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  • 251.
    Norström, Livia
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Bernhard, Iréne
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Assmo, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics.
    Transgressions and Transformations at Work: Towards a Social Media Practice among Swedish Municipality Communicators2017In: Transitions, Transformations and Transgressions in Work and Learning & Work and Learning Research: Book of Abstracts, Grahamstown: Rhodes University , 2017, p. 81-, article id ID071Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses how communicators at the municipality, in their work, negotiate the tension between a traditional role of an 'informative administrator' and a 'promoting, engaging social media profile'. The work is learned by carefully transgressing municipality social media and IT policy and by transforming social media practice from private and commercial use of Facebook, towards a new practice founded in democratic values.

    Social media has become an important strategy for municipalities to disclose a massive amount of information with relatively low cost and to create engagement with citizens. However, fostering participation and citizen engagement on social media platforms is still a great challenge for municipality administration as well as for research. Despite a widespread diffusion of platforms such as Facebook in municipalities, interaction level is relatively low compared to private organisations. We know from previous research that citizens' engagement with municipalities on Facebook is related to the municipalities' tradition of openness and transparency and their local administration style. Municipalities with a tradition of transparency are to a greater extent using features in Facebook that enable citizen engagement.Hence the organisational context where the engagement takes place is a crucial factor.However, what is often forgotten when trying to understand how engagement emerges on municipality social media platforms is the intentions of the platform providers and the emerging social logic of the platforms in use. A digital platform such as Facebook cannot be regarded as one overall technology choice, but as a platform provider that promotes services and tools along with a considerable amount of conditions and regulations. As social platforms are being adopted and matured, the huge amount of data concerning user behaviour and interaction patterns has changed from being side business to core business for the platform providers. This is applied,for instance, in the possibility to harvest and sell data. Overtime, the logic of such platforms has become more advanced and its ability to shape and transform the communication patterns has grown stronger and become critical. So, what implications do such a platform logic have on municipality administrations' use of Facebook? A content analysis of online interaction on four municipalities' Facebook pages during a period of two years was conducted. Approximately 6000 posts and comments were categorised by content, media type and tone. Engagement such as likes, shares and comments were then measured for the different categories.Empirical findings indicate that municipality communicators have problems both to reach out with information and to create engagement on Facebook. It is important for the communicators to be politically neutral, correct and speak with the voice of the whole municipality (i.e. not too personal). This way of being, however, does not work so well on Facebook.They report having gradually adjusted their work (content, tone, media type and timing) to what is spreadable, sharable and commentable according to a Facebook logic. The communicators say they feel forced to post pictures of blossomtrees and check-ins from the lunch restaurant in order to get likes and shares. They know that if they don't do this they will lose citizens' attention and they will not reach out with more important posts. They are aware that posts that are interesting to see and read are not sufficient; posts also need to trigger people to like, share and comment. The socialmedia work needs to be designed in accordance with a unique Facebook platform logic.

    This paper aims to contribute to the body of knowledge on IT and learning at work with a special focus on new competence in the public sector. It also extends an existing framework of e-government transparency and citizen engagement by taking into account the role of Facebook as a platform with highly structured strategies for how to foster a special kind of sociality and engagement. The practical contribution implies new knowledge for staff and management in the public sector to develop competence to manage transparency and engagement through social media.

  • 252.
    Nortwig, Anne-Mette
    et al.
    University Collage Sjælland, Denmark.
    Christiansen, Rene.B.
    University Collage Sjælland, Denmark.
    Karlsen, Asgjerd Vea
    Høgskolen i Buskerud og Vestfold , Norway.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Wicke, Kurt
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Grænser, barrierer og broer: Kulturmøder og computermedieret kommunikation i online synkrone arbejdsfællesskaber2015In: Det tredje språket: Multimodale studier av interkulturell kommunikasjon i kunst, skole og samfunnsliv / [ed] Engebretsen, Martin, Kristiansand: Portal forlag, 2015, p. 267-281Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 253.
    Olander, Johan
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Hasic, Nele
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Vård på distans för diabetiker: En studie om hur telemedicin påverkar diabetessköterskors arbetsuppgifter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a constantly changing world that is digitized at a faster pace than ever, new forms of information technology arise that make new demands on both individuals and organizations. The consequences of telemedicine and its impact on diabetic nurses duties are not fully clear and need further research.

    The purpose of this study was to find out how telemedicine affects diabetic nurses duties within the public healthcare. Furthermore, the purpose of this study was to inform the reader about the consequences of telemedicine on a diabetic nurses duties and to arrive at a conclusion regarding the question at issue.

    The question at issue was defined in the following way: “How does telemedicine affect a diabetic nurses duties within primärvården?” 

    The authors of this study have been inspired by a interpretative scientific approach. To study the area a casestudy within VGR will be done. To answer the question at issue, a qualitative approach was deemed necessary. More specifically, the authors conducted 8 semi-structured interviews and used 2 control documents as data collection.

    The result showed that blood glucose meters was a central tool enabling healthcare at a distance for diabetics. A majority of diabetic nurses recommend various applications to the patient depending on different factors, where age is the most common. Based on the differently used tools to provide telemedicine, it appears that it affects the diabetic nurse's duties but in different degrees and frequency. Examples of tasks that change as a consequence of telemedicine are duties such as “Treat anxiety of patients” as well as “Motivate patient to self-care”. The interviews that were conducted also revealed that new duties appear as a consequence of telemedicine. Examples of duties and task that appear are “Distribute and educate patient of how the blood glucose meter works”. Following-up on the patient via telephone has been found to be shorter on average and preserves its quality in many places where possible and can replace some of the duties performed during physical visits. A natural consequence of this is that the accessibility aspect that the telemedical healthcare form entails, may contribute to an increased quality of life for the patient within primärvården. Telemedicine appears to affect the diabetic nurses duties, because of the fact that several duties change as a consequence of telemedicine.

  • 254.
    Olausson, Jesper
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Veckans erbjudande, digitalisering!: En studie om webbplatser inom dagligvaruhandeln ämnade för inköpare.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The way of selling has in correlation with the growth of internet changed in many ways and companies are choosing to use digital platforms over face to face meetings. The grocery retail market is a trade that during the last decade has gone over huge changes where the entire organisations have been centralised to the disadvantage of external suppliers.The internal platforms are well lavished and easy to use by the stores purchasers. This excludes the external suppliers furthermore since they do not have the same resourcebase.

    Purpose: The studies purpose was to examine which usability- and navigation aspects a designer needs to take into consideration while developing a website aimed at business to business with the target group purchasers within the grocery retail market. The study originated from Varupartner AB's website where the goal was to collect external suppliers on one website.

    Method: The study was performed with the help of a qualitative research approach to evaluate Varupartner's current website to discover issues and to collect the target groups experiences. The study used a method triangulation where the research started with an observed usability test which was followed up with a qualitative semi structured interview. The collected data was analysed with an inductive approach by placing the data against research based principles.

    Result: The result discovered that the target group had a good attitude against digitalizing the buying process, even for external suppliers. They also pointed out the importance of efficiency in their work. The result also showed a number of issues connected to Varupartner's current website. It also clarified which aspects that were the most important to study in this context. The context specific areas that showed issues were the missing information about sell-by-dates and whether to give the user information about piece, carton or pallet when they entered goods into the shoppingcart.

    Conclusion: The general principles for usability and navigability are also applicable in the context of grocery retail market where terms like affordance and error prevention are at great importance. The context shows that a well functioning search engine was extra important as this type of website has a complex nature and stores big amount of products and suppliers. Furthermore is a clearer terminology connected to the issue about piece, carton and pallet needed to clarify the amount of goods the user has ordered. The conclusion can also be made that the target group requires great efficiency from the website.

  • 255.
    Omarson, Agri
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Borovic, Edvin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Pair programming effekt på studentens prestationsförmåga2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Extreme programming, called XP, is a software development approach that was developed under a fifteen year period by Kent Beck, Ron Jeffries and Ward Cunningham. From extreme programming emerged pair programming (PP) which is an agile technique. PP is put to the practice when two programmers sit next to each other and work together on the same code, algorithm, design and tests. Studies have shown PP to have a positive impact on some aspect of student performance or enjoyment without compromising student learning. The aim of this study is to investigate by reporting results from case studies on pair programming performance. Finding out if the programmers that use the PP approach is benefitting their performance or if there are issues or challenges with the practice. The goal is to come to a conclusion on how pair programming actually affects students performance. A case study and experiments was conducted at University West to examine the students satisfaction, confidence and performance. 23 students took part in this study and experiment. The result showed that all the students benefited more from the PP method compared to SP students, however the intervju results showed that second year students gave a bit lower grade to PP method compared to first year students. In conclusion PP method gave the students a better performance compared to SP students. However, first year students felt that they accomplished more by using the PP method compared to second year students. PP can be an effective tool to use as a teaching method to increase the students performance.

  • 256.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Gynther, Karsten
    University College Zealand, Denmark..
    Lindhardt, Bent
    University College Zealand, Denmark..
    Spante, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Vejbaek, Leif
    University College Zealand, Denmark..
    Wølner, Tor Arne
    Vestfold University College, Norway..
    A model for instructional design in virtual Nordic classrooms2013In: Proceedings of ECTC 2013, Brighton, UK, July 11 - 14, 2013,, 2013, p. 230-241Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 257.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lindhardt, Bent
    University College Zealand, Denmark.
    Vejbaek, Leif
    University College Zealand, Denmark.
    Wølner, Tor Arne
    Vestfold University College, Norway.
    Gynther, Karsten
    University College Zealand, Denmark.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    A Model for Instructional Design in Virtual Nordic Classrooms2013In: The Inaugural European Conference on Technology in the Classroom 2013: The Impact of Innovation: Technology and You, Naka Ward, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan: The International Academic Forum , 2013, p. 222-233Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we will report from an on-going EU-financed project aiming at developing innovative cross-border, virtual classroom instructional designs; that is designs where classes from three Nordic countries collaborate by means of technology to enhance teaching and learning. School management, teachers, students, and educational researchers from Denmark, Norway and Sweden collaborate since 2011 in three-country teams on all levels to explore and evaluate novel cross-border instructional designs in four subjects. The research approach is user-driven innovation by means of Action Research and Design-based research. The cross- border instructional designs exhibit several challenges: designs need to be aligned with all national curriculums with respect to 1) subject content and 2) learning goals, and in order to advance learning, we need to address 3) learning benefits due to the collaboration. In Mathematics, such cross-border learning benefits were particular elusive to identify, so some kind of guidance were needed. The model, first proposed for Mathematics but generalizable to other subjects, is a three-dimensional cube that categorizes an instructional design with respect to 1) subject-content, 2) aimed-for competence, and 3) learning-benefit. The subject contents and required competencies were derived and synthesized from the national curricula, whereas the learning benefits were inspired from previous cross-border designs. The model has successfully been used as a classification system for virtual classroom tasks, and also as an innovation tool to generate novel instructional designs where the expected learning benefits became explicit from start, which facilitates design evaluation. 

  • 258.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media Production.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Design Experience from Experience Design: Towards Strategies for Enhancements2007In: Proceedings of the 15th European Conferenceon Information Systems (ECIS2007) / [ed] Hubert Österle, Joachim Schelp and Robert Winter, St Gallen, 2007, p. 1898-1909Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Enterprises within the experience-based economy face big challenges when investing in IS applications for their products and services. Especially, organizations and services that offer different kinds of attractions and experiences have realized the emergent use of mobile technology. In this paper we explore in what way an IS (information systems) design can enhance experience-based activities conducted at a Swedish regional museum. The research presents an in-depth analysis of a case study along with requirements and design activities for a location-aware, auditory museum guide, primarily aimed for people with visual and language disabilities was developed. We argue that in order to keep in pace with the on-going growth of experience-based and IS design initiatives, enterprises and designer must consider its value for their businesses. Thus, we have developed a three-level strategy for valuing enhancements of a proposed IS application. The strategy proved to be particular fruitful for both designers and managers when assessing the potential of various enhancements to generate values for the different target groups.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

  • 259.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT. University West, Department of Economics and Informatics, Divison of Informatics.
    Bernheim, Bo Göran
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lindroth, Tomas
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundin, Johan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Östlund, Christian
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Designing for Learningin Network Organizations2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 260.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Lundh Snis, Ulrika
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Karlsson, Marianne
    Chalmers.
    Engelbrektsson, Pontus
    Chalmers.
    Larsson, Lena E
    Berndtsson, Bo
    Creating an arena foruse-centred development of medical and health care technology2007In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on the Management of Healthcare & Medical Technology, HOF Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, 3-5 October 2007, Pisa, Italy., 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 261.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Willermark, Sara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Challenges of Implementing Interactivity in the Classroom2014In: IRIS  Proceedings: Proceedings of the 37th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS 37) / [ed] Ahmad Ghazawneh, Jacob Nørbjerg and Jan Pries-Heje, Ringsted, Denmark,, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitalization of schools has been on the agenda for decades and has resulted in new demands on teachers' skills in order to implememt technology into teaching. Despite political reforms, investments in technology and continuing professional development (CPD) initiatives for teachers, research often shows slow changes and unequal implementation. This paper addresses the challenges teachers are facing when participating in a 2-year CPD project using a highly interactive technology in classroom settings. The study is based on 18 in-depth interviwes and 6 video recalled observation sessions. The results show how the actual classroom situation is being very intense for the teacher in their everyday work. We conclude that for teachers to transform their teaching practices using highly interactive ICT-based learning is associated with several challenges related to planning and execution, for the part of the teachers, at the same time as it can be beneficial for student learning.

  • 262.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Svensson, LarsUniversity West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.Lundin, JohanGothenburg University, Applied Information Technology.Lundh Snis, UlrikaUniversity West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Proceedings of IRIS39, Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, Ljungskile, August 7-10, 20162016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 263.
    Pareto, Lena
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Willermark, Sara
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Media and Design.
    Progression i praktiken: att utveckla matematikundervisning genom samarbete och digital teknik2015In: NGL 2015. Next Generation Learning Conference, 18-19 november 2015,Högskolan Dalarna Falun: Book of Abstract, 2015, p. B2-22Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 264.
    Pasic, Anel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Cetinkaya, Talat
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Integration mellan system: En undersökning av olika framgångsfaktorer2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper exposes the problems and challenges organizations face when integrating aged systems, web based systems and web services. The paper focuses on how people with different titles in an organization experience systems integration and the factors that contribute to project failure or success. The research methodology used in this is Grounded Theory and the resulting theory of this paper has taken form through the coding of transcribed interviews, which have gone through a constant comparing to other theories in the area of interest, mostly articles about success factors in system integration. The resulting outcome is a success model aimed to describe the underlying indicators to achieve project success.

    The success model consists of three factors that contribute to success in integration projects. The factors are: globalization, governance and balance. Integration projects are very complex in nature, more so than normal projects as there are more stakeholders involved and more interests to take into consideration. Due to the complex nature of integration projects, the need for a holistic view arises. It's crucial for an integration project that stakeholders take the interests and needs of other projects taking place simultaneously into consideration. The governance aspect of systems integration deals with the planning of strategies, communication and cooperation with other stakeholders involved within the integration project. It's crucial for integration projects to shift focus from individual goals and individual interest to mutual goals and interests. The third and final factor contributing to success in integration projects is balance. The balance between technical issues and organizational issues is crucial for the success of projects. It's very common that organizations focus on technical issues and neglect the organizational issues.

  • 265.
    Pennbrant, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Nursing and learning: healthcare pedagogics and work-integrated learning2018In: Higher Education, Skills and Work-based Learning, ISSN 2042-3896, E-ISSN 2042-390X, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 179-194Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is twofold: to describe work-integrated learning (WIL) related to healthcare pedagogics, and to describe the distinctive aspects of research on WIL with specialization in healthcare pedagogics. Design/methodology/approach The general purpose of this theoretical paper is to define and formulate a research agenda within WIL with specialization in healthcare pedagogics. Findings WIL with specialization in healthcare pedagogics is a multidisciplinary field of knowledge encompassing education, health sciences and social sciences, and focuses on research and knowledge-creation involving nursing schools in higher education, healthcare organizations and the surrounding community. Originality/value The starting point of the research environment is the ambition to gain knowledge about the conditions, processes and outcomes in healthcare education and healthcare organizations, both individually and collectively, intra- and inter-professionally, in the perspective of life-long learning. WIL with specialization in healthcare pedagogics is a research area that can carry out important research in healthcare education and healthcare organization and, thus, contribute to high-quality care meeting current and future needs.

  • 266.
    Pongolini, Malin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lundin, Johan
    Avdelningen för tillämpad IT, Göteborgs universitet.
    Svensson, Lars
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Division of Computer Science and Informatics.
    Global Online Meetings in Virtual Teams: from Media Choice to Interaction Negotiation2011In: Proceedings of the Fifth Communities and Technologies Conference 2011, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane Australia / [ed] Jesper Kjeldskov and Jeni Paay, Brisbane, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper draws on an ethnographical study of a community of technology experts within a global automotive manufacturing company that uses information technology to communicate and collaborate in global virtual teams. Our findings show that discussions, negotiations, compromises and joint problem solving characterize media choices made in virtual teamwork. Practitioners are adding new media to ongoing interactions, rather than using media in sequence. Furthermore, one medium is not used exclusively, rather a number of media can be used in parallel. This shows that some of the fundamental assumptions built into the concept of media choice theories, are somewhat problematic as an analytical perspective when virtual teams are researched in real settings outside of laboratories and hypothetical scenarios.

  • 267.
    Rawshani, Araz
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy.
    Larsson, Anna
    University College of Borås,The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen.
    Gelang, Carita
    University College of Borås,The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen.
    Lindqvist, Jonny
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Bång, Angela
    University College of Borås,The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy.
    Characteristics and outcome among patients who dial for the EMS due to chest pain2014In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 176, no 3, p. 859-865Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: This study aims to describe patients who called for the emergency medical service (EMS) due to chest discomfort, in relation to gender and age. Methods: All patients who called the emergency dispatch centre of western Sweden due to chest discomfort, between May 2009 and February 2010, were included. Initial evaluation, aetiology and outcome are described as recorded in the databases at the dispatch centre, the EMS systems and hospitals. Patients were divided into the following age groups: ≀ 50, 51-64 and ≥ 65 years. Results: In all, 14,454 cases were enrolled. Equal proportions of men (64%) and women (63%) were given dispatch priority 1. The EMS clinicians gave priority 1 more frequently to men (16% versus 12%) and older individuals (10%, 15% and 14%, respective of age group). Men had a significantly higher frequency of central chest pain (83% versus 81%); circulatory compromise (34% versus 31%); ECG signs of ischaemia (17% versus 11%); a preliminary diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (40% versus 34%); a final diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (14% versus 9%) and any potentially life-threatening condition (18% versus 12%). Individuals aged ≥ 65 years were given a lower priority than individuals aged 51-64 years, despite poorer characteristics and outcome. In all, 78% of cases with a potentially life-threatening condition and 67% of cases that died within 30 days of enrolment received dispatch priority 1. Mortality at one year was 1%, 4% and 18% in each individual age group. Conclusion: Men and the elderly were given a disproportionately low priority by the EMS. 

  • 268.
    Rawshani, Araz
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Medicine, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Rawshani, Nina
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Medicine, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Gelang, Carita
    The Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Andersson, Jan-Otto
    The Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Larsson, Anna
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Medicine, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Bång, Angela
    University College of Borås, The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen, Borås, Sweden.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University College of Borås, The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen, Borås, Sweden.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Law, Economics, Statistics and Politics. University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Emergency medical dispatch priority in chest pain patients due to life threatening conditions: A cohort study examining circadian variations and impact of the education2017In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 236, no I June, p. 43-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aims: We examined the accuracy in assessments of emergency dispatchers according to their education and time of the day. We examined this in chest pain patients who were diagnosed with a potentially life-threatening condition (LTC) or died within 30 days. Methods: Among 2205 persons, 482 died, 1631 experienced an acute coronary syndrome (ACS), 1914 had a LTC.Multivariable logistic regression was used to study how time of the call and the dispatcher's education were associated with the risk of missing to give priority 1 (the highest). Results: Among patients who died, a 7-fold increase in odds of missing to give priority 1 was noted at 1.00 pm, as compared with midnight. Compared with assistant nurses, odds ratio for dispatchers with no (medical) training was 0.34 (95% CI 0.14 to 0.77). Among patients with an ACS, odds ratio for calls arriving before lunch was 2.02 (95% CI 1.22 to 3.43), compared with midnight. Compared with assistant nurses, odds ratio for operators with no training was 0.23 (95% CI 0.13 to 0.40). Similar associations were noted for those with any LTC. Dispatcher's education was not associated with the patient's survival. Conclusions: In this group of patients, which experience substantial mortality and morbidity, the risk of not obtaining highest dispatch priority was increased up to 7-fold during lunchtime. Dispatch operators without medical education had the lowest risk, compared with nurses and assistant nurses, of missing to give priority 1, at the expense of lower positive predictive value. Key messages: What is already known about this subject? Use of the emergency medical service (EMS) increases survival among patients with acute coronary syndromes. It is unknown whether the efficiency – as judged by the ability to identify life-threatening cases among patients with chest pain – varies according to the dispatcher's educational level and the time of day.What does this study add? We provide evidence that the dispatcher's education does not influence survival among patients calling the EMS due to chest discomfort. However, medically educated dispatchers are at greatest risk of missing to identify life threatening cases, which is explained by more parsimonious use of the highest dispatch priority. We also show that the risk of missing life-threatening cases is at highest around lunch time.How might this impact on clinical practice? Dispatch centers are operated differently all over the world and chest discomfort is one of the most frequent symptoms encountered; we provide evidence that it is safe to operate a dispatch center without medically trained personnel, who actually miss fewer cases of acute coronary syndromes. However, non-medically trained dispatchers consume more pre-hospital resources.

  • 269.
    Rawshani, Nina
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Östra Sjukhuset, Department of Emergency Medicine, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Rawshani, Araz
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Medicine, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Gelang, Carita
    University of Borås, The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen, Borås, Sweden.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, The Pre-hospital Research Centre of Western Sweden, Prehospen, Borås, Sweden.
    Bång, Angela
    University of Borås, School of Health Science, Borås, Sweden.
    Andersson, Jan-Otto
    Department of Ambulance and Prehospital Emergency Care, Skaraborg, Sweden.
    Gellerstedt, Martin
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Association between use of pre-hospital ECG and 30-day mortality: A large cohort study of patients experiencing chest pain2017In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 248, no 1 December, p. 77-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    In the assessment of patients with chest pain, there is support for the use of pre-hospital ECG in the literature and in the care guidelines. Using propensity score methods, we aim to examine whether the mere acquisition of a pre-hospital ECG among patients with chest pain affects the outcome (30-day mortality).

    Methods

    The association between pre-hospital ECG and 30-day mortality was studied in the overall cohort (n = 13151), as well as in the one-to-one matched cohort with 2524 patients not examined with pre-hospital ECG and 2524 patients examined with pre-hospital ECG.

    Results

    In the overall cohort, 21% (n = 2809) did not undergo an ECG tracing in the pre-hospital setting. Among those who had pain during transport, 14% (n = 1159) did not undergo a pre-hospital ECG while 32% (n = 1135) of those who did not have pain underwent an ECG tracing. In the overall cohort, the OR for 30-day mortality in patients who had a pre-hospital ECG, as compared with those who did not, was 0.63 (95% CI 0.05-0.79; p < 0.001). In the matched cohort, the OR was 0.65 (95% CI 0.49-0.85; p < 0.001). Using the propensity score, in the overall cohort, the corresponding HR was 0.65 (95% CI 0.58-0.74).

    Conclusion

    Using propensity score methods, we provide real-world data demonstrating that the adjusted risk of death was considerably lower among the cases in whoma pre-hospital ECG was used. The PH-ECG is underused among patients with chest discomfort and the mere acquisition of a pre-hospital ECG may reduce mortality.

  • 270.
    Riyadh Gafory, Ali
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Öller, Fredrik
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Införandet av Neo på NÄL: Personalens upplevelser av en digital artefakt som stöd för resursplaneringen på neonatalavdelningen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The adoption of information technology in health care has become a major part of the Swedish health care sector. It has been shown that processes can be streamlined, the quality of care can increase and it helps to provide a clearer overview for the staff. On the other hand, the adoption of a software or system is a time-consuming and complex process that must go through several different instances before it can be implemented. It applies to both large-scale systems and small-scale department-specific software. The study examines what characterizes the introduction of a small-scale software for the neonatal department at Norra Älvsborg Länssjukhus (NÄL). The evaluation model Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) evaluates how the staff experience the use of such software to support their resource planning process. The study shows that it is a timeconsuming process to introduce even a small software and it can be hard to motivate management to allocate resources for something that only supports a single department. The study also shows that with a willingness to change a work process and with a positive attitude towards digitization, a small-scale software can be perceived as a support for a work process.

  • 271.
    Riyadh, Mustafa
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Användning av lärplattformar och sociala nätverksverktyg i högre utbildning2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to gain knowledge of Learning Management Systems (LMS) and how learning platforms and social networking tools supporting education. LMS is a tool used by teachers and students in education. Social networks are used by teachers for publishing their materials through various social networking tools, and the most used tools are Facebook, blogs, and YouTube. In recent years, teachers have been integrating their teaching with social network-ing tools for practical activities can be powerful tools for learning.This work is about the use of learning platforms and social networking tools in higher education. The work is based on some interviews of teachers in two different courses in the University West. The teachers who have been interviewed have different experiences on the use of learning platforms and social networking tools. One of the conclusions that have emerged in the study is that the discussion boards that is already available in the learning platforms are not useful. Something else that has emerged in this study is that by learning platform teachers can examine students in a good and safe way. Social networking tools and other tools contains many more features and is more available for most users. Another conclusion is that learning platforms offer some opportunities, and social networking tools offer other possibilities. This means that you can integrate different tool support for the teacher to be able to do their work in a good and flexible way.

  • 272.
    Romi, Marianne
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Från förvaltning till e-förvaltning: En fördjupande beskrivning av en e-tjänst inom Räddningstjänsten i Uddevalla kommun2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 273.
    Ruijan, Du
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Teaching Guideline for Work-Integrated E-Learning: Design Challenges of Online Courses in Production Technology2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the increasing requirements for continuous competence development in the manufacturing industry, workplace training and e-learning combined builds a new education platform. Such initiatives and educational models have increasingly been studied as work-integrated e-learning focusing on how organizations are trying to increasingly incorporate higher education at the work place, and how higher education can benefit from close cooperation with organizations.

    This thesis work investigate challenges among experienced higher education teachers who are going to design and implement course modules as a work-integrated e-learning initiative based on demands from several manufacturing industries in West Sweden. During the project, the required 20-40 course credits (ECTS) will be divided into smaller course modules, consisting of about 2-5 credits in order to meet demands of flexibility and time sensitiveness from participating manufacturing companies. As it is a cooperative project, the course modules could be tailored according to different requirements from the companies. The course modules are focusing on industrial automation, flexible and virtual automation, robotics, simulation based manufacturing, production systems and precision engineering among other fields within production technology. The research method is abduction with qualitative research, and the empirical data is collected through interviews.

    Through an abductive approach teachers subjective experiences were analyzed in accordance to how they expressed their challenges in relation to how to design courses with flexible pedagogical set ups, incorporating course content and what digital technology best matched these aspects. Based on these analyses, the design guideline was constructed in relation to the analysis and to previous research of collaborative learning and engineering education. The guideline for engineering teaching in production technology suggests a new pedagogical approach of work-integrated e-learning. The guideline is expected to help teachers to design and implement work-integrated e-learning course modules in the production technology field. As a result, the outcome of the guideline could contribute to the development of work-integrated e-learning as a more effective learning approach for competence development for engineering teachers

  • 274.
    Runesson, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Young, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Samverkan mellan Trestads kommuner: ett kommunöverskridande samarbete för en gemensam e-förvaltningsutveckling2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Public sector is now developing an electronic society through strategic planning with help of IT, and is then called e-governance. There are more demands on Sweden's municipalities to develop their government services by offering e-services, to become more transparent. E-governance needs to be promoted through an innovative and participatory approach to improve quality and effectiveness. To support the development of e-governance, the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SALAR) has established a strategy to help the municipal sector. They have decided that it is necessary that local governments increasingly need to collaborate. However it should not be taken for granted that collaboration generates success. Several earlier studies have shown this kind of arrangements are difficult to manage, particularly because of the lack of initiative to clarify the purpose of the collaboration, professional differences and distinctions in internal practices and cultures. The aim of the present study is to find out what opportunities and what obstacles municipal employees experience when several municipalities collaborate to develop a general e-service. By the results we intend to gather knowledge about how municipal collaborations can be beneficial. We have in our survey chosen to use a qualitative method. By performing a case study in the form of interviews and observations we have sought a deeper understanding in the field of cross municipal collaboration. The empirical data has been analysed from a hermeneutic interpretive approach and is to be put in relation with previous research but also to provide new perspectives on municipal collaboration when developing a general e-service. The analysis of the results shows the participant's attitude and motivation, team composition, distinct leadership and different organisation conditions were significant factors affecting the outcome of cross municipal collaboration. The conclusion of the study indicates that initial collaboration on projects when developing a general e-service between municipals should be carefully selected, because of the organisational differences. Extra time should be given to planning and establishing the outcome of the collaborations within all the municipal from a distributed project management. Cross municipal collaboration is based on ideas, knowledge and skills exchange but the major obstacle is the time given and the internal and external organisation differences.

  • 275.
    Sabel, M.
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg.
    Broeren, J.
    Univ Gothenburg.
    Arvidsson, D.
    Lund Univ, Ctr Primary Hlth Care Res CPF.
    Sjolund, A.
    Queen Silvia Childrens Hosp, Childhood Canc Ctr,.
    Gillenstrand, J.
    Queen Silvia Childrens Hosp, Reg Rehabil Ctr Children & Adolescents.
    Ljungberg, Christer
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Saury, J.
    Queen Silvia Childrens Hosp, Reg Rehabil Ctr Children & Adolescents.
    Simmons, C.
    Queen Silvia Childrens Hosp, Dept Physiotherapy.
    Blomgren, K.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth.
    Lannering, B.
    Univ Gothenburg.
    Emanuelson, I.
    Univ Gothenburg.
    Physical activity through home-based exercise-gaming after childhood brain tumor treatment - a feasability study2013In: Pediatric Blood & Cancer, ISSN 1545-5009, E-ISSN 1545-5017, Vol. 60, no S3, p. S165-S165Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 276.
    Salekärr, Matilda
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Hedman, Linda
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Blogg som jobb: En studie om att ha yrkestitel bloggare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate and account for active bloggers view of the blogging profession, their blog and blogging in general. Previous research has been made about blogging and the interaction with the readers. This study revolves around the blogging profession and professional parts of working as a blogger and a qualitative selection of respondents led to 13 interviews. We discuss our results by applying marketing concepts as a point of departure.

    Looking closely into the subject makes it easy to see that the bloggers are happy with and proud of what they do, but they feel that the profession is still seen with skepticism and incomprehension from a lot of people. The blog is not considered as a real job, but in reality it can be anything from one's main occupation, just a hobby to one´s digital CV. The blog becomes a CV since it´s a place where you can store and display what you do and have done, with continual update.

    The study also concluded that even amongst the bloggers and the companies working alongside them, the industry is still evolving. Especially when it comes to advertising and marketing through blogs and maintaining legal working boundaries between blogger and company. According to our respondents the blogging profession still struggles when being scrutinized by bystanders.

  • 277.
    Sargsyan, Michael
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Saad, Robin
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Den digitala plånboken: aspekter som påverkar viljan att utnyttja mobila betalningar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we explored how consumers want to use a digital wallet, thus mobile payment services. This study highlights aspects that affect individuals wishing to use mobile payments, thus the aim is to increase the understanding of issues that affect mobile payments. We used the qualitative method. Interviews were conducted with respondents after they tested up to deal with the cell phone in a couple of times with SEQR, WyWallet and PayEx. Scientific papers and books have been used as a basis for the study.

    We see that the major factors that emerged through our study is the simplicity, safety and user-friendliness that affect how consumers embrace this new payment method. We found that there are distinct differences between how different users use themselves out of mobile payments.

    The conclusions we can draw from our study is that there are distinct differences between how different users use themselves out of mobile payments. Depending on different individuals' perceptions regarding mobile payment services, how each one looks at mobile payments, our study led to compatibility, time savings, ease of use affects these individuals choose to use their services

  • 278.
    Shubber, Mohammed
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Östlind, Tomas
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Vårdpersonalens attityder till videoteknik vid samordnad vård och omsorgsplanering2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Västra Götalandsregionen have implemented video technology for all hospitals in the region to facilitate care planning meetings. There are templets available and the system is ready for use, although the system is not used that much like VGR wants. In this study, the problem has been examined by a qualitative research method, in which seven people with experience of care planning took part in semi-structured interviews. Before the interviews an interview guide was compiled composed of questions based on previous research and theoretical model The interviews were compiled and categorized on the basis of previous research and TAM2, that brought us to the results. The results of this study found that attitudes towards video technology among the hospital staff are positive. The results of this study found that attitudes towards video technology among the hospital staff are positive. On the other hand, the hospital staff experienced distance meetings to be shorter than face-to-face meetings and a number of participants that would otherwise not usually be able to participate now have the opportunity to do that. It gets even better for the patient because the patient receives information directly from all participants. The hospital staff does not experience distance meetings to be time-efficient for them comparatively with face-to-face meetings. There is a lack of available meeting rooms, the equipment must be prepared before the distance meeting and documentation must be carried out after a distance meeting, therefore distance meetings are time consuming for the hospital staff. Another influencing factor that we identified in this study is that the hospital staff felt that the training was not sufficient. The hospital staff would have preferred a more practical training to be able to feel comfortable in the use of video technology.

  • 279. Shubber, Mohammed
    et al.
    Östlind, Tomas
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Larsson, Lena
    Sahlgrenska Academy.
    Acceptance of Video Conferencing in Healthcare Planning in Hospitals2018In: AMCIS 2018 Proceedings, Association for Information Systems, 2018, p. 1-10Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Health information technology has become one of the most important resources for the development and improved efficiency of healthcare services. Frail elderly patients is a growing group of people that that requires healthcare. Different care providers have to participate in healthcare planning for frail elderly patients to ensure that the patient is provided with suitable care in his or her home. The use of video conferencing offers great potential for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of healthcare planning sessions, as well as reducing travel expenses. This paper reports from a qualitative study aiming at identifying and analyzing attitudes of hospital professionals, when using video conferencing for healthcare planning. The result indicates that the attitude toward using video conference tools is exclusively positive. The intention to use is high, due to the ability of the technology to make professionals ’ work more efficient, and that the technology can improve patient care.

  • 280.
    Shuyu, Bai
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Designing Software for Learning Swedish: Method to Improve Oral Swedish with Learning Theory2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, the number of immigrants in Sweden has been increasing rapidly. To help immigrants integrate into the local society, the Swedish government provides a free Swedish course to immigrants (SFI). This study gathers the learning experiences of the newcomers in SFI courses and relates their learning experiences to teaching theories. The aim of this research is applying teaching methods into language learning software to explore how to improve oral Swedish for SFI students.

    A qualitative method and inductive approach are used in this research. From the literature review, I created the theoretical framework which consisted of situational language teaching theory, motivation theory, previous research of mobile device and design theory. Qualitative data was collected by interview. 9 SFI students were interviewed with some questions which related to their own learning experience from SFI course and opinions about oral Swedish learning. Almost all respondents complained that SFI course is not provide enough opportunities for them to practice oral Swedish.

    Based on the SFI students’ individually learning experience, they require more opportunities to communicate with other in Swedish and learn oral language. life-related learning materials, making Swedish friends and appropriate reward system can help students improve oral Swedish and promote learning motivation. The author summarized four tentative findings about oral Swedish learning software. These findings were analyzed and discussed with learning theories and finally verified. Recommendations of the author were put forward in the end of this research.

  • 281.
    Siverbo, Sven
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Andersson, Morgan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Galan, Nataliya
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Hellman, Stefan
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Jansson, Elisabeth
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Lindh, Kristina
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Myhrman, Linnea
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Nehls, Eddy
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Staxäng Torbäck, Louise
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Division of Business Administration.
    Svensson, Ann
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    #metoo-management2018Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Just over a year ago the #metoo movement began, which is a reminder that there are faults in society even if everything looks fine on the surface. There are many signs that #metoo is not a passing phenomenon. This is not a coordinated action with a clear goal, nor is there any one leader of the movement. The #metoo movement is self-organized, a way to make visible what over basically all of human history has been silenced, denied and trivialized, even though everyone has known about it. This report takes a look at the #metoo movement's impact on organisations from a management perspective. We are interested in the phenomenon of "#metoo management", which we define as organisations' work to prevent and deal with sexual harassment (or assault) as a result of the #metoo movement. The primary purpose of the report is to find out if #metoo management exists. The second purpose is to investigate how organisations work with #metoo management. A third purpose is to explain why organisations choose to work with #metoo management in different ways. Based on interviews with representatives of ten organisations, in several cases quite different, we have determined that the #metoo movement has indeed given rise to #metoo management. More precisely, #metoo management refers to a number of different measures and activities. Organisations have restated and specified their policies about sexual harassment. The programs have been given renewed distribution at workplaces and additional measures for program compliance have been taken. Procedures for complaint processing have been developed, trainings have been initiated and risk factors have been identified and reduced. Not least, the occurrence of problems with sexual harassment has been quantified. Somewhat surprisingly, we noted that there was no example that the programs against sexual harassment were evaluated and that plans were lacking for reducing dependency relationships between supervisors and employees in the organisations where these were significant. It is important to emphasize that there are significant differences between organisations in how intensively the work with #metoo management has been pursued. The differences seem to depend on several different factors. One is that the incidence of sexual harassment varies, and another is that organisations make varying assessments of how much damage publicized cases would have on the employer's brand. Additional explanations for the intensity of the work are differences in how ambitious the process was prior to the #metoo movement, and that in certain organisations there is greater awareness of risk factors than in others. Finally, the organisation's size and visibility appear to play a role in that those that are more closely monitored have greater reason to avoid problems that attract negative attention.

  • 282.
    Sjöström, J.
    et al.
    University, Uppsala, Department of Informatics and Media, Uppsala Sweden.
    Kruse, L. C.
    University of Liechtenstein, Institute of Information Systems, Vaduz, Liechtenstein.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Flensburg, Per
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Software-embedded evaluation support in design science research2018In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349, Vol. 10844 LNCS, p. 348-362Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Even though the practice of integrating evaluative features into software has long been applied in commercially available software, it is still underrepresented in the Information Systems (IS) community. This paper presents a framework for embedded evaluation support. We are aware of the challenges of evaluation of socio-technical systems and take this issue into consideration in our framework. Our framework is the result of conceptualizations drawing from the evaluation discourse discussion on the topics of artifact evaluation in DSR. We also demonstrate our ideas through two examples of embedded evaluation support mechanisms designed and used in a DSR project in the Swedish healthcare sector. © Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018.

  • 283.
    Sjöström, Jonas
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Chandra Kruse, Leona
    University of Liechtenstein, Vaduz, Liechtenstein.
    Haj-Bolouri, Amir
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    A Design Theory for Built-in Evaluation Support2016In: Proceedings of IRIS39, Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia, Ljungskile, August 7-10, 2016 / [ed] Pareto, Lena, Svensson, Lars, Lundin, Johan, Lundh Snis, Ulrika Lundh Snis, 2016, p. 1-17Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Even though the practice of integrating evaluative features into the artifact has long been applied in commercially available software, it is still under represented in IS community. This paper presents a design theory for built-in evaluation support. We seek to incorporate the idea of 'the self-evaluating artifact' into the design science research. We are aware of the challenges in designing built-in evaluation features in socio-technical systems and take this issue into consideration in our framework. While the theory draws from the literature on evaluation in DSR, we also provide an expository instantiation of the theory demonstrating a built-in evaluation support mechanism designed and used in DSR research in the Swedish healthcare sector.

  • 284.
    Smedberg Johnsson, Paulina
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Nguyen, Roby
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Erfarna och oerfarna utvecklares upplevelser om testdriven utveckling2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on use of a method in software development: test-driven development (TDD). TDD is an iterative method that integrates tests during software development. The method changes the way of software development and it can be perceived different depending on developers' experience. The usual method is developing the software first and testing it last. Previous studies have had a mixed result of developers use of TDD. Previous studies also have shown that the time aspect is a major factor in applying TDD and many companies have failed due to the factor. The developer's attitude is a major factor in the application of the method. The study carried out seven personal interviews. Three informants out of seven had more experience with TDD. Previous studies have used quantitative methods. We made a qualitative study in order to gain an in-depth understanding of the experience and opinions from the informants. The study consists of mixed experiences and opinions about the method.as a distinct learning curve.

  • 285.
    Sofkova Hashemi, Sylvana
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Den didaktiska designens betydelse: IT-didaktiska modeller och ramvillkor2016In: Kollaborativ undervisning i digital skolmiljö / [ed] Sylvana Sofkova Hashemi & Maria Spante, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, p. 125-136Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 286.
    Sofkova Hashemi, Sylvana
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Didaktisk design och IT-didaktiska samarbetsmodeller i gränsöverskridande undervisning2015In: NGL 2015. Next Generation Learning Conference, 18-19 november 2015, Högskolan Dalarna Falun: Book of Abstract, 2015, p. B2-20Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 287.
    Sofkova Hashemi, Sylvana
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Spante, MariaUniversity West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Kollaborativ undervisning i digital skolmiljö2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 288.
    Sofkova Hashemi, Sylvana
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Lärarprofessionens nya villkor i samhällets digitalisering2016In: Kollaborativ undervisning i digital skolmiljö / [ed] Sylvana Sofkova Hashemi & Maria Spante, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, p. 9-20Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 289.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Dialog och digital teknik som stöd för att förstå människans levnadsvillkor2016In: Kollaborativ undervisning i digital skolmiljö / [ed] Sylvana Sofkova Hashemi & Maria Spante, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, p. 67-88Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 290.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Digital Creativity: Enabling Learning Of Gender Roles In Society In Primary School By Story Driven Digital Production2018In: The Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Communication Technologies in Education 2018 / [ed] Linda Morris,Costas Tsolakidis, ICICTE , 2018, p. 213-224Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To achieve knowledge and understanding in social science, students' ability to discuss and reflect is important. However, the goal to stimulate perspective taking and inference making upon social phenomena has proven to be difficult in general and in particular for primary school students. Thus, there is a need to develop models and concepts for learning that provide guidance that address these challenges. This study reports on how 6th grade students in a Swedish school successfully worked with gender roles in society with a storydriven didactical design linked to digital competence development and creativity in a cross-border setting.

  • 291.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Digital creativity: learning by story driven digital production2019In: The international journal of information and learning technology, ISSN 2056-4880, E-ISSN 2056-4899Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The goal to stimulate perspective taking and inference making on social phenomena, such as gender roles in society, has proven to be difficult to achieve in general and in particular for primary school students. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to develop creative models and concepts for learning that provide guidance addressing these challenges. Design/methodology/approach A case study methodology, including classroom observations, teacher interviews and analysis of videos created by students, was applied within a large-scale action research project related to cross-border collaboration for educational purposes supported by information and communication technologies among Danish, Norwegian and Swedish schools. FindingsThis study reports on how teachers organized group work for their sixth grades students to reimagine and videoing fairy tales endings of Cinderella in order to explore and learn about gender roles in society in a cross-border setting. The personal, emotional and social negotiations of working with peers and giving feedback to students in other schools from other countries enhanced their learning. Results suggest that adding the framework of boundary object-driven design helps to improve the process by its focus on a shared understanding, common practice and sense-making. Originality/value The study incorporates the framework on boundary objects as a "€œmental design device"€ into a story-driven digital production project, suggesting that creativity in combination with a specific yet open task for student group work enhances learning in social science.

  • 292.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Open up for open seminars!2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 293.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Open Up for Open Seminars at Universities: Student-driven Seminars as Community Involvement2016In: Uddevalla Symposium 2016: Geography, Open Innovation,Diversity and Entrepreneurship. Revised papers presented at the 19th Uddevalla Symposium, 30 June- 2 July, 2016, London, UK / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2016, p. 573-584Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article focuses on student and refugee experiences of initiating and participating in Open Seminars at University West. There has been a polarization between volunteer work and official practice regarding previous research on efforts for refugees. This initiative is to be found in-between these models, since students are doing the Open Seminars within a strategic initiative on behalf of the University, yet on a voluntary basis and with no credits involved. There is a need for socialentrepreneurial action in many domains in society. Universities might play a keyrole as a bridging institution where these types of in-between initiatives and practices become both possible and important for democratic processes in general, and community involvement among students in higher education in particular. The experiences from the students and refugees, captured by focus group interviews, showed that the student-driven, campus-based Open Seminars created added valuein relation to topic-specific learning, deepened understanding of the literature and moderated stereotypical understandings. The seminars were also meaningful for students as well as asylum-seeking refugees. Student-driven Open Seminars become important social entrepreneurial actions helping universities to function as anchor institutions in their region addressing the refugee situation in Sweden.

  • 294.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Organizing Digitalization In School: How A Municipality In Sweden Arranged For New Curriculum Implementation  Emphasizing Digitalization2018In: The Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Communication Technologies in Education 2018 / [ed] Linda Morris, Costas Tsolakidis, ICICTE , 2018, p. 382-390Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focused on how a municipality in Sweden organized for a new curriculum implementation with the focus on digitalization following the demands from politicians. A compulsory competence development course was initiated for all 40 school leaders in the municipality. The course followed the structure and form provided from the Swedish National Agency for Education.The results showed vast variation among school leaders regarding the understanding of digitalization and how they led processes in their schools.The results call for a thoughtful model of how to capture and act on these differences to secure equal quality of education in the municipality.

  • 295.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Samarbetsbaserad undervisning i historia och samhällskunskap: utmaningar och möjligheter. IKT didaktik och lärande om människors villkor. Boundary object som stöd för IKT-didaktisk planering2015In: NGL2015. Next Generation Learning Conference. Högskolan Dalarna 18-19 November, 2015, Falun: Book of Abstract, 2015, p. C2-32Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Med bas i ett EU-finansierat projekt Gränsöverskridande Nordisk undervisning (GNU, http://projektgnu.eu) mellan skolor i Sverige, Norge och Danmark har vi genom praktiknära och aktionsinriktade ansatser studerat och tillsammans med lärare bedrivit ett tre-årigt skolutvecklingsarbete med fokus på samarbete i och med digitala verktyg som grund för lärande i samhällsorienterade ämnen.

     

    Vikten av det praktiknära perspektivet poängteras i en omfattande översikt av 132 svenska forskningsstudier av samhällsorienterade (SO) ämnen. Johansson Harrie (2011) visade att det fortfarande finns ett stort behov av studier av vad som faktiskt sker i klassrummen i syfte att få en större förståelse för hur klassrumsaktiviteter och undervisningsresultat hänger samman. Att studera det som sker i klassrummet är viktigt då samhällsorienterade ämneskunskaper möjliggörs eller hindras i mötet mellan lärare och elever menar Schüllerqvist och Osbeck (2009) då intentionerna i läroplaner konkretiseras just i mötet. 

     

    Utöver behovet av fler studier kopplade till vad som sker i skolmiljön i SO-undervisningen finns också ett behov av att lyfta in bruk av digitala verktyg i den didaktiska situationen. Lärare likväl som elever förväntas att utveckla sin förmåga att använda sig av digitala verktyg i skolan för att lära. Lärarens utmaning i det didaktiska upplägget handlar om det aktiva valet av när vad fungerar som stöd för önskat undervisningsresultat vid bruk av digitala verktyg (Grönlund et al 2013). I relation till samhällsvetenskapliga ämnen lyfter Lund och Hauge (2011) fram hur viktigt det är att man som lärare behöver ‘designa in sig själv’ i de olika aktiviteter som eleverna skall göra samt skapa förståelse för både sig själv och sina elever att de digitala verktygen i sig också spelar roll i lärandet.

     

    Givet de identifierade utmaningar från tidigare forskning som poängterar vikten av att belysa det som konkret sker både gällande hur man interagerar, vilka verktyg som tas i bruk och på vilket sätt det innehållsliga stoffet sätts i relation till och utvecklas av bruk av digital teknik i samarbete med andra, illustreras dessa möjligheter och utmaningar i två konkreta undervisningsförlopp. De två skilda didaktiska uppläggen sätts i relation till Boundary object teorin, vilken lyfter fram hur människors sätt att förhålla sig till varandra och samarbeta underlättas genom att samlas kring något som upplevs tydligt och förståeligt för de inblandade människorna. 

  • 296.
    Spante, Maria
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Talking heads on the internet: social interaction in a multi-user voice based 3d graphical environment2011In: Proceedings of IRIS 2011.: TUCS Lecture Notes  No 15, October 2011 / [ed] Leino, Timo, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on the finding from a qualitative study which investigated how long-term

    users of Traveler, a voice-based 3D online graphical environment launched in 1996 and still

    running, experience their social relations in relation to this specific cue-rich communication

    technology. The paper describes the subjective perceptions of the technology-mediated social

    experience such as the experience of social atmosphere in the community, of online

    friendship, of the meaning of the online social interaction in the users' offline lives. The paper

    also discusses the importance of these subjective experiences for motivation to regularly use

    Traveler. Conclusions drawn from the study suggest that it is crucial for users to have the

    ability to handle the technical functions of the program in order to function socially in the

    environment such as using the functions of the graphical program and using the voice channel

    in a social significant way. As a result, in order to have a positive and meaningful social

    experience in online it is critical for users to adapt to technical as well as to social factors.

    This process of adaptation is very important since the way functions are used was interpreted

    as social signals by users suggesting that social and technical aspects are intertwined in social

    practice. The paper describes this process of adaptation and the positive social effects of a

    successful adaptation. 

  • 297.
    Spante, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Alfredsson, Karl
    Lin Education , Göteborg.
    Cross Competence Collaboration to Design for Inclusion2016In: NordiCHI '16 Proceedings of the 9th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction: Gothenburg, Sweden — October 23 - 27, 2016, New York: ACM Press, 2016, p. 1-3, article id a132Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the workshop is to co-create different types of collaborative elements, models and strategies for inclusionin schools and for learning in other settings. Participants from a variety of organizations are invited: game designers; drama, history, and social science teachers; principals; school developers; writers; theater professionals'; and researchers in interaction, design and digital literacy. Our ambition is to share place-bounded experiences and ideas among various competence groups focusing on design for inclusion. All schools and all settings have their own possibilities and challenges. These possibilities and challenges need to be addressed in a game design that builds upon students' interaction with society, other students and different digital technologies. The expected results from the workshops will include heightened sensitivity to the need for cross-competence collaboration in design processes to support student-driven content creation with digital media.

  • 298.
    Spante, Maria
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Fors, Johan
    Lin Education, Sweden.
    Alfredsson, Karl
    Lin Education, Sweden.
    Rosenberg, Staffan
    Lin Education, Sweden.
    The Story Machine: Transmedia games in education2017In: ICICTE 2017. The International Conference on Information Communications Technologies in Education 2017: Proceedings / [ed] Linda Morris & Costas Tsolakidis, Rhodos: ICICTE , 2017, p. 249-259Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper reports on the design process of a transmedia game driven by narratives mixing fact with fiction. The aim of the game was to enhance student motivation, collaboration, multiliteracy and local history learning. Atotal of 378 students ages 14-16 from three municipalities in Sweden played the game in their local school, providing content, reflections and suggestions for this type of gamification in school; thus supporting the design. The game improved students' multiliteracy skills while physically visiting and exploring local historical sites. Working in groups to solve tasks improved collaboration skills. Being placed in a fictional setting supported engagement.

  • 299.
    Spante, Maria
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Jacquet, Ewa
    Stockholms Universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Lindqvist, Eva
    Botkyrka kommun, Botkyrka, Sweden.
    Story-driven Design Using Mobile Technologies in Transmedia Practice for Multiliteracy Development2018In: Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, Mar 26, 2018 in Washington, D.C., United States / [ed] Elizabeth Langran; Jered Borup, Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education, 2018, p. 1-10, article id 51824Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the article is to highlight and explore challenges and possibilities for literacies development within a story-driven transmedia game using mobile technology. Two classes of 7th grade students from two different schools in Sweden participated in the game. During the game, groups of students are supposed to solve a mystery, while being active and finding clues connected to physical places, and to engage in various literacy activities. The participants interpret texts and interactions produced by the game master in the role of different characters within the game. To solve the mystery the participants also have to produce blog texts, photos, films, podcasts and other media. Data from game sessions was collected though participant observations and blog analyses, focusing on signs of engagement and involvement. The study concludes that major drivers for being motivated by transmedia game activities were to be found in the interaction with the game master, collaboration among group participants, number of postings as well as complexity in utterances in written language, pictorial contributions and compositions, entering an imaginary "as if" gaming mode. Hence, transmedia games provide an educational structure that involves the majority of students in their multiliteracy development. The game enables teachers to target those who would benefit from specific multiliteracy guidance while playing to enhance learning. Further transmedia game designs should therefore explicitly incorporate a teacher role in games.

  • 300.
    Spante, Maria
    et al.
    University West, School of Business, Economics and IT, Divison of Informatics.
    Johansson, Kristina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Jaldemark, Jimmy
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Education.
    MakerSpaces in schools: networked learning among teachers to support curriculum-driven pupil learning in programming2019In: Networked Professional Learning: Emerging and Equitable Discourses for Professional Development / [ed] Allison Littlejohn, Jimmy Jaldemark, Emmy Vrieling-Teunter, and Femke Nijland, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 223-237Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, many countries have introduced programming as contentin their national educational strategies. This study focussed on how teachers from various K-6 schools met regularly in learning groups to discuss their experiences integrating programming in MakerSpace settings, places equipped with various materials that can be used to construct things to enhance creativity and cross disciplinary collaboration. The project focussed on studying the activities in an established network in a Swedish municipality (i.e. how teachers experienced the value of network meetings and how they incorporated lessons learned from other participants in the teacher learning group [TLG]). The study addressed the following research question: What are the learning experiences of teachers in K-6 schools that participate in a top-down networked professional development project that focusses on integrating computer programming into the curriculum? A narrative written method was applied to collect data from seven teachers in the network. The results indicated that teachers found it useful to participate in a top-down networked professional development project. They experienced that participating in the TLG helped them develop their professional attitudes, knowledge and practices.

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