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  • 251.
    Inal, Tuba
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The role of the European court of human rights in changing gender norms in Turkey: the case of women’s maiden names2019In: Turkish Studies, ISSN 1468-3849, E-ISSN 1743-9663Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The diffusion of international human rights norms through the enforcement of international human rights law by courts has been explored by both scholars of international relations and international law. Turkey, which has been a state party to most international human rights treaties despite being a major violator of human rights, is the case in this paper. It examines norm diffusion in the area of women’s rights through court action in a patriarchal culture protected and represented by a deeply patriarchal state and judiciary. By looking at the legal processes, domestic and international, through which the issue of the right of Turkish women to keep their maiden names after marriage has gone, this paper argues that norm diffusion through court action can be triggered even in difficult cases such as changing gendered norms and describes the conditions and mechanisms that make these changes more likely.

  • 252.
    Inal, Tuba
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Smith, Merril D.
    Rape Cultures and Survivors: An International Perspective2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 253.
    Inderberg, André
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Kratz Lindskog, Oscar
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    We can´t have it both ways: A Network’s framing of Corporate Social Responsibility2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is to increase sustainable business practices in all sectors of society. The EU-2030 agenda creates a blueprint for actors and influences national strategies of sustainability as a countermeasure of the sustainability issues at hand. We are investigating how the publicly co-financed Swedish regional network, CSR-Västsverige (CSR-V) is framing the concept CSR. Our theoretical framework consists of the triple bottom line which is divided into its social, economic and environmental dimensions, and the equivalence frames risk/opportunity. This thesis is a single case study that will conduct a qualitative content analysis on CSR-Vs education material to answer our research question; How does CSR-Västsverige frame the concept CSR in their education programs? Through our analysis, we found that CSR-V employs both risk and opportunity framing, with a main focus on opportunity framing in the economic category.

  • 254.
    Ishak, Guorgis
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Law, Politics and Economics.
    Kidane, Danay
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Gender patterns in the ambassadorial appointments of the United States2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to describe the gender patterns in the ambassadorial appointments of the United States. The choice of the United States as the critical case is highly relevant, not only because they have placed emphasis on gender equality in foreign service, but also due to their dominant position in the international arena, their unique ability to spread norms and influence the world politics on a larger scale. Based on two institutional theories about gender, co-variance between sex of the ambassadors and characteristics of the countries of placement is made. The result from the quantitative analysis shows that men and women are placed differently. Men are often placed in relatively powerful states, while women on the other hand are placed in relatively weak states. The results indicates that even though the field of foreign policy have developed and gone to a more gender equal direction, there is still long way to go. Gender equality can only develop by examining the situation of women and men in different fields, and emphasizing its importance

  • 255.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Assmo, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Taking Care Seriously: Transforming Practices by Design2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 256.
    Islind, Anna Sigridur
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Norström, Livia
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Vallo Hult, Helena
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    From Digital Fight to Digital Pride in Public Sector: Redefining Professionals' Roles and Work in Public Sector2016In: SIG USE 2016 16th Annual Research Symposium at ASIST 2016: Information Behavior in Workplaces, October 15, Copenhagen, Denmark.: Information Needs Seeking and Use (USE), 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The digitalization in the public sector poses challenges for the professionals that have previously not been using digital tools as a part of their everyday practice. Building on three qualitative research projects this study shed light on contradictions and tussles, as well as possibilities related to professionalism in the public sector. The three cases involve different professionals: cancer rehabilitation nurses, municipality communicators, and resident physicians. The paper aims to gain a better understanding of the impact of digitalization efforts on everyday work practices, and the emerging opportunities and challenges of using digital artifacts as a part of professional work. Our findings show how the transition toward digital work practices is pushing the professional boundaries of rooted professionalism in the public sector. The meaning of work and what it means to be a professional profoundly changes. The process of tuning professionalism in the public sector is not straight forward.

  • 257.
    Jadidi, Khosro
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Is the market leading ratings, or ratings leading the market?: A case study of the four largest Swedish banks' default probabilities' relationship with their respective ratings2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work aims at finding out whether a bank's default probability measures are capable of predicting its ratings, and vice versa. It also attempts at finding the most useful combination of independent variables for a predictive regression. I analyze the data regarding ratings, distance to default and Z5 scores for the four largest Swedish banks (Handelsbanken, Nordea, SEB, Swedbank), and utilize multiple linear, ordinal and nominal logit regressions in order to reach my findings. I conclude that default probability measures can be reasonably good variables for predicting these four bank's long term ratings. The same can't be said about the short term ratings. The ratings however, fail to be good predictors of default probability measures.

    Also, it has been discovered that a combination of distance to default, Z5, and distance to default interacting with Z5, is the most effective combination of independent variables for predicting the ratings. The fact that ratings weren't capable of predicting default probability measures too well, suggests that the effect of market on ratings is greater than the opposite. In other words, market leads the ratings.

  • 258.
    Jakobsson, Madeleine
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Nässlander, Johanna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Reporäntans effekt på hushållens sparande i Sverige2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis studies how variations in the repo rate affects the saving rate of Swedish households and in different ages between 1996 and 2016. The central bank of Sweden is the controlling unit of the range for the repo rate. The repo rate affects the inflation as well as the loans and other variables for Swedish households. The time series data used in this thesis are quarterly. Independent values for the variables of the repo rate, inflation, disposable income and saving in relation to age for four different age groups is used. This thesis has developed data that are processed for unit roots and cointegration to estimate the effect on financial savings by using the regression model called "Error Correction Model". The economic model has an explanation power of about 50 % on financial savings in Sweden. This indicates that financial savings can be explained by other variables, such as consumption and psychological effects. With help of previous research, we have concluded that the life cycle hypothesis is the dominant theory when it comes to saving. The conclusions of this study show that the repo rate, as well as the other independent variables such as inflation and disposable income, have an effect on household savings.

  • 259.
    Jammal Aldin, Ali Aldin
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Said Mohamed Solieman, Abdel-Hakem
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Representation of Saudi Arabia and Iran in US newspapers: A comparative study2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a bachelor thesis on the representation of Saudi Arabia and Iran in The New York Times and Chicago Tribune. The research looks for frames articles in terms of security, economy and identity in relation to these two countries. The analytical framework is based on social constructivism which is used to understand the frames in relation to Alexander Wendt’s cultures of anarchy which in turn speaks of the relationship between states in combination with Agenda-setting theory and Framing theory. These theories are used to describe the frames in terms of friendliness and hostility, Hobbesian being the enemy, Lockean being the rival, and Kantian being the friend. The study showed that between the years of 2002 and 2015, Iran was mostly framed as a Hobbesian enemy while Saudi Arabia was mostly framed as a Kantian friend.

  • 260.
    Jartoft, Emy
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The governmentality of Australia and New Zealand and the effects on UNDRIP: A critical analysis of the conceptual logics that lodge within problem representation of Indigenous policy2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was to describe what the specific style of governmentality of Indigenous people through policy in Australia respectively New Zealand are by critically analyze the conceptual logics rooted in the process of governing Indigenous people through education and labor policy with the use of a post-structuralist and postcolonial theoretical grounding, and to describe what effects the specific style of governmentality has on the requirements of UNDRIP. Especially, to see if the governmentality of Indigenous people in Australia respectively New Zealand entails colonial logics and, if so, if there is any patterns of what the effects of that are on the requirements of UNDRIP.

    The research was conducted with a comparative qualitative small N-study design. The data selection was conducted with a purposively approach also involving sampling with the generic purposively sampling approach. The method used in this research for analyzing the data is discourse analysis were the selected methodological instrument is the WPR approach.

    The findings reveal that Australia respectively New Zealand have similar style of governmentality of Indigenous people with similar contradictory effects on the requirements of UNDRIP. Specifically, both Australia and New Zealand have a colonial governmentality, thus, colonial logic lodging within the governmentality of Indigenous people through policy with sever implications for the Indigenous people, as the analysis reveal that the effects of the specific style of colonial governmentality of Indigenous people through policy generates contradictions on the requirements of UNDRIP.

  • 261.
    Jeminovic, Zulijana
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Ejupovic, Maida
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    How Muslim women are represented in Swedish textbooks: A comparative study of religion textbooks between 1970s and the 2000s2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on a comparative qualitative analysis of religion textbooks in elementary schools. The aim is to investigate how Muslim women have been represented in religion textbooks used as educational material in Swedish schools, between the 1970s and the 2000s. This study rests on the social constructivist theory which implies that reality is what we make it. In order to do a comparative qualitative analysis, three deductive stereotypes have been applied: the

    oppressed, the submissive and the uneducated. However, an additional, inductive stereotype was identified during the analysis of the material: the independent. The text analysis showed that Muslim women were mostly represented as oppressed and submissive, having no right to their own opinions, lives or bodies and simply needing to be covered to get accepted by the Muslim society. However, it was also possible to conclude that similar representations of Muslim women could be found in textbooks from the 1970s and 2000s.

  • 262.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Performing Independence. The Apolitical Image of Polish Think Tanks2018In: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 70, no 3, p. 345-364Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Think tanksnon-governmental policy institutes engaged in both research and advocacyoccupy a position at the intersection of different societal fields. This interstitial position determines how they operate and what language they use. Their claim to expertise hinges upon their successful presentation as independent actors. In this endeavour, an apolitical image is crucial. This article studies the role of language in legitimising the position of think tanks. How do think tanks negotiate their apolitical image? What organisational and historical reasons sustain their claim to be apolitical? These questions will be addressed here, through original empirical material based on semi-structured interviews with Polish think tank leaders.

  • 263.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    With Habermas against Habermas: Deliberation without Consensus2019In: Journal of Public Deliberation, ISSN 1937-2841, Vol. 15, no 1, article id 13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Habermas's conception of deliberative democracy combines two concepts—deliberation and consensus—which, I argue, draw his theory in two opposite directions. While deliberation and the focus on communication can be read as a predominantly open element of his theory, consensus stands for closure. The process of deliberation contrasts Habermas's normative aim of deliberation, i.e., consensus. In other words, a realized consensus (in the strong, monologic formulation that Habermas favors) would put an end to the idea of continuous public justification of validity claims, i.e., deliberation. The article argues that in order to fully use the potential of deliberation in politics, we should leave behind the notion of consensus through deliberation. Instead, understanding should be the telos of deliberation, and voting after deliberation is put forth as the optimal institutional design for decision-making settings.

  • 264.
    Jezierska, Katarzyna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Towns, Ann
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Taming feminism?: The place of gender equality in the "Progressive Sweden" brand2018In: Place Branding and Public Diplomacy, ISSN 1751-8040, E-ISSN 1751-8059, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 55-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As prior work on nation branding in Japan, Canada and Iceland has shown, gender can be an important component in nation branding. This article looks at the evolution of the idea of gender equality as a “Swedish” trait, from the initial incorporation of gender equality in Swedish state identity in the 1990s to contemporary nation branding. Based on standard discourse analysis of branding documents, branding websites and social media presence administered by the public diplomacy agency, the Swedish Institute, we show that gender equality remains a central pillar in the “Progressive Sweden” brand. In contrast with other national brands, “Progressive Sweden” is devoid of the more androcentric narratives and sexually objectifying representations of women. However, the “Progressive Sweden” narrative sports its own peculiarities, as it presents a liberal dreamscape that slides between utopian ideals and generalizations about “Sweden” as a unified actor whose population shares behaviors and goals. Discord and political struggle are written out of this narrative. Despite its rhetorical centrality in Swedish foreign policy, feminism thus disappears from view in the “Progressive Sweden” brand. The article ends with some considerations for the future of Swedish nation branding.

  • 265.
    Johansson, Anna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Berg Ivarsson, Angelica
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media’s Framing of Same-Sex Couple Adoption in Sweden between 1978- 20032018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After many years of discussion, in 2003 it became legal for homosexuals to adopt children in Sweden. This bachelor thesis investigates how the framing of same-sex couple adoption has changed in the Swedish daily newspaper Dagens Nyheter between the years 1978 and 2003. Focusing on the years preceding legalization of homosexual adoption helps us capture the discursive shifts before legalization was thinkable. Thus, ours is a longitudinal single case study, with the studied period divided in 5 intervals. We apply qualitative content analysis and framing theory in order to capture the underlying meanings of the articles. Our analytical framework, deduced from earlier research, consists of three frames: “love”, “rights” and “family norms”. The articles for analysis were selected with a strategy following randomization. During our intervals, the framing of the articles was both positive and negative towards samesex couple adoption. A recurring theme in our corpus concerns whether allowing homosexual couples to adopt would harm the child, even though no research mentions that it would. One of our conclusions is that apart from the three frames from previous literature, we should also distinguish an alternative frame concerning “the best of the child”. The most notable change during the studied years was that in the last interval an increased number of articles were published on the topic of same sex-couple adoption and the most common frame over the whole period was “rights”. Within rights a religious standpoint was also noted. The second most mentioned frame was “family norms” discussing breaking of the traditional family constellation. Our third frame - “love” - was not mentioned even once in our material.

  • 266.
    Johansson, Casper
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Mattsson, Andreas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    De svenska hushållens skuldsättning: En ekonometrisk studie kring dess påverkande faktorer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The sharp increase in household debt has lead to a major increase in research done in the subject. We will in this essay analyse how Swedish households indebt themselves and investigate to which degree our explanatory variables affect the total indebtedness in Sweden.

    We will perform a time series analysis of each variable and use a simple multiple regression model to help us interpret which factors are significant in explaining Swedish households indebtedness. The study is based on quarterly data from 2002–2017, which is applied through an econometric model. Our depent variable, the debt ratio, is the ratio between a household's total debt and their disposable income. The explanatory variables used are; the reporate, unemployment, inflation rate, changes in GDP and housing prices in form of a housing price index.

    The results indicate that there is a connection between the debt ratio and the explanatory variables unemployment, changes in GDP and housing price index. This most likely depends on the fact that housing prices have a high explanatory power to household indebtedness.

  • 267.
    Johansson, Daniel
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Redovisning av intellektuellt kapital inom IT-branschen: En studie av årsredovisningar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is the leading country in EU, when it talks about the Organization's disclosure of intellectual capital. Our increasingly knowledge-based economy, means that it is becoming more important for organizations to disclose information. This information is no longer of a purely financial nature, instead the companies stakeholders requires a deeper insight into their entire operations. This has become necessary, in order for stakeholders to be able to discover and understand all of the hidden assets, which today's knowledge-intensive companies have in their possession.

    This study aims to investigate how the disclosure of intellectual capital has changed for companies in the IT sector, over the period 2008-2012. In addition to this, the study also examines the intellectual capital subcategories. The study is also looking at possible correlations between profitability and the accounted amount of intellectual capital.

    The results in this study consists of the intellectual capital that gathered from ten companies in the IT sector. This material was collected through a content analysis, where the qualitative concepts in the form of search words was calculated. These search words were then categorised into the subcategories human capital, structural capital and relational capital, which defines the intellectual capital in this study.

    In this study, we can see that the intellectual capital began to rise in 2009, until it began to decrease after 2010. At the end of the investigation period, this study found that the intellectual capital was almost back at the same amount of search words, that this study find at the beginning of the period. One explanation for this is that the stakeholder's need of information had been met and that the stakeholders didn't need all of information that they were given in 2009. It may also be noted that human capital is the largest category. One explanation for this is that the examined organisations thinks that their employees are their most important assets. It may also be noted that this study didn't found a strong correlation between profitability and intellectual capital, which may be due to that profitability doesn't have a crucial importance for the intellectual capital

  • 268.
    Johansson, Emely
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Segle, Jacqueline
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Hur påverkas de svenska storbankernas vinster, under reglering av Basel II?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade, there have been several financial crisis and it has shown that banks don´t hold enough capital for the risk their taking. The Basel committee are working on recommendations for banks and how much capital they need to hold. The purpose of Basel recommendations are that banks are going to hold capital for future risks. The Basel committee has released a new regulation, Basel III that is implemented until 2019. This is because the former regulation, Basel II, was not safe enough, which the financial crisis in 2007 proofs. Higher regulations are associated with higher costs and this means lower profit for the banks. By using variables that affects profit, and dummy variables that measures the profit before and during Basel II, we can make a regression analysis. To do the final OLS regression we made a Dickey Fuller tests to test the variables for unit roots.

    This study examine the impact of an increase in capital requirement, as indicated by Basel II, on the profitability of Swedish banks for the period 1998 to 2009. We use the OLS regression model to assess the impact of an increase of Capital requirement and other control variables on Swedish bank profitability (ROA). The results of this report show that the Basel II didn't had any effect on the Swedish banks profitability.

  • 269.
    Johansson, Johan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Köster, Amanda
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Environmental Lobbying Practices in the Gothenburg Region: A thesis about three companies owned by Gothenburg city and how they justify their environmental lobbying towards the European Union2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis will describe and analyse how three local companies, that are all subsidiaries to the municipality in Gothenburg City, justify their work with environmental lobbying towards the European Union. These three companies are: Johanneberg Science Park, Gothenburg Energy and Business Region Gothenburg. This thesis will apply Rational Choice Institutionalism and Logic of Appropriateness in order to find how these companies justify their work with environmental lobbyism towards the EU. The thesis will analyse data gathered through expert interviews with strategically selected employees from these companies who have many years of expertise in their respective area. In addition to the interviews, reports from the projects they have participated in, as well as annual reports and documents will be analysed by doing a content analysis. The findings of this thesis are that these companies seem to justify their participation and lobbying practices in line with the two theories. However, the companies seem to justify the participation in line with Rational Choice Institutionalism more often than in line with the Logic of Appropriateness. On the other hand, the analysis show that what seem to be rational according to the companies do not have to rule out that it can be appropriate at the same time.

  • 270.
    Johansson, Johan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Larsson, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Immigration and the economy: A study of the costs and benefits of immigration2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the relationship between immigration and GDP/capita in Sweden for the period 1993-2015. This period is chosen because of limitations of data and to include the recent refugee flows in Sweden. The analysis is based on a decomposition framework of GDP/capita. This study contains two empirical investigations; First, an analysis of the contributions of foreign citizens to the Swedish GDP/capita derived from the participation rate. Second, an analysis of which underlying factor(s) of GDP/capita that had an effect from immigration. The result states that an increase in the participation rate for foreign citizens will help to increase the growth of Sweden’s GDP/capita. The result further suggests that there exists no direct effect from immigration on Sweden’s GDP/capita. It also shows that the overall participation rate has a negative correlation with immigration, but no significance when investigation the participation rate with other explanatory factors from GDP/capita. The conclusion must therefore be that any negative effect that immigration has on the participation rate will be weakened or canceled out from possible positive effects in the output-capital ratio, capital intensity rate or the employment rate.

  • 271.
    Johansson, Lise-Lotte
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Den privata skuldsättningen i Sverige: Utveckling och möjliga orsaker2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates determinants of the Swedish household debt for the period 2000 to 2016. It used two regression analysis to identify the most important variables, one with the dependent variable debt ratio and one with loans in SEK. The results suggest that the debt ratio depend on cash on the market and to cash on the market in relation to M1. The loans in SEK depended on the short rate (one year), disposable income and house price index.

  • 272.
    Johansson, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Zarpan, Hooda
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    The Sweden Democrats: An analysis of the ideology of a radical right-wing populist party over time2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses the ideology of the Radical right-wing Populist Party, Sweden Democrats. The aim of the study is to see if and how the ideology of the Sweden Democrats has changed through its years of activity, by comparing the party in three periods. The focus in the analysis is put on the party's view on the Swedish national identity and on multiculturalism. The reason for analyzing the party's view on these two concepts is due to the fact that they can be seen as corner stones in a racist ideology. An explanation of the concepts will be presented in the theory chapter, which is later used in the analysis of the party. The study shows that the ideology of the Sweden Democrats has changed very little throughout its years of activity in terms of their view on the national identity and the multicultural idea. This as a result has led to a similar amount of change in the arguments that can be seen as racist, by the party.

  • 273.
    Johansson, Mikaela
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Modin, Sandra
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Den svenska ungdomsarbetslösheten: Vad får en höjd pensionsålder för effekt?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The high rate of youth unemployment is a problem in Sweden. At the same time the Swedish government plans to delay the retirement age to maintain the welfare in Sweden. It is commonly accepted that older employed should make way for the younger in the labor market by retiring, but can the youth unemployment be decreased by increased retirements? Through an ADL-regression the study investigates the relation between the older employed over 65 years, immigration, GDP and inflation against the youth unemployment. The study covers a period between the years 2001-2013. The results of the study show no significant relation between the older employed and the youth unemployment. Neither does the immigration contribute to an increase in youth unemployment. What actually affect the unemployment of the young in the short run are the inflation rate and the growth in GDP which both has a negative relationship with the youth unemployment. An increase in inflation rate or GDP will decrease the youth unemployment. The study cannot support the commonly held belief that the youth unemployment can be decreased by retirements. The old generation on the labor market that has reached the retirement age does not affect the youth‟s opportunities to find a job and therefor does not contribute to increased youth unemployment

  • 274.
    Johansson, Oscar
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Truth or Tool?: Politicization of national museums2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses how the level of politicization and professionalism of the Museum of Ethnography, the Museum of Mediterranean and Near Eastern Antiquities, the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities and the Museums of World Cultures has changed since 1969. It does so by applying theory of politicization, meritocracy and professionalism. The research questions asked are (1) has there been a change in the level of politicized recruitment and type of meritocratic recruitment of director generals to museums? (2) has there been a change in the level of politicized instructions in the steering documents of museums? The thesis is a comparative single-case study that uses both a quantitative analysis and a qualitative analysis. The thesis shows that the recruitment of director generals has not been politicized, and that organizational professionalism has become more common. The only politicized instructions found were in letters of appropriation from 2003 to 2008 as well as in 2012 and 2016.

  • 275.
    Johansson, Simon
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Sadrija, Florentina
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Utvecklingen av fastighetspriser på den svenska bostadsmarknaden.: Faktorer som påverkar prisutvecklingen.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish housing market has in the recent years been debated since the price development has been tremendous. Conditions of low interest rate and rising disposable income is something that sets off the market and the consumers in particular. This study uses cointegration techniques and error correction models to analyze the long and the short run determinants of the Swedish housing prices for the period of 1997 to 2017. The choice of the period is based on a more variable price trend but also because the period above provides reliable data for the different variables. According to previous studies the market situation is based on supply and demand. With that in mind the general equilibrium model is used which fits in well with the objective, because the theories analyses what it is that affects the prices on real estate. To further prove the results of the work, statistics have been developed and analysed. The variables chosen have been based on the theory of the general equilibrium model and have been tested using various statistical economic programs (Eviews, SPSS). In order to use the data it has been tested for stationary which means the data is correct and useful. Further on the data has been tested for cointegration through a model called Engle-Granger, which shows if the variables are cointegrated, or not. Finally an ECM model is applied with the purpose to clarify a short-term relationship. In conclusion the results show that the tremendous movements in real estate prices mainly depends on rate, financial assets and disposable income

  • 276.
    Johansson Zanjanchi, Carolina
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Wirtberg, William
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Amorteringskravet och bostadspriserna: En studie om prisförändringen på bostadsrätter under perioden då amorteringskravet infördes2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the price change on housing during the introduction of the amortization requirement. The essay is limited to condominiums in Gothenburg.

    The Riksbank has in recent years discussed that measures need to be taken to prevent the Swedish housing market from being overheated. One of these measures is the introduction of the 2016 Amortization Claim. It was then legislated that the consumer is forced to amortize a certain percentage per year of his home loan. The amortization requirement was introduced to dampen household debt and block the way towards a potentially overheated market. It is therefore now interesting to examine what the effect of the amortization requirement had on the market.

    The study examines the effect of the requirement using an equilibrium model and a multiple regression with relevant data as a basis. This in the form of several explanatory variables and the amortization requirement as a dummy variable.

    The overall conclusion of the study states that housing prices will continue to increase during the imposition of the amortization requirement, both as a consequence of the introduction as well as a consequence of the impact of other factors.

  • 277.
    Jordahl, Maja
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Alfredsson, Malin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Radical Right-wing Populist-parties in Media: A comparative discourse analysis of media's representation of the Sweden Democrats and the Progress Party2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to identify and analyse how Radical Right-wing Populist (RRP) parties are represented in news media. A comparative discourse analysis of representations of the Progress Party and the Sweden Democrats in news articles and editorials is therefore carried out. Only a small amount of previous research on media’s attention to RRP-parties has looked at the representation of them in media, hence there is a gap within this research field. A comparison between these two parties is interesting in the sense that even if they are both RRP-parties there are many differences between them. At the same time they exist within similar media systems. A qualitative discourse analysis is carried out with the help of specific value questions from an analytical framework. The result of the analysis shows that there are many differences in representation of the two parties, but also some similarities. The differences might depend on the parties being different in level of establishment, ideology and history. However, the similarities found are that both parties tend to be represented as an outsider in the political arena. Both parties are often represented as an underdog trying to take place in the political game

  • 278.
    Joy Phiri Mwila, Taonga
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Trade and Economic Growth: The Zambia-China case2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the determinants of Zambia’s volume of trade during the period 1997-2012. Specifically we use the gravity model of international trade to panel data for Zambian exports to ten of the country’s major trading partners during the named period and include a dummy variable to single out the effect of China on Zambian exports. The results show that despite the different economic sizes and the distance between the two countries, the effect of exporting to China is a positive one for Zambia and this, in turn, is beneficial to the country’s economic growth. The results of the regression also suggest that despite distance being significant in trade choice it is proven not to be the complete determinant.

  • 279.
    Jung, Isabell
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Behavioural Economics and its Application in Marketing2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Behavioural economics is a discipline combining psychology and economics to understand human behaviour. This discipline found its way into several other areas to better understand this behaviour and have bigger influences on it. For marketing, this behaviour is translated to consumers that make purchase decisions. There are principles of behavioural economics such as heuristics and biases, the prospect theory or choice architecture that have impact on how consumers decide. Consumers go through a decision-making process that marketers can influence with their actions. Especially at the stage where consumers evaluate their alternatives and make the final choice, behavioural economics can have an influence. There are several attempts in marketing to integrate behavioural economics. But these are on a rather theoretical perspective. That is why this paper investigates how companies apply certain principles of behavioural economics in practice. This is done by a thematic analysis of five case studies that were provided by a German marketing consultancy and the British Institute of Practitioners in Advertising. It could be identified that the main aspect of behavioural economics that the companies focus on is that people think in comparisons and not in absolute terms. Therefore, framing seemed the most useful principle the message in a different way that makes it easier for consumers to compare it to competitors or their old behaviour. From the case studies, it could be said that the way these companies applied behavioural economics seems to be effective because all of them outperformed their set goals for the campaigns. This supports the main findings of the previous research that companies could profit from applying behavioural economics and that this enriches the existent theory in a way that could change marketing communications. The finding of a concrete model that could be applied and which principles exactly influence the consumer in which way leaves space for further research.

  • 280.
    Junros, Joanna
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Mandebvu, Tonderai
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media representation of honor crimes in Sweden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to analyze the representation of honor crimes in Swedish media. The thesis is based upon an examination of two Swedish national newspapers to understand and identify if this representation is in stereotypical or non-stereotypical direction. The selected newspapers that has been used are Aftonbladet and Expressen, and the focus is on articles reported from the year 2002 up to 2019. The study is a single case descriptive study and qualitative content analysis has been conducted. Carol Bacchi's theory of "What's the problem represented to be?" was considered to be the most appropriate theory to this study. But in order to be able to investigate the research question we have applied the theory of media representation together with a theory of stereotypes. By combining these theories we have been able to answer our research questions of: "what’s the problem with respect to honor crimes represented to be, what’s the probable cause of the problem represented to be, and what is the proposed solution to the problem represented to be.”

    The analysis has shown that in describing crimes related to honor culture in two selected newspapers, the way they portray crimes as a global gender-based issue indicates the characteristics of domestic violence in a non-stereotypical representation. And regarding stereotypical representation both were emphasizing honor related crimes to people from other countries. The analysis of causes of the problem from a stereotypical perspective describes that some factors such as culture, religion, ethnic background and Islamic patriarchy are the main causes of committing honor crimes. And from a non-stereotypical perspective the lack of research about the perpetrators of honor crimes as well as the economic powerlessness of women are presented as causes of committing honor crimes. Regarding stereotypical representation both were emphasizing honor related crimes in associating with immigrant people and from a policy point of view both advocates a policy solution based on the idea of stricter punishments.

  • 281.
    Kabuthi, Zipporah Wanjiku
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Environmental Factors of Effective Schools in the Swedish Education Policies: A comparative case study on the incorporation of these environmental factors in Uddevalla municipality, Sweden.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study was to compare how the environmental factors associated with effective schools are incorporated in the Swedish national education policies and in the education policies of Uddevalla Municipality, Sweden. These environmental factors refer to the reciprocal relation of the characteristics that are essential to effective schools.

    The study sought to fulfil the following objectives; to identify the presence of these environmental factors in the Swedish national education policies and compare to their presence in the education policies in Uddevalla municipality.

    The study was guided by the System Theory of organizations. The study adopted qualitative comparative case study design. Interview was used to gather information from representative of the education sector in Uddevalla municipality while formal government institutions documents were used to gather information on the education policies.

    The findings of the study revealed that not all the environmental factors associated with effective schools were present in both the Swedish national education policies and the education policies in Uddevalla municipality.

    The study concluded that some the environmental factors associated with effective schools had been incorporated in the Swedish national education policies and in the education policies in Uddevalla while some were missing. The study recommended that policy makers should incorporate the missing environmental factors in the Swedish national policies and in the education policies of Uddevalla municipality. Further research may be done on educational policy making and the implementation of these environmental factors on the schools' level.

  • 282.
    Kadhim, Shler
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Brüls, Maxim
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Estimation of Trade Substitution Elasticities for Swedish Manufacturing Sectors: Armington elasticities at the two-digit ISIC Rev.3 level2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we estimate Armington elasticities for Swedish manufacturing sectors at the two-digit level of the International Standard Industrial Classification system (ISIC). These elasticities represent the sensitivity of Swedish consumption to relative price changes between imports and domestically produced products. We rework and refine the methodology taken from previous literature to create regression equations that keep intact the mathematical relationship inherent in substitution elasticities. Subsequently, data was taken from Eurostat and the OECD. This data was transformed into time series that correspond to the variables in the regression equations. The time series were tested for integration and cointegration. Out of fourteen manufacturing sectors for which data was available, we recommend five elasticity estimates for further use.

  • 283.
    Karim, Varsin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A comparative study of the Sweden Democrats: Ideological differences between the national and local level?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Are there differences in the Sweden Democrats formal ideology on the national and local level? This study finds, by using a comparative mixed method approach, that there are differences, most notably in regard to ethno nationalism. Where only 0.9% of ethno nationalism was found on the national level, the local level has 45% of ethno nationalism. By comparing official documents (municipal budgets, principal program and party manifesto) from the national and local level, in regards to three kinds of nationalism (civic, cultural and ethno) the author have been able to discern differences in the two levels. This study has implications for the understanding of the party's ideology. The results raises questions about its top-down structure, and ideological cohesion.

  • 284.
    Karimi, Nelika
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Is Eurocentrism represented in Swedish textbooks?: A case study on whether and how Eurocentrism is represented in Swedish high school textbooks2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this case study is to answer whether Eurocentrism is represented in Swedish high school textbooks today, and if so how does it manifest itself? This qualitative study will use three social study textbooks published 2010, 2011 and 2013 respectively to decide whether Swedish social study textbooks include Eurocentric representations. Previous Swedish scholars have mainly focused on Eurocentric representations in history books, whereas the latest examined history books investigated where published in the 1990's and the study was published in 2000 (Palmgren 2000). Much has happened in the political sphere since 2000, one of the major events being the terror attack on the World Trade Centre in 2001 which has significantly altered the world's view on non-Westerners – primarily Middle Easterners. This change in the political and media's sphere has been inevitable not least in Sweden and is a motivation for updating this field. Social study textbooks in particular focus greatly on different political views, societies and polities which is also why Eurocentrism can manifest itself in social study textbooks. This thesis will thus use postcolonial perspective, as it argues against Eurocentric framework of understanding, to describe and discuss the discourse of Eurocentric representation. Four dimensions of this discourse will form an analytical framework that will guide the analysis towards answering whether and how Eurocentrism is represented in Swedish textbooks. The analysis will show that Swedish textbooks do in various ways represent Eurocentrism, although to different extents

  • 285.
    Karlsson, Axel
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A thousand words: A visual semiotic analysis of visual communication by parties in Swedish elections2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following thesis is a visual semiotic analysis of posters used by Swedish political parties during the election campaigns of two elections to the Swedish Riksdag, 1979 and 2014. Semiotic theories and concepts are utilized in order to explore if and how the usage of images in these posters has changed between 1979 and 2014. The parties were found to have more heavily emphasized clarity in communication in 2014 than in 1979 through a heavier use of photographic images. Further, the parties were found to subvert or downplay elements of their own images in 2014, while no such attempts were made in 1979.

  • 286.
    Karlsson, Axel
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    A thousand words: A visual semiotic analysis of visual communication by parties in Swedish elections2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following thesis is a visual semiotic analysis of posters used by Swedish political parties during the election campaigns of two elections to the Swedish Riksdag, 1979 and 2014. Semiotic theories and concepts are utilized in order to explore if and how the usage of images in these posters has changed between 1979 and 2014. The parties were found to have more heavily emphasized clarity in communication in 2014 than in 1979 through a heavier use of photographic images. Further, the parties were found to subvert or downplay elements of their own images in 2014, while no such attempts were made in 1979.

  • 287.
    Karlsson, Axel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Kores, Alexander
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Forging a narrative: Political narratives in Swedish parties2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The following thesis is an analysis of the self-narratives of the parties in the Swedish Riksdag and how these are used to construct the identities of the parties. For this purpose, we studied narrative theory and theories about identity in order to build a framework which would allow us to investigate the narratives of these parties. To identify the core narratives of the parties, we chose to focus on their respective party programs. Based on the results of our quantitative investigation, we chose four parties (Socialdemokraterna, Liberalerna, Miljöpartiet, and Sverigedemokraterna) to study in a more in-depth manner. Having selected these four parties, we utilized theories about narrative and identity in order to identify the constituent parts of the various parties' narratives contained in their party programs. The parties were found to adhere to our theoretical assumptions about how parties ought to construct narratives, albeit in different ways from party to party.

  • 288.
    Karlsson, Caroline
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Le, Sara
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Media framing of symbolic power: a comparative study of heads of states in the United Kingdom and India2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to analyze and compare how two heads of states, the Queen of the United Kingdom and the President of India, are framed by the media. Two most similar cases where the heads of states are both symbolic, but differ in how they gain their positions, have been chosen. The research question is therefore to find out if the media frame these two figures in the same way. Using the ontology of social constructivism and theory of media framing to achieve a qualitative analysis. Two frames, authority and periphery, are used to compare these two cases in three concepts; political life, personal attributes and institution.

    The result shows that the Queen and the President are framed differently in two concepts; political life and institution. The President is framed as more of an authority politically while the Queen is more in the periphery politically and vice versa in the concept of institution. They are both framed as authorities in their personal descriptions by the media.

  • 289.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Book Review of “Entrepreneurship and Regional Economic Development. A Spatial Per­spective” 2005In: Journal of evolutionary economics, ISSN 0936-9937, E-ISSN 1432-1386, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 470-472Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 290.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Book Review of Simon C. Parker, The Economics of Entrepreneurship2011In: International Small Business Journal, ISSN 0266-2426, E-ISSN 1741-2870, ISSN 0266-2426, Vol. 29, p. 295-298Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 291.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Book Review of “The Learning Region. Foundations, State of the Art, Future” 2008In: Journal of regional science, ISSN 0022-4146, E-ISSN 1467-9787, ISSN ISSN 0022-4146, Vol. 48, p. 1034-1036Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 292.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Clusters, Networks and Creativity2011In: Handbook of Creative Cities / [ed] David Emanuel Andersson, Åke E. Andersson, Charlotta Mellander, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2011, p. 81-116Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 293.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Entrepreneurship and Entrepreneurship Policies.: National and Local Perspectives2010In: En­tre­preneurship Today / [ed] Dossena, G, Milano: McGraw-Hill, 2010, p. 41-46Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 294.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Entrepreneurship, social capital, governance and regional economic development: An introduction2012In: Entrepreneurship, Social Capital And Governance: Directions for the Sustainable Development and Competitiveness of Regions / [ed] Charlie Karlsson, Börje Johansson, Roger R Stough, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, 1, p. 1-26Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 295.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Handbook of Research on Cluster Theory2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 296.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Handbook of Research on Innovations and Clusters: Cases and Policies2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 297.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    ICT, Functional Urban Regions, and the New Economic Geography2004In: Engineering Economics, ISSN 1392-2785, E-ISSN 2029-5839, Vol. 40, no 14, p. 57-68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid developments in information and communication technologies (ICT) and the increased use of ICT motivate the vision of an evolving digital economy. During the last decade this evolving digital economy has been the pre-eminent driver of structural change and economic growth at both the national and the regional level in the developed, industrialised economies. The reason is, of course, that ICT functions as a new generic technology, which impacts society both broadly and deeply. ICT has, in essence, destabilised the near equilibrium conditions of an earlier time and contributed to conditions of greater disequilibrium. Thus, one major implication of ICT is that it has created prime conditions for entrepreneurial discovery and action. This implies that there are strong motives to study various aspects of the digital economy, since ICT continues to penetrate the developed economies also after the burst of the ICT stimulated stock market bubble. In this paper we analyse one aspect of the digital economy, namely its effect of the system of functional urban regions. The motivation for this focus is that ICT offers new tools to organise information and enables major reductions in geographical transaction costs, the full implications of which is not yet well understood.

  • 298.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Introduction2008In: Handbook of Research on Cluster Theory / [ed] Karlsson, C., Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2008, p. 1-19Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 299.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Andersson, Martin
    Jönköping International Business School.
    Entrepreneurship Policies: Principles, Problems and Opportunities2009In: Public Policies for Fostering Entrepreneurship: A European Per­spective / [ed] Leitão, J.& R. Baptista, Berlin: Springer, 2009, p. 111-131Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 300.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Andersson, Martin
    Jönköping University, Dept of Economics.
    Knowledge in Regional Economic Growth - The Role of Knowledge Accessibility2007In: Industry and Innovation, ISSN 1366-2716, E-ISSN 1469-8390, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 129-149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the role of knowledge in regional economic growth by focusing on knowledge accessibility. The research question is the following: can the variation in knowledge accessibility between regions in a given period explain the variation in growth performance of regions in subsequent periods? A main assumption in the paper is that knowledge accessibility transforms into potential knowledge flows. Our results show that differences in growth of value‐added per employee across regions can be explained by differences in knowledge accessibility. Intra‐municipal and intra‐regional knowledge accessibilities are significant and capable of explaining a significant share of the variation in growth of value‐added per employee between Swedish municipalities. However, inter‐regional knowledge accessibility turned out to be insignificant. This is interpreted as a clear indication of spatial dependence in the sense that the knowledge resources in a given municipality tend to have a positive effect on the growth of other municipalities, conditional on that the municipalities belong to the same functional region. Thus, the results of the analysis indicate that knowledge flows transcend municipal borders, but that they tend to be bound within functional regions.

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