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  • 251.
    Sävland, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Wennerholm, Bella
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Att tillfriskna från Bulimia Nervosa: vilka faktorer underlättar?2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 252.
    Söderlund, Sofie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Lusth, Hanna
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Föräldrars upplevelser av vårdpersonalens bemötande vid förlusten av ett barn: En självbiografistudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Parents who suddenly lose their child, needs to be treated professionally when encountering the health care system. In order to do so, it is important that the nursing staff have knowledge and could meet the parents where they are. To get knowledge it is beneficial to ask the parents over their experiences.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study was to explore parents' experience of the treatment received at the sudden loss of their child.

    Method:

    The chosen method was a qualitative analysis of autobiographies, based on Dahlborg-Lyckhages method of analyzing narratives. Present study is based on five autobiographies.

    Result:

    The result revealed three themes; the first the death announcement, including how the parents were told that their child has died.

    The second theme involved the meeting with health professionals, including both positive and negative meetings. The third theme involved being in community with others, the needs of meeting others parents with the same experience.

    Conclusion:

    As a caregiver it is very important to keep in mind that all people are individuals. The caregiver must be professional, show understanding and dare to show support. This study shows that the care of the parents when they experience their child’s sudden death needs to be further elucidated and it also needs more empirical research on how parents experienced the meetings with health care professional

  • 253.
    Tegelberg, Jenny
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Flyckt, Leonora
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    "Kan du inte läsa klarar du ju dig inte idag, så är det ju": En studie av om och hur fritidshemmen bidrar till främjande av elevers läskunskaper2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: 

    Läsförmågorna hos svenska grundskoleelever har under de senaste decennierna sjunkit visar de internationella undersökningarna PISA och PIRLS. Flera läsprojekt har startats i Sverige för att motarbeta de nedåtgående resultaten och många skolor har gått med i dessa projekt för att stärka sina elevers läsförmågor. Fritidshemmet med sitt kompletterande uppdrag ska likt skolan främja kunskaper kring läsning och litteratur för att stimulera barnets lärande. Vi ville i vår studie undersöka om och i så fall hur det arbetas med att främja goda läs- och litteraturvanor i fritidshem. Våra resultat baseras på observationer och intervjuer i två skilda fritidshem.

    Syfte:

    Är att ur fritidshemspersonalens perspektiv, undersöka om och hur fritidshemsverksamheten kan bidra till utvecklingen av läslust, läsvana och läsförståelse hos eleverna.

    Metod:

    För att kunna utföra vår studie och uppfylla vårt syfte, använde vi oss av kvalitativa studier i form av observationer och intervjuer samt mer informella samtalsintervjuer. Vår studie har genomförts på två skilda fritidshem i två olika svenska städer med liknande socioekonomisk bakgrund.

    Resultat:

    Forskningen visar att det finns goda möjligheter att arbeta med läskunskaper i fritidshemmen men resultaten av studien visar att det inte görs i sin fulla utsträckning. Flera olika sorters texter och litteratur finns att tillgå i verksamheterna men fritidshemspersonalen arbetade inte medvetet och aktivt med detta i nuläget.

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  • 254.
    Thuresson, Ola
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Eskengren, Maribelle
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Upplevelser av afasi till följd av stroke: En litteraturstudie utifrån patientens perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Backround

    ; Aphasia is a communication disorder that can be experienced following a stroke. About 12 000 people develop aphasia following a stroke every year in Sweden in different ages. Patients with aphasia have a tendency to have a poorer quality of life and higher ranges of depression then patients with other disorders after a stroke. Deterioration of language function may alter the patient's everyday life and life quality.

    Aim

    ; The purpose of this study was to describe patients' experiences of aphasia following a stroke.

    Method

    ; Literature study with qualitative approach. Ten chosen articles were read, reviewed and analyzed.

    Results;

    Four categories emerged from the analysis; A hidden suffering, Experiences from the environment, Health care workers weaknesses and strengths in the meeting and The meaning of goal and future prospects.

    Conclusion;

    Our study highlights the need of knowledge among the aphasic patients and shows that an equal relationship with lots of information, empathy, time and support is the key to understand and be understood by the patients. To achieve a better life after the stroke it was shown that a positive attitude, supporting family and participation in community was of great importance.

  • 255.
    Tiberto, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Widegren, Filippa
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Interaktion med närstående till kritiskt sjuka patienter.: Vilka svårigheter finns?2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    When the patient is critically ill the family is in a vulnerable position. The nurse's role is to support and help the family to find meaning in the difficult situation and to provide realistic hope. Balancing between the patient's and the family's needs is difficult. Knowledge about how nurses experience difficulties in the interaction with family is required in order to grant good care too critically ill patients and their family-members.

    Aim:

    To describe nurses' perceived difficulties in the interaction with family-members of critically ill patients.

    Method:

    The study is a qualitative literature-based study based on qualitative research. Results: The analysis resulted in four main themes; difficult disunion, environmental constraints, interpersonal difficulties and communicative difficulties. Conflicts, disagreement and expectations in the interaction with family-members are difficult. There are environmental constraints in the form of family's presence, lack of space and time constraints. Nurses find it difficult to manage their emotions, family who get to close and to support the family. Information, comprehension, knowledge, language barriers and cultural differences represents communicative difficulties.

    Conclusion:

    There is a lack of knowledge among nurses about how to handle difficult situations where family is involved. Doctors and nurses need to collaborate more. Conflicts, disagreements and expectations can put severe pressure on the nurse. It is difficult for the nurse to strike a balance between being professional and being personal. Environmental constraints are an organizational problem which creates difficulties for the nurse in the interaction with family.

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  • 256.
    Tyrlinder, Emelie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Lindblad, Emelie
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Faktorer som påverkar familjehemsplacerade barn och ungdomars hälsa: En litteraturöversikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Children and adolescents are, for various reasons related to their upbringing situation, moved into foster care. Studies have showed that these young people's health is far worse than those who did not grow up with their biological families.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to examine how children and adolescents health was affected by being moved to foster care.

    Method: Literature reviews were the authors read and analyzed recent research and complied this to see what main factors were affecting the children's health.

    Results: Children placed in foster care developed health problems more often than children who grew up with their biological family. Factors as age, number of placements and contact with the biological family affected their health and well-being. Children who were placed in foster care at a younger age had better conditions for a successful placement. Conditions in the foster care turned out to be important for well-being. Knowledge, experience and support from society to the foster family led to improved health and wellness for the children.Results showed that the youth in kinship placement had better health and well-being then youth in nonkinship placement.

    Conclusion: Children and adolescence placed in foster care were had a higher risk for developing illness than those who were growing up with their biological families. The foster care family's needs support and knowledge about behavior problems so that they can give right support to the children. Social workers need to know how the children's health effects by being placed several times in different families.

  • 257.
    Uvalic, Mathea
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Walter, Emmi
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Alzheimers sjukdom: anhörigas känslor vid en förändrad livssituation2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia. The individual who fall ill can be in an age between 40-65 years old. When dementia affects individuals at this age, many relatives take their responsibility for taking care of them at home for a long time.

    The aim of this study was to illustrate emotions relatives experienced when a close family member's suffering from Alzheimer's disease. The study was intended to show relatives emotions, and therefor four self-biographies were chosen to read. The method used to analyze was a narrative literature review. The emotions that emerged among the relatives who cared for their close family member were grief, tiredness, impotency, fear and frustration, sense of duty and hope. These were divided into six categories with zero to three subcategories. When a close family member suffers from Alzheimer's disease, life changes even for the relative. The nurse role is important in this context to support and provide tools for the relative to be able to handle the situation.

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    Alzheimers sjukdom - anhörigas känslor vid en förändrad livssituation
  • 258.
    Vajta, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Johansson, Sofia
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Jag älskar dig alltid, men inte allt du gör.: Föräldrars erfarenheter av att ha ett barn med ADHD med eller utan hyperaktivitet2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Having a child with ADHD is exhausting for parents and other family members. The child can take a dominant role against the parents and any siblings may receive less attention. The nurse's response is relevant in meeting with parents because it can elevate or destroy the relationship between her, the parents and the child. Aim: Parent's experiences of having a child with ADHD with or without hyperactivity. Method: This study was based on narratives, which in this case means an analysis of biographies. Four biographies were analyzed by using Dahlborg-Lyckhage's (2012) description of analysis of narratives. Results: The study resulted in five categories and twelve subcategories. The result shows that parents' experiences of having a child with ADHD is emotional. Procedures in life is important to be able to deal with everyday-situations. Likewise, the social situations between parents and society are complicated to deal with. Conclusion: This study has provided information about parent's experiences of having a child with ADHD with or without hyperactivity. Parents need help and support from both caregivers and relatives. Procedures are important to get an easier life. The parents are living with many different emotions. The contact with the school, health care and other adults is complicated. Time for relaxation is important to recover. Treatment with stimulant medication is perceived as a dilemma. This study can contribute to better understanding in encounters with these parents.

  • 259.
    Wallander, Alexandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Bohlin, Elin
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av interaktion med närstående i kommunal äldrevård2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    In pace with the increasingly aging population will the number of older people in nursing homes and with care in home grow. This means that the nurse will face related to the older more frequently and more widely. Nurses has overall responsibility over both the care of the elderly as a responsibility of maintaining good relationships with related parties. Related parties are of great importance for the older individual, it is therefore relevant for the nurse to be able to interact in a respectful and sensitive manner to involve the relatives in care.

    Aim:

    The aim with this study was to highlight nurse's experiences of interaction with related parties to elderly in community health care.

    Method:

    A literature review based on nine qualitative articles was conducted. Friberg design was used with the inspiration of Lundman and Hällgren Graneheim regarding the analysis of Articles.

    Results:

    The study resulted in four themes. They included information about nurse's experiences of interaction with related parties. These themes describes the importance of communication in the interaction, the attitudes various expressions, cooperation with related parties and experiences with related parties' participation in care.

    Conclusion:

    An important conclusion is that the nurse should take advantage of related parties skills and resources in health care around the elderly. The nurses sometimes has difficulties interacting with related parties. Nurses probably need to see the difficulties from different perspectives and seek help of colleagues.

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  • 260.
    Wallentinsson, Emma
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Hur musik kan användas för att påverka personer med demenssjukdom: En litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study turns especially to assisting nurses and auxiliary nurses who often meet people with dementia on a daily basis in their home or in assisted living homes. Today dementia is an endemic disease and there is a lot of knowledge about what it means to have it. Memory loss, changes in the intellect and personality are just some of the changes that come with the disease. Persons who are affected with dementia often describe feelings of chaos and loneliness and although medications help a lot easing the symptoms, they come with a lot of side effects

  • 261.
    Werner, Gabriella
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Andersson, Jessica
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Kvinnor som genomgått mastektomi – Det blir aldrig som förr: En litteraturöversikt2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosis in women. Treatments of breast cancer are constantly developing which leads to a high rate of surviving women. Being affected of breast cancer can result in many intense feelings and a changed body. Most of the women who get affected by breast cancer are treated with surgical treatment. One operation that is used is mastectomy, an surgical operation where one or both breasts are being removed. This may lead to several feelings, changed body image and the women have to adapt to their new body. Aim: The aim of the overview was to explore women's experiences, thoughts and emotions after a mastectomy, due to breast cancer.

    Method:

    A literature overview study based on seven qualitative and three quantitative studies. Results: In the result four themes emerged, The body betrays and is no longer complete, You are not the same person anymore, Femininity and sexuality are lost and The social limitations.

    Conclusion:

    One of the main findings shown in the result was how the mastectomy changed the women's body image. It seemed to be difficult to accept the changed body, which became a constant reminder of the disease. The women no longer recognized themselves and therefore had a hard time when it came to show themselves in front of people in the surroundings. The women also felt limitations in social situations and the body became an obstacle; they did not feel comfortable, isolated themselves and avoided everyday activities. This is important to acknowledge as a nurse and be able to give adequate support in both short term and long term.

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  • 262.
    Wernerliv, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Pihlblad, Sofia
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Familjens närvaro vid återupplivning: En litteraturöversikt av sjuksköterskors erfarenheter2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The new guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation states that the family should be given the opportunity to be present at the resuscitation of a close relative. A cardiac arrest is an emotional experience for the family. In addition to being part of the resuscitation effort, the nurse also needs to take care of the family.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study was to describe nurses' experiences of family presence during resuscitation.

    Method:

    A literature review has been made of 13 studies where differences and similarities were analyzed. The articles were published between the years of 2009 – 2013

    Result:

    The nurses' experiences were divided into three categories; Factors that affect family presence, The nurse' experience surrounding the presence of the family, Factors affecting family presence in the resuscitation room. The result showed that, the feeling of confidence, the ability to work under stressful conditions, the reactions of the family and external prerequisites and the presences of a family support person were important. All nurses had unique experiences that influenced their attitudes towards family presence during resuscitation.

    Conclusion:

    Every resuscitation is unique and the family's presence should be evaluated. The need for a family support person was identified as an important factor to ease the family's presence. Local protocols should be created that clearly states the decision process and whom become the family support person. Travelbee's nursing theory facilitates the comprehension of the interactions between the family and the nurse.

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  • 263.
    Wernerliv, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Pihlblad, Sofia
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Familjens närvaro vid återupplivning: En litteraturöversikt av sjuksköterskors erfarenheter2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The new guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation states that the family should be given the opportunity to be present at the resuscitation of a close relative. A cardiac arrest is an emotional experience for the family. In addition to being part of the resuscitation effort, the nurse also needs to take care of the family.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study was to describe nurses’ experiences of family presence during resuscitation.

    Method:

    A literature review has been made of 13 studies where differences and similarities were analyzed. The articles were published between the years of 2009 – 2013

    Result:

    The nurses’ experiences were divided into three categories; Factors that affect family presence, The nurse’ experience surrounding the presence of the family, Factors affecting family presence in the resuscitation room. The result showed that, the feeling of confidence, the ability to work under stressful conditions, the reactions of the family and external prerequisites and the presences of a family support person were important. All nurses had unique experiences that influenced their attitudes towards family presence during resuscitation.

    Conclusion:

    Every resuscitation is unique and the family’s presence should be evaluated. The need for a family support person was identified as an important factor to ease the family’s presence. Local protocols should be created that clearly states the decision process and whom become the family support person. Travelbee’s nursing theory facilitates the comprehension of the interactions between the family and the nurse

  • 264.
    Wingstedt, Sanna
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Ortorexia nervosa : att balansera mellan hälsa och ohälsa2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Orthorexia nervosa is a condition that is used to explain an extremely healthy behavior in terms of food. Ortorexia nervosa is not a diagnosed eating disorder and the concept exhibits both similarities and differences with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. There are also similarities between orthorexia nervosa and obsessive compulsive disorder.

    Aim

    The aim of this study was to describe the area of knowledge covering the concept of orthorexia nervosa.

    Method

    A literature review was used to analyze eleven quantitative and one qualitative article.

    Results

    The result confirms that orthorexia nervosa is an extremely healthy behavior with consequences like obsessions, malnutrition and becoming socially isolated. The fact that orthorexia nervosa not is a generally accepted diagnosis means difficulties to both measure and to determine prevalence.

    Conclusion

    In the daily work of nurses with health promotion it requires knowledge of what is healthy and what is unhealthy. By understanding what orthorexia nervosa is, an individualized care can be achieved. More research on the concept ortorexia nervosa is required to determine whether there needs to be a diagnosis or if the orthorectic behavior is nothing more than a part of other mental disorders.

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