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  • 251.
    Lundin, Jennie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Modin Håkansson, Filip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Personlighetsdrag och arbetsmotivation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the society today, work motivation is a usual topic of conversation and the feeling that others have more motivation than yourself is not uncommon. Several studies indicate a connection between personality traits in the five-factor Model, Big Five, and motivation. The purpose of this study is to examine if personality can predict persons work motivation. The study used the new personality-scale BFI-2 (Jon & Soto, 2016) to test the Big Five (N = 124). To test the persons intrinsic- and extrinsic motivation the WEIMS motivation scale was used (Tremblay, 2009). The result of the study indicated a positive correlation between extraversion and motivation (r = .33) and between negative emotionality and the lack of motivation, amotivation (r = .45). A multiple linear regression analysis in the study indicated that 16% of personality can be explained by motivation. The outcome indicates that a person's personality traits is significant for the work motivation. The understanding of how personality can affect work motivation can help the understanding of individualizing teaching or career building for example.

  • 252.
    Lundin, Linda
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    A narrative analysis of online discussions about self-harm within an attachment framework2017In: Annals of Behavioural Science, ISSN 2471-7975, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 1-12Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Self-harm has become a prevalent problem among young people. Research reveals that people who self-harm tends to avoid seeking health care due to fear of being judged or dismissed and instead prefer support from peers on online forums. These online forums are ideal tools for gaining access to the often-hidden world of self-harmers and can be used as sources of research data. In the present study the research objective was thus to gain insights into how individuals narrate meaning of their experiences related to self-harm. As research tool the narrative psychological approach was adopted for the analysis of 648 online narratives. The main findings in the present study were that online narratives tended to reflect narrative fragmentation, incoherence and confusion. The narrators expressed difficulties understanding their own needs behind the acts of selfharm but tended to perceive these acts as coping strategies for regulating emotional distress and built up pressure. The development of self-destructive coping mechanisms was sometimes described as stemming from adverse childhood experiences. The online narratives were discussed and interpreted within an attachment based theoretical narrative framework conceptualizing how attachment needs in childhood can be associated with pain and suffering if these needs have consistently been dismissed or met with hostility. Although the narratives in the present study may not generalize to all individuals who self-harm, clinicians can benefit from understanding the phenomenon of self-harm from an inside perspective.

  • 253.
    Lundin, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Parental discussions online through the medical discourse-lens2017In: Journal of Childhood & Developmental Disorders, ISSN 2472-1786, Vol. 3, no 4, article id 15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study the research objective was to gain insights into parental communication on an open Internet forum where parents had the opportunity to discuss issues related to ADHD. In order for clinicians to help troubled children brought to the health clinic it may be important to learn more about the life situations of these troubled families as treatment options can require complex interventions for the whole family. Our aim was thus to go beyond the neurobiological medical model of ADHD, which does not take into account contextual factors. In today’s society specialized online discussion forums are available for parents who seek support for various difficulties that arise in the family. The online forums are sources of research data. As research tools we used the narrative psychological approach for the analysis of 72 online naratives. These narratives provided support for that the parents embraced medical explanations for the difficulties experienced when raising children, despite obvious challenging life circumstances, such as for example being a single parent without social support. Even very young children had been given serious psychiatric medical diagnoses such as ADHD, Bipolar disorder, Mood disorders and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Some of them had been diagnosed with more than one of these disorders. The complexity of the parental nnarratives in the present study indicates that the neurobiological model is not sufficient enough to form the basis of a personalized and comprehensive care for vulnerable families.

  • 254.
    Lundqvist, Torgny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Wadsö, Annika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ett samtal om samtal: Chefers upplevelse av medarbetarsamtalet som förändringsverktyg2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine employee review, based on a manager perspective with an interest in what effects leaders' experience it is generating, and how they use the employee review in the development of their organization. The method used in this study is qualitative and comprises eight semi-structured interviews, in which individuals with personnel responsibility where given the opportunity to share their comprehension off and experience from the phenomenon employee review, and its importance based on their position in the organization. The result shows that the employee review is a time and energy-intensive effort for the managers who sometimes have to make their spare time available for the task.Dialogue and social skills are highlighted as key factors for a good conversation, and the participants in the study relies on their self-generated experience and feel confident in their professional role in the implementation of employee review. This study contributes to deeper knowledge of the managers' experience regarding the employee review and its potential as an organizational management tool, and can contribute to future research as a complement to studies regarding the employees' experience. The results shows that it may also be of interest to study employee reviews through observations of the interview, how well the practical implementation is in line with the manager's intentions on business development.

  • 255. Löfgren-Mårtenson, Lotta
    et al.
    Molin, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Del@ktig på internet: om internetanvändande bland unga med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning2016In: Socialt arbete och internet: att förstå och hantera sociala problem på nya arenor / [ed] Kristian Daneback & Emma Sorbring, Stockholm: Liber, 2016, 1, p. 47-59Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 256.
    Löfgren-Mårtenson, Lotta
    et al.
    Malmö Universitet, Malmö, Sverige.
    Molin, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    H@ssles and Hopes on the Internet: What Professionals Have Encountered in Dealing with Internet Use and Sexuality among Youths with Intellectual Disabilities2018In: Papers of Social Pedagogy, E-ISSN 2392-3083, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 66-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to provide more in-depth knowledge about professionals' views regarding Internet use among youths with intellectual disability (ID). How do the professionals describe the abilities of the youths with ID when using the Internet for social, romantic, and sexual reasons? What kinds of experiences do the professionals have of these youths' Internet usage, and how do they talk about their ways of dealing with this? In what ways do the professionals describe their own competence regarding Internet usage among youths with ID aged 16-21 years, and do they express the need for any specific tools? Qualitative research interviews were conducted with 17 professionals, 4 males and 13 females, between the ages of 29 and 58. The professionals described challenges with the youths' various emotional and intellectual abilities, as well as their technical knowledge in relation to Internet use. The results highlight three themes: A two-fold usage, Between being controlling and permissive, and A lack of strategies. The article discusses the development of a 'Participation-script', where a continuous dialogue with the youths with ID exists parallel to a restrictive Net-script. We argue that everyday school situations concern joint decision-making between professionals and pupils with ID. Such an approach to participation is based on relationships, that is, oriented towards the self-understanding and individual agency of youths with ID, as well as to the self-understanding of the professionals involved in the lives of youths with ID.

  • 257.
    Lövgren Söderström, Veronica
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tillförlitligheten i §7-undersökningen inom rättspsykiatri i Sverige2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to highlight the reliability of "minor" forensic psychiatric assessment (RPU) in Sweden and to create an increased understanding of how experts, i.e. forensic psychiatrists, can perform these assessments in a reliable and legally secure manner. Forensic psychiatric assessments are common in criminal cases where the outcome of the sentence is a prison sentence. The need to carry out the “minor” forensic psychiatric assessment is based on the fact, that it is a screening tool for the possible forensic psychiatric examination, RPU. Results from such assessment are important for giving the suspect the opportunity to be able to get the chance to undergo RPU. RPU can result in forensic psychiatric care, according to the Act (1991: 1129) on Swedish Forensic Psychiatric Care as a penalty for the act. Studies in this area are rare in Sweden.

    The study examines the credibility of expert assessments, what can affect experts in their assessments, and how the reliability of the final result of a "minor" forensic psychiatric assessment looks. Through semi- structured interviews, forensic psychiatrists and criminal lawyers described their experiences about the subject. The collected data were analyzed using a thematic analysis method, which resulted in six themes.

    The following themes appeared: Reliability, Trust, Legal Psychiatrists, Variation, Conformity, and No Science. The study contributes to an increased awareness of the subject and inspiration for future work. One reflection is that forensic psychologist and social worker could contribute with their psychological knowledge in individual differences to the "minor" forensic psychiatric assessment in the form of a smaller team for the best of suspects and society.

  • 258.
    Mac Giolla, Erik
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. University of Skövde, Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Skövde, Sweden.
    Sex differences in personality are larger in gender equal countries: Replicating and extending a surprising finding.2019In: International Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0020-7594, E-ISSN 1464-066X, Vol. 54, no 6, p. 705-711Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sex differences in personality have been shown to be larger in more gender equal countries. We advance this research by using an extensive personality measure, the IPIP-NEO-120, with large country samples (N > 1000), from 22 countries. Furthermore, to capture the multidimensionality of personality we measure sex differences with a multivariate effect size (Mahalanobis distance D). Results indicate that past research, using univariate measures of effect size, have underestimated the size of between-country sex differences in personality. Confirming past research, there was a strong correlation (r = .69) between a country's sex differences in personality and their Gender Equality Index. Additional analyses showed that women typically score higher than men on all five trait factors (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness), and that these relative differences are larger in more gender equal countries. We speculate that as gender equality increases both men and women gravitate towards their traditional gender roles.

  • 259.
    Mac Giolla, Erik
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ly, Alexander
    Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    What to do with all these Bayes factors: How to make Bayesian reports in deception research more informative2019In: Legal and Criminological Psychology, ISSN 1355-3259, E-ISSN 2044-8333Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bayes factors quantify the evidence in support of the null (absence of an effect) or the alternative hypothesis (presence of an effect). Based on commonly used cut-offs, Bayes factors between 1/3 and 3 are interpreted as evidentially weak, and one typically concludes there is an absence of evidence. In this commentary on Warmelink, Subramanian, Tkacheva, and McLatchie (Legal Criminol Psychol 24, 2019, 258), we discuss how a Bayesian report can be made more informative. Firstly, this implies a departure from the labels provided by commonly used cut-offs when reporting Bayes factors. Instead, we encourage researchers to report the value of the Bayes factors, or to convert these values into nominal support for the hypotheses. Secondly, researchers can provide recommendations to design follow-up studies by examining the posterior distribution of the magnitude of the effect size. Lastly, we show how individual Bayes factors can be evaluated in the context of large-scale meta-analyses. © 2019 British Psychological Society

  • 260.
    Malmborg, Adéle
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Föredrar vi en partner som liknar eller kompletterar vår egen personlighet?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Do we prefer a partner who has a similar or complementary personality to our own? Research agrees that in the looking for a partner, the attraction between individuals plays a crucial role. On the other hand, there are different opinions as to whether a similar or complementary personality would be most attractive when choosing a partner. The importance of personality in particular plays a crucial role in close relationships (Baumeister & Leary 1995). According to the principle of equality, man is attracted to people whom they experience have a similar personality as themselves (Newcomb, 1956). Which is the opposite of what the principle of complementarity means that individuals with complementary qualities are attracted to each other.

    The purpose of this study was to examine which of the principle was most agreed in the preferences of a partner, and also if there where some gender differences.

    The study used quantitative method and the data was collected via a web-based questionnaire containing 45 questions. The study's results are based on 92 participants, 61 women, 31 men and with an average age of 29.21 years (SD = 10.41). The participants had different civil status, occupations and educational backgrounds.

    The results are mostly agreed with the principle of equality. The results also showed differences between women and men.

  • 261.
    Massoudi, Pamela
    et al.
    Department of Research and Development, Region Kronoberg, Sweden, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Sweden.
    Wickberg, Birgitta
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fathers' depressive symptoms in the postnatal period: Prevalence and correlates in a population-based Swedish study2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 44, no 7, p. 688-694Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and correlates of depression in new fathers. Methods: A population-based sample of 885 Swedish fathers and their partners completed a questionnaire, including the EdinburghPostnatal Depression Scale at three months postpartum. Correlates of depressive symptoms were analysed with univariate andmultiple variable regression models. Results: Symptoms of depression were found in 6.3% of the fathers and 12.0% of themothers, and the point prevalence of major depression in fathers was 1.3%. The strongest correlates of depressive symptoms in fathers were problems in the partner relationship, a low educational level, previous depression, stressful life events and low partner support. The cross-sectional design could affect the magnitude of the results, and causal inferences cannot be made. Conclusions: Although the rate of depressive symptoms is lower in fathers than in mothers at three months postpartum, the associated factors are similar to those found in studies of mothers. The first visits at the childhealth centre could include a discussion with both parents about normal transition problems; balancing work,personal and family needs; and distress. When signs of distress or partner relationship difficulties are picked up,this should be followed up and support interventions offered.

  • 262.
    Matsson, Alexandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mustonen Svensson, Eija
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att arbeta med barn till föräldrar med alkoholproblematik: De yrkesverksammas upplevelser och erfarenheter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The comprehensive aim of the study was to highlight the knowledge and experiences of professionals working with children of parents with alcohol problems and to find out how the work with support group activities can facilitate these children's situation. The authors wanted to find out how the professionals experienced the situation of these children and how they can be affected by the environment they live in, but also how the work of discovering these children could be improved and how interaction with other actors could contribute to a healthier situation in these children's environment. A qualitative approach was chosen to capture the personal knowledge and experiences of the professionals . A semi-structured interview was used with the help of an interview guide. The interviews were conducted with seven informants, five of them were women and two were men. In the analysis, a thematic analysis was used and focused on the coding and development of themes. The results showed primarily how the professionals worked with the families and the importance of detecting the children early for correct actions to be taken. The big problem was to find the children, as it does not always seem so clear when a child is in need. The themes that best explained the outcome of the study were Children and the parents in the problematic everyday life, Seeing the Children and Protecting Their Wellbeing and Crucial Factors in a Good Approach to the Children.

  • 263.
    Mc Grath, Alice
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Nilsson, Viktoria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hur kan arbetsgivare attrahera och behålla millennials på arbetsplatsen?: En studie gjord på ekonomer med akademisk utbildning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to research what attracts millennials to certain jobs as well as what affects them to leave a current workplace. In a labor market which is becomning increasingly competative from an employers perspective regarding competence, more knowledge about what increases the chance of attracting as well as keeping the millennial generation at a workplace is needed. The participants in this study were nine economics with an academic education who were born between 1980-1999. Out of the nine participants, five were women and four were men. This was a qualitative study and semi-structured interviewes were used as a method to collect data. The interviews were approximently 45 minutes long and were recorded to be transcripted afterwards. The collected data was then analysed through thematic analysis resulting in four themes: freedom, development for the future, organisational culture and employer brand. The results showed that these factors have an affect on millennials intent to apply for a job. All of the factors mentioned, besides the employer brand, also affected their desire to stay at a current workplace.

  • 264.
    Michiels, Sarah
    et al.
    University of Antwerp, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wilrijk, Belgium. Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem, Belgium. .
    Ganz Sanchez, Tanit
    Instituto Ganz Sanchez, São Paulo, Brazil. University of Sao Paulo, ENT Department, School of Medicine, Brazil..
    Oron, Yahav
    Tel Aviv University, Department of Otolaryngology, Head, Neck and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Israel.
    Gilles, Annick
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem, Belgium. University of Antwerp, Department of Translational Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wilrijk, Belgium. University College Ghent, Department of Human and Social Welfare, Belgium.
    Haider, Haúla F
    ENT Department, Hospital Cuf Infante Santo, NOVA Medical School, Lisbon, Portugal.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Bechter, Karl
    University of Ulm, Clinic for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy II, Bezirkskrankenhaus Günzburg, Germany.
    Vielsmeier, Veronika
    University of Regensburg, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Germany.
    Biesinger, Eberhard
    ENT-Clinic and Otolaryngology Department, Klinikum Traunstein, Germany.
    Nam, Eui-Cheol
    Kangwon National University, Department of Otolaryngolgy, School of Medicine, Chuncheon-si, Gangwon-do, Republic of Korea.
    Oiticica, Jeanne
    ENT Department, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    de Medeiros, Ítalo Roberto T
    ENT Department, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Bezerra Rocha, Carina
    ENT Department, School of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Langguth, Berthold
    University of Regensburg, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Germany.
    Van de Heyning, Paul
    University of Antwerp, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem, Belgium. Department of Translational Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, Wilrijk, Belgium. Multidisciplinary Motor Centre Antwerp, Wilrijk, Belgium. .
    De Hertogh, Willem
    University of Antwerp, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wilrijk, Belgium..
    Hall, Deborah A
    NIHR Nottingham Biomedical Research Centre, Nottingham, UK. University of Nottingham, Hearing Sciences, Division of Clinical Neuroscience, School of Medicine, UK. Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Queens Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK. University of Nottingham Malaysia, Semeniyh, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia..
    Diagnostic Criteria for Somatosensory Tinnitus: A Delphi Process and Face-to-Face Meeting to Establish Consensus.2018In: Trends in hearing, E-ISSN 2331-2165, Vol. 22, article id 2331216518796403Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since somatic or somatosensory tinnitus (ST) was first described as a subtype of subjective tinnitus, where altered somatosensory afference from the cervical spine or temporomandibular area causes or changes a patient's tinnitus perception, several studies in humans and animals have provided a neurophysiological explanation for this type of tinnitus. Due to a lack of unambiguous clinical tests, many authors and clinicians use their own criteria for diagnosing ST. This resulted in large differences in prevalence figures in different studies and limits the comparison of clinical trials on ST treatment. This study aimed to reach an international consensus on diagnostic criteria for ST among experts, scientists and clinicians using a Delphi survey and face-to-face consensus meeting strategy. Following recommended procedures to gain expert consensus, a two-round Delphi survey was delivered online, followed by an in-person consensus meeting. Experts agreed upon a set of criteria that strongly suggest ST. These criteria comprise items on somatosensory modulation, specific tinnitus characteristics, and symptoms that can accompany the tinnitus. None of these criteria have to be present in every single patient with ST, but in case they are present, they strongly suggest the presence of ST. Because of the international nature of the survey, we expect these criteria to gain wide acceptance in the research field and to serve as a guideline for clinicians across all disciplines. Criteria developed in this consensus paper should now allow further investigation of the extent of somatosensory influence in individual tinnitus patients and tinnitus populations.

  • 265.
    Mohammadi, Shirin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Shahidi Sarvghad, Hassti
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Individens värdering av ledarskapsutbildningar: en koppling till personlighetsdrag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study was conducted on the basis of investigating what affects the individual's evaluation of leadership trainings. The study wanted to examine if the individual's evaluation had a connection to the specific personality traits of the individual. The need of this research was derived from the lack of sufficient research not only stating what affects evaluation of leadership training, but also, if this is connected to personality traits.

    By using a quantitative method, in terms of utilizing an online questionnaire, the study's purpose was tested. The 75 participants were asked to answer the questionnaire which was divided into two parts consisting of leadership training and personality questions. There was a requirement that the participants must have completed some type of leadership training in order to participate. The participants' answers on the questionnaire was analysed by using a statistic data analysis program. The leadership training questions were constructed and the other IPIP-NEO part of the questionnaire was taken from its original source.

    The purpose of this study was, amongst other aims, to investigate if there was a link between how a person evaluates leadership trainings and their specific personality traits in accordance to the Big Five model. The gender distribution was fairly equal with 52% being male, 47% being female and the remaining 1% of the participants chose not indicate their gender.

    The results of the study showed that the personality traits Extraversion, Agreeableness and Openness to Experience had a significant correlation with how the individual valuates leadership training. This indicates that individuals with high levels of these personality traits tend to evaluate their leadership training higher than others. The personality trait Agreeableness showed predictive validity in regards to how the individual evaluates leadership training.

  • 266.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Editorial: Internet use and disability2017In: Cyberpsychology : Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, ISSN 1802-7962, E-ISSN 1802-7962, Vol. 11, no 1Special IssueArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 267.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Löfgren-Mårtenson, Lotta
    Malmö Universitet, Malmö, Sverige.
    Del@ktighetens digitalisering: Om identitetsskapande aktiviteter på internet bland unga med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Although research on young people and the Internet is a growing field, there are few studies that illustrate conditions for young people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Previous studies have shown that young people with ID are worried about being marginalized, and that many in fact are lonelier than other young people. Social networking sites might be of vital importance as a space for exploring alternative and less stigmatized identities.

    This project aimed to describe and analyse how young people (age 16-20) with a mild ID interact and participate on the Internet. More precisely, drawing upon the perspectives of young people with ID, parents, and school staff, we have studied self-presentations, social relations, and participation within different kinds of Internet communities. Hence, the goal of the project was to generate knowledge concerning these complex processes, which could be useful for the involved adults, who support and help young people with ID in their Internet use. The project comprised qualitative interviews with young people with ID (n=27), parents of young people with ID (n=22), and professionals in special schools (n=17). The transcribed interviews were analysed, using a thematic content analysis. The project has been granted ethical approval by the Ethical Board of West Sweden (Dnr 048-15).

    A prominent finding in the study concerned the young informants being well aware of both the risks and opportunities in using Internet and Social Networking Sites. Consequently, the more they interacted with non-disabled peers, the more they experienced negative consequences of Internet use. One conclusion was that these circumstances lead to downsizing rather than upsizing Internet use, and as prolongation, less participation on Social Networking Sites.

    Although the Internet can be a 'free-zone' where the young person can develop social bonds and construct their identity away from adult oversight, parents and professionals are highly present. Young people mostly feel confident and also in no need of support. Professionals and parents do consider the Internet an arena for positive opportunities, but also with risks. The professionals seemed to be more worried about the risks than the parents who state that the opportunities outweigh the disadvantages. For parents, the real risk is described as the risk of loneliness and social isolation. That parents consider the Internet to be an arena for relationships is an interesting change compared to previous research where both parents and professionals were worried about the risks of abuse, etc. Overall,6the young people with ID are described as a more heterogeneous group by both parents and professionals, compared to previous research. The experiences of the informants are discussed in a conceptual framework of social identity, participation, positive risk-taking, sexuality, and emancipation.

    A comparative analysis of the results shows how social participation is negotiated and constructed dialectically between young people with and without ID, but also between the young people in the study and adults in their imme-diate surroundings. By applying an intersectional perspective to issues about identity formation and risk-taking on the Internet, a more relational under-standing of the problems and opportunities of digital participation can be made visible. A relational understanding of getting into difficulties implies that risk and vulnerability do not always have to depend on the disability but on contextual conditions and other co-varying factors.

    Considering young people's need for autonomy, it is of great importance that parents and professionals reflect upon the ways that support can be arranged in order to empower young people with ID to participate on the Internet. Providing support for positive risk-taking on the Internet means that adults, together with young people, reflect on how possible risks can be managed rather than how risk can be avoided.

  • 268.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Löfgren-Mårtenson, Lotta
    Malmö Högskola, Malmö, Sverige.
    New Em@ncipatory Landscapes?: Young People With Intellectual Disabilities, Internet Use and Identification Processes2017In: Advances in Social Work, ISSN 1527-8565, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 645-662Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although research on young people's identification processes on the Internet is a growing field, few studies illustrate conditions for young people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Previous studies have shown that young people with ID are worried about being marginalized, and that many in fact are lonelier than other young people. Internet and social networking sites might be of vital importance as a space for exploring alternative and less stigmatized identities. This article reports findings from individual interviews with 27 young people with ID in Sweden. The transcribed interviews were analyzed using a thematic content analysis. A prominent finding concerned the informants being well aware of both risks and opportunities using Internet and Social Networking Sites. Consequently, the more they interacted with non-disabled peers, the more they experienced negative consequences of Internet use. These circumstances rather lead to downsizing than upsizing Internet use, and less participation on Social Networking Sites. The experiences of the informants are discussed in a conceptual framework of social identity, participation, and emancipation. We recommend that social work practitioners reflect upon the ways that support can be arranged in order to empower young people with ID to participate on the Internet.

  • 269.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Mårtenson-Löfgren, Lotta
    Particip@tion on Internet?: Young people with intellectual disabilities and identification processes on Internet2018In: 23rd annual CyberPsychology, CyberTherapy & Social Networking Conference (CYPSY23),June 26 to 28, 2018, Hotel Hilton LacLeamy in Gatineau, Canada.: Complete program, 2018, p. 42-43Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although research on young people's identification processes on the Internet is a growing field, there are few studies that illustrate conditions for young people with intellectual disabilities (ID). Previous studies have shown that young people with ID are worried about being marginalized, and that many in fact are lonelier than other young people. Internet and social networking sites might be of vital importance as a space for exploring alternative and less stigmatized identities. Scandinavian research has shown that a new generation of young people with ID is emerging who have developed somewhat new ways of relating to issues of participation and identity. Mainly these strategies concern the possibilities of expressing alternative self-presentations, which are not necessarily connected to a specific functional impairment or a certain welfare institutional belonging (e.g., special need student or care user). One such strategy can concern attempts to, in an online setting, present a preferred identity (e.g. that of a hockey fan or a musician), which may differ from their disabled identity, which would be apparent in an offline setting. A Swedish research project—Particip@tion on Internet? Pupils with intellectual disabilities and identification processes on Internet—aims to describe and analyse how young people (age 16-20) with a mild ID interacts and participate on the Internet. More precisely, drawing upon the perspectives of young people with ID, parents and school staff, we want to study self-presentations, social relations and participation within different kinds of Internet communities. Therefore, the goal of the project is to generate knowledge concerning these complex processes, which could be useful for the nearest surrounding of adults in order to support and help young people with ID with their Internet use.

    The project comprises qualitative interviews with young people with ID (n=27), parents of young people with ID (n=22) and professionals in special schools (n=17). The transcribed interviews were analyzed, using a thematic content analysis. A prominent finding in the study concerned the young informants being well aware of both risks and opportunities using Internet and Social Networking Sites. Consequently, the more they interacted with non-disabled peers, the more they experienced negative consequences of Internet use. One conclusion was that these circumstances rather lead to downsizing than upsizing Internet use, and as prolongation, less participation on Social Networking Sites. Although the Internet can be a 'free-zone' where the young person can develop social bonds and construct their identity away from adult oversight, parents and professionals are highly present. Young people mostly feel confident but also in no need of support. Professionals and parents do consider the Internet an arena for positive opportunities, but also with risks. The professionals seemed to be more worried about the risks than the parents who state that the opportunities outweigh the disadvantages. For parents, the real risk is described as the risk of loneliness and social isolation. That parents consider the Internet to be an arena for relationships is an interesting change compared to previous research where both parents and professionals are worried about the risks of abuse etc. Overall, the young people with ID are described as a more heterogeneous group by both parents and professionals compared to previous research. Considering young people's need for autonomy, it is of great importance that parents and professionals balance their level of support depending on the needs of the young person. We recommend that professional practitioners reflect upon the ways that support can be arranged in order to empower young people with ID to participate on the Internet. The experiences of the informants are discussed in a conceptual framework of social identity, participation, sexuality and emancipation.

  • 270.
    Mossberg, Felicia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Gustafsson, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Dagens digitalisering och balansen mellan arbete och privatliv bland HR-chefer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a world characterized by digitalization and flexibility, it is a challenge to balance all the demands that are placed on us, both at work and in private life. Today's opportunities for flexible schedules and available through digital communication devices create both balance and imbalance between work and private life. Many people find that today's digitalization enables a balance between work and private life, while it has also contributed to the work encroaching private life.

    The purpose of this study is to achieve a deeper understanding of how HR-managers in the private sector experience the balance between work and private life in relation to today's digitalization. With this study we hope to highlight both the positive and negative factors that digitalization causes, and which promote or hinder the balance between work and private life. We also want to highlight how HR-managers experience this balance.

    The information was collected through qualitative semi-structured interviews, with eight HR managers, from partly different companies. T

    he result of a thematic analysis showed that there were both inner and outer factors that influenced the balance between work and private life. The results also showed that HR-managers experienced both positive and negative factors of digitalization in work.

  • 271.
    Mörner, Mika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Englaborn, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Det är lättare att bli kriminell än att skaffa ett jobb: En studie om ungdomsbrottslighet och möjlighetshorisonter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study examined the prevalence of criminal behavior among adolescents in general and how social and personal resources can act as protection or risk factors in particular and also what differences exist between girls and boys. The survey was conducted on 1324 youths in ninth grade through the LoRDIA project. Data was analyzed by t-test, Spearman's correlation analysis and hierarchical multiple regression analysis. The results showed that the strongest predictor of young people's criminal behavior was peer delinquency. Social well-being turned out to be an important personal resource for the girls when it was about predicting criminal behavior and psychological well-being was important for the boys. While overall the results were in line with previous research, some divergent results were also discussed. The study was related to horizons of opportunities and to young people's perception of the educational and career choices they faced. Finally ways for companies and organizations to think and act on the results of the study were suggested.

  • 272.
    Natvig, Cecilia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johannesson, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Individuella olikheters samband med konflikten mellan arbete och privatliv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study intends to examine the relation between selected personality dimensions from the Big Five and perceived conflict between work and privacy, which in psychology is called work-family conflict (WFC). The survey was made in order to increase the awareness about the individual's internal factors and the relationship with conflict between work and privacy. By determining the effect personality has on this conflict, more people can share the information and thereby increase the level of awareness. It is possible that this can improve handling and that more individuals can find a balance between work and privacy. In order to test the hypothesis, a quantitative survey was done in the form of an internet based questionnaire. A total of 185 individuals participated, evenly distributed between men and women between the ages 20 – 66. Common to all participants was that they are active in the labor market and have a full-time employment. The results of the study showed that there is a connection between the personality dimensions of neuroticism, conscientiousness, agreeableness and perceived conflict between work and privacy, which supports the purpose of the study. Other factors (gender, number of children in households and age) where further investigated, since most previous studies have shown that these 3 factors have a relation to the individual's perceived conflict between work and privacy. The results of the present study do not support that research, which means that only internal factors influence the conflict. This result differs from previous studies that have been referred to in this study.

  • 273.
    Netzell, Linnéa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Palmgren, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Vem är du och hur passar du in här?: En studie om organisationsklimat, personlighet och hur optimistiskt du ser på världen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Based on co-workers' point of view, organizational climate is temporary, influential, and -ruled by members' own perception and description. The study aimed to investigating whether personality and optimism give explanation for co-workers experience of organizational climate. A quantitative approach was the basis for data collection that was conducted at an anonymous organization's department. In the study, 53 participants participated and the age range was from 26 to 66, and 81% men. The surveys were distributed in paper-form using the SPOS climate scale, The Five Factor model, and the optimism scale. The collected data was analyzed based on correlation and regression analysis. The most prominent results of the survey showed varying effects from the various personality traits and optimism. Co-workers who showed a tendency of conflict avoidance were accommodating and had a more positive attitude towards life, and had a more positive view of the organizational climate. The result is characteristic of the fact that the variables of the study have not been examined in relation to each other in the past. The study therefore adds a new aspect to occupational and organizational psychological research. The study indicates that optimism can be a significant factor in future work of the organization's climate.

  • 274.
    Nilsson, Håkan
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Department of Behavioral and Social Work, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Existential social work and the quest for existential meaning and well-being: A conceptual framework2018In: Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Social Work, ISSN 1542-6432, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 64-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to conceptualize "existential social work." A greater understanding of what existential social work means may enable social workers and those studying social work to see how its practice can reveal "the truth" about human existence and how they, as professionals, can enhance existential meaning and existential well-being among their clients. In such work, existential social workers have at their disposal tools such as the Frankl therapeutic approach to existential analysis (i.e., logotherapy) as well as spiritual-sensitive modalities (prayer and mindfulness). To interpret and understand apparent phenomena in the therapy is the ultimate goal with existential social work practices, thus providing clients with the opportunity to discover the meaning that exists in themselves. In addition, these practices pave the way for existential well-being. © 2017 Taylor & Francis

  • 275.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samverkansforskning för barn och ungas hälsa, välfärd och lärande2019In: Samverkan som gör skillnad : på riktigt: Parallella spår: Samverkanstorg: Workshops : 9. maj, 2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 276.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att forska i samverkan och gemensamt skapa kunskap2019In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 19-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 277.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Barns och ungas välfärd och ett kunskapsbaserat arbetssätt2019In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 25-28Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 278.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Forskningsmetoder för samverkansforskning2019In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 115-120Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 279.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, EmmaUniversity West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd2019Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna bok beskriver hur samverkansforskning kan användas för att främja och stärka barns och ungas välfärd. Här presenteras tio exempel på praktiknära forskning mellan forskare och praktiker, vilka på ett eller annat sätt arbetar med eller för barn, unga och deras familjer, till exempel inom skola, socialtjänst och vård.

  • 280.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Är samverkansforskning riktig forskning?2019In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stockholm: Liber, 2019, p. 29-32Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 281.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Wiedel, Daniel Olof
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Exempel 1: Att tidigt upptäcka barn i behov av särskilt stöd2019In: Samverkansforskning: att främja barns och ungas välfärd / [ed] Lena Nilsson & Emma Sorbring (red.), Stckholm: Liber, 2019, p. 35-41Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 282.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Wiedel, Daniel Olof
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Forskning i samverkan: Att vara nära men se med nya ögon2018In: Utbildning och Lärande / Education and Learning, ISSN 2001-4554, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 87-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to investigate how collaborative research can be used to develop early interventions in preschool. The research has been conducted together with preschool heads, special educators and social educators in a small municipality. The initiative was taken by municipal managers. After the development work had started, researchers were invited to a collaborative research process that lasted for about two years. Data was collected through process meetings, critical incidents, interviews, surveys and group discussions. The process is characterized by phases where different staff groups were involved. Preschool teachers both stressed their own skills and also emphasized the importance of continuous support and guidance from special and social educators. Managers emphasized their increased overall skills about early interventions. Collaborative research has helped to structure, quality assure and anchor focus on early interventions. It has been a tool for highlighting the issue from different perspectives, when staff and researchers work together. It has helped paying attention to important aspects, suggesting new directions when needed. In the research process, social and special educators have received valuable support in their new roles in the preschool environment. When the research process was completed, permanent support for early interventions was implemented.

  • 283.
    Nylén, Fia-Lotta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ljusa och mörka personlighetsdrag och konflikt mellan arbete och privatliv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Attempting to balance work-family conflict has becoming increasingly important in today's flexible society, where absence from work due to mental illness is now more common (Försäkringskassan, 2015). The Work Environment Act has also been tightened with a greater focus on the psychosocial work environment (AFS 2015:4). The purpose of the study was to investigate whether there is any connection between personality and perceived work-family conflict and family-work conflict and whether Dark Triad or Big Five explain most of the perceived conflict in work-family and family-work. What makes this study unique is that it tests both "dark" (deviant) and "light" (normal) personality traits in relation to work-family conflict, and vice versa.. To measure bright personality traits, a Big Five model (IPIP 30) was used and Dark Triad (subclinical narcissism, Machiavellianism, and subclinical psychopathy, SD3) was used to measure dark personality traits. The study was conducted through surveys via Facebook, partly via two administrations in a municipality in Västra Götaland (N = 189 of whom 143 (75.7%) were women and 46 (24.3%)) were men aged 21 to 67 (M= 36.5 years, SD = 10.8). Data were analyzed by correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis. The results showed a positive correlation between neuroticism and work-family conflict, and a negative correlation with extraversion. Machiavellianism had a positive correlation with family-work conflict. The conclusion is that Big Five and Dark Triad can in part predict an experienced work-family conflict, and vice versa. Big Five and Dark Triad covary in a complex way and explain the error variance of each other.

  • 284.
    Olsson, Katarina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ungdomars upplevelser av påverkan i relation till vuxna: En fenomenologiskt inspirerad studie utifrån ett agens och empowermentperspektiv2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, children have the right to impact their own lives, which is inadequately implemented in today's society. The present study aims to highlight experiences from adolescents, who voiced their opinions on their perceived ability to impact decisions affecting matters central in their lives. Few studies exist regarding which areas adolescents consider most important to influence, nor regarding what adults can do to assist them in this.

    The current study captures a perspective of agency and empowerment and its approach is inspired by phenomenology.

    The result is based on semi-structured interviews involving five 16-17 year old adolescents living in Västra Götaland County, Sweden. The material was analysed with an interpretative phenomenological analysis methodology.

    The main findings show that adolescents' view the ability to impact all imoprtant matters in their lives as imperative and that while they do perceive that they are allowed to influence basic things, they are not taken seriously in regard to more complex matters. The findings suggests that adults can encourage impact by including adolescents in decision making and show willingness to understand their perspective. All societies have an obligation to promote equal rights. As long as unequal rights exist, promotion of the UN Rights of the Child is crucial.

  • 285.
    Olsson, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Zivanovic, Diana
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Stress bland högskolestudenter: En kvantitativ studie om krav och kontroll2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stress research is often centered around the workplace environment. Different models have been developed in order to measure psychological wellbeing of employees. Such models focus on how employees perceive the demands in their professional capacity, perceived latitude in their work tasks, perceived corporate culture and hierarchical structures etc. In recent years another group has caught the attention of researchers in the field of mental health; studies have shown that many students at Swedish universities exhibit high levels of anxiety and depression.

    The aim of this study was to investigate the degree to which students at the Economics program at Gothenburg University feel stress in their studies.

    In a quantitative study, 749 students received a link to an online survey. The number of respondents was 181. This gave a response rate of 24.16% and therefore the study cannot be generalized across the entire population of economics students. The survey contained questions about perceived demands in their academic life, and how they assessed their ability to handle these demands.

    The results showed that the respondents perceived that the academic demands were relatively high, although they assessed their ability to handle the demands to be sufficient. They also considered the academic demands to be the most significant stressor. Conclusions can be drawn that respondents find themselves able to handle the demands placed on them in connection with the studies. 

  • 286.
    Oskarsson, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Japar Mahdi, Sara
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Att implementera barnkonventionen: En studie om pedagogers arbete i skolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study with the aim to investigate how the UN Convention of the Rights of the Child is implemented within the educational system in Sweden. Semi structured interviews with Pedagogues were carried out, and their thoughts around implementation and development with regards to the Convention were discussed. The results were presented and analysed with a thematic analysis method. The results show that the Convention is implemented from a bottom-top perspective where the pedagogues themselves have created the structure and planned their work, which is based on the original curriculum. The concern is that due to an increased demand for development in schools, the work with the Convention may suffer. Pedagogues are mostly self-educated on the subject of the Convention, and their teaching methods have developed over time to increase student participation in class which is a direct result of using the technique of double-loop learning. The results of this study show that there is a need for increased knowledge with regards to the Convention as it is considered fairly complex. Pedagogues request material which is more adapted to their work and also request a more defined direction from the School Board from a political point of view. Further work in this area could include research on the Convention in schools from a political standpoint and this study may act as a base for additional studies on the subject matter.

  • 287.
    Ottosson, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    ”Det är ju det utåt sett som alla ser, men ni skulle bara veta...”: Barns beskrivningar av sin vardag utifrån ekonomisk utsatthet2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The background to the study is that the Convention of Children´s Rights will become a law in Sweden and all decisions concerning children should take into account the best interests of the child. In order to do this, the children's perspective needs to be highlighted. The study is based on children in economic vulnerability where the family receives financial assistance. The purpose of the study is to understand the children who live in economic vulnerability and which strategies the children use to manage their position in different social contexts. I have completed a qualitative study in which I used semi-structured interviews with children whose families receive financial assistance in my empirical collection. The study is part of the research project "Children and young people in economic vulnerability in the municipality of Västervik". With the help of the concepts of children's agency and participation and Social Relational Theory as a theoretical starting point, the study's empirical data together with previous research has grown to a result. The result of the study shows that there is a tension field between the children who are aware of their financial situation and take active responsibility and the children who are not at all involved in the family's finances nor have any desire to be. Those children believe that the responsibility lies with their parents and they also did not feel that the family had strained finances. The study is permeated by a view of children as competent actors, which also turned out to be among the children who were aware of the family's situation. They create different strategies for managing and adapting to their everyday life, which is referred to as the children's agency. In what way they use their agency is influenced by internal, cultural and relational resources.

  • 288.
    Paulsson, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Andrésen, Louise
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Chefens betydelse för att få Generation Y att uppleva arbetet som meningsfullt och hälsosamt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Generation Y will in the coming decades be the dominant generation in the labormarket. It is therefore important to understand how this generation should be managed in a sustainable and meaningful way. This study has been conducted to highlight the expectations and experiences that generation Y have on managers. The purpose of the study was to investigate what contributed to the generation Y's enjoyment and perceived health in a workplace, and how they should be managed in a meaningful and sustainable way. The question the study was based on is: Which significance does generation Y experience that managers have to promote a meaningful and healthy work? Information was collected using eight semistructured interviews in an organization in Västra Götaland. The main findings from the study showed that generation Y need a present leadership that provides continuous feedback and confirmation. Respondents described the importance of maintaining work-life balance. The result also showed that colleagues had a crucial role in the generation Y's experience of a healthy and meaningful work. The study's contribution can provide knowledge about the importance of successful leadership, and how generation Y wants to be managed, in order for them to thrive, be motivated and stay in a workplace.

  • 289.
    Paulsson, Pontus
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Aronsson, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Organisationsförändring: en sammanslagning av två enheter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the employees experience of an organizational change. The organizational change has previously been a well-researched area, but mainly within the quantitative research field. We hope that this study can contribute valuable empirical data to increase knowledge and understanding of the complexity of a change and how the change can be reflected in the experience of the employees. The study also examines how employee's perception of change can be affected by an unpredictable event such as change of manager, but also how the time aspect of an organizational change is important.

    The data were collected through semi-structured interviews which made it possible to form it around planed research areas, and at the same time it gave the informants the opportunity to speak freely. Later a thematic analysis was done with the collected data, where reoccurring and relevant themes were found. These were (1) The significance of managers, (2) Diffuse information, (3) Prolonged change, (4) Lack of inclusion & communication, (5) We and them (6) Change of physical work environment. All themes are then linked to their importance for the employees' experience of the change.

    The study shows that the research previously done in the field of organizational change is also applicable to our results. It can be stated that organizational changes have recurring characteristics but that every organizational change is unique as the people behind the organization always are.

  • 290.
    Persson, Alexandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Johansson, Gusti
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Arbetares upplevelse av sjuknärvaro: En kvantitativ studie om betydelsen av individrelaterade och arbetsrelaterade faktorer för sjuknärvaro och varför arbetare väljer sjuknärvaro2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sickness presenteeism has relevance in the society and needs to pay attention to because it could affect people's health in a negative way.

    The aim of the study was to see if individual related factors and work related factors had relations to sickness presenteeism.

    A quantitative method was used to answer our questions. A digital questionnaire was compiled. The questions was meant to measure health, change of work, working relationships and sickness presenteeism. Data about gender, age, profession and educations was collected. Data was analyzed from 165 participants in the age 20-65 years (M = 33, SD = 12) years, 55% women and 43% men. The majority had been active in their profession for up to 5 years. 50% had a degree from university and 38% from college. We did both correlation analysis and regression analysis on our chosen variables.

    Results shows that 77% has gone to work with poor health at least once the last six months and 67% chooses sickness presenteeism instead of sickness absence because no one else can do their job. Neither sex nor age indicates on connection to sickness presenteeism. An interesting finding from the correlation analysis was that a person's intention to change workplace had connection with sickness presenteeism, which was .36**. People that often work with poor health want to change workplace. If an organization reduces their sickness presenteeism it indicates that the turnover of staff reduces, which means that a reduction of presenteeism could be used a sa tool to reduce turnover of staff.

  • 291.
    Persson, Anders
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ljung, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Säkerhet och arbete på passagerarfärjor ur intendenturpersonalens perspektiv2017In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 27-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska färjesjöfarten brottas idag med bristande lönsamhet. En effekt av detta är personalminskningar och ökad stress i arbetet. På passagerarfärjorutgör intendenturpersonalen ofta majoriteten av ombordanställda. De ärinlemmade i fartygens säkerhetsorganisation och deras roll i denna har blivit allt viktigare. I denna artikel belyses genom en intervjustudie hur denna personalkategori ser på denna roll utifrån olika aspekter.

  • 292.
    Persson, Anders
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ljung, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Säkerhet och intendentur på passagerarfärjor: en dokument- och litteraturstudie2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to fatal accidents in the last three decades the safety of passenger ferries has been of central concern for ship owners and regulating authorities. New technology, regulations and education to improve the construction of ships and the capability of the crews to act in critical situations have been implemented. In this report we focus how one special category of personnel, the service staff, is integrated in the safety organisation and culture on board passenger ferries. We do this by study in gresearch literature and a variety of documents issued by regulating authorities on the subject. An internet-based discussion among seafarers about who is considered to be a "real seafarer" is also analysed. Another topic discussed in the report is the everyday working conditions for the servicestaff and its impact on their health. By analysing statistical data it is shown that work-related accidents and sickness are far more common among this category compared to other seafarers. The main conclusion in the report is that research on and interest in the role of the service staff in the safety organisation and culture of passenger ferries is underdeveloped and weak. Traditional strong hierarchies among seafarers and seafarers' and other relevant actors' views on who is considered tobe a "real seafarer" may to some extent explain this situation. More research and more efforts to integrate this category in the concrete work to improve safety are therefore needed.

  • 293.
    Persson, Björn
    et al.
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden.
    Garcia, Danilo
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden; Lund University, Lund, Sweden Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden.
    Revisiting the Structure of the Short Dark Triad2019In: Assessment (Odessa, Fla.), ISSN 1073-1911, E-ISSN 1552-3489, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 3-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decade, extensive interest has been directed toward the Dark Triad (i.e., Machiavellianism, narcissism,and psychopathy), popularly assessed by the Short Dark Triad (SD3). Nevertheless, relatively little research has beenconducted on the SD3's factor structure. We investigated the SD3's psychometric properties in three studies with three independent samples, using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (N1 = 1,487; N2 = 17,740; N3 = 496). In all three studies, Machiavellianism and psychopathy items displayed large general factor loadings, and narcissism larger specific factor loadings. In subsequent studies, two- and three-factor models fitted the data similarly, with the best fitting model beinga bifactor model with items from Machiavellianism and psychopathy modelled as one specific factor, and narcissism as asecond specific factor. On this basis, we suggest that the SD3 does not seem to capture the different mental processestheorized to underlie the similar behaviors generated by Machiavellianism and psychopathy. Additionally, we recommend the use of a single SD3 composite score, and not subscale scores, as subscales contain small amounts of reliable variance beyond the general factor.

  • 294.
    Persson, Björn
    et al.
    Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden, Department of Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy, University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden, Department of Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy, University of Skövde, Sweden, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Garcia, Danilo
    Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge, County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden, Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Testing construct independence in the Short Dark Triad using Item Response Theory2017In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 117, p. 74-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Dark Triad (i.e., Machiavellianism, narcissism and psychopathy) is a popular construct for describing socially aversive personality traits. In recent years, the Short Dark Triad (SD3; Jones & Paulhus, 2014) has become a popular measure for assessing the Dark Triad constructs. However, recent research has called the supposed dissimilarity between the Dark Triad constructs into question. In particular, theoretical and empirical evidence suggests that a distinction between Machiavellianism and psychopathy may not be tenable. In order to investigate this issue further, we analyzed the SD3 in a large sample (N = 1983) using Item Response Theory. We establish item response parameter estimates for each Dark Triad construct and further test whether the Dark Triad constructs can be modelled together. Results show that Machiavellianism and narcissism could not be modelled together, but the combinations Machiavellianism and psychopathy, and narcissism and psychopathy, yielded acceptable model fit. The implications of these results are discussed in terms of how the Dark Triad constructs may be interpreted and studied in the future.

  • 295.
    Persson, Björn N.
    et al.
    Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Gothenburg, Sweden; 2Department of Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy, University of Skövde, Sweden .
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Rosenberg, Patricia
    Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Garcia, Danilo
    Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden 6Centre for Ethics, Law, and Mental Health (CELAM), University of Gothenburg, Sweden Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden; m. fl..
    The Single Item Dirty Dark Triad (SIDDT): Exploitation of Others2016In: Association for Psychological Science (APS) 28th Annual ConventionMay 26 - 29, 2016, Chicago, Illinois, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    A short measure of the Dark Triad (Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism) showed consistent factorstructure and convergent validity. Narcissism, however, didn’t contribute with information to the coreconstitution of the Dark Triad. Instead, a Single Item Dirty Dark Triad (SIDDT: exploitation of others),accounted for the core of the measure.

    Supporting summary

    Background: The dark side of human character has been conceptualized in the Dark Triad Model:Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism. These three dark traits are often measured using single longinstruments for each one of the traits. Nevertheless, there is a necessity of short and valid personality measuresin psychological research. As an independent research group, we replicated the factor structure, convergentvalidity and item response for one of the most recent and widely used short measures to operationalize thesemalevolent traits, namely, the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen. We aimed to expand the understanding of what the DirtyDozen really captures because the mixed results on construct validity in previous research.

    Method: We used the largest sample to date to respond to the Dirty Dozen (N = 3,698). We firstly investigatedthe Dirty Dozen’s factor structure using Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Secondly, using sub-sample (n = 500)and correlation analyses, we investigated the Dirty Dozen dark traits convergent validity to Machiavellianismmeasured by the Mach-IV, psychopathy measured by Eysenck’s Personality Questionnaire Revised, narcissismsusing the Narcissism Personality Inventory, and both neuroticism and extraversion from the Eysenck’squestionnaire. Finally, besides these Classic Test Theory analyses, we analyzed the responses for each DirtyDozen item using Item Response Theory (IRT).

    Results: The results confirmed previous findings of a bi-factor model fit: one latent core dark trait, plus thethree dark traits. An additional exploratory distribution analysis showed that all three Dirty Dozen traits had astriking bi-modal distribution, which might indicate unconcealed social undesirability with the items. The threeDirty Dozen traits did converge to, although not strongly, with the contiguous single Dark Triad scales (rbetween .41-.49). The probabilities of filling out steps on the Dirty Dozen narcissism-items were much higherthan on the Dirty Dozen items for Machiavellianism and psychopathy. Overall, the Dirty Dozen instrumentdelivered the most predictive value with persons with average and high Dark Triad traits (Theta > -0.5).Moreover, the Dirty Dozen scale was better conceptualized as measured of a combined Machiavellianismpsychopathyfactor, not narcissism, that can be replaced with item 4: ‘I tend to exploit others towards my ownend’.

    Conclusion: The Dirty Dozen showed a consistent factor structure, a relatively convergent validity similar tothat found in earlier studies. Narcissism measured using the Dirty Dozen, however, did not contribute withinformation to the core constitution of the Dirty Dozen construct. More importantly, the results imply a SingleItem Dirty Dark Triad (SIDDT) measure of a manipulative and anti-social core as the content of the DirtyDozen scale.

  • 296.
    Persson, Rosalinde
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lärstilar: svenska gymnasieelevers preferenser vid inlärning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A learning style is individual and says something about how a person learns and what factors are important during the learning process. Today's society places high demands on students because of an increased number of stimuli and increased information flow, which enforces new methods and study skills. The study's contribution with up-to-date information about today's upper secondary school pupils' preferences regarding factors in Dunn's learning style model is relevant to the research field in children and youth science. There are few Swedish studies, few studies of upper secondary school students, few studies with a gender perspective and few contemporary studies on learning styles, therefore, it was relevant to do this survey. The questionnaire consisted of a self-assessment form that was answered online. The questions examined are: (1) How does de distribution of preferences regarding the factors in Dunn's environmental, emotional, physiological, sociological and psychological elements appear to be for Swedish upper secondary school students when learning difficult and new material? (2) How does the distribution of preferences appear to be regarding the above-mentioned factors in Dunn's learning style model within the men and women groups? The group of participants consisted of 167 pupils from five different upper secondary schools in a larger Swedish city. The participant group consisted of 123 women, 39 men and five individuals with another gender affiliation. Most participants were between 15-20 years old and four participants were over 20 years old. MS Excel was used as a tool for analyzing data and Dunn's result key (2001) for interpreting the data. The research questions have been answered and the results of the study show that: (1) upper secondary school students have a high self-motivation and sense of responsibility; (2) the majority of students are flexible in structure and most men do not need structure; (3) a large group of students need to have the opportunity to study on their own instead of group assignments; (4) few men prefer to work in groups; (5) few upper secondary school pupils are morning and evening persons, but many have several energy peaks throughout the day; (6) no one prefers a cool study environment; (7) sitting position is relatively unimportant for most students; (8) ten percent of the students have a holistic approach to information processing and seven percent have an analytical approach; (9) a large group of students are auditory and visual, few students are kinesthetic and tactile; (10) most of the women can motivate themselves; (11) a high proportion of women are responsible. There are only a few differences between the sexes regarding Dunn's learning style model, which may be because men and women's views on their needs and preferences may have become more equal in conjunction with a constant exposure regarding gender issues in the media and in the school, which may possibly be reflected in the results. An uneven gender distribution in the research group and cultural differences can also form the basis for the few differences between the sexes.

  • 297.
    Pipkorn, Jenny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Möller, Rebecca
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Framgångsrikt ledarskap: en ledares personliga upplevelser och erfarenheter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The world today is characterized by several major leaders, which are successful to various degrees. All are different and have different leadership skills. Organizations are influenced by some of the world's largest leaders, such as Donald Trump, the US president. Successful leadership could promote a climate to enable better performance and development for employees. The purpose of the study was to investigate leaders' personal experiences and knowledges about their own leadership. Six qualitative interviews were used to achieve the purpose of the study, and the target group was esteemed leaders in two major organizations. The leaders were both men and women between the ages of 45 and 50. The interviews were recorded and transcribed. The transcribed material was encoded and analyzed by means of thematic analysis. Six themes emerged, in which all the informants mostly mentioned "human interest". The informants in the study believe that a successful leader should genuinely care about his employees. They should listen and have the will to develop the employees to make them work towards the organization's goals.

  • 298.
    Prochnow, Annette
    et al.
    University of Würzburg, Germany.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Hesse, Volker
    Children’s Hospital Berlin-Lindenhof, and Charité – Institute for Experimental Paediatric Endocrinology, Germany.
    Wermke, Kathleen
    University of Würzburg, German.
    Does a 'musical' mother tongue influence cry melodies?: A comparative study of Swedish and German newborns2019In: Musicae scientiae, ISSN 1029-8649, E-ISSN 2045-4147, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 143-156Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The foetal environment is filled with a variety of noises. Among the manifold sounds of the maternal respiratory, gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems, the intonation properties of the maternal language are well perceived by the foetus, whose hearing system is already functioning during the last trimester of gestation. These intonation (melodic) features, reflecting native-language prosody, have been found to shape vocal learning. Having had ample opportunity to become familiar with their mother's language in the womb, newborns have been found to exhibit salient pitch-based elements in their own cry melodies. An interesting issue is whether an intrauterine exposure to a maternal pitch accent language, such as Swedish, in which emphatic syllables are pronounced typically on a higher pitch relative to other syllables will affect newborns' cry melody (fundamental frequency contour). The present study aimed to answer this question by quantitatively analysing and comparing the melody structure in 52 Swedish compared with 79 German newborns. In accordance with previous approaches, cry melody structure was analysed by calculating a melody complexity index (MCI) expressing the share of cries exhibiting two or more (well-defined) arc-like substructures uttered during the recording sessions. A low MCI reflects a dominance of cries with a 'simple', i.e. single-arc melody. A significantly higher MCI was found in the Swedish infant group, which further corroborates the assumption that the well-known foetal sensitivity for musical (melodic) stimuli seems to shape infants' cry melody.

  • 299.
    Putnick, Diana L
    et al.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Child and Family Research, Bethesda .
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, USA.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Chang, Lei
    University of Macau, Department of Psychology, China.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Department of Psychiatry, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Consultorio Psicológico Popular, Medellín, Colombia .
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Philippines.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan and Emirates College for Advanced Education.
    Bacchini, Dario
    University of Naples “Federico II”, Department of Psychology, Italy.
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Parental acceptance–rejection and child prosocial behavior: Developmental transactions across the transition to adolescence in nine countries, mothers and fathers, and girls and boys.2018In: Developmental Psychology, ISSN 0012-1649, E-ISSN 1939-0599, Vol. 54, no 10, p. 1881-1890Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Promoting children’s prosocial behavior is a goal for parents, healthcare professionals, and nations. Does positive parenting promote later child prosocial behavior, or do children who are more prosocial elicit more positive parenting later, or both? Relations between parenting and prosocial behavior have to date been studied only in a narrow band of countries, mostly with mothers and not fathers, and child gender has infrequently been explored as a moderator of parenting–prosocial relations. This cross-national study uses 1,178 families (mothers, fathers, and children) from 9 countries to explore developmental transactions between parental acceptance–rejection and girls’ and boys’ prosocial behavior across 3 waves (child ages 9 to 12). Controlling for stability across waves, within-wave relations, and parental age and education, higher parental acceptance predicted increased child prosocial behavior from age 9 to 10 and from age 10 to 12. Higher age 9 child prosocial behavior also predicted increased parental acceptance from age 9 to 10. These transactional paths were invariant across 9 countries, mothers and fathers, and girls and boys. Parental acceptance increases child prosocial behaviors later, but child prosocial behaviors are not effective at increasing parental acceptance in the transition to adolescence. This study identifies widely applicable socialization processes across countries, mothers and fathers, and girls and boys. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)

  • 300.
    Reaidy, Vanessa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Jensen, Jennifer
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Rekrytering med digitala verktyg: Rekryterarens upplevelse av digitala verktygs påverkan2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization is today a controversial subject that affects us all. Both at an organizational and individual level but also both private and at work. The digitalization has also acclimated in the recruitment industry an presents itself in different kinds of ways. For example, selection is today performed with the help of AI, interviews by video tools and reference taking by web forms. This study is conducted with a qualitative method and the aim is to examine the recruiter's experience of digital tools in the recruitment process from a two perspectives: efficiency and ethically. Through conducting a thematic analysis, collected data has been reviewed and then presented with the support of three representative themes: the use of digital tools and their effect on recruitment; ethical perspectives on using digital tools in recruitment; and the room for digital tools today and in the future. The results shows that digital tools has a crucial importance for the recruiter's perceptions of their work. The tasks becomes more effective, flexible and structured with the help of digital tools but there is also a problem regarding digital management of candidates. The recruiter's experiences a risk in using digital tools in all contact with the candidates since it may result in an impersonal recruitment process and lack of crucial information. The results also showed that the recruiter's experiences a common fear regarding that digital tools will take too much space in the recruitment process in the future. Though, they are relying on the tools in their work today and shows that they are motivated and willing to develop their skills within the area.

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