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  • 251.
    Frisell, Kajsa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Jakobsson, Birgitta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Evolutionsteorin: Har barndomsminnen ett överlevnadsvärde?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research in human memory is extensive and so is research on the theory of evolution, but studies that investigate how people's childhood memories have influenced their behaviors and approaches in adulthood based on the theory of evolution are rare.

    The purpose of the present study was to contribute to the completion of this knowledge gap. Semi-structured interviews with three educators, a social educator, two psychology students, two sociology students and a nursing student were conducted focusing on which childhood memories they have had, negative or positive, and how they have experienced how it has affected their behavior and approach in adult life. The informants were between 25 and 66 and there were five men and four women. Based on the informants' answers, we examined whether these could be linked to the theory of evolution and if childhood memories has survival values whether these could be linked to the theory of evolution and if childhood memories has survival values.

    In the result of the thematic analysis, seven themes emerged: 1. Fear, 2. Alienation, 3. Helpfulness, 4. Parental / Adult Role, 5. Belonging, 6. Betrayal / Lack of Trust and 7. Negative experiences. The study's results give an understanding of how childhood memories can affect people's behavior and how evolution  theory can be applied in people today. The result shows people's efforts to constantly improve their characteristics by learning from their or other’s mistakes.

    The study thus makes a psychological contribution to the qualitative research on how people's memories can be adapted through generations based on the theory of evolution.

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  • 252.
    Frisk, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mångfald på arbetsplatsen: En studie om hur personliga värderingar påverkar attityden till utrikes födda2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores how attitudes towards foreign-born employees are linked to the individual's personal values. The study was conducted with the help of Swedbank and its staff. Study subjects consisted of 137 participants. To investigate the impact of personal values on attitudes towards foreign-born coworkers, questionnaires were sent consisting of 44 questions. The questionnaire was structured in two parts, one part which consisted of a scale that measured how survey participants felt that the bank and the staff are affected. The second part of the questionnaire measured the weight that study participants attach to different personal values. In order to answer the research questions, a correlation analysis Pearson correlation coefficient (r) and a multiple linear regression were used. The results showed positive correlations between the perceived effect on the bank as well as the banking staff and the values for universalism and benevolence. Also shown, there was a negative correlation between the perceived effect on the bank and the banking staff with values for power. Finally, the results also showed a negative correlation between the values of security and tradition with the perceived effect on banking staff. The results mean that the participants who value relationships and appreciation for diversity of people, felt that the recruitment of foreign-born is positive for the bank and the staff. Study participants who instead value the control, domination, security and respect for traditional culture was shown to have a negative attitude towards foreign-born employees. The results of multiple regression analysis showed that the value dimensions (self-transcendence and self-enhancement) and (openness to change and conservation) explain 10 percent of the total variance in perceived banking impact, as well as explaining 7 percent of the total variance in perceived impact on banking staff.

  • 253.
    Frisén, Ann
    et al.
    Göteborgs Universitet, Göteborg.
    Hwang, PhilipUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg.
    Ungdomar och identitet2020Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Antologin beskriver centrala teman som kön och genus, kropp och sexualitet, etnicitet, språk samt identitet på internet. Avslutningsvis diskuteras hur identiteten utvecklas i övergången mellan ungdom och ung vuxen. Många citat och exempel levandegör innehållet – och låter ungdomarnas egna röster komma till tals.

    Målgruppen är studerande och yrkesverksamma inom psykologi, socialt arbete, pedagogik, sociologi, barn- och ungdomsvetenskap samt alla andra som vill lära sig mer om ungdomars identitetsskapande i dagens samhälle.

  • 254.
    Frykman, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lindgren, Lisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hr-medarbetares upplevda ensamhet i hemarbetet: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has focus on loneliness in the physical workplace and there is not as much research on what happens when the workplace is moved home and the employees are isolated and alone in their home away from their colleagues and managers. The purpose of the current study is to find out how HR employees experience their psychosocial work environment when working from home. To limit and focus only at the psychosocial work environment, the following question was asked: How do HR employees experience their psychosocial work environment in terms of loneliness when working from home? Semi-structured interviews were accomplished with ten HR employees on teams, zoom and one interview via the phone. The data that was collected were processed and color-coded using a thematic analysis. In the processed material, two main themes were developed; social aspects of loneliness and achievement, with three sub-themes associated with each main theme. The results show that HR employees lack social interactions with their colleagues, that social support is perceived as important, that the efficiency when working alone increased, which is seen as a positive aspect while motivation decreases due to lack of social interactions. Even though the requirements for the tasks seem to be the same, they interpret to have changed. The natural breaks have disappeared as an outcome to the loneliness when working from home, since there are no colleagues around to talk to and reminds about taking a break. The study contributes to what isolation and loneliness do to people and shows that we actually feel good about getting out and meeting our colleagues in the workplace rather than working from home. 

  • 255.
    Frykman, Linnea
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Svensson, Amanda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Enhetschefers upplevelser av deras egen psykosociala arbetsmiljö under COVID-192021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate how first line managers in elderly care experience their own psychosocial work environment during the COVID-19 pandemic. Karasek and Theorell’s Job-Demand-Control-Support- model were used in the study.

    The data collection based on semi-structured interviews with six managers working within elderly care.

    The analysis done through a thematic analysis of the data. Four overall themes were revealed in the analysis. These four general themes prioritization of tasks, separating work from leisure, support and important qualities as a manager.

    The discussion section that the majority of respondents felt that they found it difficult to separate work leisure, but that they were overall satisfied with their own psychosocial work environment despite the circumstances in regard to the pandemic. 

  • 256.
    Frödin, Rolf
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Arbetet som ordningsvakt: Att möta motstridiga krav2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study has its starting point in two articles in the daily press, one debate article and one reply, about the security guards work at the pub. The debaters in the article said that the insecurity in the nightlife depends on the security guards abusing their power discriminating and committing violence against the guests at the pub. A security guard replicated on the article and said that the insecurity in the pub is not created by the security guards but by the pub owner with his staff. There is a conflict of interest between the security guard's assignment and the pub owner who pays the guard's salary. The owner of the pub would like to have influence over the work of the security guards, otherwise he /she may lose his /her work. In the reply, it is proposed that the solution to the conflict of interest is that the security guards become employees and receive a salary from the police authority. The contents of the security guard's reply to the debate article caught my interest in this study.

    The aim of the study is to gain increased knowledge and understanding of how the conditions are for the work of the security guards, in a pub environment, based on three issues. 

    • How do the guards experience their profession and mission?

    • How do the security guards handle the conflict of interest between the principal police authority and the owner of the pub?

    • How do the security guards reason to be state employees and receive salaries from the police authority? 

    The theoretical perspective of the study consists of Rational Choice theory (RC), Georg Simmel's theory of triads and Pierre Bourdieu's concept of habitus. To answer the questions, qualitative method was chosen with interview. Five security guards were interviewed through semi-structured interview method. The interviews were printed and analyzed by thematic analysis. The themes that appear in the study are the professional role of the security guards, conflict of interest, form of employment and improvement area.

    The study's results show that the security guards watch their professional role as an important service function at the pub where good reception of the guests is in focus. The described conflict of interest was known by the interviewed guards, but they judged that it was caused by security guards who were unsuitable and who did not stand up for their profession and assignments. All security guards did not want to be employed and receive salaries from the police authority, but argued that security guards would only be employed by security companies and not directly by the owner of the pub.

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  • 257.
    Fåll, Alexander
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Depersonalisation: En kvalitativ studie kring hur vårdpersonal upplever patienter med depersonalisationssyndrom2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Depersonalization syndrome is a mental condition that is estimated to affect between 1-3 percent of the world's population at some time during their lives. Although it is considered as a well-documented syndrome there are relatively few people who know the concept and what it means. The aim of the present study was to contribute to increasing the general knowledge and to examine how healthcare professionals experience these patients. Semi-structured interviews with five informants, two psychologists and three psychiatric nurses, ware carried out with a focus on how they experienced their patients and how they are affected in their life and what treatment they received. Analysis of the empirical data was performed by theoretical interpretation where the two built-in themes in the interview guide were central. The results of the analyses showed the different approaches in the treatment stage between psychologists and psychiatric nurses. Besides that the analyses confirmed previous research by demonstrating that the under diagnosis is great, medical use is common and the ordinary life of individuals with depersonalization syndrome can often be problematic. The study thus represents a psychological contribution in the dissemination of knowledge regarding depersonalization syndrome.

  • 258.
    Gadd, Josefin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Börjesson, Sarah
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Fysisk integritet i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie om pedagogers förhållningssätt till barns fysiska integritet2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning Bakgrund: Vi har arbetat inom förskola i fyra år och har de tre senaste åren utbildat oss till förskollärare utan att någon gång stött på ämnet barns fysiska integritet trots att det är ett av fem barn som blir sexuellt utnyttjade. Det finns mycket tidigare forskning om sexuella övergrepp men denna studie är avgränsad till fysisk integritet i förskolan vilket det tyvärr fanns begränsat med tidigare forskning om. Vi anser därför att denna studie är välbehövlig och intressant att genomföra. Studien vill påvisa hur förskollärare kan lära barnen att de har rätten till sin kropp och att andras fysiska integritet ska respekteras. Syfte: Studiens syfte är att undersöka hur förskolepersonal arbetar med och ser på barns fysiska integritet i förskolan. Metod: Den valda metoden för studien är kvalitativa semistrukturerade forskningsintervjuer som genomförts med fem kvinnliga förskollärare och två kvinnliga barnskötare i ett åldersspann mellan 25-53 från tre olika förskolor. För att analysera intervjumaterialet har vi använt oss av kategorisering och datastyrd kodning. Resultat: Studiens resultat visar att deltagarna arbetar på olika sätt med barns fysiska integritet t.ex. genom arbete med känslor, dramatiseringar av olika slag, musik, massage och samarbetsövningar. Samtliga deltagare är medvetna om att både de och barnen ska respektera varandras fysiska integritet och att det är ett arbete som pågår hela tiden vilket underlättas om förskolepersonalen är närvarande för att kunna stötta barnen. Deltagarna påvisar också en medvetenhet gällande situationer som måste utföras på grund av hygienskäl men som kan bli problematiska vid t.ex. tidspress.

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  • 259.
    Garcia, Danilo
    et al.
    Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden.
    Persson, Björn N.
    University of Turku, Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden, Department of Psychology, Finland, University of Skövde, Department of Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy, Sweden.
    Al Nima, Ali
    Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden, Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden .
    Brulin, Joel Gruneau
    Stockholm University, Department of Psychology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Rapp-Ricciardi, Max
    Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    IRT analyses of the Swedish Dark Triad Dirty Dozen2018In: Heliyon, E-ISSN 2405-8440, Vol. 4, no 3, article id e00569Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Dark Triad (i.e., Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy) can be captured quickly with 12 items using the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen (Jonason and Webster, 2010). Previous Item Response Theory (IRT) analyses of the original English Dark Triad Dirty Dozen have shown that all three subscales adequately tap into the dark domains of personality. The aim of the present study was to analyze the Swedish version of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen using IRT. Method: 570 individuals (nmales = 326, nfemales = 242, and 2 unreported), including university students and white-collar workers with an age range between 19 and 65 years, responded to the Swedish version of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen (Garcia et al., 2017a,b). Results: Contrary to previous research, we found that the narcissism scale provided most information, followed by psychopathy, and finally Machiavellianism. Moreover, the psychopathy scale required a higher level of the latent trait for endorsement of its items than the narcissism and Machiavellianism scales. Overall, all items provided reasonable amounts of information and are thus effective for discriminating between individuals. The mean item discriminations (alphas) were 1.92 for Machiavellianism, 2.31 for narcissism, and 1.99 for psychopathy. Conclusion: This is the first study to provide IRT analyses of the Swedish version of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen. Our findings add to a growing literature on the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen scale in different cultures and highlight psychometric characteristics, which can be used for comparative studies. Items tapping into psychopathy showed higher thresholds for endorsement than the other two scales. Importantly, the narcissism scale seems to provide more information about a lack of narcissism, perhaps mirroring cultural conditions. © 2018 The Authors

  • 260.
    Garp Vajizovic, Hampus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Roshan, Navid
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Personlighet som prediktor för konfliktaversion2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Several studies have been made about conflict style and its relationship to personality. However, these studies have not included conflict aversion. Conflict aversion is about an individual's dislike of conflicts. We used a quantitative method and collected data through a web-based questionnaire containing 63 items. Personality was measured with Big Five (IPIP30) and Dark Triad (Dirty Dozen) and conflict aversion was measured with selected items. There were 289 participants in the study, of which 61% were women. We found that high neuroticism could predict conflict aversion and that this was a strong association. We also found a moderately strong negative association between psychopathy and conflict aversion. Our regression analysis revealed that personality, gender and socioeconomic status during upbringing and today could account for 22% of the variance in conflict aversion. The results can contribute with additional information to the field of conflict management.

  • 261.
    Gashi-Rojas, Gentiana
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Donald, Jennie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Work-Family Conflict: En kvalitativ studie om arbetstagarens upplevelse av konflikten mellan arbete och familj avseende hemarbete till följd av COVID-192021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine how employees within Human Resources experience the conflict between work and family regarding homework as a result of COVID 19 and what they perceive to be significant in order to achieve balance. The method used in the implementation was a qualitative method in the form of an interview study. The sample consisted of 8 people who during the pandemic had to switch to homework. The participants were active in the occupational group of Human Resources, and had children under the age of 12 years. One of the most important results that emerged in the study was that there is a positive view of the transition to homework as it creates a balance between work and family. Good social support and control over work tasks were not lacking among the respondents, which is linked to job satisfaction and less psychosocial stress. Furthermore, the results show that good communication and gender equality contribute to a reduced experience of Work Family Conflict. Loneliness can be a contributing factor to not enjoying homework. Therefore, the positive experience may be due to the fact that the majority of the respondents live with a partner and that they have children. However, it is interesting that the respondents in our study do not experience a high level of WFC. It can therefore be discussed whether the homework as a result of COVID-19 has changed the experience of WFC. 

  • 262.
    Gerhard Eriksson, Tommy
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Fördomsfullhet (modern rasism) och social dominansorientering bland polisstuderande och intagna i fängelse2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that police officers and police-trainees are more ethnically prejudiced than the average population. Research on the phenomenon of prejudice has revealed that intolerant people tend to “divide” people hierarchically into groups, so-called social dominance orientation (SDO). In social dominance theory there is a thesis that police officers belong to the dominant group, while the prison population belongs to the subordinate group. Later research has linked prejudice and SDO to personality traits in the Five Factor Model and to the Dark Triad (i.e., Machiavellianism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy), primarily to low levels of factor agreeableness and openness, and high levels of Machiavellianism. The main aim (Study 1) was to examine the differences in prejudice and SDO between police-trainees at the end of their education (N = 202) and inmates (N = 264), as well as investigate relationships between prejudice and SDO through regression analyses in each group. Unexpectedly, a multivariate analysis of variance disclosed that police-trainees were less ethnically prejudiced than inmates, and that the thesis on social dominance theory could be rejected, as police-trainees also were less socially dominant than inmates. SDO predicted prejudice throughout the whole sample; the effect was significantly higher within the groups of inmates. A more open set of questions (Study 2) was to examine, from a personality approach, in which way inmates were more prejudiced and socially dominant. Multiple regression analyses showed that low levels of agreeableness and high levels of Machiavellianism predicted ethnic prejudice and SDO in the group of inmates, which may well explain the difference between the groups.

  • 263.
    Gerward, Annica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hur lärarlönelyftet påverkade upplevelsen i gruppen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ”Lärarlönelyftet” was a project by the Swedish government to elevate the status of the teacher profession and student performance by rising the wages of the best teachers. This resulted in that 40% of the teachers got a raise of about 3,000 SEK.

    The following thesis focus on examining how the teachers in Skellefteå county public schools (students age 16-19) experienced that “lärarlönelyftet” influenced their work group and work climate. There are few previous studies on how performance-based pay influence the group and its members.

    This thesis includes five semi-structured interviews with teachers. The participants included males and females, people who had or hadn’t taken part of the rise. A thematic analysis of the data resulted in four themes, showing both positive and negative effects.

    Teachers who’d gotten the rise felt acknowledged, while the ones who hadn’t felt devalued. A rift developed between colleagues; conflicts and devaluating comments were prominent. There was a feeling of injustice and anger about who had gotten the rise. The ones who got the rise felt favoured in an unwanted way which led to anxiety. The anxiety was, among other, founded in the notion that they had gotten more than their colleagues. Opinions differ if the effects linger three years later.

    The result of this thesis acknowledges the effects performance-based pay can have on a group and its dynamics. Additional studies on a bigger scale should be carried out to reach deeper analysis about if and how the effects linger and what happens to the group.

  • 264.
    Gidoff, Emilia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Olsson, Lovisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tidsbaserad konflikt mellan arbete och familj2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A common subject today is how people experience difficulties keeping requirements from work and family apart. This study aimed to investigate: (1) What correlations can be found between experienced work-family conflict (WFC), family-work conflict (FWC), the number of hours worked (paid work), the number of hours spent on family and household labor (non-paid work) and division of labor. (2) To what extent paid work, non-paid work and division of labor can predict experienced conflict. (3) If the results concerning experienced conflict differ between women and men. The participants in the study consisted of 389 employees who lived with an employed partner. 211 women and 178 men in the ages of 29-80 years (M = 52) participated. The instrument used to answer the research questions was parts of International Social Survey Program 2012: Opinions on family and work. With correlations, regressions, and t-test the results showed that the only important variables that correlated with experienced WFC was paid work (r = .19) and nonpaid work (r = -.11). Experienced FWC did not show any important correlations for this study. The result also showed that all variables in the study could predict WFC up to 9% and experienced FWC up to 6%, and that women experienced WFC to a greater extent than men do. Division of labor had almost non-existent correlations with either conflict, but did show a strong correlation with gender (r = .58). The conclusion of the present study is that paid and non-paid work, division of labor and gender can to some extent play an important role for in what extent a person experiences conflict between work and family, and vice versa.

  • 265.
    Gillard, Jenny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johansson, Moa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Work-Family Conflict: en kvalitativ studie om småbarnsmammors upplevelse av relationen mellan arbetsliv och familjeliv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how working women with children under the age of five experience the relationship between work-life and family-life. We examine what conflicts can arise and how theese women cope with them.

    To learn more about this relationship we have used a qualitative method and collected data based on six semi-structured interviewes. The data has then been analysed using a manifest content analysis.

    The results show that the women in this study experience work-family conflict as a result due to lack of social support from their spouse.

    The conclusion is that theese women experience stress, which can be derived to inequality in housework, as a consequence of the work-family conflict.

  • 266.
    Glad, Elin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Persson, Josefin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samband mellan individuell arbetsprestation och arbetsrelaterad stress2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Individual work performance and work related stress have been studied for many years, where results show that high stress levels tend to lead to inferior wellbeing and lower performance. The aim of the study was to look into the relationship between individual work performance and work related stress where individual work performance was divided into three dimensions: task performance, contextual performance and counterproductive work behavior. A quantitative method was used where data was collected through a web based questionnaire containing 52 questions. The questionnaire mainly consisted of IWPQ (Individual Work Performance Questionnaire) and COPSOQ II (Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II), with proven good reliability and validity intended to measure the participants’ perceived individual work performance and stress levels.

    The results of the study were controlled for demographic variables and informal learning, days of teleworking, sleeping hours and satisfaction with the amount of sleeping hours per night. A total of 286 individuals of working age participated. The results of the study initially show a moderate negative correlation between taskperformance and work related stress, a weak negative correlation between contextual performance and work related stress and a medium-strong positive correlation between counterproductive work behavior and work related stress. In the regression analysis, task performance remained negatively correlated to work related stress even under control for significant control variables. Counterproductive work behaviors showed in the regression analysis a significant positive relationship to work related stress. The conclusion is that work related stress inhibits task performance and tends to increase counterproductive behaviors in individuals.

  • 267.
    Glatz, Terese
    et al.
    School of Behavioural, Social, and Legal sciences, Örebro University, Örebro (SWE).
    Alsarve, Jenny
    School of Humanities, Education, and Social sciences, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Daneback, Kristian
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    An examination of parents’ online activities and links to demographic characteristics among parents in Sweden2023In: Journal of Family Social Work, ISSN 1052-2158, E-ISSN 1540-4072, p. 1-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we examined parents’ online activities and whether engagement in specific activities attracts certain parents. Additionally, we examined sub-groups of parents regarding their difficulties to interpret and deal with online information. We used a sample of 401 parents of children below the age of five living in Sweden. The results showed that most parents used the Internet frequently, but there were differences in what activities parents were involved in. In general, results suggested that mothers and parents of younger children used the Internet more to find information about parenting related issues compared to fathers and parents of older children. Mothers seemed to rely more on online information in their parenting role than did fathers, but at the same time, they reported more troubles dealing with the information they found online. Additionally, parents with higher education read parenting blogs whereas parents with lower education posted photos and information on Social Networking Sites (SNS). The results of this study offer important knowledge regarding variations in parents’ online use and might be used to develop support offered to different groups of parents. © 2023 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

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  • 268.
    Glatz, Terese
    et al.
    Örebro University, Örebro (SWE).
    Daneback, Kristian
    Gothenburg University, Gothenburg (SWE).
    Alsarve, Jenny
    Örebro University, Örebro (SWE).
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Parents’ Feelings, Distress, and Self-Efficacy in Response to Social Comparisons on Social Media2023In: Journal of Child and Family Studies, ISSN 1062-1024, E-ISSN 1573-2843, Vol. 32, no 8, p. 2453-2464Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Parents’ social comparisons on social networking sites (SNS) is a research area of growing interest. In this study, we examined parents’ positive and negative feelings when comparing with other parents and associations with self-reported distress (i.e., stress and depression) and self-efficacy. We used a sample of 422 Swedish parents of children below the age offive (Mage = 1.29 years). In a first step, we examined construct validity of two new measures on parents’ positive and negative feelings when doing comparisons on SNS. In a second step, we examined associations with self-reported parenting.

    Results showed that parents reported more positive feelings than negative feelings in relation to other parents on SNS.

    Further, negative feelings when doing social comparisons were linked to more distress and lower level of self-efficacy, where as positive feelings when doing social comparisons predicted higher level of self-efficacy, but not distress. These results suggest that negative feelings are related to lower actual levels of distress and self-efficacy, but positive feelings can have an instant positive effect on parents’ perceived competence, but not on their well-being. Practitioners can encourage parents to reflect on who they compare with on SNS and why, as it might enable evaluations that could lead to selfimprovement rather than weakening of oneself as a parent.

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  • 269.
    Glennö, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gustafsson, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Motivation, vision och reflektion: Tre beståndsdelar i den individuella kompetensutvecklingen ur ett enhetschefsperspektiv2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The working life is constantly changing, so employees are required to acquire new knowledge, insights and methods to keep up with the developments. Hence, the primary purpose of the study was to investigate how 11 unit managers from public municipal sector, experience their own competence development in relation to motivation, vision and reflection in the daily work. A qualitative interview method identified four main themes and twelve sub-themes that were linked to previous research and theories. Illeris learning triangle, Kock's optimal work climate and Schön's reflection formed the basis for the theory section, while previous research provided extra substance in the analysis of the discussion section. It emerged that the unit managers agree that prioritization of time and response are two prerequisites for competence development to be developed. Motivation, vision and reflection form the framework for the study where they act internally for the implicit learning, while relevance, trust and time prioritization are more about external variables in the explicit learning. All in all, all parts are linked together where quotations and research take place and explain the respondents' individual views on their own competence development in their daily work, in order to promote learning, development and change.

  • 270.
    Goria, Gabriella
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mjölnevik, Felicia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ett liv mellan olika världar: En kvalitativ studie om att växa upp med flera kulturer, och dess inverkan på vuxna människors identitetsutveckling2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the Swedish society people from different nationalities and cultures live together. To grow up, and live with multiple cultures, is something that not everyone gets to experience. Previous research shows that people who grow up with two cultures develop an uncertain self-image during adolescence. There may be confusion about which country or culture to adhere to.

    Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the impact that an upbringing of more than one culture may have on adults' identity development.

    Seven people were asked to participate in the study, who originate from different parts of the world. Using a qualitative method, interviews were conducted using a semi-structured interview guide and the collected data were analyzed using thematic analysis.

    The result showed that ambivalence and confusion around identity were common during adolescence. This developed into self-confidence at adulthood when an increased awareness of the opportunities brought about by growing up with more cultures.

  • 271.
    Granath, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Obligatorisk förskola för de yngsta barnen?: en kvalitativ studie om reflektioner och tankar ur förskollärares perspektiv2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Preschool in Sweden today is a voluntary form of school. At a political level various proposals have been put forward aimed at reforming preschool and making it compulsory. The background to the proposal is among other things to ensure that all children can take part in the education in preschool, to increase children´s participation in preschool and for improved language development in Swedish. As this question concerns several levels in society the study´s theoretical framework is based on the developmental ecology systems theory and the socio-cultural perspective on learning. 

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to take part in preschool teachers’ reflections and thoughts on compulsory preschool based on the holistic view of care, development andlearning that the education should be based on the following question; how do preschool teachers describe the activities and their own role today and what does their reasoning look like if preschool were to be reformed and become compulsory?

    Method: The study was based on a qualitative method in which eight semi-structured interviews with active preschool teachers were conducted. The results have been analyzed through a thematic analysis. 

    Results and conclusions: During the analysis various themes linked to the preschool teachers’descriptions of the preschool activities today and themes around the preschool teachers reasoning about the preschool were identified as compulsory. The results showed that preschool teachers in different ways emphasized the importance of preschool for children’s development and learning. A special area that were highlighted was the importance of social interaction. Furthermore, the preschools compensatory mission was emphasized and that if preschool were to be compulsory more children would have access to a language developing environment. The preschool teachers also highlighted the challenges that the preschool faces today and that if preschool is to be made compulsory, an equivalent preschool must be ensured. The preschool teachers also emphasized that the preschool is suitable for different children and parent´s opportunity to choose the form of care themselves. 

  • 272.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    En första bok om kvantitativa metoder för psykologi och andra beteendevetenskaper2020 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kvantitativ forskning inom psykologi och andra beteendevetenskaper är inspirerad av ett naturvetenskapligt sätt att förstå världen. Mätningar och insamling av sifferdata sker genom att frågor eller påståenden presenteras tillsammans med svarsalternativ som kan översättas till siffror. Insamlat siffermaterial analyseras med statistiska metoder vilket gör det möjligt att dra slutsatser om samband mellan variabler och skillnader mellan grupper. Boken tar främst upp enkäter som metod för insamling av data. Du får lära dig hur du lägger upp en enkätundersökning, hur du ställer de rätta frågorna och hur svaren ska analyseras. Du lär dig också om vanliga fallgropar vid kvantitativa undersökningar. Medelvärden, standardavvikelser, korrelationskoefficienter, enkel regressionsanalys och test av statistisk signifikans är några av de statistiska verktyg som tas upp och förklaras i boken. Metoderna förklaras och exemplifieras så att även läsare utan speciella matematiska förkunskaper lätt kan följa resonemangen och förstå de bakomliggande idéerna. En första bok om kvantitativa metoder kan användas som grundbok i kurser i kvantitativ forskningsmetod för psykologistuderande och andra beteendevetare.

  • 273.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Biel, Anders
    Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
    The impact of environmental information on professional purchasers' choice of products2007In: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 16, no 6, p. 421-429Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 274.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johnsen, Svein Åge
    Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Department of Psychology, Lillehammer, Norway.
    Hanss, Daniel
    Hochschule Darmstadt–University of Applied Sciences, Department of Social Sciences, Darmstadt, Germany.
    Values and willingness-to-pay for sustainability-certified mobile phones2019In: International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, ISSN 1350-4509, E-ISSN 1745-2627, Vol. 26, no 7, p. 657-664Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated whether endorsement of personal values is associated with willingness to pay more for mobile phones with an environmental or social sustainability label. Participants were students in Sweden, Norway and Germany. A self-report inventory was used to measure willingness to pay and the importance attached to values of Schwartz's circular model. In Sweden and Norway, participants were willing to pay, on average, 18% extra for a mobile phone with labels for environmental or social sustainability. In Germany, the corresponding share was 12%. To strive for self-enhancement values, that is, social status and prestige, as well as control and dominance over people and resources, was associated with a lower willingness to pay for mobile phones with labels for environmental or social sustainability in all three countries. Furthermore, women were willing to pay more than men for mobile phones with both kinds of sustainability labels. In Sweden and Norway, participants were, on average, willing to pay more for a mobile phone with a label for social sustainability compared to a mobile phone with a label for environmental sustainability. © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

  • 275.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Persson, Anders
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tuffare konkurrens ökar fusk bland forskare2019In: Göteborgsposten, ISSN 1103-9345, Vol. 7 oktober, p. 2-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att oredlighet och fusk förekommer inom akademisk forskning är nu ingen nyhet. Men vi menar att blicken bör höjas över enskilda fall för att se vilka strukturella förhållanden som kan utgöra incitament för sådana beteenden, skriver Anders Persson universitetslektor i sociologi vid Högskolan Väst och Gunne Grankvist, docent i psykologi vid Högskolan Väst.

  • 276.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Persson, Anders
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Återinför muntliga examinationer för att motverka fusk: Debatt 16 september, 20232023In: Universitetsläraren, p. 1-1Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 277.
    Gulamhusein, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Muhiaddin, Esma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ”Varför kollar dom snett?”: En kvalitativ studie om bostadsområdet och ungdomars identitet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte har varit att öka förståelsen kring hur bostadsområdet har format ungdomarnas identitet utifrån respondenternas upplevelse. Polismyndigheterna presenterar i deras studie femton särskilda utsatta områden i Sverige. Ett av dessa utsatta områden var Angered som blev studiens fokusområde (Hellberg & Khorramshahi, 2017). Denna undersökningen gjordes med stöd av kvalitativa intervjuer och en semistrukturerad intervjuguide. För att stärka analysen av det empiriska materialet utifrån metoderna har författarna dessutom tagit Erikssons teori om identitetsutveckling samt Goffmans teori om sociala stigman. Insamlingen av materialet gjordes utifrån intervjuer med unga individer mellan 16- 19 år. För att analysera resultaten av dessa intervjuer användes tematisk analys där materialet kodades och delades in i teman. I slutändan kom författarna fram till att respondenterna upplevde en stark gemenskap i bostadsområdet samtidigt som det fanns faktorer som har påverkat individernas identitet. Respondenternas syn och samhällets syn stämmer inte riktigt överens om hur Angered är som stadsdel.

  • 278.
    Guppy, Lisa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Holmberg, Carl-Johan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Who are the Most Committed at Work?: Linking Personality to Organizational Commitment2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational commitment has been linked to several important outcomes, including employee turnover and work performance. Despite that the antecedents of organizational commitment have been a subject of research for several decades, the relation between personality and organizational commitment is relatively unexplored. The aim of this study was to examine the relations between the personality traits in the five-factor model (Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, Openness to Experience, and Extraversion) and organizational commitment. Personality was measured by the IPIP30 questionnaire. Three types of organizational commitment (affective commitment, continuance commitment, and normative commitment) were measured by the Organizational Commitment Questionnaire. The respondents (N = 303) consisted of workers from both the public and the private sector in Sweden. Multiple linear regression analyzes showed that Conscientiousness was statistically significantly related to affective commitment. Agreeableness, Neuroticism, and Extraversion were statistically significantly related to continuance commitment. Practical implications of the results as well as future research directions are discussed. 

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  • 279.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Bacikova-Sleskova, Maria
    University of Pavol Jozef Šafárik, Košice (SVK).
    Kapetanovic, Sabina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Community series in the consequences of COVID-19 on the mental well-being of parents, children and adolescents, volume II: Editorial2023In: Frontiers in Psychiatry, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 14, p. 1-2Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 280.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Bolin, Anette
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Föräldraresursen: att samverka för stöd till föräldrar2017Report (Other academic)
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  • 281.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Kapetanovic, Sabina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Einarsson, Isak
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Lund (SWE); Region Skåne, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Regional Outpatient Care, Lund University Hospital, Lund (SWE).
    Boson, Karin
    Department of Psychology, Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences (NOR).
    Claesdotter-Knutsson, Emma
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Lund (SWE); Region Skåne, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Regional Outpatient Care, Lund University Hospital, Lund (SWE).
    Adolescents’ Perceptions of a Relapse Prevention Treatment for Problematic Gaming: A Qualitative Study2023In: Healthcare, E-ISSN 2227-9032, Vol. 11, no 17, p. 2366-2366Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Given the increasing prevalence of problematic gaming, in 2013, the diagnosis “Internetgaming disorder (IGD)” was included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) as a potential diagnosis. With a new diagnosis, it is important to determine treatment options. The importance of the parent–child relationship has been emphasised in problematic gaming and its treatment. This study aims to provide more knowledge about adolescents’ perceptions of a treatment for problematic gaming and understand whether such treatment may have a bearing on the parent–child relationship. We conducted individual interviews with nine adolescents who completed a treatment for problematic gaming. The interviews were analysed using thematic analysis. The analysis revealed three themes.

    Theme 1: adolescents’ experiences of the new treatment;

    Theme 2: adolescents’ perceptions of the effect of the treatment on their gaming behaviour; and

    Theme 3: adolescents’ perceptions of changes in their parent–child relationships.

    The adolescents viewed the treatment as a way of gaining control of their gaming, a process in which a therapist played an integral part. For the majority of the adolescents in our study, the main effects of treatment were gaining insight into how their gaming and gaming-related behaviours affected other parts of their lives. The participants felt that the treatment improved their relationship with their parents through reducing everyday conflicts. This new knowledge can be used for the development of future interventions involving children and adolescents.

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  • 282.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Children's agency in parent-child, teacher-pupil and peer relationship contexts2018In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 13, no sup1, article id 1565239Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine children's perception of their agency in different relationship contexts. Historically, most studies conducted in Sweden concerning children's agency, in relation to their self-efficacy and perceptions of their effectiveness as agents, have been carried out in school situations or other institutional organizations. Past research has shown that children'sagency has positive links to health, school achievement and/or adjustment. Method: Interviews were conducted with 103 10-year-old Swedish children to examine three relationship contexts: parent-child, teacher-pupil, and peer relations. Vignettes about the different contexts were presented to the children and their answers were analysed with thematic analysis. Results: The results show that children think of their agency differently depending upon which relationship context they find themselves in. Most perceived agency are found insituations with peers, and children perceive they have the least agency with teachers. In situations with parents, children think they would react with more resistance than with peers and teachers. It is mainly with other children that they would show assertiveness and try to find asolution together, while they would be more emotional and perceive less power with adults. Conclusion: We conclude that children make adistinction in their perception of agency depending upon the relationship context. These findings can be relevant for helping children receive more agency in all contexts, which might have apositive impact on health and adjustment.

  • 283.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Cultural values, parenting and child adjustment in Sweden2024In: International Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0020-7594, E-ISSN 1464-066X, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To examine whether mothers' and fathers' individualism, collectivism and conformity values are significantly related to parenting behaviours and child adjustment during middle childhood, mothers (n = 95), fathers (n = 72) and children (n = 98) in Sweden were interviewed when children were, on average, 10 years old. Mothers' collectivism was significantly correlated with mothers' and fathers' higher expectations for children's family obligations. Fathers' collectivism was significantly correlated with mothers' and fathers' higher warmth and with fathers' higher expectations for children's family obligations. Fathers' conformity values were significantly correlated with fewer child internalising problems. Fathers' higher collectivism was associated with more paternal warmth even after taking into account the other cultural values, child gender and fathers' education. Our findings indicate that individual-level cultural values are correlated with some aspects of parenting and child adjustment in Sweden.

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  • 284.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Education and Parenting in Sweden2019In: School Systems, Parent Behavior, and Academic Achievement: An International Perspective / [ed] Sorbring, Emma; Lansford, Jennifer E., Springer, 2019, p. 95-109Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish children's rights to school and a childhood were discussed as early as 1900 and today nearly all (99.9%) Swedish children from the age of six attend comprehensive school for ten years. Comprehensive school, both private and public, is free of charge and compulsory for everyone. In general, Sweden is described as a country where young people are perceived as individuals with agency, both in the family and in school. It is expected that students should be treated with respect and taught about their rights and how to practice them. Teachers are supposed to encourage young people's agency by, for example, letting them take responsibility and be involved in decisions about the school work and their lives. This is related to the goal of teaching young people more about how to become citizens and about democratic values in society. Although Swedish schools have a high interest in students' own agency and their mental health, politics put pressure on the schools to achieve higher academic success among students. This chapter presents the current Swedish education system and its challenges when it comes to maintaining high values concerning students' mental health and, simultaneously, striving for better academic results, focusing particularly on families belonging to the lower socioeconomic class and with a migration background.

  • 285.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Swedish Children's Beliefs about Agency in Family, School and Peer Situations2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine children's beliefs with regard to their agency (i.e., to know and predict your own actions and the consequences of them), in different contexts (family, school and peer-situations). Interviews were conducted with 103 ten-year-old Swedish children. Vignettes were presented to the children and their answers were written down for subsequent thematic analysis. Children think of their agency differently depending upon which context they find themselves in. The contexts where children believe most in their agency are found in situations with peers, and the contexts where they believe least in their agency are experienced with teachers. In situations with parents children think they would react with more resistance than with peers and teachers.

  • 286.
    Gustavsson, Frida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Seaton, Natalie
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Den Mörka Triaden: En studie på olika chefsnivåer2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Dark Triad is described as three undesirable personality traits consisting of machiavellianism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy. The purpose of the present study was to analyze to what extent the dark traits occur at different levels of management, and furthermore how gender and age relate. The study was originally conducted by Eklund och Hultman (2015) with 101 respondents in a senior company position in Sweden (47 were women, 51 were male and three did not indicate gender). Of the respondents surveyed, 13 managers supervised at group level, 39 at middle level and 49 at management level. The age range varied between 24 and 64 years. The study consisted of a questionnaire with 80 questions, 27 of these questions were statements about Short Dark Triad (SD3) that aimed to measure machiavellianism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy. The results showed a positive trend between machiavellianism and higher management level, and that the mean values for narcissism and psychopathy increased when moving to higher management level. Men generally showed higher traits of the Dark Triad than women which was consistent with previous research. Age also correlated negatively with machiavellanism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy, which indicates that the Dark Triad was less frequent among older Swedish managers.

  • 287.
    Gyberg, Fanny
    et al.
    Department of Psychology University of Gothenburg Gothenburg (SWE).
    Svensson, Ylva
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Wängqvist, Maria
    Department of Psychology University of Gothenburg Gothenburg (SWE).
    Syed, Moin
    Department of Psychology University of Minnesota Twin Cities (USA).
    Discrimination and its relation to psychosocial well‐being among diverse youth in Sweden2021In: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, ISSN 1520-3247, E-ISSN 1534-8687, Vol. 176, p. 163-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Experiences of discrimination and links to well-being have been examined extensively, but several gaps remain. The current study addresses four of those gaps by (1) examining both aggregated and source-specific forms of discrimination, (2) comparing the experiences of minority and majority group members, (3) expanding the range of outcomes to include socially and developmentally appropriate measures, and (4) conducting the study in Sweden, a context in which discrimination and well-being are not well understood. The sample consisted of 573 adolescents and emerging adults (71% women, Mage = 19.21 years) who completed survey measures of discrimination and psychosocial well-being (self-esteem, life satisfaction, school adjustment, and identity distress). Findings indicated that minority groups reported more frequent discrimination, and more often cited ethnicity as the source of discrimination, whereas majority groups most often cited gender. Experiencing discrimination was related to poorer psychosocial well-being similarly for all groups. Youth experiencing ethnic discrimination were more often subjected to multiple forms of discrimination compared with those subjected to other forms of discrimination. Taken together, this study brings important information on the complexity of discrimination among youth in the multicultural context of migration in Sweden.

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  • 288.
    Haas, Linda
    et al.
    Indiana University-Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    “It's About Time!”: Company Support for Fathers' Entitlement to Reduced Work Hours in Sweden2016In: Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society, ISSN 1072-4745, E-ISSN 1468-2893, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 142-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fifteen nations offer fathers the right to reduce work hours to care for children. Incorporating a gender perspective, this study uses a mixed-methods approach to examine the implementation of this policy in the first nation to offer it, Sweden. It investigates whether the institutional and cultural environment exerts pressure on companies to facilitate fathers' hours reduction, companies' levels of support for fathers' use of this entitlement and correlates of company support. The persistence of the “male model of work” appears to be an important barrier to implementation of a policy that offers promise in offering fathers time to care.

  • 289.
    Haas, Linda
    et al.
    Department of Sociology, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Policy is not enough: the influence of the gendered workplace on fathers' use of parental leave in Sweden2019In: Community, Work and Family, ISSN 1366-8803, E-ISSN 1469-3615, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 58-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Paid parental leave for fathers is a promising social policy tool for degendering the division of labor for childcare. Swedish fathers have had the right to paid parental leave since 1974, but they take only one-fourth of leave days parents take. There are strong cultural norms supporting involved fatherhood, so couples typically want to share leave more than they do. This article explores how workplaces can constrain Swedish fathers' use of state leave policy, in ways that fathers can take for granted, a topic that has received less attention than individual or family-related obstacles. Based on interviews with 56 employees in five large private companies, we found that masculine workplace norms can make it difficult for fathers to choose to take much leave, while aspects of traditional workplace structure building on these norms can negatively affect fathers' capabilities of taking much leave. Workplace culture and structure seemed to be based on assumptions that the ideal worker should prioritize work and has limited caregiving responsibilities, setting limits to fathers' ability to share leave with mothers. Gender theorists suggest such assumptions persist because of male dominance at the workplace and the endurance of gendered assumptions about the roles of men and women.

  • 290.
    Haas, Linda
    et al.
    Indiana University.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    "Who will stay home today?" What do we know...What do we need to know about parental sharing of leave to care for sick children?2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 291.
    Haas, Linda
    et al.
    Department of Sociology, Indiana University, Indianapolis, USA.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. b Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Workplace support and European fathers' use of state policies promoting shared childcare2019In: Community, Work and Family, ISSN 1366-8803, E-ISSN 1469-3615, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 1-22Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Social policies such as paternity leave and parental leave offer fathers the opportunity to be more involved in childcare than earlier generations of fathers. While such policies are increasingly offered by governments around the world, research by the International Network on Leave Policies and Research shows that many European fathers do not take advantage of these benefits, despite fathers' growing interest in participation in early childcare. This article introduces a special issue devoted to understanding how the workplace can impact European fathers' interest in and abilities to take leave, a topic that has received relatively little research attention. The articles in the special issue suggest that barriers to European fathers' leavetaking are deeply embedded in workplace culture and work practices and will be difficult to eradicate without a dramatic challenge to the concept of the male ideal worker, who prioritizes work above family.

  • 292.
    Habibovic, Nejra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sundberg, Charlotta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    De professionellas syn på isolering i form av avskiljning och vård i enskildhet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the current study was to investigate how professionals at SiS view isolation and its psychological effects on children and young people. At the same time, also, get an insight into how they see the Children's Convention on 1 January 2020 becoming Swedish law. Since reporting in the media regarding isolation of children and young people only gives one perspective on this measure in Swedish institutional care, it is important to bring forth a different perspective. There are numerous publications and reports from SiS, but there is no specific one that highlights the views and knowledge of professionals about what it means to isolate a child or youth. The theoretical part of the study is based on scientific articles, reports, behavioristic and humanistic perspectives, but also the method "low arousal approach ".

    The empirical material was collected via postal surveys and included both quantitative and qualitative methods. As the number of participants was lower than expected, the results of the quantitative questions were compiled as descriptive statistics, while the results of the qualitative questions were analysed based on thematic analysis.

    The current study shows that most professionals have good knowledge of what isolation of children and young people entails, while working to find alternatives for this measure. The study also shows a reduction in the number of isolations and hints that this type of measure on its way out.

  • 293.
    Hadzic, Lejla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Modet att pröva andra glasögon: En kvalitativ studie om professionellas strategier för ungas inflytande i lokala beslutsprocesser samt konsekvenserna av COVID-19 för utförandet av strategierna2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to gain knowledge of professional experiences of strategies for youth influence. The “Professional” in this study refers to municipal workers with a job description that includes developing youth influence practices. 5 participants from different municipalities were included in this study. At the time of the data collecting there was an on-going pandemic affecting all parts of society. Thus, was an assumption that Covid-19 had an impact on the possibilities of youth participation in democratic processes. Consequently, there is an impact on the professional strategies, which is described in the results. The theoretical framing of this study is symbolical interactionism. Semi-structured interwievs and thematical analysis were used to collect and process data.

    The results of this study show that the professionals describe the use of platforms and developing relationships are fundamental to enable youth influence. The relationships described by the professionals refer both to young people and other adults. It is something that acquires commitment over time. The platforms enable a structure for dialogue between youth and policy makers thru prior relationship-building, as well as the possibilities for feedback in matters than include young people. A consensus amongst the adults in the community is a necessity for young voices to be taken seriously and not rely on personal commitment. This past year with Covid-19 is described as very difficult. Especially considering the obstacles of maintaining relationships. On the other hand, digital solutions have made it possible to include target groups that for different reasons did not participate in the public youth centres. As the professionals developed their skills in digital platforms, the processes of youth influence were able to proceed. Another aspect of this past year is that the professionals have experienced possibilities for reflection and educating themselves and others. For example, on the aspects of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

  • 294.
    Hafström, Vendela
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Olsson, Felicia
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Distansarbete - En förutsättning eller begränsning för arbetsmotivation?: En kvalitativ studie om agila teams upplevelse av arbetsmotivation under distansarbete2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a time characterized by digitization due to the Corona pandemic, the majority of the population have had to adjust their working methods towards remote work. Studies show that remote work increases work motivation whereas remote work in agile teams causes reduced group affiliation. Agile teams work cross-functionally between units and are motivated by active participation. The purpose of this study was therefore to investigate experiences of work motivation in agile teams who previously worked in the office but, due to covid-19, now works remotely. The study was based on a qualitative method. The selection was limited to 10 people, from partly different companies, who work in agile teams remotely but previously worked in the office. The data was collected through semi-structured interviews, based on an interview guide. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed according to a thematic analysis. The result showed that flexible work in the home environment was the most important positive experience of remote work, whereas loneliness was the most important negative experience. Social relationships were the most important difference in experiences of work motivation. The result was associated with motivation theories and could therefore be interpreted that satisfaction and work motivation has run the risk of being decreased during remote work.

  • 295.
    Haglund, Veronica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Brattberg, Elin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hemarbete under Covid-19 pandemin: medarbetares upplevelser kopplade till livspusslet och gränssättning i arbetet2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Covid- 19 pandemic and its restrictions forced workplaces to shift office work into home work, which meant a sudden change for both employees and employers. Previous research in home work has focused on boundlessness and its negative consequences for individuals. However, there is a lack of research on how this forced work situation affects the balance between family life and work life for the individual. Both positive and negative aspects of the balance between homework and family should be further highlighted. The purpose of this study is to investigate the experience of setting boundaries linked to home work among employees with family/ children living at home. In order to the purpose of the study, the following question was formulated: How is home work perceived to affect work-life balance? To find out, we conducted semi-structured interviews with associated thematic analysis. Participants in the study were private sector employees who have children living at home. The result shows that employees experience home work as positively linked to the balance between work and family life. At the same time, some problems regarding setting boundaries and recovery are experienced. Further, the result also indicates that work flexibility enables balance in the life puzzle. 

  • 296.
    Hallberg, Angela
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Skog, Sandra
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ledarskapets intelligens, empati, stress och resurser att bemästra stress hos personer i chefsposition2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A person in chief position plays an important role in respect to both the company and its employees. Ronthy's theory (2006, 2013) aims to highlight her view of the concept of "leadership intelligence" which consists of: emotional intelligence (EQ), rational intelligence (RQ) and mental intelligence (SQ). A test relating to measuring leadership intelligence has been developed; Leadership Intelligence Questionnaire (LIQ). The test is now in version 3; LIQ3. People in the Chief Position can be divided into two types using LIQ3: Leader and Manager. A leader is characterized by high emotional and spiritual intelligence, while a manager of high rationality. Based on Ronthy's theory, this study aims at examining the following issues: (a) Can LIQ3 distinguish between managers and leaders from the point of view of whether the company produces goods or focuses on services? (b) Do EQ and SQ co-exist positively with empathy? (c) Does the self-reliant stress differ between leaders and managers according to LIQ3? (d) Is there a positive link between EQ and useful coping resources? The participants were 131 in different positions (34% women) from four different organizations (M = 49 years, SD = 8), of whom 18% were senior executives, 62% middle managers and 21% group leaders. In addition to LIQ3, participants responded to questionnaires that measure self-perceived stress, empathy and coping resources. LIQ3 could not distinguish between managers and leaders by organizational type. EQ and SQ positively correlated with social and emotional coping resources. There were no significant differences in stress levels between managers and leaders. Various aspects of leadership skills are noted and questioned in today's organizations and its properties have been investigated and discussed in this study.

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  • 297.
    Hallberg, Jacob
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mikic Vahlström, Katarina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Upplevelser och erfarenheter från distansarbetande gymnasielärare: En studie om lärdomar från omställningen till distansarbete under pandemin2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine high school teachers´ own experiences of their organisational and social working environment during the adjustment to remote working due to the pandemic. The result of the study is based on semi-structured interviews with six high school teachers in high schools in the West of Sweden. The qualitative method Thematic analysis has been used to analyse the material. The result shows different experiences that the teachers emphasised were of importance when adjusting to remote working. Three comprehensive themes with sub-themes presented themselves as being the most prominent after analysis. These were based on the respondents´ experiences of their working environment during the rapid adjustment to remote working and lessons learned, which can be used in future crises and they are, adjustment to digital remote working, structure and routines when working at home and digital interaction and relations. The result also shows the lack of social support and communication when adjusting to digital remote working. The conclusion emphasises the respondents´ experiences of rapid adjustment leading up to different work demands, which can create technostress, role ambiguity and boundless work, but also, according to the high school teachers, result in new digital and virtual possibilities in future work and teaching.

  • 298.
    Hallberg, Jonas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. Department of Psychology University of Gothenburg.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. University of Gothenburg.
    Swedish adolescents’ exposure to pornographic, violent, and hateful content online.In: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 299.
    Hallberg, Jonas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy. Department of Psychology University of Gothenburg.
    Skoog, Therese
    Center for Developmental Research, School of Law , Psychology, and Social Work, Örebro University , Örebro , Sweden.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Adolescents’ Sexual Activity Offline and Online: A Longitudinal StudyIn: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 300.
    Hallbäck, Tim
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Jakobsson, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ”Tiden räcker inte till… En olustig känsla överlag...”: En kritisk analys av föräldrars upplevelser av arbetssamhället2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is common for children to spend their days in preschool while their parents are at work. Children's time spent in preschool is generally in proportion to the parent's working hours. Preschool is a place for education and socialization, and labour an opportunity for self-realization. The labour´s position, purpose, the time it takes and the norms that surrounds it create a complex and often contradictory existence where conflicts of loyalty and ethical dilemmas easily can arise. The thesis is based on a semi-structured qualitative interview with a phenomenological approach and examines how parents with children in preschool experience their situation based on the demands placed on them from their occupation, the preschool, and the desire to do what is best for their child. The three perspectives; preschool, children, and norm of labour runs through the essay and are evaluated at the end, under the results analysis and discussion. The purpose is to better understand labour, and its position based on the parents' experiences; how labour and preschool affects the parents. Roland Paulsen's concept of the “labour-society” is used as a critical starting point to illuminate and make the problems related to labour visible and the illogical revelation that the labour can entail. The labour-society simplified a bit, refers to the society where labour becomes an end in itself. A society where it is more important that you work than what you work with, or even if the work itself fulfils any function or purpose. Labour-society is supplemented with Herbert Marcuse´s one-dimensional paradigm, which reveals an ideational limitation in humans, a difficulty to critically questioning one’s existence at the structural level. The results analysis shows that a feeling of lack of time and mutual flexibility between preschool, family and work creates problem in everyday life. Which often gives rise to a feeling of stress, anxiety and discomfort. Many of the parents also expressed an overriding feeling of inadequacy despite trying to follow the norms and requirements of the surroundings. Even if the parents did everything right, there was often a sense of guilt.

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