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  • 251.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Jansson, Elisabeth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Lindh, Kristina
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media Production. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Experience Design: Understanding the Role of Technology for Virtual Experiences2006In: Proceedings of 29th Information System Research Seminar in Scandinavia, IRIS 29: Paradigms, Politics, Paradoxes, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New technologies have always teased the imagination of avant-garde artists on how to challenge existing cultural paradigms. For instance, experience design for the creative industries of today provides exciting challenges with a potential to innovate practices and creating new ways of interaction between the artist and her audience. In an ongoing research project we aim at framing the design space for virtual experiences. The paper presents and discusses the role of technology in such context and use three ongoing case studies where ICT has been used to augment and support consumers of cultural experiences. The analysis shows how technology-driven interventions are less oriented towards radical change compared to interventions that are rooted in their nondigital origins.

  • 252.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Jansson, Elisabeth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Pareto, Lena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Virtual Experiences: Towards an understanding of the role of ICT in the innovation systems of creative industries2005In: Uddevalla Symposium 2005: Innovations and Entrepreneurship in Functional Regions, Uddevalla: Högskolan Trollhättan Uddevalla , 2005, p. 501-512Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 253.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. Jönköping International Business School.
    Accessibility: An Underused Analytical and Empirical Tool in Spatial Economics2014In: ACCESSIBILITY AND SPATIAL INTERACTION, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2014, p. 211-236Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Accessibility has for many years been a widely used tool in transportation research. Many definitions have been suggested and researchers have constructed numerous mathematical formulations to measure its value in order to be able to evaluate the relationships between the nature of the transport systems and the patterns of land use. Such correlations have been used especially in assessing existing transport systems and forecasting their performance to provide decision-makers with ideas about the need for investments in the transport systems. However, accessibility measures can be regarded as the spatial counterparts of discounting. The measures represent the spatial distribution of economic agents and their activities in a simple way that imposes a very clear structure upon the relationship between these agents and their activities and their environment. Various frictional effects arising from geographical distance between economic agents determine their interaction options, that is, their options to trade, to cooperate, to learn, to commute, and so on. Observing that the time sensitivities of the economic agents vary between different spatial scales (and between different economic activities) we may impose a spatial structure (for example, local, intra-regional, interregional and international) which offers opportunities to define variables in such a way that spatial dependencies can be accommodated. These newly defined variables can then be used in empirical explanations of various spatial phenomena, such as patent output, new firm formation, the emergence of new export products, and economic growth in different spatial units. We will in this chapter against this background show that accessibility is an underused analytical and empirical tool in regional science with an underestimated potential.

  • 254.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Entrepreneurial knowledge, technology and the transformation of regions: An introduction2013In: Entrepreneurial knowledge, technology and the transformation of regions / [ed] Karlsson, Charlie, Johansson, Börje & Stough, Roger R, London: Routledge, 2013Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 255.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Knowledgeflows, knowledge externalities and regional economic development2014In: Handbook of Regional Science / [ed] Fischer, M. M. & Nijkamp, P., Springer, 2014, p. 413-437Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 256.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Swedish Perspectives on creative cities2014In: International Journal of Global Environmental Issues, ISSN 1466-6650, E-ISSN 1741-5136, Vol. 13, no 2-4, p. 100-117Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 257.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Urban Regions in Europe: Preconditions and Strategies for Growth and Development in the Global Economy2012In: Lacittà nell’economia della conoscenza (The city in the knowledge economy) / [ed] Cappelin, R., Ferlaino, F. & Rizzi, P., Edizioni Franco Angeli, 2012, p. 81-103Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 258.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, CharlieUniversity West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. Professor Emeritus of the Economics of Technological Change, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping University and Professor Emeritus, Blekinge Institute of Technology.Bernhard, IréneUniversity West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Geography, Open Innovation and Entrepreneurship: New Horizons in Regional Science series2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Developed countries must be incredibly innovative to secure incomes and welfare so that they may successfully compete against international rivals. This book focuses on two specific but interrelated aspects of innovation by incumbent firms and entrepreneurs, the role of geography and of open innovation.

  • 259.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Introduction: Geography, Open Innovation and Entrepreneurship2018In: Geography, Open Innovation and Entrepreneurship: New Horizons in Regional Science series / [ed] Gråsjö, U., Karlsson, C. och Bernhard, I., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, p. 1-18Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 260.
    Gråsjö, Urban
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Warda, Peter
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Spatial knowledge spillovers in Europe: A Meta-Analysis2013In: The Innovation Union in Europe: A Socio-Economic Perspective on EU Integration / [ed] Elias Carayannis E. & G. Korres, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013, p. 144-175Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 261.
    Guellil, Adil
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Dilles, Wayne
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Legacies of colonialism in postcolonial Africa: a comparative case study on how different colonial legacies of eurocentrism and colonial stereotypes are represented in Moroccan and South African contemporary history school textbooks.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a descriptive study that is aided by the theories of representation and post colonialism, which aims to compare how different the colonial legacies of British and French eurocentrism and colonial stereotypes are represented in contemporary Moroccan and South African history school textbooks. By aiming to incorporate the wealth of international scholarship knowledge on eurocentric perspectives and colonial stereotypes in school textbooks. This thesis indicates how postcolonial theory and in this case eurocentrism, often ignores the fact that different legacies in Europe have different understandings of the representation of history, colonialism and finally the representation of the oriental "other" and the black "other". The qualitative content analysis method aids the comparative analysis in studying the underlying meanings, motives and purposes within the text, to assist in understanding, if there are and if so, how these eurocentric legacies are still perpetuated in contemporary Moroccan and South African history textbooks. To conclude, this study demonstrates that the British representations are illustrated and discussed through a critical perspective in the South African textbooks, while the Moroccan textbooks are mainly dominated by the French representations.

  • 262.
    Gunnarsson, Rickard
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Lindh, Jonatan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Magic Formula & Net-Nets: Vilken av dessa strategier har resulterat i bäst avkastning mellan 2007 och 2017?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, the two investment strategies Magic Formula and Net-Nets, are compared against each other to find out which them has achieved the best return between 2007 and 2017 in the Swedish market. The two strategies are also set against the Swedish indices OMXS30, OMX Stockholm Largecap and OMX Stockholm Midcap, because the selection of companies included in the strategies is medium and large companies. Data have been obtained to calculate the Capital Asset Pricing Model, CAPM, and Fama French three factor model, FF3, performance measurements such as Sharpe ratio and Treynor ratio, and to perform regressions. The result shows that the strategy that is both most diversified and has achieved the best return is the Magic Formula.

  • 263.
    Gustafsson, Cajsa
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Karlsson, Louise
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Giltigheten av Okuns lag i Sverige: En empirisk analys på makronivå med tillämpning av gapversionen av Okuns lag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the long-run and the short-run relationship between unemployment and real GDP using Swedish data for the period 1995-2015. Specifically, we use cointegration approach and error correction to examine the validity of the gap version of Okun's law. The results show that the negative relationship between unemployment and GDP which Okun's law is based on is present in the Swedish economy for the selected time period. The survey also shows that there is a long run relationship between the variables.

  • 264.
    Gustafsson, Johanna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Martinsson, Lisa
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gender and self-representation of political leadership skills: The case of Hillary Clinton2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following bachelor thesis is, with the help of Gender Role Congruity Theory of Prejudice and Gender Communication Style theory, analyzing the case of Hillary Clinton in relation to masculine and feminine leadership style. More specifically, it examines 1) To what extent is Hillary Clinton adopting a feminine or masculine leadership style during the 2008 campaign? 2) To what extent is Hillary Clinton adopting a feminine or masculine leadership style during the 2016 campaign? 3) Are there any changes in her approach, given that she lost the nomination in 2008 and won in 2016? The thesis is a single case study with a qualitative content analysis. The data selection which is analyzed in the research constitutes Hillary Clinton's transcribed campaign remarks from her two presidential election campaigns, 2008 and 2016. Our research concludes that Hillary Clinton uses a rather mixed leadership style during both campaigns. Although, we can conclude that Hillary Clinton's general leadership style shifted from being more influenced by masculine traits in 2008 to slightly more feminine traits in 2016.

  • 265.
    Gustafsson, Mariana S.
    et al.
    Unit for Political Science, Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping university, Sweden.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. Unit for Political Science, Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping university, Sweden.
    Automation of Income Support in the Public Social Services: A Case Study of an Innovation that is Still Struggling2019In: Uddevalla Symposium 2019: : Unlocking the Potential of Regions Through Entrepreneurship and Innovation. Revised papers first presented at the 22nd Uddevalla Symposium 27-29 June, 2019, L'Aquila, Italy / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2019, p. 187-204Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization of public services has been high up on the political agenda in Sweden, with considerable efforts that accompany other initiatives to reform and modernize production of welfare services and their administration. Digital solutions are usedto build both technical and organizational innovations in public services, as well asin bureaucratic decision-making. The "Digital first principle" is guiding the European policies in the field and is also central in the Swedish digitalization strategy for public administration. This means that the contact between the citizens,the companies or other society actors, and the public sector authorities shall initially and to largest possible extent occur digitally.

    A digital innovation that is currently spreading among Swedish municipalities is automatizing social assistance services mainly addressing income support for vulnerable citizens. In a context of nationally highly regulated income support schemes, the municipalities manage the digitalization of services highly differently, coping with inherent tensions in relation to their local autonomy. We have conducted a long-term case study following such an implementation case in amedium size Swedish municipality. Based on interviews, observations and workshops we can conclude that the implementation is hampered since it is not focusing on the core to coach for self-support and that it even made the system less transparent. This indicates that the principle 'digital first' has to be embedded into the core focus of the service and not address shallow interfaces.

  • 266.
    Gustafsson, Melinda
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Åström, Elin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Economic Policy Uncertainty and its effect on household debt in Sweden2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How come households in Sweden have such a high debt to income level? Almost everyone in the Swedish society has some kind of debt, and usually the debt is mainly a mortgage. The purpose of this degree work is to find how different factors influence the indebtedness. To contribute to earlier research, we would like to add a new variable, Economic policy uncertainty. It is a relatively new way of trying to predict economic behavior and is used to analyze how fiscal and financial policies affect people's way of investing and spend their money. Other control variables we have used in the thesis are, repo rate, property price index, unemployment rate, and percentage of people between the age of 20-40 years. To answer our question of issue we used methods as Error correction model and Ordinary least square model. We used quarterly data between the years of 2000-2019. Our hypothesis and expectations were not confirmed according to the result from the OLS-test. All of our variables besides EPU showed significance. This indicates that we need to reject our hypothesis.

  • 267.
    Habib, Adel
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Heineman, Fredrik
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Integration in a Swedish community: A qualitative study on the understanding of integration2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, integration has been a dominant political topic, especially in the last decade. Mainly because integration is one of the most important policy areas for the average Swedish voter. With this background in mind, what we want to achieve with this thesis is to study how different social groups within a Swedish municipality understands integration. To reach that goal, we will primarily focus on three specific groups. First and second-generation immigrants and native Swedes. The main goal of this study is to discover if the selected focus groups have a similar or different understanding of integration. Because if there are any eventual differences between them, how can various social groups achieve social cohesion with others? To answer this question, we have conducted focus group interviews. The groups are composed of people of the selected categories: first-generation, second-generation immigrants and native Swedes. We found out that there are both similarities and differences between the groups on how they percept integration. The interesting part with our findings was that, despite the differences from their social environments they grew up in, their view on integration was much alike. The differences were noted when we discussed about how integration should be implemented. There was an agreement between the majority of the attendants that multiculturalism and interculturalism are two concepts that are equally as important, in order to overcome challenges with integration. However, there was a dispute in how to coexist, when the question came up on how to adapt, where some attendants thought that minorities should adapt to the majority, while the others argued about the importance of meeting up in the middle.

  • 268.
    Hafezi Yashi, Aida
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wikström, Linnea
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Think Tanks and Immigration: A comparative study on how the think tanks Motpol, Timbro and Arena Idé frame immigration in Sweden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Think tanks are important social and political actors in the Swedish society because of their increasing exposure in the media. Immigration is a highly politicized issue in Sweden today, especially due to the refugee crisis of 2015 and the upcoming elections of 2018. Our thesis studies how immigration is framed by one specific actor in Sweden, namely think tanks, which attempt to influence policy-making and public opinion. While the field of research on policy advice institutions is rather significant in the American context, studies on Swedish think tanks are still rather scarce. From a research perspective this topic is of great importance because think tanks work behind the scenes, and our thesis helps expose their agenda. The aim of this thesis is to explore how three established Swedish think tanks with diverging ideological positions, Motpol, Timbro and Arena Idé frame immigration. We do so through a comparative small-N study and with the use of textual analysis. The analytical framework is based on Robert Entman’s version of framing theory and the three ideologies far-right, liberalism and socialism help us position the studied think tanks. Our analysis shows that the three think tanks differ in some respects from their ideological ideal type when framing immigration in Sweden.

  • 269.
    Hafström, Gustaf
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Liljeroth, Christoffer
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Småhusförsäljningar i Göteborgs kommun: Fastighetsmäklare eller privat?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to analyse if there is a difference in the sale price between sales through a real estate broker and sales managed privately. The real estate broker will from now on be referred to as the broker. This study targets the residential real estate market in the municipal of Gothenburg, and processes data from 1,918 house sales in the municipal of Gothenburg, of type code 220, under the year 2013, both sales with a broker and sales done privately. The Gothenburg area has been chosen because no other study on this topic has been made for this region. The data is gathered from the statistic company Värderingdata that specifies in collecting statistics over residential real estate sales and condominium sales in Sweden. The result of this study is found by detecting the effects of choice between intermediaries that have been used and make a comparison between the purchase coefficient for real estate properties sold privately or through a broker to see the differences in the selling prices. For this analysis, the assess value and the selling price has been applied in several bivariate regression analyses. To examine if the assess value is a reliable dependent variable to use as a base in the regressions in this study; a hedonic pricing theory has been applied. In accordance with this theory, a multivariate regression analysis has been applied. In the regression the assess value is held as a dependent variable and construction year, living area, subface area, plot areal, standard point and congregation are held as independent variables. The multivariat regression analysis illustrates to what degree every variable affects the assess value.

  • 270.
    Hallsbo, Sebastian
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Pettersson, Ida
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Betygsinflation inom de svenska gymnasieskolorna: Är slutbetygen inte längre trovärdiga?2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of secondary schools have increased in Sweden during the past years, and you may therefore wonder if there is any connection to an increasing competition between the secondary schools and in the end the secondary schools want to show as high graduation points as possible from their graduating students to attract new students to the school. The purpose with this investigation is to examine if there's any connection between these variables and if they affect the grade inflation among the Swedish secondary schools. Is there a difference whether the school is an independent school or a public school and what gender the students have? We have gathered data from the school year 2018/2019. To get a reliable result we will perform a regression analysis. We do this to see if there are any outliers and if there are any differences that can be connected to grade inflation. In summary, we conclude from the results that there is grade inflation based on our question. However, we have come to conclusion that these are not the main variables that effect the grade inflation. There may be other variables that effect the grade inflation more that we have not examined.

  • 271.
    Hamad, Deron
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Assad regime in the eyes of the Swedish media: A comparative study of how Swedish media represents the Assad regime2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to describe how the Swedish media have represented the Assad regime, and if the Swedish media representation towards the Assad regime has changed or not. By using Carol Bacchi`s represented to be theory, and framing theory to frame the data. More specifically this thesis examines (1) what kind of regime is the Assad regime represented to be? Is it a religious, democratic, ethnic, undemocratic or something else, (2) what are the causes for the regime´s Actions represented to be?. (3) What is the relation between Syria and other countries represented to be?. This study uses a qualitative approach to conduct a comparative study by comparing the data from two different time periods, 2000-2010 before the civil war in Syria, and the second period 2011-2018 from the start of the conflict in Syria. By looking at newspaper articles from the two Swedish newspapers, Svenska Dagbladet and Dagens Nyheter. This study shows that the Swedish media represented the Assad regime as a as a Religious, undemocratic and political regime between the period of 2000-2010, but during the period of 2011-2018 the Swedish media represented the Assad regime as an undemocratic regime. This study also shows that Swedish media’s representation of the Assad regime has changed, events like the shooting of demonstrators, chemical attacks. The Swedish media presentation of the Assad regime has shifted, from representing the Assad regime as a religious, undemocratic and political regime, shifting to represent the Assad regime as a more extreme undemocratic regime.

  • 272.
    Hammarling, Klara
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Söderlund, Elin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Okuns lag och dess samband i Sverige idag2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gross domestic product and unemployment is two important concepts within the world of macroeconomics and that partly describes a country’s wealth. In 1962, Arthur Okun described a relationship between these two variables that later was named Okun’s law. The relationship was described as; when a country’s GDP rises, the unemployment falls. A seemingly simple equation but nevertheless, could be of great help to predict future unemployment more easily and consequently a country’s wealth. The purpose of this essay is to find out how this relationship has looked like in Sweden during the years 1995-2020 by analyzing quarterly data of Sweden’s GDP and unemployment. The writers of this essay have chosen three different models to explain this relationship; the difference model, the levels model and the dynamic model. The result showed that there is some kind of relationship and it is the difference model that explains this relationship the best.

  • 273.
    Hammarquist, Rariba
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Svensson, Ellinor
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hur påverkar de svenska hushållens skuldsättning konsumtionen i Sverige?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We have for the past few years been able to see a development in Sweden where both household consumption and debt have increased. Consumption has been shown to represent a big part of the country’s GDP and played a vital role in its recovery from the financial crisis 2008. At the same time debt among households can be considered to be a potential risk factor in society and a contributing factor to financial crisis. Hence the relationship between these two variables is of interest to examine. A quantitative analysis will be performed in this study to examine how debt affects consumption among households in Sweden. The dataset used in this analysis reaches from the first quarter 1997 to the fourth quarter 2017. Both a multiple regression without time lags and a time series regression with three time lags will be performed to examine this relationship. The result is that debt affects consumption negatively in both regressions. Also, it is shown to be likely that consumption is influenced by debt through several variables and that debt is influenced by other variables making it a part of those variables effect on consumption. The study indicates that the relationship between debt and consumption is a complex subject which need further study.

  • 274.
    Hammarén, Anna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    En gammal avhandling och några färska reflektioner om skyddet för upphovsrättens närstående rättigheter2021In: Ulf 85: då och nu; om avhandlingars beständighet / [ed] Andersson, Helene, Paju, Jaan, Stockholm: Jure, 2021Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 275.
    Hammarén, Anna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Fotografirätt: Särskilt om skyddet för fotografier utan verkshöjd2017In: NIR: Nordiskt immateriellt rättsskydd, ISSN 0027-6723, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 276.
    Hammarén, Anna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Järnrörsmålet i HD: yttrandefriheten får stå tillbaka för upphovsrätten. Högsta Domstolens dom den 18 mars 2020 (T 4412-19)2020Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Högsta domstolen (HD) har meddelat dom i det s.k. järnrörsmålet – domstolen själv benämner målet ”Mobilfilmen” – mellan klaganden Sveriges Television AB (SVT) och motparten Kent Ekeroth. HD fastställde domslutet från Svea Hovrätt, Patent- och marknadsöverdomstolen (PMÖD), 2019-07-15, PMT 1473-18. PMÖD:s domslut har tidigare kommenterats av Rosén.

    Järnrörsmålet i HD – yttrandefriheten får stå tillbaka för upphovsrätten

    Högsta Domstolens dom den 18 mars 2020 (T 4412-19)

  • 277.
    Hammarén, Anna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Teaterregi och upphovsrätt: Särskilt om skillnaden mellan upphovsmän och utövande konstnärer1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 278.
    Hammarén, Anna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Upphovsrättslagens inskränkning till förmån för användning i rättsvårdens intresse2014In: Juridisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1100-7761, E-ISSN 2002-3545, Vol. 2014-2015, no 2, p. 347-368Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 279.
    Handzic, Medina
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Imsirovic, Haris
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Erlander VS Tito: A comparative analysis of ideology2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis intends to do an analysis of the socialist ideology in former Yugoslavia and Sweden during the time 1948 until 1962. The analysis is done on 8 political speeches each, from the former president of Yugoslavia, Josip Broz Tito and from the former prime minister of Sweden, Tage Erlander. We have specified our analysis on five certain policy areas which are: labour market, welfare, foreign policy, democracy and national identity. The aim of the study is to find what kind of similarities and differences that can be found in the speeches, in relation to socialist values. The reason for analysing the views from these two politicians’, is because both claim to be socialist. The study shows that the socialist ideology in Sweden and Yugoslavia, have both similarities and differences. Both Erlander and Tito stem from a Marxist idea tradition which is evident in how they advocate for economic socialism, the labour theory and for the overall implementation of socialism in their respective nation. The main differences that is evident from their speeches is how they look upon the control of government, something which makes them very different in terms of socialist values. Erlander is advocating for a social democratic socialist model which is controlled by the people in a democratic manner, whereas Tito is advocating for a revolutionary, soviet-like socialism that is controlled by himself and the party he represents. The differences and similarities in the socialist values becomes apparent in the different policy areas. Where in some areas, the socialist values differ a lot and in some, less.

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  • 280.
    Hani, Ilirijana-Zulfiret
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Isteffan, Sara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Where can we position the Sweden Democrats and the Centre Party’s on the GAL-TAN scale?: Analysing the parties positioning based on elderly care- and immigration policy2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to analyse whether the positions of the Swedish Democrats (SD) and the Centre Party (C) on the GAL-TAN scale present a different outcome when using one premise-policy (immigration), and one focus-policy (the elderly care). The study is based on qualitative strategy, using the qualitative content method to analyse the collected data from the Swedish Parliament. The objective is to empirically describe the representation of the problem to position the parties on the GAL-TAN scale. With the WPR approach we identify the representation and the cause of the problem with elderly care from the parties’ views presented between the timeline of 2018-2021. GAL values identify the representation of the problem to be: lack of freedom, resources, insecure employment, and education opportunities. While TAN values identify: lack of knowledge for culture and traditions, communication issues, and poor quality within the elderly care, which in turn creates insecure and unsafe working environments. The results of the analysis concluded that, based on their views on the elderly care policy, SD is placed closer to both GAL- and TAN values, while the Centre Party’ positions more on the GAL side of the scale. 

  • 281.
    Hannouche, Pamela
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The justifications of restrictions within migrations policies since 2015: A comparative case study regarding the securitization of migrants in Sweden and the United Kingdom2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study seeks to describe how restrictions on migration are being justified in Sweden and the United Kingdom, and in what ways those justifications are linked to security issues.

    The Copenhagen school's securitization theory, which deals with the processes of treating political issues as urgent threats to legitimize extraordinary measures, is applied as the theoretical framework. Swedish and British governments' approaches are compared by looking at statements in Parliaments, official speeches by government leaders, migration laws, and other official policy documents, as these two states have significant similarities, but they also have policy differences.

    Findings suggest that after 2015, Swedish and British states have framed migration as a threat towards their societies and sovereignty as states and a security discourse have been used to justify stricter migration policies.

  • 282.
    Hansson, Ida
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Osbakk Malmström, Emma
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    "We face neither East nor West; We face forward": A study about policy implementation to receive Chinese Foreign Direct Investments in Ghana2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor thesis focuses on examining the Ghanaian state's policies regarding inward Foreign Direct Investments and furthermore the policy implementation to attract and receive FDI, the question asked is What policy choices have been implemented by Ghana to attract Chinese FDI?

    This thesis employs a single case study design with a qualitative approach as it seeks to draw upon Liberal IPE and RAM to understand the policy choices in attracting FDI, more specifically how Ghana has shaped their policies. When conducting the analysis, the thesis assembles documents, both primary and secondary data to be able to answer the research question. The documents used for gathering data is from Ghana's government as well as governmental organisations, governmental policies and official statistics to peer reviewed articles and organisational data. This enables the thesis to find empirical evidence to support the aims of the conducted research. Moreover, secondary data will be used to situate, contextualize and present the findings.

    The main problem seen is how the policy behaviour of governments is conducted to receive FDI in this trudge. The solution to the problem is presented to be the policy decision taken to open markets and welcoming Foreign Direct Investment, through reforms aimed at both domestic companies and market as well as to the global markets and actors.

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  • 283.
    Hansson, Lotta
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nordgren, Kristina
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Norrmännens fastighetsförvärv i Tanums kommun: Påverkan eller icke påverkan på småhusmarknaden?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to get an overview on the proportion of the house market and of the leisure property in Tanum municipality which is acquired by the Norwegians, in turn to see how and if they affect the pricing of real estate in the municipality? To investigate this issue we have been using information from Värderingsdata and Booli on all the single-family and leisure property transfers during our analysis period 2010-2013. The analysis shows that the exchange rate has a negative correlation to the purchase price, which means that if the Norwegian crown increase the property prices fall. Furthermore, this analysis shows that the acquisition which has been done, that intends to use as permanent households sells cheaper than the leisure properties. The results show that the Norwegian citizens pays more for their acquisitions than other purchaser. The conclusion and the results is based on the hedonic model of prices where a regression analysis been produced. The result of our analysis shows that the variables that mainly affects the prices of the house markets are the coastal view and the living space of the house, also the Norwegians has a big positive impact.

  • 284.
    Haraldsson, Olof
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Lövdal, Christoffer
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Mimic an insider and beat the market: Can you earn abnormal returns following the trades of an insider?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to investigate if there exist any possibilities for abnormal returns when following an insider's purchases and if there are any differences in results between the Swedish market and the U.S market. 147 companies were included in this study from both Sweden and U.S with data being collected from 2016 to the end of 2019. CAPM was used to calculate expected return which then was compared to the actual return, to first find Jensen's Alpha which would support the theory of the "signaling effect". When this theory was supported by the data, transaction costs were included to see if it is worthwhile to follow an insider. The results show possibilities for abnormal returns after transaction costs in Sweden, but no significant results were found for U.S. Even though unreliable for U.S, the variables still show patterns of increased possible return as holding period gets longer, but with more risk.

  • 285.
    Hartling, Josh
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    McGrath, Mairead
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media Framing between Fox News vs. CNN in the 2020 United States Presidential Election: How did Fox News and CNN frame the 2020 presidential election between Joe Biden and Donald Trump, and what does this tell us about media partisanship?2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is constructed as a qualitative small-n analysis with the aim to understand how media framing is presented by Fox News and CNN (Cable News Network) in the 2020 presidential elections between elected Democrat nominee Joe Biden, and his opponent Donald Trump’s campaign for his second presidential term in office. This thesis uses Entman’s (1993) work on the importance of framing in the media. This is in order to make any frames used by the media more visible. It may impact elections as the media affects the public by subjecting them to a bias framing of certain events. We have chosen Fox News and CNN as our two mainstream media news networks for analysis. The results of our qualitative analysis showed U.S media framing is president between both Fox News and CNN in their broadcast. Fox News shows support for Donald Trump, while writing negatively on Joe Biden and the Democrat party. CNN shows loyal support for Democrat nominee Joe Biden. While CNN supports Joe, they continue to attack Trump during his campaign run and his presidency in their network. This study has chosen 12 important key events in the 2020 presidential run to analysis. Such events include, the first and second presidential debate, Joe Biden announcing his choice for vice president, vice president debate, and November 3rd, election day. For each event we take news articles, nightly broadcast, reports both done by Fox and CNN respectively covering the same event and analysis how framing is presented in both of their publishing’s. This study confirms a number of points and discussions done by previous scholars and literature review that media framing is present in the U.S media. Our main goal and aim is to understand why media framing is such an important factor for political elections in the U.S, using the 2020 as a test. We also would like to mention a few gaps in our research, one being the number of media events we covered were strictly after Joe Biden won the democratic nominee. We could have covered more media events before Joe Biden winning the democratic nominee but wanted to stick with the battle between Biden & Trump. Lastly, we would also like to highlight why our research contributes to the political field, we felt there was not much research presented in the political field for the 2020 presidential election in media framing specially between Fox News & CNN. We felt our thesis contributes to the political research due to the importance of the media effecting a presidential election and we wanted data to highlight the importance of the media’s role in an election. 

  • 286.
    Hasan, Iehab
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Is the Swedish krona predictable?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The paper studies the ex-post forecasting ability for the Swedish krona against the American dollar, Canadian dollar, Norwegian krone, British pound and the Japanese yen over the period February 1998 to January 2017 for most of the exchange rates, using famous economic models: Purchasing Power Parity and Quasi-reduced form1. The performance of these models is compared against two specified benchmarks: driftless random walk and interest rate parity. The examined period divided into two samples, in-sample which estimated using ordinary least squares, and out-of-sample and estimated using rolling regression. Afterward, the ot-of-sample forecasts results evaluated using accuracy and usefulness criterias at forecast horizons of three and six months. The evaluation results show that there is no particular economic model can consistently beat the both benchmarks or can consistently put the investors on the right side of the market.

  • 287.
    Hattinger, Monika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production Systems.
    Engeström, Y.
    Sannino, Annalisa
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    From contradictions to transformation: a study of joint Work-Integrated Elearning between Industry and UniversityIn: Journal of Engineering Education, ISSN 0096-0640Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 288.
    Heed, Amanda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Törnberg, Rebecca
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Regional arbetslöshet: faktorer som påverkar den regionala arbetslösheten i Sverige2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the determinants of regional unemployment in Sweden during the period 2009-2013. By collecting data we have studied six explanatory parameters covering the financial and social factors. By using Aragon's (2003) model, we studied six variables and examined what impact they had on the regional unemployment. The variables were the number of companies, number of inhabitants, proportion of foreign born, the percentage who are college-educated, average age and median income. The results of the study show that there is a relationship between the variables and the level of unemployment in the regions. The variables that have a statistically significant effect on regional unemployment are proportion of foreign born and median income.

  • 289.
    Heintze, Oliwia
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Poltén, André
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A comparative study of news media representation of Greta Thunberg in Poland and Sweden2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In August 2018 a 15-year-old girl decided to spend her days outside the Swedish parliament with a sign saying Skolstrejk för klimatet, which in English means School strike for climate instead of going to school. Soon after, other young students decided to follow her footsteps and left their schools to protest for a better environment in their own municipalities and even countries. The protests got the name Friday for future and the girl who started them became an environmental icon all around the world. This girl's name is Greta Thunberg and even now, two years after her first protest she still manages to get peoples' and medias' attention sometimes in a positive and sometimes in a negative way. Sweden and Poland are members of the European Union and supposedly under a common environmental policy, however, while Sweden, Greta's homeland, is one of the top eco-friendly countries, Poland is not as concerned about the environment.

    This research aims to find out how Greta Thunberg is framed by the press media in Sweden and in Poland. The study combines frame analysis with the focus on three frames. It discusses differences and similarities when it comes to framing of intentions, capabilities and actions of Greta Thunberg in both Swedish and Polish newspapers. The purpose is to compare both countries' newspapers and see how they frame Greta.

    The thesis concludes that the framing of Greta Thunberg is more similar than different in both countries. All newspapers frame her intentions, capabilities and actions in a good way, however, journalists from each country has different strategies emphasizing different aspects of her for portraying Greta in a positive way.

  • 290.
    Hellberg, Sofie
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Aulin, Matilda
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Aktiv kontra Passiv Fondförvaltning: En Analys av Svenska Aktiefonder2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this empirical study has been to draw a conclusion about whether actively managed funds outperform the market or not. This study is based on the following two questions:

    1. Does an actively managed fund provide a higher risk-adjusted net return than the indices OMXS30 and OMXSBGI? and 2. Is there any correlation between Swedish Actively managed equity funds' fees and their excess return?

    Fourteen funds were selected and compared to the indices OMXS30 and OMXSBGI. The period choosen is between 2007-04-04 and 2016-04-04, which resulted in 107 observations as we studied the data on a monthly basis. The model used is CAPM and the risk-adjusted performance measures were Jensen's alpha and Sharpe ratio. The results given from CAPM and sharpe ratio showed that funds on average perform better than OMXS30, but not OMXSBGI. However, the results for CAPM show lack of significance. The conclusions drawn from this study is that actively managed funds can not be proved to have a higher risk-adjusted net return than the indices OMXS30 and OMXSBGI. This study also shows a negative correlation between the funds' fees and their alfa-values.

  • 291.
    Hellohf, Alexander
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Allestam, Joanna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hur påverkar offentligt underskott den ekonomiska tillväxten i ett land?: En studie av utvalda länder i Europa2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our paper was to examine the relationship between government deficit and economic growth. The hypothesis was that the government deficit negatively affects economic growth in a country. This hypothesis was based on previous research as well as the theory of the crowding out effect. According to this theory an increase in government deficit leads to a decrease in investments, which then leads to a decrease in growth. To examine the effects of government deficit on growth we used a fixed effects model with dummy variables to account for country-specific and time-specific differences. We used panel data for the countries Italy, Greece, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, the Netherlands, Belgium and Finland during the time period 2000–2017. A correlation matrix was created to discard the possibility of multicollinearity amongst the explanatory variables. Apart from government deficit, a set of explanatory variables which are commonly used to explain growth were included. The result of the study confirmed the hypothesis that government deficit has a negative impact on growth. 

  • 292.
    Hellquist, Linn
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Metoder för nedskrivningsprövningar: En studie med inriktning på bostadsrättsföreningar i Dalsland ochTrestadsområdet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to gain knowledge of the methods used to determine if there are grounds for impairment losses on properties of housing associations in Dalsland and the district of Trestad. The study was conducted through a qualitative approach in which interviews were conducted with economists and accountants working for housing associations in Dalsland and the district of Trestad. Real estate agents and bank clerks were also interviewed. To determine if an impairment of an asset should be made the asset must be valued. It has over the years been discussed on many different methods for valuing assets. The two main focuses in asset valuation is measured at historical cost or fair value. In theory, I adopt two different methods of testing for impairment; a method in which cash flow is used and a method of market valuation. Cash flow method is presented as a method where future cash flows are converted to present value. Market value method means that the properties are compared with similar properties sold in the area. Both these methods can be seen as a form of fair value. Through the empirical study shows that, in practice, three different methods are used for testing for impairment of properties with housing associations in Dalsland and the district of Trestad. Cash flows is used but by making use of historic in the form of receipts and payments in a given period. Market valuation is also a method that is applied in practice, as well as a third method in which the assessed value is compared to the ratable value. It is however disagreement about how the market valuation is made. Previous research presented in this work show that the companies that made the write-downs either had financial problems or tried to even out the performance of the company through the write-downs. With help of the empirical material I collected I can state that write-downs of the housing associations in principle are made only if the association has financial problems. The only thing that otherwise could lead to an impairment loss is if a property is damaged by a fire or if there for example would be a construction of railway next to the property.

  • 293.
    Hellqvist, Sebastian
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Andersson, Kristoffer
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Nature of euroskepticism:: A Comparative Study of media framing of Euro in Great Britain and Sweden2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines what frames is used in editorials and debate articles in the chosen newspapers; From Sweden, Aftonbladet and Svenska Dagbladet, from Great Britain, The Guardian and Financial Times. Both Sweden and Great Britain are members of the European Union but has not yet implemented Euro. The study examines how newspapers in each country frame Euro. Four different frames were used:

    National identity, Democratic Sovereignty, Economic Growth and Social Welfare. These frames are used to see how writers of editorials and debate articles applied them in order to persuade the citizens of Sweden and Great Britain. Bacchis' "What is the Problem Represented to be", was used to get a better understanding of the framing methods, where we analyse the data by stating problem, cause and solution. This study has contributed with a comparative case study to a limited field of research. Studies on this subject have been done before, however, not a comparative study using these cases, Sweden and Great Britain. The question answered is if there are any similarities and differences regarding media framing between Sweden and Great Britain. The result differs from frame to frame.

  • 294.
    Helte, Veronica
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    How well can a simple monetary model explain the depreciation of the Swedish Krona2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the reasons for the fluctuations in the Swedish exchange rate for the period 2005 to 2014. Mainly, focus will be on the nominal bilateral exchange rate measured against the dollar. Although, as an attempt to extend the model and get a better result, the effective Swedish exchange rate, measured as the total competitive weight-index, will also be tested. A simple monetary model, of the Mundell-Fleming approach, and a vector error correction model is used to find the factors of the depreciation, specifically, during the last six months. The result found in the study is that the theory explains what has actually happened in the economy well, and is valid when trying to explain the volatility of the exchange rate. A decrease in the interest rate causes a depreciation in the exchange rate to a great extent, together with an increase in inflation and a decrease in national income.

  • 295.
    Henke, Lina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Petersson, Stina
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Tobin Q's påverkan på nybyggnationer av småhus i Sverige2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we analyze the relations between the profitability, as described by Tobin Q, and newly constructed houses in Sweden for the period 1998 to 2014. In addition, we include two counties with the lowest and the highest Q-values, namely, Stockholm and Västerbotten, to highlight the regional differences. We found, through regression analyses, that there is a positive relation between profitability and the newly constructed houses for the whole country and Stockholm, but not for Västerbotten.

  • 296.
    Henriksen, Sanna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Blomberg, Johanna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Domestic vs international diversification: An empirical study on the performance of Swedish mutual funds2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper evaluates the performance of Swedish mutual funds with different investment strategies between April 2014 and March 2019. The purpose was to study whether or not international diversification is profitable for the Swedish investor in terms of the risk-return criterion. To establish the relationship between risk and expected return, the Capital Asset Pricing Model and the Fama and French three-factor model were used, in line with previous studies. The performance of the funds was evaluated by adopting different performance measures such as Sharpe ratio and Jensen's alpha. Data was collected as time series for 30 mutual funds registered in Sweden on a monthly basis, using DataStream and Kenneth R. French's data library. From the elaborated data along with descriptive statistics, the Sharpe ratio could be calculated. Jensen's alpha along with the other coefficients within these models was estimated using ordinary least squares (OLS). The comparison between the performance measures of Sharpe ratio and Jensen's alpha with one another, among the fund categories, does give results that collaborate. The highest risk adjusted return determined by Sharpe ratio as well as the best performance according to Jensen's alpha, was experienced by equity funds investing only on the domestic market. Thus, international diversification is not profitable for the Swedish investor according to this study.

  • 297.
    Heukers, Remco
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sectoral Equity Returns in Europe: An Empirical Study on Reducing Portfolio Risk2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the performances of 16 key equity sectors in the European market. Hereby, the daily sectoral equity indices are used for the period 2000-2017. Different performance measures have been used, including the Sharpe-ratio and Jensen’s Alpha. In addition, the cross-sectoral and cross-countries return correlations have been examined. Furthermore, calendar anomalies have been researched and portfolio optimization techniques have been used to illustrate different diversification scenarios. Four structural models have been tested and the classical linear regression model with the ordinary least squares technique has been used to run regressions, both on the aggregated Europe equity index as well as the sectors individually. This research finds that Consumer Staples/Chemicals have on average the highest risk-to-return ratio and IT/Banks the lowest. Moreover, Health Care and Biotechnology & Pharmaceuticals, Financials and Banks were the most correlated while Banks and Leisure, Materials and Leisure were the least correlated sectors. This research also finds that the aggregated European equity index shows a higher correlation with the sectors Banks, Financials and Industrials than the aggregated US and aggregated World indices do. Finally, it is shown that the average return correlations across sectoral indices are lower than the average return correlations across developed countries indices within the European equity market.

  • 298.
    Hillefors, Hanna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Isaksson, Nathalie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    De svenska hushållens sparande: Vilka faktorer påverkar sparkvoten? En reflektion under den rådande Corona-pandemin.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The savings ratio for Swedish households is record-breaking and Sweden, together with the rest of the world, is currently in the middle of a pandemic. What drives individuals to save is based on a number of different factors that previous research has concluded. The purpose of this study is to, with previous research as a basis, investigate which factors affect the savings ratio for Swedish households. Quarterly data for the years 1982–2020 is analyzed in a time series by first processing for unit roots and then cointegration. The data is then estimated in a multiple linear regression in the form of an “Error Correction Model”, with the intention of investigating both the short-term and long-term relationship. The results of the study indicate that the variables that have a significant impact on the change in the household savings ratio are GDP per capita, inflation, unemployment and consumption, while public savings and the development of the stock market have a significant but less considerable effekt. The economic theories that the study findssupport for are the theory of precautionary savings as well as the standard buffer-stock model. 

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  • 299.
    Hindgren, Beatrice
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hur den ekonomiska tillväxten påverkas av inkomstojämlikheter: En studie på regional nivå i Sverige2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to examine the relationship between economic growth and income inequality in Swedish municipalities during 2012 using cross-sectional data. The study uses the measure of economic growth as the total wage sum of the municipality and income inequality as the Gini-coefficient. A subsidiary purpose was to investigate whether there existed varying relationships between the variables in rich and poor municipalities. The study was based on a regression model from Cialani (2013) where several variables was collected and used. Some exchanges were made based on what we felt was more relevant to the study. The variable to be explained in the analysis is the economic growth and this is done by the use of several explanatory variables which are average income, the Gini-coefficient, the municipal tax rate, education costs, elderly care costs, family care costs, total cost per capita, the percentage of highly educated workers, the percentage of unemployment, the percentage of seniors, population density and two dummy variables to distinguish political importance and the difference between a rich and a poor municipality.

    The results were unexpected since we ended up with a negative relationship between income inequality and economic growth as it differs from earlier research done at the regional level in Sweden (Cialani 2013, Nahum 2005) in which they found a positive relationship. Regarding the subsidiary purpose of the study, we found that the negative effect had stronger impact in the poor municipalities than in the rich.

  • 300.
    Hintze, Michael
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Mc Cullough Nylén, Emma
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Bostadsrättsprisets utveckling i Göteborg: En tidsserieanalys om det är en prisbubbla på bostadsrättsmarknaden i Göteborgs kommun2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to analyze whether Gothenburg's tenant-owned housing market is in a housing bubble and its possible definition of it. This thesis aims to study the timeframe between 1998-2018 and focuses only on condominiums. The purpose of the thesis is to determine whether the price development can be explained by the factors population, repo rate, new constructions, employment and income. We will also evaluate whether price developments have followed the trend within the theory for identifying a price bubble. To try answering the questions by a quantities study, a multiple regression model was used. From it, our result and conclusion are linked. Based on our used theories from Stiglitz (1990) and Lind (2008), no price bubble has been identified on the tenant-owner market in the city of Gothenburg. However, in Lind's five-step theory, some criteria are met regarding the existence of the price bubble. In order to fully evaluate the theory, a qualitative study is required, which is not included during our study period.

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