Change search
Refine search result
34567 251 - 300 of 345
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 251.
    Lööf, Anna
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Nygårdh, Mattias
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Rekryterande chefers upplevelse av HR-stödet i rekryteringsprocessen: En sambandsstudie mellan krav, kontroll och stöd2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This quantitative study had the aim to investigate whether there is a correlation between workplace descriptive variables, which are experienced instrumental support, perceived demands, perceived control and role conflict during the recruiting process. The survey was conducted in industry, shipping, IT consulting companies and the public sector. The questionnaire was based on the QPS Nordic 34 + and ASK. The respondents comprised of middle managers. Of the respondents, 28 were men and 21 were women. Using regressions analyses, instrumental support was the dependent variable, because the HR department is assumed to provide such support. The results showed that there were significant relationships between instrumental support and quantitative demands, role conflict, and support from managers. The reliability of the study was low for some variables in the survey which generated the results are not fully reliable

  • 252.
    Macaluso, Roberto
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Mattsson, Ida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Youth Psychopathic traits Inventory: kriminella handlingar och attityder till kriminellt beteende bland gymnasieungdomar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine personality traits according to the Youth Psychopathic traits Inventory (YPI), criminal acts and attitudes towards criminal behavior among high school students. One of the questions that have been examined in the study is if there is any correlation between young people that have been involved with criminal acts and young people that have YPI personality tendencies. Another question investigated in the study was if there are gender inequities between boys and girls with regard to the attitudes towards criminal behavior. The study was conducted through a survey that included three questionnaires. The results were compiled and compared and then analyzed using a computer-based algorithm. The three questionnaires that were used in the study were a self-constructed survey, the Youth Psychopathic traits Inventory (YPI) and finally one modified Crime prevention council-BRÅ survey. The test group consisted of 108 upper secondary youth between the ages of fifteen and nineteen. The 108 participants included 34 boys and 56 girls. The result clearly showed that the psychopathic tendencies that were represented amongst the youth in the study are thrill-seeking based. The results also showed strong significant correlation between five of the YPI, variables (manipulation, remorselessness, thrill-seeking, impulsiveness, irresponsibility and criminal acts. The study also showed that more boys than girls had been involved in criminal acts of some kind. The attitudes of the boys in the study showed that they had a more liberal views regards to criminal acts than the girls, which is supported in previous research

  • 253.
    Magnusson, Akhtari
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Jarjoui, Maha
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Min kropp är mitt visitkort: En kvalitativ studie om vilka faktorer som har en väsentlig betydelse för viktminskning.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Health and fitness has increasingly become a key concept in today's society. Media debates feed people constantly about how to train properly, and what to eat to improve their health. A considerable part of the population in the community trying to live up to the media's representation of the body, which still leads to a norm in society that everyone, should live by. Research has shown that overweight individuals experiencing exclusion in society because they do not live up to media criteria for the body's appearance. With this background, the purpose of the present study, to investigate whether, overweight chooses to lose weight because of the media. A qualitative design with semi-structured interviews where chosen for this study. Six participants were included in the study, and all were between 20 and 30 years. The analysis applied for this study was a combination of theory controlled- empiricism guided thematic analysis. The analysis appeared two main themes, each with subtema: (1) External motivation; media and social attitudes. (2) Internal motivation; Self-efficacy, interest and health / appearance. The result showed that a combination of the media and social attitudes was a contributing factor to the loss of weight. The external motivation was therefore a crucial factor for the participants.

  • 254.
    Magnusson, Akhtari
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Jarjoui, Maha
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Min kropp är mitt visitkort: en kvalitativ studie om vilka faktorer som har en väsentlig betydelse för viktminskning.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Health and fitness has increasingly become a key concept in today's society. Media debates feed people constantly about how to train properly, and what to eat to improve their health. A considerable part of the population in the community trying to live up to the media's representation of the body, which still leads to a norm in society that everyone, should live by. Research has shown that overweight individuals experiencing exclusion in society because they do not live up to media criteria for the body's appearance. With this background, the purpose of the present study, to investigate whether, overweight chooses to lose weight because of the media.

    A qualitative design with semi-structured interviews where chosen for this study. Six participants were included in the study, and all were between 20 and 30 years. The analysis applied for this study was a combination of theory controlled- empiricism guided thematic analysis. The analysis appeared two main themes, each with subtema: (1) External motivation; media and social attitudes. (2) Internal motivation; Self-efficacy, interest and health / appearance. The result showed that a combination of the media and social attitudes was a contributing factor to the loss of weight. The external motivation was therefore a crucial factor for the participants.

  • 255.
    Martinsson, Camilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Vi är en bra kombination av människor som lyfter varandra: en studie om boendestödjares psykosociala arbetsmiljö2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Supported housing is an initiative directed to adults with mental disorders, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, that withhold own accommodation. They have difficulties in managing cleaning, be in contact with authorities or staying in public areas. People who work with housing supports have as a main task, together with the user of the support, to create routines and structures so that the user of the support can live a functioning life. Previous research in the field of housing support and also mainly focused on the users problem as well as the user experience of housing support. The author didn´t find any studies that focused on working groups in psychosocial working environment in Sweden. Thus, there was an emerging need to achieve a more nuanced image of housing support, to highlight psychosocial work environment. The aim was initially to examine how the consequences of a reorganization could affect housing supporters' job. As the work on the study progressed, the focus of the study changed to include psychosocial work of the working group housing supporters. Semi-structured individual interviews with eight informants from the same workgroup were conducted. To be able to find insightful phenomena and to develop a theoretical understanding Grounded Theory was applied. The results showed that the main categories of Experience of meaningfulness, Social contexts, Professional approach and Values-based leadership together formed the core category of Viable working environment. Further research is needed, i.e., studies can be carried out on bigger scale, for instance investigating whole municipalities. Studies could be carried out by all the working groups in the municipality. In summary, the present study illustrated the value of using these key factors as a salutogenetic tool to be applied in preventive work with the aim to maintain and develop a vital workplace in the long term.

  • 256.
    Massoudi, Pamela
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Hwang, Philip
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Wickberg, Birgitta
    Depression and distress in Swedish fathers during the postnatal period2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 257.
    Mitrosbaras, Jessica
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Pettersson, Lisa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    ”Jag känner mig två meter längre”: en kvalitativ studie om omställning i arbetslivet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current labor market is affected by cyclical fluctuations. As a consequence people more often change careers or end up in unemployment. The purpose of this study was to investigate how people who were unemployed experienced this transition and if their personal experiences could relate to current theories such as Self-efficacy and SOC (sense of coherence). This transition refers to individuals with a terminated employment ending up in unemployment. Furthermore, the purpose was to investigate if there were any differences in how individuals coped with the transition depending on if they were fired or voluntarily resigned. Qualitative method was used and semi structured interviews were conducted with four informants. When analyzing the data, thematic analysis method was used. Results showed that the informants’ experience of the transition differed depending on if they had been fired or voluntarily resigned. One difference that emerged from the results was that the informants who voluntarily resigned experienced the transition as an opportunity for change; they also had a greater sense of control in their situation. To conclude, the informants’ own choice affected well-being

  • 258.
    Mohlén, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Wernersson, Johanna
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lärarnas arbetsmiljö med hälsofrämjande åtgärder: En kvalitativ studie om lärarnas upplevda arbetssituation2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The elementary school of today is a very debated subject and not the least, teachers' working conditions have come to attention. The primary school teacher is a profession that is exposed to high workloads, with a work environment with continual time- and resource shortages. The stressful work situation can cause psychological and physical symptoms such as insomnia, headaches and muscle pains. These stress-related symptoms could lead to sick leave due to fatigue and depression. The purpose of this study was to examine how teachers perceived their work environment and which health-promoting activities they sought to alleviate their stress and increase their wellbeing. This qualitative study included six interviews that were analysed according to the thematic approach.

    The results of the study showed that teachers perceived their work environment as stressful and demanding. Furthermore, the study revealed that the respect and privileges for teachers has declined, which have contributed to the impression that the security of their work has decreased. Several of the respondents had psychological and physical symptoms due to their working conditions. The identified reasons were, among other things, that time for recovery and separation between work and leisure was missing. The health-promoting actions that emerged in the result were; a more even load balancing, social support, more resources, in combination with the school's management, economics, and management support. Conclusively, the recommendations are; a clear and present leadership, social support and a greater focus on the budget in order to avoid the physical and psychological effects, and instead create a health-promoting work environment.

  • 259.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Löfgren-Mårtenson, Lotta
    Centre for Sexology and Sexuality Studies, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    New emancipatory (em@ncipatory) landscapes?: Young people with intellectual disabilities, Internet use and identification processes2016In: Transitions Across the Life Course of People with Disabilities: Experiences, Opportunities and Strategies, Off- and Online Workshop information and contributions by the delegates (with abstracts, pamphlets and papers), 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 260.
    Molin, Martin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Social Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Löfgren-Mårtenson, Lotta
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Teachers’ and parents’ views on the Internet and social media usage by pupils with intellectual disabilities2015In: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, ISSN 1744-6295, E-ISSN 1744-6309, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 22-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports experiences from a Swedish study, discussing teachers’ and parents’ views on how young people with intellectual disabilities use the Internet and social media. Five semi-structured focus group interviews were conducted with teachers (n = 8) in special programmes in upper secondary schools for pupils with intellectual disabilities and parents (n = 5) of pupils in the same form of schooling, and they were analysed with thematic analysis. Teachers more strongly emphasize a pupil’s use of the Internet for interactive purposes. Parents had expectations that the Internet could be a tool for gaining more awareness of one’s own disability and a way to meet other peer group pupils. Teachers’ and parents’ perspectives on the Internet and social media usage are important since it is imperative to show how support can be provided for young people with intellectual disabilities.

  • 261.
    Nilsson, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Employer Branding: Hur befintlig personal lever efter varumärket2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is important to examine whether existing employees perceive their organization as an attractive one. The purpose of this study was, based on earlier research, to analyze the municipality's employer brand and organizational identification among the employees, together with age variations. The essay has an quantitative approach and is based on the results of a three part questionnaire. 174 individuals in total responded to the questionnaire. The average age of the respondents was 46 years. The result of the study showed that the municipality's employees had neither a low or high organizational identification. The municipality's unique employer brand was summarized as having a leadership which encouraged the employees to use their own initiative and think outside the box, that diversity in the work group was highly valued and the municipality was expected to be successful. The result further showed that there were age based variations in all the analyzed variables. Organizational identification was higher in employees in the 47-66 years age group. Employees in the 19-46 years group tended to perceive the municipality as a more attractive employer than those in the 47-66 years group.

  • 262.
    Nilsson, Gunilla
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Samiska kvinnors levnadsvillkor i kulturen och rennäringen2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research often includes juridical, political, economical and historical aspects of the Sami population. The research about the Sami women are limited therefore is was important to investigate the living conditions of the Sami women. The purpose with the study was to investigate the living conditions of the Sami women from a culture- and reindeer-herding view in relation to social gender and the majority society. Four individual interviews were performed with women who worked with reindeer-herding in the Sapmi area in north of Sweden. The interview guide was semi-structured and the data were analysed with the phenomenological method Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, which has a focus on subjective experiences. The results revealed that participants try to create a norm of practising reindeer-herding, in spite of the male norm and less physical strength. They experience that job sharing between genders has changed over time. The majority society was experienced as threatening due to diffused intentions for reindeerherding.

  • 263.
    Nonås, Kathe
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Strategiska perspektiv på arbetsmiljöarbete: med förändring i fokus.2009In: Perspektiv på arbetsmiljöarbete / [ed] Hörte, Sven Åke & Christmansson, Marita, Halmstad: Högskolan i Halmstad , 2009, p. 59-72Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 264.
    Nordström, Susanna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Musik, subkultur, ungdomar och risktagande.2014In: Att förstå ungdomars identitetsskapande: en inspirations- och metodbok / [ed] Sorbring, E., Andersson, Å. & Molin, M., Stockholm: Liber, 2014, 1, p. 192-219Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I kapitlet beskrivs musik som en kontext där ungdomars identitetsskapande processer äger rum.

  • 265.
    Norén, Linnéa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Jansson, Frida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tillgänglighet – ett hot eller en möjlighet?: En examensuppsats om arbetets nya gränser2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To be available for work outside working hours has become a common feature of working life for many employees. Smartphones makes it possible to answer work-related calls and both read and send work-related e-mail at any time and place. Employers, clients and colleagues have an almost unlimited ability to reach each other. Research of the new working conditions has been conducted from several different perspectives, for example: boundaryless work, work-life balance and stress. The purpose of the study was to understand how employees with the conditions of being constantly available and lacking of boundaries experienced their situation. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight informants, which all had experience of being available for work at leisure time. Thematic analysis was used for analysing the material and the four themes that emerged was ambivalence, high workload, unspoken expectations and difficult finding balance. The theme of ambivalence was very telling of how informants felt about their availability and their boundaryless situation. In one hand, the availability and flexibility offered the informants stimulating and challenging tasks, but on the other hand it was difficult to set boundaries which could cause a high amount of stress. The result that emerged gives a deeper understanding of how it feels to work without clear boundaries between work and leisure, as well as the advantages and disadvantages that follows. The study may contribute to a better understanding of employees' new situation, where constant availability is more the rule than the exception.

  • 266.
    Nåfors, Annika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ledarintelligens, värderingar och personlighetsegenskaper2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine how personality traits can be related with properties of charitable intelligence. In addition, the aim was to study values in relation to intelligence and the leader's values. The following questions were formulated: (a) Which of the personality traits according to the extended Big Five theory best explains the ability of human leadership? (b) Is there a correlation between management training and leader's assessment of his performance? (c) Are there differences in Workaholism in the current sample and the standard values? If differences are found, then how are personality traits associated with Workaholism? (d) Is there a link between the human leadership, the leader's performance and values? Participants were 120 managers with staff responsibility in 2 municipalities (M = 50 years, SD = 9.6), of which 79 women. They filled in a questionnaire that was based on nine forms for measuring work and welfare, leader intelligence and values. In addition, I constructed one questionnaire to measure the leader's values. The results showed a significant relationship between three personality traits (extroversion, agreeableness and openness to change) and charitable leadership. The results showed that the completed management training has medium effect (d=0.5) on spiritual intelligence. Regression analysis of Workaholism and personality traits demonstrated a medium strong correlation (r=.34) for neuroticism and Workaholism and that neuroticism represented 17% of the variance of compulsive work. Mediator analysis showed that the leader's values and the measurement tolerance have a significant medium effect on charitable leadership (k2 = .14) and that the leader's values and self-transcendence have significant medium effects on charitable leadership (k2 = .10).

  • 267.
    Ohlsson, Ann-Catrin
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ragnestål-Impola, Carina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Vuxenmobbning: Ur ett genusperspektiv på fyra arbetsplatser2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bullying behaviour at workplaces is seen as a growing global problem, albeit with little research that satisfactorily covers this phenomenon. The aim of the study was to examine differences in the perceived presence of adult bullying in male-dominated and female-dominated workplaces in a Swedish context. Another aim was to investigate whether there was any connection between the experience of the working environment, based on inclusion/participation and negative communication. To examine this, a self-assessment questionnaire was utilized on 23 men and five women within two male-dominated workplaces (juvenile detention care), and on 32 women and two men working in female-dominated workplaces (elderly care). The used instrument showed good internal consistency. In order to analyse the sampled data, an independent

    t-test was used. Results showed that participants from the male-dominated workplaces reported a higher

    1

    level of bullying behaviour and higher levels of negative communication styles being present in their work environment compared to participants from the female-dominated workplaces. Furthermore, participants from the female-dominated areas reported they felt more involved and experienced a higher degree of freedom to influence their work situation compared to participants from the male-dominated workplaces. Despite these differences participants from the male-dominated places reported their work environment as more positive overall than the participants working in female-dominated places. None of these sex-differences was statistically significant. There was a negative and moderate correlation between involvement/participation and negative communication, a negative moderate correlation between bullying and inclusion/co-determination and a positive strong relationship between bullying and negative communication. All correlations were statistically significant. We recommend using the same instrument in future studies on adult bullying at workplaces

  • 268.
    Ohlsson, Josefin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    "Det är många ögon på en": En kvalitativ studie om barn och ungdomars sätt att hantera blyghet i kamratrelationer2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The background of this study is previous research has shown that there are sev-eral young individuals whom can describe shyness and how to live with it. Previous studies have had a focus on children and youth with the purpose of categorizing them, which leads this study to have a different approach to shyness. The study is based on symbolic interactionism and social interaction using the terms generalized others/significant others along with Front Stage/Back Stage.

    Aim: This study has an aim to understand how children and youth perceive shyness. The aim is also to see how young individuals handle shyness in friendships during school-hours. The leading questions which have been studied are: How does children and youths describe shyness?; To what degree does friendships affect young individuals ability to handle shyness?; Which conceptions about shyness exists in regards to close and transient relationships?; How does young individuals perceive how shyness is handled in structured environments such as in the classroom and in chosen relations with people such as lunch breaks, time between classes, before, and after school?

    Methods: By working with semi-structured interviews where each interviewee is freely able to describe their thoughts and words regarding shyness in relation to friendships, it's clarified that the basis of this study is qualitative. An understanding that individuals have their own perspec-tive on the phenomenon is incorporated into the study which leads to the result.

    Results and conclusions: The result shows that the interviewed children and youths handle shyness in different ways as some choose to keep away from shy individuals while others want to help them. They also have their own words to describe what shyness entitles since most find it to be a negative experience while some interviewees can see something positive with it. According to them there are advantages by not wanting to be in the spotlight, to understand others while caution prevents the person from being mean to them, and finally they find a positive aspect when shyness leads the individual to not badger, and instead listens to a greater extent.

  • 269.
    Olofsson, Rebecca
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Att repatriera till hemorganisationen i Sverige efter utlandsuppdrag i Kina: En intervjustudie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, which was made within a big and global industrial company, the main focus was to understand expats' own experiences of the current repatriation process. This was conducted by a qualitative study containing 10 interviews with white collar workers who had been on expat missions in China. The study focused on highlighting what the respondents thought could have been better and how they thought the repatriation process could be improved. The company had, prior to this, made little research regarding this subject. The purpose of this study was to identify possible deficits or improvements, both for the company itself and for others who took part of this study. Earlier research has shown that turnovers are common when1expats repatriate. All the respondents were in the age range of 28-56 years and they had worked for the company 4-26 years. The data was processed through a thematic analysis where important "themes" or areas, within the gathered material, were identified. In this study we found contradicting results, showing that this was not the case at this company. It was more common that the expatriates stayed within the company even after repatriation. The most important result for this study was that the expats found it most valuable to get relevant positions and work tasks in order to have a successful repatriation. The role of the Home Base Manager was also shown to be of great importance when the expats experienced their repatriations as successful. The results also showed that there was an existing dissatisfaction among the repatriated expats regarding the repatriation process.

  • 270.
    Olsen-Widén, Stephen
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Self-reported tinnitus and noise sensitivity among adolescents in Sweden2004In: Noise & Health, ISSN 1463-1741, E-ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 7, no 25, p. 29-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It seems to be a common opinion among researchers within the field of audiology that the prevalence of tinnitus will increase as a consequence of environmental factors, for example exposure to loud noise. Young people are exposed to loud sounds, more than any other age group, especially during leisure time activities, i.e. at pop concerts, discotheques and gyms. A crucial factor for the prevention of hearing impairments and hearing-related symptoms in the young population is the use of hearing protection. The focus of the present study is use of hearing protection and self-reported hearing-related symptoms, such as tinnitus and noise sensitivity in a young population of high-school students (N=1285), aged 13 to 19 years. The results show that the prevalence of permanent tinnitus and noise sensitivity, reported in the total group, was 8.7% and 17.1% respectively. Permanent tinnitus was not significantly related to level of socio-economic status, but age-related differences in the prevalence rates of experienced tinnitus and noise sensitivity were found to be significant. Older students reported such symptoms to a greater extent than younger students did. Those who reported tinnitus and other hearing-related symptoms protected their hearing to the highest extent and were the ones most worried.

  • 271.
    Olsen-Widén, Stephen
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Erlandsson, Soly
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    The influence of socio-economic status on adolescent attitude to social noise and hearing protection2004In: Noise & Health, ISSN 1463-1741, E-ISSN 1998-4030, Vol. 7, no 25, p. 59-70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of the present study, of 1285 adolescents, was young people's attitudes towards noise and their use of hearing protection at discos and pop concerts. Comparisons were made between adolescents from different age groups, and with different socio-economic status. Logistic regressions indicated that "worry before attending noisy activities" and "hearing symptoms" such as tinnitus and noise sensitivity could, to some degree, explain the use of hearing protection in noisy environments. Another conclusion to be drawn from this study was that adolescents' attitudes and behaviors regarding hearing protection use differed between levels of socio-economic status. Individuals with high SES expressed more negative attitudes and used ear protection to a greater extent than those with lower SES. This result might indicate differences in the development of future auditory problems among individuals with different levels of socio-economic status. The cause of hearing impairment and tinnitus may not be restricted merely to noise exposure. Psychological aspects, such as attitudes towards noisy environments and the individual's behavior regarding the use of hearing protection may be considered as important factors in the understanding of why the prevalence of hearing­ related problems has increased among adolescents.

  • 272.
    Olsson, Maria
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Holmén, Annika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Lastbilschaufförers upplevelse av Kör- och vilotidslagen och dess betydelse för individens arbetsförhållande2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research on truck drivers working conditions has shown that they are exposed to a number of stressors at work and that they have low degree of control over their work. The aim of the study was to examine the truck drivers’ experience of stress as a result of European hours-of-service regulations (HoS), how they experience their work situation and help to increase understanding about truck drivers’ working condition. The study included six male truck drivers from the region (Uddevalla, Trollhättan, Vänersborg) covered by the HoS. All drivers had family with children of different ages and the drivers’ experience of the profession was between 19 and 40 years. A qualitative study based on a thematic analysis method was carried out. Individual interviews were conducted. Participants felt that HoS limited their ability to perform their job, that the law was inflexible and poorly adapted to the business, which they felt led to frustration, stress and feelings of powerlessness. The study showed that HoS contributed to experienced poor working conditions and road safety, and that the digital tachograph was incomplete and poorly adapted to their business. The participants missed the option of flexibility with HoS as it would improve their working relationship. The study concluded that for truck drivers to improve working conditions a broader perspective than regulations of driving time, breaks and rest periods is needed.

  • 273.
    Ottosson, Emma
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Axelsson, Ida
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hur ser internt anställd personal inom bemanningsbranschen på motivation och sina utvecklings- och karriärmöjligheter?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to find out what motivates the internal employees and how they see the development of the industry. This purpose was chosen with the background against the previous studies focused primarily on consultants employed by the staffing company. Therefore, the authors wanted to instead assume the internal employees to obtain their views on motivation, development and career opportunities. The authors have also had their own experience from the staffing industry which made the choice fell on that particular industry. The study was conducted six semi-structured interviews that were recorded, with the internal employees of a temporary employment agency in Västra Götaland. Semi-structured interviews were chosen to create a freer interview where the participants would be able to come up with their own initiatives within the framework of the study. Participants were four women and two men, aged 20-30 years. The documentation that came up in the interviews were analyzed through thematic analysis where four prominent themes were identified. These four themes were interpersonal relationships, interaction with management, learning organization and employment. The themes are based on the respondents addressed during the interviews and their own experiences regarding motivation and development. In accordance with the results showed that is not the actual tasks that motivate and develop individuals. It is instead about the factors that are around, so that colleagues, bonuses / salaries and supervision of the work. This is also something which coincide with previous research has demonstrated in the art. Individuals want a functional overview of the work and there should be factors that make them see opportunities for development and motivation.

  • 274.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    et al.
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Luengo Kanacri, Bernadette Paula
    Sapienza University of Rome, Department of Psychology,, Rome, Italy.
    Malone, Patrick S.
    University of South Carolina, Department of Psychology, Columbia, SC, USA.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Department of Psychology, , Caserta, Italy.
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Miranda, Maria Concetta
    Second University of Naples, Department of Psychology, , Caserta, Italy.
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD, USA.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Facultad de Psicologia, Medellin, Colombia.
    Alampay, Liane Pena
    Ateneo de Manila University, Department of Psychology, Metropolitan Manila, Philippines.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Department of Special Education, Zarqa, Jordan.
    Chang, Lei
    Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Educational Psychology, Hong Kong, China.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Virginia Tech, Department of Psychology, Blacksburg, VA, USA.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Department of Educational Psychology, Maseno, Kenya.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Positive parenting and children’s prosocial behavior in eight countries2016In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, ISSN 0021-9630, E-ISSN 1469-7610, Vol. 57, no 7, p. 824-834Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Research supports the beneficial role of prosocial behaviors on children’s adjustment and successful youth development. Empirical studies point to reciprocal relations between negative parenting and children’s maladjustment, but reciprocal relations between positive parenting and children’s prosocial behavior are understudied. In this study reciprocal relations between two different dimensions of positive parenting (quality of the mother–child relationship and the use of balanced positive discipline) and children’s prosocial behavior were examined in Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States. Methods Mother–child dyads (N = 1105) provided data over 2 years in two waves (Mage of child in wave 1 = 9.31 years, SD = 0.73; 50% female). Results A model of reciprocal relations between parenting dimensions, but not among parenting and children’s prosocial behavior, emerged. In particular, children with higher levels of prosocial behavior at age 9 elicited higher levels of mother–child relationship quality in the following year. Conclusions Findings yielded similar relations across countries, evidencing that being prosocial in late childhood contributes to some degree to the enhancement of a nurturing and involved mother–child relationship in countries that vary widely on sociodemographic profiles and psychological characteristics. Policy and intervention implications of this study are discussed.

  • 275.
    Persson, B.N.
    et al.
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Dark and bright values: The Dark Triad and empathy relating to universal values2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an emphasis on self-enhancing values in present-day society. Empathy is shown to be declining and callousness increasing. This two-study research set out to analyze dark personality traits (Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy) and bright personality traits (emotional and cognitive empathy), and their predictive validity on universal value types. Using a sample of Swedes and Americans (N = 385), the Dark Triad (SD3) correlated significantly with all value types (Schwartz’s 10 values), forming a sinusoid pattern which aligned with the circumplex value model. Machiavellianism and narcissism were positively associated with the self-enhancing values Achievement and Power, while psychopathy was positively associated with the self-enhancing values Hedonism and Power. Using a middle-aged US sample, cognitive and emotional empathy (IRI) were positively related to the selftranscending values of Universalism and Benevolence and negatively with the self-enhancement values of Achievement and Power.

    In addition, both the dark and bright personality traits explained significant variance over the basic Big Five traits in universal values. Given the complex of values accounted for, we argue that these results account for a system of self-enhancing “dark values” and self-transcending “bright values”. This research highlights that certain universal values of individual and societal relevance can be predicted by personality traits.

  • 276.
    Pettersson, Malin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Det sitter i huvudet: En kvalitativ studie om bandyelevers uppfattning av Mentalträning2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the world of hardening competition in sports mental training has become an important success factor. Previous studies have shown that mental training has helped experienced sportsmen and sportswomen to improve their concentration and results. This study aims at examining how bandy students at a national sport education (hence NIU) perceive mental training and its influence on their sports achievements. This study uses a phenomenological approach. The data were collected through four individual interviews with the third grade 17 to 18 year-old bandy students at a NIU at an upper-secondary school. All the students interviewed are active members of a Swedish bandy sports club aiming at an elit level. The results are presented with the help of thematic categories that emerged from the analysis. These categories are as follows: (1) Something that is inside the head, (2) Preparations, (3) Something you have learned by doing, (4) Difficulties.

    To sum up, mental training means a development over time that helps the bandy students to build up a mental strength needed in order to succeed in their sport. Moreover, mental training focuses preparations

  • 277.
    Peña Alampay, Liana
    et al.
    Ateneo de Manila University, Department of Psychology, 1000 Metro Manila National Capital Region, Philippin.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, U.
    Godwin, Jennifer
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA .
    Dodge, Kenneth
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA .
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA .
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Department of Educational Psychology, Maseno, Kenya .
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA .
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Department of Psychiatry, Chiang Mai, Thailand .
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Consultorio Psicológico Popular, Medellín, Colombia .
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Al-Hassan, Suha M
    Hashemite University,Emirates College for Advanced Education. Queen Rania Faculty for Childhood,, Zarqa, Jordan, and Health and Special Education Division, , Abu Dhabi, UAE .
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Department of Psychology, Caserta, Italy .
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Child and Family Research Program in Developmental Neuroscience, Bethesda, MD, USA .
    Chang, Lei
    Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Educational Psychology, Hong Kong, China .
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Department of Psychology, Blacksburg, VA, USA .
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Do Harshness and Consistency/Justness Moderate the Relation Between Physical Punishment and Negative Child Outcomes?: Poster presented at 2015 SRCD Biennial meeting, Philadelphia, USA.2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 278.
    Putnick, Diana L
    et al.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Child and Family Research, Bethesda .
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Child and Family Research Program in Developmental Neuroscience, Bethesda, MD, USA .
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, U.
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA .
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA .
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Department of Psychiatry, Chiang Mai, Thailand .
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria
    Universidad San Buenaventura, Consultorio Psicológico Popular, Medellín, Colombia .
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Peña Alampay, Liana
    Ateneo de Manila University, Department of Psychology, 1000 Metro Manila National Capital Region, Philippin.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M
    Hashemite University,Emirates College for Advanced Education. Queen Rania Faculty for Childhood,, Zarqa, Jordan, and Health and Special Education Division, , Abu Dhabi, UAE .
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Department of Psychology, Caserta, Italy .
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Chang, Lei
    Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Educational Psychology, Hong Kong, China .
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Department of Psychology, Blacksburg, VA, USA .
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC, USA .
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Department of Educational Psychology, Maseno, Kenya .
    Perceived Mother and Father Acceptance-Rejection Uniquely Predict Four Aspects of Child Adjustment Across Nine Countries: Poster presented at 2015 SRCD Biennial meeting, Philadelphia, USA.2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 279.
    Putnick, Diane L.
    et al.
    Child and Family Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Bethesda, MD, USA .
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Child and Family Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Bethesda, MD, USA .
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
    Chang, Lei
    Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China .
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA .
    Malone, Patrick S.
    University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.
    Oburu, Paul O.
    Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya .
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe
    Rome University “La Sapienza,” Rome, Italy.
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, the Philippines .
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan .
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy .
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Agreement in Mother and Father Acceptance-Rejection, Warmth, and Hostility/Rejection/ Neglect of Children Across Nine Countries2012In: Cross-cultural research, ISSN 1069-3971, E-ISSN 1552-3578, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 191-223Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors assessed whether mothers' and fathers' self-reports of acceptance-rejection, warmth, and hostility/rejection/neglect (HRN) of their preadolescent children differ cross-nationally and relative to the gender of the parent and child in 10 communities in 9 countries, including China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States (N = 998 families). Mothers and fathers in all countries reported a high degree of acceptance and warmth, and a low degree of HRN, but countries also varied. Mothers reported greater acceptance of children than fathers in China, Italy, Sweden, and the United States, and these effects were accounted for by greater self-reported warmth in mothers than in fathers in China, Italy, the Philippines, Sweden, and Thailand and less HRN in mothers than in fathers in Sweden. Fathers reported greater warmth than mothers in Kenya. Mother and father acceptance-rejection were moderately correlated. Relative levels of mother and father acceptance and rejection appear to be country specific. © 2012 SAGE Publications.

  • 280.
    Putnick, Diane L.
    et al.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Child and Family Research, Bethesda.
    Bornstein, Marc H.
    Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Child and Family Research, Bethesda.
    Lansford, Jennifer E.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC.
    Malone, Patrick S.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC.
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailan.
    Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Department of Psychology.
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Alampay, Liane Peña
    Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines.
    Al-Hassan, Suha M.
    Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan.
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples.
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Chang, Lei
    Chinese University of Hong Kong.
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia.
    Di Giunta, Laura
    La Sapienza University of Rome, Interuniversity Centre for Research in the Genesis and Development of Prosocial and Antisocial Motivations, Rome, Italy.
    Dodge, Kenneth A.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, Durham, NC.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya.
    Perceived mother and father acceptance-rejection predict four unique aspects of child adjustment across nine countries2015In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, ISSN 0021-9630, E-ISSN 1469-7610, Vol. 56, no 8, p. 923-932Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background It is generally believed that parental rejection of children leads to child maladaptation. However, the specific effects of perceived parental acceptance-rejection on diverse domains of child adjustment and development have been incompletely documented, and whether these effects hold across diverse populations and for mothers and fathers are still open questions. Methods This study assessed children’s perceptions of mother and father acceptance-rejection in 1,247 families from China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States as antecedent predictors of later internalizing and externalizing behavior problems, school performance, prosocial behavior, and social competence. Results Higher perceived parental rejection predicted increases in internalizing and externalizing behavior problems and decreases in school performance and prosocial behavior across 3 years controlling for within-wave relations, stability across waves, and parental age, education, and social desirability bias. Patterns of relations were similar across mothers and fathers and, with a few exceptions, all nine countries. Conclusions Children’s perceptions of maternal and paternal acceptance-rejection have small but nearly universal effects on multiple aspects of their adjustment and development regardless of the family’s country of origin.

  • 281.
    Ragnestål - Impola, Carina
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Arbetsplatsmobbning: En undersökning ur ett hälsoperspektiv om den mobbade och den som mobbar2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bullying in the workplace creates a great suffering for the victim and has major consequences for the individual and for the organization. Previous research on the subject of bullying has mostly focused on self-perceived stress and mental illness. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine workplace bullying and self-perceived general health as well as three types of illness conditions; Unhealth 1 (everyday life management); Unhealth 2 (pain/discomfort); Unhealth 3 (anxiety/ depression). Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised (NAQ-R) and Negative Acts Questionnaire-perpetrators (NAQ-P), used to measure the experience of being exposed to various bullying-related behaviors and situations (objective measure of bullying) and the experience of exposing others to various bullying-related behaviors. NAQ-R has a bullying definition and a direct question about having been a victim of bullying (subjective measurement). To investigate the general health and three types of unhealthy conditions.

    The survey covered 172 people in Uddevalla Municipality's area, and the participants who took part were social workers, engineers, restaurant staff and security guards. There were 73 men and 98 women. There was a significant positive correlation between Unhealth 1-3 and NAQ-R, and a significant negative correlation between general health and NAQ-R. The results indicate that bullying is related to illness. No significant gender differences could be seen in the experience of bullying behavior in the workplace (objective evaluation). By examining the self-perceived health based on different types of health of workers who have been bullied and workers who bully, this study may lead to an improved change management. Such a change must be continuous to develop good organizational changes in Sweden and start a better prevention efforts regarding workplace bullying.

  • 282.
    Renjifo, Dámaris
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Den enskilde ledarens upplevelse i neddragningstider2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During a recession, many companies are using layoffs as a way to reduce costs and meet a declining demand. These layoffs involves tough and challenging tasks for managers in organizations. In order to have a successful outcome of downsizing processes within the company , researchers have shown that prepared declaration and resource support are important tools, but also that follow-up and resources are offered when needed for employees. The purpose of this study was to investigate the manager's experience of downsizing. To achieve the purpose of the study, I examined how the managers/leaders managed and were influenced by giving notice of layoffs. Study participants consisted of six people who had management positions in a politically driven organization. The age range of the participants was between 30 years and 60 years, and the study participants consisted of two men and four women, all graduates. This was a qualitative study using a semi-structured interview guide. Thematic analysis was used to process the material. The results showed that managers prepared themselves well to handle a redundancy process. Professional support was available during the downsizing/termination process. To both give and receive support felt to be important where understanding was an

    important part of this. Despite careful management of a termination it seems to have been difficult for managers to avoid being affected. All informants felt that it was tough and hard to give notice of termination. While all respondents indicated that layoffs after all, is an interesting area that is stimulating and instructive, and give new experiences.

  • 283.
    Risenfors, Signild
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Kategoriseringar om kultur och etnicitet2011In: Läraryrket : ett mångfacetterat uppdrag / [ed] Henry, Alastair, Gurdal, Sevtap, Asplund Carlsson, Maj, Lund: Studenlitteratur , 2011, 1, p. 125-136Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 284.
    Risenfors, Signild
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division for Educational Science and Languages.
    Gurdal, Sevtap
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Korankurser som föreningsverksamhet? : En undersökning bland muslimska föreningar i Västra Götalandsregionen 2011Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Islam uppfattas fortfarande som en ny företeelse i Europa trots att muslimer har funnits nästan lika länge i Europa som i Mellanöstern. Det som är nytt är istället den invandring av muslimer som ägt rum på senare tid till Europa. När det gäller Sverige är islam däremot en relativt ny företeelse; 1930 räknade man till ca 15 muslimer i Sverige och 2008 uppskattades antalet till ca 110 000 stycken. I och med den nya invandringen har olika muslimska grupperingar mötts i icke-muslimska kontexter, vilket bidragit till att en mer komplex tolkningstradition av Koranen växt fram. De muslimska föreningarna är en sådan plats där tolkning av Koranen sker.

    Målet med föreliggande studie är att bidra till mer kunskap om korankurser i Västra Götalandsregionen genom en beskrivning av föreningarna och av deras korankurser.

    Syftet är att lokalisera muslimska föreningar i regionen för att därefter ta reda på i vilken utsträckning, samt med vilka resurser och material, dessa föreningar bedriver korankurser för barn och ungdomar.

    Resultatet visar att många av föreningarna fungerar som både religiösa och sociala mötesplatser. Föreningarnas organisation ser olika ut, men de flesta hör till en paraplyorganisation. Somliga har kontakter med ett hemland och samarbetar med lokala föreningar på orten samt studieförbund som Sensus, Ibn Rushd och ABF.

    1Ibn Rushd är ett muslimskt studieförbund som startats med stöd från bland annat Sensus, ettstudieförbund som särskilt lyfter fram livsfrågor, mångfald och globala frågor.

    Korankurserna som riktar sig till barn består av koranläsning och diskussion av innehåll men också av social samvaro med utflykter. Verksamheten är organiserad utifrån svensk föreningslivsmodell vilket i vissa fall skapar problem för föreningar som inte räknar medlemsantalet utifrån antal personer utan familjer. I samtalet med representanter för de muslimska föreningarna lyfter man fram integration som ett angeläget arbete för föreningen. Genom att vara en länk mellan medlemmarna och svenska samhället ser representanterna sig som en viktig del i att hjälpa till med integrationen. 

  • 285.
    Roos, J.M
    et al.
    Veryday, Universities of Gothenburg, Borås, and Skövde, Sweden.
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. Universities of Skövde and of Gothenburg.
    Toward a non-verbal personality scale, based on facial expressions and body language2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 286.
    Roos, Magnus
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande..
    Kajonius, Petri
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. Högskolan i Skövde, Institutionen för hälsa och lärande. Avdelningen för arbets- och organisationspsykologi,.
    Non-verbal personality assessment with 10 cartoon-like portrayals2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a non-verbal personality assessment that consists of 10 cartoon-like portrayals, one for each factor in the five-factor model of personality and their counterparts (i.e. open-minded, conscientious, extravert, agreeable, and neurotic versus close-minded, impulsive, introvert, antagonistic and emotionally stable). The assessment has been constructed in collaboration with graphic designers at an international top-ranking design and innovation agency, Veryday. Unlike existing personality assessments, this assessment is developed for interviews and combines the respondent´s perceived self and ideal self rather than only focusing on the respondent´s self-estimation of his/her perceived self. The respondent projects his/her perceived and ideal selves on ten personality cards which facilitate expressions of cognitions and emotions. The aim of the assessment is to provide insight into gaps that reside in incongruity between the respondent´s perceived self and ideal self and thereafter focusing the interview on how to bridge the gap(s). Each portrayal has been validated through a tag cloud of top-of-mind words and a verbal assessment criterion, HP5i. The further validation process needs to be discussed with experts in the field of psychological assessments. Reshaping and adjusting established personality assessments toward non-verbal tools for interview settings might create new opportunities in therapy and user-studies.

  • 287.
    Rydkvist, Sandra
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Schüler, Martin
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ett individuellt perspektiv på säkerhet bland militära chefer och soldater2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines how military personnel describe the word safety. The interviews concentrate on two locations in Sweden. Informants are working in units that have similar tasks with the same competence requirements of staff. A total of 9 people participated, 7 men and 2 women. The results showed that some respondents ask for a clearer commitment from management. Study participants also expressed that security is an integrated part when the exercise will be planned. Safety Instruction (SäkI) is a natural part of all activities within the organization and affects the individual's work. Guides for how safety will be conducted and the management's commitment were by the informants believed to be important components for safety. Feedback on incident reports projected an image of an organization that does not learn from their mistakes. According to previous research, knowledge, motivation and commitment are essential for the safety climate and affect the performance and compliance of safety regulations.

  • 288.
    Rydstedt, Leif
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Devereux, Jason
    University of Surrey, Guildford, UK.
    Cropley, Mark
    University of Surrey, Guildford, UK.
    Michalianou, Georgia
    University of Surrey, Guildford, UK.
    The Long-Term Impact of Subjective Need for Recovery from Work on Perceived Sleep Quality 2006In: 27th Stress and Anxiety Research Society Conference Proceedings / [ed] Pagona Roussi,Eleni Vassilaki, Krzysztof Kaniasty & Jamie D.Barker, University of Crete , 2006, p. 141-149Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term impact of subjective need for recovery from work on perceived sleep quality. The sample consisted of 70 British white-collar workers (age M=41.8; 29% females) that participated in a survey study and also volunteered for a fieldstudy about 4 years later. Hierarchic regression analysis was used for the analysis. An indicator of baseline sleep quality entered in the first step of the equation, gender and age in the second step, thereafter concurrent psychosocial working conditions. Baseline subjective need for recovery from work was entered in the final step. The result showed baseline need for recovery from work to significantly affect perceived sleep quality (measured by PSQI) 4 years later. The results suggest that subjective need for recovery from work may be an important indicator of long-term wellbeing and that future stress research should take the recovery process into further consideration. 

  • 289.
    Rydstedt, Leif W.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Devereux, Jason
    European Institute of Health and Medical Sciences, Robens Centre for Health Ergonomics, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK.
    Sverke , Magnus
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Comparing and combining the demand-control-support model and the effort reward imbalance model to predict long-term mental strain2007In: European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, ISSN 1359-432X, E-ISSN 1464-0643, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 261-278Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 290.
    Rydstedt, Leif W.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Ferrie, Jane
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK.
    Head, Jenny
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, UK.
    Is there support for curvilinear relationships between psychosocial work characteristics and mental well-being?: Cross-sectional and long-term data from the Whitehall II study2006In: Work & Stress, ISSN 0267-8373, E-ISSN 1464-5335, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 6-20Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 291.
    Rydstedt, Leif W.
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Head, Jenny
    Non-linear Associations between Job Features and Wellbeing?: Cross-Sectional Data from the Whitehall II Study2007In: Psychosocial Resources in Health Care Systems, München: Hampps , 2007, p. 125-134Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 292.
    Rystedt, Leif W
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Cropley, Mark
    University of Surrey, Guildford.
    Devereux, Jason J
    University of Surrey, Guildford.
    Michalianou, Georgia
    University of Surrey, Guildford.
    The relationship between long-term job strain and morning and evening saliva cortisol secretion among white-collar workers.2008In: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, ISSN 1076-8998, E-ISSN 1939-1307, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 105-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study was to assess long-term job strain impact on morning and evening salivary cortisol secretion. In all 77 white-collar workers (31% women; sample mean age, 42 years at baseline) volunteered to sample morning (immediately after waking up) and evening (10 p.m.) salivary cortisol for 7 consecutive days. By median split on aggregated self-reported isostrain from three consecutive questionnaires distributed in a period of approximately 3.5 years the participants were classified into a high or low long-term isostrain condition. Regardless of strain condition, there was a significant reduction in morning salivary cortisol secretion from the working week to the weekend, whereas evening salivary cortisol secretion showed no significant variation during the week. Although chronic isostrain did not affect the morning saliva cortisol measures, evening cortisol secretion was significantly elevated in the chronic high isostrain group throughout the whole week. The elevated evening cortisol measures associated with chronic high strain are concordant with the findings in other studies on long-term strain.

  • 293.
    Sahlin, Eva
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Work Science, Business Economics and Environmental Psychology, Alnarp, Sweden.
    Lindegård, Agneta
    Region Västra Götaland, Institute of Stress Medicine, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hadzibajramovic, Emina
    Region Västra Götaland, Institute of Stress Medicine, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Grahn, Patrik
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Work Science, Business Economics and Environmental Psychology, Alnarp, Sweden.
    Vega Matuszczyk, Josefa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
    Ahlborg, Gunnar
    Region Västra Götaland, Institute of Stress Medicine, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The Influence of the Environment on Directed Attention, Blood Pressure and Heart Rate: An Experimental Study Using a Relaxation Intervention2016In: Landscape research, ISSN 0142-6397, E-ISSN 1469-9710, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 7-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Attention is a basic cognitive function necessary in most daily activities. Beneficial effects on cognitive abilities after exposure to nature have been reported. To explore if relaxation indoors and in nature differently affect directed attention and physiological measures, 51 participants (39 women) were measured on directed attention with the Necker Cube Pattern Control Test before and after a guided progressive relaxation session indoors and outdoors in nature. Additionally, systolic and diastolic blood pressure and heart rate were measured before and after the relaxation. Participants’ environmental preference was explored. The main result showed an environmental effect on directed attention in favour of the natural environment. No similar environmental effect on physiological measures was seen. The results indicate that relaxation in natural environments had a positive effect on directed attention and hence could be an important component for preventive and rehabilitative interventions for stress-related symptoms.

  • 294.
    Schön, Isabella
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tunefjord, Jannika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Psykologisk påverkan för ökad bältesanvändning inom kollektivtrafik2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research indicates that it is possible to psychologically affect people to increase their seat belt use on public transport (Young, et al., 2008). The study's hypothesis is that bus drivers can affect passengers' psychologically to use seat belts on public transport by delivering requests. The research questions are whether drivers can affect passengers with a neutral, pressuring, and/or humoristic request, how the seat belt usage appears within different age groups, if there is a difference between the sexes in seat belt usage, and if passengers' habits influence their seat belt usage. Four experimental groups were observed, one of which was the control group. The participants were passengers on a bus traveling from Lidköping to Skövde. 40 participants of the 93 observed were interviewed. Observations of the participants' seat belt use were conducted before and after the delivered request. The results of the observations showed no significant difference in seat belt use after the given request. Neither was there a significant difference in seat belt use between the sexes or a difference between the passengers' seat belt use at the time of the interviews and their habits of using the seat belt on public transport. The results of the interviews showed a significant difference between age groups in seat 2belt use. It was suggested that requests from the bus driver would increase the seat belt use, although the observational results were not significant. Furthermore if the seat belts were more comfortable and flexible the seat belt use might increase. Young adults use seat belts less than middle aged adults; therefore, focus should possibly be on increasing the seat belt use of young adults.

  • 295.
    Schön, Isabella
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tunefjord, Jannika
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Psykologisk påverkan för ökad bältesanvändning inom kollektivtrafik2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research indicates that it is possible to psychologically affect people to increase their seat belt use on public transport (Young, et al., 2008). The study's hypothesis is that bus drivers can affect passengers' psychologically to use seat belts on public transport by delivering requests. The research questions are whether drivers can affect passengers with a neutral, pressuring, and/or humoristic request, how the seat belt usage appears within different age groups, if there is a difference between the sexes in seat belt usage, and if passengers' habits influence their seat belt usage. Four experimental groups were observed, one of which was the control group. The participants were passengers on a bus traveling from Lidköping to Skövde. 40 participants of the 93 observed were interviewed. Observations of the participants' seat belt use were conducted before and after the delivered request. The results of the observations showed no significant difference in seat belt use after the given request. Neither was there a significant difference in seat belt use between the sexes or a difference between the passengers' seat belt use at the time of the interviews and their habits of using the seat belt on public transport. The results of the interviews showed a significant difference between age groups in seatbelt use. It was suggested that requests from the bus driver would increase the seat belt use, although the observational results were not significant. Furthermore if the seat belts were more comfortable and flexible the seat belt use might increase. Young adults use seat belts less than middle aged adults; therefore, focus should possibly be on increasing the seat belt use of young adults.

  • 296.
    Segelato, Dino
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Büyüksal, Melissa
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Akademisk stress: En kvalitativ studie om högskolestudenters upplevelser av akademisk stress2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stress is a common factor in human life, not least in the academic world. The purpose of this study was to learn more about college students experiences of academic stress. The aim was also to investigate the factors that cause stress, how stress is expressed, and what students do to handle stress. The study was conducted through a qualitative approach in which eight students with an equal distribution of women and men participated in individual semi-structured interviews. Additionally the material that was recorded and transcribed from the interviews was analysed using a thematic analysis. The analysed material resulted in four final themes; insecurity regarding studies, increased performance, healthrisks and avoidance as stress-management. The emerging results are in line with previous research and presented theories. Previous research has also shown that stress can have a positive effect if it involves a moderate amount of stress. Stress is, according to the informants in the study, considered to be a necessary factor for commitment and motivation in their studies. Moreover, research has shown that abnormal stress, on the other hand can contribute to a lot of health risks. What is considered to be a moderate amount of stress differs from person to person depending on the individual's personal characteristics.

  • 297.
    Sejdiu, Donika
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Hajir, Karmel
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    I huvudet på en rekryterare: En kvalitativ studie kring rekryteringsprocessens kritiska aspekter2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recruitment has become a serious issue for all employers. It is expensive to recruit the wrong person, and therefore there are high demands on the recruiter to employ the right person. Through this qualitative study we want to gain knowledge about the recruitment process' critical aspects and what the recruitment processes look like and how recruiters perceive them. The study took a qualitative approach and was designed with semi-structured interviews. Our sample consisted of ten individuals with recruitment responsibilities in different areas. The results of the study were analysed through an analytical thematic analysis, where we got four main themes: objective view, the process in many steps, subjective view and mismatch. An unexpected result was that the majority of recruiters went on gut instinct. The study sheds new light on how most recruiters proceed when recruiting, and contributes to greater understanding of the recruitment process. The study also contributes to knowledge of the recruiter's work.

  • 298.
    Sellén, Daniel
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Videfur, Rebecca
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Upplevd stress och engagemang av behandlingsassistenter: Verksamma på institutioner som vårdar ungdomar enligt lagen med särskilda bestämmelser om vård av unga (LVU, 1990:52)2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is little research on social workers perceived stress and commitment in compulsory treatment of adolescents in Sweden. Existing research determines that the male social workers experience a greater dissatisfaction and are more likely to encounter problems in the workplace than women. The study aimed to investigate whether there are any differences between male and female social workers in their line of work with adolescents under compulsory care in the

    National Board of Institutional Care (SiS) and how they experience stress and commitment in the workplace. Moreover, research was done to investigate whether there is a connection between stress and commitment within the social workers field. Information was gathered through questionnaires from two institutions where eight departments took part. A total of 74 employers consisting of 44 men and 30 women between the ages 25-63 participated. A quantitative study was conducted with the measuring instruments PSS 10 (Perceived Stress Scale) and UWES (Utrecht Work Engagement Scale) which are well validated and have good reliability. The results showed, on the basis of UWES's three subscales, Vigor, Dedication and Absorption, no statistically significant association between stress and commitment among male and female social workers, with one exception. The exception was a negative moderate connection between the Vigor and stress, indicating that the more stress the participant experienced the less energy the person had. The study may contribute to further studies in the compulsory care of adolescents from a wider perspective; hence there is not enough research. The study may also contribute to further discussion in the National Board of Institutional Care in Sweden.

  • 299.
    Severinsson, Louise
    et al.
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Åkesson, Maria
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Samband och könsskillnader mellan kriminalvårdares personlighetsdrag och upplevelse av säkerhetsklimat2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The prison Hall near Södertälje has safety class A. This means that prisoners constitute a high risk to the public and the employees have a great respons­ibility in maintaining security at the prison. The purpose of this study was to explore possible relationships and differences between the prison officers’ views on safety climate and their personal traits. Furthermore gender differences in personality traits and experience of safety climate were studied. The security form NOSACQ-50 and Swedish universities Scales of Personality (SSP) were used. A total of 30 participants were included in the analysis. Significant correlations were found between the personality traits mistrust, embitterment, somatic trait anxiety, social desirability and verbal trait aggression in relation to how the employees experienced the safety climate. Significant differences in personality traits were found between male and female only in somatic trait anxiety, where women had distinctively higher values then men. When it came to perceptions of safety climate between the sexes some differences could be seen, but these were not significant. The results suggest that men and women working in prisons are quite similar and that personality traits may to some extent affect the experience of the workplace safety climate. As the number of participants is limited, however, care should be taken when making conclusions.

  • 300.
    Skinner, Ann T.
    et al.
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, USA.
    Bacchini, Dario
    Second University of Naples,Department of Psychology,.
    Lansford, Jennifer
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, USA.
    Godwin, Jennifer
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, USA.
    Sorbring, Emma
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Tapanya, Sombat
    Chiang Mai University,Department of Psychiatry, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand .
    Tirado, Liliana
    Universidad de San Buenaventura, Consultorio Psicológico Popular, Carrera 56C No. 51-90, Medellín, Colombia.
    Zelli, Arnaldo
    University of Rome Foro Italico, Italy..
    Alampay, Liane
    Ateneo de Manila University, Department of Psychology, Quezon City 1108, Philippines .
    Al-Hassan, Suha
    The Hashemite University, Queen Rania Faculty for Childhood, Zarqa 13115, Jordan .
    Bombi, Anna Silvia
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Pschology, Italy..
    Bornstein, Marc
    Child and Family Research Program in Developmental Neuroscience, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA .
    Chang, Lei
    The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Educational Psychology, Shatin, Hong Kong .
    Deater-Deckard, Kirby
    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Department of Psychology, , Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA .
    Giunta, Laura
    Sapienza University of Rome, Department of Psychology, 00185 Rome, Italy .
    Dodge, Kenneth
    Duke University, Center for Child and Family Policy, USA.
    Malone, Patrick
    University of South Carolina, Department of Psychology, Colombia, SC 29208, USA.
    Miranda, Maria Concetta
    Second University of Naples,Department of Psychology,.
    Oburu, Paul
    Maseno University, Department of Education Psychology, Maseno, Kenya .
    Pastorelli, Concetta
    Università di Roma La Sapienza, Faculty of Psychology, Rome, Italy.
    Neighborhood Danger, Parental Monitoring, Harsh Parenting, and Child Aggression in Nine Countries2014In: Societies, E-ISSN 2075-4698, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 45-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Exposure to neighborhood danger during childhood has negative effects that permeate multiple dimensions of childhood. The current study examined whether mothers', fathers', and children's perceptions of neighborhood danger are related to child aggression, whether parental monitoring moderates this relation, and whether harsh parenting mediates this relation. Interviews were conducted with a sample of 1293 children (age M = 10.68, SD = 0.66; 51% girls) and their mothers (n = 1282) and fathers (n = 1075) in nine countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, the Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and the United States). Perceptions of greater neighborhood danger were associated with more child aggression in all nine countries according to mothers' and fathers' reports and in five of the nine countries according to children's reports. Parental monitoring did not moderate the relation between perception of neighborhood danger and child aggression. The mediating role of harsh parenting was inconsistent across countries and reporters. Implications for further research are discussed, and include examination of more specific aspects of parental monitoring as well as more objective measures of neighborhood danger.

34567 251 - 300 of 345
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf