Change search
Refine search result
345678 251 - 300 of 351
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 251.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Wiedel, Daniel Olof
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Work and Social Pedagogy.
    Tidiga insatser i förskolan: erfarenheter från ett utvecklingsarbete i Vara kommun2016Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 252.
    Nilsson, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Lander, Rolf
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.
    Aktioner för hälsa och skolutveckling: ett pilotprojekt om hälsa och lärande2010Report (Other academic)
  • 253.
    Nilsson, Thomas
    et al.
    Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental Health, University of Gothenburg.
    Falk, Örjan
    Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental Health, University of Gothenburg.
    Billstedt, Eva
    Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Anckarsäter, Henrik
    Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental Health (CELAM), University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, Forensic psychiatry, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Ragarden, House 1, SU – East Hospital, SE-416 85 Gothenburg, Sweden, Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg.
    Wallinius, Märta
    Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund, Lund University, Lund, Sweden, Research and Development Unit, Regional Forensic Psychiatric Clinic, Växjö, Sweden.
    Hofvander, Björn
    Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund, Lund University.
    Aggressive Antisocial Behaviors Are Related to Character Maturity in Young Swedish Violent Offenders Independent of ADHD2016In: Frontiers in Psychiatry, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 7, no NOV, p. 1-12, article id 185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Antisocial personality and psychopathic traits have constantly been found to accompany criminal and aggressive behaviors, but little attention has been given to aspects of character maturity and its relation to such behaviors. The present study investigated (1) whether level of character maturity (low, medium, and high) is associated with amount of aggressive antisocial behaviors (AABs) and psychopathic traits in young men imprisoned for violent criminality, and (2) whether such an association is independent of coexisting attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods: Swedish males (N =  270, aged 18–25) sentenced to prison for violent and/or sexual criminality in the western region of the Swedish Prison and Probation Service underwent a thorough clinical examination during their in carceration. Data on character maturity, as measured by the character dimensions Self-Directedness and Cooperativeness of the Temperament and Character Inventory, were available for n = 148 subjects and were used to divide these offenders into three groups with low, medium, and high character maturity. These groups were then compared for variables reflecting criminal history, a DSM-IV diagnosis of ADHD, conduct disorder (CD) and substance use disorders (SUD), aggressive behaviors, and psychopathic traits. Results: Character maturity was consistently associated with less AABs and psychopathic personality traits; the group with the highest character maturity showed: (i) a later age at on set of criminality, (ii) a smaller number of prior violent criminal acts, (iii) lower prevalence of ADHD, CD, and SUD, (iv) less self-rated and expert-rated aggressive behaviors, and (v) less psychopathic traits. The association between character maturity and aggressive behaviors/psychopathic personality traits remained even when ADHD was controlled for. The only exception was sexual criminality, where the group with the highest character maturity contained the largest amount of sexual offenders. Conclusion: Higher character maturity appeared to be a protective factor among young male violent offenders, associated with less AABs, suggesting that character maturity isa promising target for treatment interventions for this group of individuals.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 254.
    Norberger, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Wassenius, Johanna
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Patienters upplevelser av att vårdas under tvång i psykiatrisk slutenvård: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The main purpose of coercive care is to protect patients from injuring themselves and/or others. Patients treated under coercive care in psychiatric care have limited possibilities to influence and participation in their care.

    Aim: To illuminate patients' experiences of being cared for in locked psychiatric care.

    Method: A literature review was conducted. Nine scientific articles were analyzed following a five-step model. The articles were retrieved from the databases Cinahl and PsycInfo.

    Results: There were both positive and negative experiences of being cared for under coercion. The experiences were summarized in three themes: Lack of information and control, Wishing for understanding instead of neglect and Insight into the necessity of compulsory care. Conclusion: The attitudes and treatment of caregivers are crucial factors in how patients experience compulsive care.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 255.
    Nordström, Kristin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Hassel, Amanda
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Kvinnors erfarenheter av att leva med ADHD: En litteraturstudie2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: ADHD has previously been seen as a childhood diagnosis that decreases with increasing age. However, research shows that for many the symptoms remain even as adults, but that the symptom features can change. Girls and women today are underrepresented in the diagnosis of ADHD, which can mean great suffering and a misunderstanding of themselves and the environment. Aim: The aim of the study was to describe women's experiences of living with ADHD. Method: A literature study was used as a method. Systematic searches were performed in the databases CINAHL, PsycInfo and Academic Search Premier, where 9 articles with both quantitative and qualitative approach were selected. Another 2 articles were selected based on an unsystematic search. These were analyzed based on a three-step model. Results: During the analysis, two main themes emerged, "the image of myself" and "impact on daily life". The sub-themes linked to these were "Feeling different", "Understanding and self-acceptance", "Challenges in dealing with the demands of the environment" and "Impact on relationships". Conclusion: This study shows that there are gender differences in how ADHD can manifest itself. These results can be useful for those functions that meet girls and women in need of support. Raising awareness of how the symptoms can differ means that more girls can receive the right support measures earlier in life.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 256.
    Nunstedt, Håkan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Obeid, Ayman
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Hillström, Lisbeth
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Truong, Anh
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Pennbrant, Sandra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Salutary factors and hospital work environments: a qualitative descriptive study of nurses in Sweden2020In: BMC Nursing, ISSN 1472-6955, E-ISSN 1472-6955, Vol. 19, no 1, article id 125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Download full text (pdf)
    BMC Nursing
  • 257.
    Nunstedt, Håkan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Hörnsten, Åsa
    Umeå Universitet, Umeå.
    Werkander Harstäde, Carina
    Linnéuniversitet, Växjö.
    Förståelse av sjukdom utifrån tre olika tillstånd2021In: Att förstå sjukdomen: ur patientens, sjuksköterskans och den närståendes perspektiv / [ed] Nunstedt, Håkan & Pennbrant, Sandra, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2021, Upplaga 1, p. 75-115Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 258.
    Nunstedt, Håkan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Pennbrant, Sandra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Att arbeta med förståelse utifrån portfoliometoden2021In: Att förstå sjukdomen: ur patientens, sjuksköterskans och den närståendes perspektiv / [ed] Håkan Nunstedt & Sandra Pennbrant, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2021, Upplaga 1, p. 159-183Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 259.
    Nunstedt, Håkan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Pennbrant, SandraUniversity West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Att förstå sjukdomen: ur patientens, sjuksköterskans och den närståendes perspektiv2021Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 260.
    Nunstedt, Håkan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Pennbrant, Sandra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Johansson, Catrin
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Portfoliometoden som en metod för arbetsintegrerat lärande2022Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 261.
    Nunstedt, Håkan
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Pennbrant, Sandra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Rudolfsson, Gudrun
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Sjuksköterskans arbete med att stödja personens förståelse2021In: Att förstå sjukdomen: ur patientens, sjuksköterskans och den närståendes perspektiv / [ed] Håkan Nunstedt & Sandra Pennbrant, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2021, Upplaga 1, p. 119-134Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 262.
    Olofsson, Christoffer
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Hinders, Sandra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Vart är alla svenskar efter klockan 19.00?: Upplevelser av lärandet i integrationsprocessen hos högutbildade nyanlända vuxna män.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to get knowledge of the experiences highly educated adult men, who are newcomers, has of their learning process to become integrated in the Swedish society. We had a phenomenological approach and used interviews as our method. Our result shows that there are possibilities for our target group to integrate and acclimatize. There is already a foundation to stand on but it needs to be developed and improved. To learn the language, be able to understand the culture and the values in society is problematic for our target group. The reason for this is that they don't meet enough native-born or immigrated Swedish people. A part of the solution is to give our target group the possibility to enjoy other environments beside the refugee camp. It also requires that the society listens to their individual needs.

  • 263.
    Olsson, Frida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Johansson, Ida
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Integration och lärande som nyanländ i Sverige: hur nyanlända unga vuxna upplever sig lära Sverige och integrationen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research is to investigate how a group of young people between 18-25 years perceive and learn of their situation as a refugee in Sweden. We used semi-structured interviews, the method is qualitative and inspired by "content analysis". Our respondents are living in two different places for asylum seekers in West Sweden and have moved from different countries in the Middle East.

    Our questions were:

    • What kind of emotions were experienced during the first encounter with Sweden and how do they experience everyday life?

    • How is the encounter with the Swedish society and how is it acquired?

    • What do they think about their future?

    The results showed that the participants experienced different emotions in their first meeting with Sweden. They were in a difficult situation, they felt lonely and had nothing to do. At the same time, they felt relieved to come and seek asylum in a safe country, and to have the "Immigration Service" as a security. The lack of knowledge of the Swedish language was a big deal, sometimes feeling like a stranger made it tough. Many respondents felt that it was a relief to leave their country because of the hard situation. Several times a week they study the Swedish language in different ways, did volunteer work or internship while someone had an extra job. It was important for them to keep themselves busy by having different kinds of activities or other stuff to do. The majority of the participants felt that it was difficult to meet Swedish people and they saw that as a problem for the integration. The language was considered the most important thing to learn and almost all participants wanted to continue their studies. They saw a future for themselves in Sweden, to get a job for income and later on, build a family.

  • 264.
    Olsson, Marie
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Stress ökar risken för läkemedelsavvikelser: Omvårdnadspersonalens uppfattning om varför läkemedelsavvikelser sker2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Drug deviations are common in healthcare and cause great suffering and high costs if it leads to healthcare injuries. Only those deviations that lead to injury or an increased need for care are usually investigated in more detail. Deviations that do not lead to injury can still be important to pay attention to, in order to increase patient safety and avoid unnecessary care. The purpose of this essay was to shed light on the nursing staff's perception of why a drug deviation occurs in municipal health and medical care, and how care staff can develop greater safety in care based on such deviations. The study is based on a qualitative method. Data were collected through focus group interviews from two home care groups, within municipal home health care, and the interview texts were analyzed through qualitative content analysis. The results were based on four categories that describe the staff's perception of why a drug deviation occurs and how we can learn from those that occur: situations that create stress, climate in the work group, the importance of informing oneself and creating opportunities for learning. The informants expressed that stress was the main reason for drug abnormalities. A faster follow-up was desired in the working group by the nurse or unit manager when a deviation had occurred. For more lasting learning, the working groups wanted regular reflection on how drug management is carried out - learning integrated into the work.

  • 265.
    Olsson-Tall, Maivor
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Bedömning i samverkan vid psykossjukdom2023In: Samverkan i vården: från system till praktik / [ed] Annika Eklund & Christian Gadolin, Stockholm: Liber, 2023, 1., p. 152-172Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken beskriver samverkan i hälso- och sjukvård ur olika perspektiv och ger verksamhetsnära exempel. Svensk hälso- och sjukvård har jämförelsevis goda resultat men brister i exempelvis kontinuitet och koordinering. Till följd av vårdens ökade specialisering behövs förmågan att samverka för en säker vård och ett effektivt utnyttjande av resurser. 

  • 266.
    Ottosson Högberg, Sara
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Vårdenhetschefen sätter agendan: Att stödja nya sjuksköterskor att växa in i yrkesrollen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: New graduate nurses experience difficulties in meeting the expectations of the new professional role. Leadership has been shown to be important when supporting new graduate nurses develop a professional role and develop competence and practical skills. Aim: This study aims to describe nurse managers´ experiences of creating prerequisites for new graduate nurses to grow into the new professional role during an introduction program. Method: A qualitative method was used in this study. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. A total of nine managers were interviewed. Results: The result presents five categories shown to be important when managers support new graduate nurses to grow into the new professional role: organize introduction to the clinical work, care for the group of personnel, create opportunities for learning, exercise a committed leadership and having a supportive attitude. Conclusion: The result suggests that many factors affect nurse's conditions on the ward and that the manager's approach is complex. By showing support, participating in nurse's social process and by organizing the introduction and clinical work, it could promote learning and professional role-building among new graduate nurses. This requires leaders who are active and dedicated, and understand their role in the nursing process of growing into the professional role. The conditions that are presented in this study could strengthen new graduate nurses to grow into the professional role and could promote their intention of remaining in the profession.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 267.
    Pajalic, Zada
    et al.
    VID Specialized University, Faculty of Health Sciences Research Group Sustainable Healthcare and Welfare Technology (SHWT), Oslo (NOR).
    Saplacan, Diana
    Department of Informatics, University of Oslo, Oslo (NOR).
    Areskoug Josefsson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Wallin Moen, Helga
    VID Specialized University, Faculty of Health Sciences Research Group Sustainable Healthcare and Welfare Technology (SHWT), Oslo (NOR).
    Naustdal, Iril
    VID Specialized University, Faculty of Health Sciences Research Group Sustainable Healthcare and Welfare Technology (SHWT), Oslo (NOR).
    Wesseltoft-Rao, Nima
    VID Specialized University, Faculty of Health Sciences Research Group Sustainable Healthcare and Welfare Technology (SHWT), Oslo (NOR).
    Alazraq, Nadia
    VID Specialized University, Faculty of Health Sciences Research Group Sustainable Healthcare and Welfare Technology (SHWT), Oslo (NOR).
    Kulla, Gunilla
    Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, Forde (NOR).
    Princeton, Daisy
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing Science, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo (NOR).
    Langhammer, Birgitta
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation Science and Health Technology, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo (NOR).
    Tecirli, Gülcan
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Health Services and Management, Ankara University (TUR).
    Kisa, Sezer
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing Science, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo (NOR).
    What are the disadvantages of having a foreign background as a female academic and working at a university in Europe?2023In: Social Sciences & Humanities Open, ISSN 2590-2911, Vol. 8, no 1, article id 100551Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main goal of this project was to explore foreign female academics’ experiences working at universities in Europe. The Bologna Declaration has enabled the cross-border exchange of academic staff within Europe. Female academics represent an essential and steadily growing group within academia; they are occupying desirable academic positions at unprecedented rates. For women, building their teaching and scientific career at another university is associated with both privileges and challenges. The main goal of this project was to explore foreign female academics’ experiences working at universities in Europe. Methodology, this study had a qualitative design. Twelve female academics with a foreign background participated in the study. Data were collected via a digital workshop and analysed using the story dialogue method. The results show that the participants have faced daily challenges in the form of discrimination, bullying, and injustice regarding their personal, pedagogical, and research skills. All participants emphasized the importance of a structured introduction to a new country and university with a designated mentor. To retain female foreign academics who are an important scientific resource European universities, as employers, must develop and implement clear guidelines for a good, welcoming working environment.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 268.
    Pennbrant, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Karlsson, Margareta
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Karlsson, Christina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Obeid, Ayman
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Digitala signeringslistor: utvärdering av implementering inomkommunal vård och omsorg2021In: Organisering, implementering och användning av välfärdsteknologi: Resultat från eTeam-projektet / [ed] Ann Svensson, Camilla Gjellebæk, Trollhättan: Högskolan Väst , 2021, p. 48-50Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 269.
    Persson, Anna-Ida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Segerfelt, Petra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Organisationskultur ur ett hälsofrämjande perspektiv: en fenomenografisk studie om ledares och medarbetares uppfattningar kring organisationskulturen2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this study is, from a health promoting perspective, to examine how leaders and employees perceive and are affected by the organizational culture. The study is located in one of Volvo Cars Torslanda factories and to achieve the purpose we have used a qualitative approach in the form of 16 semi-structured interviews. Further, the study is inspired by a phenomenographic approach and analysis model, which contains seven steps. The result of the study mainly displays that it is primarily the interpersonal contacts that affect how the respondents in this survey feel at work and it is therefore important to have an organization culture that promotes good relationships between employees, where well being and laughter is centrally. The study also suggest that it is beneficial, both for the company's business and employees' health, trying to implement a desired organizational culture through communication among the hierarchical levels rather than a top-down approach. The results of the study are considered to give already proven factors further strengthening and demonstrate the fact that organizations through their culture can work with promoting health influencing factors.

  • 270.
    Persson, Jessica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. Centre for Gerodontology, Public Dental Service, Region Västra Götaland, Gothenburg.
    Johansson, Isabelle
    Centre for Gerodontology, Public Dental Service, Region Västra Götaland,Gothenburg; Department of Periodontology, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg .
    Torgé, Cristina Joy
    Institute of Gerontology, School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University.
    Bergström, Eva-Karin
    Centre for Gerodontology, Public Dental Service, Region Västra Götaland, Gothenburg; Department of Cariology, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
    Hägglin, Catharina
    Centre for Gerodontology, Public Dental Service, Region Västra Götaland, Gothenburg; Department of Behavioral and Community Dentistry, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
    Wårdh, Inger
    Department of Dental Medicine and Academic Centre of Geriatric Dentistry, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge; Department of Health Sciences, Karlstad University.
    Oral Care Cards as a Support in Daily Oral Care of Frail Older Adults: Experiences and Perceptions of Professionals in Nursing and Dental Care — A Qualitative Study2022In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, no 15, p. 9380-9380Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Frail older adults often have poor oral health. In Sweden, oral care cards are designed to be used as an interprofessional tool for documenting the oral health status of older adults with extensive care needs and to describe oral care recommendations.

    The aim of this study was to explore nursing and dental professionals’ experiences and perceptions of oral care cards. Nursing and dental care staff were interviewed in groups or individually. The recorded data were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. A theme emerged: Navigating an oral care responsibility that is not anchored in the nursing and dental care context. The theme was elucidated in three categories: “Accessibility and usefulness”, “Coordination between nursing and dental care”, and “Ethical approach”. The participants perceived a lack of surrounding frameworks and collaboration concerning oral care and the use of oral care cards. An oral care card could ideally facilitate interprofessional and person-centered oral care. However, oral health does not seem to have found its place in the nursing care context. Further research is needed to investigate how oral carecards ought to be developed and designed to support oral health care work.

  • 271.
    Persson, Jessica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lindén, Ingela Grönbeck
    Centre for Gerodontology, Public Dental Service, Region Västra Götaland, 402 33 Gothenburg, Department of Behavioral and Community Dentistry, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, 405 30 Gothenburg,.
    Kylén, Sven
    R&D Department, Primary Health Care, Regionhälsan, Region Västra Götaland, 462 35 Vänersborg.
    Hägglin, Catharina
    Centre for Gerodontology, Public Dental Service, Region Västra Götaland, 402 33 Gothenburg, Department of Behavioral and Community Dentistry, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, 405 30 Gothenburg,.
    Aspects of Expansive Learning in the Context of Healthy Ageing: A Formative Intervention between Dental Care and Municipal Healthcare2022In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 1089-1089Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are great risks of diseases in the ageing population, and oral diseases are no exception. Poor oral health has profound negative impacts on the quality of life. It is therefore crucial to include the oral health perspective in the care for older adults. To meet the challenges associated with oral health in the ageing population, a formative intervention was launched. The intervention, called the TAIK project (=“Dental hygienist in a municipality organization”, in Swedish: Tandhygienist i kommunal verksamhet), meant that six dental hygienists served non-clinically as oral health consultants in five Swedish municipal organizations. The intervention formed an infrastructure and platform for work that benefits the ageing population and created a new basis for decisions regarding oral health in homecare. The aim of this paper is to explore how aspects of collaboration in an interprofessional and interorganizational intervention may lead to expansive learning. Expansive learning forms the theoretical framework of this study. The dental hygienists and the local head nurses were interviewed individually in-depth. Reflection documents from the dental hygienists were also part of the analyzed data. The conclusion is that the formative intervention was reliant of change which created a foundation for reciprocal understanding that led to expansive learning between dental care and municipal healthcare, with resilience and empowerment as crucial factors

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 272.
    Petersen Hetland, Linda
    et al.
    Mestringsenheten i Sandnes kommune (NOR).
    Areskoug Josefsson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. Oslo Metropolitan University (NOR).
    Straume, Connie
    Stord DPS, Helse Fonna HF (NOR).
    Biringer, Eva
    Avdeling for forskning og innovasjon, Helse Fonna HF (NOR).
    "That’s how the light gets in": Studentenes evaluering av recoverykurs ved Jæren Recovery College2023In: Tidsskrift for psykisk helsearbeid, ISSN 1503-6707, E-ISSN 1504-3010, p. 210-221Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Jæren Recovery College offers recovery courses for persons with challenges related to mental health and or addiction. This study examined to what extent the students at Jæren Recovery College reported satisfaction with the courses, and potential relationships between different student groups or course types, and course satisfaction. Data in this cross-sectional study was collected between 2019 and 2021 (N = 211). The students reported high satisfaction with the courses. They experienced the course as source of learning and insight, and as a social arena. The findings correspond with previous research on Recovery Colleges internationally and support the relevance of Recovery Colleges in Norwegian context.

  • 273.
    Pontén, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Thorsen, Tova
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Aggressiva antisociala drag hos svenska och marockanska fängelseintagna2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study compared aggressive antisocial traits in Swedish and Moroccan male prisons inmates. The countries were compared based on their cultures, community structure, laws and norms. Sweden has a strong economy and many inhabitants are continuing their education after high school. In Morocco it is not as common with highly educated residents and many children are dropping out of school early. The legal systems also differ in the two countries; In Sweden it is independent from the state while in Morocco it is the king who has the last word both in the judiciary and the government.

    Purpose: The purpose of the study was to compare the aggressive antisocial traits of Swedish and Moroccan male prison inmates. Method: In the study, the self-rated form of the Life History of Aggression instrument was used to measure the aggression, antisocial traits and self-directed aggressiveness of male prison inmates. A cross sectional study with descriptive design was conducted.

    Result: The result showed that Swedish prison inmates had stronger aggressive antisocial traits than the Moroccan inmates.

    Conclusion: The result shows that aggressive antisocial traits differ significantly for male prison inmates from different cultures. The reason for this outcome may be the different legal systems or that the used measure is not adapted to the different cultures. The study's results reinforce the need for validated measures in different countries and cultures of aggressive antisocial behavior.

  • 274.
    Pontén, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Smoljan, Gabriella
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Var det mitt fel?: En litteraturbaserad studie om föräldrar till unga brottslingar och hur deras psykiska hälsa påverkas2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Parents mental health can be affected by their children committing crimes. They can lose their identity and coherence. Mental illness can generate suffering and therefore is parents´ involvement in the youth´s care affected. Aim: The aim of this literature study is to analyze and compile past research how parents´ mental health is affected by having a child who has committed a crime. Method: This study is a literature-based study with systematic searches. Eight qualitative articles were included and analyzed with a fivesteps model. The analysis resulted in four themes and eleven subthemes. Results: The result shows that parent's mental health was affected in their care for the child, in their identity, acceptance and resulted in consequences within the family. Conclusion: The conclusion of this study is that parent's mental health is affected in many different ways. Therefore, it is important that parents receive support to achieve good health.

  • 275.
    Pozhegu, Aulona
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Skokic, Daniela
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Skolmobbning: ett allvarligt samhällsproblem2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Bullying is a big problem in today's society where the statistics show that 60 000 children have been victims of bullying in the past years in Sweden. Bullying occurs despite the fact that most of the children say they feel safe in primary and secondary education level. The attention to bullying and its consequences has increased both in daily school life and in the media.

    Aim: The purpose of the study was to summarize the knowledge of the impact of bullying on children and adolescents, as well as the effects of various actions against bullying.

    Method: The study is a literature review where articles - including both qualitative and quantitativestudies - were analyzed and processed.

    Results: The result of the study showed that mental ill-health is a leading consequence of bullying such as depression, anxiety, self-harm and suicide. The result of the study showed that bullying also leads to shortcomings in creation of relationship with other individuals and also trust problems. Two different preventive programs have been shown to contribute to improvement in prevention, mainly in younger ages.

    Conclusion: New type of interventions to prevent bullying in the adolescents during the school years is needed. It is also clear that bullying increasingly occurs through social media, which reinforces and broadens the risk of mental illness caused by bullying. The environment has an impact on health and therefore it is essential that it is safe and trustworthy.

  • 276.
    Pérez-Wilson, Patricia
    et al.
    University of Concepcion, Health and Family Medicine Program, School of Medicine, Concepcion, Chile (CHL); University of Alicante, Public Health Research Group, Alicante, Spain (ESP).
    Marcos-Marcos, Jorge
    University of Alicante, Department of Health Psychology, Alicante, Spain (ESP).
    Morgan, Antony
    Glasgow Caledonian University in London, Yunus Centre for Social Business and Health, UK (GBR).
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Lindström, Bengt
    Nordic School of Public Health, NHV, Västra Frölunda, Sweden.
    Álvarez-Dardet, Carlos
    University of Alicante, Public Health Research Group, Alicante, Spain (ESP); Public Health and Epidemiology Biomedical Research Network (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain (ESP).
    'A synergy model of health': an integration of salutogenesis and the health assets model.2021In: Health Promotion International, ISSN 0957-4824, E-ISSN 1460-2245, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 884-894Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article proposes to advance the connections between salutogenic theory and assets models for health improvement. There is a need to integrate their use in public health and health promotion so that their respective potentials can be fully developed. This requires their synergies to be made more explicit so that a more coherent approach can be taken to their utilization. A mechanism is therefore needed that helps to raise awareness of them and their value as a resource together. Bronfenbrenner's bioecological theory provides one framework that can support better integration of salutogenesis with the applied nature of assets-based models. This paper proposes a new 'synergy model for health' that integrates key concepts associated with salutogenic theory-generalized and specific resistance resources (GRRs/SRRs) and generalized and specific resistance deficits and the sense of coherence (SOC). In doing so, it highlights those GRRs and SRRs which are assets that, either individually or collectively, help to develop a stronger SOC. Higher levels of SOC can then support the transformations of potential resources into available assets (that people can understand, manage and make sense of), capable of producing positive health development. The proposed 'Synergy model of health' aims to contribute to a deeper theoretical understanding of health and development through the integration of the key elements of both salutogenesis and assets models. This can facilitate a better contextualization of the ideas into public health policy and practice by making the salutogenic theory more action-oriented and the assets model more theoretical.

  • 277.
    Rahimpour, Amin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Mohideen, Bawan
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Hur kan närståendes bemötande främjas gentemot personer med schizofreni?: Vårdpersonals erfarenheter2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness characterized by a false perception and a flawed apprehension of reality. The illness approximately afflicts one percent of the world's population and can lead to significant limitations in functionality. At minimum the illness lasts six months, but can also be permanent. For afflicted persons it is of great importance that relatives are understanding and supportive, which has shown to increase wellbeing and decrease the risk of relapse in persons with schizophrenia.

    Aim: To illuminate health professionals' experiences of how relatives' treatment can be promoted towards persons with schizophrenia.

    Methods: The method that was used had a qualitative design and included interviews with six participants. The interviews were semi-structured with six open questions followed with follow up questions. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed through a manifest content analysis that resulted in two themes and six subthemes.

    Results: The study revealed that support and education provided by health professionals gave relatives knowledge and understanding surrounding schizophrenia and its symptoms. This understanding could increase relatives patience, acceptance and hopefulness and could lead to an attitude with less hostility and criticism. A good treatment towards the patient could also reduce the patient's risk for relapse.

    Conclusion: The conclusion was that support and education could promote relatives' treatment towards patients with schizophrenia by relieving relatives' burden, increasing their hopefulness and enhancing their understanding of schizophrenia and its symptoms.

  • 278.
    Ramosaj, Mjellma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Emrulovic Olsson, Melissa
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Skötarnas upplevelser inom den psykiatriska heldygnsvården: En litteraturstudie2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Compulsory psychiatric care is a complex area where staff must apply various coercive measures to inmates who oppose care. The number of inmates in inpatient ward is approximately 2,386 who are compulsorily cared for based on the compulsory psychiatric laws. The staff in the inpatient ward are aware of the high workload and that the psychiatric diagnoses are increasing. Hence the need for the right skills from staff working in psychiatry.

    Aim: The purpose was to describe the caretakers’ experiences of working with compulsory care and compulsory measures within the inpatient wards.

    Method: A literature study based on four quantitative articles and three qualitative articles. Retrieved from the databases Cinahl and PsycINFO where systematic searches were made.

    Results: The results showed that the inpatient ward and the application of coercive measures constitute ethical dilemmas where caretakers had a desire to follow the ethical guidelines within the inpatient ward but were described as psychologically stressful. At the same time, staff felt that there was a reduction compared to the inmates when carrying out coercive measures. It also emerged that the work in inpatient ward is a work environment characterized by threats and violence, as staff are daily exposed to violence and threats that in the long run will affect the staff's own physical and mental health.

    Conclusion: Staff perceived the compulsory care and coercive measures as somewhat dubious. They described it as ethically challenging, as staff in the daily work are faced with ethical dilemmas. As a result, the staff questioned their own ethical positions in relation both to inpatient care but also to the inmates. Staff explained how mentally and physically stressful it was to perform coercive measures and that they contributed to increased stress levels, difficulty sleeping and fatigue. But also exposure to violence and threats, which was considered a problem in inpatient wards. As a result, the work environment became physically and mentally demanding for the staff.

  • 279.
    Ramström, Josephine
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Blidal, Tina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    "Om du tittar på mig igen, så dödar jag dig": En litteraturöversikt över det psykiska våldets påverkan på sjuksköterskors hälsa2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Studies show that employees in healthcare are exposed to violence by patients and patients relatives. Psychological violence takes place more frequently than physical violence, which can result in severe consequences on health and work environment. Nurses spend a lot of time working in close contact with patients and relatives and are therefore at risk of being exposed to violence. Aim: The aim of this study is to describe how nurse's health are affected by exposure of psychological violence by patients and their relatives. Method: A literature overview was chosen in order to get an understanding from both qualitative and quantitative studies. The literature was chosen from Cinahl and ProQuest which contain articles concerning nursing, psychology and behavioral sciences. Result: The findings were presented in three themes and two subthemes describing differences and similarities that appeared in the analysis. Psychological suffering was experienced by all nurses who had been exposed to psychological violence. Fear and anxiety were most common and caused suffering at work as well as at home. Somatic suffering was not as common but some nurses experienced headaches. A decreased sense of well-being resulted in consequences at work. Absence such as missed workdays and burnout was common. Some nurses stated that they didn't experience a decreased sense of well-being. Conclusions: This study describes how nurses sense of well-being are affected after exposure to psychological violence from patients and relatives. The consequences on nurse's health influenced both work environment and personal life.

  • 280.
    Rexhepi, Florentina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Sojtaric, Selma
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Att ta på sig en rättspsykiatrisk vårdarroll: En litteraturbaserad studie om vårdpersonalens upplevelse av att vårda patienter inom rättspsykiatrisk vård2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Forensic psychiatric care is a special area where patients that are given care, are condemned by the judge to get psychiatric care. Patients that are condemned to forensic psychiatric care have often performed criminal acts under a serious mental disturbance. There are different types of mental illness within patients that are condemned at forensic psychiatric care, which makes it harder to be a good care giver with professional approach for health care personnel. It is also important that the care staff are aware of treating the patient as any individuals and not as criminals.  Aim: The aim with this study was to describe caregivers’ experience of taking care of patients in forensic psychiatric care.  Method: A qualitative literature study was conducted.  Results: The results gave a total of seven themes, these are: “To accomplish a constant struggle”, “To activate”, “That gender plays a part”, “To feel fear and powerlessness”, “To show respect”, “To need support” and “To show dissatisfaction”. Conclusion: Caregivers that work with patients in forensic psychiatric care expresses that they have a lack of knowledge about how to handle specific situations and their perceived feelings. The caregivers tend to feel powerlessness when they know that they cannot reach the attendance.

  • 281.
    Ristovska, Adriana
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Celik, Merve
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Upplevelser av att växa upp med ADHD: En litteraturstudie: att befinna sig utanför normen2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neuropsychiatric disability that involves impulsivity and hyperactivity. Disability can lead to difficulties affecting mental health and the individual's living conditions. Adults with ADHD wish that the diagnosis had been noted well in advance to promote mental illness.

    Aim: The aim of the study is to describe adults’ experiences of growing up with ADHD.

    Method: A literature study was conducted where five qualitative articles were included. The data analysis was based on a five-step model and all articles were reviewed using a quality review template that is based on low, medium and high quality.

    Results: Three themes emerged during the analysis; To be outside the norm, Inadequacy and Time for diagnosis gives consequences. The result shows that individuals with ADHD have experienced difficulties with their diagnosis and symptoms during their childhood, which has followed into adulthood. The results also show that time for diagnoses has consequences. Adults who look back to their childhood describe and sense of exclusion, failure and mental illness.

    Conclusion: Adult experiences show an increased risk of mental illness in untreated ADHD. Individuals wish to gain a timely knowledge of their diagnosis in order to learn how to manage it. Health care needs increased knowledge about ADHD and the care efforts needed to treat and change in a positive way. Individuals with ADHD need to be accepted by society to accept themselves.

  • 282.
    Robertsson, Cecilia
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Melander, Jenny
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Aggressiva antisociala drag hos intagna med och utan någon nära vän på anstalt2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background Many individuals regardless of personality type strive for a sense of belonging and fellowship. Individuals who exhibit tendencies for aggressive behaviour can express this in different ways, where the main intention is to harm anyone or anything.

    Aim The aim of this study is to investigate whether prison inmates aggressive antisocial traits differ whether they have or do not have any close friend in prison.

    Method The study is based on a quantitative approach with data from 146 male Moroccan prison inmates. Data was analysed with the non-parametric test Mann- Whitney U, where participants were divided into two groups, "Close friend" and "No close friend". A comparison was made of the aggressive antisocial traits of the two groups.

    Results 101 participants responded that they had a close friend in prison, while 45 participants responded that they did not. Of the 146 participants 49 of them had high enough scores in LHA to indicate that they have abnormal aggressive antisocial traits. The participants who responded that they have a close friend in prison reported a significantly higher prevalence in the subscales Aggressiveness, Antisocial behaviour and in LHA total.

    Conclusion The conclusion of this study is that the participants with abnormal aggressive antisocial traits more often reported having a close friend in prison. The results indicate that these individuals probably will be drawn to each other, which may increase the risk of prison gangs forming. This may create threatening situations that both can affect the other inmates and the staff in a negative way.

  • 283.
    Röine Baltra, Linda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Pieper, Viola
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Mätning av psykisk ohälsa hos svenska gymnasieelever2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background During adolescence young adult experiences neurobiological, physiological, psychological and social changes in their life. The combinations of these changes with a negative environment could cause mental illness. The past few years an increased level of psychological distress was measured in Swedish adolescents.

    Aim The aim was to measure self-rated psychological distress level within a Swedish high school student sample, and identify gender specific differences in that.

    Method Data was assessed by a survey which, beside other validated measures included the The Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) instrument. The BSI measures psychological distress. Participation was anonymous and voluntary. 281 Swedish high school students completed the inventory. Beside descriptive statistic and Mann Whitney-U test was used to analyse gender differences.

    Results Anxiety related complains were the most frekvent in the Swedish high school student sample. Both the male and female students rated highest on the Obsessive Compulsiveness domain. Female high school students had significantly higher psychological distress, and scored higher in each domains of the BSI compared to their male classmates. The biggest gender differences were identified in the Anxiety (p = <0,001, Eta2 = 0,24), Phobic Anxiety (p = <0,001, Eta2 = 0,24) and Interpersonal Sensitivity (p = <0,001, Eta2 = 0,19) domains of BSI.

    Conclusion The most frequent psychological distress symptoms are memory problems and problems with attention reported by the high school students. Female high school students experience higher level of the psychological distress. Adults in the adolescents' enviroment have a big responsibility to provide support during this vulnerable developmental period.

  • 284.
    Said, Sara
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Hur hanterar lärare konflikter mellan elever i grundskolan?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to obtain knowledge about how and with which methods teachers handle conflicts between students in the school context. The study implemented is a qualitative study. I conducted eight semi structured interviews. The interviewed teachers work at high school. The theoretical framework of the study is sociocultural perspective and conflict and communication are two main concepts in the study. The teachers in the study describe that ordinary conflicts in school are students disrespect against each other, verbal violations, physical actions and pranks that led to misunderstandings and conflicts. The result shows how teachers use methods to handle these conflicts such as ignore conflict, intervene, await for the student to calm down, dialogs and teachers approach. The result also show how the teachers describe that they use preventive conflict management, such as dialogs with students, exercises for cooperation, evaluations and policies against abusive treatment. Another result is one teacher’s expression of not knowing about any preventative methods. Implication for school practice is teacher’s need of knowledge about how to solve conflicts and especially conflicts involving students from different cultural backgrounds. 

  • 285.
    Salmiranta, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare, School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University (SWE).
    Areskoug Josefsson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare, School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Faculty of Health Science (SWE); Oslo Metropolitan University (NOR).
    Ockander, Marlene
    Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare, School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University (SWE).
    Augutis, Marika
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Neurogeriatrics, Karolinska Institute (SWE).
    Masterson, Daniel
    Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare, School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University (SWE).
    The voice of caregivers of children and adolescents with spinal cord injuries: A scoping review2023In: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine (JSCM), ISSN 1079-0268, E-ISSN 2045-7723, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Context:

    Participation in SCI research with caregivers of children and adolescents with spinal cord injury (SCI) can occur in a range of different ways. This review explores the extent to which caregivers’ participation is connected to what might be called a voice.

    Objectives:

    To explore the voice of caregivers by collating available research with the participation of caregivers of children and adolescents with SCI, and synthesizing how the research has been conducted.

    Methods:

    The databases CINAHL, ERIC, MEDLINE, PsycInfo, and Scopus were searched for articles published between January 2008 and March 2022. Descriptive and narrative information was extracted and factors describing how caregivers participated were identified using an inductive approach.

    Results:

    Twenty-nine articles were identified, of which 28 had affiliations connected to the USA, and 25 to Shriners Hospitals for Children. In most of the articles, the caregivers were invited to participate in the research to complete or develop measures. Information from the caregivers was often captured using close-structured questions and summarized quantitatively with little or no exploration of the perspectives of the caregivers.

    Conclusion:

    The voice of caregivers of children and adolescents with SCI in research is limited by representativeness, the pre-determined emphasis, a lack of involvement in the process, and the reported narrative. By reflecting on voice, caregivers can have their experiences and perspectives acted upon to a greater extent to bring change, ultimately leading to improved care and health for children and adolescents with SCI. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    Artikelns fulltext
  • 286.
    Sandström, Margareta
    et al.
    Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier, Uppsala universitet.
    Nilsson, Lena A.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier, Uppsala universitet.
    Inkluderande matematikundervisning2014In: Inkludering: möjligheter och utmaningar / [ed] Margareta Sandström, Lena Nilsson, Jonas Stier, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 1. uppl., p. 125-143Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet har elevers i årskurs 5 upplevelse av matematik och olika sorters matematikuppgifter i fokus. Upplevelserna skiljer sig åt mellan flerspråkiga elever och elever med eller utan matematiksvårigheter. Elever erfar matematisk, kreativ, språklig och social stimulans av olika slags matematikuppgifter.

  • 287.
    Sandström, Margareta
    et al.
    Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier, Uppsala universitet.
    Nilsson, Lena A.University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences. University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier, Uppsala universitet.Stier, JonasMälardalens högskola.
    Inkludering: möjligheter och utmaningar2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 288.
    Sarit, Swapna
    et al.
    Department of Public Health Dentistry, SCB Dental College and Hospital, Cuttack, Odisha, India (IND).
    Rajesh, Gururaghavendran
    Department of Public Health Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka, India (IND).
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Pai, Mithun
    Department of Public Health Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka, India (IND).
    Impact of Sense of Coherence on Oral Health Behaviour and Perceived Stress among a Rural Population in South-India: An Exploratory Study2020In: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN 0973-709X, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 1-4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Sense of Coherence (SOC) measures a person's ability to use currently existing life scenarios to overcome the associated problems and cope with life stressors to lead a healthy lifestyle, free from any disease to stay well. It is the central construct of the salutogenic theory put forth by Aaron Antonovsky. Few studies have examined its impact on Oral Health Behaviour (OHB) in adults, especially in the rural Indian context.

    Aim: To determine the impact of SOC on OHB and perceived stress among adults in rural South India.Materials and Methods: Present study was carried out among 230 adults aged 18 years and above visiting a Primary Health Centre in Ullal, Karnataka. SOC was assessed by employing the SOC-13 scale and perceived stress was assessed by using Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10). OHB was assessed by a structured, pre-tested, self-administered questionnaire. Information about socio-demographics was also collected. Correlation analysis employed Pearson's correlation coefficient and multivariate regression analysis was performed with OHB as dependant variable.

    Results: Education was significantly associated with OHB (r=0.16, p=0.01) and socio-economic status had a significant association with SOC (r=-0.13, p=0.04). OHB was significantly associated with SOC (r=0.31, p<0.001). Stress was also associated with SOC (r=-0.21, p=0.001) and OHB (r=-0.19, p=0.003). Multi-variate regression analysis revealed SOC (OR=1.02, p=0.04, CI 1.01-1.04) and PSS (OR=0.83, p<0.001, CI 0.76-0.91) as significant predictors for OHB.

    Conclusion: More favourable OHB like twice daily tooth brushing, maintaining adequate oral hygiene and no associated tobacco habits were observed among those with a stronger SOC and less perceived stress. Salutogenic model might have critical implications for OHB in rural India.

  • 289.
    Schedin, Lina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Vestbö, Filippa
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Ska du verkligen dricka mer?: Upplevelser av att leva tillsammans med en alkoholberoende partner2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Drinking a harmful amount of alcohol causes 3.3 million people worldwide to lose their lives each year. Today, every tenth Swedish citizen is estimated to use a harmful amount of alcohol. Diagnostic systems such as DSM-5 and ICD-10 are used to measure the individual's use of alcohol. Partners are among the very closest relatives who are at high risk of being affected by their partner's alcohol dependence.

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to describe how a partner experiences and is affected in his or her life together with an alcohol dependent partner.

    Method: A literaturebased study was conducted through systematic searches and 11 articles were analyzed.

    Results: The results of the study shows sex themes and two subthemes. One themes is Health effects, with the subthemes Mental and Physical impact, and Emotional life. Other themes are: Social impact, Influence in relationship, Influence in everyday life, Strategies and Support. The results of the study shows that partners to alcohol dependent often hurt themselves, witch is causing the partner suffering. A alcohol dependent both effects and hurts not only the user but also people around them.

    Conclusion: An alcohol addiction rarely brings about positive emotions and factors in life. Living together with an alcohol dependent partner is perceived as difficult as it both hurts and can cause suffering.

  • 290.
    Schindele, Anna ChuChu
    et al.
    Faculty of Health and Society, Institution for Social Work, Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies, Malmö University, Malmö (SWE), Unit for Sexual Health and HIV Prevention, Department of Communicable Disease Control and Health Protection, The Public Health Agency of Sweden, Stockholm (SWE).
    Källberg, Henrik
    Unit for Analysis, Department of Public Health Analysis and Data Management, The Public Health Agency of Sweden, Stockholm (SWE).
    Areskoug Josefsson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. Department of Behavioural Science, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo (NOR).
    Lindroth, Malin
    Faculty of Health and Society, Institution for Social Work, Centre for Sxology and Sexuality Studies, Malmö University, Malmö (SWE); Department of Behavioural Science, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo (NOR).
    Perceived knowledge gained from school-based sexuality education: results from a national population-based survey among young people in Sweden2023In: Sexual Health, ISSN 1448-5028, E-ISSN 1449-8987, Vol. 20, no 6, p. 566-576Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    School-based sexuality education is a core component of securing young people’s right to attain health equity regarding sexual and reproductive health and rights. This paper aims to explore how perceived knowledge (sufficient or insufficient) of taking care of one’s sexual health is associated with knowledge gained from school-based sexuality education and social determinants.

    Methods

    The data material is drawn from a population-based survey conducted in Sweden in 2015. The survey had 7755 respondents and a response rate of 26%. To explore the aim descriptive statistics and logistic regression models were used.

    Results

    Our results show that perceived insufficient knowledge from school-based sexuality education was associated with higher odds of reporting not being able to take care of one’s sexual health. The highest significant excess risk for insufficient knowledge was found among young people from sexual minorities.

    Conclusions

    Young people in Sweden do not have equal abilities to receive knowledge needed to take care of their sexual health and thus attain sexual health literacy. There is an unequal distribution of perceived knowledge, and LGBTQI+ youth particularly face barriers in using school-based sexuality education as a resource for sexual health literacy.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Förlagets fulltext
  • 291.
    Schratz, Cecilia
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Om alla blundar så finns inga problem: En litteraturöversikt om skolsköterskors utmaningar i mötet med elever som har eller riskerar att få psykisk ohälsa2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: school nurses meet students, guardians and other co-actors through their role in student health. School nurses have a unique role in identifying, counteracting and preventing mental illness in students.

    Purpose: to describe the challenges faced by school nurses in their work with students who have or are at risk of getting mental illness.

    Method: A literature review has been used as a method. Four qualitative studies, published between 2009 - 2019, form the basis of a content analysis presented in four different themes.

    Results: The literature review shows that the lack of knowledge of school nurses in the subject of mental illness creates problems both in identifying illness and responding to students. Moreover, the lack of time for school nurses makes it difficult to create relationships and work preventively. In addition, the results show that the collaboration between school nurses and other actors fails, which makes it difficult for school nurses to help students in a satisfactory manner.

    Conclusion: School nurses lack resources to identify, respond to and combat mental illness. School nurses are struggling with lack of time and lack of cooperation with co-actors. In conclusion, this prevents school nurses from offering students a person-centered care and preventive measures.

  • 292.
    Seah, Betsy
    et al.
    Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore (SGP).
    Tan, Guang Rong
    Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore (SGP).
    Eriksson, Monica
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Wang, Wenru
    Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore (SGP).
    Ramazanu, Sheena
    Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore (SGP).
    Re-orienting healthcare for healthy living communities: A qualitative exploration of nursing students utilising the salutogenic theory for community health practice2022In: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 119, article id 105545Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Salutogenesis is a resource-oriented approach that focuses on health creation. With the shift in focus from healthcare to health, there is a need to develop salutogenic inquiry and capacity of future nurses to promote good health and well-being in the community.

    Objective

    This study explored nursing students' perspectives on utilising the salutogenic theory in the community for health promotion, including the scope, perceived benefits, and challenges of theory application.

    Design

    A qualitative study using framework analysis.

    Setting

    A tertiary institution in Singapore.

    Participants

    Nursing students who were taught the salutogenic theory for ‘Healthy Community Living’ module.

    Methods

    Data were gathered from four focus group discussions (n = 18) and 32 students' written assignments. They were analysed based on five components of knowledge framework.

    Results

    Four themes were identified: re-orienting healthcare for healthy living communities; ambivalent learning experiences; attracting early adopters of salutogenic paradigm; and practices for positive health development in complex systems: future directions. Findings reflected the value, versatility, and usefulness of introducing the salutogenic paradigm into the curriculum of healthcare education. Practical know-hows of applying the theory in community practice and development of health intervention were elicited.

    Conclusion

    Much work is needed to future-proof the next generation of nurses in embracing and unifying the concept of salutogenic science into the existing pathogenic-driven care model. The real challenge would be the continual support of nursing education and health system to provide salutogenic care in the community.

  • 293.
    Sehlin, Helena
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioral Sciences and Learning, Linköping, Sweden..
    Wentz, Elisabet
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Experiences of an internet-based support and coaching model for adolescents and young adults with ADHD and autism spectrum disorder: a qualitative study2018In: BMC Psychiatry, E-ISSN 1471-244X, Vol. 18, no 1, article id 15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: There is a great demand for non-medical treatment and support targeting the needs of adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). There is also a lack of qualitative studies providing in-depth insight into these individuals' own experiences within this area. The current study aimed to explore how adolescents and young adults with ADHD, ASD or both experienced taking part in an internet-based support and coaching intervention.

    METHODS: Sixteen participants with ASD, ADHD or both who had participated in an 8-week internet-based support and coaching model, were interviewed using semi-structured interviews. Data was analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    RESULTS: Analysis yielded three themes; Deciding to participate, Taking part in the coaching process and The significance of format. Various motives for joining were expressed by participants, such as viewing the technology as familiar and appealing and expecting it to be better suited to their situation. There was also a previously unfulfilled need for support among participants. In deciding to take part in the intervention the coaches' competence and knowledge were considered essential, often in the light of previously negative experiences. Taking part in the coaching process meant feeling reassured by having someone to turn to in view of shared obstacles to seeking and receiving help. The support was used for talking through and receiving advice on matters related to their diagnosis. Findings further revealed appreciation for aspects relating to the format such as communicating through the written word, being in one's own home and an experience of immediacy. Some disadvantages were voiced including incomplete personal interaction and failing technology. There were also suggestions for greater flexibility.

    CONCLUSIONS: The in-depth qualitative data obtained from this study suggest that the current model of support and the internet-based format have specific qualities that could play an important role in the support of adolescents and young adults with ADHD and ASD. Although not a replacement for face-to-face interaction, it could be a promising complement or alternative to other support and treatment options.

    TRIAL REGISTRATION: "Internet-based Support for Young People with ADHD and Autism - a Controlled Study" retrospectively registered in www.clinicaltrials.gov ( ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02300597 ) at 2014-11-10.

  • 294.
    Sehlin, Helena
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Bertilsson, Ingrid
    Habilitation & Health, Region Västra Götaland, Skövde, Sweden.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioral Sciences and Learning, Linköping, Sweden.
    Wentz, Elisabet
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Internet-Based Support and Coaching With Complementary Clinic Visits for Young People With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism: Controlled Feasibility Study2020In: Journal of Medical Internet Research, E-ISSN 1438-8871, Vol. 22, no 12, article id e19658Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can experience obstacles in traditional health care situations due to difficulties associated with their impairment. Objective: This controlled study aims to investigate the feasibility of an internet-based support and coaching intervention (IBSC), including 2 weekly chat sessions and 2 complementary clinic visits with coaches over the course of 8 weeks, for adolescents and young adults with ADHD and/or ASD in 2 naturalistic routine care settings. Methods: Individuals with ADHD and/or ASD aged 15-32 years were recruited in 2 clinical settings, where they received either IBSC (n=24) or treatment as usual (TAU; n=20). Outcome measures included self-report questionnaires assessing quality of life (Manchester Short Assessment for Quality of Life), sense of coherence (Sense Of Coherence 29), self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale), and anxiety and depressive symptoms (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [HADS] and Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale-Self-reported, respectively). Results: Significant between-group effects were observed in measures of anxiety (HADS) at postintervention (P=.02) as well as at the 6-month follow-up (P=.004). Significant between-group effects were also noted for depressive symptoms (HADS) postintervention (P=.04). The between-group effects were partially explained by a deterioration in the TAU group. A significant increase in self-esteem (P=.04) as well as a decrease in anxiety (P=.003) at the 6-month follow-up was observed in the intervention group following IBSC. Findings from a qualitative study of the intervention are consistent with the results. Conclusions: The findings from this study suggest that IBSC holds promise as a feasible complement or alternative to traditional face-to-face health care meetings.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 295.
    Sfendla, Anis
    et al.
    Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Lemrani, Dina
    Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Hedman Ahlström, Britt
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Senhaji, Meftaha
    Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Risk and protective factors for drug dependence in two Moroccan high-risk male populations2018In: PeerJ, E-ISSN 2167-8359, Vol. 6, article id e5930Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Substance use is linked to biological, environmental, and social factors. This study provides insights on protective and risk factors for drug dependence in two Moroccan, high-risk, male samples.

    Methods

    Data from the "Mental and Somatic Health without borders" (MeSHe) survey were utilized in the present study. The MeSHe survey assesses somatic and mental health parameters by self-report from prison inmates (n = 177) and outpatients from an addiction institution (n = 54). The "Drug dependence" and the "No drug dependence" groups were identified based on the Arabic version of the Drug Use Disorder Identification Test's (DUDIT) validated cutoff for identifying individuals with drug dependence, specifically in Morocco.

    Results

    The majority of participants who had at least high school competence (67.6%), were living in a partnership (53.7%), were a parent (43.1%), and/or had a job (86.8%) belonged to the "No drug dependence" group, while the presence of mental health problems was typical among the "Drug dependence" group (47.4%). A multivariable regression model (χ2 (df = 5, N = 156) = 63.90, p < 0.001) revealed that the presence of depression diagnosis remains a significant risk factor, while a higher level of education, having a child, and being employed are protective factors from drug dependence.

    Discussion

    Findings support the importance of increasing academic competence and treating depression as prevention from the persistence of drug addiction in male high-risk populations.

  • 296.
    Sfendla, Anis
    et al.
    Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Malmström, Petter
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Torstensson, Sara
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Yoga Practice Reduces the Psychological Distress Levels of Prison Inmates2018In: Frontiers in Psychiatry, E-ISSN 1664-0640, Vol. 9, article id 407Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Psychiatric ill-health is prevalent among prison inmates and often hampers their rehabilitation. Rehabilitation is crucial for reducing recidivistic offending. A few studies have presented evidence of the positive effect of yoga on the well-being of prison inmates. The conclusion of those previous studies that yoga is an effective method in the rehabilitation process of inmates, and deserves and requires further attention.Aims: The current study aimed to evaluate the effect of 10 weeks of yoga practice on the mental health profile, operationalized in the form of psychological distress, of inmates. Methods: 152 volunteer participants (133 men; 19 women) were randomly placed in either of two groups: to participate in weekly 90-minute yoga class (yoga group) or a weekly 90-minute free-choice physical exercise (control group). The study period lasted for 10 weeks. Prior to and at the end of the study period the participants completed a battery of self-reported inventories, including the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI). Results: Physical activity (including yoga) significantly reduced the inmates’ levels of psychological distress. Yoga practice improved all primary symptom dimensions and its positive effect on the obsessive-compulsive, paranoid ideation, and somatization symptom dimensions of the BSI stayed significant even when comparing with the control group. Conclusions: Yoga as a form of physical activity is effective for reducing psychological distress levels in prison inmates, with specific effect on symptoms such as suspicious and fearful thoughts about losing autonomy, memory problems, difficulty in making decisions, trouble concentrating, obsessive thought and perception of bodily dysfunction.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 297.
    Sfendla, Anis
    et al.
    Errachidia University, Errachidia; Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Tetouan; Moulay Ismail University, Errachidia (MAR).
    Martinsson, Björn
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Filipovic, Ylva
    University West, Department of Health Sciences.
    Senhaji, Meftaha
    Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Tetouan (MAR).
    Kerekes, Nóra
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Psychological distress in a sample of Moroccan prisoners with drug-dependence2022In: International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, ISSN 0306-624X, E-ISSN 1552-6933, Vol. 66, no 10-11, p. 1093-1108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research regarding mental illness and drug addiction among inmates in Morocco requires increased knowledge; previous literature reported that prisoners suffer from severe psychological distress. The present study aimed to provide information about Moroccan prisoners’ psychological distress and define the differences in psychological distress levels among inmates with and without drug-dependence. A sample of 177 male inmates completed a set of surveys, including the Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) and the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI). The “Drug dependence” group scored significantly higher psychological distress levels in each of the BSI domains. The strongest differences were measured in the General Severity Index (GSI), hostility, and depression scales. Moroccan prison inmates have high psychological distress, and those with drug-dependence have even higher. There is a need of psychiatric assessment, selection, and care possibilities in prison inmate populations.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 298.
    Sfendla, Anis
    et al.
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Zouini, Btissame
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Lemrani, Dina
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Berman, Anne H.
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Center for Psychiatry Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Senhaji, Meftaha
    Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
    Kerekes, Nora
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Psychometric Properties of the Arabic Version of the Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) in Clinical, Prison Inmate, and Student Samples2017In: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1070-5503, E-ISSN 1532-7558, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 280-287Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The study aimed to validate the Arabic version of the Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) by (1) assessing its factor structure, (2) determining structural validity,(3) evaluating item-total and inter-item correlation, and (4) assessing its predictive validity.

    Method 

    The study population included 169 prison inmates, 51 patients with clinical diagnosis of substance used disorder, and 53 students (N = 273). All participants completed the selfreport version of the Arabic DUDIT. After exploratory factor analysis, internal consistency of the Arabic DUDIT was determined and external validation was performed.

    Results

    Principal factor analysis showed that Arabic DUDIT exhibited only one factor, which explained 66.9% of the variance. Reliability based on Cronbach's alpha was .95. When compared to the DSM-IV substance use disorder diagnosis in a clinical sample, DUDIT had an area under the curve (AUC)of .98, with a sensitivity of .98 and a specificity of .90.

    Conclusion

    The Arabic version of DUDIT is a valid and reliable tool for screening for drug use in Arabic-speaking countries.

  • 299.
    Sjödin, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Mantalios, Daniella
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Socialsekreterares upplevelser av samverkan kring individer med psykisk ohälsa2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background Mental illness is common among the Swedish population and is also seen as a public health problem. People with mental illness are often in the need of help and support from multiple human service organizations. The social services have the ultimate responsibility to make sure that these needs are being satisfied, but to be able to do that they have to collaborate with other organizations. A lack of collaboration can result in a deterioration in working conditions for the professionals and also affect the individuals' health in a negative way.

    Aim The aim of the study was to examine how social workers experience collaboration around people with mental illness.

    Method A qualitative empirical study was carried out, including six completed interviews whereof five were analyzed with a qualitative content analysis.

    Results The participants expressed the exchange of information and experiences, having a positive approach and good relations between the different organizations as opportunities in collaboration. Lack of time and staff, insufficient communication and unclear division of responsibilities were seen as obstacles in collaboration. These opportunities and obstacles resulted in the overall theme a will to work together despite adversities.

    Conclusion Collaboration is of big importance but is made difficult because of obstacles such as lack of communication and resources. Collaboration can have a big effect on the individuals´ health and on the workplace environment of the social worker.

  • 300.
    Sjölin, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Strindin, Viktoria
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
    Icke-farmakologisk behandling för vuxna med ADHD2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder in todays’ society. In earlier research it has been assumed that ADHD is a diagnosis existing only in childhood, but more recent studies show that the majority of individuals with ADHD have remaining symptoms in adulthood. The diagnosis means clinical and psychosocial disabilities which have a negative effect on the individuals in their daily lives. Because of this it is crucial to find non-pharmacological options since research has proven that non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatments combined decrease the ADHD symptoms more effectively. Aim: The aim of this study is to describe the non-pharmacological care and treatment and its impact on adults with ADHD.

    Method: The method is a literature review based on quantitative articles that have been analyzed to create an overview of the existing research on non-pharmacological treatments for adults with ADHD. Results: The result generated in three themes, structure, awareness and healthy diet. The treatments under the themes structure and healthy diet showed significant impact in the reduction of ADHD symptoms in adults. Treatments that showed most impact were mainly CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) based interventions. Conclusion: Based on the findings, the conclusion was that there are non-pharmacological options for adults, but there is also a continuing need for research in non-pharmacological treatment for adults with ADHD to promote the person's well-being.

345678 251 - 300 of 351
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf