexisting depression and finally predict health-related quality of life at a two-year follow-up. Background: Depression and fatigue are associated with decreased health-related quality of life after myocardial infarction. Although there is a close relationship between fatigue and depression, it has been shown that symptoms of fatigue can occur without coexisting depression. Design: Quantitative and longitudinal design. Methods: Participants (n = 155) were asked to complete the following questionnaires: the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory-20 (MFI-20) and the Short Form Survey (SF-36) following myocardial infarction (after four months and two years). Descriptive statistics, paired t-tests and multiple regressions were carried out. Results: In the entire group, self-reported fatigue had decreased from four months to two years after myocardial infarction. After two years, 18% of respondents reported depression together with fatigue and 30% reported fatigued without depression. Women scored higher than men on the fatigue dimensions reduced activity, reduced motivation and mental fatigue. Moreover, the physical dimension of health-related quality of life two years after myocardial infarction was predicted by experienced general fatigue at four months. Conclusion: Fatigue with or without coexisting possible/probable depression remains as a significant symptom two years after myocardial infarction in nearly half of the entire group. Relevance to clinical practice: Fatigue is a problem following myocardial infarction. Therefore, systematic screening and early identification of patients experiencing symptoms of depression and fatigue after myocardial infarction are important for suitable care planning. In contemporary coronary care, strategies aimed at relieving fatigue should be developed. ᅵ 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  • 320.
    Alsén, Pia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Brink, Eva
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Living with incomprehensible fatigue after recent myocardial infarction2008In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 64, no 5, p. 459-468Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 321.
    Alsén, Pia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Brink, Eva
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Brändström, Yvonne
    Uddevalla Hospital, NU Hospital Group, Department of Medicine.
    Karlsson, Björn
    AstraZeneca R&D, Mölndal.
    Persson, Lars-Olof
    University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Health and Care Sciences.
    Fatigue after myocardial infarction: Relationships with indices of emotional distress, and sociodemographic and clinical variables2010In: International Journal of Nursing Practice, ISSN 1322-7114, E-ISSN 1440-172X, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 326-334Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fatigue and depressive symptoms are relatively common among patients recovering from myocardial infarction (MI). The symptoms of depression and fatigue overlap. The present study aimed at identifying patient fatigue and at examining the incidence of fatigue, particularly without coexisting depression, after MI. The sample comprised 204 consecutive patients who had completed the questionnaires Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory–20 after MI (1 week and 4 months). The results showed that fatigue had decreased after 4 months compared with the time of MI onset. Compared with the general population, patients reported significantly higher levels of fatigue. Furthermore, fatigue was associated with depression, but 33% of the sample reported fatigue without coexisting depression after 4 months. In order to prevent or treat patients' symptoms of fatigue after MI, the concepts of fatigue and depression should be assessed separately so as to exclude overlapping effects.

  • 322.
    Alsén, Pia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Brink, Eva
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Brändström, Yvonne
    Uddevalla Hospital, NU Hospital Group, Department of Medicine.
    Karlsson, Björn W.
    AstraZeneca R and D, Mölndal.
    Persson, Lar-Olof
    Göteborg University, Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Health Care Sciences.
    Illness perceptions after myocardial infarction: relations to fatigue, emotional distress, and health-related quality of life2010In: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 0889-4655, E-ISSN 1550-5049, Vol. 25, no 2, p. E1-E10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and RESEARCH Objective: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is impaired in patients after a myocardial infarction (MI), and fatigue and depression are common health complaints among these patients. Patients' own beliefs about their illness (illness perceptions) influence health behavior and health outcomes. The aim of the present study was to examine illness perception and its association with self-reported HRQoL, fatigue, and emotional distress among patients with MI. Subjects and Methods: The sample consisted of 204 patients who had had MI and who completed the questionnaires during the first week in the hospital and 4 months after the MI. The questionnaires used were the Illness Perception Questionnaire, Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). Results: Patient's illness perception changed over time from a more acute to a more chronic perception of illness, and beliefs in personal and treatment control of MI had decreased. Furthermore, these negative beliefs were associated with worse experiences of fatigue and lowered HRQoL. Conclusions: Patients' illness perceptions influence health outcomes after an MI. Supporting MI patients in increasing their perception of personal control could be a primary nursing strategy in rehabilitation programs aimed at facilitating health behavior, decreasing experiences of fatigue, and increasing HRQoL. Copyright © 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

  • 323.
    Alsén, Pia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Brink, Eva
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Persson, Lars-Olof
    Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Institute of Health and Care Sciences.
    Patients' illness perception four months after a myocardial infarction.2008In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 17, no 5A, p. 25-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore patients' illness perception of myocardial infarction four months after a myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND: An important task for research on recovery from myocardial infarction is to understand the factors that influence an individual's adherence to secondary preventive strategies. Perceptual, cognitive and motivational factors have been found to influence adherence to a secondary preventive regimen. METHOD: Twenty-five patients were interviewed four months after a myocardial infarction. In accordance with grounded theory methodology, data collection and analysis were carried out simultaneously. RESULTS: The findings can be understood in light of two core categories: 'trust in oneself ' vs. 'trust in others'; belief in one's own efforts to control the illness; and 'illness reasoning', lines of thought about illness identity. In searching for relationships, six categories describing variation in illness perceptions of a myocardial infarction emerged: (i) 'sign of a chronic condition - feasible to influence'; (ii) 'sign of a chronic condition - uncontrollable'; (iii) 'acute event that can recur - feasible to influence'; (iv) 'acute event that can recur - uncontrollable'; (v) 'unthinkable acute event'; and (vi) 'non-recurring acute event'. CONCLUSION: The more reflective patients perceived the heart attack as a sign of a chronic condition; they also devoted time for reasoning about the possible causes of their illness. This is in contrast to patients who were less reflective and viewed their myocardial infarction as an acute event, which they avoided thinking about. The findings contribute to our understanding of variation in illness perceptions. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The examination of how individuals perceive myocardial infarction may help health-care professionals individualize secondary preventive strategies, thereby improving adherence to health-care regimens. Nurse-patient discussions could begin with identification of the patient's variations of reflectiveness concerning his/her illness.

  • 324.
    Alsén, Pia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Illness perceptions of fatigue and the association with sense of coherence and stress in patients one year after myocardial infarction.2016In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 25, no 3-4, p. 525-533Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives. To explore the associations between illness perceptions offatigue, sense of coherence and stress in patients one year after myocardial infarc-tion.Background. Post-myocardial infarction fatigue is a stressful symptom that is dif-ficult to cope with. Patients' illness perceptions of fatigue guide professionals inpredicting how individuals will respond emotionally and cognitively to symptoms.Individuals' sense of coherence can be seen as a coping resource in managingstressors.Design. A cross-sectional study design was used.Method. One year post-myocardial infarction, a total of 74 patients still experi-encing fatigue completed four questionnaires: the Multidimensional Fatigue ScaleInventory -20, the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire, the Sense of Coherencescale (sense of coherence-13) and a single-item measure of stress symptoms.Descriptive statistics, correlations and stepwise regression analysis were carriedout.Results. Strong negative associations were found between illness perceptions offatigue, sense of coherence and stress. Sense of coherence has an impact on illnessperceptions of fatigue. Of the dimensions of sense of coherence, comprehensibilityseemed to play the greatest role in explaining illness perceptions of fatigueone year after myocardial infarction.Conclusion. To strengthen patients' coping resources, health-care professionalsshould create opportunities for patients to gain individual-level knowledge thatallows them to distinguish between common fatigue symptoms and warning signsfor myocardial infarction.Relevance to clinical practice. There is a need to improve strategies for copingwith fatigue. It is also essential to identify patients with fatigue after myocardialinfarction, as they need explanations for their symptoms and extra support

  • 325.
    Alverbratt, Catrin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Specialist Nursing programme.
    Implementation of a New Working Method in Psychiatric Care2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The implementation of evidence-based methods in hospital settings is challenging and multifaceted. There are several different factors that may affect implementation processes, of which the organisational culture may be one. It is well known that conservative organisational culture can hinder implementations; accordingly, a mix of different organisational cultures is preferable. Aim: The aim of this thesis was to follow the implementation process of an ICF-based assessment tool regarding cultural differences associated with the implementation in a psychiatric clinic. As part of the project, an assessment tool based on the International classifi cation of functioning disability and health (ICF) was developed and implemented. Method: In Study I, three Swedish expert groups participated and analysis of inter-rater reliability was conducted through simulated patient cases. In Study II, data were collected through focus group interviews pre- and post-implementation of the ICF-based assessment tool; thereafter, data were analysed using directed content analysis guided by Normalization Process Theory (NPT). Data from 109 nursing staff who completed the organisational values questionnaire (OVQ) and resistance to change (RTC) were investigated, and the association between the OVQ and RTC was examined with regression analysis (Study III). Patients n=50 representing the intervention hospital and n=64 representing the control hospital answered the Empowerment scale (ES) and Quality in psychiatric care (QPC-IP) (n=45 from intervention hospital and n=64 from control hospital). Staff n=37 at the control hospital answered the OVQ which was presented as descriptive data (Study IV). Results: Inter-rater reliability of the ICF-based assessment tool (DLDA) displayed acceptable kappa values (Study I). The DLDA tool showed the potential for empowering patients. Furthermore, it was considered useful for dialogues, refl ection and for identifying patients’ strengths. Nonetheless, it was diffi cult to implement it in practice due to contributing factors such as time pressure, heavy workload, stress and lack of routine in using the tool (Study II). The intervention hospital was characterised by an organisational culture of trust, belongingness and fl exibility, i.e. a human relation culture. One ward (I.W.3), however, was not dominated by a human relation culture. This ward had an almost equal mix of different cultures (human relation, open system, internal processes and rational goal) (Study III). The results of Study IV were non-signifi cant; however, it indicated that intervention ward 3 proved to be the most prominent ward regarding patient participation and empowerment among the intervention group. The results suggest hospital wards with equal mix of different cultures is more successful than cultural polarisation. Conclusion: Only one of fi ve wards succeeded in implementing the DLDA successfully (ward 5). Ward number three was the most successful of the inpatient intervention wards. The intent of the DLDA method was considered to be good and its use in a psychiatric nursing context can provide structured support in order to improve the dialogue with the patient, but it was not used in practice in all the studied wards. The organisational culture of the intervention hospital was dominated by human relation properties, however with one exception, ward number three. The results tentatively show that organisational culture may affect outcomes of implementation processes. Consequently, it appears that an equal mix of different cultures are more auspicious than cultural polarisations. The results seems to confi rm previous research, where one ward with a balanced mix of different cultures succeeded best to implement DLDA, of the wards representing psychiatric inpatient care. Ward number three did also show the best results in terms of empowerment and patient participation of the intervention wards. Further research aims to continue developing and conducting psychometric testing of the DLDA tool. The DLDAs impact on patient assessed empowerment and patient participation requires studies on larger populations than the current study

  • 326.
    Alverbratt, Catrin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Specialist Nursing programme.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Åström, Sture
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Kauffeldt, Anders
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Carlström, Eric
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    A New Working Method in Psychiatric Care: the impact of implementation2016In: International Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 0190-0692, E-ISSN 1532-4265, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 295-304Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An equal mix of organizational cultures is important for a successful implementation process. The aim of this study was to examine the implementation of a new working method in psychiatric hospital wards, representing different cultural characteristics. Descriptive quantitative data were collected at two hospitals (intervention and control). The results revealed one ward characterized by a mix of organizational cultures. This ward, compared with other intervention wards, showed the best results regarding patient assessed empowerment and participation. The result shows tentatively that organizational culture may have an impact on the implementation processes.

  • 327.
    Alverbratt, Catrin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Carlström, Eric
    Sahlgrenska Akademin, Göteborgs universitet.
    Åström, Sture
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture. Umeå universitet.
    Kauffeldt, Anders
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Berlin, Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    The process of implementing a new working method - a project towards change in a Swedish psychiatric clinic2014In: Journal of Hospital Administration, ISSN 1927-6990, E-ISSN 1927-7008, Vol. 3, no 6, p. 174-189Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The implementation of evidence-based methods in hospital settings is difficult and complex. The aim of the present study was to highlight the implementation process concerning a new working method, i.e. a new assessment tool, based on the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF), among psychiatric nursing staff on five participating wards at a Swedish county hospital. Descriptive, qualitative data were collected through focus group interviews pre- and post-implementation. Data were analysed using directed content analysis, guided by Normalization Process Theory (NPT). The results revealed that just one of the five participating wards met the criteria for a successful implementation process. The results confirm previous studies showing the difficulty of implementation. Although participants agreed with the intention of the model, they were reluctant to apply it in practice. The implementation process seemed to be influenced by factors such as: time pressure; heavy workload; stress; lack of routines in using the tool; lack of nursing staff; as well as cultural characteristics and resistance to change.

  • 328.
    Alvå, Gunilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
    The same procedure?: an analysis of conventional characteristics in contemporary woman detective fiction2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 329.
    Alwaeli, Laith
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Mechanical Engineering.
    Sjukvårdens behov av kurser inom verksamhetsutveckling2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 330.
    Alwan, Noor
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Signalord i matematiska textuppgifter: en kvalitativ studie om hur andraspråkselever i årskurs tre arbetar med matematiska textuppgifter2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: flera undersökningar visar att andraspråkselever får svårigheter i arbetet med textuppgifter matematik. Dessa svårigheter kan bero på att elever kopplar samman signalord till ett visst räknesätt, utan att förstå och lösa textuppgiften i sin kontext. Detta kan medverka att elever kommer till fel lösning på uppgifterna. Därför kan läsnings- och lösningsstrategi hjälpa eleverna att läsa och lösa matematiska textuppgifter. Syfte: Studiens syfte var att ta reda på hur andraspråkselever i årskurs tre tolkade och löste textuppgifter inom addition och subtraktion. Textuppgifterna innehöll signalord som kunde kopplas till ett visst räknesätt, såsom ”äldre” skulle kunna kopplas till addition, medan signalordet ”mindre” kunde kopplas till subtraktion. Signalorden kunde vara missledande om elever skulle koppla samman signalordet till ett räknesätt, istället för att läsa och förstå hela texten inför lösningsprocessen. För att kunna tydliggöra elevers tillvägagångssätt vid arbete med textuppgifter, har några teoretiska modeller använts som analytiska redskap för att tolka hur elever arbetar med textuppgifter i matematik.  Metod: Studien genomfördes genom gruppintervjuer samt observationer av elevers arbete med åtta textuppgifter i matematik. I studien deltog 15 elever från tre olika skolor i västra Götalands län. Resultatet utifrån observationer och gruppintervjuer visade att majoriteten av eleverna kopplade samman signalord till ett visst räknesätt i arbetet med textuppgifter. Resultat: Resultatet verifierade i likhet med tidigare forskning och teoretiska modeller elevers tendens att fokusera på signalord och matematiska symbolspråk, även om de teoretiska modellerna Problem Model Approach och Direct Translation Approach som ingick i studien i huvudsak var inriktade mot äldre förstaspråkselever. I resultatet framgick det även att eleverna inte visade tydlig användning av läsning- och lösningsstrategier vid arbetet med textuppgifterna. Samband till strategimodell LURBRA som ingick i studien var därför svagt.   

  • 331.
    Alwan, Noor
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Arvidsson, Karin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Hur arbetar lärare med nyanlända elever i språkundervisning?: En studie om lärares arbetssätt vid andraspråksundervisning2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vår studie syftar till att få mer insikt i vad läraren har för arbetssätt när det kommer till språkinlärning för nyanlända elever. Vi ville även se om läraren grundade sina arbetssätt i någon forskning om andraspråksundervisning. Anledningen till att vi valde att forska inom detta område var för att det idag finns lite forskning som berör hur lärare ska arbeta med språkundervisning för nyanlända elever. Vi ville med vår studie ge en ökad insikt i hur man kan undervisa nyanlända elever, då det blir allt mer vanligt att omhänderta nyanlända elever i klassrummet. Vår kvalitativa studie utgår från intervjuer med lärare för att ta reda på hur de arbetar språkutvecklande för nyanlända elever. Resultatet har visat att lärare arbetar på olika sätt trots att det finns likheter mellan arbetssätten. Alla lärare använde sig bland annat av interaktion och olika stödstrategier vid undervisning av nyanlända. Skillnader förekommer också i lärarnas arbetssätt och det finns några av lärarnas arbetssätt som inte ligger i linje med forskningen, vilket vi har lyft fram i analysen. Bland annat upptäckte vi att många av lärarna inte utvecklar elevers vardags- och skolspråk parallellt, vilket går emot den forskning om andraspråksundervisning som vi har läst. Vi märkte även att alla lärare använde sig av olika former av stöd i undervisningen, så som digitala verktyg, studiehandledare och grupparbeten. De varierande arbetssätt som lyfts fram i vår studie kan vara behjälpliga vid språk- och kunskapsinlärning, men däremot vet vi inte om arbetssätten, som har framkommit av intervjuerna, gynnar elevernas språkinlärning då vi inte har utgått från elevernas egna erfarenheter eller gjort några observationer i klassrummen.

  • 332.
    Alwardi, Hamza
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Byt kön eller välj döden: En berättelse om normalisering och disciplinering av homosexuella män i Iran2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis tells a story about how the Iranian Government commands and controls homosexual men through disciplining and normalization. The main focus of this study is to clarify and inform how homosexual men can experience their lives in Iran. The study is built on storytelling based on a documentary film and different literature.

    Be Like Others (2008), also known as Transsexuals in Iran created by Tanaz Eshaghian, Desiring Arabs (2007) written by Joseph A. Massad, What's really wrong with the Middle East (2011a) and Unspeakable Love, Gay and Lesbian Life in the Middle East (2011b) by Brian Whitaker. The various informational sources, informs about how homosexual men experience their everyday life and what has pushed them to undergo a gender reassignment treatment or surgery. Why they among other things are forced to go through surgery that changes their gender identity or expression to fit into the norm in Iran. But also tells different stories and news affecting LGBTQ life situations in the Middle East and what needs to change in order to improve their daily life. The Iranian government implements various regulations and laws that discipline and normalize Iranian inhabitants resulting in gay men changing expression or identity to fit into the norm. Homosexuality in Iran is a controversial subject, for instance, when the Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad visited Columbia University in New York on 24th September 2007, he took the opportunity to express that Iran is a LGBTQ-free state. This statement led the author to tell a story about various situations and how life is for homosexual man in Iran. In the narrative storytelling, a discussion about whether homosexual men in Iran exists or not and under what conditions of life they survive, based on discipline and normalization of Iran, takes place. The study's main conclusions is that the Iranian government controls people to maintain the normal gender role and relations and therefore to maintain this normal heterosexual norm through disciplining and normalization.

  • 333.
    Alwassati, Salman
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Hallgren, Martin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    En kvantitativ studie om förekomsten av big bath på Stockholmsbörsen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    En kvantitativ studie om big bath på Stockholmsbörsenwas written by Salman Alwassiti and Martin Hallgren who studied the economics program at Högskolan väst in Trollhättan during the spring of 2017. Internationally, many studies about big bath have been conducted in relation to different variables. Two variables confirmed to have a clear connection to big bath are negative results and replacement of CEO. What made our essay interesting was that, based on our knowledge, this was the first time a negative result and replacement of CEO was tested in combination for connection to big bath. Based on our knowledge, this was also the first time negative results and the CEO replacement was tested separately for connection to big bath in the Swedish market. Globalization has also brought about new economic rules such as IFRS, which also had an impact on the trends in big baths. The thesis is mainly written to business economists and researchers studying big bath. The purpose of the thesis is to achieve a clear result that answers the research questions:

    1. Does a negative result affect the presence of a big bath?

    2. Does a CEO replacement affect the presence of a big bath?

    3. Does negative result and CEO replacement in combination affect the presence of a big bath?

    The aim of the study is to achieve clear results that will answer these research questions. Evidence of correlation between negative results, CEO replacement, both combined and big bath has been obtained through scientific articles for the theoretical reference framework. Based on the theory, the different hypotheses have since been deduced:

    Hypothesis 1: A negative economic result increases the incidence of big bath.

    Hypothesis 2: The degree of big bath increases when a CEO's replaced.

    Hypothesis 3: The combination of both a negative result and a CEO replacement increases the occurrence of a big bath.

    The research questions are answered by the fact that the different hypotheses are either in line with reality or must be rejected. To test the hypotheses, a total of 180 small, medium and large listed companies have been selected on the Stockholm Stock Exchange in 2013, 2014 and 2015. The data has been taken from the randomly selected companies' annual reports. The thesis results showed that there was a correlation between negative results and big bath which was quite expected. The correlation test showed that there is a negative correlation between big bath and relative results of -0.277. The standardized betacoefficient also indicated a relationship of -0.277. The significance of the two tests were 0.000. Sweden is on similar level with the other investigated countries from the theory chapter. No statistically significant relationship was found between the big bath and the CEO replacement, which goes against the theoretical reference framework. Nor was there any connection between finding a combination of negative results and CEO replacement and big baths. As a proposal for further studies, big bath can be studied in relation to IFRS introduction in Sweden.

  • 334.
    Amandusson, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Ragnestål, Robert
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Ökvist, Marie
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Sjuksköterskans pedagogiska funktion vid omvårdnad av patienter med hjärt-kärlsjukdomar2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 335.
    Ames Villar, Christina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Aldén, Mattias
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Från penna till polygon: En kvalitativ forskning om animatörers förhållningsätt till Disneys 12 animationsprinciper2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we will investigate how Disney's 12 principles of animation is used today by professional 3D CGI animators in their work.

    The purpose of this study is to get an insight on how Disney's 12 principles of animation has changed for application in 3D CGI animation, as they were originally made for hand-drawn animation.

    Based on a selective choice based on a survey sent to studios working with animation and to freelance animators, we conduct interviews with the animators who answered the survey and could provide empirical data to our research.

    In the interviews, we ask how the respondents apply Disney's 12 principles of animation in their work in order to evaluate how they have changed since the 30s.

    The results we got showed that all respondents agree that Disney's 12 principles of animation are important tools in the creation of believable character animations.

    Some respondents chose to go through each animation principle and explain how they utilize each principle in their work, while other respondents stated they did not carefully followed these principles as they work with timelimited projects which means they do not have time to go through them all

  • 336.
    Amin, Alan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Men det beror på vem det kommer ifrån: En undersökning om skällsorden i skolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Skällsord har alltid använts av människan såvitt man vet och förekommer i alla språk, hos alla åldrar och i alla socialgrupper. Interjektioner av dessa slag har olika typer av funktion och mening beroende på vad sändaren vill förmedla. Beroende på omfattning, val av kraftuttryck och vid vilka tillfällen man väljer att använda svordomarna, blir de lämpliga respektive olämpliga. Forskning visar att uttrycken har förändrats, brett ut sig och försvunnit genom århundraden. Svordomarna förekommer oftast i det formella språket där orden är tabubelagda och har ett "förbud" över sig, men förekommer även i det informella språket då de har en viktig funktion för sändaren att förmedla exempelvis känslor på ett lekfullt sätt. I skolmiljön är skällsord inget undantag. I denna uppsats har jag valt att använda skällsord som en övergripande term för både invektiv och svordomar, men ibland har jag när det varit nödvändigt valt att skilja dem åt. Syfte: Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka vilka skällsord som används i skolan. Uppsatsen kommer även att undersöka elevers attityder till skällsord och vad det har för betydelse för ungdomars språk och relationer till varandra. Metod: Enkätundersökningar.

  • 337.
    Amini, Narges
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Dagliga utmaningar: patienters erfarenheter och hanterandet av knäartros2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Osteoarthrosis is considered the 11th most common disorder that causes the greatest disability and gradually decline the patient’s quality of life. Studies have shown that 80% of the patients have different types of disabilities and 25% can not perform their daily activities. Aim: The purpose of this study was to describe patients’ experiences of being stricken with knee osteoarthritis. Method: A literature-based study was chosen as the method that conduce to evidence-based nursing by analyzing qualitative research. The analysis resulted in three main themes and seven subthemes. Results: Three main themes were: “Daily challenges”, “To relieve symptoms” and “To be cared”. The main finding was that knee osteoarthritis considered to be the central focus in the patients’ lives which caused physical and socio-economies limitations. This worsened their quality of life and mental well-being. Although surgery considered to be the only solution, the expectations regarding the outcome differed. Conclusion: It is important to treat knee osteoarthritis in early course of the disease to prevent limitations and other diseases. The patient’s need information and support to manage their symptoms.

  • 338.
    Aminshahidi, Mahnoush
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Broms, Michael
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Elmi, Mubarak
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Om användbarhet på NU-sjukvårdens webbplats2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 339.
    Amoson, Jonas
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Building complex GUIs in Plan 92009In: Proceedings 4th International Workshop on Plan9, Athens, GA: University of Georgia , 2009, p. 15-21Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How can non-trivial graphical user interfaces be designed in Plan 9 without them losing their minimalistic style? Different toolkits are discussed, and a proposal for a tabbed toolbar is suggested as a way to add functionality without cluttering the interface and avoiding the use of pop-up dialog boxes. A hypothetical port to the GUI in LyX is used as an example.

  • 340.
    Amoson, Jonas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Automation and Computer Engineering.
    Lundqvist, Thomas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Automation and Computer Engineering.
    A light-weigh non-hierarchical file system navigation extension2012In: Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Plan 9 / [ed] Eric Jul, Dublin, Ireland, 2012, p. 11-13Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawbacks in organising and finding files in hierarchies have led researchers to explorenon-hierarchical and search-based filesystems, where file identity and belonging is pred-icated by tagging files to categories. We have implemented a chdir() shell extension en-abling navigation to a directory using a search expression. Our extension is light-weightand avoids modifying the file system to guarantee backwards compatibility for applicationsrelying on normal hierarchical file namespaces.

  • 341.
    Ampem, Daniel Kwame Baidoo
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Helping Out Refugees: the Way Forward Stakeholders' Activities for Newcomers in Trollhättan2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study used the qualitative research approach to investigate stakeholders' activities, stakeholders' opinions on technology, stakeholders' opinions on newcomers and problems of stakeholders in Trollhättan. Interest was on provided activities of the stakeholders'. With the actor network theory (ANT) framework, the study addressed the problem of newcomers to know about stakeholders' activities in Trollhättan. Semi structured in-depth interviews were conducted on seven stakeholders in Trollhättan municipality. A private company, Trollhättan Municipality Employment Office, the Red Cross, a university and three non-profit organizations. Data were analyzed based on summative content analyses. The study revealed that stakeholders arrange varied types of initiatives but it was hard for refugees that were placed in Trollhättan, especially newly arrived in Trollhättan to get access to the initiatives. The study concluded that reaching out to newly arrived newcomers is a major problem for stakeholders in Trollhättan.

  • 342.
    Ampem, Daniel Kwame Baidoo
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Reaching Out, Tuning in: On the Problematic Information Structure Hindering Connection between Socially Engaged Organizations and Refugees in the Municipality of Trollhättan2017In: Uddevalla Symposium 2017: Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Industrial Dynamics in Internationalized Regional Economies: Revised papers first presented at the 20th Uddevalla Symposium 15-17 June, 2017, Trollhättan, Sweden / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2017, p. 21-28Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent refugee crises have caused newcomers to settle in different municipalities in Sweden. Different municipalities respond differently to the situations that arise from an increased number of refugees waiting for decisions from the Swedish Migration Agency regarding residence permit. Such variation in response also affects how refugees can access relevant information about activities and initiatives available in the designated municipality while waiting. This study investigated how stakeholders' in the municipality of Trollhättan experienced their possibilities to spread information about their activities targeting refugees. A particular interest was on what kind of activities stakeholders provided, problems they face in reaching out to refugees, and opinions on using technology usage for outreach. Seven stakeholders in Trollhättan municipality were included in the study; a private company, the municipal employment office, a university and four nonprofit organizations. Findings suggest that stakeholders did arrange various types of initiatives but it was hard for refugees placed in Trollhättan to get access to these local initiatives. Stakeholders wanted to reach out to as many refugees as possible but they have a hard time doing so. The study concluded that information access of stakeholders activities is a major problem for refugees in Trollhättan. In order to address the dispersed and hard-to-find information from the varied stakeholders, a mobile app was suggested as a solution to the information problem in order to create a digital cental place for stakeholder initiatives and information spread. These initiatives, if known about, could create a more active and varied everyday life for refugees awaiting decisions from the migration board. For stakeholders to reach out with information of planned activities and for refugees to be able to tunein to these possibilities becomes particularly important in municipalities where refugees are dispersed in various kinds of locations, rather than living in largec amps.

  • 343.
    Amundsson, Helena
    University West, Department of Economics and Informatics.
    Bilden av Europa i Aftonbladet2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 344.
    Anberg Högeryd, Susanne M.
    et al.
    NU-sjukvården, Trollhättan.
    Berndtsson, Ina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Expert midwives’ experiences of security in their professional practice: I’m the captain of a jet2014In: International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery, E-ISSN 2141-2456, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 16-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Obstetric units have become larger, with patients being knowledgeable and demanding. Also, established team works at maternity wards require that midwives are secure in their role. A descriptive study with a phenomenological approach was used. A maternity unit in a hospital located in Western Sweden was chosen. Five expert midwives with vast experience of obstetric care who worked in a maternity unit were interviewed. Data were collected by audio-taped interviews. The data were analysed by means of Giorgi’s phenomenological method. The results showed that security was constituted by an inherent sense of security as well as confidence in self and in life. Education and practical group training in the workplace provided theoretical knowledge and practical experience. Support for others in the working team and open communication also constituted security. Also, clear leadership, guidelines and routines provided a framework and had a positive effect on expert midwives’ sense of security. When security was absent, midwife became worried, the joy and harmony diminished. In order to ensure midwife security and ultimately safe patient care, it was important to allow time for rest, to reflect on and evaluate their work. Expert midwives can create the prerequisites for their professional security. Several constituents combine to shape midwives’ sense of professional security; an inherent sense of security, own knowledge and experience, team collaboration, visible and clear leadership.

  • 345.
    Anderberg, Staffan
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    A study of process planning for metal cutting2009Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Process planning as a function for competitiveness is often neglected. However, as an intermediary between product development and manufacturing, it holds a key function in transforming product specifications and requirements into a producible process plan. Demands and requirements should be met concurrently as manufacturing costs and lead times are minimised. The focus of this thesis is the act of process planning, where the use of better methodologies, computer-aids and performance measurements are essential parts. Since process planning has the function of transforming demands and requirements, changing customer and regulative requirements are vital to regard. Since environmentally benign products and production increases in importance, the research presented in this thesis includes a CNC machining cost model, which relates machining costs to energy consumption.  The presented results in this thesis are based on quantitative and qualitative studies in the metal working industry.

     

    This thesis has contributed to an enhanced understanding of process planning to achieve better performance and important areas for improvements. Despite a 50 year history of computerised process planning aids, few of these are used in the industry, where manual process planning activities are more common. Process planning aids should be developed around the process planner so that non-value adding activities, such as information management and documentation are minimised in order to allow more resources for value adding activities, such as decision making. This thesis presents a study of systematic process planning in relation to perceived efficiency. This correlation could however not be verified, which opens up for further studies of other possible explanations for process planning efficiency. Process planning improvements in the industry are difficult to make, since there is little focus on process planning activities and limited knowledge about actual performance hereof. This means that measures taken regarding process planning development are difficult to verify.

  • 346.
    Anderberg, Staffan
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Process and Product Development.
    Methods for improving performance of process planning for CNC machining: an approach based on surveys and analytical models2012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Process planning as an enabler of competiveness is often overlooked, but being one of the principal function in the product realisation flow it holds a key role by combining both product and production requirements into a production concept with respect to the current manufacturing system. As such the capability of process planning to a large extent dictates production cost, lead times, product quality etc. With the introduction of new demands on production, such as environmental impact and process capability, process planning must be able to manage these demands effectively. Accordingly, it is vital to study the effects that up-coming demands have on the act of process planning. The research methods employed in this work include surveys (questionnaires and interviews), industrial case studies and experiments to provide data for models developed. The main finding of this research is that there is a lack of quantified process planning performance knowledge in the industry, which leads to verification problems as to whether changes that are made render anticipated effects. Results of surveys also indicated a low level of digitalisation of product data and limited use of computer aids (CAM, feature-based CAM and PLM) in Swedish industry based on 144 companies' response. A concept to improve process planning performance through operation classification based on process capability indices (Cp/Cpk) was suggested. The role of process planning in designing cost efficient and energy efficient machining operations has been maintained throughout the thesis by showing how tool selection and machining parameters selection influences the possibilities to achieve these objectives. This work has also showed that no inherent contradictions appear to exist between achieving cost efficient and energy efficient machining operations. This thesis has contributed to an enhanced understanding of how process planning improvements can be achieved through a holistic perspective of the process planning function, where both technical and methodological aids are included. It is however essential to understand the current situation of the process planning organisation, its internal/external relations, level of digitalisation, competency level etc. before major changes of the process planning function are undertaken in order to be successful.

  • 347.
    Anderberg, Staffan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Beno, Tomas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Pejryd, Lars
    3Production Technology Centre, Innovatum AB.
    A survey of metal working companies’ readiness for process planning performance measurements2009In: IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management, IEEM 8-11 sep, 2009, Hong-Kong, 2009, p. 1910-1914Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents an investigation regarding the potential and the readiness for implementing performance indicators and performance measurement systems of the process planning work for metal working companies. The paper is based on a questionnaire survey distributed to process planners in the Swedish metal working industry. The main outcome of the investigation is a foundation for understanding the implementation of performance measures of the process planning work for CNC machining. The survey revealed a few strengths and short comings in the studied companies.

  • 348.
    Anderberg, Staffan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Beno, Tomas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Pejryd, Lars
    Production Technology Centre, Innovatum AB.
    CNC machining process planning productivity – a qualitative survey2009In: Proceedings of The International 3'rd Swedish Production Symposium, SPS 09, 2009, p. 228-235Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Process planning is the link between design and manufacturing and consequently an important function, since it influences many of the company objectives. However, many companies have little knowledge about their process planning function and the efficiency is thus not optimal. The paper focuses on the automation level of process planning as a mean to improve process planning efficiency. Six CNC machining companies was interviewed and accordingly analysed through a five dimensional automation level model to understand their process planning work. The main findings are that the automation level is low and concurrent engineering is lacking in many of the investigated companies.

  • 349.
    Anderberg, Staffan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Beno, Tomas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Pejryd, Lars
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Energy and Cost Efficiency in CNC Machining from a Process Planning Perspective2011In: 9th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing: Sustainable Manufacturing –Shaping Global Value Creation / [ed] Günther Seliger, 2011, p. 383-389Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of process planning as an enabler for cost efficient and environmentally benign CNC machining is investigated in the paper. Specific energy is used as the principal indicator of energy efficient machining and different methods to calculate and estimate this is exemplified and discussed. The interrelation between process planning decisions and production outcome is sketched and process capability can be considered as one factor of green machining. A correlation between total machining cost and total energy use was shown for an experimental case. However, to generalise conclusions, the importance of having reliable data during process planning to make effective decisions should not be underestimated.

  • 350.
    Anderberg, Staffan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Beno, Tomas
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering. University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.
    Pejryd, Lars
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Engineering.
    Process planning for cnc machining of swedish subcontractors: A web survey2014In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 17, p. 732-737Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Process planning of CNC machining is critical to ensure cost, time and quality parameters of manufacturing operations. At the heart of process planning is, typically the process planner, who must make a multitude of decisions regarding machines, cutting strategies, tools and process parameters etc. Today there are a number of different tools and methods available to aid the process planner. This paper explores today’s industrial use of some of these aids and outlinespotential underlying reasons for the current state. The empirical data is based on a questionnaire survey of Swedish CNC machining sub-contractors. The main conclusion is that despite a long history of development of various aids (CAD/CAM, PLM standards etc.) there is still a large proportion of the industry, which has not yet adopted these aids. By the responding companies 32% do not use any CAM system and only 2% use a PLM system. On the other side of the spectrum is a group of 25% that uses CAM in 75% or more of their planned products. The learning from this survey can be used to better understand the industrial needs and focus research and development efforts.

45678910 301 - 350 of 10359
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf