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  • 251.
    Brink, Eva
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Adaptation Positions and Behavior Among Post–Myocardial Infarction Patients2009In: Clinical Nursing Research, ISSN 1054-7738, E-ISSN 1552-3799, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 119-135Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 252.
    Brink, Eva
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Considering both health-promoting and illness-related factors in assessment of health-related quality of life after myocardial infarction2012In: Open Nursing Journal, E-ISSN 1874-4346, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 90-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study addresses factors that contributed to explaining the variance in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) one year after myocardial infarction, considering both illness-related and health-promoting factors. The aim was to elucidate the influence of depression, fatigue, optimism and sense of coherence on HRQOL. The sample consisted of 95 persons who had been treated for myocardial infarction. Correlation and multiple regression analyses were performed. The results showed that depression, fatigue, optimism and sense of coherence variables were all correlated with both the physical and the mental dimensions of HRQOL. In two multiple regression analyses where the physical component score (PCS) and the mental component score (MCS) were the criterion variables, fatigue contributed to the explained variance in the PCS (p< 0.001), and both depression (p< 0.01) and fatigue (p< 0.01) contributed to explained the variance in the MCS, after controlling for age and gender. To conclude, fatigue was the most significant variable associated with HRQOL, which was interpreted as having the following clinical implication: When a person suffers from post-myocardial infarction fatigue, this must be addressed first. Clearly, it is time to take the problems of patients who suffer from post-myocardial infarction fatigue seriously. It is of vital importance to develop and evaluate fatigue relief strategies in cardiovascular nursing and to test them in interventional studies. This does not exclude investing in health-promoting factors, e.g. sense of coherence, in coronary care interventions. Intervention strategies focusing on both illness-related and salutogentic factors may be optimal. This is a question for further research.

  • 253.
    Brink, Eva
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Psykosociala konsekvenser av hjärtinfarkt.2006In: Inre och yttre världar.: Funktionshinder i psykologisk belysning / [ed] Hjelmquist, Erland., Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, p. 129-145Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 254.
    Brink, Eva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Alsén, Pia
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Cliffordson, Christina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Validation of the Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R) in a sample of persons recovering from myocardial infarction – the Swedish version.2011In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 52, no 6, p. 573-579Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When people’s health is threatened, they generally develop illness perceptions to make sense of their illness. The Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R), developed by Moss-Morris et al (2002), has been widely used in many countries to measure such representations. However, since studies in this crucial research area are lacking in Sweden a Swedish version of IPQ-R was validated with a focus on the seven subscales: timeline acute/chronic, timeline cyclical, consequences, personal control, treatment control, illness coherence and emotional representations. Using confirmatory factor analysis, the aim of the present study was to validate the internal structure of the Swedish version in a sample of 202 persons (144 men and 58 women) who had been diagnosed with myocardial infarction four months earlier. Additionally, inter-correlations among the seven subscales and external concurrent validity were also investigated. The results of confirmatory factor analysis revealed that, in line with the English version of the IPQ-R, the specified seven-factor model had a satisfactory fit. One item was however not considered reliable and was therefore excluded from the instrument. The internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha coefficients) and the inter-factor correlations were relatively similar to those reported in the validation study of the original English IPQ-R. In tests of concurrent validity, the seven IPQ-R subscales were, as hypothesized, mainly associated with external variables. To conclude, the Swedish version of the IPQ-R’s seven dimensions, with one item removed, (total 37 items) was found to be a reliable and valid measure of illness perception.

  • 255.
    Brink, Eva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing. University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Alsén, Pia
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, School of Health Sciences, .
    Kjellgren, Karin
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy.
    Cliffordson, Christina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    General self-efficacy and health-related quality of life after myocardial infarction2012In: Psychology, Health & Medicine, ISSN 1354-8506, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 346-355Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fatigue after myocardial infarction (MI) has been found to be distressing. A person's self-efficacy will influence his/her health behavior and plays an active role in tackling illness consequences. This study investigated associations between fatigue, disturbed sleep, general self-efficacy, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a sample of 145 respondents admitted to hospital for MI two years earlier. The aim was to identify the predictive value of general self-efficacy and to elucidate mediating factors between self-efficacy and HRQoL. General self-efficacy measured four months after MI was positively related to HRQoL after two years. In tests of indirect effects, fatigue meditated the effects between self-efficacy and the physical and the mental dimension of HRQoL, respectively. The indirect effect of disturbed sleep went through that of fatigue. To conclude, patients who suffer from post-MI fatigue may need support aimed at helping them increase their self-efficacy as well as helping them adapt to sleep hygiene principles and cope with fatigue, both of which will have positive influences on HRQoL.

  • 256.
    Brink, Eva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Brändström, Yvonne
    Department of Medicine, Uddevalla Hospital, Sweden.
    Cliffordson, Christina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Herlitz, Johan
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine.
    Karlson, Björn W.
    AstraZeneca R&D, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Illness consequences after myocardial infarction: Problems with physical functioning and return to work2008In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 64, no 6, p. 587-594Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 257.
    Brink, Eva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Cliffordson, Christina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Herlitz, Johan
    Department of Cardiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Karlson, Björn W.
    Medicine and Science, AstraZeneca R and D, Mölndal.
    Dimensions of the Somatic Health Complaints Questionnaire (SHCQ) in a sample of myocardial infarction patients2007In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 27-31Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 258.
    Brink, Eva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Dellve, Lotta
    Klingberg, Gunilla
    Henning Abrahamsson, Kajsa
    Wentz, Kerstin
    Hallberg, Ulrika
    Charmaz, Kathy (2006). Constructing grounded theory: a practical guide through qualitative analysis. London: SAGE2006In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being, ISSN 1748-2623, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 188-192Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 259.
    Brink, Eva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Associations between depression, fatigue, and life orientation in myocardial infarction patients2006In: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 0889-4655, Vol. 21, no 5, p. 407-411Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 260.
    Brink, Eva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Karlson, Björn W
    Sahlgrenska University, Division of Cardiology.
    Hallberg, Lillemor R M
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences.
    Health-related quality of life in women and men one year after acute myocardial infarction2005In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 749-57Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was, first, to detect possible changes in health-related quality of life (HRQL) over time and, second, to predict HRQL at 1 year based on measures made 1 week and 5 months after a first-time acute myocardial infarction. There was an improvement in HRQL at 1 year, as measured by the questionnaire 36-item Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form (SF-36), for both men and women as compared with the assessment 5 months after the acute myocardial infarction. However, the pattern was somewhat different for women and men. Women mainly reported increased scores on scales reflecting better mental health, whereas men, on the whole, demonstrated higher scores in the physical health domain. Depression (HAD) and fatigue were identified as early predictors of lower HRQL at the 1-year follow-up. Our conclusion is that early assessment of fatigue and depression is worthwhile, as they may indicate decreased HRQL in men and women 1 year after first-time myocardial infarction.

  • 261.
    Brink, Eva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Karlson, Björn W
    Medicine and Science, AstraZeneca R&D, Mölndal.
    Hallberg, Lillemor R-M
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences.
    Readjustment 5 months after a first-time myocardial infarction: reorienting the active self.2006In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 53, no 4, p. 403-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: This paper reports on an interview study exploring the self-regulation process in women and men, 5 months after a first-time myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND: Somatic, psychological and social factors affect readjustment after a first-time myocardial infarction, and studies have demonstrated substantial rates of depression in patients after myocardial infarction Women report poorer mental health and physical condition than do men. Reconstruction of the self begins when disease poses novel problems and is more likely to occur in cases of long-lasting and disruptive illnesses. Experiencing myocardial infarction is likely to alter a person's mental representation of self. However, the self-regulation process following first-time myocardial infarction is not yet fully understood. METHOD: Twenty-one people (11 women, 10 men) were interviewed 5 months after first-time myocardial infarction. The grounded theory method provided the strategies for data collection and analysis. FINDINGS: Interviewees' definition of themselves as active was threatened by fatigue and other health problems that kept them from taking part in activities as they had done before the heart attack. Although reorienting the active self was central to the process of recovery from myocardial infarction, reorienting was restricted by illness perception and coping. CONCLUSION: Participants had not established a stable health condition 5 months after first-time myocardial infarction. They mainly preferred to moderate rather than radically change their daily life activities. They needed more knowledge and support. Nurses can help with information and advice on managing daily life activities, including dialogue about lifestyle changes at this phase of readjustment.

  • 262.
    Brink, Eva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Persson, Lars-Olof
    University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Health and Care Sciences.
    Karlson, Bjön W.
    Astra Zeneca RandD, Mölndal.
    Coping with myocardial infarction: Evaluation of a coping questionnaire2009In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 792-800Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Coping with myocardial infarction: evaluation of a coping questionnaire The negative effects of emotional distress on the recovery following myocardial infarction make it important to study coping strategies in this situation. The present study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties and the validity of a 10 dimensions questionnaire labelled The General Coping Questionnaire (GCQ). The structure of the questionnaire was based on a previous interview study with 26 persons with different diseases. The 10 dimensions are called self-trust, problem-reducing actions, change of values, social trust, minimization, fatalism, resignation, protest, isolation and intrusion. The present study comprised 114 first-time myocardial infarction patients (37 women, 77 men). Five months after myocardial infarction, they answered questions about health-related quality of life, health complaints, sense of coherence and the GCQ. A multi-trait/multi-item analysis showed good item-scale convergent and discriminatory validity when the GCQ was reduced from 47 to 40 items. In conclusion, the results showed that the 40-item GCQ is a well-structured and reliable questionnaire for measuring coping strategies in myocardial infarction patients.

  • 263.
    Brink, Eva
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level. Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
    Skott, Carola
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Health and Care Sciences.
    Caring about symptoms in person-centred care2013In: Open Journal of Nursing, ISSN 2162-5336, E-ISSN 2162-5344, Vol. 3, no 8, p. 563-567Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present article, we emphasize the symptom experience perspective in person-centred care and discuss barriers to implementation of this approach. There are obstacles to overcome: the diversity of understandings of symptoms in clinical settings, the current biomedical discourse and the incompleteness of symptom research. Since the 19th century, the bio-medical perspective has been powerful in conceptualizing symptoms in terms of pathology and diagnosis. Many diagnoses conjure up preconceived notions about the persons receiving them. This perspective may influence person-centred care negatively. Yet symptoms often mean something beyond the diagnosis. Recognizing this discrepancy, it is crucial that we consider a perspective that starts from each person’s symptom experience, thus complementing the biomedical perspective. Using the notion caring about symptoms, we advocate a person-centred approach that includes a symptom experience perspective. This requires that health-care professionals be skilled in listening to patient narratives and acquire knowledge about how symptom experiences can be individually expressed and interpreted. Listening to symptom experiences may give insights into the personal meaning of illness as well as information about bodily and social restrictions caused by symptom distress. In this way, caring about symptoms will improve the prerequisites for establishing person-centred care planning.

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  • 264.
    Broberg, Eva
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Att leva med stomi: en litteraturstudie2004Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
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  • 265.
    Brodin, Frida
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Forsberg, Ludwig
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Föräldrars upplevelse av att leva med barn som har Autismspektrumtillstånd2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    There are several reasons why children are born with Autism Spectrum Disorder. The diagnosis is usually obtained in the child´s early years, often before the age of three years. Limits in social interaction, communication and emotions follow with the Autism Spectrum Disorder.

    Aim:

    To describe parents´ experiences of living with a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder in the daily life.

    Method:

    A literature-based study of nine articles with qualitative approach. The authors analyzed the articles with the purpose to obtain a greater understanding of parents´ experiences.

    Results:

    Three themes were constructed with suitable sub-themes. The main findings were that parents experienced isolation from their child and the community. Parents also described their life situation as greatly changed. Emotions that parents felt were anxiety, stress, grief, anger and frustration.

    Conclusion:

    This study provides information about how parents experience living with a child who has Autism Spectrum Disorder. One of the major problems was that the parents felt isolated both from their own child and the community. Parents also found it troublesome to complete family activities. This information gives the nurse opportunity to support and help the parents in an adequate way. Despite this, more study needs to be done to achieve an even better care for these families.

  • 266.
    Brolin, Andreas
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Johansson, Ida
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Riskfaktorer för suicid hos män inom kriminalvård: En litteraturöversikt2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Suicide is a globally problem and it is the commonest cause of death among young men. Inmates in correctional facilities have higher suiciderate than general population. More knowledge about riskfactors could prevent suicide.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study was do describe suicide riskfactors among men in correctional facilities.

    Method:

    A literature review where both qualitative and quantitative articles were included. Twelve articles were analyzed and thematised into three themes and twelve subthemes.

    Results:

    Three themes were identified as the main riskfactors of suicide. The first theme is individual riscfactors, such as psychiatric disorders and substance abuse. The second theme is riskfactors related to incarceration, which involves enviromental aspects and lack of social relations. The last theme is riskfactors related to history of psycological, physical and social trauma.

    Conclusion:

    Awareness of riskfactors for suicide in correctional facilities is necessary to take adequate actions, in purpose to prevent suicide

  • 267.
    Brzovic, Ana
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Alm, Nikolina
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    "Jag är inte mer än människa": En kvalitativ studie om de utmaningar behandlingsassistenter möter i att skapa och upprätthålla en professionell relation till ungdomar vid transitboenden2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Health is a broad definition and can be explained in different ways. Regardless of how different individuals perceive health, all clients need a good relationship towards professionals to achieve health. To create and maintain a good professional relationship can be demanding for care assistants, especially when working with adolescents under difficult circumstances.

    The aim was to enlighten challenges that care assistants encounter while creating and maintaining a professional relationship with adolescents at transit accommodations.

    The study had a qualitative approach and was based on five semi-structured interviews with care assistants at transit accommodations. The interviews were transcribed with the use of qualitative content analysis.

    Results showed the importance for care assistants to separate private life while working and to have clear boundaries to create a good professional relationship towards the adolescents. During the interviews all the participants agreed on the importance of theoretical and practical knowledge to accomplish a professional relationship towards the adolescents. Results also showed how various factors such as age, gender and culture can affect the care assistants ability to create and maintain a professional relationship.

    The conclusion was that care assistants encounter many challenges while working with adolescents. The care assistants need to build up a good professional relationship towards the adolescents in the transit accommodations for adolescents to feel safe and secure. To be able to do so the care assistants need theoretical knowledge and to have a unified staff group through explicit rules and policies.

  • 268.
    Brämberg, Elisabeth Björk
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Institution of Health and Care Sciences,.
    Dahlborg Lyckhage, Elisabeth
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Määttä, Sylvia
    Centre for Gender Equal Care, Göteborg, .
    Lack of individualized perspective: A qualitative study of diabetes care for immigrants in Sweden2012In: Nursing and Health Sciences, ISSN 1441-0745, E-ISSN 1442-2018, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 244-249Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study describes the care provided by a diabetes nurse specialist, and the care needs expressed by people with type 2 diabetes mellitus and an immigrant background. Clinical encounters between a diabetes nurse specialist and 10 people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus were observed and analyzed by means of qualitative content analysis. One theme, "the diabetes nurse specialist as the conductor of the visit", and four categories emerged from the findings, illustrating the power imbalance between the patients and the diabetes nurse specialist, as well as the lack of an individual perspective. Shifting from a medical perspective to one of openness towards the people's experiences provides a possibility for caregivers to empower patients suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus. The medical perspective seemed to steer the visit towards curative activities. Thus, technique-centered care should be developed by including individualized care. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  • 269.
    Brändström, Linnea
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Mazaz Pozveh, Nader
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level.
    Berggren, Ingela
    University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
    Nurses experience of collaboration between community healthcare and psychiatric in-patient care: a Swedish study2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of the study is to examine register nurses experiences of collaboration between community healthcare and psychiatric in- patient care.

    Background: Register nurses indicate a need of routines in collaboration between community health care and psychiatric inpatient care in the western Sweden region.

    Method: Qualitative content analyses of focus group interviews.

    Results: Register nurses experienced the healthcare communication program as a big obstacle in a developing process of a collaboration plan. The deficiencies in collaboration between the register nurses were due to poor knowledge about each group of nurses working tasks.

    Conclusion: The findings contribute an understanding of the barriers in collaboration between register nurses in the Community healthcare and Psychiatric in- patient care. That requires improvement from the nurse managers to contribute well function routines.

    Implications for Nursing Management: Nurse Managers need to develop a more structured collaboration plan between units to create a better collaboration in caring of the patient

  • 270.
    Brändström, Linnéa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level. Primary Health Care in Sollebrunn.
    Mazaz, Nader
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, postgraduate level. The Psychiatric Clinic, Norra Älvsborg County Hospital, Trollhättan.
    Berggren, Ingela
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Nurse collaboration in community and psychiatric care: a Swedish study2015In: British Journal of Community Nursing, ISSN 1462-4753, E-ISSN 2052-2215, Vol. 20, no 6, p. 297-303Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim The aim of the study was to examine registered nurses’ (RNs) experiences of collaboration in the community health care and psychiatric inpatient care systems. Background RNs in one area in the west of Sweden have indicated the need for collaborative routines between the community health care and psychiatric inpatient care systems. Method Qualitative content analysis of focus group interviews. Results RNs felt the web-based health-care communication programme was a major obstacle to the development of a collaboration plan. The poor collaboration between RNs was due to the absence of knowledge about the duties of each nursing team. Conclusion The findings contribute to the understanding of the barriers to collaboration between RNs in community health care and psychiatric inpatient care, and highlight the need for nurse managers to ensure well-functioning routines.

  • 271.
    Brändström, Yvonne
    et al.
    NU Hospital Group, Trollhättan, Department of Internal Medicine, Heart Center.
    Brink, Eva
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Advanced Nursing.
    Grankvist, Gunne
    University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies.
    Alsén, Pia
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Nursing.
    Herlitz, Johan
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine.
    Karlson, Björn W
    AstraZeneca R&D, Mölndal.
    Physical activity six months after a myocardial infarction2009In: International journal of nursing practice, ISSN 1440-172X, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 191-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study, we wished to explore physical activity in middle-aged patients 6 months after a myocardial infarction and to compare the patients' self-reported activity level with pedometric measures of footsteps/day. The sample comprised 89 patients with myocardial infarction, aged

  • 272.
    Bräutigam, Filippa
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Hossain, Golam
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison of Caring Sciences, undergraduate level.
    Hur sjuksköterskor främjar välbefinnande hos barn med malnutrition i Indien: en intervjustudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract:

    Malnutrition is a widespread problem in India and the rest of the developing countries. Children, adolescents and especially female children are suffering from it. Poor diet leads to an increased health risk in terms of infections, neurological diseases and stunting. The aim of the study was to illuminate what nurses do in order to promote wellbeing for children suffering from malnutrition in India. The study was a qualitative interview study with an inductive approach. The seven informants worked as nurses or clinical teachers at a pediatric clinic in a private hospital, East India. All informants had a long working experience of children care. Content analysis has been used to analyze the data material. The informants underlined the fact that there is an overall lack of knowledge about nutrition in the Indian society. The concept of a balanced diet is missing. The result also showed that the children´s wellbeing is promoted by playing and building their self-esteem. The findings can be used by nurses choosing to work in developing countries or when they meet refugees with a bad nutritional status.

  • 273.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Arbetsförmåga: begrepp och etik2008In: Arbets(o)förmåga.: Ur ett mångdisciplinärt perspektiv / [ed] Vahlne Westerhäll, Lotta, Stockholm: Santérus förlag , 2008, p. 165-194Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 274.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Art and science, facts and knowledge2007In: Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology, ISSN 1071-6076, E-ISSN 1086-3303, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 111-127Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 275.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Can successful mood enhancement make us less happy?2007In: Philosophica, ISSN 0379-8402, Vol. 79, p. 39-56Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main question is whether chemically induced mood enhancement is (if successful) likely to make us happier, or whether it may rather have detrimental effects on our long-term happiness. This question is divided into three: (i) What effects are mood-enhancing drugs likely to have on the long-term happiness of the person who takes these drugs? (ii) How would these drugs affect the happiness of the immediate environment of the people who take them, e.g. children or spouses? (iii) What effects would a wide-spread use of mood-enhancing drugs have on society as a whole, and how would this affect the long-term happiness of its citizens? My answers to these questions are very tentative, partly because we know too little about what non-hedonic effects these drugs can be expected to have. It is possible that these drugs would have detrimental effects on some determinants of happiness, however, e.g. marriage and friendship, social and physical activity, rational problem-solving and mental effectiveness, political participation and interpersonal trust. But on the other hand, there are also a number of determinants of happiness that might be positively affected by a wide-spread and frequent use of mood-enhancing drugs.

  • 276.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    En introduktion till den normativa etiken2011In: Folkhälsoarbetets etik  / [ed] Brülde, Bengt, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1. uppl., p. 53-87Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 277.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Folkhälsans natur och folkhälsoarbetets yttersta mål2011In: Folkhälsoarbetets etik / [ed] Brülde, Bengt, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1. uppl., p. 89-118Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 278.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Folkhälsoarbetets etik 2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 279.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Folkhälsoarbetets mål I:: Den relevanta individvariabeln2008In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 85, no 2, p. 158-166Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 280.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Folkhälsoarbetets mål II:: Det distributiva målet2008In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 85, no 2, p. 167-173Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 281.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Hur viktigt är det att vara lycklig? : om lycka, mening och moral 2010Book (Other academic)
  • 282.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Inequity, inequality, and the distributive goals of public health2008In: International Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1661-8564, Vol. 53, no 1, p. 5-6Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 283.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Introduktion: Om folkhälsoarbetet och dess etik2011In: Folkhälsoarbetets etik  / [ed] Brülde, Bengt, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1. uppl., p. 13-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 284.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Divison for Health, Culture and Educational Sciences.
    Kvalitet, värde och livskvalitet2013In: Den omätbara kvaliteten / [ed] Lars Strannegård, Lund, 2013, 2, p. 175-201Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 285.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Kvalitet, värde och livskvalitet2007In: Den omätbara kvaliteten, Stockholm: Norstedts akademiska förlag , 2007, p. 175-201Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 286.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Lycka och lidande: begrepp, metod och förklaring2007 (ed. 1. uppl.)Book (Other academic)
  • 287.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Lyckans och lidandets etik2009Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad är lycka och lidande och hur kan vi påverka vår egen och andras lycka? Hur hänger lycka ihop med livskvalitet – är det samma sak eller finns det även andra saker som gör ett liv bra? Hur stark är vår moraliska plikt att att göra världen lyckligare och hur kan man i detalj formulera en etisk ”lyckoprincip” så att den blir så rimlig som möjligt?

    Första delen av den här boken handlar om grundläggande frågor som en lyckans och lidandets etik måste besvara. Men den stannar inte där utan går vidare till hur vi praktiskt kan gå tillväga för att öka lyckan och minska lidandet i världen. Vilka förhållningssätt bör vi försöka tillägna oss? Vilka karaktärsdrag bör vi utveckla? Hur bör vi bemöta andra människor? Hur bör samhället organiseras? Hur bör de globala spelreglerna utformas? För att svara på sådana frågor behöver vi kunskap om vilka faktorer som påverkar lycka och lidande hos människor och andra levande varelser och boken innehåller därför även en översikt över de senaste decenniernas empiriska lyckoforskning.Boken ger inga detaljerade recept på hur man gör sig själv eller andra lyckligare, men den ger en karta över ett spännande territorium och ett användbart sätt att tänka för världsförbättrare och andra lyckofrämjare.

  • 288.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Lyckoforskning och etisk reflektion2009In: Omvårdnadshandledning: ur etiskt och tvärdisciplinärt perspektiv / [ed] Barbosa da Silva, António, Berggren, Ingela, Nunstedt, Håkan, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, 1., p. 145-159Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 289.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture.
    Långtidsfrisk eller långtidssjukskriven? D. 1. Översikt och bakgrund: tänkbara förklaringar och förslag på åtgärder2005Report (Other academic)
  • 290.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Mental Disorder and Values2007In: Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology, ISSN 1071-6076, E-ISSN 1086-3303, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 93-102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is now generally agreed that we have to rely on value judgments to distinguish mental disorders from other conditions, but it is not quite clear how. To clarify this, we need to know more than to what extent attributions of disorder are dependent on values. We also have to know (1) what kind of evaluations we have to rely on to identify the class of mental disorder; (2) whether attributions of disorder contain any implicit reference to some specific evaluative standard; and (3) whether the concept of mental disorder is value laden in the definitional or in the epistemic sense. I will argue that the evaluations we have to rely on are mainly considerations of harm, but that we also need to rely on other evaluations; that there should be no references to specific evaluative standards; and that even though mental disorders are necessarily undesirable, "mental disorder" may well be a descriptive phrase.

  • 291.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Norberg, Johan (2009). Den eviga matchen om lyckan: ett idéhistoriskt referat. Stockholm: Natur och kultur2010In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, E-ISSN 2002-3383, no 1, p. 51-63Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 292.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Några olika frågor om folkhälsa2008In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 85, no 2, p. 150-157Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 293.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Om global rättvisa2010In: Filosofisk tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7482, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 3-18Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 294.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Rätten till hälsa och några tankar om global rättvisa2011In: Folkhälsoarbetets etik / [ed] Brülde, Bengt, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1. uppl., p. 167-206Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 295.
    Brülde, Bengt
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Vilka medel är acceptabla i jakten på en bättre folkhälsa?2011In: Folkhälsoarbetets etik  / [ed] Brülde, Bengt, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1. uppl., p. 207-233Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 296.
    Brülde, Bengt
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Nilsson, Åsa
    Göteborgs univ. SOM-institutet.
    Arbete, klass och livstillfredsställelse2010In: En fråga om klass : levnadsförhållanden, livsstil, politik  / [ed] Oskarson, Maria, Bengtsson, Mattias, Berglund, Tomas, Malmö: Liber , 2010, p. 87-104Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 297.
    Brülde, Bengt
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Nilsson, Åsa
    Göteborgs univ. SOM-institutet .
    Vad gör oss nöjda med våra liv?2010In: Nordiskt ljus : trettiosju kapitel om politik, medier och samhälle : SOM-undersökningen 2009 / [ed] Holmberg, Sören, Weibull, Lennart, Göteborg: SOM-institutet , 2010, p. 307-321Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 298.
    Brülde, Bengt
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Persson, Karl
    Göteborgs universitet, Inst. för filosofi, lingvistik och vetenskapsteori.
    Hur ska folkhälsoarbetets knappa resurser fördelas?2011In: Folkhälsoarbetets etik  / [ed] Brülde, Bengt, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1. uppl., p. 135-165Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 299.
    Brülde, Bengt
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Radovic, Filip
    Dysfunctions, disabilities and disordered minds: Our response to the commentaries2006In: Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology, ISSN 1071-6076, E-ISSN 1086-3303, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 133-141Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 300.
    Brülde, Bengt
    et al.
    University West, Department of Nursing, Health and Culture, Division of Health and Culture.
    Radovic, Filip
    What is mental about mental disorder?2006In: Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology, ISSN 1071-6076, E-ISSN 1086-3303, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 99-116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent discussion of the concept of mental disorder has focused on what makes a mental disorder a disorder. A question that has received less attention is what makes a mental disorder mental rather than somatic. We examine three views on this issue—namely, the internal cause view, the symptom view, and the pluralist view—and assess to what extent these accounts are plausible. In connection with this, three strategies that have been used to pinpoint the mental in psychiatry are identified, namely negative characterizations (the mental as the nonsomatic), exemplification of paradigmatic mental features, and an appeal to intentional content. We also examine different versions of nihilism, the view that the distinction between mental and somatic disorder is ill founded. Finally, it is observed that the discussion of what makes a mental disorder mental has largely been unaffected by conceptions of the mental in the philosophy of mind.

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